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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____ to ____

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-14765
HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Maryland 25-1811499
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
44 Hersha DriveHarrisburgPA 17102
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (717) 236-4400

Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report: Not applicable

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Shares of Beneficial Interest, par value $.01 per shareHTNew York Stock Exchange
6.875% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest, par $.01 per shareHT-PCNew York Stock Exchange
6.500% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest, par $.01 per shareHT-PDNew York Stock Exchange
6.500% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest, par $.01 per shareHT-PENew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Sec.232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
 



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes No 

As of April 27, 2023, the number of Class A common shares of beneficial interest outstanding was 39,876,306 and there were no Class B common shares of beneficial interest outstanding.



 Hersha Hospitality Trust
Table of Contents
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATIONPage
Item 1.Financial Statements. 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
  
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 

3

Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
AS OF MARCH 31, 2023 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2022
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)





March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets:  
Investment in Hotel Properties, Net of Accumulated Depreciation$1,186,707 $1,189,239 
Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures4,636 4,989 
Cash and Cash Equivalents193,574 224,955 
Escrow Deposits4,557 5,065 
Hotel Accounts Receivable4,814 8,922 
Due from Related Parties147 245 
Intangible Assets, Net of Accumulated Amortization of $1,240 and $1,211
654 684 
Right of Use Assets15,954 16,226 
Other Assets34,210 38,552 
Total Assets$1,445,253 $1,488,877 
  
Liabilities and Equity:  
Term Loans, Net of Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs (Note 5)$370,986 $370,636 
Unsecured Notes Payable, Net of Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs (Note 5)50,908 50,895 
Mortgages Payable, Net of Unamortized Premium and Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs208,186 208,354 
Lease Liabilities18,715 19,003 
Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities41,336 44,148 
Dividends and Distributions Payable8,440 31,694 
Due to Related Parties2,239 2,610 
Total Liabilities$700,810 $727,340 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests - Consolidated Joint Venture (Note 1)$6,466 $5,076 
  
Equity:  
Shareholders' Equity:  
Preferred Shares:  $.01 Par Value, 29,000,000 Shares Authorized, 3,000,000 Series C, 7,701,700 Series D and 4,001,514 Series E Shares Issued and Outstanding at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, with Liquidation Preferences of $25.00 Per Share (Note 1)
$147 $147 
Common Shares:  Class A, $.01 Par Value, 104,000,000 Shares Authorized at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022; 39,874,899 and 39,697,451 Shares Issued and Outstanding at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively
399 398 
Common Shares:  Class B, $.01 Par Value, 1,000,000 Shares Authorized, None Issued and Outstanding at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022
— — 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income 12,751 16,213 
Additional Paid-in Capital1,157,015 1,157,057 
Distributions in Excess of Net Income(506,358)(490,815)
Total Shareholders' Equity663,954 683,000 
  
Noncontrolling Interests (Note 1)74,023 73,461 
  
Total Equity737,977 756,461 
  
Total Liabilities and Equity$1,445,253 $1,488,877 
The Accompanying Notes Are an Integral Part of These Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Revenue:  
Hotel Operating Revenues:
Room$57,516 $65,132 
Food & Beverage10,927 9,056 
Other Operating Revenues6,648 7,639 
Other Revenues59 41 
Total Revenues75,150 81,868 
Operating Expenses:  
Hotel Operating Expenses:
Room14,469 14,590 
Food & Beverage10,894 8,404 
Other Operating Expenses27,351 26,356 
Property Losses in Excess of Insurance Recoveries— 25 
Hotel Ground Rent318 1,090 
Real Estate and Personal Property Taxes and Property Insurance6,181 8,483 
General and Administrative (including Share Based Payments of $2,052 and $2,541 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)
4,932 5,318 
Depreciation and Amortization13,669 19,276 
Total Operating Expenses77,814 83,542 
  
Operating Loss(2,664)(1,674)
  
Interest Income1,739 
Interest Expense(9,089)(13,870)
Other Income (Expense)913 (99)
Loss on Debt Extinguishment(14)— 
Loss Before Results from Unconsolidated Joint Venture Investments and Income Taxes(9,115)(15,642)
  
Loss from Unconsolidated Joint Ventures(352)(936)
  
Loss Before Income Taxes(9,467)(16,578)
  
Income Tax Expense(34)(21)
  
Net Loss(9,501)(16,599)
  
Loss Allocated to Noncontrolling Interests - Common Units1,996 2,681 
Income Allocated to Noncontrolling Interests - Consolidated Joint Venture(1,390)(2,273)
Preferred Distributions(6,044)(6,044)
  
Net Loss Applicable to Common Shareholders$(14,939)$(22,235)
The Accompanying Notes Are an Integral Part of These Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Loss Per Share:  
BASIC  
 Loss from Continuing Operations Applicable to Common Shareholders$(0.38)$(0.57)
  
DILUTED  
Loss from Continuing Operations Applicable to Common Shareholders$(0.38)$(0.57)
  
Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding:  
Basic39,626,231 39,231,550 
Diluted*39,626,231 39,231,550 
*Loss allocated to noncontrolling interest in Hersha Hospitality Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership” or “HHLP”) has been excluded from the numerator and the Class A common shares issuable upon any redemption of the Operating Partnership’s common units of limited partnership interest (“Common Units”) and the Operating Partnership’s vested LTIP units (“Vested LTIP Units”) have been omitted from the denominator for the purpose of computing diluted earnings per share because the effect of including these shares and units in the numerator and denominator would have no impact. In addition, potentially dilutive common shares, if any, have been excluded from the denominator if they are anti-dilutive to income (loss) applicable to common shareholders.
The following table summarizes potentially dilutive securities that have been excluded from the denominator for the purpose of computing diluted earnings per share:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20232022
Common Units and Vested LTIP Units5,840,197 5,267,258 
Unvested Stock Awards and LTIP Units Outstanding78,391 681,150 
Contingently Issuable Share Awards1,114,355 296,157 
Total Potentially Dilutive Securities Excluded from the Denominator7,032,943 6,244,565 
The Accompanying Notes Are an Integral Part of These Consolidated Financial Statements.
6

Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Net Loss$(9,501)$(16,599)
Other Comprehensive Income  
Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments(3,979)15,489 
Reclassification Adjustment for Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments Included in Net Loss(367)
Total Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income $(3,972)$15,122 
  
Comprehensive Loss(13,473)(1,477)
Less:  Comprehensive Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests - Common Units2,506 890 
Less:  Comprehensive Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests - Consolidated Joint Venture(1,390)(2,273)
Less:  Preferred Distributions(6,044)(6,044)
Comprehensive Loss Attributable to Common Shareholders$(18,401)$(8,904)
The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Consolidated Financial Statements.
7

Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARES)




Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestsShareholders' EquityNoncontrolling Interests
Consolidated Joint Venture ($)Common SharesClass A Common Shares ($)Class B Common Shares ($)Preferred SharesPreferred Shares ($)Additional Paid-In Capital ($)Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ($)Distributions in Excess of Net Income ($)Total Shareholders' Equity ($)Common Units and LTIP UnitsCommon Units and LTIP Units ($)Total Equity ($)
Balance at December 31, 20225,076 39,697,451 398 — 14,703,214 147 1,157,057 16,213 (490,815)683,000 6,940,053 73,461 756,461 
Issuance Costs/Other— — — — — — (2)— — (2)— — (2)
Dividends and Distributions declared:
Preferred Shares— — — — — — — — (6,044)(6,044)— — (6,044)
Common Shares ($0.05 per share)
— — — — — — — — (1,994)(1,994)— — (1,994)
Common Units ($0.05 per share)
— — — — — — — — — — — (88)(88)
LTIP Units ($0.05 per share)
— — — — — — — — — — — (314)(314)
Dividend Reinvestment Plan— 8,975 — — — — 72 — — 72 — — 72 
Share Based Compensation:
Grants— 168,473 — — — (1)— — — 1,104,874 — — 
Amortization— — — — — — 1,279 — — 1,279 3,470 4,749 
Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments— — — — — — — (3,462)— (3,462)— (510)(3,972)
Adjustment to Record Noncontrolling Interest at Redemption Value1,390 — — — — — (1,390)— — (1,390)— — (1,390)
Net Loss— — — — — — — — (7,505)(7,505)— (1,996)(9,501)
Balance at March 31, 20236,466 39,874,899 399 — 14,703,214 147 1,157,015 12,751 (506,358)663,954 8,044,927 74,023 737,977 

8

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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARES)



Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestsShareholders' EquityNoncontrolling Interests
Consolidated Joint Venture ($)Common SharesClass A Common Shares ($)Class B Common Shares ($)Preferred SharesPreferred Shares ($)Additional Paid-In Capital ($)Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income ($)Distributions in Excess of Net Income ($)Total Shareholders' Equity ($)Common Units and LTIP UnitsCommon Units and LTIP Units ($)Total Equity ($)
Balance at December 31, 20212,310 39,325,025 394 — 14,703,214 147 1,155,034 (6,211)(592,314)557,050 6,926,253 51,246 608,296 
Issuance Costs/Other— — — — — — (39)— — (39)— — (39)
Dividends and Distributions declared:
Preferred Shares— — — — — — — — (6,044)(6,044)— — (6,044)
Share Based Compensation:
Grants— 29,868 — — — — — — — — — — — 
Amortization— — — — — — 764 — — 764 — 1,777 2,541 
Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments— — — — — — — 13,288 — 13,288 — 1,834 15,122 
Adjustment to Record Noncontrolling Interest at Redemption Value2,273 — — — — — (2,273)— — (2,273)— — (2,273)
Net Income— — — — — — — — (13,918)(13,918)— (2,681)(16,599)
Balance at March 31, 20224,583 39,354,893 394 — 14,703,214 147 1,153,486 7,077 (612,276)548,828 6,926,253 52,176 601,004 















