UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 8-K

 

 

 

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): August 27, 2018

 

 

 

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   1-14204   06-0853042

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation)

 

(Commission

File Number)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

   
   

3 Great Pasture Road,

Danbury, Connecticut

  06810
    (Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203) 825-6000

 

Not Applicable

(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

 

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

¨ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company   ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

Series D Preferred Stock Underwriting Agreement

 

On August 27, 2018, FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into an underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (the “Underwriter”), relating to an underwritten offering (the “Offering”) of the Company’s Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series D Preferred Stock” and, such shares, the “Series D Preferred Shares”). Subject to the terms and conditions contained in the Underwriting Agreement, the Underwriter agreed to purchase, and the Company agreed to sell, 30,680 Series D Preferred Shares, initially convertible into 22,231,884 shares of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (without regard to any limitation on conversion set forth in the Series D Certificate of Designation (as defined below)) at an initial conversion price of $1.38 per share, subject to certain adjustments.

 

The net proceeds to the Company from the sale of the Series D Preferred Stock, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, are expected to be approximately $25.4 million. The Company intends to use the net proceeds of the Offering for working capital, project financing, and general corporate purposes. The Offering closed on August 29, 2018.

 

A copy of the Underwriting Agreement is attached to this Current Report on Form 8-K as Exhibit 1.1 and is incorporated herein by reference. The foregoing is only a brief description of the material terms of the Underwriting Agreement, does not purport to be a complete description of the rights and obligations of the parties thereunder and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Underwriting Agreement that is filed as Exhibit 1.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated by reference herein.

 

The legal opinion of Foley & Lardner LLP relating to the Offering is filed as Exhibit 5.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K, and the information used by the Company in calculating its ratio of earnings to combined fixed charges and preference dividends (as disclosed in the Prospectus Supplement filed by the Company in connection with the Offering on August 27, 2018) is filed as Exhibit 12.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

Amendment to Hercules Loan and Security Agreement

 

As previously disclosed, in April 2016, the Company entered into a loan and security agreement with Hercules Capital, Inc. (“Hercules”) for an aggregate principal amount of up to $25.0 million, subject to certain terms and conditions. The loan and security agreement was subsequently amended on September 5, 2017, October 27, 2017, and March 28, 2018. The Company drew a term loan advance of  $13.1 million under the March 28, 2018 amendment, which resulted in an aggregate amount of outstanding term loan advances of $25.0 million as of April 30, 2018. Under the amended loan and security agreement, the Company is required to maintain an unrestricted cash balance of at least (a) 75% of the outstanding loan balance plus (b) the amount of accounts payable not paid within 90 days of the date payment was issued.

 

On August 29, 2018, in connection with the issuance of the Series D Preferred Stock in the Offering, the Company and Hercules (and various affiliated entities) entered into the fourth amendment to the loan and security agreement (such amendment, the “Hercules Amendment”) to (i) modify the definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” to include certain redemption and/or conversion rights as set forth in the Series D Certificate of Designation, (ii) permit the Company, so long as no event of default has occurred and is continuing, to repurchase or redeem stock in cash pursuant to the redemption and/or conversion rights set forth in the Series D Certificate of Designation; provided that, the Company must make any such repurchase, redemption or payment in common stock and not in cash or other consideration unless prohibited pursuant to the terms of the Series D Certificate of Designation or otherwise prohibited by applicable law, (iii) permit the Company, so long as no event of default has occurred and is continuing, to pay cash dividends under the Series D Preferred Shares as required in the Series D Certificate of Designation; provided that, the Company must pay such dividends in common stock and not in cash or other consideration unless prohibited pursuant to the terms of the Series D Certificate of Designation or otherwise prohibited by applicable law, and (iv) add a new event of default, which occurs upon the delivery of a Triggering Event Redemption Notice (as defined under the Series D Certificate of Designation) under the Series D Certificate of Designation.

 

A copy of the Hercules Amendment is attached to this Current Report on Form 8-K as Exhibit 10.1 and is incorporated herein by reference. The foregoing is only a brief description of the material terms of the Hercules Amendment, does not purport to be a complete description of the rights and obligations of the parties thereunder, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Hercules Amendment that is filed as Exhibit 10.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated by reference herein. For ease of reference, the original loan and security agreement and the other amendments thereto are incorporated by reference as Exhibits 10.2, 10.3, 10.4. and 10.5 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

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Item 3.03. Material Modification to Rights of Security Holders.

 

The information in Item 5.03 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.03.

 

Item 5.03. Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year.

 

Series D Preferred Stock

 

On August 29, 2018, the Company filed the Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “Series D Certificate of Designation”) with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, designating 30,680 shares of the Company’s preferred stock as Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (which is referred to herein as the Series D Preferred Stock) and establishing the rights, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions, and limitations relating to the Series D Preferred Stock, as described below. Upon the closing of the Offering on August 29, 2018, there were 30,680 shares of Series D Preferred Stock issued and outstanding.

 

The following summary of certain terms and provisions of the Series D Preferred Shares sold in the Offering is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, the terms and provisions set forth in the Series D Certificate of Designation.

 

Conversion Right

 

The Series D Preferred Shares are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, subject to the requirements of Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d), and the beneficial ownership limitation provided in the Series D Certificate of Designation, at a conversion price equal to $1.38 per share of common stock (“Conversion Price”), subject to adjustment as provided in the Series D Certificate of Designation, including adjustments if the Company sells shares of common stock or equity securities convertible into or exercisable for shares of common stock, at prices below $1.38 per share, in certain types of transactions. The holders will be prohibited from converting Series D Preferred Shares into shares of common stock if, as a result of such conversion, such holder, together with its affiliates, would own more than 4.99% of the total number of shares of common stock then issued and outstanding. Each holder has the right to increase its maximum percentage up to 9.99% upon 60 days’ notice to the Company. Additionally, prior to receiving stockholder approval of the issuance of more than 19.9% of the Company’s outstanding common stock prior to the Offering, the holders will be prohibited from converting Series D Preferred Shares into shares of common stock if such conversion would cause the Company to issue pursuant to the terms of the Series D Preferred Stock a number of shares in excess of the maximum number of shares permitted to be issued thereunder without breaching the Company’s obligations under the rules or regulations of Nasdaq.

 

The Conversion Price is subject to adjustment under certain circumstances in accordance with the Series D Certificate of Designation, as follows:

 

The conversion price may be proportionately reduced in the event of a subdivision of the Company’s common stock into a greater number of shares or proportionately increased in the event of a combination of the Company’s common stock into a smaller number of shares.

 

In the event that the Company in any manner issues or sells or enters into any agreement to issue or sell Variable Price Securities (as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation), which generally includes any common stock, options or convertible securities that are issuable at a price which varies or may vary with the market price of the shares of common stock, including by way of one or more reset(s) to a fixed price, but excluding customary anti-dilution provisions (each of the formulations for such variable price being referred to as, the “Variable Price”), each holder of Series D Preferred Shares will have the right (in its sole discretion) to substitute the Variable Price for the Conversion Price upon conversion of the Series D Preferred Shares. Following the closing of the Offering, sales of common stock pursuant to the Company’s At Market Issuance Sales Agreement with B. Riley FBR, Inc. and the Underwriter will be deemed Variable Price Securities with a Variable Price equal to the lowest price per share at which common stock is sold pursuant to that agreement. Under the Series D Certificate of Designation, the term “options” means any rights, warrants or options to subscribe for or purchase shares of common stock or convertible securities, and the term “convertible securities” means any stock or other security (other than options) that is at any time and under any circumstances, directly or indirectly, convertible into, exercisable or exchangeable for, or which otherwise entitles the holder thereof to acquire, any shares of common stock.

 

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At any time any Series D Preferred Shares remain outstanding, the Company may reduce the then current Conversion Price to any amount for any period of time deemed appropriate by the Company’s board of directors.

 

Conversion Upon a Triggering Event

 

Subject to the requirements of Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d), and the beneficial ownership limitations provided in the Series D Certificate of Designation, in the event of a triggering event (as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation and summarized below), the Series D Preferred Shares are convertible into shares of common stock at a conversion price equal to the lower of the Conversion Price in effect on the Trading Day (as such term is defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation) immediately preceding the delivery of the conversion notice and 85% of the lowest volume weighted average price (“VWAP”) of the common stock on any of the five consecutive Trading Days ending on the Trading Day immediately prior to delivery of the applicable conversion notice. This conversion right commences on the date of the triggering event and ends on the later of  (i) the date the triggering event is cured and (ii) ten Trading Days after the Company delivers notice of the triggering event.

 

A triggering event (as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation) includes, without limitation:

 

any failure to pay any amounts due to the holders of the Series D Preferred Shares;

 

the Company’s failure to timely deliver shares;

 

the suspension of the Company’s common stock from trading or failure to be trading or listed on The Nasdaq Global Market, without obtaining a listing on another national securities exchange, for a period of five consecutive Trading Days;

 

subject to limited exceptions, the Company’s failure to keep reserved for issuance 150% of the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the outstanding Series D Preferred Shares;

 

​● certain bankruptcy events; and

 

​● breaches of certain covenants that are not timely cured, where a cure period is permitted.

 

Redemption

 

On December 1, 2018, and on the sixteenth day and first day of each calendar month thereafter until March 1, 2020, subject to extension in certain circumstances (the “Maturity Date”), inclusive, the Company will redeem the stated value of Series D Preferred Stock in thirty-one equal installments of  approximately $989,677 (each bimonthly amount, an “Installment Amount” and the date of each such payment, an “Installment Date”). The holders will have the ability to defer installment payments, but not beyond the Maturity Date. In addition, during each period commencing on the 11th trading day prior to an Installment Date and prior to the immediately subsequent Installment Date, the holders may elect to accelerate the conversion of Series D Preferred Shares at then applicable installment conversion price, provided that the holders may not elect to effect any such acceleration during such installment period if either (a) in the aggregate, all the accelerations in such installment period exceed the sum of three other Installment Amounts, or (b) the number of Series D Preferred Shares subject to prior accelerations exceeds in the aggregate twelve Installment Amounts.

 

Subject to the requirements of Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(d) and certain other equity conditions set forth in the Series D Certificate of Designation, the Company may elect to pay the Installment Amounts in cash or shares of common stock or in a combination of cash and shares of common stock.

 

Installment Amounts paid in shares will be that number of shares of common stock equal to (a) the applicable Installment Amount, to be paid in common stock divided by (b) the lesser of  (i) the then existing conversion price, (ii) 87.5% of the VWAP of the common stock on the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date, and (iii) 87.5% of the arithmetic average of the two lowest VWAPs of the common stock during the ten consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date as applicable, provided that the Company meets standard equity conditions. The Company shall make such election no later than the eleventh trading day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date.

 

If the Company elects or is required to pay an Installment Amount in whole or in part in cash, the amount paid will be equal to 108% of the applicable Installment Amount.

 

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Redemption Upon a Triggering Event

 

In the event of a triggering event (as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation and summarized above under “Conversion Upon a Triggering Event”), the holders of Series D Preferred Shares may require us to redeem such Series D Preferred Shares in cash at a price equal to the greater of  (a) 125% of the stated value of the Series D Preferred Shares being redeemed plus accrued dividends, if any, and (b) the market value of the number of shares issuable on conversion of the Series D Preferred Shares, valued at the greatest closing sales price during the period from the date immediately before the triggering event through the date the Company makes the redemption payment.

 

Redemption Upon a Change of Control

 

In the event of a change of control, as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation, the holders of Series D Preferred Shares can force redemption at a price equal to the greater of  (a) the conversion amount to be redeemed multiplied by 125%, (b) the product of  (i) the conversion amount being redeemed multiplied by (ii) the quotient determined by dividing (A) the greatest closing sale price of the common stock on any Trading Day during the period commencing immediately preceding the earlier to occur of (1) the consummation of the applicable change of control and (2) the public announcement of such change of control and ending on the date such holder delivers the change of control redemption notice, by (B) the conversion price then in effect and (c) the product of  (i) the conversion amount being redeemed multiplied by (ii) the quotient determined by dividing (A) the aggregate value of the cash and non-cash consideration per share of common stock being paid to holders of common stock in the change of control transaction by (B) the conversion price then in effect. Redemptions of the Series D Preferred Shares required under the Series D Certificate of Designation in connection with a change of control will have priority over payments to all other stockholders of the Company in connection with such change of control.

 

Dividends

 

Each holder of Series D Preferred Shares shall be entitled to receive dividends (a) if no triggering event, as defined in the Series D Certificate of Designation, has occurred and is continuing when and as declared by the board of directors, in its sole and absolute discretion or (b) if a triggering event has occurred and until such triggering event has been cured, a dividend of 15% per annum based on the holder’s outstanding number of Series D Preferred Shares multiplied by the stated value. The holders of Series D Preferred Shares also have the right to participate in any dividend or other distribution made to holders of common stock to the same extent as if they had converted their Series D Preferred Shares.

 

Liquidation Preference

 

In the event of the liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Company, prior to distribution to holders of securities ranking junior to the Series D Preferred Stock, holders of Series D Preferred Shares will be entitled to receive the amount of cash, securities or other property equal to the greater of (a) the stated value thereof on the date of such payment plus accrued dividends, if any and (b) the amount per share such holder would receive if such holder converted such Series D Preferred Shares into common stock immediately prior to the date of such payment.

 

Ranking

 

Shares of Series D Preferred Stock rank with respect to dividend rights and rights upon the liquidation, winding up or dissolution of the Company:

 

senior to shares of the Company’s common stock;

 

junior to the Company’s debt obligations;

 

junior to the Company’s outstanding 5% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock;

 

pari passu to the Company’s outstanding Series C Convertible Preferred Stock; and

 

​● effectively junior to the Company’s subsidiaries’ (i) existing and future liabilities and (ii) capital stock held by others.

 

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Limited Voting Rights

 

The holders of Series D Preferred Shares have no voting rights, except as required by law; provided, however, that any amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, as amended, or Amended and Restated By-laws or the Series D Certificate of Designation that adversely affects the powers, preferences and rights of the Series D Preferred Stock requires the approval of the holders of a majority of the Series D Preferred Shares then outstanding.

 

No Established Trading Market

 

There is no established public trading market for the Series D Preferred Stock, and the Company does not expect a market to develop for the Series D Preferred Stock. The Series D Preferred Stock will not be listed on Nasdaq or any other exchange or trading market. The Company does not plan on making an application to list the Series D Preferred Stock on The Nasdaq Stock Market, any other national securities exchange or any other nationally recognized trading system.

 

Participation Rights

 

Until August 29, 2019, the holders of the Series D Preferred Shares have the right to receive notice of and to participate in any offering, issuance or sale of equity or equity-equivalent securities by the Company or its subsidiaries, other than issuances under certain employee benefit plans, upon the conversion of certain options or other convertible securities, or pursuant to certain acquisitions or strategic transactions. Pursuant to such participation rights, the Company must offer to issue and sell to such holders at least 35% of the offered securities.

 

The foregoing is only a brief description of the material terms of the Series D Certificate of Designation, does not purport to be a complete description of the rights, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions and limitations of the Series D Preferred Stock or the rights and obligations of the Company and the holders of the Series D Preferred Stock, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Series D Certificate of Designation that is filed as Exhibit 3.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and incorporated by reference herein.

 

Series C Convertible Preferred Stock

 

As previously disclosed by the Company, until September 8, 2018, holders of shares of the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock” and, such shares, the “Series C Preferred Shares”) have the right to receive notice of and to participate in any offering, issuance or sale of equity or equity-equivalent securities by the Company or its subsidiaries, other than issuances under certain employee benefit plans, upon the conversion of certain options or other convertible securities, or pursuant to certain acquisitions or strategic transactions. Pursuant to such participation rights, the Company must offer to issue and sell to such holders at least 35% of the offered securities. In exchange for the waiver by the holders of the Series C Preferred Shares of their notice and participation rights under the Certificate of Designations for the Series C Preferred Stock in connection with the issuance of the Series D Preferred Shares in the Offering and their consent to the pari passu rank of the Series D Preferred Shares and the Series C Preferred Shares in respect of their preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company, the Company’s board of directors agreed to reduce the conversion price of the Series C Preferred Shares from $1.84 to $1.50 effective August 27, 2018. This reduction in the conversion price of the Series C Preferred Shares will increase the number of shares of the Company’s common stock that may be issued upon conversion or redemption of the Series C Preferred Shares.

 

Item 8.01. Other Events.

 

Waiver of Participation Rights by POSCO Energy Co., Ltd.

 

Under the terms set forth in the Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 9, 2009, by and between the Company and POSCO Energy Co., Ltd. (“POSCO Energy”), and the Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 30, 2012, by and between the Company and POSCO Energy, the Company granted POSCO Energy the right to receive notice of and to participate in any issuance of new equity securities by us, other than issuances as a dividend or distribution on outstanding securities, upon the conversion or exercise of outstanding securities, to employees, directors or consultants pursuant to certain plans or arrangements, pursuant to the acquisition of another corporation or its assets, or of up to $5 million in securities to fund obligations to make cash dividends or interest payments on outstanding securities. Such participation rights give POSCO Energy the right to subscribe for and purchase its pro rata portion of such offered securities. In addition, under the April 2012 Securities Purchase Agreement, the Company also granted POSCO Energy the right, under certain circumstances, to appoint an individual designated by POSCO Energy to the Company’s board of directors. The Company has received a waiver from POSCO Energy pursuant to which it has permanently waived such board appointment rights and such participation rights, provided that the restrictive legend is removed from POSCO Energy’s shares of the Company’s common stock and such shares have been transferred to the brokerage account designated by POSCO Energy.

 

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Transfer Agent and Registrar of Series D Preferred Stock

 

The Company has determined that it will act as the transfer agent and registrar for the Series D Preferred Stock, rather than utilizing the services of American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, its transfer agent for its common stock.

 

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(a) Not applicable.

 

(b) Not applicable.

 

(c) Not applicable.

 

(d) Exhibits .

 

The following exhibits are filed with or incorporated by reference into this Current Report on Form 8-K.

 

Exhibit Number Description
1.1 Underwriting Agreement, dated as of August 27, 2018, by and between FuelCell Energy, Inc. and Oppenheimer & Co.
3.1 Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc.
4.1 Specimen Series D Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate.
5.1 Legal Opinion of Foley & Lardner LLP.
10.1 Fourth Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement, dated August 29, 2018, by and among FuelCell Energy, Inc., Versa Power Systems, Inc., Versa Power Systems Ltd., Hercules Capital, Inc. and Hercules Funding II, LLC.
10.2 Loan and Security Agreement, dated April 14, 2016, among FuelCell Energy, Inc. and Hercules Capital, Inc. (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated April 14, 2016).
10.3 First Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement, dated September 5, 2017, by and among the FuelCell Energy, Inc., Versa Power Systems, Inc., Versa Power Systems Ltd., Hercules Capital, Inc. and Hercules Funding II, LLC (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 5, 2017).
10.4 Second Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement, dated October 27, 2017, by and among the FuelCell Energy, Inc., Versa Power Systems, Inc., Versa Power Systems Ltd., Hercules Capital, Inc. and Hercules Funding II, LLC (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated October 27, 2017).
10.5 Third Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement, dated March 28, 2018, by and among FuelCell Energy, Inc., Versa Power Systems, Inc., Versa Power Systems Ltd., Hercules Capital Inc. and Hercules Funding II, LLC (Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated March 28, 2018).
12.1 Statement of Computation of Ratio of Earnings to Combined Fixed Charges and Preference Dividends.
23.1 Consent of Foley & Lardner LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1).

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

    FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
Date:  August 29, 2018   By:   /s/ Michael S. Bishop
        Michael S. Bishop
        Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 1.1

 

30,680 Shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock

 

par value $0.01

 

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT

 

August 27, 2018

 

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.

85 Broad Street

New York, NY 10004

 

Dear Sirs:

 

1.        Introduction . FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), proposes to issue and sell to the Underwriter (defined below), pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Underwriting Agreement (this “ Agreement ”), an aggregate of 30,680 shares of its Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “ Securities ”). The shares of the common stock (the “ Common Stock ”) underlying the Securities are hereinafter referred to as the “ Conversion Securities .” The Company hereby confirms that Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (“ OpCo ” or the “ Underwriter ”) acted as the sole Underwriter in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof. The offering and sale of the Securities is hereinafter referred to as the “ Offering .”

 

2.        Delivery and Payment. On the basis of the representations, warranties and agreements of the Company herein contained, and subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement:

 

2.1        The Company agrees to issue and sell and the Underwriter agrees to purchase from the Company an aggregate of 30,680 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $838.2497 per share (the “ Purchase Price ”), which represents an underwriting discount of 4.75 percent to the Public Offering Price (defined below). The Company has been advised by you that you propose to make a public offering of the Securities as soon after this Agreement has become effective as in your judgment is advisable. The Company is further advised by you that the Securities are to be offered to the public initially at $880.0522 per share of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (“ Public Offering Price ”).

 

2.2        Payment of the Purchase Price for, and delivery of, the Securities shall be made at the time and date of closing and delivery of the documents required to be delivered to the Underwriter pursuant to Sections 4 and 6 hereof and shall be at 10:00 A.M., New York time, on August 29, 2018 (the “ Closing Date ”) at the office of Foley & Lardner LLP, 111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500, Boston MA 02199 or at such other time and date as the Underwriter and the Company determine pursuant to Rule 15c6-1(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “ Exchange Act ”) . The Company shall deliver the Securities, which shall be registered in the name or names and shall be in such denominations as the Underwriter may request at least one (1) business day before the Closing Date, to the Underwriter. The Company shall make certificates, if any,for the Securities available to the Underwriter for examination in New York, New York at least one (1) full business day prior to the Closing Date. The Securities shall be delivered on the Closing Date for the account of the Underwriter, with any transfer taxes payable in connection with the transfer of the Securities to the Underwriter duly paid, against payment of the Purchase Price therefor.

 

 

 

2.3        Prior to the Closing Date, the Company shall not, without the prior written consent of the Underwriter, solicit or accept offers to purchase shares of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, the Common Stock or securities convertible into, exchangeable or exercisable for, shares of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock (other than pursuant to the exercise of options or warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock that are outstanding as of the date hereof) other than through the Underwriter in accordance herewith.

 

2.4        No Securities which the Company has agreed to sell pursuant to this Agreement shall be deemed to have been purchased and paid for, or sold by the Company, until such Securities shall have been delivered to the Underwriter thereof against payment by the Underwriter. If the Company shall default in its obligations to deliver any Securities to the Underwriter, the Company shall indemnify and hold the Underwriter harmless against any loss, claim, damage or expense arising from or as a result of such default by the Company in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 7(c) herein.

 

3.        Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company represents and warrants to the Underwriter, as of the date hereof and as of the Closing Date, and agrees with the Underwriter that:

 

(a)        The Company has prepared and filed in conformity with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act ”), and published rules and regulations thereunder (the “ Rules and Regulations ”) adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “ Commission ”) a “shelf” Registration Statement (as hereinafter defined) on Form S-3 (File No. 333-226792), which became effective as of August 21, 2018 (the “ Effective Date ”), including a base prospectus relating to the Securities (the “ Base Prospectus ”), and such amendments and supplements thereto as may have been required up to the date of this Agreement. The term “ Registration Statement ” as used in this Agreement means the registration statement (including all exhibits, financial schedules and all documents and information deemed to be a part of the Registration Statement pursuant to Rule 430B of the Rules and Regulations), as amended and/or supplemented to the date of this Agreement, including the Base Prospectus. The Registration Statement is effective under the Securities Act and no stop order preventing or suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or suspending or preventing the use of the Prospectus has been issued by the Commission and no proceedings for that purpose have been instituted or, to the Company’s knowledge, are threatened by the Commission. The Company, if required by the Rules and Regulations of the Commission, will file the Prospectus (as defined below), with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations. The term “ Prospectus ” as used in this Agreement means the Prospectus, in the form filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations as of August 27, 2018, except that if any revised prospectus or prospectus supplement shall be provided to the Underwriter by the Company for use in connection with the Offering which differs from the Prospectus (whether or not such revised prospectus or prospectus supplement is required to be filed by the Company pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations), the term “ Prospectus ” shall refer to such revised prospectus or prospectus supplement, as the case may be, from and after the time it is first provided to the Underwriter for such use (or in the form first made available to the Underwriter by the Company to meet requests of prospective purchasers pursuant to Rule 173 under the Securities Act). Any reference herein to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S-3 which were filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “ Exchange Act ”), on or before the last to occur of the Effective Date or the date of the Prospectus, and any reference herein to the terms “amend,” “amendment,” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include (i) the filing of any document under the Exchange Act after the Effective Date or the date of the Prospectus, as the case may be, which is incorporated by reference and (ii) any such document so filed. If the Company has filed an abbreviated registration statement to register additional securities pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Rules and Regulations (the “ 462(b) Registration Statement ”), then any reference herein to the Registration Statement shall also be deemed to include such 462(b) Registration Statement.

 

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(b)        As of the Applicable Time (as defined below) and as of the Closing Date, neither (i) any General Use Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below) issued at or prior to the Applicable Time, and the Prospectus, all considered together (collectively, the “ General Disclosure Package ”), (ii) any individual Limited Use Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below), nor (iii) the bona fide electronic road show (as defined in Rule 433(h)(5) of the Rules and Regulations), if any, that has been made available without restriction to any person, when considered together with the General Disclosure Package, included or will include, any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or as of the Closing Date will omit, to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the Company makes no representations or warranties as to information contained in or omitted from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ). As used in this paragraph (b) and elsewhere in this Agreement:

 

Applicable Time ” means 8:30 A.M., New York time, on the date of this Agreement.

 

General Use Free Writing Prospectus ” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is identified on Schedule A to this Agreement.

 

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Issuer Free Writing Prospectus ” means any “ issuer free writing prospectus, ” as defined in Rule 433 of the Rules and Regulations relating to the Securities in the form filed or required to be filed with the Commission or, if not required to be filed, in the form retained in the Company’s records pursuant to Rule 433(g) of the Rules and Regulations.

 

Limited Use Free Writing Prospectuses ” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is not a General Use Free Writing Prospectus.

 

(c)        No order preventing or suspending the use of any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus relating to the Offering has been issued by the Commission, and no proceeding for that purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act has been instituted or threatened by the Commission, and the Prospectus, at the time of filing thereof, conformed in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations, and did not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the Company makes no representations or warranties as to information contained in or omitted from the Prospectus, in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

(d)        At the time the Registration Statement became effective, at the date of this Agreement and at the Closing Date, the Registration Statement conformed and will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and did not and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading; the Prospectus, at the time the Prospectus was issued and at the Closing Date, conformed and will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and did not and will not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the foregoing representations and warranties in this paragraph (d) shall not apply to information contained in or omitted from the Registration Statement or the Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

(e)        Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, as of its issue date and at all subsequent times through the completion of the public offer and sale of the Securities or until any earlier date that the Company notified or notifies the Underwriter as described in Section 4(e) , did not, does not and will not include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, including any document incorporated by reference therein and any prospectus supplement deemed to be a part thereof that has not been superseded or modified, or include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. The foregoing sentence does not apply to statements in or omissions from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

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(f)        The documents incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, when they became effective or were filed with the Commission, as the case may be, conformed in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as applicable, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder and none of such documents contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and any further documents so filed and incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, when such documents become effective or are filed with the Commission, as the case may be, will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as applicable, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

 

(g)        (i) At the earliest time after the filing of the Registration Statement that the Company or another offering participant made a bona fide offer (within the meaning of Rule 164(h)(2) under the Securities Act) of the Securities and (ii) at the date hereof, the Company was not and is not an “ineligible issuer,” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act. The Company has not, directly or indirectly, distributed and will not distribute any offering material in connection with the Offering other than the Prospectus and other materials, if any, permitted under the Securities Act and consistent with Section 4(b) below. The Company will file with the Commission all Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses (other than a “road show,” as described in Rule 433(d)(8) of the Rules and Regulations), if any, in the time and manner required under Rules 163(b)(2) and 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations.

 

(h)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries (as defined in Section 14 ) have been duly organized and are validly existing as corporations or other legal entities in good standing (or the foreign equivalent thereof) under the laws of their respective jurisdictions of organization. The Company and each of its subsidiaries are duly qualified to do business and are in good standing as foreign corporations or other legal entities in each jurisdiction in which their respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such qualification and have all power and authority (corporate or other) necessary to own or hold their respective properties and to conduct the businesses in which they are engaged, except where the failure to so qualify or have such power or authority would not (i) have, singly or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, assets, properties, business or prospects of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, or (ii) impair in any material respect the ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Agreement or to consummate any transactions contemplated by this Agreement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (any such effect as described in clauses (i) or (ii), a “ Material Adverse Effect ”). The Company owns or controls, directly or indirectly, only the corporations, partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, associations or other entities included on Annex A hereto.

 

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(i)        The Company has the full right, power and authority to enter into this Agreement, and to perform and to discharge its obligations hereunder; and this Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company, and constitutes a valid and binding obligation of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as rights to indemnify hereunder may be limited by federal or state securities laws and except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and subject to general principles of equity.

 

(j)        The Securities have been duly authorized and, upon the filing of the Certificate of Designation (as defined below) with the Secretary of State of Delaware and when issued and delivered in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and the issuance of such Securities will not be subject to any preemptive or similar rights, except such rights as have been waived or satisfied and subject to the conditions described in the last sentence of this paragraph (j). All necessary corporate action has been duly and validly taken by the Company to authorize the issuance and delivery of the Conversion Securities by the Company, other than the approval of the Company’s stockholders to issue a number of Conversion Securities in excess of 19.9% of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of the issuance of the Securities. The Conversion Securities, when issued, paid for and delivered as provided for in the Certificate of Designation will be duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, will be issued in compliance with all applicable securities laws, and will be free of preemptive, registration or similar rights. The Conversion Securities have been reserved for issuance. The Securities and Conversion Securities, when issued, will conform in all material respects to the descriptions thereof set forth in the Prospectus or the General Disclosure Package. The Company has received a written waiver from POSCO Energy Co., Ltd. (“ POSCO ”) of its participation rights under that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 9, 2009, by and between the Company and POSCO (formerly known as POSCO Power), and that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 30, 2012, between the Company and POSCO (“ POSCO Securities Purchase Agreements ”), with such waiver being subject to the removal of the restrictive legend from POSCO’s shares of the Company’s common stock and the transfer of such shares to a brokerage account designated by POSCO, and, in connection with this Offering, the Company and Hercules Capital, Inc. (“ Hercules ”) have agreed to amend certain terms of that certain Loan and Security Agreement between Hercules and the Company, dated April 14, 2016 and previously amended as of September 5, 2017, October 27, 2017 and March 28, 2018 (“ Hercules Loan and Security Agreement ”), with such amendment to be effective upon the delivery by the Company to Hercules of a final, executed copy of this Agreement and the Certificate of Designation (as defined below).

 

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(k)        The Company has an authorized capitalization as set forth in the Prospectus, and all of the issued shares of the Company have been duly and validly authorized and issued, are fully paid and nonassessable, have been issued in compliance with federal and state securities laws, and conform to the description thereof contained in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.  As of July 31, 2018, there were (i) 92,280,169 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001, issued and outstanding, (ii) 64,020 shares of Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, convertible into 454,043 shares of Common Stock, (iii) 11,681 shares of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, convertible into 6,348,401 shares of Common Stock, (iv) 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s subsidiary, FuelCell Energy, Ltd.’s, Class A Cumulative Redeemable Exchangeable Preferred Shares (also referred to as Series 1 preferred shares), issued and outstanding, which would require 15,168 shares of the Company’s Common Stock to settle the outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid dividends, and (v)  22,854,641 shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of all other options, warrants and convertible securities outstanding as of such date, excluding any shares that could be used to satisfy interest amounts due on convertible securities if not paid in cash. Since such date, the Company has not issued any securities, other than (i) Common Stock of the Company issued pursuant to the exercise of stock options outstanding under the Company’s stock plans, (ii) the issuance of options, restricted Common Stock or other equity awards under the Company’s stock plans, (iii) Common Stock of the Company issued upon vesting of restricted stock units outstanding under the Company’s stock plans, (iv) Common Stock issued pursuant to the Sales Agreement, dated June 13, 2018, among the Company, B. Riley FBR, Inc. and OpCo, and/or (v) Common Stock issued upon conversion or redemption of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company.  All of the stock options, warrants and other rights to purchase or exchange any securities for shares of the Company’s capital stock have been duly authorized and validly issued, and were issued in compliance with U.S. federal and state securities laws, except as set forth in the “Description of Capital Stock” section in the Prospectus.  None of the outstanding shares of Common Stock was issued in violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights to subscribe for or purchase securities of the Company.  There are no authorized or outstanding shares of capital stock, options, warrants, preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other rights to purchase, or equity or debt securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for, any capital stock of the Company or any of its subsidiaries other than those described above or accurately described in the General Disclosure Package.  The description of the Company’s stock option, stock bonus and other stock plans or arrangements, and the stock options or other rights granted thereunder, as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, accurately and fairly present the information required to be shown with respect to such plans, arrangements, stock options and rights.

 

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(l)        All the outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity interests of each subsidiary of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and nonassessable and, except to the extent set forth in the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus, are owned by the Company directly or indirectly through one or more wholly-owned subsidiaries, free and clear of any claim, lien, encumbrance, security interest, restriction upon voting or transfer or any other claim of any third party.

 

(m)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, the issuance and sale of the Securities and Conversion Securities by the Company and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will not (with or without notice or lapse of time or both) (i) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of any of the terms or provisions of, constitute a default or Debt Repayment Triggering Event (as defined below) under, give rise to any right of termination or other right or the cancellation or acceleration of any right or obligation or loss of a benefit under, or give rise to the creation or imposition of any lien, encumbrance, security interest, claim or charge upon any property or assets of the Company or any subsidiary pursuant to, any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject, (ii) result in any violation of the provisions of the charter or by-laws (or analogous governing instruments, as applicable) of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or (iii) result in any violation of any law, statute, rule, regulation, judgment, order or decree of any court or governmental agency or body, domestic or foreign, having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their properties or assets, except with respect to clauses (i) and (iii) above, to the extent any such conflict, breach or violation has been waived (or, in the case of the Hercules Loan and Security Agreement, will be addressed in an amendment thereto, with such amendment to be effective upon the delivery by the Company to Hercules of a final, executed copy of this Agreement and the Certificate of Designation (as defined below)) or would not result in a Material Adverse Effect and except, in each case (other than with respect to the Hercules Loan and Security Agreement and the amendment thereto), as set forth in the Prospectus. A “ Debt Repayment Triggering Event ” means any event or condition that gives, or with the giving of notice or lapse of time would give the holder of any note, debenture or other evidence of indebtedness (or any person acting on such holder’s behalf) the right to require the repurchase, redemption or repayment of all or a portion of such indebtedness by the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

(n)        No consent, approval, authorization or order of, or filing, qualification or registration with, any court or governmental agency or body, foreign or domestic, which has not been made, obtained or taken and is not in full force and effect, is required for the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, the offer or sale of the Securities or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, except for the registration of the Common Stock under the Securities Act and such consents, approvals, authorizations, registrations or qualifications as may be required under the Exchange Act and applicable state securities laws, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“ FINRA ”) and the NASDAQ Global Market (the “ NASDAQ GM ”) in connection with the Offering by the Company, and the listing of the Conversion Securities on the NASDAQ GM.

 

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(o)        KPMG LLP, who has certified certain financial statements and related schedules included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, and have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and management’s assessment thereof, is an independent registered public accounting firm as required by the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (the “ PCAOB ”). Except as pre-approved in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 10A of the Exchange Act, KPMG LLP has not been engaged by the Company to perform any “prohibited activities” (as defined in Section 10A of the Exchange Act).

 

(p)        The financial statements, together with the related notes and schedules, included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package, the Prospectus and in the Registration Statement fairly present the financial position and the results of operations and changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries and other consolidated entities at the respective dates or for the respective periods therein specified. Such statements and related notes and schedules have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“ GAAP ”) applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods involved except as may be set forth in the related notes included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package. The financial statements, together with the related notes and schedules, included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus comply in all material respects with the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, and the Rules and Regulations and the rules and regulations under the Exchange Act. No other financial statements or supporting schedules or exhibits are required by the Securities Act or the Rules and Regulations to be described, or included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus. There is no pro forma or as adjusted financial information which is required to be included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package, or the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein in accordance with the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations which has not been included or incorporated as so required.

 

(q)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has sustained, since the date of the latest audited financial statements included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package, any material loss or interference with its business from fire, explosion, flood or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any labor dispute or court or governmental action, order or decree, otherwise than as set forth or contemplated in the General Disclosure Package; and, since such date, there has not been any change in the capital stock or long-term debt of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any material adverse changes, or any development involving a prospective material adverse change, in or affecting the business, assets, general affairs, management, financial position, prospects, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, otherwise than as set forth or contemplated in the General Disclosure Package.

 

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(r)        There are no legal or governmental actions, suits, claims or proceedings pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened or contemplated to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or would be a party or of which any of their respective properties is or would be subject at law or in equity, before or by any federal, state, local or foreign governmental or regulatory commission, board, body, authority or agency, or before or by any self-regulatory organization or other non-governmental regulatory authority which are required to be described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein and are not so described therein, or which, singly or in the aggregate, if resolved adversely to the Company or such subsidiary, would reasonably be likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect or prevent or materially and adversely affect the ability of the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. To the Company’s knowledge, no such proceedings are threatened or contemplated by governmental authorities or threatened by other third parties except as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

 

(s)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is in (i) violation of its charter or by-laws (or analogous governing instrument, as applicable), (ii) default in any respect, and no event has occurred which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default, in the due performance or observance of any term, covenant, obligation, agreement or condition contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, bank loan or credit agreement, other evidence of indebtedness, or any license, lease, contract or other agreement or instrument to which it is a party or by which the Company or its subsidiaries are bound or to which any of its property or assets is subject or (iii) violation in any respect of any statute, law, ordinance, governmental rule, regulation, ordinance, or court order, decree or judgment to which it or its property or assets may be subject except, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph (s), for any violations or defaults which would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect or which are described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

 

(t)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries have made all material filings, applications and submissions required by, and own or possess all material approvals, licenses, certificates, certifications, clearances, consents, exemptions, marks, notifications, orders, authorizations and permits issued by, and have made all material declarations and filings with, the appropriate local, state, federal or foreign regulatory agencies or bodies that are necessary or desirable for the ownership of their respective properties or the conduct of their respective businesses as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (collectively, the “ Governmental Permits ”) and is in compliance in all material respects with the terms and conditions of all such Governmental Permits, except where any failures to possess or make the same would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. All such Governmental Permits are valid and in full force and effect. All such Governmental Permits are free and clear of any restriction or condition that are in addition to, or materially different from those normally applicable to similar licenses, certificates, authorizations and permits. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received any notice of any proceedings relating to revocation or modification of, any such Governmental Permit, which, individually or in the aggregate, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding, would have a Material Adverse Effect. Except as may be required under the Securities Act and state and foreign Blue Sky laws and the rules and regulations of FINRA, no other Governmental Permits are required for the Company or any of its subsidiaries to enter into, deliver and perform this Agreement and to issue and sell the Securities to be issued and sold by the Company hereunder.

 

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(u)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is or, after giving effect to the Offering and the application of the proceeds thereof as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, will be (i) required to register as an “investment company” as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “ Investment Company Act ), and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder or (ii) a “business development company” (as defined in Section 2(a)(48) of the Investment Company Act).

 

(v)        Neither the Company, its subsidiaries nor, to the Company’s knowledge, any of the Company’s or its subsidiaries’ officers, directors or affiliates has taken or will take, directly or indirectly, any action designed or intended to stabilize or manipulate the price of any security of the Company, or which caused or resulted in, or which could in the future reasonably be expected to cause or result in, stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company.

 

(w)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries owns or possesses the right to use all patents, trademarks, trademark registrations, service marks, service mark registrations, trade names, copyrights, licenses, inventions, software, databases, know-how, Internet domain names, trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures, and other intellectual property (collectively, “ Intellectual Property ”) necessary to carry on their respective businesses as currently conducted, and as proposed to be conducted and described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, and the Company is not aware of any claim to the contrary or any challenge by any other person to the rights of the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to the foregoing except for those that would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has complied in all material respects with, and is not in breach nor has received any asserted or threatened claim of breach of, any Intellectual Property license, and the Company has no knowledge of any breach or anticipated breach by any other person to any Intellectual Property license. To the Company’s knowledge, the Company’s and each of its subsidiaries’ businesses as now conducted and as proposed to be conducted do not and will not infringe or conflict with any valid and enforceable patents, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, trade secrets, licenses or other Intellectual Property or franchise right of any person. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received notice of any claim against the Company or any of its subsidiaries alleging the infringement by the Company or any of its subsidiaries of any patent, trademark, service mark, trade name, copyright, trade secret, license in or other intellectual property right or franchise right of any person. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has taken all reasonable steps to protect, maintain and safeguard its rights in all Intellectual Property, including the execution of appropriate nondisclosure and confidentiality agreements. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement will not result in the loss or impairment of or payment of any additional amounts with respect to, nor require the consent of any other person in respect of, the Company’s or any of its subsidiaries’ right to own, use, or hold for use any of the Intellectual Property as owned, used or held for use in the conduct of the businesses as currently conducted. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has at all times complied in all material respects with all applicable laws relating to privacy, data protection, and the collection and use of personal information collected, used, or held for use by the Company and any of its subsidiaries in the conduct of the Company’s and its subsidiaries businesses. No claims have been asserted or threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries alleging a violation of any person’s privacy or personal information or data rights and, to the knowledge of the Company, the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby will not breach or otherwise cause any violation of any law related to privacy, data protection, or the collection and use of personal information collected, used, or held for use by the Company or any of its subsidiaries in the conduct of the Company’s or any of its subsidiaries’ businesses. The Company and each of its subsidiaries takes reasonable measures to ensure that such information is protected against unauthorized access, use, modification, or other misuse.

 

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(x)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries have good, valid and marketable title in fee simple to, or have valid rights to lease or otherwise use, all items of real or personal property which are material to the business of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, security interests, claims and defects that do not, singly or in the aggregate, materially affect the value of such property and do not interfere with the use made and proposed to be made of such property by the Company or any of its subsidiaries; and all of the leases and subleases material to the business of the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as one enterprise, and under which the Company or any of its subsidiaries holds properties described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, are in full force and effect, and neither the Company nor any subsidiary has received any notice of any material claim of any sort that has been asserted by anyone adverse to the rights of the Company or any subsidiary under any of the leases or subleases mentioned above, or affecting or questioning the rights of the Company or such subsidiary to the continued possession of the leased or subleased premises under any such lease or sublease.

 

(y)        No labor disturbance or dispute with the employees of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries exists, or, to the Company’s knowledge, is threatened or imminent, which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. The Company is not aware of any existing or imminent labor disturbance by the employees of any of its or its subsidiaries’ principal suppliers, manufacturers, customers or contractors, that singly or in the aggregate, might be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company is not aware that any key employee or significant group of employees of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries plans to terminate employment with the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has engaged in any unfair labor practice; except for matters which would not, singly or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) there is (A) no unfair labor practice complaint pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries before the National Labor Relations Board, and no grievance or arbitration proceeding arising out of or under collective bargaining agreements is pending or to the Company’s knowledge, threatened, (B) no strike, labor dispute, slowdown or stoppage pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries and (C) no union representation dispute currently existing concerning the employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries and (ii) to the Company’s knowledge, no union organizing activities are currently taking place concerning the employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

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(z)        No “prohibited transaction” (as defined in Section 406 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, including the regulations and published interpretations thereunder (“ ERISA ”), or Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time (the “ Code ”)) has occurred or could reasonably be expected to occur with respect to any employee benefit plan of the Company or any of its subsidiaries which could, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. Each employee benefit plan of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is in compliance in all material respects with applicable law, including ERISA and the Code. For purposes of this section, an “employee benefit plan” and an “employee pension benefit plan” are as defined in ERISA section 3(2), and an employee welfare benefit plan as defined in ERISA section 3(1). The Company and its subsidiaries have not incurred and could not reasonably be expected to incur liability under Title IV of ERISA with respect to the termination of, or withdrawal from, any pension plan (as defined in ERISA). Each pension plan for which the Company or any of its subsidiaries would have any liability that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code is so qualified, and, to the knowledge of the Company, nothing has occurred, whether by action or by failure to act, which could, singly or in the aggregate, cause the loss of such qualification.

 

(aa) The Company and its subsidiaries are and have been in compliance with all foreign, federal, state and local statutes, laws (including the common law), ordinances, rules, regulations, orders, judgments, decrees or Governmental Permits, relating to the use, treatment, storage and disposal of hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes or the protection of health and safety or the environment which are applicable to their businesses (“ Environmental Laws ”), except where the failure to comply would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. There has been no storage, generation, transportation, handling, treatment, disposal, discharge, emission, or other release of any kind of hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes by, due to, or caused by the Company or any of its subsidiaries (or, to the Company’s knowledge, any other entity for whose acts or omissions the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or may otherwise be liable) upon any of the property now or previously owned, leased or operated by the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or upon any other property, in violation of, or which would give rise to any liability under, any Environmental Law, except for any violation or liability which would not have, singly or in the aggregate with all such violations and liabilities, a Material Adverse Effect; and there has been no disposal, discharge, emission or other release of any kind onto such property or into the environment surrounding such property of any hazardous or toxic substances, materials or wastes with respect to which the Company has knowledge, except for any such disposal, discharge, emission, or other release of any kind which would not have, singly or in the aggregate with all such discharges and other releases, a Material Adverse Effect. In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries conduct reviews of the effect of Environmental Laws on their businesses and assets, as part of which they identify and evaluate associated costs and liabilities (including, without limitation, any capital or operating expenditures required for clean-up, closure of properties or compliance with Environmental Laws and Governmental Permits issued thereunder, any related constraints on operating activities and any potential liabilities to third parties). On the basis of such reviews, the Company and its subsidiaries have reasonably concluded that such associated costs and liabilities would not have, singly or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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(bb) The Company and its subsidiaries are in compliance in all respects with all applicable provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended, including all applicable regulations thereunder, except for such noncompliance as would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(cc) The Company and each of its subsidiaries (i) has timely filed all necessary federal, state, local and foreign tax returns (or timely filed applicable extensions therefor) that have been required to be filed, and all such returns were true, complete and correct, (ii) has paid all federal, state, local and foreign taxes, assessments, governmental or other charges that are due and payable for which it is liable, including, without limitation, all sales and use taxes and all taxes which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is obligated to withhold from amounts owing to employees, creditors and third parties, except for any such taxes, assessments, governmental or other charges that are being contested in good faith and by appropriate procedures, and (iii) does not have any tax deficiency or claims outstanding or assessed or, to the Company’s knowledge, proposed against it, except those, in each of the cases described in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph (cc) , that would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has engaged in any transaction which is a corporate tax shelter or which could be characterized as such by the Internal Revenue Service or any other taxing authority. The accruals and reserves on the books and records of the Company and its subsidiaries in respect of tax liabilities for any taxable period not yet finally determined are adequate to meet any assessments and related liabilities for any such period, and in the last three years, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has incurred any liability for taxes other than in the ordinary course.

 

(dd) The Company and each of its subsidiaries maintains or is covered by insurance provided by recognized, financially sound and reputable institutions with insurance policies in such amounts and covering such risks as is adequate for the conduct of its business and the value of its properties and as is customary for companies engaged in similar businesses in similar industries. All such insurance is fully in force on the date hereof and will be fully in force as of the Closing Date. The Company has no reason to believe that it and its subsidiaries will not be able to renew their existing insurance coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business at a cost that would not have a Material Adverse Effect. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has been denied any material insurance policy or coverage for which it has applied. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries insures risk of loss through any captive insurance, risk retention group, reciprocal group or by means of any fund or pool of assets specifically set aside for contingent liabilities other than as described in the General Disclosure Package.

 

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(ee) The Company and each of its subsidiaries maintains a system of internal accounting and other controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain accountability for assets; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. Except as described in the General Disclosure Package, since the end of the Company’s most recent audited fiscal year, there has been (A) no material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (whether or not remediated) and (B) no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

(ff) The Company has established, maintains and evaluates “disclosure controls and procedures” (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), which (i) are designed to ensure that material information relating to the Company and its subsidiaries is made known to the Company’s principal executive officer and its principal financial officer by others within those entities, particularly during the periods in which the periodic reports required under the Exchange Act are being prepared, (ii) have been evaluated for effectiveness as of the end of the last fiscal period covered by the Registration Statement, and (iii) such disclosure controls and procedures are effective to perform the functions for which they were established. There are no significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal controls which could adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize, or report financial data to management and the Board of Directors of the Company. The Company is not aware of any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a role in the Company’s internal controls; and since the date of the most recent evaluation of such disclosure controls and procedures, there have been no significant changes in internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect internal controls, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses. Except as set forth in the General Disclosure Package, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company (the “ Audit Committee ”) is not reviewing or investigating, and neither the Company’s independent auditors nor its internal auditors have recommended that the Audit Committee review or investigate, (i) adding to, deleting, changing the application of or changing the Company’s disclosure with respect to, any of the Company’s material accounting policies, (ii) any manner which could result in a restatement of the Company’s financial statements for any annual or interim period during the current or prior three fiscal years, or (iii) a significant deficiency, material weakness, change in internal control over financial reporting or fraud involving management or other employees who have a significant role in the internal control over financial reporting.

 

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(gg) Except as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there are no material off-balance sheet transactions (including, without limitation, transactions related to, and the existence of, “variable interest entities” within the meaning of Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 46), arrangements, obligations (including contingent obligations), or any other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons, that may have a material current or future effect on the Company’s financial condition, changes in financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources, or significant components of revenues or expenses.

 

(hh) The Company’s Board of Directors has validly appointed an Audit Committee whose composition satisfies the requirements of Rule 5605(c)(2) of the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules and Section 10A-3 of the Exchange Act, and the Board of Directors and/or the Audit Committee has adopted a charter that satisfies the requirements of Rule 5605(c)(1) of the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules and Section 10A-3 of the Exchange Act. The Audit Committee has reviewed the adequacy of its charter within the past twelve months. Neither the Board of Directors nor the Audit Committee has been informed, nor is any director of the Company aware, of (i) any significant deficiencies in the design or operation of the Company’s internal controls that could adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data or any material weakness in the Company’s internal controls; or (ii) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees of the Company who have a significant role in the Company’s internal controls.

 

(ii)        The minute books of the Company and each of its subsidiaries that would be a “significant subsidiary” within the meaning of Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X under the Exchange Act (such a significant subsidiary of the Company, a “ Significant Subsidiary ”) have been made available to the Underwriter and counsel for the Underwriter, and such books (i) contain a complete summary of all meetings and actions of the board of directors (including each board committee) and stockholders of the Company (or analogous governing bodies and interest holders, as applicable), and each of its Significant Subsidiaries since the time of its respective incorporation or organization through the date of the latest meeting and action, and (ii) accurately in all material respects reflect all transactions referred to in such minutes.

