As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 27, 2016

Registration No. 333-      

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



 

FORM S-1
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933



 

xG Technology, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)



 

   
Delaware   519100   20-5856795
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

George Schmitt
xG Technology, Inc.
240 S. Pineapple Avenue, Suite 701
Sarasota, FL 34236
(941) 953-9035

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

The Company Corporation
2711 Centerville Road
Wilmington, DE 19808
(800) 474-8135

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of agent for service)



 

Copy to:

 
David E. Danovitch, Esq.
Avraham S. Adler, Esq.
Nakia M. Elliott, Esq.
Robinson Brog Leinwand Greene
Genovese & Gluck P.C.
875 Third Avenue — 9 th Floor
New York, New York 10022
(212) 603-6300
  John D. Hogoboom
Lowenstein Sandler LLP
1251 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10020
(646) 414 6846


 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement becomes effective.

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. x

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.

 
Large Accelerated Filer o   Accelerated Filer o
Non-Accelerated Filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) o   Smaller Reporting Company x
 

 


 
 

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CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

   
Title of Each Class of Securities to be Registered   Proposed
Maximum
Aggregate
Offering Price (1)
  Amount of
Registration Fee
Units, each consisting of one share of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, and one warrant to purchase one share of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share   $ 8,050,000     $ 810.64  
Shares of common stock underlying the Units (2) (3)   $     $  
Warrants to purchase shares of common stock underlying the Units (2)   $     $  
Shares of common stock underlying the warrants (3)   $ 8,050,000     $ 810.64  
Total   $ 16,100,000     $ 1,621.28  

(1) This amount represents the proposed maximum offering price of the securities registered hereunder that may be sold by the registrant. Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).
(2) No registration fee required pursuant to Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act.
(3) Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the securities being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of additional shares of common stock as may be issued after the date hereof as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.

The registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with section 8(A) of the Securities Act or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said section 8(A), may determine.


 
 

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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

   
PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS   SUBJECT TO COMPLETION   DATED JUNE 27, 2016

     Units, Each Consisting of One Share of Common Stock
and
One Warrant to Purchase One Share of Common Stock

[GRAPHIC MISSING]

   
[GRAPHIC MISSING]        [GRAPHIC MISSING]     [GRAPHIC MISSING]

We are offering up to      Units (the “Units”), each Unit consisting of one share of our common stock par value $0.00001 per share, and one warrant (the “Warrants”) to purchase one share of our common stock. The Units are being offered at an offering price of $     per Unit.

Each Warrant will be immediately exercisable at an initial exercise price of $     per share, which price is     % of the closing price of our common stock on the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. The Warrants will expire on the      anniversary of the initial date of issuance.

The Units will not be issued or certificated. Purchasers will receive only shares of common stock and Warrants. The common stock and Warrants may be transferred separately immediately upon issuance.

Our common stock is currently traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market (“NASDAQ”) under the symbol “XGTI”. The closing price of our common stock on the NASDAQ on June 23, 2016, was $1.29 per share. On June 20, 2016, we effected a 1-for-12 reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock. All share and per share information included in this prospectus has been retroactively adjusted to account for such reverse stock split.

There is no established trading market for the Warrants, and we do not expect an active trading market to develop. We do not intend to list the Warrants on any securities exchange or other trading market. Without an active trading market, the liquidity of the Warrants will be limited.

We are an “emerging growth company” as the term is used in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”) and, as such, have elected to comply with certain reduced public company reporting requirements for this and future filings.

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 12 of this prospectus for a discussion that should be considered in connection with an investment in our securities.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if the prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

   
  Per Unit   Total
Public offering price   $          $       
Underwriting discounts and commissions (1)   $     $  
Proceeds to us, before expenses   $     $  

(1) The underwriters will receive compensation in addition to the underwriting discounts and commissions. See “Underwriting”.

We have granted the underwriters a   -day option to purchase up to an additional       shares of our common stock at a price of $      per share and/or       additional Warrants from us at a price of $        per Warrant, to cover over-allotments, if any, of the shares and warrants comprising the Units.

The underwriters expect to deliver our securities to purchasers in the offering on or about           , 2016.

Sole Book-Running Manager

Roth Capital Partners

Co-Lead Manager

Aegis Capital Corp.

The date of this prospectus is           , 2016.


 
 

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  Page
Prospectus Summary     1  
Summary Financial Data     9  
Risk Factors     12  
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements     30  
Use of Proceeds     31  
Market Price Information for Our Securities     32  
Capitalization     33  
Dilution     34  
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     36  
Business     47  
Management     70  
Executive Compensation     77  
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management     81  
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions     83  
Description of Securities     86  
Shares Eligible for Future Sale     89  
Underwriting     91  
Legal Matters     98  
Experts     98  
Where You Can Find More Information     98  
Index to Financial Statements     F-1  
Glossary     G-1  

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus and any free writing prospectus that we have authorized for use in connection with the offering. Neither we nor the underwriters have authorized anyone to provide you with information that is additional or different. Neither we nor the underwriters are making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where an offer or sale is not permitted. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus is accurate as of the date on the front cover of this prospectus only. Our business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations may have changed since that date.

Information contained in, and that can be accessed through, our web site, www.xgtechnology.com , does not constitute part of this prospectus.

The xG logo is a trademark of xG Technology, Inc. All other trademarks and service marks appearing in this prospectus are the property of their respective holders.

On June 20, 2016, the Company effected a one for 12 reverse stock split. Upon effectiveness of the reverse stock split, every 12 shares of outstanding common stock decreased to one share of common stock. The reverse split was retroactively applied to all shares and per share information for all periods presented throughout this prospectus.

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This prospectus includes market and industry data that has been obtained from third party sources, including industry publications, as well as industry data prepared by our management on the basis of its knowledge of and experience in the industries in which we operate (including our management’s estimates and assumptions relating to such industries based on that knowledge). Management’s knowledge of such industries has been developed through its experience and participation in these industries. While our management believes the third-party sources referred to in this prospectus are reliable, neither we nor our management have independently verified any of the data from such sources referred to in this prospectus or ascertained the underlying economic assumptions relied upon by such sources. Internally prepared and third party market forecasts, in particular, are estimates only and may be inaccurate, especially over long periods of time. In addition, the underwriters have not independently verified any of the industry data prepared by management or ascertained the underlying estimates and assumptions relied upon by management. Furthermore, references in this prospectus to any publications, reports, surveys or articles prepared by third parties should not be construed as depicting the complete findings of the entire publication, report, survey or article. The information in any such publication, report, survey or article is not incorporated by reference in this prospectus.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

This summary highlights selected information contained in greater detail elsewhere in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all the information you should consider before investing in our securities. You should read the entire prospectus carefully before making an investment decision, especially “Risk Factors” and the financial statements and the related notes. Unless the context provides otherwise, all references herein to “xG”, “xG Technology”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” and “us” refer to xG Technology, Inc. For definitions of certain industry terms used throughout this prospectus, please see “Glossary”.

Our Company

The overarching strategy of xG Technology, Inc. is to design, develop and deliver advanced wireless communications solutions across its business units that provide customers in our target markets with enhanced levels of reliability, mobility, performance and efficiency in their business operations and missions.

xG Technology is comprised of two business units: our xMax® unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the xMax® brand name, and Integrated Microwave Technology (“IMT”), which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT. Nucomm is a premium brand of digital broadcast microwave video systems. RF Central is a well-established brand of compact microwave video equipment for licensed and license-free sports and entertainment applications. The IMT products are focused on providing mission-critical wireless video solutions to state, local and federal police departments. While the brands of xMax® and IMT are managed as separate reporting units and operate independently, there is considerable brand interaction, owing to complementary market focus, compatible product and technology development roadmaps, and solution integration opportunities.

xMax®:

Our xMax® unit develops, manufactures and sells equipment that utilizes a broad portfolio of innovative intellectual property to enhance wireless communications. Our intellectual property is embedded in proprietary software algorithms that offer cognitive interference mitigation and spectrum access solutions for numerous applications using commercial off-the-shelf devices. The implementation of our cognitive radio intellectual property is called “xMax®”. The xMax® product and service suite includes access points, mobile switching centers, network management systems, deployment tools and proactive customer support. Customers within this market include telecommunication services, public safety, telemedicine as well as the US Government and Department of Defense.

Given the proliferation of smartphones, in 2013, the Company introduced an improved product line that could handle both voice and data services. These products, the CN1100 Access Point (“CN1100”), the CN5100 Mobile Hotspot (“CN5100”), and the CN3100 Vehicle Modem (“CN3100”), are able to communicate with any Wi-Fi enabled commercial off-the-shelf device.

We believe that the wireless communications industry is facing a “spectrum crisis” because the demand for flexible, affordable voice and data access continues to increase rapidly while the amount of available spectrum remains relatively constant. We have developed frequency-agnostic cognitive radio solutions to address this increasing demand by eliminating the need to acquire scarce and expensive licensed radio spectrum, and thus ideally lowering the total cost of ownership for wireless broadband access. With fast-growing demand straining network capacity, our intellectual property is also designed to help wireless broadband network operators make more efficient use of their existing spectrum allocations.

We believe that the xMax® system is the only commercially available cognitive radio network system that includes our interference mitigation and spatial processing technologies. These proprietary technologies enable our xMax® system to increase capacity on already crowded airwaves by improving interference tolerance, thereby enabling the delivery of higher Quality of Service (“QoS”) than other technologies that would not be able to cope with the interference. We believe that the xMax® system will also, when operating on more than one radio channel, deliver dynamic spectrum access by using our patented self-organizing network techniques. Furthermore, the xMax® system can be used to provide additional capacity to licensed spectrum by identifying and utilizing unused bandwidth within the licensed spectrum. Although currently designed to operate within the 902 – 928 MHz unlicensed band of spectrum, our system is frequency agnostic.

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xMax® also serves as a mobile voice over internet protocol (“VoIP”) and broadband data system that utilizes an end-to-end Internet Protocol (“IP”) system architecture.

The xMax® system allows mobile operators to utilize free, unlicensed 902 – 928 MHz ISM band spectrum (which spectrum is available in all of the Americas except French Guiana) instead of purchasing scarce and expensive licensed spectrum. Our xMax® system will also enable enterprises to set up a mobile communications network in an expeditious and cost-effective manner.

IMT:

Our IMT unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT, develops, manufactures and sells microwave communications equipment utilizing COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. Its products are primarily used in the transmission of video to address three major market areas: Broadcasting, Sports and Entertainment, and Surveillance (Military and Government). COFDM is a transmission technique that combines encoding technology with OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) modulation to provide the low latency and high image clarity required for real-time live broadcasting video transmissions. IMT has an established reputation of delivering complex bespoke engineering solutions managed to tight deadlines for the past 20 years and is considered a leader in ultra compact COFDM wireless technology. IMT’s experience with this technology has allowed it to develop integrated solutions that deliver reliable video footage captured from both aerial and ground-based sources to fixed and mobile receiver locations.

The Broadcasting market consists of electronic news gathering, wireless camera systems, portable microwave, and fixed point to point systems. Customers within this market are blue-chip tier-1 major network TV stations that include over-the-air broadcasters, and cable and satellite news providers. For this market, IMT designs, develops and markets solutions for use in news helicopters, ground-based news vehicles, camera operations, central receive sites, remote onsite and studio newscasts and live television events.

The Sports and Entertainment market consists of key segments that include Sports Production, Sports Venue Entertainment systems, movie director video assist, and the non-professional user segment. Customers within this market are major professional sports teams, movie production companies, live video production service providers, system integrators and a growing segment of drone and unmanned ground vehicle providers. Among the key solutions IMT provides to this market are wireless camera systems and mobile radios.

The Government/Surveillance market consists of key segments that include state and local law enforcement agencies, Federal “3-letter” agencies and military system integrators. Customers within this market include recognizable state police forces, sheriff’s departments, fire departments, first responders, the Department of Justice and the Department of Home Land Security. The key solutions IMT provides to this market are manned and unmanned aerial and ground systems, mobile and handheld receive systems and transmitters for concealed video surveillance.

Our Strengths

We believe the following strengths position us for sustainable growth:

Our IMT and Nucomm brands are well-established.   Our IMT unit and the Nucomm brand have developed a significant following over the past 20 years, based on their reputation for product performance, reliability and use of advanced technology. IMT has developed a diverse and stable customer base for repeat product purchases from blue chip, tier-1 clients in the Broadcasting and Sports and Entertainment markets, as well as among high-profile agencies and organizations in Surveillance (Military and Government) markets.
Our IMT products solve a growing market need for stable, high-definition, wireless video communications.   IMT’s high definition wireless video solutions are used in applications in growing market segments, including in-game sports video mobile feeds, real-time capture and display of footage from drones and other aerial platforms, and rapid-response electronic news gathering operations.

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Our proprietary xMax® cognitive radio technology provides a turnkey solution.   We have developed our xMax® cognitive radio technology to create a turnkey network solution. This solution encompasses the key elements of our cognitive technology, including spectrum sensing, spectrum management, spectrum mobility, spectrum sharing and spatial processing. Our software and hardware products and our end-to-end IP architecture implement this solution to provide quality VoIP and data services for numerous applications and commercial off-the-shelf devices.
Our xMax® solutions meet the specific needs of targeted markets.   Our cognitive radio technology has been specifically developed to make our entire network infrastructure mobile, so that it can be rapidly deployed in response to public safety or security threats. We believe this feature differentiates our technology from that of our competitors and will address a major capability gap for public safety, defense, homeland security and news agencies. In addition, the expanded range of our network can provide improved voice and data services for underserved rural markets.
We have a broad patent portfolio and unencumbered use of our intellectual property.   We maintain a broad patent portfolio consisting of patents and patent applications in the United States and many international jurisdictions, which include 59 issued U.S. patents and one application pending and 56 issued international patents and 33 applications pending. We have solely funded the development of our intellectual property, which is, accordingly, unencumbered by any federal government unlimited use licenses.
We have an accomplished leadership team.   Our management team and Board of Directors bring a wealth of experience in the telecommunications and military sectors as well as hardware and software development. Our engineering team has a strong track record developing ad-hoc networking domains at Motorola and Mesh Networks. In addition, most of our leadership team has strong ties to our target markets, including public safety organizations, rural telecommunications companies and the military.

Our Strategy

For xMax®, we have developed a broad portfolio of innovative intellectual property that we believe will enhance wireless communications. Leveraging elements of this intellectual property portfolio, we plan to introduce a range of spectrum agnostic, cognitive radio solutions for numerous industries and applications. We believe that sales of these products and services, together with our ability to leverage our patent portfolio, present us with an attractive revenue model. Our current strategy is to commercialize our intellectual property portfolio by developing and selling network products using our proprietary software algorithms to offer cognitive interference mitigation and spectrum access solutions. Our future strategies are for our intellectual property to be embedded by partners in a semiconductor chip that could be sold to third-party equipment manufacturers and inserted in their devices, and to license our intellectual property to other customers in industry verticals world-wide.

For our IMT unit, the overarching strategy is to offer a comprehensive suite of services and product offerings in each of the markets it is active in. Leveraging IMT’s heritage as a leader in the broadcast industry that dates back to 1990, IMT’s key sector strategies are to expand the various markets for existing miniature wireless video products which include educational sectors, videographers, and video service providers, provide complete end-to-end solutions for the video surveillance market and introduce complete end-to-end IP technology into the Broadcast Market.

Recent Developments

May 2016 S-3 Financing

On May 16, 2016, the Company closed the offering of units in which the Company offered 1,166,668 Units, at a price of $0.84 per Unit, each of which consists of one share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, and one warrant to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.3788 per share. The Company received approximately $980,000 in gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting underwriter fees and offering expenses payable by the Company. Roth Capital Partners acted as sole underwriter for the offering.

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The Warrants will be exercisable beginning on November 16, 2016 at an exercise price of $1.3788 per share. The Warrants will expire on the fifth (5 th ) anniversary of the initial date of issuance.

Warrant Amendments

On April 29, 2016, the Company entered into amendments with certain holders of its Series A Warrant to Purchase Common Stock, dated August 19, 2015, and our Warrant to Purchase Common Stock, dated February 29, 2016. Each of such warrants was amended to reduce the exercise price to $0.84. As of June 23, 2016, all of these warrants had been exercised.

April 2016 Financing

On April 15, 2016, we entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain accredited investors pursuant to which we sold a principal amount of $550,000 of 5% Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Notes for an aggregate purchase price of $500,000 (the “April 5% Convertible Notes”). In connection with the Securities Purchase Agreement, we also entered into a security agreement, dated April 15, 2016, pursuant to which we granted the investors a security interest in all of our assets.

Acquisition of Integrated Microwave Technologies, LLC

On January 29, 2016, we completed the acquisition of IMT pursuant to an asset purchase agreement by and between us and IMT (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, we acquired substantially all of the assets and liabilities of IMT in connection with, necessary for or material to IMT’s business of designing, manufacturing and supplying Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing microwave transmitters and receivers serving the broadcast, sports and entertainment, military, aerospace and government markets (the “Transaction”). The Asset Purchase Agreement set the purchase price for the Transaction as $3,000,000, which was to be paid through: (i) a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,500,000, due March 31, 2016 (the “Initial Payment Note”); and (ii) a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,500,000 due July 29, 2017 (the “Deferred Payment Note,” and together with the Initial Payment Note, the “Payment Notes”).

On March 3, 2016, our Board of Directors approved the issuance of up to $300,000 in shares of common stock to MB Technology Holdings, LLC (“MBTH”) as compensation for financial services in connection with the IMT acquisition. Such shares of common stock were to be issued to MBTH in an initial tranche in the amount of $150,000 on March 15, 2016, which shares of common stock have not yet been issued and a second tranche to MBTH of up to $150,000 in shares of common stock if IMT achieves certain performance goals by December 31, 2016. MBTH is an affiliate of Roger Branton, our Chief Financial Officer, George Schmitt, our Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Richard Mooers, a member of our Board of Directors. Mr. Branton and Mr. Schmitt are directors of MBTH and Mr. Mooers is the Chief Executive Officer and a director of MBTH.

On April 12, 2016, the Company and IMT entered into the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, which terminated the Payment Notes, cancelling all principal due, or to become due thereunder and, in their stead, obligated the Company to: (i) upon execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, pay to IMT $500,000 plus any interest accumulated on the Payment Notes prior to their being cancelled; and (ii) prior to December 31, 2016, deliver to IMT Series D Preferred Stock having an aggregate value of cash proceeds (“Cash Proceeds”), upon conversion of such Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock underlying such Series D Preferred Stock, of not less than $2,500,000 (“Series D Shares”), plus interest accrued thereon at 9% per annum, with such Series D Shares to be issued in tranches of $250,000 (the “Tranches”). If IMT does not realize Cash Proceeds of at least $2,500,000 by December 31, 2016, we will be required to either issue additional shares of common stock to IMT, or otherwise raise additional funds to cover the shortfall. Cash Proceeds is determined by the cash or cash equivalents received by IMT upon sale of the Series D Shares issued to IMT upon conversion of any Series D Preferred Stock, net of any transaction costs or expenses. Each time a new Tranche is issued, IMT shall be obligated to provide evidence of its current Cash Proceeds and the remaining amount of the $2,500,000 (plus interest) due. The first Tranche was due within ten business days of the execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, and subsequent Tranches are due upon notice from IMT that IMT disposed of the Series D Shares of the prior Tranche. The

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Company paid IMT $500,000 plus accrued interest on April 15, 2016. As of June 23, 2016, 500,000 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock have been issued, of which 250,000 have been converted into 208,334 shares of common stock.

In connection with the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, we agreed to register the shares underlying each Tranche on a registration statement on Form S-1 or Form S-3 within five (5) business days of the issuance of each Tranche. As of June 23, 2016, 208,334 shares of common stock underlying the Series D Shares have been registered.

Risks That We Face

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks summarized below. The risks are discussed more fully in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus immediately following this prospectus summary.

These risks include, but are not limited to:

we have a history of operating losses and we may continue to realize net losses for at least the next 12 months;
we may not be able to continue as a going concern and may not be able to operate in the future;
our business depends upon our ability to generate sustained sales of our products and technology;
our business depends on our ability to continually develop and commercialize new products and technologies and penetrate new markets;
we need to obtain or maintain patents or other appropriate protection for the intellectual property utilized in our technologies;
our industry is highly competitive and we may not be able to compete with companies with larger resources than we have;
we may require additional capital to develop new products; and
new regulations or standards or changes in existing regulations or standards related to our products may result in unanticipated costs or liabilities.

Company Information

We were organized as a limited liability company under the laws of the State of Delaware on August 26, 2002 under the name JTS Acquisitions, LLC. On March 21, 2003, we changed our name to xG Technology, LLC. Pursuant to a certificate of conversion and a certificate of incorporation filed with the State of Delaware on November 8, 2006, xG Technology, LLC converted to a Delaware corporation under the name xG Technology, Inc.

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act. We could remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenue exceeds $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), which would occur if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period. Pursuant to Section 102 of the JOBS Act, we have provided reduced executive compensation disclosure and have omitted a compensation discussion and analysis from this prospectus. Pursuant to Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we have elected to utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

Where You Can Find Us

Our executive offices are located at 240 S. Pineapple Avenue, Suite 701, Sarasota, FL 34236, and our telephone number is (941) 953-9035. Our website address is www.xgtechnology.com . Information contained on our website does not form part of this prospectus and is intended for informational purposes only.

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THE OFFERING

Securities Offered    
    Up to      Units. Each Unit will consist of one share of our common stock, par value $0.00001 per share and one Warrant to purchase one share of our common stock.
Common Stock Outstanding after this Offering    
         shares of common stock (including the over-allotment option).
Over-allotment Option (1)    
    We have granted the underwriters a   -day option to purchase up to an additional      shares of our common stock at a price of $      per share and/or       additional Warrants from us at a price of $     per Warrant, to cover over-allotments, if any, of the shares and warrants comprising the Units.
Warrants    
    The Warrants will be exercisable immediately at an initial exercise price of $     per share, which price is     % of the closing price of our common stock on the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, and will expire on the      anniversary of the initial date of issuance. See “Description of Securities — Warrants” for a discussion of the terms of the Warrants.
Use of Proceeds    
    We estimate that the net proceeds in this offering will be approximately $    , or approximately $     if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full, based on the public offering price of $     per Unit, after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.
    We currently intend to use the net proceeds of this offering for general corporate purposes, including working capital, product development, marketing activities, expanding our internal sales organization and further developing sales channels and other capital expenditures. The Company may use some of the net proceeds for additional acquisitions. See “Use of Proceeds” for a complete discussion.
Risk Factors    
    See the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 12 for a discussion of factors to consider carefully before deciding whether to purchase our securities.
Trading Symbol    
    Our shares of common stock are traded on NASDAQ under the symbol “XGTI.”

(1) Although the shares of our common stock and the Warrants offered hereby are being sold together in this offering as Units, they will be immediately separable and transferable upon issuance. Because the Warrants are not listed on a national securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system, the underwriters will be unable to satisfy any overallotment of Units without exercising the underwriters’ overallotment option with respect to the Warrants. As a result, the underwriters have informed us that they intend to exercise the underwriters’ overallotment option for all of the Warrants included in Units which are overalloted, if any, at the time of the initial offering of the Units. However, because our common stock is listed on NASDAQ, the underwriters may satisfy some or all of the overallotment of Units with respect to shares of our common stock by purchasing shares in the open market and have no obligation to exercise the overallotment option with respect to our common stock. If the underwriters exercise their overallotment option with respect to the Warrants in full, but do not exercise their overallotment option with respect to our common stock, then the effective warrant coverage for each share of common stock sold in this offering would be    % instead of the    % stated on the cover page of this prospectus.

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The number of shares of our common stock to be issued and outstanding after this offering is based on 7,905,746 shares of common stock issued and outstanding as of June 23, 2016, which number excludes:

477 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the conversion rights granted to Treco International, S.A. (“Treco”) on October 6, 2011 at a conversion price of $4,200.00.
Up to 358 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the rights to be granted to MBTH to subscribe to new shares at a subscription price of $42.00 per new share if the holders of warrants to subscribe for MBTH shares or exchange for existing shares in our common stock held by MBTH (the “MBTH Warrants”) are exercised by the holders thereof (the “Additional Warrants”). MBTH Warrants were granted by MBTH, on the basis of one-tenth of a warrant for every $350 invested in MBTH, to investors in MBTH of funds for MBTH to lend to us under the May 2011 Shareholder Loan. The actual number of Additional Warrants to be granted by us depends on the cost to MBTH resulting from the exercise of the MBTH Warrants.
11,364 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the warrant issued to MBTH pursuant to the onetime agreement approved on September 30, 2013, exercisable at $824.40 per share.
9,115 warrants issued to MBTH and other investors pursuant to the conversion of the Bridge Loan, exercisable at $824.40 per share.
235 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the rights to be granted to investors as part of the Bridge Loan, which are exercisable at $42.00 per share.
1,191 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the options agreed to be granted to MBTH on January 16, 2013 at an exercise price of $1,050.00 per share in consideration for ongoing strategic and commercial advisory services provided by MBTH to us.
18,988 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options outstanding under the 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2013 Stock Incentive Plans and the 2015 Incentive Compensation Plan.
72 warrants issued to Secure Strategy Group exercisable at $4,200.00 per share.
6,412 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of our initial public offering completed on July 24, 2013, including those issued as part of the over-allotment, which are exercisable at $824.40 per share.
335 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants granted to underwriters as part of our initial public offering completed on July 24, 2013, which are exercisable at $824.40 per share.
1,429 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants granted to underwriters as part of our public offering completed on November 18, 2013, which are exercisable at $262.50 per share.
3,125 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of the Series A Preferred Stock financing completed on December 30, 2014, which are exercisable at $138 per share.
1,459 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of the Series B Preferred Stock financing completed on February 11, 2015, which are exercisable at $138 per share.
3,521 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of the Series B Preferred Stock financing completed on February 23, 2015, which are exercisable at $240.00 per share.
7,500 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of the Series C Preferred Stock financing completed on February 24, 2015, which are exercisable at $138 per share.
204,168 shares of our common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants issued to certain holders of our pre-funded Series B Warrants to settle certain claims on November 2, 2015, which are exercisable at $9 per share.