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Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Operating Activities:  
Net Loss$(9,501)$(16,599)
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Loss to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:  
Property Losses in Excess of Insurance Recoveries— 25 
Junior Note PIK Interest Added to Principal— 1,855 
Depreciation13,639 19,195 
Amortization685 1,484 
Equity in Loss of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures352 936 
Loss (Gain) Recognized on Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instrument(367)
Share Based Compensation Expense2,052 2,541 
Change in Assets and Liabilities:  
(Increase) Decrease in:  
Hotel Accounts Receivable4,108 1,370 
Other Assets112 194 
Due from Related Parties98 2,342 
Increase (Decrease) in:  
Due to Related Parties(371)(1,284)
Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities(1,184)3,304 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities$9,997 $14,996 
  
Investing Activities:  
Capital Expenditures(9,953)(4,219)
Contributions to Unconsolidated Joint Ventures— (485)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities$(9,953)$(4,704)
Financing Activities:  
Principal Repayment of Mortgages(311)(553)
Deferred Financing Costs— (196)
Dividends Paid on Common Shares(21,761)— 
Dividends Paid on Preferred Shares(6,044)(6,044)
Distributions Paid on Common Units and LTIP Units(3,817)— 
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities$(31,933)$(6,793)
  
Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash$(31,889)$3,499 
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash - Beginning of Period230,020 84,945 
  
Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash - End of Period$198,131 $88,444 
The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)






NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Hersha Hospitality Trust (“we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the general instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals), considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023 or any future period. Accordingly, readers of these consolidated interim financial statements should refer to the Company’s audited financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP, and the related notes thereto, for the year ended December 31, 2022, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, as certain footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted from this report pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

We are a self-administered Maryland real estate investment trust that was organized in May 1998 and completed our initial public offering in January 1999. Our common shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) under the symbol “HT.” We own our hotels and our investments in joint ventures through our operating partnership, Hersha Hospitality Limited Partnership (“HHLP” or “the Partnership”), for which we serve as the sole general partner. As of March 31, 2023, we owned an approximate 83.2% partnership interest in HHLP, including a 1.0% general partnership interest.

Principles of Consolidation and Presentation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with US GAAP and include all of our accounts as well as accounts of the Partnership, subsidiary partnerships and our wholly owned Taxable REIT Subsidiary Lessee (“TRS Lessee”), 44 New England Management Company. All significant inter-company amounts have been eliminated.
Consolidated properties are either wholly owned or owned less than 100% by the Partnership and are controlled by the Company as general partner of the Partnership. Properties owned in joint ventures are also consolidated if the determination is made that we are the primary beneficiary in a variable interest entity (“VIE”) or we maintain control of the asset through our voting interest in the entity.
 
Variable Interest Entities

We evaluate each of our investments and contractual relationships to determine whether they meet the guidelines for consolidation. To determine if we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we evaluate whether we have a controlling financial interest in that VIE. An enterprise is deemed to have a controlling financial interest if it has i) the power to direct the activities of a variable interest entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, and ii) the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE that could be significant to the VIE or the rights to receive benefits from the VIE that could be significant to the VIE. Control can also be demonstrated by the ability of a member to manage day-to-day operations, refinance debt and sell the assets of the partnerships without the consent of the other member and the inability of the members to replace the managing member.  Based on our examination, there have been no changes to the operating structure of our legal entities during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and, therefore, there are no changes to our evaluation of VIE's as presented within our annual report presented on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.


11

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)


NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION (CONTINUED)

Noncontrolling Interest

We classify the noncontrolling interests of our common units of limited partnership interest in HHLP (“Common Units”), and Long Term Incentive Plan Units (“LTIP Units”) as equity. LTIP Units are a separate class of limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership that are convertible into Common Units under certain circumstances. The noncontrolling interest of Common Units and LTIP Units totaled $74,023 as of March 31, 2023 and $73,461 as of December 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2023, there were 8,044,927 Common Units and LTIP Units outstanding with a fair market value of $54,062, based on the price per share of our common shares on the NYSE on such date. In accordance with the partnership agreement of HHLP, holders of these Common Units may redeem them for cash unless we, in our sole and absolute discretion, elect to issue common shares on a one-for-one basis in lieu of paying cash.
 
Net income or loss attributed to Common Units and LTIP Units is included in net income or loss but excluded from net income or loss applicable to common shareholders in the consolidated statements of operations.

We are party to a joint venture that owns the Ritz-Carlton Coconut Grove, FL, in which our joint venture partner has a noncontrolling equity interest of 15% in the property. Hersha Holding RC Owner, LLC, the owner entity of the Ritz-Carlton Coconut Grove joint venture ("Ritz Coconut Grove"), will distribute income based on cash available for distribution which will be distributed as follows: (1) to us until we receive a cumulative return on our contributed senior common equity interest, currently at 8%, and (2) then to the owner of the noncontrolling interest until they receive a cumulative return on their contributed junior common equity interest, currently at 8%, and (3) then 75% to us and 25% to the owner of the noncontrolling interest until we both receive a cumulative return on our contributed senior common equity interest, currently at 12%, and (4) finally, any remaining operating profit shall be distributed 70% to us and 30% to the owner of the noncontrolling interest. Additionally, the noncontrolling interest in the Ritz Coconut Grove has the right to put their ownership interest to us for cash consideration at any time during the life of the venture. The balance sheets and financial results of the Ritz Coconut Grove are included in our consolidated financial statements and the book value of the noncontrolling interest in the Ritz Coconut Grove is classified as temporary equity within our Consolidated Balance Sheets.

For Ritz Coconut Grove, income or loss is allocated using Hypothetical Liquidation at Book Value ("HLBV method") as the liquidation rights and priorities, as defined by the venture's governing agreement, differs from the underlying percentage ownership in the venture. The Company applies the HLBV method using a balance sheet approach. A calculation is prepared at each balance sheet date to determine the amount that we would receive if the venture entity were to liquidate all of its assets at carrying value and distribute that cash to the joint venture based on the contractually defined liquidation priorities. The difference between the calculated liquidation distribution amounts at the beginning and the end of the reporting period, after adjusting for capital contributions and distributions, is our share of the earnings or losses and the remainder is allocated to noncontrolling interest.

The noncontrolling interest in the Ritz Coconut Grove is measured at the greater of historical cost or the put option redemption value, and is recorded as part of the (Income) Loss Allocated to Noncontrolling Interests - Consolidated Joint Venture line item within the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The value of the noncontrolling interest at the put option redemption value was $6,466 as of March 31, 2023. As such, we reclassified $1,390 from Additional Paid in Capital to Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests - Consolidated Joint Venture during the three months ended March 31, 2023 to record the noncontrolling interest at the estimated value of the put option.













12

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)


NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION (CONTINUED)

Shareholders’ Equity

Terms of the Series C, Series D, and Series E Preferred Shares outstanding at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 are summarized as follows:
    Dividend Per Share 
Shares Outstanding  Three Months Ended March 31,
SeriesMarch 31, 2023December 31, 2022Aggregate Liquidation PreferenceDistribution Rate20232022
Series C3,000,000 3,000,000 $75,000 6.875 %$0.4297 $0.4297 
Series D7,701,700 7,701,700 $192,500 6.500 %$0.4063 $0.4063 
Series E4,001,514 4,001,514 $100,000 6.500 %$0.4063 $0.4063 
Total14,703,214 14,703,214     

Investment in Hotel Properties

Investments in hotel properties are recorded at cost. Improvements and replacements are capitalized when they extend the useful life of the asset. Costs of repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of up to 40 years for buildings and improvements, and two to seven years for furniture, fixtures and equipment. We are required to make subjective assessments as to the useful lives of our properties for purposes of determining the amount of depreciation to record on an annual basis with respect to our investments in hotel properties. These assessments have a direct impact on our net income because if we were to shorten the expected useful lives of our investments in hotel properties we would depreciate these investments over fewer years, resulting in more depreciation expense and lower net income on an annual basis.

Identifiable assets, liabilities, and noncontrolling interests related to hotel properties acquired are recorded at fair value. Estimating techniques and assumptions used in determining fair values involve significant estimates and judgments. These estimates and judgments have a direct impact on the carrying value of our assets and liabilities which can directly impact the amount of depreciation expense recorded on an annual basis and could have an impact on our assessment of potential impairment of our investment in hotel properties.

We consider a hotel to be held for sale when management and our independent trustees commit to a plan to sell the property, the property is available for sale, management engages in an active program to locate a buyer for the property and it is probable the sale will be completed within a year of the initiation of the plan to sell. We evaluate each disposition to determine whether we need to classify the disposition as discontinued operations. We generally include the operations of a hotel that was sold or a hotel that has been classified as held for sale in continuing operations unless the sale represents a strategic shift that will have a major impact on our future operations and financial results. We anticipate that most of our hotel dispositions will not be classified as discontinued operations as most will not fit this definition.














13

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)


NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION (CONTINUED)

Based on the occurrence of certain events or changes in circumstances, we review the recoverability of the property’s carrying value. Such events or changes in circumstances include the following:

a significant decrease in the market price of a long-lived asset;
a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which a long-lived asset is being used or in its physical condition; 
a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate that could affect the value of a long-lived asset, including an adverse action or assessment by a regulator;
an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition or construction of a long-lived asset;
a current-period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a projection or forecast that demonstrates continuing losses associated with the use of a long-lived asset; and
a current expectation that, it is more likely than not that, a long-lived asset will be sold or otherwise disposed of significantly before the end of its previously estimated useful life.
We review our portfolio on an ongoing basis to evaluate the existence of any of the aforementioned events or changes in circumstances that would require us to test for recoverability. In general, our review of recoverability is based on an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition. These estimates consider factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends and residual value expected, as well as the effects of hotel demand, competition and other factors. Other assumptions used in the review of recoverability include the holding period and expected terminal capitalization rate. If impairment exists due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a property, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property. We are required to make subjective assessments as to whether there are impairments in the values of our investments in hotel properties.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2020-4, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting and in January 2021, the FASB issued 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), Scope, which further clarified the scope of the reference rate reform optional practical expedients and exceptions outlined in Topic 848. As a result of identified structural risks of interbank offered rates, in particular, the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), reference rate reform is underway to identify alternative reference rates that are more observable or transaction based. The update provides guidance in accounting for changes in contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions as a result of this reference rate reform. The optional expedients and exceptions contained within these updates, in general, only apply to contract amendments and modifications entered into prior to January 1, 2023. The provisions of these updates that will most likely affect our financial reporting process related to modifications of contracts with lenders and the related hedging contracts associated with each respective modified borrowing contract. In general, the provisions of these updates would impact the Company by allowing, among other things, the following:
Allowing modifications of debt contracts with lenders that fall under the guidance of ASC Topic 470 to be accounted for as a non-substantial modification and not be considered a debt extinguishment.
Allowing a change to contractual terms of a hedging instrument in conjunction with reference rate reform to not require a dedesignation of the hedging relationship.
Allowing a change to the interest rate used for margining, discounting, or contract price alignment for a derivative that is a cash flow hedge to not be considered a change to the critical terms of the hedge and will not require a dedesignation of the hedging relationship.