 

(jj) There is no franchise, lease, contract, agreement or document required by the Securities Act or by the Rules and Regulations to be described in the General Disclosure Package and in the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein or to be filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement or a document incorporated by reference therein which is not described or filed therein as required; and all descriptions of any such franchises, leases, contracts, agreements or documents contained in the Registration Statement or in a document incorporated by reference therein are accurate and complete descriptions of such documents in all material respects. Other than as described in the General Disclosure Package, no such franchise, lease, contract or agreement has been suspended or terminated for convenience or default by the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of the other parties thereto, and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received notice nor does the Company have any other knowledge of any such pending or threatened suspension or termination, except for such pending or threatened suspensions or terminations that would not, singly or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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(kk) No relationship, direct or indirect, exists between or among the Company and any of its subsidiaries on the one hand, and the directors, officers, stockholders (or analogous interest holders), customers or suppliers of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their affiliates on the other hand, which is required to be described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein and which is not so described.

 

(ll) No person or entity has the right to require registration of shares of Common Stock or other securities of the Company or any of its subsidiaries because of the filing or effectiveness of the Registration Statement or otherwise, except for persons and entities who have expressly waived such right in writing or who have been given timely and proper written notice and have failed to exercise such right within the time or times required under the terms and conditions of such right. There are no contracts, agreements or understandings between the Company or any of its subsidiaries and any person granting such person the right (other than (i) registration rights granted to POSCO under the POSCO Securities Purchase Agreements, which have been satisfied to date and (ii) rights which have been waived in writing in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or otherwise satisfied) to require the Company or any of its subsidiaries to register any securities with the Commission.

 

(mm) Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries owns any “margin securities” as that term is defined in Regulation U of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “ Federal Reserve Board ”), and none of the proceeds of the sale of any of the Securities will be used, directly or indirectly, for the purpose of purchasing or carrying any margin security, for the purpose of reducing or retiring any indebtedness which was originally incurred to purchase or carry any margin security or for any other purpose which might cause any of the Securities to be considered a “purpose credit” within the meanings of Regulation T, U or X of the Federal Reserve Board.

 

(nn) At the Applicable Time there were, and as of the Closing Date there will be, no securities of or guaranteed by the Company that are rated by a “nationally recognized statistical rating organization,” as that term is defined in Rule 436(g)(2) promulgated under the Act.

 

(oo)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is a party to any contract, agreement or understanding with any person (other than this Agreement) that would give rise to a valid claim against the Company or the Underwriter for a brokerage commission, finder’s fee or like payment in connection with the offering and sale of any of the Securities or any transaction contemplated by this Agreement, the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus.

 

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(pp) No forward-looking statement (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act) contained in either the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed without a reasonable basis or has been disclosed other than in good faith.

 

(qq) The Company is subject to and in compliance in all material respects with the reporting requirements of Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. The Common Stock is registered pursuant to Section 12(b) or 12(g) of the Exchange Act and is listed on the NASDAQ GM, and the Company has taken no action designed to, or reasonably likely to have the effect of, terminating the registration of the Common Stock under the Exchange Act or delisting the Common Stock from the NASDAQ GM, nor has the Company received any notification that the Commission, FINRA or the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC is currently contemplating terminating such registration or listing. The Company has complied in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the NASDAQ GM for maintenance of inclusion of the Common Stock thereon. No consent, approval, authorization or order of, or filing, notification or registration with, the NASDAQ GM is required for the listing and trading of the shares of Common Stock on the NASDAQ GM, except for (i) a Notification Form: Listing of Additional Shares; and (ii) a Notification Form: Change in the Number of Shares Outstanding.

 

(rr) The Company has filed in a timely manner all reports required to be filed pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(e), 14 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (except to the extent that Section 15(d) requires reports to be filed pursuant to Sections 13(d) and 13(g) of the Exchange Act, which shall be governed by the next clause of this sentence); and the Company has filed in a timely manner all reports required to be filed pursuant to Sections 13(d) and 13(g) of the Exchange Act since January 1, 2004, except where the failure to timely file would not reasonably be expected singly or in the aggregate to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(ss) The Company, and to its knowledge, each of the Company’s directors or officers, in their capacities as such, is, and after giving effect to the Offering will be, in compliance in all material respects with all applicable effective provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and any related rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission thereunder (the “ Sarbanes-Oxley Act ”). Each of the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer of the Company (and each former principal executive officer of the Company and each former principal financial officer of the Company as applicable) has made all certifications required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act with respect to all reports, schedules, forms, statements and other documents required to be filed by him or her with the Commission. For purposes of the preceding sentence, “principal executive officer” and “principal financial officer” shall have the meanings given to such terms in the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

(tt) The Company is, and after giving effect to the Offering will be, in compliance with all applicable corporate governance requirements set forth in the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules.

 

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(uu) Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries nor, to the Company’s knowledge, any other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company, including without limitation any director, officer, agent or employee of the Company or any of its subsidiaries has, directly or indirectly, while acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries (i) used any corporate funds for unlawful contributions, gifts, entertainment or other unlawful expenses relating to political activity or failed to disclose fully any contribution in violation of law, (ii) made any payment to any federal or state governmental officer or official, or other person charged with similar public or quasi-public duties, other than payments required or permitted by the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction thereof, (iii) violated or is in violation of any provision of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended or (iv) made any bribe, rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful payment.

 

(vv) Any statistical, industry-related or market-related data included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or the General Disclosure Package, are based on or derived from sources that the Company reasonably and in good faith believes to be reliable and accurate, and such data agree with the sources from which they are derived.

 

(ww) Neither the Company nor any subsidiary nor any of their affiliates (within the meaning of FINRA’s NASD Conduct Rule 2720(f)(1)) directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, or is an associated person (within the meaning of Article I, Section 1(ee) of the By-laws of FINRA) of, any member firm of FINRA.

 

(xx)        The operations of the Company and its subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance in all material respects with applicable financial recordkeeping and reporting requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the USA PATRIOT Act, applicable money laundering statutes of all jurisdictions and the applicable rules, related rules and regulations thereunder (collectively, the “ Money Laundering Laws ”), and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any of its subsidiaries with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending, or to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

(yy) Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries nor, to the Company’s knowledge, any director, officer, agent, employee or affiliate of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is currently subject to any U.S. sanctions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department (“ OFAC ”); and the Company will not directly or indirectly use the proceeds of the Offering, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any subsidiary, joint venture partner or other person or entity, which, to the Company’s knowledge, will use such proceeds for the purpose of financing the activities of any person currently subject to any U.S. sanctions administered by OFAC.

 

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(zz) No approval of the stockholders of the Company under the rules and regulations of The NASDAQ Stock Market (including Rule 5635 of the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules) is required for the Company to issue and deliver to the Underwriter the Securities.

 

(aaa) Neither the Company nor its subsidiaries are subject to regulation as a “public utility”, “public service company”, “holding company” or similar designation by any governmental or regulatory authority, including under the Federal Power Act, as amended or any applicable state utility laws; and the Company and its subsidiaries are not required to file with any applicable state or local commissions, governmental authorities or regulatory bodies that regulate utilities any forms, statements, reports, registrations or documents under such applicable state or local laws to which the Company or its subsidiaries are subject.

 

Any certificate signed by or on behalf of the Company and delivered to the Underwriter or to counsel for the Underwriter shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by the Company to the Underwriter as to the matters covered thereby.

 

4.        Further Agreements of the Company. The Company agrees with the Underwriter:

 

(a)        Subject to the Rules and Regulations, to prepare the Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, if necessary, in a form approved by the Underwriter and file such Rule 462(b) Registration Statement with the Commission on the date hereof; to prepare the Prospectus in a form approved by the Underwriter containing information previously omitted at the time of effectiveness of the Registration Statement in reliance on Rules 430A, 430B and 430C of the Rules and Regulations and to file such Prospectus pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations not later than the second (2 nd ) business day following the execution and delivery of this Agreement or, if applicable, such earlier time as may be required by Rule 430A of the Rules and Regulations; to notify the Underwriter immediately of the Company’s intention to file or prepare any supplement or amendment to the Registration Statement or to the Prospectus in connection with this Offering and to make no amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or to the Prospectus to which the Underwriter shall reasonably object by notice to the Company after a reasonable period to review; to advise the Underwriter, promptly after it receives notice thereof, of the time when any amendment to the Registration Statement has been filed or becomes effective or any supplement to the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or any amended Prospectus has been filed and to furnish the Underwriter copies thereof; to file promptly all material required to be filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 433(d) or 163(b)(2), as the case may be, of the Rules and Regulations; to file promptly all reports and any definitive proxy or information statements required to be filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act subsequent to the date of the Prospectus and for so long as the delivery of a prospectus (or in lieu thereof, the notice referred to in Rule 173(a) of the Rules and Regulations) is required for sale of the Securities; to advise the Underwriter, promptly after it receives notice thereof, of the issuance by the Commission of any stop order or of any order preventing or suspending the use of any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus, of the suspension of the qualification of the Securities for offering or sale in any jurisdiction, of the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for any such purpose, or of any request by the Commission for the amending or supplementing of the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or for additional information; and, in the event of the issuance of any stop order or of any order preventing or suspending the use of any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus or suspending any such qualification, and promptly to use its best efforts to obtain the withdrawal of such order.

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(b)        The Company represents and agrees that it has not made, and unless it obtains the prior consent of the Underwriter, it will not make, any offer relating to the Securities that would constitute a “free writing prospectus” as defined in Rule 405 of the Rules and Regulations (each, a “ Permitted Free Writing Prospectus ”); provided that the prior written consent of the Underwriter hereto shall be deemed to have been given in respect of the Issuer Free Writing Prospectus(es) included in Schedule A hereto. The Company represents that it has treated and agrees that it will treat each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, comply with the requirements of Rules 164 and 433 of the Rules and Regulations applicable to any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, including the requirements relating to timely filing with the Commission, legending and record keeping and will not take any action that would result in the Underwriter or the Company being required to file with the Commission pursuant to Rule 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations a free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of such Underwriter that such Underwriter otherwise would not have been required to file thereunder.

 

(c)        If at any time when a Prospectus relating to the Securities is required to be delivered under the Securities Act, any event occurs or condition exists as a result of which the Prospectus, as then amended or supplemented, would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, or the Registration Statement, as then amended or supplemented, would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or if for any other reason it is necessary at any time to amend or supplement any Registration Statement or the Prospectus to comply with the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, the Company will promptly notify the Underwriter, and upon the Underwriter’s request, the Company will promptly prepare and file with the Commission, at the Company’s expense, an amendment to the Registration Statement or an amendment or supplement to the Prospectus that corrects such statement or omission or effects such compliance and will deliver to the Underwriter, without charge, such number of copies thereof as the Underwriter may reasonably request. The Company consents to the use of the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement thereto by the Underwriter.

 

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(d)        If the General Disclosure Package is being used to solicit offers to buy the Securities at a time when the Prospectus is not yet available to prospective purchasers and any event shall occur as a result of which, in the judgment of the Company or in the reasonable opinion of the Underwriter, it becomes necessary to amend or supplement the General Disclosure Package in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, or to make the statements therein not conflict with the information contained or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement then on file and not superseded or modified, or if it is necessary at any time to amend or supplement the General Disclosure Package to comply with any law, the Company promptly will either (i) prepare, file with the Commission (if required) and furnish to the Underwriter and any dealers an appropriate amendment or supplement to the General Disclosure Package or (ii) prepare and file with the Commission an appropriate filing under the Exchange Act which shall be incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package so that the General Disclosure Package as so amended or supplemented will not, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, be misleading or conflict with the Registration Statement then on file, or so that the General Disclosure Package will comply with law.

 

(e)        If at any time following issuance of an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus there occurred or occurs an event or development as a result of which such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus conflicted or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement or Prospectus, including any document incorporated by reference therein and any prospectus supplement deemed to be a part thereof and not superseded or modified or included or would include an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or would omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, the Company has promptly notified or will promptly notify the Underwriter so that any use of the Issuer Free Writing Prospectus may cease until it is amended or supplemented and has promptly amended or will promptly amend or supplement, at its own expense, such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus to eliminate or correct such conflict, untrue statement or omission. The foregoing sentence does not apply to statements in or omissions from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

(f)        To the extent not available on the Commission’s EDGAR system or any successor system, to furnish promptly to the Underwriter and to counsel for the Underwriter a signed copy of the Registration Statement as originally filed with the Commission, and of each amendment thereto filed with the Commission, including all consents and exhibits filed therewith.

 

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(g)        To the extent not available on the Commission’s EDGAR system or any successor system, to deliver promptly to the Underwriter in New York City such number of the following documents as the Underwriter shall reasonably request: (i) conformed copies of the Registration Statement as originally filed with the Commission (in each case excluding exhibits), (ii) any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, (iii) the Prospectus (the delivery of the documents referred to in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph (g) to be made not later than 10:00 A.M., New York time, on the business day following the execution and delivery of this Agreement), (iv) conformed copies of any amendment to the Registration Statement (excluding exhibits), (v) any amendment or supplement to the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (the delivery of the documents referred to in clauses (iv) and (v) of this paragraph (g) to be made not later than 10:00 A.M., New York City time, on the business day following the date of such amendment or supplement) and (vi) any document incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (excluding exhibits thereto) (the delivery of the documents referred to in clause (vi) of this paragraph (g) to be made not later than 10:00 A.M., New York City time, on the business day following the date of such document).

 

(h)        To the extent required, to make generally available to its stockholders as soon as practicable, but in any event not later than eighteen (18) months after the effective date of each Registration Statement (as defined in Rule 158(c) of the Rules and Regulations), an earnings statement of the Company and its subsidiaries (which need not be audited) complying with Section 11(a) of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations (including, at the option of the Company, Rule 158); and, if not available on the Commission’s EDGAR System or any successor system, to furnish to its stockholders after the end of each fiscal year an annual report (including a balance sheet and statements of income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries certified by independent public accountants) and after each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year (beginning with the first fiscal quarter after the effective date of such Registration Statement), consolidated summary financial information of the Company and its subsidiaries for such quarter in reasonable detail.

 

(i)        To take promptly from time to time such actions as the Underwriter may reasonably request to qualify the Securities for offering and sale under the securities or blue sky laws of such jurisdictions (domestic or foreign) as the Underwriter may designate and to continue such qualifications in effect, and to comply with such laws, for so long as required to permit the offer and sale of Securities in such jurisdictions; provided that the Company and its subsidiaries shall not be obligated to qualify as foreign corporations in any jurisdiction in which they are not so qualified or to file a general consent to service of process in any jurisdiction.

 

(j)        During the period of five (5) years from the date hereof, to the extent not available on the Commission’s EDGAR system or any successor system, to deliver to the Underwriter, (i) upon request, copies of all reports or other communications furnished generally to stockholders, and (ii) upon request, copies of any reports and financial statements furnished or filed with the Commission or any national securities exchange or automatic quotation system on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted.

 

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(k)        That the Company will not, for a period of 60 days from the date of the Prospectus, (the “ Lock-Up Period ”) without the prior written consent of OpCo, directly or indirectly offer, sell, assign, transfer, pledge, contract to sell, or otherwise dispose of, any shares of Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock, other than (i) the Company’s sale of the Securities hereunder, including the issuance of the Conversion Securities (including for this purpose any shares of Common Stock issued or issuable with respect to the Securities under the terms of the Certificate of Designation with respect thereto, whether upon conversion, upon redemption, or otherwise), (ii) the issuance of restricted Common Stock, options to acquire Common Stock, or other equity awards pursuant to the Company’s employee benefit plans, qualified stock option plans or other employee compensation plans as such plans are in existence on the date hereof and described in the Prospectus, the issuance of Common Stock upon vesting of restricted stock units outstanding on the date hereof, and the issuance of Common Stock pursuant to the valid exercises of options, warrants or rights outstanding on the date hereof, (iii) pursuant to warrants or options to purchase common stock that are outstanding on the date hereof and which have been publicly disclosed, (iv) pursuant to the Company’s employee stock purchase place as currently in effect, and (v) the issuance of Common Stock pursuant to the Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock or under the terms of any other series of preferred stock described in the Registration Statement or Prospectus. The Company will cause each executive officer and director listed in Schedule B to furnish to the Underwriter, prior to the Closing Date, a letter, substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto. The Company also agrees that during such period (other than for the sale of the Securities hereunder), the Company will not file any registration statement, preliminary prospectus or prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, under the Securities Act for any such transaction or which registers, or offers for sale, Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock, except for a registration statement on Form S-8 relating to employee benefit plans.

 

(l)        To supply the Underwriter with copies of all correspondence to and from, and all documents issued to and by, the Commission in connection with the registration of the Securities under the Securities Act or the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto or document incorporated by reference therein.

 

(m)        Prior to the Closing Date to furnish to the Underwriter, as soon as they have been prepared, copies of any unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company for any periods subsequent to the periods covered by the financial statements appearing in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

 

(n)        Prior to the Closing Date not to issue any press release or other communication directly or indirectly or hold any press conference with respect to the Company, its condition, financial or otherwise, or earnings, business affairs or business prospects (except for routine oral marketing communications in the ordinary course of business and consistent with the past practices of the Company and of which the Underwriter is notified), without the prior written consent of the Underwriter, unless in the judgment of the Company and its counsel, and after notification to the Underwriter, such press release or communication is required by law or applicable stock exchange rules.

 

(o)        Until the Underwriter shall have notified the Company of the completion of the offering of the Securities, that the Company will not, and will cause its affiliated purchasers (as defined in Regulation M under the Exchange Act) not to, either alone or with one or more other persons, bid for or purchase, for any account in which it or any of its affiliated purchasers has a beneficial interest, any Securities, or attempt to induce any person to purchase any Securities; and not to, and to cause its affiliated purchasers not to, make bids or purchases for the purpose of creating actual, or apparent, active trading in or of raising the price of the Securities.

 

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(p)        To maintain, at its expense, a registrar and transfer agent for the Common Stock.

 

(q)        Not to take any action prior to the Closing Date, which would require the Prospectus to be amended or supplemented pursuant to Section 4 .

 

(r)        To at all times comply with all applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in effect from time to time.

 

(s)        To reserve and keep available for the exercise of the Securities such number of authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock as are sufficient to permit the exercise in full of the Securities for the Conversion Securities.

 

(t)        To apply the net proceeds from the sale of the Securities as set forth in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus under the heading “Use of Proceeds.”

 

(u)        To use its commercially reasonable best efforts to list, subject to notice of issuance, effect and maintain the quotation and listing of the Common Stock (including the Conversion Securities, if and when issued) on the NASDAQ GM.

 

(v)        To use its commercially reasonable best efforts to assist the Underwriter with any filings with FINRA and obtaining clearance from FINRA as to the amount of compensation allowable or payable to the Underwriter.

 

(w)        So long as the Securities are outstanding, to comply with the Certificate of Designation.

 

(x)        To use its commercially reasonable best efforts to do and perform all things required to be done or performed under this Agreement by the Company prior to the Closing Date, and to satisfy all conditions precedent to the delivery of the Securities.

 

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5.        Payment of Expenses. The Company agrees to pay, or reimburse if paid by the Underwriter, upon consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby: (a) the costs incident to the authorization, issuance, sale, preparation and delivery of the Securities to the Underwriter and any taxes payable in that connection; (b) the costs incident to the registration of the Securities under the Securities Act; (c) the costs incident to the preparation, printing and distribution of the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, the General Disclosure Package, the Prospectus, any amendments, supplements and exhibits thereto or any document incorporated by reference therein and the costs of printing, reproducing and distributing any transaction document by mail or other means of communications; (d) the reasonable fees and expenses (including related fees and expenses of counsel for the Underwriter) incurred in connection with securing any required review by FINRA of the terms of the sale of the Securities and any filings made with FINRA; (e) any applicable listing, quotation or other fees; (f) the reasonable fees and expenses (including related fees and expenses of counsel to the Underwriter) of qualifying the Securities under the securities laws of the several jurisdictions as provided in Section 4(i) and of preparing, printing and distributing wrappers, “Blue Sky Memoranda” and “Legal Investment Surveys”; (g) the cost of preparing and printing stock certificates; (h) all fees and expenses of the registrar and transfer agent of the Common Stock; and (i) all other reasonable costs and expenses incident to the offering of the Securities or the performance of the obligations of the Company under this Agreement (including, without limitation, the fees and expenses of the Company’s counsel and the Company’s independent accountants and the travel and other expenses incurred by Company’s and Underwriter’s personnel in connection with any “road show” including, without limitation, any expenses advanced by the Underwriter on the Company’s behalf (which will be promptly reimbursed)); provided, however, that the Company shall have no obligation to reimburse the fees and expenses of counsel for the Underwriters pursuant to clauses (d) and (f) of this Section 5 in excess of $20,000 in the aggregate.

 

6.        Conditions to the Obligations of the Underwriter, and the Sale of the Securities. The respective obligations of the Underwriter hereunder, and the closing of the sale of the Securities, are subject to the accuracy, when made and as of the Applicable Time and on the Closing Date, of the representations and warranties of the Company contained herein, to the accuracy of the statements of the Company made in any certificates pursuant to the provisions hereof, to the performance by the Company of its obligations hereunder, and to each of the following additional terms and conditions:

 

(a)        No stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any part thereof, preventing or suspending the use of any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus or any part thereof shall have been issued and no proceedings for that purpose or pursuant to Section 8A under the Securities Act shall have been initiated or threatened by the Commission, and all requests for additional information on the part of the Commission (to be included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or otherwise) shall have been complied with to the reasonable satisfaction of the Underwriter; the Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, if any, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, and the Prospectus shall have been filed with the Commission within the applicable time period prescribed for such filing by, and in compliance with, the Rules and Regulations and in accordance with Section 4(a) , and the Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, if any, shall have become effective immediately upon its filing with the Commission; and FINRA shall have raised no objection to the fairness and reasonableness of the terms of this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby.

 

(b)        The Underwriter shall not have discovered and disclosed to the Company on or prior to the Closing Date that the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplement thereto contains an untrue statement of a fact which, in the opinion of counsel for the Underwriter, is material or omits to state any fact which, in the opinion of such counsel, is material and is required to be stated therein or is necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or that the General Disclosure Package, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement thereto contains an untrue statement of fact which, in the opinion of such counsel, is material or omits to state any fact which, in the opinion of such counsel, is material and is necessary in order to make the statements, in the light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading.

 

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(c)        All corporate proceedings and other legal matters incident to the authorization, form and validity of each of this Agreement, the Securities, the Conversion Securities, the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package, each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, and the Prospectus and all other legal matters relating to this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby shall be reasonably satisfactory in all material respects to counsel for the Underwriter, and the Company shall have furnished to such counsel all documents and information that they may reasonably request to enable them to pass upon such matters.

 

(d)        Foley & Lardner LLP shall have furnished to the Underwriter such counsel’s written opinion and negative assurances statement, as counsel to the Company, addressed to the Underwriter and dated the Closing Date, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Underwriter.

 

(e)        The Underwriter shall have received from Proskauer Rose LLP, counsel for the Underwriter, such opinion or opinions and negative assurances statement, dated the Closing Date, with respect to such matters as the Underwriter may reasonably require, and the Company shall have furnished to such counsel such documents as they request for enabling them to pass upon such matters.

 

(f)        At the time of the execution of this Agreement, the Underwriter shall have received from KPMG LLP a letter, addressed to the Underwriter, executed and dated such date, in form and substance satisfactory to the Underwriter (i) confirming that they are an independent registered accounting firm with respect to the Company and its subsidiaries within the meaning of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and PCAOB and (ii) stating the conclusions and findings of such firm, of the type ordinarily included in accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriters, with respect to the financial statements and certain financial information contained or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

 

(g)        On the effective date of any post-effective amendment to any Registration Statement and on the Closing Date, the Underwriter shall have received a letter (the “ Bring-Down Letter ”) from KPMG LLP addressed to the Underwriter and dated the Closing Date confirming, as of the date of the Bring-Down Letter (or, with respect to matters involving changes or developments since the respective dates as of which specified financial information is given in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, as the case may be, as of a date not more than three (3) business days prior to the date of the Bring-Down Letter), the conclusions and findings of such firm, of the type ordinarily included in accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriters, with respect to the financial information and other matters covered by its letter delivered to the Underwriter concurrently with the execution of this Agreement pursuant to paragraph (f) of this Section 6 .

 

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(h)        The Company shall have furnished to the Underwriter a certificate, dated the Closing Date, of its Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer or President and its Chief Financial Officer or a Vice President of Finance, each in his capacity as an officer of the Company, stating that (i) such officers have carefully examined the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus and the Prospectus and, in their opinion, the Registration Statement and each amendment thereto, at the Applicable Time and as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing Date did not include any untrue statement of a material fact and did not omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, and the General Disclosure Package, as of the Applicable Time and as of the Closing Date, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as of its date and as of the Closing Date, the Prospectus and each amendment or supplement thereto, as of the respective date thereof and as of the Closing Date, did not include any untrue statement of a material fact and did not omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances in which they were made, not misleading, (ii) since the effective date of the Registration Statement, no event has occurred which should have been set forth in a supplement or amendment to the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus that has not been so set forth therein, (iii) to the best of their knowledge after reasonable investigation, as of the Closing Date, the representations and warranties of the Company in this Agreement are true and correct, and the Company has complied with all agreements and satisfied all conditions on its part to be performed or satisfied hereunder at or prior to the Closing Date, and (iv) there has not been, subsequent to the date of the most recent audited financial statements included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package, any material adverse change in the financial position or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries or any change or development that, singly or in the aggregate, would involve a material adverse change or a prospective material adverse change, in or affecting the condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, business, assets or prospects of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, except as set forth in the Prospectus.

 

(i)        Since the date of the latest audited financial statements included in the General Disclosure Package or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package as of the date hereof, (i) neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries shall have sustained any loss or interference with its business from fire, explosion, flood or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any labor dispute or court or governmental action, order or decree, otherwise than as set forth in the General Disclosure Package, and (ii) there shall not have been any change in the capital stock (other than a change in the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock due to the issuance of shares upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants or the conversion of convertible indebtedness) or short-term or long-term debt of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or any change, or any development involving a prospective change, in or affecting the business, general affairs, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries otherwise than as set forth in the General Disclosure Package, the effect of which, in any such case described in clause (i) or (ii) of this paragraph (i) , is, in the judgment of the Underwriter, so material and adverse as to make it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the sale or delivery of the Securities on the terms and in the manner contemplated in the General Disclosure Package.

 

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(j)        No action shall have been taken and no law, statute, rule, regulation or order shall have been enacted, adopted or issued by any governmental agency or body which would prevent the issuance or sale of the Securities or materially and adversely affect or potentially materially and adversely affect the business or operations of the Company or its subsidiaries and no injunction, restraining order or order of any other nature by any federal or state court of competent jurisdiction shall have been issued which would prevent the issuance or sale of the Securities or materially and adversely affect or potentially materially and adversely affect the business or operations of the Company or its subsidiaries.

 

(k)        Subsequent to the execution and delivery of this Agreement there shall not have occurred any of the following: (i) trading in securities generally on the New York Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ GM or the NYSE American or in the over-the-counter market, or trading in any securities of the Company on any exchange or in the over-the-counter market, shall have been suspended or materially limited, or minimum or maximum prices or maximum range for prices shall have been established on any such exchange or such market by the Commission, by such exchange or market or by any other regulatory body or governmental authority having jurisdiction, (ii) a banking moratorium shall have been declared by Federal or state authorities or a material disruption has occurred in commercial banking or securities settlement or clearance services in the United States, (iii) the United States shall have become engaged in hostilities, or the subject of an act of terrorism, or there shall have been an outbreak of or escalation in hostilities involving the United States, or there shall have been a declaration of a national emergency or war by the United States, or (iv) there shall have occurred such a material adverse change in general economic, political or financial conditions (or the effect of international conditions on the financial markets in the United States shall be such) as to make it, in the judgment of the Underwriter, impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the sale or delivery of the Securities on the terms and in the manner contemplated in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

 

(l)        The Company shall have filed a Notification: Listing of Additional Shares with the NASDAQ GM covering the Conversion Securities and shall have received no objection thereto from the NASDAQ GM.

 

(m)        The Underwriter shall have not have received any unresolved objection from the FINRA as to the fairness and reasonableness of the amount of compensation allowable or payable to the Underwriter in connection with the issuance and sale of the Securities.

 

(n)        The Underwriter shall have received the written agreements, substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto, of the executive officers and directors of the Company listed in Schedule B to this Agreement.

 

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(o)        The Underwriter shall have received (i) the written waiver from POSCO relating to its participation rights arising under and pursuant to the terms of the POSCO Securities Purchase Agreements and (ii) the amendment to the Hercules Loan and Security Agreement.

 

(p)        The Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights for the Securities, substantially in the form of Exhibit B hereto (the “ Certificate of Designation ”), shall have been filed with, and accepted by, the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware.

 

(q)        Prior to the Closing Date, the Company shall have furnished to the Underwriter such further information, opinions, certificates (including a Secretary’s Certificate), letters or such other documents as the Underwriter shall have reasonably requested.

 

(r)        The Company shall have furnished to the Underwriter a certificate, dated as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing Date, of its Chief Financial Officer, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to counsel for the Underwriter and customary for the type of offering contemplated by this Agreement.

 

(s)        At or prior to the execution of this Agreement, the Company’s Board of Directors shall have approved the reduction to the conversion price of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 8(d) of the Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock to $1.50 (the “ Series C Conversion Price Change ”) and such Series C Conversion Price Change shall be effective on or prior to the Closing.

 

All opinions, letters, evidence and certificates mentioned above or elsewhere in this Agreement shall be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions hereof only if they are in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to counsel for the Underwriter.

 

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7.        Indemnification and Contribution.

 

(a)        The Company shall indemnify and hold harmless the Underwriter, each of its affiliates and each of its and their respective directors, officers, members, employees, representatives and agents, and each person, if any, who controls such Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act of or Section 20 of the Exchange Act (collectively, the “ Underwriter Indemnified Parties ,” and each an “ Underwriter Indemnified Party ”) against any loss, claim, damage, expense or liability whatsoever (or any action, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof), joint or several, to which such Underwriter Indemnified Party may become subject, under the Securities Act or otherwise, insofar as such loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding arises out of or is based upon (A) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations, the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or in any amendment or supplement thereto or document incorporated by reference therein, (B) the omission or alleged omission to state in any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations, the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or in any amendment or supplement thereto or document incorporated by reference therein, a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading or (C) any breach of the representations and warranties of the Company contained herein, or the failure of the Company to perform its obligations hereunder or pursuant to any law, and which is included as part of or referred to in any loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding arising out of or based upon matters covered by subclause (A), (B) or (C) above of this Section 7(a), and shall reimburse the Underwriter Indemnified Party for any legal fees or other expenses reasonably incurred by that Underwriter Indemnified Party in connection with investigating, or preparing to defend, or defending against, settling, compromising, or appearing as a third party witness in respect of, or otherwise incurred in connection with, any such loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding, as such fees and expenses are incurred; provided, however , that the Company shall not be liable in any such case to the extent that any such loss, claim, damage, expense or liability arises out of or is based upon an untrue statement or alleged untrue statement in, or omission or alleged omission from the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or any such amendment or supplement thereto, or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for use therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ). This indemnity agreement is not exclusive and will be in addition to any liability which the Company might otherwise have and shall not limit any rights or remedies which may otherwise be available at law or in equity to each Underwriter Indemnified Party.

 

(b)        The Underwriter shall indemnify and hold harmless the Company and its directors, its officers who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act (collectively, the “ Company Indemnified Parties ,” and each a “ Company Indemnified Party ”) against any loss, claim, damage, expense or liability whatsoever (or any action, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof), joint or several, to which such Company Indemnified Party may become subject, under the Securities Act or otherwise, insofar as such loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding arises out of or is based upon (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations, the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or in any amendment or supplement thereto, or (ii) the omission or alleged omission to state in any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations, the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or in any amendment or supplement thereto, a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, but in each case only to the extent that the untrue statement or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission was made in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for use therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information as defined in Section 16 , and shall reimburse the Company Indemnified Party for any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such party in connection with investigating or preparing to defend or defending against or appearing as third party witness in connection with any such loss, claim, damage, liability, action, investigation or proceeding, as such fees and expenses are incurred. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 7(b) , in no event shall any indemnity by the Underwriter under this Section 7(b) exceed the total discount and commission received by such Underwriter in connection with the Offering.

 

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(c)        Promptly after receipt by an indemnified party under this Section 7 of notice of the commencement of any action, the indemnified party shall, if a claim in respect thereof is to be made against an indemnifying party under this Section 7 , notify such indemnifying party in writing of the commencement of that action; provided, however , that the failure to notify the indemnifying party shall not relieve it from any liability which it may have under this Section 7 except to the extent it has been materially prejudiced by such failure; and, provided, further , that the failure to notify an indemnifying party shall not relieve it from any liability which it may have to an indemnified party otherwise than under this Section 7 . If any such action shall be brought against an indemnified party, and it shall notify the indemnifying party thereof, the indemnifying party shall be entitled to participate therein and, to the extent that it wishes, jointly with any other similarly notified indemnifying party, to assume the defense of such action with counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party (which counsel shall not, except with the written consent of the indemnified party, be counsel to the indemnifying party). After notice from the indemnifying party to the indemnified party of its election to assume the defense of such action, except as provided herein, the indemnifying party shall not be liable to the indemnified party under Section 7 for any legal or other expenses subsequently incurred by the indemnified party in connection with the defense of such action other than reasonable costs of investigation; provided, however , that any indemnified party shall have the right to employ separate counsel in any such action and to participate in the defense of such action but the fees and expenses of such counsel (other than reasonable costs of investigation) shall be at the expense of such indemnified party unless (i) the employment thereof has been specifically authorized in writing by the Company in the case of a claim for indemnification under Section 7(a) or Section 2.4 or OpCo in the case of a claim for indemnification under Section 7(b) , (ii) such indemnified party shall have been advised by its counsel that there may be one or more legal defenses available to it which are different from or additional to those available to the indemnifying party, or (iii) the indemnifying party has failed to assume the defense of such action and employ counsel reasonably satisfactory to the indemnified party within a reasonable period of time after notice of the commencement of the action or the indemnifying party does not diligently defend the action after assumption of the defense, in which case, if such indemnified party notifies the indemnifying party in writing that it elects to employ separate counsel at the expense of the indemnifying party, the indemnifying party shall not have the right to assume the defense of (or, in the case of a failure to diligently defend the action after assumption of the defense, to continue to defend) such action on behalf of such indemnified party and the indemnifying party shall be responsible for legal or other expenses subsequently incurred by such indemnified party in connection with the defense of such action; provided, however , that the indemnifying party shall not, in connection with any one such action or separate but substantially similar or related actions in the same jurisdiction arising out of the same general allegations or circumstances, be liable for the reasonable fees and expenses of more than one separate firm of attorneys at any time for all such indemnified parties (in addition to any local counsel), which firm shall be designated in writing by OpCo if the indemnified parties under this Section 7 consist of any Underwriter Indemnified Party or by the Company if the indemnified parties under this Section 7 consist of any Company Indemnified Parties. Subject to this Section 7(c) , the amount payable by an indemnifying party under Section 7 shall include, but not be limited to, (x) reasonable legal fees and expenses of counsel to the indemnified party and any other expenses in investigating, or preparing to defend or defending against, or appearing as a third party witness in respect of, or otherwise incurred in connection with, any action, investigation, proceeding or claim, and (y) all amounts paid in settlement of any of the foregoing. No indemnifying party shall, without the prior written consent of the indemnified parties, settle or compromise or consent to the entry of judgment with respect to any pending or threatened action or any claim whatsoever, in respect of which indemnification or contribution could be sought under this Section 7 (whether or not the indemnified parties are actual or potential parties thereto), unless such settlement, compromise or consent (i) includes an unconditional release of each indemnified party in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to such indemnified party from all liability arising out of such action or claim and (ii) does not include a statement as to or an admission of fault, culpability or a failure to act by or on behalf of any indemnified party. Subject to the provisions of the following sentence, no indemnifying party shall be liable for settlement of any pending or threatened action or any claim whatsoever that is effected without its written consent (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed), but if settled with its written consent, if its consent has been unreasonably withheld or delayed or if there be a judgment for the plaintiff in any such matter, the indemnifying party agrees to indemnify and hold harmless any indemnified party from and against any loss or liability by reason of such settlement or judgment. In addition, if at any time an indemnified party shall have requested that an indemnifying party reimburse the indemnified party for fees and expenses of counsel, such indemnifying party agrees that it shall be liable for any settlement of the nature contemplated herein effected without its written consent if (i) such settlement is entered into more than forty-five (45) days after receipt by such indemnifying party of the request for reimbursement, (ii) such indemnifying party shall have received notice of the terms of such settlement at least thirty (30) days prior to such settlement being entered into and (iii) such indemnifying party shall not have reimbursed such indemnified party in accordance with such request prior to the date of such settlement.

 

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(d)        If the indemnification provided for in this Section 7 is unavailable or insufficient to hold harmless an indemnified party under Section 7(a) or Section 7(b) , then each indemnifying party shall, in lieu of indemnifying such indemnified party, contribute to the amount paid, payable or otherwise incurred by such indemnified party as a result of such loss, claim, damage, expense or liability (or any action, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof), as incurred, (i) in such proportion as shall be appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Underwriter on the other hand from the Offering of the Securities, or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i) of this Section 7(d) is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in clause (i) of this Section 7(d) but also the relative fault of the Company on the one hand and the Underwriter on the other with respect to the statements, omissions, acts or failures to act which resulted in such loss, claim, damage, expense or liability (or any action, investigation or proceeding in respect thereof) as well as any other relevant equitable considerations. The relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Underwriter on the other with respect to such Offering shall be deemed to be in the same proportion as the total net proceeds from the Offering of the Securities purchased under this Agreement (before deducting expenses) received by the Company bear to the total underwriting discount and commission received by the Underwriter in connection with the Offering, in each case as set forth in the table on the cover page of the Prospectus. The relative fault of the Company on the one hand and the Underwriter on the other shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company on the one hand or the Underwriter on the other, the intent of the parties and their relative knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such untrue statement, omission, act or failure to act; provided that the parties hereto agree that the written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter for use in any Registration Statement or the Prospectus, or in any amendment or supplement thereto, consists solely of the Underwriter’s Information as defined in Section 16 . The Company and the Underwriter agree that it would not be just and equitable if contributions pursuant to this Section 7(d) were to be determined by pro rata allocation or by any other method of allocation that does not take into account the equitable considerations referred to herein. The amount paid or payable by an indemnified party as a result of the loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding referred to above in this Section 7(d) shall be deemed to include, for purposes of this Section 7(d) , any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such indemnified party in connection with investigating, preparing to defend or defending against or appearing as a third party witness in respect of, or otherwise incurred in connection with, any such loss, claim, damage, expense, liability, action, investigation or proceeding. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 7(d) , no Underwriter shall be required to contribute any amount in excess of the total discount and commission received by such Underwriter in connection with the Offering, less the amount of any damages which such Underwriter has otherwise paid or become liable to pay by reason of any untrue or alleged untrue statement, omission or alleged omission, act or alleged act or failure to act or alleged failure to act. No person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation.

 

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8.        Termination. The obligations of the Underwriter hereunder may be terminated by the Underwriter, in its absolute discretion by notice given to the Company prior to delivery of and payment for the Securities if, prior to that time, any of the events described in Sections 6(i) , 6(j) , or 6(k) have occurred or if the Underwriter shall decline to purchase the Securities for any reason permitted under this Agreement.

 

9.        Reimbursement of Underwriter’s Expenses. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, if (a) this Agreement shall have been terminated pursuant to Section 8 , (b) the Company shall fail to tender the Securities for delivery to the Underwriter for any reason not permitted under this Agreement, (c) the Underwriter shall decline to purchase the Securities for any reason permitted under this Agreement or (d) the sale of the Securities is not consummated because any condition to the obligations of the Underwriter set forth herein is not satisfied or because of the refusal, inability or failure on the part of the Company to perform any agreement herein or to satisfy any condition or to comply with the provisions hereof, then, in addition to the payment of out-of-pocket expenses in accordance with Section 5 , the Company shall reimburse the Underwriter for the fees and expenses of the Underwriter’s counsel and for such other accountable out-of-pocket expenses as shall have been reasonably incurred by them in connection with this Agreement and the proposed purchase of the Securities, and upon demand the Company shall pay the full amount thereof to the Underwriter.

 

10.        Absence of Fiduciary Relationship. The Company acknowledges and agrees that:

 

(a)        the Underwriter’s responsibility to the Company is solely contractual in nature, the Underwriter has been retained solely to act as an underwriter in connection with the Offering and no fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship between the Company and such Underwriter has been created in respect of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, irrespective of whether any underwriter or any of its affiliates has advised or is advising the Company on other matters;

 

(b)        the price of the Securities set forth in this Agreement was established by the Company following discussions and arms-length negotiations with the Underwriter, and the Company is capable of evaluating and understanding, and understands and accepts, the terms, risks and conditions of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(c)        it has been advised that the Underwriter and its respective affiliates are engaged in a broad range of transactions which may involve interests that differ from those of the Company and that the Underwriter has no obligation to disclose such interests and transactions to the Company by virtue of any fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship; and

 

(d)        it waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any claims it may have against the Underwriter for breach of fiduciary duty or alleged breach of fiduciary duty and agrees that the Underwriter shall have no liability (whether direct or indirect) to the Company in respect of such a fiduciary duty claim or to any person asserting a fiduciary duty claim on behalf of or in right of the Company, including stockholders, employees or creditors of the Company.

 

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11.        Successors; Persons Entitled to Benefit of Agreement. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the Underwriter, the Company, and their respective successors and assigns. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the determination as to whether any condition in Section 6 hereof shall have been satisfied, and the waiver of any condition in Section 6 hereof, may be made by the Underwriter in its sole discretion. Nothing expressed or mentioned in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to give any person, other than the persons mentioned in the preceding sentences, any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under or in respect of this Agreement, or any provisions herein contained, this Agreement and all conditions and provisions hereof being intended to be and being for the sole and exclusive benefit of such persons and for the benefit of no other person; except that the representations, warranties, covenants, agreements and indemnities of the Company contained in this Agreement shall also be for the benefit of the Underwriter Indemnified Parties and the several indemnities of the Underwriter shall be for the benefit of the Company Indemnified Parties. It is understood that the Underwriter’s responsibility to the Company is solely contractual in nature and the Underwriter does not owe the Company, or any other party, any fiduciary duty as a result of this Agreement.

 

12.        Survival of Indemnities, Representations, Warranties, etc. The respective indemnities, covenants, agreements, representations, warranties and other statements of the Company and the Underwriter, as set forth in this Agreement or made by them respectively, pursuant to this Agreement, shall remain in full force and effect, regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of the Underwriter, the Company or any person controlling any of them and shall survive delivery of and payment for the Securities. Notwithstanding any termination of this Agreement, including without limitation any termination pursuant to Section 8 , the indemnity and contribution and reimbursement agreements contained in Sections 7 and 9 and the representations and warranties set forth in this Agreement shall not terminate and shall remain in full force and effect at all times.

 

13.        Notices . All statements, requests, notices and agreements hereunder shall be in writing, and:

 

(a)        if to the Underwriter, shall be delivered or sent by mail, facsimile transmission or email to c/o Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., 85 Broad Street, New York, NY 10004 Attention: Equity Capital Markets, with a copy to 85 Broad Street, New York, NY 10004 Attention: General Counsel; and

 

(b)        if to the Company, shall be delivered or sent by mail, facsimile transmission or email to: FuelCell Energy, Inc., 3 Great Pasture Road, Danbury, CT 06813, Attention : Jennifer Arasimowicz, Esq., General Counsel, Fax: (203) 825-6069; with copies to Foley & Lardner LLP, 111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500, Boston, MA 02199, Attention : Paul D. Broude;

 

provided, however , that any notice to the Underwriter pursuant to Section 7 shall be delivered or sent by mail or facsimile transmission to the Underwriter at its address set forth in its acceptance communication to the Underwriter, which address will be supplied to any other party hereto by the Underwriter upon request. Any such statements, requests, notices or agreements shall take effect at the time of receipt thereof, except that any such statement, request, notice or agreement delivered or sent by email shall take effect at the time of confirmation of receipt thereof by the recipient thereof.

 

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14.        Definition of Certain Terms. For purposes of this Agreement, (a) “ business day ” means any day on which the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. is open for trading, (b) “ knowledge ” means the knowledge of the directors and officers of the Company after reasonable inquiry and (c) “ subsidiary ” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 of the Rules and Regulations.

 

15.        Governing Law, Agent for Service and Jurisdiction. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, including without limitation Section 5-1401 of the New York General Obligations Law. No legal proceeding may be commenced, prosecuted or continued in any court other than the courts of the State of New York located in the City and County of New York or in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, which courts shall have jurisdiction over the adjudication of such matters, and the Company and the Underwriter each hereby consent to the jurisdiction of such courts and personal service with respect thereto. The Company and the Underwriter each hereby waive all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding (whether based upon contract, tort or otherwise) in any way arising out of or relating to this Agreement. The Company agrees that a final judgment in any such legal proceeding brought in any such court shall be conclusive and binding upon the Company and the Underwriter and may be enforced in any other courts in the jurisdiction of which the Company is or may be subject, by suit upon such judgment.

 

16.        Underwriter’s information. The parties hereto acknowledge and agree that, for all purposes of this Agreement, the “Underwriter’s Information” consists solely of the following information in the Prospectus: (i) the last paragraph on the front cover page concerning the terms of the offering; and (ii) the statements concerning the Underwriter contained in the fourth and ninth paragraphs, in each case under the heading “Underwriting.”

 

17.        Partial Unenforceability. The invalidity or unenforceability of any section, paragraph, clause or provision of this Agreement shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other section, paragraph, clause or provision hereof. If any section, paragraph, clause or provision of this Agreement is for any reason determined to be invalid or unenforceable, there shall be deemed to be made such minor changes (and only such minor changes) as are necessary to make it valid and enforceable.

 

18.        General. This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement of the parties to this Agreement and supersedes all prior written or oral and all contemporaneous oral agreements, understandings and negotiations with respect to the subject matter hereof. In this Agreement, the masculine, feminine and neuter genders and the singular and the plural include one another. The section headings in this Agreement are for the convenience of the parties only and will not affect the construction or interpretation of this Agreement. This Agreement may be amended or modified, and the observance of any term of this Agreement may be waived, only by a writing signed by the Company and the Underwriter.

 

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19.        Research Analyst Independence. The Company acknowledges that the Underwriter’s research analysts and research departments are required to be independent from its investment banking division and are subject to certain regulations and internal policies, and that such Underwriter’s research analysts may hold views and make statements or investment recommendations and/or publish research reports with respect to the Company and/or the Offering that differ from the views of their investment banking division. The Company hereby waives and releases, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any claims that the Company may have against the Underwriter with respect to any conflict of interest that may arise from the fact that the views expressed by its independent research analysts and research departments may be different from or inconsistent with the views or advice communicated to the Company by such Underwriter’s investment banking division. The Company acknowledges that the Underwriter is a full service securities firm and as such from time to time, subject to applicable securities laws, rules and regulations, may effect transactions for its own account or the account of its customers and hold long or short positions in debt or equity securities of the Company; provided, however, that nothing in this Section 19 shall relieve the Underwriter of any responsibility or liability it may otherwise bear in connection with activities in violation of applicable securities laws, rules or regulations.

 

20.        Counterparts. This Agreement may be signed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be an original, with the same effect as if the signatures thereto and hereto were upon the same instrument and such signatures may be delivered by facsimile or by electronic mail attaching a portable document file (.pdf).

 

[Signature Page Follows]

 

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If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding of the agreement between the Company and the Underwriter, kindly indicate your acceptance in the space provided for that purpose below.

 

  Very truly yours,
   
  FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
  By: /s/ Michael S. Bishop
    Name: Michael S. Bishop
    Title:  Sr. Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

 

Confirmed as of the date
first above written, on
behalf of itself:
 
OPPENHEIMER & CO. INC.

 

By: /s/ Eric Helenek  
  Name:  Eric Helenek  
  Title:  Managing Director  

 

[ Signature Page to FuelCell Energy Underwriting Agreement ]

 

38

 

Schedule A

 

General Use Free Writing Prospectuses

 

None.

 

 

 

Schedule B

 

List of officers and directors subject to Section 4

 

 

Board of Directors

 

Arthur A. Bottone

James H. England

Matthew F. Hilzinger

John A. Rolls

Natica von Althann

Christopher S. Sotos

 

Non-Director Executives

 

Michael S. Bishop

Anthony F. Rauseo

Jennifer D. Arasimowicz

 

 

 

Exhibit A

 

Form of Lock Up Agreement

 

August __, 2018

 

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.

85 Broad Street

New York, NY 10004

 

Re:      FuelCell Energy, Inc. Offering of Series D Preferred Stock

 

Dear Sirs:

 

In order to induce Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (“ OpCo ”) to enter into a certain underwriting agreement with FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), with respect to the public offering (the “ Offering ”) of shares of the Company’s Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “ Securities ”), the undersigned hereby agrees that for a period of 60 days following the date of this Agreement (the “ lock-up period ”), the undersigned will not, without the prior written consent of OpCo, directly or indirectly, (i) offer, sell, assign, transfer, pledge, contract to sell, or otherwise dispose of, or announce the intention to otherwise dispose of, any shares of common stock of the Company (the “ Common Stock ”) or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock (including, without limitation, shares of Common Stock or any such securities which may be deemed to be beneficially owned by the undersigned in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time (such shares or securities, the “ Beneficially Owned Shares ”)), (ii) enter into any swap, hedge or other agreement or arrangement that transfers in whole or in part, the economic risk of ownership of any Beneficially Owned Shares, Common Stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock, or (iii) engage in any short selling of any Beneficially Owned Shares, Common Stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the undersigned may sell or otherwise transfer shares of Common Stock or Beneficially Owned Shares (i) as a bona fide gift or gifts or pledge, provided that the undersigned provides prior written notice of such gift or gifts or pledge to OpCo and the donee or donees or pledgee or pledgees (as the case may be) thereof agree to be bound by the restrictions set forth herein, (ii) either during the undersigned’s lifetime or on death by will or intestacy to the undersigned’s immediate family or to a trust, the beneficiaries of which are exclusively the undersigned and a member or members of the undersigned’s immediate family, provided that the transferee thereof agrees to be bound by the restrictions set forth herein, or (iii) to pay for the tax liability arising from the vesting of restricted stock by netting a portion of such restricted stock in accordance with the existing practices of the Company, (iv) pursuant to any 10b5-1 trading plans in effect as of the date of the Offering or (v) with the prior written consent of OpCo in its sole discretion. In addition, if the undersigned is a partnership, limited liability company, trust, corporation or similar entity, it may distribute the Common Stock or Beneficially Owned Shares to its partners, members or stockholders; provided, however, that in each such case, prior to any such transfer, each transferee shall execute a duplicate form of this letter agreement or execute an agreement, reasonably satisfactory to OpCo, pursuant to which each transferee shall agree to receive and hold such Common Stock or Beneficially Owned Shares subject to the provisions hereof, and there shall be no further transfer except in accordance with the provisions hereof. For the purposes of this paragraph, “ immediate family ” shall mean spouse, domestic partner, lineal descendant (including adopted children), father, mother, brother or sister of the transferor.

