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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
Form 10-K
 
     
(Mark One)    
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008
OR
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from          to
 
Commission file number 1-13595
 
 
 
Mettler-Toledo International Inc.
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware
  13-3668641
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
 
Im Langacher, P.O. Box MT-100
CH 8606 Greifensee, Switzerland
and
1900 Polaris Parkway
Columbus, OH 43240
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
+41-44-944-22-11 and 1-614-438-4511
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value   New York Stock Exchange
Preferred Stock Purchase Rights   New York Stock Exchange
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
NONE
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  þ      No  o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  o      No  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ      No  o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  Yes  o      No  þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
             
Large accelerated filer  þ
  Accelerated filer  o   Non-accelerated filer  o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12 b-2 of the Act).  Yes  o      No  þ
 
As of February 1, 2009 there were 33,596,603 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding. The aggregate market value of the shares of Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2008 (based on the closing price for the Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, June 30, 2008) was approximately $3.1 billion. For purposes of this computation, shares held by affiliates and by directors of the registrant have been excluded. Such exclusion of shares held by directors is not intended, nor shall it be deemed, to be an admission that such persons are affiliates of the registrant.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference
 
     
Document
 
Part of Form 10-K Into Which Incorporated
 
Certain Sections of the Proxy Statement for 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders   Part III
 


 

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL Year Ended December 31, 2008
 
                 
        Page
 
      Business     4  
      Risk Factors     12  
      Unresolved Staff Comments     19  
      Properties     19  
      Legal Proceedings     19  
      Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     19  
        Executive Officers of the Registrant     19  
 
      Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     20  
      Selected Financial Data     22  
      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     23  
      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     37  
      Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     37  
      Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     37  
      Controls and Procedures     38  
      Other Information     38  
 
PART III
      Directors, Executive Officers of the Registrant and Corporate Governance     39  
      Executive Compensation     40  
      Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     40  
      Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence     40  
      Principal Accountant Fees and Services     40  
 
PART IV
      Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     40  
    41  
  EX-10.31
  EX-10.32
  EX-21
  EX-23.1
  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32


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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS DISCLAIMER
 
Some of the statements in this annual report and in documents incorporated by reference constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These statements relate to future events or our future financial performance, including, but not limited to, the following: projected earnings and sales growth, strategic plans and contingency plans, potential growth opportunities or economic downturns in both developed markets and emerging markets, including China, impact of inflation, currency and interest rate fluctuations, our ability to maintain a leading position in our key markets, our ability to leverage our market-leading position and diverse product offering to weather an economic downturn, the effectiveness of our “Spinnaker” initiatives relating to sales and marketing, planned research and development efforts, product introductions and innovation, manufacturing capacity, adequacy of facilities, access to and the costs of raw materials, shipping and supplier costs, expanding our operating margins, anticipated customer spending patterns and levels, expected customer demand, meeting customer expectations, warranty claim levels, anticipated growth in service revenues, our ability to realize planned price increases, planned operational changes and productivity improvements, effect of changes in internal control over financial reporting, research and development expenditures, competitors’ product development, levels of competitive pressure, expected capital expenditures, the timing, impact, cost and effectiveness of our cost reduction programs, future cash sources and requirements, liquidity, value of inventories, impact of long-term incentive plans, continuation of our stock repurchase program and the related impact on cash flow, expected pension and other benefits contributions and payments, expected tax treatment and assessment, impact of taxes and changes in tax benefits, the need to take additional restructuring charges, expected compliance with laws, changes in laws and regulations, impact of environmental costs, expected trading volume and value of stocks and options, impact of issuance of preferred stock, expected cost savings, impact of legal proceedings, satisfaction of contractual obligations by counterparties, timeliness of payments by our customers, the adequacy of reserves for bad debts against our accounts receivable, benefits and other effects of completed or future acquisitions.
 
These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our or our businesses’ actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of those terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially because of market conditions in our industries or other factors. Moreover, we do not, nor does any other person, assume responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of those statements. Unless otherwise required by applicable laws, we disclaim any intention or obligation to publicly update or revise any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this annual report to conform them to actual results, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All of the forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed under the captions “Factors affecting our future operating results” in the “Business” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” sections of this annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, which describe risks and factors that could cause results to differ materially from those projected in those forward-looking statements.
 
We caution the reader that the above list of risks and factors that may affect results addressed in the forward-looking statements may not be exhaustive. Other sections of this annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 and other documents incorporated by reference may describe additional risks or factors that could adversely impact our business and financial performance. We operate in a continually changing business environment, and new risk factors emerge from time to time. Management cannot predict these new risk factors, nor can it assess the impact, if any, of these new risk factors on our businesses or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results.


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PART I
 
Item 1.    Business
 
We are a leading global supplier of precision instruments and services. We have strong leadership positions in all of our businesses and believe we hold global number-one market positions in a majority of them. Specifically, we are the largest provider of weighing instruments for use in laboratory, industrial and food retailing applications. We are also a leading provider of analytical instruments for use in life science, reaction engineering and real-time analytic systems used in drug and chemical compound development, and process analytics instruments used for in-line measurement in production processes. In addition, we are the largest supplier of end-of-line inspection systems used in production and packaging for food, pharmaceutical and other industries.
 
Our business is geographically diversified, with net sales in 2008 derived 43% from Europe, 35% from North and South America and 22% from Asia and other countries. Our customer base is also diversified by industry and by individual customer.
 
Mettler-Toledo International Inc. was incorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1991 and became a publicly traded company with its initial public offering in 1997. In 2001, we acquired Rainin Instrument, a leading manufacturer of pipetting solutions used in pharmaceutical, biotech and medical research applications.
 
Business Segments
 
We have five reportable segments: U.S. Operations, Swiss Operations, Western European Operations, Chinese Operations and Other. See Note 16 to the audited consolidated financial statements and Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations under “Results of Operations — by Operating Segment” included herein for detailed results by segment and geographic region.
 
We manufacture a wide variety of precision instruments and provide value-added services to our customers. Our principal products and principal services are set forth below. We have followed this description of our products and services with descriptions of our customers and distribution, sales and service, research and development, manufacturing and certain other matters. These descriptions apply to substantially all of our products and related segments.
 
Laboratory Instruments
 
We make a wide variety of precision laboratory instruments, including laboratory balances, pipettes, titrators, thermal analysis systems and other analytical instruments. The laboratory instruments business accounted for approximately 44% of our net sales in 2008, 2007 and 2006.
 
Laboratory Balances
 
Our laboratory balances have weighing ranges from one ten-millionth of a gram up to 64 kilograms. To cover a wide range of customer needs and price points, we market our balances in a range of product tiers offering different levels of functionality. Based on the same technology platform, we also manufacture mass comparators, which are used by weights and measures regulators as well as laboratories to ensure the accuracy of reference weights. Laboratory balances are primarily used in the pharmaceutical, food, chemical, cosmetics and other industries.
 
In 2008, we introduced Quantos, an automated powder dosing solution for small sample sizes, which is controlled and monitored by the balance. The first step in sample preparation for analytical methods is precise weighing of substances, which has traditionally been done by hand using a spatula. The Quantos dosing system offers automated measuring performance of 200 grams to 0.005 milligrams.


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Pipettes
 
Pipettes are used in laboratories for dispensing small volumes of liquids. We operate our pipette business with the Rainin brand name. Rainin develops, manufactures and distributes advanced pipettes, tips and accessories, including single- and multi-channel manual and electronic pipettes. Rainin maintains service centers in the key markets where customers periodically send their pipettes for certified recalibrations. Rainin’s principal end markets are pharmaceutical, biotech and academia.
 
Analytical Instruments
 
Titrators measure the chemical composition of samples and are used in environmental and research laboratories as well as in quality control labs in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage and other industries. Our high-end titrators are multi-tasking models, which can perform two determinations simultaneously on multiple vessels. Our offering includes robotics to automate routine work in quality control applications.
 
Thermal analysis systems measure material properties as a function of temperature, such as weight, dimension, energy flow and viscoelastic properties. Thermal analysis systems are used in nearly every industry, but primarily in the plastics and polymer industries and increasingly in the pharmaceutical industry.
 
pH meters measure acidity in laboratory samples. We also sell density and refractometry instruments, which measure chemical concentrations in solutions. In addition, we manufacture and sell moisture analyzers, which precisely determine the moisture content of a sample by utilizing an infrared dryer to evaporate moisture.
 
Laboratory Software
 
LabX, our PC-based laboratory software platform, manages and analyzes data generated by our balances, titrators, pH meters, moisture analyzers and other analytical instruments. LabX provides full network capability; has efficient, intuitive protocols; and enables customers to collect and archive data in compliance with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s traceability requirements for electronically stored data (also known as 21 CFR Part 11).
 
Automated Chemistry Solutions
 
Our current automated chemistry solutions focus on selected applications in the chemical and drug discovery process. Our automated lab reactors and in situ analysis systems are considered integral to the process development and scale-up activities of our customers. Our on-line measurement technologies based on infrared and laser light scattering enables customers to monitor chemical reactions and crystallization processes in real time in the lab and plant. We believe that our portfolio of integrated technologies can bring significant efficiencies to the development process, enabling our customers to bring new chemicals and drugs to market faster.
 
Process Analytics
 
Our process analytics business provides instruments for the in-line measurement of liquid parameters used primarily in the production process of pharmaceutical, biotech, beverage, microelectronics, chemical and refining companies. Approximately half of our process analytics sales are to the pharmaceutical and biotech markets, where our customers need fast and secure scale-up and production that meets the validation processes required for GMP (Good Manufacturing Processes) and other regulatory standards. We are a leading solution provider for liquid analytical measurement to control and optimize production processes. Our solutions include sensor technology for measuring pH, dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide, conductivity, turbidity, ozone and total organic carbons and automated systems for calibration and cleaning of measurement points. Intelligent sensor diagnostics capabilities enable improved asset management solutions for our customers to reduce process downtime and maintenance costs. Our instruments offer leading multi-parameter capabilities and plant-wide control system integration, which are key for integrated measurement of multiple parameters to secure production quality and efficiency. With a worldwide network of specialists, we support customers in critical process applications, compliance and systems integration questions.


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Industrial Instruments
 
We manufacture numerous industrial weighing instruments and related terminals and offer dedicated software solutions for the pharmaceutical, chemical, food and other industries. In addition, we manufacture metal detection and other end-of-line inspection systems used in production and packaging. We supply automatic identification and data capture solutions, which integrate in-motion weighing, dimensioning and identification technologies for transport, shipping and logistics customers. We also offer heavy industrial scales and related software. The industrial instruments business accounted for approximately 43% of our net sales in both 2008 and 2007 and 42% in 2006.
 
Industrial Weighing Instruments
 
We offer a comprehensive line of industrial scales and balances, such as bench scales and floor scales, for weighing loads from a few grams to several thousand kilograms in applications ranging from measuring materials in chemical production to weighing mail and packages. Our products are used in a wide range of applications, such as counting applications and in formulating and mixing ingredients.
 
Industrial Terminals
 
Our industrial scale terminals collect data and integrate it into manufacturing processes, helping to automate them. Our terminals allow users to remotely download programs or access setup data and can minimize downtime through predictive rather than reactive maintenance.
 
Transportation and Logistics
 
We are a leading global supplier of automatic identification and data capture solutions, which integrate in-motion weighing, dimensioning and identification technologies. With these solutions, customers can measure the weight and cubic volume of packages for appropriate billing, logistics and quality control. Our solutions also integrate into customers’ information systems.
 
Vehicle Scale Systems
 
Our primary heavy industrial products are scales for weighing trucks or railcars (i.e., weighing bulk goods as they enter or leave a factory or at a toll station). Heavy industrial scales are capable of measuring weights up to 500 tons and permit accurate weighing under extreme environmental conditions. We also offer advanced computer software that can be used with our heavy industrial scales to facilitate a broad range of customer solutions and provides a complete system for managing vehicle transaction processing.
 
Industrial Software
 
We offer software that can be used with our industrial instruments. Examples include FreeWeigh.Net, statistical quality control software, Formweigh.Net, our formulation/batching software and OverDrive, which supports the operation of vehicle scales. FreeWeigh.Net and Formweigh.Net provide full network capability and enable customers to collect and archive data in compliance with 21 CFR Part 11.
 
Product Inspection
 
Increasing safety and consumer protection requirements are driving the need for more sophisticated end-of-line inspection systems (e.g., for use in food processing and packaging, pharmaceutical and other industries). We are a leading global provider of metal detectors, x-ray visioning equipment and checkweighers that are used in these industries. Metal detectors are most commonly used to detect fine particles of metal that may be contained in raw materials or may be generated by the manufacturing process itself. X-ray-based vision inspection helps detect non-metallic contamination, such as glass, stones and pits, which enter the manufacturing process for similar reasons. Our x-ray systems can also detect metal in metallized containers and can be used for mass control. Checkweighers are used to control the filling content of packaged goods such as food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Both x-ray and metal detection systems may


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be used together with checkweighers as components of integrated packaging lines. FreeWeigh.Net is our statistical and quality control software that optimizes package filling, monitors weight-related data and integrates it in real time into customers’ enterprise resource planning and/or process control systems.
 
Retail Weighing Solutions
 
Supermarkets, hypermarkets and other food retail businesses make use of multiple weighing and food labeling solutions for handling fresh goods (such as meats, vegetables, fruits and cheeses). We offer stand-alone scales for basic counter weighing and pricing, price finding and printing. In addition, we offer networked scales and software, which can integrate backroom, counter, self-service and checkout functions and can incorporate fresh goods item data into a supermarket’s overall food item and inventory management system. Customer benefits are in the areas of pricing, merchandising, inventory management and regulatory compliance. Our instruments have been expanded to allow in-store marketing which permits customers to make more decisions at the point of sale. The retail business accounted for approximately 13% of our net sales in both 2008 and 2007 and 14% in 2006.
 
Retail Software
 
Our subsidiary SofTechnics provides retail software for in-store item and inventory management solutions. SofTechnics’ offering complements our retail weighing solutions to food retailers by providing the full scope of real-time item management. Retailers can then match local store inventory levels with local customer demand. Our instruments have been expanded to allow in-store marketing which permits customers to make more decisions at the point of sale.
 
Customers and Distribution
 
Our principal customers include companies in the following key end markets: the life science industry (pharmaceutical and biotech companies, as well as independent research organizations); food and beverage producers; food retailers; chemical, specialty chemicals and cosmetics companies; the transportation and logistics industry; the metals industry; the electronics industry; and the academic community.
 
Our products are sold through a variety of distribution channels. Generally, more technically sophisticated products are sold through our direct sales force, while less complicated products are sold through indirect channels. Our sales through direct channels exceed our sales through indirect channels. A significant portion of our sales in the Americas is generated through the indirect channels, including sales of our “Ohaus” branded products. Ohaus branded products target markets, such as the educational market, in which customers are interested in lower cost, a more limited set of features and less comprehensive support and service. We have a diversified customer base, with no single customer accounting for more than 1% of 2008 net sales.
 
Sales and Service
 
Market Organizations
 
We maintain geographically focused market organizations around the world that are responsible for all aspects of our sales and service. The market organizations are customer-focused, with an emphasis on building and maintaining value-added relationships with customers in our target market segments. Each market organization has the ability to leverage best practices from other units while maintaining the flexibility to adapt its marketing and service efforts to account for different cultural and economic conditions. Market organizations also work closely with our producing organizations (described below) by providing feedback on manufacturing and product development initiatives, new product and application ideas and information about key market segments.
 
We have one of the largest and broadest global sales and service organizations among precision instrument manufacturers. At December 31, 2008, our sales and services group consisted of over 5,600 employees in sales, marketing and customer service (including related administration) and post-sales


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technical service, located in 35 countries. This field organization has the capability to provide service and support to our customers and distributors in major markets across the globe. This is important because our customers increasingly seek to do business with a consistent global approach.
 
Service
 
Our service business remains successful with a focus on repair services as well as further expansion of our offerings to include value-added services for a range of market needs, including regulatory compliance qualification, calibration, certification and preventative maintenance. We have a unique offering to our pharmaceutical customers in promoting use of our instruments in compliance with FDA regulations, and we can provide these services regardless of the customer’s location around the world. This global service network is also an important factor in our ability to expand in emerging markets. We estimate that we have the largest installed base of weighing instruments in the world. Service (representing service contracts, repairs and replacement parts) accounted for approximately 22% of our total net sales in 2008 and 23% in both 2007 and 2006. A significant portion of this amount is derived from the sale of replacement parts.
 
Beyond revenue opportunities, we believe service is a key part of our solution offering and helps significantly in customer retention. The close relationships and frequent contact with our large customer base provide us with sales opportunities and innovative product and application ideas.
 
Research and Development and Manufacturing
 
Producing Organizations
 
Our research, product development and manufacturing efforts are organized into a number of producing organizations. Our focused producing organizations help reduce product development time and costs, improve customer focus and maintain technological leadership. The producing organizations work together to share ideas and best practices, and there is a close interface and coordinated customer interaction among marketing organizations and producing organizations.
 
Research and Development
 
We continue to invest in product innovation to provide technologically advanced products to our customers for existing and new applications. Over the last three years, we have invested $277.5 million in research and development ($102.3 million in 2008, $92.4 million in 2007 and $82.8 million in 2006). In 2008, we spent approximately 5.2% of net sales on research and development. Our research and development efforts fall into two categories:
 
  •  technology advancements, which generate new products and increase the value of our products. These advancements may be in the form of enhanced or new functionality, new applications for our technologies, more accurate or reliable measurement, additional software capability or automation through robotics or other means, which allow us to design products more specific to the needs of the industries the Company serves, and
 
  •  cost reductions, which reduce the manufacturing cost of our products through better overall design.
 
We devote a substantial proportion of our research and development budget to software development. This includes software to process the signals captured by the sensors of our instruments, application-specific software and software that connects our solutions into customers’ existing IT systems. We closely integrate research and development with marketing, manufacturing and product engineering. We have over 1,000 employees in research and development and product engineering in countries around the globe.
 
Manufacturing
 
We are a worldwide manufacturer, with facilities principally located in China, Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. Laboratory instruments are produced mainly in Switzerland and to a lesser extent in the United States and China, while our remaining products are manufactured worldwide. We


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emphasize product quality in our manufacturing operations, and most of our products require very strict tolerances and exact specifications. We use an extensive quality control system that is integrated into each step of the manufacturing process. All major manufacturing facilities have achieved ISO 9001 certification. We believe that our manufacturing capacity is sufficient to meet our present and currently anticipated demand.
 
We generally manufacture only critical components, which are components that contain proprietary technology. When outside manufacturing is more efficient, we contract with other manufacturers for certain nonproprietary components. We use a wide range of suppliers. We believe our supply arrangements are adequate and that there are no material constraints on the sources and availability of materials. From time to time we may rely on a single supplier for all of our requirements of a particular component. Supply arrangements for electronic components are generally made globally.
 
Backlog; Seasonality
 
Our manufacturing turnaround time is generally short, which permits us to manufacture orders to fill for most of our products. Backlog is generally a function of requested customer delivery dates and is typically no longer than one to two months.
 
Our business has historically experienced a slight amount of seasonal variation, particularly the high-end laboratory instruments business. Traditionally, sales in the first quarter are slightly lower than, and sales in the fourth quarter are slightly higher than, sales in the second and third quarters. Fourth quarter sales have historically generated approximately 26% to 30% of our net sales. This trend has a somewhat greater effect on income from operations than on net sales because fixed costs are spread evenly across all quarters.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2008, we had approximately 10,000 employees throughout the world, including approximately 4,500 in Europe, 3,000 in North and South America and 2,500 in Asia and other countries.
 
We believe our employee relations are good, and we have not suffered any material employee work stoppage or strike during the last five years. Labor unions do not represent a meaningful number of our employees.
 
