SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): March 10, 2021
TIMBER PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction
110 Allen Road, Suite 401
Basking Ridge, NJ 07920
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (914) 205-3481
50 Tice Blvd, Suite A26
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
|¨||Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)|
|¨||Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)|
|¨||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))|
|¨||Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, $0.001 Par Value||TMBR||The NYSE American, LLC|
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
|Item 1.01||Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.|
On March 10, 2021, Timber Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”) entered into a lease agreement with SIG 110 LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company (the “Landlord”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to lease from the Landlord certain premises (the “Premises”) located at 110 Allen Road, Suite 401, Basking Ridge, New Jersey, to be used for general, administrative and executive offices, and uses ancillary thereto (the “Lease Agreement”). The Premises will serve as the Company’s new corporate headquarters.
The Premises consist of approximately 3,127 leasable square feet. The initial term of the Lease Agreement (the “Term”) is for a period of 24 months and commenced on March 10, 2021. The base rent for the Premises, payable monthly, is (i) $4,960.50 for the first twelve months of the Term and (ii) $6,514.58 for the remaining twelve months of the Term. The Company also will be responsible for its pro rata share of any operating expenses, taxes and insurance expenses incurred by the Landlord in connection with the office building in which the Premises are located as well as certain utility expenses. The Lease Agreement also contains customary default provisions allowing the Landlord to terminate the Lease Agreement if the Company fails to cure certain breaches of its obligations under the Lease Agreement within a specified period of time. In addition, the Company will be obligated to indemnify the Landlord for certain losses incurred in connection with the Company's use and occupancy of the Premises. Concurrent with the execution of the Lease Agreement, the Company paid the Landlord a security deposit of $13,000.
The summary of the Lease Agreement does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to full text of the Lease Agreement, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.1 to this Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
|Item 2.03||Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.|
The information under Item 1.01 above is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.03, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Lease Agreement, a copy of which is filed as Exhibit 10.1 to this Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
|Item 9.01.||Financial Statements and Exhibits.|
|10.1||Lease Agreement, effective as of March 10, 2021, by and between Timber Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and SIG 110 LLC.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
|Timber Pharmaceuticals, Inc.|
|Date: March 16, 2021||By:||/s/ John Koconis|
|Title:||Chief Executive Officer|
This LEASE AGREEMENT (this “Lease”) is dated March 10, 2021, and is between SIG 110 LLC, a New Jersey limited liability company (“Landlord”), and TIMBER PHARMACEUTICALS INC., a Delaware corporation (“Tenant”).
Landlord is the owner of certain real property located at 110 Allen Road, Liberty Corner, New Jersey (the “Real Property”) and that certain multi-level office building located thereon deemed to contain 201,781 square feet of rentable office area (the “Building”). The Building and the Real Property are collectively referred to as the “Property.”
Landlord desires to lease to Tenant, and Tenant desires to lease from Landlord, that certain space on the fourth (4th) floor of the Building identified as Suite 401 and containing an agreed-upon three thousand, one hundred twenty-seven (3,127) rentable square feet, as depicted on Exhibit A attached hereto and made a part hereof (the “Premises”), for the term and subject to the terms, covenants, agreements, and conditions in this Lease.
The parties therefore agree as follows:
(1) Base Rent: the annual amount payable as set forth in the following table:
Period of the
Rent Per RSF:
|Lease Month 1 through Lease Month 12||$||18.00||$||56,286.00||$||4,690.50|
|Lease Month 13 through Lease Month 24||$||25.00||$||78,175.00||$||6,514.58|
(2) [intentionally omitted].
(3) Broker(s): Cushman & Wakefield (representing Landlord), and Colliers (representing Tenant).
(4) Building Hours: 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Monday through Friday (excluding Holidays).
(5) Commencement Date: the date Landlord delivers possession of the Premises to Tenant.
(6) Electric Charge: the amount of one and 75/100 dollars ($1.75) per rentable square foot of the Premises per year.
(7) Expiration Date: the last day of the twenty-fourth (24th) Lease Month.
(8) Holidays: New Year’s Day, President’s Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day and any additional holidays commonly recognized by the U.S. Federal Government.
(9) [intentionally omitted].
(10) Landlord Notice Address: c/o Signature Acquisitions, LLC, 20 Commerce Drive, Cranford, NJ 07016.
(11) Landlord Payment Address: c/o Signature Acquisitions, LLC, 20 Commerce Drive, Cranford, NJ 07016. At Landlord’s option upon at least thirty (30) days’ written notice, Tenant shall make all payments by means of electronic transfer of funds.
(12) Lease Month: each calendar month commencing (a) on the Commencement Date if the Commencement Date falls on the first day of a calendar month, or (b) lift the Commencement Date is not the first day of a calendar month, on the first day of the month following the Commencement Date, with the first Lease Month to include the initial partial calendar month in which the Commencement Date occurs.
(13) [intentionally omitted].
(14) Operating Charges Base Year: calendar year 2021.
(15) Parking Allotment: a ratio, rounded down to the nearest whole number, equal to four (4) parking spaces for every 1,000 rentable square feet of the Premises, which as of the date of this Lease equals twelve (12) parking spaces (inclusive of two (2) reserved covered spaces).
(16) Real Estate Taxes Base Year: calendar year 2021.
(17) Security Deposit Amount: the amount of thirteen thousand and 00/100 dollars ($13,000.00).
(18) Tenant Notice Address: 110 Allen Road, Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920, Attn: John Koconis.
(19) Tenant’s Proportionate Share: one and 55/100 percent (1.55%) (i.e., a fraction, expressed as a percentage, the numerator of which is the number of rentable square feet in the Premises, and the denominator of which is the number of rentable square feet in the Building).
(20) Term: the period commencing on the Commencement Date and ending on the Expiration Date, consisting of twenty-four (24) Lease Months.
1. Premises. Landlord hereby leases to Tenant, and Tenant hires from Landlord the Premises for the Term. If Landlord is unable to deliver possession of the Premises or any portion thereof on any specified date because of the holding-over or retention of possession of any tenant or other occupant thereof, or for any other reason, Landlord shall have no liability to Tenant for failure to give possession on said date and the validity of this Lease shall not be impaired under such circumstances. Tenant acknowledges and agrees that Tenant is leasing the Premises in its “AS IS, WHERE IS” condition as of the date of this Lease, and that Landlord is not required to perform any work in the Premises to prepare same for Tenant’s occupancy.
2. Common Areas. Subject to the terms of this Lease, Landlord grants to Tenant, for the benefit of Tenant and its employees, suppliers, guests, and invitees, the non-exclusive right to use during the Term, in common with others entitled to such use, areas and facilities outside the Premises within the Property that are provided and designated by Landlord, from time to time (“Common Areas”). Common Areas include lobbies, plazas, corridors, stairways, bathrooms, lounges, parking facilities, and the driveways on the Real Property. Landlord reserves the right to make alterations to the Common Areas, and to impose rules and regulations or restrictions governing the use of the Common Areas. Notwithstanding the foregoing, except as may otherwise be expressly provided in this Lease, the lease of the Premises does not include the right to use the roof, mechanical rooms, electrical closets, janitorial closets, telephone rooms, non-common or non-public areas of any portion of the Building, whether or not any such areas are located within the Premises.
3.1. Base Rent. From and after the Commencement Date, Tenant shall pay Base Rent in equal monthly installments in advance on the first day of each month during the Term. Concurrently with Tenant’s execution of this Lease, Tenant shall pay an amount equal to one (1) monthly installment of Base Rent, which amount shall be credited toward the monthly installment of Base Rent payable for the first full calendar month of the Term. If the Commencement Date is not the first day of a month, then the Base Rent from the Commencement Date until the first day of the following month shall be prorated on a per diem basis at the rate of one-thirtieth (1/30th) of the monthly installment of the Base Rent then-payable, and Tenant shall pay such prorated installment of the Base Rent on the Commencement Date.
3.2. Payment. All sums payable by Tenant under this Lease shall be paid to Landlord in legal tender of the United States, without setoff, deduction, or demand, at the Landlord Payment Address, or to such other party or such other address as Landlord may designate in writing. Landlord’s acceptance of rent after it shall have become due and payable shall not excuse a delay upon any subsequent occasion or constitute a waiver of any of Landlord’s rights hereunder. Base Rent and all other monetary obligations of Tenant to Landlord hereunder, if any, are collectively referred to as “Rent”.
3.3. Operating Charges and Real Estate Taxes. From and after the Commencement Date, Tenant shall pay additional rent pursuant to the terms of Exhibit B attached hereto and made a part hereof.
3.4. Late Payment. If any Rent is not paid to Landlord within five (5) days of its due date, Tenant shall pay to Landlord, as additional rent, a late charge of eight percent (8%) of the then-late payment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Landlord shall not impose such late charge with respect to the first occurrence (but same shall be charged with respect to any subsequent occurrence) during any twelve (12)-month period in which Tenant fails to make payment when due until five (5) days after Landlord delivers written notice of such delinquency to Tenant. In addition to the late charge, Tenant shall pay interest on any payments of Rent not received by Landlord when due, as additional rent, at the rate of eight percent (8%), from the date five (5) days after such payment was due until the date full payment (including accrued interest) is received by Landlord. Tenant shall also pay a fee of $100.00 as additional rent for any dishonored check.