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458,333 shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of $550,000 principal amount of the April 5% Convertible Notes based on a conversion price of $1.20 per share.
1,166,668 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of our offering completed on May 16, 2016, which are exercisable at $1.3788 per share.
208,334 shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of our Series D Convertible Preferred Stock based on a conversion price of $1.20 per share.

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SUMMARY FINANCIAL DATA

The following table presents a summary of certain historical financial information. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of future results and you should read the following summary financial data in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary financial data as of and for December 31, 2015 and 2014 was derived from our audited financial statements, which are included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary financial data as of March 31, 2016 and for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was derived from our unaudited financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus. The summary financial data in this section is not intended to replace the financial statements and is qualified in its entirety by the financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.
 
(In Thousands)

     
  March 31,
2016
(unaudited)
  December 31,
2015
  December 31,
2014
Balance Sheet Data:
                          
Cash   $ 484     $ 368     $ 758  
Intangible assets, net     11,121       11,903       16,382  
Total assets     19,061       16,574       23,139  
Current liabilities
                          
Convertible note payable     2,000       2,000       2,000  
Total liabilities     9,426       6,283       6,404  
Additional paid in capital     200,966       198,710       186,919  
Accumulated deficit     (192,460 )       (188,397 )       (170,540 )  
Total stockholders’ equity   $ 8,484     $ 10,291     $ 16,357  

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xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.
 
UNAUDITED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT NET LOSS PER SHARE DATA)
Unaudited

   
  For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
     2016   2015
Revenue   $ 929     $ 584  
Cost of revenue and operating expenses
                 
Cost of components and personnel     426       330  
Inventory valuation adjustments     70        
General and administrative expenses     2,038       1,719  
Development expenses     1,660       1,550  
Amortization and depreciation     1,352       960  
Total cost of revenue and operating expenses     5,546       4,559  
Loss from operations     (4,617 )       (3,975 )  
Other income (expense)
                 
Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities     514       485  
Bargain purchase gain     512        
Interest expense     (472 )       (47 )  
Total other income (expense)     554       438  
Loss before income tax provision     (4,063 )       (3,537 )  
Income tax provision            
Net loss   $ (4,063 )     $ (3,537 )  
Dividends and deemed dividends     370       1,070  
Net loss attributable to common shareholders   $ (4,433 )     $ (4,607 )  
Basic and diluted net loss per share   $ (2.16 )     $ (18.48 )  
Weighted average number of shares outstanding basic and diluted     2,066       250  

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xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.
 
STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

   
  For the Year Ended
December 31,
     2015   2014
Revenue   $ 932     $ 628  
Cost of revenue and operating expenses
                 
Cost of components and personnel     510       156  
Inventory valuation adjustments     861       200  
General and administrative expenses     6,259       7,418  
Development     4,658       7,597  
Stock based compensation     1584       625  
Impairment charge     2092        
Amortization and depreciation     4,829       3,871  
Total cost of revenue and operating expenses     20,793       19,867  
Loss from operations     (19,861 )       (19,239 )  
Other income (expense)
                 
Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities     2,559        
Other income           440  
Other expense     (26 )        
Interest expense, net     (529 )       (179 )  
Total other income (expense)     2,004       261  
Loss before income tax provision     (17,857 )       (18,978 )  
Income tax provision            
Net loss   $ (17,857 )     $ (18,978 )  
Dividends and deemed dividends     (3,079 )        
Net loss attributable to common shareholders     (20,936 )       (18,978 )  
Basic and diluted net loss per share     (33.12 )       (99.72 )  
Weighted average number of shares outstanding basic and diluted     633       190  

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RISK FACTORS

Our business faces many risks and an investment in our securities involves significant risks. Prospective investors are strongly encouraged to consider carefully the risks described below, as well as other information contained herein, before investing in our securities. Investors are further advised that the risks described below may not be the only risks we face. Additional risks that we do not yet know of, or that we currently think are immaterial, may also negatively impact our business operations or financial results. If any of the events or circumstances described in this section occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could suffer. Prospective investors in our securities should consider the following risks before deciding whether to purchase our securities.

Risks Related to the Company and Our Business

We have a history of operating losses and we expect to continue to realize net losses for at least the next 12 months.

We have recorded a net loss in each reporting period since our inception. Our net loss for the year ended December 31, 2015 and the three months ended March 31, 2016 was approximately $17.9 million and $4.1 million, respectively. Our accumulated deficit at March 31, 2016 was approximately $192.5 million. We began our research and development activities in 2002, and we have had significant net losses and will likely continue to incur net losses until we can successfully commercialize our products and technology. Our independent registered public accounting firm has expressed substantial doubt concerning our ability to continue as a going concern. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to raise additional capital, obtain other financing and/or close on our potential revenue producing opportunities. We expect to continue to have development costs as we develop the next generation of products. In addition, at this stage of our development we are subject to the following risks:

our results of operations may fluctuate significantly, which may adversely affect the value of an investment in our common stock;
we may be unable to develop and commercialize our products; and
it may be difficult to forecast accurately our key operating and performance metrics because of our limited operating history.

We are uncertain of our ability to continue as a going concern, indicating the possibility that we may not be able to operate in the future.

To date, we have completed only the initial stages of our business plan and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to generate a sufficient amount of revenue, if at all, from our business in order to achieve profitability. It is not possible for us to predict at this time the potential success of our business. The revenue and income potential of our proposed business and operations are currently unknown. If we cannot continue as a viable entity, you may lose some or all of your investment in our company.

We are an early stage entity and have incurred net losses since inception. Our ability to continue as a going concern is contingent upon, among other factors, our ability to raise additional cash from equity financings, secure debt financing, and/or generate revenue from the sales of our products. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to raise additional capital. If we are unable to secure additional capital, we may be required to curtail our research and development initiatives and take additional measures to reduce costs in order to conserve our cash in amounts sufficient to sustain operations and meet our obligations.

We may require additional capital in the future to develop new products. If we do not obtain any such additional financing, if required, our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected.

We may require additional capital in the future to develop new products. We may not be able to secure adequate additional financing when needed on acceptable terms, or at all. To execute our business strategy, we may issue additional equity securities in public or private offerings, potentially at a price lower than the public offering price in this offering or the market price of our common stock at the time of such issuance. If we cannot secure sufficient additional funding we may be forced to forego strategic opportunities or delay, scale back and eliminate future product development.

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Defects or errors in our products and services or in products made by our suppliers could harm our brand and relations with our customers and expose us to liability. If we experience product recalls, we may incur significant expenses and experience decreased demand for our products.

Our products are inherently complex and may contain defects and errors that are only detectable when the products are in use. Because our products are used for both personal and business purposes, such defects or errors could have a serious impact on our end customers, which could damage our reputation, harm our customer relationships and expose us to liability. Defects or impurities in our components, materials or software, equipment failures or other difficulties could adversely affect our ability, and that of our customers, to ship products on a timely basis as well as customer or licensee demand for our products. Any such shipment delays or declines in demand could reduce our revenues and harm our ability to achieve or sustain desired levels of profitability. We and our customers may also experience component or software failures or defects that could require significant product recalls, rework and/or repairs that are not covered by warranty reserves.

Our recognition of deferred revenue is subject to future performance obligations and may not be representative of revenues for future periods.

As of March 31, 2016, we had $294,000 of deferred revenue recorded as a liability on our condensed balance sheet. This deferred revenue was recorded based on engineering design and installation services that have yet to be performed. In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”), United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Staff accounting guidance on revenue recognition, the Company considers revenue earned and realizable when: (a) persuasive evidence of the sales arrangement exists, (b) the arrangement fee is fixed or determinable, (c) service delivery or performance has occurred, (d) customer acceptance has been received, if contractually required, and (e) collectability of the arrangement fee is probable.

Due to potential future changes in customer preferences, or delays in customer development or implementation schedules or budgets, and the need for us to satisfactorily perform product support and other services, deferred revenue and backlog amounts at any particular date may not be representative of actual revenue for any current or future period.

We may not fully realize anticipated benefits from our recent acquisitions.

On January 29, 2016, we completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities of Integrated Microwave Technologies, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“IMT”). Although we expect to realize strategic, operational and financial benefits as a result of the acquisition, we cannot predict whether and to what extent such benefits will be achieved, or that any operational or financial benefits will be achieved. The success of the acquisition will depend upon, among other things, our ability to integrate acquired personnel, operations, products and technologies into our organization effectively, to retain and motivate key personnel of IMT and to retain their customers. Any acquisition may result in diversion of management’s attention from other business concerns, and may result in unanticipated costs and operational challenges.

Although certain technical problems experienced by users may not be caused by our products, our business and reputation may be harmed if users perceive our solutions as the cause of a slow or unreliable network connection, or a high profile network failure.

We expect that our products will be in many different locations and user environments and will be capable of providing transmission of video, mobile broadband connectivity and interference mitigation, among other applications. The ability of our products to operate effectively can be negatively impacted by many different elements unrelated to our products. Although certain technical problems experienced by users may not be caused by our products, users often may perceive the underlying cause to be a result of poor performance of our technology. This perception, even if incorrect, could harm our business and reputation. Similarly, a high profile network failure may be caused by improper operation of the network or failure of a network component that we did not supply, but other service providers may perceive that our products were implicated, which, even if incorrect, could harm our business, operating results and financial condition.

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Our ability to sell our products will be highly dependent on the quality of our support and services offerings, and our failure to offer high-quality support and services would have a material adverse effect on our sales and results of operations.

Once our products are deployed, our channel partners and end-customers will depend on our support organization to resolve any issues relating to our products. A high level of support will be important for the successful marketing and sale of our products. In many cases, our channel partners will likely provide support directly to our end-customers. We will not have complete control over the level or quality of support provided by our channel partners. These channel partners may also provide support for other third-party products, which may potentially distract resources from support for our products. If we and our channel partners do not effectively assist our end-customers in deploying our products, succeed in helping our end-customers quickly resolve post-deployment issues or provide effective ongoing support, our ability to sell our products to existing end-customers could be adversely affected and our reputation with potential end-customers could be harmed. In some cases, we guarantee a certain level of performance to our channel partners and end-customers, which could prove to be resource-intensive and expensive for us to fulfill if unforeseen technical problems were to arise.

We may fail to recruit and retain qualified personnel.

We expect to rapidly expand our operations and grow our sales, development and administrative operations. This expansion is expected to place a significant strain on our management and will require hiring a significant number of qualified personnel. Accordingly, recruiting and retaining such personnel in the future will be critical to our success. There is intense competition from other companies for qualified personnel in the areas of our activities. If we fail to identify, attract, retain and motivate these highly skilled personnel, we may be unable to continue our marketing and development activities, and this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

We rely on key executive officers, and their knowledge of our business and technical expertise would be difficult to replace.

We are highly dependent on our executive officers because of their expertise and experience in the telecommunications industry. We have agreements with our executive officers containing customary non-disclosure, non-compete, confidentiality and assignment of inventions provisions. We do not have “key person” life insurance policies for any of our officers. The loss of the technical knowledge and management and industry expertise of any of our key personnel could result in delays in product development, loss of customers and sales and diversion of management resources, which could adversely affect our operating results.

We purchase some components, subassemblies and products from a limited number of suppliers. The loss of any of these suppliers may substantially disrupt our ability to obtain orders and fulfill sales as we design and qualify new components.

We rely on third party components and technology to build and operate our products, and, until full integration with IMT, we rely on our contract manufacturers to obtain the components, subassemblies and products necessary for the manufacture of our products. Shortages in components that we use in our products are possible, and our ability to predict the availability of such components is limited. While components and supplies are generally available from a variety of sources, we and our contract manufacturers currently depend on a single or limited number of suppliers for several components for our products. If our suppliers of these components or technology were to enter into exclusive relationships with other providers of wireless networking equipment or were to discontinue providing such components and technology to us and we were unable to replace them cost effectively, or at all, our ability to provide our products would be impaired. We and our contract manufacturers generally rely on purchase orders rather than long-term contracts with these suppliers. As a result, even if available, we and our contract manufacturers may not be able to secure sufficient components at reasonable prices or of acceptable quality to build our products in a timely manner. Therefore, we may be unable to meet customer demand for our products, which would have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

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We do not have long-term contracts with our existing contract manufacturers. The loss of any of our existing contract manufacturers could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

We do not have long-term contracts with our existing contract manufacturers. If any of our existing contract manufacturers are unable or unwilling to manufacture our products in the future, the loss of such contract manufacturers could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our intellectual property protections may be insufficient to properly safeguard our technology.

Our success and ability to compete effectively are, in large part, dependent upon proprietary technology that we have developed internally. Given the rapid pace of innovation and technological change within the wireless and broadband industries, the technological and creative skill of our personnel, consultants and contractors and their ability to develop, enhance and market new products and upgrades to existing products are critical to our continued success. We rely primarily on patent laws to protect our proprietary rights. As of June 23, 2016, in the United States, we have 59 patents granted and 1 patent application pending. Internationally, we have 56 patents granted and 33 patent applications pending. There can be no assurance that patents pending or future patent applications will be issued, or that if issued, we would have the resources to protect any such issued patent from infringement. Further, we cannot patent much of the technology that is important to our business. To date, we have relied on copyright, trademark and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality procedures, non-compete and/or work for hire invention assignment agreements and licensing arrangements with our employees, consultants, contractors, customers and vendors, to establish and protect our rights to this technology and, to the best extent possible, control the access to and distribution of our technology, software, documentation and other proprietary information. Despite these precautions, it may be possible for a third party to copy or otherwise obtain and use this technology without authorization. Policing unauthorized use of this technology is difficult. There can be no assurance that the steps we take or will take will prevent misappropriation of, or prevent an unauthorized third party from obtaining or using, the technology we rely on. In addition, effective protection may be unavailable or limited in some jurisdictions. Litigation may be necessary in the future to enforce or protect our rights.

We may be subject to claims of intellectual property infringement or invalidity. Expenses incurred with respect to monitoring, protecting, and defending our intellectual property rights could adversely affect our business.

Competitors and others may infringe on our intellectual property rights, or may allege that we have infringed on theirs. Monitoring infringement and misappropriation of intellectual property can be difficult and expensive, and we may not be able to detect infringement or misappropriation of our proprietary rights. We may also incur significant litigation expenses in protecting our intellectual property or defending our use of intellectual property, reducing our ability to fund product initiatives. These expenses could have an adverse effect on our future cash flows and results of operations. If we are found to infringe on the rights of others we could be required to discontinue offering certain products or systems, to pay damages, or purchase a license to use the intellectual property in question from its owner. Litigation can also distract management from the day-to-day operations of the business.

Enforcement of our intellectual property rights abroad, particularly in China, is limited and it is often difficult to protect and enforce such rights.

Patent protection outside the United States is generally not as comprehensive as in the United States and may not protect our intellectual property in some countries where our products are sold or may be sold in the future. Even if patents are granted outside the United States, effective enforcement in those countries may not be available. Many companies have encountered substantial intellectual property infringement in countries where we sell, or intend to sell, products or have our products manufactured.

In particular, the legal regime relating to intellectual property rights in China is limited and it is often difficult to protect and enforce such rights. The regulatory scheme for enforcing China’s intellectual property laws may not be as developed as regulatory schemes in other countries. Any advancement of an intellectual

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property enforcement claim through China’s regulatory scheme may require an extensive amount of time, allowing intellectual property infringers to continue largely unimpeded, to our commercial detriment in the Chinese and other export markets. In addition, rules of evidence may be unclear, inconsistent or difficult to comply with, making it difficult to prove infringement of our intellectual property rights. As a result, enforcement cases involving technology, such as copyright infringement of software code, or unauthorized manufacture or sale of products containing patented inventions, may be difficult or not possible to sustain.

These factors may make it increasingly complicated for us to enforce our intellectual property rights against parties misappropriating or copying our technology or products without our authorization, allowing competing enterprises to harm our business in the Chinese or other export markets by affecting the pricing for our products, reducing our own sales and diluting our brand or product quality reputation.

The intellectual property rights of others may prevent us from developing new products or entering new markets.

The telecommunications industry is characterized by the rapid development of new technologies, which requires us to continuously introduce new products and expand into new markets that may be created. Therefore, our success depends in part on our ability to continually adapt our products and systems to incorporate new technologies and to expand into markets that may be created by new technologies. If technologies are protected by the intellectual property rights of others, including our competitors, we may be prevented from introducing new products or expanding into new markets created by these technologies. If the intellectual property rights of others prevent us from taking advantage of innovative technologies, our financial condition, operating results or prospects may be harmed.

Further impairment charges could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

We are required to test our finite-lived intangible assets for impairment if events occur or circumstances change that would indicate the remaining net book value of the finite-lived intangible assets might not be recoverable. These events or circumstances could include a significant change in the business climate, including a significant sustained decline in an entity’s market value, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of our business, potential government actions and other factors. If the fair value of our finite-lived intangible assets is less than their book value in the future, we could be required to record impairment charges. During 2015, we recognized an impairment charge of $2.1 million on software development costs due to our analysis of the net realizable value of our capitalized software costs. The amount of any further impairment could be significant and could have a material adverse effect on our reported financial results for the period in which the charge is taken.

We rely on the availability of third-party licenses. If these licenses are available to us only on less favorable terms or not at all in the future, our business and operating results would be harmed.

We have incorporated third-party licensed technology into our products. It may be necessary in the future to renew licenses relating to various aspects of these products or to seek additional licenses for existing or new products. There can be no assurance that the necessary licenses will be available on acceptable terms or at all. The inability to obtain certain licenses or other rights, or to obtain those licenses or rights on favorable terms, or the need to engage in litigation regarding these matters, could result in delays in product releases until such time, if ever, as equivalent technology could be identified, licensed or developed and integrated into our products and might have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition. Moreover, the inclusion in our products of intellectual property licensed from third parties on a nonexclusive basis could limit our ability to protect our proprietary rights in our products.

Our customers could also become the target of litigation relating to the patent and other intellectual property rights of others.

Any litigation relating to the intellectual property rights of others could trigger technical support and indemnification obligations in licenses or customer agreements that we may enter into. These obligations could result in substantial expenses, including the payment by us of costs and damages relating to claims of

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intellectual property infringement. In addition to the time and expense required for us to provide support or indemnification to our customers, any such litigation could disrupt the businesses of our customers, which in turn could hurt our relationships with such customers and cause the sale of our products to decrease. No assurance can be given that claims for indemnification will not be made, or that if made, such claims would not have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial conditions.

We expect to base our inventory purchasing decisions on our forecasts of customers’ demand, and if our forecasts are inaccurate, our operating results could be materially harmed.

As our customer base increases, we expect to place orders with our contract manufacturers based on our forecasts of our customers’ demand. Our forecasts will be based on multiple assumptions, each of which may cause our estimates to be inaccurate, affecting our ability to provide products to our customers. When demand for our products increases significantly, we may not be able to meet demand on a timely basis, and we may need to expend a significant amount of time working with our customers to allocate limited supply and maintain positive customer relations, or we may incur additional costs in order to rush the manufacture and delivery of additional products. If we underestimate customers’ demand, we may forego revenue opportunities, lose market share and damage our customer relationships. Conversely, if we overestimate customer demand, we may purchase more inventory than we are able to sell at any given time or at all. In addition, we grant our distributors stock rotation rights, which require us to accept stock back from a distributor’s inventory, including obsolete inventory. As a result of our failure to properly estimate demand for our products, we could have excess or obsolete inventory, resulting in a decline in the value of our inventory, which would increase our costs of revenues and reduce our liquidity. Our failure to accurately manage inventory relative to demand would adversely affect our operating results. We have not yet fully integrated IMT into our organization and are therefore not able to determine whether we can meet such demand.

If our technology does not work as well as planned or if we are unsuccessful in developing and selling new products or in penetrating new markets, our business and operating results would suffer.

Our success and ability to compete are dependent on technology which we have developed or may develop in the future. There is a risk that the technology that we have developed or may develop may not work as intended, or that the marketing of the technology may not be as successful as anticipated. Further, the markets in which we and our customers compete or plan to compete are characterized by constantly and rapidly changing technologies and technological obsolescence. Our ability to compete successfully depends on our ability to design, develop, manufacture, assemble, test, market and support new products and enhancements on a timely and cost effective basis to keep pace with market needs and satisfy the demands of customers. A fundamental shift in technologies in any of our target markets could harm our competitive position within these markets. Our failure to anticipate these shifts, to develop new technologies or to react to changes in existing technologies could materially delay our development of new products, which could result in product obsolescence, decreased revenue and a loss of customer wins to our competitors. The development of new technologies and products generally require substantial investment and can require long development and testing periods before they are commercially viable. We intend to continue to make substantial investments in developing new technologies and products and it is possible that that we may not successfully be able to develop or acquire new products or product enhancements that compete effectively within our target markets or differentiate our products based on functionality, performance or cost and that our new technologies and products will not result in meaningful revenue. Any delays in developing and releasing new or enhanced products could cause us to lose revenue opportunities and customers. Any technical flaws in product releases could diminish the innovative impact of our products and have a negative effect on customer adoption and our reputation. If we fail to introduce new products that meet the demands of our customers or target markets or do not achieve market acceptance, or if we fail to penetrate new markets, our revenue will not increase over time and our operating results and competitive position would suffer.

Computer malware, viruses, hacking and phishing attacks could harm our business and results of operations.

Computer malware, viruses, and computer hacking and phishing attacks have become more prevalent in our industry and may occur on our systems in the future. Though it is difficult to determine what, if any, harm may directly result from any specific interruption or attack, any failure to maintain performance, reliability,

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security, and availability of our products and technical infrastructure to the satisfaction of our users may harm our reputation and our ability to attract and retain customers.

Our operating expenses will increase as we make further expenditures to enhance and expand our operations in order to support additional growth in our business.

Historically, we limited our investment in infrastructure; however, in the future we expect our infrastructure investments to increase substantially to support our anticipated growth. We intend to make additional investments in systems and personnel in order to expand our business and continue to expand our operations to support anticipated growth in our business. In addition, we may determine the need in the future to make changes to our sales model, which changes may result in higher selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of our revenues. As a result of these factors, we expect our operating expenses to increase.

If we do not effectively manage changes in our business, these changes could place a significant strain on our management and operations.

Our ability to grow successfully requires an effective planning and management process. The expansion and growth of our business could place a significant strain on our management systems, infrastructure and other resources. To manage our growth successfully, we must continue to improve and expand our systems and infrastructure in a timely and efficient manner. Our controls, systems, procedures and resources may not be adequate to support a changing and growing company. If our management fails to respond effectively to changes and growth in our business, including acquisitions, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

Our sales cycle is unpredictable, and a failure to generate consistent sales of our products could materially affect our financial position and operating results.

To date, we have not yet established a consistent sales cycle for our products. In addition, in our industry it is customary for potential customers to request a trial of products prior to making a purchase. There can be no assurance that such trials of our products will produce sales. If we cannot generate consistent sales of our products, our financial position and operating results could be materially affected.

If we are unable to expand our sales and marketing capabilities or enter into more agreements with third parties to sell and market any products we may develop, we may be unable to generate product revenue.

We are currently building our internal sales organization for the sales, marketing and distribution of our products. Part of the proceeds of this offering is intended to be used to expand our internal sales organization and develop further our channels to market. In order to commercialize xMax® or any of our other products, we must build our sales, marketing, distribution, managerial and other non-technical capabilities or make arrangements with other parties to perform these services. The expansion of our own sales force to market any products we may develop will increase our operating costs and be time consuming. We cannot be certain that we would be able to successfully develop this capacity. If we are unable to expand our sales and marketing capability or any other non-technical capabilities necessary to commercialize any product we may develop, we will need to contract with other parties to market and sell any products we may develop. If we are unable to establish adequate sales, marketing and distribution capabilities, whether independently or with other parties, we may not be able to generate product revenue and may not become profitable. Further, we have not yet fully integrated IMT into our model.

If our estimates relating to our critical accounting policies are based on assumptions or judgments that change or prove to be incorrect, our operating results could fall below expectations of securities analysts and investors, resulting in a decline in our stock price.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires our management to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets, liabilities, equity, revenue and expenses that are not readily apparent from

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other sources. Our operating results may be adversely affected if our assumptions change or if actual circumstances differ from those in our assumptions, which could cause our operating results to fall below the expectations of financial analysts and investors, resulting in a decline in our stock price. Significant assumptions and estimates used in preparing our financial statements include those related to revenue recognition, inventory, product warranties, allowance for doubtful accounts, stock-based compensation expense, capitalization of intangible assets, impairment of long-lived assets and income taxes.

Our exposure to the credit risks of our customers may make it difficult to collect accounts receivable and could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

In the course of our sales to customers, we may encounter difficulty collecting accounts receivable and could be exposed to risks associated with uncollectible accounts receivable. Economic conditions may impact some of our customers’ ability to pay their accounts payable. While we will attempt to monitor these situations carefully and attempt to take appropriate measures to collect accounts receivable balances, we have written down accounts receivable and written off doubtful accounts in prior periods and may be unable to avoid accounts receivable write-downs or write-offs of doubtful accounts in the future. Such write-downs or write-offs could negatively affect our operating results for the period in which they occur.