Blue Ocean Program
 
“Blue Ocean” refers to our program to establish a new global operating model, with standardized, automated and integrated processes, with high levels of global data transparency. It will encompass a new enterprise architecture, with a global, single instance ERP system. Within our IT systems we are moving toward integrated, homogeneous applications and common data structures. We will also largely standardize our key business processes. The implementation of the systems and processes will proceed on a staggered basis over a several year period with the initial go-live rollout expected to occur in 2010. We expect capitalized project costs in the first phase to exceed $100 million. We expect the return on this investment when complete to be reduced operating costs and working capital requirements.
 
Intellectual Property
 
We hold over 3,500 patents and trademarks (including pending applications), primarily in the United States, Switzerland, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Japan, China, South Korea, Brazil and India. Our products generally incorporate a wide variety of technological innovations, some of which are protected by patents of various durations. Products are generally not protected as a whole by individual patents, and as a result, no one patent or group of related patents is material to our business. We have numerous trademarks, including the Mettler-Toledo name and logo, which are material to our business. We regularly protect against infringement of our intellectual property.


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Regulation
 
Our products are subject to various regulatory standards and approvals by weights and measures regulatory authorities. All of our electrical components are subject to electrical safety standards. We believe that we are in compliance in all material respects with applicable regulations.
 
Approvals are required to ensure our instruments do not impermissibly influence other instruments and are themselves not affected by other instruments. In addition, some of our products are used in “legal for trade” applications, in which prices based on weight are calculated and for which specific weights and measures approvals are required. Although there are a large number of regulatory agencies across our markets, there is an increasing trend toward harmonization of standards, and weights and measures regulation is harmonized across the European Union.
 
Our products may also be subject to special requirements depending on the end-user and market. For example, laboratory customers are typically subject to Good Laboratory Practices (GLP), industrial customers to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), pharmaceutical customers to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations, and customers in food processing industries may be subject to Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) regulations. Products used in hazardous environments may also be subject to special requirements.
 
Environmental Matters
 
We are subject to environmental laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate. We own or lease a number of properties and manufacturing facilities around the world. Like many of our competitors, we have incurred, and will continue to incur, capital and operating expenditures and other costs in complying with such laws and regulations.
 
We are currently involved in, or have potential liability with respect to, the remediation of past contamination in certain of our facilities. Our former subsidiary Mettler-Toledo Hi-Speed, Inc. (“Hi-Speed”) was one of two private parties ordered to perform certain ground water contamination monitoring under an administrative consent order that the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (“NJDEP”) signed on June 13, 1988 with respect to certain property in Landing, New Jersey. GEI International Corporation (“GEI”) is the other ordered party. GEI has failed to fulfill its obligations under the NJDEP consent order, and NJDEP has agreed with Hi-Speed that the residual ground water contaminants can be monitored through the establishment of a Classification Exception Area and concurrent Well Restriction Area for the site. The NJDEP does not view these vehicles as remedial measures, but rather as “institutional controls” that must be adequately maintained and periodically evaluated. We estimate that the costs of compliance associated with monitoring ground water contamination levels at the site will be approximately $0.6 million in the coming years.
 
In addition, certain of our present and former facilities have or had been in operation for many decades and, over such time, some of these facilities may have used substances or generated and disposed of wastes which are or may be considered hazardous. It is possible that these sites, as well as disposal sites owned by third parties to which we have sent wastes, may in the future be identified and become the subject of remediation. Although we believe that we are in substantial compliance with applicable environmental requirements and, to date, we have not incurred material expenditures in connection with environmental matters, it is possible that we could become subject to additional environmental liabilities in the future that could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
Competition
 
Our markets are highly competitive. Many of the markets in which we compete are fragmented both geographically and by application, particularly the industrial and food retailing markets. As a result, we face numerous regional or specialized competitors, many of which are well established in their markets. For example, some of our competitors are divisions of larger companies with potentially greater financial and other resources than our own. In addition, some of our competitors are domiciled in emerging markets and may have a lower cost structure than ours. We are confronted with new competitors in emerging markets


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who, although relatively small in size today, could become larger companies in their home markets. Given the sometimes significant growth rates of these emerging markets, and in light of their cost advantage over developed markets, emerging market competitors could become more significant global competitors. Taken together, the competitive forces present in our markets can impair our operating margins in certain product lines and geographic markets.
 
We expect our competitors to continue to improve the design and performance of their products and to introduce new products with competitive prices. Although we believe that we have technological and other competitive advantages over many of our competitors, we may not be able to realize and maintain these advantages. These advantages include our worldwide market leadership positions; our global brand and reputation; our track record of technological innovation; our comprehensive, high-quality solution offering; our global sales and service offering; our large installed base of weighing instruments; and the diversification of our revenue base by geographic region, product range and customer. To remain competitive, we must continue to invest in research and development, sales and marketing and customer service and support. We cannot be sure that we will have sufficient resources to continue to make these investments or that we will be successful in identifying, developing and maintaining any competitive advantages.
 
We believe the principal competitive factors in developed markets for purchasing decisions are the product itself, application support, service support and price. In emerging markets, where there is greater demand for less sophisticated products, price is a more important factor than in developed markets. Competition in the U.S. laboratory market is also influenced by the presence of large distributors that sell not only our products but those of our competitors as well.
 
Company Website and Information
 
Our website can be found on the Internet at www.mt.com. The website contains information about us and our operations. Copies of each of our filings with the SEC on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K and Schedule 14A and all amendments to those reports can be viewed and downloaded free of charge when they are filed with the SEC by accessing www.mt.com, clicking on About Us, Investor Relations and then clicking on SEC Filings. These filings may also be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a website at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
 
Our website also contains copies of the following documents that can be downloaded free of charge:
 
  •  Corporate Governance Guidelines
 
  •  Audit Committee Charter
 
  •  Compensation Committee Charter
 
  •  Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee Charter
 
  •  Code of Conduct
 
Any of the above documents and any of our reports on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K and Schedule 14A and all amendments to those reports can also be obtained in print, free of charge, by sending a written request to our Investor Relations Department:
 
Investor Relations
Mettler-Toledo International Inc.
1900 Polaris Parkway
Columbus, OH 43240 U.S.A.
Phone: +1 614 438 4748
Fax: +1 614 438 4646
E-mail: mary.finnegan@mt.com


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Item 1A.    Risk Factors
 
Factors Affecting Our Future Operating Results
 
The majority of our business is derived from companies in developed countries. The current economic downturns or recessions in these countries can be expected to adversely affect our operating results.
 
Although the percentage of our sales coming from emerging markets is growing, the majority of our business is still derived from companies in developed countries. Because our customers often decrease or delay capital expenditures in difficult economic times, economic downturns or recessions in developed countries would likely adversely affect our operating results. Given the current economic uncertainty, we are starting to see both decreases and delays in customer expenditures, and we expect these to continue and possibly worsen. Customers may also purchase lower-cost products made by competitors and not resume purchasing our products even after economic conditions improve. These conditions would reduce our revenues and profitability.
 
We are subject to certain risks associated with our international operations and fluctuating conditions in emerging markets.
 
We conduct business in many countries, including emerging markets in Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe, and these operations represent a significant portion of our sales and earnings. For example, our Chinese operations account for $228.9 million of sales to external customers and $59.0 million of segment profit. In addition to the currency risks discussed below, international operations pose other substantial risks and problems for us. For instance, various local jurisdictions in which we operate may revise or alter their respective legal and regulatory requirements. In addition, we may encounter one or more of the following obstacles or risks:
 
  •  tariffs and trade barriers;
 
  •  difficulties in staffing and managing local operations and/or mandatory salary increases for local employees;
 
  •  credit risks arising from financial difficulties facing local customers and distributors;
 
  •  difficulties in protecting intellectual property;
 
  •  nationalization of private enterprises may result in the confiscation of assets as we hold significant assets around the world in the form of property, plant and equipment, inventory and accounts receivable, as well as $52.9 million of cash at December 31, 2008 in our Chinese subsidiaries;
 
  •  restrictions on investments and/or limitations regarding foreign ownership;
 
  •  adverse tax consequences, including tax disputes, imposition or increase of withholding and other taxes on remittances and other payments by subsidiaries; and
 
  •  other uncertain local economic, political and social conditions, including hyper-inflationary conditions or periods of low or no productivity growth.
 
We must also comply with a variety of regulations regarding the conversion and repatriation of funds earned in local currencies. For example, converting earnings from our operations in China into other currencies and repatriating these funds require governmental approvals. If we cannot comply with these or other applicable regulations, we may face increased difficulties in utilizing cash flow generated by these operations outside of China.
 
Economic conditions in emerging markets have from time to time deteriorated significantly, and some emerging markets are currently experiencing recessionary trends, severe currency devaluations and inflationary prices. Moreover, economic problems in individual markets can spread to other economies, adding to the adverse conditions we may face in emerging markets. Even where economies are currently growing, such as China, we are already seeing significant slowdowns compared with historical growth rates, and believe economic conditions in these markets will decline further. We remain committed to emerging markets,


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particularly those in Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. However, we expect the fluctuating economic conditions will affect our results of operations in these markets for the foreseeable future.
 
We operate in highly competitive markets, and it may be difficult to preserve operating margins, gain market share and maintain a technological advantage.
 
Our markets are highly competitive. Many of the markets in which we compete are fragmented both geographically and by application, particularly the industrial and food retailing markets. As a result, we face numerous regional or specialized competitors, many of which are well established in their markets. In addition, some of our competitors are divisions of larger companies with potentially greater financial and other resources than our Company. Some of our competitors are domiciled or operate in emerging markets and may have a lower cost structure than ours. We are confronted with new competitors in emerging markets who, although relatively small in size today, could become larger companies in their home markets. Given the sometimes significant growth rates of these emerging markets, and in light of their cost advantage over developed markets, emerging market competitors could become more significant global competitors. Taken together, the competitive forces present in our markets can impair our operating margins in certain product lines and geographic markets. We expect our competitors to continue to improve the design and performance of their products and to introduce new products with competitive prices. Although we believe that we have certain technological and other advantages over our competitors, we may not be able to realize and maintain these advantages.
 
Our product development efforts may not produce commercially viable products in a timely manner.
 
We must introduce new products and enhancements in a timely manner, or our products could become technologically obsolete over time, which would harm our operating results. To remain competitive, we must continue to make significant investments in research and development, sales and marketing and customer service and support. We cannot be sure that we will have sufficient resources to continue to make these investments. In developing new products, we may be required to make substantial investments before we can determine their commercial viability. As a result, we may not be successful in developing new products and we may never realize the benefits of our research and development activities.
 
Our ability to deliver products and services may be disrupted.
 
An interruption in our business due to events such as natural disasters, pandemics or other health crises, fires, explosions or issues with the supply chain may cause us to temporarily be unable to deliver products or services to our customers. It may be expensive to resolve these issues, even though some of these risks are covered by insurance policies. More importantly, customers may switch to competitors and may not return to us even if we resolve the interruption.
 
A widespread outbreak of an illness or other health issue could negatively affect our business, making it more difficult and expensive to meet our obligations to our customers, and could result in reduced demand from our customers.
 
A number of countries in the Asia Pacific region have experienced outbreaks of SARS and/or avian influenza (bird flu) in recent years. As a result of such an outbreak, businesses can be shut down and individuals can become ill or quarantined. Outbreaks of infectious diseases such as these, particularly in North America, Europe, China or other locations significant to our operations, could adversely affect general commercial activity, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, business or prospects. If our operations are curtailed because of health issues, we may need to seek alternate sources of supply for services and staff and these alternate sources may be more expensive. Alternate sources may not be available or may result in delays in shipments to our customers, each of which would affect our results of operations. In addition, a curtailment of our product design operations could result in delays in the development of new products. Further, if our customers’ businesses are affected by health issues, they might delay or reduce purchases from us, which could adversely affect our results of operations.


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We are vulnerable to system failures, which could harm our business.
 
We rely on our technology infrastructure, among other functions, to interact with suppliers, sell our products and services, support our customers, fulfill orders and bill, collect and make payments. Our systems are vulnerable to damage or interruption from natural disasters, power loss, telecommunication failures, terrorist attacks, computer viruses, computer denial-of-service attacks and other events. When we upgrade or change systems, we may suffer interruptions in service, loss of data or reduced functionality. A significant number of our systems are not redundant, and our disaster recovery planning is not sufficient for every eventuality. Despite any precautions we may take, such problems could result in, among other consequences, interruptions in our services, which could harm our reputation and financial condition. We do not carry business interruption insurance sufficient to compensate us for losses that may result from interruptions in our services as a result of system failures.
 
We also recently initiated our “Blue Ocean” program, a program to standardize our global business processes and information technology systems that includes the implementation of a Company-wide enterprise resource planning system. The implementation of this program will proceed on a staggered basis over a several-year period with the initial go-live rollouts expected to occur during 2010. If the implementation of any unit is flawed, we could suffer interruptions in operations and customer-facing activities which could harm our reputation and financial condition, lose data, experience reduced functionality or have delays in reporting financial information. It may take us longer to implement the Blue Ocean program than we have planned for, and the project may cost us more than we have estimated, either of which would negatively impact our ability to generate cost savings or other efficiencies.
 
A prolonged downturn or additional consolidation in the pharmaceutical, food, food retailing and chemical industries could adversely affect our operating results.
 
Our products are used extensively in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage and chemical industries. Consolidation in the pharmaceutical and chemical industries hurt our sales in prior years. A prolonged economic downturn or additional consolidation in any of these industries could adversely affect our operating results, and some industries are already experiencing significant economic declines such as the chemical industry. In addition, the capital spending policies of our customers in these industries are based on a variety of factors we cannot control, including the resources available for purchasing equipment, the spending priorities among various types of equipment and policies regarding capital expenditures. Any decrease or delay in capital spending by our customers would cause our revenues to decline and could harm our profitability.
 
We may face risks associated with future acquisitions.
 
We may pursue acquisitions of complementary product lines, technologies or businesses. Acquisitions involve numerous risks, including difficulties in the assimilation of the acquired operations, technologies and products; diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns; and potential departures of key employees of the acquired company. If we successfully identify acquisitions in the future, completing such acquisitions may result in new issuances of our stock that may be dilutive to current owners, increases in our debt and contingent liabilities and additional amortization expenses related to intangible assets. Any of these acquisition-related risks could have a material adverse affect on our profitability.
 
Larger companies have identified life sciences and instruments as businesses they will consider entering, which could change the competitive dynamics of these markets. In addition, we may not be able to identify, successfully complete or integrate potential acquisitions in the future. However, even if we can do so, we cannot be sure that these acquisitions will have a positive impact on our business or operating results.
 
If we cannot protect our intellectual property rights, or if we infringe or misappropriate the proprietary rights of others, our operating results could be harmed.
 
Our success depends on our ability to obtain and enforce patents on our technology, maintain our trademarks and protect our trade secrets. Our patents may not provide complete protection, and competitors


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may develop similar products that are not covered by our patents. Our patents may also be challenged by third parties and invalidated or narrowed. Competitors sometimes seek to take advantage of our trademarks or brands in ways that may create customer confusion or weaken our brand. Although we take measures to protect confidential information, improper use or disclosure of our trade secrets may still occur.
 
We may be sued for infringing on the intellectual property rights of others. The cost of any litigation could affect our profitability regardless of the outcome, and management attention could be diverted. If we are unsuccessful in such litigation, we may have to pay damages, stop the infringing activity and/or obtain a license. If we fail to obtain a required license, we may be unable to sell some of our products, which could result in a decline in our revenues.
 
Departures of key employees could impair our operations.
 
We generally have employment contracts with each of our key employees. Our executive officers own shares of our common stock and/or have options to purchase additional shares. Nevertheless, such individuals could leave the Company. If any key employees stopped working for us, our operations could be harmed. Important R&D personnel may leave and join competitors, which could substantially delay or hinder ongoing development projects. We have no key man life insurance policies with respect to any of our senior executives.
 
We may be adversely affected by environmental laws and regulations.
 
We are subject to various environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to air emissions, wastewater discharges, the handling and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes and the remediation of contamination associated with the use and disposal of hazardous substances.
 
We incur expenditures in complying with environmental laws and regulations. We are currently involved in, or have potential liability with respect to, the remediation of past contamination in various facilities. In addition, some of our facilities are or have been in operation for many decades and may have used substances or generated and disposed of wastes that are hazardous or may be considered hazardous in the future. These sites and disposal sites owned by others to which we sent waste may in the future be identified as contaminated and require remediation. Accordingly, it is possible that we could become subject to additional environmental liabilities in the future that may harm our results of operations or financial condition.
 
We may be adversely affected by failure to comply with regulations of governmental agencies or by the adoption of new regulations.
 
Our products are subject to regulation by governmental agencies. These regulations govern a wide variety of activities relating to our products, from design and development, to product safety, labeling, manufacturing, promotion, sales and distribution. If we fail to comply with these regulations, or if new regulations are adopted that substantially change existing practice or impose new burdens, we may have to recall products and cease their manufacture and distribution. In addition, we could be subject to fines or criminal prosecution.
 
We may experience impairments of goodwill or other intangible assets.
 
As of December 31, 2008, our consolidated balance sheet included goodwill of $424.4 million and other intangible assets of $96.3 million.
 
Our business acquisitions typically result in goodwill and other intangible assets, which affect the amount of future period amortization expense and possible impairment expense that we might incur. The determination of the value of such intangible assets requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect our consolidated financial statements.
 
In accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”), our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but are evaluated for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired.


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The evaluation is based on valuation models that estimate fair value based on expected future cash flows and profitability projections. In preparing the valuation models we consider a number of factors, including operating results, business plans, economic conditions, future cash flows, and transactions and market place data. There are inherent uncertainties related to these factors and our judgment in applying them to the impairment analyses. The significant estimates and assumptions within our fair value models include sales growth, controllable cost growth, perpetual growth, effective tax rates and discount rates. Our assessments to date have indicated that there has been no impairment of these assets.
 
Should any of these estimates or assumptions change, or should we incur lower-than-expected operating performance or cash flows, including from a prolonged economic slowdown, we may experience a triggering event that requires a new fair value assessment for our reporting units, possibly prior to the required annual assessment. These types of events and resulting analysis could result in impairment charges for goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets if the fair value estimate declines below the carrying value.
 
Our amortization expense related to intangible assets with finite lives may materially change should our estimates of their useful lives change.
 
Unanticipated changes in our tax rates or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could impact our profitability.
 
We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and various other foreign jurisdictions, and our domestic and international tax liabilities are subject to allocation of expenses among different jurisdictions. Our effective tax rates could be adversely affected by changes in the mix of earnings by jurisdiction, changes in tax laws or tax rates, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities and material adjustments from tax audits.
 
In particular, the carrying value of deferred tax assets, which are predominantly in the U.S., is dependent upon our ability to generate future taxable income in the U.S. In addition, the amount of income taxes we pay is subject to ongoing audits in various jurisdictions, and a material assessment by a governing tax authority could affect our profitability.
 
Currency fluctuations affect our operating profits.
 
Because we conduct operations in many countries, our operating income can be significantly affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates. Swiss franc-denominated expenses represent a much greater percentage of our total operating expenses than Swiss franc-denominated sales represent of our total net sales. In part, this is because most of our manufacturing costs in Switzerland relate to products that are sold outside Switzerland. Moreover, a substantial percentage of our research and development expenses and general and administrative expenses are incurred in Switzerland. Therefore, if the Swiss franc strengthens against all or most of our major trading currencies (e.g . , the U.S. dollar, the euro, other major European currencies, the Chinese yuan and the Japanese yen), our operating profit is reduced. We also have significantly more sales in European currencies (other than the Swiss franc) than we have expenses in those currencies. Therefore, when European currencies weaken against the U.S. dollar and the Swiss franc, it also decreases our operating profits. Accordingly, the Swiss franc exchange rate to the euro is an important cross-rate monitored by the Company. In recent months, we have seen substantially higher volatility in exchange rates generally than in the past, and the Swiss franc has strengthened significantly against the euro. We estimate that a 1% strengthening of the Swiss franc against the euro would result in a decrease in our earnings before tax of $1.0 million to $1.4 million on an annual basis. In addition to the Swiss franc and major European currencies, we also conduct business in many geographies throughout the world, including Asia Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Canada. Fluctuations in these currency exchange rates against the U.S. dollar can also affect our operating results. In addition to the effects of exchange rate movements on operating profits, our debt levels can fluctuate due to changes in exchange rates, particularly between the U.S. dollar and the Swiss franc. Based on our outstanding debt at December 31, 2008, we estimate that a 10% weakening of the U.S. dollar against the currencies in which our debt is denominated would result in an increase of approximately $5.0 million in the reported U.S. dollar value of the debt.