4. Permitted Use. Tenant shall use and occupy the Premises only for general office use, and for no other use or purpose. Tenant shall use the Premises in a careful, safe, and lawful manner, and shall not use the Premises in such a manner as to cause loss, waste or destruction thereto. Tenant shall comply with all laws concerning the use, occupancy, and condition of the Premises, and all machinery, equipment, furnishings, fixtures, and improvements therein, all in a timely manner at Tenant’s sole expense. If any law requires an occupancy or use permit or license for the Premises or the operation of the business conducted therein, then Tenant shall obtain and keep current such permit or license at Tenant’s expense and shall promptly deliver a copy thereof to Landlord.
5. Utilities and Services.
5.1. From and after the Commencement Date, Landlord will provide to the Premises: air-conditioning and heating during the seasons they are required in Landlord’s reasonable judgment; janitorial service after 5:30 p.m. on Monday through Friday only (excluding Holidays); electric power from the utility provider sufficient for customary lighting purposes and normal office use; standard hot and cold water in Building standard bathrooms and chilled water in Building standard drinking fountains; elevator service (with at least one (1) elevator in operation at all times, except in the event of an emergency); and landscaping and snow removal during the seasons they are required. If Tenant requires air-conditioning or heat beyond the Building Hours, then Landlord will furnish the same provided Tenant gives Landlord advance notice of such requirement (by 2:00 p.m. of the same day for extra service needed Monday through Friday, and by 2:00 p.m. on Friday for extra service needed on Saturday or Sunday). Tenant shall pay for such extra service at the rate of $75.00 per hour per zone; provided, however, that Landlord shall waive such payment for any extra service provided between 8:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. on Saturdays. To the extent Tenant provides or contracts for any services relating to any Building structure or system or any service or utility being provided by Landlord to the Premises directly from the supplier (which Tenant shall not be permitted to do without Landlord’s prior written consent, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld conditioned or delayed), Tenant shall enter into and maintain a service contract therefor with a contractor licensed to do business in the jurisdiction in which the Building is located and otherwise approved by Landlord. Tenant shall have access to the Building twenty-four (24) hours per day each day of the year (except in the event of an emergency). Landlord shall provide a card key (or similar type of) access system to provide access to the Building at times other than Building Hours. A reasonable number of access cards or other means of access shall be provided to Tenant at no cost to Tenant (except that Landlord may charge Tenant for replacement cards). Such access cards shall be issued by Landlord to the specific individuals that are designated by Tenant. Tenant shall not permit anyone, except for Tenant’s employees, permitted subtenants and assigns and authorized guests, to enter the Building at times other than the Building Hours. All persons entering or exiting the Building at times other than the normal hours of operation of the Building shall, at Landlord’s discretion, be required to sign in and out.
5.2. Tenant shall pay the Electric Charge to Landlord, as additional rent, in advance on a monthly basis, together with Base Rent, which represents the cost of electricity furnished to Tenant at the Premises. Landlord shall not be required to furnish, and Tenant shall not install a connected load (including all of Tenant’s equipment and systems, but excluding the Building systems) or otherwise draw, in excess of six (6) watts per rentable square foot of Premises; and, in any event, Tenant’s use of electric energy shall never exceed the capacity of the then existing feeders, risers or wiring installations serving the Premises. If any tax is imposed upon Landlord’s receipts from the sale or resale of electric energy to Tenant (directly or indirectly through a general tax on such receipts) by any federal, state or municipal authority, then Tenant shall pay, or reimburse Landlord, such taxes (or its share thereof) in addition to the other charges for electricity described in this Section 5. Tenant will at all times comply with all rules and regulations of the Utility Company, to the extent the same are applicable to its use of electric energy in the Premises. Landlord shall not in any way be liable or responsible to Tenant for any’ loss, damage or expense which Tenant may sustain or incur if (a) the supply of electric energy to the Premises is temporarily interrupted, or (b) the quantity or character of electric service is changed or is no longer available or suitable for Tenant’s requirements. Landlord, at its option, shall furnish and install all replacement lighting, tubes, lamps, bulbs and ballasts required in the Premises; and in such event, Tenant shall pay to Landlord or its designated contractor upon demand the then established commercially reasonable charges therefor of Landlord.
5.3. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 5.2, Landlord, at Landlord’s expense, may, at any time during the Term, install and maintain one or more electrical submeters to measure Tenant’s demand and consumption with respect to the electricity furnished by Landlord (such submeter(s) being herein called “Tenant’s Submeter”). In the event Tenant’s Submeter is so installed, then from and after the date of such installation Tenant, throughout the remainder of the Term, in lieu of the charges described in Section 5.2 above, shall pay Landlord for such electricity as measured by Tenant’s Submeter as follows: Tenant, for any billing period, shall pay Landlord an amount determined by applying (i) Tenant’s electrical demand (measured in KWs) and consumption (measured in KWHRs) for such period, as measured by Tenant’s Submeter, to (ii) the rate schedule (inclusive of all taxes, surcharges and other charges payable thereunder or in connection therewith) of the utility company serving the Building (herein called the “Utility Company”) which would then be applicable to Tenant if it purchased electricity directly from the Utility Company for such period. Tenant shall pay the amount due for any billing period within thirty (30) days after being billed therefor, which bills Landlord may render from time to time (but no more frequently than monthly). Tenant shall also pay to Landlord an amount equal to the actual costs incurred by Landlord to a meter company or otherwise in respect of having Tenant’s Submeter read and having bills prepared and delivered based upon such readings.
5.4. Tenant shall arrange for the provision of internet and telephone service to the Premises.
6. Maintenance. Tenant, at Tenant’s sole cost and expense, shall promptly make all repairs and replacements, and perform all maintenance, in and to the Premises to keep the Premises in good operating condition and repair, in a clean, safe and tenantable condition, and otherwise in accordance with all laws and the requirements of this Lease. Tenant shall likewise maintain all fixtures, furnishings and equipment located in, or exclusively serving, the Premises and make all required repairs and replacements thereto. Tenant shall also maintain, repair and replace, at Tenant’s sole cost and expense, the Tenant Items and shall keep in force customary maintenance and service contracts therefor. “Tenant Items” means all non-Building standard supplemental heating, ventilation and air conditioning equipment and systems serving exclusively the Premises and any special tenant areas, facilities and finishes, any special fire protection equipment, any telecommunications, security, data, computer and similar equipment, cabling and wiring, kitchen/galley equipment and fixtures, all other furniture, furnishings, equipment and systems of Tenant and all Alterations. Tenant shall give Landlord prompt written notice of any defects or damage to the structure of, or equipment or fixtures in, the Building or any part thereof, or any mold or moisture condition, of which Tenant has knowledge. Tenant shall suffer no waste or injury to any part of the Premises, and shall, at the expiration or earlier termination of the Lease Term, surrender the Premises in an order and condition equal to or better than that on the Lease Commencement Date, except for ordinary wear and tear and as otherwise provided in Section 13. Except as otherwise provided in Section 13, all injury, breakage and damage to the Premises and to any other part of the Building or the Real Property caused by any act or omission of Tenant or any agent of Tenant, shall be repaired by and at Tenant’s expense, except that if either an emergency condition exists or the Term has expired or Tenant fails to commence and diligently prosecute to completion repair of any such injury, breakage or damage within a reasonable period (not to exceed ten (10) days) following Tenant’s receipt of notice from Landlord, then Landlord shall have the right at Landlord’s option to make any such repair and to charge Tenant for all costs and expenses incurred in connection therewith. Landlord shall provide and install replacement tubes for Building standard fluorescent light fixtures (subject to reimbursement pursuant to Exhibit B). All other bulbs and tubes for the Premises shall be provided and installed at Tenant’s expense; provided that if Tenant elects to supply the bulbs or tubes to Landlord, then Landlord shall provide the labor involved for such replacement at no cost to Tenant.
7.1. Tenant shall not make or permit anyone to make any structural or other alterations, decorations, additions, installations, demolitions, improvements or other changes (“Alterations”) in or to the Premises or the Building without the prior written consent of Landlord, which consent may be withheld or granted in Landlord’s sole and absolute discretion with respect to (1) any Alteration that will or may necessitate any changes, replacements or additions to the load-bearing or exterior walls, non-drop ceilings, partitions (load-bearing or non-demising), columns or floor, or to the fire protection, water, sewer, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, HVAC or other base building systems, of the Premises or the Building (“Structural and System Alterations”), and (2) any Alterations which are visible from the exterior of the Premises; and which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned, or delayed with respect to all other Alterations. All Alterations made by Tenant shall be made: (i) in a good, workerlike, first-class and prompt manner; (ii) using new or comparable materials only; (iii) by a contractor reasonably approved in writing by Landlord; (iv) on days and at times reasonably approved in writing by Landlord; (v) under the supervision of an architect reasonably approved in writing by Landlord; (vi) in accordance with plans and specifications reasonably acceptable to Landlord; and (vii) in accordance with all laws. Tenant acknowledges that any Alterations are accomplished for Tenant’s account, Landlord having no obligation or responsibility in respect thereof. Landlord’s approval of any plans and drawings (and changes thereto) regarding any Alterations or any contractor or subcontractor performing such Alterations shall not constitute Landlord’s representation that such approved plans, drawings, changes or Alterations comply with applicable laws. Any deficiency in design or construction, although same had prior approval of Landlord, shall be solely the responsibility of Tenant. All Alterations involving structural, electrical, mechanical or plumbing work, the heating, ventilation and air conditioning system of the Premises or the Building, fire and life safety system, the roof of the Building, or any areas outside of the Premises shall, at Landlord’s election, be performed by Landlord’s designated contractor or subcontractor at Tenant’s expense (provided the cost therefor is competitive). In connection with any Alteration, Tenant (a) shall pay Landlord a construction supervision fee in an amount equal to three percent (3%) of the total cost of such Alteration, and (b) reimburse Landlord upon demand for Landlord’s reasonable out-of-pocket costs and expenses for reviewing the plans and specifications therefor. Promptly after the completion of an Alteration, Tenant at its expense shall deliver to Landlord three (3) sets of accurate as-built (or record) drawings and CAD drawings showing such Alteration in place.