Demand for our defense-related products and products for emergency response services and rural telecommunications depends on government spending.

The U.S. military market is largely dependent upon government budgets, particularly the defense budget. The funding of government programs is subject to Congressional appropriation. Although multi-year contracts may be authorized in connection with major procurements, Congress generally appropriates funds on a fiscal year basis even though a program may be expected to continue for several years. Consequently, programs are often only partially funded and additional funds are committed only as Congress makes further appropriations. No assurance can be given that an increase in defense spending will be allocated to programs that would benefit our business. A decrease in levels of defense spending or the government’s termination of, or failure to fully fund, one or more of the contracts for which our products may be utilized could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.

In addition, the sale of our products to local municipalities for emergency response services and to rural telecommunication companies depends on government spending allocated to such areas. There can be no assurance that government spending will be allocated to emergency response services or to rural telecommunications companies at a level that would benefit our business. A decrease in levels of government spending for emergency response services or rural telecommunications, or the government’s termination of, or failure to fully fund, one or more of the contracts for which our products may be utilized with respect to emergency response services or rural telecommunications, could have a material adverse effect on our financial position and results of operations.

Our failure to obtain and maintain required certifications could impair our ability to bid on defense contracts.

In order for us to participate in certain government programs we could be required to obtain and maintain quality certification and certain standards for Department of Defense wireless security such as certification by the Joint Interoperability and Test Command (JITC) and to meet production standards in order to be eligible to bid on government contracts. If we fail to maintain these certifications or any additional certification which may be required, we will be ineligible to bid for contracts which may impair our financial operations and consequently, our ability to continue in business.

Regulation of the telecommunications industry could harm our operating results and future prospects.

The traditional telecommunications industry is highly regulated, and our business and financial condition could be adversely affected by changes in regulations relating to the Internet telecommunications industry. Currently, there are few laws or regulations that apply directly to access to or commerce on IP networks, but future regulations could include sales taxes and tariffs in previously unregulated areas and provider access charges. We could be adversely affected by regulation of IP networks and commerce in any country where we

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market equipment and services to service or content providers. Regulations governing the range of services and business models that can be offered by service providers or content providers could adversely affect those customers’ needs for products designed to enable a wide range of such services or business models. For instance, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission has issued regulations governing aspects of fixed broadband networks and wireless networks. These regulations might impact service provider and content provider business models and as such, providers’ needs for Internet telecommunications equipment and services. In addition, many jurisdictions are evaluating or implementing regulations relating to cyber security, privacy and data protection, which could affect the market and requirements for networking and security equipment.

In addition, environmental regulations relevant to electronic equipment manufacturing or operations may impact our business and financial condition adversely. For instance, the European Union has adopted regulations on Electronic waste, e-waste, e-scrap, or waste electrical and electronic equipment (“WEEE”), Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances (“ROHS”) and Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (“REACH”). Furthermore, some governments have regulations prohibiting government entities from purchasing security products that do not meet specified indigenous certification criteria even though those criteria may be in conflict with accepted international standards. Similar regulations are in effect or under consideration in several jurisdictions where we do business.

The adoption and implementation of such regulations could decrease demand for our products, increase the cost of building and selling our products and impact our ability to ship products into affected areas and recognize revenue in a timely manner. Any of these impacts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

As an emerging growth company as defined in the JOBS Act, we will utilize certain modified disclosure requirements, and we cannot be certain if these reduced requirements will make our common stock less attractive to investors.

We are an emerging growth company as defined in the JOBS Act. We have in this prospectus utilized, and we plan in future filings with the SEC to continue to utilize, the modified disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies, including reduced disclosure about our executive compensation and omission of compensation discussion and analysis, and an exemption from the requirement of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation. In addition, we will not be subject to certain requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including the additional testing of our internal control over financial reporting as may occur when outside auditors attest as to our internal control over financial reporting. As a result, our stockholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important.

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. Thus, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to utilize this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards as they become applicable to public companies. We cannot predict if investors will find our common stock less attractive because we will rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our common stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.

We could remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenue exceeds $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period.

We have not engaged our independent registered public accounting firm to perform an audit of our internal control over financial reporting as of any balance sheet date or for any period reported in our financial

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statements. Had our independent registered public accounting firm performed an audit of our internal control over financial reporting, additional material weaknesses may have been identified. For so long as we qualify as an emerging growth company under the JOBS Act, which may be up to five years following this offering, we will not have to provide an auditor’s attestation report on our internal controls in future annual reports on Form 10-K as otherwise required by Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. During the course of the evaluation, documentation or attestation, we or our independent registered public accounting firm may identify weaknesses and deficiencies that we may not otherwise identify in a timely manner or at all as a result of the deferred implementation of this additional level of review.

Risks Relating to Our Industry

Our industry is subject to rapid technological change, and we must make substantial investments in new products, services and technologies to compete successfully.

New technological innovations generally require a substantial investment before they are commercially viable. We intend to continue to make substantial investments in developing new products and technologies, and it is possible that our development efforts will not be successful and that our new technologies will not result in meaningful revenues. Our future success will depend on our ability to continue to develop and introduce new products, technologies and enhancements on a timely basis. Our future success will also depend on our ability to keep pace with technological developments, protect our intellectual property, satisfy customer requirements, meet customer expectations, price our products and services competitively and achieve market acceptance. The introduction of products embodying new technologies and the emergence of new industry standards could render our existing products and technologies, and products and technologies currently under development, obsolete and unmarketable. If we fail to anticipate or respond adequately to technological developments or customer requirements, or experience any significant delays in development, introduction or shipment of our products and technologies in commercial quantities, demand for our products and our customers’ and licensees’ products that use our technologies could decrease, and our competitive position could be damaged.

We may be subject to infringement claims in the future.

We may be unaware of filed patent applications and issued patents that could include claims covering our products. Parties making claims of infringement may be able to obtain injunctive or other equitable relief that could effectively block our ability to sell or supply our products or license our technology and could cause us to pay substantial royalties, licensing fees or damages. The defense of any lawsuit could divert management’s efforts and attention from ordinary business operations and result in time-consuming and expensive litigation, regardless of the merits of such claims. These outcomes may (i) require us to stop selling products or using technology that contains the allegedly infringing intellectual property; (ii) require us to redesign those products that contain the allegedly infringing intellectual property; (iii) require us to pay substantial damages to the party whose intellectual property rights we may be found to be infringing; (iv) result in the loss of existing customers or prohibit the acquisition of new customers; (v) cause us to attempt to obtain a license to the relevant intellectual property from third parties, which may not be available on reasonable terms or at all; (vi) materially and adversely affect our brand in the market place and cause a substantial loss of goodwill; (vii) cause our stock price to decline significantly; (viii) materially and adversely affect our liquidity, including our ability to pay debts and other obligations as they become due; or (ix) lead to our bankruptcy or liquidation.

Our industry is highly competitive and we may not be able to compete effectively.

The communications industry is highly competitive, rapidly evolving, and subject to constant technological change. We expect that new competitors are likely to join existing competitors. Many of our competitors may be larger and have greater financial, technical, operational, marketing and other resources and experience than we do. In the event that a competitor expends significant resources we may not be able to successfully compete. In addition, the pace of technological change makes it impossible for us to predict whether we will face new competitors using different technologies to provide products. If our competitors were to provide better and more cost effective products than our products we may not be able to capture any significant market share.

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Regulation of Voice over Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) services is developing and therefore uncertain and future legislative, regulatory or judicial actions could adversely affect our business.

VoIP services have developed in an environment largely free from government regulation. However, the United States and other countries have begun to assert regulatory authority over VoIP and are continuing to evaluate how VoIP will be regulated in the future. Both the application of existing rules to us and our prospective customers and the effects of future regulatory developments are uncertain. Future legislative, judicial or other regulatory actions could have a negative effect on our business. In addition, future regulatory developments could increase our cost of doing business and limit its growth.

Changes in current laws or regulations or the imposition of new laws or regulations could impede the sale of our products or otherwise harm our business.

Although our technology is designed to be frequency agnostic (i.e., capable of operating at any frequency) our current range of products is being designed to be optimized for operation in the 902 – 928 MHz band, which is presently a spectrum that is not licensed in the United States. Changes in current laws or regulations or the imposition of new laws and regulations in the United States or elsewhere regarding the usage of unlicensed spectrum may materially and adversely impact our future prospects, the viability of our current business model, our expectations for future sales of our products and our business, financial condition and results of operations.

New regulations or standards or changes in existing regulations or standards in the United States or internationally related to our products may result in unanticipated costs or liabilities, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and future sales, and could place additional burdens on the operations of our business.

Our products may be subject to governmental regulations in a variety of jurisdictions. In order to achieve and maintain market acceptance, our technology and products will have to comply with these regulations as well as a significant number of industry standards. In the United States, our technology and products will have to comply with various regulations defined by the Federal Communications Commission, (“FCC”), and others. We may also have to comply with similar international regulations. For example, our wireless communication products operate through the transmission of radio signals, and radio emissions are subject to regulation in the United States and in other countries in which we intend to do business. In the United States, various federal agencies including the Center for Devices and Radiological Health of the Food and Drug Administration, the FCC, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and various state agencies have promulgated regulations that concern the use of radio/electromagnetic emissions standards. Member countries of the European Union have enacted similar standards concerning electrical safety and electromagnetic compatibility and emissions, and chemical substances and use standards.

As these regulations and standards evolve, and if new regulations or standards are implemented, we may be required to modify our technology or products or develop and support new versions of our technology or products, and our compliance with these regulations and standards may become more burdensome. The failure of technology or our products to comply, or delays in compliance, with the various existing and evolving industry regulations and standards could prevent or delay introduction of our technology or products, which could harm our business. End-customer uncertainty regarding future policies may also affect demand for communications products, including our products. Moreover, channel partners or end-customers may require us, or we may otherwise deem it necessary or advisable, to alter our technology or products to address actual or anticipated changes in the regulatory environment. Our inability to alter our technology or products to address these requirements and any regulatory changes may have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

Compliance with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, including new regulations requiring higher standards, may increase our costs, limit our ability to utilize supply chains, and force design changes to our products.

Our operations are subject to a variety of environmental, health and safety laws and regulations and equivalent local, state, and regulatory agencies in each of the jurisdictions in which we currently operate or may operate in the future. The manufacturing of our products uses substances regulated under various federal,

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state, local laws and regulations governing the environment and worker health and safety. If we, including any contract manufacturers that we may employ, do not comply with these laws including any new regulations, such non-compliance could reduce the net realizable value of our products, which would result in an immediate charge to our income statements. Our non-compliance with such laws could also negatively impact our operations and financial position as a result of fines, penalties that may be imposed on us, and increase the cost of mandated remediation or delays to any contract manufacturers we may utilize, thus we may suffer a loss of revenues, be unable to sell our products in certain markets and/or countries, be subject to penalties and enforced fees and/or suffer a competitive disadvantage. Costs to comply with current laws and regulations and/or similar future laws and regulations, if applicable, could include costs associated with modifying our products, recycling and other waste processing costs, legal and regulatory costs and insurance costs. We cannot assure you that the costs to comply with these new laws or with current and future environmental and worker health and safety laws will not have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.

Governmental regulations affecting the import or export of products or affecting products containing encryption capabilities could negatively affect our revenues.

The United States and various foreign governments have imposed controls, export license requirements, and restrictions on the import or export of some technologies, especially encryption technology. In addition, from time to time, governmental agencies have proposed additional regulation of encryption technology, such as requiring certification, notifications, review of source code, or the escrow and governmental recovery of private encryption keys. For example, Russia and China recently have implemented new requirements relating to products containing encryption and India has imposed special warranty and other obligations associated with technology deemed critical. Governmental regulation of encryption or IP networking technology and regulation of imports or exports, or our failure to obtain required import or export approval for our products, could harm our international and domestic sales prospects and adversely affect our revenue expectation. In addition, failure to comply with such regulations could result in penalties, costs, and restrictions on import or export privileges or adversely affect sales to government agencies or government funded projects.

If wireless devices pose safety risks, we may be subject to new regulations, and demand for our products and those of our licensees and customers may decrease.

Concerns over the effects of radio frequency emissions, even if unfounded, may have the effect of discouraging the use of wireless devices, which may decrease demand for our products and those of our licensees and customers. In recent years, the FCC and foreign regulatory agencies have updated the guidelines and methods they use for evaluating radio frequency emissions from radio equipment, including wireless phones and other wireless devices. In addition, interest groups have requested that the FCC investigate claims that wireless communication technologies pose health concerns and cause interference with airbags, hearing aids and medical devices. Concerns have also been expressed over the possibility of safety risks due to a lack of attention associated with the use of wireless devices while driving. Any legislation that may be adopted in response to these expressions of concern could reduce demand for our products and those of our licensees and customers in the United States as well as foreign countries.

Risks Relating to our Common Stock and this Offering

There is no active, public market for the Warrants being sold in this offering.

There is currently no active, public market for the Warrants being sold in this offering. The Warrants are not listed on any national securities exchange, and we do not expect a market to develop. Without an active market, the liquidity of the Warrants will be limited. Further, the existence of the Warrants may act to reduce both the trading volume and the trading price of our common stock.

Holders of the Warrants will not have rights of common stockholders until such Warrants are exercised.

The Warrants being offered do not confer any rights of common stock ownership on their holders, such as voting rights or the right to receive dividends, but rather merely represent the right to acquire shares of common stock at a fixed price for a limited period of time. Specifically, commencing on the date of

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issuance, holders of the Warrants may exercise their right to acquire the common stock and pay an exercise price of $     per share (which exercise price is     % of the closing price of our common stock on the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part) prior to      years from the date of issuance, after which date any unexercised Warrants will expire and have no further value.

Exercise of options or warrants or conversion of convertible securities may have a dilutive effect on your percentage ownership and may result in a dilution of your voting power and an increase in the number of shares of common stock eligible for future resale in the public market, which may negatively impact the trading price of our shares of common stock.

The exercise or conversion of some or all of our outstanding options, warrants, or convertible securities could result in significant dilution in the percentage ownership interest of investors in this offering and in the percentage ownership interest of our existing common stockholders and in a significant dilution of voting rights and earnings per share.

As of June 23, 2016, we have outstanding options to purchase an aggregate of up to 1,191 shares of our common stock outside of the incentive plans, including the options to purchase 1,191 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1,050 per share granted to MBTH; and outstanding warrants to purchase up to 1,416,238 shares of common stock, including (i) the warrants to subscribe up to 358 shares of our common stock at a subscription price of $42.00 per share granted to MBTH, (ii) the warrant to purchase 72 shares of our common stock issued to Secure Strategy Group exercisable at $4,200.00 per share (iii) 6,412 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants sold to investors as part of our initial public offering completed on July 24, 2013, including those issued as part of the over-allotment, which are exercisable at $824.40 per share, (iv) the warrants to purchase 335 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $824.40 per share granted to the underwriters pursuant to our initial public offering, (v) the warrants to purchase 11,364 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $824.40 per share issued pursuant to a onetime agreement approved on September 30, 2013, (vi) the warrants to purchase 9,115 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $824.40 per share granted pursuant to the conversion of the bridge loan and outstanding securities convertible into 477 shares of our common stock issuable to Treco at a conversion price of $4,200 per share, (vii) 235 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the rights granted to investors as part of the bridge loan, which are exercisable at $42.00 share, (viii) the warrants to purchase 1,429 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $262.50 per share granted to the underwriters pursuant to our public offering completed on November 18, 2013, (ix) the warrants to purchase 3,125 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $138 per share granted to the investors in the December 30, 2014 private placement, (x) the warrants to purchase 1,459 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $138 per share granted to the investors in the February 11, 2015 private placement, (xi) the warrants to purchase 3,521 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $240.00 per share granted to the investors in the February 23, 2015 private placement, (xii) the warrants to purchase 7,500 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $138 per share granted to the investors in the February 24, 2015 private placement; (xiii) the warrants to purchase 204,168 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $9.00 per share issued to certain holders of our pre-funded Series B Warrants to settle certain claims on November 2, 2015, and (xiv) the warrants to purchase 1,166,668 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $1.3788 per share sold to investors as part of our offering completed on May 16, 2016.

Additionally, the issuance of up to 18,988 shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options outstanding under our stock incentive plans will further dilute our stockholders’ voting interests. To the extent options and/or warrants and/or conversion rights are exercised, additional shares of common stock will be issued, and such issuance will dilute stockholders.

As of June 23, 2016, 458,334 shares of our common stock may be issued upon conversion of $550,000 in principal amount of the April 5% Convertible Notes based on a conversion price of $1.20. Additionally, 208,334 shares of our common stock may be issued upon conversion of 250,000 shares of our Series D Convertible Preferred Stock that is currently outstanding.

In addition to the dilutive effects described above, the exercise of those securities would lead to an increase in the number of shares of common stock eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares of common stock in the public market could adversely affect the market price of our

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shares of common stock. Substantial dilution and/or a substantial increase in the number of shares of common stock available for future resale may negatively impact the trading price of our shares of common stock.

Investors will incur immediate and substantial dilution as a result of this offering.

Investors purchasing securities in this offering will incur immediate and substantial dilution in net tangible book value per share of common stock. Assuming the sale of      Units at a public offering price of $     per Unit purchasers of Units will effectively incur dilution of $     per share in the net tangible book value of their shares of common stock. To the extent that any shares of common stock are issued upon exercise of the Warrants, you will sustain further dilution. Furthermore, you may experience further dilution to the extent that shares of our common stock are issued upon the exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants. See “Dilution” for a discussion of the dilution to the purchasers in this offering.

We may seek to raise additional funds, finance acquisitions or develop strategic relationships by issuing securities that would dilute your ownership. Depending on the terms available to us, if these activities result in significant dilution, it may negatively impact the trading price of our shares of common stock.

We have financed our operations, and we expect to continue to finance our operations, acquisitions, if any, and the development of strategic relationships by issuing equity and/or convertible securities, which could significantly reduce the percentage ownership of our existing stockholders. Further, any additional financing that we secure may require the granting of rights, preferences or privileges senior to, or pari passu with, those of our common stock. Any issuances by us of equity securities may be at or below the prevailing market price of our common stock and in any event may have a dilutive impact on your ownership interest, which could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. We may also raise additional funds through the incurrence of debt or the issuance or sale of other securities or instruments senior to our shares of common stock. We cannot be certain how the repayment of those promissory notes will be funded and we may issue further equity or debt in order to raise funds to repay the promissory notes, including funding that may be highly dilutive. The holders of any securities or instruments we may issue may have rights superior to the rights of our common stockholders. If we experience dilution from the issuance of additional securities and we grant superior rights to new securities over common stockholders, it may negatively impact the trading price of our shares of common stock and you may lose all or part of your investment.

The market price of our shares of common stock is particularly volatile given our status as a relatively unknown company with a generally small and thinly traded public float and lack of profits, which could lead to wide fluctuations in our share price. You may be unable to sell your shares of common stock at or above your purchase price, which may result in substantial losses to you.

The market for our shares of common stock is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to the shares of larger, more established companies that trade on a national securities exchange and have large public floats, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more volatile than the shares of such larger, more established companies for the indefinite future. The volatility in our share price is attributable to a number of factors. First, as noted above, our shares of common stock are, compared to the shares of such larger, more established companies, sporadically and thinly traded. The price for our shares of common stock could, for example, decline precipitously in the event that a large number of our shares of common stock are sold on the market without commensurate demand. Secondly, we are a speculative or “risky” investment due to our lack of profits to date. As a consequence of this enhanced risk, more risk-adverse investors may, under the fear of losing all or most of their investment in the event of negative news or lack of progress, be more inclined to sell their shares of common stock on the market more quickly and at greater discounts than would be the case with the stock of a larger, more established company that trades on a national securities exchange and has a large public float. Many of these factors are beyond our control and may decrease the market price of our shares of common stock, regardless of our operating performance.

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An active, liquid trading market for our common stock may not continue, which may cause our common stock to trade at a discount from the initial offering price and make it difficult for you to sell the common stock you purchase.

Our common stock is currently listed on NASDAQ. However, there can be no assurance that an active, liquid trading market for our common stock will continue. If an active, liquid trading market does not continue, you may have difficulty selling any of our common stock that you purchase. The market price of our common stock may decline below the initial offering price, and you may not be able to sell your shares of our common stock at or above the price you paid, or at all.

If and when a larger trading market for our common stock develops, the market price of our common stock is still likely to be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations, and you may be unable to resell your shares of common stock at or above the price at which you acquired them.

The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a number of factors that are beyond our control, including, but not limited to:

variations in our revenues and operating expenses;
actual or anticipated changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in stock market analyst recommendations regarding our common stock, other comparable companies or our industry generally;
market conditions in our industry, the industries of our customers and the economy as a whole;
actual or expected changes in our growth rates or our competitors’ growth rates;
developments in the financial markets and worldwide or regional economies;
announcements of innovations or new products or services by us or our competitors;
announcements by the government relating to regulations that govern our industry;
sales of our common stock or other securities by us or in the open market; and
changes in the market valuations of other comparable companies.

In addition, if the market for technology stocks or the stock market in general experiences loss of investor confidence, the trading price of our common stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, financial condition or operating results. The trading price of our shares of common stock might also decline in reaction to events that affect other companies in our industry, even if these events do not directly affect us. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market, securities class-action litigation has often been instituted against companies. Such litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our charter documents and Delaware law could prevent a takeover that stockholders consider favorable and could also reduce the market price of our common stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change in control of our Company. These provisions could also make it more difficult for stockholders to elect directors and take other corporate actions. These provisions include:

authorizing the Board of Directors to issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with rights senior to those of our common stock;
limiting the persons who may call special meetings of stockholders; and
requiring advance notification of stockholder nominations and proposals.

In addition, the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law govern us. These provisions may prohibit large stockholders, in particular those owning 15% or more of our outstanding voting stock, from merging or combining with us for a certain period of time without the consent of our Board of Directors.

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These and other provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws and under Delaware law could discourage potential takeover attempts, reduce the price that investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock and result in the market price of our common stock being lower than it would be without these provisions.

If we are not able to comply with the applicable continued listing requirements or standards of NASDAQ, NASDAQ could delist our common stock.

Our common stock is currently listed on NASDAQ. In order to maintain that listing, we must satisfy minimum financial and other continued listing requirements and standards, including those regarding director independence and independent committee requirements, minimum stockholders’ equity, minimum share price, and certain corporate governance requirements. There can be no assurances that we will be able to comply with the applicable listing standards.

On September 29, 2015, we received written notice from NASDAQ notifying us that we were not in compliance with the minimum bid price requirement set forth in NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) for continued listing on NASDAQ, as the closing bid price for our common stock was below $1.00 per share for the last thirty (30) consecutive business days. In accordance with NASDAQ listing rules, we were afforded 180 calendar days, or until March 28, 2016, to regain compliance with NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). We were unable to regain compliance with the bid price requirement by March 28, 2016.

On March 29, 2016, we received written notice from NASDAQ that it had granted us an additional 180 calendar days, or until September 26, 2016, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement of $1.00 per share for continued listing on NASDAQ, pursuant to NASDAQ Listing Rule 5810(c)(3)(A)(ii).

If we are not in compliance by September 26, 2016, NASDAQ will provide notice that our shares of common stock will be subject to delisting. On June 20, 2016, we effected a 1-for-12 reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock as a measure to regain compliance.

In the event that our common stock is delisted from NASDAQ and is not eligible for quotation on another market or exchange, trading of our common stock could be conducted in the over-the-counter market or on an electronic bulletin board established for unlisted securities such as the Pink Sheets or the OTC Bulletin Board. In such event, it could become more difficult to dispose of, or obtain accurate price quotations for, our common stock, and there would likely also be a reduction in our coverage by securities analysts and the news media, which could cause the price of our common stock to decline further. Also, it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital if we are not listed on a major exchange.

In the event that our common stock is delisted from NASDAQ, U.S. broker-dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in shares of our common stock because they may be considered penny stocks and thus be subject to the penny stock rules.

The SEC has adopted a number of rules to regulate “penny stock” that restrict transactions involving stock which is deemed to be penny stock. Such rules include Rules 3a51-1, 15g-1, 15g-2, 15g-3, 15g-4, 15g-5, 15g-6, 15g-7, and 15g-9 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These rules may have the effect of reducing the liquidity of penny stocks. “Penny stocks” generally are equity securities with a price of less than $5.00 per share (other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ Stock Market if current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system). Our shares of common stock have in the past constituted, and may again in the future constitute, “penny stock” within the meaning of the rules. The additional sales practice and disclosure requirements imposed upon U.S. broker-dealers may discourage such broker-dealers from effecting transactions in shares of our common stock, which could severely limit the market liquidity of such shares of common stock and impede their sale in the secondary market.

A U.S. broker-dealer selling penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor” (generally, an individual with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or an annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with his or her spouse) must make a special suitability determination for the

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purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. In addition, the “penny stock” regulations require the U.S. broker-dealer to deliver, prior to any transaction involving a “penny stock”, a disclosure schedule prepared in accordance with SEC standards relating to the “penny stock” market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. A U.S. broker-dealer is also required to disclose commissions payable to the U.S. broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, a U.S. broker-dealer is required to submit monthly statements disclosing recent price information with respect to the “penny stock” held in a customer’s account and information with respect to the limited market in “penny stocks”.

Stockholders should be aware that, according to the SEC, the market for “penny stocks” has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (i) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (ii) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (iii) “boiler room” practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (iv) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differentials and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (v) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated to a desired level, resulting in investor losses. Our management is aware of the abuses that have occurred historically in the penny stock market. Although we do not expect to be in a position to dictate the behavior of the market or of broker-dealers who participate in the market, management will strive within the confines of practical limitations to prevent the described patterns from being established with respect to our securities.

We have broad discretion in the use of the net proceeds from this offering and may not use them effectively.

Our management will have broad discretion in the application of the net proceeds from this offering, including for any of the purposes described in the section of this prospectus entitled “Use of Proceeds.” The failure by our management to apply these funds effectively could harm our business. Pending their use, we may invest the net proceeds from this offering in short-term, investment-grade, interest-bearing securities. These investments may not yield a favorable return to our stockholders.

We have not paid dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future, and any return on investment may be limited to potential future appreciation in the value of our common stock.

We currently intend to retain any future earnings to support the development and expansion of our business and do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our shares of common stock in the foreseeable future. Our payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors after taking into account various factors, including without limitation, our financial condition, operating results, cash needs, growth plans and the terms of any credit agreements that we may be a party to at the time. To the extent we do not pay dividends, our shares of common stock may be less valuable because a return on investment will only occur if and to the extent our stock price appreciates, which may never occur. In addition, investors must rely on sales of their common stock after price appreciation as the only way to realize their investment, and if the price of our common stock does not appreciate, then there will be no return on investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.

Non-U.S. investors may have difficulty effecting service of process against us or enforcing judgments against us in courts of non-U.S. jurisdictions.

We are incorporated under the laws of the state of Delaware. All of our directors and officers reside in the United States. It may not be possible for non-U.S. investors to effect service of process within their own jurisdictions upon our company and our directors and officers. In addition, it may not be possible for non-U.S. investors to collect from our company and our directors and officers judgments obtained in courts in such non-U.S. jurisdictions predicated on non-U.S. legislation.

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If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about us, our business or our market, or if they change their recommendations regarding our common stock adversely, our share price and trading volume could decline.

The trading market for our shares of common stock will be influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts may publish about us, our business, our market or our competitors. If any of the analysts who may cover us change their recommendation regarding our common stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, our share price would likely decline. If any analyst who may cover us were to cease coverage of our company or fail to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which in turn could cause our common stock price or trading volume to decline.

The requirements of being a U.S. public company may strain our resources and divert management’s attention.

As a U.S. public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Dodd-Frank Act, the listing requirements of NASDAQ, and other applicable securities rules and regulations. Compliance with these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming, or costly, and increase demand on our systems and resources. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, that we file annual and current reports with respect to our business and operating results.

As a result of disclosure of information in this prospectus and in filings required of a public company, our business and financial condition is more visible, which we believe may result in threatened or actual litigation, including by competitors and other third parties. If such claims are successful, our business and operating results could be harmed, and even if the claims do not result in litigation or are resolved in our favor, these claims, and the time and resources necessary to resolve them, could divert resources of our management and harm our business and operating results.

We acknowledge material weaknesses in the controls and procedures of our financial reporting and may identify additional material weaknesses in the future that may cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, including timeliness, or result in material misstatements of our financial statements. If we continue to fail to remediate our material weaknesses or if we fail to implement effective controls and procedures for our financial reporting, our ability to accurately and timely report our financial results could be adversely affected, which likely would adversely affect the value of our common stock.

Our management has previously identified a material weakness regarding inadequate accounting resources to maintain adequate segregation of duties due to the need to hire accounting personnel with the requisite knowledge of U.S. GAAP. Additionally, management has not performed on effective risk assessment of, or monitored internal controls over, financial reporting. Due to these material weaknesses as well as the recent loss of accounting personnel through cost cutting measures and the need to deal with complex accounting transactions, we believe that our disclosure controls and internal controls over financial reporting are not yet effective.

A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. Failure of our internal control systems to prevent error or fraud could materially adversely impact us, could lead to restatements of our financial statements and investors not being able to rely on the completeness and accuracy of the financial information contained in our filings with the SEC, and could potentially subject us to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities or stockholder litigation. Any such failure could also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information or our ongoing ability to meet SEC filing deadlines, which likely would adversely affect the value of our common stock and severely limit or even eliminate the prospects for our success in obtaining new capital.

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus, including the sections entitled “Risk Factors”, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business”, contains forward-looking statements that include information relating to future events, future financial performance, strategies, expectations, our competitive environment, regulation and availability of resources. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding: proposed new products or services; our statements concerning litigation or other matters; statements concerning projections, predictions, expectations, estimates or forecasts for our business, financial and operating results and future economic performance; statements of management’s goals and objectives; trends affecting our financial condition, results of operations or future prospects; our financing plans or growth strategies; and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts. Words such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, “would”, “predicts”, “potential”, “continue”, “expects”, “anticipates”, “future”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes” and “estimates,” and similar expressions, as well as similar statements in the future tense, identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by which, that performance or those results will be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time they are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from what is expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. You should not put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information, except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We estimate that the net proceeds from the sale of Units offered by us will be approximately $    , based on the public offering price of $     per Unit, and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us. If the underwriters’ over-allotment option to purchase additional Units in this offering is exercised in full, we estimate that our net proceeds will be approximately $    , after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

Each $0.10 increase (decrease) in the public offering price of $      per Unit would increase (decrease) the net proceeds to us from this offering by approximately $      , or approximately $       if the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full, assuming the number of Units offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

The principal purposes of this offering are to increase our capitalization and financial flexibility and to increase our visibility in the marketplace. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot specify with certainty all of the particular uses for the net proceeds of this offering. However, we currently intend to use the net proceeds to us from this offering primarily for general corporate purposes, including working capital, product development, marketing activities, expanding our internal sales organization and further developing sales channels, and other capital expenditures. We may also use some of the net proceeds for additional acquisitions. We will have broad discretion over the uses of the net proceeds in this offering. Pending these uses, we intend to invest the net proceeds from this offering in short-term, investment-grade interest-bearing securities such as money market funds, certificates of deposit, commercial paper and guaranteed obligations of the U.S. government.

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MARKET PRICE INFORMATION FOR OUR SECURITIES

Our shares of common stock are currently listed on NASDAQ under the symbol “XGTI”. Our shares of common stock began trading on NASDAQ on July 19, 2013. On June 20, 2016, we effected a 1-for-12 reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock. On July 17, 2015, we effected a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of our outstanding common stock.

On June 23, 2016, the closing price of our shares of common stock listed on NASDAQ was $1.29 per share.

The following table shows the high and low market prices for our common stock for each fiscal quarter for the two most recent fiscal years. Market prices for our common stock have fluctuated significantly. As a result, the market prices shown in the following table may not be indicative of the market prices at which our common stock will trade after this offering.

   
  NASDAQ Share Price*
Quarter   High   Low
Second Quarter 2016
(Through June 23, 2016)
  $ 3.48     $ 0.84  
First Quarter 2016   $ 2.88     $ 0.96  
Fourth Quarter 2015   $ 9.60     $ 2.28  
Third Quarter 2015   $ 38.40     $ 4.20  
Second Quarter 2015   $ 67.20     $ 24.00  
First Quarter 2015   $ 76.80     $ 31.20  
Fourth Quarter 2014   $ 246.00     $ 58.80  
Third Quarter 2014   $ 328.80     $ 223.20  
Second Quarter 2014   $ 361.20     $ 153.60  
First Quarter 2014   $ 600.12     $ 134.40  

* Adjusted for the 1 for 10 reverse stock split that was effectuated on July 17, 2015 and the 1 for 12 reverse stock split that was effectuated on June 20, 2016.

Holders

As of June 23, 2016, there were 7,905,746 shares of our common stock outstanding and approximately 171 holders of record of our shares of our common stock. Because shares of our common stock are held by depositories, brokers and other nominees, the number of beneficial holders of shares of our common stock is substantially larger than the number of stockholders of record. Our transfer agent and registrar is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, 17 Battery Place, 8 th Floor, New York, New York 10004.

Dividend Policy

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We intend to retain any future earnings and do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

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CAPITALIZATION

The following table sets forth our capitalization as of March 31, 2016:

on an actual basis; and
on an as adjusted basis to give effect to the sale of      Units we are offering based upon a public offering price of $     per Unit and after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and approximately $     in other estimated offering expenses payable by us. The As Adjusted column assumes no exercise by the underwriters of their over-allotment option.

The information below is illustrative only and our capitalization following the completion of this offering will be adjusted based on the actual sales price of the Units. You should read this table together with the sections entitled “Use of Proceeds” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” as well as our financial statements and the related notes, which appear elsewhere in this prospectus.

   
  As of March 31, 2016
(Unaudited)
($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts)   Actual   As Adjusted
Long-term debt
                 
Convertible note payable     2,000           
Total long-term debt     2,000           
Stockholders’ Equity
                 
Preferred stock – $0.00001 par value per share: 10,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2016; none issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2016            
Common stock, – $0.00001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 3,604,753 shares issued and 3,604,734 shares outstanding as of
March 31, 2016
           
Additional paid in capital     200,966     $  
Accumulated deficit     (192,460 )           
Treasury stock at cost, 19 shares     (22 )           
Total stockholders’ equity     8,484     $  
Total capitalization   $ 10,484     $         

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DILUTION

The net tangible book value of our common stock as of March 31, 2016 was approximately $(1,486,000), or $(0.41) per share of common stock based upon 3,604,734 shares of common stock outstanding on such date. As adjusted net tangible book value per share represents the amount of our total tangible assets reduced by the amount of our total liabilities, divided by the total number of shares of common stock outstanding after giving effect to the sale of up to      Units we are offering based upon an assumed public offering price of      per Unit, and after deducting underwriter fees, approximately $     in estimated offering expenses payable by us.

If you invest in our Units in this offering, your interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the offering price per Unit and the as adjusted net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after completion of this offering. This represents an immediate increase in as adjusted net tangible book value of $     per share to our existing stockholders and an immediate dilution of $     per share to investors purchasing Units in this offering.

The following table illustrates this dilution on a per share basis to new investors:

 
Assumed public offering price per Unit   $       
As adjusted net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2016 before giving effect to this offering   $  
Increase in net tangible book value per share attributed to existing investors   $  
As adjusted net tangible book value per share after giving effect to this offering   $  
Dilution to net tangible book value per share to new investors in this offering   $  

Each $0.10 increase (decrease) in the assumed public offering price of $     per Unit would increase (decrease) the net tangible book value, as adjusted to give effect to this offering, by $     per share and the dilution to new investors by $     per share, assuming that the number of Unit offered by us, as set forth on the cover page of this prospectus, remains the same, and after deducting estimated underwriting discounts and commissions. If the underwriters exercise their over-allotment option in full, the net tangible book value per share of our common stock, as adjusted to give effect to this offering, would be $     per share, and the dilution in as adjusted net tangible book value per share to investors in this offering would be $     per share of our common stock.

The table below summarizes as of March 31, 2016, on an as adjusted basis as described above, the number of shares of our common stock, the total consideration and the average price per share (i) paid to us by our existing stockholders and (ii) to be paid by new investors purchasing our Units in this offering at a public offering price of $     per Unit, before deducting estimated underwriter fees and estimated offering expenses payable by us.

         
Assuming 100% of Units Sold:   Shares or Shares
Underlying Units
Purchased
  Total Consideration   Average Price
Per Share/Unit
  Number   Percent   Amount   Percent
Existing stockholders                   $              $        
New investors                $             $        
Total              100 %     $       100 %     $        

The total number of shares of our common stock reflected in the discussion and tables above is based on 3,604,734 shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2016 and excludes:

19 treasury shares; and
exercise of any options, warrants or conversion rights on convertible debt or convertible preferred stock outstanding as of March 31, 2016.

To the extent that any convertible debt is converted, outstanding warrants are exercised, outstanding options are exercised, new options are issued under our 2013 Long Term Incentive Plan or we issue additional shares of common stock in the future, there will be further dilution to investors participating in this offering.

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If all outstanding options under our 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2013 Stock Incentive Plans and 2015 Incentive Compensation Plan and options/warrants issued outside of the stock incentive plans as of June 23, 2016 were exercised, then our existing stockholders, including the holders of these options, would own     % and the purchasers of our Units pursuant to this prospectus would own     % of the total number of shares of our common stock outstanding upon the closing of this offering. In such event, the total consideration paid by our existing stockholders, including the holders of these options, would be approximately $    , or     %, the total consideration paid by the purchasers of our Units under this prospectus would be $    , or     %, the average price per share paid by our existing stockholders would be $     and the average price per share paid by the purchasers of our Units under this prospectus would be $    .

Although the shares of our common stock and the Warrants offered hereby are being sold together in this offering as Units, they will be immediately separable and transferable upon issuance. Because the Warrants are not listed on a national securities exchange or other nationally recognized trading system, the underwriters will be unable to satisfy any overallotment of Units without exercising the underwriters’ overallotment option with respect to the Warrants. As a result, the underwriters have informed us that they intend to exercise the underwriters’ overallotment option for all of the Warrants included in Units which are overalloted, if any, at the time of the initial offering of the Units. However, because our common stock is listed on NASDAQ, the underwriters may satisfy some or all of the overallotment of Units with respect to shares of our common stock by purchasing shares in the open market and have no obligation to exercise the overallotment option with respect to our common stock. If the underwriters exercise their overallotment option with respect to the Warrants in full, but do not exercise their overallotment option with respect to our common stock, then the effective warrant coverage for each share of common stock sold in this offering would be    % instead of the    % stated on the cover page of this prospectus and you will be subject to further dilution.

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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read the following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this prospectus, particularly in “Risk Factors.”

Overview

The overarching strategy of xG Technology, Inc. is to design, develop and deliver advanced wireless communications solutions across its business units that provide customers in our target markets with enhanced levels of reliability, mobility, performance and efficiency in their business operations and missions.

xG Technology is comprised of two business units: our xMax® unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the xMax® brand name, and Integrated Microwave Technology (“IMT”), which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT. Nucomm is a premium brand of digital broadcast microwave video systems. RF Central is a well-established brand of compact microwave video equipment for licensed and license-free sports and entertainment applications. The IMT products are focused on providing mission-critical wireless video solutions to state, local and federal police departments. While the brands of xMax® and IMT are managed as separate reporting units and operate independently, there is considerable brand interaction, owing to complementary market focus, compatible product and technology development roadmaps, and solution integration opportunities.

xMax®:

Our xMax® unit develops, manufactures and sells equipment that utilizes a broad portfolio of innovative intellectual property to enhance wireless communications. Our intellectual property is embedded in proprietary software algorithms that offer cognitive interference mitigation and spectrum access solutions for numerous applications using commercial off-the-shelf devices. The implementation of our cognitive radio intellectual property is called “xMax®”. The xMax® product and service suite includes access points, mobile switching centers, network management systems, deployment tools and proactive customer support. Customers within this market include telecommunication services, public safety, telemedicine as well as the US Government and Department of Defense.

Given the proliferation of smartphones, in 2013, the Company introduced an improved product line that could handle both voice and data services. These products, the CN1100 Access Point (“CN1100”), the CN5100 Mobile Hotspot (“CN5100”), and the CN3100 Vehicle Modem (“CN3100”), are able to communicate with any Wi-Fi enabled commercial off-the-shelf device.

We believe that the wireless communications industry is facing a “spectrum crisis” because the demand for flexible, affordable voice and data access continues to increase rapidly while the amount of available spectrum remains relatively constant. We have developed frequency-agnostic cognitive radio solutions to address this increasing demand by eliminating the need to acquire scarce and expensive licensed radio spectrum, and thus ideally lowering the total cost of ownership for wireless broadband access. With fast-growing demand straining network capacity, our intellectual property is also designed to help wireless broadband network operators make more efficient use of their existing spectrum allocations.

We believe that the xMax® system is the only commercially available cognitive radio network system that includes our interference mitigation and spatial processing technologies. These proprietary technologies enable our xMax® system to increase capacity on already crowded airwaves by improving interference tolerance, thereby enabling the delivery of higher Quality of Service (“QoS”) than other technologies that would not be able to cope with the interference. We believe that the xMax® system will also, when operating on more than one radio channel, deliver dynamic spectrum access by using our patented self-organizing network techniques. Furthermore, the xMax® system can be used to provide additional capacity to licensed spectrum by identifying and utilizing unused bandwidth within the licensed spectrum. Although currently designed to operate within the 902 – 928 MHz unlicensed band of spectrum, our system is frequency agnostic.

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xMax® also serves as a mobile voice over internet protocol (“VoIP”) and broadband data system that utilizes an end-to-end Internet Protocol (“IP”) system architecture.

The xMax® system allows mobile operators to utilize free, unlicensed 902 – 928 MHz ISM band spectrum (which spectrum is available in all of the Americas except French Guiana) instead of purchasing scarce and expensive licensed spectrum. Our xMax® system will also enable enterprises to set up a mobile communications network in an expeditious and cost-effective manner.

IMT:

Our IMT unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT, develops, manufactures and sells microwave communications equipment utilizing COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. Its products are primarily used in the transmission of video to address three major market areas: Broadcasting, Sports and Entertainment, and Surveillance (Military and Government). COFDM is a transmission technique that combines encoding technology with OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) modulation to provide the low latency and high image clarity required for real-time live broadcasting video transmissions. IMT has an established reputation of delivering complex bespoke engineering solutions managed to tight deadlines for the past 20 years and is considered a leader in ultra compact COFDM wireless technology. IMT’s experience with this technology has allowed it to develop integrated solutions that deliver reliable video footage captured from both aerial and ground-based sources to fixed and mobile receiver locations.

The Broadcasting market consists of electronic news gathering, wireless camera systems, portable microwave, and fixed point to point systems. Customers within this market are blue-chip tier-1 major network TV stations that include over-the-air broadcasters, and cable and satellite news providers. For this market, IMT designs, develops and markets solutions for use in news helicopters, ground-based news vehicles, camera operations, central receive sites, remote onsite and studio newscasts and live television events.

The Sports and Entertainment market consists of key segments that include Sports Production, Sports Venue Entertainment systems, movie director video assist, and the non-professional user segment. Customers within this market are major professional sports teams, movie production companies, live video production service providers, system integrators and a growing segment of drone and unmanned ground vehicle providers. Among the key solutions IMT provides to this market are wireless camera systems and mobile radios.

The Government/Surveillance market consists of key segments that include state and local law enforcement agencies, Federal “3-letter” agencies and military system integrators. Customers within this market include recognizable state police forces, sheriff’s departments, fire departments, first responders, the Department of Justice and the Department of Home Land Security. The key solutions IMT provides to this market are manned and unmanned aerial and ground systems, mobile and handheld receive systems and transmitters for concealed video surveillance.

We have generated significant net losses for the past several years and we expect to continue to realize net losses for the immediate future.

We are executing on our sales and marketing strategy through both direct sales to end-customers and indirect sales to channel network partners, and as a result, we have entered into a number of equipment purchase, reseller and teaming agreements. These customer engagements span our target markets in rural telecommunications and defense.

Acquisition of Integrated Microwave Technologies, LLC

On January 29, 2016, we completed the acquisition of IMT pursuant to an asset purchase agreement by and between us and IMT. Pursuant to the terms of the Asset Purchase Agreement, we acquired substantially all of the assets and liabilities of IMT in connection with, necessary for or material to IMT’s business of designing, manufacturing and supplying COFDM microwave transmitters and receivers serving the broadcast, sports and entertainment, military, aerospace and government markets (the “Transaction”). The Asset Purchase Agreement set the purchase price for the Transaction as $3,000,000, which was to be paid through: (i) a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,500,000, due March 31, 2016 (the “Initial Payment Note”); and (ii) a promissory note in the principal amount of $1,500,000 due July 29, 2017 (the “Deferred Payment Note,” and together with the Initial Payment Note, the “Payment Notes”).

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On March 3, 2016, our Board of Directors approved the issuance of up to $300,000 in shares of common stock to MBTH as compensation for financial services in connection with the IMT acquisition. Such shares of common stock were to be issued to MBTH in an initial tranche in the amount of $150,000 on March 15, 2016, which shares of common stock have not yet been issued and a second tranche to MBTH of up to $150,000 in shares of common stock if IMT achieves certain performance goals by December 31, 2016. MBTH is an affiliate of Roger Branton, our Chief Financial Officer, George Schmitt, our Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Richard Mooers, a member of our Board of Directors. Mr. Branton and Mr. Schmitt are directors of MBTH and Mr. Mooers is the Chief Executive Officer and a director of MBTH.

On April 12, 2016, the Company and IMT entered into the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, which terminated the Payment Notes, cancelling all principal due, or to become due thereunder and, in their stead, obligated the Company to: (i) upon execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, pay to IMT $500,000 plus any interest accumulated on the Payment Notes prior to their being cancelled; and (ii) prior to December 31, 2016, deliver to IMT Series D Preferred Stock having an aggregate value of cash proceeds (“Cash Proceeds”), upon conversion of such Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock underlying such Series D Preferred Stock, of not less than $2,500,000 (“Series D Shares”), plus interest accrued thereon at 9% per annum, with such Series D Shares to be issued in tranches of $250,000. If IMT does not realize Cash Proceeds of at least $2,500,000 by December 31, 2016, we will be required to either issue additional shares of common stock to IMT, or otherwise raise additional funds to cover the shortfall. Cash Proceeds is determined by the cash or cash equivalents received by IMT upon sale of the Series D Shares issued to IMT upon conversion of any Series D Preferred Stock, net of any transaction costs or expenses. Each time a new Tranche is issued, IMT shall be obligated to provide evidence of its current Cash Proceeds and the remaining amount of the $2,500,000 (plus interest) due. The first Tranche was due within ten business days of the execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, and subsequent Tranches are due upon notice from IMT that IMT disposed of the Series D Shares of the prior Tranche. The Company paid IMT $500,000 plus accrued interest on April 15, 2016. As of June 23, 2016, 500,000 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock have been issued, of which 250,000 have been converted into 208,334 shares of common stock.

In connection with the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, we agreed to register the shares underlying each Tranche on a registration statement on Form S-1 or Form S-3 within five (5) business days of the issuance of each Tranche. As of June 23, 2016, 208,334 shares of common stock underlying the Series D Shares have been registered.

Results of Operations

Comparison for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015

Revenues

Revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2016, were $929,000 compared to $584,000 in the corresponding period in 2015. The revenue of $929,000 resulted from $910,000 from sales of equipment and $19,000 from engineering services and a consulting services agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2016. Of the $929,000 in revenue, $52,000 was previously recorded as deferred revenue.

Cost of Revenue and Operating Expenses

Cost of Components and Personnel

Cost of components and personnel for the three months ended March 31, 2016, were $426,000 compared to $330,000 in the corresponding period in 2015. Of the $426,000, $408,000 was based on the cost of components and the time allocated to the building of the products sold, and $18,000 was based on the cost of the time allocated towards the engineering and consulting service agreement. Of the $330,000, $60,000 was based on the cost of components and the time allocated to the building of the products sold, and $3,000 was based on the cost of the time allocated towards the engineering and consulting service agreement.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses are the expenses of operating the business on a daily basis. This includes salary and benefit expenses and payroll taxes, as well as the costs of trade shows, marketing programs, promotional materials, professional services, facilities, general liability insurance, and travel. For the

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three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company incurred aggregate expense of $2.0 million, compared to $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, representing an increase of $0.3 million or 18%. The increase is due the inclusion of $0.6 of general and administrative expenses as a result of the IMT acquisition on January 29, 2016. The increases were partially offset by decreases of $0.1 million in payroll and $0.1 million in travel expenses.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries, benefit expenses and payroll taxes, as well as costs for prototypes, facilities and travel. For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company incurred aggregate expense of $1.7 million, compared to $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, representing an increase of $0.1 million or 6%. The increase is due to the Company not capitalizing any software salaries associated with software development costs for the three months ending March 31, 2016 compared to $0.6 million of salaries that were capitalized in the three months ending March 31, 2015. Included in the three months ending March 31, 2016, is $0.1 million of research and development expenses as a result of the IMT acquisition on January 29, 2016. After taking into account the non-capitalization of software salaries for the three months ended March 31, 2016, total research and development costs decreased over the period by $0.5 million with regard to payroll, due to a reduction in personnel, and $0.1 million with regard to materials not used for research and development purposes.

We expect our research and development costs to continue to decrease going forward as we implemented additional cost saving measures in April 2016 which included a further reduction in our current full-time, part-time and contracted workforce.

Amortization and Depreciation

Amortization and depreciation expenses increased $0.4 million, or 40%, from $1.0 million in the three months ended March 31, 2015 to $1.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016. The increase is due to additional amortization of intangible assets.

Other

Other income increased by $0.02 million, or 4%, from $0.49 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 to $0.51 million in the three months ended March 31, 2016. The increase was the result of the changes in fair value of derivative liabilities due to the number of warrants issued during 2015 that required liability classification. Decreases in our stock price subsequent to these warrant issuances resulted in an unrealized gain in the fair value of the derivative liabilities.

Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $0.5 million, compared to $0.05 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The increase was primarily due to the 35% prepayment penalty recorded as interest on the conversion of 8% Original Issue Discount Convertible Notes issued on June 11, 2014 and July 14, 2015 in the aggregate principal amount of $1,633,333 (the “8% Convertible Notes”) into the Series B financing; interest on the 5% Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Notes issued on January 29, 2016 in the aggregate principal amount of $500,000 (the January 5% Convertible Notes”) and 8% Convertible Notes; and interest on promissory notes with IMT and our Chief Executive Officer, George Schmitt.

Net Loss

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company had a net loss of $4.1 million, as compared to a net loss of $3.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015, or an increase of $0.6 million. The increase in net loss is due mainly to an increase in amortization and depreciation and general and administrative expenses discussed above.

Comparison for the year ended December 31, 2015 and 2014

Revenues

Our revenues for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 increased 48% from $628,000 in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $932,000 as a result of having additional sales during the fiscal year. Of the $932,000 in revenue, $145,000 was previously recorded as deferred revenue but was earned in the current year. Revenue of $701,000 resulted from sales of equipment and $231,000 resulted from an engineering and consulting services agreement.

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Cost of Revenue and Operating Expenses

Cost of Components and Personnel

Cost of components and personnel was $510,000 in the year ended December 31, 2015 as compared to $156,000 in fiscal 2014. $458,000 of such costs is based on the cost of components and the time allocated to building the products sold and $52,000 is based on the cost of the time allocated towards the engineering and consulting services agreements.

Inventory valuation adjustments

Inventory valuation adjustments consist primarily of items that are written off due to obsolescence or reserved for slow moving or excess inventory. Inventory valuation adjustments increased by $0.7 million or 350%, from $0.2 million in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $0.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase is primarily due to reserving all the CN5100 finished goods due to lack of sales for that product in 2015.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses are the expenses of operating the business on a daily basis and include salary and benefit expenses and payroll taxes, as well as the costs of trade shows, marketing programs, promotional materials, professional services, facilities, general liability insurance, and travel.

General and administrative expenses decreased by $1.1 million, or 17%, from $7.4 million in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $6.3 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The change is primarily due to decreases of $0.3 million in salary and benefit expenses due to a reduction in personnel; $0.3 million in advertising due to not attending as many trade shows in 2015 as we did in 2014; $0.2 million in legal fees; $0.2 million of travel expenses; $0.1 million in taxes and licenses associated with paying less in Delaware Franchise Tax in 2015 than we did in 2014.

Research and Development

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salary and benefit expenses and payroll taxes, as well as costs for prototypes, facilities and travel. Development expenses decreased by $2.9 million, or 38%, from $7.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $4.7 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The change is primarily due to due to decreases of $1.0 million in payroll and $0.5 in consulting services due to a reduction in personnel and contracted workforce; $0.4 million in materials used for research and development purposes; $0.2 million in costs related to maintaining existing patents; $0.5 million in additional payroll capitalization; $0.1 in office, computer-IT expenses; and $0.1 million in insurances. We expect our development costs to continue to decrease going forward due to the implemented cost saving measures in 2015, which included a reduction in the full-time, part-time and contracted workforce by 22 employees; and new cost saving measures implemented in April 2016 which included a reduction in the full-time workforce by 3 employees.

Stock Based Compensation

Stock based compensation increased by $1.0 million, or 167%, from $0.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $1.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The change arose from an increase in the number of options granted and outstanding options being expensed in fiscal 2015 when compared to fiscal 2014.

Amortization and Depreciation

Amortization and depreciation expenses increased by $0.7 million, or 18%, from $3.9 million in the year ended December 31, 2014 to $4.8 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The change arose from an increase in the amount of software development costs subject to amortization.

Impairment

We recorded an impairment charge of $2.1 million on software development costs due to our analysis of the net realizable value of our capitalized software costs.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income increased by $2.2 million, or 550%, from $0.4 for the year ended December 31, 2014 to $2.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2015. The increase was the result of the changes in fair value of

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derivative liabilities due to the significant number of warrants issued during 2015 that required liability classification. Decreases in our stock price subsequent to these warrant issuances resulted in an unrealized gain in the fair value of the derivative liabilities.

Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $0.5 million compared to $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, representing an increase of $0.3 million or 150%. The increase was due to the interest incurred on the 8% Bridge Loans and promissory notes with our Chief Executive Officer, George Schmitt.

Net Loss

For the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company had a net loss of $17.9 million, as compared to a net loss of $19.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2014, a decrease of $1.1 million or 6%. The decrease in net loss is due cost cutting measures implemented during 2015 and the unrealized gain in the change in fair value of derivative liabilities.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2016, the Company has working capital of approximately $0.2 million including $0.5 million of cash and cash equivalents. We have incurred net losses of $4.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and $17.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. Additionally, we have incurred negative operating cash flows including cash used in operations of $2.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and cash used in operations of $7.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Our future capital requirements may vary materially from those currently planned and will depend on many factors, including our rate of revenue growth, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, the timing of new product introductions, market acceptance of our products and overall economic conditions. The Company does not currently have sufficient capital in order to fund operations for the next twelve months from the balance sheet date or to achieve cash flow breakeven. Therefore, the Company is actively evaluating various alternatives of financing in order to obtain additional capital to allow the Company to deliver its products. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

Cash Flow

The following table sets forth the major components of our statements of cash flows data for the periods presented.

For the Three Month Period Ended
(In Thousands)

   
  March 31,
2016
  March 31,
2015
Cash flows used in Operations   $ (2,836 )     $ (1,911 )  
Investing Activities   $ (467 )     $ (755 )  
Financing Activities   $ 2,485     $ 2,042  
Cash at end of period   $ 484     $ 221  

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For the Year Ended
(In Thousands)

   
  December 31,
2015
  December 31,
2014
Net cash used in operating activities   $ (7,693 )     $ (14,904 )  
Net cash used in investment activities     (2,226 )       (1,905 )  
Net cash inflow from financing activities     9,529       12,050  
Net decrease in cash     (390 )       (4,759 )  

Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2016 totaled $2.8 million as compared to $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. Of the $2.8 million, approximately $0.2 million was related to the increase of our inventory, $0.1 million was related to the increase in our payables and the remaining balance consisted principally of the net loss from operations.

Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 totaled $7.7 million as compared to $14.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. Of the $7.7 million, $0.3 million to the increase of our payables and $1.1 million from the increase in accrued expense and the remaining consisted principally of the net loss from operations.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $0.5 million as compared to $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. Cash proceeds from the IMT acquisition was $0.5 million, No capitalization of intangible assets occurred during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $2.2 million as compared to $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2014. This represents capital expenditures primarily associated with the investment in product and technology development.

We have invested in product and technology development, with $2.2 million accounted for as investment in intangible assets in the year ended December 31, 2015, and $1.8 million in the year ended December 31, 2014. In addition, the Company’s investment in property and equipment, comprising of the purchase of two Cell-on-Wheels and a deployment vehicle in 2015 of $0.34 million in the year ended December 31, 2015, and $0.13 million in the year ended December 31, 2014.

Financing Activities

Our net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $2.5 million as compared to cash provided by financing activities of $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, there were net proceeds from the issuance of Preferred Stock in February totaling $3.0 million and $0.5 million from short-term convertible notes. In the three months ended March 31, 2015 there were net proceeds from the Series B and C Preferred Stock financings totaling $2.7 million.

Our net cash provided by financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2015 was $9.5 million as compared to $12.0 million for 2014. The proceeds of $9.7 million in 2015 primarily consisted of proceeds from the issuance of common and preferred stock advances from related parties, warrant exercises, and short-term convertible notes. During 2015, there were net proceeds from the August financing totaling $4.0 million; net proceeds from the conversion of the August financing Series B, C and D warrants totaling an aggregate of $1.8 million, net proceeds from the Series B and C Preferred Stock totaling an aggregate of $2.0 million; and net proceeds from a short term convertible note totaling $1.5 million.

During the year ended December 31, 2014, the proceeds of $12.0 million primarily consisted of proceeds from the issuance of common and preferred stock. During 2014, we raised $8.8 million through the third offering; $1.0 million from the $1 million purchase agreement; $1.3 million from various investors through financing under our Form S-3 registration statement; and $0.7 million through the sale of convertible preferred stock.

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The ability to recognize revenue and ultimately cash receipts is contingent upon, but not limited to, acceptable performance of the delivered equipment and services. If we are unable to raise additional capital and/or close on some of our revenue producing opportunities in the near term, the carrying value our assets may be materially impacted. The financial statements do not include any adjustments related to the recovery and classification of asset carrying amounts or the amount and classification of liabilities that might result should we be unable to continue as a going concern.

Cost Reduction Initiatives

In 2015, we implemented cost reduction initiatives that included a decrease in our current full, part-time and contracted workforce. These initiatives resulted in a reduction in monthly operating expenses to approximately $800,000 — an improvement of over 30%. This saved us approximately $3,500,000 in 2015.

On April 6, 2016, we announced the implementation of further additional cost reduction initiatives that will include a decrease in our current, full, part-time and contracted workforce, transitioning other employees to non-cash compensation agreements, and other reductions in operating expenses. These initiatives are expected to result in a monthly decrease of $300,000 in our operating expenses or $2.7 million over the remainder of 2016.

Financing Events

$500,000 Securities Purchase Agreement

On January 29, 2016, we entered into a securities purchase agreement pursuant to which we sold the January 5% Convertible Notes to accredited investors for an aggregate purchase price of $500,000 for net proceeds of $500,000. In connection with the February 2016 offering, all of our obligations under the January 5% Convertible Notes have been extinguished.

February 2016 Financing

On February 29, 2016, we closed a public offering of 296,389 Units, at a price of $12.00 per Unit, each of which consists of one share of our Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and 0.5 of a Warrant to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.52 per Warrant. We received approximately $3,556,660 in gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting underwriter fees and offering expenses payable by the Company. Roth Capital Partners acted as sole underwriter for the offering. The Company used $1,456,660 of the gross proceeds and repaid the outstanding principal balance and interest on the 8% Convertible Notes and the January 5% Convertible Notes.

Our future capital requirements may vary materially from those currently planned and will depend on many factors, including our rate of revenue growth, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, the timing of new product introductions, market acceptance of our products and overall economic conditions. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to raise additional capital, obtain other means of financing, and to fulfill purchase orders. Our ability to recognize revenue and ultimately cash receipts, on purchase orders is contingent upon, but not limited to, acceptable performance of the delivered equipment and services.

Subsequent Financing Events

On April 12, 2016, the Company and IMT entered into the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, which terminated the Payment Notes, cancelling all principal due, or to become due thereunder and, in their stead, obligated the Company to: (i) upon execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, pay to IMT $500,000 plus any interest accumulated on the Payment Notes prior to their being cancelled; and (ii) prior to December 31, 2016, deliver to IMT Series D Preferred Shares having an aggregate value of cash proceeds, upon conversion of such Series D Preferred Stock into shares of common stock underlying such Series D Preferred Stock, of not less than $2,500,000, plus interest accrued thereon at 9% per annum, with such Series D Shares to be issued in tranches of $250,000. If IMT does not realize Cash Proceeds of at least $2,500,000 by December 31, 2016, we will be required to either issue additional shares of common stock to IMT, or otherwise raise additional funds to cover the shortfall. Cash Proceeds is determined by the cash or cash equivalents received by IMT upon sale of the Series D Shares issued to IMT upon conversion of any

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Series D Preferred Stock, net of any transaction costs or expenses. Each time a new Tranche is issued, IMT shall be obligated to provide evidence of its current Cash Proceeds and the remaining amount of the $2,500,000 (plus interest) due. The first Tranche was due within ten business days of the execution of the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, and subsequent Tranches are due upon notice from IMT that IMT disposed of the Series D Shares of the prior Tranche. The Company paid IMT $500,000 plus accrued interest on April 15, 2016. As of June 23, 2016, 500,000 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock have been issued, of which 250,000 have been converted into 208,334 shares of common stock.

In connection with the Asset Purchase Modification Agreement, we agreed to register the shares underlying each Tranche on a registration statement on Form S-1 or Form S-3 within five (5) business days of the issuance of each Tranche. As of June 23, 2016, 208,334 shares of common stock underlying the Series D Shares have been registered.

April 2016 Financing

On April 15, 2016, we entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain accredited investors pursuant to which we sold a principal amount of $550,000 of 5% Senior Secured Convertible Promissory Notes for an aggregate purchase price of $500,000 (the “April 5% Convertible Notes”). In connection with the Securities Purchase Agreement, we also entered into a security agreement, dated April 15, 2016, pursuant to which we granted the investors a security interest in all of our assets.

The April 5% Convertible Notes will mature on the earlier of (i) January 15, 2017 or (ii) the closing of a public offering, for gross proceeds of at least $2,000,000 less any amounts converted or redeemed prior to the maturity date. The April 5% Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 5% per annum. The April 5% Convertible Notes are convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the option of the Holders into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion price of $1.20 provided that on the earlier of (i) the effectiveness date of a registration statement or (ii) the six (6) month anniversary of the original issue date, the conversion price in effect on any conversion date shall be equal to the lower of (1) $1.20 or (2) 75% of the lowest VWAP in the prior ten (10) trading days; provided further that if the calculated conversion price is less than the $0.10 (the “Floor Price”), the conversion price shall be equal to the Floor Price. The conversion price is subject to adjustment for stock dividends, stock splits, combination or similar events.

In the event the April 5% Convertible Notes mature due to the closing of a public offering, then the Company shall make payment to the holders of an amount in cash equal to the sum of the then outstanding principal amount of the April 5% Convertible Notes and interest multiplied by 130%.

In connection with the sale of the April 5% Convertible Notes, the Company entered into a registration rights agreement with the holders of such notes, pursuant to which the Company agreed to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement on Form S-1, or Form S-3, by no later than April 22, 2016 if the registration statement is on Form S-1, or April 29, 2016 if the registration statement is on Form S-3 (the “Filing Date”), relating to the resale by the holders of all (or such other number as the Commission will permit) of the shares underlying the April 5% Convertible Notes. A registration statement registering the shares underlying the April 5% Convertible Notes was declared effective on June 21, 2016.

Warrant Amendments

On April 29, 2016, we entered into amendments with certain holders of our Series A Warrant to Purchase common stock, dated August 19, 2015, and our Warrant to Purchase common stock, dated February 29, 2016. Each of such warrants was amended to reduce the exercise price to $0.84. As of June 23, 2016, all of these warrants had been exercised.

May 2016 S-3 Financing

On May 16, 2016, the Company closed the offering of units in which the Company offered 1,166,668 Units, at a price of $0.84 per Unit, each of which consists of one share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, and one warrant to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.3788 per share. The Company received approximately $980,000 in gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting underwriter fees and offering expenses payable by the Company. Roth Capital Partners acted as sole underwriter for the offering.

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The warrants are exercisable beginning on November 16, 2016 at an exercise price of $1.3788 per share. The warrants will expire on the fifth (5 th ) anniversary of the initial date of issuance.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not currently have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our stockholders.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or JOBS Act. We will remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenue exceed $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period. Pursuant to Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we have elected to utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest-Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (“ASU 2015-03”). ASU 2015-03 requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by this update. Debt issuance costs related to revolving lines of credit are not within the scope of this new guidance. Additionally, in August 2015 the FASB issued guidance expanding the April 2015 update (ASU 2015-15). It states that, given the absence of authoritative guidance within the update, the SEC staff would not object to an entity deferring and presenting debt issuance costs as an asset for revolving lines of credit and subsequently amortizing the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line of credit. This guidance is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. Full retrospective application is required. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on its financial statements when adopted.

In July 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-11, “ Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory ” (“ASU 2015-11”). ASU 2015-11 requires an entity to measure inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using the last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) or the retail inventory method. It is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The amendments should be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company has not yet determined the effect of the adoption of this standard and it is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

In August 2014, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which is included in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 205, Presentation of Financial Statements . This update provides an explicit requirement for management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern, and to provide related footnote disclosure in certain circumstances. The amendments are effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is permitted for annual or interim reporting periods for which the financial statements have not previously been issued. The Company has not yet determined the effect of the adoption of this standard and it is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

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The Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) has issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires that a lessee recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from operating leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. Public business entities are required to apply the amendments in ASU 2016-02 for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted upon issuance. The Company has not yet determined the effect of the adoption of this standard on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments — Overall (Subtopic 825-10) (“ASU 2016-01”), which updates certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The new guidance is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has not yet determined the effect of the adoption of this standard will have on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

The FASB has issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This ASU supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Accounting Standards Codification 605 — Revenue Recognition and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Codification. The standard requires that an entity recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This ASU is effective on January 1, 2017 and should be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU recognized at the date of initial application. For all other entities, the amendments in this ASU are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. A nonpublic entity may elect to apply this guidance earlier, however, only as prescribed in this ASU. The Company has not yet determined the effect of the adoption of this standard will have on the Company’s financial position and results of operations.

We do not believe that recently issued accounting pronouncements will have a material impact on our financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Critical accounting estimates are those that management deems to be most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations, and that require management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, due to the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. We have identified our critical accounting estimates to include our reserves and write-downs related to receivables and inventories, the recoverability of long-lived assets, the valuation allowance relating to the Company’s deferred tax assets, valuation of equity and derivative instruments and debt discounts. For a further discussion on the Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates, see Note 3 of the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015 included elsewhere in this prospectus.

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BUSINESS

Overview

The overarching strategy of xG Technology, Inc. is to design, develop and deliver advanced wireless communications solutions across its business units that provide customers in our target markets with enhanced levels of reliability, mobility, performance and efficiency in their business operations and missions.

xG Technology is comprised of two business units: our xMax® unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the xMax® brand name, and Integrated Microwave Technology (“IMT”), which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT. Nucomm is a premium brand of digital broadcast microwave video systems. RF Central is a well-established brand of compact microwave video equipment for licensed and license-free sports and entertainment applications. The IMT products are focused on providing mission-critical wireless video solutions to state, local and federal police departments. While the brands of xMax® and IMT are managed as separate reporting units and operate independently, there is considerable brand interaction, owing to complementary market focus, compatible product and technology development roadmaps, and solution integration opportunities.

xMax®:

Our xMax® unit develops, manufactures and sells equipment that utilizes a broad portfolio of innovative intellectual property to enhance wireless communications. Our intellectual property is embedded in proprietary software algorithms that offer cognitive interference mitigation and spectrum access solutions for numerous applications using commercial off-the-shelf devices. The implementation of our cognitive radio intellectual property is called “xMax®”. The xMax® product and service suite includes access points, mobile switching centers, network management systems, deployment tools and proactive customer support. Customers within this market include telecommunication services, public safety, telemedicine as well as the US Government and Department of Defense.

Given the proliferation of smartphones, in 2013, the Company introduced an improved product line that could handle both voice and data services. These products, the CN1100 Access Point (“CN1100”), the CN5100 Mobile Hotspot (“CN5100”), and the CN3100 Vehicle Modem (“CN3100”), are able to communicate with any Wi-Fi enabled commercial off-the-shelf device.

We believe that the wireless communications industry is facing a “spectrum crisis” because the demand for flexible, affordable voice and data access continues to increase rapidly while the amount of available spectrum remains relatively constant. We have developed frequency-agnostic cognitive radio solutions to address this increasing demand by eliminating the need to acquire scarce and expensive licensed radio spectrum, and thus ideally lowering the total cost of ownership for wireless broadband access. With fast-growing demand straining network capacity, our intellectual property is also designed to help wireless broadband network operators make more efficient use of their existing spectrum allocations.

We believe that the xMax® system is the only commercially available cognitive radio network system that includes our interference mitigation and spatial processing technologies. These proprietary technologies enable our xMax® system to increase capacity on already crowded airwaves by improving interference tolerance, thereby enabling the delivery of higher Quality of Service (“QoS”) than other technologies that would not be able to cope with the interference. We believe that the xMax® system will also, when operating on more than one radio channel, deliver dynamic spectrum access by using our patented self-organizing network techniques. Furthermore, the xMax® system can be used to provide additional capacity to licensed spectrum by identifying and utilizing unused bandwidth within the licensed spectrum. Although currently designed to operate within the 902 – 928 MHz unlicensed band of spectrum, our system is frequency agnostic. xMax® also serves as a mobile voice over internet protocol (“VoIP”) and broadband data system that utilizes an end-to-end Internet Protocol (“IP”) system architecture.

The xMax® system will allow mobile operators to utilize free, unlicensed 902 – 928 MHz ISM band spectrum (which spectrum is available in all of the Americas except French Guiana) instead of purchasing scarce and expensive licensed spectrum. Our xMax® system will also enable enterprises to set up a mobile communications network in an expeditious and cost-effective manner.

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IMT:

Our IMT unit, which provides product and service solutions marketed under the brand names Nucomm, RF Central and IMT, develops, manufactures and sells microwave communications equipment utilizing COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. Its products are primarily used in the transmission of video to address three major market areas: Broadcasting, Sports and Entertainment, and Surveillance (Military and Government). COFDM is a transmission technique that combines encoding technology with OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) modulation to provide the low latency and high image clarity required for real-time live broadcasting video transmissions. IMT has an established reputation of delivering complex bespoke engineering solutions managed to tight deadlines for the past 20 years and is considered a leader in ultra compact COFDM wireless technology. IMT’s experience with this technology has allowed it to develop integrated solutions that deliver reliable video footage captured from both aerial and ground-based sources to fixed and mobile receiver locations.

The Broadcasting market consists of electronic news gathering, wireless camera systems, portable microwave, and fixed point to point systems. Customers within this market are blue-chip tier-1 major network TV stations that include over-the-air broadcasters, and cable and satellite news providers. For this market, IMT designs, develops and markets solutions for use in news helicopters, ground-based news vehicles, camera operations, central receive sites, remote onsite and studio newscasts and live television events.

The Sports and Entertainment market consists of key segments that include Sports Production, Sports Venue Entertainment systems, movie director video assist, and the non-professional user segment. Customers within this market are major professional sports teams, movie production companies, live video production service providers, system integrators and a growing segment of drone and unmanned ground vehicle providers. Among the key solutions IMT provides to this market are wireless camera systems and mobile radios.

The Government/Surveillance market consists of key segments that include state and local law enforcement agencies, Federal “3-letter” agencies and military system integrators. Customers within this market include recognizable state police forces, sheriff’s departments, fire departments, first responders, the Department of Justice and the Department of Home Land Security. The key solutions IMT provides to this market are manned and unmanned aerial and ground systems, mobile and handheld receive systems and transmitters for concealed video surveillance.

Below is a diagram that provides a high-level overview of the xMax® network architecture:

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Example of some IMT Products:

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Our Strengths

We believe the following strengths position us for sustainable growth:

Our IMT and Nucomm brands are well-established.   Our IMT unit and the Nucomm brand have developed a significant following over the past 20 years, based on their reputation for product performance, reliability and use of advanced technology. IMT has developed a diverse and stable customer base for repeat product purchases from blue chip, tier-1 clients in the Broadcasting and Sports and Entertainment markets, as well as among high-profile agencies and organizations in Surveillance (Military and Government) markets.
Our IMT products solve a growing market need for stable, high-definition, wireless video communications.   IMT’s high definition wireless video solutions are used in applications in growing market segments including in-game sports video mobile feeds, real-time capture and display of footage from drones and other aerial platforms, and rapid-response electronic news gathering operations.
Our proprietary xMax® cognitive radio technology provides a turnkey solution.   We have developed our xMax® cognitive radio technology to create a turnkey network solution. This solution encompasses the key elements of our cognitive technology, including spectrum sensing, spectrum management, spectrum mobility, spectrum sharing and spatial processing. Our software and hardware products and our end-to-end IP architecture implement this solution to provide quality VoIP and data services for numerous applications and commercial off-the-shelf devices.

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Our xMax® solutions meet the specific needs of targeted markets.   Our cognitive radio technology has been specifically developed to make our entire network infrastructure mobile, so that it can be rapidly deployed in response to public safety or security threats. We believe this feature differentiates our technology from that of our competitors and will address a major capability gap for public safety, defense, homeland security and news agencies. In addition, the expanded range of our network can provide improved voice and data services for underserved rural markets.
We have a broad patent portfolio and unencumbered use of our intellectual property.   We maintain a broad patent portfolio consisting of patents and patent applications in the United States and many international jurisdictions, which include 59 issued U.S. patents and one application pending and 56 issued international patents and 33 applications pending. We have solely funded the development of our intellectual property, which is, accordingly, unencumbered by any federal government unlimited use licenses.
We have an accomplished leadership team.   Our management team and Board of Directors bring a wealth of experience in the telecommunications and military sectors as well as hardware and software development. Our engineering team has a strong track record developing ad-hoc networking domains at Motorola and Mesh Networks. In addition, most of our leadership team has strong ties to our target markets, including public safety organizations, rural telecommunications companies and the military.

Our Strategy

For xMax®, we have developed a broad portfolio of innovative intellectual property that we believe will enhance wireless communications. Leveraging elements of this intellectual property portfolio, we plan to introduce a range of spectrum agnostic, cognitive radio solutions for numerous industries and applications. We believe that sales of these products and services, together with our ability to leverage our patent portfolio, present us with an attractive revenue model. Our current strategy is to commercialize our intellectual property portfolio by developing and selling network products using our proprietary software algorithms to offer cognitive interference mitigation and spectrum access solutions. Our future strategies are for our intellectual property to be embedded by partners in a semiconductor chip that could be sold to third-party equipment manufacturers and inserted in their devices, and to license our intellectual property to other customers in industry verticals world-wide.

For our IMT unit, the overarching strategy is to offer a comprehensive suite of services and product offerings in each of the markets it is active in. Leveraging IMT’s heritage as a leader in the broadcast industry that dates back to 1990, IMT’s key sector strategies are to expand the various markets for existing miniature wireless video products which include educational sectors, videographers, and video service providers, provide complete end-to-end solutions for the video surveillance market and introduce complete end-to-end IP technology into the Broadcast Market.

Market Overview

Our Market

We are witnessing rapidly increasing demand in the marketplace for mobile bandwidth. The increase in demand is attributable to the proliferation of smartphones, tablet PCs and other broadband-centric devices, as well as the shift to data and video-intensive services. A Cisco report (the Cisco Visual Networking Index, February 2016) indicates that mobile video will increase 11-fold between 2015 and 2020, accounting for 75 percent of total mobile data traffic by the end of the forecast period.

There has also been an increase in mobile voice demand as more people unplug their wired phones and rely on wireless devices for all of their calling needs. According to Cisco’s report, as well as several studies undertaken by the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”), the demand for wireless services will continue to grow in the coming years, as shown in the chart below. Cisco predicts mobile data traffic will increase eight-fold between 2015 and 2020, a 53% CAGR, reaching 30.6 Exabytes per month.

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Source: Cisco Visual Networking Index: Global Mobile Data Traffic Forecast Update, 2015 – 2020

After conducting 36 public workshops and engaging in significant collaboration and conversations with other government agencies and Congress, the FCC released the National Broadband Plan (the Plan”) in early 2010. Within the Plan the FCC acknowledged that “the current spectrum policy framework sometimes impedes the free flow of spectrum to its most highly valued uses.” The Plan states that “wireless broadband is poised to become a key platform for innovation in the U.S. over the next decade. As a result, U.S. spectrum policy requires reform to accommodate the new ways that industry is delivering wireless services. These reforms include making more spectrum available on a flexible basis, including for unlicensed and opportunistic uses.”

Specific recommendations within the Plan that indicate a favorable regulatory environment for cognitive radio technology include: “Recommendation 5.13: The FCC should spur further development and deployment of opportunistic uses across more radio spectrum.” The Plan further states that, “the FCC and NTIA should take steps to expand the environment in which new, opportunistic technologies can be developed and improved. And “The FCC should allow opportunistic radios to operate on spectrum currently held by the FCC (such as in certain license areas where spectrum was not successfully auctioned).”

On March 27, 2012 the U.S. Department of Commerce, through the National Telecommunications and Administration (the “NTIA”), released a report in which they announced, “In the past, the federal government has freed up spectrum for exclusive commercial use by clearing a spectrum band of federal users, who typically relocated to other bands. However, given the growing demand for spectrum by both industry and the federal agencies, it is increasingly difficult to find desirable spectrum that can be vacated by federal users as well as spectrum in which to relocate these federal users. Due to the scarcity of spectrum, the complexity of federal operations, and the time and cost of relocating federal users, the old approach alone is no longer feasible.”

The report further states “NTIA proposes a new path forward for spectrum repurposing that relies on a combination of relocating federal users and sharing spectrum between federal agencies and commercial users. Spectrum sharing will be a vital component to satisfying the growing demand for spectrum, and federal and non-federal users will need to adopt innovative spectrum-sharing techniques to accommodate this demand.”

In July 2012, The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) issued a report to the US President titled “Realizing the Full Potential of Government-Held Spectrum to Spur Economic Growth” in which “it concludes that the traditional practice of clearing government-held spectrum of Federal users and auctioning it for commercial use is not sustainable. In light of changes made possible by modern technology, we recommend that you issue a new Memorandum that states it is the policy of the U.S. government to share underutilized spectrum to the maximum extent consistent with the Federal mission, and requires the Secretary of Commerce to identify 1,000 MHz of Federal spectrum in which to implement shared-use spectrum pilot projects.” The report noted that simply clearing and reallocating spectrum would not be sustainable and pointed to a recent study by the NTIA which found that clearing of just one 95 MHz band will take 10 years, cost $18 billion, and cause significant disruption. Among its key recommendations are to adopt new technologies, including cognitive radios, that could help use existing spectrum more efficiently,

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stating that “the use of new radio technologies, including cognitive radios, will be an important tool in helping increase spectrum capacity and utilization”. The PCAST authors stated that agile (cognitive) radio technologies that make it possible for computerized radio systems to share spectrum on a vastly more efficient basis would make it possible to move from an era of scarcity to one of abundance.

Moreover, on July 6, 2012 a Presidential Executive Order (the “Order”) was issued regarding the Assignment of National Security and Emergency Preparedness Communications Functions. The Order establishes that the federal government must be able to communicate with the public, other agencies, other levels of government and businesses “at all times and circumstances” and in all locations, both domestically and internationally. To ensure this, the order mandates the establishment of emergency communications capabilities that are “survivable, resilient, enduring and effective”. These capabilities are not available in traditional public system networks, but the xMax® cognitive radio system has been designed from the ground up to meet the very survivability, redundancy, mobility, interoperability, and resiliency requirements specified by this Order.

While it appears to management that spectrum regulation is developing in a favorable manner, we have, nonetheless, chosen to release the initial xMax® product line on the unlicensed 900 MHz ISM band (902 – 928 MHz) in order to minimize our exposure to regulatory risk (see further under the section entitled “Government Regulations, Regulators’ Role in spectrum”). The unlicensed bands are well established and although these bands are allocated for Industrial Scientific and Medical (ISM) use (e.g., microwave ovens and industrial equipment), a major use has been unlicensed (Part 15) systems such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and ZigBee. In the period 1995 – 2005, most of the cordless phones marketed in the US were in the 902 – 928 MHz band, but conflicts with the other uses and availability of DECT equipment has greatly decreased sales of 902 – 928 MHz cordless phones.

The rules for these bands sprung from FCC Docket 81-413 which sought to end an implicit prohibition of spread spectrum/CDMA technology that resulted from a focus on FDMA spectrum uses. This resulted in rules adopted in 1985 that allow unlicensed spread spectrum systems to use these bands for almost any possible application subject to a 1W power limit. When wireless LAN use became of interest several years later, these time-tested rules allowed U.S. market access without FCC deliberations. The 2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands are used for Wi-Fi today. In a similar fashion, we are launching our initial software-defined product offering programmed to operate on unlicensed spectrum in order to speed commercialization of our intellectual property without requiring FCC or NTIA deliberations on opportunistic access. Because we have designed our core technology to be usable beyond the unlicensed band that its initial product offering operates on, we believe that we are well positioned to benefit from possible future regulatory reforms that support wider spread use of spectrum sharing and opportunistic access techniques.

The growth of wireless data over the past few years has made the subject of available spectrum a pressing priority. In fact, the current situation has been referred to as a “looming spectrum crisis”. (FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski, speech to CTIA, October 2009). Responses to this “crisis” have included lobbying efforts to persuade the FCC to find new sources of licensed spectrum and proposals to reallocate existing licensed spectrum. Demand for more spectrum and capacity has also been a key factor in industry consolidation. The rationale given for the AT&T/Cingular merger was based on the fact that AT&T had more spectrum than Cingular, and by combining the companies they could more efficiently serve their customers. Likewise, Verizon’s $3.6 billion bidding to buy unused wireless spectrum and AT&T’S $39 billion attempt to acquire T-Mobile was primarily driven by AT&T’s desire to secure additional spectrum and cell sites in order to provide more capacity across its network.

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Our company and our technology and products are based on our belief that there is insufficient spectrum available to satisfy the current and future growth of wireless data. However, we also believe that this crisis is not solely a result of insufficient amounts of available spectrum, but also the result of inefficient use of the currently available spectrum. Rather than merely demanding more spectrum we believe that the more appropriate response to the call for increased bandwidth would be to shift the focus to getting more use out of spectrum that has already been allocated. More effective utilization of the available spectrum can be accomplished in a number of different ways. Advancements in radio technology, such as the movement to the LTE standard from the previous 3G networks, for example, have allowed for better spectrum utilization. This has been attributed to the incorporation of new advanced technologies such as multiple in, multiple out (“MIMO”) and Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiple to reduce multiuser interference.

Other methods being employed by network operators to meet bandwidth requirements have included off-loading some of the demand to unlicensed Wi-Fi hotspots and selling in-building femtocells that make use of a customer’s own wired Internet connection. Another approach is to build more cell sites closer together. Each cell site would cover a smaller area, and thus offer the ability to reuse frequencies more times in a larger geographic coverage area. However, such would entail more costs, and is time consuming due to local permitting and other considerations. Many of these approaches have been driven by the need to receive more capacity out of limited spectrum.

While the spectrum currently available cannot satisfy the future growth of wireless data, the idea of getting better use out of spectrum (both licensed and unlicensed) by sharing it is receiving increased attention as a more effective and efficient solution for the industry than simply identifying new spectrum. This has led to industry and policy makers to consider technology-based approaches, such as cognitive radio and opportunistic (i.e. shared) spectrum use.

Users of commercial cellular networks are not the only users that are running out of capacity due to spectrum limitations. Wireless users around the globe such as industrial and enterprise users, public safety agencies and those who use unlicensed spectrum (such as Wi-Fi and White Spaces) are also lacking necessary spectrum, but are not being allocated the necessary spectrum due to the fact that regulators have historically prioritized commercial mobile carriers in the allocation of spectrum assets as the demand for both voice and broadband access continues to increase.

We believe that deployment of cognitive radio networks offers the best solution to addressing the pressing need for more efficient use of spectrum.

Radio Spectrum — A Primer

Radio spectrum is a finite resource. In order to utilize this limited radio spectrum better, we have essentially been limited to reallocating swaths held by existing users, who either have to lose some of their spectrum or have to move to other portions of the band.

The best spectrum for two-way radio or cellular types of communications is in lower frequencies. These frequencies are scarce due to technical, historical, and regulatory reasons. A large part of the spectrum (30MHz to 900MHz) that is well suited for cellular and land mobile radio (“LMR”) is occupied by existing business, industrial, public safety, and other license holders. Additionally, only a fraction of this spectrum is practical for mobile commercial consumption as the usage of lower frequencies requires antennas, filters and other components that do not fit into a portable handheld device. There are also many services that have long used valuable spectrum in frequencies that could be reassigned for mobile data and voice since those services could use some other spectrum efficiently.

The availability of widespread high-speed wireless broadband has led to customer uptake that was far greater than the network operators, device manufacturers, and application developers had predicted. The introduction of the iPhone by Apple was a starting point for soaring broadband wireless service demand, and since that time, new applications, including streaming video for TV and movie services, have proliferated. Network operators are struggling with how to keep up with this demand. AT&T reported that 4% of its iPhone customers were accounting for more than 50% of the data traffic on its 3G network, and the aforementioned Cisco report indicates that today more than 50% of the data traffic on mobile networks is video. This trend is expected to accelerate as network operators continue deploying 4G (fourth-generation cellular services).

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However, 4G does not fully address the current spectrum issues, and in fact may make it worse as new bandwidth and spectrum-intensive services are brought to market.

Cognitive Radio Networks — A Primer

The industry definition of a cognitive radio is a device that, unlike a traditional radio, can dynamically find and use available frequency to improve throughput and connectivity. This can be done via real-time sensing that allows the radio to scan for unused frequencies and then instantly tune to such frequencies. Cognitive radios can also rely on a database that can tell it what channels are available (usually based on the radio’s location and known spectrum restrictions in that area).

Either or both of these techniques can be used to help the cognitive radio avoid interference and optimize its throughput and connection reliability on a dynamic basis. With detailed information about its local radio frequency (“RF”) environment, cognitive radios are able to change power output, frequency and receive or transmit parameters, in order to extract latent (unused) bandwidth and capacity from crowded unlicensed, as well as underutilized licensed, wireless spectrum.

The key elements of cognitive radio technology include spectrum sensing, spectrum management, spectrum mobility, spectrum sharing, and spatial processing:

Spectrum sensing may be defined as interference-based detection of transmitters with the ability to look at a portion of the spectrum to see if it contains any transmitters that could cause interference to the cognitive radio system. Making the end user devices and network infrastructure cognitive enables both to dynamically react to a wide range of conditions. In the xMax® system, the end user radio is used to inform the network of changes in the RF environment, core infrastructure and other relevant conditions. This allows the network itself, and not just the radios, to adapt dynamically. When only the radio itself is cognitive, each radio will individually optimize its parameters and throughput based on local conditions, without regard to overall system performance. What may be optimal for the radios on an individual basis may not lead to overall network optimization in terms of coverage, throughput or other measures.

Spectrum management is the ability of the system to capture the best available spectrum for use at any given point in time. It is based on the premise that both terminals and base stations can be directed to change their operating frequencies dynamically as needed to keep the communications from interfering with others in that portion of the spectrum, or of being interfered with by others in the same spectrum. By propagating and collecting data from individual radios across the network, a cognitive system approach can make the entire network smarter, and optimize total network throughput. This enables new and useful features such as self-RF planning that can simplify, and reduce the cost of, the deployment and operation of the network. After the RF data is collected, better utilization and performance can be achieved automatically and continuously. This makes the network vastly more adaptable, self-sustaining and self-optimizing in many ways. The ability for the network to provide a level of self-RF planning is only one example of what a cognitive network can offer. Because a cognitive radio network can self-optimize and self-configure, little-to-no frequency coordination between cognitive radio nodes or other radio networks operating in the same frequencies is needed. This leads to an often overlooked benefit of having a self-planning, self-optimizing network: it reduces or eliminates the need for skilled radio technicians. These cognitive radio networks use software, powerful on-board computing power and real-time RF sensing to supplant expensive and overburdened radio technicians. The smart network goes beyond self-frequency planning to also encompass dynamic capacity shifting. That is to say that when a cell is lightly loaded, it can automatically abandon one or more channels in any given sector, thus making those channels available for adjacent cells to use if loading at that cell justifies the need for more spectrum. In addition to the ability to shift spectrum resources around to other cells, it also makes the network as a whole a good neighbor to other systems that might be trying to use the same spectrum in a shared band (like TV White Spaces) by using the minimum amount of spectrum at any given time. Moreover, these capabilities will allow xMax® networks themselves to become mobile, adapting to new spectrum conditions and terrain “on-the-go”, which will make xMax® an excellent solution for expeditionary deployments by defense, public safety and emergency agencies.

Spectrum mobility refers to the ability to make use of spectrum dynamically, commonly called DSA. The system can decide to change bands or channels within the spectrum in which they are operating.

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Spectrum sharing is the ability for a cognitive radio system to operate in shared spectrum (unlicensed spectrum, for example), detect stations that interfere with the transmissions, mitigate that interference if possible, or avoid it by changing operating frequencies or other system parameters. By enabling xMax® to tolerate high levels of interference before requiring the radios to switch channels, more “gray spectrum” (containing interference or jamming) can be used in place of white spectrum (clean and interference-free). This makes these white spectrum channels available for other radios that cannot mitigate the interference on their current channel. The overall capability increases the network’s total throughput and capacity greatly — without consuming additional scarce spectrum resources.

Spatial processing is the use of multiple integrated receiver chains known as MIMO systems that can provide another layer of resistance to interferers. MIMO processing allows better use of the radio channel to improve link budget and data rates. By employing advanced signal processing techniques, we believe that our system can also be used to track and mitigate interference from multiple mobile transmitters using sophisticated signal processing algorithms. The ability to mitigate, rather than simply run away from interference will be critical going forward. We believe that there will be no more “white spaces” and that all spectrum will be made up of “gray spaces” (interference laden frequencies) caused by a system’s own self-interface or that which is caused by other nearby systems.

We believe that a true cognitive or intelligent radio network will make use of most, if not all, of these capabilities in order to be able dynamically to keep the system operating by mitigating or avoiding interference that may show up in the frequencies the cognitive network is currently using. If the interference becomes too severe, an intelligent system will be able to locate other spectrum and shift the radio links to new frequencies nearly instantaneously. Using cognitive radio techniques, the cognitive network can intelligently share spectrum and extract more bandwidth via “opportunistic use” of shared spectrum resources.

Today’s cognitive radio systems are taking advantage of new antenna technology (such as MIMO) and digital signal processors (DSPs) with advanced, innovative software algorithms. This evolution has also yielded a class of DSPs that are incredibly powerful, yet still energy-efficient. These and other technologies are enabling a new generation of smart (i.e., cognitive) radios. In general, the limiting factor in high capacity wireless systems is interference. As stated above, there are a number of ways to deal with interference to keep the communications link up and running. Unlike traditional systems (such as 3G and 4G), cognitive systems can recognize and then deal with interference locally and in real-time, thus greatly increasing the capacity of new and existing spectrum.

IMT

Our IMT unit addresses three major market areas: Broadcasting, Sports and Entertainment, and Surveillance (Military and Government).

The Broadcasting market consists of key segments including Electronic News gathering, wireless camera systems, portable microwave, and fixed point to point systems. Drivers in the market include improving operational efficiencies in the gathering, productions, and transmission of content. Market trends include movement towards IP connectivity over point to point links for infrastructure, High Definition upgrades of remote news gathering vehicles, and continued pressure to reduce expenses by improving operational efficiencies. Customers within this market are major network TV stations including over-the-air broadcasters, cable and satellite news providers. IMT focuses on the unique manner in which these customers create and gather content wirelessly.

The Sports and Entertainment market consists of key segments including Sports Production, Sports Venue Entertainment systems, movie director video assist, and the non-professional user segment. Generally this market is focused on much more agile wireless video systems. Drivers in these markets include small, lightweight, easy to use equipment, low-latency video systems, reliability of the wireless links, and ability to use licensed and unlicensed bands. Trends within the market are to further reduce the size and improve agility of the wireless video systems. Users are demanding higher link reliabilities at longer ranges. Customers within this market are professional sports teams, movie production companies, live video production service providers, system integrators and a growing segment of drone and unmanned ground vehicle providers.

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The Government/Surveillance market consists of key segments including state and local law enforcement agencies, Federal “3-letter” agencies and military system integrators. Drivers within each segment include improving the reliability and quality of the video content without adding complexity. The video systems must be operated without technical intervention. State and Local agencies benefit from Department of Homeland Security grant programs to improve overall security. Trends within these segments are improved interoperability within agencies, and demand for fully integrated systems including robust microwave combined with ubiquitous IP networks. As wireless video systems are becoming more reliable and easier to deploy, the adoption rate of wireless systems is increasing. Customers within this market include state police forces, sheriff’s departments, fire departments, first responders, the Department of Justice and the Department of Home Land Security.

Products

xMax®:

The first implementation of xG’s innovative cognitive radio intellectual property is xMax®. Operating initially within the 902 – 928 MHz license-free band, xMax® is a mobile voice over internet protocol (“VoIP”) and broadband data system that utilizes an end-to-end Internet Protocol (“IP”) system architecture. The xMax® technology we are developing is spectrum agnostic. In any spectrum band that xMax® will operate in, we will break the band into channels and sub channels. We will then use spatial processing and adaptive modulation to mitigate interference in that band. If the band becomes unusable because of overwhelming interference, we will then use dynamic spectrum access to change to another channel or band. The xMax® product suite we are currently developing is band specific due to the current limitations in RF technology that can be produced for a given size, cost and complexity. Multiband, small, portable devices today require custom developed integrated circuits, which are on our technology roadmap, but not currently available.

The xMax® system design represents a turnkey network solution that will include rapid-deploy self-organizing access points (base stations), fixed and mobile personal Wi-Fi hotspots, mobile switching centers, as well as network management and deployment tools. A key feature of the xMax® system is the ability to leverage off-the-shelf commercial mobile devices (such as smartphones, laptops and tablets), resulting in reduced network infrastructure, maintenance and operational costs. The xMax® system allows mobile operators to utilize free, unlicensed 902 – 928 MHz ISM band spectrum (available in most of the Americas) instead of having to purchase scarce licensed spectrum which can be prohibitively expensive. In addition, mobile network operators will be able to use xMax® cognitive radio technology to add additional capacity to licensed spectrum by identifying and utilizing unused bandwidth in those frequencies.

Our xMax® system is designed to utilize an advanced cognitive radio technology that incorporates OFDM and MIMO to increase interference tolerance, allow mobility, and improve resistance to fading. All xMax® products leverage an array of high-performance, low-cost DSPs that enable multidimensional signal processing that mitigates interference and dynamically optimizes available spectrum. xMax® ’s software defined radios are designed to be inherently frequency-agile, which will allow network access points and user devices to automatically retune and operate on clearer channels within the band. This innovative signal processing will enable xMax® to deliver a licensed spectrum experience using unlicensed spectrum.

The product portfolio that we are creating by combining advanced computer processing power and novel wireless design means that a technology solution is becoming a viable alternative to past public and private spectrum acquisition policies. We employ a multifaceted cognitive radio approach that combines sophisticated interference mitigation capabilities with innovative dynamic spectrum access attributes. The former features MIMO smart antenna technologies. Employed in concert, these capabilities will help squeeze additional usable spectrum out of airwaves once considered unusable for advanced mobile communications.

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CN5100 Mobile Hotspot:

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The xMax® CN5100 Mobile Hotspot is a device that allows users of Wi-Fi-enabled smartphones, tablets, notebooks and other devices to access the Internet through the xMax® cognitive radio network. The CN5100 Mobile Hotspot acts as a transparent protocol bridge that connects end user devices to the wide-area xMax® network using secure Wi-Fi links, USB or Ethernet cables. It supports not only fixed users but will also supports mobile users and has been designed to provide exceptional QoS (Quality of Service) and MoS (Mean Opinion Score) while supporting calls, texting (SMS) and broadband data streams over the xMax® network.

The CN5100 Mobile Hotspot includes a Wi-Fi router chip that allows it to simultaneously support multiple external devices wirelessly. It will enable operators to deploy long-range xMax® networks that can integrate with the large installed base of Wi-Fi and Ethernet-capable devices. Subscribers will easily be able to install and set up a CN5100 Mobile Hotspot to support any device having a Wi-Fi, USB or Ethernet connection. By incorporating xMax® radios and 2x4 MIMO technology, CN5100 Mobile Hotspots can provide range and reliability that management believes is superior to Wi-Fi-based wide-area systems.

The CN5100 Mobile Hotspot and xMax® system is designed to support nomadic and mobile connectivity (including high-speed handoffs) which will allow xMax® operators to offer on-the-go services that differ from those of fixed services, such as cable and DSL. It will be possible to deploy xMax® in fixed, mobile or nomadic configurations. When a planned later version of xMax® delivering higher data rates is deployed in a fixed manner rural telecommunications operators could recover the cost of the network via the Universal Service Fund (“USF”) subsidy mechanism. Recent regulatory reform has begun to transition USF support to broadband capable networks. Because xMax® can carry both voice and data, we believe that xMax® is well suited for rural carriers to handle such a transition. As with all the components in the xMax® family of products, the CN5100 is designed to offer increased range, flexibility, throughput and reliability, while reducing network deployment and management costs. Management believes this will make xMax® an attractive solution for WISPs, mobile telecommunications operators and other service providers.

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CN3100 Vehicle Modem:

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The xMax® CN3100 Vehicle Modem is an IP67-rated ruggedized subscriber device that is designed to be installed inside or outside vehicles. The CN3100 acts as a transparent protocol bridge, allowing users of WiFi-enabled smartphones, tablets, notebooks and other devices to seamlessly access the Internet through the xMax® cognitive radio network.

The CN3100 Vehicle Modem is waterproof and made to withstand wide temperature ranges and challenging environmental conditions. It has been designed to meet the extreme demands characteristic of expeditionary environments, making it ideally suited for employment in the public safety, homeland security, and military market places.

While primarily developed for vehicle usage, the CN3100 Vehicle Modem may also be externally mounted in fixed locations like parks or other outdoor areas to provide WiFi access for use in monitoring, surveillance, machine-to-machine and other applications using the xMax® backhaul link.

CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem:

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Introduced in 2014, the xMax® CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem is a single compact unit that operates in both the 900 MHz and 2.4 GHz frequency bands. The CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem utilizes interprotocol smart-routing algorithms to automatically determine which frequency to use based on the user’s application. Voice calls are prioritized to the 900 MHz band while video and data are prioritized to the 2.4 GHz band. The experience to the user is seamless, providing simultaneous high speed data communications and calling without latency or echo.

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CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem is designed for use in both fixed and mobile applications. In logistics, military, or public service applications, the 2.4 GHz link can assist in loading and unloading high volumes of data from the application server to a stationary vehicle and then transparently switch over to 900 MHz once it goes mobile. The CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem automatically switches all data and voice traffic to the 900 MHz radio to keep the connection alive. When the vehicle becomes stationary again, the CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem resumes dual band operation.

The CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem has been designed with built-in redundancy with automatic failover. If the 2.4 GHz band becomes congested, slow, or filled with interference, the CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem automatically routes all voice and data communications over the 900 MHz band to preserve communications.

The CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem has been engineered to support the delivery of both fixed location high data rates and reliable high-speed mobility in the same system. It is management’s belief that it will provide a cost-effective way for rural telecommunications operators to deliver high quality voice, high speed data, and streaming video to their rural and remote customers. We believe the CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem will help these operators recover the cost of the network via the Universal Service Fund (“USF”) subsidy mechanism. Recent regulatory reform has begun to transition USF support from telephone to broadband services. Because xMax® can carry both voice and data, we believe that xMax® is well suited for rural carriers to handle such a migration.

In addition, it is expected that the CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem will allow these providers to create entirely new sources of unregulated revenue, for example, providing voice and data services to local emergency response teams.

CN1100 Access Point:

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The xMax® CN1100 Access Point is an all-IP wireless access point that will deliver wide area coverage and reliability even when there is significant interference. The CN1100 Access Point brings together innovative technologies including Software Defined Radio (SDR), cognitive networking and a 2x4 MIMO in a compact and affordable broadband access point. These capabilities will enable the CN1100 Access Point to deliver wide area coverage and broadband throughput for fixed, nomadic and mobile applications.

xMax® radios and 2x4 MIMO technologies give the CN1100 Access Point range and reliability surpassing Wi-Fi-based systems. The CN1100 Access Point (as well as all xMax® components) will support nomadic and fully mobile connectivity, including high-speed handoff that will allow xMax® operators to offer on-the-go services that differ from those of fixed services, such as cable and DSL. As part of the xMax® family of products, the CN1100 Access Point is designed to offer increased coverage, throughput and robustness while reducing network deployment and management costs, making it, we believe, an attractive solution for WISPs, mobile telecommunications operators and other service providers. When implemented, Self-Organizing Networking (SON) technology will simplify and speed deployment for commercial, private and tactical networks.

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The CN1100 Access Point is a small, single channel device that will provide a data rate of up to 3 Mbps per channel and supports a range of 1 to 5 miles (non-line-of-sight) and up to 8 miles (line-of-sight), depending on conditions. The xMax® system is designed so that it will be possible to collocate multiple CN1100 Access Points in order to increase system capacity. CN1100 Access Points are GPS time-synchronized to avoid self-interference, which increases overall system capacity and load leveling. These features, along with deterministic Media Access Control (MAC) for high-quality voice calls, give the xMax® system improved scalability in real-world conditions.

Having numerous accessible channels will allow neighboring network nodes (made up of one or more CN1100 Access Points) to utilize non-interfering channels automatically when employing the network self-planning features that are in our technology roadmap. This will allow the network to grow and scale more easily without the operator having to redesign the network RF plan each time a device moves, or when CN1100 Access Points or users are added or removed from the network.

CN7000 Mobile Control Center:

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The xMax® CN7000 Mobile Control Center is the backbone network element in the xMax® regional network. The CN7000 controls the delivery of the voice and data services, and manages all elements in the regional network, including access points and end-user devices.

The CN7000 Mobile Control Center acts as an aggregation point for the connected CN1100 Access Points. It performs routing and security functions. The CN7000 Mobile Control Center is typically connected to the Global Information Grid (GIG) and one or more VoIP soft switches.

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xMonitor/xDrive:

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xMonitor

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xDrive

The xMonitor and xDrive software tools provide integrated and comprehensive network and element management for the xMax® network, as well as mobile network throughput and coverage optimization.

xMonitor is a component of the CN7000 Mobile Control Center that monitors the status and health of all CN1100 Access Points, CN7000 Mobile Control Center elements, and VoIP core elements. It provides end-to-end IP network management and monitoring services. xMonitor is a web-based application that will be installed at an operator’s Network Operation Center, enabling remote management of network status. The program runs as a live application that continuously collects data from the network, updating the aggregated information without user intervention. It can be programmed to display specific views around the clock — providing an at-a-glance heads-up display from which to survey the network.

xDrive is a drive mapping utility designed to gather, display and log performance statistics from the CN5100 Mobile Hotspot, CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem and CN3100 Vehicle Modem. It allows field technicians to map the coverage of a deployment of CN1100 Access Points, as well as providing CN5100 Mobile Hotspot/CN3200 Dual-Band Routing Modem/CN3100 Vehicle Modem to CN1100 Access Points to link statistics.

Our IMT division offers a full spectrum of wireless video products which are built around providing complete solutions. IMT has traditionally focused on the development of core product technologies that have the potential for application in final assembled products that cross market segments. Technology focus areas include RF and microwave component development spanning the frequency range from DC to 18GHz, waveform modulation, H.264 video encoding and decoding, and digital signal processing. IMT is uniquely

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positioned with significant technology IP and an established reputation for rapidly and economically delivering complex, bespoke engineering products and solutions to customers that are expertly managed to tight deadlines. Production of these products can be rapidly scaled to respond to changes in market demand.

IMT products:

Broadcast:   IMT has a line of high-margin receiver products including the CRx2, CRx6 and CIRAS. These products may be interconnected over IP networks, expanding and simplifying their overall use and reducing the deployment cost significantly. The microLite is a small, low-cost wireless camera system enabling broadcast news operators to eliminate the use of coaxial cables in their remote news operations. This significantly reduces labor costs in the operation, and increases the speed and agility of the cameramen to focus on capturing engaging content.

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CRx2 Receiver

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CRx6 Receiver

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CIRAS Receiver

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Sports and Entertainment:   The microLite is available in both licensed and unlicensed frequency bands, the latter enabling non-TV broadcasters to capture broadcast quality video without the cost and limitations of gaining a frequency license. The unlicensed market is very large and just being opened to high quality technologies.

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MicroLite

Government/Surveillance:   IMT focuses on handheld receivers and benefits from limited competition in this area. The MiniMobile Commander and Mobile Commander are high quality, feature-rich products. IMT vNet IP Video Distribution Servers enable commanders and managers to view near real time video captured on scene and consumed anywhere in the world over public and private IP networks.

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MiniMobile Commander
Receiver Monitor

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Mobile Commander
Receiver Monitor

Competition

The wireless technology sector is intensely competitive and is rapidly evolving. Several vendors have researched and experimented with cognitive radios. This research predominately falls under the traditional industry defined use of a cognitive radio where cognitive capabilities are restricted to dynamic spectrum access (“DSA”) within the radio device. However, we believe that only a few vendors are undertaking development across all the key elements of cognitive technology: spectrum sensing, spectrum management, spectrum mobility, spectrum sharing, and spatial processing.

As an example, both Spectrum Bridge and Microsoft have developed a database approach to frequency reuse. This method was developed specifically to enable unlicensed broadband systems to coexist with existing TV transmitters in the TV White Spaces band.

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We not only face competition from other companies developing cognitive radio solutions but we are also competing for sales to end-user customers with companies offering solutions utilizing other technologies for access to licensed and unlicensed spectrum, such as LTE and Wi-Fi.

In the cognitive radio market, our competitors include, Neul Ltd., Shared Spectrum Corporation and Adaptrum.

End-customers in the rural broadband market are being offered a choice of solutions based on alternative technologies, such as LTE and Wi-Fi. Global communications networking equipment vendors such as Ericsson, Huawei, Alcatel-Lucent and others are actively selling and deploying LTE and, to a lesser extent, WiMax equipment with rural telecommunications operators that own, or can lease, appropriate licensed spectrum frequencies. We also face competition for equipment sales with Ruckus Wireless, Ubiquiti Networks and Cambium Networks, which have also targeted markets for communications systems around the world similar to our target markets. Although these companies are vastly larger than we are, with significantly greater resources, we believe that we or our channel partners will need to convince end users to consider our offerings as a viable alternative to these larger companies if we are to succeed.

It is not uncommon for a single rural operator to deploy a mix of technologies (such as LTE and Wi-Fi) to address differing applications, spectrum holdings and economics across their market areas. As new technologies are introduced and spectrum availability and costs increase, we anticipate that rural telecommunications operators will continue to deploy a growing range of innovative solutions that deliver voice and data communications to their customers.

The main vendor in the public safety market is Motorola Solutions, which is a global player that holds a highly dominant market share in the U.S. of over 80% in public safety and government wireless networks.

In the defense market, there are several large and significant companies that provide wireless communications systems to U.S. and international military agencies, including Harris Corporation, ITT Industries, Raytheon, Boeing, Thales Communications and Lockheed Martin. It is common for one competitor to be a subcontractor to another competitor who is the prime contractor and vice versa as programs of record ramp up and ramp down over time.

A number of our current or potential competitors have long operating histories, significant brand recognition, large customer bases and significantly greater financial, technical, sales, marketing and other resources than we do. As an emerging technology company, our brand is not as well known as incumbents in those markets. Potential customers may prefer to purchase from their existing suppliers rather than a new supplier, regardless of product performance or features.

Primary competitors to IMT are Vislink, Domo Tactical Communications (formerly a division of Cobham), and a number of smaller market-specific businesses. IMT has been able to successfully leverage its long broadcast industry leadership, reputation for advanced technology, and ability to provide end-to-end-solutions in order to maintain and increase its customer base and to continue providing highly competitive offerings.

Competitive Positioning

Regulatory risk  — we believe that our choice initially to develop our cognitive radio technology utilizing the unlicensed 902 – 928 band exposes us to less regulatory risk than companies building products upon newly available TV White Space frequencies. Whereas the 902 – 928 MHz band has withstood multiple attempts to redefine the rules regarding its use, newer frequency bands such as TV White Spaces have yet to demonstrate their permanence. Specific initiatives to license off TV White Space frequencies for cellular carrier use are being promoted by licensed spectrum stakeholders. While our core technology can be adapted for operation upon such newly available frequencies once their staying power has been demonstrated, we believe that we are not subject to the same make-or-break dependency upon the availability of TV White Spaces as are most other cognitive radio product companies.

Mobility  — we are specifically developing our product line to support mobility. We believe that mobility is an important differentiator with regard to our offering in the marketplace. Designed to do its own RF planning automatically by utilizing an extended range of non-interfering channels without manual

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intervention, xMax® will offer the ability to make the entire network infrastructure mobile, with CN1100 base stations able to move in relation to each other as well as to CN5100s, CN3100’s and users. We believe this feature will be unique to xMax® and will address a major capability gap for defense, homeland security, and public safety agencies which all require “on the move” communications networks. These agencies currently have no equipment or capacity for this identified and urgently needed capability.

Support for both real-time VoIP and data sessions utilizing a single set of infrastructure  — Most IP systems do not carry large numbers of simultaneous voice conversations. We have focused on designing a core technology that is capable of carrying both mass-scale voice and data sessions on the same network.

Interference mitigation  — Whereas most efforts to date focus on interference avoidance, we have extended our core competency into the realm of interference mitigation. In a world where wireless demand is certain to result in more, not less, congested airwaves, we believe that our intellectual property that can help to ameliorate interference is a unique competitive advantage in the marketplace.

We believe we compete favorably on these factors. However, our industry is evolving rapidly and is becoming increasingly competitive. Other developers could develop alternative wireless cognitive networks and other technologies that may adversely affect our ability to attract and retain customers. These competitors may include companies of which we may not be currently aware.

With respect to competitive positioning, IMT is well-positioned for continued growth in Broadcast and Sports and Entertainment, and expects near term growth in the Government/Surveillance Market. IMT has recently completed a number of new products and product updates, enabling IMT to offer end-to-end solutions that encompass video capture, consolidation and distribution. IMT has brought full control of their production processes in-house, a decision that eliminates reliance on third party providers and allows IMT to realize improving margins, control over product quality and competitive agility.

Sales and Marketing

Our strategy is to license our intellectual property and the equipment in which our intellectual property is initially implemented, globally direct and through an indirect channel network that we will leverage in order to upscale our selling efforts without the significant cost of a large direct sales force. Our channel partners will utilize their own internal and external sales representatives to provide lead generation among their established customer base and beyond, pre-sales support, product fulfillment and, in certain circumstances, post-sales customer service and support. In certain cases, service providers may also act as a channel partner for sales of our solutions to their existing customers or new enterprise accounts.

Our sales team currently is comprised of business development, relationship and account executives and a channel manager. This sales team is focused on supporting our current customers, as well as nurturing relationships with prospective customers in key domestic and international markets. Our relationship managers support the development of sales presentation materials and training of our channel partner sales personnel to assist them in marketing our services, either directly or indirectly to their customers. We also directly train and support selected key customers and technology providers in order to grow an active client base and solidify relationships. We are currently using the SalesLogix Customer Relationship Management (CRM) tool to manage our sales activity and manage these relationships.

As of June 23, 2016, our business development, sales and marketing team consisted of 11 full-time employees or independent contractors, supported by outside marketing professionals.

IMT uses a combination a sales channels to reach its customers depending on the market segment. In the Broadcast segment IMT utilizes direct-to-end customer sales, network group sales and reseller/integrators. In the Sports and Entertainment sector, IMT utilizes direct-to-end customer sales and reseller/integrators. In the Government/Surveillance markets, IMT employs direct-to-end customer sales, reseller/integrators and OEM sales channels.

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Customers

We have begun to implement our sales and marketing strategy, both through direct sales to end-customers and indirect sales to channel network partners and we have entered into a number of equipment purchase, reseller and teaming agreements as a result. These customer engagements span our target markets in Federal Government/Department of Defense, public safety and rural telecommunications.

Revenues are recognized over the respective lives of the agreements according to the delivery and transfer of ownership and risk of xMax® equipment and the provision of services as well as specification of features required by our customers. If we do not satisfy certain technical expectations or requirements of those customers, we will not receive any revenue from these purchase orders.

Our IMT unit and the Nucomm brand have developed a significant following over the past 20 years, based on their reputation for product performance, reliability and use of advanced technology. IMT has developed a diverse and stable customer base for repeat product purchases from blue chip, tier-1 clients in the Broadcasting and Sports and Entertainment markets, as well as among high-profile agencies and organizations in Surveillance (Military and Government) markets.

Manufacturing and Suppliers

We have historically retained contract manufacturers to manufacture, test, assure the quality of, and ship our products. With our IMT acquisition, we anticipate that our internal manufacturing organization, which currently consists of a small number of supply chain managers, employees and independent contractors, will increase. As we fully integrate the IMT assets that we have acquired, we will rely less on our contract manufacturers, and more on internal test engineers and resources to implement quality assurance programs designed to assure high product quality and reliability. Going forward, we anticipate that we will focus on our core strengths, which are innovation and technology design and the development, creation and exploitation of our intellectual property. Accordingly, we ultimately plan to become a designer, developer and fabless supplier of xMax® integrated circuits and system software solutions for xMax® products where we would supply integrated circuits produced either through the IMT assets, if we are able to successfully integrate them into our business, or by third party manufacturing partners under license, software, reference designs, features, tools and technical support.

Until we fully integrate IMT into our plan to build our products, we may continue to rely, particularly in the short term, on third party components and technology to build our products, as we procure components, subassemblies and products necessary for the manufacture of our products based upon our design, development and production needs. While components and supplies are generally available from a variety of sources, we currently depend on a single or limited number of suppliers for several components for our products. We are using a single source digital signal processor that may be difficult to replace with an equivalent performance device. In the longer term, we are planning to adapt the xMax® system to run on multiple low cost platforms. We rely on purchase orders rather than long-term contracts with our suppliers. We do not currently stockpile enough components to mitigate any potential supply disruption if we are required to re-engineer our products to use alternative components.

Intellectual Property

Our business is significantly based on the creation, acquisition, use and protection of intellectual property. Some of this intellectual property is in the form of software code, patented technology and trade secrets that we use to develop our technologies, solutions and products. We have developed a broad portfolio of intellectual property that covers wired and wireless communications systems. As of June 23, 2016, in the United States, we have 59 patents granted and 1 patent application pending. Internationally, we have 56 patents granted and 33 patent applications pending. Areas of our development activities for xMax® and beyond that have culminated in filings and/or awarded patents include:

Spatial Processing (MIMO);
Self-Organizing Networks;
RF Modulation;
Compression (protocols, payload, signaling, etc.);

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Modulators/Demodulators;
Antennas/Shielding;
Wired and Wireless Networks;
Media Access Control Protocols;
Cognition enabling over the air protocols (MAC layer);
Wireless data compression;
Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA); and
Quality of Service.

We protect our intellectual property rights by relying on federal, state and common law rights, as well as contractual restrictions. We control access to our proprietary technology by entering into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and contractors, and confidentiality agreements with third parties. We also actively engage in monitoring activities with respect to infringing uses of our intellectual property by third parties.

In addition to these contractual arrangements, we also rely on a combination of trade secret, copyright, trademark, trade dress, domain name and patents to protect our products and other intellectual property. We typically own the copyright to our software code, as well as the brand or title name trademark under which our products are marketed. We pursue the registration of our domain names, trademarks, and service marks in the United States and in locations outside the United States. Our registered trademarks in the United States include “xG”, and “xMax®”, the names of our suite of products, among others.

Circumstances outside our control could pose a threat to our intellectual property rights. For example, effective intellectual property protection may not be available in the United States or other countries in which our products are sold or distributed. Also, the efforts we have taken to protect our proprietary rights may not be sufficient or effective. Any significant impairment of our intellectual property rights could harm our business or our ability to compete. In addition, protecting our intellectual property rights is costly and time-consuming. Any unauthorized disclosure or use of our intellectual property could make it more expensive to do business, thereby harming our operating results.

Companies in the mobile wireless communications technology and other industries may own large numbers of patents, copyrights and trademarks and may frequently request license agreements, threaten litigation or file suit against us based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. We may face allegations by third parties, including our competitors and non-practicing entities, that we have infringed their trademarks, copyrights, patents and other intellectual property rights. As our business grows, we will likely face more claims of infringement.

Government Regulations

Regulators’ Role in Spectrum .  In the past, all radios were designed with the assumption that they were operating in a spectrum band that was free of interference. There was no requirement to design radios with the ability to dynamically change channels or change spectrum bands in response to interference. These radios required pristine, dedicated licensed spectrum to operate. This led to the FCC and other regulators worldwide licensing spectrum to a particular network operator, for example, cellular paging or wireless service provider so that interference would be carefully controlled. Because of this past legacy, significant blocks of spectrum were underutilized. Even in spectrum bands that might be considered to be highly utilized, valuable spectrum can sit idle in sparsely populated areas or at certain hours of the day when network use dramatically drops.

There are also applications such as paging that have fallen out of favor and contribute to this underutilization. Despite the dramatic drop in the use of pagers, a large amount of spectrum is still dedicated to this application. This regulatory policy has led to inefficient use of spectrum and consequently the declaration of a spectrum crisis. While regulators are continuing to allocate spectrum based upon this assumption that radios do not have the ability to share spectrum, they are now starting to embrace the concept of shared spectrum and the opportunistic use of spectrum enabled by cognitive radio networks.

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Regulators are starting to ease the rules relating to the allocation and access of spectrum. A good example of this is the shared use of TV broadcast spectrum via the creation of TV White Spaces for wireless broadband. The FCC and other spectrum regulatory agencies like the UK’s Ofcom have begun the process to allow cognitive radios to use freed-up spectrum resulting from the transition from analog to digital TV broadcasts. For example, TV white space continues to gain momentum in the US and Europe with multiple deployments and trials being supported by some of the world’s largest technology companies. Furthermore, a new group has been formed called AIR.U that is being funded by Microsoft, Google and others to utilize TV White Spaces to bring high-speed Internet services to rural campuses, schools and other institutions in the US. Similar initiatives are being undertaken in the UK with extensive trials being done in both urban and rural settings using TV White Spaces. In addition to two of the largest technology companies mentioned above, Nokia is also taking a leading role in the UK’s TV White Space trials. While there have been rumors circulating that the FCC was somehow taking back TV White Spaces, there appears to be no actual indication of this taking place. In fact, the FCC appears to be approving more TV White Space database administrators as well as certifying additional radio platforms for operation in TV White Spaces. It is possible, nonetheless, that over time, TV White Spaces could be reclaimed by Congress or the FCC and re-auctioned for licensed use. However, that is a risk any unlicensed spectrum faces and has never actually occurred in the US. Other countries globally are also seriously considering creating their own TV white space allocations. These countries include Canada, Brazil and the EU.

Operators and consumers are able to use available unlicensed spectrum bands for the delivery of new applications and inexpensive broadband capacity. An example of this is the data offload efforts of some carriers that use 802.11 Wi-Fi (in the 2.4 and 5.8 GHz unlicensed bands) in densely populated areas where their 3G network is congested. This allows carriers to continue supporting mobile voice and data services over their licensed spectrum, while data that can be consumed at a fixed location (airport, coffee shop, office, etc.) is forced over an unlicensed Wi-Fi link. However, the popularity of Wi-Fi and other devices that use these frequencies has resulted in crowded and noisy spectrum that not only has to support the carriers’ smartphone data, but all other applications from other devices in that band as well. The interference in these bands affects the capacity and efficiency of this spectrum for conventional radios. However, where conventional radios see “walls of interference”, cognitive radios can uncover “windows of opportunity” and recover up to 85% of the total unused bandwidth in these frequencies.

The FCC’s Part 15 rules that govern use of the 902 – 928 MHz ISM band and other unlicensed spectrum bands are well established and are considered responsible for creating an environment where technology and innovation has flourished. They are recognized as having helped create an industry that has generated tens of thousands of high technology jobs, added billions of dollars to the United States economy, and brought the benefits of a wide variety of convenient, economical communications devices to business, industry, education, health care providers and consumers alike. While there have been some attempts to challenge them, they have always been reaffirmed and we have every reason to believe they will remain so.

Even during the recent debates over spectrum policy, there have been no suggestions put forth by the FCC, the Congress or industry to repurpose the ISM unlicensed band to a licensed one that could be auctioned off. The reallocation of a band that is in active use by so many devices would be prohibitively disruptive. Given the long history and widespread use of the ISM band for such a wide array of communications, we feel very confident that it will remain open to use by technologies such as xMax® for the foreseeable future.

While devices operating upon unlicensed bands do not require FCC licensing, they are not unregulated and must meet the Federal Code of Regulation (CFR) FCC Part 15, which is a common testing standard for most electronic equipment. FCC Part 15 covers the regulations under which an intentional, unintentional, or incidental radiator that can be operated without an individual license. FCC Part 15 covers as well the technical specifications, administrative requirements and other conditions relating to the marketing of FCC Part 15 devices.

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Limitation of existing solutions .  Existing wireless networking technologies such as standard 802.11 based Wi-Fi, WiMAX and LTE have been designed to satisfy the increasing demand for broadband access and support mobility. According to a Gartner forecast in May 2011, aggregate end-user spending on wireless networking equipment for Enterprise WLAN, wireless broadband access, and LTE solutions, are expected to grow from $5.2 billion in 2010 to $22.5 billion in 2015, representing a CAGR of 34%. However, these existing alternative networking solutions often fail to meet the price-performance requirements of wireless networking in emerging markets, which in turn has led to low penetration and large populations of unaddressed users in these areas. As a result, there is a strong need for cost-effective solutions to deliver wireless networking solutions to consumers and enterprises in underserved and underpenetrated markets. These solutions must be robust and provide service equivalent to that of alternative wired and wireless solutions while simultaneously meeting the economic objectives of network operators and service providers in these markets.

Increasing use of the unlicensed spectrum .  Private industry in underserved and underpenetrated markets worldwide has responded to the lack of wired infrastructure by deploying wireless networks utilizing unlicensed RF spectrum. These network operators and service providers often cannot afford the capital outlay to acquire licenses for the licensed RF spectrum and have consequently designed their wireless networks for the unlicensed RF spectrum. In the absence of affordable broadband access in the licensed spectrum, the number of users of the unlicensed RF spectrum has increased for communications equipment, as well as consumer devices such as cordless phones, baby monitors and microwave ovens. As a result of high demand for the unlicensed RF spectrum, use of this spectrum to provide high quality wireless networking has become more challenging and congestion is limiting the growth of wireless networks.

Government incentives for broadband access .  Governments around the world are increasingly taking both regulatory and financial steps to expand access to broadband networks and increase availability of advanced broadband services to consumers and businesses. For example, in many countries, including the United States, the responsible regulatory agencies have released the spectrum previously used for broadcast TV, known as the TV White Space, to relieve some of the congestion. The United States and other countries have adopted stimulus plans to increase the delivery of robust broadband access in underserved areas. The World Bank has reported that 12 countries and the EU have committed an aggregate of $122.4 billion in broadband stimulus funds to date.

Employees

As of June 23, 2016, we employed 83 full-time equivalent employees, independent contractors or consultants, which included 38 in development, 5 officers, 6 in general and administrative, 2 in business development, 23 in operations and 9 in sales and marketing. We also engage a number of temporary employees and consultants. None of our employees are represented by a labor union or is a party to a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that we have good relations with our employees.

Properties

Our corporate headquarters and marketing and business development office are located in Sarasota, Florida, in an office consisting of a total of 3,403 square feet pursuant to a lease that expires October 31, 2019. For our research and development, engineering, sales and support personnel we also have an office in Sunrise, Fort Lauderdale, Florida consisting of 11,049 square feet pursuant to a lease that expires on May 13, 2017. For IMT, we lease 65,000 square feet at 200 International Drive, Mount Olive Township, NJ 07828 through February 5, 2017. We believe our current facilities are sufficient for our current needs and will be adequate, or that suitable additional or substitute space will be available on commercially reasonable terms, for the foreseeable future.

Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are a party to litigation and subject to claims incident to the ordinary course of business. Future litigation may be necessary to defend ourselves and our customers by determining the scope, enforceability and validity of third party proprietary rights or to establish our proprietary rights.

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MANAGEMENT

Executive Officers and Directors

The following table sets forth the names, ages and positions of all of the directors and executive officers of the Company and the positions they hold as of the date hereof.

   
Name   Age   Position
George F. Schmitt   72   Executive Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director
Roger G. Branton   49   Chief Financial Officer
John C. Coleman   62   President, Federal and Director
James Woodyatt   48   President
John Payne IV   46   President, IMT Division
Belinda Marino   56   Secretary
Gary Cuccio   70   Director
Kenneth Hoffman   60   Director
Richard L. Mooers   52   Director
Raymond M. Sidney   46   Director
General James T. Conway   68   Director

Background of Directors and Executive Officers

George F. Schmitt, Executive Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Mr. Schmitt has over 40 years of broad telecom experience in wireless and wireline companies and has built wireless networks in a dozen countries. He is a major investor in xG Technology through his personal holdings and through his holdings in MBTH and became Executive Chairman of the Board on July 19, 2013 while previously serving as a Director since February 4, 2011, and having been the Chief Executive Officer since February 7, 2015. He also previously served as the Chief Executive Officer of MBTH, from December 2010 through December 2013. Mr. Schmitt currently sits on the Board of Directors of SecureAlert, Culient, and the California Thoroughbred Breeders Association. Mr. Schmitt previously served as a director of TeleAtlas, Objective Systems Integrators, Omnipoint and LHS Group. Mr. Schmitt is a principal of Sierra Sunset II, LLC and served as a former Trustee of St. Mary’s College. In addition, Mr. Schmitt has served as a director of many privately held companies including Voice Objects, Knowledge Adventure, Jungo and Cybergate, among others. Mr. Schmitt has also served as Financial Vice President of Pacific Telesis and chaired the Audit Committees of Objective Systems Integrations and TeleATLAS. Mr. Schmitt received an M.S. in Management from Stanford University, where he was a Sloan Fellow, and a B.A. in Political Science from Saint Mary’s College.