 

In addition, the undersigned hereby waives, from the date hereof until the expiration of the lock-up period, any and all rights, if any, to request or demand registration pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, of any shares of Common Stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock that are registered in the name of the undersigned or that are Beneficially Owned Shares. In order to enable the aforesaid covenants to be enforced, the undersigned hereby consents to the placing of legends and/or stop-transfer orders with the transfer agent of the Common Stock with respect to any shares of Common Stock, securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock or Beneficially Owned Shares owned by the undersigned.

 

  [Signatory]
  By:
  Name:
  Title: Director/ Officer
    FuelCell Energy, Inc.

 

 

 

Exhibit B

 

Form of Certificate of Designation

 

 CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS, PREFERENCES AND RIGHTS OF THE SERIES D CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK OF FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

 

FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “ Company ”), a corporation incorporated and existing under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “ DGCL ”) does hereby certify:

 

That pursuant to the authority expressly conferred upon the Board of Directors of the Company (the “ Board ”) by the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the “ Certificate of Incorporation ”), and Section 151(g) of the DGCL, the Board on August 26, 2018 adopted the following resolution determining it desirable and in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders for the Company to create a series of thirty thousand six hundred eighty (30,680) shares of preferred stock designated as “Series D Convertible Preferred Stock”, none of which shares have been issued:

 

RESOLVED, that pursuant to the authority vested in the Board, in accordance with the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, a series of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company be and hereby is created, and that the designation and number of shares thereof and the voting and other powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other rights of the shares of such series and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof are as follows:

 

SERIES D CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

 

1. Designation and Number of Shares .   There shall hereby be created and established a series of preferred stock of the Company designated as “Series D Convertible Preferred Stock” (the “ Preferred Shares ”). The authorized number of Preferred Shares shall be thirty thousand six hundred eighty (30,680) shares. Each Preferred Share shall have a par value of  $0.01. Capitalized terms not defined herein shall have the meaning as set forth in Section 34 below.

 

2. Ranking .   Except (i) for the Company’s 5% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “ Series B Preferred Stock ”), which shall be Senior Preferred Stock (as defined below) for all purposes hereunder, and shall rank senior to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company, (ii) for the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (“ Series C Preferred Stock ”), which shall be Parity Stock (as defined below) for all purposes hereunder, and shall rank pari passu to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company, and (iii) to the extent that the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding Preferred Shares (the “ Required Holders ”) expressly consent to the creation of Parity Stock (as defined below) or Senior Preferred Stock (as defined below) in accordance with Section 19 , all other shares of capital stock of the Company shall be junior in rank to all Preferred Shares with respect to the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (such junior stock is referred to herein collectively as “ Junior Stock ”) and the rights of all such shares of Junior Stock shall be subject to the rights, powers, preferences and privileges of the Preferred Shares. Without limiting any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, without the prior express consent of the Required Holders, voting separately as a single class, the Company shall not hereafter authorize or issue any additional or other shares of capital stock that is (i) of senior rank to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (collectively, the “ Senior Preferred Stock ”), (ii) of pari passu rank to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (collectively, the “ Parity Stock ”) or (iii) any Junior Stock having a maturity or other date requiring redemption or repayment of such shares of Junior Stock that is prior to the Maturity Date. In the event of the merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another corporation, the Preferred Shares shall maintain their relative rights, powers, designations, privileges and preferences provided for herein and no such merger or consolidation shall result inconsistent therewith.

 

3. Dividends .   In addition to Section 18 below, from and after the first date of issuance of any Preferred Shares (the “ Initial Issuance Date ”), each holder of a Preferred Share (each, a “ Holder ” and

 

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collectively, the “ Holders ”) shall be entitled to receive dividends (“ Dividends ”) (i) if no Triggering Event (as defined below) has occurred and is continuing, when and as declared by the Board, from time to time, in its sole and absolute discretion, which Dividends, if any, shall be paid by the Company out of funds legally available therefor, payable, subject to the conditions and other terms hereof, in cash on the Stated Value of such Preferred Share, or (ii) if a Triggering Event has occurred and until such Triggering Event has been cured, a Dividend of 15% per annum based on the Holder’s outstanding number of Preferred Shares multiplied by the Stated Value (the “ Default Dividend Rate ”). Such Dividends, if any, that accrue shall be paid on each Installment Date (as defined below) occurring after the accrual of such Dividends, or such earlier time as the Board may in its sole discretion determine.

 

4. Conversion .   Subject to the provisions of Section 4(d) , each Preferred Share shall be convertible into validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock (as defined below), on the terms and conditions set forth in this Section 4 .

 

(a) Holder’s Conversion Right .   Subject to the provisions of Section 4(d) , each Holder shall be entitled to convert any portion of the outstanding Preferred Shares held by such Holder into validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock in accordance with Section 4(c) at the Conversion Rate (as defined below). The Company shall not issue any fraction of a share of Common Stock upon any conversion. If the issuance would result in the issuance of a fraction of a share of Common Stock, the Company shall round such fraction of a share of Common Stock to the nearest whole share. The Company shall pay any and all actual transfer, stamp, issuance and similar taxes, costs and expenses (including, without limitation, fees and expenses of the Transfer Agent (as defined below)) that may be payable with respect to the issuance and delivery of Common Stock upon conversion of any Preferred Shares; provided , however , that if any such tax, cost or expense is due solely because the Holder requested such shares to be issued in a name other than the Holder’s name, then the Holder will pay such tax, cost or expense.

 

(b) Conversion Rate .   The number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of any Preferred Share pursuant to Section 4(a) shall be determined by dividing (x) the Conversion Amount of such Preferred Share by (y) the Conversion Price (the “ Conversion Rate ”):

 

(i) “ Conversion Amount ” means, with respect to each Preferred Share, as of the applicable date of determination, the sum of  (1) the Stated Value thereof plus (2) the Additional Amount thereon and any accrued and unpaid Late Charges (as defined below in Section 27(c)) with respect to such Stated Value and Additional Amount as of such date of determination.

 

(ii) “ Conversion Price ” means, with respect to each Preferred Share, as of any Conversion Date or other date of determination, $1.38, subject to adjustment as provided herein.

 

(c) Mechanics of Conversion .   The conversion of each Preferred Share shall be conducted in the following manner or in such other manner as agreed to by the Company and the Required Holders in writing:

 

(i) Optional Conversion .   To convert a Preferred Share into shares of Common Stock on any date (a “ Conversion Date ”), a Holder shall deliver (via electronic mail), for receipt on or prior to 4:59 p.m., New York time, on such date, a copy of an executed notice of conversion of the share(s) of Preferred Shares subject to such conversion in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I (the “ Conversion Notice ”) to the Company. If required by Section 4(c)(iii) , within two (2) Trading Days following a conversion of any such Preferred Shares as aforesaid, such Holder shall surrender to a nationally recognized overnight delivery service for delivery to the Company the original certificates, if any, representing the Preferred Shares (the “ Preferred Share Certificates ”) so converted as aforesaid (or an indemnification undertaking with respect to the Preferred Shares in the case of its loss, theft or destruction as contemplated by Section 21(b) ). On or before the first (1st) Trading Day following the date of receipt of a Conversion Notice, the Company shall transmit by electronic mail an acknowledgment of confirmation, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit II , of receipt of such Conversion Notice to such Holder and the Company’s transfer agent (the “ Transfer Agent ”), which confirmation shall constitute an instruction to the Transfer Agent to process such Conversion Notice in accordance with the terms herein. On or before the second (2nd) Trading Day following the date of receipt of a Conversion Notice

 

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(or such earlier date as required pursuant to the 1934 Act or other applicable law, rule or regulation for the settlement of a trade on the Principal Market initiated on the applicable Conversion Date of such shares of Common Stock issuable pursuant to such Conversion Notice) (the “ Share Delivery Deadline ”), the Company shall (1) provided that the Transfer Agent is participating in The Depository Trust Company’s (“ DTC ”) Fast Automated Securities Transfer Program, credit such aggregate number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder shall be entitled to such Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with DTC through its Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian system, or (2) if the Transfer Agent is not participating in the DTC Fast Automated Securities Transfer Program, issue and deliver (via reputable overnight courier) to the address as specified in such Conversion Notice, a certificate, registered in the name of such Holder or its designee, for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder shall be entitled. If the number of Preferred Shares represented by the Preferred Share Certificate(s) submitted for conversion pursuant to Section 4(c)(iii) is greater than the number of Preferred Shares being converted, then the Company shall, as soon as practicable and in no event later than five (5) Trading Days after receipt of the Preferred Share Certificate(s) and at its own expense, issue and deliver to such Holder (or its designee) a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d) ) representing the number of Preferred Shares not converted. The Person or Persons entitled to receive the shares of Common Stock issuable upon a conversion of Preferred Shares shall be treated for all purposes as the record holder or holders of such shares of Common Stock on the Conversion Date. In connection with any conversion of Preferred Shares by a Holder, the number of Preferred Shares converted by such Holder shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice.

 

(ii) Company’s Failure to Timely Convert .   If the Company shall fail, for any reason or for no reason, on or prior to the applicable Share Delivery Deadline, to issue to such Holder a certificate for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled and register such shares of Common Stock on the Company’s share register or to credit such Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with DTC for such number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion of any Conversion Amount (as the case may be) (a “ Conversion Failure ”), and if on or after such Share Delivery Deadline (provided that such Holder places an order to purchase such shares before the time the Company remedies such failure) such Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of all or any portion of the number of shares of Common Stock, or a sale of a number of shares of Common Stock equal to all or any portion of the number of shares of Common Stock, issuable upon such conversion that such Holder so anticipated receiving from the Company, then, in addition to all other remedies available to such Holder, the Company shall, within two (2) Business Days after receipt of such Holder’s request and in such Holder’s discretion, either: (I) pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to such Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions and other out-of-pocket expenses, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased (including, without limitation, by any other Person in respect, or on behalf, of such Holder) (the “ Buy-In Price ”), at which point the Company’s obligation to so issue and deliver such certificate or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion hereunder (as the case may be) (and to issue such shares of Common Stock) shall terminate, or (II) promptly honor its obligation to so issue and deliver to such Holder a certificate or certificates representing such shares of Common Stock or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion hereunder (as the case may be) and pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the Buy-In Price over the product of  (x) such number of shares of Common Stock multiplied by (y) the VWAP of the Common Stock on the attempted Conversion Date. For the avoidance of doubt, to the extent that the Company makes a payment contemplated by the foregoing sentence, the applicable portion of the Preferred Shares to which the Conversion Failure applied shall no longer be outstanding.

 

(iii) Registration; Book-Entry .   At the time of issuance of any Preferred Shares hereunder, the applicable Holder may, by written request (including by electronic-mail) to the Company, elect to receive such Preferred Shares in the form of one or more Preferred Share Certificates or in Book-Entry form. The Company (or the Transfer Agent, as custodian for the Preferred Shares) shall maintain a

 

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register (the “ Register ”) for the recordation of the names and addresses of the Holders of each Preferred Share and the Stated Value of the Preferred Shares and whether the Preferred Shares are held by such Holder in Preferred Share Certificates or in Book-Entry form (the “ Registered Preferred Shares ”). The entries in the Register shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes absent manifest error. The Company and each Holder of the Preferred Shares shall treat each Person whose name is recorded in the Register as the owner of a Preferred Share for all purposes (including, without limitation, the right to receive payments and Dividends hereunder) notwithstanding notice to the contrary. A Registered Preferred Share may be assigned, transferred or sold only by registration of such assignment or sale on the Register. Upon its receipt of a written request to assign, transfer or sell one or more Registered Preferred Shares by such Holder thereof, the Company shall record the information contained therein in the Register and issue one or more new Registered Preferred Shares in the same aggregate Stated Value as the Stated Value of the surrendered Registered Preferred Shares to the designated assignee or transferee pursuant to Section 21 , provided that if the Company does not so record an assignment, transfer or sale (as the case may be) of such Registered Preferred Shares within two (2) Business Days of such a request, then the Register shall be automatically deemed updated to reflect such assignment, transfer or sale (as the case may be). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Section 4 , following conversion of any Preferred Shares in accordance with the terms hereof, the applicable Holder shall not be required to physically surrender such Preferred Shares held in the form of a Preferred Share Certificate to the Company unless (A) the full or remaining number of Preferred Shares represented by the applicable Preferred Share Certificate are being converted (in which event such certificate(s) shall be delivered to the Company as contemplated by this Section 4(c)(iii) ) or (B) such Holder has provided the Company with prior written notice (which notice may be included in a Conversion Notice) requesting reissuance of Preferred Shares upon physical surrender of the applicable Preferred Share Certificate. Each Holder and the Company shall maintain records showing the Stated Value, Dividends and Late Charges converted and/or paid (as the case may be) and the dates of such conversions and/or payments (as the case may be) or shall use such other method, reasonably satisfactory to such Holder and the Company, so as not to require physical surrender of a Preferred Share Certificate upon conversion. If the Company does not update the Register to record such Stated Value, Dividends and Late Charges converted and/or paid (as the case may be) and the dates of such conversions and/or payments (as the case may be) within two (2) Business Days of such occurrence, then the Register shall be automatically deemed updated to reflect such occurrence. In the event of any dispute or discrepancy as to the number of Preferred Shares to which the record holder is entitled such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with Section 27. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the number of Preferred Shares set forth on the face of a Preferred Share Certificate is greater than the number of Preferred Shares then outstanding under such Preferred Share Certificate, the applicable Holder may not transfer such Preferred Share Certificate into the name of any other Person (other than an Affiliate of such Holder) unless such Holder first physically surrenders such Preferred Share Certificate to the Company pursuant to Section 21 below (or delivers a lost certificate affidavit to the Company, if applicable, pursuant to Section 21(b) below), whereupon the Company will forthwith issue and deliver to such Holder (or to such other Person as designated by such Holder to the Company in writing) a new Preferred Share Certificate of like tenor, representing, in the aggregate, the remaining number of Preferred Shares outstanding under such Preferred Share Certificate. A Holder and any transferee or assignee, by acceptance of a certificate, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of this paragraph, following conversion of any Preferred Shares, the number of Preferred Shares represented by such certificate may be less than the number of Preferred Shares stated on the face thereof. Each Preferred Share Certificate shall bear the following legend:

 

ANY TRANSFEREE OR ASSIGNEE OF THIS CERTIFICATE SHOULD CAREFULLY REVIEW THE TERMS OF THE CORPORATION’S CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS RELATING TO THE SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE, INCLUDING SECTION 4(c)(iii) THEREOF. THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE MAY BE LESS THAN THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK

 

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STATED ON THE FACE HEREOF PURSUANT TO SECTION 4(c)(iii) OF THE CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS RELATING TO THE SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE.

 

(iv) Pro Rata Conversion; Disputes .   In the event that the Company receives a Conversion Notice from more than one Holder for the same Conversion Date and the Company can convert some, but not all, of such Preferred Shares submitted for conversion, the Company shall convert from each Holder electing to have Preferred Shares converted on such date a pro rata amount of such Holder’s Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date based on the number of Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date by such Holder relative to the aggregate number of Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date. In the event of a dispute as to the number of shares of Common Stock issuable to a Holder in connection with a conversion of Preferred Shares, the Company shall issue to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock not in dispute and resolve such dispute in accordance with Section 26 .

 

(d) Limitation on Beneficial Ownership .

 

(i) The Company shall not effect the conversion of any of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder, and such Holder shall not have the right to convert any of the Preferred Shares held by such Holder pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Certificate of Designations and any such conversion shall be null and void and treated as if never made, to the extent that after giving effect to such conversion, such Holder together with the other Attribution Parties collectively would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% (the “ Maximum Percentage ”) of the shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such conversion. For purposes of the foregoing sentence, the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by such Holder and the other Attribution Parties shall include the number of shares of Common Stock held by such Holder and all other Attribution Parties plus the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares with respect to which the determination of such sentence is being made, but shall exclude shares of Common Stock which would be issuable upon (A) conversion of the remaining, nonconverted Preferred Shares beneficially owned by such Holder or any of the other Attribution Parties and (B) exercise or conversion of the unexercised or nonconverted portion of any other securities of the Company (including, without limitation, any convertible notes, convertible preferred stock or warrants) beneficially owned by such Holder or any other Attribution Party subject to a limitation on conversion or exercise analogous to the limitation contained in this Section 4(d)(i) . For purposes of this Section 4(d)(i) , beneficial ownership shall be calculated in accordance with Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act. For purposes of determining the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock a Holder may acquire upon the conversion of such Preferred Shares without exceeding the Maximum Percentage, such Holder may rely on the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock as reflected in (x) the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, Current Report on Form 8-K or other public filing with the SEC, as the case may be, (y) a more recent public announcement by the Company or (z) any other written notice by the Company or the Transfer Agent, if any, setting forth the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding (the “ Reported Outstanding Share Number ”). If the Company receives a Conversion Notice from a Holder at a time when the actual number of outstanding shares of Common Stock is less than the Reported Outstanding Share Number, the Company shall notify such Holder in writing of the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding and, to the extent that such Conversion Notice would otherwise cause such Holder’s beneficial ownership, as determined pursuant to this Section 4(d)(i) , to exceed the Maximum Percentage, such Holder must notify the Company of a reduced number of shares of Common Stock to be purchased pursuant to such Conversion Notice. For any reason at any time, upon the written or oral request of any Holder, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days confirm orally and in writing or by electronic mail to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. In any case, the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock shall be determined after giving effect to the conversion or exercise of securities of the Company, including such Preferred Shares by such Holder and any other Attribution Party, since the date as of which the Reported Outstanding Share Number was reported. In the event that the issuance of shares of Common Stock to a Holder upon conversion of such Preferred Shares results in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties being deemed to beneficially own, in the aggregate, more than the Maximum

 

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Percentage of the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock (as determined under Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act), the number of shares so issued by which such Holder’s and the other Attribution Parties’ aggregate beneficial ownership exceeds the Maximum Percentage (the “ Excess Shares ”) shall be deemed null and void and shall be cancelled ab initio , and such Holder shall not have the power to vote or to transfer the Excess Shares. For the avoidance of doubt, the determination of whether an issuance would result in the creation of Excess Shares shall be based upon the determination made by the Holder of its and its Attribution Parties’ beneficial ownership based on the Reported Outstanding Share Number provided by the Company. Upon delivery of a written notice to the Company, any Holder may from time to time increase (with such increase not effective until the sixty-first (61st) day after delivery of such notice) or decrease the Maximum Percentage of such Holder to any other percentage not in excess of 9.99% as specified in such notice; provided that (i) any such increase in the Maximum Percentage will not be effective until the sixty-first (61st) day after such notice is delivered to the Company and (ii) any such increase or decrease will apply only to such Holder and the other Attribution Parties and not to any other Holder. For purposes of clarity, the shares of Common Stock issuable to a Holder pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations in excess of the Maximum Percentage shall not be deemed to be beneficially owned by such Holder for any purpose including for purposes of Section 13(d) or Rule 16a-1(a)(1) of the 1934 Act. No prior inability to convert such Preferred Shares pursuant to this paragraph shall have any effect on the applicability of the provisions of this paragraph with respect to any subsequent determination of convertibility. The provisions of this paragraph shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this Section 4(d)(i) to the extent necessary to correct this paragraph (or any portion of this paragraph) which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended beneficial ownership limitation contained in this Section 4(d)(i) or to make changes or supplements necessary or desirable to properly give effect to such limitation. The limitation contained in this paragraph may not be waived and shall apply to a successor holder of such Preferred Shares.

 

(ii) Principal Market Regulation .   The Company shall not issue any shares of Common Stock upon conversion of any Preferred Shares or otherwise pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations if the issuance of such shares of Common Stock would exceed 18,531,213 shares of Common Stock (as adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, reclassification or similar transaction occurring after the Subscription Date) (the number of shares which may be issued without violating such rules and regulations, the “ Exchange Cap ”), except that such limitation shall not apply in the event that the Company obtains the approval of its stockholders as required by the applicable rules of the Principal Market for issuances of shares of Common Stock in excess of such amount. Until such approval is obtained, no Holder shall be issued in the aggregate, upon conversion or exercise (as the case may be) of any Preferred Shares, shares of Common Stock in an amount greater than the product of  (i) the Exchange Cap as of the Initial Issuance Date multiplied by (ii) the quotient of  (1) the aggregate number of Preferred Shares issued to such Holder on the Initial Issuance Date divided by (2) the aggregate number of Preferred Shares issued to all Holders on the Initial Issuance Date (with respect to each Holder, the “ Exchange Cap Allocation ”). In the event that any Holder shall sell or otherwise transfer any of such Holder’s Preferred Shares, the transferee shall be allocated a pro rata portion of such Holder’s Exchange Cap Allocation with respect to such portion of such Preferred Shares so transferred, and the restrictions of the prior sentence shall apply to such transferee with respect to the portion of the Exchange Cap Allocation so allocated to such transferee. Upon conversion in full of a holder’s Preferred Shares, the difference (if any) between such holder’s Exchange Cap Allocation and the number of shares of Common Stock actually issued to such holder upon such holder’s conversion in full of such Preferred Shares shall be allocated, to the respective Exchange Cap Allocations of the remaining Holders on a pro rata basis in proportion to the shares of Common Stock underlying the Preferred Shares then held by each such holder of Preferred Shares. In the event that the Company is prohibited from issuing any shares of Common Stock pursuant to this Section 4(d)(ii) (the “ Exchange Cap Shares ”) to a Holder at any time after the Stockholder Meeting Outside Date, the Company shall pay cash to such Holder in exchange for the redemption of such number of Preferred Shares held by the Holder that are not convertible into such Exchange Cap Shares at a price equal to the product of  (x) such number of Exchange Cap Shares and (y) the Closing Sale Price on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date such Holder delivers the applicable Conversion Notice with respect to such Exchange Cap Shares to the Company.

 

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(e) Triggering Event Conversion .

 

(i) General .   Subject to Section 4(d) , at any time during the period commencing on the date of the occurrence of a Triggering Event (as defined in Section 5(a) ) and ending on the later to occur of  (x) the date of the cure of such Triggering Event and (y) ten (10) Trading Days after the date the Company delivers written notice to such Holder of such Triggering Event, a Holder may, at such Holder’s option, by delivery of a Conversion Notice to the Company (the date of any such Conversion Notice, each an “ Triggering Event Conversion Date ”), convert all, or any number of Preferred Shares (such Conversion Amount of the Preferred Shares to be converted pursuant to this Section 4(e) , the “ Triggering Event Conversion Amount ”) into shares of Common Stock at the Triggering Event Conversion Price (each, a “ Triggering Event Conversion ”).

 

(ii) Mechanics of Triggering Event Conversion .   On any Triggering Event Conversion Date, a Holder may voluntarily convert any Triggering Event Conversion Amount pursuant to Section 4(c) (with “Triggering Event Conversion Price” replacing “Conversion Price” for all purposes hereunder with respect to such Triggering Event Conversion and “Triggering Event Conversion Amount” replacing “Conversion Amount” in clause (x) of the definition of Conversion Rate above with respect to such Triggering Event Conversion) by designating in the Conversion Notice delivered pursuant to this Section 4(e) of this Certificate of Designations that such Holder is electing to use the Triggering Event Conversion Price for such conversion. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 4(e) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the Company delivers shares of Common Stock representing the applicable Triggering Event Conversion Amount to such Holder, such Triggering Event Conversion Amount may be converted by such Holder into shares of Common Stock pursuant to Section 4(c) without regard to this Section 4(e) .

 

5. Triggering Event Redemptions .

 

(a) Triggering Event .   Each of the following events shall constitute a “ Triggering Event ” and each of the events in clauses (vii), (viii) and (ix) shall constitute a “ Bankruptcy Triggering Event ”:

 

(i) any of the Preferred Shares or shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares are not freely tradable without restriction by any of the Holders (subject to any restrictions imposed on any Holder due to such Holder’s Affiliate status with respect to the Company);

 

(ii) the suspension from trading or failure of the Common Stock to be trading or listed (as applicable) on an Eligible Market for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days;

 

(iii) other than with respect to any Authorized Share Failure (as defined in Section 11(b)), the Company’s notice, written or oral, to any Holder, including, without limitation, by way of public announcement or through any of its agents, at any time, of its intention not to comply, as required, with a request for conversion of any Preferred Shares into shares of Common Stock that is requested in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations, other than pursuant to Section 4(d) hereof;

 

(iv) following the tenth (10th) consecutive day that a Holder’s Authorized Share Allocation (as defined in Section 11(a) below) is less than 150% of the number of shares of Common Stock that such Holder would be entitled to receive upon a conversion, in full, of all of the Preferred Shares then held by such Holder (without regard to any limitations on conversion set forth in this Certificate of Designations), except, solely with respect to the first occurrence of an Authorized Share Failure hereunder, to the extent the Company is complying with the terms set forth in Section 11(b) below;

 

(v) the Company’s failure to pay to any Holder any amount when and as due under this Certificate of Designations (including, without limitation, the Company’s failure to pay any redemption payments or amounts hereunder), (whether or not permitted pursuant to the DGCL), except, in each such case only if such failure remains uncured for a period of at least five (5) Trading Days;

 

(vi) the Company, on two or more occasions, either (A) fails to cure a Conversion Failure by delivery of the required number of shares of Common Stock within five (5) Trading Days after the applicable Conversion Date or (B) fails to remove any restrictive legend on any certificate at a time when such restrictive legend is no longer required under applicable federal or state securities laws, and such failure remains uncured for at least five (5) Trading Days;

 

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(vii) bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or liquidation proceedings or other proceedings for the relief of debtors shall be instituted by or against the Company or any Significant Subsidiary and, if instituted against the Company or any Significant Subsidiary by a third party, shall not be dismissed within sixty (60) days of their initiation;

 

(viii) the commencement by the Company or any Significant Subsidiary of a voluntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or of any other case or proceeding to be adjudicated a bankrupt or insolvent, or the consent by it to the entry of a decree, order, judgment or other similar document in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary in an involuntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or to the commencement of any bankruptcy or insolvency case or proceeding against it, or the filing by it of a petition or answer or consent seeking reorganization or relief under any applicable federal, state or foreign law, or the consent by it to the filing of such petition or to the appointment of or taking possession by a custodian, receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee, sequestrator or other similar official of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary or of any substantial part of its property, or the making by it of an assignment for the benefit of creditors, or the execution of a composition of debts, or the occurrence of any other similar federal, state or foreign proceeding, or the admission by it in writing of its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, the taking of corporate action by the Company or any Significant Subsidiary in furtherance of any such action or the taking of any action by any Person to commence a Uniform Commercial Code foreclosure sale or any other similar action under federal, state or foreign law with respect to a material portion of the Company’s or any Significant Subsidiary’s assets;

 

(ix) the entry by a court of  (i) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary of a voluntary or involuntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or (ii) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document adjudging the Company or any Significant Subsidiary as bankrupt or insolvent, or approving as properly filed a petition seeking liquidation, reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition of or in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary under any applicable federal, state or foreign law or (iii) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document appointing a custodian, receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee, sequestrator or other similar official of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary or of any substantial part of its property, or ordering the winding up or liquidation of its affairs, and the continuance of any such decree, order, judgment or other similar document or any such other decree, order, judgment or other similar document unstayed and in effect for a period of thirty (30) consecutive days;

 

(x) a final judgment or judgments for the payment of money aggregating in excess of  $750,000 are rendered against the Company and/or any of its Subsidiaries and which judgments are not, within sixty (60) days after the entry thereof, bonded, discharged, settled or stayed pending appeal, or are not discharged within sixty (60) days after the expiration of such stay; provided, however, any judgment which is covered by insurance or an indemnity from a credit worthy party shall not be included in calculating the $750,000 amount set forth above so long as the Company provides each Holder a written statement from such insurer or indemnity provider (which written statement shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders) to the effect that such judgment is covered by insurance or an indemnity and the Company or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) will receive the proceeds of such insurance or indemnity within thirty (30) days of the issuance of such judgment;

 

(xi) the Company and/or any Subsidiary, individually or in the aggregate, either (i) fails to pay, when due, or within any applicable grace period, any payment with respect to any Indebtedness in excess of $750,000 due to any third party (other than, with respect to unsecured Indebtedness only, payments contested by the Company and/or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) in good faith by proper proceedings and with respect to which adequate reserves have been set aside for the payment thereof in accordance with GAAP) or is otherwise in default, breach or violation of any agreement for monies owed or owing in an amount in excess of  $750,000, which breach or violation permits the other party thereto to declare a default or otherwise redeem or accelerate amounts due thereunder, or (ii) suffer to

 

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exist any other circumstance or event that would, with or without the passage of time or the giving of notice, result in a default or event of default under any agreement binding the Company or any Subsidiary, which default or event of default would or is reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(xii) other than as specifically set forth in another clause of this Section 5(a) , the Company or any Subsidiary breaches any covenant or other term of this Certificate of Designations in any material respect (other than covenants subject to material adverse effect or materiality, which may not be breached in any respect), except, in the case of a breach of a covenant or other term that is curable, only if such breach remains uncured for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days;

 

(xiii) a false or inaccurate certification (including a false or inaccurate deemed certification) by the Company that either (A) the Equity Conditions are satisfied, (B) there has been no Equity Conditions Failure, or (C) as to whether any Triggering Event has occurred;

 

(xiv) any breach or failure in any respect by the Company to comply with any provision of Section 15 of this Certificate of Designations, except, in the case of a breach of a covenant or other term or condition that is curable, only if such breach remains uncured for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days; and

 

(xv) any provision of this Certificate of Designations shall at any time for any reason (other than pursuant to the express terms hereof) cease to be valid and binding on or enforceable against the parties thereto, or the validity or enforceability thereof shall be contested, directly or indirectly, by the Company or any Subsidiary, or a proceeding shall be commenced by the Company or any Subsidiary seeking to establish the invalidity or unenforceability thereof.

 

(b) Notice of a Triggering Event; Redemption Right .   Upon the occurrence of a Triggering Event with respect to the Preferred Shares, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days deliver written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (with next day delivery specified) (an “ Triggering Event Notice ”) to each Holder. At any time after the earlier of a Holder’s receipt of a Triggering Event Notice and such Holder becoming aware of a Triggering Event (such earlier date, the “ Triggering Event Right Commencement Date ”) and ending (such ending date, the “ Triggering Event Right Expiration Date ”, and each such period, an “ Triggering Event Redemption Right Period ”) on the twentieth (20th) Trading Day after the later of  (x) the date such Triggering Event is cured and (y) such Holder’s receipt of a Triggering Event Notice that includes (I) a reasonable description of the applicable Triggering Event, (II) a certification as to whether, in the opinion of the Company, such Triggering Event is capable of being cured and, if applicable, a reasonable description of any existing plans of the Company to cure such Triggering Event and (III) a certification as to the date the Triggering Event occurred and, if cured on or prior to the date of such Triggering Event Notice, the applicable Triggering Event Right Expiration Date, such Holder may require the Company to redeem (regardless of whether such Triggering Event has been cured on or prior to the Triggering Event Right Expiration Date), subject to Section 5(c) , all or any of the Preferred Shares by delivering written notice thereof  (the “ Triggering Event Redemption Notice ”) to the Company, which Triggering Event Redemption Notice shall indicate the number of the Preferred Shares such Holder is electing to redeem. Each of the Preferred Shares subject to redemption by the Company pursuant to this Section 5(b) shall be redeemed by the Company at a price equal to the greater of  (i) the product of  (A) the Conversion Amount to be redeemed multiplied by (B) the Redemption Premium and (ii) the product of  (X) the Conversion Rate with respect to the Conversion Amount in effect at such time as such Holder delivers a Triggering Event Redemption Notice multiplied by (Y) the greatest Closing Sale Price of the Common Stock on any Trading Day during the period commencing on the date immediately preceding such Triggering Event and ending on the date the Company makes the entire payment required to be made under this Section 5(b) (the “ Triggering Event Redemption Price ”). Redemptions required by this Section 5(b) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 . To the extent redemptions required by this Section 5(b) are deemed or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be prepayments of the Preferred Shares by the Company, such redemptions shall be deemed to be voluntary prepayments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 5(b) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the Triggering Event Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full, the Conversion Amount submitted for

 

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redemption under this Section 5(b) (together with any Late Charges thereon) may be converted, in whole or in part, by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations. In the event of a partial redemption of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder pursuant hereto, the number of Preferred Shares of such Holder redeemed shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the Triggering Event Redemption Notice. In the event of the Company’s redemption of any of the Preferred Shares under this Section 5(b) , a Holder’s damages would be uncertain and difficult to estimate because of the parties’ inability to predict future interest rates and the uncertainty of the availability of a suitable substitute investment opportunity for such Holder. Accordingly, any redemption premium due under this Section 5(b) is intended by the parties to be, and shall be deemed, a reasonable estimate of such Holder’s actual loss of its investment opportunity and not as a penalty.

 

(c) Mandatory Redemption upon Bankruptcy Triggering Event .   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, and notwithstanding any conversion that is then required or in process, upon any Bankruptcy Triggering Event occurring prior to or following the Maturity Date, the Company shall immediately redeem, in cash, each of the Preferred Shares then outstanding at a redemption price equal to the applicable Triggering Event Redemption Price (calculated as if such Holder shall have delivered the Triggering Event Redemption Notice immediately prior to the occurrence of such Bankruptcy Triggering Event), without the requirement for any notice or demand or other action by any Holder or any other Person, provided that a Holder may, in its sole discretion, waive such right to receive payment upon a Bankruptcy Triggering Event, in whole or in part, and any such waiver shall not affect any other rights of such Holder or any other Holder hereunder, including any other rights in respect of such Bankruptcy Triggering Event, any right to conversion, and any right to payment of such Triggering Event Redemption Price to another Holder or any other Redemption Price, as applicable.

 

6. Rights Upon Fundamental Transactions .

 

(a) Assumption .   The Company shall not enter into or be party to a Fundamental Transaction unless the Successor Entity assumes in writing all of the obligations of the Company under this Certificate of Designations in accordance with the provisions of this Section 6(a) pursuant to written agreements in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders, including agreements to deliver to each Holder in exchange for such Preferred Shares a security of the Successor Entity evidenced by a written instrument substantially similar in form and substance to this Certificate of Designations, including, without limitation, having a stated value and dividend rate equal to the Stated Value and Default Dividend Rate and having similar ranking to the Preferred Shares, and reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders. Upon the occurrence of any Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall succeed to, and be substituted for (so that from and after the date of such Fundamental Transaction, the provisions of this Certificate of Designations referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to the Successor Entity), and may exercise every right and power of the Company and shall assume all of the obligations of the Company under this Certificate of Designations with the same effect as if such Successor Entity had been named as the Company herein and therein. In addition to the foregoing, upon consummation of a Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall deliver to each Holder confirmation that there shall be issued upon conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares at any time after the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, in lieu of the shares of Common Stock (or other securities, cash, assets or other property (except such items still issuable under Sections 7(b) and 18 , which shall continue to be receivable thereafter)) issuable upon the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares prior to such Fundamental Transaction, such shares of common stock (or their equivalent) of the Successor Entity (including its Parent Entity) which each Holder would have been entitled to receive upon the happening of such Fundamental Transaction had all the Preferred Shares held by each Holder been converted immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction (without regard to any limitations on the conversion of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations), as adjusted in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Holder may elect, at its sole option, by delivery of written notice to the Company to waive this Section 6(a) to permit the Fundamental Transaction without the assumption of the Preferred Shares. The provisions of this Section 6 shall apply similarly and equally to successive Fundamental Transactions and shall be applied without regard to any limitations on the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares.

 

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(b) Change of Control Redemption Right .   No sooner than twenty (20) Trading Days nor later than ten (10) Trading Days prior to the consummation of a Change of Control (the “ Change of Control Date ”), but not prior to the public announcement of such Change of Control, the Company shall deliver written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (next day delivery selected) to each Holder (a “ Change of Control Notice ”). At any time during the period beginning after a Holder’s receipt of a Change of Control Notice or such Holder becoming aware of a Change of Control if a Change of Control Notice is not delivered to such Holder in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence (as applicable) and ending on the later of twenty (20) Trading Days after (A) consummation of such Change of Control or (B) the date of receipt of such Change of Control Notice, such Holder may require the Company to redeem all or any portion of such Holder’s Preferred Shares by delivering written notice thereof  (“ Change of Control Redemption Notice ”) to the Company, which Change of Control Redemption Notice shall indicate the number of Preferred Shares such Holder is electing to have the Company redeem. Each Preferred Share subject to redemption pursuant to this Section 6(b) shall be redeemed by the Company in cash at a price equal to the greatest of  (i) the product of  (x) the Redemption Premium multiplied by (y) the Conversion Amount being redeemed, (ii) the product of (x) the Conversion Amount being redeemed multiplied by (y) the quotient determined by dividing (I) the greatest Closing Sale Price of the shares of Common Stock during the period beginning on the date immediately preceding the earlier to occur of  (1) the consummation of the applicable Change of Control and (2) the public announcement of such Change of Control and ending on the date such Holder delivers the Change of Control Redemption Notice by (II) the Conversion Price then in effect and (iii) the product of  (x) the Conversion Amount being redeemed multiplied by (y) the quotient of  (A) the aggregate cash consideration and the aggregate cash value of any non-cash consideration per share of Common Stock to be paid to such holders of the shares of Common Stock upon consummation of such Change of Control (any such non-cash consideration constituting publicly-traded securities shall be valued at the highest of the Closing Sale Price of such securities as of the Trading Day immediately prior to the consummation of such Change of Control, the Closing Sale Price of such securities on the Trading Day immediately following the public announcement of such proposed Change of Control and the Closing Sale Price of such securities on the Trading Day immediately prior to the public announcement of such proposed Change of Control) divided by (B) the Conversion Price then in effect (the “ Change of Control Redemption Price ”). Redemptions required by this Section 6(b) shall have priority to payments to all other stockholders of the Company in connection with such Change of Control. To the extent redemptions required by this Section 6(b) are deemed or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be prepayments of the Preferred Shares by the Company, such redemptions shall be deemed to be voluntary prepayments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 6(b) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full to the applicable Holder, the Preferred Shares submitted by such Holder for redemption under this Section 6(b) may be converted, in whole or in part, by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4 or in the event the Conversion Date is after the consummation of such Change of Control, stock or equity interests of the Successor Entity substantially equivalent to the Company’s shares of Common Stock pursuant to Section 4 . In the event of a partial redemption of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder pursuant hereto, the number of Preferred Shares of such Holder redeemed shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the Change of Control Redemption Notice. In the event of the Company’s redemption of any of the Preferred Shares under this Section 6(b) , such Holder’s damages would be uncertain and difficult to estimate because of the parties’ inability to predict future interest rates and the uncertainty of the availability of a suitable substitute investment opportunity for a Holder. Accordingly, any redemption premium due under this Section 6(b) is intended by the parties to be, and shall be deemed, a reasonable estimate of such Holder’s actual loss of its investment opportunity and not as a penalty. The Company shall make payment of the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price concurrently with the consummation of such Change of Control if a Change of Control Redemption Notice is received prior to the consummation of such Change of Control and within two (2) Trading Days after the Company’s receipt of such notice otherwise (the “ Change of Control Redemption Date ”). Redemptions required by this Section 6 shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 .

 

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7. Right of Participation; Rights Upon Issuance of Purchase Rights and Other Corporate Events .

 

(a) Right of Participation .

 

(i) From the date hereof until first (1st) anniversary of the Initial Issuance Date, the Company will not (A) directly or indirectly, file any registration statement with the SEC with respect to any Subsequent Placement (as defined below) and shall not file any prospectus supplement with respect to any Subsequent Placement or (B) directly or indirectly, offer, sell, grant any option to purchase, or otherwise dispose of  (or announce any offer, sale, grant or any option to purchase or other disposition of) any of its or its Subsidiaries’ equity or equity equivalent securities, including without limitation any debt, preferred stock or other instrument or security that is, at any time during its life and under any circumstances, convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents (any such offer, sale, grant, disposition or announcement being referred to as a “ Subsequent Placement ”) unless the Company shall have first complied with this Section 7(a) .

 

(ii) The Company shall deliver to each Holder an irrevocable written notice (the “ Offer Notice ”) of any proposed or intended issuance or sale (the “ Offer ”) of the securities being offered (the “ Offered Securities ”) in a Subsequent Placement, which Offer Notice shall (A) identify and describe the Offered Securities, (B) describe the anticipated price and other material terms upon which they are to be issued or sold, and the number or amount of the Offered Securities to be issued or sold, (C) identify the Persons (if known) to which or with which the Offered Securities are to be offered, issued or sold and (D) offer to issue and sell to such Holders at least thirty-five percent (35%) of the Offered Securities, allocated among such Holders (a) based on such Holder’s pro rata ownership of the total number of Preferred Shares outstanding on the Subscription Date (the “ Basic Amount ”) and (b) with respect to each Holder that elects to purchase its Basic Amount, any additional portion of the Offered Securities attributable to the Basic Amounts of other Holders as such Holder shall indicate it will purchase or acquire should the other Holders subscribe for less than their Basic Amounts (the “ Undersubscription Amount ”), which process shall be repeated until the Holders shall have an opportunity to subscribe for any remaining Undersubscription Amount; provided that (i) the Company shall promptly notify each Holder of any changes to the anticipated price and other material terms of the Offered Securities after the Offer Notice is sent and (ii) the Company shall provide each Holder reasonable notice (which shall not be less than four (4) hours) of the final price (or formula therefor) of the Offered Securities before the Holders are required to provide the Company any notice of their election to accept such Offer pursuant to Section 7(a)(iii) below.

 

(iii) To accept an Offer, in whole or in part, such Holder must deliver a written notice to the Company prior to the end of the tenth (10th) Business Day after such Holder’s receipt of the Offer Notice (the “ Offer Period ”), setting forth the portion of such Holder’s Basic Amount that such Holder elects to purchase and, if such Holder shall elect to purchase all of its Basic Amount, the Undersubscription Amount, if any, that such Holder elects to purchase (in either case, the “ Notice of Acceptance ”). For the avoidance of doubt, in the event a Holder fails to timely deliver a Notice of Acceptance, such Holder shall be deemed to have declined to participate in such Subsequent Placement. If the Basic Amounts elected to be subscribed for by all Holders are less than the total of all of the Basic Amounts, then each Holder who has set forth an Undersubscription Amount in its Notice of Acceptance shall be entitled to purchase, in addition to the Basic Amounts subscribed for, the Undersubscription Amount it has elected to be subscribed for; provided, however, that if the Undersubscription Amounts elected to be subscribed for exceed the difference between the total of all the Basic Amounts and the Basic Amounts subscribed for (the “ Available Undersubscription Amount ”), each Holder who has elected to be subscribed for any Undersubscription Amount shall be entitled to purchase only that portion of the Available Undersubscription Amount as the Basic Amount of such Holder bears to the total Basic Amounts of all Holder that have elected to be subscribed for Undersubscription Amounts, subject to rounding by the Company to the extent its deems reasonably necessary. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if the Company desires to modify or amend the terms and conditions of the Offer in any material respect, prior to the expiration of the Offer Period, the Company may deliver to the Holders a new Offer Notice and the Offer Period shall expire on the second (2nd) Business Day after such Holder’s receipt of such new Offer Notice.

 

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(iv) The Company shall have five (5) Business Days from the expiration of the Offer Period above (i) to offer, issue or sell all or any part of such Offered Securities as to which a Notice of Acceptance has not been given by the Holders (the “ Refused Securities ”) pursuant to a definitive agreement (the “ Subsequent Placement Agreement ”), but only upon terms and conditions (including, without limitation, unit prices and interest rates) that are not more favorable to the acquiring Person or Persons or less favorable to the Company than those set forth in the Offer Notice and (ii) to publicly announce (a) the execution of such Subsequent Placement Agreement, if any and (b) either (x) the consummation, or the expected consummation, of the transactions contemplated by such Subsequent Placement Agreement or (y) if a Subsequent Placement Agreement is executed, the termination of such Subsequent Placement Agreement, which shall be filed with the SEC on a Current Report on Form 8-K with such Subsequent Placement Agreement and any material documents contemplated therein filed as exhibits thereto.

 

(v) In the event the Company shall propose to sell less than all the Refused Securities (any such sale to be in the manner and on the terms specified in Section 7(a)(iv) above), then each Holder may, at its sole option and in its sole discretion, reduce the number or amount of the Offered Securities specified in its Notice of Acceptance to an amount that shall be not less than the number or amount of the Offered Securities that such Holder elected to purchase pursuant to Section 7(a)(iii) above multiplied by a fraction, (i) the numerator of which shall be the number or amount of Offered Securities the Company actually proposes to issue or sell (including Offered Securities to be issued or sold to Holders pursuant to Section 7(a)(iv) above prior to such reduction) and (ii) the denominator of which shall be the original amount of the Offered Securities. In the event that any Holder so elects to reduce the number or amount of Offered Securities specified in its Notice of Acceptance, the Company may not issue or sell more than the reduced number or amount of the Offered Securities unless and until such securities have again been offered to the Holders in accordance with Section 7(a)(ii) above.

 

(vi) Upon the closing of the issuance or sale of all or less than all of the Refused Securities, the Holders shall acquire from the Company, and the Company shall issue to the Holders, the number or amount of Offered Securities specified in the Notices of Acceptance, as reduced pursuant to Section 7(a)(iv) above if the Holders have so elected, upon the terms and conditions specified in the Offer. The purchase by the Holders of any Offered Securities is subject in all cases to the preparation, execution and delivery by the Company and the Holders of a purchase agreement relating to such Offered Securities reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Holders and their respective counsel; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, this paragraph shall not create any obligation on the Company to amend or modify, or seek to amend or modify, any of the terms or provisions of the Subsequent Placement Agreement, or otherwise prohibit the Company from consummating the respective Subsequent Placement of Refused Securities in accordance with the applicable Subsequent Placement Agreement.

 

(vii) Any Offered Securities not acquired by the Holders or other Persons in accordance with Section 7(a)(iv) above may not be issued or sold until they are again offered to the Holders under the procedures specified in this Section 7(a) .

 

(viii) The Company and the Holders agree that if any Holder elects to participate in the Offer, (x) neither the Subsequent Placement Agreement with respect to such Offer nor any other transaction documents related thereto (collectively, the “Subsequent Placement Documents”) shall include any term or provisions whereby any Holder shall be required to agree to any restrictions in trading as to any securities of the Company owned by such Holder prior to such Subsequent Placement and (y) the Holders shall be entitled to the same registration rights provided to other investors in the Subsequent Placement.

 

(ix) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 7(a) and unless otherwise agreed to by the Holders, the Company shall either confirm in writing to the Holders that the transaction with respect to the Subsequent Placement has been abandoned or shall publicly disclose its intention to issue the Offered Securities, in either case in such a manner such that the Holders will not be in possession of material non-public information, by the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following delivery of the Offer Notice. If by the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following delivery of the Offer Notice no

 

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public disclosure regarding a transaction with respect to the Offered Securities has been made, and no notice regarding the abandonment of such transaction has been received by the Holders, such transaction shall be deemed to have been abandoned and the Holders shall not be deemed to be in possession of any material, non-public information with respect to the Company. Should the Company decide to pursue such transaction with respect to the Offered Securities, the Company shall provide each Holder with another Offer Notice and each Holder will again have the right of participation set forth in this Section 7(a) . The Company shall not be permitted to deliver more than one such Offer Notice to the Holders in any 60 day period (other than the Offer Notices contemplated by the last sentence of Section 7(a)(iii) of this Certificate of Designations). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, in no event shall delivery of any notice in accordance with the requirements of this Section 7(a) constitute or be deemed to constitute a breach of the Company’s obligation not to provide material non-public information regarding the Company to any Holder or any other Person; provided the Company then complies with the applicable requirement to publicly disclose such material, nonpublic information pursuant to this Section 7(a)(ix) .

 

(x) This Section 7(a) shall not apply in connection with the issuance or deemed issuance of any Common Stock by the Company: (A) under any employee benefit plan which has been approved by the Board, pursuant to which the Company’s securities may be issued to any employee, officer or, director or consultant for services provided to the Company; (B) with respect to the Preferred Shares pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations; (C) upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Options or Convertible Securities which are outstanding on the day immediately preceding the Subscription Date, provided that such issuance of Common Stock upon exercise of such Options or Convertible Securities is made pursuant to the terms of such Options or Convertible Securities in effect on the date immediately preceding the Subscription Date and such Options or Convertible Securities are not amended, modified or changed on or after the Subscription Date to increase the number of such securities or to decrease the exercise price, exchange price or conversion price of such securities (other than in connection with stock splits or combinations) or to extend the term of such securities; or (D) securities issued pursuant to acquisitions or strategic transactions approved by a majority of the disinterested directors of the Company, provided that any such issuance shall only be to a Person which is, itself or through its subsidiaries, an operating company or an owner of an asset in a business synergistic with the business of the Company and shall provide to the Company additional benefits in addition to the investment of funds, but shall not include a transaction in which the Company is issuing securities for the purpose of raising capital or to an entity whose primary business is investing in securities.

 

(b) Purchase Rights .   In addition to any adjustments pursuant to Section 8 below, if at any time the Company grants, issues or sells any Options, Convertible Securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all of the record holders of any class of Common Stock (the “ Purchase Rights ”), then each Holder will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which such Holder could have acquired if such Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete conversion of all the Preferred Shares (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares) held by such Holder immediately prior to the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights (provided, however, to the extent that such Holder’s right to participate in any such Purchase Right would result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, then such Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Purchase Right to such extent (and shall not be entitled to beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Purchase Right (and beneficial ownership) to such extent) and such Purchase Right to such extent shall be held in abeyance for such Holder until the earlier of  (i) such time or times, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage) and (ii) the expiration date, the termination date, the maturity date or other similar provision of such Purchase Rights, at which time or times such Holder shall be granted such right (and any Purchase Right granted, issued or sold on such initial Purchase Right or on any subsequent Purchase Right to be held similarly in abeyance) to the same extent as if there had been no such limitation.

