UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K



(Mark One)



      X       Annual Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 For the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .

Or

                Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 For the transition period from ___________to___________.



Commission file number 0-23248



SIGMATRON INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delaware

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

2201 Landmeier Rd., Elk Grove Village, IL

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  847-956-8000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

36-3918470

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

60007

(Zip Code)

 

 







ASDAQ Capital Market

Title of each class

Common Stock $0.01 par value per share

Name of each exchange on which registered

The N ASDAQ Capital Market



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes   No



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 

 Yes   No



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T ( § 2 32 .405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes   No



Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 

 

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer ,   smaller reporting company , or an emerging growth company .     See the definition s of “ large accelerated filer , ” “accelerated filer , “smaller reporting company , and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.



Large accelerated filer  Accelerated filer       Non- accelerated filer       Smaller reporting company     

Emerging growth company    



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.



Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)   Yes   No



The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of October 31, 201 6 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $ 19 , 568 , 957 based on the closing sale price of $ 5 . 26   per share as reported by Nasdaq Capital Market as of such date.



The number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value, as of July 2 0 , 201 7 was   4 , 1 95 , 813 .  



DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE



Certain sections or portions of the definitive proxy statement of SigmaTron International, Inc., for use in connection with its 201 7   annual meeting of stockholders, which the Company intends to file within 120 days of the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 , are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.











 

2

 


 

 



TABLE OF CONTENTS





 

 

 

PART I

 

 

 



ITEM 1 .

BUSINESS



ITEM 1A .

RISK FACTORS

10 



ITEM IB .

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

17 



ITEM 2 .

PROPERTIES

18 



ITEM 3 .

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

19 



ITEM 4 .

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

19 



 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 5 .

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY , RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

20 



 

 



ITEM 6 .

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

21 



ITEM 7 .

MANAGEMENT ’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDI TION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

21 



 

 



ITEM 7A .

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE S ABOUT MARKET RISKS

31 



 

 



ITEM 8 .

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMEN TARY DATA

31 



ITEM 9 .

CHANGES AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

31 



 

 



ITEM 9A .

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

31 



ITEM 9B .

OTHER INFORMATION

32 



 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 10 .

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

32 



ITEM 11 .

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

32 



ITEM 12 .

SECURITY OW NERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

32 



 

 



ITEM 13 .

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS, RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

32 



 

 



ITEM 14 .

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

32 



 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 



 

 

 



ITEM 15 .

E XHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCH E DULES

33 



ITEM 1 6.

10-K SUMMARY

33 

 SIGNATURES

38 





 

3

 


 

 





PART I





ITEM 1.  BUSINESS



CAUTIONARY NOTE :



In addition to historical financial information, this discussion of the business of SigmaTron International, Inc. (“SigmaTron”), its wholly-owned subsidiaries Standard Components de Mexico S.A., AbleMex, S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly-owned foreign enterprises Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. (collectively, “SigmaTron China”) and international procurement office SigmaTron Taiwan branch (collectively, the “Company”) and other Items in th is Annual Report on Form 10-K contain forward-looking statements concerning the Company’s business or results of operations.  Words such as “continue,” “anticipate,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “plan,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of the Company.  Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, the Company’s plans, actions and actual results could differ materially.  Such statements should be evaluated in the context of the risks and uncertainties inherent in the Company’s business including, but not necessarily limited to, the Company’s continued dependence on certain significant customers; the continued market acceptance of products and services offered by the Company and its customers; pricing pressures from the Company’s customers, suppliers and the market; the activities of competitors, some of which may have greater financial or other resources than the Company; the variability of our operating results; the results of long-lived assets and goodwill impairment testing; the variability of our customers’ requirements; the availability and cost of necessary components and materials; the ability of the Company and our customers to keep current with technological changes within our industries; regulatory compliance, including conflict minerals; the continued availability and sufficiency of our credit arrangements; changes in U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese or Taiwanese regulations affecting the Company’s business; the turmoil in the global economy and financial markets; the stability of the U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese and Taiwanese economic, labor and political systems and conditions; currency exchange fluctuations; and the ability of the Company to manage its growth.  These and other factors which may affect the Company’s future business and results of operations are identified throughout the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, and as risk factors , may be detailed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  These statements speak as of the date of such filings, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements in light of future events or otherwise unless otherwise required by law.



Overview



SigmaTron is a Delaware corporation, which was organized on November 16, 1993, and commenced operations when it became the successor to all of the assets and liabilities of SigmaTron L.P., an Illinois limited partnership, through a reorganization on February 8, 1994.



The Company operates in one business segment as an independent provider of electronic manufacturing services (“EMS”), which includes printed circuit board assemblies and completely assembled (box-build) electronic products.  In connection with the production of assembled products, the Company also provides services to its customers, including (1) automatic and manual assembly and testing of products; (2) material sourcing and procurement; (3) manufacturing and test engineering support; (4) design services; (5) warehousing and distribution services; and (6) assistance in obtaining product approval from governmental and other regulatory bodies.  The Company provides these manufacturing services through an international network of facilities located in the United States, Mexico, China, Vietnam and Taiwan.



The Company provides manufacturing and assembly services ranging from the assembly of individual components to the assembly and testing of box-build electronic products.  The Company has the ability to produce assemblies requiring mechanical as well as electronic capabilities.  The products assembled by the

 

4

 


 

 

Company are then incorporated into finished products sold in various industries, particularly appliance, consumer electronics, gaming, fitness, industrial electronics, medical/life sciences, semiconductor and telecommunications.  In some instances the Company manufactures the completed finished product for its customers.



The Company operates manufacturing facilities in Elk Grove Village, Illinois United States of America (“U.S.”) ; Union City, California U.S. ; Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico; Suzhou, China; and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.  In addition, the Company maintains an International Procurement Office (IPO) in Taipei, Taiwan .  The Company also provides design services in Elgin, Illinois.



The Company’s international footprint provides our customers with flexibility within the Company to manufacture in China ,   Mexico ,   Vietnam or the U.S.     We believe this strategy will continue to serve the Company well as its customers continuously evaluate their supply chain strategies.



Products and Services



The Company provides a broad range of electronic and electromechanical manufacturing related outsourcing solutions for its customers.  These solutions incorporate the Company’s knowledge and expertise in the EMS industry to provide its customers with an international network of manufacturing facilities, advanced manufacturing technologies, complete supply chain management, responsive and flexible customer service, as well as product design, test and engineering support.  The Company’s EMS solutions are available from inception of product concept through the ultimate delivery of a finished product.  Such technologies and services include the following:



Manufacturing and Testing Services :  The Company’s core business is the assembly and testing of all types of electronic printed circuit board assemblies (“PCBA”) and often incorporating these PCBAs into electronic modules used in all types of devices and products that depend on electronics for their operation.  This assembly work utilizes state of the art manufacturing and test equipment to deliver highly reliable products to the Company’s customers.  The Company supports new product introduction (“NPI”), low volume / high mix as well as high volume/ low mix assembly work at all levels of complexity.  Assembly services include pin-through-hole (“PTH”) components, surface mount (“SMT”) components, including ball grid array (“BGA”), part-on-part components, conformal coating, parylene coating and others.  Test services include and are not limited to, in-circuit, automated optical inspection (“AOI”), functional, burn-in, hi-pot and boundary scan.  From simple component assembly through the most complicated industry testing, the Company offers most of the service s required to build electronic devices commercially available in the market today.



Design Serv i ces:     To compliment the manufacturing services it offers its customers, the Company also offers DFM, design for manufacturing and DFT, design for test review services to help customers ensure that the products they have designed are optimized for production and testing.  In addition, through its Spitfire Control division, the Company offers complete product design services for a variety of industries and applications, including appliance controls.



Supply Chain Management:  The Company provides complete supply chain management for the procurement of components needed to build customers’ products.  This includes the procurement and management of all types of electronic components and related mechanical parts such as plastics and metals.  The Company’s resources supporting this activity are provided both on a plant specific basis as well as globally through its IPO in Taipei, Taiwan.  Each of its sites is linked together using the same Enterprise Resource Planning (“ERP”) system and custom IScore software tools with real-time on-line visibility for customer access.  The Company procures material from major manufacturers and distributors of electronic parts all over the world.



The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater direct buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term

 

5

 


 

 

purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers.  The Company believes that short-term purchase orders with its suppliers provides flexibility, given that the Company’s orders are based on the changing needs of its customers.



Warehousing and Distribution :  The Company provides both in-house and third party warehousing, shipping, and customs brokerage for border crossings as part of its service offering.  This includes international shipping, drop shipments to the end customer, as well as, support of inventory optimization activities such as kanban and consignment.



Green, Sustainability, and Social Responsible Initiatives:  The Company supports initiatives that promote sustainability, green environment and social responsibility.  The Company requires its supply chain to meet all government imposed requirements in these areas and helps its customers in achieving effective compliance.  Th o s e include, but are not limited to, Restrictions of Hazardous Substances (“RoHS”), Restriction of Chemicals (“R EACH ”) and Conflict Minerals regulations.



Manufacturing Location and Certifications:     T he Company’s manufacturing and warehousing locations are  strategically located to support our customers with  locations in Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S.; Union City, California U.S.; Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico; Suzhou, China and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.  The Company’s ability to transition manufacturing to lower cost regions without jeopardizing flexibility and service, differentiates it from many competitors.  Manufacturing certifications and registrations are location specific, and include ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, Medical ISO 13485:2003, Aerospace AS9100C and International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”) certifications. 



Markets and Customers



The Company’s customers are in the appliance, industrial electronics, consumer electronics, fitness, medical/life sciences, gaming , telecommunications and semiconductor equipment industries.  As of April 30, 201 7 , the Company had approximately 1 7 5 active customers ranging from Fortune 500 companies to small, privately held enterprises.



The following table shows, for the periods indicated, the percentage of net sales to the principal end-user markets it serves.





 

 

 



 

 

 



Percent of Net Sales

Markets

Typical OEM Application

Fiscal 2017 %

Fiscal 2016 %

Appliances

Household appliance controls

43.3  50.1 

Industrial Electronics

Motor controls, power supplies, lighting products, scales, joysticks

31.2  30.1 

Consumer Electronics

Personal grooming, computers

8.5  4.2 

Fitness

Treadmills, exercise bikes, cross trainers

6.8  7.3 

Medical/Life Sciences

Clinical diagnostic systems and instruments

4.5  4.5 

Gaming

Slot machines, lighting displays

3.6  0.8 

Telecommunications

Routers, communication

1.1  1.0 

Semiconductor Equipment

Process control and yield management equipment for semiconductor productions

1.0  2.0 

Total

 

100%  100% 



For the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 , the Company’s largest two customers, Electrolux and Whirlpool Inc., accounted for 26.7% and 12.6% , respectively, of the Company’s net sales.  For the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 6 , Electrolux and Whirlpool Inc., accounted for 3 5 . 2 % and 10 . 6 %, respectively, of the Company’s net sales. 

 

6

 


 

 

T he Company believes that Electrolux and Whirlpool will continue to account for a significant percentage of the Company’s net sales, although the percentage of net sales may vary from period to period.



Sales and Marketing



The Company markets its services through 9 independent manufacturers’ representative organizations that together currently employ 26 sales personnel in the United States and Canada.  Independent manufacturers’ representatives organizations receive variable commissions based on orders received by the Company and are assigned specific accounts, not territories.  Many of the members of the Company’s senior management are actively involved in sales and marketing efforts, and the Company has 4 direct sales employees .  In addition, the Company markets itself through its website and tradeshows. 



