UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

ý QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2004

 

or

 

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to           

 

Commission File Number: 000-30269

 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

OREGON

 

91-1761992

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

8100 SW Nyberg Road

Tualatin, Oregon 97062

(503) 454-1750

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including
area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the last 90 days.  Yes   ý     No   o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   ý     No   o

 

Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of July 31, 2004: 46,216,605

 

 



 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2004

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K

 

 

SIGNATURES

 



 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.                                                            Financial Statements

 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

June 30,
2004

 

December 31,
2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

99,982

 

$

75,165

 

Short-term marketable securities

 

102,761

 

5,656

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

19,499

 

8,468

 

Inventories, net

 

15,942

 

10,478

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

4,604

 

4,826

 

Total current assets

 

242,788

 

104,593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term marketable securities

 

65,804

 

19,875

 

Property and equipment, net

 

7,476

 

6,561

 

Other assets, net

 

8,650

 

12,511

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

6,693

 

3,694

 

Debt issuance costs, net

 

4,709

 

 

Acquired intangible assets, net

 

3,028

 

3,535

 

Goodwill

 

82,007

 

82,548

 

Total assets

 

$

421,155

 

$

233,317

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

10,872

 

$

4,330

 

Accrued liabilities and current portion of long-term liabilities

 

13,193

 

8,582

 

Income taxes payable

 

3,042

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

27,107

 

12,912

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term liabilities

 

827

 

100

 

Long-term debt

 

150,000

 

 

Total liabilities

 

177,934

 

13,012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock

 

 

 

Common stock

 

305,825

 

294,235

 

Shares exchangeable into common stock

 

6,214

 

7,888

 

Deferred stock-based compensation

 

(236

)

(449

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

475

 

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(69,057

)

(81,369

)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

243,221

 

220,305

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

421,155

 

$

233,317

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3



 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

48,509

 

$

32,559

 

$

93,779

 

$

64,564

 

Cost of revenue (1)

 

25,127

 

17,880

 

46,702

 

35,172

 

Gross profit

 

23,382

 

14,679

 

47,077

 

29,392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development (2)

 

7,471

 

6,854

 

14,725

 

13,601

 

Selling, general and administrative (3)

 

6,888

 

5,489

 

13,120

 

10,877

 

Merger related expenses

 

 

1,398

 

 

2,977

 

Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce

 

213

 

468

 

498

 

873

 

Total operating expenses

 

14,572

 

14,209

 

28,343

 

28,328

 

Income from operations

 

8,810

 

470

 

18,734

 

1,064

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

528

 

305

 

764

 

690

 

Interest expense

 

(294

)

(4

)

(295

)

(10

)

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

(115

)

 

(115

)

 

Interest income, net

 

119

 

301

 

354

 

680

 

Income before income taxes

 

8,929

 

771

 

19,088

 

1,744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

3,170

 

351

 

6,776

 

1,076

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

5,759

 

$

420

 

$

12,312

 

$

668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.26

 

$

0.01

 

Diluted

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.25

 

$

0.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

46,636

 

45,184

 

46,479

 

45,106

 

Diluted

 

48,475

 

46,390

 

48,299

 

46,364

 

 


(1)

Includes amortization of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquired developed technology

 

$

132

 

$

132

 

$

264

 

$

264

 

 

 

Deferred stock-based compensation

 

 

2

 

 

5

 

 

(2)

Excludes stock-based compensation of:

 

73

 

147

 

153

 

301

 

 

(3)

Excludes stock-based compensation of:

 

18

 

79

 

102

 

87

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4



 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

12,312

 

$

668

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Tax benefit from stock options

 

6,106

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

3,196

 

3,137

 

Deferred tax assets, net

 

(2,999

)

 

Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce

 

498

 

878

 

Loss on asset disposals

 

160

 

 

Amortization of acquired developed technology

 

264

 

264

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

115

 

 

Amortization of deferred tax charge

 

27

 

 

Deferred rent

 

2

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

(11,031

)

191

 

Inventories, net

 

(5,464

)

(2,934

)

Prepaid expenses and other current and long-term assets

 

299

 

(190

)

Accounts payable

 

6,542

 

1,946

 

Accrued current and long-term liabilities and income taxes payable

 

5,291

 

1,992

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

15,318

 

5,952

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(139,559

)

(16,025

)

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

7,000

 

38,300

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(3,186

)

(2,023

)

Purchases of other assets

 

(2,736

)

(153

)

Payments on accrued equipment and other asset balances

 

(1,632

)

(150

)

Proceeds from sale of assets

 

3

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(140,110

)

19,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt, net

 

145,500

 

 

Proceeds from issuances of common stock

 

4,309

 

707

 

Lease incentives

 

124

 

 

Debt issuance costs

 

(324

)

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

149,609

 

707

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

24,817

 

26,608

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

75,165

 

62,152

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

99,982

 

$

88,760

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the year for:

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

1

 

$

9

 

Income taxes

 

1

 

256

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Transfer of cost-based investment to available-for-sale marketable security

 

$

10,000

 

$

 

Acquisitions of property and equipment and other assets under extended payment terms

 

4,595

 

 

Release and cancellation of common shares held in escrow

 

541

 

 

Debt issuance costs withheld from proceeds

 

4,500

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5



 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

NOTE 1:                BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Pixelworks, Inc. (“Pixelworks” or “the Company”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such regulations, although we believe that the disclosures provided are adequate to prevent the information presented from being misleading.

 

The financial information included herein for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003 is unaudited; however, such information reflects all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company for these interim periods.  The financial information as of December 31, 2003 is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003, included in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, and should be read in conjunction with such consolidated financial statements.

 

The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the entire fiscal year ending December 31, 2004.

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year condensed consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.

 

NOTE 2:                STOCK PLANS

 

We have a 1997 Stock Incentive Plan and a 2001 Non-Qualified Stock Option Plan under which employees, officers and directors may be granted stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock.  We also have an Employee Stock Purchase Plan under which eligible employees may purchase shares of Pixelworks’ common stock at 85% of fair market value at specific, pre-determined dates.

 

As permitted by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation (“SFAS 123”), and SFAS No. 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation — Transition and Disclosure, an Amendment of FASB Statement No. 123 , we continue to apply the intrinsic value based method of accounting for stock compensation described in APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees (“Opinion 25”).  Entities electing to continue to apply Opinion 25 must make prominent pro-forma disclosures of net income and earnings per share as if the fair value based method prescribed by SFAS 123 had been applied.  Had we accounted for our stock-based compensation plans in accordance with SFAS 123, our net income would approximate the pro-forma amounts below:

 

6



 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income as reported

 

$

5,759

 

$

420

 

$

12,312

 

$

668

 

Add:  Stock-based compensation included in reported net loss, net of related tax effects

 

59

 

141

 

166

 

244

 

Deduct:  Stock-based compensation determined under the fair value based method, net of related tax effects

 

(2,395

)

(2,272

)

(4,627

)

(4,450

)

Pro-forma net income (loss)

 

$

3,423

 

$

(1,711

)

$

7,851

 

$

(3,538

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported basic net income per share

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.26

 

$

0.01

 

Pro-forma basic net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.07

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.17

 

$

(0.08

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported diluted net income per share

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.01

 

$

0.25

 

$

0.01

 

Pro-forma diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.07

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.16

 

$

(0.08

)

 

The fair value of stock-based compensation costs reflected in the above pro forma amounts were determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the following weighted average assumptions:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Option Plans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk free interest rate

 

4.18

%

2.49

%

3.96

%

2.89

%

Expected dividend yield

 

0

%

0

%

0

%

0

%

Expected life (in years)

 

6.0

 

5.5

 

6.1

 

5.5

 

Volatility

 

100

%

110

%

101

%

113

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk free interest rate

 

1.92

%

1.91

%

1.90

%

1.84

%

Expected dividend yield

 

0

%

0

%

0

%

0

%

Expected life (in years)

 

1.8

 

1.5

 

1.6

 

1.2

 

Volatility

 

104

%

105

%

104

%

101

%

 

The effects of applying SFAS 123 in this pro forma disclosure are not indicative of future amounts and additional awards are anticipated in future periods.

 

7



 

NOTE 3:                BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS

 

Marketable Securities

 

We categorize our marketable securities in accordance with SFAS No. 115, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities (“SFAS 115”).  As of June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003, all balances included in short-term marketable securities are classified as held-to-maturity.  As of December 31, 2003, all balances included in long-term marketable securities are classified as held-to-maturity, however as of June 30, 2004, long-term marketable securities consist of held-to-maturity securities and an available-for-sale security as follows:

 

Held-to-maturity securities

 

$

55,329

 

Available-for-sale security

 

10,475

 

 

 

$

65,804

 

 

Held-to-maturity marketable securities are stated at amortized cost in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.  We have the positive intent and ability to hold these securities until maturity. Unrealized gains and losses on held-to-maturity marketable securities were not material at June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003.

 

The available-for-sale security is stated at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.  The available-for-sale security balance represents the fair value of our investment in Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (“SMIC”) at June 30, 2004.  We made a $10,000 investment in SMIC during the third quarter of 2003 and recorded it at cost in other long-term assets at December 31, 2003.  In March of 2004, SMIC completed its initial public offering and as a result, we now account for the investment as an available-for-sale security in accordance with SFAS 115.  At June 30, 2004, the $475 unrealized holding gain on our SMIC investment is recorded in other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders’ equity.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at invoiced amount and do not bear interest.  We do not have any off balance sheet exposure risk related to customers.  Accounts receivable are stated net of an allowance for doubtful accounts, which is maintained for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments.  Accounts receivable, net consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,
2004

 

December 31,
2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, gross

 

$

19,711

 

$

8,680

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

(212

)

(212

)

Accounts receivable, net

 

$

19,499

 

$

8,468

 

 

8



 

Inventories

 

Inventories consists of finished goods and work-in-process, and are stated at the lower of standard cost (which approximates actual cost on a first-in, first-out basis) or market (net realizable value), net of a reserve for slow moving and obsolete items.   Inventories, net consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,
2004

 

December 31,
2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finished goods

 

$

11,917

 

$

7,134

 

Work-in-process

 

4,025

 

3,344

 

 

 

$

15,942

 

$

10,478

 

 

The reserve for slow moving and obsolete items was $1,374 and $1,942 at June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003, respectively.

 

While we do not currently expect to be able to sell or otherwise use the reserved inventory we have on hand based upon our forecast and backlog, it is possible that a customer will decide in the future to purchase a portion of the reserved inventory.  It is not currently possible to predict if or when this will happen, or how much we may sell.  We do not expect that if such sales occur, they will have a material impact on gross profit margin.

 

Accrued Liabilities

 

Accrued liabilities consist of the following:

 

 

 

June 30,
2004

 

December 31,
2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payroll and related liabilities

 

$

3,722

 

$

3,502

 

Accrued manufacturing liabilities

 

1,484

 

1,179

 

Accrued payments for asset purchases

 

2,601

 

 

Accrued royalties and sales commissions

 

1,040

 

656

 

Reserve for sales returns and allowances

 

734

 

202

 

Accrued legal and accounting costs

 

466

 

103

 

Reserve for warranty returns

 

429

 

569

 

Accrued interest payable

 

314

 

 

Other

 

2,403

 

2,371

 

 

 

$

13,193

 

$

8,582

 

 

The following is a summary of the change in our reserve for sales returns and allowances for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003:

 

9



 

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

202

 

$

588

 

Provision

 

620

 

464

 

Charge offs

 

(88

)

(556

)

Ending balance

 

$

734

 

$

496

 

 

The following is a summary of the change in our reserve for warranty returns for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003:

 

 

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning balance

 

$

569

 

$

769

 

Provision

 

87

 

(60

)

Charge offs

 

(227

)

(105

)

Ending balance

 

$

429

 

$

604

 

 

Long-Term Debt

 

On May 18, 2004, we issued $125,000 of Convertible Subordinated Debentures (“the debentures”) due 2024 in a private offering pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 and outside of the United States in accordance with Regulation S under the Securities Act.  On June 4, 2004, we issued an additional $25,000 of debentures pursuant to the exercise of an option granted to the initial purchasers.

 

The debentures bear interest at a rate of 1.75% per annum and interest is payable on May 15 and November 15 of each year, beginning November 15, 2004.  The debentures are convertible, under certain circumstances, into our common stock at a conversion rate of 41.0627 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of debentures for a total of 6,159 shares.  This is equivalent to a conversion price of approximately $24.35 per share.  The debentures are convertible if (a) during any calendar quarter, the market price of our common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price per share for at least 20 trading days during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the previous calendar quarter, (b) the trading price of the debentures declines to less than 98% of the product of the closing sale price of our common stock and the number of shares issuable upon conversion of $1,000 principal amount of the debentures for five consecutive trading days, (c) a call for redemption occurs, or (d) in the event of certain other corporate transactions.  We may redeem some or all of the debentures for cash on or after May 15, 2011 at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the debentures plus accrued and unpaid interest.  The holders of the debentures have the right to require us to purchase all or a portion of their debentures on May 15, 2011, May 15, 2014 and May 15, 2019 at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest.

