Date of Report: April 16, 2019

(Date of earliest event reported)



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New York





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Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:


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Item 7.01. Regulation FD Disclosure.


Exhibit 99.1 of this Form 8-K contains the prepared remarks for IBM’s Chief Financial Officer Jim Kavanaugh’s first-quarter 2019 earnings presentation to investors on April 16, 2019.


Reconciliations of non-GAAP financial measures discussed in the earnings presentation to the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP are included as Exhibit 99.2 of this Form 8-K. The slides used in Mr. Kavanaugh’s first-quarter 2019 earnings presentation are Exhibit 99.3 to the company’s Form 8-K submitted to the SEC on April 16, 2019.


The information in this Item 7.01, including the corresponding Exhibits 99.1 and 99.2, is being furnished with the Commission and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), with the exception of the following information from the question and answer period of the earnings presentation, which has been edited to provide additional context and clarity, and shall be deemed “filed” under the Exchange Act:


·                   The company expects revenue dynamics from the first quarter to the second quarter of 2019 to be similar to the last two years, which is a sequential increase of about $900 million to $1 billion.


·                   The company expects to achieve 22 percent of the full-year EPS expectations in the second quarter, roughly in line with the last three years.


·                   The company expects the gains on the previously announced divestitures to be between $500 million and $700 million, and the company’s EPS expectations for the second quarter of 2019 assumes the low-end of this range. For the full year and second quarter of 2019, the company’s guidance assumes minimal impact to profit and EPS overall, with the majority of any gains offset by foregone profit and stranded costs from the divestitures, as well as actions taken to address structure and stranded costs.


Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.


(d) Exhibits


The following exhibits are being furnished as part of this report:


Exhibit No.


Description of Exhibit



Prepared Remarks of Earnings Presentation on April 16, 2019



Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials


IBM’s web site (www.ibm.com) contains a significant amount of information about IBM, including financial and other information for investors (www.ibm.com/investor/). IBM encourages investors to visit its various web sites from time to time, as information is updated and new information is posted.






Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, hereunto duly authorized.


Date: April 17, 2019









/s/ Robert F. Del Bene



Robert F. Del Bene



Vice President and Controller



Exhibit 99.1




Thank you.  This is Patricia Murphy, Vice President of Investor Relations for IBM, and I want to welcome you to our first quarter 2019 earnings presentation.  I’m here with Jim Kavanaugh, IBM’s Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.


We’ll post today’s prepared remarks on the IBM investor website within a couple of hours, and a replay will be available by this time tomorrow.  Some comments made in this presentation may be considered forward looking under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Those statements involve factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially.  Additional information about these factors is included in the company’s SEC filings.  Our presentation also includes non-GAAP measures, to provide additional information to investors.  We have provided reconciliation charts at the end of the presentation, and in the 8-K submitted to the SEC.


Before turning the call over to Jim, I want to remind you we recently made changes to our management system and our organizational structure.  Our segment reporting for 2019 has been updated to reflect this business structure.  We provided two years of historical financial information by quarter on these segments a couple of weeks ago — this can be found on our investor website.  And today, we’ll be discussing our first quarter results in this new segment structure.


So with that, I’ll turn the call over to Jim.





Thanks Patricia, and thanks to all of you for joining us.


In the first quarter, we delivered $18.2 billion of revenue.  With significant operating leverage, we delivered $2.2 billion of operating pre-tax income, and $2.25 of operating earnings per share.  And we’ve now generated over $12 billion of free cash flow over the last year, with realization well over 100 percent.


We had strong performance in offerings that help clients with their digital transformations and journeys to cloud.  At the same time, we continued to take actions to optimize our portfolio, while investing to lead in the emerging, high-value areas of the IT industry.


You saw this play out in our results.  Our cloud growth accelerated to 12 percent at constant currency.  Our Cloud and Cognitive Software was up two percent, and our consulting revenue was up nine percent, also both at constant currency.  We had significant margin expansion, with operating gross margin up 90 basis points driven by both services segments, and we had solid free cash flow.


Improving margin has been a focus for us, and our performance this quarter is the result of actions we’ve been taking, not only our focus on higher value and portfolio optimization, but also driving productivity and operational efficiency, especially in our services business.  With this start to the year, we are maintaining our full year expectations for operating earnings per share and free cash flow.


