Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
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|Filed by a Party other than the Registrant||o|
Check the appropriate box:
|o||Preliminary Proxy Statement|
|o||Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))|
|x||Definitive Proxy Statement|
|o||Definitive Additional Materials|
|o||Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12|
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):
|x||No fee required.|
|o||Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.|
|(1)||Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:|
|(2)||Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:|
|(3)||Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):|
|(4)||Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:|
|(5)||Total fee paid:|
|o||Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.|
|o||Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.|
|(1)||Amount Previously Paid:|
|(2)||Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:|
|DATE & TIME||8:00 a.m., Pacific Time, on May 23, 2018|
|PLACE||Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220 San Diego, CA 92127|
|ITEMS OF BUSINESS||
1. To elect five directors, each to serve until the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders and until his successor is duly elected and qualified.
2. To ratify the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018.
3. To transact such other business as may be properly presented at the annual meeting or any postponement or adjournment of the meeting.
|RECORD DATE||You are entitled to vote at the annual meeting if you were a stockholder of record as of the close of business on March 29, 2018.|
|PROXY MATERIALS||This notice of meeting, the proxy statement, the proxy card, and our 2017 annual report to stockholders, which is not part of the proxy solicitation materials, are available at www.envisionreports.com/IIPR .|
|PROXY VOTING||If you received a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials by mail, you will not receive a printed copy of the proxy materials in the mail. Instead, the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials instructs you on how to access and review this proxy statement and our 2017 annual report and how to authorize your proxy online or by telephone. If you received a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials by mail and would like to receive a printed copy of our proxy materials, you should follow the instructions for requesting such materials included in the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials. We are also sending a paper copy of the proxy materials to any stockholder who has elected to receive its proxy materials by mail. Your proxy is important. Whether or not you plan to attend the annual meeting, please authorize your proxy by Internet or telephone, or, if you received a paper copy of the materials by mail, please mark, sign, date and return your proxy card, so that your shares will be represented at the annual meeting. If you plan to attend the annual meeting and wish to vote your shares personally, you may withdraw your proxy and vote in person at any time before the proxy is voted.|
By Order of the Board of Directors,
Executive Chairman of the Board
April 11, 2018
|QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS REGARDING THE 2018 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS||2|
|PROPOSAL 1 ELECTION OF DIRECTORS||4|
|Recommendation of the Board||4|
|Information Regarding Nominees||4|
|Additional Information Regarding the Board||5|
|PROPOSAL 2 RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM||10|
|Recommendation of the Board||11|
|AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT||11|
|RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS||12|
|Executive Compensation Objectives||15|
|Determination of Executive Compensation||15|
|Severance and Change of Control Agreements||17|
|Summary Compensation Table||20|
|Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2017||21|
|EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION||22|
|SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT||23|
|SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE||23|
|AVAILABILITY OF ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K||24|
|DELIVERY OF PROXY MATERIALS TO HOUSEHOLDS||25|
We are furnishing this proxy statement in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the board of directors (the Board) of Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. (the Company, we, our, and us) for use at the Annual Meeting of the Companys stockholders, to be held at 8:00 a.m., Pacific Time, on Wednesday, May 23, 2018 at 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220, San Diego, CA 92127, as well as in connection with any adjournments or postponements of the meeting. This proxy statement is first being furnished or sent to stockholders on or about April 11, 2018.
Unless contrary instructions are indicated on the proxy, all shares represented by valid proxies received pursuant to this solicitation (and not revoked before they are voted) will be voted:
|||FOR the election of the Boards nominees for director, or for a substitute in the discretion of the designated proxy holders in the event a nominee is unable to serve or declines to do so; and|
|||FOR the ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as the Companys independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018.|
As to any other business which may properly come before the annual meeting and be submitted to a vote of the stockholders, proxies received by the Board will be voted in the discretion of the designated proxy holders. A proxy may be revoked by written notice to the Secretary of the Company at any time prior to the annual meeting, by executing a later dated proxy or by attending the annual meeting and voting in person. Attendance at the annual meeting will not by itself revoke a proxy.
Stockholders can vote in person at the annual meeting or by proxy. There are three ways to vote by proxy:
|||By Telephone Beneficial stockholders who received a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the Notice of Internet Availability) and who live in the United States or Canada may submit proxies by telephone by calling the telephone number indicated in the notice and following the instructions. Beneficial stockholders who have received a paper copy of a proxy card or a voting instruction card by mail may submit proxies by telephone by calling the number on the card and following the instructions. Stockholders submitting proxies by telephone will need to have available the control number that appears on their Notice of Internet Availability, proxy card, or a voting instruction card, as applicable.|
|||By Internet Beneficial stockholders who received a Notice of Internet Availability may submit proxies over the Internet by following the instructions on the notice. Beneficial stockholders who have received a paper copy of a proxy card or voting instruction card by mail may submit proxies over the Internet by following the instructions on the proxy card or voting instruction card.|
|||By Mail Stockholders who received a paper copy of a proxy card or voting instruction card by mail may submit proxies by completing, signing and dating their proxy card or voting instruction card and mailing it in the accompanying pre-addressed envelope.|
We will bear the cost of the solicitation of proxies. In addition to the use of mails, proxies may be solicited by personal interview, telephone, facsimile, e-mail or otherwise, by our officers, directors and other employees. We also will request persons, firms and corporations holding shares in their names, or in the names of their nominees, which are beneficially owned by others to send or cause to be sent proxy materials to, and obtain proxies from, such beneficial owners and will reimburse such holders for their reasonable expenses in so doing.
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Stockholder Meeting to Be Held on May 23, 2018
This proxy statement and our 2017 annual report to stockholders are available at www.envisionreports.com/IIPR .
Our Board is soliciting your proxy. The proxy provides you with the opportunity to vote on the proposals presented at the annual meeting, whether or not you attend the meeting.
Our stockholders will vote on two proposals at the annual meeting:
|1.||The election of five directors, each to serve until the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders and until his successor is duly elected and qualified; and|
|2.||The ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018.|
Your proxy will also give the proxy holders discretionary authority to vote the shares represented by the proxy on any matter, other than the above proposals, that is properly presented for action at the annual meeting.
Our directors, officers and employees may solicit proxies by telephone, mail, facsimile, via the Internet or by overnight delivery service. These individuals do not receive separate compensation for these services. Finally, in accordance with regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC), we will reimburse brokerage firms and other persons representing beneficial owners of our common stock for their reasonable expenses in forwarding solicitation materials to such beneficial owners.
Our Board has fixed the close of business on March 29, 2018, as the record date for our annual meeting. Only stockholders of record on that date are entitled to receive notice of and vote at the annual meeting. As of March 29, 2018, our only outstanding class of voting securities was common stock, $0.001 par value per share. On that date, we had 50,000,000 shares of common stock authorized, of which 6,782,079 shares were outstanding.
If you (and not your broker) are the record holder of our stock, you can vote either in person at the annual meeting or by proxy, whether or not you attend the annual meeting. You may vote your shares on the Internet, via telephone, or, to the extent you request written proxy materials, by signing, dating and mailing the accompanying proxy card in the envelope provided. Instructions regarding the three methods of voting by proxy are contained on the Notice and the proxy card.