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We have substantial debt and we may incur substantially more debt, which could affect our ability to meet our debt obligations and may otherwise restrict our activities.
 
We have substantial debt and we may incur substantial additional debt in the future. As of December 31, 2008, we had total indebtedness of approximately $376.0 million, net of cash of $78.1 million. We are also permitted by the terms of our debt instruments to incur substantial additional indebtedness, subject to the restrictions therein.
 
Our debt could have important consequences. For example, it could make it more difficult for us to satisfy our obligations under our debt instruments; require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow to payments on our indebtedness, which would reduce the amount of cash flow available to fund working capital, capital expenditures, product development and other corporate requirements; increase our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions, including changes in raw material costs; limit our ability to respond to business opportunities; limit our ability to borrow additional funds, which may be necessary; and subject us to financial and other restrictive covenants, which, if we fail to comply with these covenants and our failure is not waived or cured, could result in an event of default under our debt.
 
In the current difficult environment, banks can be expected to strictly enforce the terms of our credit agreement. Although we believe we are currently in compliance with all credit agreement requirements, if we fail to comply in the future with a requirement, our access to the facility and ability to borrow further may be limited. In such circumstances, we may not be able to refinance our existing debt or only be able to do so at significantly higher costs.
 
The agreements governing our debt impose restrictions on our business.
 
The indenture governing our senior notes and the agreements governing our credit facility contain covenants imposing various restrictions on our business. These restrictions may affect our ability to operate our business and may limit our ability to take advantage of potential business opportunities as they arise. The restrictions these covenants place on us include limitations on our ability to incur liens and consolidate, merge, sell or lease all or substantially all of our assets. Our credit facility also requires us to meet certain financial ratios.
 
Our ability to comply with these agreements may be affected by events beyond our control, including prevailing economic, financial and industry conditions, and are subject to the risks in this section. The breach of any of these covenants or restrictions could result in a default under the indenture governing the senior notes and/or under our credit facility. An event of default under our credit facility would permit our lenders to declare all amounts borrowed from them to be immediately due and payable. Acceleration of our other indebtedness may cause us to be unable to make interest payments on the senior notes and repay the principal amount of the senior notes.
 
We make from time to time forward-looking statements, and actual events or results may differ materially from these statements because assumptions we have made prove incorrect due to market conditions in our industries or other factors .
 
We from time to time provide forward-looking statements both in our filings with the SEC and orally in connection with our quarterly earnings calls, including guidance on anticipated earnings per share. These statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially from these statements because assumptions we have made prove incorrect due to market conditions in our industries or other factors. We refer you to the factors discussed under the captions “Factors affecting our future operating results” in the “Business” section and the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of this annual report on Form 10-K, which describe risks and factors that could cause results to differ materially from those projected in those forward-looking statements. We operate in a continually changing business environment, and new risk factors emerge from time to time. Management cannot predict these new risk factors, nor can it assess the impact, if any, of these new risk factors on our businesses or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ


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materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results.
 
In providing guidance on our future earnings, our management evaluates our budgets, our strategic plan and certain factors relating to our business. This evaluation requires management to make several key assumptions relating to both external and internal factors. Some of the key external assumptions include:
 
  •  the outlook for our end markets and the global economy;
 
  •  impact of external factors on our competition;
 
  •  economies in emerging markets will slow from the growth we had in 2008;
 
  •  financial position of our customers;
 
  •  the estimated costs of purchasing materials;
 
  •  developments in personnel costs; and
 
  •  rates for currency exchange, particularly between the Swiss franc and the euro.
 
Some of these assumptions may prove to be incorrect over time. For example, although no one customer accounts for more than 1% of our revenues, if a number of our customers experienced significant deteriorations in their financial positions concurrently, it could have an impact on our results of operations.
 
Some of our key internal assumptions include the following:
 
  •  our ability to implement our business strategy;
 
  •  effectiveness of our marketing programs such as our Spinnaker initiatives;
 
  •  our ability to develop and deliver innovative products and services;
 
  •  continued growth in our sales in emerging markets;
 
  •  our ability to implement price increases as forecasted; and
 
  •  the effectiveness of our cost saving initiatives, including our restructuring activities.
 
These internal assumptions may also prove to be incorrect over time. For example, with respect to our ability to realize our planned price increases without disturbing our customer base in core markets, in certain markets, such as emerging markets, price tends to be a more significant factor in customers’ decisions to purchase our products. Furthermore, we can have no assurance that our cost reduction programs will be effective or that we will be able to execute them in the estimated time frames. Additionally, although we have included certain restructuring costs in our forecast, it may become necessary to take additional restructuring actions resulting in additional restructuring costs.
 
We believe our current assumptions are reasonable and prudent for planning purposes. However, should any of these assumptions prove to be incorrect, or should we incur lower-than-expected operating performance or cash flows, we may experience results different than our projections.
 
Our ability to generate cash depends on factors beyond our control.
 
Our ability to make payments on our debt and to fund planned capital expenditures and research and development efforts will depend on our ability to generate cash in the future. This, to an extent, is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory and other factors, including those described in this section, that are beyond our control.
 
We cannot ensure that our business will generate sufficient cash flow from operations or that future borrowings will be available to us under our credit facility in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our debt or to fund our other liquidity needs. We may need to refinance all or a portion of our indebtedness on or before maturity. We cannot ensure that we will be able to refinance any of our debt, including our credit facility and the senior notes, on commercially reasonable terms or at all.


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Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.
 
Item 2.    Properties
 
The following table lists our principal facilities, indicating the location and whether the facility is owned or leased. The properties listed below serve primarily as manufacturing facilities and also typically have a certain amount of space for service, sales and marketing and administrative activities. Our Greifensee, Switzerland facility also serves as our worldwide headquarters and our Columbus, Ohio facility serves as our North American headquarters. The facilities in Giessen, Germany and Viroflay, France are used primarily for sales and marketing. We believe our facilities are adequate for our current and reasonably anticipated future needs.
 
         
Location
  Owned/Leased   Business Segment
 
Europe:
       
Greifensee/Nanikon, Switzerland
  Owned   Swiss Operations
Uznach, Switzerland
  Owned   Swiss Operations
Urdorf, Switzerland
  Owned   Swiss Operations
Schwerzenbach, Switzerland
  Leased   Swiss Operations
Cambridge, England
  Owned   Western European Operations
Manchester, England
  Leased   Western European Operations
Viroflay, France (two facilities)
  Building Owned   Western European Operations
    Building Leased    
Albstadt, Germany
  Owned   Western European Operations
Giessen, Germany
  Owned   Western European Operations
Oslo, Norway
  Leased   Western European Operations
Americas:
       
Columbus, Ohio
  Leased   U.S. Operations
Worthington, Ohio
  Owned   U.S. Operations
Oakland, California
  Leased   U.S. Operations
Bedford, Massachusetts
  Leased   U.S. Operations
Ithaca, New York
  Owned   U.S. Operations
Tampa, Florida
  Leased   U.S. Operations
Other:
       
Shanghai, China
  Building Owned;   Chinese Operations
    Land Leased    
Changzhou, China (three facilities)
  Buildings Owned;   Chinese Operations
    Land Leased    
Mumbai, India (two facilities)
  Buildings Leased   Other Operations
 
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings
 
We are not currently involved in any legal proceeding which we believe could have a material adverse effect upon our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See the disclosure above under “Environmental Matters.”
 
Item 4.    Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
 
No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of 2008.
 
Executive Officers of the Registrant
 
See Part III, Item 10 of this annual report for information about our executive officers.


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PART II
 
Item 5.    Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information for Common Stock
 
Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “MTD.” The following table sets forth on a per share basis the high and low sales prices for consolidated trading in our common stock as reported on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Tape for the quarters indicated.
 
                 
    Common Stock Price
 
    Range  
   
High
   
Low
 
 
2008
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 98.33     $ 60.64  
Third Quarter
  $ 109.16     $ 92.60  
Second Quarter
  $ 105.01     $ 94.05  
First Quarter
  $ 112.37     $ 87.51  
2007
               
Fourth Quarter
  $ 118.54     $ 102.32  
Third Quarter
  $ 103.19     $ 86.59  
Second Quarter
  $ 101.76     $ 89.94  
First Quarter
  $ 91.61     $ 77.78  
 
Holders
 
At February 1, 2009, there were 112 holders of record of common stock and 33,596,603 shares of common stock outstanding. We estimate we have approximately 41,000 beneficial owners of common stock.
 
Dividend Policy
 
Historically we have not paid dividends on our common stock. However, we will evaluate this policy on a periodic basis taking into account our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, including potential acquisitions, our share buyback program, the taxation of dividends to our shareholders, and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.


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Share Performance Graph
 
The following graph compares the cumulative total returns (assuming reinvestment of dividends) on $100 invested on December 31, 2003 through December 31, 2008 in our common stock, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Stock Index (S&P 500 Index) and the SIC Code 3826 Index — Laboratory Analytical Instruments. Historically, we have not paid dividends on our common stock. However, the Company will evaluate this policy on a periodic basis taking into account our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, including potential acquisitions, our share buyback program, the taxation of dividends to our shareholders, and other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors.
 
Comparison of Cumulative Total Return Among Mettler-Toledo International Inc., the
S&P 500 Index and SIC Code 3826 Index — Laboratory Analytical Instruments
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
                                                             
      12-31-03       12-31-04       12-31-05       12-31-06       12-31-07       12-31-08  
Mettler-Toledo
    $ 100       $ 122       $ 131       $ 187       $ 270       $ 160  
S&P 500 Index
    $ 100       $ 111       $ 116       $ 135       $ 142       $ 90  
SIC Code 3826 Index
    $ 100       $ 118       $ 117       $ 144       $ 192       $ 118  
                                                             
 
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
                                 
                Total Number of
    Approximate Dollar
 
                Shares Purchased as
    Value (in thousands) of
 
                Part of Publicly
    Shares that may yet be
 
    Total Number of
    Average Price Paid
    Announced Plans or
    Purchased under the
 
Period
  Shares Purchased     per Share     Programs     Plans or Programs  
 
October 1 to October 31, 2008
    11,000     $ 97.77       11,000     $ 416,591  
November 1 to November 30, 2008
                      416,591  
December 1 to December 31, 2008
                      416,591  
                                 
Total
    11,000     $ 97.77       11,000     $ 416,591  
 
We have a share repurchase program that was announced in February 2004. Under the program, we have been authorized to buy back up to $1.5 billion of the Company’s common shares. We have purchased 15.2 million common shares since the inception of the program through December 31, 2008, at a total cost of


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$1.1 billion. As of December 31, 2008, there was $416.6 million remaining authorized for repurchases under the plan by December 31, 2010. The share repurchases are expected to be funded from existing cash balances, borrowings under existing credit arrangements or cash generated from operating activities. Repurchases will be made through open market transactions, and the timing will depend on the level of acquisition activity, business and market conditions, the stock price, trading restrictions and other factors.
 
During the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, we spent $224.5 million and $324.6 million on the repurchase of 2,232,188 shares and 3,384,731 shares at an average price per share of $100.55 and $95.88, respectively.
 
Item 6.    Selected Financial Data
 
The selected historical financial information set forth below as of December 31 and for the years then ended is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The financial information presented below, in thousands except share data, was prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).
 
                                         
    2008     2007     2006     2005     2004  
 
Statement of Operations Data:
                                       
Net sales
  $ 1,973,344     $ 1,793,748     $ 1,594,912     $ 1,482,472     $ 1,404,454  
Cost of sales
    980,263       897,567       804,480       752,153       722,047  
                                         
Gross profit
    993,081       896,181       790,432       730,319       682,407  
Research and development
    102,282       92,378       82,802       81,893       83,217  
Selling, general and administrative
    579,806       529,126       481,709       441,702       419,780  
Amortization
    10,553       11,682       11,503       11,436       12,256  
Interest expense
    25,390       21,003       17,492       14,880       12,888  
Other charges (income), net (a)
    8,981       (875 )     (7,921 )     20,224       42  
                                         
Earnings before taxes and minority interest
    266,069       242,867       204,847       160,184       154,224  
Provision for taxes (b)
    63,291       64,360       47,315       51,282       46,267  
                                         
Net earnings
  $ 202,778     $ 178,507     $ 157,532     $ 108,902     $ 107,957  
                                         
Basic earnings per common share:
                                       
Net earnings
  $ 5.92     $ 4.82     $ 3.93     $ 2.58     $ 2.44  
Weighted average number of common shares
    34,250,310       37,025,209       40,065,951       42,207,777       44,237,214  
Diluted earnings per common share:
                                       
Net earnings
  $ 5.79     $ 4.70     $ 3.86     $ 2.52     $ 2.37  
Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares
    35,048,859       37,952,923       40,785,708       43,285,121       45,483,969  
Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 78,073     $ 81,222     $ 151,269     $ 324,578     $ 67,176  
Working capital (c)
    177,686       165,784       144,084       128,970       143,848  
Total assets
    1,662,529       1,678,214       1,587,085       1,669,773       1,480,072  
Long-term debt
    441,588       385,072       345,705       443,795       196,290  
Other non-current liabilities (d)
    179,048       162,583       143,526       135,160       132,723  
Shareholders’ equity (e)
    503,247       581,286       630,862       659,002       720,886  


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(a) Other charges (income), net consists primarily of restructuring charges, interest income, (gains) losses from foreign currency transactions, and other items. The 2008 amount includes a $6.4 million restructuring charge primarily related to severance costs. The 2005 amount includes a $21.8 million one-time litigation charge related to a $19.9 million non-cash write-off of an intellectual property license and $1.9 million of related legal costs.
 
(b) The provision for taxes for 2008 includes a discrete tax benefit of $2.5 million related to favorable withholding tax law changes in China recorded during the first quarter and a discrete tax benefit of $3.5 million primarily related to the closure of certain tax matters recorded during the third quarter.
 
The provision for taxes for 2007 includes $1.1 million of discrete tax items recorded during the Company’s third quarter. The discrete items include a benefit of $3.4 million related to the favorable resolution of certain tax matters and other adjustments related to prior years, which was partially offset by a charge of $2.3 million primarily related to a tax law change in Germany. The provision for taxes for 2006 includes net tax benefits related to a legal reorganization that resulted in a reduction of the estimated annual effective tax rate from 30% to 27% and $8.0 million net of discrete tax items. The discrete items include a benefit of $2.9 million, net, associated with the legal reorganization and a benefit of $5.1 million from a favorable tax law change. The 2005 amount includes a net tax charge of $5.4 million related to earnings repatriation associated with the American Jobs Creation Act ($13.1 million) offset in part by the favorable resolution of certain tax contingencies ($7.7 million).
 
(c) Working capital represents total current assets net of cash, less total current liabilities net of short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt.
 
(d) Other non-current liabilities consist of pension and other post-retirement liabilities, plus certain other non-current liabilities. See Note 12 to the audited consolidated financial statements.
 
(e) No dividends were paid during the five-year period ended December 31, 2008.
 
Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our audited consolidated financial statements.
 
Overview
 
We operate a global business, with sales that are diversified by geographic region, product range and customer. We hold leading positions worldwide in many of our markets and attribute this leadership to several factors, including the strength of our brand name and reputation, our comprehensive offering of innovative instruments and solutions, and the breadth and quality of our global sales and service network.
 
Net sales in U.S. dollars increased by 10% and 12% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Excluding the effect of currency exchange rate fluctuations, or in local currencies, net sales increased 6% and 8% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. We experienced relatively broad-based sales growth across most geographies and products during 2008. Our growth was attributable to positive economic conditions during the first nine months of the year, as well as our strong leadership positions and the impact of our global sales and marketing initiatives. For example, we continue to improve our lead generation and nurturing processes, better penetrate our market segments and more effectively price our products and services. However, global economic conditions weakened during the fourth quarter of 2008, resulting in reduced sales growth in local currencies in most geographies during the fourth quarter of 2008 versus the prior year comparable period. Sales growth in local currencies was 1% during the fourth quarter of 2008, which included an increase of 1% in Europe and 6% in Asia/Rest of World, offset in part by a 3% decline in the Americas. Our future sales in local currencies will continue to be adversely affected by the weak global economic conditions. It is currently difficult to predict the extent to which our results will be affected in this uncertain environment.
 
With respect to our end-user markets, we experienced improved results during 2008 in our laboratory-related end-user markets, such as pharmaceutical and biotech customers as well as the laboratories of chemical companies, food and beverage companies and universities. However, demand from these markets


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decreased during the fourth quarter of 2008 related to the previously mentioned global economic slowdown. We expect reduced demand in these markets will continue during 2009.
 
In our industrial markets, the principal growth driver in recent years has been increased investment in emerging markets related to increasing production capacity for domestic and export markets. Although this provides a significant opportunity for our emerging market operations, this manufacturing shift has a negative impact on certain of our industrial end-user markets in the U.S. and Europe. However, despite this challenge, our U.S. and European industrial end-user markets experienced solid sales growth during 2008. Our industrial markets and our core-industrial products also experienced reduced demand during the fourth quarter of 2008, including our emerging markets. We expect reduced demand in these markets will continue during 2009.
 
In our food retail end markets, we benefited from strong project activity in Europe while our U.S. business faced difficult comparisons to the prior year. Traditionally the spending levels in this sector have experienced more volatility than our other customer sectors due to the timing of customer project activity or new regulation. Similar to our industrial business, emerging markets also provide growth as the expansion of local emerging market economies creates a significant number of new retail stores each year. While sales in our food retail end markets experienced solid project activity during the fourth quarter of 2008, we could experience a sales reduction during 2009 related to the global economic slowdown.
 
In 2009, we expect to continue to pursue the overall business growth strategies which we have followed in recent years:
 
Gaining Market Share.   Our global sales and marketing initiative, “Spinnaker,” continues to be an important growth strategy. We aim to achieve above-market sales growth by improving the productivity and effectiveness of our global sales and marketing processes. While this initiative is broad-based, efforts to improve these processes include increased segment marketing and leads generation and nurturing activities, the implementation of more effective pricing and value-based selling strategies and processes, improved sales force training and other sales and marketing topics. Our comprehensive service offering also helps us further penetrate developed markets. We estimate that we have the largest installed base of weighing instruments in the world. In addition to traditional repair and maintenance, our service offerings continue to expand into value-added services for a range of market needs, including regulatory compliance.
 
Expanding Emerging Markets.   Emerging markets, comprising Asia (excluding Japan), Eastern Europe, Latin America, the Middle East and Africa, account for approximately 27% of our total net sales. We have a two-pronged strategy in emerging markets: first, to capitalize on growth opportunities in these markets and second, to leverage our low-cost manufacturing operations in China. We have over a 20-year track record in China, and our sales in Asia have grown more than 18% in local currency since 1999. We have broadened our product offering to the Asian markets and are benefiting as multinational customers shift production to China. We are pleased with our continued accomplishments in China and continue to expand our territory coverage with new branch offices, additional dealers and more service professionals. In recent years, India has also been a source of emerging market sales growth due to increased life science research activities, as well as our acquisition of our distribution channel for laboratory products in 2005. In addition, Russia has also been an important growth driver in recent years due in part to the expansion of its local economy. Local currency sales growth in emerging markets slowed during the fourth quarter of 2008 and we anticipate future sales will continue to be adversely affected by weak global economic conditions. To reduce costs, we are also shifting more of our manufacturing to China where our three facilities manufacture for the local markets as well as for export.
 