In the first quarter, our revenue was down less than a point year to year at constant currency, slightly better than our fourth quarter performance.


Our reported revenue, as expected, includes a significant currency headwind.  As always, I’ll focus on constant currency performance.



From a geographic perspective, our year-to-year revenue growth in the developed markets improved a couple of points sequentially, consistent with the expectations we discussed last quarter.  That said, we had weaker performance in the emerging markets in Asia Pacific, which impacted our overall revenue performance.


Looking at our results by segment, we had continued revenue growth in Global Business Services and in our Cloud and Cognitive Software.  In GBS, as I said, we had another quarter of strong growth in consulting, as we help clients with their digital reinventions.  And we again expanded our margins in GBS.  In our software segment, growth was driven by our hybrid cloud offerings, security, and solution areas like supply chain and Watson Health.  In Global Technology Services, we’re continuing to help our clients implement and manage hybrid, multi-cloud environments.  This is evidenced in the increasing share of our backlog which is now cloud.  At the same time, consistent with our high-value focus, we’re continuing to take actions to optimize our GTS performance by exiting lower value content.  While this contributes to lower GTS revenue, we had higher profit, margin and cash contribution.  Our Systems revenue declined, reflecting the IBM Z product cycle dynamics and weaker performance in storage.



Across our segments, clients continue to be focused on solutions that deliver innovation and growth.  Though, as we mentioned last quarter, we’re seeing an increasing bias toward engagements that provide productivity and predictability of spend.  And so, our results this quarter reflect our ability to deliver both innovation and productivity, helping our clients transition their business models to hybrid cloud.  Our cloud revenue growth in the first quarter accelerated to 12 percent, with our as-a-Service offerings up 15 percent.  With this, our cloud revenue has grown to $19.5 billion over the last year.


Over the last several months we’ve talked about the next chapter of cloud, which focuses on shifting mission-critical work to the cloud and optimizing everything from supply chains to core banking systems.  To address this opportunity, enterprises need to be able to move and manage data, services, and workflows across multiple clouds and on-prem.  And they need to be able to address security concerns, data protection and protocols, availability, and cloud management.  This requires a hybrid, multi-cloud, open approach.  And so, we have been reshaping our business to address this opportunity, investing heavily to build capabilities across our business, like IBM Cloud, IBM Cloud Private and IBM Cloud Private for Data, the IBM Multicloud Manager, cloud garages, cloud migration services, and cloud-optimized systems.  These are the innovations that are driving our $19.5 billion of cloud revenue.


In the first quarter we introduced additional capabilities that will accelerate hybrid cloud adoption, including Watson Anywhere, which makes IBM Watson available on-premises as well as on any private or public cloud and IBM Cloud Integration Platform, which provides a standard way to integrate services and applications across multiple cloud environments.  More broadly, we have built a framework of offerings to facilitate our clients’ journey to the cloud.  It is designed to help our clients across the four key stages of their cloud transformation journey:  advise, move, build, and manage.  These offerings span our Cloud and Cognitive Software, Global Business Services, and Global Technology Services leveraging the integrated value of IBM.



And so, we have a strong foundation for the addition of Red Hat. Together, we will be ideally positioned to help our clients shift their business applications to hybrid cloud, while addressing the issues I just mentioned around portability, management consistency, security, remaining open, which avoids vendor lock-in.  This will not only enhance the growth of Red Hat’s business after closing but lift all of IBM, as we sell more of our data and AI software on containers across multiple platforms, and more of our services, from app modernization to multi-cloud managed services.


At IBM, we’re investing and building capabilities to be ready to drive these synergies.  We are moving through the regulatory process and continue to expect to close in the second half of 2019.



Operating Earnings per Share Drivers


Before getting into the financial metrics, I want to lay out the contributors to our year-to-year operating earnings per share performance, especially because there are a couple of larger items in last year’s results that impact the dynamics.  In fact, these larger items contributed a 32-cent benefit to last year’s earnings per share, which of course creates a headwind to this year’s growth.


And so, looking at the drivers, as I said, our revenue was down less than one percent at constant currency.  But with the stronger dollar, revenue was down 4.7 percent.  At constant margin, revenue was a headwind to profit and earnings per share growth.