14

HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)


NOTE 1 - BASIS OF PRESENTATION (CONTINUED)

As disclosed in Note 8, Fair Value Measurements and Derivative Instruments, we modified interest rate swap contracts, which serve as cash flow hedges with total notional amounts of $300,000, to replace LIBOR with an alternative reference rate that matches the reference rate of the underlying hedged debt. We did not apply optional expedients and exceptions contained within these updates in the modifications of these contracts. For our remaining borrowing and hedging contracts, we have not entered into modifications as it directly relates to reference rate reform, but we anticipate having to undertake such modifications in the future as we have contracts remaining with lenders and hedging counterparties which are indexed to LIBOR. Some debt contract modifications have occurred and will occur in the normal course of business and will include other changes in the terms, for which this accounting relief is not applicable. However, we anticipate that other debt contract modifications will occur prior to the phase out of LIBOR on June 30, 2023 specifically to address the LIBOR transition, for which we will be able to apply the accounting relief.

Revision of Prior Period Financial Statements

During the third quarter of 2022, the Company identified immaterial errors in its previously issued financial statements resulting from the incorrect amortization of accumulated other comprehensive income related to interest rate hedges. This occurred over the periods from 2019 through 2021, thereby overstating interest expense in those periods as well as impacting certain captions in the equity section of the consolidated balance sheet, including accumulated other comprehensive income, distributions in excess of net income, and noncontrolling interests.

In accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 99, “Materiality,” and SAB No. 108, “Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements,” the Company assessed the materiality of these misstatements both quantitatively and qualitatively and determined that these errors and the related impact did not, either individually or in the aggregate, materially misstate previously issued consolidated financial statements. To reflect the correction of these immaterial errors, the Company is revising the previously issued consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2022 in this Form 10-Q. As a result, the Company has corrected the immaterial misstatements as disclosed in the following tables for all impacted financial statement line items in prior periods.

For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2022
As Previously ReportedAdjustmentAs Revised
Consolidated Statement of Operations:
Interest Expense$(14,237)$367 $(13,870)
Loss Before Results from Unconsolidated Joint Venture Investments and Income Taxes(16,009)367 (15,642)
Loss Before Income taxes(16,945)367 (16,578)
Net Loss(16,966)367 (16,599)
Loss Allocated to Noncontrolling Interests - Common Units2,724 (43)2,681 
Net Loss Applicable to Common Shareholders(22,559)324 (22,235)
Net Loss Per Share:
Basic - Loss from Continuing Operations Applicable to Common Shareholders$(0.58)$0.01 $(0.57)
Diluted - Loss from Continuing Operations Applicable to Common Shareholders$(0.58)$0.01 $(0.57)
Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss):
Net Loss$(16,966)$367 $(16,599)
Reclassification Adjustment for Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instruments Included in Net Loss— (367)(367)
Total Other Comprehensive Income15,489 (367)15,122 
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows:
Operating Activities:
Net Loss(16,966)367 (16,599)
Loss (Gain) Recognized on Change in Fair Value of Derivative Instrument— (367)(367)
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 2 - INVESTMENT IN HOTEL PROPERTIES
Investment in hotel properties consists of the following at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:

March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Land$390,532 $390,532 
Buildings and Improvements1,098,258 1,093,575 
Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment206,189 203,369 
Construction in Progress10,647 7,105 
1,705,626 1,694,581 
Less Accumulated Depreciation(518,919)(505,342)
Total Investment in Hotel Properties *$1,186,707 $1,189,239 
* The net book value of investment in hotel property at Ritz Coconut Grove, which is a variable interest entity, is $36,951 and $37,303 at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

Acquisitions
For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, we acquired no hotel properties.

Hotel Dispositions
During the year ended December 31, 2022, we had the following hotel dispositions:

HotelAcquisition
Date
Disposition
Date
ConsiderationGain on
Disposition
Urban Select Service (7 hotels)
June 2005 - October 20168/4/2022, 10/26/22$505,000 $170,193 
Hotel Milo Santa Barbara02/28/201410/06/202255,000 25,784 
Pan Pacific Seattle02/21/201710/19/202270,000 1,532 
Gate hotel JFK Airport 06/13/200811/02/202211,000 — 
2022 Total
$197,509 




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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 3 - INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED JOINT VENTURES
As of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures consisted of the following:
Joint VentureHotel PropertiesPercent OwnedMarch 31, 2023December 31, 2022
SB Partners, LLCHoliday Inn Express, South Boston, MA50 %$— $— 
SB Partners Three, LLCHome2 Suites, South Boston, MA50 %4,636 4,989 
  $4,636 $4,989 

Income/Loss Allocation

Income or loss is allocated to us and our joint venture partners consistent with the allocation of cash distributions in accordance with the joint venture agreements. This results in an income allocation consistent with our percentage of ownership interests. When we absorb cumulative losses equal to our accounting basis in the joint venture, our investment balance is $0 as presented in the table above.

Any difference between the carrying amount of any of our investments noted above and the underlying equity in net assets is amortized over the expected useful lives of the properties and other intangible assets. 

Loss recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, for our investments in unconsolidated joint ventures is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Hiren Boston, LLC*$— $(258)
SB Partners, LLC— (310)
SB Partners Three, LLC(352)(368)
Loss from Unconsolidated Joint Venture Investments$(352)$(936)

*On November 30, 2022, we sold our 50% membership interest in Hiren Boston, LLC.




















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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 3 – INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED JOINT VENTURES (CONTINUED)

The following tables set forth the total assets, liabilities, equity and components of net income or loss, including the Company’s share, related to the unconsolidated joint ventures discussed above as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 and for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022.

Balance Sheets
March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Assets
Investment in Hotel Properties, Net$46,290 $47,356 
Other Assets11,256 11,803 
Total Assets$57,546 $59,159 
Liabilities and Equity
Mortgages$50,060 $50,236 
Other Liabilities10,081 10,012 
Equity:
Hersha Hospitality Trust1,877 2,630 
Joint Venture Partner(s)(4,472)(3,719)
Total Equity(2,595)(1,089)
Total Liabilities and Equity$57,546 $59,159 

Statements of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
Room Revenue$2,298 $2,647 
Other Revenue126 186 
Operating Expenses(1,635)(2,455)
Lease Expense(134)(257)
Property Taxes and Insurance(374)(572)
General and Administrative(10)(20)
Depreciation and Amortization(1,072)(1,253)
Interest Expense(803)(668)
Income Tax Expense98 125 
Net Loss$(1,506)$(2,267)











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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 3 – INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED JOINT VENTURES (CONTINUED)

The following table is a reconciliation of our share in the unconsolidated joint ventures’ equity to our investment in the unconsolidated joint ventures as presented on our balance sheets as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Our share of equity recorded on the joint ventures' financial statements$1,877 $2,630 
Adjustment to reconcile our share of equity recorded on the joint ventures' financial statements to our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures(1)
2,759 2,359 
Investment in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures$4,636 $4,989 
(1)  Adjustment to reconcile our share of equity recorded on the joint ventures' financial statements to our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures consists of the difference between our basis in the investment in joint ventures and the equity recorded on the joint ventures' financial statements.

 
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 4 - OTHER ASSETS
Other Assets

Other Assets consisted of the following at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:

March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Derivative Asset$14,730 $18,709 
Deferred Financing Costs1,008 1,197 
Prepaid Expenses9,437 10,481 
Investment in Statutory Trusts1,548 1,548 
Investment in Non-Hotel Property and Inventories1,936 2,026 
Deposits with Unaffiliated Third Parties574 597 
Deferred Tax Asset, Net of Valuation Allowance of $15,586 and $14,414, respectively
— — 
Swap Interest Receivable1,104 932 
Other3,873 3,062 
$34,210 $38,552 

Derivative Asset - This category represents the Company’s gross asset fair value of interest rate swaps and interest rate caps. Any swaps and caps resulting in a liability to the Company are accounted for separately within Other Liabilities on the Balance Sheet.

Deferred Financing Costs – This category represents financing costs paid by the Company to establish our Line of Credit. These costs have been capitalized and will amortize to interest expense over the term of the Line of Credit.

Prepaid Expenses – Prepaid expenses include amounts paid for property tax, insurance and other expenditures that will be expensed in the next twelve months.

Investment in Statutory Trusts – We have an investment in the common stock of Hersha Statutory Trust I and Hersha Statutory Trust II.

Investment in Non-Hotel Property and Inventories – This category represents the costs paid and capitalized by the Company for items such as office leasehold improvements, furniture and equipment, and property inventories.

Deposits with Unaffiliated Third Parties – These deposits represent deposits made by the Company with unaffiliated third parties for items such as lease security deposits, utility deposits, and deposits with unaffiliated third party management companies.

Deferred Tax Asset – We have $0 of net deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2023. We have considered various factors, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, future projected taxable income and tax planning strategies in determining a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets, and at the current time, we believe that it is more likely than not that we will not be able to realize the net deferred tax assets in the future, and a valuation allowance for the entire deferred tax asset has been recorded.