7.2. If any Alterations that require Landlord’s consent are made without the prior written consent of Landlord, then Landlord shall have the right, at Tenant’s expense, to so remove and correct such Alterations and restore the Premises and the Building. All Alterations to the Premises or the Building made by either party shall immediately become the property of Landlord and shall remain upon and be surrendered with the Premises as a part thereof at the expiration or earlier termination of the Term; provided, however, that (i) if Tenant is not in default under this Lease, then Tenant shall have the right to remove, prior to the expiration or earlier termination of the Term, all movable furniture, furnishings and equipment installed in the Premises solely at the expense of Tenant, and (ii) Tenant shall remove at its expense all Alterations and other items (including any telecommunications, security, data, computer and similar equipment, cabling and wiring) in the Premises or the Building which Landlord designates in writing for removal. If Tenant fails to return the Premises to Landlord as required by this Section, then Tenant shall pay to Landlord, all costs (including a construction management fee) incurred by Landlord in effectuating such return.
7.3. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Tenant shall have the right to make Cosmetic Changes within the Premises without obtaining the consent of Landlord. “Cosmetic Changes” are those minor, non-structural Alterations of a decorative nature consistent with a first-class office building for which a building permit is not required and which cost (including installation) in the aggregate less than fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) per project or series of related projects (as reasonably determined by Landlord), such as painting, carpeting and hanging pictures.
8. Assignment and Subletting.
8.1. Tenant shall not assign this Lease or sublet the whole or any portion of the Premises without the prior written consent of Landlord, which consent Landlord shall not unreasonably withhold, condition, or delay.
8.2. No assignment or right of occupancy hereunder may be effectuated by operation of law or otherwise without the prior written consent of Landlord. Any attempted assignment, transfer or other encumbrance of this Lease or all or any of Tenant’s rights hereunder or interest herein, and any sublet or permission to use or occupy the Premises or any part thereof not in accordance with this Section 8, shall be void and of no force or effect. Any assignment or subletting, Landlord’s consent thereto, the listing or posting of any name other than Tenant’s, or Landlord’s collection or acceptance of rent from any assignee or subtenant shall not be construed either as waiving or releasing Tenant from any of its liabilities or obligations under this Lease as a principal and not as a guarantor or surety, or as relieving Tenant or any assignee or subtenant from the obligation of obtaining Landlord’s prior written consent to any subsequent assignment or subletting. As security for this Lease, Tenant hereby assigns to Landlord the rent due from any assignee or subtenant of Tenant. During any period that there exists an uncured Default under this Lease, Tenant hereby authorizes each such assignee or subtenant to pay said rent directly to Landlord upon receipt of notice from Landlord specifying same. Landlord’s collection of such rent shall not be construed as an acceptance of such assignee or subtenant as a tenant. Tenant shall pay to Landlord an administrative fee equal to one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) plus all other reasonable, out-of-pocket, third party expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and accounting costs) incurred by Landlord in connection with Tenant’s request for Landlord to give its consent to any assignment, subletting, or mortgage, and Landlord’s receipt of such sum shall be a condition to Landlord providing such consent. Any sublease, assignment or mortgage shall, at Landlord’s option, be effected on forms reasonably approved by Landlord. Tenant shall deliver to Landlord a fully-executed copy of each agreement evidencing a sublease, assignment or mortgage, and Landlord’s consent thereto, within ten (10) days after execution thereof.
8.3. If the proposed term with respect to the proposed sublet space is either: (a) longer than seventy-five percent (75%) of the then remaining Term, or (b) to extend (including any renewal or extension options) beyond the first (1st) day of the twelfth (12th) calendar month before the then scheduled expiration of the Lease Term; or (c) if the proposed sublet space is (or, when aggregated with other space being sublet or assigned by Tenant, will be) more than seventy-five percent (75%) of the total number of rentable square feet in the Premises, then, in either such event, Landlord shall have the right in its sole and absolute discretion to terminate this Lease with respect to the proposed sublet space by sending Tenant written notice of such termination within thirty (30) days after Landlord’s receipt of Tenant’s written notice requesting Landlord’s consent. If the proposed sublet space does not constitute the entire Premises and Landlord so terminates, then: (i) Tenant shall tender the proposed sublet space to Landlord on the proposed sublease commencement date and such space shall thereafter be deleted from the Premises, and (ii) as to that portion of the Premises which is not part of the proposed sublet space, this Lease shall remain in full force and effect except that Base Rent and additional rent shall be reduced pro rata. The cost of any construction required to permit the operation of the proposed sublet space separate from the balance of the Premises shall be paid by Tenant as additional rent. If the proposed sublet space constitutes the entire Premises and Landlord so terminates, then Tenant shall tender the proposed sublet space to Landlord, and this Lease shall terminate on the proposed sublease commencement date.
8.4. If any sublease or assignment (whether by operation of law or otherwise) provides that the subtenant or assignee thereunder is to pay any amount in excess of the sum of: (a) the rent and other charges due under this Lease, plus (b) the reasonable out-of-pocket expenses (excluding, however, any costs attributable to vacancy periods or “downtime”) reasonably incurred by Tenant in connection with the procurement of such sublease, assignment or other transfer (which expenses shall be amortized on a straight-line basis over the initial sublease term for the purposes hereof) (the “Sublease Profit” or “Assignment Profit”, as applicable), then, whether such net excess be in the form of an increased monthly or annual rental, a lump sum payment, payment for the sale, transfer or lease of Tenant ‘ s fixtures, leasehold improvements, furniture and other personal property, or any other form of payment having the effect of a “disguised” rental payment (and if the subleased or assigned space does not constitute the entire Premises, the existence of such excess shall be determined on a pro-rata basis), Tenant shall pay to Landlord, along with Base Rent, fifty percent (50%) of any such Sublease or Assignment Profit, which amount shall be calculated and paid by Tenant to Landlord on a monthly basis as additional rent, except that the terms of this sentence shall not apply to any Permitted Transfer pursuant to Section 8.5 below. As used in the foregoing sentence, “reasonable out-of-pocket expenses” means (i) in the event of a sale (or contribution) of Tenant ‘ s personal property, the then unamortized or undepreciated cost thereof determined on the basis of Tenant’s federal income tax returns, (ii) the reasonable out of pocket costs and expenses of Tenant in making such sublease or assignment, such as brokers’ fees, attorneys’ fees, and advertising fees paid to unrelated third parties (iii) any payments required to be made by Tenant in connection with the assignment of its interest in this Lease pursuant to any real property transfer taxes or applicable laws, (iv) any sums paid by Tenant to Landlord pursuant to Section 8.2, (v) the cost of improvements or alterations made by Tenant expressly and solely for the purpose of preparing the Premises for such assignment, including the cost of any construction set forth in Section 8.3; (vi) the unamortized or undepreciated cost of any Tenant’s property leased to and used by such assignee, and (viii) the then unamortized or undepreciated cost of any Alterations determined on the basis of Tenant’s federal income tax returns. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Landlord is not intending to receive any amounts considered to be based on the net income or profits of Tenant or any subtenant. Acceptance by Landlord of any payments due under this Section shall not be deemed to constitute approval by Landlord of any sublease or assignment, nor shall such acceptance waive any rights of Landlord hereunder. Landlord shall have the right to inspect and audit Tenant’s books and records relating to any sublease or assignment.