 

We have agreed to file a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission covering resales of the debentures and the common stock issuable upon conversion of the debentures.  If we fail to file the registration statement as required, or if the registration

 

10



 

statement is not declared effective as required, we must pay liquidated damages in an amount equal to 0.25% or 0.50% per annum of the principal amount of the debentures.  The debentures are unsecured obligations and are subordinated in right of payment to all our existing and future senior debt.

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

As of June 30, 2004, we had an unrealized gain, net of tax, on our available-for-sale investment in SMIC of $475.  This unrealized gain was recorded during the period in accumulated other comprehensive income.  Total comprehensive income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 is as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended
June 30, 2004

 

Six Months
Ended
June 30, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

5,759

 

$

12,312

 

Unrealized (loss) gain on available-for-sale marketable security, net of tax

 

(2,840

)

475

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

2,919

 

$

12,787

 

 

During 2003, we had no transactions that were required to be reported in comprehensive income other than net income or loss.

 

NOTE 4:                EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

The shares used in the computation of basic and diluted net income per share are as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic

 

46,636

 

45,184

 

46,479

 

45,106

 

Dilutive effect of employee stock options and vesting of restricted stock

 

1,839

 

1,206

 

1,820

 

1,258

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted

 

48,475

 

46,390

 

48,299

 

46,364

 

 

The computation of basic weighted average common shares outstanding includes exchangeable shares.  These exchangeable shares, which were issued on September 6, 2002 by Jaldi, our Canadian subsidiary, to its shareholders in connection with our Jaldi asset acquisition, have characteristics essentially equivalent to Pixelworks common stock.

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, approximately 683 and 1,251 weighted average shares related to stock options were excluded from the calculation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding because the exercise prices of these options were equal to, or greater than, the average market price of Pixelworks common stock during these periods.  As a result, their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2003, respectively, approximately 4,338 and 4,198 weighted average shares related to stock options were excluded for this reason.

 

11



 

The common shares issuable upon conversion of the convertible subordinated debentures have been excluded from dilutive common shares, as the circumstances that allow for conversion were not met.

 

NOTE 5:                SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

In accordance with SFAS No. 131, Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information , we have identified a single operating segment: the design and development of integrated circuits for electronic display devices.  Substantially all of our assets are located in the United States.

 

Geographic Information

 

Revenue by geographic region, attributed to countries based on the domicile of the customer, was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan

 

$

17,281

 

$

11,303

 

$

34,722

 

$

26,177

 

Taiwan

 

12,078

 

9,846

 

23,722

 

15,964

 

China

 

9,978

 

3,982

 

16,784

 

6,004

 

Korea

 

2,841

 

3,625

 

7,116

 

8,673

 

Europe

 

3,722

 

1,736

 

6,100

 

3,310

 

U.S.

 

609

 

483

 

1,194

 

854

 

Other

 

2,000

 

1,584

 

4,141

 

3,582

 

 

 

$

48,509

 

$

32,559

 

$

93,779

 

$

64,564

 

 

Significant Customers

 

Sales to distributors represented 71% and 63% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and 71% and 65% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  The following distributors accounted for 10% or more of total revenue for the periods presented:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Distributor A

 

27

%

31

%

29

%

37

%

Distributor B

 

14

%

19

%

16

%

15

%

 

Sales to our top five end customers represented 34% and 38% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  Sales to our top five end customers represented 32% and 34% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  End customers include customers who purchase directly from us, as well as customers who purchase our products indirectly through distributors and contract manufacturers.

 

The following accounts represented 10% or more of gross accounts receivable:

 

12



 

 

 

June 30,
2004

 

December 31,
2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Account A

 

23

%

20

%

Account B

 

12

%

33

%

Account C

 

10

%

1

%

Account D

 

7

%

11

%

 

NOTE 6:                GENESIS MICROCHIP TRANSACTION

 

On March 17, 2003, we announced the execution of a definitive merger agreement with Genesis Microchip.  On August 5, 2003, we entered into an agreement terminating the merger agreement.  In the termination agreement, we agreed to pay a termination fee of $5,500 to Genesis Microchip.  The fee was payable upon execution of the termination agreement, and was recognized as an expense in the third quarter of 2003.  Total expenses related to the proposed merger during the three and six months ended June 30, 2003 were $1,398 and $2,977, respectively.

 

Item 2.                                                            Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-looking Statements

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this Report contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are based on current expectations, estimates, beliefs, assumptions and projections about our business.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict.  Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements due to numerous factors.   Such factors include, but are not limited to, increased competition, continued adverse economic conditions in the U.S. and internationally, including adverse economic conditions in the specific markets for our products, adverse business conditions, failure to design, develop and manufacture new products, lack of success in technological advancements, lack of acceptance of new products, unexpected changes in the demand for our products and services, the inability to successfully manage inventory pricing pressures, failure to reduce costs or improve operating efficiencies, changes to and compliance with international laws and regulations, currency fluctuations and our ability to attract, hire and retain key and qualified employees.  These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report on Form 10-Q.  If we do update or correct one or more forward-looking statements, you should not conclude that we will make additional updates or corrections with respect thereto or with respect to other forward-looking statements.

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

 

Overview

 

We are a leading designer, developer and marketer of semiconductors and software for the advanced display industry, including advanced televisions, multimedia projectors and flat panel

 

13



 

monitors.  Our system-on-chip semiconductors provide the ‘intelligence’ for these new types of displays by processing and optimizing video and computer graphic signals to produce high-quality and realistic images.  Many of the world’s leading manufacturers of consumer electronics and computer display products utilize our technology to enhance image quality and ease of use of their products.  Our goal is to provide all of the electronics necessary to process the entire signal path in order to provide a turnkey solution for our customers.

 

We sell our products worldwide through a direct sales force and indirectly through distributors and manufacturers representatives.  We sell to distributors in Japan, Taiwan, China and Europe.  Sales to distributors represented 71% and 63% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and 71% and 65% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  Manufacturers representatives support some of our European and Korean sales.

 

Historically, significant portions of our revenue have been generated by sales to a relatively small number of end customers and distributors.  Sales to our top five end customers represented 34% and 38% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  Sales to our top five end customers represented 32% and 34% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  End customers are customers that indirectly purchase our products through distributors and contract manufacturers as well as directly from us.

 

Significant portions of our products are sold overseas.  Sales outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 99% of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003.  Our integrators, branded manufacturers and branded suppliers incorporate our products into systems that are sold worldwide.  All revenue to date has been denominated in U.S. dollars.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).  The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes.  On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to product returns, warranty obligations, inventories, property and equipment, intangible assets, income taxes, litigation and other contingencies.  We base our estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:

 

Revenue Recognition.  We recognize revenue in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, Revenue Recognition .  Accordingly, revenue is recognized when an authorized purchase order has been received, the sales price is fixed and determinable, title has transferred, collection of the resulting receivable is probable and product returns are reasonably estimable.  This generally occurs upon shipment of the underlying merchandise for product sales to direct customers.  This also occurs upon shipment of the underlying merchandise for product sales to distributors if the distributor has a firm sales commitment from an end customer.

 

14



 

Sales Returns and Allowances.  Our customers do not have a stated right to return product other than under our warranty policy discussed below.  As such, customer returns are accepted on a case-by-case basis only as a customer accommodation.  However, certain of our distributors have stock rotation provisions in their distributor agreements, which allow them to return 5-10% of the products purchased in the prior six months in exchange for products of equal value.  Certain distributors also have price protection provisions in their agreements with us.

 

We record estimated reductions to gross profit for these sales returns and allowances in our reserve for sales returns and allowances.  We update the balance in this reserve based on historical experience at each reporting period.  If actual returns and allowances increase, we may be required to recognize additional reductions to revenue.

 

Product Warranties.  We warrant that our products will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of twelve months from delivery.  Warranty repairs are guaranteed for the remainder of the original warranty period.  Our warranty is limited to repairing or replacing products, or refunding the purchase price.

 

We record the estimated cost of product warranties in our warranty reserve.  We update the balance in this reserve based on historical experience at each reporting period.  While we engage in extensive product quality programs and processes, which include actively monitoring and evaluating the quality of our suppliers, should actual product failure rates or product replacement costs differ from our estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability may be required.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.  We offer credit to customers after careful examination of their creditworthiness.  We maintain an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses that may result from the inability of our customers to make required payments.  We update the balance in the allowance based on historical experience and the age of outstanding receivables at each reporting period.  If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.

 

Inventory Valuation.  We record a reserve against our inventory for estimated obsolete, unmarketable, and otherwise impaired products by calculating the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions.  We review our inventory at the end of each reporting period for valuation issues.  If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by us at the time the reserve was recorded, additional inventory write-downs may be required.

 

Useful Lives and Recoverability of Equipment and Other Long-Lived Assets.  In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 144 Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets , we evaluate the remaining useful life and recoverability of equipment and other assets, including identifiable intangible assets with definite lives, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable.  If there is an indication of impairment, we prepare an estimate of future, undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of each asset and its eventual disposition.  If these cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, we adjust the carrying amount of the asset to its estimated fair value.

 

Goodwill.  Goodwill, which represents the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired in business combinations, is tested annually for impairment, and is tested for impairment more frequently if events and circumstances indicate that it might be impaired.  The impairment tests are performed in accordance with SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

 

15



 

Accordingly, an impairment loss is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value.  This determination is made at the reporting unit level.  We have assigned all goodwill to a single, enterprise-level reporting unit.  The impairment test consists of two steps.  First, we determine the fair value of the reporting unit.  The fair value is then compared to its carrying amount.  Second, if the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized for any excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill over the implied fair value of that goodwill.  The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by allocating the fair value of the reporting unit in a manner similar to a purchase price allocation in accordance with SFAS No. 141, Business Combinations .  The residual fair value after this allocation is the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill.  We perform our annual impairment test in the first quarter of each year.  We did not record any impairment losses against goodwill when we performed the test in the first quarter of 2004 or 2003.

 

Income Taxes.  We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that we believe is more likely than not realizable.  Should we determine that we will not be able to realize all or part of our net deferred tax asset in the future, an adjustment to the deferred tax asset would be charged to income in the period such determination was made.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth certain financial data for the periods indicated:

 

16



 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

2004

 

2003

2004

 

2003

Dollars

 

% of
sales

Dollars

 

% of
sales

Dollars

 

% of
sales

 

Dollars

 

% of
sales

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

48,509

 

100.0

%

$

32,559

 

100.0

%

$

93,779

 

100.0

%

$

64,564

 

100.0

%

Cost of revenue

 

25,127

 

51.8

 

17,880

 

54.9

 

46,702

 

49.8

 

35,172

 

54.5

 

Gross profit

 

23,382

 

48.2

 

14,679

 

45.1

 

47,077

 

50.2

 

29,392

 

45.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

7,471

 

15.4

 

6,854

 

21.1

 

14,725

 

15.7

 

13,601

 

21.1

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

6,888

 

14.2

 

5,489

 

16.9

 

13,120

 

14.0

 

10,877

 

16.8

 

Merger related expenses

 

 

0.0

 

1,398

 

4.3

 

 

0.0

 

2,977

 

4.6

 

Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce

 

213

 

0.4

 

468

 

1.4

 

498

 

0.5

 

873

 

1.4

 

Total operating expenses

 

14,572

 

30.0

 

14,209

 

43.6

 

28,343

 

30.2

 

28,328

 

43.9

 

Income from operations

 

8,810

 

18.2

 

470

 

1.4

 

18,734

 

20.0

 

1,064

 

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

528

 

1.1

 

305

 

0.9

 

764

 

0.8

 

690

 

1.1

 

Interest expense

 

(294

)

(0.6

)

(4

)

(0.0

)

(295

)

(0.3

)

(10

)

(0.0

)

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

(115

)

(0.2

)

 

0.0

 

(115

)

(0.1

)

 

0.0

 

Interest income, net

 

119

 

0.2

 

301

 

0.9

 

354

 

0.4

 

680

 

1.1

 

Income before income taxes

 

8,929

 

18.4

 

771

 

2.4

 

19,088

 

20.4

 

1,744

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for income taxes

 

3,170

 

6.5

 

351

 

1.1

 

6,776

 

7.2

 

1,076

 

1.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

5,759

 

11.9

%

$

420

 

1.3

%

$

12,312

 

13.1

%

$

668

 

1.0

%

 

Percentages may not add due to rounding.