Swap Interest Receivable – Swap Interest Receivable represents amounts due from counterparties under our swap agreements.



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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE AND THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 5 - DEBT
Mortgages
Mortgages payable at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 consisted of the following:
March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Mortgage Indebtedness$208,570 $208,880 
Net Unamortized Premium
Net Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs(389)(533)
Mortgages Payable$208,186 $208,354 

Net Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs associated with entering into mortgage indebtedness are deferred and amortized over the life of the mortgages. Net Unamortized Premiums are also amortized over the remaining life of the loans. Mortgage indebtedness balances are subject to fixed and variable interest rates, which ranged from 4.02% to 9.00% as of March 31, 2023.

Our mortgage indebtedness contains various financial and non-financial covenants customarily found in secured, non-recourse financing arrangements. Our mortgage loans payable typically require that specified debt service coverage ratios be maintained with respect to the financed properties before we can exercise certain rights under the loan agreements relating to such properties. If the specified criteria are not satisfied, the lender may be able to escrow cash flow generated by the property securing the applicable mortgage loan. We have determined that all debt covenants contained in the loan agreements securing our consolidated hotel properties were met as of March 31, 2023.

As of March 31, 2023, the maturity dates for the outstanding mortgage loans ranged from June 2023 to July 2024. For mortgages with maturity dates within the next twelve months, we plan to refinance each mortgage before their maturities, or use available cash on hand or capacity under our revolving line of credit to pay the obligation.

Credit Facilities

On August 4, 2022, we entered into a credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement"), which provided for a secured term loan of $400,000 and secured revolving line of credit with capacity of $100,000, both of which mature on August 4, 2024. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate of Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") plus a 250 basis point spread. The following table summarizes the secured term loan balances outstanding as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:

Outstanding Balance
March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Principal$372,853 $372,853 
Deferred Loan Costs(1,867)(2,217)
Total Secured Term Loan$370,986 $370,636 

Immediately upon entering into the Credit Agreement, proceeds from the $400,000 new term loan, along with a portion of the proceeds from the dispositions discussed in Note 2 – Investment in Hotel Properties, were used to pay off and terminate all borrowings under our previous credit facility agreement ("the Prior Facilities"), which consisted of three secured credit arrangements which had an aggregate principal balance of $497,481.

The Credit Agreement contains financial covenants, including a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.35 to 1.00; and a maximum leverage ratio of not more than 60%. We have determined that we are in compliance with all covenants contained in the Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2023.

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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 5 - DEBT (CONTINUED)
The amount that we can borrow at any given time under the Credit Agreement is governed by certain operating metrics of designated hotel properties known as borrowing base assets. As of March 31, 2023, the following hotel properties secure the Credit Agreement: 
 - The Envoy Boston Seaport, Boston, MA  - Ritz-Carlton Georgetown, Washington, DC
 - The Boxer, Boston, MA - The Winter Haven Hotel Miami Beach, Miami, FL
 - Hampton Inn Seaport, Seaport, New York, NY - The Blue Moon Hotel Miami Beach, Miami, FL
 - Holiday Inn Express Chelsea, 29th Street, New York, NY - Cadillac Hotel & Beach Club, Miami, FL
 - NU Hotel, Brooklyn, New York, NY - The Parrot Key Hotel & Villas, Key West, FL
 - Hyatt House White Plains, White Plains, NY - The Ambrose Hotel, Santa Monica, CA
 - The Rittenhouse, Philadelphia, PA - Mystic Marriott Hotel & Spa, Groton, CT
 - Philadelphia Westin, Philadelphia, PA - Hilton Garden Inn JFK Airport, New York, NY




The weighted average interest rate on our credit facilities, including our Prior Facilities and including the effect of derivative instruments, was 4.47% and 3.51% for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

Notes Payable

Notes payable at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 consisted of the following:

March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Statutory Trust I and Statutory Trust II Notes Payable Indebtedness$51,548 $51,548 
Net Unamortized Deferred Financing Costs(640)(653)
Statutory Trust I and Statutory Trust II Notes Payable$50,908 $50,842 

We have two junior subordinated notes payable in the aggregate amount of $51,548 related to the Hersha Statutory Trusts pursuant to indenture agreements which will mature on July 30, 2035, but may be redeemed at our option, in whole or in part, prior to maturity in accordance with the provisions of the indenture agreements. The $25,774 of notes issued to each of Hersha Statutory Trust I and Hersha Statutory Trust II bear interest at a variable rate of LIBOR plus 3% per annum. This rate resets 2 business days prior to each quarterly payment. The related deferred financing costs are amortized over the life of the notes payable. The weighted average interest rate on our two junior subordinated notes payable was 7.67% and 3.17% for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

















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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 5 - DEBT (CONTINUED)
Interest Expense

The table below summarizes interest expense incurred by the Company during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022:

Three Months Ended March 31,
2023
2022
Mortgage Loans Payable$3,797 $2,529 
Interest Rate Swap Contracts on Mortgages(676)565 
Unsecured Notes Payable1,002 4,406 
Credit Facility and Term Loans6,628 3,649 
Interest Rate Swap Contracts on Credit Facilities(2,463)1,455 
Deferred Financing Costs Amortization697 1,191 
Other104 75 
     Total Interest Expense$9,089 $13,870 








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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 6 – LEASES

As of March 31, 2023, we own two hotels (the Hilton Garden Inn JFK and the Annapolis Waterfront Hotel) within our consolidated portfolio of hotels where we do not own the land on which the hotels reside, rather we lease the land from an unrelated third-party lessor. Our land leases are classified as operating leases and have initial terms with extension options that range from August 2064 to October 2103. We also have two additional office space leases for our Philadelphia office and New York City office. Our Philadelphia office lease ended in March 2023, and we have subsequently entered into a new lease agreement which commenced in April 2023. Our New York City office lease term is through December 2027. Lease costs for our office spaces are included in General and Administrative expense.

We disposed of the following hotels during the year ended December 31, 2022 which had ground leases that were assumed by the buyers: the Courtyard Brookline, the Gate JFK Airport, Hotel Milo, and Towneplace Suites Sunnyvale.

The components of lease costs for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 were as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Ground LeaseOffice LeaseTotalGround LeaseOffice LeaseTotal
Operating lease costs$303 $121 $424 $1,050 $88 $1,138 
Variable lease costs15 81 96 40 70 110 
Total lease costs$318 $202 $520 $1,090 $158 $1,248 

Other information related to leases as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 is as follows:
March 31, 2023March 31, 2022
Cash paid from operating cash flow for operating leases$538 $1,085 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)50.763.4
Weighted average discount rate7.84 %7.86 %


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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Management Agreements

Our wholly-owned TRS, 44 New England Management Company, and certain of our joint venture entities engage eligible independent contractors in accordance with the requirements for qualification as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, including Hersha Hospitality Management Limited Partnership (“HHMLP”), as the property managers for hotels it leases from us pursuant to management agreements. Certain executives and trustees of the Company own a minority interest in HHMLP. Our management agreements with HHMLP provide for a term of five years and are subject to early termination upon the occurrence of defaults and certain other events described therein. As required under the REIT qualification rules, HHMLP must qualify as an “eligible independent contractor” during the term of the management agreements. Under the management agreements, HHMLP generally pays the operating expenses of our hotels. All operating expenses or other expenses incurred by HHMLP in performing its authorized duties are reimbursed or borne by our TRS to the extent the operating expenses or other expenses are incurred within the limits of the applicable approved hotel operating budget. HHMLP is not obligated to advance any of its own funds for operating expenses of a hotel or to incur any liability in connection with operating a hotel. Management agreements with other unaffiliated hotel management companies have similar terms.

For its services, HHMLP receives a base management fee and, if a hotel exceeds certain thresholds, an incentive management fee. The base management fee for a hotel is due monthly and is equal to 3% of gross revenues associated with each hotel managed for the related month. The incentive management fee, if any, for a hotel is due annually in arrears on the ninetieth day following the end of each fiscal year and is based upon the financial performance of the hotels. For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, base management fees incurred to HHMLP totaled $1,698 and $1,999, respectively, and are recorded as Hotel Operating Expenses.

Franchise Agreements

Our branded hotel properties that are not managed by the brand are operated under franchise agreements assumed by the hotel property lessee. The franchise agreements have 10 to 20 year terms, but may be terminated by either the franchisee or franchisor on certain anniversary dates specified in the agreements. The franchise agreements require annual payments for franchise royalties, reservation, advertising services and certain other charges, and such payments are primarily based upon percentages of gross room revenue. These payments are paid by the hotels and charged to expense as incurred. Franchise fee expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 were $2,669 and $3,052, respectively, and are recorded in Hotel Operating Expenses. The initial fees incurred to enter into the franchise agreements are amortized over the life of the franchise agreements.

Accounting, Revenue Management and Information Technology Fees

Each of the wholly-owned hotels and consolidated joint venture hotel properties managed by HHMLP incurs a monthly accounting and information technology fee. Monthly fees for accounting services are between $2 and $3 per property and monthly information technology fees range from $1 to $2 per property. Revenue management service fees are incurred to reimburse HHMLP for costs related to corporate level direct sales and sales support, and are allocated based on total hotel revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company incurred the following fees which are included in Hotel Operating Expenses under Other:

For the Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023March 31, 2022
Accounting fees$205 277
Information technology fees7087
Revenue management service fees449574



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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (CONTINUED)

Capital Expenditure Fees

HHMLP charges fees between 3% and 5% on certain capital expenditures and pending renovation projects at the properties as compensation for procurement services related to capital expenditures and for project management of renovation projects. For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, we incurred fees of $304 and $83, respectively, which were capitalized with the cost of capital expenditures.

Acquisitions from Affiliates

We have entered into an option agreement with certain of our officers and trustees such that we obtain a right of first refusal to purchase any hotel owned or developed in the future by these individuals or entities controlled by them at fair market value. This right of first refusal would apply to each party until one year after such party ceases to be an officer or trustee of the Company. Our Acquisition Committee of the Board of Trustees is comprised solely of independent trustees, and the purchase prices and all material terms of the purchase of hotels from related parties are approved by the Acquisition Committee.