 

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(c) Other Corporate Events .   In addition to and not in substitution for any other rights hereunder, prior to the consummation of any Fundamental Transaction pursuant to which holders of shares of Common Stock are entitled to receive securities or other assets with respect to or in exchange for shares of Common Stock (a “ Corporate Event ”), the Company shall make appropriate provision to ensure that each Holder will thereafter have the right to receive upon a conversion of all the Preferred Shares held by such Holder (i) in addition to the shares of Common Stock receivable upon such conversion, such securities or other assets to which such Holder would have been entitled with respect to such shares of Common Stock had such shares of Common Stock been held by such Holder upon the consummation of such Corporate Event (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations) or (ii) in lieu of the shares of Common Stock otherwise receivable upon such conversion, such securities or other assets received by the holders of shares of Common Stock in connection with the consummation of such Corporate Event in such amounts as such Holder would have been entitled to receive had the Preferred Shares held by such Holder initially been issued with conversion rights for the form of such consideration (as opposed to shares of Common Stock) at a conversion rate for such consideration commensurate with the Conversion Rate. Provision made pursuant the proceeding sentence shall be in a form and substance satisfactory to the Holder. The provisions of this Section 7 shall apply similarly and equally to successive Corporate Events and shall be applied without regard to any limitations on the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations.

 

8. Rights Upon Issuance of Other Securities .

 

(a) Adjustment of Conversion Price upon Subdivision or Combination of Common Stock. Without limiting any provision of Section 7 or Section 18, if the Company at any time on or after the Subscription Date subdivides (by any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction) one or more classes of its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a greater number of shares, the Conversion Price in effect immediately prior to such subdivision will be proportionately reduced. Without limiting any provision of Section 7 or Section 18, if the Company at any time on or after the Subscription Date combines (by any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction) one or more classes of its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, the Conversion Price in effect immediately prior to such combination will be proportionately increased. Any adjustment pursuant to this Section 8(a) shall become effective immediately after the effective date of such subdivision or combination. If any event requiring an adjustment under this Section 8(a) occurs during the period that a Conversion Price is calculated hereunder, then the calculation of such Conversion Price shall be adjusted appropriately to reflect such event.

 

(b) Holder’s Right of Adjusted Conversion Price .   In addition to and not in limitation of the other provisions of this Section 8(b), at any time any Preferred Shares remain outstanding, if the Company in any manner issues or sells or enters into any agreement to issue or sell, any Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities (any such securities, “ Variable Price Securities ”) after the Subscription Date that are issuable pursuant to such agreement or convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of Common Stock pursuant to such Options or Convertible Securities, as applicable, at a price which varies or may vary with the market price of the shares of Common Stock, including by way of one or more reset(s) to a fixed price, but exclusive of such formulations reflecting customary anti-dilution provisions (such as share splits, share combinations, share dividends and similar transactions) (each of the formulations for such variable price being herein referred to as, the “ Variable Price ”), the Company shall provide written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (next day delivery selected) to each Holder on the date of such agreement and/or the issuance of such shares of Common Stock, Convertible Securities or Options, as applicable; provided , however , that if the applicable Variable Price Securities are shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement (as defined below), and (i) if the difference between the Variable Price of such shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement (the “ ATM Shares ”) and the lower of  (A) last Variable Price communicated to the Holders or (B) the Conversion Price (such lower price, the “ Lowest Known Price ”) is less than 8%, then the Company shall provide written notice to each Holder on the last Business Day of each month in which such ATM Shares are sold, and (ii) if the difference between the Variable Price of such ATM Shares and the Lowest Known Price is equal to or greater than 8%, then the Company shall provide

 

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written notice to each Holder on the date of sale of such ATM Shares. From and after the date the Company enters into such agreement or issues any such Variable Price Securities, each Holder shall have the right, but not the obligation, in its sole discretion to substitute the Variable Price for the Conversion Price upon conversion of the Preferred Shares by designating in the Conversion Notice delivered upon any conversion of Preferred Shares that solely for purposes of such conversion such Holder is relying on the Variable Price rather than the Conversion Price then in effect; provided, however, that if the Conversion Notice does not reference a Variable Price and the lowest Variable Price is less than the Conversion Price, then such lowest Variable Price shall be automatically substituted for the Conversion Price. A Holder’s election to rely on a Variable Price for a particular conversion of Preferred Shares shall not obligate such Holder to rely on a Variable Price for any future conversions of Preferred Shares. For clarity, any shares of Common Stock sold following the Subscription Date pursuant to the Company’s existing At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “ ATM Agreement ”), dated June 13, 2018, by and between the Company and B. Riley FBR, Inc. and Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., or any similar or replacement agreement, shall constitute Variable Price Securities with a Variable Price equal to the lowest price per share at which a share of Common Stock is sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement. For clarity, if the Company in any manner issues or sells or enters into any agreement to issue or sell, any Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities at a fixed price (and in the case of Options or Convertible Securities, the exercise price or conversion price is also set at a fixed price), which may include customary adjustments for share splits, share combinations, share dividends and similar transactions, any such securities shall not be deemed Variable Price Securities for any purpose hereunder.

 

(c) Calculations .   All calculations under this Section 8 shall be made by rounding to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as applicable. The sales price of any Variable Price Security (including, for clarity, shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement) shall be equal to the gross sales price before deducting any sales commissions or broker fees. The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at any given time shall not include shares owned or held by or for the account of the Company, and the disposition of any such shares shall be considered an issue or sale of Common Stock.

 

(d) Voluntary Adjustment by Company .   The Company may at any time any Preferred Shares remain outstanding reduce the then current Conversion Price to any amount and for any period of time deemed appropriate by the Board.

 

9. Installment Conversion or Installment Redemption .

 

(a) General .   On each applicable Installment Date, provided there has been no Equity Conditions Failure, the Company shall pay to each Holder the applicable Installment Amount due on such date by converting such Installment Amount in accordance with this Section 9 (an “ Installment Conversion ”); provided, however, that the Company may, at its option following notice to each Holder as set forth below, pay the Installment Amount by redeeming such Installment Amount in cash (an “ Installment Redemption ”) or by any combination of an Installment Conversion and an Installment Redemption so long as all of the outstanding applicable Installment Amount due on any Installment Date shall be converted and/or redeemed by the Company on the applicable Installment Date, subject to the provisions of this Section 9. On or prior to the date which is the eleventh (11th) Trading Day prior to each Installment Date, but not earlier than the fifteenth (15th) Trading Day prior to the applicable Installment Date (each, an “ Installment Notice Due Date ”), the Company shall deliver written notice (each, an “ Installment Notice ” and the date all Holders receive such notice is referred to as to the “ Installment Notice Date ”), to each Holder and such Installment Notice shall (i) either (A) confirm that the applicable Installment Amount of such Holder shall be converted in whole pursuant to an Installment Conversion or (B) (1) state that the Company elects to redeem for cash, or is required to redeem for cash in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations, in whole or in part, the applicable Installment Amount pursuant to an Installment Redemption and (2) specify the portion of such Installment Amount which the Company elects or is required to redeem pursuant to an Installment Redemption (such amount to be redeemed in cash, the “ Installment Redemption Amount ”) and the portion of the applicable Installment Amount, if any, with respect to which the Company will, and is permitted to, effect an Installment Conversion (such amount of the applicable Installment Amount so specified to be so converted pursuant to this Section 9 is referred to herein as the “ Installment Conversion Amount ”), which amounts when added together, must equal the entire applicable Installment Amount

 

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and (ii) if the applicable Installment Amount is to be paid, in whole or in part, pursuant to an Installment Conversion, certify that there is not then an Equity Conditions Failure as of the applicable Installment Notice Date. Each Installment Notice shall be irrevocable. If the Company does not timely deliver an Installment Notice in accordance with this Section 9 with respect to a particular Installment Date, then the Company shall be deemed to have delivered an irrevocable Installment Notice confirming an Installment Conversion of the entire Installment Amount payable on such Installment Date and shall be deemed to have certified that there is not then an Equity Conditions Failure in connection with such Installment Conversion. The applicable Installment Conversion Amount (whether set forth in the applicable Installment Notice or by operation of this Section 9) shall be converted in accordance with Section 9(b) and the applicable Installment Redemption Amount shall be redeemed in accordance with Section 9(c).

 

(b) Mechanics of Installment Conversion .   Subject to Section 4(d), if the Company delivers an Installment Notice or is deemed to have delivered an Installment Notice certifying that such Installment Amount is being paid, in whole or in part, in an Installment Conversion in accordance with Section 9(a), then the remainder of this Section 9(b) shall apply. The applicable Installment Conversion Amount, if any, shall be converted on the applicable Installment Date at the applicable Installment Conversion Price and the Company shall, on such Installment Date, deliver to each Holder’s account with DTC such shares of Common Stock issued upon such conversion (subject to the reduction contemplated by the immediately following sentence and, if applicable, the penultimate sentence of this Section 9(b)), provided that the Equity Conditions are then satisfied (or waived in writing by such Holder) on such Installment Date and an Installment Conversion is not otherwise prohibited under any other provision of the Certificate of Designations. If the Company confirmed (or is deemed to have confirmed by operation of Section 9(a)) the conversion of the applicable Installment Conversion Amount, in whole or in part, and there was no Equity Conditions Failure as of the applicable Installment Notice Date (or is deemed to have certified that the Equity Conditions in connection with any such conversion have been satisfied by operation of Section 9(a)) but an Equity Conditions Failure occurred between the applicable Installment Notice Date and any time through the applicable Installment Date (the “ Interim Installment Period ”), the Company shall provide each Holder a subsequent notice to that effect. If there is an Equity Conditions Failure (which is not waived in writing by such Holder) during such Interim Installment Period, then, at the option of such Holder designated in writing to the Company, such Holder may require the Company to do any one or more of the following (but without duplication): (i) the Company shall redeem all or any part designated by such Holder of the unconverted Installment Conversion Amount (such designated amount is referred to as the “ Designated Redemption Amount ”) and the Company shall pay to such Holder within three (3) days of such Installment Date, by wire transfer of immediately available funds, an amount in cash equal to 108% of such Designated Redemption Amount, and/or (ii) the Installment Conversion shall be null and void with respect to all or any part designated by such Holder of the unconverted Installment Conversion Amount and such Holder shall be entitled to all the rights of a holder of the Preferred Shares with respect to such designated part of the Installment Conversion Amount; provided, however, the Conversion Price for such Designated Redemption Amount shall thereafter be adjusted to equal the Installment Conversion Price (determined as if the date of such designation were an Installment Date) and conversions required by this Section 9(b) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 4(c). In the event that the sole cause of an Equity Conditions Failure during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period was due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i), which constitutes an Equity Conditions Failure pursuant to clause (iii) of the definition of  “Equity Conditions”, then, the Company may, at its option, elect to either (x) pay (i) in cash the portion of the Installment Amount the payment of which would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder shares of Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i) (irrespective of any prior election or notice to pay such amount by converting all or some of the applicable Installment Amount into Common Stock) pursuant to an Installment Redemption as if it had elected in the applicable Installment Notice to pay the applicable Installment Amount pursuant to an Installment Redemption and (ii) the remainder of such Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion in accordance with this Section 9(b) or (y) by (i) deferring the portion of such Installment Payment the payment of which would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder shares of Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i) to the immediately subsequent Installment, if any, and (ii) paying the

 

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remainder of such Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion in accordance with this Section 9(b) and the Company shall deliver a written notice to the Holders setting forth its election pursuant to this proviso at least one (1) Trading Day prior to the applicable Installment Date. For the avoidance of doubt, subject to Section 9(f), the Holder may waive the Equity Conditions Failure and receive the Installment Conversion Amount through the conversion of the Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion. If the Company fails to redeem any Designated Redemption Amount by the third (3rd) day following the applicable Installment Date by payment of such amount by such date for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), then such Holder shall have the rights set forth in Section 12(a) as if the Company failed to pay the applicable Installment Redemption Price (as defined below) and all other rights under this Certificate of Designations (including, without limitation, such failure constituting a Triggering Event described in Section 5(a)(v)). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9(b), but subject to Section 4(d), until the Company delivers Common Stock representing the Installment Conversion Amount to such Holder, the Installment Conversion Amount may be converted by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4. In the event that a Holder elects to convert the Installment Conversion Amount prior to the applicable Installment Date as set forth in the immediately preceding sentence, the Installment Conversion Amount so converted shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice. The Company shall pay any and all actual transfer, stamp, issuance and similar taxes that may be payable with respect to the issuance and delivery of any shares of Common Stock in any Installment Conversion hereunder; provided, however, that if any such tax is due solely because the Holder requested such shares to be issued in a name other than the Holder’s name, then the Holder will pay such tax.

 

(c) Mechanics of Installment Redemption .   If the Company elects or is required to effect an Installment Redemption, in whole or in part, in accordance with Section 9(a), then the Installment Redemption Amount, if any, shall be redeemed by the Company in cash on the applicable Installment Date by wire transfer to each Holder of immediately available funds in an amount equal to 108% of the applicable Installment Redemption Amount (the “ Installment Redemption Price ”). If the Company fails to redeem such Installment Redemption Amount on such Installment Date by payment of the Installment Redemption Price for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), then, at the option of such Holder designated in writing to the Company (any such designation shall be a “Conversion Notice” for purposes of this Certificate of Designations), such Holder may require the Company to convert all or any part of the Installment Redemption Amount at the Installment Conversion Price (determined as if the date of such designation were an Installment Date). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9(c), but subject to Section 4(d), until the Installment Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full, the Installment Redemption Amount (together with any Late Charges thereon) may be converted, in whole or in part, by a Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4. In the event a Holder elects to convert all or any portion of the Installment Redemption Amount prior to the applicable Installment Date as set forth in the immediately preceding sentence, the Installment Redemption Amount so converted shall be deducted from the Installment Amounts relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice. Redemptions required by this Section 9(c) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12.

 

(d) Deferred Installment Amount .   Notwithstanding any provision of this Section 9(d) to the contrary, each Holder may, at its option and in its sole discretion, deliver a written notice to the Company no later than the second (2nd) Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date electing to have the payment of all or any portion of an Installment Amount of such Holder payable on such Installment Date deferred (such amount deferred, the “ Deferral Amount ”, and such deferral, each a “ Deferral ”) until any subsequent Installment Date selected by such Holder, in its sole discretion, in which case, the Deferral Amount shall be added to, and become part of, such subsequent Installment Amount. Any notice delivered by such Holder pursuant to this Section 9(d) shall set forth (i) the Deferral Amount requested by such Holder and (ii) the date on which such Holder requests that such Deferral Amount shall now be payable. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall a Holder be entitled to elect deferral pursuant to this Section 9(d) if such deferral would defer an Installment Amount beyond the Maturity Date.

 

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(e) Acceleration of Installment Amounts .   Notwithstanding any provision of this Section 9 to the contrary, but subject to Section 4(d), with respect to any given Installment Date (the “ Current Installment Date ”), during the period commencing on the Installment Notice Due Date immediately prior to such Current Installment Date and ending on the Trading Day immediately prior to the next Installment Date (each, an “ Installment Period ”), each Holder may elect, at its option and in its sole discretion, at one or more times in such Installment Period, to convert other Preferred Shares (each, an “ Acceleration ”, and such aggregate number of Preferred Shares in an Acceleration, each, an “ Acceleration Amount ”), in whole or in part, at the Installment Conversion Price of such Current Installment Date in accordance with the conversion procedures set forth in Section 4 hereunder, mutatis mutandis . Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any given Installment Period, the Holder may not elect to effect any Acceleration during such Installment Period if  (i) the Conversion Amount of the aggregate number of Preferred Shares subject to Acceleration in such Installment Period exceeds in the aggregate 300% of the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts) for such Current Installment Date (which, for the avoidance of doubt, assuming the Company elects an Installment Conversion for the full Installment Amount, could result in an Installment Conversion and Accelerations that, collectively, represent 400% of the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts)), or (ii) the Conversion Amount of the aggregate number of Preferred Shares subject to prior Accelerations exceeds in the aggregate twelve (12) times the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts) for such Current Installment Date.

 

(f) Waiver of Equity Conditions Failure .   Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall a Holder be entitled to waive an Equity Conditions Failure due to the failure of the Equity Conditions set forth in clauses (iii), (iv) and/or (ix)(C) of such definition.

 

10. Noncircumvention .   The Company hereby covenants and agrees that the Company will not, by amendment of its certificate of incorporation, bylaws or through any reorganization, transfer of assets, consolidation, merger, scheme of arrangement, dissolution, issue or sale of securities, or any other voluntary action, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms of this Certificate of Designations, and will at all times in good faith carry out all the provisions of this Certificate of Designations and take all action as may be required to protect the rights of the Holders hereunder. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing or any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, the Company (a) shall not increase the par value of any shares of Common Stock receivable upon the conversion of any Preferred Shares above the Conversion Price then in effect, (b) shall take all such actions as may be necessary or appropriate in order that the Company may validly and legally issue fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock upon the conversion of Preferred Shares and (c) shall, so long as any Preferred Shares are outstanding, take all action reasonably necessary to reserve and keep available out of its authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock, solely for the purpose of effecting the conversion of the Preferred Shares at the Conversion Price then in effect, the Required Reserve Amount (as defined in Section 11(a) ). Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if after the date that is one hundred twenty (120) calendar days after the Initial Issuance Date, each Holder is not permitted to convert such Holder’s Preferred Shares in full for any reason (other than pursuant to restrictions set forth in Section 4(d)(i) hereof), the Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to promptly remedy such failure, including, without limitation, seeking to obtain such consents or approvals as necessary to effect such conversion into shares of Common Stock.

 

11. Authorized Shares .

 

(a) Reservation .   So long as any Preferred Shares remain outstanding, the Company shall at all times reserve at least 150% of the number of shares of Common Stock as shall from time to time be necessary to effect the conversion of the Preferred Shares that then remain outstanding (without regard to any limitations on conversions), including without limitation, pursuant to Installment Conversions, Triggering Event Conversion, if any, and Accelerations (the “ Required Reserve Amount ”). The Required Reserve Amount (including, without limitation, each increase in the number of shares so reserved) shall be allocated pro rata among the Holders based on the number of the Preferred Shares held by each Holder on the Initial Issuance Date or increase in the number of reserved shares, as the case may be (the “ Authorized Share Allocation ”). In the event that a Holder shall sell or otherwise transfer any of such Holder’s Preferred Shares, each transferee shall be allocated a pro rata portion of such Holder’s

 

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Authorized Share Allocation. Any shares of Common Stock reserved and allocated to any Person which ceases to hold any Preferred Shares shall be allocated to the remaining Holders, pro rata based on the number of the Preferred Shares then held by the Holders.

 

(b) Insufficient Authorized Shares .   If, notwithstanding Section 11(a) and not in limitation thereof, while any of the Preferred Shares remain outstanding the Company does not have a sufficient number of authorized and unreserved shares of Common Stock to satisfy its obligation to reserve for issuance upon conversion of the Preferred Shares at least a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Required Reserve Amount (an “ Authorized Share Failure ”), then the Company shall immediately take all action necessary to increase the Company’s authorized shares of Common Stock to an amount sufficient to allow the Company to reserve the Required Reserve Amount for the Preferred Shares then outstanding. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing sentence, as soon as practicable after the date of the occurrence of an Authorized Share Failure, but in no event later than seventy-five (75) days after the occurrence of such Authorized Share Failure, the Company shall either (x) obtain the written consent of its stockholders for the approval of an increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock and provide each stockholder with an information statement with respect thereto or (y) seek to obtain stockholder approval at a meeting of its stockholders for an increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock and, in each case, file an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation making effective the necessary increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock within such seventy-five (75) day period. In connection with such meeting, the Company shall provide each stockholder with a proxy statement and shall use its best efforts to solicit its stockholders’ approval of such increase in authorized shares of Common Stock and to cause its board of directors to recommend to the stockholders that they approve such proposal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if during any such time of an Authorized Share Failure, the Company is able to obtain the written consent of a majority of the shares of its issued and outstanding Common Stock to approve the increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock, the Company may satisfy this obligation by obtaining such consent, submitting for filing with the SEC an Information Statement on Schedule 14C and filing an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation making effective the necessary increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock. In the event that the Company is prohibited from issuing shares of Common Stock to a Holder upon any conversion due to the failure by the Company to have sufficient shares of Common Stock available out of the authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock (such unavailable number of shares of Common Stock, the “ Authorized Failure Shares ”), in lieu of delivering such Authorized Failure Shares to such Holder, the Company shall pay cash within five (5) Trading Days in exchange for the redemption of such portion of the Conversion Amount convertible into such Authorized Failure Shares at a price equal to the sum of  (i) the product of  (x) such number of Authorized Failure Shares and (y) the highest sale price of the Common Stock on the attempted Conversion Date; and (ii) to the extent such Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of Authorized Failure Shares, any reasonable and documented brokerage commissions and other out-of-pocket expenses, if any, of such Holder incurred in connection therewith. For the avoidance of doubt, to the extent that the Company makes a payment contemplated by the foregoing sentence, the applicable portion of the Preferred Shares to which the Authorized Failure Shares applied shall no longer be outstanding.

 

12. Redemptions.

 

(a) General .   If a Holder has submitted a Triggering Event Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 5(b), the Company shall deliver the applicable Triggering Event Redemption Price to such Holder in cash within two (2) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of such Holder’s Triggering Event Redemption Notice. If a Holder has submitted a Change of Control Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 6(b), the Company shall deliver the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price to such Holder in cash concurrently with the consummation of such Change of Control if such notice is received prior to the consummation of such Change of Control and within five (5) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of such notice otherwise. The Company shall deliver the applicable Installment Redemption Price to each Holder in cash on the applicable Installment Date. If a Holder has submitted a Maturity Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 13 below, the Company shall deliver the applicable Maturity Redemption Price to such Holder on the applicable Maturity Redemption Date.

 

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Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in connection with any redemption hereunder at a time a Holder is entitled to receive a cash payment under any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, at the option of such Holder delivered in writing to the Company, the applicable Redemption Price hereunder shall be increased by the amount of such cash payment owed to such Holder under such other provision of this Certificate of Designations and, upon payment in full or conversion in accordance herewith, shall satisfy the Company’s payment obligation under such other provision of this Certificate of Designations. In the event of a redemption of less than all of the Preferred Shares, the Company shall promptly cause to be issued and delivered to such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21) (or evidence of the creation of a new Book-Entry) representing the number of Preferred Shares which have not been redeemed. In the event that the Company does not pay the applicable Redemption Price to a Holder within the time period required for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), at any time thereafter and until the Company pays such unpaid Redemption Price in full, such Holder shall have the option, in lieu of redemption, to require the Company to promptly return to such Holder all or any of the Preferred Shares that were submitted for redemption and for which the applicable Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) has not been paid. Upon the Company’s receipt of such notice, (x) the applicable Redemption Notice shall be null and void with respect to such Preferred Shares, (y) the Company shall promptly and in any event within five (5) Trading Days return the applicable Preferred Share Certificate, or issue a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)), to such Holder, (unless the Preferred Shares are held in Book-Entry form, in which case the Company shall deliver evidence to such Holder that a Book-Entry for such Preferred Shares then exists) and in each case the Additional Amount of such Preferred Shares shall be increased by an amount equal to the difference between (1) the applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be, and as adjusted pursuant to this Section 12, if applicable) minus (2) the Stated Value portion of the Conversion Amount submitted for redemption and (z) the Conversion Price of such Preferred Shares shall be automatically adjusted with respect to each conversion effected thereafter by such Holder to the lowest of  (A) the Conversion Price as in effect on the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is voided, (B) 85% of the lowest Closing Bid Price of the Common Stock during the period beginning on and including the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is delivered to the Company and ending on and including the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is voided, and (C) 85% of the quotient of  (I) the sum of the five (5) lowest VWAPs of the Common Stock during the twenty (20) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately preceding the applicable Conversion Date divided by (II) five (5) (it being understood and agreed that all such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination or other similar transaction during such period). For the avoidance of doubt, if the Conversion Price is subject to adjustment pursuant to the immediately preceding clause (z), the Conversion Price shall not also be subject to adjustment pursuant to Section 4(e). A Holder’s delivery of a notice voiding a Redemption Notice and exercise of its rights following such notice shall not affect the Company’s obligations to make any payments of Late Charges which have accrued prior to the date of such notice with respect to the Preferred Shares subject to such notice.

 

(b) Redemption by Multiple Holders .   Upon the Company’s receipt of a Redemption Notice from any Holder for redemption or repayment as a result of an event or occurrence substantially similar to the events or occurrences described in Section 5(b) or Section 6(b), the Company shall promptly, but no later than one (1) Business Day of its receipt thereof, forward to each other Holder by electronic mail a copy of such notice. If the Company receives one or more Redemption Notices, during the seven (7) Business Day period beginning on and including the date which is three (3) Business Days prior to the Company’s receipt of the initial Redemption Notice and ending on and including the date which is three (3) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of the initial Redemption Notice and the Company is unable to redeem all amounts designated in such initial Redemption Notice and such other Redemption Notices received during such seven (7) Business Day period, then the Company shall redeem a pro rata amount from each Holder based on the Stated Value of the Preferred Shares submitted for redemption pursuant to such Redemption Notices received by the Company during such seven (7) Business Day period.

 

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13. Holder Optional Redemption after Maturity Date .   At any time from and after the tenth (10th) Business Day prior to the Maturity Date, any Holder may by delivery of written notice thereof to the Company require the Company to redeem (a “ Maturity Redemption ”) all or any number of Preferred Shares then held by such Holder. The Company shall then deliver a written notice (the “ Maturity Redemption Notice ”) to such Holder within two (2) Trading Days of receipt thereof  (the date the Company delivers such notice, a “ Maturity Redemption Notice Date ”) electing to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares either (i) by paying cash at a purchase price equal to 108% of the Conversion Amount of such Preferred Shares or (ii) provided that no Equity Conditions Failure occurs from the Maturity Redemption Notice Date through the Maturity Redemption Date (as defined below), by paying a number of Common Stock calculated by dividing the Conversion Amount of such remaining Preferred Shares by the Installment Conversion Price determined as if the Maturity Redemption Date was an Installment Date (the “ Maturity Redemption Price ”). If the Company elects to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares in cash, such cash shall be paid on the same day as the delivery of the Maturity Redemption Notice (such date, in such event, being the “ Maturity Redemption Date ”). If the Company elects instead to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares in shares of Common Stock in accordance with clause (ii) of the second sentence of this Section 13 , the Maturity Redemption Notice shall state the date the Company is required to pay to such Holder such Maturity Redemption Price (such date, in such case, being the Maturity Redemption Date), which date shall be on the twelfth (12th) Trading Day following the Maturity Redemption Notice Date. Redemptions required by this Section 13 shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 .

 

14. Voting Rights .   Holders shall have no voting rights, except on matters required by law (including without limitation, the DGCL) or by this Certificate of Designations to be submitted to a class vote of the holders of the Preferred Shares. To the extent that under the DGCL the vote of the holders of the Preferred Shares, voting separately as a class or series, as applicable, is required to authorize a given action of the Company, the affirmative vote or consent of the Required Holders of the shares of the Preferred Shares, voting together in the aggregate and not in separate series unless required under the DGCL, represented at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is presented or by written consent of the Required Holders (except as otherwise may be required under the DGCL), voting together in the aggregate and not in separate series unless required under the DGCL, shall constitute the approval of such action by both the class or the series, as applicable. Subject to Section 4(d) , to the extent that under the DGCL holders of the Preferred Shares are entitled to vote on a matter with holders of shares of Common Stock, voting together as one class, each Preferred Share shall entitle the holder thereof to cast that number of votes per share as is equal to the number of shares of Common Stock into which it is then convertible (subject to the ownership limitations specified in Section 4(d) hereof) on the record date for determining the stockholders of the Company eligible to vote on such matters as the date as of which the Conversion Price is calculated. Holders of the Preferred Shares shall be entitled to written notice of all stockholder meetings or written consents (and copies of proxy materials and other information sent to stockholders) with respect to which they would be entitled to vote, which notice would be provided pursuant to the Company’s bylaws and the DGCL.

 

15. Covenants .

 

(a) Restriction on Transfer of Assets .   The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, sell, lease, license, assign, transfer, spin-off, split-off, close, convey or otherwise dispose of any assets or rights of the Company or any Subsidiary owned or hereafter acquired whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions, other than (i) sales, leases, licenses, assignments, transfers, conveyances and other dispositions of such assets or rights by the Company and its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business consistent with its past practice, (ii) sales of inventory and product in the ordinary course of business or (iii) sales, leases, licenses, assignments, transfers, conveyances and other dispositions of such assets or rights by the Company and/or its wholly-owned Subsidiaries to the Company and/or any of its wholly-owned Subsidiaries.

 

(b) Change in Nature of Business .   The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, engage in any material line of business substantially different from those lines of business conducted by or publicly contemplated to be conducted by the Company and each of its Subsidiaries on the Subscription Date or any business substantially related or incidental thereto. The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, modify its or their corporate structure or purpose.

 

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(c) Preservation of Existence, Etc .   The Company shall maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, its existence, rights and privileges, and become or remain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to become or remain, duly qualified and in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the character of the properties owned or leased by it or in which the transaction of its business makes such qualification necessary, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(d) Maintenance of Properties, Etc .   The Company shall maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, all of its properties which are necessary or useful in the proper conduct of its business in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted, and comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, at all times with the provisions of all leases to which it is a party as lessee or under which it occupies property, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(e) Maintenance of Intellectual Property .   The Company will, and will cause each of its Subsidiaries to, take all action reasonably necessary or advisable to maintain all of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Company and/or any of its Subsidiaries that are necessary or material to the conduct of its business in full force and effect, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(f) Maintenance of Insurance .   The Company shall maintain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain, insurance with responsible and reputable insurance companies or associations (including, without limitation, comprehensive general liability, hazard, rent and business interruption insurance) with respect to its properties (including all real properties leased or owned by it) and business, in such amounts and covering such risks as is required by any governmental authority having jurisdiction with respect thereto or as is carried generally in accordance with sound business practice by companies in similar businesses similarly situated, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(g) Transactions with Affiliates .   The Company shall not, nor shall it permit any of its Subsidiaries to, enter into, renew, extend or be a party to, any transaction or series of related transactions (including, without limitation, the purchase, sale, lease, transfer or exchange of property or assets of any kind or the rendering of services of any kind) with any Affiliate, except in the ordinary course of business in a manner and to an extent consistent with past practice or otherwise necessary or desirable for the prudent operation of its business, in each case, for fair consideration and on terms no less favorable to it or its Subsidiaries than would be obtainable in a comparable arm’s length transaction with a Person that is not an Affiliate thereof.

 

(h) Restricted Issuances .

 

(i) The Company shall not, directly or indirectly, without the prior written consent of the Required Holders of the Preferred Shares then outstanding, (A) issue any Preferred Shares (other than as contemplated by this Certificate of Designations) or (B) issue any other securities that would cause a breach or default under this Certificate of Designations.

 

(ii) For so long as any Preferred Shares are outstanding, except with the prior approval of the Required Holders (whether at a duly called meeting or by written consent), the Company shall not, and shall not permit or suffer its Subsidiaries to, incur Indebtedness or enter into any other agreement, contract or understanding, if such Indebtedness, agreement, contract or understanding prohibits the Company from making any cash redemptions of the Preferred Shares or cash payments on or in respect of the Preferred Shares; provided that no such approval shall be required for incurring (a) trade payables in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, or (b) Indebtedness incurred by special purpose Subsidiaries created by the Company for the purpose of financing individual projects undertaken by the Company for the direct benefit of specific customers of the Company, including without limitation FuelCell Energy Finance, LLC and any subsidiaries thereof; provided the Company provides three (3) Business Days’ notice to the Holders prior to incurring such Indebtedness (such Indebtedness described in this proviso, “ Permitted Indebtedness ”). Notwithstanding anything in this Certificate of Designations to the contrary, the Company and its Subsidiaries shall be permitted to incur Permitted Indebtedness.

 

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16. Stockholder Approval .

 

(a) The Company shall provide to each stockholder entitled to vote at a special meeting or the next annual meeting of stockholders of the Company (as applicable, the “ Stockholder Meeting ”), which shall be held as soon as reasonably possible following the mailing of the proxy statement to the stockholders of the Company in respect thereof  (the “ Approval Proxy Statement ”), a copy of the Approval Proxy Statement, at the expense of the Company, soliciting each such stockholder’s affirmative vote at the Stockholder Meeting for approval of a proposal providing for issuance of the maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares, in each case in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Principal Market, the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, the Bylaws of the Company and applicable law (collectively, the “ Stockholder Approval ”). In connection with the Stockholder Meeting, and in no event later than February 15, 2019, the Company shall, in consultation with the Holders, prepare and file with the SEC, the preliminary Approval Proxy Statement and related proxy materials in compliance with Section 14 of the 1934 Act. As reasonably promptly as practicable after comments, if any, are received from the SEC thereon and after the furnishing by the Company and the Holders of all information required to be contained therein, the Company shall, in consultation with the Holders, prepare and the Company shall file any required amendments to the Approval Proxy Statement with the SEC. The Company shall notify the Holders reasonably promptly of the receipt of any comments from the SEC or its staff and of any request by the SEC or its staff for amendments or supplements to the Approval Proxy Statement or for additional information and shall consult with the Holders regarding, and supply the Holders with copies of, all correspondence between the Company or any of its representatives, on the one hand, and the SEC or its staff, on the other hand, with respect to the Approval Proxy Statement. Prior to filing or mailing the initial Approval Proxy Statement or any proposed amendment of or supplement to the Approval Proxy Statement, the Company shall provide the Holders a reasonable opportunity to review and comment on such document and shall incorporate therein any reasonable comments of the Holders thereto. The Company shall use its best efforts to have the Approval Proxy Statement cleared by the SEC and shall thereafter mail to the stockholders of the Company as reasonably promptly as possible the Approval Proxy Statement and all other proxy materials for the Stockholder Meeting.

 

(b) The Company hereby covenants and agrees that (a) the Approval Proxy Statement will, when filed, comply as to form in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the 1934 Act and (b) none of the information included or incorporated by reference in the Approval Proxy Statement will, at the date it is first mailed to the stockholders of the Company or at the time of the Stockholder Meeting or at the time of any amendment or supplement thereof, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading.

 

(c) The Company shall take, in accordance with applicable law and its Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, all action reasonably necessary to convene the Stockholder Meeting no later than April 30, 2019 and to submit at the Stockholder Meeting for approval by the requisite vote of the stockholders of the Company the matters subject to Stockholder Approval. In connection with the Stockholder Meeting and any adjournment or postponement thereof, (i) the Board shall recommend that its stockholders vote in favor of all matters submitted thereto at such meeting and (ii) neither the Board nor any committee thereof shall withdraw or modify, or propose or resolve to withdraw or modify in a manner adverse to the Holders, such recommendation. The Company shall take all lawful action to solicit from the stockholders of the Company proxies in favor of the Stockholder Approval and take all other action reasonably necessary or advisable to secure the vote or consent of the stockholders that are required by the rules of Principal Market and applicable law, including, if necessary or appropriate or if requested by the Holders, adjourning the Stockholder Meeting to solicit additional proxies. The Company will enforce any and all voting agreements in respect of the matters subject to the Stockholder Meeting.

 

(d) In the event the Company fails to receive the Stockholder Approval at the time such proposal is considered by the Company’s stockholders, the Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to seek such Stockholder Approval at a subsequent meeting of the Company’s stockholders as soon as reasonably practicable, but no later than 90 days following the meeting at which the Company’s stockholders failed to provide the Stockholder Approval. The Company shall continue to seek Stockholder Approval at

 

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meetings of the Company’s stockholders until such Stockholder Approval is obtained with each new meeting to be held as soon as reasonably practicable but no later than 90 days following the date of the prior meeting at which such proposal was considered by the Company’s stockholders.

 

(e) Notwithstanding Section 33 to the contrary, in no event shall the Company be required to publicly disclose any material, nonpublic information provided to the Holders pursuant to this Section 16 prior to such time, if ever, it is required to do so under applicable securities laws; provided, however, that the Company’s rights under this Section 16(e) shall not serve to cure any facts or circumstances that would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure.

 

17. Liquidation, Dissolution, Winding-Up .   In the event of a Liquidation Event, the Holders shall be entitled to receive in cash out of the assets of the Company, whether from capital or from earnings available for distribution to its stockholders (the “ Liquidation Funds ”), after any amount that is required to be paid to Senior Preferred Stock, if any, and before any amount shall be paid to the holders of any of shares of Junior Stock, but pari passu with any Parity Stock then outstanding, an amount per Preferred Share equal to the greater of  (i) the Conversion Amount thereof on the date of such payment and (ii) the amount per share such Holder would receive if such Holder converted such Preferred Shares into Common Stock immediately prior to the date of such payment, provided that if the Liquidation Funds are insufficient to pay the full amount due to the Holders and holders of shares of Parity Stock, then each Holder and each holder of Parity Stock shall receive a percentage of the Liquidation Funds equal to the full amount of Liquidation Funds payable to such Holder and such holder of Parity Stock as a liquidation preference, in accordance with their respective certificate of designations (or equivalent), as a percentage of the full amount of Liquidation Funds payable to all Holders and all holders of shares of Parity Stock. To the extent necessary, the Company shall cause such actions to be taken by each of its Subsidiaries so as to enable, to the maximum extent permitted by law, the proceeds of a Liquidation Event to be distributed to the Holders in accordance with this Section 17 . All the preferential amounts to be paid to the Holders under this Section 17 shall be paid or set apart for payment before the payment or setting apart for payment of any amount for, or the distribution of any Liquidation Funds of the Company to the holders of shares of Junior Stock in connection with a Liquidation Event as to which this Section 17 applies.

 

18. Distribution of Assets .   In addition to any adjustments pursuant to Section 8 , if the Company shall declare or make any dividend or other distributions of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to any or all holders of shares of Common Stock, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including without limitation, any distribution of cash, stock or other securities, property or options by way of a dividend, spin off, reclassification, corporate rearrangement, scheme of arrangement or other similar transaction) (the “ Distributions ”), then each Holder, as holders of Preferred Shares, will be entitled to such Distributions as if such Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete conversion of the Preferred Shares (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares) immediately prior to the date on which a record is taken for such Distribution or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of Common Stock are to be determined for such Distributions ( provided , however , that to the extent that such Holder’s right to participate in any such Distribution would result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, then such Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Distribution to such extent (and shall not be entitled to beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Distribution (and beneficial ownership) to such extent) and the portion of such Distribution shall be held in abeyance for such Holder until such time or times as its right thereto would not result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, at which time or times, if any, such Holder shall be granted such rights (and any rights under this Section 18 on such initial rights or on any subsequent such rights to be held similarly in abeyance) to the same extent as if there had been no such limitation).

 

19. Vote to Change the Terms of or Issue Preferred Shares .   In addition to any other rights provided by law, except where the vote or written consent of the holders of a greater number of shares is required by law or by another provision of the Certificate of Incorporation, without first obtaining the affirmative vote at a meeting duly called for such purpose or the written consent without a meeting of the Required Holders, voting together as a single class, the Company shall not: (a) amend or repeal any provision of, or add any provision to, its Certificate of Incorporation or bylaws, or file any certificate of designations or articles of

 

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amendment of any series of shares of preferred stock, if such action would adversely alter or change the preferences, rights, privileges or powers, or restrictions provided for the benefit, of the Preferred Shares hereunder, regardless of whether any such action shall be by means of amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation or by merger, consolidation or otherwise; (b) increase or decrease (other than by conversion) the authorized number of Preferred Shares; (c) without limiting any provision of Section 2 , create or authorize (by reclassification or otherwise) any new class or series of Senior Preferred Stock or Parity Stock; (d) purchase, repurchase or redeem any shares of Junior Stock (other than pursuant to the terms of the Company’s equity incentive plans and options and other equity awards granted under such plans (that have in good faith been approved by the Board)); (e) without limiting any provision of Section 3 , pay dividends or make any other distribution on any shares of any Junior Stock; or (f) without limiting any provision of Section 10 , whether or not prohibited by the terms of the Preferred Shares, circumvent a right of the Preferred Shares hereunder.

 

20. Transfer of Preferred Shares .   A Holder may transfer some or all of its Preferred Shares without the consent of the Company. No Preferred Shares may be sold or transferred other than to a U.S. person as described in section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

 

21. Reissuance of Preferred Share Certificates and Book Entries .

 

(a) Transfer .   If any Preferred Shares are to be transferred, the applicable Holder shall surrender the applicable Preferred Share Certificate to the Company (or, if the Preferred Shares are held in Book-Entry form, a written instruction letter to the Company), whereupon the Company will forthwith issue and deliver upon the order of such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) (or evidence of the transfer of such Book-Entry), registered as such Holder may request, representing the outstanding number of Preferred Shares being transferred by such Holder and, if less than the entire outstanding number of Preferred Shares is being transferred, a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) to such Holder representing the outstanding number of Preferred Shares not being transferred (or evidence of such remaining Preferred Shares in a Book-Entry for such Holder). Such Holder and any assignee, by acceptance of the Preferred Share Certificate or evidence of Book-Entry issuance, as applicable, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of Section 4(c)(iii) following conversion or redemption of any of the Preferred Shares, the outstanding number of Preferred Shares represented by the Preferred Shares may be less than the number of Preferred Shares stated on the face of the Preferred Shares.

 

(b) Lost, Stolen or Mutilated Preferred Share Certificate .   Upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Company of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of a Preferred Share Certificate (as to which a written certification and the indemnification contemplated below shall suffice as such evidence), and, in the case of loss, theft or destruction, of any indemnification undertaking by the applicable Holder to the Company in customary and reasonable form and, in the case of mutilation, upon surrender and cancellation of such Preferred Share Certificate, the Company shall execute and deliver to such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing the applicable outstanding number of Preferred Shares.

 

(c) Preferred Share Certificate and Book-Entries Exchangeable for Different Denominations and Forms .   Each Preferred Share Certificate is exchangeable, upon the surrender hereof by the applicable Holder at the principal office of the Company, for a new Preferred Share Certificate or Preferred Share Certificate(s) or new Book-Entry (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing, in the aggregate, the outstanding number of the Preferred Shares in the original Preferred Share Certificate, and each such new Preferred Share Certificate and/or new Book-Entry, as applicable, will represent such portion of such outstanding number of Preferred Shares from the original Preferred Share Certificate as is designated in writing by such Holder at the time of such surrender. Each Book-Entry may be exchanged into one or more new Preferred Share Certificates or split by the applicable Holder by delivery of a written notice to the Company into two or more new Book-Entries (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing, in the aggregate, the outstanding number of the Preferred Shares in the original Book-Entry, and each such new Book-Entry and/or new Preferred Share Certificate, as applicable, will represent such portion of such outstanding number of Preferred Shares from the original Book-Entry as is designated in writing by such Holder at the time of such surrender.

 

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(d) Issuance of New Preferred Share Certificate or Book-Entry .   Whenever the Company is required to issue a new Preferred Share Certificate or a new Book-Entry pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations, such new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry (i) shall represent, as indicated on the face of such Preferred Share Certificate or in such Book-Entry, as applicable, the number of Preferred Shares remaining outstanding (or in the case of a new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry being issued pursuant to Section 21(a) or Section 21(c), the number of Preferred Shares designated by such Holder) which, when added to the number of Preferred Shares represented by the other new Preferred Share Certificates or other new Book-Entry, as applicable, issued in connection with such issuance, does not exceed the number of Preferred Shares remaining outstanding under the original Preferred Share Certificate or original Book-Entry, as applicable, immediately prior to such issuance of new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry, as applicable, and (ii) shall have an issuance date, as indicated on the face of such new Preferred Share Certificate or in such new Book-Entry, as applicable, which is the same as the issuance date of the original Preferred Share Certificate or in such original Book-Entry, as applicable.

 

22. Remedies, Other Obligations, Breaches and Injunctive Relief.    The remedies provided in this Certificate of Designations shall be cumulative and in addition to all other remedies available at law or in equity (including a decree of specific performance and/or other injunctive relief), and nothing herein shall limit any Holder’s right to pursue actual for any failure by the Company to comply with the terms of this Certificate of Designations. Amounts set forth or provided for herein with respect to payments, conversion and the like (and the computation thereof) shall be the amounts to be received by a Holder and shall not, except as expressly provided herein, be subject to any other obligation of the Company (or the performance thereof). The Company acknowledges that a breach by it of its obligations hereunder will cause irreparable harm to the Holders and that the remedy at law for any such breach may be inadequate. The Company therefore agrees that, in the event of any such breach or threatened breach, each Holder shall be entitled, in addition to all other available remedies, to seek an injunction restraining any such breach or any such threatened breach, without the necessity of showing economic loss and without any bond or other security being required. The Company shall provide all information and documentation to a Holder that is reasonably requested by such Holder to enable such Holder to confirm the Company’s compliance with the terms and conditions of this Certificate of Designations.

 

23. Payment of Collection, Enforcement and Other Costs .   If  (a) any Preferred Shares are placed in the hands of an attorney for collection or enforcement or is collected or enforced through any legal proceeding or a Holder otherwise takes action to collect amounts due under this Certificate of Designations with respect to the Preferred Shares or to enforce the provisions of this Certificate of Designations or (b) there occurs any bankruptcy, reorganization, receivership of the Company or other proceedings affecting Company creditors’ rights and involving a claim under this Certificate of Designations, then the Company shall pay the reasonable and documented costs incurred by such Holder for such collection, enforcement or action or in connection with such bankruptcy, reorganization, receivership or other proceeding, including, without limitation, reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and disbursements.

 

24. Construction; Headings .   This Certificate of Designations shall be deemed to be jointly drafted by the Company and the Holders and shall not be construed against any such Person as the drafter hereof. The headings of this Certificate of Designations are for convenience of reference and shall not form part of, or affect the interpretation of, this Certificate of Designations. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, each pronoun herein shall be deemed to include the masculine, feminine, neuter, singular and plural forms thereof. The terms “including,” “includes,” “include” and words of like import shall be construed broadly as if followed by the words “without limitation.” The terms “herein,” “hereunder,” “hereof” and words of like import refer to this entire Certificate of Designations instead of just the provision in which they are found. Unless expressly indicated otherwise, all section references are to sections of this Certificate of Designations.

 

25. Failure or Indulgence Not Waiver .   No failure or delay on the part of a Holder in the exercise of any power, right or privilege hereunder within the applicable time periods provided herein shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such power, right or privilege preclude other or further exercise thereof or of any other right, power or privilege. No waiver shall be effective unless it is in writing and signed by an authorized representative of the waiving party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing contained in this Section 25 shall permit any waiver of any provision of Section 4(d) .

 

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26. Dispute Resolution .

 

(a) In the case of a dispute relating to a Closing Bid Price, a Closing Sale Price, a Conversion Price, an Installment Conversion Price, a Triggering Event Conversion Price, a VWAP or a fair market value or the arithmetic calculation of a Conversion Rate, or the applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be) (including, without limitation, a dispute relating to the determination of any of the foregoing), the Company or the applicable Holder (as the case may be) shall submit the dispute to the other party via electronic mail (A) if by the Company, within two (2) Business Days after the occurrence of the circumstances giving rise to such dispute or (B) if by such Holder at any time after such Holder learned of the circumstances giving rise to such dispute. If such Holder and the Company are unable to promptly resolve such dispute relating to such Closing Bid Price, such Closing Sale Price, such Conversion Price, such Installment Conversion Price, such Triggering Event Conversion Price, such VWAP or such fair market value, or the arithmetic calculation of such Conversion Rate or such applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be), at any time after the third (3rd) Business Day following such initial notice by the Company or such Holder (as the case may be) of such dispute to the Company or such Holder (as the case may be), then such Holder may, at its sole option, select an independent, reputable investment bank to resolve such dispute, which investment bank shall be approved by the Company (such approval not to be unreasonably delayed, withheld or conditioned).

 

(b) Such Holder and the Company shall each deliver to such investment bank (A) a copy of the initial dispute submission so delivered in accordance with the first sentence of this Section 26 and (B) written documentation supporting its position with respect to such dispute, in each case, no later than 5:00 p.m. (New York time) by the fifth (5th) Business Day immediately following the date on which such Holder selected such investment bank (the “ Dispute Submission Deadline ”) (the documents referred to in the immediately preceding clauses (A) and (B) are collectively referred to herein as the “ Required Dispute Documentation ”) (it being understood and agreed that if either such Holder or the Company fails to so deliver all of the Required Dispute Documentation by the Dispute Submission Deadline, then the party who fails to so submit all of the Required Dispute Documentation shall no longer be entitled to (and hereby waives its right to) deliver or submit any written documentation or other support to such investment bank with respect to such dispute and such investment bank shall resolve such dispute based solely on the Required Dispute Documentation that was delivered to such investment bank prior to the Dispute Submission Deadline). Unless otherwise agreed to in writing by both the Company and such Holder or otherwise requested by such investment bank, neither the Company nor such Holder shall be entitled to deliver or submit any written documentation or other support to such investment bank in connection with such dispute (other than the Required Dispute Documentation).

 

(c) The Company and such Holder shall cause such investment bank to determine the resolution of such dispute and notify the Company and such Holder in writing of such resolution no later than ten (10) Business Days immediately following the Dispute Submission Deadline. Absent bad faith by such Holder, the fees and expenses of such investment bank shall be borne solely by the Company, and such investment bank’s resolution of such dispute shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error.

 

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27. Notices; Currency; Payments .

 

(a) Notices .   The Company shall provide each Holder with prompt written notice of all actions taken pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations, including in reasonable detail a description of such action and the reason therefor. Any notices, consents, waivers or other communications required or permitted to be given under the terms hereof must be in writing and will be deemed to have been delivered: (i) upon receipt, when delivered personally; (ii) upon receipt, when sent by facsimile (provided confirmation of transmission is mechanically or electronically generated and kept on file by the sending party) or by electronic mail (provided that the sending party does not receive an automated rejection notice); or (iii) one Business Day after deposit with an overnight courier service, in each case properly addressed to the party to receive the same as follows:

 

(i) if to the Company, to:

 

FuelCell Energy, Inc.

3 Great Pasture Road

Danbury, CT 06810

Attention: Michael Bishop & Jennifer D. Arasimowicz, Esq.

Email: mbishop@fce.com

jarasimowicz@fce.com

 

with a copy to:

 

Foley & Lardner LLP

111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500

Boston, MA 02199

Attention: Paul Broude, Esq.

Email: pbroude@foley.com

Facsimile: (617) 342-4001

 

(ii) if to a Holder, in accordance with the address, facsimile number and/or e-mail address of such Holder set forth on the books and records of the Company; or to such other address, facsimile number and/or e-mail address and/or to the attention of such Person as the recipient party has specified by written notice given to each other party five (5) days prior to the effectiveness of such change.

 

Written confirmation of receipt (A) given by the recipient of such notice, consent, waiver or other communication, (B) mechanically or electronically generated by the sender’s facsimile machine or e-mail containing the time, date, recipient facsimile number and an image of the first page of such transmission or (C) provided by an overnight courier service shall be rebuttable evidence of personal service, receipt by facsimile or receipt from an overnight courier service in accordance with clause (i), (ii) or (iii) above, respectively. The Company shall provide each Holder with prompt written notice of all actions taken pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, including in reasonable detail a description of such action and the reason therefore. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company shall give written notice to each Holder (i) promptly upon any adjustment of the Conversion Price, setting forth in reasonable detail, and certifying, the calculation of such adjustment and (ii) at least fifteen (15) days prior to the date on which the Company closes its books or takes a record (A) with respect to any dividend or distribution upon the Common Stock, (B) with respect to any grant, issuances, or sales of any Options, Convertible Securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property to holders of shares of Common Stock or (C) for determining rights to vote with respect to any Fundamental Transaction, dissolution or liquidation, provided in each case that such information shall be made known to the public prior to or in conjunction with such notice being provided to such Holder.