Extending Our Technology Lead.   We continue to focus on product innovation. In the last three years, we spent between 5.1% and 5.2% of net sales on research and development. We seek to drive shorter product life cycles, as well as improve our product offerings and their capabilities with additional integrated technologies and software. In addition, we aim to create value for our customers by having an intimate knowledge of their processes via our significant installed product base. During 2008, we also introduced Quantos, our new automated powder dosing solution for small sample sizes, which is controlled and monitored by the laboratory balance.


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Maintaining Cost Leadership.   We continue to strive to improve our margins by reducing our cost structure. As previously mentioned, shifting production to China has been an important component of our cost savings initiatives. We have also implemented global procurement and supply chain management programs over the last several years aimed at lowering supply costs. Our cost leadership initiatives are also focused on continuously improving our invested capital efficiency, such as reducing our working capital levels and ensuring appropriate returns on our expenditures. During the fourth quarter of 2008, we also initiated a global cost reduction program in response to the global economic slowdown. Our cost reduction program is focused on reducing our spending levels in most cost categories and will also include workforce reductions (including employees and temporary personnel) of approximately 600 or 5% of our total workforce.
 
Pursuing Strategic Acquisitions.   While we have not completed a significant acquisition since 2001, acquisitions remain part of our growth strategy. We seek to pursue acquisitions that may leverage our global sales and service network, respected brand, extensive distribution channels and technological leadership. We have identified life sciences, product inspection and process analytics as three key areas for acquisitions.
 
Results of Operations — Consolidated
 
Net sales
 
Net sales were $1,973.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, compared to $1,793.7 million in 2007 and $1,594.9 million in 2006. This represents increases in 2008 and 2007 of 10% and 12% in U.S. dollars and 6% and 8% in local currencies, respectively.
 
In 2008, our net sales by geographic destination increased in local currencies by 2% in the Americas, 6% in Europe and 16% in Asia/Rest of World. A discussion of sales by operating segment is included below.
 
As described in Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements, our net sales comprise product sales of precision instruments and related services. Service revenues are primarily derived from repair and other services, including regulatory compliance qualification, calibration, certification, preventative maintenance and spare parts.
 
Net sales of products increased in 2008 and 2007 by 10% and 13% in U.S. dollars and by 7% and 8% in local currencies, respectively. Service revenue (including spare parts) increased in 2008 and 2007 by 8% and 11% in U.S. dollars and by 5% and 6% in local currencies, respectively.
 
Net sales of our laboratory-related products increased by 6% in local currencies during 2008 principally driven by strong growth across most product categories, especially analytical instruments, pipettes and process analytics. Our laboratory-related product sales were also reduced by 1% during 2008 due to product line exits.
 
Net sales of our industrial-related products increased by 7% in local currencies during 2008. We experienced strong sales growth in our core industrial products throughout most geographies, particularly China, as well as solid sales growth in our product inspection products. We also experienced strong sales growth in transportation and logistics products in the United States and Western Europe related to increased project activity.
 
In our food retailing markets, net sales increased by 4% in local currencies during 2008 over the previous year due to strong project activity in Europe and continued growth in Asia/Rest of World despite decreased sales in the U.S.
 
As discussed above, net sales growth in the fourth quarter of 2008 decreased from the results of the first nine months in 2008. We expect market conditions to further deteriorate from the levels experienced in the fourth quarter of 2008; however, the level of this deterioration is unknown.


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Gross profit
 
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales was 50.3% for 2008, compared to 50.0% for 2007 and 49.6% for 2006.
 
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales for products was 54.2% for 2008, compared to 53.8% for 2007 and 53.3% for 2006. Gross profit as a percentage of net sales for services (including spare parts) was 36.8% for 2008, compared to 36.9% for both 2007 and 2006.
 
The increase in gross profit reflects several factors, including increased sales volume leveraging our fixed production costs, partially offset by the weakening U.S. dollar and increased material costs, most notably steel prices.
 
Research and development and selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Research and development expenses as a percentage of net sales were 5.2% for 2008, 5.1% for 2007 and 5.2% for 2006. Research and development expenses increased by 4% in 2008 and increased by 7% in 2007 in local currencies. Our research and development spending levels reflect increased research and development investments.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales decreased to 29.4% for 2008, compared to 29.5% for 2007 and 30.2% for 2006. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by 5% in both 2008 and 2007 in local currencies. This is primarily due to continued sales and marketing investments, especially in China and other emerging market countries, and expenses associated with product launches. We also incurred certain expenses associated with a multi-year information technology investment.
 
Other charges (income), net
 
Other charges (income), net consisted of other charges, net of $9.0 million in 2008, compared to other income, net of $0.9 million in 2007 and other income, net of $7.9 million in 2006. Other charges (income), net consisted primarily of restructuring charges, interest income, (gains) losses from foreign currency transactions and other items. Other charges (income), net in 2008 includes restructuring charges of $6.4 million related to our global cost reduction program as further described below. Other charges (income), net for 2008 compared to the prior year was also impacted by unfavorable foreign currency fluctuations and reduced interest income associated with lower cash balances. In 2007, other charges (income), net reflected reduced interest income compared to the prior year associated with lower cash balances resulting from share repurchases. In 2006, other charges (income), net included increased interest income associated with higher cash balances in the U.S. as a result of our foreign earnings repatriation during 2005 associated with the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2008, we initiated a global cost reduction program. Charges under the program will primarily comprise severance costs and are expected to be approximately $15 to $20 million, of which $6.4 million was recorded in other charges (income), net during the year ended December 31, 2008. Cash paid for severance during the fourth quarter of 2008 totaled $0.7 million. Under the program, our workforce (including employees and temporary personnel) will be reduced by approximately 600. The program is expected to be substantially completed by the end of 2009. As a result of the reduction in workforce, we anticipate personnel costs to be reduced by approximately $25 million on an annual basis.
 
Interest expense and taxes
 
Interest expense was $25.4 million for 2008, compared to $21.0 million for 2007 and $17.5 million for 2006. The increase in 2008 is due primarily to increased borrowings compared to 2007. The increase in 2007 is due to higher average borrowing rates offset in part by reduced average borrowings versus 2006.
 
During the first quarter of 2008, we recorded a discrete tax benefit of $2.5 million related to favorable withholding tax law changes in China. During the third quarter of 2008, we recorded discrete tax items resulting in a net tax benefit of $3.5 million primarily related to the closure of certain tax matters.


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During the third quarter of 2007, we recorded certain discrete tax items which resulted in a net tax benefit of $1.1 million. The discrete items include a benefit of $3.4 million related to a favorable resolution of certain tax matters and other adjustments related to prior years, which were partially offset by a charge of $2.3 million primarily due to a tax law change in Germany.
 
During the third quarter of 2006, we implemented a legal reorganization that resulted in a reduction of the estimated annual effective tax rate before discrete items from 30% to 27%. In addition to the change in our annual effective tax rate, we recorded three discrete tax items: a charge of $10.5 million related to the establishment of a valuation allowance on foreign tax credit carryforwards, a benefit of $13.4 million associated with a reduction of a liability previously established for estimated costs to repatriate unremitted earnings of foreign subsidiaries, and a favorable tax law change resulting in a benefit of $5.1 million.
 
Our annual effective tax rate was 24%, 27% and 23% for 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The previously described discrete tax items had the effect of lowering our annual effective tax rate by 2% in 2008 and 4% in 2006.
 
Results of Operations — by Operating Segment
 
The following is a discussion of the financial results of our operating segments. We currently have five reportable segments: U.S. Operations, Swiss Operations, Western European Operations, Chinese Operations and Other. A more detailed description of these segments is outlined in Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements.
 
U.S. Operations (amounts in thousands)
 
                                 
                      Increase in % (1)
  Increase in % (1)
    2008     2007     2006     2008 vs. 2007   2007 vs. 2006
 
Net sales
  $ 682,282     $ 671,869     $ 637,418     2%   5%
Net sales to external customers
  $ 622,692     $ 614,735     $ 586,069     1%   5%
Segment profit
  $ 113,390     $ 104,913     $ 89,384     8%   17%
 
 
(1) Represents U.S. dollar growth for net sales and segment profit.
 
The increase in total net sales during 2008 reflects growth across most product lines, particularly our laboratory-related and industrial-related products. Our laboratory-related and industrial-related products experienced especially strong growth in analytical instruments and product inspection, respectively. Net sales were reduced by 1% related to product line exits. Net sales to external customers declined 4% during the fourth quarter of 2008 which included a decrease in most product categories related to the global economic slowdown. We expect net sales will also decline during 2009.
 
Segment profit increased by $8.5 million in our U.S. Operations segment during 2008, compared to an increase of $15.5 million during 2007. The increase in segment profit in 2008 was primarily due to increased sales volume leveraging our fixed production costs and increased inter-segment income from our Chinese Operations, offset in part by investments in sales and marketing.
 
Swiss Operations (amounts in thousands)
 
                                 
                      Increase in % (1)
  Increase in % (1)
    2008     2007     2006     2008 vs. 2007   2007 vs. 2006
 
Net sales
  $ 442,054     $ 391,042     $ 340,849     13%   15%
Net sales to external customers
  $ 126,476     $ 109,867     $ 96,311     15%   14%
Segment profit
  $ 86,650     $ 81,158     $ 70,083     7%   16%
 
 
(1) Represents U.S. dollar growth for net sales and segment profit.


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Total net sales in local currency increased by 2% in 2008 and by 11% in 2007. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased by 4% in 2008 and by 9% in 2007. The increase in sales to external customers during 2008 relates primarily to strong growth in most of our laboratory-related products, particularly in process analytics, as well as improved project activity in retail products. Net sales to external customers in local currency declined 6% during the fourth quarter of 2008 which included a decrease in most product categories, especially laboratory- and industrial-related products, related to the global economic slowdown. We expect net sales in local currency will also decline during 2009.
 
Segment profit increased by $5.5 million in our Swiss Operations segment during 2008, compared to an increase of $11.1 million during 2007. The increase in segment profit in 2008 is primarily due to increased sales volume leveraging our fixed production costs, partially offset by higher research and development project activity and unfavorable currency.
 
Western European Operations (amounts in thousands)
 
                                 
                      Increase in % (1)
  Increase in % (1)
    2008     2007     2006     2008 vs. 2007   2007 vs. 2006
 
Net sales
  $ 762,717     $ 691,736     $ 607,836     10%   14%
Net sales to external customers
  $ 679,083     $ 614,268     $ 538,953     11%   14%
Segment profit
  $ 69,837     $ 58,497     $ 50,635     19%   16%
 
 
(1) Represents U.S. dollar growth for net sales and segment profit.
 
Total net sales in local currency increased by 6% in 2008 and 2007. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased by 5% in 2008 and 2007. The 2008 increase includes solid sales growth in our industrial-related and laboratory-related products. We also experienced strong European retail project activity during 2008. Net sales to external customers increased 2% in local currency during the fourth quarter of 2008 which included strong project activity in our food retail products and transportation and logistics, as well as solid growth in our product inspection sales. These results were offset in part by reduced sales in our laboratory and core-industrial products related to the global economic slowdown. We expect net sales in local currency for our laboratory and core-industrial products will also decline during 2009. Sales in our food retail products, transportation and logistics and product inspection may also be reduced during 2009.
 
Segment profit increased by $11.3 million in our Western European Operations segment during 2008, compared to an increase of $7.9 million in 2007. The increase in segment profit in 2008 is principally a result of increased sales volume leveraging our fixed production costs and favorable currency translation fluctuations, partially offset by increased sales and marketing investments. We also recorded severance expense of $5.1 million during the first nine months of 2008.
 
Chinese Operations (amounts in thousands)
 
                                 
                      Increase in % (1)
  Increase in % (1)
    2008     2007     2006     2008 vs. 2007   2007 vs. 2006
 
Net sales
  $ 317,040     $ 254,510     $ 201,431     25%   26%
Net sales to external customers
  $ 228,890     $ 168,261     $ 132,710     36%   27%
Segment profit
  $ 59,027     $ 57,481     $ 45,160     3%   27%
 
 
(1) Represents U.S. dollar growth for net sales and segment profit.
 
Total net sales in local currency increased by 14% in 2008 and by 21% in 2007. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased by 24% in 2008 and 21% in 2007. These increases were due to continued sales growth for most product lines, in particular industrial-related products. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased 9% during the fourth quarter of 2008 reflecting a reduction in our


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historical growth rate related to the global economic slowdown. We expect our net sales in local currency will be adversely affected during 2009 by weak global economic conditions.
 
Segment profit increased by $1.5 million in our Chinese Operations segment during 2008, compared to an increase of $12.3 million in 2007. The increase in segment profit in 2008 is primarily due to increased sales volume, partially offset by unfavorable currency fluctuations on inter-segment sales, increased material costs, increased inter-segment expenses from our U.S. Operations and a previous year gain associated with an asset sale.
 
Other (amounts in thousands)
 
                                 
                      Increase in % (1)
  Increase in % (1)
    2008     2007     2006     2008 vs. 2007   2007 vs. 2006
 
Net sales
  $ 321,480     $ 290,330     $ 240,869     11%   21%
Net sales to external customers
  $ 316,203     $ 286,617     $ 240,869     10%   19%
Segment profit
  $ 28,809     $ 29,887     $ 21,412     (4)%   40%
 
 
(1) Represents U.S. dollar growth for net sales and segment profit.
 
Total net sales in local currency increased by 9% in 2008 and by 15% in 2007. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased 9% in 2008 and 13% in 2007. This performance reflects increased sales in our Other Asia Pacific, Eastern European and Other Americas markets. Net sales to external customers in local currency increased 2% during the fourth quarter of 2008 and included sales growth in Other Asia Pacific offset in part by reduced sales in Canada, Eastern Europe and Japan. We expect our net sales in local currency will be adversely affected during 2009 by weak global economic conditions.
 
Segment profit decreased by $1.1 million in our Other segment during 2008, compared to an increase of $8.5 million during 2007. The decrease in segment profit was primarily a result of decreased profitability in Canada and severance expense, partially offset by increased profitability in Other Asia Pacific and Other Eastern European markets.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Liquidity is our ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operating activities to meet our obligations and commitments. In addition, liquidity includes the ability to obtain appropriate financing. Currently, our financing requirements are primarily driven by working capital requirements, capital expenditures, share repurchases and acquisitions.
 
Cash provided by operating activities totaled $223.8 million in 2008, compared to $228.2 million in 2007 and $191.6 million in 2006. The decrease in 2008 resulted principally from reduced accounts payable balances of $15.9 million from the beginning of the year versus increased balances of $26.4 million during the previous year which was largely attributable to strong December 2007 business activity. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was also attributable to higher payments of approximately $10.9 million related to 2007 performance-related compensation incentives (bonus payments) that were paid during 2008 and the timing of tax disbursements of $21.9 million. These items were offset in part by higher net earnings of $24.3 million compared to the corresponding period in 2007. The increase in 2007, as compared to 2006, resulted principally from improved operating results and a reduction in tax payments which included a $6 million tax refund, offset in part by approximately $9 million of higher payments related to 2006 performance-related compensation incentives (bonus payments) that were paid during 2007. We also made a $5.0 million voluntary incremental pension contribution to our U.S. plan in 2008 and a $7.7 million contribution to our U.S. plan in 2007.
 
Capital expenditures are made primarily for investments in information systems and technology, machinery, equipment and the purchase and expansion of facilities. Our capital expenditures totaled $61.0 million in 2008, $47.5 million in 2007 and $34.3 million in 2006. We expect capital expenditures to increase as our business grows and to fluctuate as currency exchange rates change. Our 2008 capital


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expenditures included $20.0 million of investments related to the initial phases of our Blue Ocean multi-year program of information technology investment compared to $5.0 million in the previous year. Our capital expenditures in 2007 included $7.1 million of investments related to our new Chinese facility, compared to $6.4 million in 2006.
 
Cash flows used in financing activities during 2008 included $3.3 million of financing fees related to the closing of our new $950 million credit facility during the third quarter. As further described below, in accordance with our share repurchase plan, we purchased 2,232,188 shares and 3,384,731 shares in the amount of $224.5 million and $324.6 million during 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
We continue to explore potential acquisitions. In connection with any acquisition, we may incur additional indebtedness.
 
In addition, our ability to generate cash flow may be reduced due to the global economic slowdown. In light of the economic downturn and instability in the financial markets, we have taken a more conservative posture towards the utilization of our cash flow and capital structure. This includes suspending our share repurchase program during the fourth quarter of 2008. We presently cannot estimate what purchases may be made in 2009, if any.
 
Credit Agreement
 
On August 15, 2008, the Company entered into a $950 million new Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which replaced its $450 million Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Prior Credit Agreement”). The new Credit Agreement is provided by a group of financial institutions (similar to our Prior Credit Agreement) and has a maturity date of August 15, 2013. It is a revolving credit facility and is not subject to any scheduled principal payments prior to maturity. The obligations under the Credit Agreement are unsecured.
 
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at current market rates plus a margin based on the Company’s senior unsecured credit ratings, which was, as of December 31, 2008, set at LIBOR plus 0.70% (based on ratings of “BBB” by Standard & Poor’s and “Baa2” by Moody’s). The Company must also pay facility fees that are tied to its credit ratings. The Credit Agreement contains covenants, with which the Company was in compliance as of December 31, 2008, including maintaining a consolidated interest coverage ratio of more than 3.5 to 1.0 and a consolidated leverage ratio of less than 3.25 to 1.0. The Credit Agreement also places certain limitations on the Company, including limiting the ability to incur liens or indebtedness at a subsidiary level. In addition, the Credit Agreement has several events of default, including upon a change of control. The Company capitalized $3.3 million in financing fees associated with the Credit Agreement which are amortized to interest expense through 2013. As of December 31, 2008, approximately $666.4 million was available under the facility.
 
Senior Notes
 
In November 2003, we issued $150 million of 4.85% unsecured Senior Notes due November 15, 2010. The Senior Notes rank equally with all our unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. Interest is payable semi-annually in May and November. Discount and issuance costs approximated $1.2 million and are being amortized to interest expense over the seven-year term of the Senior Notes.
 
At our option, the Senior Notes may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time at a redemption price equal to the greater of:
 
  •  the principal amount of the Senior Notes, or
 
  •  the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest thereon discounted to the redemption date on a semi-annual basis at a comparable treasury rate plus a margin of 0.20%.
 
The Senior Notes contain limitations on our ability to incur liens and enter into sale and leaseback transactions exceeding 10% of our consolidated net worth.


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Our short-term borrowings and long-term debt consisted of the following at December 31, 2008:
 
                         
          Other Principal
       
    U.S. Dollar     Trading Currencies     Total  
 
$150 million Senior Notes (net of unamortized discount)
  $ 151,461     $     $ 151,461  
$950 million Credit Agreement
    257,464       20,321       277,785  
Other local arrangements (long-term)
          12,342       12,342  
                         
Total long-term debt
    408,925       32,663       441,588  
Other local arrangements (short-term)
          12,492       12,492  
                         
Total debt
  $ 408,925     $ 45,155     $ 454,080  
                         
 
Changes in exchange rates between the currencies in which we generate cash flow and the currencies in which our borrowings are denominated affect our liquidity. In addition, because we borrow in a variety of currencies, our debt balances fluctuate due to changes in exchange rates.
 
At December 31, 2008, we were in compliance with all covenants set forth in our Credit Agreement and Senior Notes. In addition, we do not have any downgrade triggers relating to ratings from rating agencies that would accelerate the maturity dates of our debt.
 
We currently believe that cash flow from operating activities, together with liquidity available under our Credit Agreement and local working capital facilities, will be sufficient to fund currently anticipated working capital needs and capital spending requirements for at least the next several years.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
The following summarizes certain of our contractual obligations at December 31, 2008 and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods. We do not have significant outstanding letters of credit or other financial commitments.
 