Hotel Supplies

We purchase certain hotel supplies and make certain capital expenditures from Hersha Purchasing and Design (HPD), a hotel supply company owned, in part, by certain executives and trustees of the Company. We did not incur charges for hotel supplies purchased from HPD for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022. For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, we incurred charges of $888 and $889, respectively, for capital expenditure purchases from HPD. Hotel supplies are expensed and included in Hotel Operating Expenses on our consolidated statements of operations, and capital expenditure purchases are included in investment in hotel properties on our consolidated balance sheets.

Insurance Services

The Company utilizes the services of HHMLP to provide risk management services to the Company related to the placement of property and casualty insurance, placement of general liability insurance and claims handling for our hotel properties. The fees incurred for these risk management services for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 were $20 and $30, respectively.

Restaurant Lease Agreements with Independent Restaurant Group

The Company has entered into management agreements with Independent Restaurant Group (“IRG”), owned, in part, by certain executives and trustees of the Company. IRG is subject to the supervision of HHMLP, as property manager, for restaurants at two of its hotel properties. For the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, management fees incurred to IRG totaled $74 and $43, respectively.

Due From Related Parties

The due from related parties balance as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was approximately $147 and $245, respectively. The balances primarily consist of asset management fees due from our unconsolidated joint ventures.

Due to Related Parties

The balance due to related parties as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was $2,239 and $2,610, respectively. The balance at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 primarily consisted of amounts due to HHMLP for monthly management fees discussed above.
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 8 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS AND DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
Fair Value Measurements

Our determination of fair value measurements are based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, we utilize a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity (observable inputs that are classified within Levels 1 and 2 of the hierarchy) and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions (unobservable inputs classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy).

Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs may include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, as well as inputs that are observable for the asset or liability (other than quoted prices), such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liabilities, which are typically based on an entity’s own assumptions, as there is little, if any, related market activity. In instances where the determination of the fair value measurement is based on inputs from different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the entire fair value measurement falls is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.

As of March 31, 2023, the Company’s derivative instruments represented the only financial instruments measured at fair value. Currently, the Company uses derivative instruments, such as interest rate swaps and caps, to manage its interest rate risk. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques, including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs.

We incorporate credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both our own nonperformance risk and the respective counter-party’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. In adjusting the fair value of its derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, we have considered the impact of netting and any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts and guarantees.

Although we have determined that the majority of the inputs used to value our derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with our derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads, to evaluate the likelihood of default by us and the counter-parties. However, as of March 31, 2023 we have assessed the significance of the effect of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of our derivative positions and have determined that the credit valuation adjustments are not significant to the overall valuation of our derivatives. As a result, we have determined that our derivative valuations in their entirety are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Derivative Instruments

The Company’s objective in using derivatives is to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps and interest rate caps as part of its cash flow hedging strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable-rate amounts in exchange for fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying principal amount. Interest rate caps designated as cash flow hedges limit the Company’s exposure to increased cash payments due to increases in variable interest rates. The following table presents our derivative instruments as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 8 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS AND DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS (CONTINUED)
    Estimated Fair Value
      Asset Balance
Hedged DebtTypeStrike RateIndexEffective DateDerivative Contract Maturity DateNotional AmountMarch 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Term Loan Instruments:        
Credit FacilitySwap1.341 %
1-Month SOFR + 2.50%
August 30, 2022September 10, 2024270,000 $11,314 $14,123 
Credit FacilitySwap1.279 %
1-Month SOFR + 2.50%
September 6, 2022August 4, 202430,000 1,222 1,533 
        
Mortgages:        
Hyatt, Union Square, New York, NYSwap1.870 %
1-Month LIBOR + 2.30%
June 7, 2019June 7, 202356,000 318 699 
Hilton Garden Inn Tribeca, New York, NYSwap1.768 %
1-Month LIBOR + 2.25%
July 25, 2019July 25, 202422,725 802 1,007 
Hilton Garden Inn Tribeca, New York, NYSwap1.768 %
1-Month LIBOR + 2.25%
July 25, 2019July 25, 202422,725 802 1,007 
Hilton Garden Inn 52nd Street, New York, NYCap4.000 %1-Month LIBORDecember 4, 2022December 1, 202344,325 272 340 
     $14,730 $18,709 

The fair value of the interest rate swaps and cap are included in Other Assets at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

The net change related to derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges recognized as unrealized gains reflected on our consolidated balance sheet in accumulated other comprehensive income was a (loss)/gain of $(3,972) and $15,122 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income related to derivatives will be reclassified to interest expense as interest payments are made and received on the Company’s variable-rate derivatives. The change in net unrealized gains/losses on cash flow hedges reflects a reclassification of $7 and $(367) of net unrealized gains from accumulated other comprehensive income as an increase/decrease to interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. For the next twelve months ending March 31, 2024, we estimate that an additional $11,490 will be reclassified as a decrease to interest expense.

Fair Value of Debt
We estimate the fair value of our fixed rate debt and the credit spreads over variable market rates on our variable rate debt by discounting the future cash flows of each instrument at estimated market rates or credit spreads consistent with the maturity of the debt obligation with similar credit policies. Credit spreads take into consideration general market conditions and maturity. The inputs utilized in estimating the fair value of debt are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.  As of March 31, 2023, the carrying value and estimated fair value of our debt was $630,080 and $610,845, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, the carrying value and estimated fair value of our debt was $629,885 and $610,401, respectively.
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 9 – SHARE BASED PAYMENTS
A summary of our share based compensation activity from December 31, 2022 to March 31, 2023 is as follows:
LTIP Unit AwardsRestricted Share AwardsShare Awards
Number of UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValueNumber of Restricted SharesWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValueNumber of SharesWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Unvested Balance as of December 31, 2022
1,105,573 $9.65 164,166 $9.83 — 
Granted1,104,874 
(1)
5.90 52,710 5.90 118,530 $6.45 
Vested(51,452)5.90 (48,462)11.21 (118,530)6.45 
Forfeited— N/A(2,767)10.52 — N/A
Unvested Balance as of March 31, 2023
2,158,995 $7.82 165,647 $8.17 — 
(1) On March 22, 2023, 1,104,874 Units were issued to the executive officers in settlement of the 2022 Short Term Incentive Program. These Units vest on December 31, 2024, the two year anniversary following the end of the performance period and were determined by dividing the dollar amount of award earned by $9.32, the per share volume weighted average trading price of the Company's common shares on the NYSE for the 20 trading days prior to December 31, 2022.
The following table summarizes share based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 and unearned compensation as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:
Share Based
Compensation Expense
Unearned
Compensation
For the Three Months EndedAs of
March 31, 2023
March 31, 2022
March 31, 2023
December 31, 2022
Issued Awards
LTIP Unit Awards$773 $1,777 $8,359 $5,311 
Restricted Share Awards199 192 721 683 
Share Awards810 287 — — 
Unissued Awards
Market Based270 285 2,271 2,541 
Total$2,052 $2,541 $11,351 $8,535 
The weighted-average period of which the unrecognized compensation expense will be recorded is approximately 1.0 years for LTIP Unit Awards and 0.9 years for Restricted Share Awards.
The remaining unvested target units are expected to vest as follows:
2023202420252026
LTIP Unit Awards1,046,4411,112,554— — 
Restricted Share Awards73,96173,75810,4647,464
1,120,402 1,186,312 10,464 7,464 

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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 10 – EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table is a reconciliation of the income or loss (numerator) and the weighted average shares (denominator) used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per common share. The computation of basic and diluted earnings per share is presented below.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20232022
NUMERATOR:  
Basic and Diluted*  
Net loss$(9,501)$(16,599)
Loss allocated to Noncontrolling Interests606 408 
Distributions to Preferred Shareholders(6,044)(6,044)
Dividends Paid on Unvested Restricted Shares and LTIP Units(116)— 
Net loss applicable to Common Shareholders$(15,055)$(22,235)
  
DENOMINATOR:  
Weighted average number of common shares - basic39,626,231 39,231,550 
Effect of dilutive securities: 
Restricted Stock Awards and LTIP Units (unvested)— — 
Contingently Issued Shares and Units— — 
Weighted average number of common shares - diluted39,626,231 39,231,550 
*Loss allocated to noncontrolling interest in HHLP has been excluded from the numerator and Common Units and Vested LTIP Units have been omitted from the denominator for the purpose of computing diluted earnings per share since including these amounts in the numerator and denominator would have no impact. In addition, potentially dilutive common shares, if any, have been excluded from the denominator if they are anti-dilutive to loss applicable to common shareholders.
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HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022 (UNAUDITED)
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE/UNIT AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

NOTE 11 – CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES AND NON CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Interest paid during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 totaled $11,024 and $8,390, respectively. Net cash received on Interest Rate Derivative contracts during the three months ended March 31, 2023 totaled $2,973 and net cash paid on Interest Rate Derivative contracts during the three months ended March 31, 2022 totaled $2,496. Cash paid for income taxes during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022 totaled $220 and $32, respectively. The following non-cash investing and financing activities occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022:
20232022
Issuance of share based payments$6,819 $— 
Accrued payables for capital expenditures placed into service2,724 914 
Adjustment to Record Noncontrolling Interest at Redemption Value1,390 2,273 

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022:
20232022
Cash and cash equivalents$193,574 $77,447 
Escrowed cash4,557 10,997 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the consolidated statements of cash flows$198,131 $88,444 


Amounts included in restricted cash represent those required to be set aside in escrow by contractual agreement with various lenders for the payment of specific items such as property insurance, property tax, and capital expenditures.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including, without limitation, statements containing the words, “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “continue,” “intend,” “should,” “may,” "could," "will," "would," "forecast," "project," "potential," "likely," and words of similar import. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events, our plans, strategies, prospects and future financial performance, and involve known and unknown risks that are difficult to predict, uncertainties and other factors that are, in some cases, beyond our control and which could materially affect our actual results, performance or achievements or industry results to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Readers should specifically consider the various factors identified in this report and other reports filed by us with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), including, but not limited to those discussed in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, that could cause actual results to differ. Statements regarding the following subjects are forward-looking by their nature:

● our business or investment strategy;
● our projected operating results;
● our ability to generate positive cash flow from operations;
● our distribution policy;
● our liquidity and management's plans with respect thereto;
● completion of any pending transactions;
● our ability to maintain existing financing arrangements, including compliance with covenants and our ability to obtain future financing arrangements or refinance or extend the maturity of existing financing arrangements as they come due;
● our ability to negotiate with lenders;
● our understanding of our competition;
● market trends;
● projected capital expenditures;
● the impact of inflation and the change in interest rates;
● the effects of COVID-19 and its variants and other infectious disease outbreaks;
● the supply and demand factors in our markets or sub-markets, or a potential recessionary environment;
● our access to capital on the terms and timing we expect;
● the restoration of public confidence in domestic and international travel;
● permanent structural changes in demand for conference centers by business and leisure clientele; and
● our ability to dispose of selected hotel properties on the terms and timing we expect, if at all.

Forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations, taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations are subject to risks and uncertainties and can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. 

Important factors that we think could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected results are summarized below. One of the most significant factors, however, is the ongoing impact of the current outbreak of the novel coronavirus on the United States, regional and global economies, the broader financial markets, our customers and employees, governmental responses thereto and the operation changes we have and may implement in response thereto. The current outbreak of COVID-19 has also impacted, and is likely to continue to impact, directly or indirectly, many other important factors below.

New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which factors will arise. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. In particular, it is difficult to fully assess the impact of COVID-19 at this time due to, among other factors, uncertainty regarding the severity and duration of the outbreak domestically and internationally, and the possibility of additional subsequent widespread outbreaks and variant strains and the impacts of actions taken in response, and the effectiveness of federal, state and local governments’ efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19 and respond to its direct and indirect impact on the U.S. economy and economic activity.
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The following non-exclusive list of factors could also cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements:

● general volatility of the capital markets and the market price of our common shares;
● changes in our business or investment strategy;
● availability, terms and deployment of capital;
● changes in our industry and the market in which we operate, interest rates, or the general economy;
● decreased international travel because of geopolitical events, including terrorism and current U.S. government policies such as immigration policies, border closings, and travel bans related to COVID-19;
● widespread adoption of teleconference and virtual meeting technologies could reduce the number of in person business meetings and demand for travel and our services;
● uncertainty surrounding the financial stability of the United States, Europe and China;
● the degree and nature of our competition;
● financing risks, including (i) the risk of leverage and the corresponding risk of default on our mortgage loans and other debt, including default with respect to applicable covenants, (ii) potential inability to obtain waivers of covenants or refinance or extend the maturity of existing indebtedness and (iii) our ability to negotiate with lenders;
● levels of spending in the business, travel and leisure industries, as well as consumer confidence;
● declines in occupancy, average daily rate and RevPAR and other hotel operating metrics;
● hostilities, including future terrorist attacks, or fear of hostilities that affect travel;
● financial condition of, and our relationships with, our joint venture partners, third-party property managers, and franchisors;
● increased interest rates and operating costs and the impact of inflation;
● ability to complete development and redevelopment projects;
● risks associated with potential dispositions of hotel properties;
● availability of and our ability to retain qualified personnel;
● decreases in tourism due to pandemics, geopolitical instability or changes in foreign exchange rates;
● our failure to maintain our qualification as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the "Code";
● environmental uncertainties and risks related to natural disasters and increases in costs to insure against those risks;
● changes in real estate and zoning laws and increases in real property tax rates;
● the uncertainty and economic impact of pandemics, epidemics, or other public health emergencies or fear of such events, such as the recent outbreak of COVID-19, including with respect to New York City;
● the current COVID-19 pandemic had, and will continue to have, adverse effects on our financial conditions, results of operations, cash flows, and performance for an indefinite period of time. Future pandemics may also have adverse effects on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and performance;
● world events impacting the ability or desire of people to travel may lead to a decline in demand for hotels; and
● the factors discussed in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 under the headings “Risk Factors” and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and in other reports we file with the SEC from time to time.

These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors, many of which are beyond our control, also could harm our results, performance or achievements.

All forward-looking statements contained in this report are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements set forth above. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake or assume any obligation to update publicly any of these statements to reflect actual results, new information or future events, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking statements, except to the extent required by applicable laws. If we update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.
 
BACKGROUND

As of March 31, 2023, we owned interests in 25 hotels in major urban gateway markets including New York, Washington DC, Boston, Philadelphia, Monterey Bay, Key West, and Miami, including 22 wholly-owned hotels, 1 hotel through
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our interest in a consolidated joint venture, and interests in 2 hotels owned through unconsolidated joint ventures. We have elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, beginning with the taxable year ended December 31, 1999. For purposes of the REIT qualification rules, we cannot directly operate any of our hotels. Instead, we must lease our hotels to a third party lessee or to a TRS, provided that the TRS engages an eligible independent contractor to manage the hotels. As of March 31, 2023, we have leased all of our hotels to a wholly-owned TRS, a joint venture owned TRS, or an entity owned by our wholly-owned TRS. Each of these TRS entities will pay qualifying rent, and the TRS entities have entered into management contracts with qualified independent managers, including HHMLP, with respect to our hotels. We intend to lease all newly acquired hotels to a TRS. The TRS structure enables us to participate more directly in the operating performance of our hotels. The TRS directly receives all revenue from, and funds all expenses relating to, hotel operations. The TRS is also subject to income tax on its earnings.

OVERVIEW

We started to realize the effects from the global economic slowdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in March of 2020. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we completed several hotel dispositions to enhance our liquidity to address our various debt obligations and limit capital expenditures.

During 2022, we closed on the sale of ten hotel properties for consideration of $641.0 million. The proceeds from the sales were used to pay off the Company's unsecured notes facility at a redemption price of $164.4 million, and to pay down amounts borrowed under the Company’s line of credit and term loans. On August 4, 2022, the Company entered into a new credit agreement for a senior secured credit facility which provided for a $100.0 million revolving line of credit and a $400.0 million term loan. The Company made an initial draw of $400.0 million on the facility’s term loan, using the proceeds to pay off the remaining balances under the Company’s prior line of credit and term loans, effectively reducing the Company’s borrowings and moving the maturity of borrowings under the Company’s credit facility to August of 2024. The $100.0 million line of credit provided by the new credit facility remains undrawn.

The manner in which the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic will be resolved or the manner that the hospitality and tourism industries will return to historical performance norms, and whether the economy will contract or grow are not reasonably predictable. As a result, there can be no assurances that we will be able to achieve the hotel operating metrics or the results at our properties we have forecasted. Factors that might contribute to less-than-anticipated performance include those described under the headings “Risk Factors” and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and other documents that we may file with the SEC in the future. We will continue to cautiously monitor lodging demand and rates, our third-party hotel managers, and our performance generally.


SUMMARY OF OPERATING RESULTS

COMPARISON OF THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2023 AND 2022
(dollars in thousands, except ADR, RevPAR, and per share data)

Revenue

Hotel operating revenues are recorded for wholly-owned hotels that are leased to our wholly owned TRS and hotels owned through joint venture or other interests that are consolidated in our financial statements. Hotel operating revenues decreased $6,736 to $75,091 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $81,827 for the same period in 2022.  This decrease is primarily attributable to the sale of ten hotel properties in the third and fourth quarters of 2022, which contributed hotel operating revenue of $17,048 during the three months ended March 31, 2022. This decrease is partially offset by an increase in demand across our portfolio in 2023 as demand was suppressed by the Omicron variant during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Expenses

Total hotel operating expenses increased $3,364 to $52,714 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $49,350 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The increase in hotel operating expenses is due primarily to the reopening of food and beverage outlets at several of our hotels and due to increased occupancy at our hotels for the three months ended March 31, 2023 as a result of the increase in demand noted above. This is partially offset by the sale of ten hotel properties in the third and fourth quarters of 2022, which contributed hotel operating expense of $8,776 during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
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Hotel ground rent decreased by $772, or 70.8%, for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2022 as a result of the disposal of the following hotels during the year ended December 31, 2022 which had ground leases that were assumed by the buyers: the Courtyard Brookline, the Gate JFK Airport, Hotel Milo and Towneplace Suites Sunnyvale. As of March 31, 2023, we have two hotels in our portfolio in which we incur ground rent: the Hilton Garden Inn JFK and the Annapolis Waterfront Hotel.

Real estate and personal property tax and property insurance decreased $2,302, or 27.1%, for the three months ended March 31, 2023 when compared to the same period in 2022, which is primarily driven by the sale of ten hotel properties in the third and fourth quarters of 2022 noted above.

General and administrative expense decreased $386, or 7.3%, from $5,318 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to $4,932 for the same period in 2023. General and administrative expense includes expenses related to payroll, rents, and other corporate level administrative costs as well as non-cash share based payments issued as compensation to the Company’s trustees, executives, and employees. Expenses related to non-cash share based compensation decreased $489 when comparing the three months ended March 31, 2023 to the same period in 2022. This increase resulted primarily from a difference in the timing of share based compensation recognition. Please refer to “Note 9 – Share Based Payments” of the notes to the consolidated financial statements for more information about our share based compensation. 

Depreciation and amortization decreased by $5,607, or 29.1%, to $13,669 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 from $19,276 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The decrease is primarily attributable to the sale of ten hotels in 2022 noted above, and assets that fully depreciated during 2022.

Operating Loss

Operating loss for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was $2,664 compared to an operating loss of $1,674 during the same period in 2022. This increase is primarily driven by an increase in hotel operating expenses and a decrease in the hotel operating revenues, described above.

Interest Income

Interest income increased $1,738 from $1 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to $1,739 for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The increase in interest income is primarily driven by an increase in cash and cash equivalents as a result of the 2022 hotel dispositions noted above, and a corresponding increase in interest rates on the interest income earned on cash and cash equivalents.