 

(b) Currency .   All dollar amounts referred to in this Certificate of Designations are in United States Dollars (“ U.S. Dollars ”), and all amounts owing under this Certificate of Designations shall be paid in U.S. Dollars. All amounts denominated in other currencies (if any) shall be converted into the U.S. Dollar equivalent amount in accordance with the Exchange Rate on the date of calculation. “ Exchange Rate ” means, in relation to any amount of currency to be converted into U.S. Dollars

 

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pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, the U.S. Dollar exchange rate as published in the Wall Street Journal on the relevant date of calculation (it being understood and agreed that where an amount is calculated with reference to, or over, a period of time, the date of calculation shall be the final date of such period of time).

 

(c) Payments .   Whenever any payment of cash is to be made by the Company to any Person pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, unless otherwise expressly set forth herein, such payment shall be made in lawful money of the United States of America by wire transfer of immediately available funds pursuant to wire transfer instructions that Holder shall provide to the Company in writing from time to time with no less than two (2) Business Days prior written notice. Whenever any amount expressed to be due by the terms of this Certificate of Designations is due on any day which is not a Business Day, the same shall instead be due on the next succeeding day which is a Business Day. Any amount due under this Certificate of Designations which is not paid within five (5) Business Days of when due shall result in a late charge being incurred and payable by the Company in an amount equal to interest on such amount at the rate of fifteen percent (15%) per annum from the date such amount was due until the same is paid in full (“ Late Charge ”).

 

28. Waiver of Notice .   To the extent permitted by law, the Company hereby irrevocably waives demand, notice, presentment, protest and all other demands and notices in connection with the delivery, acceptance, performance, default or enforcement of this Certificate of Designations.

 

29. Governing Law .   This Certificate of Designations shall be construed and enforced in accordance with, and all questions concerning the construction, validity, interpretation and performance of this Certificate of Designations shall be governed by, the internal laws of the State of Delaware, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law provision or rule (whether of the State of Delaware or any other jurisdictions) that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdictions other than the State of Delaware. The Company and each Holder hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and federal courts sitting in The City of New York, Borough of Manhattan, for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein, and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or proceeding is brought in an inconvenient forum or that the venue of such suit, action or proceeding is improper. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed or operate to preclude any Holder from bringing suit or taking other legal action against the Company in any other jurisdiction to collect on the Company’s obligations to such Holder, or to enforce a judgment or other court ruling in favor of such Holder. THE COMPANY AND EACH HOLDER HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO, AND AGREES NOT TO REQUEST, A JURY TRIAL FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF ANY DISPUTE HEREUNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF THIS CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS OR ANY TRANSACTION CONTEMPLATED HEREBY.

 

30. Severability .   If any provision of this Certificate of Designations is prohibited by law or otherwise determined to be invalid or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, the provision that would otherwise be prohibited, invalid or unenforceable shall be deemed amended to apply to the broadest extent that it would be valid and enforceable, and the invalidity or unenforceability of such provision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of this Certificate of Designations so long as this Certificate of Designations as so modified continues to express, without material change, the original intentions of the parties as to the subject matter hereof and the prohibited nature, invalidity or unenforceability of the provision(s) in question does not substantially impair the respective expectations or reciprocal obligations of the parties or the practical realization of the benefits that would otherwise be conferred upon the parties. The parties will endeavor in good faith negotiations to replace the prohibited, invalid or unenforceable provision(s) with a valid provision(s), the effect of which comes as close as possible to that of the prohibited, invalid or unenforceable provision(s).

 

31. Maximum Payments .   Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to establish or require the payment of a rate of interest or other charges in excess of the maximum permitted by applicable law. In the event that the rate of interest required to be paid or other charges hereunder exceed the maximum

 

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permitted by such law, any payments in excess of such maximum shall be credited against amounts owed by the Company to the applicable Holder and thus refunded to the Company.

 

32. Stockholder Matters; Amendment .

 

(a) Stockholder Matters .   Any stockholder action, approval or consent required, desired or otherwise sought by the Company pursuant to the DGCL, the Certificate of Incorporation, this Certificate of Designations or otherwise with respect to the issuance of Preferred Shares may be effected by written consent of the Company’s stockholders or at a duly called meeting of the Company’s stockholders, all in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations of the DGCL. This provision is intended to comply with the applicable sections of the DGCL permitting stockholder action, approval and consent affected by written consent in lieu of a meeting.

 

(b) Amendment .   This Certificate of Designations or any provision hereof may be amended by obtaining the affirmative vote at a meeting duly called for such purpose, or written consent without a meeting in accordance with the DGCL, of the Required Holders, voting separate as a single class, and with such other stockholder approval, if any, as may then be required pursuant to the DGCL and the Certificate of Incorporation.

 

33. Disclosure .   Upon receipt or delivery by the Company of any notice in accordance with the terms of this Certificate of Designations, unless the Company has in good faith determined that the matters relating to such notice do not constitute material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days after any such receipt or delivery publicly disclose such material, non-public information on a Current Report on Form 8-K or otherwise, unless any provision of this Certificate of Designations provides otherwise with respect to the public disclosure of a particular notice, then such public disclosure shall be in accordance with the terms and conditions of such provision. In the event that the Company believes that a notice contains material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Company so shall indicate to such Holder contemporaneously with delivery of such notice, and in the absence of any such indication, such Holder shall be allowed to presume that all matters relating to such notice do not constitute material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

34. Certain Defined Terms .   For purposes of this Certificate of Designations, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

 

(a) “ 1934 Act ” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

(b) “ Additional Amount ” means, as of the applicable date of determination, with respect to each Preferred Share, all declared and unpaid Dividends on such Preferred Share.

 

(c) “ Affiliate ” or “ Affiliated ” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person, it being understood for purposes of this definition that “control” of a Person means the power directly or indirectly either to vote 10% or more of the stock having ordinary voting power for the election of directors of such Person or direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise.

 

(d) “ Attribution Parties ” means, collectively, the following Persons and entities: (i) any investment vehicle, including, any funds, feeder funds or managed accounts, currently, or from time to time after the Initial Issuance Date, directly or indirectly managed or advised by a Holder’s investment manager or any of its Affiliates or principals, (ii) any direct or indirect Affiliates of such Holder or any of the foregoing, (iii) any Person acting or who could be deemed to be acting as a Group together with such Holder or any of the foregoing and (iv) any other Persons whose beneficial ownership of the Company’s Common Stock would or could be aggregated with such Holder’s and the other Attribution Parties for purposes of Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act. For clarity, the purpose of the foregoing is to subject collectively such Holder and all other Attribution Parties to the Maximum Percentage.

 

(e) “ Bloomberg ” means Bloomberg, L.P.

 

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(f) “ Book-Entry ” means each entry on the Register evidencing one or more Preferred Shares held by a Holder in lieu of a Preferred Share Certificate issuable hereunder.

 

(g) “ Business Day ” means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in The City of New York are authorized or required by law to remain closed.

 

(h) “ Change of Control ” means any Fundamental Transaction other than (i) any reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification of the Common Stock in which holders of the Company’s voting power immediately prior to such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification continue after such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification to hold publicly traded securities and, directly or indirectly, are, in all material respects, the holders of the voting power of the surviving entity (or entities with the authority or voting power to elect the members of the board of directors (or their equivalent if other than a corporation) of such entity or entities) after such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification, (ii) pursuant to a migratory merger effected solely for the purpose of changing the jurisdiction of incorporation of the Company, (iii) a merger in connection with a bona fide acquisition by the Company of any Person in which such merger does not contemplate a change to the identity of a majority of the board of directors of the Company, or (iv) as a result of the transactions contemplated by this Certificate of Designations.

 

(i) “ Closing Bid Price ” and “ Closing Sale Price ” means, for any security as of any date, the last closing bid price and last closing trade price, respectively, for such security on the Principal Market, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market begins to operate on an extended hours basis and does not designate the closing bid price or the closing trade price (as the case may be) then the last bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security prior to 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal securities exchange or trading market for such security, the last closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security on the principal securities exchange or trading market where such security is listed or traded as reported by Bloomberg, or if the foregoing do not apply, the last closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security in the over-the-counter market on the electronic bulletin board for such security as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, is reported for such security by Bloomberg, the average of the bid prices, or the ask prices, respectively, of any market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” by OTC Markets Group Inc. (formerly Pink Sheets LLC). If the Closing Bid Price or the Closing Sale Price cannot be calculated for a security on a particular date on any of the foregoing bases, the Closing Bid Price or the Closing Sale Price (as the case may be) of such security on such date shall be the fair market value as mutually determined by the Company and the Required Holder. If the Company and the Required Holders are unable to agree upon the fair market value of such security, then such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the procedures in Section 26 . All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions during such period.

 

(j) “ Common Stock ” means (i) the Company’s shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and (ii) any capital stock into which such common stock shall have been changed or any share capital resulting from a reclassification of such common stock.

 

(k) “ Common Stock Equivalents ” means, collectively, Options and Convertible Securities.

 

(l) “ Contingent Obligation ” means, as to any Person, any direct or indirect liability, contingent or otherwise, of that Person with respect to any Indebtedness, lease, dividend or other obligation of another Person if the primary purpose or intent of the Person incurring such liability, or the primary effect thereof, is to provide assurance to the obligee of such liability that such liability will be paid or discharged, or that any agreements relating thereto will be complied with, or that the holders of such liability will be protected (in whole or in part) against loss with respect thereto.

 

(m) “ Convertible Securities ” means any stock or other security (other than Options) that is at any time and under any circumstances, directly or indirectly, convertible into, exercisable or exchangeable for, or which otherwise entitles the holder thereof to acquire, any shares of Common Stock.

 

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(n) “ Current Subsidiary ” means any Person in which the Company on the Subscription Date, directly or indirectly, (i) owns any of the outstanding capital stock or holds any equity or similar interest of such Person or (ii) controls or operates all or any part of the business, operations or administration of such Person, and all of the foregoing, collectively, “ Current Subsidiaries ”.

 

(o) “ Eligible Market ” means The New York Stock Exchange, the NYSE MKT, the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the Nasdaq Capital Market or the Principal Market.

 

(p) “ Equity Conditions ” means, with respect to an given date of determination: (i) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Common Stock is listed or designated for quotation (as applicable) on an Eligible Market and shall not have been suspended from trading on an Eligible Market (other than suspensions of not more than two (2) days and occurring prior to the applicable date of determination due to business announcements by the Company); (ii) during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Company shall have delivered all shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares on a timely basis as set forth in Section 4 hereof; (iii) any shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring determination may be issued in full without violating Section 4(d)(i) hereof; (iv) any shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring determination may be issued in full without violating the rules or regulations of the Eligible Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or designated for quotation (as applicable); (v) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, no public announcement of a pending, proposed or intended Fundamental Transaction shall have occurred which has not been abandoned, terminated or consummated; (vi) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, such Holder shall not be in possession of any material, non-public information regarding the Company provided to it by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective Affiliates, employees, officers, representatives, agents or the like; (vii) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Company otherwise shall not have breached any covenant or other term of this Certificate of Designations in any material respect (other than covenants subject to material adverse effect or materiality, which may not be breached in any respect), including, without limitation, the Company shall not have failed to timely make any payment pursuant to this Certificate of Designations; (viii) on at least seven (7) Trading Days during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, including each of the final three (3) Trading Days during such Equity Conditions Measuring Period, there shall not have occurred any Volume Failure or Price Failure; (ix) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, on the applicable date of determination (A) no Authorized Share Failure shall exist or be continuing and 100% of the maximum number of shares of Common Stock then issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares (without regard to any limitations on conversion) are available under the certificate of incorporation of the Company and reserved by the Company to be issued pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, (B) all shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring this determination may be issued in full without resulting in an Authorized Share Failure and (C) all shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring this determination are duly authorized and may be issued in full; (x) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, there shall not have occurred and there shall not exist a Triggering Event or an event that with the passage of time or giving of notice would constitute a Triggering Event; and (xi) the shares of Common Stock issuable pursuant to the event requiring the satisfaction of the Equity Conditions are eligible for trading without restriction on an Eligible Market.

 

(q) “ Equity Conditions Failure ” means that as of the applicable date of determination the Equity Conditions have not been satisfied (or waived in writing by the applicable Holder).

 

(r) “ Equity Conditions Measuring Period ” means the period beginning twelve (12) Trading Days immediately prior to the applicable date of determination and ending on and including the applicable date of determination.

 

(s) “ Fundamental Transaction ” means (A) that the Company shall, directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, (i) consolidate or merge with or into (whether or not the Company is the surviving corporation) another Subject Entity, or (ii) sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of the properties or assets

 

  33  

 

 

of the Company or any of its “significant subsidiaries” (as defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X) to one or more Subject Entities, or (iii) make, or allow one or more Subject Entities to make, or allow the Company to be subject to or have its Common Stock be subject to or party to one or more Subject Entities making, a purchase, tender or exchange offer that is accepted by the holders of at least either (x) 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, (y) 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entities making or party to, such purchase, tender or exchange offer were not outstanding; or (z) such number of shares of Common Stock such that all Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entity making or party to, such purchase, tender or exchange offer, become collectively the beneficial owners (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act) of at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, or (iv) consummate a stock or share purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off or scheme of arrangement) with one or more Subject Entities whereby all such Subject Entities, individually or in the aggregate, acquire, either (x) at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, (y) at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all the Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entity making or party to, such stock purchase agreement or other business combination were not outstanding; or (z) such number of shares of Common Stock such that the Subject Entities become collectively the beneficial owners (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act) of at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, or (v) reorganize, recapitalize or reclassify its Common Stock, (B) that the Company shall, directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, allow any Subject Entity individually or the Subject Entities in the aggregate to be or become the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act), directly or indirectly, whether through acquisition, purchase, assignment, conveyance, tender, tender offer, exchange, reduction in outstanding shares of Common Stock, merger, consolidation, business combination, reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off, scheme of arrangement, reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification or otherwise in any manner whatsoever, of either (x) at least 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding Common Stock, (y) at least 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding Common Stock not held by all such Subject Entities as of the date of this Certificate of Designations calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all such Subject Entities were not outstanding, or (z) a percentage of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock or other equity securities of the Company sufficient to allow such Subject Entities to effect a statutory short form merger or other transaction requiring other shareholders of the Company to surrender their shares of Common Stock without approval of the shareholders of the Company or (C) directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, the issuance of or the entering into any other instrument or transaction structured in a manner to circumvent, or that circumvents, the intent of this definition in which case this definition shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this definition to the extent necessary to correct this definition or any portion of this definition which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended treatment of such instrument or transaction.

 

(t) “ GAAP ” means United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied.

 

(u) “ Group ” means a “group” as that term is used in Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act and as defined in Rule 13d-5 thereunder.

 

(v) “ Holder Pro Rata Amount ” means, with respect to any Holder, a fraction (i) the numerator of which is the number of Preferred Shares issued to such Holder on the Initial Issuance Date and (ii) the denominator of which is the number of Preferred Shares issued to all Holders on the Initial Issuance Date.

 

(w) “ Indebtedness ” means of any Person means, without duplication (A) all indebtedness for borrowed money, (B) all obligations issued, undertaken or assumed as the deferred purchase price of property or services, including, without limitation, “capital leases” in accordance with GAAP for the periods covered thereby (other than trade payables entered into in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice), (C) all reimbursement or payment obligations with respect to letters of credit, surety bonds and

 

  34  

 

 

other similar instruments, (D) all obligations evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or similar instruments, including obligations so evidenced incurred in connection with the acquisition of property, assets or businesses, (E) all indebtedness created or arising under any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, or incurred as financing, in either case with respect to any property or assets acquired with the proceeds of such indebtedness (even though the rights and remedies of the seller or bank under such agreement in the event of default are limited to repossession or sale of such property), (F) all monetary obligations under any leasing or similar arrangement which, in connection with United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied for the periods covered thereby, is classified as a capital lease, (G) all indebtedness referred to in clauses (A) through (F) above secured by (or for which the holder of such Indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any mortgage, deed of trust, lien, pledge, charge, security interest or other encumbrance of any nature whatsoever in or upon any property or assets (including accounts and contract rights) with respect to any asset or property owned by any Person, even though the Person which owns such assets or property has not assumed or become liable for the payment of such indebtedness, and (H) all Contingent Obligations in respect of indebtedness or obligations of others of the kinds referred to in clauses (A) through (G) above.

 

(x) “ Installment Amount ” means, as of the applicable date of determination, with respect to a particular Holder, (A) the Stated Value of a number of Preferred Shares equal to (i) the product of (1) $989,677.42 multiplied by (2) such Holder’s Pro Rata Amount (rounded to the nearest whole number) or (ii) all Preferred Shares then held by such Holder only if such number of Preferred Shares then held by such Holder is less than the amount determined under the immediately preceding clause (i), (B) any Deferral Amount deferred pursuant to Section 9(d) to such applicable Installment Date and included in such Installment Amount in accordance therewith, and (C) any Acceleration Amount accelerated pursuant to Section 9(e) for such Current Installment Date and included in such Installment Amount in accordance therewith.

 

(y) “ Installment Conversion Price ” means, with respect to a particular date of determination, the lesser of  (i) the Conversion Price then in effect, and (ii) 87.5% of the Installment Market Price then in effect. All such determinations to be appropriately adjusted for any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination or other similar transaction during any such measuring period.

 

(z) “ Installment Date ” means each of the first (1st) and sixteenth (16th) calendar day of each month commencing on (and including) December 1, 2018 and ending on (and including) the Maturity Date; provided that if a given Installment Date is not a Trading Day, such Installment Date shall be the next Trading Day.

 

(aa) “ Installment Market Price ” means the lesser of  (i) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date and (ii) the quotient of  (A) the sum of the two (2) lowest daily VWAPs of the Common Stock during the ten (10) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date, divided by (B) two (2).

 

(bb) “ Intellectual Property Rights ” means, with respect to the Company and its Subsidiaries, all of their rights or licenses to use all trademarks, trade names, service marks, service mark registrations, service names, original works of authorship, patents, patent rights, copyrights, inventions, licenses, approvals, governmental authorizations, trade secrets and other intellectual property rights and all applications and registrations therefor.

 

(cc) “ Liquidation Event ” means, whether in a single transaction or series of transactions, the voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company or such Subsidiaries the assets of which constitute all or substantially all of the assets of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

(dd) “ Material Adverse Effect ” means one or more material adverse effect(s). individually or in the aggregate, on the business, properties, assets, liabilities, operations, results of operations, condition (financial or otherwise) or prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries, if any, taken as a whole, or on the transactions contemplated hereby, or on the authority or ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Certificate of Designations.

 

  35  

 

 

(ee) “ Maturity Date ” shall mean March 1, 2020; provided, however, the Maturity Date may be extended at the option of a Holder (i) in the event that, and for so long as, a Triggering Event shall have occurred and be continuing or (ii) through the date that is twenty (20) Business Days after the consummation of a Fundamental Transaction in the event that a Fundamental Transaction is publicly announced or a Change of Control Notice is delivered prior to the Maturity Date; provided , however , that if a Holder elects to convert some or all of its Preferred Shares pursuant to Section 4 hereof, and the Conversion Amount would be limited pursuant to Section 4(d) hereunder, the Maturity Date shall automatically be extended until such time as such provision shall not limit the conversion of such Preferred Shares.

 

(ff) “ New Subsidiary ” means, as of any date of determination, any Person in which the Company after the Subscription Date, directly or indirectly, (i) owns or acquires any of the outstanding capital stock or holds any equity or similar interest of such Person or (ii) controls or operates all or any part of the business, operations or administration of such Person, and all of the foregoing, collectively, “ New Subsidiaries .”

 

(gg) “ Options ” means any rights, warrants or options to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock or Convertible Securities.

 

(hh) “ Parent Entity ” of a Person means an entity that, directly or indirectly, controls the applicable Person and whose common stock or equivalent equity security is quoted or listed on an Eligible Market, if any, or, if there is more than one such Person or Parent Entity, the Person or Parent Entity with the largest public market capitalization as of the date of consummation of the Change of Control.

 

(ii) “ Person ” means an individual, a limited liability company, a partnership, a joint venture, a corporation, a trust, an unincorporated organization, any other entity or a government or any department or agency thereof.

 

(jj) “Price Failure ” means, with respect to each Trading Day of the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the VWAP of the Common Stock fails to be $0.50 (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions occurring after the Subscription Date) or more. All such determinations to be appropriately adjusted for any stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions during any such measuring period.

 

(kk) “ Principal Market ” means the Nasdaq Global Market.

 

(ll) “ Redemption Notices ” means, collectively, the Triggering Events Redemption Notices, the Maturity Redemption Notice, the Installment Notices with respect to any Installment Redemption and the Change of Control Redemption Notices, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Redemption Notice .”

 

(mm) “ Redemption Premium ” means 125%.

 

(nn) “ Redemption Prices ” means, collectively, Triggering Event Redemption Prices, the Change of Control Redemption Prices, the Maturity Redemption Price and the Installment Redemption Prices, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Redemption Price .”

 

(oo) “ SEC ” means the Securities and Exchange Commission or the successor thereto.

 

(pp) “ Significant Subsidiary ” shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X.

 

(qq) “ Stated Value ” shall mean $1,000 per share, subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalizations, reorganizations, reclassifications, combinations, subdivisions or other similar events occurring after the Initial Issuance Date with respect to the Preferred Shares.

 

(rr) “ Stockholder Meeting Outside Date ” means April 30, 2019.

 

(ss) “ Subscription Date ” means August 27, 2018.

 

(tt) “Subject Entity ” means any Person, Persons or Group or any Affiliate of any such Person, Persons or Group.

 

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(uu) “ Subsidiaries ” means, as of any date of determination, collectively, all Current Subsidiaries and all New Subsidiaries, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Subsidiary .”

 

(vv) “ Successor Entity ” means the Person (or, if so elected by the Required Holders, the Parent Entity) formed by, resulting from or surviving any Change of Control or the Person (or, if so elected by the Required Holders, the Parent Entity) with which such Change of Control shall have been entered into.

 

(ww) “ Trading Day ” means, as applicable, (x) with respect to all price or trading volume determinations relating to the Common Stock, any day on which the Common Stock is traded on the Principal Market, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for the Common Stock, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which the Common Stock is then traded, provided that “Trading Day” shall not include any day on which the Common Stock is scheduled to trade on such exchange or market for less than 4.5 hours or any day that the Common Stock is suspended from trading during the entire final hour of trading on such exchange or market (or if such exchange or market does not designate in advance the closing time of trading on such exchange or market, then during the hour ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time) unless such day is otherwise designated as a Trading Day in writing by the Holder or (y) with respect to all determinations other than price or trading volume determinations relating to the Common Stock, any day on which the Principal Market or other then applicable Eligible Market is open for trading of securities.

 

(xx) “ Triggering Event Conversion Price ” means, with respect to any Triggering Event Conversion that price which shall be the lower of  (i) the applicable Conversion Price as in effect on the Trading Day immediately preceding the time of the delivery or deemed delivery of the applicable Conversion Notice, and (ii) 85% of the lowest VWAP of the Common Stock on any Trading Day during the five (5) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately preceding the delivery or deemed delivery of the applicable Conversion Notice (as adjusted for any share dividend, share split, share combination, reclassification or similar transaction that proportionately decreases or increases the Common Stock during such period).

 

(yy) “ Volume Failure ” means, with respect to each Trading Day of the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the aggregate daily dollar trading volume (as reported on Bloomberg) of the Common Stock fails to be $150,000 or more.

 

(zz) “ VWAP ” means, for any security as of any date, the dollar volume-weighted average price for such security on the Principal Market (or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for such security, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which such security is then traded) during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg through its “Volume at Price” function or, if the foregoing does not apply, the dollar volume-weighted average price of such security in the over-the-counter market on the electronic bulletin board for such security during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no dollar volume-weighted average price is reported for such security by Bloomberg for such hours, the average of the highest closing bid price and the lowest closing ask price of any of the market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” by OTC Markets Group Inc. (formerly Pink Sheets LLC). If the VWAP cannot be calculated for such security on such date on any of the foregoing bases, the VWAP of such security on such date shall be the fair market value as mutually determined by the Company and the Required Holders. If the Company and the Required Holders are unable to agree upon the fair market value of such security, then such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the procedures in Section 26 . All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction during such period.

 

* * * * *

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Certificate of Designations of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc. to be signed by its Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer on this    day of August, 2018.

 

  FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
  By:  
    Name: Michael S. Bishop
    Title:    Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

 

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EXHIBIT I​

 

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

CONVERSION NOTICE

 

Reference is made to the Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “ Certificate of Designations ”). In accordance with and pursuant to the Certificate of Designations, the undersigned hereby elects to convert the number of shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “ Preferred Shares ”), of FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), indicated below into shares of common stock, $0.0001 value per share (the “ Common Stock ”), of the Company, as of the date specified below.

 

Date of Conversion:  
     
Aggregate number of Preferred Shares to be converted  
     
Aggregate Stated Value of such Preferred Shares to be converted:  
     
Aggregate accrued and unpaid Dividends and accrued and unpaid Late Charges with respect to such Preferred Shares and such Aggregate Dividends to be converted:  
     
AGGREGATE CONVERSION AMOUNT TO BE CONVERTED:     

 

This Conversion Notice shall constitute a representation by the Holder submitting this Conversion Notice that after giving effect to the conversion provided for in this Conversion Notice, the Holder (together with its Attribution Parties) will not have beneficial ownership (together with the beneficial ownership of such Person’s Attribution Parties) of a number of shares of Common Stock which exceeds the Maximum Percentage of the total outstanding shares of Common Stock of the Company as determined based on the Reported Outstanding Share Number provided by the Company and otherwise pursuant to the provisions of Section 4(d)(i) of the Certificate of Designations. By submitting this Conversion Notice to the Company, the Holder agrees and acknowledges that the Company shall be entitled rely on the foregoing representation.

 

Please confirm the following information:

 

Conversion Price:    
     
Number of shares of Common Stock to be issued:    
     
Installment Amount(s) to be reduced (and corresponding Installment Date(s)) and amount of reduction:    

 

If this Conversion Notice is being delivered with respect to an Triggering Event Conversion, check here if Holder is electing to use the following Triggering Event Conversion Price:____________

 

If this Conversion Notice is being delivered with respect to an Acceleration, check here if Holder is electing to use the following Installment Conversion Price:____________

 

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Please issue the Common Stock into which the applicable Preferred Shares are being converted to Holder, or for its benefit, as follows:

 

Check here if requesting delivery as a certificate to the following name and to the following address:

 

Issue to:    
     
     

 

Check here if requesting delivery by Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian as follows:

​ 

DTC Participant:    
   
DTC Number:      
   
Account Number:    

 

Date:_____________ , ___ ,  ________

 

   
Name of Registered Holder   

 

By :    
  Name :  
  Title :  

  

Tax ID:       
     
Facsimile:     

 

E-mail Address:

 

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EXHIBIT II​

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

 

The Company hereby acknowledges this Conversion Notice and hereby directs American Stock Transfer & Trust Company to issue the above indicated number of shares of Common Stock.

 

  FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
  By: Name:
   

Title:

 

 

  41  

 

 

Annex A

 

List of Subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 3.1

 ​

CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS, PREFERENCES AND RIGHTS OF THE SERIES D CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK OF FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

 

FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “ Company ”), a corporation incorporated and existing under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “ DGCL ”) does hereby certify:

 

That pursuant to the authority expressly conferred upon the Board of Directors of the Company (the “ Board ”) by the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, as amended (the “ Certificate of Incorporation ”), and Section 151(g) of the DGCL, the Board on August 26, 2018 adopted the following resolution determining it desirable and in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders for the Company to create a series of thirty thousand six hundred eighty (30,680) shares of preferred stock designated as “Series D Convertible Preferred Stock”, none of which shares have been issued:

 

RESOLVED, that pursuant to the authority vested in the Board, in accordance with the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, a series of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company be and hereby is created, and that the designation and number of shares thereof and the voting and other powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other rights of the shares of such series and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof are as follows:

 

SERIES D CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED STOCK

 

1. Designation and Number of Shares .   There shall hereby be created and established a series of preferred stock of the Company designated as “Series D Convertible Preferred Stock” (the “ Preferred Shares ”). The authorized number of Preferred Shares shall be thirty thousand six hundred eighty (30,680) shares. Each Preferred Share shall have a par value of  $0.01. Capitalized terms not defined herein shall have the meaning as set forth in Section 34 below.

 

2. Ranking .   Except (i) for the Company’s 5% Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “ Series B Preferred Stock ”), which shall be Senior Preferred Stock (as defined below) for all purposes hereunder, and shall rank senior to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company, (ii) for the Company’s Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (“ Series C Preferred Stock ”), which shall be Parity Stock (as defined below) for all purposes hereunder, and shall rank pari passu to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company, and (iii) to the extent that the holders of at least a majority of the outstanding Preferred Shares (the “ Required Holders ”) expressly consent to the creation of Parity Stock (as defined below) or Senior Preferred Stock (as defined below) in accordance with Section 19 , all other shares of capital stock of the Company shall be junior in rank to all Preferred Shares with respect to the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (such junior stock is referred to herein collectively as “ Junior Stock ”) and the rights of all such shares of Junior Stock shall be subject to the rights, powers, preferences and privileges of the Preferred Shares. Without limiting any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, without the prior express consent of the Required Holders, voting separately as a single class, the Company shall not hereafter authorize or issue any additional or other shares of capital stock that is (i) of senior rank to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (collectively, the “ Senior Preferred Stock ”), (ii) of pari passu rank to the Preferred Shares in respect of the preferences as to dividends, distributions and payments upon the liquidation, dissolution and winding up of the Company (collectively, the “ Parity Stock ”) or (iii) any Junior Stock having a maturity or other date requiring redemption or repayment of such shares of Junior Stock that is prior to the Maturity Date. In the event of the merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another corporation, the Preferred Shares shall maintain their relative rights, powers, designations, privileges and preferences provided for herein and no such merger or consolidation shall result inconsistent therewith.

 

3. Dividends .   In addition to Section 18 below, from and after the first date of issuance of any Preferred Shares (the “ Initial Issuance Date ”), each holder of a Preferred Share (each, a “ Holder ” and

 

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collectively, the “ Holders ”) shall be entitled to receive dividends (“ Dividends ”) (i) if no Triggering Event (as defined below) has occurred and is continuing, when and as declared by the Board, from time to time, in its sole and absolute discretion, which Dividends, if any, shall be paid by the Company out of funds legally available therefor, payable, subject to the conditions and other terms hereof, in cash on the Stated Value of such Preferred Share, or (ii) if a Triggering Event has occurred and until such Triggering Event has been cured, a Dividend of 15% per annum based on the Holder’s outstanding number of Preferred Shares multiplied by the Stated Value (the “ Default Dividend Rate ”). Such Dividends, if any, that accrue shall be paid on each Installment Date (as defined below) occurring after the accrual of such Dividends, or such earlier time as the Board may in its sole discretion determine.

 

4. Conversion .   Subject to the provisions of Section 4(d) , each Preferred Share shall be convertible into validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock (as defined below), on the terms and conditions set forth in this Section 4 .

 

(a) Holder’s Conversion Right .   Subject to the provisions of Section 4(d) , each Holder shall be entitled to convert any portion of the outstanding Preferred Shares held by such Holder into validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock in accordance with Section 4(c) at the Conversion Rate (as defined below). The Company shall not issue any fraction of a share of Common Stock upon any conversion. If the issuance would result in the issuance of a fraction of a share of Common Stock, the Company shall round such fraction of a share of Common Stock to the nearest whole share. The Company shall pay any and all actual transfer, stamp, issuance and similar taxes, costs and expenses (including, without limitation, fees and expenses of the Transfer Agent (as defined below)) that may be payable with respect to the issuance and delivery of Common Stock upon conversion of any Preferred Shares; provided , however , that if any such tax, cost or expense is due solely because the Holder requested such shares to be issued in a name other than the Holder’s name, then the Holder will pay such tax, cost or expense.

 

(b) Conversion Rate .   The number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of any Preferred Share pursuant to Section 4(a) shall be determined by dividing (x) the Conversion Amount of such Preferred Share by (y) the Conversion Price (the “ Conversion Rate ”):

 

(i) “ Conversion Amount ” means, with respect to each Preferred Share, as of the applicable date of determination, the sum of  (1) the Stated Value thereof plus (2) the Additional Amount thereon and any accrued and unpaid Late Charges (as defined below in Section 27(c)) with respect to such Stated Value and Additional Amount as of such date of determination.

 

(ii) “ Conversion Price ” means, with respect to each Preferred Share, as of any Conversion Date or other date of determination, $1.38, subject to adjustment as provided herein.

 

(c) Mechanics of Conversion .   The conversion of each Preferred Share shall be conducted in the following manner or in such other manner as agreed to by the Company and the Required Holders in writing:

 

(i) Optional Conversion .   To convert a Preferred Share into shares of Common Stock on any date (a “ Conversion Date ”), a Holder shall deliver (via electronic mail), for receipt on or prior to 4:59 p.m., New York time, on such date, a copy of an executed notice of conversion of the share(s) of Preferred Shares subject to such conversion in the form attached hereto as Exhibit I (the “ Conversion Notice ”) to the Company. If required by Section 4(c)(iii) , within two (2) Trading Days following a conversion of any such Preferred Shares as aforesaid, such Holder shall surrender to a nationally recognized overnight delivery service for delivery to the Company the original certificates, if any, representing the Preferred Shares (the “ Preferred Share Certificates ”) so converted as aforesaid (or an indemnification undertaking with respect to the Preferred Shares in the case of its loss, theft or destruction as contemplated by Section 21(b) ). On or before the first (1st) Trading Day following the date of receipt of a Conversion Notice, the Company shall transmit by electronic mail an acknowledgment of confirmation, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit II , of receipt of such Conversion Notice to such Holder and the Company’s transfer agent (the “ Transfer Agent ”), which confirmation shall constitute an instruction to the Transfer Agent to process such Conversion Notice in accordance with the terms herein. On or before the second (2nd) Trading Day following the date of receipt of a Conversion Notice

 

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(or such earlier date as required pursuant to the 1934 Act or other applicable law, rule or regulation for the settlement of a trade on the Principal Market initiated on the applicable Conversion Date of such shares of Common Stock issuable pursuant to such Conversion Notice) (the “ Share Delivery Deadline ”), the Company shall (1) provided that the Transfer Agent is participating in The Depository Trust Company’s (“ DTC ”) Fast Automated Securities Transfer Program, credit such aggregate number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder shall be entitled to such Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with DTC through its Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian system, or (2) if the Transfer Agent is not participating in the DTC Fast Automated Securities Transfer Program, issue and deliver (via reputable overnight courier) to the address as specified in such Conversion Notice, a certificate, registered in the name of such Holder or its designee, for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder shall be entitled. If the number of Preferred Shares represented by the Preferred Share Certificate(s) submitted for conversion pursuant to Section 4(c)(iii) is greater than the number of Preferred Shares being converted, then the Company shall, as soon as practicable and in no event later than five (5) Trading Days after receipt of the Preferred Share Certificate(s) and at its own expense, issue and deliver to such Holder (or its designee) a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d) ) representing the number of Preferred Shares not converted. The Person or Persons entitled to receive the shares of Common Stock issuable upon a conversion of Preferred Shares shall be treated for all purposes as the record holder or holders of such shares of Common Stock on the Conversion Date. In connection with any conversion of Preferred Shares by a Holder, the number of Preferred Shares converted by such Holder shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice.

 

(ii) Company’s Failure to Timely Convert .   If the Company shall fail, for any reason or for no reason, on or prior to the applicable Share Delivery Deadline, to issue to such Holder a certificate for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled and register such shares of Common Stock on the Company’s share register or to credit such Holder’s or its designee’s balance account with DTC for such number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion of any Conversion Amount (as the case may be) (a “ Conversion Failure ”), and if on or after such Share Delivery Deadline (provided that such Holder places an order to purchase such shares before the time the Company remedies such failure) such Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of all or any portion of the number of shares of Common Stock, or a sale of a number of shares of Common Stock equal to all or any portion of the number of shares of Common Stock, issuable upon such conversion that such Holder so anticipated receiving from the Company, then, in addition to all other remedies available to such Holder, the Company shall, within two (2) Business Days after receipt of such Holder’s request and in such Holder’s discretion, either: (I) pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to such Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions and other out-of-pocket expenses, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased (including, without limitation, by any other Person in respect, or on behalf, of such Holder) (the “ Buy-In Price ”), at which point the Company’s obligation to so issue and deliver such certificate or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion hereunder (as the case may be) (and to issue such shares of Common Stock) shall terminate, or (II) promptly honor its obligation to so issue and deliver to such Holder a certificate or certificates representing such shares of Common Stock or credit such Holder’s balance account with DTC for the number of shares of Common Stock to which such Holder is entitled upon such Holder’s conversion hereunder (as the case may be) and pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the Buy-In Price over the product of  (x) such number of shares of Common Stock multiplied by (y) the VWAP of the Common Stock on the attempted Conversion Date. For the avoidance of doubt, to the extent that the Company makes a payment contemplated by the foregoing sentence, the applicable portion of the Preferred Shares to which the Conversion Failure applied shall no longer be outstanding.

 

(iii) Registration; Book-Entry .   At the time of issuance of any Preferred Shares hereunder, the applicable Holder may, by written request (including by electronic-mail) to the Company, elect to receive such Preferred Shares in the form of one or more Preferred Share Certificates or in Book-Entry form. The Company (or the Transfer Agent, as custodian for the Preferred Shares) shall maintain a

 

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register (the “ Register ”) for the recordation of the names and addresses of the Holders of each Preferred Share and the Stated Value of the Preferred Shares and whether the Preferred Shares are held by such Holder in Preferred Share Certificates or in Book-Entry form (the “ Registered Preferred Shares ”). The entries in the Register shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes absent manifest error. The Company and each Holder of the Preferred Shares shall treat each Person whose name is recorded in the Register as the owner of a Preferred Share for all purposes (including, without limitation, the right to receive payments and Dividends hereunder) notwithstanding notice to the contrary. A Registered Preferred Share may be assigned, transferred or sold only by registration of such assignment or sale on the Register. Upon its receipt of a written request to assign, transfer or sell one or more Registered Preferred Shares by such Holder thereof, the Company shall record the information contained therein in the Register and issue one or more new Registered Preferred Shares in the same aggregate Stated Value as the Stated Value of the surrendered Registered Preferred Shares to the designated assignee or transferee pursuant to Section 21 , provided that if the Company does not so record an assignment, transfer or sale (as the case may be) of such Registered Preferred Shares within two (2) Business Days of such a request, then the Register shall be automatically deemed updated to reflect such assignment, transfer or sale (as the case may be). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Section 4 , following conversion of any Preferred Shares in accordance with the terms hereof, the applicable Holder shall not be required to physically surrender such Preferred Shares held in the form of a Preferred Share Certificate to the Company unless (A) the full or remaining number of Preferred Shares represented by the applicable Preferred Share Certificate are being converted (in which event such certificate(s) shall be delivered to the Company as contemplated by this Section 4(c)(iii) ) or (B) such Holder has provided the Company with prior written notice (which notice may be included in a Conversion Notice) requesting reissuance of Preferred Shares upon physical surrender of the applicable Preferred Share Certificate. Each Holder and the Company shall maintain records showing the Stated Value, Dividends and Late Charges converted and/or paid (as the case may be) and the dates of such conversions and/or payments (as the case may be) or shall use such other method, reasonably satisfactory to such Holder and the Company, so as not to require physical surrender of a Preferred Share Certificate upon conversion. If the Company does not update the Register to record such Stated Value, Dividends and Late Charges converted and/or paid (as the case may be) and the dates of such conversions and/or payments (as the case may be) within two (2) Business Days of such occurrence, then the Register shall be automatically deemed updated to reflect such occurrence. In the event of any dispute or discrepancy as to the number of Preferred Shares to which the record holder is entitled such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with Section 27. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the number of Preferred Shares set forth on the face of a Preferred Share Certificate is greater than the number of Preferred Shares then outstanding under such Preferred Share Certificate, the applicable Holder may not transfer such Preferred Share Certificate into the name of any other Person (other than an Affiliate of such Holder) unless such Holder first physically surrenders such Preferred Share Certificate to the Company pursuant to Section 21 below (or delivers a lost certificate affidavit to the Company, if applicable, pursuant to Section 21(b) below), whereupon the Company will forthwith issue and deliver to such Holder (or to such other Person as designated by such Holder to the Company in writing) a new Preferred Share Certificate of like tenor, representing, in the aggregate, the remaining number of Preferred Shares outstanding under such Preferred Share Certificate. A Holder and any transferee or assignee, by acceptance of a certificate, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of this paragraph, following conversion of any Preferred Shares, the number of Preferred Shares represented by such certificate may be less than the number of Preferred Shares stated on the face thereof. Each Preferred Share Certificate shall bear the following legend:

 

ANY TRANSFEREE OR ASSIGNEE OF THIS CERTIFICATE SHOULD CAREFULLY REVIEW THE TERMS OF THE CORPORATION’S CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS RELATING TO THE SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE, INCLUDING SECTION 4(c)(iii) THEREOF. THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE MAY BE LESS THAN THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK

 

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STATED ON THE FACE HEREOF PURSUANT TO SECTION 4(c)(iii) OF THE CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS RELATING TO THE SHARES OF SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE.

 

(iv) Pro Rata Conversion; Disputes .   In the event that the Company receives a Conversion Notice from more than one Holder for the same Conversion Date and the Company can convert some, but not all, of such Preferred Shares submitted for conversion, the Company shall convert from each Holder electing to have Preferred Shares converted on such date a pro rata amount of such Holder’s Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date based on the number of Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date by such Holder relative to the aggregate number of Preferred Shares submitted for conversion on such date. In the event of a dispute as to the number of shares of Common Stock issuable to a Holder in connection with a conversion of Preferred Shares, the Company shall issue to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock not in dispute and resolve such dispute in accordance with Section 26 .

 

(d) Limitation on Beneficial Ownership .

 

(i) The Company shall not effect the conversion of any of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder, and such Holder shall not have the right to convert any of the Preferred Shares held by such Holder pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Certificate of Designations and any such conversion shall be null and void and treated as if never made, to the extent that after giving effect to such conversion, such Holder together with the other Attribution Parties collectively would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% (the “ Maximum Percentage ”) of the shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such conversion. For purposes of the foregoing sentence, the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by such Holder and the other Attribution Parties shall include the number of shares of Common Stock held by such Holder and all other Attribution Parties plus the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares with respect to which the determination of such sentence is being made, but shall exclude shares of Common Stock which would be issuable upon (A) conversion of the remaining, nonconverted Preferred Shares beneficially owned by such Holder or any of the other Attribution Parties and (B) exercise or conversion of the unexercised or nonconverted portion of any other securities of the Company (including, without limitation, any convertible notes, convertible preferred stock or warrants) beneficially owned by such Holder or any other Attribution Party subject to a limitation on conversion or exercise analogous to the limitation contained in this Section 4(d)(i) . For purposes of this Section 4(d)(i) , beneficial ownership shall be calculated in accordance with Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act. For purposes of determining the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock a Holder may acquire upon the conversion of such Preferred Shares without exceeding the Maximum Percentage, such Holder may rely on the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock as reflected in (x) the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, Current Report on Form 8-K or other public filing with the SEC, as the case may be, (y) a more recent public announcement by the Company or (z) any other written notice by the Company or the Transfer Agent, if any, setting forth the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding (the “ Reported Outstanding Share Number ”). If the Company receives a Conversion Notice from a Holder at a time when the actual number of outstanding shares of Common Stock is less than the Reported Outstanding Share Number, the Company shall notify such Holder in writing of the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding and, to the extent that such Conversion Notice would otherwise cause such Holder’s beneficial ownership, as determined pursuant to this Section 4(d)(i) , to exceed the Maximum Percentage, such Holder must notify the Company of a reduced number of shares of Common Stock to be purchased pursuant to such Conversion Notice. For any reason at any time, upon the written or oral request of any Holder, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days confirm orally and in writing or by electronic mail to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. In any case, the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock shall be determined after giving effect to the conversion or exercise of securities of the Company, including such Preferred Shares by such Holder and any other Attribution Party, since the date as of which the Reported Outstanding Share Number was reported. In the event that the issuance of shares of Common Stock to a Holder upon conversion of such Preferred Shares results in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties being deemed to beneficially own, in the aggregate, more than the Maximum

 

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Percentage of the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock (as determined under Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act), the number of shares so issued by which such Holder’s and the other Attribution Parties’ aggregate beneficial ownership exceeds the Maximum Percentage (the “ Excess Shares ”) shall be deemed null and void and shall be cancelled ab initio , and such Holder shall not have the power to vote or to transfer the Excess Shares. For the avoidance of doubt, the determination of whether an issuance would result in the creation of Excess Shares shall be based upon the determination made by the Holder of its and its Attribution Parties’ beneficial ownership based on the Reported Outstanding Share Number provided by the Company. Upon delivery of a written notice to the Company, any Holder may from time to time increase (with such increase not effective until the sixty-first (61st) day after delivery of such notice) or decrease the Maximum Percentage of such Holder to any other percentage not in excess of 9.99% as specified in such notice; provided that (i) any such increase in the Maximum Percentage will not be effective until the sixty-first (61st) day after such notice is delivered to the Company and (ii) any such increase or decrease will apply only to such Holder and the other Attribution Parties and not to any other Holder. For purposes of clarity, the shares of Common Stock issuable to a Holder pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations in excess of the Maximum Percentage shall not be deemed to be beneficially owned by such Holder for any purpose including for purposes of Section 13(d) or Rule 16a-1(a)(1) of the 1934 Act. No prior inability to convert such Preferred Shares pursuant to this paragraph shall have any effect on the applicability of the provisions of this paragraph with respect to any subsequent determination of convertibility. The provisions of this paragraph shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this Section 4(d)(i) to the extent necessary to correct this paragraph (or any portion of this paragraph) which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended beneficial ownership limitation contained in this Section 4(d)(i) or to make changes or supplements necessary or desirable to properly give effect to such limitation. The limitation contained in this paragraph may not be waived and shall apply to a successor holder of such Preferred Shares.

 

(ii) Principal Market Regulation .   The Company shall not issue any shares of Common Stock upon conversion of any Preferred Shares or otherwise pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations if the issuance of such shares of Common Stock would exceed 18,531,213 shares of Common Stock (as adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, reclassification or similar transaction occurring after the Subscription Date) (the number of shares which may be issued without violating such rules and regulations, the “ Exchange Cap ”), except that such limitation shall not apply in the event that the Company obtains the approval of its stockholders as required by the applicable rules of the Principal Market for issuances of shares of Common Stock in excess of such amount. Until such approval is obtained, no Holder shall be issued in the aggregate, upon conversion or exercise (as the case may be) of any Preferred Shares, shares of Common Stock in an amount greater than the product of  (i) the Exchange Cap as of the Initial Issuance Date multiplied by (ii) the quotient of  (1) the aggregate number of Preferred Shares issued to such Holder on the Initial Issuance Date divided by (2) the aggregate number of Preferred Shares issued to all Holders on the Initial Issuance Date (with respect to each Holder, the “ Exchange Cap Allocation ”). In the event that any Holder shall sell or otherwise transfer any of such Holder’s Preferred Shares, the transferee shall be allocated a pro rata portion of such Holder’s Exchange Cap Allocation with respect to such portion of such Preferred Shares so transferred, and the restrictions of the prior sentence shall apply to such transferee with respect to the portion of the Exchange Cap Allocation so allocated to such transferee. Upon conversion in full of a holder’s Preferred Shares, the difference (if any) between such holder’s Exchange Cap Allocation and the number of shares of Common Stock actually issued to such holder upon such holder’s conversion in full of such Preferred Shares shall be allocated, to the respective Exchange Cap Allocations of the remaining Holders on a pro rata basis in proportion to the shares of Common Stock underlying the Preferred Shares then held by each such holder of Preferred Shares. In the event that the Company is prohibited from issuing any shares of Common Stock pursuant to this Section 4(d)(ii) (the “ Exchange Cap Shares ”) to a Holder at any time after the Stockholder Meeting Outside Date, the Company shall pay cash to such Holder in exchange for the redemption of such number of Preferred Shares held by the Holder that are not convertible into such Exchange Cap Shares at a price equal to the product of  (x) such number of Exchange Cap Shares and (y) the Closing Sale Price on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date such Holder delivers the applicable Conversion Notice with respect to such Exchange Cap Shares to the Company.

 

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(e) Triggering Event Conversion .

 

(i) General .   Subject to Section 4(d) , at any time during the period commencing on the date of the occurrence of a Triggering Event (as defined in Section 5(a) ) and ending on the later to occur of  (x) the date of the cure of such Triggering Event and (y) ten (10) Trading Days after the date the Company delivers written notice to such Holder of such Triggering Event, a Holder may, at such Holder’s option, by delivery of a Conversion Notice to the Company (the date of any such Conversion Notice, each an “ Triggering Event Conversion Date ”), convert all, or any number of Preferred Shares (such Conversion Amount of the Preferred Shares to be converted pursuant to this Section 4(e) , the “ Triggering Event Conversion Amount ”) into shares of Common Stock at the Triggering Event Conversion Price (each, a “ Triggering Event Conversion ”).

 

(ii) Mechanics of Triggering Event Conversion .   On any Triggering Event Conversion Date, a Holder may voluntarily convert any Triggering Event Conversion Amount pursuant to Section 4(c) (with “Triggering Event Conversion Price” replacing “Conversion Price” for all purposes hereunder with respect to such Triggering Event Conversion and “Triggering Event Conversion Amount” replacing “Conversion Amount” in clause (x) of the definition of Conversion Rate above with respect to such Triggering Event Conversion) by designating in the Conversion Notice delivered pursuant to this Section 4(e) of this Certificate of Designations that such Holder is electing to use the Triggering Event Conversion Price for such conversion. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 4(e) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the Company delivers shares of Common Stock representing the applicable Triggering Event Conversion Amount to such Holder, such Triggering Event Conversion Amount may be converted by such Holder into shares of Common Stock pursuant to Section 4(c) without regard to this Section 4(e) .