Mexico, Vietnam and China Operations



The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Standard Components de Mexico, S.A, a Mexican corporation, is located in Acuna, Coahuila Mexico, a border town across the Rio Grande River from Del Rio, Texas, and is 155 miles west of San Antonio. Standard Components de Mexico, S.A. was incorporated and commenced operation in 1968 and had 88 3 employees at April 30, 201 7 .  The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, AbleMex S.A. de C.V., a Mexican corporation, is located in Tijuana, Baja California Mexico, a border town south of San Diego, California.  AbleMex S.A. de C.V. was incorporated and commenced operations in 2000.  The operation had 236 employees at April 30, 201 7 .  The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico S.A., a Mexican corporation, operates in Chihuahua, Mexico, located approximately 235 miles from El Paso, Texas.  Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico S.A. was incorporated and commenced operations in 1997.  The operation had 550 employees at April 30, 201 7 .  The Company believes that one of the key benefits to having operations in Mexico is its access to cost-effective labor resources while having geographic proximity to the United States.



The Company’s wholly-owned foreign enterprise s,   Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd.,   are located in Suzhou , China.  The Company has entered into an agreement with governmental authorities in the economic development zone of Wujiang, Jiangsu Province, Peoples Republic of China, pursuant to which the Company became the lessee of a parcel of land of approximately 100 Chinese acres.  The term of the land lease is 50 years.  The Company built a manufacturing plant, office space and dormitories on this site during 2004.  In fiscal 2015, the China facility expanded and added 40,000 square feet in warehouse and manufacturing.  The total square footage of the facility is 202,000 and has 580 employees as of April 30, 201 7 .  Both SigmaTron China entities operate at this site .  



The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd. is located in Amata Industrial Park, Bien Hoa City, Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, and is 18 miles east of Ho Chi Minh City.  Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd. was incorporated and commenced operation in 2005 and had 30 5 employees as of April 30, 201 7 .



The Company provides funds for salaries, wages, overhead and capital expenditure items as necessary to operate its wholly-owned Mexican, Vietnam ese and Chinese subsidiaries and the Taiwan IPO.  The Company provides funding in U.S. D ollars, which are exchanged for Pesos, Dong, Renminbi, and New Taiwan dollars .  The fluctuation of currencies from time to time, without an equal or greater increase in inflation, could have a material impact on the financial results of the Company .     The impact of currency fluctuation s for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 resulted in foreign currency transaction losses of approximately $ 5 08 ,000 compared to a net foreign currency loss of $ 59 ,000 in the prior year.  In fiscal year 201 7 ,   t he Company paid approximately $ 45 , 620 ,000   to its foreign subsidiaries .



The Company has not recorded U.S. income taxes on the undistributed earnings of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries. Such earnings are considered to be indefinitely invested in the foreign subsidiaries.  If such earnings were repatriated, additional tax expense may result.  The cumulative amount of unremitted earnings for which U.S. income taxes have not been recorded is $1 0 , 672 ,000 as of April 30, 201 7 .  The amount of U.S. income taxes on these earnings is impractical to compute due to the complexities of the hypothetical calculation.



 

7

 


 

 

During fiscal year 201 7 , the Company re corded tax expense of $ 78 , 1 00 related to the inability to realize the tax benefit recorded in fiscal year 201 5 for potential foreign tax credits.  The Company’s estimate of cumulative taxable income during the foreign tax credit carryforward period was insufficient to support that the tax benefit from the foreign tax credit is more likely than not to be realized.



The consolidated financial statements as of April 30, 201 7 include the accounts and transactions of SigmaTron, its wholly-owned subsidiaries , Standard Components de Mexico, S.A. , AbleMex S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly- owned foreign enterprise s Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd., and international procurement office, SigmaTron Taiwan Branch .  The functional currency of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries operations   is the U.S. D ollar.  Intercompany transactions are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements.



Competition



The EMS industry is highly competitive and subject to rapid change.  Furthermore, both large and small companies compete in the industry, and many have significantly greater financial resources, more extensive business experience and greater marketing and production capabilities than the Company.  The significant competitive factors in this industry include price, quality, service, timeliness, reliability, the ability to source raw components, and manufacturing and technological capabilities.  The Company believes it can compete on all of these factors.



Consolidation



As a result of consolidation and other transactions involving competitors and other companies in the Company’s markets, the Company occasionally reviews potential transactions relating to its business, products and technologies.  Such transactions could include mergers, acquisitions, strategic alliances, joint ventures, licensing agreements, co-promotion agreements, financing arrangements or other types of transactions.  In the future, the Company may choose to enter into these types of or other transactions at any time depending on available sources of financing, and such transactions could have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or operations.



Governmental Regulations



The Company’s operations are subject to certain foreign, federal, state and local regulatory requirements relating to, among others, environmental, waste management, labor and health and safety matters.  Management believes that the Company’s business is operated in compliance with all such regulations, RoHS and REACH.  RoHS prohibits the use of lead, mercury and certain other specified substances in electronics products being sold into the Europe an Union .  The Company has RoHS-dedicated manufacturing capabilities at all of its manufacturing operations. REACH  is a European Union Regulation enacted as of December 2006.  The regulation imposes information reporting requirements on all listed SVHCs (substances of very high concern) .     From time-to-time the Company's customers request REACH required information and certifications on the assemblies the Company manufactures for them.  These requests require the Company to gather information from component suppliers to verify the presence and level of mass of any SVHCs greater than 0.1% in the assemblies the Company manufactures based on customer specifications.  If any SVHCs are present at more than 0.1% of the mass of the item , the specific concentration and mass of the SVHC must be reported to proper authorities by the Company's   customer.



The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) introduced reporting requirements for verification of whether the Company directly (or indirectly through suppliers of components) is purchasing the minerals or metals gold, columbite-tantalite, cassiterite, wo lframite and their derivatives ( tin, tungsten, and tantalum ) , that are being provided by sources in the conflict region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (“DRC”).  On May   25 , 201 7 , the Company filed Form SD with the Securities and Exchange Commission stating the Company’s supply chain remains DRC conflict undeterminable.



The Company’s costs of compliance with environmental laws, including conflict mineral reporting, is estimated to be a total of approximately $ 1,100 ,000 for the three most recently completed fiscal years ending April 30,

 

8

 


 

 

201 7 .   Additional or modified requirements may be imposed in the future.  If such additional or modified requirements are imposed, or if conditions requiring remediation are found to exist, the Company may be required to incur additional expenditures.



Backlog



The Company relies on customers’ forecasted orders and purchase orders (firm orders) from its customers to estimate backlog.  The Company’s backlog of firm orders as of April 30, 201 7 and 201 6 was approximately $ 209 , 540 ,000 and $1 67 , 290 ,000, respectively.  The Company anticipates a significant portion of the backlog at April 30, 201 7 will ship in fiscal year 201 8 .  Because customers may cancel or reschedule deliveries, backlog may not be a meaningful indicator of future revenue.  Variations in the magnitude and duration of contracts, forecasts and purchase orders received by the Company and delivery requirements generally may result in substantial fluctuations in backlog from period to period.



Employees



The Company employed approximately 3 , 053   full-time employees as of April 30, 201 7 , including 219 engaged in engineering or engineering-related services, 2 , 414 in manufacturing and 420 in administrative and marketing functions.    



The Company has a labor contract with Chemical & Production Workers Union Local No. 30, AFL-CIO, covering the Company’s workers in Elk Grove Village, Illinois which expires on Novemb er 3 0 , 2018. The Company’s Mexican subsidiary, Standard Components de Mexico S.A., has a labor contract with Sindicato De Trabajadores de la Industra Electronica, Similares y Conexos del Estado de Coahuila, C.T.M. covering the Company’s workers in Acuna, Mexico which expires on February 1, 201 8.  The Company’s subsidiary located in Tijuana Mexico has a labor contract with Sindicato Mexico Moderno De Trabajadores De La, Baja California, C.R.O.C.  The contract does not have an expiration date.  The Company’s subsidiary located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, has a labor contract with CONG DOAN CO SO CONG TY TNHH Spitfire Controls Vietnam. The contract expires February 28, 201 8 .



Since the time the Company commenced operations, it has not experienced any union-related work stoppages.  The Company believes its relations with both unions and its other employees are good.



 

9

 


 

 

Executive Officers of the Registrant  







 

 

 

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position



 

 

 

 

Gary R. Fairhead

 

65

 

President and Chief Executive Officer.  Gary R. Fairhead has been the President of the Company since January 1990 and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company since August 2011.  Gary R. Fairhead is the brother of Gregory A. Fairhead.



 

 

 

 

Linda K. Frauendorfer

 

56

 

Chief Financial Officer, Vice President of Finance, Treasurer and Secretary since February 1994. Director of the Company since August 2011.



 

 

 

 

Gregory A. Fairhead

 

61

 

Executive Vice President and Assistant Secretary.  Gregory A. Fairhead has been the Executive Vice President since February 2000 and Assistant Secretary since 1994.  Mr. Fairhead was Vice President - Acuna Operations for the Company from February 1990 to February 2000.  Gregory A. Fairhead is the brother of Gary R. Fairhead.



 

 

 

 

John P. Sheehan

 

56

 

Vice President, Director of Supply Chain and Assistant Secretary since February 1994.



 

 

 

 

Daniel P. Camp

 

68

 

Vice President, Acuna Operations since 2007.  Vice President - China Operations from 2003 to 2007.  General Manager / Vice President of Acuna Operations from 1994 to 2003.



 

 

 

 

Rajesh B. Upadhyaya

 

62

 

Executive Vice President, West Coast Operations since 2005.  Mr. Upadhyaya was the Vice President of the Fremont Operations from 2001 until 2005.



 

 

 

 

Hom-Ming Chang

 

57

 

Vice President, China Operations since 2007.  Vice President - Hayward Materials / Test / IT from 2005 - 2007.  Vice President of Engineering Fremont Operation from 2001 to 2005.







ITEM 1 A. RISK FACTORS



The following risk factors should be read carefully in connection with evaluating our business and the forward-looking information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Any of the following risks could materially adversely affect our business, operations, industry or financial position or our future financial performance.  While the Company believes it has identified and discussed below the key risk factors affecting its business, there may be additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known or that are not currently believed to be significant that may adversely affect its business, operations, industry, financial position and financial performance in the future.



The Company’s ability to secure and maintain sufficient credit arrangements is key to its continued operations .



Prior to March 31, 2017 the Company had a senior secured credit facility with Wells Fargo, N.A. with a credit limit up to $30,000,000.  The credit facility was collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets and the Company had pledged 65% of its equity ownership interest in some of its foreign entities.  Prior to its payoff and termination, the Wells Fargo, N.A. senior secured credit facility was due t o expire on October 31, 2018.  On March 31, 2017 , the Company paid the balance outstanding under the senior credit facility in the amount of $22,232,914 .  The remaining d eferred financing cost s of $ 68,475   were expensed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.



 

10

 


 

 

On March 31, 2017, the Company entered into a $35,000,000 senior secured credit facility with U.S. Bank, N.A., which expires on March 31, 2022.  The credit facility is collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets. The facility allows the Company to choose among interest rates at which it may borrow funds:  the bank fixed rate of four percent or LIBOR plus one and one half percent (effectively 2.65% at April 30, 2017).  Interest is due monthly.  Under the senior secured credit facility, the Company may borrow up to the lesser of (i) $35,000,000 or (ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the eligible receivable borrowing base plus a percentage of the inventory borrowing base.  Deferred financing costs of $20 7 , 647 were capitalized in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 and will be amortized over the term of the agreement.  As of April 30, 2017, there was $23,178,429 outstanding and $11,821,571 of unused availability under the U . S . Bank, N.A. facility compared to an outstanding balance of $20,014,069 and $3,630,035 of unused availability under the Wells Fargo , N.A. senior credit facility at April 30, 2016.  At April 30, 2017, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenant and other restricted covenants under the credit facility.