                                         
    Payments Due by Period  
    Total     Less than 1 Year     1-3 Years     3-5 Years     After 5 Years  
 
Short and long-term debt
  $ 454,080     $ 12,492     $ 151,494     $ 290,094     $  
Interest expense on long-term debt
    66,623       16,886       28,130       21,607        
Non-cancelable operating leases
    98,661       29,703       38,411       18,121       12,426  
Pension funding
    19,956       19,956                    
Purchase obligations
    52,405       28,254       21,676       2,475        
                                         
Total
  $ 691,725     $ 107,291     $ 239,711     $ 332,297     $ 12,426  
                                         
 
In addition to the above table, we also have liabilities for income taxes, pension and post-retirement funding. However, we cannot determine the timing or the amounts for periods beyond 2008 for income taxes and beyond 2009 for pension and post-retirement funding.
 
We have purchase commitments for materials, supplies, services and fixed assets in the normal course of business. Due to the proprietary nature of many of our materials and processes, certain supply contracts contain penalty provisions. We do not expect potential payments under these provisions to materially affect results of operations or financial condition. This conclusion is based upon reasonably likely outcomes derived by reference to historical experience and current business plans.
 
Share Repurchase Program
 
We have a share repurchase program that was announced in 2004. Under the program, we have been authorized to buy back up to $1.5 billion of the Company’s common shares. As of December 31, 2008, there


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were $416.6 million of remaining common shares authorized to be repurchased under the plan by December 31, 2010. The share repurchases are expected to be funded from cash balances, borrowings and cash generated from operating activities. Repurchases will be made through open market transactions and the timing will depend on the level of acquisition activity, business and market conditions, the stock price, trading restrictions and other factors. In addition, our ability to generate cash flow may be reduced due to the global economic slowdown. In light of the economic downturn and instability in the financial markets, we have taken a more conservative posture towards the utilization of our cash flow and capital structure. This includes suspending our share repurchase program during the fourth quarter of 2008. We presently cannot estimate what purchases may be made in 2009, if any. We have purchased 15.2 million shares since the inception of the program through December 31, 2008.
 
During the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, we spent $224.5 million and $324.6 million on the repurchase of 2,232,188 shares and 3,384,731 shares at an average price per share of $100.55 and $95.88, respectively. In addition, $5.2 million relating to the settlement of shares repurchased as of December 31, 2007 were cash settled during 2008. We reissued 139,780 shares and 567,205 shares held in treasury for the exercise of stock options during 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
We also reissued 16,760 shares held in treasury pursuant to our 2007 Share Plan, which extends certain eligible employees the option to receive a percentage of their annual bonus in shares of the Company’s stock.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
Currently, we have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material.
 
Effect of Currency on Results of Operations
 
Because we conduct operations in many countries, our operating income can be significantly affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates. Swiss franc-denominated expenses represent a much greater percentage of our operating expenses than Swiss franc-denominated sales represent of our net sales. In part, this is because most of our manufacturing costs in Switzerland relate to products that are sold outside Switzerland. Moreover, a substantial percentage of our research and development expenses and general and administrative expenses are incurred in Switzerland. Therefore, if the Swiss franc strengthens against all or most of our major trading currencies (e.g . , the U.S. dollar, the euro, other major European currencies, the Chinese yuan and the Japanese yen), our operating profit is reduced. We also have significantly more sales in European currencies (other than the Swiss franc) than we have expenses in those currencies. Therefore, when European currencies weaken against the U.S. dollar and the Swiss franc, it also decreases our operating profits. Accordingly, the Swiss franc exchange rate to the euro is an important cross-rate that we monitor. In recent months, we have seen substantially higher volatility in exchange rates generally than in the past, and the Swiss franc has strengthened significantly against the euro. We estimate that a 1% strengthening of the Swiss franc against the euro would result in a decrease in our earnings before tax of $1.0 million to $1.4 million on an annual basis. In addition to the Swiss franc and major European currencies, we also conduct business in many geographies throughout the world, including Asia Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Canada. Fluctuations in these currency exchange rates against the U.S. dollar can also affect our operating results. In addition to the effects of exchange rate movements on operating profits, our debt levels can fluctuate due to changes in exchange rates, particularly between the U.S. dollar and the Swiss franc. Based on our outstanding debt at December 31, 2008, we estimate that a 10% weakening of the U.S. dollar against the currencies in which our debt is denominated would result in an increase of approximately $5.0 million in the reported U.S. dollar value of the debt.
 
Taxes
 
We are subject to taxation in many jurisdictions throughout the world. Our effective tax rate and tax liability will be affected by a number of factors, such as the amount of taxable income in particular


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jurisdictions, the tax rates in such jurisdictions, tax treaties between jurisdictions, the extent to which we transfer funds between jurisdictions, earnings repatriations between jurisdictions and changes in law. Generally, the tax liability for each taxpayer within the group is determined either (i) on a non-consolidated/non-combined basis or (ii) on a consolidated/combined basis only with other eligible entities subject to tax in the same jurisdiction, in either case without regard to the taxable losses of non-consolidated/non-combined affiliated legal entities.
 
Environmental Matters
 
We are subject to environmental laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate. We own or lease a number of properties and manufacturing facilities around the world. Like many of our competitors, we have incurred, and will continue to incur, capital and operating expenditures and other costs in complying with such laws and regulations.
 
We are currently involved in, or have potential liability with respect to, the remediation of past contamination in certain of our facilities in both the United States and abroad. Our former subsidiary, Hi-Speed, was one of two private parties ordered to perform certain ground water contamination monitoring under an administrative consent order that NJDEP signed on June 13, 1988 with respect to certain property in Landing, New Jersey. GEI is the other ordered party. GEI has failed to fulfill its obligations under the NJDEP consent order, and NJDEP has agreed with Hi-Speed that the residual ground water contaminants can be monitored through the establishment of a Classification Exception Area and concurrent Well Restriction Area for the site. The NJDEP does not view these vehicles as remedial measures, but rather as “institutional controls” that must be adequately maintained and periodically evaluated. We estimate that the costs of compliance associated with monitoring ground water contamination levels at the site will be approximately $0.6 million in the coming years.
 
In addition, certain of our present and former facilities have or had been in operation for many decades and, over such time, some of these facilities may have used substances or generated and disposed of wastes which are or may be considered hazardous. It is possible that these sites, as well as disposal sites owned by third parties to which we have sent wastes, may in the future be identified and become the subject of remediation. Accordingly, although we believe that we are in substantial compliance with applicable environmental requirements and to date we have not incurred material expenditures in connection with environmental matters, it is possible that we could become subject to additional environmental liabilities in the future that could result in a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations or cash flows.
 
Inflation
 
Inflation can affect the costs of goods and services that we use, including raw materials to manufacture our products. The competitive environment in which we operate limits somewhat our ability to recover higher costs through increased selling prices.
 
Moreover, there may be differences in inflation rates between countries in which we incur the major portion of our costs and other countries in which we sell products, which may limit our ability to recover increased costs. We remain committed to operations in China and Eastern Europe, which have experienced inflationary conditions. To date, inflationary conditions have not had a material effect on our operating results. However, as our presence in China and Eastern Europe increases, these inflationary conditions could have a greater impact on our operating results.
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
We have only limited involvement with derivative financial instruments and do not use them for trading purposes.
 
We have entered into foreign currency forward contracts to economically hedge short-term intercompany balances with our international businesses on a monthly basis. Such contracts limit our exposure to both


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favorable and unfavorable currency fluctuations. The net fair value of these contracts was inconsequential at December 31, 2008 and a $0.6 million gain at December 31, 2007. A sensitivity analysis to changes on these foreign currency-denominated contracts indicates that if the primary currency (U.S. dollar, Swiss franc and British pound) declined by 10%, the fair value of these instruments would increase by $1.1 million at December 31, 2008, as compared with a decrease of $1.6 million at December 31, 2007. Any resulting changes in fair value would be offset by changes in the underlying hedged balance sheet position. The sensitivity analysis assumes a parallel shift in foreign currency exchange rates. The assumption that exchange rates change in parallel fashion may overstate the impact of changing exchange rates on assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency. We also have other currency risks as described under “Effect of Currency on Results of Operations.”
 
We have entered into certain interest rate swap agreements. These contracts are more fully described in Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements. The fair value of these contracts was a net loss of $2.8 million and a net gain of $0.6 million at December 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Based on our agreements outstanding at December 31, 2008, a 100-basis-point increase in interest rates would result in an increase in the net aggregate market value of these instruments of $2.0 million, as compared with a decrease of $0.8 million at December 31, 2007. Conversely, a 100-basis-point decrease in interest rates would result in a $2.0 million decrease in the net aggregate market value of these instruments at December 31, 2008, as compared with a net increase of $0.9 million at December 31, 2007. Any change in fair value would not affect our consolidated statement of operations unless such agreements and the debt they hedge were prematurely settled.
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our audited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to pensions and other post-retirement benefits, trade accounts receivable, inventories, intangible assets, income taxes, revenue and warranty costs. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our audited consolidated financial statements. For a detailed discussion on the application of these and other accounting policies, see Note 2 to our audited consolidated financial statements.
 
Employee benefit plans
 
The net periodic pension (credit) cost for 2008 and projected benefit obligation as of December 31, 2008 was $(0.9) million and $111.4 million, respectively, for our U.S. pension plans and $9.6 million and $560.4 million, respectively, for our international pension plans. The net periodic post-retirement cost for 2008 and expected post-retirement benefit obligation as of December 31, 2008 for our U.S. post-retirement medical benefit plan was $0.8 million and $18.9 million, respectively.
 
Pension and post-retirement benefit plan expense and obligations are developed from assumptions utilized in actuarial valuations. The most significant of these assumptions include the discount rate and expected return on plan assets. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, actual results that differ from the assumptions are accumulated and deferred over future periods. While management believes the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect our plan obligations and future expense.


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The expected rates of return on the various defined benefit pension plans’ assets are based on the asset allocation of each plan and the long-term projected return of those assets, which represent a diversified mix of U.S. and international corporate equities and government and corporate debt securities. In April 2002, we froze our U.S. defined benefit pension plan and discontinued our retiree medical program for certain current and all future employees. Consequently, no significant future service costs will be incurred on these plans. For 2008, the weighted average return on assets assumption was 8.50% for the U.S. plan and 5.15% for the international plans. A change in the rate of return of 1% would impact annual benefit plan expense by approximately $4.7 million after tax. During 2008, our actual return on pension plan assets was a loss of $118.7 million or approximately 16% of pension plan assets due to the recent decline in global stock markets. These losses contributed to an increase in accumulated other comprehensive loss in our consolidated statement of shareholders’ equity of $48.5 million during 2008.
 
The discount rates for defined benefit and post-retirement plans are set by benchmarking against high-quality corporate bonds. For 2008, the average discount rate assumption was 6.25% for the U.S. plans and 3.95% for the international plans, representing a weighted average of local rates in countries where such plans exist. A decrease in the discount rate of 1% would impact annual benefit plan expense by approximately $1.6 million after tax.
 
In 2008 and 2007, we made voluntary incremental funding payments of $5.0 million and $7.7 million to reduce the underfunded status and increase the funded status of our U.S. pension plan, respectively. In the future, we may make additional mandatory or discretionary contributions to our plan or we could be required to make additional cash funding payments.
 
Equity compensation
 
We also have an equity incentive plan that provides for the grant of stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other equity-based awards which, as of January 1, 2006, are accounted for and recognized in the consolidated statement of operations based on the grant-date fair value of the award under SFAS No. 123R, “Share-Based Payment” (“SFAS 123R”). Prior to January 1, 2006, these equity awards were accounted for under the intrinsic value method pursuant to Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” and related interpretations. These methodologies yield an estimate of fair value based in part on a number of management estimates, the most significant of which include future volatility and estimated option lives. Changes in these assumptions could significantly impact the estimated fair value of stock options.
 
Trade accounts receivable
 
As of December 31, 2008 trade accounts receivable were $348.6 million, net of a $12.0 million allowance for doubtful accounts.
 
Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts represents our best estimate of probable credit losses in our existing trade accounts receivable. We determine the allowance based upon a review of both specific accounts for collection and the age of the accounts receivable portfolio.
 
Inventory
 
As of December 31, 2008, inventories were $170.6 million.
 
We record our inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost, which includes direct materials, labor and overhead, is generally determined using the first in, first out (FIFO) method. The estimated net realizable value is based on assumptions for future demand and related pricing. Adjustments to the cost basis of our inventory are made for excess and obsolete items based on usage, orders and technological obsolescence. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, reductions in the value of inventory may be required.


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Goodwill and other intangible assets
 
As of December 31, 2008, our consolidated balance sheet included goodwill of $424.4 million and other intangible assets of $96.3 million.
 
Our business acquisitions typically result in goodwill and other intangible assets, which affect the amount of future period amortization expense and possible impairment expense that we will incur. The determination of the value of such intangible assets requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect our consolidated financial statements.
 
In accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”), our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but are evaluated for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. The evaluation is based on valuation models that estimate fair value based on expected future cash flows and profitability projections. In preparing the valuation models, we consider a number of factors, including operating results, business plans, economic conditions, future cash flows and transactions and market place data. There are inherent uncertainties related to these factors and our judgment in applying them to the impairment analyses. The most significant of these estimates and assumptions within our fair value models include estimated cash flows resulting from estimates of sales growth and controllable cost growth, perpetual growth, effective tax rates and discount rates. Our assessments to date have indicated that there has been no impairment of these assets.
 
Should any of these estimates or assumptions in the preceding paragraphs change, or should we incur lower than expected operating performance or cash flows, including from a prolonged economic slowdown, we may experience a triggering event that requires a new fair value assessment for our reporting units, possibly prior to the required annual assessment. These types of events and resulting analysis could result in impairment charges for goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets if the fair value estimate declines below the carrying value.
 
Our amortization expense related to intangible assets with finite lives may materially change should our estimates of their useful lives change.
 
Income taxes
 
Income tax expense and deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect management’s assessment of actual future taxes to be paid on items in the consolidated financial statements. We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. While we have considered future taxable income and ongoing prudent and feasible tax planning strategies in assessing the need for the valuation allowance, in the event we were to determine that we would be able to realize our deferred tax assets in the future in excess of the net recorded amount, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would increase income, equity or goodwill in the period such determination was made. Likewise, should we determine that we would not be able to realize all or part of the net deferred tax asset in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would be charged to income in the period such determination was made.
 
We plan to repatriate earnings from China, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and certain other countries in future years. All other undistributed earnings are considered to be permanently invested and we currently believe that there will be no additional cost associated with the repatriation of such foreign earnings other than withholding taxes.
 
The significant assumptions and estimates described in the preceding paragraphs are important contributors to our ultimate effective tax rate for each year in addition to our income mix from geographical regions. If any of our assumptions or estimates were to change, or should our income mix from our geographical regions change, our effective tax rate could be materially affected. Based on earnings before taxes of $266.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, each increase of $2.6 million in tax expense would increase our effective tax rate by 1%.


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Revenue recognition
 
Revenue is recognized when title to a product has transferred and any significant customer obligations have been fulfilled. Standard shipping terms are generally FOB shipping point in most countries and, accordingly, title transfers upon shipment. In countries where title cannot legally transfer before delivery, we defer revenue recognition until delivery has occurred. Other than a few small software applications, we do not sell software products without the related hardware instrument as the software is embedded in the instrument. The Company’s products typically require no significant production, modification or customization of the hardware or software that is essential to the functionality of the products. To the extent our solutions have a post-shipment obligation, such as customer acceptance, revenue is deferred until the obligation has been completed. In addition, we also defer revenue where installation is required, unless such installation is deemed perfunctory. We generally maintain the right to accept or reject a product return in our terms and conditions and we also maintain appropriate accruals for outstanding credits. Further, certain products are also sold through indirect distribution channels whereby the distributor assumes any further obligations to the customer upon title transfer. Revenue is recognized on these products upon title transfer and risk of loss to its distributors. Distributor discounts are offset against revenue at the time such revenue is recognized. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in total net sales and the associated expense is recorded in cost of sales for all periods presented.
 
Service revenue not under contract is recognized upon the completion of the service performed. Spare parts sold on a stand-alone basis are recognized upon title transfer which is generally at the time of shipment. Revenues from service contracts are recognized ratably over the contract period. These contracts represent an obligation to perform repair and other services including regulatory compliance qualification, calibration, certification and preventative maintenance on a customer’s pre-defined equipment over the contract period. Service contracts are separately priced and payment is typically received from the customer at the beginning of the contract period.
 
Warranty
 
We generally offer one-year warranties on most of our products. Product warranties are recorded at the time revenue is recognized for certain product shipments. While we engage in extensive product quality programs and processes, our warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service costs incurred in correcting a product failure. If we experience claims or significant cost changes in material, freight and vendor charges, our cost of goods sold could be affected.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 2 to the audited consolidated financial statements.
 
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Discussion of this item is included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
The financial statements required by this item are set forth starting on page F-1 and the related financial schedule is set forth on page S-1.
 
Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.


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Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures
 
Conclusions Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures and Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective. There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2008 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.
 
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008. In making this assessment, we used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control — Integrated Framework. Based on our assessment, we concluded that, as of December 31, 2008, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is effective.
 
PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm that audited the financial statements included in this Report on Form 10-K, has issued an attestation in their report on our internal control over financial reporting which appears on page F-2.
 
Item 9B.    Other Information
 
None.


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PART III
 
Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers of the Registrant and Corporate Governance
 
The executive officers of the Company are set forth below. Officers are appointed by the Board of Directors and serve at the discretion of the Board.
 
             
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Robert F. Spoerry (1)
    53     Chairman of the Board of Directors
Olivier A. Filliol
    42     President and Chief Executive Officer
William P. Donnelly
    47     Chief Financial Officer
Peter Bürker
    63     Head of Human Resources
Thomas Caratsch
    50     Head of Laboratory
Hans-Peter von Arb
    54     Head of Retail
Joakim Weidemanis
    39     Head of Product Inspection
Urs Widmer
    58     Head of Industrial
 
 
(1) Mr. Spoerry was Executive Chairman in 2008 and is serving as Chairman as of January 1, 2009.
 
Robert F. Spoerry has been a director since October 1996. Mr. Spoerry was President and Chief Executive Officer of the company from 1993 to 2007. He served as Head of Industrial and Retail (Europe) of the Company from 1987 to 1993. Mr. Spoerry has been Chairman of the Board of Directors since May 1998 and served as Executive Chairman in 2008.
 
Olivier A. Filliol has been a director since January 2009. He has been President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company since January 1, 2008. Mr. Filliol served as Head of Global Sales, Service and Marketing of the Company from April 2004 to December 2007, and Head of Process Analytics of the Company from June 1999 to December 2007. From June 1998 to June 1999, he served as General Manager of the Company’s U.S. checkweighing operations. Prior to joining the Company, he was a Strategy Consultant with the international consulting firm Bain & Company, working in the Geneva, Paris and Sydney offices.
 
William P. Donnelly has been Chief Financial Officer of the Company since August 2004. From July 2002 to August 2004, he was Head of Product Inspection and the Company’s pipette business, and he was Chief Financial Officer of the Company from 1997 to July 2002.
 
Peter Bürker has been Head of Human Resources of the Company since 1995. From 1992 to 1994, he was the Company’s General Manager in Spain, and from 1989 to 1991, he headed the Company’s operations in Italy.
 
Thomas Caratsch has been Head of Laboratory of the Company since January 2008. From October 2007 to December 2007, he served as the Head of Business Development. Prior to joining the Company in October 2007, he held various management positions with Hoffmann La Roche from 1987 to March 2007, including Head of Disetronic Medical Systems AG from January 2003 to August 2006.
 