 

5. Triggering Event Redemptions .

 

(a) Triggering Event .   Each of the following events shall constitute a “ Triggering Event ” and each of the events in clauses (vii), (viii) and (ix) shall constitute a “ Bankruptcy Triggering Event ”:

 

(i) any of the Preferred Shares or shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares are not freely tradable without restriction by any of the Holders (subject to any restrictions imposed on any Holder due to such Holder’s Affiliate status with respect to the Company);

 

(ii) the suspension from trading or failure of the Common Stock to be trading or listed (as applicable) on an Eligible Market for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days;

 

(iii) other than with respect to any Authorized Share Failure (as defined in Section 11(b)), the Company’s notice, written or oral, to any Holder, including, without limitation, by way of public announcement or through any of its agents, at any time, of its intention not to comply, as required, with a request for conversion of any Preferred Shares into shares of Common Stock that is requested in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations, other than pursuant to Section 4(d) hereof;

 

(iv) following the tenth (10th) consecutive day that a Holder’s Authorized Share Allocation (as defined in Section 11(a) below) is less than 150% of the number of shares of Common Stock that such Holder would be entitled to receive upon a conversion, in full, of all of the Preferred Shares then held by such Holder (without regard to any limitations on conversion set forth in this Certificate of Designations), except, solely with respect to the first occurrence of an Authorized Share Failure hereunder, to the extent the Company is complying with the terms set forth in Section 11(b) below;

 

(v) the Company’s failure to pay to any Holder any amount when and as due under this Certificate of Designations (including, without limitation, the Company’s failure to pay any redemption payments or amounts hereunder), (whether or not permitted pursuant to the DGCL), except, in each such case only if such failure remains uncured for a period of at least five (5) Trading Days;

 

(vi) the Company, on two or more occasions, either (A) fails to cure a Conversion Failure by delivery of the required number of shares of Common Stock within five (5) Trading Days after the applicable Conversion Date or (B) fails to remove any restrictive legend on any certificate at a time when such restrictive legend is no longer required under applicable federal or state securities laws, and such failure remains uncured for at least five (5) Trading Days;

 

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(vii) bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or liquidation proceedings or other proceedings for the relief of debtors shall be instituted by or against the Company or any Significant Subsidiary and, if instituted against the Company or any Significant Subsidiary by a third party, shall not be dismissed within sixty (60) days of their initiation;

 

(viii) the commencement by the Company or any Significant Subsidiary of a voluntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or of any other case or proceeding to be adjudicated a bankrupt or insolvent, or the consent by it to the entry of a decree, order, judgment or other similar document in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary in an involuntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or to the commencement of any bankruptcy or insolvency case or proceeding against it, or the filing by it of a petition or answer or consent seeking reorganization or relief under any applicable federal, state or foreign law, or the consent by it to the filing of such petition or to the appointment of or taking possession by a custodian, receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee, sequestrator or other similar official of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary or of any substantial part of its property, or the making by it of an assignment for the benefit of creditors, or the execution of a composition of debts, or the occurrence of any other similar federal, state or foreign proceeding, or the admission by it in writing of its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, the taking of corporate action by the Company or any Significant Subsidiary in furtherance of any such action or the taking of any action by any Person to commence a Uniform Commercial Code foreclosure sale or any other similar action under federal, state or foreign law with respect to a material portion of the Company’s or any Significant Subsidiary’s assets;

 

(ix) the entry by a court of  (i) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary of a voluntary or involuntary case or proceeding under any applicable federal, state or foreign bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or other similar law or (ii) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document adjudging the Company or any Significant Subsidiary as bankrupt or insolvent, or approving as properly filed a petition seeking liquidation, reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition of or in respect of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary under any applicable federal, state or foreign law or (iii) a decree, order, judgment or other similar document appointing a custodian, receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee, sequestrator or other similar official of the Company or any Significant Subsidiary or of any substantial part of its property, or ordering the winding up or liquidation of its affairs, and the continuance of any such decree, order, judgment or other similar document or any such other decree, order, judgment or other similar document unstayed and in effect for a period of thirty (30) consecutive days;

 

(x) a final judgment or judgments for the payment of money aggregating in excess of  $750,000 are rendered against the Company and/or any of its Subsidiaries and which judgments are not, within sixty (60) days after the entry thereof, bonded, discharged, settled or stayed pending appeal, or are not discharged within sixty (60) days after the expiration of such stay; provided, however, any judgment which is covered by insurance or an indemnity from a credit worthy party shall not be included in calculating the $750,000 amount set forth above so long as the Company provides each Holder a written statement from such insurer or indemnity provider (which written statement shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders) to the effect that such judgment is covered by insurance or an indemnity and the Company or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) will receive the proceeds of such insurance or indemnity within thirty (30) days of the issuance of such judgment;

 

(xi) the Company and/or any Subsidiary, individually or in the aggregate, either (i) fails to pay, when due, or within any applicable grace period, any payment with respect to any Indebtedness in excess of $750,000 due to any third party (other than, with respect to unsecured Indebtedness only, payments contested by the Company and/or such Subsidiary (as the case may be) in good faith by proper proceedings and with respect to which adequate reserves have been set aside for the payment thereof in accordance with GAAP) or is otherwise in default, breach or violation of any agreement for monies owed or owing in an amount in excess of  $750,000, which breach or violation permits the other party thereto to declare a default or otherwise redeem or accelerate amounts due thereunder, or (ii) suffer to

 

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exist any other circumstance or event that would, with or without the passage of time or the giving of notice, result in a default or event of default under any agreement binding the Company or any Subsidiary, which default or event of default would or is reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(xii) other than as specifically set forth in another clause of this Section 5(a) , the Company or any Subsidiary breaches any covenant or other term of this Certificate of Designations in any material respect (other than covenants subject to material adverse effect or materiality, which may not be breached in any respect), except, in the case of a breach of a covenant or other term that is curable, only if such breach remains uncured for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days;

 

(xiii) a false or inaccurate certification (including a false or inaccurate deemed certification) by the Company that either (A) the Equity Conditions are satisfied, (B) there has been no Equity Conditions Failure, or (C) as to whether any Triggering Event has occurred;

 

(xiv) any breach or failure in any respect by the Company to comply with any provision of Section 15 of this Certificate of Designations, except, in the case of a breach of a covenant or other term or condition that is curable, only if such breach remains uncured for a period of five (5) consecutive Trading Days; and

 

(xv) any provision of this Certificate of Designations shall at any time for any reason (other than pursuant to the express terms hereof) cease to be valid and binding on or enforceable against the parties thereto, or the validity or enforceability thereof shall be contested, directly or indirectly, by the Company or any Subsidiary, or a proceeding shall be commenced by the Company or any Subsidiary seeking to establish the invalidity or unenforceability thereof.

 

(b) Notice of a Triggering Event; Redemption Right .   Upon the occurrence of a Triggering Event with respect to the Preferred Shares, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days deliver written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (with next day delivery specified) (an “ Triggering Event Notice ”) to each Holder. At any time after the earlier of a Holder’s receipt of a Triggering Event Notice and such Holder becoming aware of a Triggering Event (such earlier date, the “ Triggering Event Right Commencement Date ”) and ending (such ending date, the “ Triggering Event Right Expiration Date ”, and each such period, an “ Triggering Event Redemption Right Period ”) on the twentieth (20th) Trading Day after the later of  (x) the date such Triggering Event is cured and (y) such Holder’s receipt of a Triggering Event Notice that includes (I) a reasonable description of the applicable Triggering Event, (II) a certification as to whether, in the opinion of the Company, such Triggering Event is capable of being cured and, if applicable, a reasonable description of any existing plans of the Company to cure such Triggering Event and (III) a certification as to the date the Triggering Event occurred and, if cured on or prior to the date of such Triggering Event Notice, the applicable Triggering Event Right Expiration Date, such Holder may require the Company to redeem (regardless of whether such Triggering Event has been cured on or prior to the Triggering Event Right Expiration Date), subject to Section 5(c) , all or any of the Preferred Shares by delivering written notice thereof  (the “ Triggering Event Redemption Notice ”) to the Company, which Triggering Event Redemption Notice shall indicate the number of the Preferred Shares such Holder is electing to redeem. Each of the Preferred Shares subject to redemption by the Company pursuant to this Section 5(b) shall be redeemed by the Company at a price equal to the greater of  (i) the product of  (A) the Conversion Amount to be redeemed multiplied by (B) the Redemption Premium and (ii) the product of  (X) the Conversion Rate with respect to the Conversion Amount in effect at such time as such Holder delivers a Triggering Event Redemption Notice multiplied by (Y) the greatest Closing Sale Price of the Common Stock on any Trading Day during the period commencing on the date immediately preceding such Triggering Event and ending on the date the Company makes the entire payment required to be made under this Section 5(b) (the “ Triggering Event Redemption Price ”). Redemptions required by this Section 5(b) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 . To the extent redemptions required by this Section 5(b) are deemed or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be prepayments of the Preferred Shares by the Company, such redemptions shall be deemed to be voluntary prepayments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 5(b) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the Triggering Event Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full, the Conversion Amount submitted for

 

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redemption under this Section 5(b) (together with any Late Charges thereon) may be converted, in whole or in part, by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations. In the event of a partial redemption of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder pursuant hereto, the number of Preferred Shares of such Holder redeemed shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the Triggering Event Redemption Notice. In the event of the Company’s redemption of any of the Preferred Shares under this Section 5(b) , a Holder’s damages would be uncertain and difficult to estimate because of the parties’ inability to predict future interest rates and the uncertainty of the availability of a suitable substitute investment opportunity for such Holder. Accordingly, any redemption premium due under this Section 5(b) is intended by the parties to be, and shall be deemed, a reasonable estimate of such Holder’s actual loss of its investment opportunity and not as a penalty.

 

(c) Mandatory Redemption upon Bankruptcy Triggering Event .   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, and notwithstanding any conversion that is then required or in process, upon any Bankruptcy Triggering Event occurring prior to or following the Maturity Date, the Company shall immediately redeem, in cash, each of the Preferred Shares then outstanding at a redemption price equal to the applicable Triggering Event Redemption Price (calculated as if such Holder shall have delivered the Triggering Event Redemption Notice immediately prior to the occurrence of such Bankruptcy Triggering Event), without the requirement for any notice or demand or other action by any Holder or any other Person, provided that a Holder may, in its sole discretion, waive such right to receive payment upon a Bankruptcy Triggering Event, in whole or in part, and any such waiver shall not affect any other rights of such Holder or any other Holder hereunder, including any other rights in respect of such Bankruptcy Triggering Event, any right to conversion, and any right to payment of such Triggering Event Redemption Price to another Holder or any other Redemption Price, as applicable.

 

6. Rights Upon Fundamental Transactions .

 

(a) Assumption .   The Company shall not enter into or be party to a Fundamental Transaction unless the Successor Entity assumes in writing all of the obligations of the Company under this Certificate of Designations in accordance with the provisions of this Section 6(a) pursuant to written agreements in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders, including agreements to deliver to each Holder in exchange for such Preferred Shares a security of the Successor Entity evidenced by a written instrument substantially similar in form and substance to this Certificate of Designations, including, without limitation, having a stated value and dividend rate equal to the Stated Value and Default Dividend Rate and having similar ranking to the Preferred Shares, and reasonably satisfactory to the Required Holders. Upon the occurrence of any Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall succeed to, and be substituted for (so that from and after the date of such Fundamental Transaction, the provisions of this Certificate of Designations referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to the Successor Entity), and may exercise every right and power of the Company and shall assume all of the obligations of the Company under this Certificate of Designations with the same effect as if such Successor Entity had been named as the Company herein and therein. In addition to the foregoing, upon consummation of a Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall deliver to each Holder confirmation that there shall be issued upon conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares at any time after the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, in lieu of the shares of Common Stock (or other securities, cash, assets or other property (except such items still issuable under Sections 7(b) and 18 , which shall continue to be receivable thereafter)) issuable upon the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares prior to such Fundamental Transaction, such shares of common stock (or their equivalent) of the Successor Entity (including its Parent Entity) which each Holder would have been entitled to receive upon the happening of such Fundamental Transaction had all the Preferred Shares held by each Holder been converted immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction (without regard to any limitations on the conversion of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations), as adjusted in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Holder may elect, at its sole option, by delivery of written notice to the Company to waive this Section 6(a) to permit the Fundamental Transaction without the assumption of the Preferred Shares. The provisions of this Section 6 shall apply similarly and equally to successive Fundamental Transactions and shall be applied without regard to any limitations on the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares.

 

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(b) Change of Control Redemption Right .   No sooner than twenty (20) Trading Days nor later than ten (10) Trading Days prior to the consummation of a Change of Control (the “ Change of Control Date ”), but not prior to the public announcement of such Change of Control, the Company shall deliver written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (next day delivery selected) to each Holder (a “ Change of Control Notice ”). At any time during the period beginning after a Holder’s receipt of a Change of Control Notice or such Holder becoming aware of a Change of Control if a Change of Control Notice is not delivered to such Holder in accordance with the immediately preceding sentence (as applicable) and ending on the later of twenty (20) Trading Days after (A) consummation of such Change of Control or (B) the date of receipt of such Change of Control Notice, such Holder may require the Company to redeem all or any portion of such Holder’s Preferred Shares by delivering written notice thereof  (“ Change of Control Redemption Notice ”) to the Company, which Change of Control Redemption Notice shall indicate the number of Preferred Shares such Holder is electing to have the Company redeem. Each Preferred Share subject to redemption pursuant to this Section 6(b) shall be redeemed by the Company in cash at a price equal to the greatest of  (i) the product of  (x) the Redemption Premium multiplied by (y) the Conversion Amount being redeemed, (ii) the product of (x) the Conversion Amount being redeemed multiplied by (y) the quotient determined by dividing (I) the greatest Closing Sale Price of the shares of Common Stock during the period beginning on the date immediately preceding the earlier to occur of  (1) the consummation of the applicable Change of Control and (2) the public announcement of such Change of Control and ending on the date such Holder delivers the Change of Control Redemption Notice by (II) the Conversion Price then in effect and (iii) the product of  (x) the Conversion Amount being redeemed multiplied by (y) the quotient of  (A) the aggregate cash consideration and the aggregate cash value of any non-cash consideration per share of Common Stock to be paid to such holders of the shares of Common Stock upon consummation of such Change of Control (any such non-cash consideration constituting publicly-traded securities shall be valued at the highest of the Closing Sale Price of such securities as of the Trading Day immediately prior to the consummation of such Change of Control, the Closing Sale Price of such securities on the Trading Day immediately following the public announcement of such proposed Change of Control and the Closing Sale Price of such securities on the Trading Day immediately prior to the public announcement of such proposed Change of Control) divided by (B) the Conversion Price then in effect (the “ Change of Control Redemption Price ”). Redemptions required by this Section 6(b) shall have priority to payments to all other stockholders of the Company in connection with such Change of Control. To the extent redemptions required by this Section 6(b) are deemed or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be prepayments of the Preferred Shares by the Company, such redemptions shall be deemed to be voluntary prepayments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 6(b) , but subject to Section 4(d) , until the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full to the applicable Holder, the Preferred Shares submitted by such Holder for redemption under this Section 6(b) may be converted, in whole or in part, by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4 or in the event the Conversion Date is after the consummation of such Change of Control, stock or equity interests of the Successor Entity substantially equivalent to the Company’s shares of Common Stock pursuant to Section 4 . In the event of a partial redemption of the Preferred Shares held by a Holder pursuant hereto, the number of Preferred Shares of such Holder redeemed shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the Change of Control Redemption Notice. In the event of the Company’s redemption of any of the Preferred Shares under this Section 6(b) , such Holder’s damages would be uncertain and difficult to estimate because of the parties’ inability to predict future interest rates and the uncertainty of the availability of a suitable substitute investment opportunity for a Holder. Accordingly, any redemption premium due under this Section 6(b) is intended by the parties to be, and shall be deemed, a reasonable estimate of such Holder’s actual loss of its investment opportunity and not as a penalty. The Company shall make payment of the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price concurrently with the consummation of such Change of Control if a Change of Control Redemption Notice is received prior to the consummation of such Change of Control and within two (2) Trading Days after the Company’s receipt of such notice otherwise (the “ Change of Control Redemption Date ”). Redemptions required by this Section 6 shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 .

 

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7. Right of Participation; Rights Upon Issuance of Purchase Rights and Other Corporate Events .

 

(a) Right of Participation .

 

(i) From the date hereof until first (1st) anniversary of the Initial Issuance Date, the Company will not (A) directly or indirectly, file any registration statement with the SEC with respect to any Subsequent Placement (as defined below) and shall not file any prospectus supplement with respect to any Subsequent Placement or (B) directly or indirectly, offer, sell, grant any option to purchase, or otherwise dispose of  (or announce any offer, sale, grant or any option to purchase or other disposition of) any of its or its Subsidiaries’ equity or equity equivalent securities, including without limitation any debt, preferred stock or other instrument or security that is, at any time during its life and under any circumstances, convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents (any such offer, sale, grant, disposition or announcement being referred to as a “ Subsequent Placement ”) unless the Company shall have first complied with this Section 7(a) .

 

(ii) The Company shall deliver to each Holder an irrevocable written notice (the “ Offer Notice ”) of any proposed or intended issuance or sale (the “ Offer ”) of the securities being offered (the “ Offered Securities ”) in a Subsequent Placement, which Offer Notice shall (A) identify and describe the Offered Securities, (B) describe the anticipated price and other material terms upon which they are to be issued or sold, and the number or amount of the Offered Securities to be issued or sold, (C) identify the Persons (if known) to which or with which the Offered Securities are to be offered, issued or sold and (D) offer to issue and sell to such Holders at least thirty-five percent (35%) of the Offered Securities, allocated among such Holders (a) based on such Holder’s pro rata ownership of the total number of Preferred Shares outstanding on the Subscription Date (the “ Basic Amount ”) and (b) with respect to each Holder that elects to purchase its Basic Amount, any additional portion of the Offered Securities attributable to the Basic Amounts of other Holders as such Holder shall indicate it will purchase or acquire should the other Holders subscribe for less than their Basic Amounts (the “ Undersubscription Amount ”), which process shall be repeated until the Holders shall have an opportunity to subscribe for any remaining Undersubscription Amount; provided that (i) the Company shall promptly notify each Holder of any changes to the anticipated price and other material terms of the Offered Securities after the Offer Notice is sent and (ii) the Company shall provide each Holder reasonable notice (which shall not be less than four (4) hours) of the final price (or formula therefor) of the Offered Securities before the Holders are required to provide the Company any notice of their election to accept such Offer pursuant to Section 7(a)(iii) below.

 

(iii) To accept an Offer, in whole or in part, such Holder must deliver a written notice to the Company prior to the end of the tenth (10th) Business Day after such Holder’s receipt of the Offer Notice (the “ Offer Period ”), setting forth the portion of such Holder’s Basic Amount that such Holder elects to purchase and, if such Holder shall elect to purchase all of its Basic Amount, the Undersubscription Amount, if any, that such Holder elects to purchase (in either case, the “ Notice of Acceptance ”). For the avoidance of doubt, in the event a Holder fails to timely deliver a Notice of Acceptance, such Holder shall be deemed to have declined to participate in such Subsequent Placement. If the Basic Amounts elected to be subscribed for by all Holders are less than the total of all of the Basic Amounts, then each Holder who has set forth an Undersubscription Amount in its Notice of Acceptance shall be entitled to purchase, in addition to the Basic Amounts subscribed for, the Undersubscription Amount it has elected to be subscribed for; provided, however, that if the Undersubscription Amounts elected to be subscribed for exceed the difference between the total of all the Basic Amounts and the Basic Amounts subscribed for (the “ Available Undersubscription Amount ”), each Holder who has elected to be subscribed for any Undersubscription Amount shall be entitled to purchase only that portion of the Available Undersubscription Amount as the Basic Amount of such Holder bears to the total Basic Amounts of all Holder that have elected to be subscribed for Undersubscription Amounts, subject to rounding by the Company to the extent its deems reasonably necessary. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if the Company desires to modify or amend the terms and conditions of the Offer in any material respect, prior to the expiration of the Offer Period, the Company may deliver to the Holders a new Offer Notice and the Offer Period shall expire on the second (2nd) Business Day after such Holder’s receipt of such new Offer Notice.

 

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(iv) The Company shall have five (5) Business Days from the expiration of the Offer Period above (i) to offer, issue or sell all or any part of such Offered Securities as to which a Notice of Acceptance has not been given by the Holders (the “ Refused Securities ”) pursuant to a definitive agreement (the “ Subsequent Placement Agreement ”), but only upon terms and conditions (including, without limitation, unit prices and interest rates) that are not more favorable to the acquiring Person or Persons or less favorable to the Company than those set forth in the Offer Notice and (ii) to publicly announce (a) the execution of such Subsequent Placement Agreement, if any and (b) either (x) the consummation, or the expected consummation, of the transactions contemplated by such Subsequent Placement Agreement or (y) if a Subsequent Placement Agreement is executed, the termination of such Subsequent Placement Agreement, which shall be filed with the SEC on a Current Report on Form 8-K with such Subsequent Placement Agreement and any material documents contemplated therein filed as exhibits thereto.

 

(v) In the event the Company shall propose to sell less than all the Refused Securities (any such sale to be in the manner and on the terms specified in Section 7(a)(iv) above), then each Holder may, at its sole option and in its sole discretion, reduce the number or amount of the Offered Securities specified in its Notice of Acceptance to an amount that shall be not less than the number or amount of the Offered Securities that such Holder elected to purchase pursuant to Section 7(a)(iii) above multiplied by a fraction, (i) the numerator of which shall be the number or amount of Offered Securities the Company actually proposes to issue or sell (including Offered Securities to be issued or sold to Holders pursuant to Section 7(a)(iv) above prior to such reduction) and (ii) the denominator of which shall be the original amount of the Offered Securities. In the event that any Holder so elects to reduce the number or amount of Offered Securities specified in its Notice of Acceptance, the Company may not issue or sell more than the reduced number or amount of the Offered Securities unless and until such securities have again been offered to the Holders in accordance with Section 7(a)(ii) above.

 

(vi) Upon the closing of the issuance or sale of all or less than all of the Refused Securities, the Holders shall acquire from the Company, and the Company shall issue to the Holders, the number or amount of Offered Securities specified in the Notices of Acceptance, as reduced pursuant to Section 7(a)(iv) above if the Holders have so elected, upon the terms and conditions specified in the Offer. The purchase by the Holders of any Offered Securities is subject in all cases to the preparation, execution and delivery by the Company and the Holders of a purchase agreement relating to such Offered Securities reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Holders and their respective counsel; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, this paragraph shall not create any obligation on the Company to amend or modify, or seek to amend or modify, any of the terms or provisions of the Subsequent Placement Agreement, or otherwise prohibit the Company from consummating the respective Subsequent Placement of Refused Securities in accordance with the applicable Subsequent Placement Agreement.

 

(vii) Any Offered Securities not acquired by the Holders or other Persons in accordance with Section 7(a)(iv) above may not be issued or sold until they are again offered to the Holders under the procedures specified in this Section 7(a) .

 

(viii) The Company and the Holders agree that if any Holder elects to participate in the Offer, (x) neither the Subsequent Placement Agreement with respect to such Offer nor any other transaction documents related thereto (collectively, the “Subsequent Placement Documents”) shall include any term or provisions whereby any Holder shall be required to agree to any restrictions in trading as to any securities of the Company owned by such Holder prior to such Subsequent Placement and (y) the Holders shall be entitled to the same registration rights provided to other investors in the Subsequent Placement.

 

(ix) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 7(a) and unless otherwise agreed to by the Holders, the Company shall either confirm in writing to the Holders that the transaction with respect to the Subsequent Placement has been abandoned or shall publicly disclose its intention to issue the Offered Securities, in either case in such a manner such that the Holders will not be in possession of material non-public information, by the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following delivery of the Offer Notice. If by the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following delivery of the Offer Notice no

 

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public disclosure regarding a transaction with respect to the Offered Securities has been made, and no notice regarding the abandonment of such transaction has been received by the Holders, such transaction shall be deemed to have been abandoned and the Holders shall not be deemed to be in possession of any material, non-public information with respect to the Company. Should the Company decide to pursue such transaction with respect to the Offered Securities, the Company shall provide each Holder with another Offer Notice and each Holder will again have the right of participation set forth in this Section 7(a) . The Company shall not be permitted to deliver more than one such Offer Notice to the Holders in any 60 day period (other than the Offer Notices contemplated by the last sentence of Section 7(a)(iii) of this Certificate of Designations). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, in no event shall delivery of any notice in accordance with the requirements of this Section 7(a) constitute or be deemed to constitute a breach of the Company’s obligation not to provide material non-public information regarding the Company to any Holder or any other Person; provided the Company then complies with the applicable requirement to publicly disclose such material, nonpublic information pursuant to this Section 7(a)(ix) .

 

(x) This Section 7(a) shall not apply in connection with the issuance or deemed issuance of any Common Stock by the Company: (A) under any employee benefit plan which has been approved by the Board, pursuant to which the Company’s securities may be issued to any employee, officer or, director or consultant for services provided to the Company; (B) with respect to the Preferred Shares pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations; (C) upon conversion, exercise or exchange of any Options or Convertible Securities which are outstanding on the day immediately preceding the Subscription Date, provided that such issuance of Common Stock upon exercise of such Options or Convertible Securities is made pursuant to the terms of such Options or Convertible Securities in effect on the date immediately preceding the Subscription Date and such Options or Convertible Securities are not amended, modified or changed on or after the Subscription Date to increase the number of such securities or to decrease the exercise price, exchange price or conversion price of such securities (other than in connection with stock splits or combinations) or to extend the term of such securities; or (D) securities issued pursuant to acquisitions or strategic transactions approved by a majority of the disinterested directors of the Company, provided that any such issuance shall only be to a Person which is, itself or through its subsidiaries, an operating company or an owner of an asset in a business synergistic with the business of the Company and shall provide to the Company additional benefits in addition to the investment of funds, but shall not include a transaction in which the Company is issuing securities for the purpose of raising capital or to an entity whose primary business is investing in securities.

 

(b) Purchase Rights .   In addition to any adjustments pursuant to Section 8 below, if at any time the Company grants, issues or sells any Options, Convertible Securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property pro rata to all of the record holders of any class of Common Stock (the “ Purchase Rights ”), then each Holder will be entitled to acquire, upon the terms applicable to such Purchase Rights, the aggregate Purchase Rights which such Holder could have acquired if such Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete conversion of all the Preferred Shares (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares) held by such Holder immediately prior to the date on which a record is taken for the grant, issuance or sale of such Purchase Rights, or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of shares of Common Stock are to be determined for the grant, issue or sale of such Purchase Rights (provided, however, to the extent that such Holder’s right to participate in any such Purchase Right would result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, then such Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Purchase Right to such extent (and shall not be entitled to beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Purchase Right (and beneficial ownership) to such extent) and such Purchase Right to such extent shall be held in abeyance for such Holder until the earlier of  (i) such time or times, if ever, as its right thereto would not result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage) and (ii) the expiration date, the termination date, the maturity date or other similar provision of such Purchase Rights, at which time or times such Holder shall be granted such right (and any Purchase Right granted, issued or sold on such initial Purchase Right or on any subsequent Purchase Right to be held similarly in abeyance) to the same extent as if there had been no such limitation.

 

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(c) Other Corporate Events .   In addition to and not in substitution for any other rights hereunder, prior to the consummation of any Fundamental Transaction pursuant to which holders of shares of Common Stock are entitled to receive securities or other assets with respect to or in exchange for shares of Common Stock (a “ Corporate Event ”), the Company shall make appropriate provision to ensure that each Holder will thereafter have the right to receive upon a conversion of all the Preferred Shares held by such Holder (i) in addition to the shares of Common Stock receivable upon such conversion, such securities or other assets to which such Holder would have been entitled with respect to such shares of Common Stock had such shares of Common Stock been held by such Holder upon the consummation of such Corporate Event (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations) or (ii) in lieu of the shares of Common Stock otherwise receivable upon such conversion, such securities or other assets received by the holders of shares of Common Stock in connection with the consummation of such Corporate Event in such amounts as such Holder would have been entitled to receive had the Preferred Shares held by such Holder initially been issued with conversion rights for the form of such consideration (as opposed to shares of Common Stock) at a conversion rate for such consideration commensurate with the Conversion Rate. Provision made pursuant the proceeding sentence shall be in a form and substance satisfactory to the Holder. The provisions of this Section 7 shall apply similarly and equally to successive Corporate Events and shall be applied without regard to any limitations on the conversion or redemption of the Preferred Shares contained in this Certificate of Designations.

 

8. Rights Upon Issuance of Other Securities .

 

(a) Adjustment of Conversion Price upon Subdivision or Combination of Common Stock. Without limiting any provision of Section 7 or Section 18, if the Company at any time on or after the Subscription Date subdivides (by any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction) one or more classes of its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a greater number of shares, the Conversion Price in effect immediately prior to such subdivision will be proportionately reduced. Without limiting any provision of Section 7 or Section 18, if the Company at any time on or after the Subscription Date combines (by any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction) one or more classes of its outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, the Conversion Price in effect immediately prior to such combination will be proportionately increased. Any adjustment pursuant to this Section 8(a) shall become effective immediately after the effective date of such subdivision or combination. If any event requiring an adjustment under this Section 8(a) occurs during the period that a Conversion Price is calculated hereunder, then the calculation of such Conversion Price shall be adjusted appropriately to reflect such event.

 

(b) Holder’s Right of Adjusted Conversion Price .   In addition to and not in limitation of the other provisions of this Section 8(b), at any time any Preferred Shares remain outstanding, if the Company in any manner issues or sells or enters into any agreement to issue or sell, any Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities (any such securities, “ Variable Price Securities ”) after the Subscription Date that are issuable pursuant to such agreement or convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for shares of Common Stock pursuant to such Options or Convertible Securities, as applicable, at a price which varies or may vary with the market price of the shares of Common Stock, including by way of one or more reset(s) to a fixed price, but exclusive of such formulations reflecting customary anti-dilution provisions (such as share splits, share combinations, share dividends and similar transactions) (each of the formulations for such variable price being herein referred to as, the “ Variable Price ”), the Company shall provide written notice thereof via electronic mail and overnight courier (next day delivery selected) to each Holder on the date of such agreement and/or the issuance of such shares of Common Stock, Convertible Securities or Options, as applicable; provided , however , that if the applicable Variable Price Securities are shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement (as defined below), and (i) if the difference between the Variable Price of such shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement (the “ ATM Shares ”) and the lower of  (A) last Variable Price communicated to the Holders or (B) the Conversion Price (such lower price, the “ Lowest Known Price ”) is less than 8%, then the Company shall provide written notice to each Holder on the last Business Day of each month in which such ATM Shares are sold, and (ii) if the difference between the Variable Price of such ATM Shares and the Lowest Known Price is equal to or greater than 8%, then the Company shall provide

 

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written notice to each Holder on the date of sale of such ATM Shares. From and after the date the Company enters into such agreement or issues any such Variable Price Securities, each Holder shall have the right, but not the obligation, in its sole discretion to substitute the Variable Price for the Conversion Price upon conversion of the Preferred Shares by designating in the Conversion Notice delivered upon any conversion of Preferred Shares that solely for purposes of such conversion such Holder is relying on the Variable Price rather than the Conversion Price then in effect; provided, however, that if the Conversion Notice does not reference a Variable Price and the lowest Variable Price is less than the Conversion Price, then such lowest Variable Price shall be automatically substituted for the Conversion Price. A Holder’s election to rely on a Variable Price for a particular conversion of Preferred Shares shall not obligate such Holder to rely on a Variable Price for any future conversions of Preferred Shares. For clarity, any shares of Common Stock sold following the Subscription Date pursuant to the Company’s existing At Market Issuance Sales Agreement (the “ ATM Agreement ”), dated June 13, 2018, by and between the Company and B. Riley FBR, Inc. and Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., or any similar or replacement agreement, shall constitute Variable Price Securities with a Variable Price equal to the lowest price per share at which a share of Common Stock is sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement. For clarity, if the Company in any manner issues or sells or enters into any agreement to issue or sell, any Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities at a fixed price (and in the case of Options or Convertible Securities, the exercise price or conversion price is also set at a fixed price), which may include customary adjustments for share splits, share combinations, share dividends and similar transactions, any such securities shall not be deemed Variable Price Securities for any purpose hereunder.

 

(c) Calculations .   All calculations under this Section 8 shall be made by rounding to the nearest cent or the nearest 1/100th of a share, as applicable. The sales price of any Variable Price Security (including, for clarity, shares of Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Agreement) shall be equal to the gross sales price before deducting any sales commissions or broker fees. The number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at any given time shall not include shares owned or held by or for the account of the Company, and the disposition of any such shares shall be considered an issue or sale of Common Stock.

 

(d) Voluntary Adjustment by Company .   The Company may at any time any Preferred Shares remain outstanding reduce the then current Conversion Price to any amount and for any period of time deemed appropriate by the Board.

 

9. Installment Conversion or Installment Redemption .

 

(a) General .   On each applicable Installment Date, provided there has been no Equity Conditions Failure, the Company shall pay to each Holder the applicable Installment Amount due on such date by converting such Installment Amount in accordance with this Section 9 (an “ Installment Conversion ”); provided, however, that the Company may, at its option following notice to each Holder as set forth below, pay the Installment Amount by redeeming such Installment Amount in cash (an “ Installment Redemption ”) or by any combination of an Installment Conversion and an Installment Redemption so long as all of the outstanding applicable Installment Amount due on any Installment Date shall be converted and/or redeemed by the Company on the applicable Installment Date, subject to the provisions of this Section 9. On or prior to the date which is the eleventh (11th) Trading Day prior to each Installment Date, but not earlier than the fifteenth (15th) Trading Day prior to the applicable Installment Date (each, an “ Installment Notice Due Date ”), the Company shall deliver written notice (each, an “ Installment Notice ” and the date all Holders receive such notice is referred to as to the “ Installment Notice Date ”), to each Holder and such Installment Notice shall (i) either (A) confirm that the applicable Installment Amount of such Holder shall be converted in whole pursuant to an Installment Conversion or (B) (1) state that the Company elects to redeem for cash, or is required to redeem for cash in accordance with the provisions of this Certificate of Designations, in whole or in part, the applicable Installment Amount pursuant to an Installment Redemption and (2) specify the portion of such Installment Amount which the Company elects or is required to redeem pursuant to an Installment Redemption (such amount to be redeemed in cash, the “ Installment Redemption Amount ”) and the portion of the applicable Installment Amount, if any, with respect to which the Company will, and is permitted to, effect an Installment Conversion (such amount of the applicable Installment Amount so specified to be so converted pursuant to this Section 9 is referred to herein as the “ Installment Conversion Amount ”), which amounts when added together, must equal the entire applicable Installment Amount

 

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and (ii) if the applicable Installment Amount is to be paid, in whole or in part, pursuant to an Installment Conversion, certify that there is not then an Equity Conditions Failure as of the applicable Installment Notice Date. Each Installment Notice shall be irrevocable. If the Company does not timely deliver an Installment Notice in accordance with this Section 9 with respect to a particular Installment Date, then the Company shall be deemed to have delivered an irrevocable Installment Notice confirming an Installment Conversion of the entire Installment Amount payable on such Installment Date and shall be deemed to have certified that there is not then an Equity Conditions Failure in connection with such Installment Conversion. The applicable Installment Conversion Amount (whether set forth in the applicable Installment Notice or by operation of this Section 9) shall be converted in accordance with Section 9(b) and the applicable Installment Redemption Amount shall be redeemed in accordance with Section 9(c).

 

(b) Mechanics of Installment Conversion .   Subject to Section 4(d), if the Company delivers an Installment Notice or is deemed to have delivered an Installment Notice certifying that such Installment Amount is being paid, in whole or in part, in an Installment Conversion in accordance with Section 9(a), then the remainder of this Section 9(b) shall apply. The applicable Installment Conversion Amount, if any, shall be converted on the applicable Installment Date at the applicable Installment Conversion Price and the Company shall, on such Installment Date, deliver to each Holder’s account with DTC such shares of Common Stock issued upon such conversion (subject to the reduction contemplated by the immediately following sentence and, if applicable, the penultimate sentence of this Section 9(b)), provided that the Equity Conditions are then satisfied (or waived in writing by such Holder) on such Installment Date and an Installment Conversion is not otherwise prohibited under any other provision of the Certificate of Designations. If the Company confirmed (or is deemed to have confirmed by operation of Section 9(a)) the conversion of the applicable Installment Conversion Amount, in whole or in part, and there was no Equity Conditions Failure as of the applicable Installment Notice Date (or is deemed to have certified that the Equity Conditions in connection with any such conversion have been satisfied by operation of Section 9(a)) but an Equity Conditions Failure occurred between the applicable Installment Notice Date and any time through the applicable Installment Date (the “ Interim Installment Period ”), the Company shall provide each Holder a subsequent notice to that effect. If there is an Equity Conditions Failure (which is not waived in writing by such Holder) during such Interim Installment Period, then, at the option of such Holder designated in writing to the Company, such Holder may require the Company to do any one or more of the following (but without duplication): (i) the Company shall redeem all or any part designated by such Holder of the unconverted Installment Conversion Amount (such designated amount is referred to as the “ Designated Redemption Amount ”) and the Company shall pay to such Holder within three (3) days of such Installment Date, by wire transfer of immediately available funds, an amount in cash equal to 108% of such Designated Redemption Amount, and/or (ii) the Installment Conversion shall be null and void with respect to all or any part designated by such Holder of the unconverted Installment Conversion Amount and such Holder shall be entitled to all the rights of a holder of the Preferred Shares with respect to such designated part of the Installment Conversion Amount; provided, however, the Conversion Price for such Designated Redemption Amount shall thereafter be adjusted to equal the Installment Conversion Price (determined as if the date of such designation were an Installment Date) and conversions required by this Section 9(b) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 4(c). In the event that the sole cause of an Equity Conditions Failure during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period was due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i), which constitutes an Equity Conditions Failure pursuant to clause (iii) of the definition of  “Equity Conditions”, then, the Company may, at its option, elect to either (x) pay (i) in cash the portion of the Installment Amount the payment of which would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder shares of Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i) (irrespective of any prior election or notice to pay such amount by converting all or some of the applicable Installment Amount into Common Stock) pursuant to an Installment Redemption as if it had elected in the applicable Installment Notice to pay the applicable Installment Amount pursuant to an Installment Redemption and (ii) the remainder of such Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion in accordance with this Section 9(b) or (y) by (i) deferring the portion of such Installment Payment the payment of which would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure due to the Company’s inability to deliver to such Holder shares of Common Stock due to Section 4(d)(i) to the immediately subsequent Installment, if any, and (ii) paying the

 

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remainder of such Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion in accordance with this Section 9(b) and the Company shall deliver a written notice to the Holders setting forth its election pursuant to this proviso at least one (1) Trading Day prior to the applicable Installment Date. For the avoidance of doubt, subject to Section 9(f), the Holder may waive the Equity Conditions Failure and receive the Installment Conversion Amount through the conversion of the Installment Amount in an Installment Conversion. If the Company fails to redeem any Designated Redemption Amount by the third (3rd) day following the applicable Installment Date by payment of such amount by such date for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), then such Holder shall have the rights set forth in Section 12(a) as if the Company failed to pay the applicable Installment Redemption Price (as defined below) and all other rights under this Certificate of Designations (including, without limitation, such failure constituting a Triggering Event described in Section 5(a)(v)). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9(b), but subject to Section 4(d), until the Company delivers Common Stock representing the Installment Conversion Amount to such Holder, the Installment Conversion Amount may be converted by such Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4. In the event that a Holder elects to convert the Installment Conversion Amount prior to the applicable Installment Date as set forth in the immediately preceding sentence, the Installment Conversion Amount so converted shall be deducted from the Installment Amount(s) of such Holder relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice. The Company shall pay any and all actual transfer, stamp, issuance and similar taxes that may be payable with respect to the issuance and delivery of any shares of Common Stock in any Installment Conversion hereunder; provided, however, that if any such tax is due solely because the Holder requested such shares to be issued in a name other than the Holder’s name, then the Holder will pay such tax.

 

(c) Mechanics of Installment Redemption .   If the Company elects or is required to effect an Installment Redemption, in whole or in part, in accordance with Section 9(a), then the Installment Redemption Amount, if any, shall be redeemed by the Company in cash on the applicable Installment Date by wire transfer to each Holder of immediately available funds in an amount equal to 108% of the applicable Installment Redemption Amount (the “ Installment Redemption Price ”). If the Company fails to redeem such Installment Redemption Amount on such Installment Date by payment of the Installment Redemption Price for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), then, at the option of such Holder designated in writing to the Company (any such designation shall be a “Conversion Notice” for purposes of this Certificate of Designations), such Holder may require the Company to convert all or any part of the Installment Redemption Amount at the Installment Conversion Price (determined as if the date of such designation were an Installment Date). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9(c), but subject to Section 4(d), until the Installment Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) is paid in full, the Installment Redemption Amount (together with any Late Charges thereon) may be converted, in whole or in part, by a Holder into Common Stock pursuant to Section 4. In the event a Holder elects to convert all or any portion of the Installment Redemption Amount prior to the applicable Installment Date as set forth in the immediately preceding sentence, the Installment Redemption Amount so converted shall be deducted from the Installment Amounts relating to the applicable Installment Date(s) as set forth in the applicable Conversion Notice. Redemptions required by this Section 9(c) shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12.

 

(d) Deferred Installment Amount .   Notwithstanding any provision of this Section 9(d) to the contrary, each Holder may, at its option and in its sole discretion, deliver a written notice to the Company no later than the second (2nd) Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date electing to have the payment of all or any portion of an Installment Amount of such Holder payable on such Installment Date deferred (such amount deferred, the “ Deferral Amount ”, and such deferral, each a “ Deferral ”) until any subsequent Installment Date selected by such Holder, in its sole discretion, in which case, the Deferral Amount shall be added to, and become part of, such subsequent Installment Amount. Any notice delivered by such Holder pursuant to this Section 9(d) shall set forth (i) the Deferral Amount requested by such Holder and (ii) the date on which such Holder requests that such Deferral Amount shall now be payable. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall a Holder be entitled to elect deferral pursuant to this Section 9(d) if such deferral would defer an Installment Amount beyond the Maturity Date.

 

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(e) Acceleration of Installment Amounts .   Notwithstanding any provision of this Section 9 to the contrary, but subject to Section 4(d), with respect to any given Installment Date (the “ Current Installment Date ”), during the period commencing on the Installment Notice Due Date immediately prior to such Current Installment Date and ending on the Trading Day immediately prior to the next Installment Date (each, an “ Installment Period ”), each Holder may elect, at its option and in its sole discretion, at one or more times in such Installment Period, to convert other Preferred Shares (each, an “ Acceleration ”, and such aggregate number of Preferred Shares in an Acceleration, each, an “ Acceleration Amount ”), in whole or in part, at the Installment Conversion Price of such Current Installment Date in accordance with the conversion procedures set forth in Section 4 hereunder, mutatis mutandis . Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to any given Installment Period, the Holder may not elect to effect any Acceleration during such Installment Period if  (i) the Conversion Amount of the aggregate number of Preferred Shares subject to Acceleration in such Installment Period exceeds in the aggregate 300% of the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts) for such Current Installment Date (which, for the avoidance of doubt, assuming the Company elects an Installment Conversion for the full Installment Amount, could result in an Installment Conversion and Accelerations that, collectively, represent 400% of the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts)), or (ii) the Conversion Amount of the aggregate number of Preferred Shares subject to prior Accelerations exceeds in the aggregate twelve (12) times the Installment Amount (not including any Deferral Amounts or Acceleration Amounts) for such Current Installment Date.

 

(f) Waiver of Equity Conditions Failure .   Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall a Holder be entitled to waive an Equity Conditions Failure due to the failure of the Equity Conditions set forth in clauses (iii), (iv) and/or (ix)(C) of such definition.

 

10. Noncircumvention .   The Company hereby covenants and agrees that the Company will not, by amendment of its certificate of incorporation, bylaws or through any reorganization, transfer of assets, consolidation, merger, scheme of arrangement, dissolution, issue or sale of securities, or any other voluntary action, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms of this Certificate of Designations, and will at all times in good faith carry out all the provisions of this Certificate of Designations and take all action as may be required to protect the rights of the Holders hereunder. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing or any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, the Company (a) shall not increase the par value of any shares of Common Stock receivable upon the conversion of any Preferred Shares above the Conversion Price then in effect, (b) shall take all such actions as may be necessary or appropriate in order that the Company may validly and legally issue fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock upon the conversion of Preferred Shares and (c) shall, so long as any Preferred Shares are outstanding, take all action reasonably necessary to reserve and keep available out of its authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock, solely for the purpose of effecting the conversion of the Preferred Shares at the Conversion Price then in effect, the Required Reserve Amount (as defined in Section 11(a) ). Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, if after the date that is one hundred twenty (120) calendar days after the Initial Issuance Date, each Holder is not permitted to convert such Holder’s Preferred Shares in full for any reason (other than pursuant to restrictions set forth in Section 4(d)(i) hereof), the Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to promptly remedy such failure, including, without limitation, seeking to obtain such consents or approvals as necessary to effect such conversion into shares of Common Stock.

 

11. Authorized Shares .

 

(a) Reservation .   So long as any Preferred Shares remain outstanding, the Company shall at all times reserve at least 150% of the number of shares of Common Stock as shall from time to time be necessary to effect the conversion of the Preferred Shares that then remain outstanding (without regard to any limitations on conversions), including without limitation, pursuant to Installment Conversions, Triggering Event Conversion, if any, and Accelerations (the “ Required Reserve Amount ”). The Required Reserve Amount (including, without limitation, each increase in the number of shares so reserved) shall be allocated pro rata among the Holders based on the number of the Preferred Shares held by each Holder on the Initial Issuance Date or increase in the number of reserved shares, as the case may be (the “ Authorized Share Allocation ”). In the event that a Holder shall sell or otherwise transfer any of such Holder’s Preferred Shares, each transferee shall be allocated a pro rata portion of such Holder’s

 

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Authorized Share Allocation. Any shares of Common Stock reserved and allocated to any Person which ceases to hold any Preferred Shares shall be allocated to the remaining Holders, pro rata based on the number of the Preferred Shares then held by the Holders.

 

(b) Insufficient Authorized Shares .   If, notwithstanding Section 11(a) and not in limitation thereof, while any of the Preferred Shares remain outstanding the Company does not have a sufficient number of authorized and unreserved shares of Common Stock to satisfy its obligation to reserve for issuance upon conversion of the Preferred Shares at least a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the Required Reserve Amount (an “ Authorized Share Failure ”), then the Company shall immediately take all action necessary to increase the Company’s authorized shares of Common Stock to an amount sufficient to allow the Company to reserve the Required Reserve Amount for the Preferred Shares then outstanding. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing sentence, as soon as practicable after the date of the occurrence of an Authorized Share Failure, but in no event later than seventy-five (75) days after the occurrence of such Authorized Share Failure, the Company shall either (x) obtain the written consent of its stockholders for the approval of an increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock and provide each stockholder with an information statement with respect thereto or (y) seek to obtain stockholder approval at a meeting of its stockholders for an increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock and, in each case, file an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation making effective the necessary increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock within such seventy-five (75) day period. In connection with such meeting, the Company shall provide each stockholder with a proxy statement and shall use its best efforts to solicit its stockholders’ approval of such increase in authorized shares of Common Stock and to cause its board of directors to recommend to the stockholders that they approve such proposal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if during any such time of an Authorized Share Failure, the Company is able to obtain the written consent of a majority of the shares of its issued and outstanding Common Stock to approve the increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock, the Company may satisfy this obligation by obtaining such consent, submitting for filing with the SEC an Information Statement on Schedule 14C and filing an amendment to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation making effective the necessary increase in the number of authorized shares of Common Stock. In the event that the Company is prohibited from issuing shares of Common Stock to a Holder upon any conversion due to the failure by the Company to have sufficient shares of Common Stock available out of the authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock (such unavailable number of shares of Common Stock, the “ Authorized Failure Shares ”), in lieu of delivering such Authorized Failure Shares to such Holder, the Company shall pay cash within five (5) Trading Days in exchange for the redemption of such portion of the Conversion Amount convertible into such Authorized Failure Shares at a price equal to the sum of  (i) the product of  (x) such number of Authorized Failure Shares and (y) the highest sale price of the Common Stock on the attempted Conversion Date; and (ii) to the extent such Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of Authorized Failure Shares, any reasonable and documented brokerage commissions and other out-of-pocket expenses, if any, of such Holder incurred in connection therewith. For the avoidance of doubt, to the extent that the Company makes a payment contemplated by the foregoing sentence, the applicable portion of the Preferred Shares to which the Authorized Failure Shares applied shall no longer be outstanding.

 

12. Redemptions.

 

(a) General .   If a Holder has submitted a Triggering Event Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 5(b), the Company shall deliver the applicable Triggering Event Redemption Price to such Holder in cash within two (2) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of such Holder’s Triggering Event Redemption Notice. If a Holder has submitted a Change of Control Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 6(b), the Company shall deliver the applicable Change of Control Redemption Price to such Holder in cash concurrently with the consummation of such Change of Control if such notice is received prior to the consummation of such Change of Control and within five (5) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of such notice otherwise. The Company shall deliver the applicable Installment Redemption Price to each Holder in cash on the applicable Installment Date. If a Holder has submitted a Maturity Redemption Notice in accordance with Section 13 below, the Company shall deliver the applicable Maturity Redemption Price to such Holder on the applicable Maturity Redemption Date.

 

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Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in connection with any redemption hereunder at a time a Holder is entitled to receive a cash payment under any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, at the option of such Holder delivered in writing to the Company, the applicable Redemption Price hereunder shall be increased by the amount of such cash payment owed to such Holder under such other provision of this Certificate of Designations and, upon payment in full or conversion in accordance herewith, shall satisfy the Company’s payment obligation under such other provision of this Certificate of Designations. In the event of a redemption of less than all of the Preferred Shares, the Company shall promptly cause to be issued and delivered to such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21) (or evidence of the creation of a new Book-Entry) representing the number of Preferred Shares which have not been redeemed. In the event that the Company does not pay the applicable Redemption Price to a Holder within the time period required for any reason (including, without limitation, to the extent such payment is prohibited pursuant to the DGCL), at any time thereafter and until the Company pays such unpaid Redemption Price in full, such Holder shall have the option, in lieu of redemption, to require the Company to promptly return to such Holder all or any of the Preferred Shares that were submitted for redemption and for which the applicable Redemption Price (together with any Late Charges thereon) has not been paid. Upon the Company’s receipt of such notice, (x) the applicable Redemption Notice shall be null and void with respect to such Preferred Shares, (y) the Company shall promptly and in any event within five (5) Trading Days return the applicable Preferred Share Certificate, or issue a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)), to such Holder, (unless the Preferred Shares are held in Book-Entry form, in which case the Company shall deliver evidence to such Holder that a Book-Entry for such Preferred Shares then exists) and in each case the Additional Amount of such Preferred Shares shall be increased by an amount equal to the difference between (1) the applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be, and as adjusted pursuant to this Section 12, if applicable) minus (2) the Stated Value portion of the Conversion Amount submitted for redemption and (z) the Conversion Price of such Preferred Shares shall be automatically adjusted with respect to each conversion effected thereafter by such Holder to the lowest of  (A) the Conversion Price as in effect on the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is voided, (B) 85% of the lowest Closing Bid Price of the Common Stock during the period beginning on and including the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is delivered to the Company and ending on and including the date on which the applicable Redemption Notice is voided, and (C) 85% of the quotient of  (I) the sum of the five (5) lowest VWAPs of the Common Stock during the twenty (20) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately preceding the applicable Conversion Date divided by (II) five (5) (it being understood and agreed that all such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination or other similar transaction during such period). For the avoidance of doubt, if the Conversion Price is subject to adjustment pursuant to the immediately preceding clause (z), the Conversion Price shall not also be subject to adjustment pursuant to Section 4(e). A Holder’s delivery of a notice voiding a Redemption Notice and exercise of its rights following such notice shall not affect the Company’s obligations to make any payments of Late Charges which have accrued prior to the date of such notice with respect to the Preferred Shares subject to such notice.