 

Revenue

 

Revenue for the three moths ended June 30, 2004 was 49% higher than revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2003.  Revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 was 45% higher than revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2003.  Changes in units shipped and average selling prices were as follows:

 

 

 

Percent
Change in
Units Sold

 

Percent Change
in Average
Selling Price

 

Three months ended June 30, 2004 compared to three months ended June 30, 2003

 

70

%

-12

%

Six months ended June 30, 2004 compared to six months ended June 30, 2003

 

67

%

-13

%

 

Revenue by market as a percentage of total revenue was as follows:

 

17



 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multimedia projectors

 

43

%

51

%

46

%

54

%

Advanced televisions

 

41

%

25

%

39

%

19

%

LCD monitors

 

14

%

22

%

13

%

23

%

Other

 

2

%

2

%

2

%

4

%

 

Multimedia Projectors

 

Total revenue from multimedia projector sales increased 25% from $16,551 in the second quarter of 2003 to $20,708 in the second quarter of 2004.  Units shipped increased 41%, while average selling prices decreased 11%.  For the six months ended June 30, 2004, total revenue from multimedia projector sales was $43,100, an increase of 23% over $35,183 for the six months ended June 30, 2003.  Units shipped during the six months ended June 30, 2004 were 40% higher than during the six months ended June 30, 2003, while average selling prices were 12% lower.  The growth in unit shipments and decrease in average selling prices were driven primarily by the sub-$1,000 and consumer segments of the projector market continuing to expand.  Recently we identified 36 models of projectors priced under $1,000 and believe that we will continue to see the price points of projectors come down within the next two years.

 

Consistent with the three and six months ended June 30, 2003, the majority of our sales to multimedia projector manufacturers during the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 were to customers located in Japan.  Japanese customers accounted for 68% and 61% of total projector revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and 66% and 64% of total projector revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

We believe that we are likely to realize a sequential increase of up to 10% in projector revenue in the third quarter of 2004.  We expect some of this increase to be seasonal, because the projector business is usually slow in June and July and then generally picks up in August and September.  Additionally, our orders hit record levels in the second quarter of 2004, which we believe points to a strong third quarter in 2004 for this market.

 

Advanced Televisions

 

Total revenue from advanced television sales increased 146% from $8,037 in the second quarter of 2003 to $19,774 in the second quarter of 2004.  Units shipped increased 175%, while average selling prices decreased 11%.  For the six months ended June 30, 2004, total revenue from advanced television sales was $36,991, an increase of 195% over $12,537 for the six months ended June 30, 2003.  Units shipped during the six months ended June 30, 2004 were 252% higher than during the six months ended June 30, 2003, while average selling prices were 16% lower.  The unit growth was attributable to growth in the overall market for advanced televisions as well as possible market share gains in some segments of the overall advanced television market.  We believe our breadth of applications for our products in the advanced television business has also helped us to increase our advanced television revenue.

 

The following table shows advanced television revenue by display technology:

 

18



 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2004

 

2003

 

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Digital Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)

 

35

%

28

%

31

%

27

%

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD)

 

32

%

47

%

42

%

43

%

Plasma

 

27

%

20

%

23

%

24

%

Digital Rear Projection / Other

 

6

%

5

%

4

%

6

%

 

The majority of our television revenue is generated on sales to customers in China, Taiwan and Korea, with sales to television manufacturers in these three countries comprising 74% of total television revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and 77% and 74% of total television revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

We expect sequential growth of 5-10% in advanced television revenue during the third quarter of 2004.  We believe that we will see softness in this market in July and August; however we believe that we will see strengthening as panel prices stabilize at new lower levels in September and the Christmas build cycle gets into full swing.  We also believe that the advanced television market as a whole will grow 75-100% this year to an estimated 18 to 20 million units.

 

LCD Monitors

 

Total revenue from LCD monitor sales decreased 1% from $7,079 in the second quarter of 2003 to $7,002 in the second quarter of 2004.  Units shipped increased 6% but average selling prices decreased 6%.  For the six months ended June 30, 2004, total revenue from LCD monitor sales was $11,754, a decrease of 20% over $14,706 for the six months ended June 30, 2003.  Units shipped during the six months ended June 30, 2004 were 16% lower than during the six months ended June 30, 2003, and average selling prices were 5% lower.  The relatively small decrease in average selling prices was attributable to an increase in the percentage of chips sold into Ultra Extended Graphics Array (“UXGA”) monitors, which carry higher average selling prices than chips sold into Super Extended Graphics Array (“SXGA”) or Extended Graphics Array (“XGA”) monitors.

 

The following table shows LCD monitor revenue by resolution:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2004

 

2003

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XGA

 

18

%

22

%

22

%

30

%

SXGA

 

31

%

29

%

30

%

37

%

UXGA

 

51

%

49

%

48

%

33

%

 

The majority of our LCD monitor revenue is generated on sales to customers located in Taiwan.  Taiwanese customers accounted for 71% and 62% of LCD monitor revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and 64% and 43% of LCD monitor revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

Based on backlog and estimated orders, we expect a sequential decrease in monitor revenue of approximately 30%, or $2,000, in the third quarter of 2004.

 

19



 

Other

 

Other revenue includes sales of evaluation kits as well as the impact of changes in our reserve for sales returns.  It also includes sales into small, niche markets that are unrelated to our three primary markets for our products.  We do not expect other revenue to be significant in the near future.

 

Cost of sales and gross profit

 

Cost of sales includes purchased materials, assembly, test, labor and overhead, warranty expense, royalties, amortization of purchased developed technology and provisions for slow moving and obsolete inventory.

 

Gross profit increased to 48.2% and 50.2% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, from 45.1% and 45.5% for the comparable periods in 2003.  The increases are primarily driven by wafer and back-end product cost reductions that resulted from manufacturing efficiencies.

 

We expect our gross profit margin to decrease to between 45.0% and 47.0% in the third quarter of 2004.  This decrease is attributable to normal levels of average selling price erosion without any offsetting decrease in product costs.

 

Research and development

 

Research and development expense is primarily comprised of compensation and related costs for personnel, development and non-recurring engineering expenses, depreciation and amortization, expensed equipment and fees for outside services.  Research and development expense, inclusive of stock-based compensation expense, was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2004

 

2003

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expense, inclusive of stock-based compensation

 

$

7,544

 

$

7,001

 

$

14,878

 

$

13,902

 

 

Research and development expense, inclusive of stock-based compensation expense, increased $543, or 8%, from the three months ended June 30, 2003 to the three months ended June 30, 2004 due to the following offsetting factors:

 

                  Depreciation and amortization expense increased $226 due to an increase in purchases of licensed technology assets during the three months ended June 30, 2004.

 

                  Expensed equipment and software purchases increased $220.

 

                  Travel expenses increased $119.

 

                  Stock-based compensation expense decreased $74 due to our use of the accelerated method of expense recognition, under which less expense is recognized in later periods.

 

20



 

The $976, or 7%, increase in research and development expense from the six months ended June 30, 2003 to the six months ended June 30, 2004 was due to the following offsetting factors:

 

                  Development-related expenses, including non-recurring engineering and outside services, increased $486.  The increase is attributable to the timing of projects in progress during the respective periods.

 

                  Expensed equipment and software increased $380.

 

                  We recorded a $163 loss on the disposal of licensed technology during the three months ended March 31, 2004.  We will no longer utilize the licensed technology in our product development efforts and we have no alternative uses for it.

 

                  Travel expenses increased $126.

 

                  Our research and development compensation expense decreased $102.

 

                  Stock-based compensation expense decreased $148 due to our use of the accelerated method of expense recognition, under which less expense is recognized in later periods.

 

We expect our research and development expense to continue to increase in future periods to support our on going investment in new product development programs.

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

Selling, general and administrative expense includes compensation and related costs for personnel, travel, outside services, sales commissions and overhead incurred in our sales, marketing, customer support, management, legal and other professional and administrative support functions.  Selling, general and administrative expense, inclusive of stock-based compensation expense, was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

2004

 

2003

2004

 

2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expense inclusive of stock-based compensation

 

$

6,906

 

$

5,568

 

$

13,222

 

$

10,964

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expense, inclusive of stock-based compensation expense, increased $1,338, or 24%, from the three months ended June 30, 2003 to the three months ended June 30, 2004 due to the following factors:

 

                  Compensation costs increased $407 from the three months ended June 30, 2003 to the three months ended June 30, 2004.  The increase is attributable to an increase in headcount in administrative, sales and marketing personnel required to support our growing revenue base and new regulatory requirements.

 

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                  Outside services, including accounting and legal fees, increased $355.  The increase is attributable to higher legal fees related to patent applications, legal fees associated with restructuring corporate subsidiaries in China, and accounting fees incurred during 2004 related to Sarbanes-Oxley compliance.

 

                  Our travel and trade show expenses increased $247.

 

                  Our telephone and other communications expenses increased $93.

 

                  Our recruiting expenses increased $80.

 

                  Our expensed equipment increased $50.

 

The $2,258, or 21%, increase in selling, general and administrative expense from the six months ended June 30, 2003 to the six months ended June 30, 2004 was due to the following factors:

 

                  Compensation costs increased $736 from the six months ended June 30, 2003 to the six months ended June 30, 2004.  The increase is attributable to an increase in headcount in administrative, sales and marketing personnel required to support our growing revenue base and new regulatory requirements.

 

                  Outside services, including accounting and legal fees, increased $471.  The increase is attributable to higher fees for general corporate matters as well as accounting fees incurred during 2004 related to Sarbanes-Oxley compliance.

 

                  Our travel and trade show expenses increased $326.

 

                  Our insurance expense increased $120 primarily related to higher Directors and Officers insurance premiums.

 

                  Our telephone and other communications expenses increased $113.

 

                  Our recruiting expenses increased $108.

 

                  Our investor relations expenses increased $93.

 

                  Our expensed equipment increased $86.

 

We expect our selling, general and administrative expenses to increase in future periods.  The increases will result from higher sales-related and overhead costs that will be required to support a higher revenue base.

 

Merger-related expenses

 

On March 17, 2003, we announced the execution of a definitive merger agreement with Genesis Microchip.  On August 5, 2003, we entered into an agreement terminating the merger.  Merger-related expenses of $1,398 and $2,977 during the three and six months ended June 30, 2003, respectively, resulted from this proposed merger, and consisted primarily of legal fees.

 

22



 

Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce

 

Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce was $213 and $498 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, compared to $468 and $873 for the comparable periods in 2003.  Stock-based compensation and amortization of assembled workforce decreased due to the following factors:

 

                  A decrease in the carrying amount and quarterly amortization amount of the assembled workforce asset.  These decreases resulted from a re-allocation of the Jaldi Semiconductor purchase price in 2003 due to an intellectual property asset purchase agreement that was entered into by Pixelworks, Inc. and Jaldi.  As a result of the agreement, the original purchase price allocation was revised to reallocate $1,332 of the excess purchase price over the fair value of the net assets acquired from the assembled workforce asset to a deferred tax charge and a reduction in the deferred tax liability.

 

                  Our use of the accelerated method of expense recognition for deferred stock-based compensation, under which less expense is recognized in later periods.

 

Interest income, net

 

Interest income, net includes interest income earned on cash equivalents and short and long-term marketable securities, interest expense related to the 1.75% convertible subordinated debentures that we issued in May and June of 2004, and amortization of debt issuance costs which have been capitalized and are included in long term assets on the balance sheet.  The debt issuance costs are being amortized over a 7 year term.

 

Interest income was $528 and $764 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, and $305 and $690 for the comparable periods in 2003.  Interest expense was $294 and $295 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, and $4 and $10 for the comparable periods in 2003.  Interest income increased due to our investment of the proceeds from the issuance of our convertible subordinated debentures in marketable securities.  Interest expense increased due to the issuance of our 1.75% convertible debentures in May and June of 2004.

 

Provision for income taxes

 

The provision for income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 increased to $3,170 and $6,776, respectively, from $351 and $1,076 for the comparable periods in 2003.  The increase in the provision was primarily attributable to our increased income before taxes offset by various credits and other permanent items.  The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the following items: non-cash and other permanent income and expense items recognized differently for book and tax purposes; the utilization of federal and state tax credits; and, in 2003, an increase in our valuation allowance related to Jaldi’s net operating losses.  Due to the termination of the proposed merger with Genesis Microchip in the three months ended June 30, 2003, certain merger-related costs treated as non-deductible for tax purposes in the three months ended March 31, 2003 became deductible.  Therefore, the provision for income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2003 had been reduced to reflect the change in treatment for the six months ended June 30, 2003.

 

23



 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash and cash equivalents and short and long-term marketable securities

 

As of June 30, 2004 we had cash and cash equivalents of $99,982, short and long-term marketable securities of $168,565 and working capital of $215,681.  Cash provided by operations during the six months ended June 30, 2004 was $15,318 compared to $5,952 during the six months ended June 30, 2003.  The increase in cash flows from operations is directly attributable to higher net income and increases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities, offset by increases in accounts receivable and inventory.