On August 4, 2015, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd can borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6.67%.  The facility was due to expire on August 3, 2017.  The credit facility was closed as of March 1, 2017. There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  3 0 , 2017 or April 30, 2016.



On March   24 , 201 7 , the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd can borrow up to 9 ,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6. 09 %.  The term of the facility extends to February   7 , 201 8 .  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  3 0 , 2017 .



The Company anticipates that its credit facilities, cash flow from operations and leasing resources are adequate to meet its working capital requirements and capital expenditures for fiscal year 201 8 . In addition, in the event the Company desires to expand its operations, its business grows more rapidly than expected, the current economic climate deteriorates, customers delay payments, or the Company desires to consummate an acquisition, additional financing resources may be necessary in the current or future fiscal years.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain equity or debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to retain or renew its credit agreements in the future, or that any retention or renewal will be on the same terms as currently exist.



Adverse changes in the economy or political conditions   could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.



The Company’s sales and gross margins depend significantly on market demand for its customers’ products.  The uncertainty in the U.S. and international economic and political environment s could result in a decline in demand for our customers’ products in any industry.  Further, any adverse changes in tax rates and laws affecting our customers could result in decreasing gross margins.  Any of these factors could negatively impact the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.



The Company experiences variable operating results.



The Company’s results of operations have varied and may continue to fluctuate significantly from period to period, including on a quarterly basis.  Consequently, results of operations in any period should not be considered indicative of the results for any future period, and fluctuations in operating results may also result in fluctuations in the price of the Company’s common stock.



The Company’s quarterly and annual results may vary significantly depending on numerous factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control.  Some of these factors include:



-           changes in sales mix to customers

-           changes in availability and rising component costs

 

11

 


 

 

-           volume of customer orders relative to capacity

-           market demand and acceptance of our customers’ products

-           price erosion within the EMS marketplace

-           capital equipment requirements needed to remain technologically competitive

-           volatility in the U.S. and international economic and financial markets



The Company’s customer base is concentrated.



Sales to the Company’s five largest customers accounted for 55.2 % and 61.9 % of net sales for the fiscal years ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6 , respectively.  For the year ended April 30, 201 7 , two customers accounted for 26 . 7 % and 1 2 .6 % , respectively, of net sales of the Company, and 8.4 % and 4.2 % , respectively, of accounts receivable at April 30, 201 7 .  For the year ended April 30, 201 6 , two customers accounted for 3 5.2 % and 10.6 % , respectively, of net sales of the Company and 6.5 % and 2.4 % , respectively, of accounts receivable at April 30, 201 6 .  Significant reductions in sales to any of the Company’s major customers or the loss of a major customer could have a material impact on the Company’s operations.  If the Company cannot replace canceled or reduced orders, sales will decline, which could have a material impact on the results of operations.  There can be no assurance that the Company will retain any or all of its largest customers.  This risk may be further complicated by pricing pressures and intense competition prevalent in our industry.



If any of the Company’s customers have financial difficulties, the Company could encounter delays or defaults in the payment of amounts owed for accounts receivable and inventory obligations.  This could have a significant adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.



Most of the Company’s   customers do not commit to long-term production sche dules, which makes it difficult to schedule production and achieve maximum efficiency at the Company’s manufacturing facilities and manage inventory levels.



The volume and timing of sales to the Company’s customers may vary due to:

-           customers’ attempts to manage their inventory

-           variation in demand for the Company’s customers’ products

-           design changes, or

-          acquisitions of or consolidation among customers



Many of the Company’s customers do not commit to firm production schedules.  The Company’s inability to forecast the level of customer orders with certainty can make it difficult to schedule production and maximize utilization of manufacturing capacity and manage inventory levels.  The Company could be required to increase or decrease staffing and more closely manage other expenses in order to meet the anticipated demand of its customers.  Orders from the Company’s customers could be cancelled or delivery schedules could be deferred as a result of changes in our customers’ demand, thereby adversely affecting the Company’s results of operations   in any given quarter.



The Company and its customers may be unable to keep current with the industry’s technological changes.



The market for the Company’s manufacturing services is characterized by rapidly changing technology and continuing product development.  The future success of the Company’s business will depend in large part upon our customers’ ability to maintain and enhance their technological capabilities, develop and market manufacturing services which meet changing customer needs and successfully anticipate or respond to technological changes in manufacturing processes on a cost-effective and timely basis.



Our customers have competitive challenges, including rapid technological changes, pricing pressure and decreasing demand from their customers, which could adversely affect their business and the Company’s .



Factors affecting the industries that utilize our customers’ products could negatively impact our customers and the Company.  These factors include:



-          increased competition among our customers and their competitors

-          the inability of our customers to develop and market their products

 

12

 


 

 

-          recessionary periods in our customers’ markets

-          the potential that our customers’ products become obsolete

-          our customers’ inability to react to rapidly changing technology



Any such factor or a combination of factors could negatively impact our customers’ need for or ability to pay for our products, which could, in turn, affect the Company’s results of operations.



Adverse market conditions could reduce our future sales and earnings per share.



Uncertainty over the erosion of global consumer confidence amidst concerns about volatile energy costs, geopolitical issues, the availability and cost of credit, declining asset values, inflation, rising unemployment, and the stability and solvency of financial institutions, financial markets, businesses, and sovereign nations has slowed global economic growth and resulted in recessions in many countries, including in the United States, Europe and certain countries in Asia over the past several years.  The economic recovery of recent years is fragile and recessionary conditions may return.  Any of these potential negative economic conditions may reduce demand for the Company’s customers’ products and adversely affect the Company’s sales.  Consequently, the Company’s past operating results, earnings and cash flows may not be indicative of the Company’s future operating results, earnings and cash flows.



Customer relationships with start-up companies present more risk.



A small portion of the Company’s current customer base is comprised of start-up companies.  Customer relationships with start-up companies may present heightened risk due to the lack of product history.  Slow market acceptance of their products could result in demand fluctuations causing inventory levels to rise.  Further, the current economic environment could make it difficult for such emerging companies to obtain additional funding.  This may result in additional credit risk including, but not limited to, the collection of trade account receivables and payment for their inventory.  If the Company does not have adequate allowances recorded, the results of operations may be negatively affected.



The Company faces intense industry competition and downward pricing pressures.



The EMS industry is highly fragmented and characterized by intense competition.  Many of the Company’s competitors have greater experience, as well as greater manufacturing, purchasing, marketing and financial resources than the Company.



Competition from existing or potential new competitors may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.  The introduction of lower priced competitive products, significant price reductions by the Company’s competitors or significant pricing pressures from its customers could adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations.



The Company has foreign operations that may pose additional risks .



The Company has substantial manufacturing operations in multiple countries.  Therefore, the Company’s foreign businesses and results of operations are dependent upon numerous related factors, including the stability of the foreign economies, the political climate, relations with the United States, prevailing worker wages, the legal authority of the Company to operate and expand its business in a foreign country, and the ability to identify, hire, train and retain qualified personnel and operating management in Mexico, China and Vietnam.



The Company obtains many of its materials and components through its IPO in Taipei, Taiwan.  The Company’s access to these materials and components is dependent on the continued viability of its Asian suppliers.



Approximately   14.0% and 15 . 0 %   of the total non-current consolidated assets of the Company are located in foreign jurisdictions outside the United States as of April 30, 201 7 and 201 6, respectively .





 

13

 


 

 

Disclosure and internal controls may not detect all errors or fraud.



The Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, believe that the Company’s disclosure controls and internal controls may not prevent all errors and all fraud.  The Company’s disclosure controls and internal controls can provide only reasonable assurance that the procedures will meet the control objectives.  Controls are limited in their effectiveness by human error, including faulty judgments in decision-making.  Further, controls can be circumvented by collusion of two or more people or by management override of controls.



Inadequate internal control over financial reporting could result in a reduction in the value of our common stock.



If the Company identifies and reports a material weakness in its internal control over financial reporting, shareholders and the Company’s lenders could lose confidence in the reliability of the Company’s financial statements.  This could have a material adverse impact on the value of the Company’s stock and the Company’s liquidity.



There is a risk of fluctuation of various currencies integral to the Company’s operations.



The Company purchases some of its material components and funds some of its operations in foreign currencies.  From time to time the currencies fluctuate against the U.S. D ollar.  Such fluctuations could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations and performance.  The impact of currency fluctuation s for the year ended April 30, 201 7 resulted in foreign currency transaction losses of   approximately $ 508 ,000 compared to a net foreign currency loss of $ 59 ,000 in the prior year.  These fluctuations are expected to continue and could have a negative impact on the Company’s results of operations.  The Company did not, and is not expected to, utilize derivatives or hedge foreign currencies to reduce the risk of such fluctuations.



The availability of raw components or an increase in their price may affect the Company’s operations and profits.



The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater direct buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers.  The Company believes that short-term purchase orders with its suppliers provides flexibility, given that the Company’s orders are based on the changing needs of its customers.



The Company depends on management and skilled personnel.



The Company depends significantly on its President/CEO and other executive officers.  The Company’s employees generally are not bound by employment agreements and the Company cannot assure that it will retain its executive officers or skilled personnel.  The loss of the services of any of these key employees could have a material impact on the Company’s business and results of operations.  In addition, despite significant competition, continued growth and expansion of the Company’s EMS business will require that the Company attract, motivate and retain additional skilled and experienced personnel.  The inability to satisfy such requirements could have a negative impact on the Company’s ability to remain competitive in the future.



 

14

 


 

 

Favorable labor relations are important to the Company.



The Company currently has labor union contracts with its employees constituting approximately 50% and 45% of its workforce for fiscal years 201 7 and 201 6, respectively .  Although the Company believes its labor relations are good, any labor disruptions, whether union-related or otherwise, could significantly impair the Company’s business, substantially increase the Company’s costs or otherwise have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Failure to comply with environmental regulations could subject the Company to liability.



The Company is subject to a variety of environmental regulations relating to the use, storage, discharge and disposal of hazardous chemicals used during its manufacturing process.  To date, the cost to the Company of such compliance has not had a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.  However, there can be no assurance that violations will not occur in the future as a result of human error, equipment failure or other causes.  Further, the Company cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of environmental legislation or regulatory requirements that could be imposed or how existing or future laws or regulations will be administered or interpreted.  Compliance with more stringent laws or regulations, as well as more vigorous enforcement policies of regulatory agencies, could require substantial expenditures by the Company and could have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.  Any failure by the Company to comply with present or future regulations could subject it to future liabilities or the suspension of production which could have a material negative impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Conflict minerals regulations may cause the Company to incur additional expenses and could increase the cost of components contained in its products and adversely affect its inventory supply chain.



The Dodd-Frank Act, and the rules promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) thereunder, requires the Company to determine and report annually whether any conflict minerals contained in our products originated from the DRC or an adjoining country. The Dodd-Frank Act and these rules could affect our ability to source components that contain conflict minerals at acceptable prices and could impact the availability of conflict minerals, since there may be only a limited number of suppliers of conflict - free conflict minerals. Our customers may require that our products contain only conflict - free conflict minerals, and our revenues and margins may be negatively impacted if we are unable to meet this requirement at a reasonable price or are unable to pass through any increased costs associated with meeting this requirement. Additionally, the Company may suffer reputational harm with our customers and other stakeholders if our products are not conflict - free.  The Company could incur significant costs in the event we are unable to manufacture products that contain only conflict - free conflict minerals or to the extent that we are required to make changes to products, processes, or sources of supply due to the foregoing requirements or pressures .