Interest Expense

Interest expense decreased $4,781 from $13,870 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to $9,089 for the three months ended March 31, 2023. The decrease in interest expense is primarily driven by the pay down of the amount drawn under the prior line of credit of $118,684 on August 4, 2022, the decrease in the principal term loan balance of $97,481 after the credit refinancing on August 4, 2022, and the pay off of certain unsecured notes payable on August 4, 2022 which had a principal balance of $158,094.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income was $913 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to other expense of $99 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Other income during the three months ended March 31, 2023 primarily consists of the recovery of certain receivables associated with properties sold in 2022 that we had previously deemed uncollectible.

Unconsolidated Joint Venture Investments

The loss from unconsolidated joint ventures consists of our interest in the operating results of the properties we own in joint ventures. Loss from our unconsolidated joint ventures decreased by $584 to a loss of $352 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to loss of $936 during the same period in 2022. The loss from unconsolidated joint ventures for the three months ended March 31, 2022 includes a loss of $258 for Hiren Boston, LLC, which we sold on November 30, 2022. The remaining decrease in loss is attributable to improved operating results at our remaining two South Boston joint ventures for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2022.



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Income Tax Expense

During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company recorded income tax expense of $34 compared to income tax expense of $21 for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

After considering various factors, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, future taxable income and tax planning strategies, we believe that as of March 31, 2023, it is not more likely than not that we will be able to realize our net deferred tax asset and therefore, maintained the full valuation allowance that was established during the second quarter of 2020. As a result, the balance of our net deferred tax asset at March 31, 2023 is $0. Absent the valuation allowance and the impact of hotel dispositions, the amount of income tax expense or benefit that the Company typically records depends mostly on the amount of taxable income or loss that is generated by our consolidated taxable REIT subsidiaries (“TRS”).
    
Net Loss Applicable to Common Shareholders

Net loss applicable to common shareholders for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was $14,939 compared to net loss applicable to common shareholders of $22,235 during the same period in 2022. This increase is primarily driven by decreases in interest expense, depreciation and amortization, and real estate and personal property taxes and property insurance, and an increase in interest income in 2023 as compared to the same period in 2022.



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LIQUIDITY, CAPITAL RESOURCES, AND EQUITY OFFERINGS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Potential Sources of Capital

Our organizational documents do not limit the amount of indebtedness that we may incur. Our ability to incur additional debt is dependent upon a number of factors, including the current state of the overall credit markets, our degree of leverage and borrowing restrictions imposed by existing lenders. Our ability to raise funds through the issuance of debt and equity securities is dependent upon, among other things, capital market volatility, risk tolerance of investors, general market conditions for REITs and market perceptions related to the Company’s ability to generate cash flow and positive returns on its investments.

In addition, our mortgage indebtedness contains various financial and non-financial covenants customarily found in secured, nonrecourse financing arrangements. If the specified criteria are not satisfied, the lender may be able to escrow cash flow generated by the property securing the applicable mortgage loan. Future deterioration in market conditions could cause restrictions in our access to the cash flow of additional properties.

In addition to the incurrence of debt and the offering of equity securities, dispositions of property may serve as additional capital resources and sources of liquidity. We may recycle capital from stabilized assets or from sales of hotels in secondary and tertiary markets. Capital from these types of transactions is intended to be redeployed into high growth acquisitions, share buybacks, or to pay down existing debt.

As of March 31, 2023 we had no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Credit Facility and Term Loans

On August 4, 2022, we entered into a credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement"), with certain lenders, for whom Citibank, N.A. ("Citibank") acted as the administrative agreement and collateral agent, Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. and Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company acted as the co-syndication agents, and Citibank, Wells Fargo Securities, LLC, and Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company acted as joint lead arrangers and joint book running managers. The Credit Agreement provided for a new secured term loan of $400.0 million and secured revolving line of credit with capacity of $100.0 million which mature in August of 2024. Immediately upon entering into the Credit Agreement, proceeds from the $400.0 million new term loan, along with a portion of the proceeds from the dispositions discussed in Note 2 – Investment in Hotel Properties, were used to pay off and terminate all borrowings under the Prior Facilities.

All borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate per annum equal to, at the option of the Company, either (i) 2.50% plus Adjusted Term SOFR (defined as the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR plus 0.10%), or (ii) 1.50% plus the Base Rate (defined as the highest of (a) the rate of interest announced publicly by Citibank, as its base rate, (b) ½ of 1% per annum above the Federal Funds Rate and (c) the Adjusted Term SOFR for a one-month Interest Period in effect on such day plus 1.00% per annum). The Credit Agreement provides for a 0.00% floor for borrowings at Adjusted Term SOFR and a 1.00% floor for borrowings at the Base Rate. The Credit Agreement also permits the issuance of letters of credit.

Acquisitions

During the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, we acquired no hotel properties. We intend to invest in additional hotels only as suitable opportunities arise and adequate sources of capital are available. We expect that future investments in hotels will depend upon and will be financed by, in whole or in part, our existing cash, the proceeds from additional issuances of common or preferred shares, proceeds from the sale of assets, issuances of Common Units, issuances of preferred units or other securities or borrowings secured by hotel assets and under our Line of Credit.

Dispositions

During the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, there were no hotel property dispositions.
Operating Liquidity and Capital Expenditures
Our short-term liquidity requirements generally consist of funds necessary to pay our scheduled debt service and operating expenses and capital expenditures directly associated with our hotels. We expect to meet our short-term liquidity
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requirements generally through net cash provided by operations, existing cash balances and, if necessary, short-term borrowings under the new $100.0 million line of credit.

To qualify as a REIT, we must distribute annually at least 90% of our taxable income. This distribution requirement limits our ability to retain earnings and requires us to raise additional capital in order to grow our business and acquire additional hotel properties. However, there is no assurance that we will be able to borrow funds or raise additional equity capital on terms acceptable to us, if at all. In addition, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to make distributions to our shareholders.

At March 31, 2023, we were in compliance with our debt service coverage ratio ("DSCR") requirements for our mortgage borrowings. It is possible that we could fail certain financial covenants within certain property-level mortgage borrowings. The lenders' remedy of a covenant failure would be a requirement to escrow funds for the purpose of meeting our future debt payment obligations.

Five of our mortgages totaling $163,119 mature in the next twelve months. We plan to exercise available extension options, refinance each mortgage before their maturities, or use available cash on hand or capacity under our revolving line of credit to pay the obligation.

Spending on capital improvements during the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased when compared to spending on capital improvements during the three months ended March 31, 2022. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we spent $9,953 on capital expenditures to renovate, improve or replace assets at our hotels. This compares to $4,219 spent during the same period in 2022. These capital expenditures were undertaken to comply with brand mandated improvements and to initiate projects that we believe will generate a return on investment. We may spend additional amounts, if necessary, to comply with the requirements of any franchise license under which any of our hotels operate and otherwise to the extent we deem such expenditures to be prudent. We are also obligated to fund the cost of certain capital improvements to our hotels.

We expect to use operating cash flow, borrowings under the Line of Credit, and proceeds from issuances of our securities and hotel dispositions to pay for the cost of capital improvements and any furniture, fixture and equipment requirements.

CASH FLOW ANALYSIS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023 and 2022

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased by $4,999 from $14,996 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to $9,997 for the comparable period in 2023. The decrease in cash flow is primarily attributable to a decrease in hotel property cash flow as a result of the sale of ten hotel properties in the third and fourth quarters of 2022.

Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased by $5,249 to $9,953 from $4,704 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. This was primarily a result of an increase of $5,734 for capital expenditures for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to 2022 as we have resumed certain selective capital expenditure projects during the three months ended March 31, 2023. We had a decrease of $485 of contributions related to unconsolidated joint ventures as we contributed $485 to the Hiren Boston and SB Partners unconsolidated joint ventures during the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to no contributions during the three months ended March 31, 2023.

Net cash used in financing activities increased by $25,140 to $31,933 for the three months ended March 31, 2023 compared to $6,793 for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The increase primarily relates to an increase in cash payments of $25,578 related to dividends paid. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, we paid a dividend of $0.55 per common share and per limited partnership unit compared to no dividends paid on common shares and per limited partnership units during the three months ended March 31, 2022. This was partially offset by a reduction in principal payments on mortgages of $242 as we disposed of the Towneplace Suites Sunnyvale and Courtyard Sunnyvale in the third and fourth quarters of 2022, respectively, which had monthly principal payments. In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2022 we paid deferred financing costs of $196 for our prior line of credit.




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FUNDS FROM OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except share data)

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”) developed Funds from Operations (“FFO”) as a non-GAAP financial measure of performance of an equity REIT in order to recognize that income-producing real estate historically has not depreciated on the basis determined under GAAP. We calculate FFO applicable to common shares and Common Units in accordance with the December 2018 Financial Standards White Paper of NAREIT, which we refer to as the White Paper. The White Paper defines FFO as net income (loss) (computed in accordance with GAAP) excluding depreciation and amortization related to real estate, gains and losses from the sale of certain real estate assets, gains and losses from change in control, and impairment write-downs of certain real estate assets and investments in entities when the impairment is directly attributable to decreases in the value of depreciable real estate held by an entity. Our interpretation of the NAREIT definition is that noncontrolling interest in net income (loss) should be added back to (deducted from) net income (loss) as part of reconciling net income (loss) to FFO. Our FFO computation may not be comparable to FFO reported by other REITs that do not compute FFO in accordance with the NAREIT definition, or that interpret the NAREIT definition differently than we do.

The GAAP measure that we believe to be most directly comparable to FFO, net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders, includes loss from the impairment of certain depreciable assets, our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures and land, depreciation and amortization expenses, gains or losses on property sales, noncontrolling interest and preferred dividends. In computing FFO, we eliminate these items because, in our view, they are not indicative of the results from our property operations. We determined that the loss from the impairment of certain depreciable assets including investments in unconsolidated joint ventures and land, was driven by a measurable decrease in the fair value of certain hotel properties and other assets as determined by our analysis of those assets in accordance with applicable GAAP. As such, these impairments have been eliminated from net loss to determine FFO.