8.5. Notwithstanding the foregoing anything contained in this Section 8 to the contrary, provided no Default exists hereunder, Tenant may, upon not less than ten (10) days’ prior written notice to Landlord (which notice shall contain a written certificate from Tenant stating the legal and beneficial relationship of Tenant and the proposed assignee, transferee or subtenant) but without Landlord’s prior written consent and without being subject to Landlord’s rights and Tenant ‘ s obligations set forth in Sections 8.2, 8.3, and 8.4, assign or transfer its entire interest in this Lease or sublease the entire or any portion of the Premises to: (a) a corporation or other business entity (a “successor corporation”) into or with which Tenant shall be merged or consolidated, or to which substantially all of the assets of Tenant may be transferred or sold, provided that such successor corporation shall have a net worth and liquidity factor at least equal to the net worth and liquidity factor of Tenant as of the date hereof or otherwise reasonably acceptable to Landlord taking into account the fact that the original Tenant under this Lease is not being released, and provided that the successor corporation shall assume in writing all of the obligations and liabilities of Tenant under this Lease and the proposed use of the Premises is in compliance with this Lease; or (b) a corporation or other business entity (a “related corporation”) which shall control, be controlled by or be under common control with Tenant, shall have a net worth and liquidity factor at least equal to the net worth and liquidity factor of Tenant as of the date hereof or otherwise reasonably acceptable to Landlord taking into account the fact that the original Tenant under this Lease is not being released, and provided that such related corporation shall assume in writing all of the obligations and liabilities of Tenant under this Lease (without relieving Tenant therefrom) and the proposed use of the Premises is in compliance with this Lease. For purposes of clause (b) above, “control” shall be deemed to be ownership of more than fifty percent (50%) of the stock or other voting interest of the controlled corporation or other business entity. In the event of any such assignment or subletting, Tenant shall remain fully liable as a primary obligor for the payment of all rent and other charges required hereunder and for the performance of all obligations to be performed by Tenant hereunder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if Tenant structures an assignment or sublease to an entity that meets the definition of a successor corporation or a related corporation for the purpose of circumventing the restrictions on subleases and assignments provided elsewhere in this Section 8 then such subtenant or assignee shall conclusively be deemed not to be a successor corporation or a related corporation and subject to all such restrictions.
9. Parking. During the Term, Tenant shall have the right to use for the parking of standard-sized passenger automobiles (a) the parking spaces located on the surface parking lots located at the Real Property, such use to be on a non-exclusive and unreserved basis with other tenants of the Building, and (b) two (2) reserved, under-Building parking spaces. Tenant shall utilize such surface parking lots and under-Building parking area (collectively, the “Parking Areas”) upon such terms and conditions as may from time to time be established by Landlord; provided, however, that Tenant shall not at any time simultaneously utilize more spaces than Tenant’s Parking Allotment. Landlord reserves the right in its absolute discretion to determine whether the Parking Areas are becoming crowded and to allocate and assign parking spaces among Tenant and the other tenants. If Landlord, in its sole and absolute discretion, grants to any other tenant of the Building the exclusive right to use any particular parking spaces, then neither Tenant nor its employees or visitors shall use such spaces. Tenant shall not use Parking Areas for the servicing or overnight storage of vehicles. Tenant shall not assign, sublet or transfer any rights with respect to the Parking Areas. It is understood and agreed that Landlord assumes no responsibility, and shall not be held liable, for any damage or loss to any automobiles parked in the Parking Areas or to any personal property located therein, or for any injury sustained by any person in or about the Parking Areas. Landlord reserves the right to close the Parking Areas during periods of unusually inclement weather or for repairs. Landlord shall not be liable to Tenant and this Lease shall not be affected if any parking rights hereunder are impaired by any law imposed after the Commencement Date.
10. Security Deposit. Simultaneously with Tenant’s execution of this Agreement, Tenant shall deposit with Landlord a sum equal to the Security Deposit Amount as a security deposit for the performance by Tenant of all of Tenant’s obligations, covenants, conditions and agreements under this Lease. Landlord shall not be required to maintain such security deposit in a separate account, and Tenant shall not be entitled to interest on the security deposit. After the end of the Term or earlier termination of this Lease, Landlord shall return such security deposit to Tenant, less such portion thereof as Landlord shall have appropriated to satisfy any of Tenant’s obligations under this Lease or to satisfy a Default. If there shall be any non-performance or Default under this Lease, then Landlord shall have the right, but shall not be obligated, to use, apply or retain all or any portion of the security deposit for the payment of any rent or any other sum applicable to such non-performance or Default, or any amount Landlord may spend or become obligated to spend, or for the compensation of Landlord for any losses incurred by reason of Tenant’s acts or omissions.
11. Rules. Tenant shall at all times abide by and observe the rules specified in Exhibit D. Tenant shall also abide by and observe any other rule that Landlord may reasonably promulgate from time to time for the operation and maintenance of the Building, provided that written notice thereof is given and such rule is not inconsistent with the provisions of this Lease. All rules shall be binding upon Tenant and enforceable by Landlord as if they were contained herein. Nothing contained in this Lease shall be construed as imposing upon Landlord any duty or obligation to enforce such rules, or the terms, conditions or covenants contained in any other lease, as against any other tenant, and Landlord shall not be liable to Tenant for the violation of such rules by any other tenant or its employees, agents, assignees, subtenants, invitees or licensees. Landlord shall use reasonable efforts not to enforce any rule or regulation in a manner which unreasonably discriminates among similarly situated tenants.
12. Indemnity and Insurance.
12.1. Tenant’s Insurance. Tenant shall maintain during the Term commercial general liability insurance, with limits of not less than $3,000,000 combined single limit for personal injury, bodily injury or death, or property damage or destruction (including loss of use thereof) for any one occurrence. Landlord shall be covered under each policy as an additional insured as it pertains to the commercial general liability. Tenant shall also maintain during the Term worker compensation insurance as required by statute, and primary, noncontributory, “all-risk” property damage insurance covering Tenant’s personal property, business records, fixtures, and equipment, for damage or other loss caused by fire or other casualty or cause including, but not limited to, vandalism and malicious mischief, theft, water damage of any type, including sprinkler leakage, bursting or stoppage of pipes, explosion, business interruption, and other insurable risks in amounts not less than the full insurable replacement value of such property and full insurable value of such other interests of Tenant (subject to reasonable deductible amounts). Landlord reserves the right from time to time to reasonably require higher minimum limits or different types of insurance. Tenant shall deliver an ACORD 25 certificate or its equivalent with respect to all liability and personal property insurance and, upon request, copies of all required insurance policies, including endorsements and declarations, to Landlord on or before the date Tenant takes possession of the Premises and at least annually thereafter.
12.2. Waiver of Subrogation. Every insurance policy carried by Tenant shall include provisions denying to the insurer subrogation rights against the Landlord. Tenant hereby waives any and all rights of recovery against Landlord for loss or damage occurring to the Premises, or to any Tenant property contained therein or elsewhere on the Property, regardless of the cause of such loss or damage to the extent that the loss or damage is or could be covered by insurance (without regard to any deductible provision in any policy).
12.3. Indemnity. Tenant shall defend with counsel approved by Landlord, indemnify, and hold harmless and provide a waiver of subrogation and all rights of recovery in favor of, the Landlord, managing agent, all employees, officers, directors, partners, members, managers and shareholders of Landlord, Landlord’s property manager, and any other party having an interest therein from and against any and all liabilities, losses, damages, costs, expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses), causes of action, suits, claims, demands, judgments or penalties of any nature arising from or with respect to (a) any injury to or death of any person or damage to or loss of property in, on or about the Premises, or in connection with Tenant’s negligent act or omission, or (b) any construction or other work by Tenant on or about the Premises.
12.4. Non-Liability. Landlord shall not be liable to Tenant or any other person or entity for any damage, injury, loss, or claim based on or arising out of any cause whatsoever, including the following: repair to any portion of the Premises or the Building; interruption in the use of the Premises or the Building or any equipment therein; any accident or damage resulting from any use or operation (by Landlord, Tenant, or any other person or entity) of elevators or heating, cooling, electrical, sewage or plumbing equipment or apparatus; termination of this Lease by reason of damage to the Premises or the Building; any fire, robbery, theft, vandalism, mysterious disappearance or any other casualty; actions of any other tenant of the Building or of any other person or entity; failure or inability to furnish any service specified in this Lease; and leakage in any part of the Premises or the Building from water, rain, ice or snow that may leak into, or flow from, any part of the Premises or the Building, or from drains, pipes or plumbing fixtures in the Premises or the Building. If any condition exists which may be the basis of a claim of constructive eviction, then Tenant shall give Landlord written notice thereof and a reasonable opportunity to correct such condition, and in the interim Tenant shall not claim that it has been constructively evicted or is entitled to a rent abatement. Any property placed by Tenant or any agent of Tenant in or about the Premises or the Building shall be at the sole risk of Tenant, and Landlord shall not in any manner be held responsible therefor. Any person receiving an article delivered for Tenant shall be acting as Tenant’s agent for such purpose and not as Landlord’s agent. For purposes of this Section, the term “Building” shall be deemed to include the Real Property. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Section, Landlord shall not be released from liability to Tenant for any physical injury to any natural person caused by the negligence or willful misconduct of Landlord or Landlord’s representatives to the extent such injury is not covered by insurance either carried by Tenant (or such person) or required by this Lease to be carried by Tenant; provided, however, that neither Landlord nor any of Landlord’s representatives (nor any past, present or future board member, partner, trustee, director, member, officer, employee, agent, representative or advisor of any of them) shall under any circumstances be liable for any exemplary, punitive, consequential or indirect damages (or for any interruption of or loss to business) in connection with or relating to this Lease.