A quorum must be present to hold our annual meeting. The presence, in person or by proxy, of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast at the annual meeting constitutes a quorum. Your shares, once represented for any purpose at the annual meeting, are deemed present for purposes of determining a quorum for the remainder of the meeting and for any adjournment, unless a new record date is set for the adjourned meeting. This is true even if you abstain from voting with respect to any matter brought before the annual meeting. As of March 29, 2018, we had 6,782,079 shares of common stock outstanding; thus, we anticipate that the quorum for our annual meeting will be 3,391,040 shares.
Our stockholders are entitled to one vote for each share held.
Directors are elected by a plurality vote; the candidates up for election who receive the highest number of votes cast, up to the number of directors to be elected, are elected. Stockholders do not have the right to cumulate their votes.
The proposal to ratify our appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018, will be approved by our stockholders if the votes cast favoring the ratification exceed the votes cast opposing the ratification.
If you vote by proxy (either voting on the Internet, by telephone or by properly completing and returning a paper proxy card that you receive upon requesting written proxy materials), the shares represented by your proxy will be voted at the annual meeting as you instruct, including any adjournments or postponements of the meeting. If you return a signed proxy card but no voting instructions are given, the proxy holders will exercise their discretionary authority to vote the shares represented by the proxy at the annual meeting and any adjournments or postponements as follows:
|1.|| FOR the election of director nominees Alan Gold, Gary Kreitzer, Scott Shoemaker, Paul Smithers and David Stecher.|
|2.|| FOR the ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018.|
If you hold your shares in your brokers name (sometimes called street name or nominee name), you must provide voting instructions to your broker. If you do not provide instructions to your broker, your shares will not be voted in any matter on which your broker does not have discretionary authority to vote, which generally includes non-routine matters. A vote that is not cast for this reason is called a broker non-vote. Broker non-votes will be treated as shares present for the purpose of determining whether a quorum is present at the meeting, but they will not be considered present for purposes of calculating the vote on a particular matter, nor will they be counted as a vote FOR or AGAINST a matter or as an abstention on the matter. Under the rules of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), which is the stock exchange on which our common stock is listed, the ratification of our appointment of our independent registered public accounting firm is considered a routine matter for broker voting purposes, but the election of directors is not considered a routine matter. It is important that you instruct your broker as to how you wish to have your shares voted, even if you wish to vote as recommended by the Board.
Our Board has nominated and recommends for election as directors the five individuals named herein to serve until the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders and until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified. All of the nominees are presently directors of the Company and following the annual meeting, there will be no vacancies on the Board. Directors are elected by a plurality of all of the votes cast at the annual meeting. Cumulative voting is not permitted. If any of the nominees should be unable to serve or should decline to do so, the discretionary authority provided in the proxy will be exercised by the proxy holders to vote for a substitute nominated by the Board on the recommendation of the nominating and corporate governance committee. The Board does not believe at this time that any substitute nominees will be required. There are no family relationships between any of our directors or executive officers. We believe that all of our current Board members possess the professional and personal qualifications necessary for Board service, and have highlighted particularly noteworthy attributes for each Board member in the individual biographies below.
Our Board recommends that stockholders vote FOR each of the nominees set forth below.
The table below sets forth the name, position with the Company and age of each nominee for director as of March 29, 2018.
|Alan Gold||Executive Chairman||57|
|Gary Kreitzer||Vice Chairman||63|
|Paul Smithers||President, Chief Executive Officer and Director||61|
Alan Gold is a co-founder and has served as executive chairman of our Board since our formation in June 2016. Mr. Gold served as chairman, president and chief executive officer of BioMed Realty Trust, Inc. (formerly NYSE: BMR) (BioMed Realty), a real estate investment trust (REIT) specializing in acquiring, leasing, developing and managing laboratory and office space for the life science industry, from its inception in 2004 through the sale of the company to affiliates of Blackstone Real Estate Partners VIII L.P. in January 2016. Mr. Gold also served as chairman, president and chief executive officer of BioMed Realtys privately-held predecessor, Bernardo Property Advisors, Inc., from August 1998 until August 2004. In addition, Mr. Gold was a co-founder and served as president and a director of Alexandria Real Estate Equities, Inc. (NYSE: ARE) (Alexandria Real Estate), an urban office REIT, from its predecessors inception in 1994 until August 1998. Mr. Gold served as managing partner of GoldStone Real Estate Finance and Investments, a partnership engaged in the real estate and mortgage business, from 1989 to 1994. He also served as assistant vice president of commercial real estate for Northland Financial Company, a full service commercial property mortgage banker, from 1989 to 1990 and as real estate investment officer of commercial real estate for John Burnham Company, a regional full service real estate company, from 1985 to 1989. From December 2013 to June 2016, Mr. Gold served on the board of directors and as a member of the nominating and compensation committees of CatchMark Timber Trust, Inc. (NYSE: CTT), a REIT focused on timberland ownership. From August 2011 to March 2013, Mr. Gold also served on the board of directors and as a member of the audit committee of American Assets Trust, Inc. (NYSE: AAT), a REIT focused on acquiring, developing and managing retail, office, multifamily and mixed-use properties. Mr. Gold currently serves as a member of the board of trustees for the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, a research organization dedicated to fundamental research in biology and its relation to health, and as a member of the board of directors of the Campanile Foundation, a philanthropic foundation that supports San Diego State University. Mr. Gold received his Bachelor of Science Degree in Business Administration and his Master of Business Administration from
San Diego State University. We believe that Mr. Golds 30 years of experience in the real estate industry, expertise in NYSE-listed REITs, and extensive management experience make him qualified to serve as executive chairman of our Board.
Gary Kreitzer has served as one of our directors since our formation in June 2016. Mr. Kreitzer is a co-founder of BioMed Realty and served as its general counsel from the companys formation in 2004 until August 2012, as BioMed Realtys director until January 2016 and as BioMed Realtys executive vice president until February 2017. Mr. Kreitzer also served in the same roles with Bernardo Property Advisors from December 1998 to August 2004. Mr. Kreitzer was a co-founder and served as senior vice president and in-house counsel of Alexandria Real Estate from its predecessors inception in 1994 until December 1998. From 1990 to 1994, Mr. Kreitzer was in-house counsel and vice president for Seawest Energy Corporation, an alternative energy facilities development company. Mr. Kreitzer also served The Christiana Companies, Inc., a publicly traded investment and real estate development company, in a number of roles from 1982 to 1989, including as in-house counsel, secretary and vice president. Mr. Kreitzer is a member of the California Bar. We believe that Mr. Kreitzers 35 years of experience in the real estate industry, expertise in NYSE-listed REITs, and legal expertise are valuable to our Board.
Scott Shoemaker, MD has served as one of our directors since November 2016. Mr. Shoemaker is a practicing orthopedic surgeon specializing in pediatrics and trauma for Kaiser Permanente, an integrated managed care consortium, since 1999. He is also an inventor, assists in the development of medical devices and is on a patent for a spine deformity system developed by NuVasive, Inc. for which he receives royalties. Mr. Shoemaker is also a founder of BOSS Logic, LLC, a company designed to generate ideas for the intellectual property and biotechnology sectors. BOSS Logic, LLC holds multiple patents relating to how mobile devices share and distribute contact information. He is part owner and developer of Aztek Paddles, a carbon fiber company. In this role, he assisted in designing paddles, writing patents and testing paddles. We believe that Mr. Shoemakers management experience and medical expertise are valuable to our Board.
Paul Smithers is a co-founder and has served as our president and chief executive officer since our formation in June 2016 and as a director since November 2016. From August 2013 to July 2015, Paul Smithers served as co-founder and chief legal officer of Iso Nano International, LLC, a designer and manufacturer of advanced materials for use in the aerospace, consumer goods, electronics and safety industries. Prior to his time at Iso Nano, Mr. Smithers was the managing partner of Smithers & Player, Attorneys at Law from September 1989 to July 2013. Mr. Smithers is a member of the California Bar. We believe that Mr. Smithers management expertise and over 30 years of legal and regulatory experience are valuable to our Board.
David Stecher has served as one of our directors since November 2016. Mr. Stecher has led the executive benefits practice at both NFP Retirement and its sister company, Retirement Plan Advisory Group, since December of 2009. NFP Retirement and Retirement Plan Advisory Group are companies that specialize in corporate retirement plans. Previously, Mr. Stecher served, from April 2004 to September 2009, as executive vice president for Retirement Capital Group, a company that provides employee compensation and benefits advisory services; from January 1984 to September 1986, as tax and auditing accountant for KPMG Peat Marwick; and from June 1997 to April 2004, as executive vice president and head of West Coast operations for AXA Advisors executive benefits group, a group that designs and implements corporate executive benefits and provides individual planning for asset accumulation and preservation. Mr. Stecher holds a wide range of certifications, including Certified Public Accountant (inactive), Certified Financial Planner, Chartered Life Underwriter and Chartered Financial Consultant, as well as his Series 6, 7, 63, 65 and 24 licenses. We believe that Mr. Stechers expertise in employee compensation and benefits as well as his accounting background and experience are valuable to our Board.
Our Board has determined that each of our current directors, except for Messrs. Gold and Smithers, has no material relationship with our Company (either directly or as a partner, stockholder or officer of an organization that has a relationship with our Company) and is independent within the meaning of our director independence standards, which include the NYSE director independence standards, as currently in
effect. Furthermore, our Board has determined that each of the members of each of the audit committee, the compensation committee and the nominating and corporate governance committee has no material relationship with our Company (either directly or as a partner, stockholder or officer of an organization that has a relationship with our Company) and is independent within the meaning of our director independence standards.
Our Board held seven meetings during fiscal 2017, for which all Board members were in attendance. No director attended fewer than 100% of the aggregate of the total number of meetings of our Board and the total number of meetings of committees of our Board on which he served during the period for which he was a member.
To ensure free and open discussion among the independent directors of the Board, regularly scheduled executive sessions are held, at which only independent directors are present. The person nominated by the independent directors serves as the presiding director at each such executive session.
Our Board does not have a policy on whether the same person should serve as both the chief executive officer and chairman of the Board or, if the roles are separate, whether the chairman should be selected from the independent directors. Our Board understands that there is no single, generally accepted approach to providing Board leadership and believes that it should have the flexibility to periodically determine the leadership structure that is best for our Company. Consistent with this understanding, our independent directors consider the Boards leadership structure on an annual basis.
The Board believes that its current leadership structure, with Mr. Gold serving as executive chairman and Mr. Smithers serving as president, chief executive officer and director, is appropriate. Mr. Gold is involved in both our day-to-day operations and the strategic decision making at the Board level. We believe our current leadership structure is the optimal structure for us because it provides our Company with strong, effective and consistent leadership.
Our Board plays an active role in overseeing the management of our risks. The committees of our Board assist our full Board in risk oversight by addressing specific matters within the purview of each committee. The audit committee focuses on oversight of financial risks; the compensation committee focuses primarily on risks relating to executive compensation plans and arrangements; and the nominating and corporate governance committee focuses on reputational and corporate governance risks, including the independence of our Board. While each committee is responsible for evaluating certain risks and overseeing the management of such risks, our full Board keeps itself regularly informed regarding such risks, including through committee reports.
There were no insider participations or compensation committee interlocks among the members of the compensation committee during fiscal year 2017. At all times during fiscal year 2017, the compensation committee was comprised solely of independent, non-employee directors.
The nominating and corporate governance committee has not set minimum qualifications for Board nominees. However, pursuant to its charter, in identifying candidates to recommend for election to the Board, the nominating and corporate governance committee considers the following criteria: (1) personal and professional integrity, ethics and values, (2) experience in corporate management, such as serving as an officer or former officer of a publicly held company, and a general understanding of marketing, finance and other elements relevant to the success of a publicly traded company in todays business environment, (3) experience in our industry and with relevant social policy concerns, (4) diversity of experience, profession and background, both on an individual level and in relation to the Board as a whole, (5) experience as a board member of another publicly held company, (6) academic expertise in an area of our operations and (7) practical and mature business judgment, including ability to make independent analytical inquiries. Our Board evaluates each individual in the context of our Board as a whole, with the objective of assembling a
group that can best perpetuate the success of the business and represent stockholder interests through the exercise of sound judgment using its diversity of experience in these various areas. In determining whether to recommend a director for re-election, the nominating and corporate governance committee also considers the directors past attendance at meetings and participation in and contributions to the activities of the Board. Nominees are not evaluated on the basis of race, gender, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, disability or any other basis prohibited by law. Our directors, qualification criteria and the effectiveness of our nomination policies are reviewed annually by the nominating and corporate governance committee.
The nominating and corporate governance committee identifies nominees by first evaluating the current members of our Board willing to continue in service. Current members with qualifications and skills that are consistent with the nominating and corporate governance committees criteria for Board service are re-nominated. As to new candidates, the nominating and corporate governance committee will generally poll Board members and members of management for their recommendations. The nominating and corporate governance committee may also hire a search firm if deemed appropriate to identify and perform background due diligence on potential candidates. An initial slate of candidates will be presented to the chair of the nominating and corporate governance committee, who will then make an initial determination as to the qualification and fit of each candidate. Candidates will be interviewed by the executive chairman and independent Board members. The nominating and corporate governance committee will then approve final director candidates and, after review and deliberation of all feedback and data, will make its recommendation to our Board. Recommendations received from stockholders will be considered and processed and are subject to the same criteria as are candidates nominated by the nominating and corporate governance committee.
The foregoing notwithstanding, if we are legally required by contract or otherwise to permit a third party to designate one or more of the directors to be elected or appointed (for example, pursuant to articles supplementary designating the rights of a class of preferred stock to elect one or more directors upon a dividend default), then the nomination or appointment of such directors shall be governed by such requirements.
Each of the nominees for election as director at the annual meeting is recommended by the nominating and corporate governance committee to stand for reelection.
In 2017, each non-employee director received an annual retainer of $20,000 in cash (except in the case of Mr. Kreitzer, who serves as vice chairman of the Board and received an annual retainer of $40,000 in cash) and an annual retainer of $30,000 payable in restricted shares of common stock under the 2016 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the Incentive Plan), which vest annually ratably over a three-year period from the date of grant. The audit committee chair received an additional annual retainer of $5,000 in cash and any other committee chair received an additional annual retainer of $2,500 in cash. All non-employee directors are reimbursed for their costs and expenses in attending our Board meetings. Any member of our Board who is also an employee of our Company does not receive additional compensation for serving as a director.