Hans-Peter von Arb has been Head of Retail of the Company since June 2006. From 2001 until June 2006, he served as the Head of the Company’s Load Cell Competence Center. From 1996 to 2000, he held various management positions with the Company in Switzerland and Germany. Prior to joining the Company in 1996, he worked in the field of industrial laser systems.
 
Joakim Weidemanis has been Head of Product Inspection of the Company since January 2006. From August 2005 to January 2006, he served as Head of Business Development of the Product Inspection Division. Prior to joining the Company, he held various management positions at ABB, including from July 2000 to August 2005 when he served as President of the North American water metering systems business and from early 2004 as the Head of the global water metering division that became Elster Water Metering Systems.
 
Urs Widmer has been Head of Industrial since 2001. From 1984 to 2001, he served in various management functions within the Company, including most recently Head of Standard Industrial (Europe) from 1995 to


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1999. Prior to 1984, he held various management positions with Siemens, a global manufacturer of solutions for information and communications, automation and control, power and transportation.
 
CEO and CFO Certifications
 
Our CEO certifies annually to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) certifying the Company’s compliance with NYSE listing rules pursuant to Section 303A.12(a) of the NYSE Listed Company Manual. The most recent annual affirmation was submitted in 2008 without any qualification.
 
Our CEO and CFO also provide certifications pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 in connection with our quarterly and annual financial statement filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The certifications relating to this annual report are attached as Exhibits 31.1 and 31.2.
 
The remaining information called for by this item is incorporated by reference from the discussion in the sections “Proposal One: Election of Directors,” “Board of Directors — General Information,” “Board of Directors — Operation” and “Additional Information — Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in the 2009 Proxy Statement.
 
Item 11.    Executive Compensation
 
The information appearing in the sections captioned “Board of Directors — General Information — Director Compensation,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Compensation Committee Report” and “Additional Information — Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” in the 2009 Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein.
 
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The information appearing in the sections “Share Ownership” and “Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans as of December 31, 2008” in the 2009 Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein.
 
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
 
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions — None.
 
Director Independence — The information in the section “Board of Directors — General Information — Independence of the Board” in the 2009 Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein.
 
Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services
 
Information appearing in the section “Audit Committee Report” in the 2009 Proxy Statement is incorporated by reference herein.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a) Exhibits, Financial Statements and Schedules:
 
1.  Financial Statements. See Index to Consolidated Financial Statements included on page F-1.
 
2.  Financial Statement Schedule. See Schedule II, which is included on page S-1.
 
3.  List of Exhibits. See Exhibit Index included on page E-1.


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Table of Contents

 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Mettler-Toledo International Inc.
(Registrant)
 
Date: February 13, 2009
 
  By: 
/s/   Olivier A. Filliol
Olivier A. Filliol
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant as of the date set out above and in the capacities indicated.
 
         
Signature
 
Title
 
     
/s/   Olivier A. Filliol

Olivier A. Filliol
  President and Chief Executive Officer
     
/s/   William P. Donnelly

William P. Donnelly
  Group Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal financial and accounting officer)
     
/s/   Olivier A. Filliol

Olivier A. Filliol
  Director
     
/s/   Wah-Hui Chu

Wah-Hui Chu
  Director
     
/s/   Francis A. Contino

Francis A. Contino
  Director
     
/s/   Michael A. Kelly

Michael A. Kelly
  Director
     
/s/   Hans Ulrich Maerki

Hans Ulrich Maerki
  Director
     
/s/   George M. Milne

George M. Milne
  Director
     
/s/   Thomas P. Salice

Thomas P. Salice
  Director
     
/s/   Robert F. Spoerry

Robert F. Spoerry
  Director


41


Table of Contents

EXHIBIT INDEX
 
         
Exhibit
   
No.
 
Description
 
  3 .1   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (1)
  3 .2   Amended By-laws of the Company, effective as of February 8, 2007 (2)
  4 .6   Rights Agreement dated as of August 26, 2002 between the Company and Mellon Investor Services LLC, as Rights Agent, which includes as Exhibit A thereto, the Certificate of Designation, as Exhibit B thereto, the Form of Rights Certificate, and as Exhibit C thereto, the Summary of Rights to Purchase Preferred Shares (3)
  10 .1   Credit Agreement among Mettler-Toledo International Inc., certain of its subsidiaries, JP Morgan Chase, N.A., J.P. Morgan Securities Inc. and Banc of America Securities LLC and certain other financial institutions, dated as of August 15, 2008 (4)
  10 .11   Indenture, dated as of November 12, 2003 (11)
  10 .20   1997 Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan (5)
  10 .21   Amendment to the 1997 Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan (6)
  10 .22   Mettler-Toledo International Inc. 2004 Equity Incentive Plan (7)
  10 .23   Mettler-Toledo International Inc. 2007 Share Plan, effective February 7, 2008 (8)
  10 .31*   Regulations of the POBS PLUS — Incentive Scheme for Senior Management of Mettler Toledo, effective as of November, 2006
  10 .32*   Regulations of the POBS PLUS — Incentive Scheme for Members of the Group Management of Mettler Toledo, effective as of January, 2009
  10 .51   Employment Agreement between Robert Spoerry and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of November 1, 2007 (9)
  10 .52   Employment Agreement between William Donnelly and Mettler-Toledo GmbH, dated as of November 10, 1997 (1)
  10 .53   Employment Agreement between Olivier Filliol and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of November 1, 2007 (9)
  10 .54   Employment Agreement between Urs Widmer and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of November 5, 2001 (10)
  10 .55   Employment Agreement between Joakim Weidemanis and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of May 23, 2005 (12)
  10 .56   Employment Agreement between Hans-Peter von Arb and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of April 11, 2006 (12)
  10 .57   Employment Agreement between Thomas Caratsch and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated as of December 4, 2007 (8)
  10 .58   Form of Tax Equalization Agreement between Messrs. Bürker, Caratsch, Filliol, Lang, Lüthi, Spoerry, von Arb and Widmer and Mettler-Toledo International Inc., dated October 10, 2007 (8)
  21 *   Subsidiaries of the Company
  23 .1*   Consent of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
  31 .1*   Certification of the Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  31 .2*   Certification of the Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  32 *   Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
 
(1) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-K dated March 13, 1998
 
(2) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-K dated February 16, 2007
 
(3) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 8-K/A filed on August 29, 2002
 
(4) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 8-K dated August 15, 2008
 
(5) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Reg. No. 333-35597)


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Table of Contents

 
(6) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-Q dated August 15, 2000
 
(7) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Form DEF 14-A filed March 29, 2004
 
(8) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-K dated February 15, 2008
 
(9) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 8-K dated November 1, 2007
 
(10) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-K dated March 4, 2002
 
(11) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-K dated March 15, 2004
 
(12) Incorporated by reference to the Company’s Report on Form 10-Q dated July 28, 2006
 
Filed herewith


E-2


 

METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
         
    Page
 
    F-2  
    F-3  
    F-4  
    F-5  
    F-6  
    F-7  


F-1


Table of Contents

 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders
of Mettler-Toledo International Inc.
 
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing on page F-1 present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Mettler-Toledo International Inc. at December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedules listed in the index appearing on page S-1 present fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedules, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedules, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
 
As described in Note 13 effective January 1, 2007 the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for uncertain tax positions.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
/s/   PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
 
Columbus, Ohio
February 12, 2009


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
For the years ended December 31
(In thousands, except share data)
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Net sales
                       
Products
  $ 1,532,823     $ 1,387,519     $ 1,230,360  
Service
    440,521       406,229       364,552  
                         
Total net sales
    1,973,344       1,793,748       1,594,912  
Cost of sales
                       
Products
    701,642       641,232       574,550  
Service
    278,621       256,335       229,930  
                         
Gross profit
    993,081       896,181       790,432  
Research and development
    102,282       92,378       82,802  
Selling, general and administrative
    579,806       529,126       481,709  
Amortization
    10,553       11,682       11,503  
Interest expense
    25,390       21,003       17,492  
Other charges (income), net
    8,981       (875 )     (7,921 )
                         
Earnings before taxes
    266,069       242,867       204,847  
Provision for taxes
    63,291       64,360       47,315  
                         
Net earnings
  $ 202,778     $ 178,507     $ 157,532  
                         
Basic earnings per common share:
                       
Net earnings
  $ 5.92     $ 4.82     $ 3.93  
Weighted average number of common shares
    34,250,310       37,025,209       40,065,951  
Diluted earnings per common share:
                       
Net earnings
  $ 5.79     $ 4.70     $ 3.86  
Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares
    35,048,859       37,952,923       40,785,708  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
As of December 31
(In thousands, except share data)
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 78,073     $ 81,222  
Trade accounts receivable, less allowances of $11,965 in 2008 and
$8,804 in 2007
    348,614       354,596  
Inventories
    170,613       173,725  
Current deferred tax assets, net
    35,756       37,643  
Other current assets and prepaid expenses
    37,809       36,023  
                 
Total current assets
    670,865       683,209  
Property, plant and equipment, net
    285,008       265,665  
Goodwill
    424,426       440,767  
Other intangible assets, net
    96,295       100,020  
Non-current deferred tax assets, net
    92,958       65,129  
Other non-current assets
    92,977       123,424  
                 
Total assets
  $ 1,662,529     $ 1,678,214  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Trade accounts payable
  $ 111,442     $ 127,109  
Accrued and other liabilities
    83,844       73,661  
Accrued compensation and related items
    115,430       130,140  
Deferred revenue and customer prepayments
    51,665       52,703  
Taxes payable
    44,507       42,438  
Current deferred tax liabilities
    8,218       10,152  
Short-term borrowings
    12,492       11,570  
                 
Total current liabilities
    427,598       447,773  
Long-term debt
    441,588       385,072  
Non-current deferred tax liabilities
    111,048       101,500  
Other non-current liabilities
    179,048       162,583  
                 
Total liabilities
    1,159,282       1,096,928  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15) 
               
Shareholders’ equity:
               
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares
           
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share; authorized 125,000,000 shares; issued 44,786,011 and 44,786,011 shares, outstanding 33,595,303 and 35,638,483 shares at December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively
    448       448  
Additional paid-in capital
    559,772       548,378  
Treasury stock at cost (11,190,708 shares in 2008 and 9,147,528 shares in 2007)
    (873,601 )     (662,393 )
Retained earnings
    848,489       652,236  
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
    (31,861 )     42,617  
                 
Total shareholders’ equity
    503,247       581,286  
                 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
  $ 1,662,529     $ 1,678,214  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the years ended December 31
(In thousands, except share data)
 
                                                         
                                  Accumulated
       
                Additional
                Other
       
    Common Stock     Paid-In
    Treasury
    Retained
    Comprehensive
       
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Stock     Earnings     (Loss) Income     Total  
 
Balance at December 31, 2005
    41,404,071     $ 448     $ 457,129     $ (170,325 )   $ 417,075     $ (45,325 )   $ 659,002  
Exercise of stock options and restricted stock units
    1,166,612                   61,388       (30,956 )           30,432  
Common stock issued as equity compensation
    1,000             8       53                   61  
Repurchases of common stock
    (4,141,559 )                 (265,935 )                 (265,935 )
Reclassification related to treasury stock reissuances
                49,960             (49,960 )            
Tax benefit resulting from exercise of certain employee stock options
                13,527                         13,527  
Share-based compensation
                8,239                         8,239  
Adoption of SFAS 158 recognition provision, net of tax
                                  19,638       19,638  
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net earnings
                            157,532             157,532  
Change in currency translation adjustment
                                  10,570       10,570  
Pension adjustment, net of tax
                                  (2,204 )     (2,204 )
                                                         
Total comprehensive income
                                                    165,898  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2006
    38,430,124     $ 448     $ 528,863     $ (374,819 )   $ 493,691     $ (17,321 )   $ 630,862  
Exercise of stock options and restricted stock units
    593,090                   37,025       (15,851 )           21,174  
Repurchases of common stock
    (3,384,731 )                 (324,599 )                 (324,599 )
Tax benefit resulting from exercise of certain employee stock options
                11,373                         11,373  
Share-based compensation
                8,142                         8,142  
Adoption of FIN 48
                            (4,111 )           (4,111 )
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net earnings
                            178,507             178,507  
Change in currency translation adjustment
                                  27,941       27,941  
Pension adjustment, net of tax
                                  31,997       31,997  
                                                         
Total comprehensive income
                                                    238,445  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2007
    35,638,483     $ 448     $ 548,378     $ (662,393 )   $ 652,236     $ 42,617     $ 581,286  
Exercise of stock options and restricted stock units
    172,248                   12,138       (6,910 )           5,228  
Other treasury stock issuances
    16,760                   1,149       352             1,501  
Repurchases of common stock
    (2,232,188 )                 (224,495 )                 (224,495 )
Tax benefit resulting from exercise of certain employee stock options
                2,696                         2,696  
Share-based compensation
                8,698                         8,698  
Adoption of SFAS 158 measurement date provision, net of tax
                            33       (107 )     (74 )
Comprehensive income:
                                                       
Net earnings
                            202,778             202,778  
Unrealized loss on cash flow hedging arrangements, net of tax
                                  (2,593 )     (2,593 )
Change in currency translation adjustment, net of tax
                                  (23,242 )     (23,242 )
Pension adjustment, net of tax
                                  (48,536 )     (48,536 )
                                                         
Total comprehensive income
                                                    128,407  
                                                         
Balance at December 31, 2008
    33,595,303     $ 448     $ 559,772     $ (873,601 )   $ 848,489     $ (31,861 )   $ 503,247  
                                                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the years ended December 31
(In thousands)
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
Net earnings
  $ 202,778     $ 178,507     $ 157,532  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation
    28,987       26,664       26,069  
Amortization
    10,553       11,682       11,503  
Deferred tax provision
    4,137       22,234       7,365  
Excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements
    (1,609 )     (9,573 )     (11,336 )
Gain from sale of property, plant and equipment
    (3,359 )     (703 )     (1,001 )
Share-based compensation
    8,698       8,142       8,239  
Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in:
                       
Trade accounts receivable, net
    53       (28,161 )     (20,066 )
Inventories
    (398 )     (13,522 )     11,379  
Other current assets
    (3,713 )     (8,959 )     2,594  
Trade accounts payable
    (15,945 )     26,404       1,958  
Taxes payable
    5,416       (4,199 )     (19,568 )
Accruals and other
    (11,834 )     19,701       16,898  
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    223,764       228,217       191,566  
                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
    13,307       6,263       4,181  
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
    (61,008 )     (47,545 )     (34,329 )
Acquisitions
    (999 )     (106 )     (790 )
                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (48,700 )     (41,388 )     (30,938 )
                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Proceeds from borrowings
    306,602       132,298       119,989  
Repayments of borrowings
    (259,566 )     (102,199 )     (234,602 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    5,228       21,217       30,453  
Repurchases of common stock
    (229,671 )     (324,870 )     (264,640 )
Excess tax benefits from share-based payment arrangements
    1,609       9,573       11,336  
Refinancing fees
    (3,349 )            
                         
Net cash used in financing activities
    (179,147 )     (263,981 )     (337,464 )
                         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    934       7,105       3,527  
                         
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (3,149 )     (70,047 )     (173,309 )
                         
Cash and cash equivalents:
                       
Beginning of period
    81,222       151,269       324,578  
                         
End of period
  $ 78,073     $ 81,222     $ 151,269  
                         
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
                       
Cash paid during the year for:
                       
Interest
  $ 21,904     $ 19,895     $ 16,845  
Taxes
  $ 53,332     $ 31,422     $ 48,151  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


F-6


Table of Contents

METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
1.   BUSINESS DESCRIPTION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
Mettler-Toledo International Inc. (“Mettler-Toledo” or the “Company”) is a leading global supplier of precision instruments and services. The Company manufactures weighing instruments for use in laboratory, industrial, packaging, logistics and food retailing applications. The Company also manufactures several related analytical instruments and provides automated chemistry solutions used in drug and chemical compound discovery and development. In addition, the Company manufactures metal detection and other end-of-line inspection systems used in production and packaging and provides solutions for use in certain process analytics applications. The Company’s primary manufacturing facilities are located in China, Germany, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Company’s principal executive offices are located in Greifensee, Switzerland and Columbus, Ohio.
 
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and include all entities in which the Company has control, which are its majority-owned subsidiaries.
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, as well as disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results may differ from those estimates.
 
All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.
 
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation, primarily a $16.1 million reclassification of capitalized software, net from other non-current assets to property, plant and equipment, net as of December 31, 2007.
 
2.   SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
   Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Cash and cash equivalents include highly liquid investments with original maturity dates of three months or less. The carrying value of these cash equivalents approximates fair value.
 
   Trade Accounts Receivable
 
Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts represents the Company’s best estimate of probable credit losses in its existing trade accounts receivable. The Company determines the allowance based upon a review of both specific accounts for collection and the age of the accounts receivable portfolio.
 
   Inventories
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost, which includes direct materials, labor and overhead, is generally determined using the first in, first out (FIFO) method. The estimated net realizable value is based on assumptions for future demand and related pricing. Adjustments to the cost basis of our inventory are made for excess and obsolete items based on usage, orders and technological obsolescence. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, reductions in the value of inventory may be required.


F-7


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
   Long-Lived Assets
 
   a)  Property, Plant and Equipment
 
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Repair and maintenance costs are charged to expense as incurred. In accordance with Statement of Position 98-1, “Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use” (“SOP 98-1”), the Company expenses all internal-use software costs incurred in the preliminary project stage and capitalizes certain direct costs associated with the development and purchase of internal-use software within property, plant and equipment. Capitalized costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the software, generally not exceeding 10 years. Depreciation and amortization are charged on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
 
     
Buildings and improvements
  15 to 50 years
Machinery and equipment
  3 to 12 years
Computer software
  3 to 10 years
Leasehold improvements
  Shorter of useful life or lease term
 
   b)  Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
In accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”), goodwill, representing the excess of purchase price over the net asset value of companies acquired, and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but are reviewed for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset might be impaired. The annual evaluation is based on valuation models that estimate fair value based on expected future cash flows and profitability projections.
 
Other intangible assets also include definite-lived assets which are subject to amortization. Where applicable, amortization is charged on a straight-line basis over the expected period to be benefited. The straight-line method of amortization reflects an appropriate allocation of the cost of the intangible assets to earnings in proportion to the amount of economic benefits obtained by the Company in each reporting period. The Company assesses the recoverability of other intangible assets subject to amortization in accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets” (“SFAS 144”).
 
   Accounting for Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
In accordance with SFAS 144, the Company assesses the need to record impairment losses on long-lived assets with finite lives when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable. An impairment loss would be recognized when future estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from use of the asset are less than the asset’s carrying value, with the loss measured at fair value based on discounted expected cash flows.
 
   Taxation
 
The Company files tax returns in each jurisdiction in which it operates. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in the respective jurisdictions in which the Company operates. In assessing the ability to realize deferred tax assets,


F-8


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
 
Deferred taxes are not provided on the unremitted earnings of subsidiaries outside of the United States when it is expected that these earnings are permanently reinvested. Such earnings may become taxable upon the sale or liquidation of these subsidiaries or upon the remittance of dividends. Deferred taxes are provided when the Company no longer considers subsidiary earnings to be permanently invested, such as in situations where the Company’s subsidiaries plan to make future dividend distributions.
 
The Company recognizes accrued amounts of interest and penalties related to its uncertain tax positions as part of income tax expense within its consolidated statement of operations.
 
   Currency Translation and Transactions
 
The reporting currency for the consolidated financial statements of the Company is the U.S. dollar. The functional currency for the Company’s operations is generally the applicable local currency. Accordingly, the assets and liabilities of companies whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar are included in the consolidated financial statements by translating the assets and liabilities into the reporting currency at the exchange rates applicable at the end of the reporting period. The statements of operations and cash flows of such non-U.S. dollar functional currency operations are translated at the monthly average exchange rates during the year. Translation gains or losses are accumulated in other comprehensive (loss) income in the consolidated statements of shareholders’ equity. Transaction gains and losses are included as a component of net earnings.
 
   Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue is recognized when title to a product has transferred and any significant customer obligations have been fulfilled. Standard shipping terms are generally FOB shipping point in most countries and, accordingly, title transfers upon shipment. In countries where title cannot legally transfer before delivery, the Company defers revenue recognition until delivery has occurred. Other than a few small software applications, the Company does not sell software products without the related hardware instrument as the software is embedded in the instrument. The Company’s products typically require no significant production, modification or customization of the hardware or software that is essential to the functionality of the products. To the extent the Company’s solutions have a post-shipment obligation, such as customer acceptance, revenue is deferred until the obligation has been completed. In addition, the Company defers revenue where installation is required, unless such installation is deemed perfunctory. The Company generally maintains the right to accept or reject a product return in its terms and conditions and also maintains appropriate accruals for outstanding credits. Further, certain products are also sold through indirect distribution channels whereby the distributor assumes any further obligations to the customer upon title transfer. Revenue is recognized on these products upon title transfer and risk of loss to its distributors. Distributor discounts are offset against revenue at the time such revenue is recognized. Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are included in total net sales and the associated expense is recorded in cost of sales for all periods presented.
 
Service revenue not under contract is recognized upon the completion of the service performed. Spare parts sold on a stand-alone basis are recognized upon title transfer which is generally at the time of shipment. Revenues from service contracts are recognized ratably over the contract period. These contracts represent an obligation to perform repair and other services including regulatory compliance qualification, calibration, certification and preventative maintenance on a customer’s pre-defined equipment over the contract period. Service contracts are separately priced and payment is typically received from the customer at the beginning of the contract period.


F-9


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
   Research and Development
 
Research and development costs primarily consist of salaries, consulting and other costs. The Company expenses these costs as incurred.
 
   Warranty
 
The Company generally offers one-year warranties on most of its products. Product warranties are recorded at the time revenue is recognized for certain product shipments. While the Company engages in extensive product quality programs and processes, its warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates, material usage and service costs incurred in correcting a product failure.
 
   Employee Termination Benefits
 
In situations where contractual termination benefits exist, the Company records accruals for employee termination benefits when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability is reasonably estimable. All other employee termination arrangements are recognized and measured at their fair value at the communication date unless the employee is required to render additional service beyond the legal notification period, in which case the liability is recognized ratably over the future service period.
 
   Earnings per Common Share
 
In accordance with the treasury stock method, the Company has included 798,549, 927,714 and 719,757 equivalent shares in the calculation of diluted weighted average number of common shares for the years ending December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively, relating to outstanding stock options and restricted stock units.
 
Outstanding options to purchase 564,487, 146,125 and 416,375 shares of common stock for the years ending December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively, have been excluded from the calculation of diluted weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares as such options would be anti-dilutive.
 
   Equity-Based Compensation
 
The Company applies the fair value methodology under SFAS No. 123R, “Share-Based Compensation” (“SFAS 123R”), and related interpretations in accounting for its equity-based compensation plan.
 
   Derivative Financial Instruments
 
The Company has only limited involvement with derivative financial instruments and does not use them for trading purposes. As described more fully in Note 4, the Company enters into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to economically hedge certain short-term intercompany balances involving its international businesses. Such contracts limit the Company’s exposure to currency fluctuations on the items they hedge. These contracts are adjusted to fair market value as of each balance sheet date, with the resulting changes in fair value being recognized in the appropriate financial statement caption in the income statement consistent with the underlying hedged item.
 
The Company also enters into certain interest rate swap agreements in order to manage its exposure to changes in interest rates. The differential paid or received on interest rate swap agreements is recognized in interest expense over the life of the agreements as incurred. The Company’s fixed to floating interest rate swap agreements are accounted for as fair value hedges. The change in fair value of outstanding interest rate swap agreements that are effective as fair value hedges is recognized in earnings as incurred and is offset by the change in fair value of the hedged item. The Company’s floating to fixed interest rate swap agreements are


F-10


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
accounted for as cash flow hedges. The change in fair value of the outstanding interest rate swap agreements that are effective as cash flow hedges is recognized in other comprehensive (loss) income as incurred.
 
   Fair Value Measurements
 
The Company measures or monitors certain assets and liabilities on a fair value basis. Fair value is used on a recurring basis for assets and liabilities in which fair value is the primary basis of accounting, mainly derivative instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, the Company considers the principal or most advantageous market in which it would transact and considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability. The Company applies the fair value hierarchy in accordance with SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”), and when possible looks to active and observable markets to price identical assets and liabilities. If identical assets and liabilities are not traded in active markets, the Company looks to market observable data for similar assets and liabilities.
 
   New Accounting Pronouncements
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141R, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141R”), which revises SFAS No. 141 and changes multiple aspects of the accounting for business combinations. Under the guidance in SFAS No. 141R, the acquisition method must be used, which requires the acquirer to recognize most identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and noncontrolling interests in the acquiree at their full fair value on the acquisition date. Goodwill is to be recognized as the excess of the consideration transferred plus the fair value of the noncontrolling interest over the fair values of the identifiable net assets acquired. Subsequent changes in the fair value of contingent consideration classified as a liability are to be recognized in earnings, while contingent consideration classified as equity is not to be remeasured. Costs such as transaction costs are to be excluded from acquisition accounting and restructuring costs that do not meet certain criteria at acquisition date are to be subsequently recognized as post-acquisition costs. SFAS No. 141R will be effective for the Company beginning after January 1, 2009 and will impact business combination transactions that close subsequent to that date.
 
In January 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 157-2, “Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 157” (“FSP 157-2”). FSP 157-2 delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for all nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually) until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe that the adoption of FSP 157-2 on January 1, 2009 will have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations or financial position. In October 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 157-3, “Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for that Asset is not Active” (FSP 157-3). FSP 157-3 clarifies the application of SFAS 157 in a market that is not active and provides key considerations to be used in determining the fair value of a financial asset when the market for that financial asset is not active. FSP 157-3 became effective upon issuance, including prior periods for which financial statements have been issued. Accordingly, the Company adopted FSP 157-3 during the current quarter. FSP 157-3 is consistent with our adoption of SFAS 157; therefore, the issuance of the standard did not impact the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position for the year ended December 31, 2008.
 
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” which amends SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” and expands the derivative-related disclosure requirements. SFAS No. 161 requires qualitative disclosures about


F-11


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
objectives and strategies for using derivatives, quantitative disclosures in tabular format of the fair values of derivative instruments and their gains and losses, and disclosures about credit-risk-related contingent features in derivative agreements. The standard also amended SFAS No. 107, “Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments,” to clarify the disclosure requirements with respect to derivative counterparty credit risk. SFAS 161 will be effective for the financial statements issued by the Company beginning January 1, 2009. The adoption of SFAS 161 will not impact the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.
 
In April 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets” (“FSP 142-3”). FSP 142-3 amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” FSP 142-3 requires an entity to consider its own historical experience in renewing or extending similar arrangements as well as entity-specific factors in determining the useful life of a recognized intangible asset. FSP 142-3 will be effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2009. The Company does not believe that the adoption of FSP 142-3 will have a material impact on its consolidated results of operations or financial position.
 
In January 2009, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 132(R)-1, “Employers’ Disclosures about Post-retirement Benefit Plan Assets” (“FSP 132(R)-1”). FSP 132(R)-1 requires additional disclosures about plan assets for defined benefit pension and other post-retirement benefit plans including major categories of plan assets, inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets, the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs on changes in plan assets for the period, significant concentrations of risk within plan assets and a description of how investment allocation decisions are made. FSP 132(R)-1 will be effective for the Company for the period ending December 31, 2009. The adoption of FSP 132(R)-1 will not impact the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.
 
3.   INVENTORY
 
Inventory consisted of the following at December 31:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Raw materials and parts
  $ 77,282     $ 86,852  
Work-in-progress
    32,403       28,102  
Finished goods
    60,928       58,771  
                 
    $ 170,613     $ 173,725  
                 
 
4.   FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
In October 2008, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement, designated as a cash flow hedge, which changed the floating rate interest payments associated with $150 million outstanding under the Company’s credit facility to a fixed obligation. This agreement has a maturity date of October 24, 2010. Under the swap, the Company will receive a floating interest rate based on LIBOR and pay a fixed interest rate of 2.70%. At December 31, 2008, the fair value of the swap was a loss of $4.3 million ($2.6 million net of tax).
 
In November 2003, the Company issued $150 million of seven-year Senior Notes (the “Senior Notes”). In connection with this issuance, the Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement, designated as a fair value hedge, which changes the fixed interest obligation associated with $30 million of the Senior Notes into a floating rate. This agreement has a maturity date of November 15, 2010. Under the swap, the Company will receive a fixed interest rate of 4.85% (i.e., the same rate as the Senior Notes) and pay interest at a rate of LIBOR


F-12


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
plus 0.22%. At December 31, 2008 and 2007, the fair value of the swap was a gain of $1.5 million and a gain of $0.6 million, respectively.
 
At December 31, 2008, the Company had outstanding foreign currency forward contracts with notional amounts of $113.3 million, in order to economically hedge short-term intercompany balances largely denominated in Swiss franc and other major European currencies with its foreign businesses. The net fair value of these contracts was inconsequential as of December 31, 2008 and a $0.6 million gain as of December 31, 2007.
 
The Company may be exposed to credit losses in the event of nonperformance by the counterparties to its derivative financial instrument contracts. Counterparties are established banks and financial institutions with high credit ratings. The Company believes that such counterparties will be able to fully satisfy their obligations under these contracts. The determination of fair value of these derivative instruments is described in Note 5, Fair Value Measurements.
 
5.   FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
On January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements”, except as it relates to nonfinancial assets pursuant to FSP 157-2 as described in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. SFAS 157 clarifies how companies are required to use a fair value measure for recognition and disclosure by establishing a common definition of fair value, a framework for measuring fair value and expanding disclosures about fair value measurements. The adoption of SFAS 157 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position.
 
As of December 31, 2008, the Company has derivative assets totaling $3.4 million and derivative liabilities totaling $6.2 million. These derivative assets and liabilities consist of foreign currency forward exchange contracts and interest rate swap agreements. The forward exchange contracts economically hedge short-term intercompany balances with the Company’s foreign businesses. One of the interest rate swap agreements changes the Company’s fixed interest obligation associated with $30 million of Senior Notes into a floating rate and is accounted for as a fair value hedge. A second interest rate swap agreement changes the floating rate interest payments associated with $150 million outstanding under the Company’s credit facility to a fixed obligation. This swap agreement is accounted for as a cash flow hedge.
 
The fair values of these instruments are estimated based upon inputs from current valuation information obtained from dealer quotes and priced with observable market assumptions and appropriate valuation adjustments for credit risk. The Company has evaluated the valuation methodologies used to develop the fair values by dealers in order to determine whether such valuations are representative of an exit price in the Company’s principal market. The Company has also considered both its own credit risk and counterparty credit risk in determining fair value and determined these adjustments were insignificant for the three- and twelve-month periods ended December 31, 2008.


F-13


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
6.   PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
 
Property, plant and equipment, net consisted of the following at December 31:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Land
  $ 49,523     $ 57,191  
Building and leasehold improvements
    173,620       166,652  
Machinery and equipment
    273,840       260,788  
Computer software
    47,632       20,455  
                 
      544,615       505,086  
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (259,607 )     (239,421 )
                 
    $ 285,008     $ 265,665  
                 
 
7.   GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
The following table shows the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the years ended December 31:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Balance at beginning of year
  $ 440,767     $ 432,871  
Goodwill acquired
    1,332       30  
Foreign currency translation and other
    (17,673 )     7,866  
                 
Balance at year end
  $ 424,426     $ 440,767  
                 
 
In accordance with SFAS 142, goodwill and indefinite-lived assets are reviewed for impairment on an annual basis in the fourth quarter. The Company completed its impairment review under SFAS 142 and determined that, through December 31, 2008, there had been no impairment of these assets.
 
The components of other intangible assets as of December 31 are as follows:
 
                                 
    2008     2007  
    Gross
    Accumulated
    Gross
    Accumulated
 
    Amount     Amortization     Amount     Amortization  
 
Customer relationships
  $ 73,772     $ (13,476 )   $ 73,946     $ (11,363 )
Proven technology and patents
    32,989       (20,452 )     32,079       (18,077 )
Tradename (finite life)
    1,803       (775 )     1,655       (654 )
Tradename (indefinite life)
    22,434             22,434        
                                 
    $ 130,998     $ (34,703 )   $ 130,114     $ (30,094 )
                                 
 
The annual aggregate amortization expense based on the current balance of other intangible assets is estimated at $4.6 million for 2009 to 2010, $4.4 million for 2011, $4.1 million for 2012 and $2.7 million for 2013. The non-indefinite-lived intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over periods ranging from 7 to 45 years. The straight-line method of amortization reflects an appropriate allocation of the cost of the intangible assets to earnings in proportion to the amount of economic benefits obtained by the Company in each reporting period. The weighted average amortization period of the non-indefinite-lived intangible assets acquired during 2008 is 11 years. Further, the weighted average amortization periods of the customer relationships, tradenames and proven technology and patents acquired during 2008 are 10 years, 10 years and 15 years, respectively.


F-14


Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The Company had amortization expense associated with the above intangible assets of $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2008 and $4.5 million for both the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006.
 
In addition to the above amortization, the Company recorded amortization expense associated with capitalized software of $5.9 million, $7.2 million and $7.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
8.   WARRANTY
 
The Company’s accrual for product warranties is included in accrued and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. Changes to the Company’s accrual for product warranties for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 are as follows:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
Balance at beginning of year
  $ 12,949     $ 10,977  
Accruals for warranties
    18,327       14,883  
Foreign currency translation
    641       1,010  
Payments/utilizations
    (19,095 )     (13,921 )
                 
Balance at year end
  $ 12,822     $ 12,949  
                 
 
9.   DEBT
 
Debt consisted of the following at December 31:
 
                 
    2008     2007  
 
$150 million Senior Notes, interest at 4.85%, due November 15, 2010
  $ 151,527     $ 150,574  
Less: unamortized discount
    (66 )     (100 )
                 
      151,461       150,474  
Revolving credit facilities, interest at LIBOR plus 0.70%
    277,785       222,932  
Other local arrangements
    24,834       23,236  
                 
      454,080       396,642  
Less: current portion
    (12,492 )     (11,570 )
                 
Long-term debt
  $ 441,588     $ 385,072  
                 
 
   Credit Agreement
 
On August 15, 2008, the Company entered into a $950 million new Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which replaced its $450 million Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the “Prior Credit Agreement”). The new Credit Agreement is provided by a group of financial institutions (similar to our Prior Credit Agreement) and has a maturity date of August 15, 2013. It is a revolving credit facility and is not subject to any scheduled principal payments prior to maturity. The obligations under the Credit Agreement are unsecured.
 
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at current market rates plus a margin based on the Company’s senior unsecured credit ratings, which was, as of December 31, 2008, set at LIBOR plus 0.70% (based on ratings of “BBB” by Standard & Poor’s and “Baa2” by Moody’s). The Company must also pay facility fees that are tied to its credit ratings. The Credit Agreement contains covenants, with which the Company was in compliance as of December 31, 2008, including maintaining a consolidated interest coverage ratio of more


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
than 3.5 to 1.0 and a consolidated leverage ratio of less than 3.25 to 1.0. The Credit Agreement also places certain limitations on the Company, including limiting the ability to incur liens or indebtedness at a subsidiary level. In addition, the Credit Agreement has several events of default, including upon a change of control. The Company capitalized $3.3 million in financing fees associated with the Credit Agreement which are amortized to interest expense through 2013. As of December 31, 2008, approximately $666.4 million was available under the facility.
 
   Senior Notes
 
In November 2003, the Company issued $150 million of 4.85% unsecured Senior Notes due November 15, 2010. The Senior Notes rank equally with all our unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. Interest is payable semi-annually in May and November. Discount and issuance costs approximated $1.2 million and are being amortized to interest expense over the seven-year term of the Senior Notes. At the Company’s option, the Senior Notes may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time at a redemption price equal to the greater of:
 
  •  the principal amount of the Senior Notes, or
 
  •  the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payments of principal and interest thereon discounted to the redemption date on a semi-annual basis at a comparable treasury rate plus a margin of 0.20%.
 
The Senior Notes contain limitations on the ability to incur liens and enter into sale and leaseback transactions exceeding 10% of the Company’s consolidated net worth.
 
   Other Local Arrangements
 
During 2006, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company issued and sold $10 million of redeemable equity instruments to one of the Company’s non-U.S. sponsored defined benefit plans. These instruments are redeemable beginning in July 2011 and, as such, are classified as long-term debt on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
 
The Company’s weighted average interest rate for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 was approximately 5% and 6%, respectively. The carrying value of the Company’s debt obligations approximates fair value.
 
10.   SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
   Common Stock
 
The number of authorized shares of the Company’s common stock is 125,000,000 shares with a par value of $0.01 per share. Holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote per share. At December 31, 2008, 4,905,172 shares of the Company’s common stock were reserved for issuance pursuant to the Company’s stock option plans.
 
   Preferred Stock
 
The Board of Directors, without further shareholder authorization, is authorized to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share in one or more series and to determine and fix the rights, preferences and privileges of each series, including dividend rights and preferences over dividends on the common stock and one or more series of the preferred stock, conversion rights, voting rights (in addition to those provided by law), redemption rights and the terms of any sinking fund therefore, and rights upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up, including preferences over the common stock and one or


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
more series of the preferred stock. The issuance of shares of preferred stock, or the issuance of rights to purchase such shares, may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of the Company or an unsolicited acquisition proposal.
 
   Restricted Stock Units
 
In 2008 and 2007, the Company granted 70,440 and 43,885 restricted stock units, respectively, to certain employees and directors. The weighted average grant-date fair value of the restricted stock units granted in 2008 and 2007 was $74.34 and $105.11 per unit, respectively, and the restricted units vest ratably over a five-year period. The total fair value of the restricted stock units on the date of grant for 2008 and 2007 of $5.2 million and $4.6 million, respectively, will be recorded as compensation expense ratably over the vesting period. Approximately $2.5 million and $1.7 million of compensation expense was recognized during the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
 
   Shareholder Rights Plan
 
On August 26, 2002, the Board of Directors adopted a Shareholder Rights Plan under which the Company declared a non-cash dividend of one right for each outstanding share of common stock. The Rights, which expire on September 5, 2012, entitle stockholders to buy one one-thousandth of a share of preferred stock at an exercise price of $150. The Rights were distributed to those stockholders of record as of close of business on September 5, 2002 and are attached to all certificates representing those shares of common stock.
 
The Rights Plan provides that should any person or group acquire, or announce a tender or exchange offer for 15% or more of the Company’s common stock, each Right, other than Rights held by the acquiring person or group, would entitle its holder to purchase a number of shares of the Company’s common stock for 50% of its then-current market value. Unless a 15% acquisition has occurred, the Rights may be redeemed by the Board of Directors of the Company at any time. The Rights Plan will not be triggered by a tender or exchange offer for all outstanding shares of the Company at a price and on terms that the Company’s Board of Directors determines to be adequate and in the best interest of the Company and its stockholders.
 
The Rights Plan exempts any stockholder that beneficially owned 15% or more of the Company’s common stock as of August 26, 2002. However, the Rights will become exercisable if, at any time after August 26, 2002, any of these stockholders acquire additional shares of the Company’s common stock in an amount which is greater than 2% of the Company’s outstanding common stock.
 