13. Casualty and Condemnation.
13.1. Casualty. If the Premises or the Building are totally or partially damaged or destroyed thereby rendering the Premises totally or partially inaccessible or unusable, then Landlord shall diligently repair and restore the Premises and the Building to substantially the same condition they were in prior to such damage or destruction; provided, however, that if in Landlord’s reasonable judgment such repair and restoration cannot be completed within two hundred seventy (270) days after the occurrence of such damage or destruction (taking into account the time needed for effecting a satisfactory settlement with any insurance company involved, removal of debris, preparation of plans and issuance of all required governmental permits), then Landlord shall have the right to terminate this Lease by giving written notice of termination within forty-five (45) days after the occurrence of such damage or destruction. If this Lease is terminated pursuant to this Section 13.1, then rent shall be apportioned (based on the portion of the Premises which is usable or used after such damage or destruction) and paid to the earlier of the date of termination or the date Tenant completely vacates and abandons the Premises on account of such damage and Landlord shall be entitled to any insurance proceeds received by Tenant that are attributable to improvements insured or required to be insured by Tenant that would remain in the Premises at the end of the Term. If this Lease is not terminated as a result of such damage or destruction, then until such repair and restoration of the Premises are substantially complete, Tenant shall be required to pay rent only for the portion of the Premises that is usable while such repair and restoration are being made; provided, however, that (x) if such damage or destruction was caused by the act or omission of Tenant, then Tenant shall not be entitled to any such rent reduction, and (y) if Tenant fails to immediately pay over to Landlord insurance proceeds when received from Tenant’s insurance any such rent abatement shall end on the date when Landlord would have been able to substantially complete repair and restoration of the Premises had Tenant timely paid Landlord such insurance proceeds. After receipt of all insurance proceeds (including proceeds of insurance maintained by Tenant), Landlord shall proceed with and bear the expenses of such repair and restoration of the Premises and the Building; provided, however, that (a) if such damage or destruction was caused by the act or omission of Tenant, then Tenant shall pay Landlord’s deductible and the amount by which such expenses exceed the insurance proceeds, if any, actually received by Landlord on account of such damage or destruction, (b) Tenant shall pay the amount by which the cost of restoring any item which Landlord is required to restore and Tenant is required to insure exceeds the insurance proceeds received with respect thereto, and (c) Landlord shall not be required to repair or restore any tenant improvements installed in the Premises (except to the extent Landlord receives proceeds therefor from Tenant’s insurance), any Alterations or any other contents of the Premises (including Tenant’s trade fixtures, decorations, furnishings, equipment or personal property). Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, Landlord shall have the right to terminate this Lease if (1) insurance proceeds plus deductibles are insufficient to pay the full cost of such repair and restoration, (2) the holder of any mortgage fails or refuses to make such insurance proceeds available for such repair and restoration, (3) zoning or other applicable Laws or regulations do not permit such repair and restoration, or (4) the damage to the Building exceeds thirty-five percent (35%) of the replacement value of the Building.
13.2. Condemnation. In the event of any condemnation of all or any portion of the Premises, this Lease shall terminate as to the part so taken as of the date the condemning authority takes title or possession, whichever occurs first. If as a result of a partial condemnation of the Premises or Premises, Tenant, in its reasonable discretion, is unable to use the Premises for the purposes intended hereunder, Tenant may, at Tenant’s option, to be exercised in writing within fifteen (15) days after Landlord shall have given Tenant written notice of such taking (or in the absence of such notice, within fifteen (15) days after the condemning authority shall have taken possession) terminate this Lease as of the date the condemning authority takes such possession. Any such notice of termination shall cause this Lease to expire with the same force and effect as though the date set forth in such notice were the date originally set as the expiration date of this Lease and the parties shall make an appropriate adjustment as of such termination date with respect to payments due to the other under this Agreement. All awards, damages and other compensation paid on account of such condemnation shall belong to Landlord, and Tenant assigns to Landlord all rights to such awards, damages and compensation. Tenant shall not make any claim against Landlord or any condemning authority for any portion of any award, damages, or compensation attributable to damage to the Premises, value of the unexpired portion of the Term, loss of profits or goodwill, leasehold improvements, or severance damages.
14. Holding Over. Tenant acknowledges that it is extremely important that Landlord have substantial advance notice of the date on which Tenant will vacate the Premises, and that if Tenant fails to surrender the Premises or any portion thereof at the expiration or earlier termination of the Term, then it will be conclusively presumed that the value to Tenant of remaining in possession, and the loss that will be suffered by Landlord as a result thereof, far exceed the Base Rent and additional rent that would have been payable had the Term continued during such holdover period. Therefore, if Tenant (or anyone claiming through Tenant) does not immediately surrender the Premises or any portion thereof upon the expiration or earlier termination of the Term, then the rent payable by Tenant hereunder shall be increased to equal two hundred percent (200%) of the Base Rent, additional rent, and other sums which were payable under this Lease during the last month of the Term. Such rent shall be computed by Landlord and paid by Tenant on a monthly basis and shall be payable on the first day of such holdover period and the first day of each calendar month thereafter during such holdover period until the Premises have been vacated. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Lease, Landlord’s acceptance of such rent shall not in any manner adversely affect Landlord’s other rights and remedies, including Landlord’s right to evict Tenant and to recover all damages. Any such holdover shall be deemed to be a tenancy-at-sufferance and not a tenancy-at-will or tenancy from month-to-month. In no event shall any holdover be deemed a permitted extension or renewal of the Term, and nothing contained herein shall be construed to constitute Landlord’s consent to any holdover or to give Tenant any right with respect thereto.
15. Defaults by Tenant; Remedies.
15.1. Each of the following constitutes a default (“Default”): (a) Tenant’s failure to make when due any payment of the Base Rent, additional rent or other sum, which failure shall continue for a period of three (3) days after Landlord sends Tenant written notice thereof; (b) Tenant’s failure to perform or observe any other covenant or condition of this Lease, which failure shall continue for a period of ten (10) days after Landlord sends Tenant written notice thereof (or such shorter period as is appropriate if such failure is capable of being cured sooner); (c) Tenant’s failure to take occupancy of or occupy continuously the Premises; (d) an bankruptcy; or (e) Tenant’s failure to pay any sum or perform or observe any covenant or condition of this Lease when required under this Lease (without regard to any grace period otherwise allowed) more than twice during any twelve month period during the Term.
15.2. In addition to any other remedies available at law or equity, if a Default remains uncured, Landlord may, upon ten (10) days’ prior written notice to Tenant, pursue any of the following: (a) terminate Tenant’s right to possession of the Premises by any lawful means, in which case this Lease shall terminate and Tenant shall surrender possession to Landlord; (b) enter and take possession of the Premises, and remove Tenant, with or without having terminated the Lease; or (c) alter locks and other security devices at the Premises, as permitted by law.
15.3. If Landlord terminates this Lease or ends Tenant’s right to possess the Premises due to a Default, Landlord may hold Tenant liable for Rent, and other indebtedness accrued to the date the Lease ends. Tenant shall also be liable for the Rent and other indebtedness that otherwise would have been payable by Tenant during the remainder of the Term had there been no Default, reduced by any sums Landlord receives by reletting the Premises during the Term or by taking other mitigation measures.
15.4. All rights and remedies of Landlord set forth in this Lease are cumulative and in addition to all other rights and remedies available to Landlord at law or in equity, including those available as a result of any anticipatory breach of this Lease. The exercise by Landlord of any such right or remedy shall not prevent the concurrent or subsequent exercise of any other right or remedy. No delay or failure by Landlord or Tenant to exercise or enforce any of its respective rights or remedies or the other party’s obligations (except to the extent a time period is specified in this Lease therefor) shall constitute a waiver of any such or subsequent rights, remedies or obligations. Neither party shall be deemed to have waived any default by the other party unless such waiver expressly is set forth in a written instrument signed by the party against whom such waiver is asserted. If Landlord waives in writing any default by Tenant, such waiver shall not be construed as a waiver of any covenant, condition or agreement set forth in this Lease except as to the specific circumstances described in such written waiver
16. Environmental. Tenant shall not allow, cause, or permit any Hazardous Materials to be generated, used, treated, released, stored or disposed of in or about the Premises. “Hazardous Materials” means (a) asbestos and any asbestos containing material and any substance that is then defined or listed in, or otherwise classified pursuant to, any Environmental Law or any other applicable Law as a “hazardous substance,” “hazardous material,” “hazardous waste,” “infectious waste,” “toxic substance,” “toxic pollutant” or any other formulation intended to define, list, or classify substances by reason of deleterious properties such as ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, carcinogenicity, toxicity, reproductive toxicity, or Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) toxicity, (b) any petroleum and drilling fluids, produced waters, and other wastes associated with the exploration, development or production of crude oil, natural gas, or geothermal resources, (c) toxic mold, mildew or any substance that reasonably can be expected to give rise to toxic mold or mildew, or (d) any petroleum product, polychlorinated biphenyls, urea formaldehyde, radon gas, radioactive material (including any source, special nuclear, or by-product material), medical waste, chlorofluorocarbon, lead or lead-based product, and any other substance whose presence could be detrimental to the Premises. At the expiration or earlier termination of this Lease, with respect to conditions existing on account of Tenant’s use or occupancy of the Premises or any action or inaction of Tenant or any agent of Tenant, Tenant shall surrender the Premises to Landlord free of Hazardous Materials and in compliance with all Environmental Laws. “Environmental Law” means any present and future law and any amendments (whether common law, statute, rule, order, regulation or otherwise), permits and other requirements or guidelines of governmental authorities applicable to the Premises and relating to the environment and environmental conditions or to any Hazardous Material (including CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. § 9601 et seq., the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, 42 U.S.C. § 6901 et seq., the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 U.S.C. § 1801 et seq., the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq., the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. § 7401 et seq., the Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. § 2601 et seq., the Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. § 300f et seq., the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1101et seq., the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C. § 651 et seq., and any so-called “Super Fund” or “Super Lien” law, any Law requiring the filing of reports and notices relating to hazardous substances, environmental laws administered by the Environmental Protection Agency, and any similar state and local Laws, all amendments thereto and all regulations, orders, decisions, and decrees now or hereafter promulgated thereunder concerning the environment, industrial hygiene or public health or safety). Tenant shall promptly deliver to Landlord copies of any notices or other items received from or submitted to any governmental or quasi-governmental agency, or any claim instituted or threatened by any third party, concerning the Premises, the occupancy or use thereof, or the existence or potential existence of Hazardous Materials therein. Upon any violation of an Environmental Law, or any release, spill or discharge of a Hazardous Material on or from the Premises, or any environmental condition requiring responsive action, in addition to all other rights available to Landlord under this Lease, at law or in equity, Landlord shall have the right but not the obligation to immediately enter the Premises, to supervise and approve any actions taken by Tenant to address same, and, if Tenant fails to immediately address same in accordance with this Lease, to perform, with respect to conditions existing on account of Tenant’s use or occupancy of the Premises or any action or inaction of Tenant or any agent of Tenant, at Tenant’s sole cost and expense, any lawful action necessary to address same.