FFO does not represent cash flows from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to net income as an indication of the Company’s performance or to cash flow as a measure of liquidity or ability to make distributions. We consider FFO to be a meaningful, additional measure of operating performance because it excludes the effects of the assumption that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time, and because it is widely used by industry analysts as a performance measure. We show both FFO from consolidated hotel operations and FFO from unconsolidated joint ventures because we believe it is meaningful for the investor to understand the relative contributions from our consolidated and unconsolidated hotels. The display of both FFO from consolidated hotels and FFO from unconsolidated joint ventures allows for a detailed analysis of the operating performance of our hotel portfolio by management and investors. We present FFO applicable to common shares and Common Units because our Common Units are redeemable for common shares. We believe it is meaningful for the investor to understand FFO applicable to all common shares and Common Units.
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The following table reconciles FFO for the periods presented to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net income, for the same periods (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2023March 31, 2022
Loss applicable to common shareholders$(14,939)$(22,235)
Loss allocated to noncontrolling interest(606)(408)
Loss from unconsolidated joint ventures352 936 
Depreciation and amortization13,669 19,276 
Funds from consolidated hotel operations applicable to common shareholders and Partnership Units(1,524)(2,431)
  
Loss from unconsolidated joint ventures(352)(936)
Unrecognized pro rata interest in loss (1)
(420)(219)
Depreciation and amortization of difference between purchase price and historical cost (2)
19 21 
Interest in depreciation and amortization of unconsolidated joint ventures (3)
536 627 
Funds from unconsolidated joint ventures operations applicable to common shareholders and Partnership Units(217)(507)
  
Funds from Operations applicable to common shareholders and Partnership Units$(1,741)$(2,938)
  
Weighted Average Common Shares and Common Units  
Basic39,626,231 39,231,550 
Diluted46,659,174 45,476,116 
(1) For U.S. GAAP reporting purposes, our interest in the joint venture's loss is not recognized since our U.S. GAAP basis in the joint venture has been reduced to $0. Our interest in FFO from the joint venture equals our percentage ownership in the venture's FFO, including loss we have not recognized for U.S. GAAP reporting.
(2) Adjustment made to add depreciation of purchase price in excess of historical cost of the assets in the unconsolidated joint venture at the time of our investment.
(3) Adjustment made to add our interest in real estate related depreciation and amortization of our unconsolidated joint ventures.

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CYBERSECURITY

The hospitality industry and certain of the major brand and franchise companies have recently experienced cybersecurity breaches. We are not aware of any material cybersecurity losses at any of our properties. We manage cybersecurity risks at our hotel properties through our franchisors and property management companies. An important part of our cybersecurity risk mitigation efforts includes maintaining cybersecurity insurance and indemnifications in certain of our property management agreements. The Risk & Environmental, Social, Governance Sub-Committee of the Audit Committee of the Board of Trustees provides on-going oversight of management's approach to managing cybersecurity risks.

INFLATION

Operators of hotel properties, in general, possess the ability to adjust room rates daily to reflect the effects of inflation. However, competitive pressures may limit the ability of our management companies to raise room rates. Additionally, our management companies will face challenges to raise room rates to reflect the impact of inflation until there is a substantial economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Increasing inflation could adversely affect consumer confidence, which could reduce consumer purchasing power and demand for lodging. Additionally, an increased rate of inflation will cause our operating and renovation costs to increase. These conditions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial conditions, results of operations and cash flows.

BUSINESS INTERRUPTION

Being in the real estate industry, the Company is exposed to natural disasters on both a local and national scale. Although management believes the Company has adequate insurance to cover this exposure, there can be no assurance that such events will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

Critical accounting estimates are those that management believes are the most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require the most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain, especially in light of the current economic environment due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The estimates and assumptions made by management in applying critical accounting policies have not changed materially during 2023 and 2022 and none of the estimates or assumptions have proven to be materially incorrect or resulted in our recording any significant adjustments relating to prior periods.

Investment in Hotel Properties

We review our portfolio on an on-going basis to evaluate the existence of any of the aforementioned events or changes in circumstances that would require us to test for recoverability. In general, our review of recoverability is based on an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition.

Our impairment evaluation contains uncertainties because it requires management to make assumptions and to apply judgment to estimate future cash flows and asset fair values. Key assumptions used in estimating future cash flows and asset fair values include expected future operating income, as well as the holding period and the expected terminal capitalization rate. Estimates of revenue growth and operating expenses are based on third-party market data, where available and applicable to the hotel evaluated, and internal projections which consider the hotel’s historical performance, hotel demand, competition and other factors that impact the hotel’s performance. The terminal capitalization rate is selected based on third-party market data, recent dispositions, and what we believe a buyer would assume when determining a purchase price for the hotel. These estimates are subjective and our ability to realize future cash flows and asset fair values is affected by factors such as ongoing maintenance and improvement of the assets, changes in economic conditions and changes in operating performance.

If impairment exists due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a property, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property. As of March 31, 2023, based on our analysis, we have determined that the estimated future cash flow of each of the properties in our portfolio is sufficient to recover its carrying value.
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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk (in thousands, except per share data)

Our primary market risk exposure is to changes in interest rates on our variable rate debt. As of March 31, 2023, we are exposed to interest rate risk with respect to certain variable rate mortgages, and notes payable. As of March 31, 2023, we had total variable rate debt outstanding of $173,612 with a weighted average interest rate of 7.49%. The effect of a 100 basis point increase or decrease in the interest rate on our variable rate debt outstanding as of March 31, 2023 would be an increase or decrease in our interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 of $434.

Our interest rate risk objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate fluctuations on earnings and cash flows and to lower our overall borrowing costs. To achieve these objectives, we manage our exposure to fluctuations in market interest rates for a portion of our borrowings through the use of fixed rate debt instruments to the extent that reasonably favorable rates are obtainable with such arrangements. We have also entered into derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps or caps, and in the future may enter into treasury options or locks, to mitigate our interest rate risk on a related financial instrument or to effectively lock the interest rate on a portion of our variable rate debt. As of March 31, 2023, we have six interest rate swaps related to debt on Hilton Garden Inn, 52nd Street, New York, NY; Hyatt Union Square, New York, NY; Hilton Garden Inn Tribeca, New York, NY; and our Credit Facility. We do not intend to enter into derivative or interest rate transactions for speculative purposes.

As of March 31, 2023, approximately 73% of our outstanding consolidated long-term indebtedness was subject to fixed rates, while 27% of our outstanding long term indebtedness is subject to floating rates. The majority of our floating rate debt and any corresponding derivative instruments are indexed to various tenors of LIBOR or SOFR.

On March 5, 2021, the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) announced that USD LIBOR will no longer be published after June 30, 2023. This announcement has several implications, including setting the spread that may be used to automatically convert contracts from LIBOR to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"). Additionally, banks discontinued new LIBOR debt issuances by December 31, 2021. However, the ICE Benchmark Administration, in its capacity as administrator of LIBOR, has announced that it intends to extend publication of LIBOR (other than one-week and two-month tenors) by 18 months to June 2023.

Any changes adopted by the FCA or other governing bodies in the method used for determining LIBOR may result in a sudden or prolonged increase or decrease in reported LIBOR. If that were to occur, our interest payments could change. In addition, uncertainty about the extent and manner of future changes may result in interest rates and/or payments that are higher or lower than if LIBOR were to remain available in its current form. In anticipation of the cessation of LIBOR, we may need to renegotiate credit facilities and any credit agreements extending beyond 2022 that utilize LIBOR as a factor in determining the interest rate or rely on certain fallback provisions that could cause interest rates to shift to a base rate plus a margin. Any such renegotiations may have a material adverse effect on our business.

Changes in market interest rates on our fixed-rate debt impact the fair value of the debt, but such changes have no impact on interest expense incurred. If interest rates rise 100 basis points and our fixed rate debt balance remains constant, we expect the fair value of our debt to decrease. The sensitivity analysis related to our fixed-rate debt assumes an immediate 100 basis point move in interest rates from their March 31, 2023 levels, with all other variables held constant. A 100 basis point increase in market interest rates would cause the fair value of our fixed-rate debt outstanding at March 31, 2023 to be approximately $605,730 and a 100 basis point decrease in market interest rates would cause the fair value of our fixed-rate debt outstanding at March 31, 2023 to be approximately $616,033.

We regularly review interest rate exposure on our outstanding borrowings in an effort to minimize the risk of interest rate fluctuations. For debt obligations outstanding as of March 31, 2023, the following table presents expected principal repayments and related weighted average interest rates by expected maturity dates:

20232024 - 20252026 - 2027ThereafterTotal
Fixed Rate Debt$100,547 $358,811 $— $— $459,358 
Weighted Average Interest Rate3.99 %3.93 %N/AN/A3.96 %
    
Floating Rate Debt$96,114 $26,091 $— $51,548 $173,753 
Weighted Average Interest Rate7.65 %7.77 %N/A7.77 %7.73 %
$196,661 $384,902 $— $51,548 $633,111 
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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Based on the most recent evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer believe the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) were effective as of March 31, 2023.

There were no changes to the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2023, that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

We are not presently subject to any material litigation nor, to our knowledge, is any other litigation threatened against us, other than routine actions for negligence or other claims and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business, some of which are expected to be covered by liability insurance and all of which collectively are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, results of operations or business or financial condition.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

There have been no material changes to the Risk Factors previously disclosed in Item 1A in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not Applicable.


Item 5. Other Information.

None.
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Item 6. Exhibits.
  
Exhibit No.  
31.1  
31.2  
32.1  
32.2  
101.INS The instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document
101.SCH Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document*
101.CAL Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document*
101.DEF Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document*
101.LAB Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document*
 101.PRE Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document*
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
*Filed herewith
+Compensatory plan or arrangement

45

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 HERSHA HOSPITALITY TRUST