 

(b) Redemption by Multiple Holders .   Upon the Company’s receipt of a Redemption Notice from any Holder for redemption or repayment as a result of an event or occurrence substantially similar to the events or occurrences described in Section 5(b) or Section 6(b), the Company shall promptly, but no later than one (1) Business Day of its receipt thereof, forward to each other Holder by electronic mail a copy of such notice. If the Company receives one or more Redemption Notices, during the seven (7) Business Day period beginning on and including the date which is three (3) Business Days prior to the Company’s receipt of the initial Redemption Notice and ending on and including the date which is three (3) Business Days after the Company’s receipt of the initial Redemption Notice and the Company is unable to redeem all amounts designated in such initial Redemption Notice and such other Redemption Notices received during such seven (7) Business Day period, then the Company shall redeem a pro rata amount from each Holder based on the Stated Value of the Preferred Shares submitted for redemption pursuant to such Redemption Notices received by the Company during such seven (7) Business Day period.

 

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13. Holder Optional Redemption after Maturity Date .   At any time from and after the tenth (10th) Business Day prior to the Maturity Date, any Holder may by delivery of written notice thereof to the Company require the Company to redeem (a “ Maturity Redemption ”) all or any number of Preferred Shares then held by such Holder. The Company shall then deliver a written notice (the “ Maturity Redemption Notice ”) to such Holder within two (2) Trading Days of receipt thereof  (the date the Company delivers such notice, a “ Maturity Redemption Notice Date ”) electing to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares either (i) by paying cash at a purchase price equal to 108% of the Conversion Amount of such Preferred Shares or (ii) provided that no Equity Conditions Failure occurs from the Maturity Redemption Notice Date through the Maturity Redemption Date (as defined below), by paying a number of Common Stock calculated by dividing the Conversion Amount of such remaining Preferred Shares by the Installment Conversion Price determined as if the Maturity Redemption Date was an Installment Date (the “ Maturity Redemption Price ”). If the Company elects to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares in cash, such cash shall be paid on the same day as the delivery of the Maturity Redemption Notice (such date, in such event, being the “ Maturity Redemption Date ”). If the Company elects instead to redeem such remaining Preferred Shares in shares of Common Stock in accordance with clause (ii) of the second sentence of this Section 13 , the Maturity Redemption Notice shall state the date the Company is required to pay to such Holder such Maturity Redemption Price (such date, in such case, being the Maturity Redemption Date), which date shall be on the twelfth (12th) Trading Day following the Maturity Redemption Notice Date. Redemptions required by this Section 13 shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 .

 

14. Voting Rights .   Holders shall have no voting rights, except on matters required by law (including without limitation, the DGCL) or by this Certificate of Designations to be submitted to a class vote of the holders of the Preferred Shares. To the extent that under the DGCL the vote of the holders of the Preferred Shares, voting separately as a class or series, as applicable, is required to authorize a given action of the Company, the affirmative vote or consent of the Required Holders of the shares of the Preferred Shares, voting together in the aggregate and not in separate series unless required under the DGCL, represented at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is presented or by written consent of the Required Holders (except as otherwise may be required under the DGCL), voting together in the aggregate and not in separate series unless required under the DGCL, shall constitute the approval of such action by both the class or the series, as applicable. Subject to Section 4(d) , to the extent that under the DGCL holders of the Preferred Shares are entitled to vote on a matter with holders of shares of Common Stock, voting together as one class, each Preferred Share shall entitle the holder thereof to cast that number of votes per share as is equal to the number of shares of Common Stock into which it is then convertible (subject to the ownership limitations specified in Section 4(d) hereof) on the record date for determining the stockholders of the Company eligible to vote on such matters as the date as of which the Conversion Price is calculated. Holders of the Preferred Shares shall be entitled to written notice of all stockholder meetings or written consents (and copies of proxy materials and other information sent to stockholders) with respect to which they would be entitled to vote, which notice would be provided pursuant to the Company’s bylaws and the DGCL.

 

15. Covenants .

 

(a) Restriction on Transfer of Assets .   The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, sell, lease, license, assign, transfer, spin-off, split-off, close, convey or otherwise dispose of any assets or rights of the Company or any Subsidiary owned or hereafter acquired whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions, other than (i) sales, leases, licenses, assignments, transfers, conveyances and other dispositions of such assets or rights by the Company and its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business consistent with its past practice, (ii) sales of inventory and product in the ordinary course of business or (iii) sales, leases, licenses, assignments, transfers, conveyances and other dispositions of such assets or rights by the Company and/or its wholly-owned Subsidiaries to the Company and/or any of its wholly-owned Subsidiaries.

 

(b) Change in Nature of Business .   The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, engage in any material line of business substantially different from those lines of business conducted by or publicly contemplated to be conducted by the Company and each of its Subsidiaries on the Subscription Date or any business substantially related or incidental thereto. The Company shall not, and the Company shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to not, directly or indirectly, modify its or their corporate structure or purpose.

 

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(c) Preservation of Existence, Etc .   The Company shall maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, its existence, rights and privileges, and become or remain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to become or remain, duly qualified and in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the character of the properties owned or leased by it or in which the transaction of its business makes such qualification necessary, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(d) Maintenance of Properties, Etc .   The Company shall maintain and preserve, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain and preserve, all of its properties which are necessary or useful in the proper conduct of its business in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted, and comply, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to comply, at all times with the provisions of all leases to which it is a party as lessee or under which it occupies property, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(e) Maintenance of Intellectual Property .   The Company will, and will cause each of its Subsidiaries to, take all action reasonably necessary or advisable to maintain all of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Company and/or any of its Subsidiaries that are necessary or material to the conduct of its business in full force and effect, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(f) Maintenance of Insurance .   The Company shall maintain, and cause each of its Subsidiaries to maintain, insurance with responsible and reputable insurance companies or associations (including, without limitation, comprehensive general liability, hazard, rent and business interruption insurance) with respect to its properties (including all real properties leased or owned by it) and business, in such amounts and covering such risks as is required by any governmental authority having jurisdiction with respect thereto or as is carried generally in accordance with sound business practice by companies in similar businesses similarly situated, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

(g) Transactions with Affiliates .   The Company shall not, nor shall it permit any of its Subsidiaries to, enter into, renew, extend or be a party to, any transaction or series of related transactions (including, without limitation, the purchase, sale, lease, transfer or exchange of property or assets of any kind or the rendering of services of any kind) with any Affiliate, except in the ordinary course of business in a manner and to an extent consistent with past practice or otherwise necessary or desirable for the prudent operation of its business, in each case, for fair consideration and on terms no less favorable to it or its Subsidiaries than would be obtainable in a comparable arm’s length transaction with a Person that is not an Affiliate thereof.

 

(h) Restricted Issuances .

 

(i) The Company shall not, directly or indirectly, without the prior written consent of the Required Holders of the Preferred Shares then outstanding, (A) issue any Preferred Shares (other than as contemplated by this Certificate of Designations) or (B) issue any other securities that would cause a breach or default under this Certificate of Designations.

 

(ii) For so long as any Preferred Shares are outstanding, except with the prior approval of the Required Holders (whether at a duly called meeting or by written consent), the Company shall not, and shall not permit or suffer its Subsidiaries to, incur Indebtedness or enter into any other agreement, contract or understanding, if such Indebtedness, agreement, contract or understanding prohibits the Company from making any cash redemptions of the Preferred Shares or cash payments on or in respect of the Preferred Shares; provided that no such approval shall be required for incurring (a) trade payables in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, or (b) Indebtedness incurred by special purpose Subsidiaries created by the Company for the purpose of financing individual projects undertaken by the Company for the direct benefit of specific customers of the Company, including without limitation FuelCell Energy Finance, LLC and any subsidiaries thereof; provided the Company provides three (3) Business Days’ notice to the Holders prior to incurring such Indebtedness (such Indebtedness described in this proviso, “ Permitted Indebtedness ”). Notwithstanding anything in this Certificate of Designations to the contrary, the Company and its Subsidiaries shall be permitted to incur Permitted Indebtedness.

 

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16. Stockholder Approval .

 

(a) The Company shall provide to each stockholder entitled to vote at a special meeting or the next annual meeting of stockholders of the Company (as applicable, the “ Stockholder Meeting ”), which shall be held as soon as reasonably possible following the mailing of the proxy statement to the stockholders of the Company in respect thereof  (the “ Approval Proxy Statement ”), a copy of the Approval Proxy Statement, at the expense of the Company, soliciting each such stockholder’s affirmative vote at the Stockholder Meeting for approval of a proposal providing for issuance of the maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares, in each case in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Principal Market, the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, the Bylaws of the Company and applicable law (collectively, the “ Stockholder Approval ”). In connection with the Stockholder Meeting, and in no event later than February 15, 2019, the Company shall, in consultation with the Holders, prepare and file with the SEC, the preliminary Approval Proxy Statement and related proxy materials in compliance with Section 14 of the 1934 Act. As reasonably promptly as practicable after comments, if any, are received from the SEC thereon and after the furnishing by the Company and the Holders of all information required to be contained therein, the Company shall, in consultation with the Holders, prepare and the Company shall file any required amendments to the Approval Proxy Statement with the SEC. The Company shall notify the Holders reasonably promptly of the receipt of any comments from the SEC or its staff and of any request by the SEC or its staff for amendments or supplements to the Approval Proxy Statement or for additional information and shall consult with the Holders regarding, and supply the Holders with copies of, all correspondence between the Company or any of its representatives, on the one hand, and the SEC or its staff, on the other hand, with respect to the Approval Proxy Statement. Prior to filing or mailing the initial Approval Proxy Statement or any proposed amendment of or supplement to the Approval Proxy Statement, the Company shall provide the Holders a reasonable opportunity to review and comment on such document and shall incorporate therein any reasonable comments of the Holders thereto. The Company shall use its best efforts to have the Approval Proxy Statement cleared by the SEC and shall thereafter mail to the stockholders of the Company as reasonably promptly as possible the Approval Proxy Statement and all other proxy materials for the Stockholder Meeting.

 

(b) The Company hereby covenants and agrees that (a) the Approval Proxy Statement will, when filed, comply as to form in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the 1934 Act and (b) none of the information included or incorporated by reference in the Approval Proxy Statement will, at the date it is first mailed to the stockholders of the Company or at the time of the Stockholder Meeting or at the time of any amendment or supplement thereof, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they are made, not misleading.

 

(c) The Company shall take, in accordance with applicable law and its Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws, all action reasonably necessary to convene the Stockholder Meeting no later than April 30, 2019 and to submit at the Stockholder Meeting for approval by the requisite vote of the stockholders of the Company the matters subject to Stockholder Approval. In connection with the Stockholder Meeting and any adjournment or postponement thereof, (i) the Board shall recommend that its stockholders vote in favor of all matters submitted thereto at such meeting and (ii) neither the Board nor any committee thereof shall withdraw or modify, or propose or resolve to withdraw or modify in a manner adverse to the Holders, such recommendation. The Company shall take all lawful action to solicit from the stockholders of the Company proxies in favor of the Stockholder Approval and take all other action reasonably necessary or advisable to secure the vote or consent of the stockholders that are required by the rules of Principal Market and applicable law, including, if necessary or appropriate or if requested by the Holders, adjourning the Stockholder Meeting to solicit additional proxies. The Company will enforce any and all voting agreements in respect of the matters subject to the Stockholder Meeting.

 

(d) In the event the Company fails to receive the Stockholder Approval at the time such proposal is considered by the Company’s stockholders, the Company shall use its reasonable best efforts to seek such Stockholder Approval at a subsequent meeting of the Company’s stockholders as soon as reasonably practicable, but no later than 90 days following the meeting at which the Company’s stockholders failed to provide the Stockholder Approval. The Company shall continue to seek Stockholder Approval at

 

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meetings of the Company’s stockholders until such Stockholder Approval is obtained with each new meeting to be held as soon as reasonably practicable but no later than 90 days following the date of the prior meeting at which such proposal was considered by the Company’s stockholders.

 

(e) Notwithstanding Section 33 to the contrary, in no event shall the Company be required to publicly disclose any material, nonpublic information provided to the Holders pursuant to this Section 16 prior to such time, if ever, it is required to do so under applicable securities laws; provided, however, that the Company’s rights under this Section 16(e) shall not serve to cure any facts or circumstances that would otherwise result in an Equity Conditions Failure.

 

17. Liquidation, Dissolution, Winding-Up .   In the event of a Liquidation Event, the Holders shall be entitled to receive in cash out of the assets of the Company, whether from capital or from earnings available for distribution to its stockholders (the “ Liquidation Funds ”), after any amount that is required to be paid to Senior Preferred Stock, if any, and before any amount shall be paid to the holders of any of shares of Junior Stock, but pari passu with any Parity Stock then outstanding, an amount per Preferred Share equal to the greater of  (i) the Conversion Amount thereof on the date of such payment and (ii) the amount per share such Holder would receive if such Holder converted such Preferred Shares into Common Stock immediately prior to the date of such payment, provided that if the Liquidation Funds are insufficient to pay the full amount due to the Holders and holders of shares of Parity Stock, then each Holder and each holder of Parity Stock shall receive a percentage of the Liquidation Funds equal to the full amount of Liquidation Funds payable to such Holder and such holder of Parity Stock as a liquidation preference, in accordance with their respective certificate of designations (or equivalent), as a percentage of the full amount of Liquidation Funds payable to all Holders and all holders of shares of Parity Stock. To the extent necessary, the Company shall cause such actions to be taken by each of its Subsidiaries so as to enable, to the maximum extent permitted by law, the proceeds of a Liquidation Event to be distributed to the Holders in accordance with this Section 17 . All the preferential amounts to be paid to the Holders under this Section 17 shall be paid or set apart for payment before the payment or setting apart for payment of any amount for, or the distribution of any Liquidation Funds of the Company to the holders of shares of Junior Stock in connection with a Liquidation Event as to which this Section 17 applies.

 

18. Distribution of Assets .   In addition to any adjustments pursuant to Section 8 , if the Company shall declare or make any dividend or other distributions of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to any or all holders of shares of Common Stock, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including without limitation, any distribution of cash, stock or other securities, property or options by way of a dividend, spin off, reclassification, corporate rearrangement, scheme of arrangement or other similar transaction) (the “ Distributions ”), then each Holder, as holders of Preferred Shares, will be entitled to such Distributions as if such Holder had held the number of shares of Common Stock acquirable upon complete conversion of the Preferred Shares (without taking into account any limitations or restrictions on the convertibility of the Preferred Shares) immediately prior to the date on which a record is taken for such Distribution or, if no such record is taken, the date as of which the record holders of Common Stock are to be determined for such Distributions ( provided , however , that to the extent that such Holder’s right to participate in any such Distribution would result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, then such Holder shall not be entitled to participate in such Distribution to such extent (and shall not be entitled to beneficial ownership of such shares of Common Stock as a result of such Distribution (and beneficial ownership) to such extent) and the portion of such Distribution shall be held in abeyance for such Holder until such time or times as its right thereto would not result in such Holder and the other Attribution Parties exceeding the Maximum Percentage, at which time or times, if any, such Holder shall be granted such rights (and any rights under this Section 18 on such initial rights or on any subsequent such rights to be held similarly in abeyance) to the same extent as if there had been no such limitation).

 

19. Vote to Change the Terms of or Issue Preferred Shares .   In addition to any other rights provided by law, except where the vote or written consent of the holders of a greater number of shares is required by law or by another provision of the Certificate of Incorporation, without first obtaining the affirmative vote at a meeting duly called for such purpose or the written consent without a meeting of the Required Holders, voting together as a single class, the Company shall not: (a) amend or repeal any provision of, or add any provision to, its Certificate of Incorporation or bylaws, or file any certificate of designations or articles of

 

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amendment of any series of shares of preferred stock, if such action would adversely alter or change the preferences, rights, privileges or powers, or restrictions provided for the benefit, of the Preferred Shares hereunder, regardless of whether any such action shall be by means of amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation or by merger, consolidation or otherwise; (b) increase or decrease (other than by conversion) the authorized number of Preferred Shares; (c) without limiting any provision of Section 2 , create or authorize (by reclassification or otherwise) any new class or series of Senior Preferred Stock or Parity Stock; (d) purchase, repurchase or redeem any shares of Junior Stock (other than pursuant to the terms of the Company’s equity incentive plans and options and other equity awards granted under such plans (that have in good faith been approved by the Board)); (e) without limiting any provision of Section 3 , pay dividends or make any other distribution on any shares of any Junior Stock; or (f) without limiting any provision of Section 10 , whether or not prohibited by the terms of the Preferred Shares, circumvent a right of the Preferred Shares hereunder.

 

20. Transfer of Preferred Shares .   A Holder may transfer some or all of its Preferred Shares without the consent of the Company. No Preferred Shares may be sold or transferred other than to a U.S. person as described in section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

 

21. Reissuance of Preferred Share Certificates and Book Entries .

 

(a) Transfer .   If any Preferred Shares are to be transferred, the applicable Holder shall surrender the applicable Preferred Share Certificate to the Company (or, if the Preferred Shares are held in Book-Entry form, a written instruction letter to the Company), whereupon the Company will forthwith issue and deliver upon the order of such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) (or evidence of the transfer of such Book-Entry), registered as such Holder may request, representing the outstanding number of Preferred Shares being transferred by such Holder and, if less than the entire outstanding number of Preferred Shares is being transferred, a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) to such Holder representing the outstanding number of Preferred Shares not being transferred (or evidence of such remaining Preferred Shares in a Book-Entry for such Holder). Such Holder and any assignee, by acceptance of the Preferred Share Certificate or evidence of Book-Entry issuance, as applicable, acknowledge and agree that, by reason of the provisions of Section 4(c)(iii) following conversion or redemption of any of the Preferred Shares, the outstanding number of Preferred Shares represented by the Preferred Shares may be less than the number of Preferred Shares stated on the face of the Preferred Shares.

 

(b) Lost, Stolen or Mutilated Preferred Share Certificate .   Upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to the Company of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of a Preferred Share Certificate (as to which a written certification and the indemnification contemplated below shall suffice as such evidence), and, in the case of loss, theft or destruction, of any indemnification undertaking by the applicable Holder to the Company in customary and reasonable form and, in the case of mutilation, upon surrender and cancellation of such Preferred Share Certificate, the Company shall execute and deliver to such Holder a new Preferred Share Certificate (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing the applicable outstanding number of Preferred Shares.

 

(c) Preferred Share Certificate and Book-Entries Exchangeable for Different Denominations and Forms .   Each Preferred Share Certificate is exchangeable, upon the surrender hereof by the applicable Holder at the principal office of the Company, for a new Preferred Share Certificate or Preferred Share Certificate(s) or new Book-Entry (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing, in the aggregate, the outstanding number of the Preferred Shares in the original Preferred Share Certificate, and each such new Preferred Share Certificate and/or new Book-Entry, as applicable, will represent such portion of such outstanding number of Preferred Shares from the original Preferred Share Certificate as is designated in writing by such Holder at the time of such surrender. Each Book-Entry may be exchanged into one or more new Preferred Share Certificates or split by the applicable Holder by delivery of a written notice to the Company into two or more new Book-Entries (in accordance with Section 21(d)) representing, in the aggregate, the outstanding number of the Preferred Shares in the original Book-Entry, and each such new Book-Entry and/or new Preferred Share Certificate, as applicable, will represent such portion of such outstanding number of Preferred Shares from the original Book-Entry as is designated in writing by such Holder at the time of such surrender.

 

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(d) Issuance of New Preferred Share Certificate or Book-Entry .   Whenever the Company is required to issue a new Preferred Share Certificate or a new Book-Entry pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations, such new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry (i) shall represent, as indicated on the face of such Preferred Share Certificate or in such Book-Entry, as applicable, the number of Preferred Shares remaining outstanding (or in the case of a new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry being issued pursuant to Section 21(a) or Section 21(c), the number of Preferred Shares designated by such Holder) which, when added to the number of Preferred Shares represented by the other new Preferred Share Certificates or other new Book-Entry, as applicable, issued in connection with such issuance, does not exceed the number of Preferred Shares remaining outstanding under the original Preferred Share Certificate or original Book-Entry, as applicable, immediately prior to such issuance of new Preferred Share Certificate or new Book-Entry, as applicable, and (ii) shall have an issuance date, as indicated on the face of such new Preferred Share Certificate or in such new Book-Entry, as applicable, which is the same as the issuance date of the original Preferred Share Certificate or in such original Book-Entry, as applicable.

 

22. Remedies, Other Obligations, Breaches and Injunctive Relief.    The remedies provided in this Certificate of Designations shall be cumulative and in addition to all other remedies available at law or in equity (including a decree of specific performance and/or other injunctive relief), and nothing herein shall limit any Holder’s right to pursue actual for any failure by the Company to comply with the terms of this Certificate of Designations. Amounts set forth or provided for herein with respect to payments, conversion and the like (and the computation thereof) shall be the amounts to be received by a Holder and shall not, except as expressly provided herein, be subject to any other obligation of the Company (or the performance thereof). The Company acknowledges that a breach by it of its obligations hereunder will cause irreparable harm to the Holders and that the remedy at law for any such breach may be inadequate. The Company therefore agrees that, in the event of any such breach or threatened breach, each Holder shall be entitled, in addition to all other available remedies, to seek an injunction restraining any such breach or any such threatened breach, without the necessity of showing economic loss and without any bond or other security being required. The Company shall provide all information and documentation to a Holder that is reasonably requested by such Holder to enable such Holder to confirm the Company’s compliance with the terms and conditions of this Certificate of Designations.

 

23. Payment of Collection, Enforcement and Other Costs .   If  (a) any Preferred Shares are placed in the hands of an attorney for collection or enforcement or is collected or enforced through any legal proceeding or a Holder otherwise takes action to collect amounts due under this Certificate of Designations with respect to the Preferred Shares or to enforce the provisions of this Certificate of Designations or (b) there occurs any bankruptcy, reorganization, receivership of the Company or other proceedings affecting Company creditors’ rights and involving a claim under this Certificate of Designations, then the Company shall pay the reasonable and documented costs incurred by such Holder for such collection, enforcement or action or in connection with such bankruptcy, reorganization, receivership or other proceeding, including, without limitation, reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and disbursements.

 

24. Construction; Headings .   This Certificate of Designations shall be deemed to be jointly drafted by the Company and the Holders and shall not be construed against any such Person as the drafter hereof. The headings of this Certificate of Designations are for convenience of reference and shall not form part of, or affect the interpretation of, this Certificate of Designations. Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, each pronoun herein shall be deemed to include the masculine, feminine, neuter, singular and plural forms thereof. The terms “including,” “includes,” “include” and words of like import shall be construed broadly as if followed by the words “without limitation.” The terms “herein,” “hereunder,” “hereof” and words of like import refer to this entire Certificate of Designations instead of just the provision in which they are found. Unless expressly indicated otherwise, all section references are to sections of this Certificate of Designations.

 

25. Failure or Indulgence Not Waiver .   No failure or delay on the part of a Holder in the exercise of any power, right or privilege hereunder within the applicable time periods provided herein shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any such power, right or privilege preclude other or further exercise thereof or of any other right, power or privilege. No waiver shall be effective unless it is in writing and signed by an authorized representative of the waiving party. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing contained in this Section 25 shall permit any waiver of any provision of Section 4(d) .

 

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26. Dispute Resolution .

 

(a) In the case of a dispute relating to a Closing Bid Price, a Closing Sale Price, a Conversion Price, an Installment Conversion Price, a Triggering Event Conversion Price, a VWAP or a fair market value or the arithmetic calculation of a Conversion Rate, or the applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be) (including, without limitation, a dispute relating to the determination of any of the foregoing), the Company or the applicable Holder (as the case may be) shall submit the dispute to the other party via electronic mail (A) if by the Company, within two (2) Business Days after the occurrence of the circumstances giving rise to such dispute or (B) if by such Holder at any time after such Holder learned of the circumstances giving rise to such dispute. If such Holder and the Company are unable to promptly resolve such dispute relating to such Closing Bid Price, such Closing Sale Price, such Conversion Price, such Installment Conversion Price, such Triggering Event Conversion Price, such VWAP or such fair market value, or the arithmetic calculation of such Conversion Rate or such applicable Redemption Price (as the case may be), at any time after the third (3rd) Business Day following such initial notice by the Company or such Holder (as the case may be) of such dispute to the Company or such Holder (as the case may be), then such Holder may, at its sole option, select an independent, reputable investment bank to resolve such dispute, which investment bank shall be approved by the Company (such approval not to be unreasonably delayed, withheld or conditioned).

 

(b) Such Holder and the Company shall each deliver to such investment bank (A) a copy of the initial dispute submission so delivered in accordance with the first sentence of this Section 26 and (B) written documentation supporting its position with respect to such dispute, in each case, no later than 5:00 p.m. (New York time) by the fifth (5th) Business Day immediately following the date on which such Holder selected such investment bank (the “ Dispute Submission Deadline ”) (the documents referred to in the immediately preceding clauses (A) and (B) are collectively referred to herein as the “ Required Dispute Documentation ”) (it being understood and agreed that if either such Holder or the Company fails to so deliver all of the Required Dispute Documentation by the Dispute Submission Deadline, then the party who fails to so submit all of the Required Dispute Documentation shall no longer be entitled to (and hereby waives its right to) deliver or submit any written documentation or other support to such investment bank with respect to such dispute and such investment bank shall resolve such dispute based solely on the Required Dispute Documentation that was delivered to such investment bank prior to the Dispute Submission Deadline). Unless otherwise agreed to in writing by both the Company and such Holder or otherwise requested by such investment bank, neither the Company nor such Holder shall be entitled to deliver or submit any written documentation or other support to such investment bank in connection with such dispute (other than the Required Dispute Documentation).

 

(c) The Company and such Holder shall cause such investment bank to determine the resolution of such dispute and notify the Company and such Holder in writing of such resolution no later than ten (10) Business Days immediately following the Dispute Submission Deadline. Absent bad faith by such Holder, the fees and expenses of such investment bank shall be borne solely by the Company, and such investment bank’s resolution of such dispute shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error.

 

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27. Notices; Currency; Payments .

 

(a) Notices .   The Company shall provide each Holder with prompt written notice of all actions taken pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations, including in reasonable detail a description of such action and the reason therefor. Any notices, consents, waivers or other communications required or permitted to be given under the terms hereof must be in writing and will be deemed to have been delivered: (i) upon receipt, when delivered personally; (ii) upon receipt, when sent by facsimile (provided confirmation of transmission is mechanically or electronically generated and kept on file by the sending party) or by electronic mail (provided that the sending party does not receive an automated rejection notice); or (iii) one Business Day after deposit with an overnight courier service, in each case properly addressed to the party to receive the same as follows:

 

(i) if to the Company, to:

 

FuelCell Energy, Inc.

3 Great Pasture Road

Danbury, CT 06810

Attention: Michael Bishop & Jennifer D. Arasimowicz, Esq.

Email: mbishop@fce.com

jarasimowicz@fce.com

 

with a copy to:

 

Foley & Lardner LLP

111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500

Boston, MA 02199

Attention: Paul Broude, Esq.

Email: pbroude@foley.com

Facsimile: (617) 342-4001

 

(ii) if to a Holder, in accordance with the address, facsimile number and/or e-mail address of such Holder set forth on the books and records of the Company; or to such other address, facsimile number and/or e-mail address and/or to the attention of such Person as the recipient party has specified by written notice given to each other party five (5) days prior to the effectiveness of such change.

 

Written confirmation of receipt (A) given by the recipient of such notice, consent, waiver or other communication, (B) mechanically or electronically generated by the sender’s facsimile machine or e-mail containing the time, date, recipient facsimile number and an image of the first page of such transmission or (C) provided by an overnight courier service shall be rebuttable evidence of personal service, receipt by facsimile or receipt from an overnight courier service in accordance with clause (i), (ii) or (iii) above, respectively. The Company shall provide each Holder with prompt written notice of all actions taken pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, including in reasonable detail a description of such action and the reason therefore. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company shall give written notice to each Holder (i) promptly upon any adjustment of the Conversion Price, setting forth in reasonable detail, and certifying, the calculation of such adjustment and (ii) at least fifteen (15) days prior to the date on which the Company closes its books or takes a record (A) with respect to any dividend or distribution upon the Common Stock, (B) with respect to any grant, issuances, or sales of any Options, Convertible Securities or rights to purchase stock, warrants, securities or other property to holders of shares of Common Stock or (C) for determining rights to vote with respect to any Fundamental Transaction, dissolution or liquidation, provided in each case that such information shall be made known to the public prior to or in conjunction with such notice being provided to such Holder.

 

(b) Currency .   All dollar amounts referred to in this Certificate of Designations are in United States Dollars (“ U.S. Dollars ”), and all amounts owing under this Certificate of Designations shall be paid in U.S. Dollars. All amounts denominated in other currencies (if any) shall be converted into the U.S. Dollar equivalent amount in accordance with the Exchange Rate on the date of calculation. “ Exchange Rate ” means, in relation to any amount of currency to be converted into U.S. Dollars

 

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pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, the U.S. Dollar exchange rate as published in the Wall Street Journal on the relevant date of calculation (it being understood and agreed that where an amount is calculated with reference to, or over, a period of time, the date of calculation shall be the final date of such period of time).

 

(c) Payments .   Whenever any payment of cash is to be made by the Company to any Person pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, unless otherwise expressly set forth herein, such payment shall be made in lawful money of the United States of America by wire transfer of immediately available funds pursuant to wire transfer instructions that Holder shall provide to the Company in writing from time to time with no less than two (2) Business Days prior written notice. Whenever any amount expressed to be due by the terms of this Certificate of Designations is due on any day which is not a Business Day, the same shall instead be due on the next succeeding day which is a Business Day. Any amount due under this Certificate of Designations which is not paid within five (5) Business Days of when due shall result in a late charge being incurred and payable by the Company in an amount equal to interest on such amount at the rate of fifteen percent (15%) per annum from the date such amount was due until the same is paid in full (“ Late Charge ”).

 

28. Waiver of Notice .   To the extent permitted by law, the Company hereby irrevocably waives demand, notice, presentment, protest and all other demands and notices in connection with the delivery, acceptance, performance, default or enforcement of this Certificate of Designations.

 

29. Governing Law .   This Certificate of Designations shall be construed and enforced in accordance with, and all questions concerning the construction, validity, interpretation and performance of this Certificate of Designations shall be governed by, the internal laws of the State of Delaware, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law provision or rule (whether of the State of Delaware or any other jurisdictions) that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdictions other than the State of Delaware. The Company and each Holder hereby irrevocably submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and federal courts sitting in The City of New York, Borough of Manhattan, for the adjudication of any dispute hereunder or in connection herewith or with any transaction contemplated hereby or discussed herein, and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or proceeding is brought in an inconvenient forum or that the venue of such suit, action or proceeding is improper. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed or operate to preclude any Holder from bringing suit or taking other legal action against the Company in any other jurisdiction to collect on the Company’s obligations to such Holder, or to enforce a judgment or other court ruling in favor of such Holder. THE COMPANY AND EACH HOLDER HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO, AND AGREES NOT TO REQUEST, A JURY TRIAL FOR THE ADJUDICATION OF ANY DISPUTE HEREUNDER OR IN CONNECTION WITH OR ARISING OUT OF THIS CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATIONS OR ANY TRANSACTION CONTEMPLATED HEREBY.

 

30. Severability .   If any provision of this Certificate of Designations is prohibited by law or otherwise determined to be invalid or unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, the provision that would otherwise be prohibited, invalid or unenforceable shall be deemed amended to apply to the broadest extent that it would be valid and enforceable, and the invalidity or unenforceability of such provision shall not affect the validity of the remaining provisions of this Certificate of Designations so long as this Certificate of Designations as so modified continues to express, without material change, the original intentions of the parties as to the subject matter hereof and the prohibited nature, invalidity or unenforceability of the provision(s) in question does not substantially impair the respective expectations or reciprocal obligations of the parties or the practical realization of the benefits that would otherwise be conferred upon the parties. The parties will endeavor in good faith negotiations to replace the prohibited, invalid or unenforceable provision(s) with a valid provision(s), the effect of which comes as close as possible to that of the prohibited, invalid or unenforceable provision(s).

 

31. Maximum Payments .   Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to establish or require the payment of a rate of interest or other charges in excess of the maximum permitted by applicable law. In the event that the rate of interest required to be paid or other charges hereunder exceed the maximum

 

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permitted by such law, any payments in excess of such maximum shall be credited against amounts owed by the Company to the applicable Holder and thus refunded to the Company.

 

32. Stockholder Matters; Amendment .

 

(a) Stockholder Matters .   Any stockholder action, approval or consent required, desired or otherwise sought by the Company pursuant to the DGCL, the Certificate of Incorporation, this Certificate of Designations or otherwise with respect to the issuance of Preferred Shares may be effected by written consent of the Company’s stockholders or at a duly called meeting of the Company’s stockholders, all in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations of the DGCL. This provision is intended to comply with the applicable sections of the DGCL permitting stockholder action, approval and consent affected by written consent in lieu of a meeting.

 

(b) Amendment .   This Certificate of Designations or any provision hereof may be amended by obtaining the affirmative vote at a meeting duly called for such purpose, or written consent without a meeting in accordance with the DGCL, of the Required Holders, voting separate as a single class, and with such other stockholder approval, if any, as may then be required pursuant to the DGCL and the Certificate of Incorporation.

 

33. Disclosure .   Upon receipt or delivery by the Company of any notice in accordance with the terms of this Certificate of Designations, unless the Company has in good faith determined that the matters relating to such notice do not constitute material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days after any such receipt or delivery publicly disclose such material, non-public information on a Current Report on Form 8-K or otherwise, unless any provision of this Certificate of Designations provides otherwise with respect to the public disclosure of a particular notice, then such public disclosure shall be in accordance with the terms and conditions of such provision. In the event that the Company believes that a notice contains material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, the Company so shall indicate to such Holder contemporaneously with delivery of such notice, and in the absence of any such indication, such Holder shall be allowed to presume that all matters relating to such notice do not constitute material, non-public information relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

 

34. Certain Defined Terms .   For purposes of this Certificate of Designations, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

 

(a) “ 1934 Act ” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

 

(b) “ Additional Amount ” means, as of the applicable date of determination, with respect to each Preferred Share, all declared and unpaid Dividends on such Preferred Share.

 

(c) “ Affiliate ” or “ Affiliated ” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person, it being understood for purposes of this definition that “control” of a Person means the power directly or indirectly either to vote 10% or more of the stock having ordinary voting power for the election of directors of such Person or direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise.

 

(d) “ Attribution Parties ” means, collectively, the following Persons and entities: (i) any investment vehicle, including, any funds, feeder funds or managed accounts, currently, or from time to time after the Initial Issuance Date, directly or indirectly managed or advised by a Holder’s investment manager or any of its Affiliates or principals, (ii) any direct or indirect Affiliates of such Holder or any of the foregoing, (iii) any Person acting or who could be deemed to be acting as a Group together with such Holder or any of the foregoing and (iv) any other Persons whose beneficial ownership of the Company’s Common Stock would or could be aggregated with such Holder’s and the other Attribution Parties for purposes of Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act. For clarity, the purpose of the foregoing is to subject collectively such Holder and all other Attribution Parties to the Maximum Percentage.

 

(e) “ Bloomberg ” means Bloomberg, L.P.

 

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(f) “ Book-Entry ” means each entry on the Register evidencing one or more Preferred Shares held by a Holder in lieu of a Preferred Share Certificate issuable hereunder.

 

(g) “ Business Day ” means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in The City of New York are authorized or required by law to remain closed.

 

(h) “ Change of Control ” means any Fundamental Transaction other than (i) any reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification of the Common Stock in which holders of the Company’s voting power immediately prior to such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification continue after such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification to hold publicly traded securities and, directly or indirectly, are, in all material respects, the holders of the voting power of the surviving entity (or entities with the authority or voting power to elect the members of the board of directors (or their equivalent if other than a corporation) of such entity or entities) after such reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification, (ii) pursuant to a migratory merger effected solely for the purpose of changing the jurisdiction of incorporation of the Company, (iii) a merger in connection with a bona fide acquisition by the Company of any Person in which such merger does not contemplate a change to the identity of a majority of the board of directors of the Company, or (iv) as a result of the transactions contemplated by this Certificate of Designations.

 

(i) “ Closing Bid Price ” and “ Closing Sale Price ” means, for any security as of any date, the last closing bid price and last closing trade price, respectively, for such security on the Principal Market, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market begins to operate on an extended hours basis and does not designate the closing bid price or the closing trade price (as the case may be) then the last bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security prior to 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal securities exchange or trading market for such security, the last closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security on the principal securities exchange or trading market where such security is listed or traded as reported by Bloomberg, or if the foregoing do not apply, the last closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, of such security in the over-the-counter market on the electronic bulletin board for such security as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no closing bid price or last trade price, respectively, is reported for such security by Bloomberg, the average of the bid prices, or the ask prices, respectively, of any market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” by OTC Markets Group Inc. (formerly Pink Sheets LLC). If the Closing Bid Price or the Closing Sale Price cannot be calculated for a security on a particular date on any of the foregoing bases, the Closing Bid Price or the Closing Sale Price (as the case may be) of such security on such date shall be the fair market value as mutually determined by the Company and the Required Holder. If the Company and the Required Holders are unable to agree upon the fair market value of such security, then such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the procedures in Section 26 . All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions during such period.

 

(j) “ Common Stock ” means (i) the Company’s shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and (ii) any capital stock into which such common stock shall have been changed or any share capital resulting from a reclassification of such common stock.

 

(k) “ Common Stock Equivalents ” means, collectively, Options and Convertible Securities.

 

(l) “ Contingent Obligation ” means, as to any Person, any direct or indirect liability, contingent or otherwise, of that Person with respect to any Indebtedness, lease, dividend or other obligation of another Person if the primary purpose or intent of the Person incurring such liability, or the primary effect thereof, is to provide assurance to the obligee of such liability that such liability will be paid or discharged, or that any agreements relating thereto will be complied with, or that the holders of such liability will be protected (in whole or in part) against loss with respect thereto.

 

(m) “ Convertible Securities ” means any stock or other security (other than Options) that is at any time and under any circumstances, directly or indirectly, convertible into, exercisable or exchangeable for, or which otherwise entitles the holder thereof to acquire, any shares of Common Stock.

 

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(n) “ Current Subsidiary ” means any Person in which the Company on the Subscription Date, directly or indirectly, (i) owns any of the outstanding capital stock or holds any equity or similar interest of such Person or (ii) controls or operates all or any part of the business, operations or administration of such Person, and all of the foregoing, collectively, “ Current Subsidiaries ”.

 

(o) “ Eligible Market ” means The New York Stock Exchange, the NYSE MKT, the Nasdaq Global Select Market, the Nasdaq Capital Market or the Principal Market.

 

(p) “ Equity Conditions ” means, with respect to an given date of determination: (i) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Common Stock is listed or designated for quotation (as applicable) on an Eligible Market and shall not have been suspended from trading on an Eligible Market (other than suspensions of not more than two (2) days and occurring prior to the applicable date of determination due to business announcements by the Company); (ii) during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Company shall have delivered all shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares on a timely basis as set forth in Section 4 hereof; (iii) any shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring determination may be issued in full without violating Section 4(d)(i) hereof; (iv) any shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring determination may be issued in full without violating the rules or regulations of the Eligible Market on which the Common Stock is then listed or designated for quotation (as applicable); (v) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, no public announcement of a pending, proposed or intended Fundamental Transaction shall have occurred which has not been abandoned, terminated or consummated; (vi) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, such Holder shall not be in possession of any material, non-public information regarding the Company provided to it by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective Affiliates, employees, officers, representatives, agents or the like; (vii) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the Company otherwise shall not have breached any covenant or other term of this Certificate of Designations in any material respect (other than covenants subject to material adverse effect or materiality, which may not be breached in any respect), including, without limitation, the Company shall not have failed to timely make any payment pursuant to this Certificate of Designations; (viii) on at least seven (7) Trading Days during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, including each of the final three (3) Trading Days during such Equity Conditions Measuring Period, there shall not have occurred any Volume Failure or Price Failure; (ix) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, on the applicable date of determination (A) no Authorized Share Failure shall exist or be continuing and 100% of the maximum number of shares of Common Stock then issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares (without regard to any limitations on conversion) are available under the certificate of incorporation of the Company and reserved by the Company to be issued pursuant to this Certificate of Designations, (B) all shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring this determination may be issued in full without resulting in an Authorized Share Failure and (C) all shares of Common Stock to be issued in connection with the event requiring this determination are duly authorized and may be issued in full; (x) on each day during the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, there shall not have occurred and there shall not exist a Triggering Event or an event that with the passage of time or giving of notice would constitute a Triggering Event; and (xi) the shares of Common Stock issuable pursuant to the event requiring the satisfaction of the Equity Conditions are eligible for trading without restriction on an Eligible Market.

 

(q) “ Equity Conditions Failure ” means that as of the applicable date of determination the Equity Conditions have not been satisfied (or waived in writing by the applicable Holder).

 

(r) “ Equity Conditions Measuring Period ” means the period beginning twelve (12) Trading Days immediately prior to the applicable date of determination and ending on and including the applicable date of determination.

 

(s) “ Fundamental Transaction ” means (A) that the Company shall, directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, (i) consolidate or merge with or into (whether or not the Company is the surviving corporation) another Subject Entity, or (ii) sell, assign, transfer, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of the properties or assets

 

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of the Company or any of its “significant subsidiaries” (as defined in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X) to one or more Subject Entities, or (iii) make, or allow one or more Subject Entities to make, or allow the Company to be subject to or have its Common Stock be subject to or party to one or more Subject Entities making, a purchase, tender or exchange offer that is accepted by the holders of at least either (x) 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, (y) 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entities making or party to, such purchase, tender or exchange offer were not outstanding; or (z) such number of shares of Common Stock such that all Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entity making or party to, such purchase, tender or exchange offer, become collectively the beneficial owners (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act) of at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, or (iv) consummate a stock or share purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off or scheme of arrangement) with one or more Subject Entities whereby all such Subject Entities, individually or in the aggregate, acquire, either (x) at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, (y) at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all the Subject Entities making or party to, or Affiliated with any Subject Entity making or party to, such stock purchase agreement or other business combination were not outstanding; or (z) such number of shares of Common Stock such that the Subject Entities become collectively the beneficial owners (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act) of at least 50% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, or (v) reorganize, recapitalize or reclassify its Common Stock, (B) that the Company shall, directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, allow any Subject Entity individually or the Subject Entities in the aggregate to be or become the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rule 13d-3 under the 1934 Act), directly or indirectly, whether through acquisition, purchase, assignment, conveyance, tender, tender offer, exchange, reduction in outstanding shares of Common Stock, merger, consolidation, business combination, reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off, scheme of arrangement, reorganization, recapitalization or reclassification or otherwise in any manner whatsoever, of either (x) at least 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding Common Stock, (y) at least 50% of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding Common Stock not held by all such Subject Entities as of the date of this Certificate of Designations calculated as if any shares of Common Stock held by all such Subject Entities were not outstanding, or (z) a percentage of the aggregate ordinary voting power represented by issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock or other equity securities of the Company sufficient to allow such Subject Entities to effect a statutory short form merger or other transaction requiring other shareholders of the Company to surrender their shares of Common Stock without approval of the shareholders of the Company or (C) directly or indirectly, including through subsidiaries, Affiliates or otherwise, in one or more related transactions, the issuance of or the entering into any other instrument or transaction structured in a manner to circumvent, or that circumvents, the intent of this definition in which case this definition shall be construed and implemented in a manner otherwise than in strict conformity with the terms of this definition to the extent necessary to correct this definition or any portion of this definition which may be defective or inconsistent with the intended treatment of such instrument or transaction.

 

(t) “ GAAP ” means United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied.

 

(u) “ Group ” means a “group” as that term is used in Section 13(d) of the 1934 Act and as defined in Rule 13d-5 thereunder.

 

(v) “ Holder Pro Rata Amount ” means, with respect to any Holder, a fraction (i) the numerator of which is the number of Preferred Shares issued to such Holder on the Initial Issuance Date and (ii) the denominator of which is the number of Preferred Shares issued to all Holders on the Initial Issuance Date.

 

(w) “ Indebtedness ” means of any Person means, without duplication (A) all indebtedness for borrowed money, (B) all obligations issued, undertaken or assumed as the deferred purchase price of property or services, including, without limitation, “capital leases” in accordance with GAAP for the periods covered thereby (other than trade payables entered into in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice), (C) all reimbursement or payment obligations with respect to letters of credit, surety bonds and

 

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other similar instruments, (D) all obligations evidenced by notes, bonds, debentures or similar instruments, including obligations so evidenced incurred in connection with the acquisition of property, assets or businesses, (E) all indebtedness created or arising under any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, or incurred as financing, in either case with respect to any property or assets acquired with the proceeds of such indebtedness (even though the rights and remedies of the seller or bank under such agreement in the event of default are limited to repossession or sale of such property), (F) all monetary obligations under any leasing or similar arrangement which, in connection with United States generally accepted accounting principles, consistently applied for the periods covered thereby, is classified as a capital lease, (G) all indebtedness referred to in clauses (A) through (F) above secured by (or for which the holder of such Indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any mortgage, deed of trust, lien, pledge, charge, security interest or other encumbrance of any nature whatsoever in or upon any property or assets (including accounts and contract rights) with respect to any asset or property owned by any Person, even though the Person which owns such assets or property has not assumed or become liable for the payment of such indebtedness, and (H) all Contingent Obligations in respect of indebtedness or obligations of others of the kinds referred to in clauses (A) through (G) above.

 

(x) “ Installment Amount ” means, as of the applicable date of determination, with respect to a particular Holder, (A) the Stated Value of a number of Preferred Shares equal to (i) the product of (1) $989,677.42 multiplied by (2) such Holder’s Pro Rata Amount (rounded to the nearest whole number) or (ii) all Preferred Shares then held by such Holder only if such number of Preferred Shares then held by such Holder is less than the amount determined under the immediately preceding clause (i), (B) any Deferral Amount deferred pursuant to Section 9(d) to such applicable Installment Date and included in such Installment Amount in accordance therewith, and (C) any Acceleration Amount accelerated pursuant to Section 9(e) for such Current Installment Date and included in such Installment Amount in accordance therewith.

 

(y) “ Installment Conversion Price ” means, with respect to a particular date of determination, the lesser of  (i) the Conversion Price then in effect, and (ii) 87.5% of the Installment Market Price then in effect. All such determinations to be appropriately adjusted for any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination or other similar transaction during any such measuring period.

 

(z) “ Installment Date ” means each of the first (1st) and sixteenth (16th) calendar day of each month commencing on (and including) December 1, 2018 and ending on (and including) the Maturity Date; provided that if a given Installment Date is not a Trading Day, such Installment Date shall be the next Trading Day.

 

(aa) “ Installment Market Price ” means the lesser of  (i) the VWAP on the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date and (ii) the quotient of  (A) the sum of the two (2) lowest daily VWAPs of the Common Stock during the ten (10) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately prior to the applicable Installment Date, divided by (B) two (2).

 

(bb) “ Intellectual Property Rights ” means, with respect to the Company and its Subsidiaries, all of their rights or licenses to use all trademarks, trade names, service marks, service mark registrations, service names, original works of authorship, patents, patent rights, copyrights, inventions, licenses, approvals, governmental authorizations, trade secrets and other intellectual property rights and all applications and registrations therefor.

 

(cc) “ Liquidation Event ” means, whether in a single transaction or series of transactions, the voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company or such Subsidiaries the assets of which constitute all or substantially all of the assets of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.

 

(dd) “ Material Adverse Effect ” means one or more material adverse effect(s). individually or in the aggregate, on the business, properties, assets, liabilities, operations, results of operations, condition (financial or otherwise) or prospects of the Company and its Subsidiaries, if any, taken as a whole, or on the transactions contemplated hereby, or on the authority or ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Certificate of Designations.

 

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(ee) “ Maturity Date ” shall mean March 1, 2020; provided, however, the Maturity Date may be extended at the option of a Holder (i) in the event that, and for so long as, a Triggering Event shall have occurred and be continuing or (ii) through the date that is twenty (20) Business Days after the consummation of a Fundamental Transaction in the event that a Fundamental Transaction is publicly announced or a Change of Control Notice is delivered prior to the Maturity Date; provided , however , that if a Holder elects to convert some or all of its Preferred Shares pursuant to Section 4 hereof, and the Conversion Amount would be limited pursuant to Section 4(d) hereunder, the Maturity Date shall automatically be extended until such time as such provision shall not limit the conversion of such Preferred Shares.

 

(ff) “ New Subsidiary ” means, as of any date of determination, any Person in which the Company after the Subscription Date, directly or indirectly, (i) owns or acquires any of the outstanding capital stock or holds any equity or similar interest of such Person or (ii) controls or operates all or any part of the business, operations or administration of such Person, and all of the foregoing, collectively, “ New Subsidiaries .”

 

(gg) “ Options ” means any rights, warrants or options to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock or Convertible Securities.

 

(hh) “ Parent Entity ” of a Person means an entity that, directly or indirectly, controls the applicable Person and whose common stock or equivalent equity security is quoted or listed on an Eligible Market, if any, or, if there is more than one such Person or Parent Entity, the Person or Parent Entity with the largest public market capitalization as of the date of consummation of the Change of Control.

 

(ii) “ Person ” means an individual, a limited liability company, a partnership, a joint venture, a corporation, a trust, an unincorporated organization, any other entity or a government or any department or agency thereof.

 

(jj) “Price Failure ” means, with respect to each Trading Day of the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the VWAP of the Common Stock fails to be $0.50 (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions occurring after the Subscription Date) or more. All such determinations to be appropriately adjusted for any stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations or other similar transactions during any such measuring period.

 

(kk) “ Principal Market ” means the Nasdaq Global Market.

 

(ll) “ Redemption Notices ” means, collectively, the Triggering Events Redemption Notices, the Maturity Redemption Notice, the Installment Notices with respect to any Installment Redemption and the Change of Control Redemption Notices, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Redemption Notice .”