17. Quiet Enjoyment. Landlord hereby covenants and agrees that Tenant, upon paying the Rent and keeping the covenants of this Lease, shall have the right to lawfully and quietly hold and occupy the Premises and enjoy the Premises during the Term without any interference, ejection or molestation.
18. Signs. Landlord shall, at Landlord’s expense, (a) list the name of Tenant in the Building directory, (b) provide a Building-standard sign on or adjacent to one suite entry door, and (c) provide a Building- standard directional sign for the Premises in the elevator lobby on the floor where the Premises are located. Tenant shall not place, inscribe, paint, affix or otherwise display any sign, advertisement, picture, lettering, or notice of any kind on any part of the exterior or interior of the Building (including windows and doors), or on any part of the interior of the Premises which can be seen from outside the Premises, without the prior written approval of Landlord, which may be granted or withheld in Landlord’s sole and absolute discretion. If any such item that has not been approved by Landlord is so displayed, then Landlord shall have the right to remove such item at Tenant’s expense. Landlord reserves the right to install and display signs, advertisements and notices on any part of the exterior or interior of the Building.
19.1. Subordination. This Lease shall be subordinate to any ground lease, mortgage, deed of trust or any other hypothecation for security now or hereafter placed upon the real property of which the Premises are a part and to all renewals, modifications, consolidations, replacements and extensions thereof. If any mortgagee, trustee or ground lessor shall elect to have this Lease be prior to the lien of its mortgage, deed of trust or ground lease, and shall give written notice thereof to Tenant, this Lease shall be deemed prior to such mortgage, deed of trust or ground lease, whether this Lease is dated prior or subsequent to the date of said mortgage, deed of trust or ground lease or the date of recording thereof. This section is self-operating, provided, that Tenant agrees to promptly execute any document, in form reasonably acceptable to Tenant, necessary to effectuate the foregoing subordination or to make this Lease prior to the lien of any mortgage, deed of trust or ground
19.2. Attornment. If the holder of any ground lease, mortgage, deed of trust or security described above (or its successor-in-interest), enforces its remedies provided by law or under the pertinent mortgage, deed of trust or security instrument and succeeds to Landlord’s interest in the Leased Premises, Tenant agrees, upon written request of any such holder or any purchaser at foreclosure sale, to attorn and pay Rent to such party and to execute and deliver any instruments necessary or appropriate to evidence or effectuate such attornment (provided such holder or purchaser shall agree to accept this Lease and not disturb Tenant’s occupancy, so long as Tenant does not default and fail to cure within the time permitted hereunder).
20. Prohibition of Liens. Tenant shall not suffer, create, or permit any mechanics’ liens or other liens to be filed against the Property or against Tenant ‘ s leasehold interest, by reason of any work, labor, services, or materials supplied or claimed to have been supplied to Tenant or anyone holding the Premises or any part thereof through or under Tenant.
21.1. Brokers. Landlord represents to Tenant, and Tenant represents to Landlord, that no broker or finder has been engaged by it, respectively, in connection with this Lease, other than the Brokers. In the event of a claim for broker’s or finder’s fee or commissions in connection with this Lease, then Landlord shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Tenant from the same if it shall be based upon any statement or agreement alleged to have been made by Landlord, and Tenant shall indemnify, defend and hold harmless Landlord from the same if it shall be based upon any statement or agreement alleged to have been made by Tenant.
21.2. Statement. At any time and from time to time, upon not less than ten (10) days’ prior written notice, Tenant and each subtenant, assignee, licensee or concessionaire or occupant of Tenant shall execute, acknowledge and deliver to Landlord and/or any other person or entity designated by Landlord, a written statement certifying: (a) that this Lease is unmodified and in full force and effect (or if there have been modifications, that this Lease is in full force and effect as modified and stating the modifications); (b) the dates to which the rent and any other charges have been paid; (c) to Tenant’s knowledge, whether or not Landlord is in default in the performance of any obligation, and if so, specifying the nature of such default; (d) the address to which notices to Tenant are to be sent; (e) that this Lease is subject and subordinate to all mortgages encumbering the Premises; (f) that Tenant has accepted the Premises; and (g) such other matters as Landlord may reasonably request. Any such statement may be relied upon by any Landlord of the Premises, any prospective purchaser of the Premises, any holder or prospective holder of a mortgage or any other person or entity. Tenant acknowledges that time is of the essence to the delivery of such statements and that Tenant’s failure to deliver timely such statements may cause substantial damages resulting from, for example, delays in obtaining financing.
21.3. Successors. All rights, remedies and liabilities herein recorded or imposed upon either of the parties hereto shall extend to their heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns.
21.4. Severability. If any term or provision of this Lease or any amendments hereto shall be found to be invalid or unenforceable to any extent, the remainder of this Lease shall not be affected thereby, and each term and provision of this Lease shall be valid and enforced to the fullest extent permitted by law.
21.5. Incorporation. This Lease, upon full execution, supersedes and revokes any and all previous leases governing the Premises, lease negotiations, arrangements, letters of intent, offers to lease, lease proposals or drafts, brochures, representations, and information conveyed, whether oral or written, between the parties hereto or their respective representatives or any other person purported to represent Landlord or Tenant.
21.6. Notices. All notices or other communications required under this Lease shall be in writing and shall be deemed duly given and received when delivered in person (with receipt therefor), on the next business day after deposit with a recognized overnight delivery service, or on the second day after being sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid, to the following addresses: (a) if to Landlord, at the Landlord Notice Address specified in the Basic Provisions; (b) if to Tenant, at the Tenant Notice Address specified in the Basic Provisions. Notice is not effectively transmitted by facsimile, email, or other electronic transmission. Either party may change its address for the giving of notices by written notice given in accordance with this Section. If Landlord or the holder of any mortgage notifies Tenant in writing that a copy of any notice to Landlord shall be sent to such holder at a specified address, then Tenant shall send (in the manner specified in this Section and at the same time such notice is sent to Landlord) a copy of each such notice to such holder, and no such notice shall be considered duly sent unless such copy is so sent to such holder. Any such holder shall have thirty (30) days after receipt of such notice to cure any Landlord default before Tenant may exercise any remedy (provided that in the case of a Landlord default arising from an act or omission which cannot be reasonably remedied within said thirty (30) day period, then the holder of any mortgage shall have as long as reasonably necessary to remedy such act or omission provided that (i) such holder commences such remedy and notifies Tenant within said thirty (30) day period of holder’s desire to remedy, and (ii) holder pursues completion of such remedy with due diligence following such giving of notice and following the time when holder should have become entitled under the mortgage to remedy the same). Any cure of Landlord’s default by such holder shall be treated as performance by Landlord.
21.7. Interpretation . Section headings shall not be used in interpreting this Lease. Each party acknowledges that such party and its counsel, after negotiation and consultation, have reviewed and revised this Lease. As such, the terms of this Lease shall be fairly construed and the usual rule of construction, to the effect that any ambiguities herein should be resolved against the drafting party, shall not be employed in the interpretation of this Lease or any amendments, modifications or exhibits hereto or thereto. Whenever the words “including”, “include” or “includes” are used in this Lease, they shall be interpreted in a non-exclusive manner. Except as otherwise indicated, all Exhibit and Section references in this Lease shall be deemed to refer to the Exhibits and Sections in this Lease.
21.8. Governing Law. This Lease shall be construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of New Jersey, without regard to conflicts of laws principles.