Last year we took pre-tax charges associated with the actions to realign our skills to key opportunities, and better position our systems cost structure.  These, together with the benefit of the actions, and our ongoing operating efficiencies, resulted in strong pre-tax income growth and pre-tax margin expansion.


Last year we also had a large discrete tax benefit associated with an audit settlement.  With a much smaller discrete benefit this year, tax was a significant headwind to our net income.


And, finally, a lower share count contributed to growth.


Putting this all together, we had solid operating leverage and margin expansion, offset by the 32-cent impact of last year’s significant items, resulting in an operating EPS of $2.25.



Key Financial Metrics


So now getting into profit and margin metrics, we continue to drive operating leverage, expanding both gross and pre-tax margins.


Our operating gross margin was up 90 basis points.  This was driven by strong performance in both services businesses, together up 160 basis points.  We also had a year-to-year benefit from the charge we took last year in systems, which was offset by the impact of the IBM Z product cycle.


Our operating expense was better 11 percent, which resulted in a two-point benefit in our expense-to-revenue ratio.  Overall, we’ve been driving productivity in our business, including implementing new ways of working and leveraging automation and infusing AI into our processes.  This drives operating leverage and provides flexibility to increase investment in areas like hybrid cloud, AI, and blockchain.  But we have a few other drivers of our expense performance this quarter, including currency and lower workforce rebalancing charges, mitigated by a lower level of IP Income.  Regarding currency, while a stronger dollar hurts the top line, it generally helps expense, due both to translation and the benefit of hedging contracts.  In the first quarter, currency helped our year-to-year expense by nearly six points.  Much of this was reflected in Other Income and Expense.  In fact, the $200 million year-to-year change in Other Income and Expense was entirely due to hedging benefits.  Remember, these hedging gains mitigate the currency impacts throughout the P&L.  Expense also includes a year-to-year reduction of over $500 million for workforce rebalancing, driven by last year’s charge.  And finally, within expense, we absorbed a lower level of IP Income, as it hurts our PTI growth by over $200 million.


Putting this expense performance together with our gross margin expansion, pre-tax margin was up over 300 basis points.



Our operating tax rate was 10 percent, including discretes.  This is right in line with our all-in first quarter expectation of 10 to 11 percent we provided in January.   And as I said earlier, this was a significant headwind to our net income growth year to year.


Looking at our cash metrics, we generated $1.7 billion of free cash flow in the quarter, which is up about $350 million over last year.  There’s a lot of seasonality in our cash generation, and so looking over the last twelve months, we generated over $12 billion of free cash flow.  That’s 114 percent of our GAAP net income, normalized.  I’ll touch on the cash drivers and uses of cash a little later.



2019 Segment Structure


And so now before getting into the segment performance, I want to spend a minute on an overview of our 2019 segment structure.  As Patricia mentioned, we shared historical information on this new structure a couple of weeks ago.


As our clients become digital enterprises, they need tighter integration between hybrid cloud and their data and AI platforms to unlock value.  And so, we recently made changes to our management system, to more effectively address our clients’ evolving needs, and in preparation for the acquisition of Red Hat.  The changes also better align our portfolio to the market and to underlying business models.


The business changes resulted in three adjustments to our segment structure for 2019.  First, we brought our cloud and cognitive software together in one segment.  Second, we combined our security services with security software, consistent with the way we are running that integrated business.  And then finally, we moved the results for the businesses we’re divesting to the Other category, to provide better transparency to the ongoing operational performance of our software and GBS segments.  This includes the pending sale of our collaboration and on-prem marketing and commerce software to HCL, the pending sale of the balance of our marketing and commerce software to Centerbridge, and the just-completed sale of our Seterus mortgage servicing business.


And so, looking at our new segments we created the Cloud and Cognitive Software segment bringing software platforms and solutions into one segment.  Within this segment, we’ll report Cloud and Data Platforms, which brings together software for hybrid cloud management with data and AI platforms.  Cognitive Applications includes vertical and domain-specific solutions that are built on cloud and data platforms.  These offerings are increasingly being infused with AI.  And then Transaction Processing Platforms includes the middleware and database software that supports our clients’ mission-critical workloads running on z/OS, as well as storage software.