   Share Repurchase Program
 
The Company has a share repurchase program that was announced in 2004. Under the program, the Company has been authorized to buy back up to $1.5 billion of common shares. As of December 31, 2008, there were $416.6 million of remaining common shares authorized to be repurchased under the plan by December 31, 2010. The share repurchases are expected to be funded from cash balances, borrowings and cash generated from operating activities. Repurchases will be made through open market transactions, and the timing will depend on the level of acquisition activity, business and market conditions, the stock price, trading restrictions and other factors. The Company has purchased 15.2 million shares since the inception of the program through December 31, 2008.
 
During the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007, the Company spent $224.5 million and $324.6 million on the repurchase of 2,232,188 shares and 3,384,731 shares at an average price per share of $100.55 and $95.88, respectively. In addition, $5.2 million relating to the settlement of shares repurchased as of December 31, 2007 were cash settled during 2008. The Company reissued 139,780 shares and 567,205 shares held in treasury for the exercise of stock options during 2008 and 2007, respectively. In connection with prior reissuances during 2006,


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
the Company has reclassified amounts within stockholders’ equity to reflect the differential between treasury stock cost and option proceeds as part of retained earnings rather than additional paid-in capital.
 
The Company also reissued 16,760 shares held in treasury pursuant to its 2007 Share Plan, which extends certain eligible employees the option to receive a percentage of their annual bonus in shares of the Company’s stock.
 
   Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income consisted of the following at December 31:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Currency translation adjustment
  $ 11,727     $ 34,969     $ 7,028  
Unrealized loss on cash flow hedging arrangements, net of tax
    (2,593 )            
Pension and post-retirement benefit related items
    (63,518 )     6,411       (42,914 )
Deferred taxes on pension and post-retirement benefit related items
    22,523       1,237       18,565  
                         
Total accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
  $ (31,861 )   $ 42,617     $ (17,321 )
                         
 
11.   EQUITY INCENTIVE PLAN
 
The Company’s equity incentive plan provides employees and directors of the Company additional incentive to join and/or remain in the service of the Company as well as to maintain and enhance the long-term performance and profitability of the Company. The Company’s 2004 equity incentive plan was approved by shareholders on May 6, 2004 and provides that 3.5 million shares of common stock, plus any options outstanding under the Company’s prior option plan that terminate without being exercised, may be the subject of awards. Of the 3.5 million shares of common stock available for awards, up to 2.1 million shares may be issued in the form of restricted stock or restricted stock units. The plan provides for the grant of options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other equity-based awards. The exercise price of options granted shall not be less than the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the award. Options generally vest equally over a five-year period from the date of grant and have a maximum term of up to 10 years and six months. Restricted units vest equally over a five-year period from the date of grant. During 2005, the compensation committee of the Board of Directors determined to grant restricted share units to participating managers and non-qualified stock options to executive officers.
 
On January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS 123R and Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 107, “Share-Based Payments,” applying the modified prospective method. SFAS 123R requires all share-based compensation arrangements granted to employees, including stock option grants, to be recognized in the consolidated statement of operations based on the grant-date fair value of the award over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. Under the modified prospective method, the Company is required to record share-based compensation expense for all awards granted after the date of adoption and for the unvested portion of previously granted awards outstanding as of the date of adoption. Share-based compensation expense is recorded within selling, general and administrative in the consolidated statement of operations with a corresponding offset to additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheet.
 
During the first quarter of 2008, the Company granted 213,850 performance-based options, with a grant-date fair value of $32.20. Compensation expense will be recognized over the five-year vesting provisions based upon the probability of the performance condition being met.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The fair values of stock options granted were calculated using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The aggregate intrinsic value of an option is the amount by which the fair value of the underlying stock exceeds its exercise price. The following table summarizes all stock option activity from December 31, 2007 through December 31, 2008:
 
                         
    Number of
    Weighted Average
    Aggregate Intrinsic
 
    Options     Exercise Price     Value (in millions)  
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2007
    2,534,680     $ 51.78     $ 157.2  
Granted
    604,850       87.85          
Exercised
    (139,780 )     36.84          
Forfeited
    (24,300 )     54.61          
                         
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    2,975,450     $ 59.79     $ 43.8  
                         
                         
Options exercisable at December 31, 2008
    1,774,960     $ 46.00     $ 39.8  
 
The following table details the weighted average remaining contractual life of options outstanding at December 31, 2008 by range of exercise prices:
 
                                 
                Remaining Contractual
       
    Number of Options
    Weighted Average
    Life of Options
    Options
 
    Outstanding     Exercise Price     Outstanding     Exercisable  
 
      58,500       29.15       2.3       58,500  
      637,450       36.14       4.5       637,450  
      1,138,550       48.45       5.3       907,450  
      690,800       71.09       9.1       125,800  
      450,150       108.58       8.9       45,760  
                                 
      2,975,450               6.5       1,774,960  
                                 
 
As of the date granted, the weighted average grant-date fair value of the options granted during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 was approximately $24.42, $31.80 and $21.32, respectively. Such weighted average grant-date fair value was determined using an option pricing model that incorporated the following assumptions:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Risk-free interest rate
    2.77 %     4.03 %     4.60 %
Expected life in years
    5       5       5  
Expected volatility
    25 %     25 %     25 %
Expected dividend yield
                 
 
The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 was approximately $8.0 million, $35.8 million and $44.0 million, respectively.
 
The total fair value of options vested during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 was approximately $6.0 million, $7.0 million and $7.8 million, respectively.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The following table summarizes all restricted stock unit activity from December 31, 2007 through December 31, 2008:
 
                 
    Number of Restricted
    Aggregate Intrinsic
 
    Stock Units     Value (in millions)  
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2007
    131,985     $ 15.0  
Granted
    70,440          
Vested
    (32,468 )        
Forfeited
    (6,773 )        
                 
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    163,184     $ 11.0  
                 
 
The total fair value of restricted stock units vested during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006 was approximately $2.3 million, $1.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively.
 
At December 31, 2008, a total of 1,766,538 shares of common stock were available for grant in the form of stock options or restricted stock units.
 
As of December 31, 2008, the unrecorded deferred share-based compensation balance related to both stock options and restricted stock units was $37.4 million and will be recognized using a straight-line method over an estimated weighted average amortization period of 2.8 years.
 
12.   BENEFIT PLANS
 
Mettler-Toledo maintains a number of retirement and other post-retirement employee benefit plans.
 
Certain subsidiaries sponsor defined contribution plans. Benefits are determined and funded annually based upon the terms of the plans. Amounts recognized as cost under these plans amounted to $12.4 million, $13.8 million and $11.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
 
Certain subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit plans. Benefits are provided to employees primarily based upon years of service and employees’ compensation for certain periods during the last years of employment. Prior to 2002, the Company’s U.S. operations also provided post-retirement medical benefits to their employees. Contributions for medical benefits are related to employee years of service.


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
Effective December 31, 2008, the Company adopted the measurement provisions of SFAS No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Post-retirement Plans, an amendment of SFAS No. 87, 88, 106 and 132(R),” which require the Company to measure its defined benefit plan assets and obligations as of December 31. Prior to the adoption of the SFAS 158 measurement date provision, the Company used a measurement date of September 30 and December 31. In order to record the effects of the change to a December 31 measurement date, the Company chose to use the measurements determined as of September 30, 2007 and estimate the net periodic benefit cost for the 15-month period ending December 31, 2008, exclusive of any curtailment or settlement gains or losses. Costs allocated proportionately to the three-month period ended December 31, 2007 were recorded as an adjustment to retained earnings, effective December 31, 2008. The remaining costs were recognized as net periodic benefit cost during the year ended December 31, 2008. The following table sets forth the adjustments to retained earnings and accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) resulting from the measurement date change, net of tax for the period from October 1 to December 31, 2007:
 
                                                 
    U.S. Pension Benefits     Non-U.S. Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
    Retained
          Retained
          Retained
       
    Earnings     AOCI     Earnings     AOCI     Earnings     AOCI  
 
Service cost, interest cost and expected return on plan assets
  $ 250     $     $ (58 )   $     $ (266 )   $  
Amortization of prior service cost and actuarial (gain) loss
    (119 )     119       82       (82 )     144       (144 )
                                                 
Net adjustment recognized
  $ 131     $ 119     $ 24     $ (82 )   $ (122 )   $ (144 )
                                                 


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The following table sets forth the change in benefit obligation, the change in plan assets, the funded status and amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements for the Company’s defined benefit plans and post-retirement plans at December 31, 2008 and 2007:
 
                                                 
    U.S. Pension Benefits     Non-U.S. Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
    2008     2007     2008     2007     2008     2007  
 
Change in benefit obligation:
                                               
Benefit obligation at beginning of year
  $ 107,205     $ 113,210     $ 605,284     $ 569,699     $ 22,282     $ 23,923  
Service cost, gross
    912       679       28,713       23,127       556       405  
Interest cost
    8,169       6,358       27,955       19,090       1,657       1,322  
Actuarial losses (gains)
    2,102       (7,708 )     (86,067 )     (38,769 )     (3,982 )     (1,784 )
Plan amendments and other
                (4,141 )     220              
Benefits paid
    (7,020 )     (5,334 )     (22,679 )     (17,325 )     (1,610 )     (1,584 )
Impact of foreign currency
                11,332       49,242              
                                                 
Benefit obligation at end of year
  $ 111,368     $ 107,205     $ 560,397     $ 605,284     $ 18,903     $ 22,282  
                                                 
                                                 
Change in plan assets:
                                               
Fair value of plan assets at beginning of year
  $ 108,408     $ 100,799     $ 597,571     $ 519,907     $     $  
Actual return on plan assets
    (28,218 )     12,899       (90,435 )     20,517              
Employer contributions
    12,757       44       18,765       22,306       1,610       1,584  
Plan participants’ contributions
                7,702       7,434       263       116  
Benefits paid
    (7,020 )     (5,334 )     (22,679 )     (17,325 )     (1,873 )     (1,700 )
Impact of foreign currency
                20,016       44,732              
                                                 
Fair value of plan assets at end of year
  $ 85,927     $ 108,408     $ 530,940     $ 597,571     $     $  
                                                 
                                                 
Funded status
  $ (25,441 )   $ 1,203     $ (29,457 )   $ (7,713 )   $ (18,903 )   $ (22,282 )
Net actuarial loss (gain)
    59,874       19,379       10,519       (21,593 )     (6,983 )     (4,197 )
Post-measurement date contributions
          7,711                         327  
                                                 
Net amount recognized
  $ 34,433     $ 28,293     $ (18,938 )   $ (29,306 )   $ (25,886 )   $ (26,152 )
                                                 
 
Amounts recognized in the consolidated balance sheets consist of:
 
                                                 
    U.S. Pension Benefits     Non-U.S. Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
    2008     2007     2008     2007     2008     2007  
 
Other non-current assets
  $     $ 10,051     $ 71,406     $ 97,504     $     $  
Pension and other post-retirement liabilities
    (25,441 )     (1,137 )     (100,863 )     (105,217 )     (18,903 )     (21,955 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (gain)
    59,874       19,379       10,519       (21,593 )     (6,983 )     (4,197 )
                                                 
Net amount recognized
  $ 34,433     $ 28,293     $ (18,938 )   $ (29,306 )   $ (25,886 )   $ (26,152 )
                                                 


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The prepaid pension asset is recorded in other non-current assets on the consolidated balance sheet. The short-term and long-term portion of the accrued pension liability is recorded on the consolidated balance sheet within accrued and other liabilities and other non-current liabilities, respectively. The current portion of the accrued pension and other post-retirement liabilities at December 31, 2008 and 2007 was $0.1 million both years for the U.S. defined benefit pension plan, $4.9 million and $5.7 million, respectively, for the non-U.S. plans and $2.0 million and $2.2 million, respectively, for the U.S. post-retirement plans. The long-term portion of the accrued pension liabilities and other post-retirement liabilities at December 31, 2008 and 2007 was $25.3 million and $1.0 million, respectively, for the U.S. defined benefit pension plan, $96.0 million and $99.5 million, respectively, for the non-U.S. plans and $16.9 million and $19.7 million, respectively, for the U.S. post-retirement plans.
 
The following amounts have been recognized in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income, before taxes, at December 31, 2008 and have not yet been recognized as a component of net periodic pension cost:
 
                         
    U.S. Pension
    Non-U.S.
       
    Benefits     Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
 
Prior service cost, net
  $     $ (10,239 )   $ (1,627 )
Actuarial losses (gains)
    59,874       20,712       (5,356 )
Transition obligations
          46        
                         
Total
  $ 59,874     $ 10,519     $ (6,983 )
                         
 
The accumulated benefit obligations at December 31, 2008 and 2007 were $111.4 million and $107.2 million, respectively, for the U.S. defined benefit pension plan and $526.9 million and $530.7 million, respectively, for all non-U.S. plans. Certain of the plans included within non-U.S. Pension Benefits have benefit obligations which exceed the fair value of plan assets. The projected benefit obligation, the accumulated benefit obligation and fair value of assets of these plans as of December 31, 2008 were $128.6 million, $116.4 million and $27.8 million, respectively, for the non-U.S. defined benefit pension plans.
 
The assumed discount rates and rates of increase in future compensation levels used in calculating the projected benefit obligations vary according to the economic conditions of the country in which the retirement plans are situated. The weighted average rates used for the purposes of the Company’s plans are as follows:
 
                                                 
    U.S.     Non-U.S.  
    2008     2007     2006     2008     2007     2006  
 
Discount rate
    6.25 %     6.25 %     5.75 %     3.95 %     3.90 %     3.30 %
Compensation increase rate
    n/a       n/a       n/a       2.25 %     2.35 %     2.10 %
 
The assumed discount rates, rates of increase in future compensation levels and the long-term rate of return used in calculating the net periodic pension cost vary according to the economic conditions of the country in which the retirement plans are situated. The weighted average rates used for the purposes of the Company’s plans are as follows:
 
                                                 
    U.S.     Non-U.S.  
    2008     2007     2006     2008     2007     2006  
 
Discount rate
    6.25 %     5.75 %     5.50 %     3.95 %     3.90 %     3.30 %
Compensation increase rate
    n/a       n/a       n/a       2.25 %     2.35 %     2.10 %
Expected long-term rate of return on plan assets
    8.50 %     8.50 %     8.50 %     5.15 %     5.15 %     5.10 %


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
Net periodic pension (credit) cost for the defined benefit plans includes the following components for the years ended December 31:
 
                                                 
    U.S.     Non-U.S.  
    2008     2007     2006     2008     2007     2006  
 
Service cost, net
  $ 730     $ 679     $ 660     $ 17,461     $ 15,627     $ 13,009  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligations
    6,535       6,358       6,227       23,822       19,090       16,453  
Expected return on plan assets
    (8,931 )     (8,289 )     (8,047 )     (32,119 )     (27,432 )     (23,722 )
Recognition of actuarial losses
    791       2,058       2,583       429       889       371  
                                                 
Net periodic pension (credit) cost
  $ (875 )   $ 806     $ 1,423     $ 9,593     $ 8,174     $ 6,111  
                                                 
 
Net periodic post-retirement benefit cost for the U.S. post-retirement plans includes the following components for the years ended December 31:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
Service cost
  $ 445     $ 405     $ 253  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligations
    1,326       1,322       1,321  
Net amortization and deferral
    (957 )     (957 )     (958 )
                         
Net periodic post-retirement benefit cost
  $ 814     $ 770     $ 616  
                         
 
The amounts remaining in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income that are expected to be recognized as a component of net periodic pension cost during 2009 are as follows:
 
                         
    U.S. Pension
    Non-U.S.
       
    Benefits     Pension Benefits     Other Benefits  
 
Prior service cost, net
  $     $ (1,087 )   $ (957 )
Actuarial losses (gains)
    4,660       775       (329 )
Transition obligations
          48          
                         
Total
  $ 4,660     $ (264 )   $ (1,286 )
                         
 
The projected post-retirement benefit obligation was principally determined using discount rates of 6.25% in 2008, 6.25% in 2007 and 5.75% in 2006. Net periodic post-retirement benefit cost was principally determined using discount rates of 6.25% in 2008, 5.75% in 2007 and 5.50% in 2006 and health care cost trend rates ranging from 7.5% to 11% in 2008, 8.0% to 11.0% in 2007 and 8.5% to 12% in 2006, decreasing to 5.0% in 2012.
 
The health care cost trend rate assumption has a significant effect on the accumulated post-retirement benefit obligation and net periodic post-retirement benefit cost. A one-percentage-point change in assumed health care cost trend rates would have the following effects:
 
                 
    One-Percentage-Point
    One-Percentage-Point
 
    Increase     Decrease  
 
Effect on total of service and interest cost components
  $ 155     $ (138 )
Effect on post-retirement benefit obligation
  $ 1,181     $ (1,064 )
 
Plan assets relate principally to the Company’s U.S. and Swiss subsidiaries and consist of equity investments, obligations of the U.S. Treasury or other governmental agencies, and other interest-bearing


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METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
investments. Actual and target asset allocations in the Company’s pension plans at December 31, 2008 and 2007 were as follows:
 
                                                 
    U.S.     Non-U.S.  
    Target     2008     2007     Target     2008     2007  
 
Debt securities
    30-40 %     35 %     37 %     40-60 %     17 %     46 %
Equity securities
    60-70 %     65 %     63 %     30-50 %     50 %     47 %
Cash, real estate and other
    0-5 %     0 %     0 %     5-15 %     33 %     7 %
                                                 
Total
    100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %     100 %
                                                 
 
Investment policies and strategies for each of the Company’s pension plans are determined periodically by pension trustees for each plan, having regard for the potential risks and returns offered by investment in the various assets available. Target asset allocation and investment return criteria are established by the trustees with the overriding objective of stable earnings growth. Actual results are monitored against those targets and the trustees are required to report to the members of each plan, including an analysis of investment performance on an annual basis at a minimum. Day-to-day asset management is typically performed by a third-party asset management company, reporting to the pension trustees. The long-term rate of return on plan asset assumptions used to determine pension expense under U.S. GAAP is generally based on historical investment performance and the target investment return criteria for the future determined by the trustees.
 
The following benefit payments, which reflect expected future service as appropriate, are expected to be paid:
 
                                 
    U.S. Pension
    Non-U.S. Pension
          Other Benefits Net of
 
    Benefits     Benefits     Other Benefits Gross     Subsidy  
 
2009
  $ 5,788     $ 30,432     $ 2,197     $ 2,039  
2010
    5,891       30,782       2,205       2,039  
2011
    6,119       31,390       2,183       2,013  
2012
    6,365       32,920       2,142       1,969  
2013
    6,725       33,650       2,069       1,896  
2014 - 2017
    38,118       181,592       9,435       8,648  
 
The Company made voluntary incremental pension contributions of $5.0 million in 2008 and $7.7 million in 2007 to reduce the underfunded status and increase the funded status of our U.S. pension plan, respectively. The Company does not expect to receive any refunds from its benefit plans during 2009.
 
In 2009, the Company expects to make employer pension contributions of approximately $18.0 million to its non-U.S. pension plans and normal employer contributions of approximately $2.0 million to its U.S. post-retirement medical plan.
 
13.   TAXES
 
The sources of the Company’s earnings (losses) before taxes were as follows for the years ending December 31:
 
                         
    2008     2007     2006  
 
United States
  $ 48,711     $ 41,970     $ 31,889  
Non-United States
    217,358       200,897       172,958  
                         
Earnings before taxes
  $ 266,069     $ 242,867     $ 204,847  
                         


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Table of Contents

 
METTLER-TOLEDO INTERNATIONAL INC.
 
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(In thousands, except share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
The provisions for taxes consist of:
 
                         
    Current     Deferred     Total  
 
Year ended December 31, 2008:
                       
United States federal
  $ 3,443     $ 7,740     $ 11,183  
State and local
    995       1,971       2,966  
Non-United States
    54,716       (5,574 )     49,142  
                         
Total
  $ 59,154     $ 4,137     $ 63,291  
                         
Year ended December 31, 2007:
                       
United States federal
  $     $ 15,362     $ 15,362  
State and local
    1,040       (500 )     540  
Non-United States
    41,086       7,372       48,458