21.9. Attorneys’ Fees. If on account of any default by Tenant of its obligations under this Lease it becomes necessary or appropriate for Landlord to employ attorneys or other persons to enforce any of Landlord’s rights or remedies hereunder, Tenant shall pay upon demand all fees of such attorneys and other persons and all other costs of any kind so incurred.
21.10. Representations. Tenant and the person executing and delivering this Lease on Tenant’s behalf each represents that such person is duly authorized to so act; that Tenant is duly organized, is in good standing under the laws of the state of its organization and the laws of the State of New Jersey, and has the power and authority to enter into this Lease; that Tenant is not, and the entities or individuals constituting Tenant or which may own or control Tenant, among the individuals or entities identified on any list compiled by the U.S. Government for the purpose of identifying suspected terrorists, and Tenant is not engaging in this transaction on behalf of any such individual or entity; that Tenant is not in violation of any anti-money laundering Law; and that all action required to authorize Tenant and such person to enter into this Lease has been duly taken.
21.11. Force Majeure. If Landlord or Tenant is in any way delayed or prev1c;nted from performing any obligation (except, with respect to Tenant, its’ obligations to pay rent and other sums due under this Lease, any obligation with respect to insurance, any obligation to give notice with respect to extensions, expansions or otherwise, and any holdover) due to fire, act of God, governmental act or failure to act, strike, labor dispute, inability to procure materials, or any cause beyond Landlord’s or Tenant’s (as applicable) reasonable control (whether similar or dissimilar to the foregoing events), then the time for performance of such obligation shall be excused for the period of such delay or prevention and extended for a period equal to the period of such delay or prevention; provided, however, that no such force majeure event shall excuse the timely payment of all items of Rent by Tenant. Financial disability or hardship shall never constitute a force majeure event
21.12. Relocation. Landlord shall have the right to change the location and configuration of the Premises subject to the following terms and conditions: (a) Landlord shall provide Tenant not less than sixty (60) days’ advance written notice of the date Tenant must vacate the Premises; (b) Landlord shall provide Tenant with substitute space of similar nature and size elsewhere in the Building (the “Substitute Premises”); and (c) Landlord shall at Landlord’s expense (1) remove Tenant’s equipment and furniture from the Premises and reinstall those items in the Substitute Premises, and (2) redecorate the Substitute Premises in a manner substantially similar to the manner in which the Premises were decorated. Within ten (10) days after the date Landlord submits an amendment of this Lease indicating the location and configuration of the Substitute Premises, Tenant shall execute such amendment.
21.13. Entry. Tenant shall permit Landlord, its agents and representatives, and the holder of any mortgage, to enter the Premises at any time and from time to time, without charge therefor and without diminution of the rent payable by Tenant, in order to examine, inspect or protect the Premises and the Building, to make such alterations and/or repairs as in the sole but reasonable judgment of Landlord may be deemed necessary or desirable, or to exhibit the same to brokers, prospective tenants (during the last twelve (12) months of the Lease Term), lenders, purchasers and others
21.14. Electronic Signatures. The parties agree that this Lease may be transmitted between them by email, and intend that electronic signatures (such as, without limitation, DocuSign signatures or scanned signatures in .pdf format) constitute original signatures, and that an electronic Lease containing the signatures (original or scanned) of all the parties is binding on the parties.
21.15. Entire Agreement. It is understood and agreed by the parties hereto that this Lease represents the entire agreement of the parties with respect to the subject matter of the Lease and that any additions, variations or modifications to this Lease shall be void and ineffective unless in writing signed by the parties hereto and made a part hereof.
[signature page follows]
The parties are signing this Lease as of the date stated in the introductory clause.
|SIG 110 LLC||TIMBER PHARMACEUTICALS INC|
|By:||/s/ Rich Travaglini||By:||/s/ John Koconis|
|Name:||Rich Travaglini||Name:||John Koconis|
|Title:||Senior Vice President / Director of Leasing||Title:||CEO|
Operating Charges and Real Estate Taxes
Section 1. All initially-capitalized terms contained in this Exhibit B have the same meaning ascribed to them in the Lease, except as otherwise provided herein. In addition, for purposes of this Exhibit, the following terms have the following meanings:
(a) “Building” includes the land on which the Building is located, the roof of the Building and any physical extensions therefrom, any driveways, sidewalks, landscaping, alleys and parking facilities in the Building or on the land, and all other areas, facilities, improvements and appurtenances relating to any of the foregoing.
(b) “Operating Charges” means any and all expenses, charges and fees incurred by or on behalf of Landlord in connection with Landlord’s responsibilities under this Lease and/or to operate, manage, insure, maintain and repair the Property, including, without limitation, (i) the cost of utilities, (ii) wages, salaries and worker’s compensation (including employee benefits and unemployment and social security taxes and insurance) of staff performing services in connection with the Property, (iii) capital improvements, and (iv) management fees.
(c) “Operating Charges Base Amount” means the Operating Charges incurred during the Operating Charges Base Year.
(d) “Real Estate Taxes” means: (i) all real estate taxes, vault and/or public space rentals, business district or arena taxes, special user fees, rates and assessments (including general and special assessments, if any), ordinary and extraordinary, foreseen and unforeseen, which are imposed upon Landlord or assessed against the Building, or Landlord’s personal property used in connection therewith; (ii) any other present or future taxes or charges that are imposed upon Landlord or assessed against the Building which are in the nature of or in substitution for real estate taxes, including any tax levied on or measured by the gross rents payable by tenants of the Building, any public safety fee or similar charge, any transit, sales, rental, use, receipts or occupancy tax or fee, and any assessment imposed in connection with business improvement or similar districts; and (iii) reasonable expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ and consultants’ fees and court costs) incurred in reviewing, protesting or seeking a reduction or abatement of, or defending or otherwise participating in any challenge to, real estate taxes, whether or not such protest or reduction is ultimately successful (provided, however, that such review, protest, or reduction attempt is undertaken in good faith by Landlord with the reasonable expectation to reduce Real Estate Taxes for the Building). Real Estate Taxes shall not include any inheritance, estate, gift, franchise, corporation, net income or net profits tax assessed against Landlord from the operation of the Building, or any interest charges or penalties incurred as a result of Landlord’s failure to timely pay Real Estate Taxes (provided that if the taxing authority permits a taxpayer to elect to pay in installments, then, for purposes of determining the amount of Real Estate Taxes, if Landlord so elects to pay in installments, all interest charges shall be deemed Real Estate Taxes).
(e) “Real Estate Taxes Base Amount” means the Real Estate Taxes incurred during the Real Estate Taxes Base Year.
(f) “Reconciliation Statement” means a written statement showing (i) Tenant’s Proportionate Share of the amount by which Operating Charges or Real Estate Taxes, as applicable, incurred during the preceding calendar year exceeded, respectively, the Operating Charges Base Amount or the Real Estate Taxes Base Amount, and (ii) the aggregate amount of Tenant’s estimated payments made on account of Operating Charges and Real Estate Taxes during such year.
Section 2. From and after the Commencement Date, Tenant shall pay as additional rent Tenant’s Proportionate Share of the amount by which Operating Charges for each calendar year falling entirely or partly within the Term exceed the Operating Charges Base Amount. If the average occupancy rate for the Building during any calendar year is less than ninety-five percent (95%), or if any tenant is separately paying for (or does not require) electricity, janitorial or other utilities or services furnished to its premises, then Landlord shall include in Operating Charges for such year all additional expenses, as reasonably estimated by Landlord, which would have been incurred during such year if such average occupancy rate had been ninety-five percent (95%), and if Landlord paid for such utilities or services furnished to such premises. Tenant shall make estimated monthly payments to Landlord on account of the amount by which Operating Charges that are expected to be incurred during each calendar year (or portion thereof) would exceed the Operating Charges Base Amount. At the beginning of each calendar year after the Operating Charges Base Year, Landlord shall submit a written statement setting forth Landlord’s estimate of such excess and Tenant’s Proportionate Share thereof. Tenant shall pay to Landlord on the first day of each month following receipt of such statement, until Tenant’s receipt of the succeeding annual statement, an amount equal to one twelfth (1/12) of each such share (estimated on an annual basis without proration pursuant to Section 4). Not more than twice during any calendar year, Landlord may revise Landlord’s estimate and adjust Tenant’s monthly payments to reflect Landlord’s revised estimate. As soon as possible after the end of each calendar year, Landlord shall submit a Reconciliation Statement for Operating Charges. If such Reconciliation Statement indicates that the aggregate amount of such estimated payments exceeds Tenant’s actual liability, then Landlord shall credit the net overpayment toward Tenant’s next installment(s) of Rent due under this Lease, or, if the Term has expired or will expire before such credit can be fully applied, or if Tenant is not otherwise liable to Landlord for further payment, Landlord shall reimburse Tenant for the amount of such overpayment. If such statement indicates that Tenant’s actual liability exceeds the aggregate amount of such estimated payments, then Tenant shall pay the amount of such excess as Additional Rent within ten (10) days after receipt of the applicable Reconciliation Statement.