The price of the Company’s stock is volatile.



The price of the Company’s common stock historically has experienced significant volatility due to fluctuations in the Company’s revenue and earnings, other factors relating to the Company’s operations, the market’s changing expectations for the Company’s growth, overall equity market conditions and other factors unrelated to the Company’s operations.  In addition, the limited float of the Company’s common stock and the limited number of market makers also affect the volatility of the Company’s common stock.  Such fluctuations are expected to continue in the future.



An adverse change in the interest rates for our borrowings could adversely affect our results of operations.



The Company pays interest on outstanding borrowings under its senior secured credit facility and certain other long-term debt obligations at interest rates that fluctuate.  An adverse change in the Company’s interest rates could have a material adverse effect on its results of operations.



 

15

 


 

 

Changes in securities laws a nd regulations may increase costs.



The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and listing requirements subsequently adopted by Nasdaq in response to Sarbanes-Oxley, have required changes in corporate governance practices, internal control policies and securities disclosure and compliance   practices of public companies.  More recently the Dodd-Frank Act requires changes to our corporate governance, compliance practices and securities disclosures.  Compliance following the implementation of these rules has increased our legal, financial and accounting costs.  The Company expects increased costs related to these new regulations to continue, including, but not limited to, legal, financial and accounting costs.  These developments may result in the Company having difficulty in attracting and retaining qualified members of the board or qualified officers.  Further, the costs associated with the compliance with and implementation of procedures under these laws and related rules could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.



Any litigation, even where a claim is without merit, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources.



In the past, the Company has been notified of claims relating to various matters including intellectual property rights, contractual matters, labor issues or other matters arising in the ordinary course of business.  In the event of any such claim, the Company may be required to spend a significant amount of money and resources, even where the claim is without merit.  Accordingly, the resolution of such disputes, even those encountered in the ordinary course of business, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, consolidated financial conditions and results of operations.



If the security of the Company’s   systems is breached or otherwise subjected to unauthorized access, the Company’s reputation may be severely harmed and it may be exposed to liability.



The Company’s system stores confidential information which includes its financial information ,   its customers’ proprietary email distribution lists, product information, supplier information, and other critical data.  Any accidental or willful security breaches or other unauthorized access could expose the Company to liability for the loss of such information, adverse regulatory action by federal and state governments, time-consuming and expensive litigation and other possible liabilities as well as negative publicity, which could severely damage the Company’s reputation.  If security measures are breached because of third-party action, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise, or if design flaws in its software are exposed and exploited, and, as a result, a third party obtains unauthorized access to any of its customers’ data, its relationships with its customers may be   severely damaged, and the Company could incur significant liability.  Because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, the Company and its third-party hosting facilities may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventive measures.  In addition, many states have enacted laws requiring companies to notify customers of data security breaches involving their data.  These mandatory disclosures regarding a security breach often lead to widespread negative publicity, which may cause the Company’s customers to lose confidence in the effectiveness of its data security measures.  Any security breach whether actual or perceived, could   harm the Company’s reputation, could cause it to   lose customers and may negatively impact its ability to acquire new customers.



With the increased use of technologies such as the Internet to conduct business, a company is susceptible to operational, information security and related risks. In general, cyber incidents can result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. Cyberattacks include, but are not limited to, gaining unauthorized access to digital systems (e.g., through “hacking” or malicious software coding) for purposes of misappropriating assets or sensitive information, corrupting data, or causing operational disruption (e.g., ransomware attacks). Cyberattacks may also be carried out in a manner that does not require gaining unauthorized access, such as causing denial-of-service attacks on websites (i.e., efforts to make network services unavailable to intended users). Cyber incidents affecting the Company or its service providers have the ability to cause disruptions and impact business operations, potentially resulting in financial losses, interference with the Company’s ability to conduct business in the ordinary course, violations of applicable privacy and other laws, regulatory fines, penalties, reputational damage, reimbursement or other compensation costs, additional compliance costs and, in extreme cases, have caused companies to cease doing business. Cyber events also can affect counterparties or clients with which the Company does business, governmental and other regulatory authorities, banks, insurance

 

16

 


 

 

companies and other financial institutions, among others. In addition, substantial costs may be incurred in order to prevent any cyber incidents in the future. While the Company has established risk management systems to prevent such cyber incidents, there are inherent limitations in such systems including the possibility that the Company has not prepared for certain risks that have not been or are not possible to have been identified. Further, the Company may be able to influence, but cannot control, the cyber security plans and systems put in place by its service providers or any other third parties whose operations may affect the Company. The Company could be negatively impacted as a result.  





ITEM 1B.     UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS



None.





 

17

 


 

 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES



At April 30, 201 7 , the Company, operating in one business segment as an independent EMS provider, had manufacturing facilities located in Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S., Union City, California U.S., Acuna, Chihuahua and Tijuana, Mexico, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and Suzhou, China.  In addition, the Company provides materials procurement services through its Elk Grove Village, Illinois U.S., Union City, California U.S, and Taipei, Taiwan offices.  The Company provides design services in Elgin, Illinois U.S.



Certain information about the Company’s manufacturing, warehouse , purchasing and design facilities is set forth below:





 

 

 

 

Location

Square Feet

 

Services Offered

Owned/Leased

Suzhou, China

202,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

*

***

Elk Grove Village, IL

124,300 

 

Corporate headquarters and electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Owned

Union City, CA

117,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Acuna, Mexico

115,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Owned **

Chihuahua, Mexico

113,000 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Tijuana, Mexico

112,100 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

24,475 

 

Electronic and electromechanical manufacturing solutions

Leased

Del Rio, TX

44,000 

 

Warehousing and distribution

Leased

Taipei, Taiwan

4,685 

 

International procurement office

Leased

Elgin, IL

45,000 

 

Design services

Owned

San Diego, CA

30,240 

 

Warehousing and distribution

Leased



*The Company’s Suzhou , China building is owned by the Company and the land is leased from the Chinese government for a 50 year term.



**A po rtion of the facility is leased and the Company has an option to purchase it.



***Total square footage includes 70,000 square feet of dormitories.



The Union City and San Diego , California, Tijuana and Chihuahua, Mexico, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and Del Rio, Texas properties are occupied pursuant to leases of the premises.  The lease agreement s for the Del

 

18

 


 

 

Rio, Texas propert ies expire December 201 9 The lease agreement for the San Diego, California property expires August 2019.  The lease agreement for the Union City, California property expires March 2021.  The Chihuahua, Mexico lease expires July 201 9 .  The Tijuana, Mexico lease expires November 2018.  The lease agreement for the Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam property expires July 2020.  The Company’s manufacturing facilities located in Acuna, Mexico, Elgin, Illinois and Elk Grove Village, Illinois are owned by the Company, except for a portion of the facility in Acuna, Mexico, which is leased.  The Company has an option to buy the leased portion of the facility in Acuna, Mexico.  The properties in Elk Grove Village, Illinois and Elgin, Illinois are financed under   separate mortgage loan agreement s .  The Company leases the IPO office in Taipei, Taiwan to coordinate Far East purchasing activities.  The Company believes its current facilities are adequate to meet its current needs.  In addition, the Company believes it can find alternative facilities to meet its needs in the future, if required.





ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS  



In November 2008, the Company received notice of an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) claim based on allegations of discrimination, sexual harassment, and retaliation filed by Maria Gracia, a former employee. The EEOC declined to pursue Ms. Gracia’s charges against the Company, but on July 26, 2011, Ms. Gracia received a right to sue letter from the EEOC. On October 25, 2011, Ms. Gracia filed suit against the Company in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. The Complaint alleged claims that Ms. Gracia was subject to discrimination, harassment, and hostile work environment based on sex and national origin. Further, the Complaint also alleged that the Company retaliated by terminating Ms. Gracia’s employment after she filed her initial charge of discrimination with the EEOC. Ms. Gracia sought relief in the form of (a) damages sufficient to compensate her injuries; (b) attorney’s fees; (c) costs of the action; and (d) equitable remedies. 



In December 2014, a jury found for the Company on the claim regarding discrimination, harassment and hostile work environment but awarded plaintiff damages regarding the retaliation/wrongful discharge claim totaling $307,000. In post-trial motions, the judge reduced the verdict to $300,000.  Subsequently, on September 17, 2015, the court ruled on plaintiff’s Claim for Equitable Relief, awarding the plaintiff an additional $74,478. On October 16, 2015, the Company appealed the judgment to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals.  On November 23, 2016, the U.S. District Court ruled that the plaintiff is entitled to an award for costs and attorneys’ fees.  On November 29, 2016, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the judgment of the U.S. District Court entered against the Company in December 2014.  On January 30, 2017, the Company and Ms. Gracia settled the suit by entering into a confidential settlement and release agreement.  The settlement was paid as of the fiscal year end ed April 30, 2017.



From time to time the Company is involved in legal proceedings, claims or investigations that are incidental to the conduct of the Company’s business. In future periods, the Company could be subjected to cash cost or non-cash charges to earnings if any of these matters are resolved on unfavorable terms. However, although the ultimate outcome of any legal matter cannot be predicted with certainty, based on present information, including management’s assessment of the merits of any particular claim, the Company does not expect that these legal proceedings or claims will have any material adverse impact on its future consolidated financial position or results of operations.





ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES



Not applicable.















 

19

 


 

 



PART II







ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES



Market Information



The Company’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market System under the symbol SGMA.  The following table sets forth the range of quarterly high and low sales price information for the common stock for the periods ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6 .





Common Stock as Reported

by NASDAQ







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Period

 

 

High

 

 

Low

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fiscal 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fourth Quarter

 

$

5.45 

 

$

4.01 

 



Third Quarter

 

 

5.50 

 

 

4.34 

 



Second Quarter

 

 

6.81 

 

 

5.25 

 



First Quarter

 

 

6.20 

 

 

5.42 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fiscal 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Fourth Quarter

 

$

7.80 

 

$

5.85 

 



Third Quarter

 

 

7.91 

 

 

6.10 

 



Second Quarter

 

 

7.34 

 

 

5.02 

 



First Quarter

 

 

9.12 

 

 

6.11 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



As of July 2 0 , 201 7 , there were approximately   40   holders of record of the Company’s common stock, which does not include shareholders whose stock is held through securities position listings.  The Company estimates there to be approximately 2 , 623   beneficial owners of the Company’s common stock.



The Company has not paid cash dividends on its common stock since completing its February 1994 initial public offering and does not intend to pay any dividends in the foreseeable future.  So long as any indebtedness remains unpaid under the Company’s revolving loan facility, the Company is prohibited from paying or declaring any dividends on any of its capital stock, except stock dividends, without the written consent of the lender under the facility.



On May 1, 2015, the Company sold 74,000 shares of its common stock to three individual investors in a private offering, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), at $7.00 per share, representing an approximate average of the market price of the Company’s common stock in the public market during the immediately preceding thirty day period.  The transaction resulted in $518,000 of proceeds from the sale of restricted stock.  The stock was unregistered and may be sold only upon registration or the availability of an exemption from registration under the Securities Act.



 

20

 


 

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information



For information concerning securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Part III, Item 12 of this Annual Report, under the caption “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholders Matters” as well as the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto, including Note N , filed herewith and all such information is incorporated herein by reference.