Effective as of January 1, 2018, our director compensation program was amended as follows: each non-employee director receives an annual retainer of $25,000 in cash (except in the case of Mr. Kreitzer, who receives an annual retainer of $50,000 in cash) and an annual retainer of $40,000 payable in restricted shares of common stock under the Incentive Plan (except in the case of Mr. Kreitzer, who receives an annual retainer of $50,000 payable in restricted shares of common stock under the Incentive Plan), which vest in their entirety one year from the date of grant. The audit committee chair continues to receive an additional annual retainer of $5,000 in cash and any other committee chair continues to receive an additional annual retainer of $2,500 in cash. All non-employee directors continue to be reimbursed for their costs and expenses in attending our Board meetings. The Company also will grant $40,000 in restricted shares of common stock under the Incentive Plan to each non-employee director who is initially elected or appointed to the Board on the date of such initial election or appointment, which vest in their entirety one year from the date of grant. Any member of our Board who is also an employee of our Company continues to not receive additional compensation for serving as a director.
The table below summarizes the compensation paid by the Company to non-employee directors for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
|Gary Malino (3)||9,946||||9,946|
|Scott Shoemaker, M.D.||22,500||30,002||52,502|
|(1)||Alan Gold, our executive chairman, and Paul Smithers, our president and chief executive officer, are not included in this table because they are employees and thus receive no compensation for their services as directors. The compensation received by Messrs. Gold and Smithers as employees is shown in the Summary Compensation Table below.|
|(2)||Represents the grant date fair value of restricted stock awarded in 2017 based on the closing price of our common stock on the date of such grant, as determined in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, Stock Compensation, or ASC Topic 718. During 2017, each of our independent directors was granted 1,697 shares of restricted stock. The shares vest annually ratably over a three-year period, on May 24, 2018, May 24, 2019 and May 24, 2020. In addition, each of our non-employee directors was granted 1,802 shares of restricted stock in 2016, of which 1,202 shares remain unvested and vest ratably annually on each of December 6, 2018 and December 6, 2019. These shares represent the only unvested shares of restricted stock held by our non-employee directors at December 31, 2017.|
|(3)||Mr. Malino retired from our Board at the end of his term, effective as of May 24, 2017, the date of our 2017 annual meeting of stockholders.|
Our Board welcomes communications from our stockholders. Any stockholder or other interested party who wishes to communicate with the Board or one or more members of the Board should do so in writing in care of the General Counsel of Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc., at our principal office, 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220, San Diego, California 92127. The General Counsel is directed to forward each appropriate communication to the director or directors for whom it is intended.
We encourage, but do not require, our Board members to attend the annual meeting of stockholders. All of our Board members attended our 2017 annual meeting of stockholders, other than David Stecher.
We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to our officers, employees, agents and directors. In addition, our Board has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines to assist the Board in the exercise of its responsibilities and to serve the interests of the Company and its stockholders. The Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and Corporate Governance Guidelines are posted on our website at www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com .
|Scott Shoemaker, M.D.||X||X||Chair|
|Number of Meetings in 2017||4||3||2|
|(1)||The Board periodically reviews committee membership and may rotate membership during the year. Accordingly, the membership described in the table may change during 2018.|
The audit committee is composed of Messrs. Kreitzer, Shoemaker and Stecher, each of whom is an independent director for purpose of service on the audit committee and financially literate under the rules of the NYSE. Mr. Stecher serves as chair of the audit committee and as the audit committee financial expert as that term is defined by the SEC. The audit committee assists the Board in overseeing:
|||our accounting and financial reporting processes;|
|||the integrity and audits of our consolidated financial statements;|
|||our compliance with legal and regulatory requirements;|
|||the qualifications and independence of our independent registered public accounting firm; and|
|||the performance of our independent registered public accounting firm and any internal auditors.|
The audit committee is also responsible for engaging an independent registered public accounting firm, reviewing with the independent registered public accounting firm the plans and results of the audit engagement, reviewing the appointment of the internal auditor, approving professional services provided by the independent registered public accounting firm and the related audit and non-audit fees.
The compensation committee is composed of Messrs. Kreitzer, Shoemaker and Stecher, each of whom is an independent director under the rules of the NYSE. Mr. Kreitzer serves as chair of the compensation committee, which is responsible for:
|||evaluating the performance of and compensation of our chief executive officer;|
|||reviewing and approving the compensation and benefits of our executive officers and members of our Board; and|
|||administering our Incentive Plan, as well as any other compensation, stock option, stock purchase, incentive or other benefit plans.|
The compensation committee is primarily responsible for establishing and implementing our compensation program and policies. To fulfill its responsibilities, the compensation committee may engage, oversee and provide appropriate funding for advisors and consultants to advise the committee on executive compensation matters.
The nominating and corporate governance committee is composed of Messrs. Kreitzer, Shoemaker and Stecher, each of whom is an independent director under the rules of the NYSE. Mr. Shoemaker serves as chair of the nominating and corporate governance committee, which is responsible for:
|||seeking, considering and recommending to the full Board qualified candidates for election as directors and recommending a slate of nominees for election as directors at the annual meeting of stockholders;|
|||periodically preparing and submitting to the Board for adoption the committees selection criteria for director nominees;|
|||reviewing and making recommendations on matters involving general operation of the Board and our corporate governance;|
|||recommending to the Board nominees for each committee of the Board; and|
|||annually facilitating the assessment of the Boards performance as a whole and of the individual directors and reports thereon to the Board.|
The nominating and corporate governance committee operates under a written charter adopted by the nominating and corporate governance committee and approved by the Board. The charter is available in the investor relations section of our website ( www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com ).
The audit committee of our Board has appointed BDO USA, LLP to serve as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018, and our Board has directed that management submit the appointment of the independent registered public accounting firm for ratification by our stockholders at the annual meeting. BDO USA, LLP has audited our financial statements since our inception in 2016. Representatives of BDO USA, LLP are expected to be present at the annual meeting. Such representatives will have the opportunity to make a statement if they desire to do so and are expected to be available to respond to appropriate questions.
Audit and Non-Audit Fees. The aggregate fees billed to us by BDO USA, LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, for the indicated services for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows (dollars in thousands):
|Audit Fees (1)||$||183||$||234|
|Audit Related Fees|||||
|Tax Fees (2)|||||
|All Other Fees|||||
|(1)||Audit fees consist of fees for professional services performed by BDO USA, LLP for the audits of our annual financial statements, reviews of our interim financial statements, and services that are normally provided in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements. For the year ended December 31, 2017, audit fees also include fees for professional services performed by BDO USA, LLP in connection with our public offering of shares of Series A Preferred Stock of $44,000. For the year ended December 31, 2016, audit fees also include fees for professional services performed by BDO USA, LLP in connection with our initial public offering of $184,000.|
|(2)||In January 2018, we engaged BDO USA, LLP to provide tax services related to our fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.|
Our audit committee has established a policy that requires all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by our independent registered public accounting firm be pre-approved by the audit committee or a designated audit committee member. These services may include audit services, audit related services, tax services and other services. There were no non-audit services provided by our independent registered public accounting firm during the year ended December 31, 2017. Our audit committee considers whether the provision of non-audit services is compatible with maintaining the accountants independence and determined that it is consistent with such independence. Our audit committee pre-approved our engagement with BDO USA, LLP in January 2018 to provide tax services for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.
Stockholder ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm is not required by our bylaws or otherwise. However, the Board is submitting the appointment of BDO USA, LLP to the stockholders for ratification as a matter of good corporate practice. If the stockholders fail to ratify the appointment, the audit committee will reconsider whether or not to retain that firm and may decide to retain the firm, even in the absence of stockholder ratification. Even if the appointment is ratified, the audit committee in its discretion may direct the appointment of a different independent registered public accounting firm at any time during the year if the audit committee determines that such a change would be in the best interests of the Company.
The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast on the proposal at the annual meeting is required for the ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm.
Our Board recommends that stockholders vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of BDO USA, LLP as the Companys independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2018.
The audit committee of the Board oversees the Companys financial accounting and reporting processes and the audits of the financial statements of the Company. All committee members satisfy the definition of independent director set forth in the listing standards of the NYSE. The Board has adopted a written charter for the audit committee, a copy of which is available on the Companys website at www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com .
In fulfilling its oversight responsibilities, the committee reviewed and discussed with management the audited financial statements in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, including a discussion of the quality, and not just the acceptability, of the accounting principles, the reasonableness of significant judgments, and the clarity of disclosures in the financial statements.
The Companys independent registered public accounting firm, BDO USA, LLP, is responsible for expressing an opinion on the conformity of the Companys consolidated financial statements with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. BDO USA, LLP met with the committee and expressed its judgment as to the quality, not just the acceptability, of the Companys accounting principles and discussed with the committee other matters as required under the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), including those matters required under Auditing Standard No. 1301 (Communications with Audit Committees). In addition, BDO USA, LLP discussed the auditors independence from the Company and the Companys management and delivered to the audit committee the written disclosures and the letter satisfying the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the auditors communications with the audit committee concerning independence.
The committee discussed with BDO USA, LLP the overall scope and plan of its audit. The committee meets with BDO USA, LLP, with and without management present, to discuss the results of its audits and reviews, its understanding of internal controls, and the overall quality of financial reporting. The audit committee performed and discussed evaluations of BDO USA, LLP and the Companys chief financial officer.
In reliance on the reviews and discussions referred to above, the committee has recommended that the audited consolidated financial statements be included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
This report of the audit committee shall not be deemed incorporated by reference by any general statement incorporating by reference this proxy statement into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates this information by reference, and shall not otherwise be deemed filed under such acts.
The foregoing report has been furnished by the audit committee.
David Stecher, Chair
Date of report: March 26, 2018
We have adopted a written policy regarding the review, approval and ratification of any related party transaction. Under this policy, our audit committee will review the relevant facts and circumstances of each related party transaction, including if the transaction is on terms comparable to those that could be obtained in arms-length dealings with an unrelated third party and the extent of the related partys interest in the transaction, and either approve or disapprove the related party transaction. Any related party transaction shall be consummated and shall continue only if the audit committee has approved or ratified the transaction in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the policy. For purposes of our policy, a Related Party Transaction is a transaction, arrangement or relationship (or any series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships) requiring disclosure under Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC, or any successor provision, as then in effect, except that the $120,000 threshold stated therein shall be deemed to be $60,000.
In connection with the initial issuance of shares of our Class B common stock, we entered into restricted stock purchase agreements with each of our founding stockholders, Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Kreitzer, Gregory Fahey, our former Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer, and Andrew Fenton, a consultant. Pursuant to the restricted stock agreements, we issued an aggregate of 508,065 shares of our Class B common stock for a total purchase price of $508. Each of our founders subsequently entered into a redemption agreement with us pursuant to which such shares of Class B common stock were redeemed by us in their entirety for $0.001 per share and cancelled immediately before the closing of our initial public offering. As a result, none of the founders received any value from the issuance and subsequent redemption of all of the shares of our Class B common stock.
A portion of the net proceeds from our initial public offering were used to reimburse IGP Advisers LLC, a company that was owned by Messrs. Gold (76.5%), Smithers (18.5%) and Fahey (5%), for out-of-pocket expenses it incurred in connection with the formation of our Company and initial public offering. In addition, we entered into a consulting agreement with IGP Advisers LLC that provided for, upon the completion of the initial public offering, a consulting fee of $566,000 to IGP Advisers LLC for services rendered to assist us in completing the initial public offering. We also used $375,000 of the net proceeds of the initial public offering to reimburse IGP Advisers LLC for an earnest money deposit that IGP Advisers LLC funded on our behalf, as required by the purchase agreement for a property that we acquired in December 2016 in a sale-leaseback transaction after the completion of our initial public offering. Following the completion of our initial public offering, our agreements with IGP Advisers LLC terminated, IGP Advisers LLC was dissolved, and all of our employees were employed directly by us.
The amounts reimbursed to IGP Advisers LLC were as follows (dollars in thousands):
|Earnest Money Deposit||375|
|Consulting Fee (1)||566|
|(1)||Includes fee paid to a consultant who did not join the Company as an employee upon completion of our initial public offering.|
Until the completion of our initial public offering in December 2016, each of our executive officers, other than Mr. Gold, was a consultant to IGP Advisers LLC and was paid by IGP Advisers LLC for such consulting service. Following the completion of the initial public offering, these consulting arrangements terminated and all of our executive officers became employed directly by us. Such executive officers were paid the following
amounts from IGP Advisers LLC in connection with their services rendered to IGP Advisers LLC as consultants on our behalf in connection with our initial public offering:
|Robert Sistek (1)||50,296|
|Gregory Fahey (2)||126,705|
|(1)||In June 2017, Mr. Sistek stepped down from his position as chief financial officer and executive vice president, investments of the Company.|
|(2)||In January 2017, Mr. Fahey retired from his position as chief accounting officer and treasurer of the Company.|
Mr. Gold utilizes a private airplane from time to time for company business travel purposes, which airplane is owned by an entity controlled by Mr. Gold, our executive chairman. We reimburse Mr. Gold for the Company-related use of the airplane by Mr. Gold, including out-of-pocket operating costs, on terms we believe are comparable to those we could secure from an independent third party. As approved by our audit committee, $30,000 and $49,780 were paid to Mr. Gold on account of such expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 and period from January 1, 2018 through March 29, 2018, respectively. No amounts were paid on account of such expenses for the period from June 15, 2016 (date of incorporation) through December 31, 2016. Our audit committee has also approved such reimbursements by the Company to Mr. Gold for utilization of Mr. Golds private airplane for business travel purposes on an ongoing basis, for an amount not to exceed $250,000 for the year ending December 31, 2018.
Our executive officers as of March 29, 2018 are as follows:
|Alan Gold||Executive Chairman|
|Paul Smithers||President and Chief Executive Officer|
|Catherine Hastings||Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer|
|Brian Wolfe||Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary|
Biographical information for Ms. Hastings and Mr. Wolfe is set forth below. In January 2017, Mr. Fahey, the Companys former chief accounting officer and treasurer, retired from the Company, and Ms. Hastings joined the Company as chief accounting officer and treasurer. In June 2017, Robert Sistek stepped down from his position as chief financial officer and executive vice president, investments of the Company, and Ms. Hastings was promoted to chief financial officer of the Company, while continuing to serve as the Companys chief accounting officer and treasurer. Biographical information with respect to Messrs. Gold and Smithers is set forth above under Election of Directors Information Regarding Nominees.