Looking at our services segments, the scope of Global Business Services segment overall is unchanged, other than moving the divested mortgage servicing business to Other.  Global Technology Services is consistent with the services component of Technology Services and Cloud Platforms, excluding security services.


And then finally, our Systems and Global Financing segments are also unchanged.



Cloud & Cognitive Software Segment


So now let me get into the segment results, starting with our Cloud and Cognitive Software segment, where revenue grew two percent.


Our clients’ journey to cloud and AI is now turning to more mission-critical workloads.  As I just mentioned, linking the data, AI, and applications together with hybrid cloud, in a secure way, is critical for any successful digital reinvention.  We are uniquely positioned to do this with our comprehensive cloud and data offerings, coupled with a deep understanding of our clients’ workflows and security needs.  Within this segment, we had good growth in Cloud and Data Platforms and Cognitive Applications, while Transaction Processing Platforms was flat.  I’ll break down some of the drivers behind these areas.


Our Cloud and Data Platforms grew two percent.  We delivered growth this quarter by helping clients build across public and private clouds with IBM Cloud Private, which as you know is built on Linux containers and Kubernetes.  We help them modernize and integrate applications and environments with our integration and Digital Business Automation platforms, and then collect and manage data with the Hybrid Data Management Platform.  All of which grew this quarter.  This need for tighter integration across hybrid cloud, data, and AI are also driving traction for our IBM Cloud Private for Data offering, as well as Watson Assistant and Watson OpenScale, that run on IBM Cloud Private for Data.  We see the value of bringing together the hybrid cloud and data value propositions at a European tax authority, which is using our Digital Business Automation platform to redesign their tax processes around their data lake and improve the taxpayer experience.



In Cognitive Applications, revenue was up four percent.   Growth was led by Security, as well as solution areas like health, supply chain, and weather.  In security, we delivered strong double-digit growth with our integrated software and services value proposition.  In particular, we continue to see good traction with our threat management software and services offerings, including QRadar and Resilient, and our Security Intelligence Operations Consulting services which detect and respond to security threats for our clients.   Panasonic, for example, is leveraging QRadar and related services to strengthen its threat management posture.  Panasonic is also piloting our next gen X-Force Threat Management offering.   In Watson Health, we had broad-based growth across areas including Payer, Provider, and Government, as clients look to harness data to create actionable insights.  We also had good results from our Weather offerings, which grew double digits this quarter, and reached a new all-time high in the number of active users.


Transaction Processing Platforms revenue was consistent with last year, as clients continue to commit to our platform for the longer term.  Performance reflects the value we provide clients managing these vital workloads, and their preference for predictability in IT spend.


Turning to profit for the segment, we expanded pre-tax margin by two points year to year. This reflects a lower level of workforce rebalancing this year, mitigated by a headwind in IP Income and continued investment in key strategic areas.


As we look forward, essentially all of our software portfolio now runs on Linux containers, orchestrated by Kubernetes.  We’ve introduced new offerings like the IBM Cloud Integration Platform, the Digital Business Automation Platform, and Watson Anywhere to further accelerate hybrid cloud adoption.  And we have ongoing activities to educate all of IBM’s employees on the journey to cloud, which includes Red Hat skills.  All of this better prepares us for the Red Hat acquisition.



Global Business Services Segment


Moving to Global Business Services, we continued the momentum from last year and delivered another solid quarter.  Revenue grew four percent, and gross margin expanded 280 basis points.


We again had strong growth in Consulting, which was up nine percent.  As clients embark on their digital journey to a Cognitive Enterprise, they are turning to GBS to help them with their strategy and implementation, leveraging our deep industry expertise and innovative technology portfolio.  The growth this quarter was led by Digital Strategy and iX, as well as consulting for cloud application migrations and our Next Generation Enterprise Application practice.  Within cloud application migration, GBS cloud advisory services works with enterprises to plan and implement a clear strategy and roadmap for their hybrid cloud journey.  We are doing this with Tribune Publishing, as they transform from a legacy print company to a digital company, helping them determine the right environment for each of their applications, and optimizing their migration to the cloud.  Our Next Generation Enterprise Application offerings assist clients as they build and implement cloud-native applications, in areas such as Workday, Salesforce, and S/4HANA.  IBM is now leading the market with over 200 S/4HANA Impact Assessments, over 200 implementations, and more than 125 go-lives.