Section 3. From and after the Commencement Date, Tenant shall pay as Additional Rent Tenant’s Proportionate Share of the amount by which Real Estate Taxes exceed the Real Estate Taxes Base Amount. Tenant shall not initiate or participate in any contest of Real Estate Taxes without Landlord’s prior written consent which consent Landlord may withhold in its sole and absolute discretion. Tenant shall make estimated monthly payments to Landlord on account of the amount by which Real Estate Taxes that are expected to be incurred during each calendar year would exceed the Real Estate Taxes Base Amount. At the beginning of each calendar year after the Real Estate Taxes Base Year, Landlord shall submit a written statement setting forth Landlord’s estimate of such amount and Tenant’s Proportionate Share thereof. Tenant shall pay to Landlord on the first day of each month following receipt of such statement, until Tenant’s receipt of the succeeding annual statement, an amount equal to one twelfth (1/12) of such share (estimated on an annual basis without proration pursuant to Section 4). Not more than twice during any calendar year, Landlord may revise Landlord’s estimate and adjust Tenant’s monthly payments to reflect Landlord’s revised estimate. As soon as possible after the end of each calendar year, Landlord shall submit a Reconciliation Statement for Real Estate Taxes showing (1) Tenant’s Proportionate Share of the amount by which Real Estate Taxes incurred during the preceding calendar year exceeded the Real Estate Taxes Base Amount, and (2) the aggregate amount of Tenant’s estimated payments made during such year. If such Reconciliation Statement indicates that the aggregate amount of such estimated payments exceeds Tenant’s actual liability, then Landlord shall credit the net overpayment toward Tenant’s next installment(s) of Rent due under this Lease, or, if the Term hereof has expired or will expire before such credit can be fully applied, of if Tenant is not otherwise liable for further payment, Landlord shall reimburse Tenant for the amount of such overpayment. If such statement indicates that Tenant’s actual liability exceeds the aggregate amount of such estimated payments, then Tenant shall pay the amount of such excess as Additional Rent within ten (10) days after receipt of the applicable Reconciliation Statement.
Section 4. If the Term commences or expires on a day other than the first day or the last day of a calendar year, respectively, then Tenant’s liabilities pursuant to this Exhibit for such calendar year shall be apportioned by multiplying the respective amount of Tenant’s Proportionate Share thereof for the full calendar year by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of days during such calendar year falling within the Term, and the denominator of which is three hundred sixty-five (365).
Rules and Regulations
The following rules and regulations have been formulated for the safety and well-being of all tenants of the Building. Strict adherence to these rules and regulations is necessary to guarantee that every tenant will enjoy a safe and undisturbed occupancy of its premises. Any violation of these rules and regulations by Tenant shall constitute a default by Tenant under the Lease.
1. Tenant shall not obstruct or permit its agents, clerks or servants to obstruct, in any way, the sidewalks, entry passages, corridors, halls, stairways or elevators of the Building or use the same in any other way than as a means of passage to and from the offices of Tenant; bring in, store, test or use any materials in the Building which could cause a fire or an explosion or produce any fumes or vapor; make or permit any improper noises in the Buildings; smoke in the elevators; throw substances of any kind out of the windows or doors, or down the passages of the Building, or in the hallways or passageways; sit on or place anything upon the window sills; or clean the windows.
2. Water closets and urinals shall not be used for any purpose other than those for which they were constructed; and no sweepings, rubbish, ashes, newspaper or any other substances of any kind shall be thrown into them. Waste and excessive or unusual use of electricity or water is prohibited.
3. The windows, doors, partitions and lights that reflect or admit light into the halls or other places of the Building shall not be obstructed. No signs, advertisements or notices shall be inscribed, painted, affixed or displayed, in, on, upon or behind any windows, except as may be required by law or agreed upon by the parties; and no sign, advertisement or public notice shall be inscribed, painted or affixed on any doors, partitions or other part of the Building, without the prior written consent of Landlord. If such consent be given by Landlord, any such sign, advertisement or notice shall be inscribed, painted or affixed by Landlord, or a company approved by Landlord, but the cost of the same shall be charged to and be paid by Tenant, and Tenant agrees to pay the same promptly, on demand.
4. No contract of any kind with any supplier of towels, water, etc., toilet articles, waxing, rug shampooing, venetian blind washing, furniture polishing, lamp servicing, cleaning of electrical fixtures, removal of waste paper, rubbish or garbage, or other like service shall be entered into by Tenant, nor shall any vending machine of any kind be installed in or around the Building without the prior written consent of Landlord.
5. When electric wiring of any kind is introduced, it must be connected as directed by Landlord, and no stringing or cutting of wires will be allowed, except with the prior written consent of Landlord, and shall be done only by contractors approved by Landlord. Tenant shall not install vinyl, carpet, wood or other similar floor covering without the prior written consent of the Landlord.
6. Landlord shall have the right to prescribe the weight, size and position of all machinery, safes and other bulky or heavy equipment and all freight brought into the Building by Tenant; and also the times of moving the same in and out of the Building; and all such moving must be done under the supervision of Landlord. Landlord will not be responsible for loss of or damage to any such machinery, equipment or freight from any cause; but all damage done to the Building by moving or maintaining any such machinery, equipment or freight shall be repaired at the expense of Tenant. All safes shall stand on a base of such size as shall be designated by Landlord. Landlord reserves the right to inspect all freight to be brought into the Building and to exclude from the Building all freight which violates any of these Rules and Regulations or the Lease of which these Rules and Regulations are a part.
7. No additional lock or locks shall be placed by Tenant on any door in the Building, without prior written consent of Landlord. Access cards for after-hours entrance will be issued by Landlord based on Tenant’s initial employee list. Additional cards after occupancy will be paid for by Tenant at a charge of $20.00 per card. Replacement cards for lost cards will be charged to Tenant at $20.00 per card.
8. Tenant shall not employ any person or persons other than Landlord’s janitors for the purpose of cleaning the Premises, without prior written consent of Landlord . Landlord shall not be responsible to Tenant for any loss of property from the Premises however occurring, or for any damage done to the effects of Tenant by such janitors or any of its employees, or by any other person or any other cause. The janitor’s service furnished by Landlord does not include the cleaning of carpets or rugs.
9. No bicycles, vehicles or animals of any kind shall be brought into or kept in or about the Premises, except for approved service dogs and motorized wheelchairs.
10. Employees of Landlord shall not perform any work for Tenant or do anything outside of their regular duties, unless under special instructions from the office of Landlord. Landlord agrees to keep Tenant advised at all times of how to contact the Building manager.
11. The Premises shall not be used for lodging or sleeping purposes, and cooking therein is prohibited. Vending machines for coffee and rolls are permitted, as are microwaves, refrigerators and other kitchen appliances for use by Tenant’s employees. If additional electric wiring is needed to accommodate said equipment, the cost will be borne by Tenant.
12. Tenant shall not conduct, or permit any other person to conduct any auction upon the Premises, manufacture or store goods, wares or merchandise upon the Premises, without the prior written approval of Landlord, except the storage of usual supplies and inventory to be used by Tenant in the conduct of its business; permit the Premises to be used for gambling; make any unusual noises in the Building; permit to be played any musical instrument in the Premises; permit to be played any radio, television, music in such a loud manner as to disturb or annoy other tenants; or permit any unusual odors to be produced upon the Premises. Tenant shall not occupy or permit any portion of the Premises leased to Tenant to be occupied as an office for a public stenographer or typist, or for the possession, storage, manufacture, or sale of intoxicating beverages, narcotics, tobacco in any form, or as a barber or manicure shop. Tenant shall comply with the State of New Jersey’s smoke-free environment laws. Smoking is prohibited except where designated on the outside of the Building .
13. Landlord reserves the right to exclude from the Building during non-Building Hours all persons who do not present an access card to the Building issued by the Landlord to Building tenants. Tenant shall be responsible for all persons to whom Tenant issues such access cards and shall be liable to Landlord for all acts of such persons.
14. No awnings or other projections shall be attached to the outside walls of the Building. No curtains, blinds, shades or screens shall be attached to or hung in, or used in connection with, any window or door of the Premises, without the prior written consent of Landlord. Such curtains, blinds and shades must be of quality, type, design and color and attached in a manner approved by Landlord.
15. Canvassing, soliciting and peddling in the Building are prohibited, and Tenant shall cooperate to prevent the same.
16. There shall not be used in the Premises or in the Building, either by Tenant or by others in the delivery or receipt of merchandise, any hand trucks, except those equipped with rubber tires and side guards, and no hand trucks will be allowed in passenger elevators.
17. Tenant, before closing and leaving the Premises, shall ensure that all entrance doors are locked.
18. Landlord shall have the right to prohibit any advertising by Tenant which, in Landlord’s opinion, tends to impair the reputation of the Building or its desirability as a building for offices, and upon written notice from Landlord, Tenant shall refrain from or discontinue such advertising.
19. Tenant, its employees, agents, representatives, invitees and business visitors shall comply promptly and courteously with the directions of any Building security personnel hired by Landlord, including but not limited to the rights of such security personnel to inspect articles to be taken from the Building (other than those to be taken out in the usual course of business of Tenant}, and shall comply with any reasonable safety or security program developed by Landlord.
20. Tenant and its employees shall park their cars only in those portions of the parking area designated by Landlord and shall not park in visitor parking or in areas reserved for use by other tenants. Landlord reserves the right to have vehicles towed at expense of the vehicle owner if the vehicle is in violation of parking rules.