Catherine Hastings , age 48, has served as our chief financial officer since June 2017 and as our chief accounting officer and treasurer since January 2017. Until December 2016, Ms. Hastings served as vice president, internal audit of BioMed Realty, having joined BioMed Realty in 2009. Prior to that, Ms. Hastings was director of financial accounting and audit for Corky McMillin Companies, a privately held real estate land developer and homebuilder, from 2004 to 2009. Prior to her role at Corky McMillin Companies, Ms. Hastings was a senior manager with KPMG LLP, where she audited the financial statements for public and private companies in a broad range of industries, with a focus on real estate. Ms. Hastings received her Master of Science in Accountancy from San Diego State University and her Bachelor of Arts in Economics and minor in Management from the University of California, Irvine. She is a Certified Public Accountant, Certified Internal Auditor and a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, CalCPA and the Institute of Internal Auditors.
Brian Wolfe , age 42, has served as our vice president, general counsel and secretary since September 2016. Until March 2016, Mr. Wolfe served as vice president, corporate legal and assistant secretary of BioMed Realty, having joined BioMed Realty in 2007. Prior to that, Mr. Wolfe was an attorney with Latham & Watkins LLP, where he represented public and private companies in a broad range of industries with a focus on corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, securities law compliance and corporate governance. Mr. Wolfe received his Juris Doctor Degree with honors from the University of Virginia School of Law and his A.B. in Economics with honors from Harvard College. Mr. Wolfe is a member of the California State Bar and San Diego County Bar Association.
We believe that the compensation of our executive officers aligns their interests with those of the stockholders in a way that encourages prudent decision-making, links compensation to our overall performance, provides a competitive level of total compensation necessary to attract and retain talented and experienced executive officers and motivates the executive officers to contribute to our success. In addition to base salary and incentive awards, all of our executive officers are eligible to receive equity-based compensation under the Incentive Plan.
We use restricted stock grants as the primary means of delivering long-term compensation to our executive officers. Shares of restricted stock are shares of our common stock that are forfeitable until the lapse of the applicable restrictions. We believe that restricted stock grants with multi-year vesting periods align the interests of executive officers and stockholders and provide strong incentives to our executive officers to achieve long-term growth in our business, grow the value of our common stock and maintain or increase our dividends. The executive officers personally benefit from these efforts through their restricted stock awards, which receive dividends at the same rate as unrestricted common stock and increase in value as the value of our common stock increases.
Our compensation committee determines the restrictions for each award granted pursuant to the Incentive Plan. Restrictions on the restricted stock may include time-based restrictions, the achievement of specific performance goals or the occurrence of a specific event. Vesting of restricted stock will generally be subject to annual vesting periods of three years and will be conditioned upon the participants continued employment, among other restrictions that may apply. If the performance goals are not achieved or the time-based restrictions do not lapse within the time period provided in the award agreement, the participant will forfeit his or her restricted stock. The Company prohibits the hedging of Company securities by its executive officers and directors. None of the executive officers or directors has entered into any hedging arrangements with respect to the Companys securities. In addition, restricted stock may not be sold, assigned, pledged or otherwise transferred.
The Board established the compensation committee to carry out the Boards responsibilities to administer our compensation programs. The compensation committee has the final decision-making authority for the compensation of our executive officers. The compensation committee operates under a written charter adopted by the compensation committee and approved by the Board. The charter is available in the investor relations section of our website ( www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com ).
Our compensation committee has independent authority to engage outside consultants and obtain input from external advisers as well as our management team or other employees.
The compensation committee may retain any independent counsel, experts or advisors that it believes to be desirable and appropriate. The compensation committee may also use the services of the Companys regular legal counsel or other advisors to the Company. The compensation committee undertakes an independent assessment prior to retaining or otherwise selecting any independent counsel, compensation consultant, search firm, expert or other advisor that will provide advice to it, taking such factors into account and as otherwise may be required by the NYSE from time to time. On at least an annual basis, the compensation committee evaluates whether any work by any compensation consultant to it raised any conflict of interest. The compensation committee did not engage a compensation consultant in fiscal year 2017.
Our executive chairman and chief executive officer typically attend compensation committee meetings, except for executive sessions (unless specifically requested by the compensation committee to be present). Each of our executive chairman and chief executive officer may provide recommendations with respect to compensation for the executive officers other than himself. The compensation committee considers these recommendations, but may approve, reject or adjust them as it deems appropriate.
Our compensation program consists of three elements:
Adjustments to base salary are determined by the compensation committee in its discretion and are based upon a review of a variety of factors, including the following:
|||individual and Company performance, measured against quantitative and qualitative goals, such as growth, financial performance and other matters;|
|||duties and responsibilities as well as the named executive officers experience; and|
|||the types and amount of each element of compensation to be paid to the named executive officer.|
The ending annual base salaries for Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings, our named executive officers, were $600,000, $350,000, $200,000 and $200,000, respectively. In connection with the annual review of their performance, in January 2018, the compensation committee approved changes to the annual base salaries of our named executive officers, effective January 1, 2018: Mr. Golds annual salary remained unchanged at $600,000; Mr. Smithers annual base salary increased 3% to $360,000, Mr. Wolfes annual base salary increased 5% to $210,000, and Ms. Hastings annual base salary increased 5% to $210,000.
We have adopted the Incentive Plan under which awards may be made in the form of restricted stock or cash. The purposes of the Incentive Plan are to attract and retain qualified persons upon whom, in large measure, our sustained progress, growth and profitability depend, to motivate the participants to achieve long-term Company goals and to more closely align the participants interests with those of our other stockholders by providing them with a proprietary interest in our growth and performance. Our executive officers, officers, employees, consultants and non-employee directors are eligible to participate in the Incentive Plan.
The Incentive Plan is administered by our compensation committee, which interprets the Incentive Plan and has broad discretion to select the eligible persons to whom awards will be granted, as well as the type, size and terms and conditions of each award, including the amount of cash or number of shares subject to awards and the expiration date of, and the vesting schedule or other restrictions (including, without limitation, restrictive covenants) applicable to, awards. However, during a calendar year, no participant may receive awards intended to comply with the performance-based compensation requirements of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which exceed 200,000 shares of common stock.
Unless the Incentive Plan is earlier terminated by our Board, the Incentive Plan will automatically terminate on the date which is ten years following the effective date of the Incentive Plan. Awards granted before the termination of the Incentive Plan may extend beyond that date in accordance with their terms.
In January 2017, Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings were granted 64,239, 16,863, 8,565 and 6,825 shares of restricted stock, respectively. These shares vest ratably on January 1, 2018, January 1, 2019 and January 1, 2020 for each of Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings, provided that he or she continues to be an employee of the Company or a non-employee member of the Board on each such date.
In January 2018, Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings were granted 40,749, 11,886, 6,792 and 6,792 shares of restricted stock, respectively. These shares vest ratably on January 1, 2019, January 1, 2020 and January 1, 2021 for each of Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings, provided that he or she continues to be an employee of the Company or a non-employee member of the Board on each such date.
Our annual executive bonus program is intended to reward our executive officers for individual achievement in supporting the fulfillment of corporate objectives. Our goal is to have a significant portion of the executive officers compensation consist of performance-based bonuses.
The compensation committee, with input from our executive chairman with respect to the other executive officers, uses its discretion in determining actual bonus amounts, based on its review of the performance of the Company, careful evaluation of each executive officers performance, and the level of pay of each executive officer compared to other executives with similar backgrounds and experience.
The specific amounts of the bonuses awarded to our named executive officers for the 2017 fiscal year are reflected in the Summary Compensation Table. Bonuses were approved by the compensation committee and paid in January 2018.
We provide benefits such as a 401(k) plan, medical, dental and life insurance and disability coverage for all of our employees, including our executive officers. We also provide personal paid time off and other paid holidays to all employees, including the executive officers, which are similar to those provided at comparable companies. We believe that our employee benefit plans are an appropriate element of compensation and are necessary to attract and retain employees.
The compensation committee evaluated the Companys overall performance in 2017 based on the following metrics:
|1)||Adjusted Funds from Operations Results: In 2017, the first year since we completed our initial public offering and began real estate operations with the acquisition of our first property in December 2016, we generated adjusted funds from operations of approximately $2.4 million, or $0.67 per diluted share (for a discussion of adjusted funds from operations and a reconciliation of adjusted funds from operations to net income available to common stockholders, computed in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 29, 2018).|
|2)||Dividends: We declared quarterly dividends of $0.15 per share in each of the second and third quarters of 2017, and a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share for the fourth quarter 2017, representing a 67% increase over the third quarter 2017 dividend.|
|3)||Deployment of Net Proceeds from the Initial Public Offering: We committed all of our initial public offering proceeds in our first four investments by November 2017, less than one year after completing our initial public offering. With the closing of our fifth property in Arizona in December 2017, we also deployed substantially all of the net proceeds from our Series A Preferred Stock offering within two months of completing that offering.|
|4)||Additional Capital Raising Activities: We completed a public offering of Series A Preferred Stock in October 2017, raising net proceeds of $14 million.|
|5)||Managing General and Administrative Costs: We managed general and administrative costs to within our forecasted budget for 2017.|
|6)||Total Stockholder Performance: We completed our initial public offering in December 2016, issuing 3,350,000 common shares at $20.00 per share. The total stockholder return from the initial public offering price through December 29, 2017 (calculated on a dividends-reinvested basis) was approximately 66%. The total stockholder return for 2017 (calculated on a dividends-reinvested basis) was approximately 82%.|
We entered into severance and change of control agreements with Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe that became effective on January 18, 2017. We also entered into a severance and change of control agreement with Ms. Hastings that became effective on June 7, 2017. Except as provided below, each of the severance and change of control agreements with the named executive officers contains substantially similar terms.
The severance and change of control agreements expire on December 31, 2019, but will automatically renew for successive three-year terms unless either party gives written notice of non-renewal within 90 days before the end of the current term.
The severance and change of control agreements provide that, if a named executive officers employment is terminated by the Company without cause or by the named executive officer for good reason (each as defined in the applicable severance and change of control agreement) (a Qualifying Termination), the executive will be entitled to severance payments and certain benefits, subject to certain conditions specified below.
If the named executive officer experiences a Qualifying Termination, other than within two years of a change of control (as defined in the applicable severance and change of control agreement), (a) the executive will receive (i) a cash payment equal to the sum of his annual base salary and his average annual cash bonus during the past three years, multiplied by three, with respect to Messrs. Gold and Smithers, and two, with respect to Mr. Wolfe and Ms. Hastings, and (ii) 18 months of premiums the executive would be required to pay to continue health plan coverage under the Companys health plans; and (b) the executives unvested equity awards subject to time-based vesting will vest on a pro-rated basis and the executives performance-based equity awards will be earned on a pro-rated basis based on the level of achievement as of such date of termination. Each severance and change of control agreement provides for a phase-in over a three-year period ending on December 31, 2019 of severance amounts payable under (a) above and equity awards vesting under (b) above, where the executive is entitled to a percentage of such severance and a percentage of such equity awards vest based on a schedule set forth in the severance and change of control agreement.
In the event of a Qualifying Termination of the executive within two years after a change of control of the Company, in addition to the compensation set forth above, all unvested equity awards subject to time-based vesting will vest immediately, and all unearned performance-based equity awards will vest at the greater of actual performance or target. A Qualifying Termination of the executive within two years after a change of control of the Company is not subject to the phase in for payment of severance and vesting of equity awards described above for a Qualifying Termination not within two years after a change of control.
The severance and change of control agreements require each executive to sign a general release of claims against the Company as a condition of receiving the severance payment. In addition, for one year after termination of employment for any reason, the executive is prohibited from directly or indirectly soliciting (a) any of the Companys employees to leave the Company or (b) any prospective employees negotiating with the Company on the date of termination to cease negotiations. The executive is also required to provide consulting services to the Company for up to 20 hours per month during the six months after any termination of employment and requires the executive to maintain the confidentiality of the Companys confidential information.
If the executive retires for other than good reason and gives the Company a specified advance notice before retiring, or if the executive dies or terminates employment because of disability, all unvested stock rights awards that vest based on continued employment will vest immediately on the date of such retirement or termination. The executive will remain eligible to receive performance shares awarded under the Companys equity incentive plans before his termination if the Company achieves the stated performance goals during the remainder of the performance period, as if the executives employment had not terminated. To qualify for these benefits on retirement, the executive must retire after a specified age or with a combination of age plus years of service, depending on the benefit in question, as well as give the Company the required number of years of advance notice of retirement.
The severance and change of control agreements also provide that severance payments are subject to recoupment as required by any recoupment policy approved by the Board.
If an executives employment is terminated by the Company for cause or by the executive without good reason (and other than for death, disability or a qualifying retirement), the executive will not be entitled to any severance payment or benefits under the severance and change of control agreement.
None of the severance and change of control agreements provide for tax gross-up payments to the executive if any amounts paid or payable to the executive would be subject to the excise tax imposed on certain so-called excess parachute payments under Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
As previously disclosed in the Companys Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 3, 2017, the Company entered into an Employment Transition Agreement with Mr. Sistek, the Companys former chief financial officer and executive vice president, investments, effective June 30, 2017, pursuant to which Mr. Sistek received a lump sum cash payment in the amount of $113,000 in connection with Mr. Sisteks cessation of employment with the Company, which amount was in lieu of any amounts that may have been owed to Mr. Sistek pursuant to the severance and change of control agreement that we previously entered into with Mr. Sistek.
The table below sets forth the compensation paid to or earned by to our principal executive officer, our two most highly compensated executive officers in fiscal year 2017 and Ms. Hastings, our chief financial officer, chief accounting officer and treasurer. The four executive officers are referred to in this proxy statement as our named executive officers. We did not pay any compensation to any of our named executive officers prior to the completion of our initial public offering on December 1, 2016. The amounts set forth in the table below for 2016 exclude the consulting fees paid by IGP Advisers LLC to Messrs. Smithers and Wolfe in connection with services rendered to us prior to completion of our initial public offering, which are described in the section Related Party Transactions.