In Application Management, we are shifting our business to cloud-based offerings and continue to have good momentum in our cloud migration factory and cloud application development.  Overall Application Management revenue was flat, due to ongoing declines in traditional application management engagements.


And then Global Process Services had solid performance in first quarter.  Revenue was up five percent, with strong performance in risk and compliance, along with Financial Process Services.



Turning to GBS profit, our gross margin was 26 percent, which is up 280 basis points, driven by our mix to higher-value offerings, the yield on our productivity and utilization initiatives, and a continuing help from currency, given our global delivery mix.  This enables us to make investments as we prepare for the Red Hat acquisition such as scaling our existing Red Hat practice to enhance our Journey to Cloud offerings for clients leveraging Red Hat capabilities.  We are also creating new offerings around Advise, Build, Move, and Manage services through industry point of views and platform plays.



Global Technology Services Segment


In Global Technology Services, as I mentioned last quarter, we are taking actions to optimize our portfolio, by exiting low-value services content, to increase margin, profit, and cash contribution, and better position the business for the longer term.


GTS plays an important role in IBM’s integrated value proposition building on its deep client relationships to shift our clients to hybrid cloud.  As we moved through last year, we improved GTS profit and margin, creating operating leverage. This gives us a solid base from which we can de-emphasize lower value contract and third-party content, enabling continued investment for chapter two of the cloud, and delivering sustained margin improvement.  This is where we’re focused.


We saw this play out in our first quarter results, as overall revenue declined, but gross margin expanded 110 basis points, driven by the mix shift to higher value, a lift from cloud scale efficiencies, and productivity improvements.


So now looking at the GTS revenue by line of business, Infrastructure and Cloud Services was down three percent, and Technology Support Services was down two percent.


Within Infrastructure and Cloud Services, we continued to have solid growth in cloud revenue, which was up 13 percent.  This is driven by the backlog, where cloud is now over 30 percent of the total services outsourcing backlog.  Keep in mind most of the cloud opportunity is ahead of us.  Eighty percent of the enterprise workloads, which represents mission-critical work, have yet to move to the cloud.  As clients migrate these workloads to a hybrid multi-cloud environment, they face increased complexity in managing their infrastructure.  Because we’ve been running these workloads, we’re better positioned to help our clients to build and manage these new environments.  During the first quarter, we announced that we’re moving and managing BNP Paribas and Santander, a



couple of the largest banks in Europe, to hybrid cloud.  That’s on top of companies like Lloyds, Allianz, Westpac, American Airlines, and Anthem Insurance.  The list goes on.  That’s all mission-critical work starting to move, and they are moving it with IBM.

The portfolio actions I mentioned earlier create flexibility to invest in additional cloud capabilities to capture this high-value growing market. For example, our IBM Services for Multicloud Management offering provides a single system to help enterprises simplify the management of their IT resources across multiple cloud providers, on-premise environments, and private clouds.  And, as we prepare for the Red Hat acquisition, we are investing to build on our partnership as a services integrator for Red Hat, to be a leader in hybrid, multi-cloud services.



Systems Segment


In Systems, revenue was down nine percent this quarter, with declines in IBM Z, reflecting where we are in the product cycle, and in storage, driven by market and competitive dynamics.  That said, we had good performance in Power.


This quarter, IBM Z revenue declined 38 percent.  I’ll remind you we are wrapping on strong performance from last year, when we had 54 percent growth.   We are seven quarters into the z14 cycle, and the program continues to track ahead of the prior program.  We had strong growth in volumes, or shipped MIPs, and new workload MIPs continue to outpace our standard MIPS.  This growth is led by Linux again this quarter. And our single-frame z14, designed specifically for cloud data centers, remains a growth driver.


Power revenue grew for the sixth consecutive quarter, up nine percent, driven by Linux and the full rollout of our POWER9-based architecture.  As clients look to handle more data intensive workloads in AI, HANA, and UNIX, they are turning to Power9 systems.  These systems are built to handle advanced analytics and cloud environments.  Both the high end and entry level offerings posted strong growth this quarter, as clients continue to adopt this new technology.


Storage hardware was down 11 percent, with declines in both the high-end and midrange, offset by continued growth in All Flash Arrays.  Performance reflects declines in our high end which is tied to our mainframe cycle, and the ongoing competitive dynamics and pricing pressures.  We are continuing to introduce new innovations and functionality to differentiate in this environment as we look to manage the portfolio for the market shift to flash.