 

Cash used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2004 was $140,110.  This compares to $19,949 provided by investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2003.  Cash used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2004 was used primarily for purchases of marketable securities, purchases of property and equipment and other assets, and payments on accrued balances related to asset acquisitions.  Cash generated from investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2003 resulted primarily from maturities of marketable securities.

 

Cash provided by financing activities was $149,609 and $707 for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.  Cash provided by financing activities includes $145,500 in net proceeds from the issuance of convertible subordinated debentures during the six months ended June 30, 2004 (see Capital Resources below).  It also includes proceeds from the issuance of common stock of $4,309 and $707 for the six months ended June 30, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

We anticipate that our existing cash and investment balances, along with cash expected to be generated from operations will be adequate to fund our operating and investing needs for the next twelve months and the foreseeable future.  From time to time, we may evaluate acquisitions of businesses, products or technologies that compliment our business.  Any such transactions, if consummated, may consume a material portion of our working capital or require the issuance of equity securities that may result in dilution to existing shareholders.

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

Accounts receivable, net increased to $19,499 at June 30, 2004 from $8,468 at December 31, 2003.  Average days sales outstanding increased to 36 at June 30, 2004 compared to 19 days at December 31, 2003.  The increase in days sales outstanding is attributable to a greater portion of shipments in the last month of the second quarter of 2004 as compared to the third month of the fourth quarter of 2003.

 

Inventories, net

 

Inventories, net increased to $15,942 at June 30, 2004 from $10,478 at December 31, 2003.  Inventory turnover remained consistent at approximately 8 from December 31, 2003 to June 30, 2004.  At June 30, 2004, this represents approximately eight weeks of inventory, which is within our target range of six to eight weeks of inventory.

 

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Capital resources

 

On May 18, 2004, we issued $125,000 of Convertible Subordinated Debentures (“the debentures”) due 2024 in a private offering pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933 and outside of the United States in accordance with Regulation S under the Securities Act.  On June 4, 2004, we issued an additional $25,000 of debentures pursuant to the exercise of an option granted to the initial purchasers.  We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for general corporate purposes, including potential acquisitions.

 

The debentures bear interest at a rate of 1.75% per annum and interest is payable on May 15 and November 15 of each year, beginning November 15, 2004.  The debentures are convertible, under certain circumstances, into our common stock at a conversion rate of 41.0627 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of debentures for a total of 6,159 shares.  This is equivalent to a conversion price of approximately $24.35 per share.  The debentures are convertible if (a) during any calendar quarter, the market price of our common stock exceeds 130% of the conversion price per share for at least 20 trading days during the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the previous calendar quarter, (b) the trading price of the debentures declines to less than 98% of the product of the closing sale price of our common stock and the number of shares issuable upon conversion of $1,000 principal amount of the debentures for five consecutive trading days, (c) a call for redemption occurs, or (d) in the event of certain other corporate transactions.  We may redeem some or all of the debentures for cash on or after May 15, 2011 at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the debentures plus accrued and unpaid interest.  The holders of the debentures have the right to require us to purchase all or a portion of their debentures on May 15, 2011, May 15, 2014 and May 15, 2019 at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest.

 

We have agreed to file a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission covering resales of the debentures and the common stock issuable upon conversion of the debentures.  The debentures are unsecured obligations and are subordinated in right of payment to all our existing and future senior debt.

 

Contractual Payment Obligations

 

A summary of our contractual commitments and obligations as of June 30, 2004 is as follows:

 

Contractual Obligation

 

Payments Due By Period

 

 

Total

 

2004

 

2005 and
2006

 

2007 and
2008

 

2009 and
beyond

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Leases

 

$

6,824

 

$

2,635

 

$

3,300

 

$

820

 

$

69

 

Estimated Q3 2004 purchase commitments to contract manufacturers

 

23,038

 

23,038

 

 

 

 

 

The lease payments above are net of sublease rentals of $73, $95 and $40 for the years ending December 31, 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a material current or future effect on our financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

 

RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk.  If any of the following risks occur, the market price of our shares of common stock could decline and investors could lose all or part of their investment.

 

(In thousands, except per share data.)

 

Risks Related to our Operations

 

We have incurred net losses since our inception, and we may not achieve or sustain annual profitability.

 

While we had $5,759 and $12,312 of net income in the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, our accumulated deficit is $69,057 through June 30, 2004, and we have never been profitable in any full year period. In the future we expect our research and development and selling, general and administrative expenses to increase. Given expected increases in operating expenses, we must increase revenues and gross profit to become profitable. We cannot be certain that we will achieve profitability in the future or, if we do, that we can sustain or increase profitability on a quarterly or annual basis. This may in turn cause the price of our common stock to decline. In addition, if we are not profitable in the future we may be unable to continue our operations.

 

Fluctuations in our quarterly operating results make it difficult to predict our future performance and may result in volatility in the market price of our common stock.

 

Our quarterly operating results have varied significantly from quarter to quarter and are likely to vary significantly in the future based on a number of factors related to our industry and the markets for our products. Some of these factors are not in our control and any of them may cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate. These factors include:

 

                  demand for multimedia projectors, advanced televisions, and LCD monitors;

 

                  demand for our products and the timing of orders for our products;

 

                  the deferral of customer orders in anticipation of new products or product enhancements from us or our competitors or due to a reduction in our end customers’ demand;

 

                  the loss of one or more of our key distributors or customers or a reduction, delay or cancellation of orders from one or more of these parties;

 

                  changes in the available production capacity at the semiconductor fabrication foundries that manufacture our products and changes in the costs of manufacturing;

 

26



 

                  our ability to provide adequate supplies of our products to customers and avoid excess inventory;

 

                  announcement or introduction of products and technologies by our competitors;

 

                  changes in product mix, product costs or pricing, or distribution channels; and

 

                  general economic conditions and economic conditions specific to the advanced display and semiconductor markets.

 

These factors are difficult or impossible to forecast, and these or other factors could seriously harm our business. We anticipate the rate of new orders may vary significantly from quarter to quarter.

 

Our operating expenses and inventory levels are based on our expectations of future revenues and our operating expenses are relatively fixed in the short term. Consequently, if anticipated sales and shipments in any quarter do not occur when expected, operating expenses and inventory levels could be disproportionately high, and our operating results for that quarter and, potentially, future quarters may be negatively impacted. Any shortfall in our revenues would have a direct impact on our business. In addition, fluctuations in our quarterly results could adversely affect the price of our common stock in a manner unrelated to our long-term operating performance. Because our operating results are volatile and difficult to predict, you should not rely on the results of one quarter as an indication of our future performance. It is possible that in some future quarter our operating results will fall below the expectations of securities analysts and investors. In this event, the price of our common stock may decline significantly.

 

Our products are characterized by average selling prices that decline over relatively short time periods, which will negatively affect financial results unless we are able to reduce our product costs or introduce new products with higher average selling prices.

 

Average selling prices for our products decline over relatively short time periods while many of our product costs are fixed. When our average selling prices decline, our gross profits decline unless we are able to sell more units or reduce the cost to manufacture our products. Our operating results are negatively affected when revenue or gross profit margins decline. We have experienced these problems and expect that we will continue to experience them in the future, although we cannot predict when they may occur or how severe they will be.

 

Our highly integrated products and high-speed mixed signal products are difficult to manufacture without defects and the existence of defects in the manufactured products could result in an increase in our costs and delays in the availability of our products.

 

The manufacture of semiconductors is a complex process and it is often difficult for semiconductor foundries to produce semiconductors free of defects. Because our products are more highly integrated than many other semiconductors and incorporate mixed analog and digital signal processing and embedded memory technology, they are even more difficult to produce without defects.

 

The ability to manufacture products of acceptable quality depends on both product design and manufacturing process technology. Since defective products can be caused by either design or manufacturing difficulties, identifying quality problems can occur only by analyzing and testing our semiconductors in a system after they have been manufactured. The difficulty in identifying defects

 

27



 

is compounded because the process technology is unique to each of the multiple semiconductor foundries we contract with to manufacture our products. Failure to achieve defect-free products due to their increasing complexity may result in an increase in our cost and delays in the availability of our products. For example, we have experienced field failures of our ICs in certain customer system applications that required us to institute additional IC level testing. As a result of these field failures we incurred additional costs due to customers returning potentially affected products. Additionally, customers have experienced delays in receiving product shipments from us that resulted in the loss of revenue and profits. Shipment of defective products may also harm our reputation with customers.

 

If we do not achieve additional design wins in the future, our ability to grow would be seriously limited.

 

Our future success will depend on developers of advanced display products designing our products into their systems. To achieve design wins we must define and deliver cost-effective, innovative and integrated semiconductors. Once a supplier’s products have been designed into a system, the developer may be reluctant to change its source of components due to the significant costs associated with qualifying a new supplier. Accordingly, the failure on our part to obtain additional design wins with leading branded manufacturers or integrators, and to successfully design, develop and introduce new products and product enhancements could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Achieving a design win does not necessarily mean that a developer will order large volumes of our products. A design win is not a binding commitment by a developer to purchase our products. Rather, it is a decision by a developer to use our products in the design process of that developer’s products. Developers can choose at any time to discontinue using our products in their designs or product development efforts. If our products are chosen to be incorporated into a developer’s products, we may still not realize significant revenues from that developer if that developer’s products are not commercially successful or if that developer chooses to qualify a second source for the products that we promote.

 

Because of the complex nature of our semiconductor designs and of the associated manufacturing process and the rapid evolution of our customers’ product designs we may not be able to develop new products or product enhancements in a timely manner, which could decrease customer demand for our products and reduce our revenues.

 

The development of our semiconductors, some of which incorporate mixed analog and digital signal processing, is highly complex. These complexities require that we employ advanced designs and manufacturing processes that are unproven. We have experienced increased development time and delays in introducing new products that resulted in significantly less revenue than originally expected for those products. We will not always succeed in developing new products or product enhancements nor will we always do so in a timely manner. Acquisitions have significantly added to the complexity of our product development efforts. We must now coordinate very complex product development programs between multiple, geographically dispersed locations.

 

Many of our designs involve the development of new high-speed analog circuits that are difficult to simulate and that require physical prototypes not required by the primarily digital circuits we currently design. The result could be longer and less predictable development cycles.

 

Successful development and timely introduction of new or enhanced products depends on a number of other factors, including:

 

28



 

                  accurate prediction of customer requirements and evolving industry standards, including digital interface and content piracy protection standards;

 

                  development of advanced display technologies and capabilities;

 

                  timely completion and introduction of new product designs;

 

                  use of advanced foundry processes and achievement of high manufacturing yields; and

 

                  market acceptance of the new products.

 

If we are not able to successfully develop and introduce our products in a timely manner, our business and results of operations will be adversely affected.

 

Integration of software in our products adds complexity and cost that may affect our ability to achieve design wins and may affect our profitability.

 

Our products incorporate software and software development tools. The integration of software adds complexity, may extend our internal development programs and could impact our customers’ development schedules. This complexity requires increased coordination between hardware and software development schedules and may increase our operating expenses without a corresponding increase in product revenue. Some customers and potential customers may choose not to use our products because of the additional requirements of implementing our software, preferring to use a product that works with their existing software. This additional level of complexity lengthens the sales cycle and may result in customers selecting competitive products requiring less software integration.

 

A significant amount of our revenue comes from a few customers and distributors. Any decrease in revenues from, or loss of any of these customers or distributors, could significantly reduce our total revenues.

 

We are and will continue to be dependent on a limited number of large distributors and customers for a substantial portion of our revenue. Sales to distributors represented 71% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, and 63% and 65% of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2003, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, sales to Tokyo Electron Device Limited, or TED, our distributor in Japan, represented 27% and 29% of our total revenue, respectively. Sales to TED represented 31% and 37% of total revenue in the comparable periods in 2003. Sales to our top five end customers accounted for approximately 34% and 32% of our total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004, respectively, and 38% and 34% of our total revenue for the comparable periods in 2003. As a result of this distributor and end customer concentration, any one of the following factors could significantly impact our revenues:

 

                  a significant reduction, delay or cancellation of orders from one or more of our key distributors, branded manufacturers or integrators; or

 

                  a decision by one or more significant customers to select products manufactured by a competitor, or its own internally developed semiconductor, for inclusion in future product generations.

 

29



 

The display manufacturing market is highly concentrated among relatively few large manufacturers. We expect our operating results to continue to depend on revenues from a relatively small number of distributors that sell our products to display manufacturers and their suppliers.

 

The concentration of our accounts receivable with a limited number of customers exposes us to increased credit risk and could seriously harm our operating results and cash flows.