|Name and Principal Position||Year||Salary (1)||Bonus||
President and Chief Executive Officer
Chief Financial Officer,
Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer (4)
Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary
|(1)||Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe commenced their employment with us on December 1, 2016, and as such the 2016 base salaries above reflect the pro rata portions of Messrs. Golds, Smithers and Wolfes base salaries of $600,000, $350,000 and $200,000, respectively, for the month of December 2016. Mr. Gold voluntarily forfeited a portion of his base salary for the month of December 2016.|
|(2)||Represents the grant date fair value of restricted stock awarded in 2016 based on the closing price of our common stock on the date of such grants, as determined in accordance with ASC Topic 718. In December 2016, Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe were each awarded 14,825 shares of restricted stock, which vested in their entirety on May 30, 2017.|
|(3)||Represents the grant date fair value of restricted stock awarded in 2017 based on the closing price of our common stock on the date of such grants, as determined in accordance with ASC Topic 718. Messrs. Gold, Smithers and Wolfe and Ms. Hastings were awarded 64,239, 16,863, 8,565 and 6,825 shares of restricted stock, respectively. The restricted stock vests ratably on each of January 1, 2018, January 1, 2019 and January 1, 2020. Dividends are paid on the entirety of the grant from the date of the grant.|
|(4)||Ms. Hastings commenced her employment with us in January 2017 as Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer, and was promoted to Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer in June 2017.|
|(5)||Represents matching contributions made by us to each of our executive officers pursuant to a retirement savings plan that we maintain under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, to cover our eligible employees, including our executive officers. The plan allows eligible employees to defer, within prescribed limits, up to 100% of their compensation through contributions to the plan. We currently match each eligible participants contributions, within prescribed limits, with an amount equal to 50% of such participants initial contributions up to 6% of such participants compensation. In addition, we reserve the right to make additional discretionary contributions on behalf of eligible participants. Dividends on unvested restricted stock are excluded from all other compensation for all periods presented, as they are factored into the determinations of the grant date fair values of the corresponding stock awards as described in footnote 3 above.|
The table below provides information about outstanding equity awards for each of our named executive officers as of December 31, 2017.
Shares or Units
of Stock That
Have Not Vested
Market Value of
Shares or Units
of Stock That
Have Not Vested
|(1)||The market value of unvested restricted common stock is calculated by multiplying the number of unvested shares of restricted common stock held by the applicable named executive officer by the closing price of our common stock on December 29, 2017, which was $32.31.|
|(2)||These shares of restricted common stock vest ratably on each of January 1, 2018, January 1, 2019 and January 1, 2020, provided that the person continues to be an employee of the Company or a non-employee member of the Board on each such date.|
The following table gives information about shares of our common stock that may be issued under our Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2017.
Securities to be
Exercise Price of
Number of Securities
for Future Issuance
Reflected in First
|Equity compensation plans approved by stockholders (1)||||||848,853|
|Equity compensation plans not approved by stockholders|||||||
|(1)||Our Incentive Plan was approved by our stockholders prior to the completion of our initial public offering.|
The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of March 29, 2018 for each person or group that holds more than 5% of our common stock, for each director and named executive officer and for our directors and executive officers as a group. Each person named in the table has sole voting and investment power with respect to all of the shares of common stock shown as beneficially owned by such person, except as otherwise set forth in the footnotes to the table. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each named person is c/o Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc., 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220, San Diego, California 92127. We are not aware of any arrangements, including any pledge of our common stock, that could result in a change in control of the Company.
|Name of Beneficial Owner||
|Percent of All Shares (1)|
|Alan Gold (2)||315,467||4.7||%|
|Paul Smithers (3)||39,688||*|
|Gary Kreitzer (4)||28,499||*|
|Brian Wolfe (5)||18,515||*|
|Catherine Hastings (6)||12,619||*|
|Scott Shoemaker (4)||3,499||*|
|David Stecher (4)||3,499||*|
|All directors and officers as a group (seven persons)||421,786||6.2||%|
|HG Vora Capital Management, LLC (7)||1,000,000||14.7||%|
|*||less than 1%.|
|(1)||Based on a total of 6,782,079 shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 29, 2018.|
|(2)||Includes 83,575 shares of restricted stock held by Mr. Gold directly.|
|(3)||Includes 23,128 shares of restricted stock held by Mr. Smithers directly.|
|(4)||Includes 2,899 shares of restricted stock held directly.|
|(5)||Includes 12,502 shares of restricted stock held by Mr. Wolfe directly.|
|(6)||Includes 11,342 shares of restricted stock held by Ms. Hastings directly.|
|(7)||The shares are owned directly by HG Vora Special Opportunities Master Fund, Ltd. (HG Vora Special Opportunities). HG Vora Capital Management, LLC (HG Vora Capital) is a registered investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended, and acts as an investment adviser to certain investment entities. HG Vora Capital, as investment manager of HG Vora Special Opportunities, may be deemed to beneficially own the securities owned directly by HG Vora Special Opportunities. HG Vora Capitals address is 330 Madison Avenue, 20 th Floor, New York, NY 10017. The foregoing information is based on HG Vora Capitals Form 3 filed with the SEC on January 28, 2018.|
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our executive officers and directors and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities to file with the SEC and the NYSE reports of ownership of our securities and changes in their ownership on Forms 3, 4 and 5. Executive officers, directors and greater than 10% stockholders are required by SEC rules to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports that they file.
Based solely upon a review of the reports on Forms 3 and 4 and amendments thereto furnished to us in 2017 and Forms 5 and amendments thereto furnished to us with respect to 2016, or written representations from reporting persons that no Form 5 filing was required, we believe that in 2017 our executive officers, directors and greater than 10% owners timely filed all reports they were required to file under Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act.
As of the date of this proxy statement, management does not know of any other matters to be brought before the annual meeting other than those set forth herein. However, if any other matters are properly brought before the annual meeting, the persons named in the enclosed form of proxy will have discretionary authority to vote all proxies with respect to such matters in accordance with their best judgment.
Stockholders who wish to include a proposal in our proxy statement and form of proxy relating to the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders must be received by us no later than December 12, 2018. Such proposals must comply with the requirements established by the SEC in order to be included in the proxy statement. A stockholder who wishes to make a director nomination or proposal of other business at the 2019 annual meeting without including the proposal in our proxy statement and form of proxy relating to that meeting must, in accordance with our current bylaws, notify us between November 12, 2018 and 5:00 p.m., Pacific Time, on December 12, 2018. If the stockholder fails to give timely notice as required by our current bylaws, the nominee or proposal will be excluded from consideration at the meeting. In addition, our current bylaws include other requirements for director nominations and proposals of other business with which a stockholder must comply to make a nomination or business proposal.
Upon written request of any record holder or beneficial owner of shares entitled to vote at the annual meeting, we will provide, without charge, a copy of our 2017 annual report to stockholders. Requests should be mailed to Brian Wolfe, Corporate Secretary, 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220, San Diego, CA 92127. You may also access our Annual Report on Form 10-K in the investor relations section of our website ( www.innovativeindustrialproperties.com ).
Some banks, brokers and other nominee record holders may be participating in the practice of householding proxy statements and annual reports. This means that only one copy of our proxy statement and annual report to stockholders may have been sent to multiple stockholders in your household. The Company will promptly deliver a separate copy of any of these documents to you if you contact us at the following address: 11440 West Bernardo Court, Suite 220, San Diego, CA 92127, Attention: Brian Wolfe, Corporate Secretary, or telephone number: 858-997-3332. If you want to receive separate copies of the proxy statement or annual report to stockholders in the future, or if you are receiving multiple copies and would like to receive only one copy per household, you should contact your bank, broker, or other nominee record holder, or you may contact the Company at the above address or telephone number.
REGARDLESS OF THE NUMBER OF SHARES YOU OWN, YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT TO THE COMPANY. PLEASE SUBMIT A PROXY BY INTERNET OR TELEPHONE OR, IF YOU REQUEST WRITTEN PROXY MATERIALS, BY RETURNING A COMPLETED, SIGNED AND DATED PROXY CARD OR VOTING INSTRUCTION FORM.
By Order of the Board of Directors,