ITEM 6.     SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA  



As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

                AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



In addition to historical financial information, this discussion of the business of SigmaTron International, Inc. (“SigmaTron”), its wholly-owned subsidiaries Standard Components de Mexico S.A., AbleMex, S.A. de C.V., Digital Appliance Controls de Mexico, S.A. de C.V., Spitfire Controls (Vietnam) Co. Ltd., Spitfire Controls (Cayman) Co. Ltd., wholly-owned foreign enterprises Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd. and SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. (collectively, “SigmaTron China”) and international procurement office SigmaTron Taiwan branch (collectively, the “Company”) and other Items in this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain forward-looking statements concerning the Company’s business or results of operations.  Words such as “continue,” “anticipate,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “plan,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are based on the current expectations of the Company.  Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, the Company’s plans, actions and actual results could differ materially.  Such statements should be evaluated in the context of the risks and uncertainties inherent in the Company’s business including, but not necessarily limited to, the Company’s continued dependence on certain significant customers; the continued market acceptance of products and services offered by the Company and its customers; pricing pressures from the Company’s customers, suppliers and the market; the activities of competitors, some of which may have greater financial or other resources than the Company; the variability of our operating results; the results of long-lived assets and goodwill impairment testing; the variability of our customers’ requirements; the availability and cost of necessary components and materials; the ability of the Company and our customers to keep current with technological changes within our industries; regulatory compliance, including conflict minerals; the continued availability and sufficiency of our credit arrangements; changes in U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese or Taiwanese regulations affecting the Company’s business; the turmoil in the global economy and financial markets; the stability of the U.S., Mexican, Chinese, Vietnamese and Taiwanese economic, labor and political systems and conditions; currency exchange fluctuations; and the ability of the Company to manage its growth.  These and other factors which may affect the Company’s future business and results of operations are identified throughout the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, and as risk factors,   may be detailed from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  These statements speak as of the date of such filings, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update such statements in light of future events or otherwise unless otherwise required by law.



Overview



The Company operates in one business segment as an independent provider of EMS, which includes printed circuit board assemblies and completely assembled (box-build) electronic products.  In connection with the production of assembled products , the Company also provides services to its customers , including (1) automatic and manual assembly and testing of products; (2) material sourcing and procurement; (3) m anufacturing and test engineering support; (4) design services; ( 5 ) warehousing and distribution services; and ( 6 ) assistance in obtaining product approval from governmental and other regulatory bodies.  The Company provides these manufacturing services through an international network of faciliti es located in the United States, Mexico , China , Vietnam and Taiwan.

 

21

 


 

 



The Company relies on numerous third-party suppliers for components used in the Company’s production process.  Certain of these components are available only from single-sources or a limited number of suppliers.  In addition, a customer’s specifications may require the Company to obtain components from a single-source or a small number of suppliers.  The loss of any such suppliers could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.  Further, the Company could operate at a cost disadvantage compared to competitors who have greater direct buying power from suppliers.  The Company does not enter into long-term purchase agreements with major or single-source suppliers.  The Company believes that short-term purchase orders with its suppliers provides flexibility, given that the Company’s orders are based on the changing needs of its customers.



Sales can be a misleading indicator of the Company’s financial performance.  Sales levels can vary considerably among customers and products depending on the type of services ( turnkey versus consignment ) rendered by the Company and the demand by customers.  Consignment orders require the Company to perform manufacturing services on components and other materials supplied by a customer, and the Company charges only for its labor, overhead and manufacturing costs, plus a profit.  In the case of turnkey orders, the Company provides, in addition to manufacturing services, the components and other materials used in assembly.  Turnkey contracts, in general, have a higher dollar volume of sales for each given assembly, owing to inclusion of the cost of components and other materials in net sales and cost of goods sold.  Variations in the number of turnkey orders compared to consignment orders can lead to significant fluctuations in the Company’s revenue and gross margin levels.  Consignment orders accounted for less than 1 % of the Company’s revenues for each of the fiscal years ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6 .



The Company’s international footprint provides our customers with flexibility within the Company to manufacture in China ,   Mexico , Vietnam or the U.S.     We believe this strategy will continue to serve the Company well as its customers continuously evaluate their supply chain strategies .



The Company believes that the U.S. election results continue to drive a more positive attitude regarding the economy for calendar 2017 and at this time it expects the positive trend to continue.  There has been some short-term volatility with the Company’s customers compared to three months ago. The Company does expect additional new customers to add to its revenue base in fiscal year 2018.  The upturn in the economic outlook has created some additional challenges. The Company is seeing some shortages in the component marketplace that could affect its ability to meet our customers’ backlog.  In all cases, the customer is working with the Company to address the issue with the supplier of the component.  Margin pressures continue and the Company believes the additional revenue will assist it in managing those pressures. 



Critical Accounting Policies:



Management Estimates and Uncertainties -   The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.  Significant estimates made in preparing the consolidated financial statements include depreciation and amortization periods, the allowance for doubtful accounts, reserves for inventory, lower of cost or market adjustment for inventory, contingen t consideration , deferred taxes, uncertain tax positions, valuation allowance for deferred taxes and valuation of goodwill and long-lived assets.  Actual results could materially differ from these estimates.



Revenue Recognition - Revenues from sales of the Company's electronic manufacturing services business are recognized when the finished good product is shipped to the customer.  In general, and except for consignment inventory, it is the Company's policy to recognize reve nue and related costs when the finished goods have been shipped from its facilities, which is also the same point in time that title passes under the terms of the purchase order and control passes to the customer .  Finished goods inventory for certain customers is shipped from the Company to an independent warehouse for storage or shipped directly to the customer and stored in a segregated part of the customer’s own facility.  Upon the customer’s request for finished goods inventory, the inventory is shipped to the customer if the inventory was stored off-site , or transferred from the segregated part of the cust omer’s facility for consumption or use by the customer.  The Company recognizes

 

22

 


 

 

revenue upon such shipment or transfer.  The Company does not earn a fee for such arrangements .  The Company from time to time may ship finished goods from its facilities , which is also the same point in time that title passes under the terms of the purchase order , and invoice the customer at the end of the calendar month.  This is done only in special circumstances to accommodate a specific customer.  Further, from time to time customers request the Company hold finished goods after they have been invoiced to consolidate finished goods for shipping purposes.  The Company generally provides a warranty for workmanship , unless the assembly was designed by the Company, in which case it warrants assembly/design.  The Company does not have any installation, acceptance or sales incentives ( although the Company has negotiated longer warranty terms in certain instances ) .  The Company assembles and tests assemblies based on customers’ specifications.  Historically, the amount of returns for workmanship issues has been de minimis under the Company’s standard or extended warranties.



Inventories - Cost is determined by an average cost method and the Company allocates labor and overhead to work-in-process and finished goods.  In the event of an inventory write-down, the Company records expense to state the inventory at lower of cost or market.  The Company establishes inventory reserves for valuation, shrinkage, and excess and obsolete inventory.  The Company records provisions for inventory shrinkage based on historical experience to account for unmeasured usage or loss.  The Company records provisions for excess and obsolete inventories for the difference between the cost of inventory and its estimated realizable value based on assumptions about future product demand and market conditions.  For convenience, the Company records these inventory reserves against the inventory cost through a contra asset rather than through a new cost basis.  Upon a subsequent sale or disposal of the impaired inventory, the corresponding reserve is relieved to ensure the cost basis of the inventory reflects any reductions.  A ctual results differing from these estimates could significantly affect the Company’s inventories and cost of products sold as the inventory is sold or otherwise relieved.



Goodwill - Goodwill represents the purchase price in excess of the fair value of assets acquired in business combinations.  Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 350, “ Intangibles – Goodwill and Other ,” requires the Company to assess goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment at least annually in the absence of an indicator of possible impairment and immediately upon an indicator of possible impairment .  T he Company is permitted the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the existence of events and circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of any reporting unit is less than its corresponding carrying value .  If, after assessing the totality of events and circumstances, the Company concludes that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of any reporting unit is less than its corresponding carrying value, then the Company is not required to take further action.  However, if the Company concludes otherwise, then it is required to perform a quantitative impairment test ,   including computing the fair value of the reporting unit and comparing that value to its carrying value .  If the fair value is less than its carrying value, a second step of the test is required to determine if recorded goodwill is impaired.  The Company also has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for goodwill in any period and proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test.  The Company will be able to resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period.  The Company performed its annual goodwill impairment test as of February 1, 201 7 and determined no impairment existed as of that date.     The step one analysis was performed using a combination of a market approach and an   income approach based on a discounted cash flow approach.    



Intangible Assets   -   Intangible assets are comprised of finite life intangible assets including patents, trade names, backlog, non-compete agreements, and customer relationships.  Finite life intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives of 5 years for patents, 20 years for trade names, 1 year for backlog and 7 years for non-compete agreements except for customer relationships which are amortized on an accelerated basis over their estimated useful life of 15 years.



Impairment of Long-Lived Assets - The Company reviews long-lived assets, including amortizable intangible assets, for impairment.  Property, machinery and equipment and finite life intangible assets are reviewed whenever events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate possible impairment.  If events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate possible impairment, the Company first performs an impairment review based on an undiscounted cash flow analysis at the lowest level at which cash flows of the long-lived assets are largely independent of other groups of its assets and liabilities.  This analysis requires management judgment with respect to changes in technology, the continued success of product lines, and future volume,

 

23

 


 

 

revenue and expense growth rates.  If the carrying value exceeds the undiscounted cash flows, the Company records an impairment, if any, for the difference between the estimated fair value of the asset group and its carrying value.  The Company further conducts annual reviews for idle and underutilized equipment, and reviews business plans for possible impairment.  As of April  3 0 , 201 7 , there were no indicators of possible impairment of long-lived assets.



Income Tax - The Company’s income tax expense, deferred tax assets and liabilities and reserves for unrecognized tax benefits reflect management’s best assessment of estimated future taxes to be paid.  The Company is subject to income taxes in both the U.S. and several foreign jurisdictions.  Significant judgments and estimates by management are required in determining the consolidated income tax expense assessment.



Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax bas i s of assets and liabilities, and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.  In evaluating the Company’s ability to recover its deferred tax assets within the jurisdiction from which they arise, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent financial operations.  In projecting future taxable income, the Company begins with historical results and changes in accounting policies, and incorporates assumptions including the amount of future state, federal and foreign pre-tax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences, and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies.  These assumptions require significant judgment and estimates by management about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates the Company uses to manage the underlying businesses.  In evaluating the objective evidence that historical results provide, the Company considers three years of cumulative operating income and/or loss.  Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred income tax assets to an amount more likely than not to be realized.



The calculation of the Company’s tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax laws and regulations in a multitude of jurisdictions across its global operations.  Changes in tax laws and rates could also affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities in the future.  Management is not aware of any such changes that would have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, cash flows or financial position.



A tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may only be recognized when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes, based on the technical merits.



The Company adjusts its tax liabilities when its judgment changes as a result of the evaluation of new information not previously available.  Due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from its current estimate of the tax liabilities.  These differences will be reflected as increases or decreases to income tax expense in the period in which they are determined.



Reclassifications - Certain reclassifications have been made to the previously reported 201 6 financial statements to conform to the 201 7 presentation.  There was no change to net income.



New Accounting Standards:



In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers"   (Topic 606)   which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605, “ Revenue Recognition” . This ASU is based on the principle that revenue is recognized to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The ASU also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue. In August 2015, the FASB amended the effective date to be annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 , including interim periods with in that year  ( effective the first quarter of the Company’s fiscal year ending April 30, 2019), with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 including the interim period within that year . The FASB issued

 

24

 


 

 

several amendments clarifying various aspects of the ASU, including revenue transactions that involve a third party, goods or services that are immaterial in the context of the contract and licensing arrangements. ASC 606 may be adopted on either a full retrospective or modified retrospective basis. The Company plans to adopt the ASU effective the first quarter of fiscal year ending April 30, 2019.  As the new standard will supersede all existing revenue guidance affecting the Company, it could impact the timing and amounts of revenue and costs recognized from customer contracts. The Company has developed an implementation plan, which is currently in the assessment phase. The Company has not selected a transition method and is currently evaluating the impact that adoption of the standard will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.



In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, “ Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory” .  ASU No. 2015-11 requires an entity that determines the cost of inventory by methods other than last-in, first-out (LIFO) and the retail inventory method (RIM) to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value.  Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. This amendment applies to all inventory that is measured using the average cost or first-in first-out (FIFO) methods. This supersedes prior guidance which allowed entities to measure inventory at the lower of cost or market, where market could be replacement cost, net realizable value or net realizable value less an approximately normal profit margin.  ASU No. 2015-11 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods therein, beginning after December 15, 2016.  Prospective application is required.  Early application is permitted as of the beginning of the interim or annual reporting period.  The Company plans to adopt ASU No. 2015-11 for the fiscal year ending April 30, 2018 and does   not expect the impact of the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.



In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “ Leases” . The new standard establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement.  The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for capital leases and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available.  While the Company is still evaluating the impact of its pending adoption of the new standard on its consolidated financial statements, the Company expects that upon adoption in the fiscal year ending April 30, 2020, it will recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities and that the amounts could be material.



In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, “ Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting”, a new accounting standard update intended to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions including: income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities and classification on the statement of cash flows. Specifically, the update requires that excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies (the difference between the deduction for tax purposes and the compensation cost recognized for financial reporting purposes) be recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the Consolidated Statements of Income, introducing a new element of volatility to the provision for income taxes. This update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company plans to adopt the ASU for the fiscal year ending April 30, 2018 Upon adoption of the ASU all share-based awards will continue to be accounted for as equity awards, excess tax benefits recognized on stock-based compensation expense will be reflected in the consolidated statements of income as a component of the provision for income taxes on a prospective basis, excess tax benefits recognized on stock-based compensation expense will be classified as an operating activity in the consolidated statements of cash flows on a prospective basis and the Company will elect to continue to estimate expected forfeitures over the course of a vesting period.



In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “ Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments .” ASU 2016-13 introduces a new forward-looking approach, based on expected losses, to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables. The estimate of expected credit losses will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts.  This ASU also expands the disclosure requirements to enable users of financial statements to understand the entity’s assumptions,

 

25

 


 

 

models and methods for estimating expected credit losses. For public business entities, ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and the guidance is to be applied using the modified-retrospective approach. Earlier adoption is permitted for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance and has not determined the impact this ASU may have on its consolidated financial statements.



In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU Update No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows- Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, ” which is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain transactions are classified in the statements of cash flows. This update will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 (the Company’s fiscal year ending April 30, 2019), and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, provided that all of the amendments are adopted in the same period. The guidance requires application using a retrospective transition method.  The Company plans to adopt the ASU in its fiscal year ending April 30, 2019 using the retrospective transition method.  The Company does not expect the impact of the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “ Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment ,” which removes the step 2 requirement to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation to measure goodwill impairment. Goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit's carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the recorded amount of goodwill. This guidance is effective for public companies for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect this guidance to have a significant impact on its financial statements and plans to adopt ASU No. 2017-04 in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending April 30, 2018.



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “ Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business ,” which clarifies the definition of a business when evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses.  For public companies, this ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods.  The Company plans to adopt this ASU in the first quarter of its fiscal year ending April 30, 2019.  The Company will apply the clarified definition of a business, as applicable, from the period of adoption.



Results of Operations:



FISCAL YEAR ENDED APRIL 30, 20 1 7 COMPARED

TO FISCAL YEAR ENDED APRIL 30, 201 6



The following table sets forth the percentage relationships of expense items to net sales for the years indicated:

 





 

 

 



Fiscal Years



2017

 

2016



 

 

 

Net sales

100.0%

 

100.0%

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

90.5

 

90.0

Selling and administrative expenses

8.2

 

8.3

Total operating expenses

98.7

 

98.3

Operating income

1.3%

 

1.7%



 

 

 

Net sales de creased 0.7% to $252,235,794 in fiscal year 201 7 from $ 2 53 , 904 , 146 in the prior year.  The Company’s sales de creased in fiscal year 201 7 in appliance ,   fitness and semiconductor equipment marketplaces as compared to the prior year.  The de crease in sales dollars for these marketplaces was partially offset by a in crease in sales dollars in the industrial electronics ,   consumer electronics, gaming and telecommunications  

 

26

 


 

 

marketplaces.  Revenues started an upward trend during the fourth fiscal quarter of fiscal year 2017 .     The Company remains optimistic that revenues in fiscal year 201 8 will continue to increase.

The Company’s sales in a particular industry are driven by the fluctuating forecasts and end-market demand of the customers within that industry.  Sales to customers are subject to variations from period to period depending on customer order cancellations, the life cycle of customer products and product transition.  Sales to the Company’s five largest customers accounted for 55 . 2 % and 6 1 . 9 % of net sales for fiscal years 201 7 and 201 6 , respectively.



Gross profit de creased to $24,040,927 , or 9.5% of net sales, in fiscal year 201 7 compared to $ 25 , 518 , 531 or 10.1 % of net sales, in the prior fiscal year.  The de crease in gross profit dollars for fiscal year 201 7 was the result of de crease d sales and product mix.  The decrease in the foregoing gross profit was partially offset by approximately $780,000 resulting from a change in estimate related to the inventory reserve.  Margin pressures continue from both customers and vendors and will likely continue in fiscal year 201 8 .



Selling and administrative expenses de creased in fiscal year 201 7   to $20,774,729 , or   8.2% of net sales compared to $ 21 , 194 , 211 , or 8. 3 % of net sales , in fiscal year 201 6 The de crease in selling and administrative dollars was attributable to sales salaries , professional fees and bonus expense The de crease in the foregoing selling and administrative expenses were partially offset by a n   in crease in purchasing salaries, accounting professional fees and commissions .  Selling and administrative expenses decrease d as a percent of net sales due to a   de crease in total selling and administrative dollars in fiscal year 201 7 compared to the prior year. 



Other income increased in fiscal year 2017 to $376,338 compared to $165,864 in the prior fiscal year.  During fiscal year 2017 the Company recorded an insurance recovery gain in the amount of $276,967 to other income related to a claim in excess of book value for replacement machinery and equipment destroyed in a fire at one of its plants.



Interest expense , net, in creased to $1,135,853   in fiscal year 201 7 compared to $ 1 ,004,988 in fiscal year 201 6 .  Interest expense in creased primarily due to the in creased borrowings under the Company’s banking arrangements and mortgage obligations.  Interest expense for fiscal year 201 8 may increase if interest rates or borrowings, or both, increase during fiscal year 201 8 .



In fiscal year 201 7 , income tax expense was $ 1,107,477 compared to income tax expense of $ 1,402 , 537 in fiscal year 201 6 .  The effective rate for the years ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6 was 44.3 % and 40 . 2 %, respectively. The decrease in income tax expense is due to a decrease in pre-tax income in the current year.  The increase in the effective rate for the year ended April 30, 2017 is due to an unfavorable 4.0% adjustment for realized and unrealized currency gains, losses, and the remeasurement of certain items to the Company’s functional currency, as well as a valuation allowance for foreign tax credits that the Company does not believe are more likely than not to be used in the carryforward period.



The Company reported net income of $1,390,206 in fiscal year 201 7 compared to $ 2,082 , 659 for fiscal year 201 6 .  Basic and diluted earnings per share for fiscal year 201 7 were $0.3 3   each ,   compared to basic and diluted earnings per share of $0. 50 and $0.49, respectively, for the year ended April 30, 201 6 .



Liquidity and Capital Resources:



Operating Activities.



Cash flow used in operating activities was $53,761 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 compared to cash flow provided by operating activities of $ 13 , 130 , 447 for the prior fiscal year.  Cash flow used in operating activities was primarily the result of  a n   in crease in accounts receivable and inventory .  Accounts receivable increased due to higher revenues in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017 compared to fiscal year 2016 Inventories increased primarily due to additional customer orders and the start up of new programs.  The increase in accounts payable was the result of timing of payment to vendors.  Net cash used in operations was partially offset by a de crease in income tax es receivable.  Net cash used in operating activities was partially offset by net income excluding the non-cash effects of depreciation and amortization.



 

27

 


 

 

Cash flow provided by operating activities was $13,130,447 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016 .  Cash flow provided by operating activities was primarily the result of net income excluding the non-cash effects of depreciation and amortization, a decrease in accounts receivable and inventory and an increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses.  Net cash provided by operations was partially offset by an increase in income tax es receivable. 



Investing Activities .



In fiscal year 201 7 , the Company purchased in cash   $3,505,486 in machinery and equipment to be used in the ordinary course of business.  The Company anticipates it may purchase up to $ 5 ,000,000 , although there is no guaranty the Company will not exceed such amount, in machinery and equipment   in fiscal year 201 8 , which the Company plans to fund by lease or loan transactions.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future. 



In fiscal year 201 6 , the Company purchased in cash  $ 3 , 049 , 943 in machinery and equipment to be used in the ordinary course of business.  The Company purchases were funded by its bank line of credit.



Financing Activities.



Cash provided by financing activities was $ 2,727,303 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 compared to cash used in financing activities of $ 8 , 789 , 867 in fiscal year 201 6 .  Cash provided by financing activities in fiscal year 201 7   was primarily the result of increased net borrowings of approximately $ 4 , 875 ,000 under the credit facility , equipment note s and   sale lease back   agreements .  The additional borrowings were primarily to support the increase in customer orders.



Cash used in financing activities was $8, 789 , 867 for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2016.  Cash used in financing activities in fiscal year 2016 was primarily the result of net repayments under the line of credit of approximately $7,400,000 under the credit facility and payments under capital lease agreements.



Financing Summary.



Notes Payable - Banks



Prior to March 31, 2017 the Company had a senior secured credit facility with Wells Fargo, N.A. with a credit limit up to $30,000,000.  The credit facility was collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets and the Company had pledged 65% of its equity ownership interest in some of its foreign entities.  Prior to its payoff and termination, the Wells Fargo, N.A. senior secured credit facility was due t o expire on October 31, 2018.  On March 31, 2017 , the Company paid the balance outstanding under the senior credit facility in the amount of $22,232,914 .  The remaining d eferred financing cost s of $ 68,475   were expensed in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.



On March 31, 2017, the Company entered into a $35,000,000 senior secured credit facility with U.S. Bank, N.A., which expires on March 31, 2022.  The credit facility is collateralized by substantially all of the Company’s domestically located assets. The facility allows the Company to choose among interest rates at which it may borrow funds:  the bank fixed rate of four percent or LIBOR plus one and one half percent (effectively 2.65% at April 30, 2017).  Interest is due monthly.  Under the senior secured credit facility, the Company may borrow up to the lesser of (i) $35,000,000 or (ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the eligible receivable borrowing base plus a percentage of the inventory borrowing base.  Deferred financing costs of $20 7 , 647 were capitalized in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 and will be amortized over the term of the agreement.  As of April 30, 2017, there was $23,178,429 outstanding and $11,821,571 of unused availability under the U . S . Bank, N.A. facility compared to an outstanding balance of $20,014,069 and $3,630,035 of unused availability under the Wells Fargo , N.A. senior credit facility at April 30, 2016.  At April 30, 2017, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenant and other restricted covenants under the credit facility.



On August 4, 2015, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd can borrow up to 5,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics

 

28

 


 

 

Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6.67%.  The facility was due to expire on August 3, 2017.  The credit facility was closed as of March 1, 2017. There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  3 0 , 2017 or April 30, 2016.



On March   24 , 201 7 , the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd entered into a credit facility with China Construction Bank.  Under the agreement SigmaTron Electronic Technology Co., Ltd can borrow up to 9 ,000,000 Renminbi and the facility is collateralized by Wujiang SigmaTron Electronics Co., Ltd.’s manufacturing building.  Interest is payable monthly and the facility bears a fixed interest rate of 6. 09 %.  The term on the facility extends to February   7 , 201 8 .  There was no outstanding balance under the facility at April  3 0 , 2017 .



Notes Payable  - Buildings



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on January 8, 2010, in the amount of $2,500,000, with Wells Fargo, N.A. to refinance the property that serves as the Company’s corporate headquarters and its Illinois manufacturing facility.  On November 24, 2014, the Company refinanced the mortgage agreement with Wells Fargo, N.A.  The note requires the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $9,500, bears an interest rate of LIBOR plus two and one-quarter percent   ( effectively 3. 25 % at April 30, 201 7 ) and is payable over a sixty -   month period.  Final payment of approximately $2,289,500 is due on or before November 8, 2019.  The outstanding balance was $2, 574 ,500 and $2, 688 ,500 at April 30, 201 7 and April 30, 201 6 , respectively.



The Company entered into a mortgage agreement on October 24, 2013, in the amount of $1,275,000, with Wells Fargo, N.A. to finance the property that serves as the Company’s engineering and design center in Elgin, Illinois.  The Wells Fargo, N.A. note requires the Company to pay monthly principal payments in the amount of $4,250, bears interest at a fixed rate of 4.5% per year and is payable over a sixty  - month period.  A final payment of approximately $1,030,000 is due on or before October 24, 2018.  The outstanding balance was $1, 096 ,500 and $1,1 47 ,500 at April 30, 201 7 and April 30, 201 6 , respectively.



Notes Payable - Equipment



On November 1, 2016, the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $596,987. The term of the agreement extends to November 1, 2021 with average quarterly payments of $35,060 beginning on February 1, 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 6.65%.  The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $5 67 , 138 at April  3 0 , 2017. 



On February 1, 201 7 , the Company entered into a secured note agreement with Engencap Fin S.A. DE C.V. to finance the purchase of equipment in the amount of $ 335 , 825 . The term of the agreement extends to February 1, 202 2 with average quarterly payments of $ 20 , 031 beginning on May 1, 2017 and a fixed interest rate of 7 . 3 5%.  The balance outstanding under this note agreement was $ 335 , 825 at April  3 0 , 2017. 



Capital Lease and Sale Leaseback Obligations



During 2010, the Company entered into various capital lease agreements with Wells Fargo Equipment Finance to purchase equipment totaling $1,376,799.  The term s of the lease agreements extend to July 2016 through October 2016 with monthly installment payments ranging from $3,627 to $13,207 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 4.41% to 4.99%.  At April 30, 201 7 , the balance outstanding under the se capital lease agreements was $ 0 compared to $ 106 , 767 in fiscal year 201 6 .  The net book value of the equipment under these leas es at April 30, 201 7 was $ 589 , 52 4 compared to $ 703 , 4 24 at April 30, 2016 .



From October 2013 through April 201 7 , the Company entered into various capital lease and sale leaseback agreements with Associated Bank, National Association to purchase equipment totaling $ 6 , 240 , 562 .  The terms of the lease and sale leaseback agreements extend to September 2018 through March 202 2 with monthly installment payments ranging from $1,455 to $40,173 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 3.75% to 4. 95 %.  The balance outstanding under these capital lease and sale leaseback agreements was $3, 627 , 7 60 and $2,599,820 at April  3 0 , 2017 and April 30, 2016, respectively.  The net book value of the equipment under these leases and sale leaseback agreements at April 30, 2017 was $4, 713 , 044 compared to $3,224,661 at April 30, 2016. 

 

29

 


 

 



From April 2014 through July 2015, the Company entered into various capital lease agreements with CIT Finance LLC to purchase equipment totaling $2,512,051.  The term s of the lease agreements extend to March 2019 through July 2020 with monthly installment payments ranging from $1,931 t o $12,764 and a fixed interest rate ranging from 5.65% through 6.50%.  At April 30, 201 7 , the balance outstanding under the se capital lease agreements was $1, 448 , 269 compared to $1, 886 , 069 in fiscal year 201 6 .  The net book value of the equipment under these leas es at April 30, 201 7 was $ 1 , 946 , 026 compared to $ 2 , 155 , 363   at April 30, 201 6 .



Operating Leases



In September 2010, the Company entered into a real estate lease agreement in Union City, CA, to rent approximately 11 7 , 000 square feet of manufacturing and office space.  Under the terms of the lease agreement, the Company receives incentives over the life of the lease, which extends through March 2021.  The amount of deferred rent income recorded for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 was $ 79 , 575 compared to $ 51 , 509 in fiscal year 201 6 .  In addition, the landlord provided the Company tenant incentives of $418,000, which are being amortized over the life of the lease.  The balance of deferred rent at April 30, 2017 was $550,672 compared to $630,247 at April 30, 2016. 



On May 31, 2012, the Company entered into a lease agreement in Tijuana, M exico , to rent approximately   112,000 square feet of manufacturing and office space.  Under the terms of the lease agreement, the Company receives incentives over the life of the lease, which extends through November 2018.  The amount of   deferred rent income for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 was $ 127 , 967 compared to $ 115 , 837 in fiscal year 201 6 .  The balance of deferred rent at April 30, 2017 was $224,964 compared to $352,931 at April 30, 2016.



Other



The Company provides funds for salaries, wages, overhead and capital expenditure items as necessary to operate its wholly-owned Mexican, Vietnam ese and Chinese subsidiaries and the Taiwan IPO.  The Company provides funding in U.S. D ollars, which are exchanged for Pesos, Dong, Renminbi, and New Taiwan dollars .  The fluctuation of currencies from time to time, without an equal or greater increase in inflation, could have a material impact on the financial results of the Company .     The impact of currency fluctuation s for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017 resulted in foreign currency transaction losses of approximately   $ 508 ,000 compared to a net foreign currency loss of $59,000 in the prior year.  In fiscal year 2017, t he Company paid approximately $ 45 , 620 ,000   to its foreign subsidiaries .



The Company has not recorded U.S. income taxes on the undistributed earnings of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries. Such earnings are considered to be indefinitely invested in the foreign subsidiaries.  If such earnings were repatriated, additional tax expense may result.  The cumulative amount of unremitted earnings for which U.S. income taxes have not been recorded is $1 0 , 672 ,000 as of April 30, 2017.  The amount of U.S. income taxes on these earnings is impractical to compute due to the complexities of the hypothetical calculation.



The Company anticipates that its credit facilities, cash flow from operations and leasing resources are adequate to meet its working capital requirements and capital expenditures for fiscal year 201 8 . In addition, in the event the Company desires to expand its operations, its business grows more rapidly than expected, the current economic climate deteriorates, customers delay payments, or the Company desires to consummate an acquisition, additional financing resources may be necessary in the current or future fiscal years.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain equity or debt financing at acceptable terms, or at all, in the future.  There is no assurance that the Company will be able to retain or renew its credit agreements in the future, or that any retention or renewal will be on the same terms as currently exist.



The impact of inflation on the Company’s net sales, revenues and income from operations for the past two fiscal years has been minimal.



Off-balance Sheet Transactions:



The Company has no off-balance sheet transactions.

 

30

 


 

 

Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations:



As a smaller reporting company , as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM   7A.   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISKS



As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 10(f)(1) of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this item.





ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA



The response to this item is included in Item 15(a) of this Report.





ITEM 9 .     CHANGES AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING

AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE



None .





ITEM 9 A .     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES



Disclosure Controls:



The Company’s management, including its President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined under the Securities   Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), Rules 13a-15(e) an d 15(d)-15(e)) as of April 30, 201 7 The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of ach ieving their objectives and its President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of April 30, 201 7 .



Internal Controls:



The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f).     The Company’s internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordan ce with U.S. GAAP.  Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.  Based on the Company’s evaluation, management concluded that its internal control s over financial reporting w ere effective at the reasonable assurance level as of April 30, 201 7 .



This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting.  Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accou nting firm pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.



There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended April 30, 201 7 , that has materially affected or is reasonably likely to materially affect, its internal control over financial reporting.



 

31

 


 

 

On May 14, 2013, COSO issued an updated version of its Internal Control - Integrated Framework (the “2013 Framework”) which officially superseded the 1992 Framework on December 15, 2014. Originally issued in 1992, the framework helps organizations design, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of internal control concepts and simplify their use and application. Neither COSO, the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other regulatory body has mandated adoption of the 2013 Framework by a specified date. The Company is performing an analysis to evaluate what changes to its control environment, if any, would be needed to successfully implement the 2013 Framework. Until such time as such analysis and any related transition to the 2013 Framework is complete, the Company will continue to use the 1992 Framework in connection with our assessment of internal control.





ITEM 9 B .     OTHER INFORMATION



N o t Applicable .





PART III







I TEM 10 .     DIRECTORS ,   EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .





ITEM 1 1 .     EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .





ITEM 1 2 .     SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS   AND MANAGEMENT

                  AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .





IT EM 1 3 .     CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS, RELATED TRANSACTIONS AND   DIRECTOR

                 INDEPENDENCE



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .





ITEM 1 4 .     PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES



The information required under this item is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive proxy statement, to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after the close of the Company’s fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 .

 

32

 


 

 





PART IV







ITEM 1 5 .   EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES



(a) ( 1 )  

The financial stateme nts are listed in the I ndex to Financial Statements filed as part of th is Annual   Report on       Form 10-K beginning on Page F-1.



(a)(2)

Financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or required.



(a)(3) and (b)

The exhibits required by Item 601 of Regulations S-K are listed in the Index to Exhibits filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K beginning on Page 3 4 .



ITEM 16. 10-K SUMMARY



None.

 

 

33

 


 

 



Index to Exhibits







 



3.1 

Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100, dated February 9, 1994.



 

3.2 

Amended and Restated By-laws of the Company, adopted on September 24, 1999, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit  3.2 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2000.



 

10.1 

Form of 1993 Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.*



 

10.2 

Form of Incentive Stock Option Agreement for the Company’s 1993 Stock Option Plan , incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.*



 

10.3 

Form of Non-Statutory Stock Option Agreement for the Company’s 1993 Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, File No. 33-72100.*



 

10. 4  

2004 Employee Stock Option Plan, incorporated herein by reference to Appendix B to the Company’s 2004 Proxy Statement filed on August 16, 2004. *



 

10. 5  

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2011 Employee Stock Option Plan dated September 16, 2011, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.14 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed on December 14, 2011.*



 

10. 6  

Purchase Agreement between SigmaTron International, Inc., and its nominees and Spitfire Control, Inc., dated as of May 31, 2012, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on June 4, 2012.



 

10. 7

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan dated September 20, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on September 25, 2013.*



 

10. 8

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Non-Employee Director Restricted Stock Plan dated September 20, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on September 25, 2013.*



 

10. 9

Mortgage and Assignment of Rents and Leases executed as of October 24, 2013, by SigmaTron International, Inc., to Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 13, 2013.



 

10.1 0

Master Lease Agreement # 2170 entered into between Associated Bank, National Association, a national banking association and SigmaTron International, Inc., dated October 3, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.20 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 13, 2013.



 

10.1 1

SigmaTron International, Inc. Amended and Restated Change in Control Severance Payment Plan dated March 11, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K/A filed on March 14, 2014.*



 

 

34

 


 

 

10.1 2

Master Lease Number 81344 entered into between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc., dated March 6, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2014.



 

10.1 3

Schedule # 1217927 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated May 7, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 11, 2014.



 

10. 14

Schedule # 1223197 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated August 1, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10. 15

Lease No. 003 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10. 16

Lease No. 004 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10. 17

Lease No. 005 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated September 22, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10. 18

Schedule # 1246045 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated October 27, 2014, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2014.



 

10. 19

First Amendment to Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement entered into as of March 7, 2015, by and between SigmaTron International, Inc. and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on March 12, 2015.



 

10. 20

Lease No. 006 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated January 16, 2015, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 16, 2015.



 

10.2 1

Schedule # 1284094 to Master Lease Agreement Number 81344 entered into by and between CIT Finance LLC and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated June 2, 2015 , incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.29 to the Company’s Form 10-K filed on July 24, 2015.



 

10. 2 2

Lease No. 007 is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Association Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc. dated December 22, 2015, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 15, 2016.



 

10. 2 3

SigmaTron International, Inc. Employee Bonus Plan for Fiscal Year 2017 dated Ju ne 2, 2016, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on Ju ne 6, 2 016.*



 

10 . 2 4

SigmaTron International, Inc. 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan disclosed on Form 8-K dated September 20, 2013, has been terminated effective as of August 15, 2016, incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on August 15, 2016.*

 

35

 


 

 

10 . 2 5

Lease No. 009, entered into July 15, 2016, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on September 13, 2016.



 

10. 2 6

Lease No. 010, entered into August 8, 2016, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc., incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on December 12, 2016.



 

10. 2 7

Promissory Note, entered into November 1, 2016, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM,  E.N.R. an d SigmaTron International, Inc. , incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed on March 14, 2017.



 

10. 28

SigmaTron International, Inc. Employee Bonus Plan for Fiscal Year 2018 dated April 21, 2017, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on April 25, 2017*



 

10. 29

Promissory Note, entered into January 5, 2017, by and between ENGENCAP FIN, S.A. DE C.V., SOFOM,  E.N.R. and SigmaTron International, Inc. **



 

10. 3 0

Lease No. 011, entered into May 8, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc.**



 

10. 3 1

Lease No. 012, entered into May 8, 2017, is an attachment to Master Lease No. 2170 dated October 17, 2013 by and between Associated Bank, National Association and SigmaTron International, Inc.**



 

10. 3 2

Loan and Security Agreement between SigmaTron International, Inc. and U.S. Bank National Association dated March 31, 2017.**



 

21.0 

Subsidiaries of the Registrant, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 21 to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2014, filed on July 24, 2014.



 

23.1 

Consent of BDO USA, LLP.**



 

24.0 

Power of Attorney of Directors and Executive Officers (included on the signature page of this Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 201 7 ).**



 

31.1 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer of the Company Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Exchange Act, as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**



 

31.2 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer of the Company Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Exchange Act, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.**



 

32.1 

Certification by the Principal Executive Officer of SigmaTron International, Inc. Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Exchange Act and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350).**



 

32.2 

Certification by the Principal Financial Officer of SigmaTron International, Inc. Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Exchange Act and Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (18 U.S.C. 1350).**



 



 







 

 

36

 


 

 

101.INS 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Scheme Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document



* Indicates management contract or compensatory plan.

** Filed herewith



( c ) Exhibits



The Company hereby files as exhibits to this Report the exhibits listed in Item 15(a)(3) above, which are

attached hereto or incorporated herein.

 

37

 


 

 

SIGNATURES



Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.



SIGMATRON INTERNATIONAL, INC.





 



By:      /s/ Gary R. Fairhead



 



Gary R. Fairhead, President and Chief Executive Officer,



Principal Executive Officer and Director



 



           Dated:  July 2 4 , 201 7



 KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that the undersigned directors and officers of SigmaTron International, Inc., a Delaware corporation, which is filing an Annual Report on Form 10-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the provisions of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended, hereby constitute and appoint Gary R. Fairhead and Linda K. Frauendorfer, and each of them, each of their true and lawful attorneys-in fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in all capacities, to sign any or all amendments to the report to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as each of them might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents or any of them, or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities, and on the dates indicated.





 

 

Signature

Title

Date



 

 

/s/ Gary R. Fairhead

Chairman of the Board of Directors,

July 2 4 , 201 7

Gary R. Fairhead

President and Chief Executive Officer,

 



(Principal Executive Officer) and Director

 



 

 

/s/ Linda K. Frauendorfer

Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer

July 24, 2017

Linda K. Frauendorfer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal

 



Accounting Officer) and Director

 



 

 

/s/ Thomas W. Rieck

Director

July 24, 2017

Thomas W. Rieck

 

 



 

 

/s/ Dilip S. Vyas

Director

July 24, 2017

Dilip S. Vyas

 

 



 

 

/s/ Paul J. Plante

Director

July 24, 2017

Paul J. Plante

 

 



 

 

/s/ Barry R. Horek

Director

July 24, 2017

Barry R. Horek

 

 



 

 

/s/ Bruce J. Mantia

Director

July 24, 2017

Bruce J. Mantia

 

 





 

 

38

 


 

 

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS





Page



SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries





 

 REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

F- 2



 

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 



 

 CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

F- 3

 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

F- 5

 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN

 

 STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

F- 6

 CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

F- 7

 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

F- 9





 





F- 1

 


 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM





Board of Directors and Stockholders

SigmaTron International, Inc.

Elk Grove Village, Illinois



We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of SigmaTron International, Inc. as of April 30, 201 7 and 201 6   and the related consolidated statements of income, changes in stockholders' equity , and cash flows for the years then ended.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management.   Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.



We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) and in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America.     Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  Accordingly, we express no such opinion.   An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.



In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of SigmaTron International, Inc. at April 30, 20 1 7 and 20 1 6 , and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.





/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Chicago, Illinois

July 2 4 , 201 7



F- 2

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

APRIL 30, 201 7 and 201 6





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

2017

 

 

2016



 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

3,493,324 

 

$

4,325,268 

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of

 

 

 

 

 

  $100,000 at April 30, 2017 and 2016,

 

 

 

 

 

respectively

 

26,656,871 

 

 

17,844,228 

Inventories, net

 

73,571,238 

 

 

67,649,022 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

2,971,087 

 

 

2,128,128 

Refundable income taxes

 

339,791 

 

 

774,847 

Note receivable

 

887,531 

 

 

887,531 

Other receivables

 

1,112,071 

 

 

481,860 



 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

109,031,913 

 

 

94,090,884 



 

 

 

 

 

PROPERTY, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

33,008,714 

 

 

33,080,858 



 

 

 

 

 

OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

4,213,235 

 

 

4,703,245 

Goodwill

 

3,222,899 

 

 

3,222,899 

Deferred income taxes

 

236,087 

 

 

233,057 

Other assets

 

1,472,816 

 

 

1,418,398 



 

 

 

 

 

Total other long-term assets

 

9,145,037 

 

 

9,577,599 



 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

$

151,185,664 

 

$

136,749,341 





The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F- 3

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - CONTINUED

APRIL 30, 201 7 and 201 6





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

2017

 

 

2016



 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts payable

$

44,859,344 

 

$

37,011,786 

Accrued expenses

 

3,623,106 

 

 

2,772,301 

Accrued wages

 

4,489,602 

 

 

4,199,147 

Income taxes payable

 

69,868 

 

 

 -

Current portion of long-term debt

 

351,562 

 

 

165,000 

Current portion of capital lease obligations

 

1,711,204 

 

 

1,374,898 

Current portion of contingent consideration

 

286,240 

 

 

275,288 

Current portion of deferred rent

 

220,288 

 

 

187,889 



 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

55,611,214 

 

 

45,986,309 



 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

27,192,246 

 

 

23,572,152 

Capital lease obligations,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

3,364,825 

 

 

3,217,758 

Contingent consideration,

 

 

 

 

 

less current portion

 

237,578 

 

 

875,793 

Other long-term liabilities

 

991,017 

 

 

870,542 

Deferred rent, less current portion

 

555,348 

 

 

795,289 

Deferred income taxes

 

1,361,291 

 

 

1,355,620 



 

 

 

 

 

Total long-term liabilities

 

33,702,305 

 

 

30,687,154 



 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

89,313,519 

 

 

76,673,463 



 

 

 

 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 500,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

authorized, none issued or outstanding

 

-

 

 

-

Common stock, $.01 par value; 12,000,000 shares

 

 

 

 

 

authorized, 4,195,813 and 4,183,955 shares issued  

 

 

 

 

 

and outstanding at April 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively

 

41,702 

 

 

41,560 

Capital in excess of par value

 

22,952,535 

 

 

22,546,616 

Retained earnings

 

38,877,908 

 

 

37,487,702 



 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

61,872,145 

 

 

60,075,878 



 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND

 

 

 

 

 

  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

$

151,185,664 

 

$

136,749,341 











The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

F- 4

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Years ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

2017

 

 

2016

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Net sales

$

252,235,794 

 

$

253,904,146 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of products sold

 

228,194,867 

 

 

228,385,615 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

24,040,927 

 

 

25,518,531 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling and administrative expenses

 

20,774,729 

 

 

21,194,211 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

3,266,198 

 

 

4,324,320 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income, net

 

(367,338)

 

 

(165,864)

 

Interest expense

 

1,135,853 

 

 

1,004,988 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income tax expense

 

2,497,683 

 

 

3,485,196 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

1,107,477 

 

 

1,402,537 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

NET INCOME

$

1,390,206 

 

$

2,082,659 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Basic

$

0.33 

 

$

0.50 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Diluted

$

0.33 

 

$

0.49 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares of common

 

 

 

 

 

 

stock outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

4,186,183 

 

 

4,164,815 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

4,213,592 

 

 

4,224,030 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 









The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.



F- 5

 


 

 

SigmaTron International, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Years ended April 30, 201 7 and 201 6



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital in

 

 

 

 

 

Total



 

Preferred

 

 

Common

 

 

excess of par

 

 

Retained

 

 

stockholders’



 

stock

 

 

stock

 

 

value

 

 

earnings

 

 

equity



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at May 1, 2015

$

 -

 

 

40,703 

 

 

21,239,641 

 

 

35,405,043 

 

 

56,685,387 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recognition of stock-based
compensation

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

588,245 

 

 

 -

 

 

588,245 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 -

 

 

20 

 

 

7,180 

 

 

 -

 

 

7,200 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vesting of restricted
stock

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

69,400 

 

 

 -

 

 

69,400 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sale of restricted stock

 

 -

 

 

740 

 

 

517,260 

 

 

 -

 

 

518,000 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee stock purchases

 

 -

 

 

97 

 

 

52,169 

 

 

 -

 

 

52,266 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax benefit from contingent
consideration

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

23,972 

 

 

 -

 

 

23,972 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Excess tax benefits on stock options
and awards

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

48,749 

 

 

 -

 

 

48,749 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

2,082,659 

 

 

2,082,659