 

At June 30, 2004, we had three customers that each represented more than 10% of our accounts receivable balance. TED represented 23% and 20% of our total accounts receivable at June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003, respectively. Neoview, our distributor in Taiwan, represented 12% and 33% of total accounts receivable at June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003, respectively. A third customer accounted for 10% of total accounts receivable at June 30, 2004 and a fourth customer accounted for 11% of total accounts receivable at December 31, 2003. The failure to pay these balances by TED, Neoview or any other customer representing 10% or more of our total accounts receivable in the future would result in a significant expense that would increase our operating expenses and would reduce our cash flows.

 

International sales account for almost all of our revenue, and if we do not successfully address the risks associated with our international operations, our revenue could decrease.

 

Sales outside the U.S. accounted for approximately 99% of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 and for the comparable periods in 2003. Most of our customers are concentrated in Japan, Taiwan, China and Korea, with aggregate sales from those four countries accounting for 87% and 88% of our total revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2004 and 88% during the comparable periods of 2003. We anticipate that sales outside the U.S. will continue to account for a substantial portion of our revenue in future periods. In addition, customers who incorporate our products into their products sell a substantial portion of them outside of the U.S., thereby exposing us indirectly to further international risks. In addition, all of our products are manufactured outside of the U.S. We are, therefore, subject to many international risks, including, but not limited to:

 

                  increased difficulties in managing international distributors and manufacturers of our products and components due to varying time zones, languages and business customs;

 

                  foreign currency exchange fluctuations such as the devaluation in the currencies of Japan, Taiwan and Korea that could result in an increased cost of procuring our semiconductors;

 

                  potentially adverse tax consequences, such as license fee revenue taxes imposed in Japan;

 

                  difficulties regarding timing and availability of export and import licenses, which have limited our ability to freely move demonstration equipment and samples in and out of Asia;

 

                  political and economic instability, particularly in China, Taiwan and Korea;

 

                  reduced or limited protection of our intellectual property, significant amounts of which are contained in software, which is more prone to design piracy;

 

                  increased transaction costs related to sales transactions conducted outside of the U.S. such as charges to secure letters of credit for foreign receivables;

 

30



 

                  difficulties in maintaining sales representatives outside of the U.S. that are knowledgeable about the display processor industry and our display processor products;

 

                  changes in the regulatory environment in China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan that may significantly impact purchases of our products by our customers;

 

                  outbreaks of SARS in China or other parts of Asia; and

 

                  difficulties in collecting accounts receivable.

 

Our growing presence and investment within the Peoples Republic of China subjects us to risks of economic and political instability in the area, which could adversely impact our results of operations.

 

A substantial and potentially increasing portion of our products are manufactured by foundries located in the Peoples Republic of China, or the PRC, and a large number of our customers are geographically concentrated in the PRC. In addition, approximately 30 percent of our employees are located in this area and we made an investment of $10,000 in Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) located in Shanghai, China in the third quarter of 2003. Disruptions from natural disasters, health epidemics (including new outbreaks of SARS) and political, social and economic instability may affect the region, and would have a negative impact on our results of operations. In addition, the economy of the PRC differs from the economies of many countries in respects such as structure, government involvement, level of development, growth rate, capital reinvestment, allocation of resources, self-sufficiency, rate of inflation and balance of payments position, among others. In the past, the economy of the PRC has been primarily a planned economy subject to state plans. Since the entry of the PRC into the World Trade Organization in 2002, the PRC government has been reforming its economic and political systems. These reforms have resulted in significant economic growth and social change. We cannot assure, however, that the PRC government’s policies for economic reforms will be consistent or effective. Our results of operations and financial position may be harmed by changes in the PRC’s political, economic or social conditions.

 

Our dependence on selling through distributors and integrators increases the complexity of managing our supply chain and may result in excess inventory or inventory shortages.

 

Selling through distributors reduces our ability to forecast sales and increases the complexity of our business. Since our distributors act as intermediaries between us and the companies using our products, we must rely on our distributors to accurately report inventory levels and production forecasts. This arrangement requires us to manage a more complex supply chain and monitor the financial condition and creditworthiness of our distributors and customers. Our failure to manage one or more of these challenges could result in excess inventory or shortages that could seriously impact our operating revenue or limit the ability of companies using our semiconductors to deliver their products.

 

Dependence on a limited number of sole-source, third party manufacturers for our products exposes us to shortages based on capacity allocation or low manufacturing yield, errors in manufacturing, price increases with little notice, volatile inventory levels and delays in product delivery, which could result in delays in satisfying customer demand, increased costs and loss of revenues.

 

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We do not own or operate a semiconductor fabrication facility and we do not have the resources to manufacture our products internally. We rely on third party foundries for wafer fabrication and other contract manufacturers for assembly and testing of our products. Our requirements represent only a small portion of the total production capacity of our contract manufacturers. Our third-party manufacturers have in the past re-allocated capacity to other customers even during periods of high demand for our products. We expect that this may occur in the future. We have limited control over delivery schedules, quality assurance, manufacturing yields, potential errors in manufacturing and production costs. We do not have long-term supply contracts with our third-party manufacturers so they are not obligated to supply us with products for any specific period, in any specific quantity or at any specific price, except as may be provided in a particular purchase order. From time to time our third-party manufacturers increase prices charged to manufacture our products with little notice. This requires us to either increase the price we charge for our products or suffer a decrease in our gross margins. We try not to maintain substantial inventories of products, but need to order products long before we have firm purchase orders for those products which could result in excess inventory or inventory shortages.

 

If we are unable to obtain our products from manufacturers on schedule, our ability to satisfy customer demand will be harmed, and revenue from the sale of products may be lost or delayed. If orders for our products are cancelled, expected revenues would not be realized. In addition, if the price charged by our third-party manufacturers increases we will be required to increase our prices, which could harm our competitiveness.

 

The concentration of our manufactures and customers in the same geographic region increases our risk that a natural disaster, labor strike or political unrest could disrupt our operations.

 

Most of our current manufacturers and customers are located in China, Japan, Korea and Taiwan. The risk of earthquakes in the Pacific Rim region is significant due to the proximity of major earthquake fault lines in the area. A current manufacturer’s facilities were affected by a significant earthquake in Taiwan in September 1999. As a consequence of this earthquake, the manufacturer suffered power outages and disruption that impaired its production capacity. Earthquakes, fire, flooding, power outages and other natural disasters in the Pacific Rim region, or political unrest, labor strikes or work stoppages in countries where our manufacturers and customers are located likely would result in the disruption of our foundry partners’ assembly capacity. Any disruption resulting from extraordinary events could cause significant delays in shipments of our solutions until we are able to shift our manufacturing or assembling from the affected contractor to another third-party vendor. There can be no assurance that alternative capacity could be obtained on favorable terms, if at all.

 

We use a COT, or customer owned tooling, process for manufacturing some of our products which exposes us to the possibility of poor yields and unacceptably high product costs.

 

We are building many of our products on a customer owned tooling basis, also known in the semiconductor industry as COT, where we directly contract the manufacture of wafers and assume the responsibility for the assembly and testing of our products. As a result, we are subject to increased risks arising from wafer manufacturing yields and risks associated with coordination of the manufacturing, assembly and testing process. Poor product yields would result in higher product costs, which could make our products uncompetitive with products offered by our competitors, thereby resulting in low gross profit margins or loss of revenue, or both.

 

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We are dependent on our foundries to implement complex semiconductor technologies, which could adversely affect our operations if those technologies are not available, delayed or inefficiently implemented.

 

In order to increase performance and functionality and reduce the size of our products, we are continuously developing new products using advanced technologies that further miniaturize semiconductors. However, we are dependent on our foundries to develop and provide access to the advanced processes that enable such miniaturization. We cannot be certain that future advanced manufacturing processes will be implemented without difficulties, delays or increased expenses. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected if advanced manufacturing processes are unavailable to us, substantially delayed or inefficiently implemented.

 

Manufacturers of our semiconductor products periodically discontinue manufacturing processes, which could make our products unavailable from our current suppliers.

 

Semiconductor manufacturing technologies change rapidly and manufacturers typically discontinue older manufacturing processes in favor of newer ones. Once a manufacturer makes the decision to retire a manufacturing process, notice is generally given to its customers. Customers will then either retire the affected part or develop a new version of the part that can be manufactured on the newer process. In the event that a manufacturing process is discontinued, our products could become unavailable from our current suppliers. Additionally, migrating to a new, more advanced process requires significant expenditures for research and development. A significant portion of our products use 0.25um embedded DRAM technology and the required manufacturing process for these technologies will likely be available for the next two years. We also utilize a 0.18um standard logic process, which we expect will be readily available for the next five to seven years. We have commitments from our suppliers to notify us in the event of a discontinuance of a manufacturing process in order to assist us with product transitions.

 

If we have to qualify a new contract manufacturer or foundry for any of our products, we may experience delays that result in lost revenues and damaged customer relationships.

 

None of our products are fabricated by more than one supplier. Additionally, our products require manufacturing with state-of-the-art fabrication equipment and techniques. Because the lead-time needed to establish a relationship with a new contract manufacturer is at least six months, and the estimated time for us to adapt a product’s design to a particular contract manufacturer’s processes is at least four months, there is no readily available alternative source of supply for any specific product. This could cause significant delays in shipping products, which may result in lost revenues and damaged customer relationships.

 

Our future success depends upon the continued services of key personnel, many of whom would be difficult to replace and the loss of one or more of these employees could seriously harm our business by delaying product development.

 

Our future success depends upon the continued services of our executive officers, key hardware and software engineers, and sales, marketing and support personnel, many of whom would be difficult to replace. The loss of one or more of these employees, particularly Allen Alley, our President and Chief Executive Officer, could seriously harm our business. In addition, because of the highly technical nature of our business, the loss of key engineering personnel could delay product introductions and significantly impair our ability to successfully create future products. We believe our success depends, in large part, upon our ability to identify, attract and retain qualified hardware

 

33



 

and software engineers, and sales, marketing, finance and managerial personnel. Competition for talented personnel is intense and we may not be able to retain our key personnel or identify, attract or retain other highly qualified personnel in the future. We have experienced, and may continue to experience, difficulty in hiring and retaining employees with appropriate qualifications. If we do not succeed in hiring and retaining employees with appropriate qualifications, our product development efforts, revenues and business could be seriously harmed.

 

Because we do not have long-term commitments from our customers, and plan purchases based on estimates of customer demand which may be inaccurate, we must contract for the manufacture of our products based on those potentially inaccurate estimates.

 

Our sales are made on the basis of purchase orders rather than long-term purchase commitments. Our customers may cancel or defer purchase orders at any time. This process requires us to make multiple demand forecast assumptions, each of which may introduce error into our estimates. If our customers or we overestimate demand, we may purchase components or have products manufactured that we may not be able to use or sell. As a result, we would have excess inventory, which would negatively affect our operating results. Conversely, if our customers or we underestimate demand or if sufficient manufacturing capacity is unavailable, we would forego revenue opportunities, lose market share and damage our customer relationships.

 

Development projects may cause us to incur substantial operating expenses without the guarantee of any associated revenue or far in advance of revenue.

 

We have development projects that consume large amounts of engineering resources far in advance of product revenue. Our work under these projects is technically challenging and places considerable demands on our limited resources, particularly on our most senior engineering talent, and may not result in revenue for twelve to eighteen months, if at all. In addition, allocating significant resources to these projects may detract from or delay the completion of other important development projects. Any of these development projects could be canceled at any time without notice. These factors could have a material and adverse effect on our long-term business and results of operations.

 

Because of our long product development process and sales cycle, we may incur substantial expenses before we earn associated revenues and may not ultimately sell as many units of our products as we forecasted.

 

We develop products based on anticipated market and customer requirements and incur substantial product development expenditures, which can include the payment of large up-front, third-party license fees and royalties, prior to generating associated revenues. Because the development of our products incorporates not only our complex and evolving technology, but also our customers’ specific requirements, a lengthy sales process is often required before potential customers begin the technical evaluation of our products. Our customers typically perform numerous tests and extensively evaluate our products before incorporating them into their systems. The time required for testing, evaluation and design of our products into a customer’s equipment can take up to six months or more. It can take an additional six months before a customer commences volume shipments of systems that incorporate our products. However, even when we achieve a design win, the customer may never ship systems incorporating our products. We cannot assure you that the time required for the testing, evaluation and design of our products by our customers would not exceed six months. Because of this lengthy development cycle, we will experience delays between the time we incur expenditures for research and development, sales and marketing, inventory levels and the time we generate revenues, if any, from these expenditures. Additionally, if actual sales

 

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volumes for a particular product are substantially less than originally forecasted, we may experience large write-offs of capitalized license fees, product masks and prepaid royalties that would negatively affect our operating results.

 

Shortages of other key components for our customers’ products could delay our ability to sell our products.

 

Shortages of components and other materials that are critical to the design and manufacture of our customers’ products could limit our sales. These components include liquid crystal display panels and other display components, analog-to-digital converters, digital receivers and video decoders. During 2000, some of our customers experienced delays in the availability of key components from other suppliers, which, in turn, caused a delay in demand for the products that we supplied to our customers.

 

Shortages of materials used in the manufacturing of our products may increase our costs or limit our revenues and impair our ability to ship our products on time.

 

From time to time, shortages of materials that are used in our products may occur. In particular, we may experience shortages of semiconductor wafers and packages. If material shortages occur, we may incur additional costs or be unable to ship our products to our customers in a timely fashion, all of which could harm our business and negatively impact our earnings.

 

Our products could become obsolete if necessary licenses of third-party technology are not available to us or are only available on terms that are not commercially viable.

 

We license technology from third parties that is incorporated into our products or product enhancements. Future products or product enhancements may require additional third-party licenses that may not be available to us or available on terms that are commercially reasonable. If we are unable to obtain any third-party license required to develop new products and product enhancements, we may have to obtain substitute technology of lower quality or performance standards or at greater cost, either of which could seriously harm the competitiveness of our products.

 

We may not be able to respond to the rapid technological changes in the markets in which we compete, or we may not be able to comply with industry standards in the future making our products less desirable or obsolete.

 

The markets in which we compete or seek to compete are subject to rapid technological change, frequent new product introductions, changing customer requirements for new products and features, and evolving industry standards. The introduction of new technologies and the emergence of new industry standards could render our products less desirable or obsolete, which could harm our business. Examples of changing industry standards include the introduction of high-definition television, or HDTV, new digital receivers and displays with resolutions that have required us to accelerate development of new products to meet these new standards.

 

Our software development tools may be incompatible with industry standards and challenging to implement, which could slow product development or cause us to lose customers and design wins.

 

Our existing products incorporate complex software tools designed to help customers bring products into production. Software development is a complex process and we are dependent on software development languages and operating systems from vendors that may compromise our

 

35



 

ability to design software in a timely manner. Also, software development is a volatile market and new software languages are introduced to the market that may be incompatible with our existing systems and tools. New software development languages may not be compatible with our own requiring significant engineering efforts to migrate our existing systems in order to be compatible with those new languages. Existing or new software development tools could make our current products obsolete or hard to use. Software development disruptions could slow our product development or cause us to lose customers and design wins.

 

Our integrated circuits and software could contain defects, which could reduce sales of those products or result in claims against us.

 

Despite testing by both our customers and us, errors or performance problems may be found in existing or new semiconductors and software. This could result in a delay in the recognition or loss of revenues, loss of market share or failure to achieve market acceptance. These defects may cause us to incur significant warranty, support and repair costs. They could also divert the attention of our engineering personnel from our product development efforts and harm our relationships with our customers. The occurrence of these problems could result in the delay or loss of market acceptance of our semiconductors and would likely harm our business. Defects, integration issues or other performance problems in our semiconductors and software could result in financial or other damages to our customers or could damage market acceptance of our products. Our customers could also seek damages from us for their losses. A product liability claim brought against us, even if unsuccessful, would likely be time consuming and costly to defend.

 

Others may bring infringement actions against us that could be time-consuming and expensive to defend.

 

We may become subject to claims involving patents or other intellectual property rights. For example, in early 2000, we were notified by InFocus Corporation (“InFocus”) that we were infringing patents held by InFocus. In February 2000, we entered into a license agreement with InFocus granting us the right to use the technology covered by those InFocus patents. As a result, we recorded a one-time charge of $4,078 for patent settlement expense in the first quarter of 2000. Intellectual property claims could subject us to significant liability for damages and invalidate our proprietary rights. In addition, intellectual property claims may be brought against customers that incorporate our products in the design of their own products. These claims, regardless of their success or merit and regardless of whether we are named as defendants in a lawsuit, would likely be time-consuming and expensive to resolve and would divert the time and attention of management and technical personnel. Any future intellectual property litigation or claims also could force us to do one or more of the following:

 

                  stop selling products using technology that contains the allegedly infringing intellectual property;

 

                  attempt to obtain a license to the relevant intellectual property, which license may not be available on reasonable terms or at all;

 

                  attempt to redesign those products that contain the allegedly infringing intellectual property; and

 

                  pay damages for past infringement claims that are determined to be valid or which are arrived at in settlement of such litigation or threatened litigation.

 

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If we are forced to take any of the foregoing actions, we may be unable to manufacture and sell our products, which could seriously harm our business. In addition, we may not be able to develop, license or acquire non-infringing technology under reasonable terms. These developments could result in an inability to compete for customers or could adversely affect our ability to increase our earnings.

 

Our limited ability to protect our intellectual property and proprietary rights could harm our competitive position by allowing our competitors to access our proprietary technology and to introduce similar display processor products.

 

Our ability to compete effectively with other companies will depend, in part, on our ability to maintain the proprietary nature of our technology, including our semiconductor designs and software. We rely on a combination of patent, copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as nondisclosure agreements and other methods to protect our proprietary technologies. We hold 9 U.S. patents and have 39 patent applications pending with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office for protection of our significant technologies.  We cannot assure you that the degree of protection offered by patents or trade secret laws will be sufficient. Furthermore, we cannot assure you that any patents will be issued as a result of any pending applications, or that, if issued, any claims allowed will be sufficiently broad to protect our technology. In addition, it is possible that existing or future patents may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented. Competitors in both the U.S. and foreign countries, many of whom have substantially greater resources, may apply for and obtain patents that will prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make and sell our products, or develop similar technology independently or design around our patents. Effective copyright, trademark and trade secret protection may be unavailable or limited in foreign countries. In addition, we provide the computer programming code for our software to selected customers in connection with their product development efforts, thereby increasing the risk that customers will misappropriate our proprietary software.

 

Any acquisition or equity investment we make could disrupt our business and severely harm our financial condition.

 

To date, we acquired Panstera, Inc. in January 2001, nDSP in January 2002 and Jaldi Semiconductor in September 2002. In March 2003, we announced the execution of a definitive merger agreement with Genesis Microchip, Inc.; however, the merger was terminated in August of 2003, and we incurred $8,949 of expenses related to the transaction. Additionally, in the third quarter of 2003, we made an investment of $10,000 in SMIC. We intend to continue to consider investments in or acquisitions of complementary businesses, products or technologies. In the second quarter of 2004, we raised $150,000 upon the sale of our 1.75% convertible debentures.  We may use these proceeds to fund such future acquisitions or equity investments.

 

The acquisitions of Panstera, nDSP and Jaldi contained a very high level of risk primarily because the investments were made based on in-process technological development that may not have been completed, or if completed, may not have become commercially viable.

 

These and any future acquisitions and investments could result in:

 

                  issuance of stock that dilutes current shareholders’ percentage ownership;

 

                  incurrence of debt;

 

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                  assumption of liabilities;

 

                  amortization expenses related to other intangible assets;

 

                  impairment of goodwill; or

 

                  large and immediate write-offs.

 

Our operation of any acquired business will also involve numerous risks, including, but not limited to:

 

                  problems combining the purchased operations, technologies or products;

 

                  unanticipated costs;

 

                  diversion of management’s attention from our core business;

 

                  adverse effects on existing business relationships with customers;

 

                  risks associated with entering markets in which we have no or limited prior experience; and

 

                  potential loss of key employees, particularly those of the acquired organizations.

 

We may not be able to successfully integrate businesses, products, technologies or personnel that we might acquire in the future and any failure to do so could disrupt our business and seriously harm our financial condition.

 

Goodwill represents a significant portion of our total assets.

 

As of June 30, 2004, goodwill amounted to $82,007, or approximately 19% of our total assets. Effective January 1, 2002 with the adoption of new accounting standards we are required to review goodwill for possible impairment on an annual basis or when events and circumstances arise which indicate a possible impairment. The review of goodwill for impairment may result in large write-offs of goodwill, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

We have incurred substantial indebtedness as a result of the sale of convertible debentures.

 

In the second quarter of 2004, we issued $150 million of 1.75% convertible debentures due 2024 in a private placement pursuant to Rule 144A and Regulation S under the Securities Act of 1933. As a result of this indebtedness, our principal obligations will increase substantially. These debt obligations could materially and adversely affect our ability to obtain debt financing for working capital, acquisitions or other purposes, limit our flexibility in planning for or reacting to changes in our business, reduce funds available for use in our operations and could make us more vulnerable to industry downturns and competitive pressures. Our ability to meet our debt service obligations will be dependent upon our future performance, which will be subject to financial, business and other factors affecting our operations, many of which are beyond our control.

 

Additionally, we have agreed to file a shelf registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission covering resales of the debentures and the common stock issuable upon conversion of the debentures.  If we fail to file the registration statement as required, or if the

 

38



 

registration statement is not declared effective as required, we must pay liquidated damages in an amount equal to 0.25% or 0.50% per annum of the principal amount of the debentures.

 

Failure to manage our expansion effectively could adversely affect our ability to increase our business and our results of operations.

 

Our ability to successfully market and sell our products in a rapidly evolving market requires effective planning and management processes. We continue to increase the scope of our operations domestically and internationally and have increased our headcount substantially. Through internal growth as well as acquisition, our headcount grew from 176 employees at the end of 2001 to 290 at June 30, 2004. Our past growth, and our expected future growth, places a significant strain on our management systems and resources including our financial and managerial controls, reporting systems and procedures. To manage our growth effectively, we must implement and improve operational and financial systems, train and manage our employee base and attract and retain qualified personnel with relevant experience. We must also manage multiple relationships with customers, business partners, contract manufacturers, suppliers and other third parties. Moreover, we will spend substantial amounts of time and money in connection with our rapid growth and may have unexpected costs. Our systems, procedures or controls may not be adequate to support our operations and we may not be able to expand quickly enough to exploit potential market opportunities. While we have not, to date, suffered any significant adverse consequences due to our growth, if we do not continue to manage growth effectively our operating expenses could increase more rapidly than our revenue causing decreased profitability.

 

Risks Related to our Industry

 

Failure of consumer demand for advanced displays and other digital display technologies to increase would impede our growth and adversely affect our business.

 

Our product development strategies anticipate that consumer demand for flat panel displays and other emerging display technologies will increase in the future. The success of our products is dependent on increased demand for these display technologies. The potential size of the market for products incorporating these display technologies and the timing of its development are uncertain and will depend upon a number of factors, all of which are beyond our control. In order for the market for many of our products to grow, advanced display products must be widely available and affordable to consumers. In the past, the supply of advanced display products has been cyclical. We expect this pattern to continue. Under-capacity in the advanced display market may limit our ability to increase our revenues because our customers may limit their purchases of our products if they cannot obtain sufficient supplies of LCD panels or other advanced display components. In addition, advanced display prices may remain high because of limited supply, and consumer demand may not grow.

 

If products incorporating our semiconductors are not compatible with computer display protocols, video standards and other devices, the market for our products will be reduced and our business prospects could be significantly limited.

 

Our products are incorporated into our customers’ products, which have different parts and specifications and utilize multiple protocols that allow them to be compatible with specific computers, video standards and other devices. If our customers’ products are not compatible with these protocols and standards, consumers will return these products, or consumers will not purchase these products, and the markets for our customers’ products could be significantly reduced. As a result, a portion of our market would be eliminated, and our business would be harmed.

 

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Intense competition in our markets may reduce sales of our products, reduce our market share, decrease our gross profit and result in large losses.

 

Rapid technological change, evolving industry standards, compressed product life cycles and declining average selling prices are characteristics of our market and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. As the overall price of advanced flat panel display screens continues to fall, we may be required to offer our products to manufacturers at discounted prices due to increased price competition. At the same time, new, alternative display processing technologies and industry standards may emerge that directly compete with technologies that we offer. We may be required to increase our investment in research and development at the same time that product prices are falling. In addition, even after making this investment, we cannot assure you that our technologies will be superior to those of our competitors or that our products will achieve market acceptance, whether for performance or price reasons. Failure to effectively respond to these trends could reduce the demand for our products.

 

We compete with specialized and diversified electronics and semiconductor companies that offer display processors or scaling components. Some of these include Genesis Microchip, I-Chips, ITE, Macronix, Mediatek, Media Reality Technologies, Micronas, MStar Semiconductor, Inc., Oplus, Realtek, Silicon Image, Silicon Optix, STMicroelectronics, Techwell, Topro, Trident, Trumpion, Weltrend, Zoran and other companies. Potential competitors may include diversified semiconductor manufacturers and the semiconductor divisions or affiliates of some of our customers, including ATI, Intel, Koninlijke Philips Electronics, LG Electronics, Matsushita Electric Industrial, Mitsubishi, National Semiconductor, NEC, nVidia, Samsung Electronics, Sanyo Electric Company, Sharp Corporation, Sony Corporation, Texas Instruments and Toshiba Corporation. In addition, start-up companies may seek to compete in our markets. Many of our competitors have longer operating histories and greater resources to support development and marketing efforts. Some of our competitors may operate their own fabrication facilities. These competitors may be able to react more quickly and devote more resources to efforts that compete directly with our own. In the future, our current or potential customers may also develop their own proprietary display processors and become our competitors. Our competitors may develop advanced technologies enabling them to offer more cost-effective and higher quality semiconductors to our customers than those offered by us. Increased competition could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations by, for example, increasing pressure on our profit margin or causing us to lose sales opportunities. We cannot assure you that we can compete successfully against current or potential competitors.

 

The cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry may lead to significant variances in the demand for our products and could harm our operations.

 

In the past, the semiconductor industry has been characterized by significant downturns and wide fluctuations in supply and demand. Also, during this time, the industry has experienced significant fluctuations in anticipation of changes in general economic conditions, including economic conditions in Asia and North America. The cyclical nature of the semiconductor industry has led to significant variances in product demand and production capacity. It has also accelerated erosion of average selling prices per unit. We may experience periodic fluctuations in our future financial results because of changes in industry-wide conditions.

 

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Other Risks

 

The anti-takeover provisions of Oregon law and in our articles of incorporation could adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common stock by preventing a sale or takeover of us at a price or prices favorable to the holders of our common stock.

 

Provisions of our articles of incorporation and bylaws and provisions of Oregon law may have the effect of delaying or preventing a merger or acquisition of us, making a merger or acquisition of us less desirable to a potential acquirer or preventing a change in our management, even if the shareholders consider the merger or acquisition favorable or if doing so would benefit our shareholders. In addition, these provisions could limit the price that investors would be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock. The following are examples of such provisions in our articles of incorporation or bylaws:

 

                  our board of directors is authorized, without prior shareholder approval, to create and issue preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could impede the success of any attempt to acquire us or change our control, commonly referred to as “blank check” preferred stock;

 

                  members of our board of directors can only be removed for cause;

 

                  the board of directors may alter our bylaws without obtaining shareholder approval; and

 

                  shareholders are required to provide advance notice for nominations for election to the board of directors or for proposing matters to be acted upon at a shareholder meeting.

 

Our principal shareholders have significant voting power and may take actions that may make it more difficult to sell our shares at a premium to take over candidates.

 

Our executive officers, directors and other principal shareholders, in the aggregate, beneficially own 12,501,903 shares or approximately 27% of our outstanding common stock as of July 31, 2004. These shareholders currently have, and will continue to have, significant influence with respect to the election of our directors and approval or disapproval of our significant corporate actions. This influence over our affairs might be adverse to the interest of our other shareholders. In addition, the voting power of these shareholders could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of our business or otherwise discouraging a potential acquirer from attempting to obtain control of us, which could prevent our other shareholders from realizing a premium over the market price for their common stock.

 

The price of our common stock has and may continue to fluctuate substantially.

 

Investors may not be able to sell shares of our common stock at or above the price they paid due to a number of factors, including:

 

                  actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results;

 

                  changes in expectations as to our future financial performance;

 

                  changes in financial estimates of securities analysts;

 

41



 

                  announcements by us or our competitors of technological innovations, design wins, contracts, standards or acquisitions;

 

                  the operating and stock price performance of other comparable companies;

 

                  changes in market valuations of other technology companies; and

 

                  inconsistent trading volume levels of our common stock.

 

In particular, the stock prices of technology companies similar to us have been highly volatile. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. Market fluctuations as well as general economic, political and market conditions including recessions, interest rate changes or international currency fluctuations, may negatively impact the market price of our common stock. Therefore, the price of our common stock may decline, and the value of your investment may be reduced regardless of our performance.

 

We may be unable to meet our future capital requirements, which would limit our ability to grow.

 

We believe our current cash balances will be sufficient to meet our capital requirements for the next 12 months. However, we may need, or could elect, to seek additional funding prior to that time. To the extent that currently available funds are insufficient to fund our future activities, we may need to raise additional funds through public or private equity or debt financing. Additional funds may not be available on terms favorable to us or our shareholders. Further, if we issue equity securities, our shareholders may experience additional dilution or the new equity securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of our common stock. If we cannot raise funds on acceptable terms, we may not be able to develop or enhance our products, take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements.

 

Item 3.                                                            Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Our primary market risk exposure is the impact of interest rate fluctuations on interest income earned on our investment portfolio.  The risks associated with market, liquidity and principal are mitigated by investing in high-credit quality securities and limiting concentrations of issuers and maturity dates.  The carrying value of our marketable securities approximates their fair value at June 30, 2004 and December 31, 2003.  Derivative financial instruments are not part of our investment portfolio.

 

As of June 30, 2004, we had convertible subordinated notes of $150,000 outstanding with a fixed interest rate of 1.75%.  Interest rate changes affect the fair value of these notes, but do not affect earnings or cash flow.

 

All of our sales are denominated in U.S. dollars and as a result, we have relatively little exposure to foreign currency exchange risk with respect to any of our sales.  We have employees located in offices in Canada, China, Japan and Taiwan and as a result a portion of our operating expenses are denominated in foreign currencies.  Accordingly, our operating results are affected by changes in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and those currencies.  Any future strengthening of those currencies against the U.S. dollar could negatively impact our operating results by increasing our operating expenses as measured in U.S. dollars.  We do not currently

 

42



 

hedge against foreign currency rate fluctuations.  The effect of an immediate 10% change in exchange rates would not have a material impact on our future operating results or financial position.

 

Item 4.                                                            Controls and Procedures

 

(a)           Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures .  Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e).  Based upon this evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that our controls and procedures are effective in timely alerting them to material information regarding the Company (including its consolidated subsidiaries) required to be included in our periodic SEC filings.

 

(b)          Changes in Internal Controls .  There have been no significant changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that could significantly affect those controls subsequent to the date of the evaluation, and no significant deficiencies or material weaknesses were identified which required corrective action.

 

While we have not identified any material weaknesses in internal controls, in the course of preparing for our Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404 assertion as of December 31, 2004, we have taken measures to improve the effectiveness of our internal controls.  Among others, we have taken and are taking the following measures:

 

1.                We have formalized and documented review policies and procedures for accounting transactions and financial reporting.

 

2.                We have added staff in several areas, including general ledger accounting, accounts receivable, payroll, shipping and receiving and customer service.  The additional staff has helped strengthen our segregation of duties controls.

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 4.                                                            Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

Pixelworks 2004 Annual Meeting of Shareholders was held on May 25, 2004 to:

 

1.                Elect five directors to serve for the following year or until their successors are elected;

 

2.                Amend Pixelworks’ Articles of Incorporation to provide that the Board of Directors shall be classified only upon the number of directors being set at eight or more;

 

3.                Amend Pixelworks’ 1997 Stock Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares available for grant under the plan by 1,500,000 shares to bring the total shares reserved for issuance under the plan to 18,340,116;

 

4.                Approve certain amendments to Pixelworks’ Employee Stock Purchase Plan to provide an absolute ceiling for the automatic increase in the number of shares authorized for issuance under the plan; and

 

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5.                Transact any other business that properly came before the meeting.

 

The following nominees were elected to serve on the board of directors by the votes and the terms indicated below:

 

Nominee

 

For

 

Withheld

 

Term
Ending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allen H. Alley

 

38,526,817

 

2,501,544

 

2005

 

Oliver D. Curme

 

37,287,490

 

3,740,871

 

2005

 

C. Scott Gibson

 

37,866,826

 

3,161,535

 

2005

 

Frank Gill

 

37,233,251

 

3,795,110

 

2005

 

Steven J. Sharp

 

40,813,952

 

214,409

 

2005

 

 

The proposal to amend Pixelworks’ Articles of Incorporation was approved and received the following votes:

 

 

 

Votes

 

 

 

 

 

For

 

29,874,467

 

Against

 

2,029,675

 

Abstain

 

46,382

 

 

The proposal to amend Pixelworks’ 1997 Stock Incentive Plan was approved and received the following votes:

 

 

 

Votes

 

 

 

 

 

For

 

23,379,714

 

Against

 

8,525,704

 

Abstain

 

45,106

 

 

The proposal to amend Pixelworks’ Employee Stock Purchase Plan was approved and received the following votes:

 

 

 

Votes

 

 

 

 

 

For

 

18,044,867

 

Against

 

13,862,987

 

Abstain

 

42,670

 

 

There were no other matters that properly came before the meeting that were voted upon.

 

Item 6:                                                           Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K

 

(a)           Exhibits

 

3.1                                  Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of Pixelworks, Inc., As Amended.

 

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4.1                                  Indenture dated May 18, 2004 between Pixelworks, Inc. and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association.

 

4.2                                  Form of 1.75% Convertible Subordinated Debentures due 2024 dated May 18, 2004.

 

4.3                                  Registration Rights Agreement, dated May 18, 2004 among Pixelworks, Inc., Citigroup Global Markets Inc. and D.A. Davidson & Co.

 

4.4                                  Purchase Agreement, dated May 12, 2004 among Pixelworks, Inc. and Citigroup Global Markets Inc.

 

10.1                            First Amendment of Lease between Southcenter III & IV Investors LLC and Pixelworks, Inc.

 

10.2                            Pixelworks, Inc. 1997 Stock Incentive Plan, As Amended.

 

10.3                            Pixelworks, Inc. 2000 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, As Amended.

 

31.1                            Certification of Chief Executive Officer.

 

31.2                            Certification of Chief Financial Officer.

 

32.1                            Certification of Chief Executive Officer.

 

32.2                            Certification of Chief Financial Officer.

 

(b)           Reports on Form 8-K

 

Reports Furnished

 

On April 19, 2004, we furnished a report on Form 8-K to report under Item 7 and 12 that on April 19, 2004 we issued a press release announcing our financial results for the quarter ending March 31, 2004.

 

On April 26, 2004, we furnished a report on Form 8-K to provide under Item 9 the Company’s Letter to Shareholders, which accompanies the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2003.

 

Reports Filed

 

On May 11, 2004, we filed a report on Form 8-K to report under Item 5 and 7 that on May 11, 2004 we issued a press release announcing our intention to offer $125 million of Convertible Subordinated Debentures, subject to market and other conditions.

 

On May 13, 2004, we filed a report on Form 8-K to report under Item 5 and 7 that on May 12, 2004 we issued a press release announcing the pricing of an aggregate of $125 million of Convertible Subordinated Debentures due 2024, to be sold in a private offering under Rule 144A (plus up to an additional $25 million aggregate principal amount of such debentures if and to the extent that the initial purchasers exercise a purchase option), subject to market and other conditions.

 

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On May 18, 2004, we filed a report on Form 8-K to report under Item 5 and 7 that on May 18, 2004 we issued a press release announcing the closing of the sale of an aggregate of $125 million of 1.75% Convertible Subordinated Debentures due 2024.

 

On June 4, 2004, we filed a report on Form 8-K to report under Item 5 and 7 that on June 4, 2004 we issued a press release announcing the closing of the sale of an additional $25 million of 1.75% Convertible Subordinated Debentures due 2024.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dated:  August 9, 2004

 

 

/s/ Jeffrey B. Bouchard

 

 

 

Jeffrey B. Bouchard

 

 

 

Vice President, Finance and

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

47


Exhibit 3.1

 

SIXTH AMENDED AND RESTATED ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION

OF

PIXELWORKS, INC.

 

Pursuant to the Oregon Business Corporation Act (ORS Chapter 60), Pixelworks, Inc. hereby adopts the following Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, which shall supersede the heretofore existing Fifth Restated Articles of Incorporation and all previous amendment and restatements thereof.

 

ARTICLE 1.
NAME.

 

The name of the Corporation is Pixelworks, Inc.

 

ARTICLE 2.
SHARES AND RIGHTS THEREOF GENERALLY.

 

2.1           Authorized Stock .  The aggregate number of shares which the corporation shall have authority to issue is 250,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share (“Common Stock”) , and 50,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $0.001 per share (Preferred Stock”).

 

2.2           Rights of Common Stock .  The shares of common stock have unlimited voting rights and are entitled to receive the net assets of the Corporation on dissolution, subject to rights of the Preferred Stock.

 

2.3           Authority to Designate Series Preferred .  The Board of Directors is hereby authorized to fix or alter the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions granted to or imposed upon additional series of Preferred Stock, and the number of shares constituting any such series and the designation thereof, or of any of them.  Subject to compliance with applicable protective voting rights or consent rights which have been or may be granted to the Preferred Stock or any series thereof herein, by law, or in Articles of Amendment adopted by the Board of Directors (“Protective Provisions”), but notwithstanding any other rights of the Preferred Stock or any series thereof, the rights, privileges, preferences and restrictions of any such additional series may be subordinated to, made pari passu with (including, without limitation, inclusion in provisions with respect to liquidation and acquisition preferences, redemption and/or approval of matters by vote or written consent), or made senior to any of those of any present or future class of series of Preferred or Common Stock.  Subject to compliance with applicable Protective Provisions, the Board of Directors is also authorized to increase or decrease the number of shares of any series, prior or subsequent to the issue of that series, but not below the number of shares of such series then outstanding.  In case the number of shares of any series shall be so decreased, the shares constituting such decrease shall resume the status which they had prior to the adoption of the resolution originally fixing the number of shares of such series.

 

1



 

ARTICLE 3.
DIRECTORS.

 

3.1           Number of Directors .  The number of directors of the Corporation shall be not less than three nor more than twelve, and within such limits, the exact number shall be fixed and increased or decreased from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors.

 

3.2           Election of Directors .  If the number of directors is fixed by the Board of Directors at six or more, the directors shall be divided into three classes designated Class I, Class II and Class III, each class to be as nearly equal in number as possible.  At the next annual meeting of shareholders following that designation (“First Meeting”), directors of all three classes shall be elected.  The term of office of Class I directors shall expire at the first annual meeting of shareholders following their election.  The terms of Class II directors shall expire at the second annual meeting of shareholders following their election.  The terms of the Class III directors shall expire at the third annual meeting of shareholders following their election.  At each annual meeting of shareholders after the First Meeting, each class of directors elected to succeed those directors whose terms expire shall be elected to serve for three-year terms and until their successors are elected and qualified, so that the term of one class of directors will expire each year.  When the number of directors is changed within the limits provided herein, any newly created directorships, or any decrease in directorships, shall be so apportioned among the classes as to make all classes as nearly equal as possible, provided that no decrease in the number of directors constituting the Board of Directors shall shorten the term of any incumbent directors.

 

3.3           Removal .  All or any number of the directors of the Corporation may be removed only for cause and at a meeting of shareholders called expressly for that purpose, by the vote of 75 percent of the votes then entitled to be cast for the election of directors.  Cause for removal shall be deemed to exist only if the director whose removal is proposed has engaged in criminal conduct or has engaged in fraudulent or dishonest conduct or gross abuse of authority or discretion with respect to the Corporation. At any meeting of shareholders at which one or more directors are removed, a majority of votes then entitled to be cast for the election of directors may fill any vacancy created by such removal.  If any vacancy created by removal of a director is not filled by the shareholders at the meeting at which the removal is effected, such vacancy may be filled by a majority vote of the remaining directors.

 

3.4           Amendment of Article . The provisions of this Article3 may not be amended, altered, changed or repealed in any respect unless such action is approved by the affirmative vote of not less than 75 percent of the votes then entitled to be cast for election of directors.

 

ARTICLE 4.
EXCLUSION OF DIRECTOR LIABILITY.

 

No director of the Corporation shall be personally liable to the Corporation or its shareholders for monetary damages for conduct as a director; provided that this Article4 shall not eliminate the liability of a director for any act or omission for which such elimination of liability is not permitted under the Oregon Business Corporation Act.  No amendment to the Oregon Business Corporation Act that further limits the acts or omissions for which elimination of

 

2



 

liability is permitted shall affect the liability of a director for any act or omission that occurs prior to the effective date of such amendment.

 

ARTICLE 5.
INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, & FIDUCIARIES.

 

5.1           Indemnification .  The Corporation shall indemnify to the fullest extent not prohibited by law any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any Proceeding (as defined below) against all expenses (including attorney fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with such Proceeding.

 

5.2           Advancement of Expenses .  Expenses incurred by a director or officer of the Corporation in defending a Proceeding shall in all cases be paid by the Corporation in advance of the final disposition of such Proceeding at the written request of such person, if the person:

 

5.2.1         furnishes the Corporation a written affirmation of the person’s good faith belief that such person has met the standard of conduct described in the Oregon Business Corporation Act or is entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation under any other indemnification rights granted by the Corporation to such person; and

 

5.2.2         furnishes the Corporation a written undertaking to repay such advance to the extent it is ultimately determined by a court that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation under this Article 5 or under any other indemnification rights granted by the Corporation to such person.

 

Such advances shall be made without regard to the person’s ability to repay such advances and without regard to the person’s ultimate entitlement to indemnification under this Article 5 or otherwise.

 

5.3           Definition of Proceeding .  The term “Proceeding” shall include any threatened, pending, or completed action, suit, or proceeding, whether brought in the right of the corporation or otherwise and whether of a civil, criminal, administrative, or investigative nature, in which a person may be or may have been involved as a party or otherwise by reason of the fact that the person is or was a director or officer of the corporation or a fiduciary within the meaning of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 with respect to any employee benefit plan of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, or fiduciary of an employee benefit plan of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, or other enterprise, whether or not serving in such capacity at the time any liability or expense is incurred for which indemnification or advancement of expenses can be provided under this Article 5.

 

5.4           Non-Exclusivity and Continuity of Rights.  This Article 5 :  (i) shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which those indemnified may be entitled under any statute, agreement, general or specific action of the board of directors, vote of shareholders or otherwise, both as to action in the official capacity of the person indemnified and as to action in

 

3



 

another capacity while holding office, (ii)shall continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director or officer, (iii)shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors, and administrators of such person, and (iv)shall extend to all claims for indemnification or advancement of expenses made after the adoption of this Article 5.

 

5.5           Amendments .  Any repeal of this Article 5 shall only be prospective and no repeal or modification hereof shall adversely affect the rights under this Article 5 in effect at the time of the alleged occurrence of any action or omission to act that is the cause of any Proceeding.

 

ARTICLE 6.
SHAREHOLDER APPROVAL OF CERTAIN CORPORATE ACTIONS.

 

No agreement of merger or consolidation of this corporation which requires shareholder approval under the Oregon Business Corporation Act shall be approved or become effective unless the holders of not less than sixty-seven percent (67%) of the outstanding shares of the corporation entitled to vote thereon shall vote for the adoption of the agreement.  This corporation shall not sell, lease or exchange all or substantially all of its property and assets unless the holders of not less than sixty-seven percent (67%) of the outstanding shares of the corporation entitled to vote thereon shall vote for such sale, lease or exchange.  Dissolution or liquidation of the corporation shall require the prior approval of holders of not less than sixty-seven percent (67%) of the outstanding shares of the corporation entitled to vote thereon.

 

4



 

EXHIBIT A

 

First Amendment to Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation

of

Pixelworks, Inc.

 

 

Article 2 of the Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (the “Restated Articles”) of Pixelworks, Inc. is hereby amended by the addition of the following Section 2.4:

 

2.4           Preferred Stock Designation.   One series of Preferred Stock shall be designated “Special Voting Share Series Preferred Stock,” and shall consist of one (1) share (the “Special Voting Share”).  Special Voting Share Series Preferred Stock has an Issue Price of $0.001 per share.  The relative rights, preferences and limitations of the Special Voting Share Series Preferred Stock are as follows:

 

a.              Dividends . Neither the holder nor, if different, the owner of the Special Voting Share shall be entitled to receive dividends in its capacity as holder or owner thereof.

 

b.              Voting Right .  The holder of record of the Special Voting Share shall be entitled to all of the voting rights, including the right to vote in person or by proxy, of the Special Voting Share on any matters, questions, proposals or propositions whatsoever that may properly come before the stockholders of the Corporation at a meeting of the Corporation or in connection with a consent of the Corporation.

 

c.              Liquidation Preference.   In the event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, the holder of the Special Voting Share shall be entitled to be paid out of the assets of the Corporation available for distribution to the stockholders, an amount equal to $0.001 before any payment shall be made to the holders of Common Stock or any other class or series of stock ranking on liquidation junior to the Special Voting Share as to distribution of assets upon liquidation, dissolution or winding-up.

 

d.              Ranking.   The Special Voting Share shall, with respect to rights on liquidation, dissolution and winding up, rank (i) pari passu with the Common Stock and (ii) junior to any other class or series of capital stock of the Corporation.

 

e.              Redemption.   The Special Voting Share shall not be subject to redemption except that at such time as no exchangeable shares (“Exchangeable Shares”) of Jaldi Semiconductor Corp. (“Jaldi”) (other than Exchangeable Shares owned by the Corporation and its affiliates) shall be outstanding and no shares of stock, debt, options or other agreements which could give rise to the issuance of any Exchangeable Shares to any person (other than the Corporation and its affiliates) shall exist, the Special Voting Share shall automatically be redeemed and cancelled, for an amount equal to $0.001 due and payable upon such redemption.  Upon any such redemption or other purchase or acquisition of the Special Voting Share by the Corporation, the Special Voting Share shall be deemed retired and cancelled and may not be reissued.

 



 

f.               Other Provisions.   Pursuant to the terms of an agreement (the “Voting and Share Trust Agreement”) to be entered into between the Corporation, Pixelworks Nova Scotia Company, Jaldi and CIBC Mellon Trust Company (the “Trustee”), as such agreement may be amended, modified or supplemented from time to time (the “Trust Agreement”):

 

(A)           during the term of the Trust Agreement, the Corporation may not, without the consent of the holders of the Exchangeable Shares, issue any other additional shares of the same series as the Special Voting Shares Series Preferred Stock;

 

(B)            with respect to all meetings of stockholders of the Corporation at which holders of the Corporation’s Common Stock are entitled to vote (each a “Meeting”) and with respect to any written consents, to the extent permitted by the Articles and by-laws of the Corporation, sought by the Corporation from its stockholders, including the holders of Common Stock (each a “ Consent”), the Special Voting Share shall vote together with the Common Stock as a single class and subject to (C) shall have the identical voting rights to those of the Common Stock;

 

(C)            the Special Voting Share entitles the holder of record to a number of votes in respect of a Meeting or in respect of a Consent equal to the number of Exchangeable Shares (as defined by the Trust Agreement) outstanding on the record date for determining stockholders entitled to vote at the applicable Meeting or in connection with the applicable Consent, from time to time (other than Exchangeable Shares held by the Corporation and its affiliates);

 

(D)           the Trustee shall exercise the votes held by the Special Voting Share pursuant to and in accordance with the Trust Agreement;

 

(E)            the voting rights attached to the Special Voting Share shall terminate pursuant to and in accordance with the Trust Agreement; and

 

(F)            the powers, designations and preferences, participating, optional and other special rights, and the qualifications limitations and restrictions, of such Special Voting Share shall be as otherwise provided in the Trust Agreement.

 



 

EXHIBIT B

 

Second Amendment to Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation

of

Pixelworks, Inc.

 

Section 3.2 of the Sixth Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended (the “Restated Articles”) of Pixelworks, Inc. is hereby replaced in its entirety by the following Section 3.2:

 

3.2 NUMBER AND QUALIFICATION . The number of directors of the Corporation shall be not less than three nor more than twelve, and within such limits, the exact number shall be fixed and increased or decreased from time to time by resolution of the Board of Directors. If the number of directors is fixed by the Board of Directors at seven or less, the directors shall hold office until the next Annual Meeting of shareholders and until their successors have been elected and qualified. If the number of directors is fixed by the Board of Directors at eight or more, the directors shall be divided into three classes designated Class I, Class II and Class III, each class to be as nearly equal in number as possible. At the next Annual Meeting of shareholders following that designation (“First Meeting”), directors of all three classes shall be elected. The term of office of Class I directors shall expire at the first Annual Meeting of shareholders following their election. The terms of Class II directors shall expire at the second Annual Meeting of shareholders following their election. The terms of the Class III directors shall expire at the third Annual Meeting of shareholders following their election. At each Annual Meeting of shareholders after the First Meeting, each class of directors elected to succeed those directors whose terms expire shall be elected to serve for three-year terms and until their successors are elected and qualified, so that the term of one class of directors will expire each year. When the number of directors is changed within the limits provided herein, any newly created directorships, or any decrease in directorships, shall be so apportioned among the classes as to make all classes as nearly equal as possible, provided that no decrease in the number of directors constituting the Board of Directors shall shorten the term of any incumbent directors. Directors need not be residents of the State of Oregon or shareholders of the Corporation.

 


Exhibit 4.1

 

Execution Version

 

 

PIXELWORKS, INC.

 

as Issuer

 

and

 

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION

 

as Trustee

 

INDENTURE

 

Dated as of May 18, 2004

 

$125,000,000

 

1.75% CONVERTIBLE SUBORDINATED DEBENTURES DUE 2024

 

 



 

CROSS-REFERENCE TABLE

 

TIA
Section

 

Indenture
Section

310(a)(1)

 

5.11

      (a)(2)

 

5.11

      (a)(3)

 

n/a

      (a)(4)

 

n/a

      (a)(5)

 

5.11

      (b)

 

5.3;5.11

      (c)

 

n/a

311(a)

 

5.12

      (b)

 

5.12

      (c)

 

n/a

312(a)

 

2.10

      (b)

 

14.3

      (c)