Mr. Schmitt was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his extensive experience with technology and networking companies and broad experience in the telecommunications industry and his status as a significant investor in our company.

Roger G. Branton, Chief Financial Officer

For the past 14 years Mr. Branton has served in a variety of positions with our company since its founding in August 2002. Mr. Branton currently serves as our Chief Financial Officer since inception. He also serves in similar capacities at MBTH, a company he co-founded with Richard Mooers and George Schmitt in 2010. He graduated from West Chester University in Pennsylvania with a Bachelor of Science degree in accounting. He trained as a certified public accountant in 1989.

John C. Coleman, President, Federal and Director

Mr. Coleman brings to us 35 years of combined experience in expeditionary operations from both government service and the private sector. Since February 2015, Mr. Coleman has served as the President for our Federal and Expeditionary Business Division. From June 2010 to February 2015, he has served as the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Operating Officer of the Company. From January 2009 to June 2012, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Joint Command and Control Consulting (JC3), a consulting services firm

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he founded that is focused on the development, integration, and delivery of mature and emerging technologies in support of expeditionary operations, particularly as related to command, control, and communications. In conjunction with its strategic partners, JC3 provides C4ISR-related systems, service, training, and support to expeditionary responders, both civil and military. He also served as a Vice-President of Hunter Defense Technology, a position he held from July 2006 to December 2008. In the thirty years preceding private sector employment, Mr. Coleman served the United States as a U.S. Marine Officer. Defining the character of his service upon retirement, Mr. Coleman was awarded the nation’s Distinguished Service Medal, an honor very rarely and only under exceptional circumstance bestowed to Marines below the rank of General Officer. He retired from the U.S. Marine Corp as a Colonel. He possesses top secret clearance which gives him access to several of our major markets.

Mr. Coleman was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his significant experience with the military and military operations.

James Woodyatt, President

Mr. Woodyatt has served as our President since April 20, 2012. He previously served as our Deputy Chief Executive Officer from June 2007 to April 20, 2012, at which time James assumed the President title, and as a Director from January 2007 through July 2013. From February 2006 until October 2011, James served as President of Veegoo Holding SA, a company he co-founded in 2006 and as a Managing Director of Veegoo Capital Services SA, a group which is active in business advisory and private equity.

John Payne IV, President of the IMT Division

Mr. Payne has served as our President of the IMT Division since January 29, 2016. Mr. Payne was previously the Chief Technology Officer and VP of Engineering from February 2012 to January 2015 and in January 2015 became Chief Operating Officer of IMT through January 2016 while continuing as Chief Technology Officer. From August 2010 through March 2012, Mr. Payne was the Vice President of Technology for IMT, a Vitec Group company. From 1996 through August 2010, Mr. Payne worked for Nucomm, Inc. in various positions, including as Vice President of Engineering. Mr. Payne holds several patents in the area of wireless communications and is considered an industry expert in the wireless video communication industry related to broadcast television and military and civil manned and unmanned systems. Mr. Payne has a Master of Science in communication systems from the University of Southern California and a Bachelor of Science in engineering from the Rochester Institute of Technology.

Belinda Marino, Secretary

Mrs. Marino has served as Secretary since August 2013. Mrs. Marino is also an employee of the Company serving as the Director of Human Resources since 2006. In addition to the above, Mrs. Marino has ongoing responsibilities for functions that include corporate banking activities and corporate governance. Mrs. Marino earned a PHR (Professional in Human Resources) Certificate from the HR Certification Institute in 2009.

Gary Cuccio, Director

Gary Cuccio has over 35 years of broad operating experience in wireless, software, engineering, operations, sales and marketing. Mr. Cuccio currently serves as Chairman of Openet Telecom Ltd. Based in Dublin, Ireland, Openet Telecom is a venture-backed software company providing IP mediation to leading Telco’s on a global basis. Mr. Cuccio also serves on the Board of Directors of mBlox as the chairman of its audit committee. mBlox is a venture-backed startup providing a service bureau for SMS messages in the wireless space. Headquartered in London and Sunnyvale, CA, mBlox operates in Europe, the U.S. and Asia. Previously, Mr. Cuccio was Chief Executive Officer of ATG, a CLEC based in California, Oregon, and Washington. Prior to ATG, Mr. Cuccio was Chief Executive Officer of LHS group (Nasdaq: LHSG), a Telco billing software supplier. LHS was acquired by Sema, a French software company, in Q3, 2000 for $6.8BB. Mr. Cuccio was also Chief Operating Officer of Omnipoint, a PCS mobile wireless carrier. Mr. Cuccio’s experience also includes several positions held at Airtouch, most notably Vice President of Operations for Europe, Vice President, Asia and President of Airtouch Paging. The company was merged with Vodafone in 1999. He has also served as chairman of the Board of Directors and audit committee chairman of privately

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held companies and has helped sell and merge several public and privately held companies. Mr. Cuccio started his career with 27+ years at Pacific Tel in Operations, Engineering, Customer Service and Sales & Marketing, ending his tenure there as VP/General Manager.

Mr. Cuccio received his AMP from Harvard University, his MBA from St. Mary’s College and his BA in Political Science from California State University Los Angeles.

Mr. Cuccio was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his 45 years of experience with technology and communications companies as well as his financial and audit committee background. Mr. Cuccio qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of the SEC regulations.

Kenneth Hoffman, Director

Mr. Hoffman joined the Company in August 2010 as an advisor. Ken Hoffman is Vice President of Regulatory Affairs for Florida Power & Light Company, the rate-regulated subsidiary of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE: NEE), one of the nation’s leading electricity-related services companies. He is responsible for providing assistance in the management and oversight of FPL’s regulatory activities before state regulators and the State Legislature on energy matters. Mr. Hoffman joined FPL in 2008 after a successful career in private law practice specializing in the representation of public utilities and telecommunications companies before the Florida Public Service Commission, the Florida Legislature and the Florida courts. He has over 25 years’ experience representing various types of telecommunications carriers including wireless before regulatory and legislative bodies. His expertise in regulatory proceedings in Florida will be helpful as we grow and face potential regulatory actions. Prior to joining FPL, he was a shareholder at Rutledge Ecenia Purnell & Hoffman, PA, in Tallahassee, Florida for 14 years.

Mr. Hoffman was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his extensive experience in the utility industry, a key industry segment to utilize our products and services.

Richard L. Mooers, Director

Richard Mooers has been involved in telecommunications activities for over 20 years and has significant expertise in accounting, risk management, and controls. For the past 14 years he has served in a variety of positions with our company since its founding in August 2002. Mr. Mooers served as our Executive Chairman of the Board from inception until July 19, 2013 and will continue to serve as a Director, a position he has held from inception. He also serves as Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Director of MBTH a company he co-founded with Roger Branton and George Schmitt in 2010. Richard graduated summa cum laude from the University of Maine, with a Bachelor of Science degree in business administration in 1985. He remains one of the major investors in the Company.

Mr. Mooers was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his extensive experience with technology and telecommunications companies, including as a founder, executive and investor.

Raymond M. Sidney, Director

Dr. Sidney has established several real estate investment ventures and been involved with a number of companies, including Covia Labs, Planetary Resources, Edison2, and AnthroTronix as an investor, board member, or advisor. He also serves on the Vision Circle of the X PRIZE Foundation. Prior to this, Dr. Sidney was the second software engineer hired at Google, Inc.; previously, Dr. Sidney had worked as a security expert and software engineer at RSA Labs and D.E. Shaw & Co., among other companies. He provided the implementation expertise for RC6, RSA’s candidate cipher for NIST’s quest for AES, a successor to the Data Encryption Standard. Dr. Sidney attended Caltech and Harvard, and he received a bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Harvard in 1991. He then entered the graduate program in mathematics at MIT, where he specialized in cryptography and received a PhD in 1995. His higher mathematics knowledge will be helpful to our development team. Dr. Sidney also has an MBA from UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business. In addition, he is active in educational and environmental undertakings in the Lake Tahoe area.

Dr. Sidney was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his extensive experience with technology companies and broad experience in the venture capital industry.

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General James T. Conway, Director

General Conway retired from active military duty in 2010. Since retiring, General Conway has consulted for several corporate and non-profit boards, including Textron Inc., Colt Defense and General Dynamics. General Conway also co-chairs the Energy Security Leadership Council, a non-partisan energy policy think tank. Prior to his retirement, General Conway served as the 34 th Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps for four years. Prior to becoming Commandant, General Conway served for four years on the Joint Chiefs of Staff as Senior Operations Officer in the U.S. military, where he oversaw the war efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan. As a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Conway functioned as a military advisor to the Secretary of Defense, the National Security Council, and the President.

General Conway was selected to serve on our Board of Directors based on his significant experience assessing and implementing military technology operations.

Board Composition and Committees and Director Independence

Our Board of Directors currently consists of seven members: Richard L. Mooers, John C. Coleman, Gary Cuccio, Kenneth Hoffman, George F. Schmitt, Raymond M. Sidney and General James T. Conway. All of our directors will serve until our next annual meeting and until their successors are duly elected and qualified.

Director Independence

As we are listed on NASDAQ, our determination of independence of directors is made using the definition of “independent director” contained in Rule 5605(a)(2) of NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Our Board of Directors affirmatively determined that Gary Cuccio, Kenneth Hoffman, James T. Conway and Ray Sidney, are “independent” directors, as that term is defined in the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules.

Board Committees

Our Board of Directors has an audit committee, a compensation committee and a governance and nominations committee. Each committee has a charter, which is available on our website at www.xgtechnology.com. Information contained on our website is not incorporated herein by reference. Each of the board committees has the composition and responsibilities described below.

Audit Committee

We have an Audit Committee established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act. The members of our Audit Committee are Gary Cuccio, Ken Hoffman and General James T. Conway. Each of these Committee members is “independent” within the meaning of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act and the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. Our Board of Directors has determined that Gary Cuccio shall serve as the “audit committee financial expert”, as such term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K. Gary Cuccio currently serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee of mBlox, Inc. and Openet Telecom Ltd. In the past he also served on the Audit Committee of Objective Systems Integration, Inc. and Affinity Internet, Inc. Gary Cuccio will serve as Chairman of our Audit Committee.

The Audit Committee oversees our accounting and financial reporting processes and oversees the audit of our financial statements and the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. The specific functions of this Committee include:

selecting and recommending to our Board of Directors the appointment of an independent registered public accounting firm and overseeing the engagement of such firm;
approving the fees to be paid to the independent registered public accounting firm;
helping to ensure the independence of our independent registered public accounting firm;
overseeing the integrity of our financial statements;
preparing an audit committee report as required by the SEC to be included in our annual proxy statement;
reviewing major changes to our auditing and accounting principles and practices as suggested by our company’s independent registered public accounting firm, internal auditors (if any) or management;

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reviewing and approving all related party transactions; and
overseeing our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

Compensation Committee

The members of our Compensation Committee are Gary Cuccio, Ken Hoffman, Ray Sidney and General James T. Conway. Each such member is “independent” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. In addition, each member of our Compensation Committee qualifies as a “non-employee director” under Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act. Our Compensation Committee assists the Board of Directors in the discharge of its responsibilities relating to the compensation of the Board of Directors and our executive officers. General James T. Conway serves as Chairman of our Compensation Committee.

The Committee’s compensation-related responsibilities include:

assisting our Board of Directors in developing and evaluating potential candidates for executive positions and overseeing the development of executive succession plans;
reviewing and approving on an annual basis the corporate goals and objectives with respect to compensation for our chief executive officer;
reviewing, approving and recommending to our Board of Directors on an annual basis the evaluation process and compensation structure for our other executive officers;
providing oversight of management’s decisions concerning the performance and compensation of other company officers, employees, consultants and advisors;
reviewing our incentive compensation and other stock-based plans and recommending changes in such plans to our Board of Directors as needed, and exercising all the authority of our Board of Directors with respect to the administration of such plans;
reviewing and recommending to our Board of Directors the compensation of independent directors, including incentive and equity-based compensation; and
selecting, retaining and terminating such compensation consultants, outside counsel and other advisors as it deems necessary or appropriate.

Governance and Nominations Committee

The members of our Governance and Nominations Committee are Gary Cuccio, Ken Hoffman, Ray Sidney and General James T. Conway. Each such member is “independent” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Stock Market Rules. The purpose of the Governance and Nominations Committee is to recommend to the Board of Directors nominees for election as directors and persons to be elected to fill any vacancies on the Board of Directors, develop and recommend a set of corporate governance principles and oversee the performance of the Board of Directors. Ken Hoffman will serve as chairman of our Governance and Nominations Committee.

The Committee’s responsibilities include:

Selecting director nominees .  The Governance and Nominations Committee recommends to the Board of Directors nominees for election as directors at any meeting of stockholders and nominees to fill vacancies on the Board of Directors. The Governance and Nominations Committee would consider candidates proposed by stockholders and will apply the same criteria and follow substantially the same process in considering such candidates as it does when considering other candidates. The Governance and Nominations Committee may adopt, in its discretion, separate procedures regarding director candidates proposed by our stockholders. Director recommendations by stockholders must be in writing, include a resume of the candidate’s business and personal background and include a signed consent that the candidate would be willing to be considered as a nominee to the Board of Directors and, if elected, would serve. Such recommendation must be sent to the Company’s Secretary at the Company’s executive offices. When it seeks nominees for directors, our Governance and Nominations Committee takes into account a variety of factors including (a) ensuring that the Board of Directors, as a whole, is diverse and consists of individuals

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with various and relevant career experience, relevant technical skills, industry knowledge and experience, financial expertise (including expertise that could qualify a director as a “financial expert”, as that term is defined by the rules of the SEC), local or community ties and (b) minimum individual qualifications, including strength of character, mature judgment, familiarity with the Company’s business and industry, independence of thought and an ability to work collegially. The Company is of the view that the continuing service of qualified incumbents promotes stability and continuity in the board room, contributing to the ability of the Board of Directors to work as a collective body, while giving the Company the benefit of the familiarity and insight into the Company’s affairs that its directors have accumulated during their tenure. Accordingly, the process of the Governance and Nominations Committee for identifying nominees reflects the Company’s practice of re-nominating incumbent directors who continue to satisfy the committee’s criteria for membership on the Board of Directors, whom the committee believes continue to make important contributions to the Board of Directors and who consent to continue their service on the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors has not adopted a formal policy with respect to its consideration of diversity and does not follow any ratio or formula to determine the appropriate mix; rather, it uses its judgment to identify nominees whose backgrounds, attributes and experiences, taken as a whole, will contribute to the high standards of board service. The Governance and Nominations Committee may adopt, and periodically review and revise as it deems appropriate, procedures regarding director candidates proposed by stockholders;
Reviewing requisite skills and criteria for new Board of Directors members and Board of Directors composition .  The Governance and Nominations Committee reviews with the entire Board of Directors, on an annual basis, the requisite skills and criteria for Board of Directors candidates and the composition of the Board of Directors as a whole;
Hiring of search firms to identify director nominees.   The Governance and Nominations Committee has the authority to retain search firms to assist in identifying Board of Directors candidates, approve the terms of the search firm’s engagement, and cause the Company to pay the engaged search firm’s engagement fee;
Selection of committee members .  The Governance and Nominations Committee recommends to the Board of Directors on an annual basis the directors to be appointed to each committee of the Board of Directors;
Evaluation of the Board of Directors .  The Governance and Nominations Committee will oversee an annual self-evaluation of the Board of Directors and its committees to determine whether it and its committees are functioning effectively; and
Development of Corporate Governance Guidelines .  The Governance and Nominations Committee will develop and recommend to the Board of Directors a set of corporate governance guidelines applicable to the Company.

The Governance and Nominations Committee may delegate any of its responsibilities to subcommittees as it deems appropriate. The Governance and Nominations Committee is authorized to retain independent legal and other advisors, and conduct or authorize investigations into any matter within the scope of its duties.

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

To the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:

been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);
had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against the business or property of the person, or of any partnership, corporation or business association of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy filing or within two years prior to that time;

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been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction or federal or state authority, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting, his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities, investment, banking, savings and loan, or insurance activities, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;
been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;
been the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated (not including any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants), relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or
been the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

Except as set forth in our discussion below in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions,” none of our directors or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with us or any of our directors, executive officers, affiliates or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships between any of the officers or directors of the Company.

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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Summary Compensation Table

The following table summarizes information regarding the compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to, our Executive Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and our two other most highly compensated executive officers during 2015 and 2014. We refer to these individuals in this report as our named executive officers.

                 
Name and
Principal Position
  Fiscal
Year
  Salary
($)
  Bonus
($)
  Stock
Awards
($)
  Option
Awards
($) (1)
  Non-Equity
Incentive
Plan
Compensation ($)
  Non-qualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
  All Other
Compensation
($) (2)
  Total
($)
George F. Schmitt, Executive Chairman (3)     2015       187,500       0       0       26,636                   694       214,830  
    2014       150,000       0       7,581       0                   0       157,581  
                                                                                
Roger G. Branton,
Chief Financial Officer
    2015       240,000       0       0       26,636                   11,154       277,790  
    2014       240,000       0       0       38,683                   10,776       289,459  
                                                                                
John C. Coleman,
President, Federal
    2015       250,000       0       0       26,636                   36,672       313,308  
    2014       250,000       0       12,193       0                   42,578       304,771  
James Woodyatt, President     2015       210,000       0       0       26,636                   10,817       247,453  
    2014       202,522       67,500       8,340       0                   3,672       282,034  

(1) Amounts relate to grants of stock options made under the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan. With respect to each stock option grant, the amounts disclosed generally reflect the grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 “Stock Compensation”.
(2) Includes employer-paid insurance and, for Mr. Coleman, a housing allowance.
(3) Mr. Schmitt became Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors on July 19, 2013. On February 12, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors appointed Mr. Schmitt to the role of Chief Executive Officer.

Executive Compensation Program Components

Base Salary

We provide base salary as a fixed source of compensation for our executive officers, allowing them a degree of certainty when having a meaningful portion of their compensation “at risk” in the form of equity awards covering the shares of a company for whose shares there has been limited liquidity to date. The Board of Directors recognizes the importance of base salaries as an element of compensation that helps to attract highly qualified executive talent.

Base salaries for our executive officers were established primarily based on individual negotiations with the executive officers when they joined us and reflect the scope of their anticipated responsibilities, the individual experience they bring, the Board of Directors members’ experiences and knowledge in compensating similarly situated individuals at other companies, our then-current cash constraints, and a general sense of internal pay equity among our executive officers.

The Board of Directors does not apply specific formulas in determining base salary increases. In determining base salaries for 2014 and 2015 for our continuing named executive officers, no adjustments were made to the base salaries of any of our named executive officers, except for James Woodyatt, as the Board of Directors or compensation committee determined, in their independent judgment and without reliance on any survey data, that existing base salaries, taken together with other elements of compensation, provided sufficient fixed compensation for retention purposes.

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Cash Bonuses or Bonuses Paid in Shares

Prior to the initial public offering, our employees, including our executive officers, were eligible to earn discretionary performance bonuses based on individual performance. The amount of individual bonus earned was determined in a subjective manner, without specific weightings or a formula. In 2012 and 2013, we set targets for the award of corporate performance-related bonuses.

We did not set any targets for the award of corporate performance-related bonuses for 2014 and 2015.

Equity Compensation

As a majority-held company, we have historically used options as the principal component of our executive compensation program. Consistent with our compensation objectives, we believe this approach has allowed us to attract and retain key talent and aligned our executive team’s contributions with the long-term interests of the company and our stockholders. We grant stock options with an exercise price not less than the fair market value of our common stock on the date of grant, so these options will have value to our executive officers only if the fair market value of our common stock increases after the date of grant and the date of vesting. Typically, stock options granted to our executive officers vest over three years.

In addition, our Board of Directors has approved certain executive grants of options containing accelerated vesting provisions upon an involuntary termination (both termination without cause and resignation for good reason) as well as upon certain material change in control transactions. Our Board of Directors believes these accelerated vesting provisions reflect current market practices, based on the collective knowledge and experiences of our Board of Directors members (and without reference to specific peer group data), and allow us to attract and retain highly qualified executive officers. In addition, we believe these accelerated vesting provisions will allow our executive officers to focus on closing a transaction that may be in the best interest of our stockholders even though the transaction may otherwise result in a termination of their employment and, absent such accelerated vesting, a forfeiture of their unvested equity awards. Additional information regarding accelerated vesting prior to, upon or following a change in control is discussed below under “— Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control.”

In determining the form, size and material terms of executive equity awards, our Board of Directors customarily considered, among other things, individual negotiations with the executive officers at their time of hire, the executive officer’s total compensation opportunity, the need to create a meaningful opportunity for reward predicated on the creation of long-term stockholder value, internal pay equity as among our executive officers, notable performance accomplishments, adjustments to duties and the retention implications of existing grants.

Our Board of Directors made the grants to our executive officers set forth below. In determining the size of the equity grants, our Board of Directors generally considered the Chief Executive Officer’s recommendations, the executive officer’s existing equity award holdings (including the unvested portion of such awards), internal pay equity, our retention and incentive goals, and, as applicable, negotiations with the executive at the time of his hiring. Our Board of Directors did not make any grants to our executive officers in 2014; however, stock options were granted to our executive officers in 2015 as set forth below.

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Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End 2015

The following table presents information regarding outstanding options held by our named executive officers as of December 31, 2015:

       
  Option Awards
     Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Exercisable
  Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Unexercisable
  Option
Exercise Price
($)
  Option
Expiration date
George Schmitt     12             1,008.00       2/23/2020  
       0       1,042 (4)       30.00       6/1/2025  
Total     12       1,042                    
Roger Branton (1)     167       84 (3)       195.60       11/19/2023  
       0       1,042 (4)       30.00       6/1/2025  
Total     167       1,126                    
John Coleman     12             1050.00       3/8/2020  
       120             840.00       6/16/2020  
       239             1050.00       4/14/2021  
       223       112 (2)       195.60       11/19/2023  
       0       1,042 (4)       30.00       6/1/2025  
Total     594       1,154                    
James Woodyatt     179             23,100       1/10/2017  
       84             945.60       4/14/2021  
       167       84 (3)       195.60       11/19/2023  
       0       1,042 (4)       30.00       6/1/2025  
Total     430       1,126                    

(1) Held by trusts and entities for the benefit of Roger Branton, his wife and children.
(2) 38 of these options vest on November 19, 2014, 38 vest on November 19, 2015 and 36 vest on November 19, 2016.
(3) 28 of these options vest on November 19, 2014, 28 vest on November 19, 2015 and 28 vest on November 19, 2016.
(4) 521 of these options vest on June 1, 2016 and 521 vest on June 1, 2017.

Director Compensation

The Company compensates our non-employee directors on a negotiated basis including expenses for their service. Each of these directors received compensation in the amount of $15,000 annually payable quarterly or the same value in shares of the Company, based on the director’s determination. In addition, they received awards of 120 options in September 2012 with a strike price of $1,890.00 and 84 in November 2013 with a strike price of $195.60. Each award has a vesting schedule of one-third vesting each year on the anniversary date over three (3) years. No options were awarded in 2014. On June 1, 2015, the directors each received awards of 125 options with a strike price of $30.00. This award has a vesting schedule of 50% vesting each year on the anniversary date over two (2) years.

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The table below summarizes the compensation earned by our independent directors for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.

             
Name   Fees
earned
or paid
in cash
($)
  Stock
Awards
($)
  Option
Awards
($)
  Non-equity
incentive plan
compensation
($)
  Change in
pension value
and
nonqualified
deferred
compensation
earnings
($)
  All Other
Compensation
($)
  Total
($)
James Conway     14,798       0       3,196         0         0         0       17,994  
Gary Cuccio     0       15,000       3,196       0       0       0       18,196  
Kenneth Hoffman     0       15,000       3,196       0       0       0       18,196  
Raymond Sidney     0       15,000       3,196       0       0       0       18,196  

Pension Benefits

We do not have any defined pension plans.

Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control

Our executive employment agreements do not call for any potential payments upon termination or change in control.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of June 23, 2016 by (a) each stockholder who is known to us to own beneficially 5% or more of our outstanding common stock; (b) all directors; (c) our executive officers, and (d) all executive officers and directors as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, all persons listed below have (i) sole voting power and investment power with respect to their shares of common stock, except to the extent that authority is shared by spouses under applicable law, and (ii) record and beneficial ownership with respect to their shares of common stock.

For purposes of this table, a person or group of persons is deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of any shares of common stock that such person has the right to acquire within 60 days of June 23, 2016. For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares of our common stock held by each person or group of persons named above, any shares of common stock that such person or persons has the right to acquire within 60 days of June 23, 2016 is deemed to be outstanding, but is not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The inclusion herein of any shares of common stock listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership. Unless otherwise identified, the address of our directors and officers is c/o xG Technology, Inc., 240 S. Pineapple Avenue, Suite 701, Sarasota, Florida 34236.

   
Name and address of beneficial owner:   Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial
Ownership
  Percent of
class of
Common
Stock (1)
5% Shareholders
                 
None