Looking at Systems profit, pre-tax margin was down a point, driven by a mix headwind due to where we are in the z14 cycle.



Cash Flow and Balance Sheet Highlights


So now turning to cash flow, we generated $2.3 billion of cash from operations in the quarter, excluding our financing receivables.  Our free cash flow of $1.7 billion is up about $350 million year to year.  This performance results in free cash flow of $12.2 billion over the last twelve months, and continued strength in our normalized free cash flow realization rate, which is 114 percent.  Our cap ex decline reflects effective capital management, and the strategy I mentioned earlier to de-emphasize some lower value content.  This reduces our capital requirements.  And so, free cash flow came in where we expected, and there is no change in our full year outlook of about $12 billion.


Looking at uses of cash, we’ve returned $2.3 billion to shareholders in the quarter including $1.4 billion of dividends and over $900 million of gross share repurchases.  That’s $10.3 billion over the last twelve months.  We bought back nearly seven million shares, and at the end of the quarter we had $2.4 billion remaining in our buyback authorization.  I’ll remind you we plan to suspend share repurchase in 2020 and 2021, as we pay down debt for our Red Hat acquisition to get back to our targeted leverage ratio.


Looking at the balance sheet, we closed the quarter with a cash balance of over $18 billion and total debt of $50 billion.  Both of these are up from December as we prepare for the acquisition of Red Hat later in the year.


About 60 percent of our total debt is in support of our financing business.  The leverage in our financing business remains at nine to one, and the credit quality of our financing receivables remains strong at 55 percent investment grade.  That’s two points better than a year ago.  As a reminder, our financing debt will decrease throughout the year as a result of the winding down of our commercial OEM content.


So, to summarize, free cash flow is on track, and our balance sheet reflects the strength required to support our continuing investments and return to shareholders.





So, let me make a few summary comments on the quarter and our view of the year before we move on to Q&A.


In the first quarter, we grew in key, high-value segments led by Global Business Services, and Cloud and Cognitive Software while our overall revenue reflects the IBM Z product cycle dynamics, and a focus on de-emphasizing lower value work in services.  Across IBM, our cloud growth accelerated, as we help our clients transition their business models to hybrid environments.


We had significant margin expansion with gross margin up over 90 basis points.  This reflects our shift to higher value, and our focus on productivity and operational efficiencies what I’d characterize as improving fundamentals.


We’re continuing to prioritize our investments and announced additional actions to divest some businesses that aren’t contributing to the integrated value proposition for our clients.  And we’re continuing our planning in preparation for the acquisition of Red Hat.   With this performance we continue to expect to deliver at least $13.90 of operating earnings per share, and about $12 billion of free cash flow.


I want to remind you what is, and is not, included in these expectations and this is consistent with what we discussed last quarter.  We continue to expect Red Hat to close in the second half.  Because the financial implications to the year are dependent on the timing of the closing, we have not included Red Hat in the expectations.  In contrast, the timing of the closing of our two remaining announced divestitures does not have a significant impact on the year.  That’s because we continue to expect the combination of the foregone profit, the gain on sale, the actions to address the structure and stranded cost, and the resulting benefit from these actions to have minimal impact to our profit and earnings per share for the year.   And so, our guidance assumes these divestitures.



Looking at the skew of earnings per share for the year, we assume we’ll deliver about 22 percent in the second quarter, in line with the last couple of years.   And then looking at the second half, we would expect the growth in EPS to be skewed to the fourth quarter.  This assumes we’ll close the software divestitures in the second quarter, with the gain effectively offset by the foregone profit and the charges for actions to address the structure and stranded costs.  In other words, we expect essentially no impact to the second quarter.


Looking at free cash flow, we do expect an impact from the divestitures, as well as some pre-closing financing costs for the Red Hat acquisition.  But with a solid start to the year in free cash flow, we are comfortable that we can absorb these headwinds in the full year expectation of about $12 billion.


And with that, let me turn it back to Patricia for the Q&A.





Thank you, Jim.  Before we begin the Q&A, I’d like to mention a couple of items.


First, we have supplemental charts at the end of the slide deck that provide additional information on the quarter.


And second, as always, I’d ask you to refrain from multi-part questions.


So, operator, let’s please open it up for questions.


Exhibit 99.2

IBM 1Q 2019 Earnings Non-GAAP Supplemental Material April 16, 2019 ibm.com/investor 1


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Operating Earnings Per Share 2 2019 Expectations GAAP Diluted EPS Operating EPS (Non-GAAP) at least $12.45 at least $13.90 Adjustments Acquisition-Related Charges* Non-Operating Retirement-Related Items Tax Reform Enactment Impacts $0.76 $0.45 $0.24 *Includes acquisitions as of March 31, 2019 The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Summary” discussion in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Form 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. Supplemental Materials


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Revenue Growth - 1Q 2019 3 1Q19 Yr/Yr 1Q19 Yr/Yr GAAP @CC GAAP @CC Global Technology Services Infrastructure & Cloud Services Technology Support Services Cloud Systems Systems Hardware IBM Z Power Storage Operating Systems Software Cloud Global Financing (7%) (8%) (7%) 8% (11%) (16%) (39%) 6% (13%) 2% (18%) Flat (3%) (3%) (2%) 13% (9%) (14%) (38%) 9% (11%) 5% (15%) 4% Cloud & Cognitive Software Cognitive Applications Cloud & Data Platforms Transaction Processing Platforms Cloud Global Business Services Consulting Global Process Services Application Management Cloud (2%) 2% (2%) (4%) 7% Flat 5% Flat (5%) 20% 2% 4% 2% Flat 10% 4% 9% 5% Flat 25% The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Key Financial Metrics”, “Cloud & Cognitive Software Segment”, “Global Business Services Segment”, “Global Technology Services Segment”, “Systems Segment”, “Additional Revenue Information”, “Additional Revenue, Gross Profit & Backlog Information”, and “1Q19 Prepared Remarks” discussions in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Fo rm 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. Supplemental Materials


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Revenue Growth - 1Q 2019 & Last 12 Months 4 1Q19 Yr/Yr GAAP @CC Americas Europe/ME/Africa Asia Pacific (2%) (7%) (5%) (1%) Flat (2%) 1Q19 Yr/Yr Last 12 Months GAAP @CC GAAP @CC Total Cloud Revenue Total as-a-Service Revenue 7% 10% 12% 15% 10% 12% The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Overview”, “Additional Revenue Information” and “1Q Prepared Remarks” discussions in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Form 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. Supplemental Materials


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Expense Summary - 1Q 2019 1Q19 5 Non-GAAP Adjustments Operating (Non-GAAP) GAAP SG&A Currency Acquisitions Base * RD&E Currency Acquisitions Base * Operating Expense & Other Income Currency Acquisitions Base* 3 pts 0 pts 11 pts 0 pts 0 pts 1 pts 3 pts 0 pts 12 pts 2 pts 0 pts (4 pts) 0 pts 0 pts 0 pts 2 pts 0 pts (4 pts) 5 pts 0 pts 8 pts 0 pts 0 pts (3 pts) 6 pts 0 pts 5 pts The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Expense Summary” discussion in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Form 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. *Represents the percentage change after excluding the impact of currency and acquisitions. Supplemental Materials


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow-Last 12 Months 6 12 Months Ended Mar 2019 Net Cash from Operating Activities per GAAP: $15.4 Less: change in Global Financing (GF) Receivables ($0.2) Net Cash from Operating Activities (Excluding GF Receivables) $15.7 Capital Expenditures, Net ($3.4) Free Cash Flow (Excluding GF Receivables) $12.2 $ in billions The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Overview”, “Key Financial Metrics” and “Cash Flow and Balance Sheet Highlights” discussions in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Form 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. Supplemental Materials


Non-GAAP Supplemental Materials Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow Realization-Last 12 Months 7 LTM Excluding Tax Reform* LTM Free Cash Flow Realization 141% 114% The above reconciles the Non-GAAP financial information contained in the “Cash Flow and Balance Sheet Highlights” discussion in the company’s earnings presentation. See Exhibit 99.2 included in the Company’s Form 8-K dated April 16, 2019 for additional information on the use of these Non-GAAP financial measures. * Adjusted for the charges associated with enactment of U.S. tax reform Supplemental Materials


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