 

(mm) “ Redemption Premium ” means 125%.

 

(nn) “ Redemption Prices ” means, collectively, Triggering Event Redemption Prices, the Change of Control Redemption Prices, the Maturity Redemption Price and the Installment Redemption Prices, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Redemption Price .”

 

(oo) “ SEC ” means the Securities and Exchange Commission or the successor thereto.

 

(pp) “ Significant Subsidiary ” shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Rule 1-02 of Regulation S-X.

 

(qq) “ Stated Value ” shall mean $1,000 per share, subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, recapitalizations, reorganizations, reclassifications, combinations, subdivisions or other similar events occurring after the Initial Issuance Date with respect to the Preferred Shares.

 

(rr) “ Stockholder Meeting Outside Date ” means April 30, 2019.

 

(ss) “ Subscription Date ” means August 27, 2018.

 

(tt) “Subject Entity ” means any Person, Persons or Group or any Affiliate of any such Person, Persons or Group.

 

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(uu) “ Subsidiaries ” means, as of any date of determination, collectively, all Current Subsidiaries and all New Subsidiaries, and each of the foregoing, individually, a “ Subsidiary .”

 

(vv) “ Successor Entity ” means the Person (or, if so elected by the Required Holders, the Parent Entity) formed by, resulting from or surviving any Change of Control or the Person (or, if so elected by the Required Holders, the Parent Entity) with which such Change of Control shall have been entered into.

 

(ww) “ Trading Day ” means, as applicable, (x) with respect to all price or trading volume determinations relating to the Common Stock, any day on which the Common Stock is traded on the Principal Market, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for the Common Stock, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which the Common Stock is then traded, provided that “Trading Day” shall not include any day on which the Common Stock is scheduled to trade on such exchange or market for less than 4.5 hours or any day that the Common Stock is suspended from trading during the entire final hour of trading on such exchange or market (or if such exchange or market does not designate in advance the closing time of trading on such exchange or market, then during the hour ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time) unless such day is otherwise designated as a Trading Day in writing by the Holder or (y) with respect to all determinations other than price or trading volume determinations relating to the Common Stock, any day on which the Principal Market or other then applicable Eligible Market is open for trading of securities.

 

(xx) “ Triggering Event Conversion Price ” means, with respect to any Triggering Event Conversion that price which shall be the lower of  (i) the applicable Conversion Price as in effect on the Trading Day immediately preceding the time of the delivery or deemed delivery of the applicable Conversion Notice, and (ii) 85% of the lowest VWAP of the Common Stock on any Trading Day during the five (5) consecutive Trading Day period ending and including the Trading Day immediately preceding the delivery or deemed delivery of the applicable Conversion Notice (as adjusted for any share dividend, share split, share combination, reclassification or similar transaction that proportionately decreases or increases the Common Stock during such period).

 

(yy) “ Volume Failure ” means, with respect to each Trading Day of the applicable Equity Conditions Measuring Period, the aggregate daily dollar trading volume (as reported on Bloomberg) of the Common Stock fails to be $150,000 or more.

 

(zz) “ VWAP ” means, for any security as of any date, the dollar volume-weighted average price for such security on the Principal Market (or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for such security, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which such security is then traded) during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg through its “Volume at Price” function or, if the foregoing does not apply, the dollar volume-weighted average price of such security in the over-the-counter market on the electronic bulletin board for such security during the period beginning at 9:30:01 a.m., New York time, and ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no dollar volume-weighted average price is reported for such security by Bloomberg for such hours, the average of the highest closing bid price and the lowest closing ask price of any of the market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” by OTC Markets Group Inc. (formerly Pink Sheets LLC). If the VWAP cannot be calculated for such security on such date on any of the foregoing bases, the VWAP of such security on such date shall be the fair market value as mutually determined by the Company and the Required Holders. If the Company and the Required Holders are unable to agree upon the fair market value of such security, then such dispute shall be resolved in accordance with the procedures in Section 26 . All such determinations shall be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination, recapitalization or other similar transaction during such period.

 

* * * * *

 

  37  

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Certificate of Designations of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc. to be signed by its Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer on this 29 th day of August, 2018.

 

  FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
  By: /s/ Michael S. Bishop
    Name: Michael S. Bishop
    Title:   Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

 

  38  

 

  

EXHIBIT I​

 

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

CONVERSION NOTICE

 

Reference is made to the Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc. (the “ Certificate of Designations ”). In accordance with and pursuant to the Certificate of Designations, the undersigned hereby elects to convert the number of shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “ Preferred Shares ”), of FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), indicated below into shares of common stock, $0.0001 value per share (the “ Common Stock ”), of the Company, as of the date specified below.

 

Date of Conversion:  
     
Aggregate number of Preferred Shares to be converted  
     
Aggregate Stated Value of such Preferred Shares to be converted:  
     
Aggregate accrued and unpaid Dividends and accrued and unpaid Late Charges with respect to such Preferred Shares and such Aggregate Dividends to be converted:  
     
AGGREGATE CONVERSION AMOUNT TO BE CONVERTED:     

 

This Conversion Notice shall constitute a representation by the Holder submitting this Conversion Notice that after giving effect to the conversion provided for in this Conversion Notice, the Holder (together with its Attribution Parties) will not have beneficial ownership (together with the beneficial ownership of such Person’s Attribution Parties) of a number of shares of Common Stock which exceeds the Maximum Percentage of the total outstanding shares of Common Stock of the Company as determined based on the Reported Outstanding Share Number provided by the Company and otherwise pursuant to the provisions of Section 4(d)(i) of the Certificate of Designations. By submitting this Conversion Notice to the Company, the Holder agrees and acknowledges that the Company shall be entitled rely on the foregoing representation.

 

Please confirm the following information:

 

Conversion Price:    
     
Number of shares of Common Stock to be issued:    
     
Installment Amount(s) to be reduced (and corresponding Installment Date(s)) and amount of reduction:    

 

If this Conversion Notice is being delivered with respect to an Triggering Event Conversion, check here if Holder is electing to use the following Triggering Event Conversion Price:____________

 

If this Conversion Notice is being delivered with respect to an Acceleration, check here if Holder is electing to use the following Installment Conversion Price:____________

 

  39  

 

 

Please issue the Common Stock into which the applicable Preferred Shares are being converted to Holder, or for its benefit, as follows:

 

Check here if requesting delivery as a certificate to the following name and to the following address:

 

Issue to:    
     
     

 

Check here if requesting delivery by Deposit/Withdrawal at Custodian as follows:

​ 

DTC Participant:    
   
DTC Number:      
   
Account Number:    

 

Date:_____________ , ___ ,  ________

 

   
Name of Registered Holder   

 

By :    
  Name :  
  Title :  

  

Tax ID:       
     
Facsimile:     

 

E-mail Address:

 

  40  

 

   

EXHIBIT II​

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

 

The Company hereby acknowledges this Conversion Notice and hereby directs American Stock Transfer & Trust Company to issue the above indicated number of shares of Common Stock.

 

  FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
     
  By: Name:
   

Title:

 

 

  41  

 

Exhibit 4.1

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 5.1

 

 

ATTORNEYS AT LAW

111 Huntington Avenue

Boston, Massachusetts 02199
617.342.4000 TEL
617.342.4001 FAX
www.foley.com

 

August 29, 2018

 

FuelCell Energy, Inc.

3 Great Pasture Road

Danbury, Connecticut 06810

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

We have acted as counsel to FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), in connection with the preparation and filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “ Commission ”) of a prospectus supplement, dated August 27, 2018 (the “ Prospectus Supplement ”), to the prospectus dated August 21, 2018 (the “ Base Prospectus ”), included as part of a Registration Statement on Form S-3, Registration No. 333-226792 (the “ Registration Statement ”), filed by the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act ”). The Prospectus Supplement relates to the sale of 30,680 shares (the “ Shares ”) of the Company’s Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share. Such Shares are being issued and sold pursuant to that certain Underwriting Agreement, dated August 27, 2018, by and between Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (the “ Underwriter ”) and the Company (the “ Underwriting Agreement ”).

 

In connection with our representation of the Company, and as a basis for the opinion hereinafter set forth, we have examined originals, or copies certified or otherwise identified to our satisfaction, of the following documents (collectively, the “ Documents ”):

 

1.       The Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as amended (the “ Charter ”), including, without limitation, the Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company (the “ Certificate of Designations ”) certified by the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware (the “ Delaware Secretary of State ”);

 

2.       The Amended and Restated By-laws of the Company, certified as of the date hereof by the Secretary of the Company;

 

3.       Resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors of the Company or a duly authorized committee thereof relating to the registration, sale and issuance of the Shares, certified as of the date hereof by the Secretary of the Company (the “ Resolutions ”);

 

4.       A certificate of the Delaware Secretary of State as to the good standing of the Company, dated as of a recent date;

 

5.       A certificate executed by an officer of the Company, dated as of the date hereof; and

 

AUSTIN DETROIT MEXICO CITY SACRAMENTO TAMPA
Boston houston MIAMI SAN DIEGO WASHINGTON, D.C.
CHICAGO JACKSONVILLE MILWAUKEE SAN FRANCISCO BRUSSELS
dallas LOS ANGELES NEW YORK SILICON VALLEY TOKYO
DENVER MADISON ORLANDO TALLAHASSEE  

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 29, 2018

Page 2

 

6.       Such other documents and matters as we have deemed necessary or appropriate to express the opinion set forth below, subject to the assumptions, limitations and qualifications stated herein.

 

In expressing the opinion set forth below, we have assumed the following:

 

1.       Each individual executing any of the Documents, whether on behalf of such individual or another person, is legally competent to do so, and that each of the parties executing any of the Documents have duly and validly done so.

 

2.       Each individual executing any of the Documents on behalf of a party (other than the Company) is duly authorized to do so.

 

3.       All Documents submitted to us as originals are authentic. The form and content of all Documents submitted to us as unexecuted drafts do not differ in any respect relevant to this opinion from the form and content of such Documents as executed and delivered. All Documents submitted to us as certified or photostatic copies conform to the original documents. All signatures on all such Documents are genuine. All public records reviewed or relied upon by us or on our behalf are true and complete. All statements and information contained in the Documents are true and complete. There has been no oral or written modification or amendment to the Documents, or waiver of any provision of the Documents, by action or omission of the parties or otherwise.

 

4.       The Company will issue the Shares in accordance with the Resolutions and, prior to the issuance of any Shares, the Company will have available for issuance, under the Charter, the requisite number of authorized but unissued Shares. As of the date hereof, the Company has available for issuance, under the Charter, the requisite number of authorized but unissued Shares for the issuance of the Shares.

 

Based upon the foregoing, and subject to the assumptions, limitations and qualifications stated herein, it is our opinion that (i) following payment for the Shares as contemplated by the Resolutions and pursuant to the terms of the Underwriting Agreement, the Shares will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable and (ii) the shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issuable upon conversion of the Shares, when and if issued upon conversion of the Shares in accordance with the Company’s Charter and the Certificate of Designations, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.

 

The foregoing opinion is limited solely to the Delaware General Corporation Law, as amended, and we do not express any opinion herein concerning any other laws, statutes, ordinances, rules, or regulations. We express no opinion as to compliance with the securities (or “blue sky”) laws of the State of Delaware. The opinion expressed herein is subject to the effect of judicial decisions which may permit the introduction of parol evidence to modify the terms or the interpretation of agreements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 29, 2018

Page 3

 

This opinion is issued as of the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to supplement this opinion if any applicable law changes after the date hereof or if we become aware of any fact that might change the opinion expressed herein after the date hereof. This opinion is limited to the matters set forth herein, and no other opinion should be inferred beyond the matters expressly stated.

 

We hereby consent to the deemed incorporation by reference of this opinion into the Registration Statement and to the use of the name of our firm therein. In giving our consent, we do not admit that we are “experts” within the meaning of Section 11 of the Securities Act or within the category of persons whose consent is required by Section 7 of the Securities Act.

 

  Very truly yours,
   
  /s/ Foley & Lardner LLP
   
  Foley & Lardner LLP

 

 

 

Exhibit 10.1

 

FOURTH AMENDMENT TO LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

 

THIS FOURTH AMENDMENT TO LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this “ Amendment ”), dated as of August 29, 2018 (the “ Amendment Effective Date ”), is entered into by and among FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“ Parent ”), Versa Power Systems, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“ Versa Delaware ”), Versa Power Systems Ltd. a corporation organized under the laws of Alberta, Canada (“ Versa Canada ”), and each of Parent’s Subsidiaries that delivers a Joinder Agreement pursuant to Section 7.13 of the Loan and Security Agreement (hereinafter collectively referred to as the “ Borrowers ” and each, a “ Borrower ”), the several banks and other financial institutions or entities from time to time parties thereto as Lender, constituting the Required Lenders, and HERCULES CAPITAL, INC., a Maryland corporation, in its capacity as administrative agent and collateral agent for itself and the Lender (in such capacity, together with its successors and assigns in such capacity, “ Agent ”).

 

Borrower, the Lender and Agent are parties to a Loan and Security Agreement dated as of April 14, 2016 (as amended as of September 5, 2017, October 27, 2017 and March 28, 2018, and as may be further amended, restated or modified from time to time, the “ Loan and Security Agreement ”). The Borrowers have requested that Agent and Lender agree to certain amendments to the Loan and Security Agreement. Agent and Lender have agreed to such request, subject to the terms and conditions hereof.

 

Accordingly, the parties hereto agree as follows:

 

SECTION 1           Definitions; Interpretation.

 

(a)             Terms Defined in Loan and Security Agreement . All capitalized terms used in this Amendment (including in the recitals hereof) and not otherwise defined herein shall have the meanings assigned to them in the Loan and Security Agreement.

 

(b)             Interpretation . The rules of interpretation set forth in Section 1.1 of the Loan and Security Agreement shall be applicable to this Amendment and are incorporated herein by this reference.

 

SECTION 2           Amendments to the Loan and Security Agreement.

 

(a)            The Loan and Security Agreement shall be amended as follows effective as of the Amendment Effective Date:

 

(i)              New Definitions . The following definitions are added to Section 1.1 in their proper alphabetical order:

 

“Fourth Amendment” means that certain Fourth Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement dated as of August 29, 2018, among Borrowers, Lender and Agent.

 

“Fourth Amendment Effective Date” means August 29, 2018.

 

“Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate” means that certain Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of FuelCell Energy, Inc., in the form attached as Exhibit B to the Fourth Amendment, in each case as in effect on the Fourth Amendment Effective Date.

 

“Series D Convertible Preferred Documents” means (a) that certain Underwriting Agreement between Parent and Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. dated as of August 27, 2018 in the form attached as Exhibit A to the Fourth Amendment and (b) the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate.

 

“Series D Convertible Preferred Stock” means the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock issued by the Borrower pursuant to the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate.

 

 

 

 

(ii)             Amended Definitions . The definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” is amended by removing the word “and” at the end of clause (xiii), inserting the word “and” at the end of clause (xii) and adding a new clause (xiv) as follows: “(xiv) subject to Section 7.7, redemption and/or conversion rights as set forth in the Series C Convertible Preferred Documents and/or the Series D Convertible Preferred Documents”.

 

(iii)            Section 7.7 . Section 7.7 is hereby amended and restated in its entirety as follows:

 

7.7   Distributions. Borrower shall not, and shall not allow any Subsidiary to, (a) repurchase or redeem any class of stock or other equity interest in cash other than (i) pursuant to employee, director or consultant repurchase plans or other similar agreements, provided, however, in each case the repurchase or redemption price does not exceed the original consideration paid for such stock or equity interest and (ii) so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, pursuant to the redemption and/or conversion rights set forth in the Series C Convertible Preferred Documents and/or the Series D Convertible Preferred Documents; provided that, Borrower shall make any such repurchase, redemption or payment in the form of its common stock and not in cash or other consideration unless prohibited pursuant to the terms of the Series C Convertible Preferred Certificate or the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate (as applicable) or otherwise prohibited by applicable law or (b) declare or pay any cash dividend or make a cash distribution on any class of stock or other equity interest, except that (i) a Subsidiary may pay dividends or make distributions to Borrower and (ii) so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, Borrower may pay cash dividends under Borrower’s (A) Series 1 Preferred Shares in an amount not to exceed Canadian $1,250,000 per year, (B) Series B Preferred Shares in an amount not to exceed U.S. $3,300,000 per year, (C) Series C Convertible Preferred Shares as required in the Series C Convertible Preferred Documents provided that, Borrower shall pay such dividend or distribution in the form of common stock and not in cash or other consideration unless prohibited pursuant to the terms of the Series C Convertible Preferred Certificate or otherwise prohibited by applicable law, and (D) Series D Convertible Preferred Shares as required in the Series D Convertible Preferred Documents provided that, Borrower shall pay such dividend or distribution in the form of common stock and not in cash or other consideration unless prohibited pursuant to the terms of the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate or otherwise prohibited by applicable law, or (c) lend money to any employees, officers or directors or guarantee the payment of any such loans granted by a third party in excess of $100,000 in the aggregate or (d) waive, release or forgive any Indebtedness owed by any employees, officers or directors in excess of $100,000 in the aggregate. For the avoidance of doubt, Borrower shall not use cash to retire, redeem or make principal payments other than those referenced in (ii) above on its Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock (which, for the avoidance of doubt, does not include the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock or the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock) without the consent of Agent.

 

(iv)            Section 9.9 . A new Section 9.9 is hereby added as follows:

 

9.9   Series D Convertible Preferred Stock. The delivery of any Triggering Event Redemption Notice (as defined under the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate) under the Series D Convertible Preferred Certificate, both as in effect on the Fourth Amendment Effective Date and as may be amended.

 

(v)             In no event shall any provision of the Loan Documents or otherwise limit any rights of the Agent and Lenders to be paid prior to the holders of the Series D securities upon any exercise of remedies by Agent or the Lenders (whether such exercise is automatic or upon the direction of any parties), in any action either before or after the consummation of any Insolvency Proceeding.

 

(b)             References within Loan and Security Agreement . Each reference in the Loan and Security Agreement to “this Agreement” and the words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereunder,” or words of like import, shall mean and be a reference to the Loan and Security Agreement as amended by this Amendment.

 

2

 

 

SECTION 3           Conditions of Effectiveness. The effectiveness of Section 2 of this Amendment shall be subject to the satisfaction of each of the following conditions precedent:

 

(a)             Fees and Expenses . The Parent shall have paid all attorney fees and other costs and expenses then due in accordance with Section 5(e) , and (ii) all other fees, costs and expenses, if any, due and payable as of the Amendment Effective Date under the Loan and Security Agreement.

 

(b)             This Amendment . Agent shall have received this Amendment, executed by Agent, the Lender and the Borrowers.

 

(c)             Series D Convertible Preferred Documents. Agent shall have received executed copies of each Series D Convertible Preferred Document, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent.

 

(d)             Representations and Warranties; No Default . On the Amendment Effective Date, after giving effect to the amendment of the Loan and Security Agreement contemplated hereby:

 

(i)              The representations and warranties contained in Section 4 shall be true and correct on and as of the Amendment Effective Date as though made on and as of such date; and

 

(ii)             There exist no Events of Default or events that with the passage of time would result in an Event of Default.

 

SECTION 4           Representations and Warranties . To induce Agent and Lender to enter into this Amendment, each Borrower hereby confirms, as of the date hereof, (a) that the representations and warranties made by it in Section 5 of the Loan and Security Agreement and in the other Loan Documents are true and correct in all material respects; provided , however , that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified by materiality in the text thereof; (b) that there has not been and there does not exist a Material Adverse Effect; and (c) that the information included in the Perfection Certificate delivered to Agent on the Effective Date remains true and correct. For the purposes of this Section 4 , (i) each reference in Section 5 of the Loan and Security Agreement to “this Agreement,” and the words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereunder,” or words of like import in such Section, shall mean and be a reference to the Loan and Security Agreement as amended by this Amendment, and (ii) any representations and warranties which relate solely to an earlier date shall not be deemed confirmed and restated as of the date hereof (provided that such representations and warranties shall be true, correct and complete as of such earlier date).

 

SECTION 5           Miscellaneous.

 

(a)             Loan Documents Otherwise Not Affected; Reaffirmation . Except as expressly amended pursuant hereto or referenced herein, the Loan and Security Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall remain unchanged and in full force and effect and are hereby ratified and confirmed in all respects. The Lender’s and Agent’s execution and delivery of, or acceptance of, this Amendment shall not be deemed to create a course of dealing or otherwise create any express or implied duty by any of them to provide any other or further amendments, consents or waivers in the future. Each Borrower hereby reaffirms the grant of security under Section 3.1 of the Loan and Security Agreement and hereby reaffirms that such grant of security in the Collateral secures all Secured Obligations under the Loan and Security Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

 

(b)             Conditions . For purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in Section 3 , each Lender that has signed this Amendment shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required thereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless Agent shall have received notice from such Lender prior to the Amendment Effective Date specifying its objection thereto.

 

3

 

 

(c)             Release . In consideration of the agreements of Agent and each Lender contained herein and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, each Borrower, on behalf of itself and its successors, assigns, and other legal representatives, hereby fully, absolutely, unconditionally and irrevocably releases, remises and forever discharges Agent and each Lender, and its successors and assigns, and its present and former shareholders, affiliates, subsidiaries, divisions, predecessors, directors, officers, attorneys, employees, agents and other representatives (Agent, Lenders and all such other persons being hereinafter referred to collectively as the “ Releasees ” and individually as a “ Releasee ”), of and from all demands, actions, causes of action, suits, covenants, contracts, controversies, agreements, promises, sums of money, accounts, bills, reckonings, damages and any and all other claims, counterclaims, defenses, rights of set-off, demands and liabilities whatsoever of every name and nature, known or unknown, suspected or unsuspected, both at law and in equity, which any Borrower, or any of its successors, assigns, or other legal representatives may now or hereafter own, hold, have or claim to have against the Releasees or any of them for, upon, or by reason of any circumstance, action, cause or thing whatsoever which arises at any time on or prior to the day and date of this Amendment, including, without limitation, for or on account of, or in relation to, or in any way in connection with the Loan Agreement, or any of the other Loan Documents or transactions thereunder or related thereto. Each Borrower understands, acknowledges and agrees that the release set forth above may be pleaded as a full and complete defense and may be used as a basis for an injunction against any action, suit or other proceeding which may be instituted, prosecuted or attempted in breach of the provisions of such release. Each Borrower agrees that no fact, event, circumstance, evidence or transaction which could now be asserted or which may hereafter be discovered shall affect in any manner the final, absolute and unconditional nature of the release set forth above. Borrower waives the provisions of California Civil Code section 1542, which states:

 

A GENERAL RELEASE DOES NOT EXTEND TO CLAIMS WHICH THE CREDITOR DOES NOT KNOW OR SUSPECT TO EXIST IN HIS OR HER FAVOR AT THE TIME OF EXECUTING THE RELEASE, WHICH IF KNOWN BY HIM OR HER, MUST HAVE MATERIALLY AFFECTED HIS OR HER SETTLEMENT WITH THE DEBTOR.

 

(d)             No Reliance . Each Borrower hereby acknowledges and confirms to Agent and the Lender that such Borrower is executing this Amendment on the basis of its own investigation and for its own reasons without reliance upon any agreement, representation, understanding or communication by or on behalf of any other Person.

 

(e)             Costs and Expenses . Each Borrower agrees to pay to Agent on the Amendment Effective Date the out-of-pocket costs and expenses of Agent and the Lenders party hereto, and the fees and disbursements of counsel to Agent and the Lenders party hereto (including allocated costs of internal counsel), in connection with the negotiation, preparation, execution and delivery of this Amendment and any other documents to be delivered in connection herewith on the Amendment Effective Date or after such date.

 

(f)              Binding Effect . This Amendment binds and is for the benefit of the successors and permitted assigns of each party.

 

(g)             Governing Law. This Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall be governed by, and construed and enforced in accordance with, the laws of the State of California, excluding conflict of laws principles that would cause the application of laws of any other jurisdiction.

 

(h)             Complete Agreement; Amendments . This Amendment and the Loan Documents represent the entire agreement about this subject matter and supersede prior negotiations or agreements with respect to such subject matter. All prior agreements, understandings, representations, warranties, and negotiations between the parties about the subject matter of this Amendment and the Loan Documents merge into this Amendment and the Loan Documents.

 

(i)              Severability of Provisions. Each provision of this Amendment is severable from every other provision in determining the enforceability of any provision.

 

(j)              Counterparts . This Amendment may be executed in any number of counterparts and by different parties on separate counterparts, each of which, when executed and delivered, is an original, and all taken together, constitute one Amendment. Delivery of an executed counterpart of a signature page of this Amendment by facsimile, portable document format (.pdf) or other electronic transmission will be as effective as delivery of a manually executed counterpart hereof.

 

(k)             Loan Documents . This Amendment shall constitute a Loan Document.

 

[Balance of Page Intentionally Left Blank; Signature Pages Follow]

 

4

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have duly executed this Amendment, as of the date first above written.

 

  BORROWERS:
   
  FuelCell Energy, Inc.
   
  Signature: /s/ Michael S. Bishop
     
  Print Name:    Michael S. Bishop
     
  Title: Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
     
     
  Versa Power Systems, Inc.
   
  Signature: /s/ Michael S. Bishop
     
  Print Name: Michael S. Bishop
     
  Title: Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
     
     
  Versa Power Systems Ltd.
   
  Signature: /s/ Michael S. Bishop
     
  Print Name: Michael S. Bishop
     
  Title: Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

 

 

[Signature Page to Fourth Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

  AGENT:
   
  HERCULES CAPITAL, INC.
   
  Signature: /s/ Jennifer Choe
     
  Print Name:    Jennifer Choe
     
  Title: Assistant General Counsel
     
     
  LENDER:
   
  HERCULES FUNDING II, LLC
   
  Signature: /s/ Jennifer Choe
     
  Print Name: Jennifer Choe
     
  Title: Assistant General Counsel

 

 

[Signature Page to Fourth Amendment to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

Exhibit A

 

Underwriting Agreement

 

30,680 Shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock

 

par value $0.01

 

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.

UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT

 

August 27, 2018

 

Oppenheimer & Co. Inc.

85 Broad Street

New York, NY 10004

 

Dear Sirs:

 

1.        Introduction . FuelCell Energy, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”), proposes to issue and sell to the Underwriter (defined below), pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Underwriting Agreement (this “ Agreement ”), an aggregate of 30,680 shares of its Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “ Securities ”). The shares of the common stock (the “ Common Stock ”) underlying the Securities are hereinafter referred to as the “ Conversion Securities .” The Company hereby confirms that Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. (“ OpCo ” or the “ Underwriter ”) acted as the sole Underwriter in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof. The offering and sale of the Securities is hereinafter referred to as the “ Offering .”

 

2.        Delivery and Payment. On the basis of the representations, warranties and agreements of the Company herein contained, and subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement:

 

2.1        The Company agrees to issue and sell and the Underwriter agrees to purchase from the Company an aggregate of 30,680 shares of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $838.2497 per share (the “ Purchase Price ”), which represents an underwriting discount of 4.75 percent to the Public Offering Price (defined below). The Company has been advised by you that you propose to make a public offering of the Securities as soon after this Agreement has become effective as in your judgment is advisable. The Company is further advised by you that the Securities are to be offered to the public initially at $880.0522 per share of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock (“ Public Offering Price ”).

 

2.2        Payment of the Purchase Price for, and delivery of, the Securities shall be made at the time and date of closing and delivery of the documents required to be delivered to the Underwriter pursuant to Sections 4 and 6 hereof and shall be at 10:00 A.M., New York time, on August 29, 2018 (the “ Closing Date ”) at the office of Foley & Lardner LLP, 111 Huntington Avenue, Suite 2500, Boston MA 02199 or at such other time and date as the Underwriter and the Company determine pursuant to Rule 15c6-1(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “ Exchange Act ”) . The Company shall deliver the Securities, which shall be registered in the name or names and shall be in such denominations as the Underwriter may request at least one (1) business day before the Closing Date, to the Underwriter. The Company shall make certificates, if any,for the Securities available to the Underwriter for examination in New York, New York at least one (1) full business day prior to the Closing Date. The Securities shall be delivered on the Closing Date for the account of the Underwriter, with any transfer taxes payable in connection with the transfer of the Securities to the Underwriter duly paid, against payment of the Purchase Price therefor.

 

 

 

2.3        Prior to the Closing Date, the Company shall not, without the prior written consent of the Underwriter, solicit or accept offers to purchase shares of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock, the Common Stock or securities convertible into, exchangeable or exercisable for, shares of the Series D Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock (other than pursuant to the exercise of options or warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock that are outstanding as of the date hereof) other than through the Underwriter in accordance herewith.

 

2.4        No Securities which the Company has agreed to sell pursuant to this Agreement shall be deemed to have been purchased and paid for, or sold by the Company, until such Securities shall have been delivered to the Underwriter thereof against payment by the Underwriter. If the Company shall default in its obligations to deliver any Securities to the Underwriter, the Company shall indemnify and hold the Underwriter harmless against any loss, claim, damage or expense arising from or as a result of such default by the Company in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 7(c) herein.

 

3.        Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company represents and warrants to the Underwriter, as of the date hereof and as of the Closing Date, and agrees with the Underwriter that:

 

(a)        The Company has prepared and filed in conformity with the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act ”), and published rules and regulations thereunder (the “ Rules and Regulations ”) adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “ Commission ”) a “shelf” Registration Statement (as hereinafter defined) on Form S-3 (File No. 333-226792), which became effective as of August 21, 2018 (the “ Effective Date ”), including a base prospectus relating to the Securities (the “ Base Prospectus ”), and such amendments and supplements thereto as may have been required up to the date of this Agreement. The term “ Registration Statement ” as used in this Agreement means the registration statement (including all exhibits, financial schedules and all documents and information deemed to be a part of the Registration Statement pursuant to Rule 430B of the Rules and Regulations), as amended and/or supplemented to the date of this Agreement, including the Base Prospectus. The Registration Statement is effective under the Securities Act and no stop order preventing or suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or suspending or preventing the use of the Prospectus has been issued by the Commission and no proceedings for that purpose have been instituted or, to the Company’s knowledge, are threatened by the Commission. The Company, if required by the Rules and Regulations of the Commission, will file the Prospectus (as defined below), with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations. The term “ Prospectus ” as used in this Agreement means the Prospectus, in the form filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations as of August 27, 2018, except that if any revised prospectus or prospectus supplement shall be provided to the Underwriter by the Company for use in connection with the Offering which differs from the Prospectus (whether or not such revised prospectus or prospectus supplement is required to be filed by the Company pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Rules and Regulations), the term “ Prospectus ” shall refer to such revised prospectus or prospectus supplement, as the case may be, from and after the time it is first provided to the Underwriter for such use (or in the form first made available to the Underwriter by the Company to meet requests of prospective purchasers pursuant to Rule 173 under the Securities Act). Any reference herein to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S-3 which were filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “ Exchange Act ”), on or before the last to occur of the Effective Date or the date of the Prospectus, and any reference herein to the terms “amend,” “amendment,” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include (i) the filing of any document under the Exchange Act after the Effective Date or the date of the Prospectus, as the case may be, which is incorporated by reference and (ii) any such document so filed. If the Company has filed an abbreviated registration statement to register additional securities pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Rules and Regulations (the “ 462(b) Registration Statement ”), then any reference herein to the Registration Statement shall also be deemed to include such 462(b) Registration Statement.

 

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(b)        As of the Applicable Time (as defined below) and as of the Closing Date, neither (i) any General Use Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below) issued at or prior to the Applicable Time, and the Prospectus, all considered together (collectively, the “ General Disclosure Package ”), (ii) any individual Limited Use Free Writing Prospectus (as defined below), nor (iii) the bona fide electronic road show (as defined in Rule 433(h)(5) of the Rules and Regulations), if any, that has been made available without restriction to any person, when considered together with the General Disclosure Package, included or will include, any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or as of the Closing Date will omit, to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the Company makes no representations or warranties as to information contained in or omitted from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ). As used in this paragraph (b) and elsewhere in this Agreement:

 

Applicable Time ” means 8:30 A.M., New York time, on the date of this Agreement.

 

General Use Free Writing Prospectus ” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is identified on Schedule A to this Agreement.

 

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Issuer Free Writing Prospectus ” means any “ issuer free writing prospectus, ” as defined in Rule 433 of the Rules and Regulations relating to the Securities in the form filed or required to be filed with the Commission or, if not required to be filed, in the form retained in the Company’s records pursuant to Rule 433(g) of the Rules and Regulations.

 

Limited Use Free Writing Prospectuses ” means any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is not a General Use Free Writing Prospectus.

 

(c)        No order preventing or suspending the use of any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or the Prospectus relating to the Offering has been issued by the Commission, and no proceeding for that purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act has been instituted or threatened by the Commission, and the Prospectus, at the time of filing thereof, conformed in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations, and did not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the Company makes no representations or warranties as to information contained in or omitted from the Prospectus, in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

(d)        At the time the Registration Statement became effective, at the date of this Agreement and at the Closing Date, the Registration Statement conformed and will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and did not and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading; the Prospectus, at the time the Prospectus was issued and at the Closing Date, conformed and will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and did not and will not contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, however , that the foregoing representations and warranties in this paragraph (d) shall not apply to information contained in or omitted from the Registration Statement or the Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

(e)        Each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, if any, as of its issue date and at all subsequent times through the completion of the public offer and sale of the Securities or until any earlier date that the Company notified or notifies the Underwriter as described in Section 4(e) , did not, does not and will not include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, including any document incorporated by reference therein and any prospectus supplement deemed to be a part thereof that has not been superseded or modified, or include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. The foregoing sentence does not apply to statements in or omissions from any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus in reliance upon, and in conformity with, written information furnished to the Company by the Underwriter specifically for inclusion therein, which information the parties hereto agree is limited to the Underwriter’s Information (as defined in Section 16 ).

 

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(f)        The documents incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, when they became effective or were filed with the Commission, as the case may be, conformed in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as applicable, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder and none of such documents contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and any further documents so filed and incorporated by reference in the Prospectus, when such documents become effective or are filed with the Commission, as the case may be, will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, as applicable, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

 

(g)        (i) At the earliest time after the filing of the Registration Statement that the Company or another offering participant made a bona fide offer (within the meaning of Rule 164(h)(2) under the Securities Act) of the Securities and (ii) at the date hereof, the Company was not and is not an “ineligible issuer,” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act. The Company has not, directly or indirectly, distributed and will not distribute any offering material in connection with the Offering other than the Prospectus and other materials, if any, permitted under the Securities Act and consistent with Section 4(b) below. The Company will file with the Commission all Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses (other than a “road show,” as described in Rule 433(d)(8) of the Rules and Regulations), if any, in the time and manner required under Rules 163(b)(2) and 433(d) of the Rules and Regulations.

 

(h)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries (as defined in Section 14 ) have been duly organized and are validly existing as corporations or other legal entities in good standing (or the foreign equivalent thereof) under the laws of their respective jurisdictions of organization. The Company and each of its subsidiaries are duly qualified to do business and are in good standing as foreign corporations or other legal entities in each jurisdiction in which their respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such qualification and have all power and authority (corporate or other) necessary to own or hold their respective properties and to conduct the businesses in which they are engaged, except where the failure to so qualify or have such power or authority would not (i) have, singly or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, assets, properties, business or prospects of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, or (ii) impair in any material respect the ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Agreement or to consummate any transactions contemplated by this Agreement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus (any such effect as described in clauses (i) or (ii), a “ Material Adverse Effect ”). The Company owns or controls, directly or indirectly, only the corporations, partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited liability companies, associations or other entities included on Annex A hereto.

 

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(i)        The Company has the full right, power and authority to enter into this Agreement, and to perform and to discharge its obligations hereunder; and this Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company, and constitutes a valid and binding obligation of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as rights to indemnify hereunder may be limited by federal or state securities laws and except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and subject to general principles of equity.

 

(j)        The Securities have been duly authorized and, upon the filing of the Certificate of Designation (as defined below) with the Secretary of State of Delaware and when issued and delivered in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and the issuance of such Securities will not be subject to any preemptive or similar rights, except such rights as have been waived or satisfied and subject to the conditions described in the last sentence of this paragraph (j). All necessary corporate action has been duly and validly taken by the Company to authorize the issuance and delivery of the Conversion Securities by the Company, other than the approval of the Company’s stockholders to issue a number of Conversion Securities in excess of 19.9% of the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of the issuance of the Securities. The Conversion Securities, when issued, paid for and delivered as provided for in the Certificate of Designation will be duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, will be issued in compliance with all applicable securities laws, and will be free of preemptive, registration or similar rights. The Conversion Securities have been reserved for issuance. The Securities and Conversion Securities, when issued, will conform in all material respects to the descriptions thereof set forth in the Prospectus or the General Disclosure Package. The Company has received a written waiver from POSCO Energy Co., Ltd. (“ POSCO ”) of its participation rights under that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 9, 2009, by and between the Company and POSCO (formerly known as POSCO Power), and that certain Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 30, 2012, between the Company and POSCO (“ POSCO Securities Purchase Agreements ”), with such waiver being subject to the removal of the restrictive legend from POSCO’s shares of the Company’s common stock and the transfer of such shares to a brokerage account designated by POSCO, and, in connection with this Offering, the Company and Hercules Capital, Inc. (“ Hercules ”) have agreed to amend certain terms of that certain Loan and Security Agreement between Hercules and the Company, dated April 14, 2016 and previously amended as of September 5, 2017, October 27, 2017 and March 28, 2018 (“ Hercules Loan and Security Agreement ”), with such amendment to be effective upon the delivery by the Company to Hercules of a final, executed copy of this Agreement and the Certificate of Designation (as defined below).

 

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(k)        The Company has an authorized capitalization as set forth in the Prospectus, and all of the issued shares of the Company have been duly and validly authorized and issued, are fully paid and nonassessable, have been issued in compliance with federal and state securities laws, and conform to the description thereof contained in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.  As of July 31, 2018, there were (i) 92,280,169 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001, issued and outstanding, (ii) 64,020 shares of Series B Cumulative Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, convertible into 454,043 shares of Common Stock, (iii) 11,681 shares of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock issued and outstanding, convertible into 6,348,401 shares of Common Stock, (iv) 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s subsidiary, FuelCell Energy, Ltd.’s, Class A Cumulative Redeemable Exchangeable Preferred Shares (also referred to as Series 1 preferred shares), issued and outstanding, which would require 15,168 shares of the Company’s Common Stock to settle the outstanding principal and accrued and unpaid dividends, and (v)  22,854,641 shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of all other options, warrants and convertible securities outstanding as of such date, excluding any shares that could be used to satisfy interest amounts due on convertible securities if not paid in cash. Since such date, the Company has not issued any securities, other than (i) Common Stock of the Company issued pursuant to the exercise of stock options outstanding under the Company’s stock plans, (ii) the issuance of options, restricted Common Stock or other equity awards under the Company’s stock plans, (iii) Common Stock of the Company issued upon vesting of restricted stock units outstanding under the Company’s stock plans, (iv) Common Stock issued pursuant to the Sales Agreement, dated June 13, 2018, among the Company, B. Riley FBR, Inc. and OpCo, and/or (v) Common Stock issued upon conversion or redemption of the Series C Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company.  All of the stock options, warrants and other rights to purchase or exchange any securities for shares of the Company’s capital stock have been duly authorized and validly issued, and were issued in compliance with U.S. federal and state securities laws, except as set forth in the “Description of Capital Stock” section in the Prospectus.  None of the outstanding shares of Common Stock was issued in violation of any preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other similar rights to subscribe for or purchase securities of the Company.  There are no authorized or outstanding shares of capital stock, options, warrants, preemptive rights, rights of first refusal or other rights to purchase, or equity or debt securities convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for, any capital stock of the Company or any of its subsidiaries other than those described above or accurately described in the General Disclosure Package.  The description of the Company’s stock option, stock bonus and other stock plans or arrangements, and the stock options or other rights granted thereunder, as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, accurately and fairly present the information required to be shown with respect to such plans, arrangements, stock options and rights.

 

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(l)        All the outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity interests of each subsidiary of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and nonassessable and, except to the extent set forth in the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus, are owned by the Company directly or indirectly through one or more wholly-owned subsidiaries, free and clear of any claim, lien, encumbrance, security interest, restriction upon voting or transfer or any other claim of any third party.

 

(m)        The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, the issuance and sale of the Securities and Conversion Securities by the Company and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will not (with or without notice or lapse of time or both) (i) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of any of the terms or provisions of, constitute a default or Debt Repayment Triggering Event (as defined below) under, give rise to any right of termination or other right or the cancellation or acceleration of any right or obligation or loss of a benefit under, or give rise to the creation or imposition of any lien, encumbrance, security interest, claim or charge upon any property or assets of the Company or any subsidiary pursuant to, any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject, (ii) result in any violation of the provisions of the charter or by-laws (or analogous governing instruments, as applicable) of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or (iii) result in any violation of any law, statute, rule, regulation, judgment, order or decree of any court or governmental agency or body, domestic or foreign, having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their properties or assets, except with respect to clauses (i) and (iii) above, to the extent any such conflict, breach or violation has been waived (or, in the case of the Hercules Loan and Security Agreement, will be addressed in an amendment thereto, with such amendment to be effective upon the delivery by the Company to Hercules of a final, executed copy of this Agreement and the Certificate of Designation (as defined below)) or would not result in a Material Adverse Effect and except, in each case (other than with respect to the Hercules Loan and Security Agreement and the amendment thereto), as set forth in the Prospectus. A “ Debt Repayment Triggering Event ” means any event or condition that gives, or with the giving of notice or lapse of time would give the holder of any note, debenture or other evidence of indebtedness (or any person acting on such holder’s behalf) the right to require the repurchase, redemption or repayment of all or a portion of such indebtedness by the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

(n)        No consent, approval, authorization or order of, or filing, qualification or registration with, any court or governmental agency or body, foreign or domestic, which has not been made, obtained or taken and is not in full force and effect, is required for the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement by the Company, the offer or sale of the Securities or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, except for the registration of the Common Stock under the Securities Act and such consents, approvals, authorizations, registrations or qualifications as may be required under the Exchange Act and applicable state securities laws, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“ FINRA ”) and the NASDAQ Global Market (the “ NASDAQ GM ”) in connection with the Offering by the Company, and the listing of the Conversion Securities on the NASDAQ GM.

 

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(o)        KPMG LLP, who has certified certain financial statements and related schedules included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, and have audited the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and management’s assessment thereof, is an independent registered public accounting firm as required by the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (the “ PCAOB ”). Except as pre-approved in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 10A of the Exchange Act, KPMG LLP has not been engaged by the Company to perform any “prohibited activities” (as defined in Section 10A of the Exchange Act).

 

(p)        The financial statements, together with the related notes and schedules, included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package, the Prospectus and in the Registration Statement fairly present the financial position and the results of operations and changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries and other consolidated entities at the respective dates or for the respective periods therein specified. Such statements and related notes and schedules have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“ GAAP ”) applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods involved except as may be set forth in the related notes included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package. The financial statements, together with the related notes and schedules, included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus comply in all material respects with the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, and the Rules and Regulations and the rules and regulations under the Exchange Act. No other financial statements or supporting schedules or exhibits are required by the Securities Act or the Rules and Regulations to be described, or included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus. There is no pro forma or as adjusted financial information which is required to be included in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package, or the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein in accordance with the Securities Act and the Rules and Regulations which has not been included or incorporated as so required.

 

(q)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has sustained, since the date of the latest audited financial statements included or incorporated by reference in the General Disclosure Package, any material loss or interference with its business from fire, explosion, flood or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any labor dispute or court or governmental action, order or decree, otherwise than as set forth or contemplated in the General Disclosure Package; and, since such date, there has not been any change in the capital stock or long-term debt of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any material adverse changes, or any development involving a prospective material adverse change, in or affecting the business, assets, general affairs, management, financial position, prospects, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, otherwise than as set forth or contemplated in the General Disclosure Package.

 

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(r)        There are no legal or governmental actions, suits, claims or proceedings pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened or contemplated to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is or would be a party or of which any of their respective properties is or would be subject at law or in equity, before or by any federal, state, local or foreign governmental or regulatory commission, board, body, authority or agency, or before or by any self-regulatory organization or other non-governmental regulatory authority which are required to be described in the Registration Statement, the General Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or a document incorporated by reference therein and are not so described therein, or which, singly or in the aggregate, if resolved adversely to the Company or such subsidiary, would reasonably be likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect or prevent or materially and adversely affect the ability of the Company to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby. To the Company’s knowledge, no such proceedings are threatened or contemplated by governmental authorities or threatened by other third parties except as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

 

(s)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is in (i) violation of its charter or by-laws (or analogous governing instrument, as applicable), (ii) default in any respect, and no event has occurred which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default, in the due performance or observance of any term, covenant, obligation, agreement or condition contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, bank loan or credit agreement, other evidence of indebtedness, or any license, lease, contract or other agreement or instrument to which it is a party or by which the Company or its subsidiaries are bound or to which any of its property or assets is subject or (iii) violation in any respect of any statute, law, ordinance, governmental rule, regulation, ordinance, or court order, decree or judgment to which it or its property or assets may be subject except, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) of this paragraph (s), for any violations or defaults which would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect or which are described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

 

(t)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries have made all material filings, applications and submissions required by, and own or possess all material approvals, licenses, certificates, certifications, clearances, consents, exemptions, marks, notifications, orders, authorizations and permits issued by, and have made all material declarations and filings with, the appropriate local, state, federal or foreign regulatory agencies or bodies that are necessary or desirable for the ownership of their respective properties or the conduct of their respective businesses as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus (collectively, the “ Governmental Permits ”) and is in compliance in all material respects with the terms and conditions of all such Governmental Permits, except where any failures to possess or make the same would not, singly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect. All such Governmental Permits are valid and in full force and effect. All such Governmental Permits are free and clear of any restriction or condition that are in addition to, or materially different from those normally applicable to similar licenses, certificates, authorizations and permits. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received any notice of any proceedings relating to revocation or modification of, any such Governmental Permit, which, individually or in the aggregate, if the subject of an unfavorable decision, ruling or finding, would have a Material Adverse Effect. Except as may be required under the Securities Act and state and foreign Blue Sky laws and the rules and regulations of FINRA, no other Governmental Permits are required for the Company or any of its subsidiaries to enter into, deliver and perform this Agreement and to issue and sell the Securities to be issued and sold by the Company hereunder.

 

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(u)        Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is or, after giving effect to the Offering and the application of the proceeds thereof as described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, will be (i) required to register as an “investment company” as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “ Investment Company Act ), and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder or (ii) a “business development company” (as defined in Section 2(a)(48) of the Investment Company Act).

 

(v)        Neither the Company, its subsidiaries nor, to the Company’s knowledge, any of the Company’s or its subsidiaries’ officers, directors or affiliates has taken or will take, directly or indirectly, any action designed or intended to stabilize or manipulate the price of any security of the Company, or which caused or resulted in, or which could in the future reasonably be expected to cause or result in, stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company.

 

(w)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries owns or possesses the right to use all patents, trademarks, trademark registrations, service marks, service mark registrations, trade names, copyrights, licenses, inventions, software, databases, know-how, Internet domain names, trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures, and other intellectual property (collectively, “ Intellectual Property ”) necessary to carry on their respective businesses as currently conducted, and as proposed to be conducted and described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, and the Company is not aware of any claim to the contrary or any challenge by any other person to the rights of the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to the foregoing except for those that would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has complied in all material respects with, and is not in breach nor has received any asserted or threatened claim of breach of, any Intellectual Property license, and the Company has no knowledge of any breach or anticipated breach by any other person to any Intellectual Property license. To the Company’s knowledge, the Company’s and each of its subsidiaries’ businesses as now conducted and as proposed to be conducted do not and will not infringe or conflict with any valid and enforceable patents, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, trade secrets, licenses or other Intellectual Property or franchise right of any person. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received notice of any claim against the Company or any of its subsidiaries alleging the infringement by the Company or any of its subsidiaries of any patent, trademark, service mark, trade name, copyright, trade secret, license in or other intellectual property right or franchise right of any person. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has taken all reasonable steps to protect, maintain and safeguard its rights in all Intellectual Property, including the execution of appropriate nondisclosure and confidentiality agreements. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement will not result in the loss or impairment of or payment of any additional amounts with respect to, nor require the consent of any other person in respect of, the Company’s or any of its subsidiaries’ right to own, use, or hold for use any of the Intellectual Property as owned, used or held for use in the conduct of the businesses as currently conducted. The Company and each of its subsidiaries has at all times complied in all material respects with all applicable laws relating to privacy, data protection, and the collection and use of personal information collected, used, or held for use by the Company and any of its subsidiaries in the conduct of the Company’s and its subsidiaries businesses. No claims have been asserted or threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries alleging a violation of any person’s privacy or personal information or data rights and, to the knowledge of the Company, the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby will not breach or otherwise cause any violation of any law related to privacy, data protection, or the collection and use of personal information collected, used, or held for use by the Company or any of its subsidiaries in the conduct of the Company’s or any of its subsidiaries’ businesses. The Company and each of its subsidiaries takes reasonable measures to ensure that such information is protected against unauthorized access, use, modification, or other misuse.

 

11

 

(x)        The Company and each of its subsidiaries have good, valid and marketable title in fee simple to, or have valid rights to lease or otherwise use, all items of real or personal property which are material to the business of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, security interests, claims and defects that do not, singly or in the aggregate, materially affect the value of such property and do not interfere with the use made and proposed to be made of such property by the Company or any of its subsidiaries; and all of the leases and subleases material to the business of the Company and its subsidiaries, considered as one enterprise, and under which the Company or any of its subsidiaries holds properties described in the General Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, are in full force and effect, and neither the Company nor any subsidiary has received any notice of any material claim of any sort that has been asserted by anyone adverse to the rights of the Company or any subsidiary under any of the leases or subleases mentioned above, or affecting or questioning the rights of the Company or such subsidiary to the continued possession of the leased or subleased premises under any such lease or sublease.

 

(y)        No labor disturbance or dispute with the employees of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries exists, or, to the Company’s knowledge, is threatened or imminent, which would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. The Company is not aware of any existing or imminent labor disturbance by the employees of any of its or its subsidiaries’ principal suppliers, manufacturers, customers or contractors, that singly or in the aggregate, might be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. The Company is not aware that any key employee or significant group of employees of the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries plans to terminate employment with the Company or any of the Company’s subsidiaries. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has engaged in any unfair labor practice; except for matters which would not, singly or in the aggregate, result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) there is (A) no unfair labor practice complaint pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries before the National Labor Relations Board, and no grievance or arbitration proceeding arising out of or under collective bargaining agreements is pending or to the Company’s knowledge, threatened, (B) no strike, labor dispute, slowdown or stoppage pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against the Company or any of its subsidiaries and (C) no union representation dispute currently existing concerning the employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries and (ii) to the Company’s knowledge, no union organizing activities are currently taking place concerning the employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries.