UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

☒   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

or 

 

☐   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

 

Commission file number: 000-54960

 

Nxt-ID, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   46-0678374
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

285 North Drive

Suite D

Melbourne, FL 32934

(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (203) 266-2103

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:   Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, par value $0.0001

Warrants to purchase Common Stock

(expiring September 15, 2019)

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

None

(Title of class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Act. Yes ☐  No ☒ 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ☐  No ☒ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter periods that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐  

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  ☒  No ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III or this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ☐ 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ☐  No ☒ 

 

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, as of June 30, 2017, the last business day of the second fiscal quarter, was approximately $15,500,905 based on a total number of shares of our common stock outstanding that day of 8,289,254 and a closing price of $1.87. Shares of common stock held by each director, each officer and each person who owns 10% or more of the outstanding common stock have been excluded from this calculation in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. The determination of affiliate status is not necessarily conclusive. 

 

The registrant had 24,347,482 shares of its common stock outstanding as of March 29, 2018.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE  

 

None.

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I    
     
Item 1. Business 1
Item 1A. Risk Factors 13
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 24
Item 2. Properties 24
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 24
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 24
     
PART II    
     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 25
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 26
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 26
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 32
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 32
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 32
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 32
Item 9B. Other Information 33
     
PART III    
     
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 34
Item 11. Executive Compensation 38
Item 12. Security Ownership Of Certain Beneficial Owners And Management and Related Stockholder Matters 40
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 41
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 42
     
PART IV    
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules 43
     
SIGNATURES 46
     
INDEX TO EXHIBITS 47

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Report”) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements discuss matters that are not historical facts. Because they discuss future events or conditions, forward-looking statements may include words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “may,” “seek,” “plan,” “might,” “will,” “expect,” “predict,” “project,” “forecast,” “potential,” “continue” negatives thereof or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are found at various places throughout this Report and include information concerning possible or assumed future results of Nxt-ID, Inc.’s (“Nxt-ID”, the “Company”, “our”, “us” or “we”) operations; business strategies; future cash flows; financing plans; plans and objectives of management; any other statements regarding future operations, future cash needs, business plans and future financial results, and any other statements that are not historical facts.

 

From time to time, forward-looking statements also are included in our other periodic reports on Forms 10-Q and 8-K, in our press releases, in our presentations, on our website and in other materials released to the public.  Any or all of the forward-looking statements included in this Report and in any other reports or public statements made by us are not guarantees of future performance and may turn out to be inaccurate. These forward-looking statements represent our intentions, plans, expectations, assumptions and beliefs about future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors.  Many of those factors are outside of our control and could cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described in the forward-looking statements might not occur or might occur to a different extent or at a different time than we have described. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Report. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements concerning other matters addressed in this Report and attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this Report.

 

Except to the extent required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, a change in events, conditions, circumstances or assumptions underlying such statements, or otherwise.

 

For discussion of factors that we believe could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results see “Item 1A - Risk Factors” below.

 

ii

 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business

 

Nxt-ID is an emerging technology company engaged in the development of proprietary products and solutions that serve multiple end markets, including the security, healthcare, financial technology (“FinTech”) and the Internet of Things (“IoT”) markets. With extensive experience in access control, biometric and behavior-metric identity verification, security and privacy, encryption and data protection, payments, miniaturization, and sensor technologies, we develop and market groundbreaking solutions for payment, IoT, and healthcare applications.

 

 

Two of Nxt-ID’s subsidiaries operate in the mobile and IoT-related markets: LogicMark, LLC (“LogicMark”), a manufacturer and distributor of non-monitored and monitored personal emergency response systems (“PERS”) that are sold through dealers, distributors and the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (the “VA”), and Fit Pay, Inc. (“Fit Pay”), a proprietary technology platform that delivers end-to-end solutions to device manufacturers for contactless payment capabilities, credential management, authentication and other secure services within the IoT ecosystem, which we acquired on May 23, 2017. Through these lines of business, Nxt-ID creates and markets technologies that are at the center of the rapidly expanding IoT space. Our core competencies leverage emerging business opportunities with significant high-growth potential, as well as revenue-producing lines of business with clear paths to expansion.

 

With technologies that validate and connect users to devices, and devices to ecosystems, we are playing a central role in the expansion of IoT ecosystems, focusing on the areas of healthcare and payments. Our strategic initiatives include: (1) monetizing our core technologies; (2) focusing on key addressable market segments and verticals; and (3) executing clear go-market strategies for our products and services.

 

 

This strategy allows us to take advantage of multilayered and recurring revenue opportunities within the healthcare and payment market segments. In healthcare, LogicMark produced consistent revenue growth, while positioning itself as the VA’s leading provider of non-monitored PERS devices and further expanding into the domestic retail market with its disruptive value proposition.

 

With respect to our payments business, Fit Pay became one of the first successful third-party payment network token service provider with the commercialization of its platform and the launch of the Garmin Pay™ feature for one of its customers, Garmin International, Inc. Fit Pay also announced key ecosystem partnerships with Visa International, Mastercard, Bank of America, and Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ). We are continuing to integrate our initial 15 device manufactures onto the core Fit Pay Trusted Payment Manager™ platform (“TPMP”) with the product launches of the Token ring by Tokenize Inc. and the Bee payment device by Radiius. We are also working to expand the capabilities of the platform in order to integrate it with additional payment networks and issuing banks, and to offer new products, such as cryptocurrency, to emerging markets.

 

1

 

 

Healthcare

 

Overview

 

With respect to the healthcare market, our business initiatives are driven by LogicMark, which serves a market that enables two-way communication, medical device connectivity and patient data tracking of key vitals through sensors, biometrics, and security to make home health care a reality. There are three major trends driving this market: (1) an increased desire for connectivity; specifically, a greater desire for connected devices by people over 60 years of age who now represent the fastest growing demographic for social media; (2) the growth of “TeleHealth”, which is the means by which telecommunications technologies are meeting the increased need for health systems to better distribute doctor care across a wider range of health facilities, making it easier to treat and diagnose patients, and (3) rising healthcare costs – as health spending continues to outpace the economy, representing between 6% and 7% of the overall economy, the need to reduce hospital readmissions, increase staffing efficiency and improve patient engagement remain the highest priorities. Together, these trends have produced a large and growing market for us to serve. LogicMark has built a successful business on emergency communications in healthcare. We have a strong business relationship with the VA today, serving veterans who suffer from chronic conditions that often require emergency assistance. This business is steady and growing, producing record revenue in 2017. Our strategic plan calls for expanding LogicMark’s business into other healthcare verticals as well as retail and enterprise channels in order to better serve the expanding demand for connected and remote healthcare solutions.

 

Home healthcare, which includes health monitoring and management using IoT and cloud-based processing, is an emerging area for LogicMark. The long-term trend toward more home-based healthcare is a massive shift that is being driven by demographics (an aging population) and basic economics. People also value autonomy and privacy which are important factors in determining which solutions will suit the market. Consumers are beginning to enjoy the benefits of smart home technologies and online digital assistants. One of the promising applications of our VoiceMatch™ technology is enabling secure commands for restricted medical access. This solution, when coupled with Nxt-ID BioCloud™, combines biometrics with encryption and distributed access control.

 

Our Healthcare Monitoring Market Opportunity

 

PERS devices are used to call for help and medical care during an emergency. These devices are also used by a wide patient pool, as well as the general population, to ensure safety and security when living or traveling alone. The global medical alert systems market caters to different end-users across the healthcare industry, including individual users, hospitals and clinics, assisted living facilities and senior living facilities. The growing demand for home healthcare devices is mainly driven by an aging population and rising healthcare costs worldwide. We believe that this will spur the usage of medical alert systems across the globe, as they offer safety and medical security while being affordable and accessible.

 

 

The PERS market is divided into three device segments: landline-based PERS, mobile PERS, and standalone devices. The global PERS market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.83% to $8.4 billion in 2020, benefiting from strong demographic tailwinds. North America and Europe are the largest markets for PERS, accounting for approximately 40% and 37% of total sales, respectively in 2020. According to IndustryARC, improvements in healthcare infrastructure and emerging economies will fuel growth and significantly improve the relative market share of the Asia Pacific and the rest of world regions.

 

2

 

 

Our Health Care Products

 

LogicMark produces a range of products within the PERS market and has differentiated itself by offering non-monitored products, which only require a one-time purchase fee, instead of a recurring monthly contract.  As a result, LogicMark’s products are typically the most cost-effective PERS option. LogicMark’s non-monitored solution offers a significant value proposition over monitored solutions.

 

The cost of ownership of a monitored solution, which includes a monthly service fee, can be as much as $1,500 – $3,000 over a five-year period. This compares to a one-time purchase of a LogicMark non-monitored device, which provides a similar level of security for a purchase price as low as one tenth of that amount.

 

LogicMark offers both traditional ( i.e. , landline) and mPERS ( i.e. , cell-based) options. Our non-monitored products are sold primarily through the VA and healthcare distributors.

 

 

3

 

 

LogicMark offers monitored products that are primarily sold by dealers and distributors for the monitored product channel. LogicMark sells its devices to the dealers and distributors, who in turn offer the devices to consumers as part of their product/service offering. The service providers charge consumers a monthly monitoring fee for the associated monitoring service. These products are monitored by a third-party central station

 

Our Health Care Competition

 

LogicMark offers a wide variety of products, enabling it to cater to users with different levels of health and safety needs. Compared to its competitors, LogicMark’s PERS products offer enhanced functionality at the best value.

 

The chart below summarizes LogicMark’s product offering versus those of its competitors:

 

 

Our Health Care Business Strategy

 

Through LogicMark, we intend to expand distribution by using larger distributors who can leverage the consumer value proposition of offering a one-time device purchase as opposed to a leased monthly solution. We also intend to apply our technology to the next generation of PERS devices that will have greater functionality, innovative design and clinical monitoring capability. We believe that there is further potential for expansion in the domestic and international retail and international markets, and we intend to take advantage of this through a new product offering, Notify911, which is a non-monitored device developed for direct-to-consumer sales through retail channels and direct marketing initiatives. We are also seeking to leverage our PERS experience to develop new offerings in the home healthcare monitoring market.

 

Overall, our healthcare division, through LogicMark, is positioned to take advantage of favorable market dynamics, a stable revenue-producing customer base, a differentiated product line, a robust new product development pipeline and compelling growth opportunities.

 

4

 

 

Payments and Financial Technology

 

Overview

 

We conduct our payments business through Fit Pay, which was acquired by Nxt-ID in May 2017. Fit Pay’s core technology is a proprietary platform that enables contactless payment capabilities, allowing manufacturers of “smart devices” to add payment capabilities to their products with very little start-up time and minimal investment in software development, while granting them access to the leading card network and global credit card issuing banks. It is one of the first successful commercializations of a token requestor service provider integrated with the major payment card networks. The existing propriety capabilities of the contactless payment companies are not available to other original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”). The Fit Pay TPMP creates an opportunity for a whole new range of devices to be payment-enabled.

 

Fit Pay is currently on-boarding 15 device manufactures to its platform. Garmin Pay™, a contactless payment feature for a new line of smartwatches by Garmin International, Inc., is powered by Fit Pay’s TPMP technology and went live in the fall of 2017. Fit Pay also announced the product launches for three other customers, including the Token ring by Tokenize Inc., the Bee payment device by Radiius and a luxury smart clasp by Wearatec Inc.

 

In addition to launching new customers, our emerging payments business also announced key ecosystem partnerships with Visa International, Mastercard, Bank of America, and Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited (ANZ). These agreements, along with the growing network of issuing banks, now enables cardholders to use devices powered by the TPMP, increasing our revenue potential and providing the opportunity to expand our customer and geographical footprint. At year-end, the TPMP was enabled by more than 60 issuing banks in 8 countries in the largest markets worldwide.

 

Our payment and financial technology business has also expanded to include new products and services. This includes growing the capabilities of the TPMP to integrate it with additional payment networks and issuing banks. Fit Pay has also developed proprietary payment devices that it will offer through business-to-business and direct-to-consumer channels. These new products will leverage the TPMP and allow us to access new customers and emerging markets, such as cryptocurrency. Fit Pay’s initial product offering is a platform extension and contactless payment device called Flip™, which enables Bitcoin holders to make contactless payment transactions at millions of retail locations with value exchanged from their cryptocurrency.

 

Together, these opportunities position our emerging payment and financial technology business for future growth as Fit Pay begins to monetize its core TPMP technology, and expand its products and services to new markets and customers.

 

Our Payments and Financial Technology Market Opportunity

 

Our payments business targets the rapidly expanding IoT and wearable devices markets. According to the research firm, Gartner, IoT devices will grow at a 32.9% CAGR through 2020, reaching an installed base of 20.4 billion units. Gartner estimates that by 2020 there will be more than 500 million wearable devices in use alone and it predicts that 1 million IoT devices will be purchased every hour by 2021.

 

As the markets for wearables and IoT devices expand, payments are also emerging as a key feature. A Business Insider Intelligence study estimates that by 2020 an estimated 63% of wearable devices will be payment-enabled. The research firm International Data Corporation predicts that wearable devices will transact more than $501 billion payment by 2020, overtaking plastic payment methods as the primary payment method in the next 5-7 years.

 

A recent survey by Visa and the industry publication, PYMTS, entitled “How We Will Pay: Consumers Connected Devices and the Future of Payments” supports consumer demand for adding payment capabilities to devices. The survey found strong support among consumers for new forms of payments. Of the survey’s respondents: 

 

60% found buying and paying for things unproductive and time-consuming, and in need of improvements;
83% viewed using connected devices as a way to eliminate friction from how they pay;

 

5

 

 

66% would use a connected device to enable a seamless payment experience; and
77% want their financial institution/bankcard network to enable these new ways to pay.

 

As an early and established entrant into the payments market, we believe that we are well-positioned to take advantage of both the growth of payment-enabled devices and the consumer demand for new forms of payments.

 

Our Payments Product Offerings

 

We offer a range of technology platform services and products that leverage both the core payment technologies that we have developed as well as the assets gained through our business combination with Fit Pay. These include:

 

The Fit Pay Trusted Payment Manager Platform™

 

The TPMP provides IoT and wearable devices with contactless payment capabilities and full digital wallet functionality. It enables consumers to simply tap and pay at near field communication (“NFC”)-enabled point-of-sale (“POS”) terminals or ATMs using an existing credit, debit or prepaid card account. The TPMP uses tokenization, a payment security technology that replaces cardholders’ account information with a unique digital identifier (a “token”), to transact highly secure contactless payments and authentication services. Fit Pay leverages embedded secure element chip technology within devices to offer a payment solution that is very power and memory efficient. This frees devices from needing to be tethered to a host device or connected to the Internet to transact payments, creating a convenient and completely frictionless payment experience for consumers.

 

We consider Fit Pay to be the primary connection point between card networks, banks, merchants and the wearable user. Fit Pay has built a payment ecosystem that includes 15 devices manufactures, the Visa, Mastercard, Discover card networks (with additional networks to be added), and more than 60 issuing banks in 8 countries in the largest markets worldwide. Issuing banks accepting payments from devices connected to the TPMP include Bank of America, Capital One, U.S. Bank, Wells Fargo in the United States, BonusCard, Cornérbank, ANZ and NAB (National Australia Bank), among others.

 

Fit Pay became one of the first successful third-party payment network token service providers with the commercialization of the TPMP and the launch of the Garmin Pay™ feature for its customer Garmin International, Inc.

 

World Ventures Flye™ SmartCard

 

We continue to operate pursuant to our master product development agreement, dated December 31, 2015, with World Ventures Holdings, LLC (“WVH”), an international direct selling travel company, pursuant to which WVH committed to purchase an exclusive smart card from us for distribution to WVH’s members. . In connection with such agreement, WVH also made a strategic investment in our securities in 2015. The Flye™ smart card is customized for WVH with additional technologies and wireless features, such as the ability to seamlessly integrate with WVH’s DreamTrips™ smartphone application to wirelessly check-in and earn loyalty points towards free DreamTrips™ vacations at select restaurants. DreamTrips™ is a travel club and entertainment community where members can enjoy exciting excursions year-round to extraordinary destinations.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, we recorded revenue of $7,065,755 from WVH, a related party. WVH is considered a related party, as the Chief Technology Officer of WVH is a director of Nxt-ID.

 

For additional information on our transactions with WVH, see “Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

 

Fit Pay General Purpose Reloadable (GRP) Mastercard ®

 

Fit Pay offers prepaid capabilities on wearable devices connected to the TPMP. The general purpose reloadable (“GPR”) program, the Fit Pay Prepaid Mastercard ® , gives consumers with Fit Pay’s contactless payment-enabled devices the convenience of storing funds directly on their devices. The program provides consumers with the ease and security of contactless payments. The Fit Pay Prepaid Mastercard ® is available to device OEMs that integrate their products with the TPMP. The program allows consumers to load their Fit Pay-enabled IoT or wearable device with a prepaid value for contactless purchases. A digital wallet allows the user to re-load the account, set top-off thresholds and manage account settings. The Fit Pay Prepaid Mastercard ® is sponsored by Sunrise Banks, N.A. Cascade Financial Technology Corp. serves as the program manager. The device can be used everywhere that debit Mastercard is accepted. 

 

6

 

 

Flip

 

Fit Pay recently announced Flip™, a new contactless payment device that will enable cryptocurrency holders to use the value of their currency to make purchases at millions of retail locations. The new device leverages an expansion of the TPMP to connect cryptocurrencies to the payment ecosystem. Flip™ will use value exchanged from Bitcoin to make traditional payment transactions.

 

Flip™ will be NFC-enabled, allowing it to transact payments at any retail point of sale location that accepts contactless payments. Flip™ will store a preloaded amount of U.S. dollars that are exchanged from a user’s existing cryptocurrency account. It includes a digital wallet that allows users to set how much value they would like their Flip™ to hold and when they would like it to reload, and to suspend the account should the device become lost or stolen. Initially, Flip™ will accept value exchanged from Bitcoin and will potentially expand to other cryptocurrencies in the future. Fit Pay has begun taking pre-orders for Flip™ and anticipates initial shipments of the device will begin in the second quarter of 2018.

 

Wi-Mag™

 

Our proprietary antenna and payment technology can be embedded in a mobile device to make wireless payments at most POS terminals which do not require NFC or Europay, MasterCard, and Visa (“EMV”) technology, potentially allowing users to make payments at most POS terminals in the United States and abroad.

 

SmartPay™

 

We have developed a standalone capability, SmartPay TM , on various devices with the ability to make payments by dynamic magnetic stripe or through interacting with a terminal through EMV, NFC or barcode functionality. We are currently pursuing significant strategic partnerships for this product.

 

Our Payments Competition

 

The markets for our products are extremely competitive and are characterized by rapid technological change as a result of technical developments exploited by our competitors, changing technical needs of customers, and frequent introductions of new features. We expect competition to increase as other companies introduce products that are competitively priced, that may have increased performance or functionality, or that incorporate technological advances not yet developed or implemented by us. Some of our present and potential competitors may have financial, marketing, and research resources substantially greater than ours.

 

Competitors in the digital wallet marketplace include:

 

Google Wallet – A mobile payment system developed by Google that allows its users to store debit cards, credit cards, loyalty cards, and gift cards among other things, as well as redeeming sales promotions on their mobile phone.
Apple Pay – A mobile payment service that lets certain Apple mobile devices make payments at the time of retail and online checkout.
Paypal – A mobile service that can send money between other PayPal users and friends, track your balances, to pay from one’s phone, and order ahead at restaurants.
SamsungPay – A mobile payment system that uses Magnetic Secure Transmission to broadcast a signal to a POS payment terminal.
Fitbit Pay – Payment capability launch by fitness tracker and smartwatch producer Fitbit.

 

7

 

 

We believe that our payment products have certain competitive advantages. The existing contactless payment companies propriety capabilities are not available to other device manufacturers. Fit Pay’s TPMP creates an opportunity for a whole new range of devices to be payment-enabled by significantly reducing the cost and time to market. While other companies are seeking to build a similar white-labeled solution, we believe that the extent of Fit Pay’s existing relationships provides it with an advantage in the market.

 

The TPMP offers several distinctive features, including (1) it removes friction for the consumer with very little user interaction required; (2) it does not require a device to be present at the time of a transaction; (3) it is extendible to any operating system or device; and (4) it is highly secure and card data is not exposed at the point of sale.

 

Furthermore, we believe that the following factors create a defensible market position for Fit Pay: (1) we are the only independent platform to complete secure element (“SE”) tokenization integrations with major card networks; (2) complex service deployment barriers make it difficult for new entrants and for manufacturers to develop the capability themselves; (3) we own the security keys which eliminate the ability of OEMs to change providers without major service disruption; (4) we offer a comprehensive, end-to-end solution as a single source for all SE-related applications, including full-featured APIs (application programming interfaces) and SDKs (software development kits) to simplify implementation; and (5) we offer a scalable platform with direct access the major card network and issuing banks.

 

Our Payments Business Strategy

 

Our primary strategy for our payment business is to leverage our technological and competitive advantages across various industries in combination with established partners that can create meaningful distribution, monetizing the technologies and capabilities that we have developed. Our unique position as an independent platform provider with our comprehensive, end-to-end platform positions us to serve the rapidly expanding wearable and IoT markets. As described above, the complex ecosystem needed to support full-function payment capabilities creates a barrier for new entrants and manufacturers who may have considered developing the capability on their own, and offers continuity for our existing customer base.

 

Our business strategy is to leverage these attributes to (1) scale our platform to add more customers and payment use cases; (2) build new revenue streams by adding additional OEMs and our GPR program to new form factors; (3) add new capabilities to the TPMP such as cryptocurrency payments; (4) develop our own proprietary payment devices for business-to-business or business-to-consumer channels; and (5) integrate our platform with additional ecosystems such as transit, hotels, and building access systems.

 

Our Intellectual Property

 

Our ability to compete effectively depends to a significant extent on our ability to protect our proprietary information. We currently rely and will continue to rely primarily on patents and trade secret laws and confidentiality procedures to protect our intellectual property rights. We have filed the following 32 patents, six of which have been awarded to date:

 

METHOD FOR REPLACING TRADITIONAL PAYMENT AND IDENTITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL SECURITY AND A SYSTEM IMPLEMENTING SAID METHOD

Filed October 8, 2013

Application Number 14/049,175

 

8

 

 

METHOD FOR REPLACING TRADITIONAL PAYMENT AND IDENTITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL SECURITY AND A SYSTEM IMPLEMENTING SAID METHOD

Continuation application of 001 with new claims

Filed August 31, 2016

Application Number 15/252,468

 

THE UN-PASSWORD™: RISK AWARE END-TO-END MULTI-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION VIA DYNAMIC PAIRING

Patent issued August 2, 2016

Patent Number 9,407,619

 

UNIVERSAL AUTHENTICATION AND DATA EXCHANGE METHOD, SYSTEM AND SERVICE

Filed March 17, 2014

Application Number 14/217,289

 

METHOD TO LOCALLY VALIDATE IDENTITY WITHOUT PUTTING PRIVACY AT RISK

Application filed September 1, 2015

Application Number 14/842,252

 

DISTRIBUTED METHOD AND SYSTEM TO IMPROVE COLLABORATIVE SERVICES ACROSS MULTIPLE DEVICES

Application filed February 8, 2016

Application Number 15/018,496

 

VOICE DIRECTED PAYMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Application filed February 10, 2016

Application Number 15/040,984

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW-POWER CLOSE-PROXIMITY COMMUNICATIONS and energy transfer USING A MINIATURE MULTI-PURPOSE ANTENNA

Application filed April 4, 2016

Application Number 15/089,826

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW-POWER CLOSE-PROXIMITY COMMUNICATIONS and energy transfer USING A MINIATURE MULTI-PURPOSE ANTENNA

Application filed November 16, 2016

Application Number 15/353,018

 

MULTI-INSTANCE SHARED AUTHENTICATION (MISA) METHOD AND SYSTEM PRIOR TO DATA ACCESS

Application filed June 23, 2016

Application Number 15/191,456

 

BIOMETRIC, BEHAVIORAL-METRIC, KNOWLEDGE-METRIC AND ELECTRONIC-METRIC DIRECTED AUTHENTICATION AND TRANSACTION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Application filed July 5, 2016

Application Number 15/202,515

 

PERSONALIZED TOKENIZATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Application filed July 14, 2016

Application Number 15/210,728

 

METHODS AND SYSTEMS RELATED TO MULTI-FACTOR, MULTI-DIMENSIONAL, MATHEMATICAL HIDDEN AND MOTION SECURITY PINS

Filed August 1, 2016

Application Number 15/224,998

 

ELECTRONIC CRYPTO-CURRENCY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM

Filed August 1, 2016

Application Number 15/225,780

 

9

 

 

SYSTEMS AND DEVICES FOR WIRELESS CHARGING OF A POWERED TRANSACTION CARD AND EMBEDDING ELECTRONICS IN A WEARABLE ACCESSORY

Filed September 2, 2015

Application Number 14/843,925

 

COMPONENTS FOR ENHANCING OR AUGMENTING WEARABLE ACCESSORIES BY ADDING ELECTRONICS THERETO

Filed September 2, 2015

Application Number 14/843,930

 

LOW BANDWIDTH CRYPTO-CURRENCY TRANSACTION EXECUTION AND SYNCHRONIZATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Filed September 7, 2016

Application Number 15/259,023

 

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO ORGANIZE AND MANAGE TRANSACTIONS

Filed December 2, 2016

Application Number 15/368,546

 

THE UN-PASSWORD™: RISK AWARE END-TO-END MULTI-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION VIA DYNAMIC PAIRING

Filed March 14, 2016

Application Number 15/068,834

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO PERSONALIZE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

Filed July 15, 2016

Application number 15/212,184

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO PERSONALIZE PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

Filed September 6, 2016

Application number 15/257,101

 

ACCORDION ANTENNA STRUCTURE

Filed April 4, 2016

Application Number 15/089,844

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO AUTHENTICATE ELECTRONICS USING ELECTRONIC-METRICS

Filed July 5, 2016

Application Number 15/202,553

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DETERMINE USER PREFERENCES

Filed July 15, 2016

Application number 15/212,163

 

PREFERENCES DRIVEN ADVERTISING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Filed July 15, 2016

Application number 15/212,161

 

AUTOMATED WEARABLE ACTIVATION SYSTEM

Filed July 27, 2017

Application number 62/537,904

 

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING AN INTERNET OF THINGS PAYMENT PLATFORM

Filed March 25, 2015

Application number 62/138,298

 

10

 

 

WIRELESS, CENTRALIZED EMERGENCY SERVICES SYSTEM

Patent Number 8,275,346

 

VOICE-EXTENDING EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEM

Patent Number 8,121,588

 

LIST-BASED EMERGENCY CALLING DEVICE

Patent Number 8,369,821

 

ALARM SIGNALING DEVICE AND ALARM SYSTEM

Patent Number 7,312,709

 

FALL DETECTION SYSTEM HAVING A FLOOR HEIGHT THRESHOLD AND RESIDENT HEIGHT DETECTION DEVICE

Patent Number 7,893,844 

 

We enter into confidentiality agreements with our consultants and key employees, and maintain control over access to and distribution of our technology, software and other proprietary information. The steps that we have taken to protect our technology may be inadequate to prevent others from using what we regard as our technology to compete with us.

 

We do not generally conduct exhaustive patent searches to determine whether the technology used in our products infringes on the patents that are held by third parties. In addition, product development is inherently uncertain in a rapidly evolving technological environment in which there may be numerous patent applications pending, many of which are confidential when filed, with regard to similar technologies.

 

We may face claims by third parties that our products or technology infringe their patents or other intellectual property rights in the future. Any claim of infringement could cause us to incur substantial costs defending against the claim, even if the claim is invalid, and could distract the attention of our management. If any of our products are found to violate third-party proprietary rights, we may be required to pay substantial damages. In addition, we may be required to re-engineer our products or seek to obtain licenses from third parties to continue to offer our products. Any efforts to re-engineer our products or obtain licenses on commercially reasonable terms may not be successful, which would prevent us from selling our products, and in any case, could substantially increase our costs and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

11

 

Corporate Information

 

History

 

We were incorporated in the state of Delaware on February 8, 2012. We are an emerging technology company engaged in the development of proprietary products, services and solutions for security that serve multiple end markets, including the security, healthcare, finance and IoT markets.

 

On June 25, 2012, we acquired 100% of the membership interests in 3D-ID LLC (“3D-ID”), a limited liability company that we formed in Florida in February 2011 and that was previously owned by the Company’s founders. By acquiring 3D-ID, we gained the rights to a portfolio of patented technology in the field of three-dimensional facial recognition and imaging including 3D facial recognition products for access control, as well as the law enforcement and travel and immigration sectors. 3D-ID is an early stage company engaged in the design, research and development, integration, analysis, modeling, system networking, sales and support of intelligent surveillance, three-dimensional facial recognition and three-dimensional imaging devices and systems primarily for identification and access control in the security industries. As our acquisition of 3D-ID was a transaction between entities under common control in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, “Business Combinations”, we recognized the net assets of 3D-ID at their carrying amounts in our accounts on the date that 3D-ID was organized, February 14, 2011.

 

On July 25, 2016, we completed the acquisition of LogicMark pursuant to an interest purchase agreement by and among the Company, LogicMark and the holders of all of the membership interests of LogicMark (the “LogicMark Sellers”), dated May 17, 2016 (the “Interest Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Interest Purchase Agreement, we acquired all of the membership interests of LogicMark from the LogicMark Sellers for (i) $17.5 million in cash consideration (ii) a $2.5 million secured promissory note (the “LogicMark Note”) issued to LogicMark Investment Partners, LLC, as representative of the LogicMark Sellers (the “LogicMark Representative”) (iii) 78,740 shares of our common stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), which were issued upon signing of the Interest Purchase Agreement (the “LogicMark Shares”), and (iv) warrants (the “LogicMark Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 157,480 shares of our Common Stock (the “LogicMark Warrant Shares”) for no additional consideration. In addition, we may be required to pay the LogicMark Sellers earn-out payments of (i) up to $1,500,000 for calendar year 2016 and (ii) up to $5,000,000 for calendar year 2017 if LogicMark meets certain gross profit targets set forth in the Interest Purchase Agreement. The LogicMark Note originally was to mature on September 23, 2016 but was extended to July 15, 2017. The earn-out payment related to 2016 and the remaining balance owed on the LogicMark Note including accrued interest were both paid in July 2017. Based on LogicMark’s operating results for the year ended December 31, 2017, the 2017 earnout amount owed by the Company is $3,156,088. As a result, the Company reduced the amount of contingent consideration due to the LogicMark Sellers by $1,843,912.

 

On May 23, 2017, we completed a merger (the “Merger”) pursuant to an agreement and plan of merger (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among the Company, Fit Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger Sub”), Fit Pay, Michael J. Orlando, Giesecke & Devrient Mobile Security America, Inc. (“G&D”), the other stockholders of Fit Pay (the “Other Holders”) and Mr. Orlando in his capacity as stockholder representative representing the Other Holders (the “Stockholder Representative”, and together with Orlando and G&D, the “Fit Pay Sellers”). In connection with the Merger, Fit Pay merged with and into the Merger Sub, with the Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the aggregate purchase price paid for Fit Pay was: (i) 19.96% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock; (ii) 2,000 shares of the Series C Non-Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series C Preferred Stock”); (iii) the payment of certain debts by the Company; and (iv) the payment of certain unpaid expenses by the Company. In addition, the Company will be required to pay the Sellers an earnout payment equal to 12.5% of the gross revenue derived from Fit Pay’s technology for sixteen (16) fiscal quarters commencing on October 1, 2017 and ending on December 31, 2021.

 

In connection with the Fit Pay transaction, Mr. Orlando became our Chief Operating Officer, as well as the President of Fit Pay, effective as of May 23, 2017.

 

Other

 

Our principal executive offices are located at 285 North Drive, Suite D, Melbourne, FL 32934, and our telephone number is (203) 266-2103. Our website address is  www.nxt-id.com . The information contained therein or connected thereto shall not be deemed to be incorporated into this Report. The information on our website is not part of this Report.

 

We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”). We will remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our Common Stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three-year period. Pursuant to Section 102 of the JOBS Act, we have provided reduced executive compensation disclosure and have omitted a compensation discussion and analysis from this Report. Pursuant to Section 107 of the JOBS Act, we have elected to utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. Our emerging growth company status will expire on December 31, 2018.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2017, we had a total of 55 full-time employees, comprising 15 employees in product engineering, 7 employees in finance and administration, 17 employees in sales and customer service and 16 employees in product fulfillment. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining agreement, nor have we experienced any work stoppage. We consider our relations with our employees to be good. Our future success depends on our continuing ability to attract and retain highly qualified engineers, graphic designers, computer scientists, sales and marketing and senior management personnel. In addition, we have independent contractors whose services we are using on an as-needed basis to assist with the engineering and design of our products.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

Our business, financial condition and operating results are subject to a number of risk factors, both those that are known to us and identified below and others that may arise from time to time. These risk factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those suggested by forward-looking statements in this report and elsewhere, and may adversely affect our business, financial condition or operating results. If any of these risk factors should occur, moreover, the trading price of our securities could decline, and investors in our securities could lose all or part of their investment in our securities. These risk factors should be carefully considered in evaluating our prospects.

 

Risks Relating to our Business

 

We are uncertain of our ability to generate sufficient revenue and profitability in the future.

 

We continue to develop and refine our business model, but we can provide no assurance that we will be able to generate a sufficient amount of revenue, from our business in order to achieve profitability.  It is not possible for us to predict at this time the potential success of our business. The revenue and income potential of our proposed business and operations are currently unknown. If we cannot continue as a viable entity, you may lose some or all of your investment in our Company.

 

The Company is an emerging growth company and has incurred net losses of $8,264,873 for the year ended December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had cash and stockholders’ equity of $5,636,415 and $19,130,167, respectively. At December 31, 2017, the Company had working capital of $1,319,766. We cannot provide any assurance that we will be able to raise additional cash from equity financings, secure debt financing, and/or generate revenue from the sales of our products. If we are unable to secure additional capital, we may be required to curtail our research and development initiatives and take additional measures to reduce costs in order to conserve our cash in amounts sufficient to sustain operations and meet our obligations.

 

We and the businesses we have recently acquired or propose to acquire have limited operating histories and we cannot offer any assurance as to our future financial results, and you should not rely on the historical financial date included in this prospectus as an indicator of our future financial performance. You may lose your entire investment.

 

We and the businesses we have recently acquired or propose to acquire have limited operating histories upon which to base any assumption as to the likelihood that we will be successful in implementing our business plan, and we may not be able to generate significant revenues or achieve profitability. You should consider our business and prospects in light of the risks and difficulties we face with our limited operating history and should not rely on our past results or the past results of any of such businesses as an indication of our future performance. There is no assurance that the growth rate we or they have experienced to date will continue. Even if we generate future revenues sufficient to expand operations, increased infrastructure costs and cost of goods sold and marketing expenses could impair or prevent us from generating profitable returns. We recognize that if we are unable to generate significant revenues from our business development, we will not be able to earn profits or potentially continue operations. If we are unsuccessful in addressing these risks, our business will most likely fail.

 

13

 

 

If we fail to keep pace with changing industry technology and consumer preferences, we will be at a competitive disadvantage.

 

The industry segments in which we are operating are evolving rapidly. They are characterized by changing technology, budding industry standards, frequent new and enhanced product introductions, rapidly changing end-user/consumer preferences and product obsolescence. In order to continue to compete effectively in these markets, we need to respond quickly to technological changes and to understand their impact on our customers’ preferences. It may take significant time and resources to respond to these technological changes. If we fail to keep pace with these changes, our business may suffer. Moreover, developments by others may render our technologies and intended products noncompetitive or obsolete, or we may be unable to keep pace with technological developments or other market factors. If any of our competitors implement new technologies before we are able to implement them, those competitors may be able to provide more effective products than ours. Any delay or failure in the introduction of new or enhanced products, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Furthermore, our inability to keep pace with changing industry technology and consumer preferences may cause our inventory to become obsolete at a rate faster than anticipated, which may result in our taking goodwill impairment charges in past or future acquisitions that negatively impact our results of operations.

 

We have made a significant acquisition in each of 2016 and 2017, and we may encounter difficulties in integrating these acquisitions and managing our growth, which would adversely affect our results of operations.

 

During 2016 and 2017, we completed the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay, and are considering other acquisitions to improve our position in market segments that we consider to be significant and strategic. We may be unable to integrate the operations of the acquired companies into our own in the manner we anticipated or at all, and such integration could be expensive. Moreover, this significant expansion of our operations could put significant strain on our management and our operational and financial resources. To manage future growth, we will need to hire, train, and manage additional employees, as well as properly integrate personnel from acquired businesses. Concurrent with expanding our operational and marketing capabilities, we will also need to increase our product development activities. We may not be able to support, financially or otherwise, future growth, or hire, train, motivate, and manage the required personnel. Our failure to manage growth effectively could limit our ability to achieve our goals.

 

Our ability to integrate our acquisitions and manage our growth will depend in part on the ability of our executive officers to continue to implement and improve our operational, management, information and financial control systems and to expand, train and manage our employee base, and particularly to attract, expand, train, manage and retain a sales force to market our products on acceptable terms. Our inability to manage growth effectively could cause us to fail to realize the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions or could cause our operating costs to grow at a faster pace than we currently anticipate, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

Because we are an emerging growth company, we expect to incur significant additional operating losses.

 

We are an emerging growth company. The amount of future losses and when, if ever, we will achieve profitability are uncertain. Our current products have not generated significant commercial revenue for us and there can be no guarantee that we can generate sufficient revenues from the commercial sale of our products in the near future to fund our ongoing capital needs.

 

We have a limited operating history upon which you can gauge our ability to obtain profitability.

 

We have a limited operating history and our business and prospects must be considered in light of the risks and uncertainties to which emerging growth companies are exposed. We cannot provide assurances that our business strategy will be successful or that we will successfully address those risks and the risks described herein. Most importantly, if we are unable to secure future capital, we may be unable to continue our operations. We may incur losses on a quarterly or annual basis for a number of reasons, some of which may be outside our control.

 

If we cannot obtain additional capital required to finance our research and development efforts, our business may suffer and you may lose the value of your investment.

 

We may require additional funds to further execute our business plan and expand our business. If we are unable to obtain additional capital when needed, we may have to restructure our business or delay or abandon our development and expansion plans. If this occurs, you may lose part or all of your investment. We will have ongoing capital needs as we expand our business. We have recently been informed by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) that our failure to file the financial statements associated with our Fit Pay acquisition within the 75 days of the closing of that acquisition has resulted in our no longer being eligible to register our securities with the SEC on Form S-3. Our inability to use Form S-3 to register our securities may negatively affect our ability to raise capital. If we raise additional funds through the sale of equity or convertible securities, your ownership percentage of our Common Stock will be reduced. In addition, these transactions may dilute the value of our Common Stock. We may have to issue securities that have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our Common Stock. The terms of any additional indebtedness may include restrictive financial and operating covenants that would limit our ability to compete and expand. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain the additional financing we may need to fund our business, or that such financing will be available on terms acceptable to us.

 

14

 

 

We face intense competition in our market, especially from larger, well-established companies, and we may lack sufficient financial or other resources to maintain or improve our competitive position.

 

A number of other companies engage in the business of developing applications for facial recognition for access control. The market for biometric security products is intensely competitive, and we expect competition to increase in the future from established competitors and new market entrants. Our current competitors include both emerging or developmental stage companies, such as ourselves, as well as larger companies. Many of our existing competitors have, and some of our potential competitors could have, substantial competitive advantages such as:

 

  greater name recognition and longer operating histories;
  larger sales and marketing budgets and resources;
  broader distribution and established relationships with distribution partners and end-customers;
  greater customer support resources;
  greater resources to make acquisitions;
  larger and more mature intellectual property portfolios; and
  substantially greater financial, technical, and other resources.

 

In addition, some of our larger competitors have substantially broader product offerings and leverage their relationships based on other products or incorporate functionality into existing products to gain business in a manner that discourages users from purchasing our products, including through selling at zero or negative margins, product bundling, or closed technology platforms. Conditions in our market could change rapidly and significantly as a result of technological advancements, partnering by our competitors or continuing market consolidation. New start-up companies that innovate and large competitors that are making significant investments in research and development may invent similar or superior products and technologies that compete with our products and technology. Our current and potential competitors may also establish cooperative relationships among themselves or with third parties that may further enhance their resources.

 

Our markets are subject to technological change and our success depends on our ability to develop and introduce new products.

 

Each of the governmental and commercial markets for our products is characterized by:

 

  changing technologies;
  changing customer needs;
  frequent new product introductions and enhancements;
  increased integration with other functions; and
  product obsolescence.

 

Our success will be dependent in part on the design and development of new products. To develop new products and designs for our target markets, we must develop, gain access to and use leading technologies in a cost-effective and timely manner and continue to expand our technical and design expertise. The product development process is time-consuming and costly, and there can be no assurance that product development will be successfully completed, that necessary regulatory clearances or approvals will be granted on a timely basis, or at all, or that the potential products will achieve market acceptance. Our failure to develop, obtain necessary regulatory clearances or approvals for, or successfully market potential new products could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Claims by others that we infringe their intellectual property rights could increase our expenses and delay the development of our business. As a result, our business and financial condition could be harmed.

 

Our industries are characterized by the existence of a large number of patents as well as frequent claims and related litigation regarding patent and other intellectual property rights. We cannot be certain that our products do not and will not infringe issued patents, patents that may be issued in the future, or other intellectual property rights of others.

 

We do not have the resources to conduct exhaustive patent searches to determine whether the technology used in our products infringe patents held by third parties. In addition, product development is inherently uncertain in a rapidly evolving technological environment in which there may be numerous patent applications pending, many of which are confidential when filed.

 

We may face claims by third parties that our products or technology infringe on their patents or other intellectual property rights. Any claim of infringement could cause us to incur substantial costs defending against the claim, even if the claim is invalid, and could distract our management. If any of our products are found to violate third-party proprietary rights, we may be required to pay substantial damages. In addition, we may be required to re-engineer our products or obtain licenses from third parties to continue to offer our products. Any efforts to re-engineer our products or obtain licenses on commercially reasonable terms may not be successful, which would prevent us from selling our products, and, in any case, could substantially increase our costs and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

15

 

 

We may not be able to protect our intellectual property rights adequately.

 

Our ability to compete for government contracts is affected, in part, by our ability to protect our intellectual property rights. We rely on a combination of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, confidentiality procedures and non-disclosure and licensing arrangements to protect our intellectual property rights. Despite these efforts, we cannot be certain that the steps we take to protect our proprietary information will be adequate to prevent misappropriation of our technology or protect that proprietary information. The validity and breadth of claims in technology patents involve complex legal and factual questions and, therefore, may be highly uncertain. Nor can we assure you that, if challenged, our patents will be found to be valid or enforceable, or that the patents of others will not have an adverse effect on our ability to do business. In addition, the enforcement of laws protecting intellectual property may be inadequate to protect our technology and proprietary information.

 

We may not have the resources to assert or protect our rights to our patents and other intellectual property. Any litigation or proceedings relating to our intellectual property, whether or not meritorious, will be costly and may divert the efforts and attention of our management and technical personnel.

 

We also rely on other unpatented proprietary technology, trade secrets and know-how and no assurance can be given that others will not independently develop substantially equivalent proprietary technology, techniques or processes, that such technology or know-how will not be disclosed or that we can meaningfully protect our rights to such unpatented proprietary technology, trade secrets, or know-how. Although we intend to enter into non-disclosure agreements with our employees and consultants, there can be no assurance that such non-disclosure agreements will provide adequate protection for our trade secrets or other proprietary know-how.

 

Our success will depend, in part, on our ability to obtain new patents.

 

To date, we have applied for 32 patents in the U.S., six of which have been awarded, and our success will depend, in part, on our ability to obtain patent and trade secret protection for proprietary technology that we currently possess or that we may develop in the future. No assurance can be given that any pending or future patent applications will issue as patents, that the scope of any patent protection obtained will be sufficient to exclude competitors or provide competitive advantages to us, that any of our patents will be held valid if subsequently challenged or that others will not claim rights in or ownership of the patents and other proprietary rights held by us.

 

Furthermore, there can be no assurance that our competitors have not or will not independently develop technology, processes or products that are substantially similar or superior to ours, or that they will not duplicate any of our products or design around any patents issued or that may be issued in the future to us. In addition, whether or not patents are issued to us, others may hold or receive patents which contain claims having a scope that covers products or processes developed by us.

 

We may not have the resources to adequately defend any patent infringement litigation or proceedings. Any such litigation or proceedings, whether or not determined in our favor or settled by us, is costly and may divert the efforts and attention of our management and technical personnel. In addition, we may be required to obtain licenses to patents or proprietary rights from third parties. There can be no assurance that such licenses will be available on acceptable terms if at all. If we do not obtain required licenses, we could encounter delays in product development or find that the development, manufacture or sale of products requiring such licenses could be foreclosed. Accordingly, challenges to our intellectual property, whether or not ultimately successful, could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Our future success depends on the continued service of management, engineering and sales personnel and our ability to identify, hire and retain additional personnel.

 

Our success depends, to a significant extent, upon the efforts and abilities of members of senior management. We have entered into an employment agreement with our Chief Executive Officer and President, as well as our Chief Operating Officer, but have not entered into an employment agreement with our Chief Financial Officer or Chief Technology Officer. The loss of the services of one or more of our senior management or other key employees could adversely affect our business. We currently maintain a key person life insurance policy on our Chief Executive Officer only.

 

There is intense competition for qualified employees in our industry, particularly for highly skilled design, applications, engineering and sales people. We may not be able to continue to attract and retain developers, managers, or other qualified personnel necessary for the development of our business or to replace qualified individuals who may leave us at any time in the future. Our anticipated growth is expected to place increased demands on our resources, and will likely require the addition of new management and engineering staff as well as the development of additional expertise by existing management employees. If we lose the services of or fail to recruit engineers or other technical and management personnel, our business could be harmed.

 

16

 

 

The requirements of being a public company may strain our resources and divert management’s attention.

 

As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act), the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and other applicable securities rules and regulations. Compliance with these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs, make some activities more difficult, time-consuming, or costly, and increase demand on our systems and resources. The Exchange Act requires, among other things, that we file annual and current reports with the SEC with respect to our business and operating results.

 

As a result of disclosure of information in this annual report and in filings required of a public company, our business and financial condition is more visible, which we believe may result in threatened or actual litigation, including by competitors and other third parties. If such claims are successful, our business and operating results could be harmed, and even if the claims do not result in litigation or are resolved in our favor, these claims, and the time and resources necessary to resolve them, could divert resources of our management and harm our business and operating results.

 

Periods of rapid growth and expansion could place a significant strain on our resources, including our employee base, which could negatively impact our operating results.

 

We may experience periods of rapid growth and expansion, which may place significant strain and demands on our management, our operational and financial resources, customer operations, research and development, marketing and sales, administrative, and other resources. To manage our possible future growth effectively, we will be required to continue to improve our management, operational and financial systems. Future growth would also require us to successfully hire, train, motivate and manage our employees. In addition, our continued growth and the evolution of our business plan will require significant additional management, technical and administrative resources. If we are unable to manage our growth successfully we may not be able to effectively manage the growth and evolution of our current business and our operating results could suffer.

 

We depend on contract manufacturers, and our production and products could be harmed if it is unable to meet our volume and quality requirements and alternative sources are not available.

 

We rely on contract manufacturers to provide manufacturing services for our products. If these services become unavailable, we would be required to identify and enter into an agreement with a new contract manufacturer or take the manufacturing in-house. The loss of our contract manufacturers could significantly disrupt production as well as increase the cost of production, thereby increasing the prices of our products. These changes could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

We are presently a small company with too limited resources and personnel to establish a comprehensive system of internal controls. If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we would not be able to accurately report our financial results on a timely basis or prevent fraud. As a result, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial   reporting, which would harm our business and the trading price of our Common Stock.

 

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, our brand and operating results would be harmed. We may in the future discover areas of our internal controls that need improvement. For example, because of size and limited resources, our external auditors may determine that we lack the personnel and infrastructure necessary to properly carry out an independent audit function. Although we believe that we have adequate internal controls for a company with our size and resources, we are not certain that the measures that we have in place will ensure that we implement and maintain adequate controls over our financial processes and reporting in the future. Any failure to implement required new or improved controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation, would harm our operating results or cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations. Inferior internal controls would also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which would have a negative effect on our company and, if a public market develops for our securities, the trading price of our Common Stock.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

As of December 31, 2017, we have identified certain matters that constituted a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting. Specifically, we have difficulty in accounting for complex accounting transactions due to an insufficient number of accounting personnel with experience in that area and limited segregation of duties within our accounting and financial reporting functions. In addition, management needs additional time to fully document the systems and controls related to the acquisition of Fit Pay in May 2017.

 

17

 

 

If we do not effectively manage changes in our business, these changes could place a significant strain on our management and operations.

 

Our ability to grow successfully requires an effective planning and management process. The expansion and growth of our business could place a significant strain on our management systems, infrastructure and other resources. To manage our growth successfully, we must continue to improve and expand our systems and infrastructure in a timely and efficient manner. Our controls, systems, procedures and resources may not be adequate to support a changing and growing company. If our management fails to respond effectively to changes and growth in our business, including acquisitions, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

 

We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and if we decide to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to emerging growth companies, our Common Stock could be less attractive to investors.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act. For as long as we continue to be an emerging growth company, we may take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements that are not applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies, including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. We could be an emerging growth company for up to five years, although we could lose that status sooner if our annual gross revenues exceed $1.07 billion, if we issue more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt in a three year period, or if the market value of our Common Stock held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter, in which case we would no longer be an emerging growth company as of the following December 31. We cannot predict if investors will find our Common Stock less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions. If some investors find our Common Stock less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our Common Stock and the price of our Common Stock may be more volatile.

 

Under the JOBS Act, emerging growth companies may also delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected not to avail ourselves of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, will be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

 

We may not be able to access the equity or credit markets.

 

We face the risk that we may not be able to access various capital sources including investors, lenders, or suppliers. Failure to access the equity or credit markets from any of these sources could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, and future prospects.

 

Persistent global economic trends could adversely affect our business, liquidity and financial results.

 

Although improving, persistent global economic conditions, particularly the scarcity of capital available to smaller businesses, could adversely affect us, primarily through limiting our access to capital and disrupting our clients’ businesses. In addition, continuation or worsening of general market conditions in economies important to our businesses may adversely affect our clients’ level of spending and ability to obtain financing, leading to us being unable to generate the levels of sales that we require.  Current and continued disruption of financial markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

 

We may seek or need to raise additional funds. Our ability to obtain financing for general corporate and commercial purposes or acquisitions depends on operating and financial performance, and is also subject to prevailing economic conditions and to financial, business and other factors beyond our control. The global credit markets and the financial services industry have been experiencing a period of unprecedented turmoil characterized by the bankruptcy, failure or sale of various financial institutions. An unprecedented level of intervention from the U.S. and other governments has been seen. As a result of such disruption, our ability to raise capital may be severely restricted and the cost of raising capital through such markets or privately may increase significantly at a time when we would like, or need, to do so. Either of these events could have an impact on our flexibility to fund our business operations, make capital expenditures, pursue additional expansion or acquisition opportunities, or make another discretionary use of cash and could adversely impact our financial results.

 

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Although recent trends point to continuing improvements, there is still lingering volatility and uncertainty. A change or disruption in the global financial markets for any reason may cause consumers, businesses and governments to defer purchases in response to tighter credit, decreased cash availability and declining consumer confidence. Accordingly, demand for our products could decrease and differ materially from current expectations. Further, some of our customers may require substantial financing in order to fund their operations and make purchases from us. The inability of these customers to obtain sufficient credit to finance purchases of our products and meet their payment obligations to us or possible insolvencies of our customers could result in decreased customer demand, an impaired ability for us to collect on outstanding accounts receivable, significant delays in accounts receivable payments, and significant write-offs of accounts receivable, each of which could adversely impact our financial results.

 

Rising interest rates could adversely impact our business.

 

Changes in interest rates could have an adverse impact on our business by increasing our cost of capital. For example:

 

  rising interest rates would increase our cost of capital; and
  rising interest rates may negatively impact our ability to secure financing on favorable terms and may impact our ability to provide cost-effective financing to our end-customers or end-users, where applicable.

 

Rising interest rates could generally harm our business and financial condition.

 

Risks Related to Our Biometric Recognition Applications and Related Products

 

Our biometric products and technologies may not be accepted by the intended commercial consumers of our products, which could harm our future financial performance.

 

There can be no assurance that our biometric systems will achieve wide acceptance by commercial consumers of such security-based products, and/or market acceptance generally. The degree of market acceptance for products and services based on our technology will also depend upon a number of factors, including the receipt and timing of regulatory approvals, if any, and the establishment and demonstration of the ability of our proposed device to provide the level of security in an efficient manner and at a reasonable cost. Our failure to develop a commercial product to compete successfully with existing security technologies could delay, limit or prevent market acceptance. Moreover, the market for new biometric-based security systems is largely undeveloped, and we believe that the overall demand for mobile biometric-based security systems technology will depend significantly upon public perception of the need for such a level of security. There can be no assurance that the public will believe that our level of security is necessary or that the security industry will actively pursue our technology as a means to solve their security issues. Long-term market acceptance of our products and services will depend, in part, on the capabilities, operating features and price of our products and technologies as compared to those of other available products and services. As a result, there can be no assurance that currently available products, or products under development for commercialization, will be able to achieve market penetration, revenue growth or profitability.

 

Our biometric applications may become obsolete if we do not effectively respond to rapid technological change on a timely basis.

 

The biometric identification and personal identification industries are characterized by rapid technological change, frequent new product innovations, changes in customer requirements and expectations and evolving industry standards. If we are unable to keep pace with these changes, our business may be harmed. Products using new technologies, or emerging industry standards, could make our technologies less attractive. In addition, we may face unforeseen problems when developing our products, which could harm our business. Furthermore, our competitors may have access to technologies not available to us, which may enable them to produce products of greater interest to consumers or at a more competitive cost.

 

Our biometric applications are new and our business model is evolving. Because of the new and evolving nature of biometric technology, it is difficult to predict the size of this specialized market, the rate at which the market for our biometric applications will grow or be accepted, if at all, or whether other biometric technologies will render our applications less competitive or obsolete.  If the market for our biometric applications fails to develop or grows slower than anticipated, we would be significantly and materially adversely affected.

 

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If our products and services do not achieve market acceptance, we may never have significant revenues or any profits.

 

If we are unable to operate our business as contemplated by our business model or if the assumptions underlying our business model prove to be unfounded, we could fail to achieve our revenue and earnings goals within the time we have projected, or at all, which would have a detrimental effect on our business. As a result, the value of your investment could be significantly reduced or completely lost.

 

We may in the future experience competition from other biometric application developers.

 

Competition in the development of biometric recognition is expected to become more intense. Competitors range from university-based research and development graphics labs to development-stage companies and major domestic and international companies. Many of these entities have financial, technical, marketing, sales, distribution and other resources significantly greater than those that we have. There can be no assurance that we can continue to develop our biometric technologies or that present or future competitors will not develop technologies that render our biometric applications obsolete or less marketable or that we will be able to introduce new products and product enhancements that are competitive with other products marketed by industry participants.

 

We may fail to create new applications for our products and enter new markets, which would have an adverse effect on our operations, financial condition and prospects.

 

Our future success depends in part on our ability to develop and market our technology for applications other than those currently intended. If we fail in these goals, our business strategy and ability to generate revenues and cash flow would be significantly impaired. We intend to expend significant resources to develop new technology, but the successful development of new technology cannot be predicted and we cannot guarantee we will succeed in these goals.

 

Our products may have defects, which could damage our reputation, decrease market acceptance of our products, cause us to lose customers and revenue and result in costly litigation or liability .

 

Our products may contain defects for many reasons, including defective design or manufacture, defective material or software interoperability issues. Products as complex as those we offer, frequently develop or contain undetected defects or errors. Despite testing defects or errors may arise in our existing or new products, which could result in loss of revenue, market share, failure to achieve market acceptance, diversion of development resources, injury to our reputation, and increased service and maintenance cost. Defects or errors in our products and solutions might discourage customers from purchasing future products. Often, these defects are not detected until after the products have been shipped. If any of our products contain defects or perceived defects or have reliability, quality or compatibility problems or perceived problems, our reputation might be damaged significantly, we could lose or experience a delay in market acceptance of the affected product or products and might be unable to retain existing customers or attract new customers. In addition, these defects could interrupt or delay sales. In the event of an actual or perceived defect or other problem, we may need to invest significant capital, technical, managerial and other resources to investigate and correct the potential defect or problem and potentially divert these resources from other development efforts. If we are unable to provide a solution to the potential defect or problem that is acceptable to our customers, we may be required to incur substantial product recall, repair and replacement and even litigation costs. These costs could have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

We will provide warranties on certain product sales and allowances for estimated warranty costs are recorded during the period of sale. The determination of such allowances requires us to make estimates of product return rates and expected costs to repair or to replace the products under warranty. We will establish warranty reserves based on our best estimates of warranty costs for each product line combined with liability estimates based on the prior twelve months’ sales activities. If actual return rates and/or repair and replacement costs differ significantly from our estimates, adjustments to recognize additional cost of sales may be required in future periods. In addition, because our customers rely on secure authentication and identification of cardholders to prevent unauthorized access to programs, PCs, networks, or facilities, a malfunction of or design defect in its products (or even a perceived defect) could result in legal or warranty claims against us for damages resulting from security breaches. If such claims are adversely decided against us, the potential liability could be substantial and have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results. Furthermore, the possible publicity associated with any such claim, whether or not decided against us, could adversely affect our reputation. In addition, a well-publicized security breach involving smart card-based or other security systems could adversely affect the market’s perception of products like ours in general, or our products in particular, regardless of whether the breach is attributable to our products. Any of the foregoing events could cause demand for our products to decline, which would cause its business and operating results to suffer.

 

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Risks Related to our Securities

 

The market price for our Common Stock is particularly volatile given our status as a relatively unknown company with a small and thinly traded public float, and lack of profits, which could lead to wide fluctuations in the price of our Common Stock. You may be unable to sell your shares of Common Stock at or above your purchase price, which may result in substantial losses to you.

 

The market for our Common Stock is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to the securities of larger, more established companies that trade on a national securities exchange and have large public floats, and we expect that the price of our Common Stock will continue to be more volatile than the securities of such larger, more established companies for the indefinite future. The volatility in the price of our Common Stock is attributable to a number of factors. First, as noted above, our Common Stock is, compared to the securities of such larger, more established companies, sporadically and thinly traded. The price of our Common Stock could, for example, decline precipitously in the event that a large number of shares of our Common Stock is sold on the market without commensurate demand. Secondly, we are a speculative or “risky” investment due to our lack of profits to date. As a consequence of this enhanced risk, more risk-adverse investors may, under the fear of losing all or most of their investment in the event of negative news or lack of progress, be more inclined to sell their shares of Common Stock on the market more quickly and at greater discounts than would be the case with the securities of a larger, more established company that trades on a national securities exchange and has a large public float. Many of these factors are beyond our control and may decrease the market price of our Common Stock regardless of our operating performance.

 

If we are not able to comply with the applicable continued listing requirements or standards of the NASDAQ Capital Market, our Common Stock could be delisted from such exchange.

 

Our Common Stock is currently listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market (“NASDAQ”). In order to maintain such listing, we must satisfy minimum financial and other continued listing requirements and standards, including those regarding director independence and independent committee requirements, minimum stockholders’ equity, minimum share price, and certain corporate governance requirements. There can be no assurances that we will be able to comply with the applicable listing standards. Although we are currently in compliance with such listing standards, we have, in the past, fallen out of compliance and may in the future fall out of compliance with such standards. If we are unable to maintain compliance with these NASDAQ requirements, our Common Stock will be delisted from NASDAQ.

 

In the event that our Common Stock is delisted from NASDAQ and is not eligible for quotation on another market or exchange, trading of our Common Stock could be conducted on the over-the-counter market or on an electronic bulletin board established for unlisted securities such as the OTC Pink Marketplace or the OTC Bulletin Board operated by the OTC Market Group Inc. In such event, it could become more difficult to dispose of, or obtain accurate price quotations for, our Common Stock, and there would likely also be a reduction in our coverage by securities analysts and the news media, which could cause the price of our Common Stock to decline further. Also, it may be difficult for us to raise additional capital if we are not listed on a major exchange.

 

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In the event that our Common Stock is delisted from NASDAQ, U.S. broker-dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in shares of our Common Stock because they may be considered penny stocks and thus be subject to the penny stock rules.

 

The SEC has adopted a number of rules to regulate “penny stock” that restricts transactions involving stock which is deemed to be penny stock. Such rules include Rules 3a51-1, 15g-1, 15g-2, 15g-3, 15g-4, 15g-5, 15g-6, 15g-7, and 15g-9 under the Exchange Act. These rules may have the effect of reducing the liquidity of penny stocks. “Penny stocks” generally are equity securities with a price of less than $5.00 per share (other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ Stock Market if current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system). Our shares of Common Stock have in the past constituted, and may again in the future constitute, “penny stock” within the meaning of the rules. The additional sales practice and disclosure requirements imposed upon U.S. broker-dealers may discourage such broker-dealers from effecting transactions in shares of our Common Stock, which could severely limit the market liquidity of such shares of common stock and impede their sale in the secondary market.

 

A U.S. broker-dealer selling penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor” (generally, an individual with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or an annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with his or her spouse) must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. In addition, the “penny stock” regulations require the U.S. broker-dealer to deliver, prior to any transaction involving a “penny stock”, a disclosure schedule prepared in accordance with SEC standards relating to the “penny stock” market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. A U.S. broker-dealer is also required to disclose commissions payable to the U.S. broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, a U.S. broker-dealer is required to submit monthly statements disclosing recent price information with respect to the “penny stock” held in a customer’s account and information with respect to the limited market in “penny stocks”.

 

Stockholders should be aware that, according to the SEC, the market for “penny stocks” has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (i) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (ii) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (iii) “boiler room” practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (iv) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differentials and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (v) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated to a desired level, resulting in investor losses. Our management is aware of the abuses that have occurred historically in the penny stock market. Although we do not expect to be in a position to dictate the behavior of the market or of broker-dealers who participate in the market, management will strive within the confines of practical limitations to prevent the described patterns from being established with respect to our securities.

 

  If and when a larger trading market for our Common Stock develops, the market price of our Common Stock is still likely to be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations, and you may be unable to resell your shares of Common Stock at or above the price at which you acquired them.

 

The market price of our Common Stock may be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to a number of factors that are beyond our control, including, but not limited to:

 

  variations in our revenues and operating expenses;
  actual or anticipated changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in stock market analyst recommendations regarding our Common Stock, other comparable companies or our industry generally;
  market conditions in our industry, the industries of our customers and the economy as a whole;
  actual or expected changes in our growth rates or our competitors’ growth rates;
  developments in the financial markets and worldwide or regional economies;
  announcements of innovations or new products or services by us or our competitors;
  announcements by the government relating to regulations that govern our industry;
  sales of our Common Stock or other securities by us or in the open market; and
  changes in the market valuations of other comparable companies.

 

In addition, if the market for technology stocks or the stock market in general experiences loss of investor confidence, the trading price of our Common Stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, financial condition or operating results. The trading price of our Common Stock might also decline in reaction to events that affect other companies in our industry, even if these events do not directly affect us. Each of these factors, among others, could harm the value of your investment in our Common Stock. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market, securities class-action litigation has often been instituted against companies. Such litigation, if instituted against us, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management’s attention and resources, which could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

 

Our stockholders may experience significant dilution.

 

Although certain exercise restrictions are placed upon the holders of our warrants, the issuance of material amounts of Common Stock by us would cause our existing stockholders to experience significant dilution in their investment in us. In addition, if we obtain additional financing involving the issuance of equity securities or securities convertible into equity securities, our existing stockholders’ investment would be further diluted. Such dilution could cause the market price of our Common Stock to decline, which could impair our ability to raise additional financing.

 

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We do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future; you should not buy our Common Stock if you expect dividends.

 

The payment of dividends on our Common Stock will depend on earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting us at such time as our board of directors may consider relevant.  If we do not pay dividends, our Common Stock may be less valuable because a return on your investment will only occur if our stock price appreciates.

 

We currently intend to retain our future earnings to support operations and to finance expansion and, therefore, we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.

 

If you make an additional investment in our Common Stock, you may experience additional dilution in the future.

 

We may acquire other technologies or finance strategic alliances by issuing our equity or equity-linked securities, which may result in additional dilution to our stockholders.

 

We could issue “blank check” preferred stock without stockholder approval with the effect of diluting then current stockholder interests and impairing their voting rights; and provisions in our charter documents could discourage a takeover that stockholders may consider favorable.

 

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of up to 10,000,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock with designations, rights and preferences as may be determined from time to time by our board of directors. Our board of directors is empowered, without stockholder approval, to issue a series of preferred stock with dividend, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights which could dilute the interest of, or impair the voting power of, our common stockholders. The issuance of a series of preferred stock could be used as a method of discouraging, delaying or preventing a change in control of the Company. For example, it would be possible for our board of directors to issue preferred stock with voting or other rights or preferences that could impede the success of any attempt to change control of the Company.

 

Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) sales practice requirements may limit a stockholder’s ability to buy and sell our Common Stock.

 

FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for certain customers. FINRA requirements will likely make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our Common Stock, which may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in our Common Stock. As a result, fewer broker-dealers may be willing to make a market in our Common Stock, reducing a stockholder’s ability to resell shares of our Common Stock.

 

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Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.  

 

Properties

 

Our principal executive offices are located in Melbourne, Florida. On October 3, 2014, the Company entered into a lease agreement for this office space, which includes customer service and warehouse space. The lease term which commenced on January 1, 2015 was for three years and the monthly rent included the base rent, an escrow for taxes and insurance, common area maintenance charges and applicable sales tax. The lease term expired on December 31, 2017 and on January 5, 2018 we entered into a six-month lease extension through June 30, 2018, at a monthly rent of $6,983.

 

We also retain an office in Oxford, Connecticut. On September 12, 2014, the Company entered into a lease agreement for this office space. The lease term commenced on October 1, 2014 and the lease term was for two years. The Company is currently leasing this office space on a month-to-month basis with a monthly rent of $2,450.

 

On October 16, 2013, the Company entered into a lease agreement for office space in Palm Bay, Florida. The term of the lease commenced on May 1, 2014 and was for three years with a monthly rent of $1,250 per month in the first year, increasing 3% annually thereafter. The Company is currently leasing this office space on a month-to-month basis with a monthly rent of $1,823.

 

As a result of the LogicMark acquisition on July 25, 2016, we assumed two facility leases. One of the leases was for office space located in Plymouth, Minnesota with a monthly rent of $1,170. This lease agreement expired in February 2018. In addition, LogicMark subleased office and warehouse space located in Louisville, Kentucky. The subleasing agreement expired on August 31, 2017. On June 6, 2017, we entered into a new three year lease agreement for the same office and warehouse space located in Louisville, Kentucky. The monthly rent for the space is $6,911 and this lease agreement expires in August 2020.

 

As a result of the Fit Pay acquisition on May 23, 2017, we assumed one facility lease. The lease is for office space located in Boulder, Colorado. The lease agreement expires in May 2020 and the current monthly rent is $3,356.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time we may be involved in various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of our business. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of our executive officers or the executive officers of any of our subsidiaries, threatened against or affecting us, or any of our subsidiaries in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect upon our business, operating results, or financial condition.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market Information

 

Our Common Stock trades on NASDAQ under the symbol “NXTD.”

 

Reverse Stock Split

 

On September 1, 2016, our board of directors and stockholders approved a resolution to amend our certificate of incorporation and to authorize the Company to effect a reverse split of the outstanding shares of Common Stock at a ratio of a 1-for-10 (the “Reverse Split”). On September 9, 2016, we effected the Reverse Split. Upon effectiveness of the Reverse Split, every ten (10) shares of outstanding Common Stock decreased to one share of Common Stock. In addition, the Reverse Split adjusted all outstanding warrants, options, and convertible instruments but did not change the number of authorized shares. Throughout this report, the Reverse Split was retroactively applied to all periods presented.

 

Price Range of Common Stock

 

The following tables show, for the periods indicated, the high and low bid prices per share of our Common Stock as reported by NASDAQ for the period January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2017. These bid prices represent prices quoted by broker-dealers on NASDAQ. The quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commissions, and may not represent actual transactions.

 

    2017  
    High     Low  
1st Quarter ended March 31, 2017   $ 4.17     $ 1.66  
2nd Quarter ended June 30, 2017   $ 2.87     $ 1.21  
3rd Quarter ended September 30, 2017   $ 2.80     $ 1.45  
4th Quarter ended December 31, 2017   $ 8.59     $ 1.01  

 

    2016  
    High     Low  
1st Quarter ended March 31, 2016   $ 13.50     $ 2.20  
2nd Quarter ended June 30, 2016   $ 5.90     $ 3.20  
3rd Quarter ended September 30, 2016   $ 6.49     $ 2.91  
4th Quarter ended December 31, 2016   $ 4.38     $ 2.35  

 

Holders

 

As of March 29, 2018, there were approximately 98 holders of record of our Common Stock. This number does not include shares of Common Stock held by brokerage clearing houses, depositories or others in unregistered form.

 

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Dividends

 

We have never declared or paid dividends on our Common Stock, and our board of directors does not intend to declare or pay any dividends on the Common Stock in the foreseeable future. Our earnings are expected to be retained for use in expanding our business. The declaration and payment in the future of any cash or stock dividends on the Common Stock will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon a variety of factors, including our future earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and such other factors as our board of directors may consider to be relevant from time to time.

 

Securities Authorized For Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

Reference is made to “ Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters—Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans” for the information required by this item.

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

 

None.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

We are not required to provide the information required by this Item as we are a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 7. Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

Year ended December 31, 2017, compared with the year ended December 31, 2016 .

 

Revenue. Our revenues for the year ended December 31, 2017 were $23,316,969 compared to $7,736,320 for the year ended December 31, 2016. The increase in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2017 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2016 is primarily attributable to shipments of the Flye TM smart card and LogicMark product sales. At December 31, 2017, WVH had sufficient Flye TM smart card inventory on hand and as a result we expect to begin shipping such smart cards to WVH again in the latter part of 2018.

 

Cost of Revenue. The increase in our gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2017 was primarily attributable to shipments of the Flye TM smart card and strong gross margin contributed by LogicMark. For the year ended December 31, 2016, our gross margin included the operating results of LogicMark, which was acquired on July 25, 2016, for the period July 25, 2016 through December 31, 2016. Our cost of revenue for 2017 also included an adjustment for excess and obsolete inventory of $1,083,024 resulting primarily from the write off of the remaining raw material components related to the Wocket® product line. In addition, in 2017 we also recorded a lower of cost or market adjustment of $347,546 related to the Wocket® included in finished goods inventory in anticipation of our future sales to wholesale customers.

 

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Operating Expenses. Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 totaled $15,270,469 and consisted of research and development expenses of $1,667,850, selling and marketing expenses of $4,899,126 and general and administrative expenses of $8,703,493. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the research and development expenses related primarily to salaries and consulting services of $1,328,087. Selling and marketing expenses consisted primarily of salaries and consulting services of $1,616,597, amortization of intangibles of $1,089,961, freight charges of $541,364, allowance for bad debts of $402,383, and sales commissions of $290,838. General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 consisted of salaries and consulting services of $2,129,096, accrued management and employee incentives of $950,000, legal, audit and accounting fees of $708,075 and fees incurred of $642,549 related to the acquisition of LogicMark. Also included is $2,072,256 in non-cash stock compensation to vendors, employees and board members.

 

Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016 totaled $10,011,540 and consisted of research and development expenses of $888,187, selling and marketing expenses of $2,881,668 and general and administrative expenses of $6,241,685. The research and development expenses related primarily to salaries and consulting services of $392,991, as well as expenses of $226,293 primarily related to the design and development of the smart card for WVH and manufacturing of the Wocket®. Selling and marketing expenses consisted primarily of salaries of $1,326,220, that were paid in both cash and stock, and advertising and promotional expenses, including trade shows of $519,397. General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016 consisted of salaries and consulting services of $1,113,574, accrued management and employee incentives of $600,000, legal, audit and accounting fees of $1,602,083 and fees incurred of $605,228 related to the acquisition of LogicMark. Also included is $352,020 in non-cash stock compensation to vendors and board members.

 

Our operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 were approximately $5,260,000 higher as compared to operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2016. The primary reason for the higher operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 versus the year ended December 31, 2016 is that our operating expenses included a full year of operating expenses related to LogicMark, whereas for the year ended December 31, 2016, the operating expenses of LogicMark, which was acquired on July 25, 2016, were included for the post acquisition period only. In addition, the operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 include the operating expenses Fit Pay which was acquired on May 23, 2017.

 

Net Loss. The net loss for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $8,264,873 and resulted in part from operational expenses of $15,270,469 incurred during the year ended December 31, 2017. Our net loss was also attributable to our inventory adjustments discussed above totaling $1,430,570 and interest expense incurred of $7,736,414. The operational expenses, inventory adjustments and interest expense were partially offset by favorable gross profit margin stemming primarily from the sales of LogicMark product and the favorable net change in fair value of contingent consideration of $1,497,153, which resulted primarily from the reduction in the 2017 earnout amount due to the LogicMark Sellers.

 

The net loss for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $12,815,714 and resulted in part from operational expenses of $10,011,540 incurred during the year ended December 31, 2016. The operational expenses were partially offset by favorable gross profit margin stemming primarily from the acquisition of LogicMark. In addition, the net loss was attributable to interest expense incurred of $3,275,059, unfavorable changes in fair value of derivative liabilities of $2,299,020 and a loss on extinguishment of debt of $272,749 resulting from the accelerated installment payments made during the year ended December 31, 2016.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We are an emerging growth company and have generated losses from operations since inception. In order to execute our long-term strategic plan to develop and commercialize our core products, we may need to raise additional funds, through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, or other means. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had cash of $5,636,415.

 

In order to execute the Company’s long-term strategic plan to develop and commercialize its core products, the Company may need to raise additional funds, through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, or other means. The Company can give no assurance that the cash raised subsequent to December 31, 2017 or any additional funds raised will be sufficient to execute its business plan. Additionally, the Company can give no assurance that additional funds will be available on reasonable terms, or available at all.

 

Cash Flows

 

Cash and Working Capital

 

We have incurred net losses of $8,264,873 and $12,752,928 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had cash and stockholders’ equity of $5,636,415 and $19,130,167, respectively. At December 31, 2017, the Company had working capital of $1,319,766. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company raised net proceeds of approximately $13,811,429 through the issuance of its Common Stock, warrants and convertible exchange notes.

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Cash Used in Operating Activities

 

Our primary ongoing uses of operating cash relate to payments to subcontractors and vendors for research and development, salaries and related expenses and professional fees. Our vendors and subcontractors generally provide us with normal trade payment terms. During the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in operating activities amounted to $5,608,651, which comprised a net loss of $8,264,873, positive adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities of $6,483,125 and changes in operating assets and liabilities of negative $3,826,903, as compared to net cash used in operating activities of $950,048 for the year ended December 31, 2016, which comprised a net loss of $12,752,928, positive adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities of $5,919,499 and changes in operating assets and liabilities of positive $5,883,381.

 

Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, net cash used in investing activities amounted to $142,073 and was primarily related to equipment and tooling purchases totaling $52,962 and the cash portion of the purchase price to acquire Fit Pay, net of the cash we acquired of $89,111, which closed on May 23, 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2016, net cash used in investing activities amounted to $15,934,781 and was related to changes in restricted cash of $1,494,582 which was primarily attributable to the cash proceeds received as a result of the transaction with WVH offset in part by purchases of tooling of $39,073. In addition, the Company used $17,390,290 in cash to acquire LogicMark net of cash acquired.

 

Cash Provided by Financing Activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company received net proceeds of $13,291,390 from the issuance of its Common Stock and warrants and $594,408 from the issuance of its convertible exchange notes. The Company repaid $3,000,000 of revolver borrowings and also repaid the remaining balance due on the LogicMark Note of $773,969. The Company also made a contingent consideration payment of $1,500,000 related to the earnout payment due to the LogicMark Sellers for 2016. In addition, the Company paid $450,000 to extend the maturity date of its revolving credit facility for one additional year and also paid $74,369 for legal and other expenses relating to both the equity offerings and the issuance of the convertible exchange notes. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company received net proceeds of $1,869,755 from the issuance of its Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”) and $400,000 from the issuance of a promissory note that was converted into Series A Preferred Stock. In addition, the Company received $4,090,000 in net proceeds from the issuance of Series B Preferred Stock. The Company also received net proceeds of $13,906,250 from the revolving credit facility which were used in part to fund the LogicMark acquisition. In addition, the Company also paid down $1,726,031 of the seller’s note that resulted from the LogicMark acquisition with net cash received from the issuance of convertible exchange notes of $1,400,000 as well as cash on hand.

 

Sources of Liquidity

 

We are an emerging growth company and have generated losses from operations since inception. We incurred a net loss of $8,264,873 during the year ended December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had a working capital of $1,319,766 (including contingent consideration of $3,656,660) and stockholders’ equity of $19,130,167, respectively. Such factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to sustain operations for at least one year from the issuance of these financial statements.

 

Given our cash position at December 31, 2017, proceeds from equity and debt offerings subsequent to December 31, 2017 and our projected cash flow from operations over the next twelve months, we believe that we will have sufficient capital to sustain operations over the next twelve months following the date of this filing to alleviate such substantial doubt. In order to execute our long-term strategic plan to develop and commercialize our core products, fulfill our product development commitments and fund our obligations as they come due, including the earn-out payments related to the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay, we may need to raise additional funds, through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, or other means. Should we not be successful in obtaining the necessary financing, or generate sufficient revenue to fund our operations, we would need to curtail certain of our operational activities.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

We believe that our business has not been affected to a significant degree by inflationary trends during the past three years. However, inflation is still a factor in the worldwide economy and may increase the cost of purchasing products from our contract manufacturers in Asia, as well as the cost of certain raw materials, component parts and labor used in the production of our products. It also may increase our operating expenses, manufacturing overhead expenses and the cost to acquire or replace fixed assets. We have generally been able to maintain or improve our profit margins through productivity and efficiency improvements, cost reduction programs and to a lesser extent, price increases, and we expect to be able to do the same during 2018. As such, we do not believe that inflation will have a significant impact on our business during 2018.

 

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Financings

 

March 2016 Promissory Note

 

On March 11, 2016, the Company issued a promissory note with a principal amount of $400,000 to an accredited purchaser (the “March Promissory Note”). The March Promissory Note was converted into the Series A Preferred Stock offering in April 2016.

 

April 2016 Offering

 

On April 11, 2016, the Company closed a registered offering (the “April 2016 Offering”) of shares of its Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The Company sold 2,500,000 shares of Series A Pref erred Stock at a price of $1.00 per share , and received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $2,500,000. Holders of the Series A Preferred stock shall be entitled to receive from the first date of issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock cumulative dividends at a rate of 25% Per annum on a compounded basis, which dividend amount shall be guaranteed. Accrued and unpaid dividends shall be at the Company’s option, in cash, shares of common stock, or additional share of Series A Preferred Stock.

 

Interest Purchase Agreement

 

On May 17, 2016, the Company entered into an Interest Purchase Agreement (the “Interest Purchase Agreement”) with LogicMark, LLC (“LogicMark”) and the holders of all of the membership interests (the “Interests”) of LogicMark (the “Sellers”), pursuant to which the Company acquired all of the Interests from the Sellers (the “Transaction”). The Company issued the equivalent of $300,000 in shares of common stock to the Sellers of LogicMark to extend the exclusivity period to June 30, 2016.

 

Additionally, upon signing the Interest Purchase Agreement the Company issued warrants (the “Warrants”) to the Sellers to acquire an aggregate of up to $600,000 of shares (157,480 shares) of the Company’s common stock for no additional consideration. The Warrants were originally only exercisable if the Transaction did not close by June 30, 2016. Pursuant to an amendment entered into as of July 7, 2016, the Warrants were exercisable as of July 22, 2016.

 

On July 25, 2016, the issuances of common stock and warrants to the Sellers of LogicMark totaling $900,000 became part of the overall consideration paid to the Sellers to acquire LogicMark.

 

July 2016 Offering

 

On July 25, 2016, the Company closed a private placement (the “July 2016 Offering”) of shares of its Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) and warrants (the “July 2016 Warrants”) to purchase 562,500 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company sold 4,500,000 shares of Series B Pref erred Stock at a price of $1.00 per share , and received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $4,500,000. The conversion price of the Series B Preferred Stock is $4.00. The July 2016 Warrants will be exercisable beginning on January 25, 2017, and are exercisable for a period of five (5) years. The exercise price with respect to the July 2016 Warrants is $7.50 per share. Holders of the Series B Preferred stock shall be entitled to receive from the first date of issuance of the Series B Preferred Stock cumulative dividends at a rate of 25% Per annum on a compounded basis, which dividend amount shall be guaranteed. Accrued and unpaid dividends shall be at the Company’s option, in cash, shares of common stock, or additional share of Series B Preferred Stock.

 

November 2016 Exchange

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with certain holders of a portion of the Original LogicMark Notes (the “Holders”) pursuant to which the Company exchanged with the Holders of $1,500,000 of Original Notes held by the Holders in exchange for: (i) an aggregate principal amount of $1,500,000 of new secured subordinated promissory notes (the “Exchange Notes”) and (ii) warrants (the “Warrants”, and together with the Exchange Notes, the “Exchange Securities”) convertible into 500,000 shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.0001 (the “Common Stock”). The Holders purchased the $1,500,000 of Original Notes from the LogicMark Sellers prior to this transaction. The Exchange Notes will mature on November 29, 2017 and accrue interest at a rate of 15.0% per annum. The Exchange Notes are convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the option of the Investors into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $3.00 per share (the “Conversion Price”). The Conversion Price is subject to adjustment for stock dividends, stock splits, combinations or similar events.

 

The conversion option embedded in the convertible exchange notes was determined to contain beneficial conversion features, resulting in the bifurcation of those features as an equity instrument (resulting in a debt discount) At issuance. After allocation of the gross proceeds to the warrants and beneficial conversion feature, the total debt discount recognized was equal to the face of the convertible exchange notes, The debt discount was amortized over the term of the debt and the Company amortized $1,366,667 and $133,333 of the debt discount for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

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The Company may prepay, in whole but not in part, without premium or penalty, the outstanding principal, together with accrued but unpaid interest on the outstanding principal, if any. The Warrants will be exercisable beginning on November 29, 2016, and will be exercisable for a period of five years. The exercise price with respect to the Warrants is $3.00 per share (the “Exercise Price”). The Exercise Price and the amount of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants are subject to adjustment upon certain events, such as stock splits, combinations, dividends, distributions, reclassifications, mergers or other corporate change and dilutive issuances.

 

July 2017 Offerings

 

On July 13, 2017, the Company closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 2,170,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and pre-funded warrants to purchase 230,000 shares of common stock. The Company sold the shares at a price of $1.43 per share and received $1.42 per pre-funded warrant. The Company received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $3,429,700. The pre-funded warrants were converted into shares of common stock on September 23, 2017 and as a result were included in the common stock outstanding balance for purposes of computing earnings per share.

 

On July 13, 2017, the Company also closed on a concurrent private placement with the same investors for no additional consideration, of warrants to purchase 1,800,000 shares of common stock. The warrants will be exercisable beginning on the six (6) month anniversary of the date of issuance, at an exercise price of $2.00 per share and will expire on the fifth anniversary of the initial exercise date.

 

November 2017 Offerings

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 2,941,177 shares (the “November Shares”) of Common Stock. The Company sold the November Shares at a price of $1.36 per share. The Company received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by us, of approximately $4 million. Aegis Capital Corp. acted as the placement agent for the offering.

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company also closed a previously announced concurrent private placement for no additional consideration, of the November Investor Warrants to purchase 2,500,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

On December 19, 2017, and effective as of November 29, 2017, we entered into an agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with the holders of the convertible notes and common stock purchase warrants issued pursuant to that certain Exchange Agreement, dated November 29, 2016, by and among the Company and such holders. Pursuant to the Amendment Agreement, the parties agreed to (i) amend the maturity dates of the convertible notes by one (1) year, or November 29, 2018, and (ii) that the holders would forbear the exercise of any remedies due to the passing of the original maturity date. In consideration thereof, the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 370,000 shares of restricted Common Stock.

 

December 2017 Offering

 

On December 26, 2017, we closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 1,750,000 shares (the “December Shares”) of Common Stock. We sold the December Shares at a price of $4.00 per share. We received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by us, of approximately $7 million. Aegis Capital Corp. acted as the lead placement agent for the offering and Maxim Group LLC acted as a co-placement agent for the offering.

 

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Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. In addition, we do not have any undisclosed borrowings or debt, and we have not entered into any synthetic leases. We are, therefore, not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in such relationships.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. Certain accounting policies and estimates are particularly important to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations and require the application of significant judgment by our management or can be materially affected by changes from period to period in economic factors or conditions that are outside of our control. As a result, they are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, our management uses their judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in the determination of certain estimates. Those estimates are based on our historical operations, our future business plans and projected financial results, our observance of trends in the industry and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. Please see Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements for a more complete description of our significant accounting policies.

 

We intend to utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act as allowed by Section 107(b)(1) of the JOBS Act for the adoption of new or revised accounting standards as applicable to emerging growth companies. As part of the election, we will not be required to comply with any new or revised financial accounting standard until such time that a company that does not qualify as an “issuer” (as defined under Section 2(a) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act) is required to comply with such new or revised accounting standards.

 

As an emerging growth company within the meaning of the rules under the Securities Act, and we intend to utilize certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to public companies that are not emerging growth companies. For example, we will not have to provide an auditor’s attestation report on our internal controls in future annual reports on Form 10-K as otherwise required by Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act for complying with new or revised accounting standards. Thus, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to utilize this extended transition period. Our financial statements may therefore not be comparable to those of companies that comply with such new or revised accounting standards as they become applicable to public companies.

 

Basis of Presentation . The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.

 

Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the service has been rendered or product delivery has occurred, the price is fixed or readily determinable and collectability of the sale is reasonably assured.

 

Warranty Costs. The Company’s product is sold with a one-year warranty against defects in materials and workmanship under normal use. The Company accrues for the estimated costs associated with the one-year Wocket® warranty at the time revenue associated with the sale is recorded, and periodically updates its estimated warranty cost based on actual experience. Estimating warranty costs requires significant judgment. To date, warranty claims have been inconsequential and the Company estimates any such claims against sales made to date will be immaterial. Accordingly, no accrual for warranty costs has been recorded at December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

Inventory . The Company performs regular reviews of inventory quantities on hand and evaluates the realizable value of its inventories. The Company will adjust the carrying value of the inventory as necessary with the estimated valuation reserves for excess, obsolete, and slow-moving inventory by comparing the individual inventory parts to forecasted product demand or production requirements. The inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value with cost determined using the first-in, first-out method.

 

Convertible Instruments . The Company applies the accounting standards for derivatives and hedging and for distinguishing liabilities from equity when accounting for hybrid contracts that feature conversion options. The accounting standards require companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria includes circumstances in which (i) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (ii) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (iii) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument. The derivative is subsequently marked to market at each reporting date based on current fair value, with the changes in fair value reported in the results of operations.

 

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Conversion options that contain variable settlement features such as provisions to adjust the conversion price upon subsequent issuances of equity or equity linked securities at exercise prices more favorable than that featured in the hybrid contract generally result in their bifurcation from the host instrument.

 

The Company accounts for convertible debt instruments when the Company has determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments in accordance with ASC 470-20 “Debt with Conversion and Other Options”. The Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying Common Stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. Debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the term of the related debt.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments . The Company does not use derivative instruments to hedge exposures to cash flow, market or foreign currency risks. The Company evaluates all of its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at the reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the consolidated statements of operations. For stock-based derivative financial instruments, the Company uses the Black-Scholes or binomial option valuation model to value the derivative instruments at inception and on subsequent valuation dates. The Company accounts for conversion features that are embedded within the Company’s convertible notes payable that do not have fixed settlement provisions as a separate derivative instrument. In addition, warrants issued by the Company that do not have fixed settlement are also treated as derivative instruments. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within twelve (12) months of the balance sheet date.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

 

We are not required to provide the information required by this Item as we are a smaller reporting company.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

The financial statements, notes to the financial statements and the respective reports of the Company’s independent registered accountants required to be filed in response to this Item 8 begin on page F-1.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we are required to perform an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of December 31, 2017. Management has not completed such evaluation and has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. As a result of the material weakness in internal controls over financial reporting described below, we concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2017 were not effective.

 

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we are required to conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on the criteria set forth in the report entitled Internal Control-Integrated Framework published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013), known as COSO. Management has not completed an evaluation under the criteria set forth in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, and as such our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2017.

 

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As of December 31, 2017, we have identified certain matters that constituted a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting. Specifically, we have difficulty in accounting for complex accounting transactions due to an insufficient number of accounting personnel with experience in that area, limited segregation of duties within our accounting and financial reporting functions, and have not completed an effective assessment of the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting based on the 2013 COSO framework. Management has concluded that, during the period covered by this report, our internal controls and procedures were not effective to detect the inappropriate application of U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. 

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm as we are a smaller reporting company and not required to provide the report.

 

Limitations of the Effectiveness of Internal Control

 

A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple errors. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control. The design of any system of controls is also based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting in the Company’s fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K does not include an attestation report of the Company’s registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management was not subject to attestation by the Company’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only the management’s report in this annual report.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

Our executive officers and directors and their ages and positions are as follows:

 

Name   Age   Position   Date First Elected or Appointed
Gino M. Pereira   60   Chief Executive Officer, President and Director   February 8, 2012
Vincent S. Miceli   60   Vice President and Chief Financial Officer   September 29, 2014
David Tunnell   52   Vice President and Chief Technology Officer   June 25, 2012
Michael J. Orlando   50   Chief Operating Officer and Director   June 30, 2017
Stanley E. Washington   54   Chief Revenue Officer and President Healthcare Division   January 1, 2018
Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret   75   Director   June 25, 2012
Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD   55   Director   September 26, 2013
Daniel P. Sharkey   61   Director   June 23, 2014
John Bendheim   64   Director   April 11, 2017

 

Gino M. Pereira , one of our co-founders, has served as the Chief Executive Officer, President and director of the Company since its inception. Mr. Pereira has over 30 years of executive, operational and financial experience with technology companies in the United States, Europe and the Far East. He has also helped to develop several technology start-ups as well as served in an executive capacity in a large multinational public company. Mr. Pereira was Chief Financial Officer and later Chief Executive Officer of Technest Holdings Inc., a publicly quoted defense contracting company, from 2004 to 2011. Technest Holdings operated subsidiaries EOIR Technologies, Inc. and Genex Technologies, Inc. Mr. Pereira is a Fellow of the Chartered Association of Certified Accountants (UK) and has an MBA, with a specialty in finance, from the Manchester Business School in England.

 

Mr. Pereira brings to our board of directors significant expertise in the biometric and software recognition industries, as well as experience in international business technology and extensive management and operating experience. Having founded and/or operated companies in similar or related industries during the past 15 years, provides our board of directors with unparalleled knowledge of the Company and its operations and an understanding of the markets in which the Company plans to operate.

 

Vincent S. Miceli , has served as a Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company since September 29, 2014. Mr. Miceli has over 30 years of experience in executive, financial and operational management for companies based primarily in the United States. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Miceli was Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer/Treasurer of Panolam Industries International, Inc., a privately held company which primarily designs, manufactures, and distributes decorative and industrial laminates from May 2006 to mid-December 2013. Prior to that, Mr. Miceli was the Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Controller of Opticare Health Systems, Inc., a company that provides integrated eye care services from 2004 to 2006. Prior to 2004, Mr. Miceli held senior accounting positions at Amphenol Corporation and United Technologies, Inc. Mr. Miceli holds a BS degree in accounting from Quinnipiac College, an MBA, with a concentration in Finance, from the University of Hartford and he is an affiliate member of both the AICPA and Connecticut Society of Certified Public Accountants.

 

David Tunnell , one of our co-founders, has served as the Chief Technology Officer of the Company from the date of its inception. Mr. Tunnell is an expert in biometrics and is the inventor of a variety of miniature technologies for remote distributed sensors. Mr. Tunnell has over 23 years of experience in developing high-technology solutions for the US Government. He was the divisional director of 3D identification products at Technest Holdings Inc., from 2003 to 2011. Prior to that he was at the National Security Agency (NSA) serving in operations, support, and development and later at L3 Communications where he served as Director of Engineering, overseeing the development of SIGINT solutions and serving as the primary interface with customers, bridging the gap between customer requirements and system design and engineering. He also managed technical personnel, budgets, schedules, and technical direction. Mr. Tunnell earned a Masters in Technical Management (MSTM) from Johns Hopkins University and a BSEE from the University of Tennessee.

 

Michael J. Orlando, has served as our Chief Operating Officer since May 23, 2017 and as a director of the Company since June 30, 2017. Mr. Orlando founded Fit Pay, Inc. in September 2014. Prior to founding Fit Pay, Inc., Mr. Orlando served in numerous roles at payment, authentication, and software-as-a-service companies. From September 2012 to September 2014, Mr. Orlando served as Chief Sales Officer at Jumio, Inc., a leading mobile identify verification solution provider. In 2012, Mr. Orlando served as Senior Vice President, Sales and Marketing at EZ Prints, Inc., an online merchandise printing and fulfillment services company. From September 2000 to February 2012, Mr. Orlando served as Senior Vice President, Global Sales and Services at CyberSource Inc., a leading e-commerce and credit card systems management company, where he oversaw all enterprise sales and professional services functions worldwide.

 

Mr. Orlando holds a Bachelor of Science in Management from California Coast University.

 

Mr. Orlando’s significant experience in the payments industry and technology sector gives him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our Company.

 

Stanley E. Washington, has served as our Chief Revenue Officer and President Healthcare Division since January 1, 2018. Mr. Washington is also Founder of Pantheon Business Consulting, a strategic business development firm which specializes in partnering with fast growing small & mid-sized companies in emerging growth segments with large strategic partners in order to drive accelerated revenue growth and profitability. Pantheon has worked closely with many of the marketplace’s fastest growing payment, m-commerce, security and consumer products companies and Mr. Washington has operated as a special advisor to many corporate executives and industry leaders. Prior to PBC, Mr. Washington spent 17 years as an executive at American Express and was Regional Vice President and General Manager of the Western United States operating as the region’s senior business leader where he managed American Express’ U.S. Commercial Card Division overseeing the Account Development Organization including sales and operational support across multiple industries, to more than 260 U.S. based global companies that represented over $300 billion in annual corporate revenue. As a 17 year veteran of American Express, Mr. Washington held numerous positions within the company including Regional Vice President and General Manager of the American Express Establishment Services Division where he was responsible for over $50 billion in annual charge volume and oversaw all merchant relationships and card member marketing to American Express merchant business locations throughout the Western States and Micronesia. During his tenure he was also responsible for American Express’ penetration into several key industries, including entertainment, gaming, restaurant, wine, ski and luxury hotels. Mr. Washington has also served in many business leadership positions including: Former Chairman, Los Angeles Convention & Visitors Bureau; Former Chairman, Los Angeles Sports & Entertainment Commission; Former Chairman, National Black Economic Development Coalition for MillerCoors Brewing Company; Board Member, Earvin “Magic” Johnson Foundation; Member, Board of Trustees Morehouse College. 

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Mr. Washington’s extensive experience in advising companies and years of executive management give him the qualifications and skills to serve as a director of our Company.

 

Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret. has served as a director of the Company from the date of its inception. General Gust presently does consulting work for his own company, David R. Gust & Associates, LLC. Between April 2007 and May 2009, General Gust was the President of USfalcon, a privately-held company working with the U.S. Defense sector, primarily in information technology. Previously, General Gust had served as the Manager for Federal Telecommunications for Bechtel National, Inc. from November 2004 to March 2007. Prior to that, he was the President and Chief Executive Officer of Technical and Management Services Corporation from 2000 to 2004. General Gust retired from the United States Army in 2000 after completing a career of 34 years of service.

 

His General Officer assignments included the Program Executive Officer, Communications Systems (PEO-Comm Systems), Program Executive Officer, Intelligence, Electronic Warfare and Sensors (PEO-IEW&S) and at Army Materiel Command, as Deputy Chief of Staff for Research, Development and Acquisition (DCSRDA).

 

His final assignment at the Army Materiel Command included serving as the Chairman of the Source Selection Advisory Council for the Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle procurement and supervising preparation of the acquisition procurement package for the Stryker combat vehicle. General Gust received his B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Denver and Master’s Degrees in Systems Management and National Security and Strategy from the University of Southern California and the United States Naval War College, respectively.

 

General Gust brings to our board of directors valuable business expertise, particularly expertise in defense and homeland security market segments due to his significant experience as a director of a publicly held companies and his substantial experience gained as a member of the US Armed Services.

 

Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD has served as a director of the Company since September 26, 2013. Dr. D’Almada-Remedios’ background includes a successful track record for product innovation and development, outsourcing, global platform integration, massive-scale/hyper-growth operations, and building/developing teams from 50 to over 500 people. His key accomplishments at each company consistently show impressive gains in sales, profitability and global expansion into new markets.

 

Dr. D’Almada-Remedios is the Chief Technology Officer of WorldVentures Holdings, LLC, an international travel company. In 2014, Dr. D’Almada-Remedios was the Chief Technology Officer of Swarm-Mobile, a software company. Between January 2011 and September 2013, Dr. D’Almada-Remedios was the Chief Information Officer for Arbonne International, a billion-dollar global cosmetics company. From February 2009 to December 2010, he was a Vice-President at Expedia, Inc. and was responsible for all technologies, product development and technical operations for hotels.com. Prior to February 2009, Dr. D’Almada-Remedios was the Chief Technology Officer for Realtor.com and Shopping.com, a subsidiary of eBay, Inc.  At eBay he was a member of the eBay Inc. Technology Board for eBay, PayPal and Skype.

 

Earlier in his career, he was Global Chief Information Officer for the Travelocity group of companies and President and Chief Operating Officer of Bluelight.com, a subsidiary of Kmart. Dr. D’Almada-Remedios began his career as Vice President and Manager, Systems Integration & Development at Wells Fargo Bank, Consumer Banking Group.

 

Dr. D’Almada-Remedios has a PhD in Computer Control and Fluid Dynamics from the University of Nottingham in England and a B.Sc. in Physics and Computer Science from Kings College, University of London in England.

 

Dr. D’Almada-Remedios brings to our board of directors valuable business experience, particularly expertise in eCommerce technology and hyper growth companies.

 

Daniel P. Sharkey, has served as a director of the Company since June 23, 2014. Mr. Sharkey’s background includes 36 years of broad experience with finance and business development for technology companies. His key accomplishments in his prior engagements focused on expanding technology companies into new marketplaces and plotting and implementing successful, long-term growth strategies. Between 2007 and 2014, Mr. Sharkey was Executive Vice President of Business Development for ATMI, a publicly traded semi-conductor company. Mr. Sharkey originally joined ATMI as Chief Financial Officer in 1990. ATMI was sold to Entegris in 2014 for $1.15 billion.

 

From 1987 to 1990, before joining ATMI, Mr. Sharkey was Vice President of Finance for Adage, a publicly traded computer graphics manufacturer. From 1983 to 1987, Mr. Sharkey served as Corporate Controller for CGX Corporation, a venture capital backed, privately held, computer graphics manufacturer that merged with Adage in 1987. Mr. Sharkey was a Certified Public Accountant for KPMG from 1978 to 1983.

 

Mr. Sharkey earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and Accounting from the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts. Mr. Sharkey brings valuable experience in finance and administration to our board of directors and serves as our financial expert.

 

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John Bendheim , has served as a director of the Company since April 11, 2017. Mr. Bendheim currently serves as the President of Bendheim Enterprises, Inc., a real estate investment holding company, and as the Vice President of the Leon Lowenstein Foundation, Inc., a foundation supporting education, health and environmental projects nationwide. Mr. Bendheim founded Inland Homes in 1994 and has specialized in providing equity funding for real estate transactions. From 1988 to 1994, Mr. Bendheim served as the President of Benditel Incorporated, a manufacturer of women’s apparel. Mr. Bendheim is also a member of several boards of directors. He serves as the Chairman of the Board of the Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment Commission and as Vice-Chairman of the Psychological Trauma Center. He is also a director of Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Cedars Sinai Medical Genetics Institute – Community Advisory Board, California Republic Bank, California Republic Bancorp, the Leon Lowenstein Foundation, USC Marshall Board of Leaders, University of Southern California Alumni Association Board of Governors, Wallace Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts, Beverly Hills Chamber of Commerce, American Fidelity Corporation, Evergreen Community School, Los Angeles Committee on Foreign Relations and the Brentwood School, as well as a member of the Advisory Board at Mandalay Digital Group, Inc. In addition, Mr. Bendheim served as an independent director of Zoo Entertainment, Inc. from June 2008 to June 2011.

 

Mr. Bendheim received his Bachelor of Science in Business Administration in 1975 and an MBA in 1976 from the University of Southern California.

 

Mr. Bendheim’s significant experience in business development, financing and advising boards of directors in various sectors give him the qualifications and skills necessary to serve as a director of our Company.

 

Board Committees

 

Our board of directors currently has the following committees:

 

Audit – Daniel Sharkey* (1) , David R. Gust, John Bendheim

Compensation – David R. Gust*, Daniel Sharkey

Nominating and Governance – David R. Gust*, Daniel Sharkey

 

* — Indicates Committee Chair

(1) — Indicates Committee Financial Expert

 

Audit Committee

 

Our audit committee oversees our corporate accounting and financial reporting process. Among other matters, our audit committee:

 

  evaluates the independent registered public accounting firm’s qualifications, independence and performance;
  determines the engagement of the independent registered public accounting firm;
  reviews and approves the scope of the annual audit and the audit fee;
  discusses with management and the independent registered public accounting firm the results of the annual audit and the review of our quarterly financial statements;
  approves the retention of the independent registered public accounting firm to perform any proposed permissible non-audit services;
  reviews our critical accounting policies and estimates; and
  reviews the audit committee charter and the committee’s performance on an annual basis.

 

Our audit committee operates under a written charter adopted by our board of directors that satisfies the applicable standards of NASDAQ.

 

Our board of directors has determined that Mr. Sharkey is an Audit Committee Financial Expert as defined by the SEC rules and has the requisite financial sophistication as defined by The NASDAQ Stock Market rules and regulations.

 

Compensation Committee

 

Our compensation committee reviews and recommends policies relating to the compensation and benefits of our officers and employees. Our compensation committee reviews and approves corporate goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of our chief executive officer and other executive officers, evaluates the performance of these officers in light of those goals and objectives, and makes recommendations to our board of directors regarding compensation of these officers based on such evaluations. Our compensation committee administers the issuance of stock options and other awards under our stock plans. Our compensation committee reviews and evaluates, at least annually, the performance of our compensation committee. Our compensation committee operates under a written charter adopted by our board of directors that satisfies the applicable standards of NASDAQ.

 

Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee

 

Our corporate governance and nomination committee is responsible for, among other objectives, making recommendations to our board of directors regarding candidates for directorships; overseeing the evaluation of our board of directors; reviewing developments in corporate governance practices; developing a set of corporate governance guidelines, and reviewing and recommending changes to the charters of our other board committees. In addition, the corporate governance and nomination committee is responsible for overseeing our corporate governance guidelines and reporting and making recommendations to the board concerning corporate governance matters.

 

36

 

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

To the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has, during the past ten years:

 

  been convicted in a criminal proceeding or been subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);
  had any bankruptcy petition filed by or against the business or property of the person, or of any partnership, corporation or business association of which he was a general partner or executive officer, either at the time of the bankruptcy filing or within two years prior to that time;
  been subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction or federal or state authority, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting, his involvement in any type of business, securities, futures, commodities, investment, banking, savings and loan, or insurance activities, or to be associated with persons engaged in any such activity;

  been found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action or by the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;
  been the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated (not including any settlement of a civil proceeding among private litigants), relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease-and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or
  been the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Exchange Act), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

Except as set forth in our discussion below in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions,” none of our directors or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with us or any of our directors, executive officers, affiliates or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no relationships between any of the officers or directors of the Company.

 

Director Nomination Procedures

 

There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our board of directors.

 

Code of Ethics

 

Our board of directors has adopted a Code of Ethical Conduct (the “Code of Conduct”) which constitutes a “code of ethics” as defined by applicable SEC rules. We require all employees, directors and officers, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer to adhere to the Code of Conduct in addressing legal and ethical issues encountered in conducting their work. The Code of Conduct requires that these individuals avoid conflicts of interest, comply with all laws and other legal requirements, conduct business in an honest and ethical manner and otherwise act with integrity and in our best interest. The Code of Conduct contains additional provisions that apply specifically to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and other finance department personnel with respect to full and accurate reporting. The Code of Conduct is available on our website at  www.nxt-id.com . We will post any amendments to the Code of Conduct, as well as any waivers that are required to be disclosed by the rules of the SEC on such website. The information contained on or that may be obtained from our website is not, and shall not be deemed to be a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

 

Under the securities laws of the United States, our directors, executive (and certain other) officers, and any persons holding ten percent or more of our Common Stock must report on their ownership of the Common Stock and any changes in that ownership to the SEC. Specific due dates for these reports have been established. During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, we believe that all reports required to be filed by such persons pursuant to Section 16(a) were filed on a timely basis, with the exception of our officers, directors and greater than 10 percent beneficial owners listed in the table below:

 

Name   Form   Description
Gino M. Pereira   4   One transaction was not reported on a timely basis (upon the acquisition of shares of Common Stock)
David Tunnell   4   Twelve transactions were not reported on a timely basis (upon the disposal of shares of Common Stock)

 

37

 

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

Summary Compensation Table for Fiscal Years 2017 and 2016

 

The following summary compensation table sets forth all compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to the named executive officers paid by us during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 in all capacities for the accounts of our executives, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer.

 

Name and Principal Position   Year   Salary
($)
    Bonus
($)
    Stock
Awards
($)
    Option Awards
($)
    Nonequity
Incentive
Plan
Compensation
($)
    Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
    All
Other Compensation
($)
    Total
($)
 
Gino M. Pereira,   2017     381,150       -       100,000       -       -       -       25,780       506,930  
Chief Executive Officer   2016     346,500       -       124,000       -       -       -       19,517       490,017  
David Tunnell,   2017     305,000       -       80,000       -       -       -       14,400       399,400  
Chief Technology Officer   2016     277,200       -       62,000       -       -       -       14,400       353,600  
Vincent S. Miceli,   2017     265,650       -       70,000       -       -       -       26,724       362,374  
Chief Financial Officer   2016     241,500       -       62,000       -       -       -       14,400       317,900  
Michael J. Orlando,   2017     130,942       -       -       -       -       -       5,381       136,323  
Chief Operating Officer (1)   2016     -       -       -       -       -       -       -       -  

 

(1) The 2017 salary information presented for Mr. Orlando is for the post-acquisition period May 23, 2017 through December 31, 2017 only.

 

Employment Agreements

 

Effective October 1, 2015, we extended the employment agreement with Gino M. Pereira, our Chief Executive Officer and President. The term of the employment agreement is for 3 years and the term commenced on October 1, 2015. Effective January 1, 2018, Mr. Pereira’s base salary increased to $420,000 from $381,150. The employment agreement also provides for:

 

  Eligibility to participate in bonus or incentive compensation plans that may be established by our board of directors from time to time applicable to the executive’s services.
  Eligibility to receive equity awards as determined by the board of directors, or a committee of the board of directors, composed in compliance with the corporate governance standards of any applicable listing exchange.

 

Effective May 23, 2017, we entered into an employment agreement with Michael J. Orlando, our Chief Operating Officer. The term of the employment agreement is for 1 year and commenced on May 23, 2017. Mr. Orlando’s base salary is $150,000, plus an initial stock grant of 250,000 shares of Common Stock from the Company’s 2013 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (the “LTIP”). Effective January 1, 2018, Mr. Orlando’s base salary increased to $350,000 from $150,000. The employment agreement also provides for:

 

  Eligibility to participate in bonus or incentive compensation plans that may be established by the Board from time to time applicable to Mr. Orlando’s services.
  Eligibility to receive equity awards as determined by our board of directors, or a committee of our board of directors, composed in compliance with the corporate governance standards of any applicable listing exchange.

 

We do not have employment agreements with Vincent S. Miceli, our Chief Financial Officer, or David Tunnell, our Chief Technology Officer.

 

A brief description of the LTIP and the Company’s 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2017 SIP”) are contained in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

38

 

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at 2017 Fiscal Year   End

 

The following table provides information relating to the vested and unvested option and stock awards held by the named executives as of December 31, 2017. Each award to each named executive is shown separately, with a footnote describing the award’s vesting schedule. The presentation of the grants on the following table reflect the reverse stock split that was effected on September 9, 2016.

 

    Option Awards     Stock Awards  
Name   Number of
Securities
Underlying Unexercised Options
(# Exercisable)
    Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Option
(# Unexercisable)
   

Equity

Incentive Plan Awards:

Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned
Options (#)

    Option Exercise Price
($)
    Option
Expiration
Date
    Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested (#)     Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested ($)     Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested (#)     Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units Or Other Rights That Have Not Vested ($)  
Gino Pereira           -             -                 -            -             -                -     $              58,140     $ 100,000  
David Tunnell     -       -       -       -       -       -     $         46,512     $ 80,000  
Vincent S. Miceli     -       -       -       -       -       -     $         40,698     $ 70,000  
Michael J. Orlando     -       -       -       -       -       -     $         -     $ -  

 

A brief description of the LTIP and the 2017 SIP are contained in Note 9 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Director Compensation for Fiscal 2017

 

Our non-employee directors receive $80,000 annually for serving on our board of directors, which is paid quarterly in stock. The following table reflects all compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the Company’s directors for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.

 

    Fees
Earned or
Paid in
Cash
($)
    Stock
Awards
($)(1)(2)(3)
    Options
Awards
($)
    Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
    Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
    All
Other
Compen-
sation
($)(6)
    Total
($)
 
Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret. (1)     -       80,000       -       -       -       725       80,725  
Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD (2)     -       80,000       -       -       -       295       80,295  
Daniel P. Sharkey (3)     -       80,000       -       -       -       602       80,602  
John Bendheim (4)     -       60,000       -       -       -       -       60,000  
Robin Richards (5)     -       60,000       -       -       -       1,495       61,495  

 

(1) Mr. Gust, received 36,311 shares of Common Stock at an average price of approximately $2.20 per share.
(2) Dr. D’Almada-Remedios received 36,311 shares of Common Stock at an average price of approximately $2.20 per share.
(3) Mr. Sharkey received 36,311 shares of Common Stock at an average price of approximately $2.20 per share.
(4) Mr. Bendheim received 25,500 shares of Common Stock at an average price of approximately $2.35 per share.
(5) Mr. Richards received 25,500 shares of Common Stock at an average price of approximately $2.35 per share. Effective March 9, 2018, Mr. Richards resigned from our board of directors. Such resignation was not due to any disagreement with our board of directors or the Company’s operations, policies or practices.
(6) The Company reimbursed Mr. Gust, Dr. D’Almada-Remedios, Mr. Sharkey and Mr. Richards for travel-related expenses.

 

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Item 12. Security Ownership Of Certain Beneficial Owners And Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the beneficial ownership of our Common Stock as of March 29, 2018 by (a) each stockholder who is known to us to own beneficially 5% or more of our outstanding Common Stock; (b) all directors; (c) our executive officers, and (d) all executive officers and directors as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, all persons listed below have (i) sole voting power and investment power with respect to their shares of Common Stock, except to the extent that authority is shared by spouses under applicable law, and (ii) record and beneficial ownership with respect to their shares of Common Stock.

 

For purposes of this table, a person or group of persons is deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of any shares of Common Stock that such person has the right to acquire within 60 days of March 29, 2018. For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares of our common stock held by each person or group of persons named above, any shares that such person or persons has the right to acquire within 60 days of March 29, 2018 is deemed to be outstanding, but is not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The inclusion herein of any shares listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership. Unless otherwise identified, the address of our directors and executive officers is c/o Nxt-ID, Inc. 285 North Drive, Suite D, Melbourne, FL 32934.

 

Name and address of beneficial owner   Amount and Nature of Beneficial Ownership     Percent of
class of
Common 
Stock (1)
 
             
Directors and Named Executive Officers:                
                 
Gino M. Pereira
Chief Executive Officer and Director
    866,515       3.56 %
                 
David Tunnell
Chief Technology Officer
    759,933       3.12 %
                 
Vincent S. Miceli
Vice-President and Chief Financial Officer
    65,191       *  
                 

Michael J. Orlando
Chief Operating Officer and Director

    1,272,105       5.22 %
                 
Stanley E. Washington
Chief Revenue Officer and President Healthcare Division
    31,250       *  
                 
Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret.
Director
    68,425       *  
                 
Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD
Director
    73,793       *  
                 
Daniel P. Sharkey
Director
    63,413       *  
                 
John Bendheim
Director
    25,500       *  
                 
Directors and Executive Officers as a group (9 persons)     3,226,125       13.25 %

 

* Less than 1%
   
(1) Based on 24,347,482 shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding as of March 29, 2018. Shares of Common Stock subject to options or warrants currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days, are deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of the person holding such options or warrants, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of any other person. 

 

40

 

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information as of December 31, 2017

 

Plan Category   Number of
Securities to Be
Issued upon
Exercise of
Outstanding
Options
    Weighted
 Average Exercise Price
 of Outstanding
Options
    Number of
Securities Remaining
Available for
Future
 Issuance
under the Plan (2)
 
    (a)     (b)     (c)  
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders (1)     -     $         -       686,037  
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders            -       -       -  
Total     -     $ -       686,037  

 

(1) Represents the shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance under the LTIP, which was approved by the Company’s stockholders on January 4, 2013. The maximum aggregate number of shares of Common Stock that may be issued under the Plan, including stock options, stock awards, including stock issued to our board of directors for serving on our board of directors, and stock appreciation rights is limited to 10% of the shares of Common Stock outstanding on the first trading day of any fiscal year, or 2,358,359 for fiscal 2018.

 

(2) As of January 1, 2018.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

Transactions with Related Parties

 

Except as described below, during the past two fiscal years, there have been no transactions, whether directly or indirectly, between us and any of our officers, directors, beneficial owners of more than 5% of our outstanding Common Stock or their family members, that exceeded the lesser of (i) $120,000 or (ii) one percent of the average of our total assets at year end.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we recognized revenue of $7,065,755 and $1,357,413, respectively from WVH a related party. In addition, our accounts receivable, net balance at December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 included $1,364,405 and $621,724, respectively due from WVH.

 

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Director Independence

 

As we are listed on NASDAQ, our determination of independence of directors is made using the definition of “independent director” contained in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Marketplace Rules of the NASDAQ Stock Market (the “NASDAQ Rules”). Our board of directors affirmatively determined that Major General David R. Gust, Daniel P. Sharkey, and John Bendheim are “independent” directors, as that term is defined in the NASDAQ Rules. Our board of directors also affirmatively determined that Robin Richards, a former director who resigned from our board of directors effective March 9, 2018, was an “independent” director, as that term is defined in the Rules. The Company expects to regain compliance with the independence requirements within the 180 day period afforded by Rule 5605(b)(1)(A) of the NASDAQ Rules and has notified NASDAQ of its intent to do so.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

Audit Fees

 

The Company engaged Marcum LLP effective April 2016 as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. The aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered for the review of our condensed consolidated financial statements for the first, second and third quarters ended March 31, 2017, June 30, 2017 and September 30, 2017, as well as the fees to be billed for the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 are expected to be $156,000. In addition, Marcum LLP billed the Company $62,137 during 2017 for professional services related to registration statements and proposed financing arrangements. The aggregate fees billed by Marcum LLP for 2016 audit services rendered, including the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, the review of our 2016 interim condensed consolidated financial statements and professional services related to registration statements and proposed financing arrangements were $194,071.

 

Audit Related Fees

 

There were no fees for audit related services for the years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

 

Tax Fees

 

For the Company’s fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, Marcum LLP did not provide any professional services for tax compliance, tax advice, and tax planning.

 

All Other Fees

 

The Company did not incur any other fees related to services rendered by our principal accountants for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

 

Policy on Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors

 

Our audit committee pre-approves all audit and non-audit services provided by the independent auditors prior to the engagement of the independent auditors with respect to such services. The Chairman of our audit committee has been delegated the authority by such committee to pre-approve interim services by the independent auditors other than the annual audit. The chairman of our audit committee must report all such pre-approvals to the entire audit committee at the next committee meeting.

 

42

 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

(a) The following documents are filed as part of this report:

 

  (1) Financial Statements:

 

The audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended, the footnotes thereto, and the respective report of Marcum LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, are filed herewith.

 

  (2) Financial Schedules:

 

None

 

Financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are either not applicable or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes hereto.

 

  (3) Exhibits:

 

The exhibits listed in the accompanying index to exhibits are filed or incorporated by reference as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

(b) The following are exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K and, if incorporated by reference, we have indicated the document previously filed with the SEC in which the exhibit was included.

 

Certain of the agreements filed as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K contain representations and warranties by the parties to the agreements that have been made solely for the benefit of such parties. These representations and warranties:

 

  may have been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other parties in connection with the negotiation of the agreements, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreements;
  may apply standards of materiality that differ from those of a reasonable investor; and
  were made only as of specified dates contained in the agreements and are subject to subsequent developments and changed circumstances.

 

Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date that these representations and warranties were made or at any other time. Investors should not rely on them as statements of fact.

 

43

 

 

Exhibit No.   Description of Exhibit
3.1(i)   Certificate of Incorporation (1)
3.1(i)(a)   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation (16)
3.1(i)(b)   Certificate of Designations of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (12)
3.1(i)(c)   Amendment of Certificate of Designations of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (14)
3.1(i)(d)   Second Certificate of Amendment of Designations of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (15)
3.1(i)(e)   Certificate of Designations for Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (15)
3.1(ii)   Bylaws (1)
4.1   Form of Warrant Agreement and Form of Warrant (1)
4.2   Form of Warrant for January 2014 Offering (2)
4.3   Form of Agent Warrant for January 2014 Offering (2)
4.4   Form of Warrant for June 2014 and August 2014 Offerings (5)
4.5   Form of Warrant for September 2014 Offering (6)
4.6   Form of Underwriter Warrant for September 2014 Offering (6)
4.7   Form of Class A Warrant  (7)
4.8   Form of Class B Warrant (7)
4.9   Form of Warrant for August 2015 Public Offering (8)
4.10   Form of Warrant for December 2015 Agreement with WorldVentures Holdings, LLC (10)
4.11   Form of Warrant for May 2016 Interest Purchase Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (13)
4.12   Form of Warrant for November 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (18)
4.13   Form of 8% Original Issue Discount Convertible Note for August 2015 Private Placement (8)
10.1 †   2013 Long Term Incentive Plan (1)
10.2 †   Forms of Agreement Under 2013 Long Term Incentive Plan (1)
10.3 †   Employment Agreement Between Nxt-ID and Gino Pereira (3)
10.4*†   Employment Agreement Between Nxt-ID and Michael J. Orlando
10.5   License Agreement between 3D-ID, LLC and Genex Technologies (1)
10.6   Purchase Agreement between 3D-ID, LLC and Nxt-ID, Inc. (1)
10.7 ††   Manufacturing agreement with Identita Technologies, Inc., dated January 18, 2013 (4)
10.8   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for June 2014 and August 2014 Offerings (5)
10.9   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for April 2015 Offering (7)
10.10   Form of Placement Agency Agreement for August 2015 Public Offering (19)
10.11   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for August 2015 Public Offering (8)
10.12   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for August 2015 Public Offering (8)
10.13   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for August 2015 Private Placement (8)
10.14   Form of Warrant Purchase Agreement for August 2015 Private Placement (8)
10.15   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for December 2015 Private Placement (9)
10.16   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for December 2015 Private Placement (9)
10.17   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for December 2015 Agreement with WorldVentures Holdings, LLC (10)
10.18   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for December 2015 Agreement with WorldVentures Holdings, LLC (10)
10.19   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for April 2016 Registered Direct Offering (11)
10.20   Form of Interest Purchase Agreement for May 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (13)
10.21   Form of First Amendment to Interest Purchase Agreement for May 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (14)
10.22   Form of Secured Subordinated Promissory Note for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.23   Form of Security Agreement for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.24   Form of Loan Agreement for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.25   Form of Subordination Agreement for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.26   Form of Securities Purchase Agreement for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.27   Form of Registration Rights Agreement for July 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (15)
10.28   Form of Forbearance Agreement between Nxt-ID and LogicMark Investment Partners, LLC (17)
10.29   Form of Exchange Note for November 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (18)
10.30   Form of Exchange Agreement for November 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (18)
10.31   Form of Intercreditor Agreement for November 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (18)
10.32   First Amendment to Forbearance Agreement for November 2016 Agreement with LogicMark, LLC (18)
14.1   Code of Ethics (3)
21.1*   List of Subsidiaries
23.1*   Consent of Marcum LLP
31.1*   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2*   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

44

 

 

101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

In accordance with SEC Release 33-8238, Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and not filed.

 

* Filed herewith.

† Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

†† Confidential treatment has been received for schedules A, C, and D to the agreement

 

(1) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-184673) with the SEC on January 31, 2013.
(2) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on January 17, 2014.
(3) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC on February 25, 2014.
(4) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1/A (File No. 333-184673) with the SEC on March 25, 2013.
(5) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-197845) with the SEC on August 5, 2014.
(6) Filed as Exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-197845) with the SEC on August 14, 2014.
(7) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on April 24, 2015.
(8) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on July 30, 2015.
(9) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on December 9, 2015.
(10) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on January 4, 2016.
(11) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on April 4, 2016.
(12) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on April 12, 2016.
(13) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on May 20, 2016.
(14) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on July 7, 2016.
(15) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on July 27, 2016.
(16) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on September 12, 2016.
(17) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on September 26, 2016.
(18) Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K with the SEC on November 30, 2016.
(19)

Filed as an Exhibit to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K with the SEC on April 14, 2017.

 

45

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  Nxt-ID, Inc.
     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Gino M. Pereira
    Gino M. Pereira
   

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Vincent S. Miceli
   

Vincent S. Miceli

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Gino M. Pereira
    Gino M. Pereira
   

Chief Executive Officer and Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Vincent S. Miceli
    Vincent S. Miceli
   

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Accounting Officer)

 

Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Michael J. Orlando
    Michael J. Orlando
    Chief Operating Officer and Director

 

Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret.
   

Major General David R. Gust, USA, Ret.

Director

     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD
    Michael J. D’Almada-Remedios, PhD
    Director
     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ Daniel P. Sharkey
    Daniel P. Sharkey
    Director
     
Date: April 2, 2018 By: /s/ John Bendheim
    John Bendheim
  Director

 

46

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONTENTS

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
   
Consolidated Financial Statements  
   
Consolidated Balance Sheets F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations F-4
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity F-5
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows F-6
   
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7 - F-25

 

F- 1

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Nxt-ID, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Nxt-ID, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations , stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

/s/ Marcum LLP

 

Marcum llp

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2016.

 

New York, NY

April 2, 2018

 

F- 2

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

    December 31,     December 31,  
    2017     2016  
Assets
Current Assets            
Cash   $ 5,636,415     $ 3,299,679  
Restricted cash     40,371       40,371  
Accounts receivable, net     1,806,785       1,218,705  
Inventory, net     3,059,517       5,341,500  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     1,457,090       1,347,627  
Total Current Assets     12,000,178       11,247,882  
                 
Property and equipment:                
Equipment     211,751       175,537  
Furniture and fixtures     98,828       79,062  
Tooling and molds     630,481       581,881  
      941,060       836,480  
Accumulated depreciation     (624,420 )     (456,752 )
Property and equipment, net     316,640       379,728  
                 
Goodwill     24,599,371       15,479,662  
Other intangible assets, net of amortization of $1,415,411 and $318,842, respectively     11,326,556       8,285,725  
                 
Total Assets   $ 48,242,745     $ 35,392,997  
Liabilities, Series C Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity  
Current Liabilities                
Accounts payable   $ 1,466,379     $ 2,070,658  
Accrued expenses     2,465,067       2,901,672  
Customer deposits     2,826,105       6,068,894  
Short-term debt     266,201       773,969  
Convertible notes payable, net of discount of $0 and $1,366,667, respectively, and net of deferred debt issuance costs of $0 and $123,563, respectively     -       9,770  
Other current liabilities – contingent consideration     3,656,660       1,496,442  
Total Current Liabilities     10,680,412       13,321,405  
                 
Other long-term liabilities – contingent consideration     3,904,568       4,832,028  
Long-term debt     585,641       -  
Revolving loan facility, net of deferred debt issuance costs of $200,744 and $769,453, respectively     11,799,256       14,230,547  
Deferred tax liability     335,401       190,286  
Total Liabilities     27,305,278       32,574,266  
                 
Commitments and Contingencies                
                 
Series C Preferred Stock                
Series C Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value: 2,000 shares designated; 2,000 and 0 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively     1,807,300       -  
                 
Stockholders’ Equity                
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value: 10,000,000 shares authorized                
Series A preferred stock, $0.0001 par value: 3,125,000 shares designated; 0 and 211,424 shares issued and outstanding (aggregate liquidation preferences of $0 and $440,594) as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively     -       182,851  
Series B preferred stock, $0.0001 par value: 4,500,000 shares designated; 0 and 4,500,000 shares issued and outstanding (aggregate liquidation preferences of $0 and $5,625,000) as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively     -       4,090,000  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value: 100,000,000 shares authorized; 23,583,593 and 7,379,924 shares issued and outstanding, respectively     2,358       738  
Additional paid-in capital     62,052,483       33,204,943  
Accumulated deficit     (42,924,674 )     (34,659,801 )
                 
Total Stockholders’ Equity     19,130,167       2,818,731  
                 
Total Liabilities, Series C Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Equity   $ 48,242,745     $ 35,392,997  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F- 3

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

    For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2017     2016  
Revenues   $ 23,316,969     $ 7,736,320  
Costs of goods sold     11,685,447       4,434,868  
                 
Gross Profit     11,631,522       3,301,452  
                 
Operating Expenses                
General and administrative     8,703,493       6,241,685  
Selling and marketing     4,899,126       2,881,668  
Research and development     1,667,850       888,187  
                 
Total Operating Expenses     15,270,469       10,011,540  
                 
Operating Loss     (3,638,947 )     (6,710,088 )
                 
Other Income and (Expense)                
Interest income     -       23  
Interest expense     (7,736,414 )     (3,275,059 )
Change in fair value of contingent consideration     1,497,153       -  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     -       (272,749 )
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     -       (2,299,020 )
Total Other Expense, Net     (6,239,261 )     (5,846,805 )
                 
Loss before Income Taxes     (9,878,208 )     (12,556,893 )
Income Tax Benefit (Expense)     1,613,335       (196,035 )
                 
Net Loss     (8,264,873 )     (12,752,928 )
Preferred stock dividends     (729,814 )     (1,080,741 )
                 
Net Loss applicable to Common Stockholders   $ (8,994,687 )   $ (13,833,669 )
                 
Net Loss Per Share - Basic and Diluted   $ (0.70 )   $ (2.24 )
                 
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding - Basic and Diluted     12,812,376       6,172,272  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F- 4

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

 

    Preferred Stock     Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in
    Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Total  
Balance - January 1, 2016     -     $ -       4,442,528     $ 444     $ 22,787,762     $ (21,906,873 )   $ 881,333  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock for services                     204,553       21       619,233       -       619,254  
                                                         
Reclassification of remaining conversion feature liability                     -       -       1,702,400       -       1,702,400  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock and warrants in connection with the acquisition of LogicMark                     78,740       8       899,992       -       900,000  
                                                         
Exercise of common stock purchase warrants in connection with the acquisition of LogicMark                     157,480       16       (16 )     -       -  
                                                         
Conversion of convertible notes and interest to common stock                     1,601,905       160       3,943,261       -       3,943,421  
                                                         
Issuance of Series A preferred stock, net     2,500,000       2,269,775                               -       2,269,775  
                                                         
Conversion of Series A preferred stock and dividends to common stock     (2,189,732 )     (2,086,924 )     834,718       83       2,461,058       -       374,217  
                                                         
Shares issued in connection with the management incentive plan for 2015                     60,000       6       371,994       -       372,000  
                                                         
Issuance of Series B preferred stock, net     4,500,000       4,090,000                                       4,090,000  
                                                         
Note discount recorded in connection with the issuance of Convertible Exchange notes on November 29, 2016                                     1,500,000       -       1,500,000  
                                                         
Net loss                     -       -       -       (12,752,928 )     (12,752,928 )
                                                         
Preferred stock dividend                                     (1,080,741 )             (1,080,741 )
Balance - December 31, 2016     4,810,268       4,272,851       7,379,924       738       33,204,943       (34,659,801 )     2,818,731  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock for services                     1,704,086       170       3,153,399       -       3,153,569  
                                                         
Issuances of common stock and warrants for cash, net of fees                     7,091,177       709       13,029,679       -       13,030,388  
                                                         
Issuance of common stock in connection with the acquisition of Fit Pay                     1,912,303       191       3,288,970       -       3,289,161  
                                                         
Exercise of common stock purchase warrants on a cashless basis                     429,656       43       (43 )     -       -  
                                                         
Conversion of convertible exchange notes and interest to common stock                     1,197,867       120       2,395,613       -       2,395,733  
                                                         
Shares issued in connection with the convertible exchange note maturity date extension                     370,000       37       673,363       -       673,400  
                                                         
Conversion of Series A preferred stock and dividends to common stock     (310,268 )     (182,851 )     159,219       16       310,160       -       127,325  
                                                         
Shares issued in connection with the management incentive plan for 2016                     232,559       23       399,977       -       400,000  
                                                         
Conversion of Series B preferred stock, dividends and liquidated damages, net     (4,500,000 )     (4,090,000 )     3,106,802       311       5,664,689       -       1,575,000  
                                                         
Note discount recorded in connection with the issuance of Convertible Exchange notes on July 19, 2017                     -       -       432,917       -       432,917  
                                                         
Non-cash charge for modification of convertible exchange notes and warrants                     -       -       228,630       -       228,630  
                                                         
Net loss                     -       -       -       (8,264,873 )     (8,264,873 )
                                                         
Preferred stock dividends                                     (729,814 )             (729,814 )
Balance - December 31, 2017     -     $ -       23,583,593     $ 2,358     $ 62,052,483     $ (42,924,674 )   $ 19,130,167  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F- 5

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

    For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
    2017     2016  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities            
Net loss   $ (8,264,873 )   $ (12,752,928 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:                
Depreciation     167,668       260,399  
Stock based compensation     2,489,596       1,113,129  
Stock issued in connection with exchange note maturity date extension     673,400       -  
Amortization of debt discount     1,799,584       648,365  
Amortization of intangible assets     1,096,569       318,842  
Amortization of discount on contingent consideration     171,530       91,682  
Change in fair value of contingent consideration     (1,497,153 )     -  
Non-cash charge for modification of convertible exchange notes     191,630       -  
Non-cash charge for modification of warrant terms     37,000       -  
Loss on extinguishment of debt     -       272,749  
Non - cash charge for bad debt allowance     402,383       -  
Non - cash inventory charges     1,430,570       48,405  
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs     1,149,772       631,994  
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     -       2,299,020  
Deferred taxes     (1,629,424 )     190,286  
Other     -       44,628  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     (897,834 )     (721,230 )
Inventory     525,592       (1,055,846 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     90,027       (362,399 )
Accounts payable     (958,319 )     120,008  
Accrued expenses     606,032       1,842,683  
Customer deposits     (3,192,401 )     6,060,165  
Total Adjustments     2,656,222       11,865,666  
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities     (5,608,651 )     (950,048 )
                 
Cash flows from Investing Activities                
Restricted cash     -       1,494,582  
Acquisition, net of cash acquired     (89,111 )     (17,390,290 )
Purchase of equipment     (52,962 )     (39,073 )
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities     (142,073 )     (15,934,781 )
                 
Cash flows from Financing Activities                
Proceeds received from issuance of Series A preferred stock, net     -       1,869,775  
Proceeds received from issuance of Series B preferred stock, net     -       4,090,000  
Proceeds received from short-term promissory note     -       400,000  
Pay down of short-term debt     (773,969 )     (1,726,031 )
Proceeds received in connection with issuance of common stock and warrants, net     13,291,390       -  
Proceeds received from issuance of convertible exchange notes, net     594,408       1,400,000  
Revolver borrowings, net     (3,000,000 )     13,906,250  
Payment of Series A preferred stock dividends     -       (123,457 )
Pay down of contingent consideration     (1,500,000 )     -  
Fees paid in connection with Revolver facility maturity date extension     (450,000 )     -  
Fees paid in connection with equity offerings     (74,369 )     (51,020 )
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities     8,087,460       19,765,517  
Net Increase in Cash     2,336,736       2,880,688  
Cash - Beginning of Year     3,299,679       418,991  
Cash - End of Year   $ 5,636,415     $ 3,299,679  
                 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:                
Cash paid during the periods for:                
Interest   $ 3,398,289     $ 930,219  
Taxes   $ 4,500     $ 8,764  
Non-cash investing and financing activities:                
Equipment purchases on payment terms   $ 19,650     $ -  
Accrued fees incurred in connection with equity offerings   $ 157,685     $ -  
Issuance of common stock in connection with accelerated installments of note payable   $ -     $ 3,294,850  
Reclassification of conversion feature liability in connection with note modification   $ -     $ 1,702,400  
Issuance of common stock in connection with conversion of convertible exchange notes and related accrued interest   $ 2,359,283     $ -  
Issuance of common stock in connection with convertible exchange notes maturity date extension   $ 673,400     $ -  
Fees incurred in connection with revolving credit facility   $ -     $ 256,250  
Issuance of common stock in connection with conversion of interest on convertible notes   $ -     $ 291,588  
Exchange of short-term promissory note for Series A preferred stock   $ -     $ 400,000  
Issuance of common stock in connection with conversion of Series A preferred stock and related dividends   $ 338,749     $ 2,563,949  
Issuance of common stock in connection with conversion of Series B preferred stock and related dividends and liquidated damages   $ 6,075,000     $ -  
Accrued Series A preferred dividends   $ -     $ 92,442  
Accrued Series B preferred dividends   $ -     $ 490,625  
Accrued Series C preferred dividends   $ 25,000     $ -  
Non-cash consideration paid for LogicMark acquisition (See Note 5)   $ -     $ 9,900,000  
                 
Purchase Price Allocation in Connection with Fit Pay Acquisition:                
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed:                
Current assets, including cash acquired of $10,889   $ 157,484     $ -  
Property and equipment     31,968       -  
Other intangible assets     4,137,400          
Goodwill     9,142,646       -  
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities     (1,305,424 )        
Customer deposits     (262,414 )        
Deferred taxes     (1,797,476 )     -  
                 
Net Assets Acquired     10,104,184       -  
                 
Less: cash paid to acquire Fit Pay     (100,000 )     -  
                 
Non cash consideration   $ 10,004,184     $ -  
                 
Non-cash consideration consisted of:                
Note payable issued to seller   $ 851,842     $ -  
Common stock issued to sellers     3,289,161       -  
Series C preferred stock issued to sellers     1,807,300          
Earn-out provision     4,055,881       -  
                 
Non-cash consideration   $ 10,004,184     $ -  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F- 6

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 - ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL BUSINESS ACTIVITIES

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. (“Nxt-ID” or the “Company”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on February 8, 2012. Nxt-ID is a security technology company and operates its business in one segment – hardware and software security systems and applications. The Company evaluates the performance of its business on, among other things, profit and loss from operations. The Company’s innovative MobileBio solution mitigates risks associated with mobile computing, m-commerce and smart OS-enabled devices. With extensive experience in biometric identity verification, security, privacy, encryption and data protection, payments, miniaturization and sensor technologies, the Company partners with companies to provide solutions for modern payment and the “Internet of Things” (“IoT”) applications.

 

On July 25, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of LogicMark, LLC (“LogicMark”) pursuant to an Interest Purchase Agreement by and among the Company, LogicMark and the holders of all of the membership interests of LogicMark (the “LogicMark Sellers”), dated May 17, 2016 (the “Interest Purchase Agreement”). Pursuant to the Interest Purchase Agreement, we acquired all of the membership interests of LogicMark from the LogicMark Sellers for (i) $17.5 million in cash consideration (ii) $2.5 million in a secured promissory note (the “LogicMark Note”) issued to LogicMark Investment Partners, LLC, as representative of the LogicMark Sellers (the “LogicMark Representative”) (iii) 78,740 shares of common stock, which were issued upon signing of the Interest Purchase Agreement (the “LogicMark Shares”), and (iv) warrants (the “LogicMark Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 157,480 shares of common stock (the “LogicMark Warrant Shares”) for no additional consideration. Such warrants were exercised on July 27, 2016. In addition, the Company was required to pay the LogicMark Sellers earn-out payments of (i) up to $1,500,000 for calendar year 2016 and (ii) up to $5,000,000 for calendar year 2017 if LogicMark met certain gross profit targets set forth in the Interest Purchase Agreement. The LogicMark Note originally was to mature on September 23, 2016 but was extended to July 15, 2017. The earn-out payment related to 2016 and the remaining balance owed on the LogicMark Note including accrued interest were both paid in July 2017. See Notes 5 and 7. Based on LogicMark’s operating results for the year ended December 31, 2017, the 2017 earnout amount owed by the Company is $3,156,088. As a result, the Company reduced the amount of contingent consideration due to the LogicMark Sellers by $1,843,912. The Company’s income statement for the year ended December 31, 2017 includes a favorable adjustment for this amount which is reflected in other income and expense.

 

On May 23, 2017, the Company completed a merger (the “Merger”) pursuant to an executed Agreement and Plan of Merger (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among the Company, Fit Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger Sub”), Fit Pay, Inc. (“Fit Pay”), Michael Orlando (“Orlando”), Giesecke & Devrient Mobile Security America, Inc. (“G&D”), the other stockholders of Fit Pay (the “Other Holders”) and Michael Orlando in his capacity as stockholder representative representing the Other Holders (the “Stockholder Representative”, and together with Orlando and G&D, the “Sellers”). Pursuant to the Merger, Fit Pay merged with and into the Merger Sub, with the Merger Sub continuing as the surviving entity and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. See Note 5.

 

The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, LogicMark, manufactures and distributes non-monitored and monitored personal emergency response systems sold through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, healthcare durable medical equipment dealers and distributors and monitored security dealers and distributors. The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Fit Pay has a proprietary technology platform that delivers payment, credential management, authentication and other secure services to the IoT ecosystem. The platform uses tokenization, a payment security technology that replaces cardholders’ account information with a unique digital identifier, to transact highly secure contactless payment and authentication services.

 

NOTE 2 - REVerse Stock Split

 

On September 1, 2016, the Company’s board of directors and stockholders approved a resolution to amend the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation and to authorize the Company to effect a reverse split of the Company’s outstanding common stock at a ratio of 1-for-10 (the “Reverse Split”). On September 9, 2016, the Company effected the Reverse Split. Upon effectiveness of the Reverse Split, every 10 shares of outstanding common stock decreased to one share of common stock. Throughout this report, the Reverse Split was retroactively applied to all periods presented.

 

F- 7

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 3 - LIQUIDITY AND MANAGEMENT PLANS

 

The Company is an emerging growth entity and incurred a net loss of $8,264,873 during the year ended December 31, 2017. As of December 31, 2017 the Company had working capital of $1,319,766 and stockholders’ equity of $19,130,167. Such factors raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to sustain operations for at least one year from the issuance of these financial statements. Given the Company’s cash position at December 31, 2017 and its projected cash flow from operations, the Company believes that it will have sufficient capital to sustain operations over the next twelve months following the date of this filing to alleviate such substantial doubt. In order to execute the Company’s long-term strategic plan to develop and commercialize its core products, fulfill its product development commitments and fund its obligations as they come due, the Company may need to raise additional funds, through public or private equity offerings, debt financings, or other means. Should the Company not be successful in obtaining the necessary financing, or generate sufficient revenue to fund its operations, the Company would need to engage in certain cost containment efforts, and/or curtail certain of its operational activities.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company received net proceeds of $13,291,390 from the issuance of common stock and warrants and $594,408 from the issuance of convertible exchange notes. However, the Company can give no assurance that any cash raised subsequent to December 31, 2017 will be sufficient to execute its business plan or meet its obligations. The Company can give no assurance that additional funds will be available on reasonable terms, or available at all, or that it will generate sufficient revenue to alleviate these conditions.

 

The Company’s ability to execute its business plan is dependent upon its ability to raise additional equity, secure debt financing, and/or generate revenue. Should the Company not be successful in obtaining the necessary financing, or generate sufficient revenue to fund its operations, the Company would need to curtail certain of its operational activities.

 

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

USE OF ESTIMATES IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company’s management evaluates these significant estimates and assumptions included those related to the fair value of acquired assets and liabilities, stock based compensation, derivative instruments, income taxes and inventories, and other matters that affect the consolidated financial statements and disclosures. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Nxt-ID and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, 3D-ID, LogicMark and Fit Pay. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

CASH

 

The Company considers all highly liquid securities with an original maturity date of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Due to their short-term nature, cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had no cash equivalents.

 

RESTRICTED CASH

 

At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had restricted cash of $40,371. Restricted cash includes amounts held back by the Company’s third party credit card processor for potential customer refunds, claims and disputes.

 

CONCENTRATIONS OF CREDIT RISK

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash. The Company maintains its cash balances in large well-established financial institutions located in the United States. At times, the Company’s cash balances may be uninsured or in deposit accounts that exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance limits.

 

The Company is a party to a Master Development Agreement with World Ventures Holding, a related party. WVH is considered a related party since the Chief Technology Officer of WVH is a director of Nxt-ID, Inc. During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company recognized revenue of $7,065,755 and $1,357,413, respectively from WVH. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company’s accounts receivable, net balance included $1,364,405 and $621,724, respectively due from WVH.

 

F- 8

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

The Company’s primary source of revenues is from product sales to its customers. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the service has been rendered or product delivery has occurred, the price is fixed or readily determinable and collectability of the sale is reasonably assured. The Company’s revenue is recorded at the net amount to be received after deductions for discounts, allowances and product returns.

 

SHIPPING AND HANDLING

 

Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling are included in revenues. The related freight charges incurred by the Company are included in selling and marketing expenses and were not material for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company’s revenues primarily included shipments of the Flye smartcard to WVH and shipments of the LogicMark products. The terms and conditions of these sales provide certain customers with trade credit terms. In addition, these sales were made to the retailers with no rights of return and are subject to the normal warranties offered to the ultimate consumer for product defects.

 

Accounts receivable is stated at net realizable value. The Company regularly reviews accounts receivable balances and adjusts the receivable reserves as necessary whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had an allowance for doubtful accounts of $402,383 and $0, respectively.

 

INVENTORY

 

The Company measures inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value, defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.

 

The Company performs regular reviews of inventory quantities on hand and evaluates the realizable value of its inventories. The Company adjusts the carrying value of the inventory as necessary with estimated valuation reserves for excess, obsolete, and slow-moving inventory by comparing the individual inventory parts to forecasted product demand or production requirements. The inventory is valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value with cost determined using the first-in, first-out method. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company wrote off $1,082,938 in excess and obsolete inventory and also wrote down the carrying value of its finished goods Wocket inventory by $347,632. As of December 31, 2017, inventory was comprised of $1,493,995 in raw materials and $1,565,522 in finished goods on hand. As of December 31, 2016 inventory was comprised of $3,797,499 in raw materials and $1,544,001 in finished goods on hand. As an emerging growth company, the Company is required to prepay for raw materials with certain vendors until credit terms can be established. As of December 31, 2017 and 2016, $887,021 and $1,089,770, respectively of prepayments made primarily for raw materials inventory is included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

LONG-LIVED ASSETS

 

Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment, goodwill and other intangibles are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable in accordance with ASC 360-10-35-17 through 35-35 “Measurement of an Impairment Loss.” The Company assesses the impairment of the assets based on the undiscounted future cash flow the assets are expected to generate compared to the carrying value of the assets. If the carrying amount of the assets is determined not to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Management estimates future cash flows using assumptions about expected future operating performance. Management’s estimates of future cash flows may differ from actual cash flow due to, among other things, technological changes, economic conditions or changes to the Company’s business operations.

 

PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property and equipment consisting of furniture, fixtures and tooling is stated at cost. The costs of additions and improvements are generally capitalized and expenditures for repairs and maintenance are expensed in the period incurred. When items of property and equipment are sold or retired, the related costs and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is included in income. Depreciation of property and equipment is provided utilizing the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the respective asset as follows:

 

Equipment   5 years
Furniture and fixtures   3 to 5 years
Tooling and molds   2 to 3 years

 

F- 9

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

GOODWILL

 

The Company’s goodwill relates to the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay. The Company began testing goodwill for impairment in the third quarter of 2017 as it relates to the acquisition of LogicMark which occurred on July 25, 2016. The Company will begin testing the Fit Pay related goodwill for impairment annually in the second quarter of each year. Authoritative accounting guidance allows the Company to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is necessary to perform the more detailed two-step quantitative goodwill impairment test. The Company performs the quantitative test if its qualitative assessment determined it is more likely than not that a reporting unit’s fair value is less than its carrying amount. The Company may elect to bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to the quantitative test for any reporting units or assets. The quantitative goodwill impairment test, if necessary, is a two-step process. The first step is to identify the existence of a potential impairment by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit (the estimated fair value of a reporting unit is calculated using a discounted cash flow model) with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, the reporting unit’s goodwill is considered not to be impaired and performance of the second step of the quantitative goodwill impairment test is unnecessary. However, if the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the quantitative goodwill impairment test is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss to be recorded, if any. The second step of the quantitative goodwill impairment test compares the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined using the same approach as employed when determining the amount of goodwill that would be recognized in a business combination. That is, the fair value of the reporting unit is allocated to all of its assets and liabilities as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination and the fair value was the purchase price paid to acquire the reporting unit.

 

As part of the annual evaluation of the LogicMark related goodwill, the Company utilized the option to first assess qualitative factors, which include but are not limited to, economic, market and industry conditions, as well as the financial performance of LogicMark. In accordance with applicable guidance, an entity is not required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit if, after assessing these qualitative factors, the Company determines that it is more likely than not that its reporting unit’s fair value is greater than its carrying amount. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company determined that it was more likely than not that the fair value of LogicMark exceeded its respective carrying amount and therefore, a quantitative assessment was not required. The Company has not recognized any goodwill impairment in 2017 in connection with its annual impairment test. The Company considered the reduction in earnout liability due to the LogicMark Sellers for 2017, and such factors did not impact the Company’s conclusion.

 

OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

The Company’s intangible assets are all related to the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay and are included in other intangible assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2017.

 

At December 31, 2017, the other intangible assets relating to the acquisition of LogicMark are comprised of patents of $3,563,885; trademarks of $1,167,122; and customer relationships of $2,792,900. The Company will continue amortizing these intangible assets using the straight line method over their estimated useful lives which for the patents, trademarks and customer relationships are 11 years; 20 years; and 10 years, respectively. During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company had amortization expense of $761,818 and $318,842, respectively, related to the LogicMark intangible assets.

 

At December 31, 2017, the other intangible assets relating to the acquisition of Fit Pay, which was completed on May 23, 2017, are comprised of trademarks of $181,042; technology of $2,284,739; and customer relationships of $1,336,868. The Company will continue amortizing these intangible assets using the straight line method over their estimated useful lives which for the trademarks, technology and customer relationships are 5 years; 7 years; and 6 years, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company had amortization expense of $334,751, related to the Fit Pay intangible assets.

 

Amortization expense estimated for each of the next five fiscal years, 2018 through 2022 will be approximately $1,400,000 per year.

 

CONVERTIBLE INSTRUMENTS  

 

The Company applies the accounting standards for derivatives and hedging and for distinguishing liabilities from equity when accounting for hybrid contracts that feature conversion options. The accounting standards require companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria include circumstances in which (i) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (ii) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (iii) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument. The derivative is subsequently marked to market at each reporting date based on current fair value, with the changes in fair value reported in the results of operations. 

 

Conversion options that contain variable settlement features such as provisions to adjust the conversion price upon subsequent issuances of equity or equity linked securities at exercise prices more favorable than that featured in the hybrid contract generally result in their bifurcation from the host instrument. 

 

F- 10

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

CONVERTIBLE INSTRUMENTS   (CONTINUED)

 

The Company accounts for convertible debt instruments when the Company has determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments in accordance with ASC 470-20 “Debt with Conversion and Other Options”. The Company records, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. The fair value of debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the earlier of (i) the term of the related debt using the straight line method which approximates the interest rate method or (ii) conversion of the debt. The amortization of debt discount is included as a component of interest expense included in other income and expenses in the accompanying statements of operations. See Note 7.

 

DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The Company does not use derivative instruments to hedge exposures to cash flow, market or foreign currency risks. The Company evaluates all of its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the consolidated statements of operations. For stock-based derivative financial instruments, the Company uses the Black-Scholes or binomial option valuation model to value the derivative instruments at inception and on subsequent valuation dates. The Company accounts for conversion features that are embedded within the Company’s convertible notes payable that do not have fixed settlement provisions as a separate derivative instrument. In addition, warrants issued by the Company that do not have fixed settlement provisions are also treated as derivative instruments. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date. See Note 8.

 

INCOME TAXES 

 

The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Income tax expense is recognized for the amount of: (i) taxes payable or refundable for the current year and (ii) deferred tax consequences of temporary differences resulting from matters that have been recognized in an entity’s financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the results of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is provided to reduce the deferred tax assets reported if based on the weight of the available positive and negative evidence, it is more likely than not some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. 

 

ASC Topic 740-10-30 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. ASC Topic 740-10-40 provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. The Company will classify as income tax expense any interest and penalties. The Company has no material uncertain tax positions for any of the reporting periods presented. Generally, the tax authorities may examine the partnership/corporate tax returns for three years from the date of filing. The Company has filed all of its tax returns for all prior periods through December 31, 2016.

 

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION 

 

The Company accounts for share-based awards exchanged for employee services at the estimated grant date fair value of the award. The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to non-employees at their fair value on the measurement date. The measurement of stock-based compensation is subject to periodic adjustment as the underlying equity instrument vests or becomes non-forfeitable. Non-employee stock-based compensation charges are amortized over the vesting period or as earned. Stock-based compensation is recorded in the same component of operating expenses as if it were paid in cash. The Company generally issues new shares of common stock to satisfy conversion and warrant exercises. 

 

NET LOSS PER SHARE 

 

Basic loss per share was computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted loss per share includes the effect of diluted common stock equivalents. Potentially dilutive securities from the exercise of 5,777,650 warrants as of December 31, 2017 were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. As of December 31, 2016, potentially dilutive securities of 2,581,104 realizable from the convertible Series A and Series B Preferred Stock (defined below), 575,000 from the convertible exchange notes and from the exercise of 1,829,049 warrants were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. 

 

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 

 

Research and development costs consist of expenditures incurred during the course of planned research and investigation aimed at the discovery of new knowledge, which will be useful in developing new products or processes. The Company expenses all research and development costs as incurred. 

F- 11

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 4 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (CONTINUED)

 

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS 

 

In May 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting” to provide clarity and reduce both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in this Update provide guidance about which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. This ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business.” The amendments in this update clarify the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of businesses. The amendments in this update provide a screen to determine when a set is not a business. If the screen is not met, it (1) requires that to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output and (2) removes the evaluation of whether a market participant could replace the missing elements. The amendments in this Update are effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. This ASU is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash (“ASU No. 2016-18”). The amendments address diversity in practice that exists in the classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash and require that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. This ASU is effective retrospectively for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12 (“ASU 2016-12”), “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow- Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients.” ASU 2016-12 will affect all entities that enter into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services (that are an output of the entity’s ordinary activities) in exchange for consideration. The amendments in this update affect the guidance in ASU 2014-09 which is not yet effective, the amendments in this update affect narrow aspects of Topic 606 including among others: assessing collectability criterion, noncash consideration, and presentation of sales taxes and other similar taxes collected from customers. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements for ASU 2014-09. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-12 will have on the Company’s financial position and results of operations. 

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09 (“ASU 2016-09”), “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.” ASU 2016-09 will affect all entities that issue share-based payment awards to their employees and is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 for public entities. The areas for simplification in ASU 2016-09 involve several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. 

  

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASU 2014-09"), which stipulates that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for such goods or services. To achieve this core principle, an entity should apply the following steps: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract(s); (3) determine the transaction price(s); (4) allocate the transaction price(s) to the performance obligations in the contract(s); and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The guidance also requires advanced disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from an entity's contracts with customers. In August 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date ("ASU 2015-14"), which defers the effective date of FASB's revenue standard under ASU 2014-09 by one year for all entities and permits early adoption on a limited basis. As a result of ASU 2015-14, the guidance under ASU 2014-09 shall apply for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that period. Early adoption is permitted as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within those annual periods. In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), which clarified the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. In April 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which clarified the implementation guidance regarding performance obligations and licensing arrangements. As permitted under the standard for emerging growth companies, the Company plans to adopt ASU 2014-09 in the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective approach and recognize the cumulative effect to existing contracts in opening retained earnings on the effective date. The Company is currently reviewing and evaluating this guidance and its impact on its consolidated financial statements. 

 

F- 12

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 5 – acquisitions

 

Acquisition of LogicMARK LLC

 

On July 25, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of LogicMark. The Company determined that as of July 25, 2016, it was more likely than not that these gross profit targets as it relates to the contingent considerations would be achieved and any fair value adjustment of the earnout was due to time value of the payout. Based on LogicMark’s operating results for the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company reduced the amount of contingent consideration due to the LogicMark Sellers by $1,843,912. As a result, the Company’s income statement for the year ended December 31, 2017 includes a favorable adjustment for this amount which is reflected in other income and expense.

 

On July 25, 2016, and in order to fund part of the proceeds of the LogicMark acquisition, the Company and a group of lenders, including ExWorks Capital Fund I, L.P. as agent for the lenders (collectively, the “Lenders”), entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Agreement”), whereby the Lenders extended a revolving loan (the “Revolving Loan”) to the Company in the principal amount of $15,000,000 (the “Debt Financing”). During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company paid down $3,000,000 of the revolving loan. The Company originally incurred $1,357,356 in deferred debt issue costs related to the revolving loan. In addition, the Company incurred an additional $450,000 in deferred debt issue costs as a result of extending the revolving loan facility for one additional year. At December 31, 2017 the unamortized balance of deferred debt issue costs was $200,744. The maturity date of the Revolving Loan is July 25, 2018, and the Revolving Loan bears interest at a rate of 15% per annum. 

 

The Loan Agreement contains customary covenants, including an EBITDA requirement and a fixed change ratio, as defined in the agreement. As of December 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with such covenants.

 

The Company has the ability to extend the Revolver for one additional year at its sole discretion with no subjective acceleration by the lender, provided the Company is not in default on the loan. The Company intends to exercise the option to extend the maturity date by one year and accordingly, the Company has classified the Revolver as a non-current liability as of December 31, 2017.

 

On September 23, 2016, the Company entered into a forbearance agreement with LogicMark Investment Partners, LLC in connection with the LogicMark Note originally issued on July 22, 2016 in the amount of $2,500,000 which expired on September 22, 2016.

 

Under the terms of the forbearance agreement, the LogicMark Sellers agreed to extend the maturity date of the LogicMark Note and the Company agreed to pay to the LogicMark Sellers in immediately available funds: (i) $250,000 on September 23, 2016; (ii) $100,000 on October 24, 2016; and (iii) $1,150,000, plus all accrued and unpaid interest due under the LogicMark Note on October 31, 2016. The Company also agreed to reduce the Escrow Amount (as defined in the Interest Purchase Agreement) by a total of $500,000, and to make certain other changes to the definition of “Escrow Amount” in the Purchase Agreement. The Company also agreed to make certain representations and warranties in respect of the LogicMark Seller’s forbearance. During June 2017, the Company paid down $250,000 of the LogicMark Note. The LogicMark Note originally was to mature on September 23, 2016 but was extended to July 15, 2017. In July 2017, the remaining balance of the LogicMark Note including the accrued interest owed was settled. See Note 7.

 

Allocation of Purchase Price

 

The purchase price to acquire Logicmark was $27,136,788 of which $17,500,000 was paid by the Company in cash and $9,636,788 in non-cash consideration.

 

The non-cash consideration was comprised of a $2,500,000 seller note, $900,000 of common stock and warrants issued to the sellers and $6,236,788 in earn-out provisions. At the date of acquisition, the earn-out provisions were discounted using a borrowing rate of 3.5%.

 

The purchase price was allocated to the tangible and identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed of LogicMark based upon their estimated fair values. The excess purchase price over the fair value of the underlying net assets acquired was allocated to goodwill. The Company completed its analysis of the fair value of the net assets acquired through the use of an independent valuation firm and management’s estimates. The following table summarizes the final assessment of the estimated fair values of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed net of cash acquired, as of the date of acquisition of July 25, 2016:

 

Cash   $ 109,710  
Accounts receivable     494,591  
Inventories     2,566,117  
Other current assets     370,905  
Property and equipment     227,840  
Goodwill     15,479,662  
Intangible assets     8,604,567  
Assets acquired     27,853,392  
         
Accounts payable     507,857  
Accrued liabilities     208,747  
Liabilities assumed     716,604  
         
Net assets acquired   $ 27,136,788  

F- 13

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 5 – acquisitions (CONTINUED)

 

Acquisition of Fit Pay

 

As discussed in Note 1, the Company completed the “Merger” on May 23, 2017. Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the aggregate purchase price paid for Fit Pay stock was: (i) 1,912,303 shares of common stock which was equivalent to 19.96% of the outstanding shares of common stock of the Company (the “Common Stock”); (ii) 2,000 shares of the Series C Non-Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company (the “Series C Preferred Stock”); (iii) the payment of certain debts by the Company; and (iv) the payment of certain unpaid expenses of the Fit Pay Sellers of $724,116 by the Company. In addition, the Company will be required to pay the Fit Pay Sellers an earn-out payment equal to 12.5% of the gross revenue derived from Fit Pay’s technology for sixteen (16) fiscal quarters commencing on October 1, 2017 and ending on December 31, 2021. To date, Fit Pay has had minimal revenue. The operating results of Fit Pay have been included in the consolidated financial statements from the effective date of the acquisition, May 23, 2017.

 

In connection with the merger on May 23, 2017, the Company recorded deferred tax liabilities of $1,774,539 as part of its purchase price allocation.

 

Allocation of Purchase Price of Fit Pay

 

The purchase price to acquire Fit Pay was $10,104,184 of which $100,000 was paid by the Company in cash and $10,004,184 in non-cash consideration.

 

The non-cash consideration was comprised of a $851,842 seller note, $3,289,161 of common stock issued to the sellers, Series C preferred stock issued to sellers of $1,807,300 and $4,055,881 in an earn-out provision. At the date of acquisition, the earn-out provision was discounted using a prime borrowing rate of 3.5%.

 

The Merger Agreement was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting. The purchase price was allocated to the tangible and identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed of Fit Pay based upon their estimated fair values. The excess purchase price over the fair value of the underlying net assets acquired was allocated to goodwill. The Company completed its analysis of the fair value of the net assets acquired and the consideration granted through the use of an independent valuation firm and management’s preparation of estimates. The following table summarizes the assessment of the estimated fair values of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed net of cash acquired, as of the date of acquisition of May 23, 2017:

 

Cash   $ 10,889  
Accounts receivable     92,629  
Other current assets     53,966  
Property and equipment     31,968  
Goodwill     9,119,709  
Intangible assets (See Note 4)     4,137,400  
Assets acquired     13,446,561  
         
Accounts payable     165,650  
Accrued liabilities     1,139,774  
Customer deposits     262,414  
Deferred taxes     1,774,539  
Liabilities assumed     3,342,377  
         
Net assets acquired   $ 10,104,184  

 

Goodwill arising from the transaction consists of the expected operational synergies upon combining the entity and intangibles not qualifying for separate recognition.

 

In connection with the Fit Pay transaction, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Michael Orlando, the former Chief Executive Officer of Fit Pay. Mr. Orlando is now the Chief Operating Officer of the Company and President of the wholly-owned subsidiary, Fit Pay. The term of the employment agreement is for one (1) year and the employment agreement includes provisions for term extensions. In addition to Mr. Orlando’s salary, the employment agreement also provides for all necessary and reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in the performance of his duties under the agreement, eligibility to participate in bonus or incentive compensation plans of the Company and eligibility to receive equity awards as determined by the board of directors.

 

F- 14

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 5 – acquisitions (CONTINUED)

 

Pro Forma Financial Information

 

The following table summarizes the unaudited pro forma financial information assuming that the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay occurred on January 1, 2016, and their respective results had been included in the Company’s financial results for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016. The pro forma combined amounts are based upon available information and reflect a reasonable estimate of the effects of the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay for the periods presented on the basis set forth herein. The following unaudited pro forma combined financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to represent what the financial position or results of operations would have been had the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay in fact occurred on the date assumed, nor is it necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in future periods.

 

    For the Years ended  
    December 31,  
    2017     2016  
    (unaudited)  
Pro forma:            
Net Sales   $ 23,410,933     $ 16,329,155  
Net Loss applicable to Common Stockholders   $ (10,139,972 )   $ (18,723,441 )
Net Loss Per Share - Basic and Diluted applicable to Common Stockholders   $ (0.79 )   $ (2.32 )

 

The unaudited pro forma net loss attributable to Nxt-ID, Inc. has been calculated using actual historical information and is adjusted for certain pro forma adjustments based on the assumption that the acquisitions of LogicMark and Fit Pay and the application of fair value adjustments to intangible assets occurred on January 1, 2016. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the pro forma financial information excluded the Fit Pay acquisition-related expenses of $220,943, which are included in the actual reported results, as general and administrative expenses, but excluded from the pro forma amounts above due to their nonrecurring nature. In addition, the pro forma adjustments for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 include the following adjustments, (a) amortization expense related to the acquired intangible assets of $301,625; (b) interest expense of $213,510; and (c) dividends related to the Series C Preferred Stock of $44,384.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2016, the pro forma financial information excluded the acquisition-related expenses of $605,228, which are included in the actual reported results, but excluded from the pro forma amounts above due to their nonrecurring nature. In addition, the pro forma adjustments for the year ended December 31, 2016 include the following adjustments, (a) amortization expense related to the acquired intangible assets of $1,155,267; (b) interest expense including the amortization of deferred debt issue costs of $2,893,777; (c) reduction in depreciation expense of $23,562; and (d) dividends related to the Series B and Series C Preferred Stock of $734,375.

 

NOTE 6 - ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consist of the following:

 

    December 31,  
    2017     2016  
Salaries and payroll taxes   $ 92,906     $ 77,037  
Consulting fees     70,000       25,547  
Merchant bank fees     28,075       31,124  
State income taxes     11,049       1,135  
Professional fees     31,781       7,568  
Management incentives     891,667       604,125  
Interest expense     639,030       691,684  
Amount due to LogicMark Sellers     421,606       -  
Dividends – Series A & B preferred stock     25,000       583,067  
Liquidated damages – Series B preferred stock     -       360,000  
Finder’s fees     -       256,250  
Other     253,953       264,135  
Totals   $ 2,465,067     $ 2,901,672  

 

F- 15

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 7 - CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE 

 

July 2017 Exchange

 

In order to consummate a registered direct offering and concurrent private placement on July 13, 2017 (See Note 8), the Company was required to obtain consent from the holders (the “November Holders”) of the Company’s (i) Amended and Restated Secured Subordinated Promissory Notes, originally issued on July 25, 2016 ( i.e. , the LogicMark Note), and amended on November 29, 2016 (the “November Notes”), and (ii) certain common stock purchase warrants (the “November Warrants”) that were initially exercisable on November 29, 2016. In consideration of the November Holders providing such consent to the registered direct offering and concurrent private placement, the Company and the November Holders agreed, as of July 11, 2017, to the following amendments to their respective November Notes, November Warrants, and that certain Exchange Agreement, dated November 29, 2016 (the “Exchange Agreement”):

 

  1. The conversion price of the November Notes was lowered from $3.00 to $2.00.

 

  2. The exercise price of the November Warrants was lowered from $3.00 to $2.00.

 

  3. The Company’s prohibition under the Exchange Agreement providing that for so long as the November Holders are holders of the November Notes, the November Warrants, or the shares of Common Stock issuable thereunder, the Company may not issue shares of our Common Stock at a price per share less than $3.00 per share, was lowered to $2.00 per share.

 

On December 19, 2017, and effective as of November 29, 2017, the maturity date of the agreement the Company entered into an agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with the holders of the convertible notes and common stock purchase warrants issued pursuant to that certain Exchange Agreement, dated November 29, 2016, by and among the Company and such holders. Pursuant to the Amendment Agreement, the parties agreed to (i) amend the maturity dates of the convertible notes by one (1) year, or November 29, 2018, and (ii) that the holders would forbear the exercise of any remedies due to the passing of the original maturity date. In consideration thereof, the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 370,000 shares of restricted Common Stock with a fair value of $673,400. This amount was expensed and is included in interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

In connection with the reduction in conversion price of the November Notes from $3.00 to $2.00, the Company incurred a non-cash charge for modification of convertible exchange note terms of $191,630 for the year ended December 31, 2017. In addition, the Company expensed the remaining unamortized note discount and deferred debt issue costs related to the November Notes of $491,667 and $35,949, respectively. As a result of lowering the conversion price of the November Warrants from $3.00 to $2.00, the Company also incurred a non-cash charge for modification of terms related to the November Warrants of $37,000 for the year ended December 31, 2017. In December 2017, the November Notes and the related accrued interest balance were converted into 868,970 shares of the Company’s common stock. 

 

On July 19, 2017, the November Holders purchased from LogicMark Investment Partners, LLC (“LogicMark Investment Partners”), the representative of LogicMark, LLC, the outstanding balance of $594,403, including accrued and unpaid interest on the LogicMark Note. In connection therewith, the Company, LogicMark Investment Partners and the November Holders entered into an Assignment and Assumption Agreement, dated July 19, 2017, pursuant to which LogicMark Investment Partners assigned the LogicMark Note to the November Holders. In addition, on July 19, 2017, the Company and the November Holders entered into a Securities Exchange Agreement pursuant to which the Company exchanged the LogicMark Note held by the November Holders for (i) an aggregate principal amount of $594,408 of secured subordinated convertible promissory notes of the Company (the “July 2017 Notes”) due in July 2018, and (ii) warrants exercisable into 297,202 shares of Common Stock (the “July 2017 Warrants”). The July 2017 Notes are convertible into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $2.00 per share and the July 2017 Warrants are exercisable into shares of Common Stock with a five year term and an exercise price of $2.00 per share. The exercise and the amount of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the July 2017 Warrants are subject to adjustment upon certain events, such as stock splits, combinations, dividends, distributions. reclassifications, mergers or other corporate changes and dilutive issuances.

 

The conversion option embedded in the convertible exchange notes was determined to contain beneficial conversion features, resulting in a debt discount at issuance. After allocating the gross proceeds to the warrants (discussed above) and beneficial conversion feature, the total debt discount recognized was $432,917. The entire debt discount was fully amortized during the year ended December 31, 2017 as a result of all the July 2017 Notes and the related accrued interest balance being fully converted into 328,897 shares of the Company’s common stock in December 2017. As of December 31, 2017, there was no remaining outstanding principal balance on the July 2017 Notes.

 

November 2016 Exchange 

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company entered into a Securities Exchange Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) with certain holders of a portion of the Original LogicMark Notes (the “Holders”) pursuant to which the Company exchanged with the Holders of $1,500,000 of Original Notes held by the Holders in exchange for: (i) an aggregate principal amount of $1,500,000 of new secured subordinated promissory notes (the “Exchange Notes”) and (ii) warrants (the “Warrants”, and together with the Exchange Notes, the “Exchange Securities”) convertible into 500,000 shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.0001 (the “Common Stock”). The Holders purchased the $1,500,000 of Original Notes from LogicMark Investment prior to this transaction. The Exchange Notes will mature on November 29, 2017 and accrue interest at a rate of 15.0% per annum. The Exchange Notes are convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the option of the Investors into shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $3.00 per share (the “Conversion Price”). The Conversion Price is subject to adjustment for stock dividends, stock splits, combinations or similar events. 

 

F- 16

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 7 - CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE (CONTINUED) 

 

The conversion option embedded in the convertible exchange notes was determined to contain beneficial conversion features, resulting in the bifurcation of those features as an equity instrument (resulting in a debt discount) at issuance. After allocation of the gross proceeds to the warrants (discussed below) and beneficial conversion feature, the total debt discount recognized was equal to the face of the convertible exchange notes. The debt discount was amortized over the term of the debt and the Company amortized $1,366,667 and $133,333 of the debt discount for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, there was no remaining outstanding principal balance on the November 2016 Exchange Notes.

 

The Company may prepay, in whole but not in part, without premium or penalty, the outstanding principal, together with accrued but unpaid interest on the outstanding principal, if any. The Warrants will be exercisable beginning on November 29, 2016, and will be exercisable for a period of five years. The exercise price with respect to the Warrants is $3.00 per share (the “Exercise Price”). The Exercise Price and the amount of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants are subject to adjustment upon certain events, such as stock splits, combinations, dividends, distributions, reclassifications, mergers or other corporate changes.

 

December 2015 Private Placement  

 

On December 8, 2015, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “December Purchase Agreement”) with certain accredited investors (the “December Purchasers”) pursuant to which the Company sold an aggregate of $1,500,000 in principal amount of Senior Secured Convertible Notes (the “December Notes”) for an aggregate purchase price of $1,500,000 (the “December Offering”). The Notes matured on December 8, 2016 (the “December Maturity Date”), less any amounts converted or redeemed prior to the December Maturity Date. The December Notes bear interest at a rate of 8% per annum. The December Notes were convertible at any time, in whole or in part, at the option of the holders into shares of common stock at a conversion price of $2.35 per share, as modified. The total face amount of the Notes outstanding on December 8, 2015 were $3,644,850. On December 8, 2015 the Company recorded a debt discount of $1,719,700 and a derivative liability of $912,330.

 

The debt discount was attributable to the value of the separately accounted for conversion feature and common stock issued in connection with the sale of the December Notes. The embedded conversion feature derivatives relate to the conversion option, the installment payments and the accelerated installment option of the December Notes. The embedded derivatives were evaluated under FASB ASC Topic 815-15 , were bifurcated from the debt host, and were classified as liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet. The debt discount was amortized using the effective interest method over the term of the December Notes. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded $515,032 of debt discount amortization which was recorded as an interest expense in the consolidated statement of operations.

 

On February 12, 2016, in exchange for the consents given to the Company by the December Purchasers and the April Purchasers to allow for the issuance of shares in connection with the WVH Transaction (described below), the December Notes were amended to a fixed conversion price of $2.35. As a result of the modification, the Company fair valued the conversion option up to the date of modification and re-classified the remaining conversion feature liability of $1,702,400 as of the date of modification to additional paid-in-capital.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the holders of the December Notes accelerated $2,456,679 in installments and $253,028 of interest in exchange for 1,228,828 shares of common stock. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the holders of the December Notes also converted $838,171 of the convertible notes and $38,560 of interest in exchange for 373,077 shares of common stock. At December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance on the December Notes was $0. As it relates to the accelerated installments, the Company incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $272,749. The loss on extinguishment of debt was equivalent to the excess fair value of the common stock issued to the holders of the December Notes as compared to the net carrying value of the convertible debt. The fair value of the common stock issued in payment of interest exceeded the amount of interest owed by $34,628. This amount is included as part of interest expense on the consolidated statement of operations.

 

F- 17

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 - DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

Fair value of financial instruments is defined as an exit price, which is the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or paid upon transfer of a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The degree of judgment utilized in measuring the fair value of assets and liabilities generally correlates to the level of pricing observability. Financial assets and liabilities with readily available, actively quoted prices or for which fair value can be measured from actively quoted prices in active markets generally have more pricing observability and require less judgment in measuring fair value. Conversely, financial assets and liabilities that are rarely traded or not quoted have less price observability and are generally measured at fair value using valuation models that require more judgment. These valuation techniques involve some level of management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency of the asset, liability or market and the nature of the asset or liability. The Company has categorized its financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value into a three-level hierarchy.

 

The conversion features embedded within the Company’s convertible notes payable issued in connection with December 8, 2015 private placement (as defined in Note 7) did not have fixed settlement provisions on the date they were initially issued because the conversion price could be lowered if certain provisions included in the note agreement occurred before conversion. This liability was included in the Company’s Level 3 liabilities.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company had five separate valuations performed using the Monte Carlo simulation model. The valuations coincided with the number of accelerated installments occurring during the year ended December 31, 2016. All of the 2016 valuations occurred during the first quarter of 2016. The table for 2016 reflects the range of weighted average assumptions used for the 2016 valuations.

 

  January 12, -
March 29,
 
  2016  
Embedded Conversion Feature Liability:    
Risk-free interest rate   0.46%-0.59 %
Expected volatility   100.00 %
Expected life (in years)   0.91-0.70  
Expected dividend yield   -  

 

F- 18

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 - DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES (CONTINUED)

 

Fair Value Measurement

 

Valuation Hierarchy

 

ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” establishes a valuation hierarchy for disclosure of the inputs to valuation used to measure fair value. This hierarchy prioritizes the inputs into three broad levels as follows. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly through market corroboration, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs based on the Company’s own assumptions used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. A financial asset or liability’s classification within the hierarchy is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The Company did not have any liabilities carried at fair value measured as a recurring basis as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

 

The carrying amounts of cash and accounts payable approximate their fair value due to their short maturities. The Company’s other financial instruments include its convertible notes payable obligations. The carrying value of these instruments approximate fair value, as they bear terms and conditions comparable to market, for obligations with similar terms and maturities. The Company measures the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

Level 3 liabilities are valued using unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the derivative liabilities. For fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s accounting department, who reports to the Principal Financial Officer, determines its valuation policies and procedures. The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of the Company’s accounting department and are approved by the Principal Financial Officer.

 

Level 3 Valuation Techniques

 

Level 3 financial liabilities consist of the conversion feature liability and common stock purchase warrants for which there are no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate. A significant decrease in the volatility or a significant decrease in the Company’s stock price, in isolation, would result in a significantly lower fair value measurement.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, there were no transfers in or out of Level 3 from other levels in the fair value hierarchy.

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of our Level 3 financial liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

    For the year ended
December 31, 2016
 
       
Beginning liability balance   $ 420,360  
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities     2,299,020  
Recognition of conversion feature liability     -  
Gain on derivative liabilities resulting from accelerated amortizations     (1,016,980 )
Net realized gain on conversion feature liabilities     -  
Net unrealized gain on conversion feature liabilities     -  
Adjustment to additional paid-in capital upon conversion and modification     (1,702,400 )
Ending balance   $ -  

 

Other Fair Value Measurements

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company recorded $171,530 and $91,682, respectively of interest expense related to the amortization of the discount of the contingent consideration. The fair value measurements were based on significant inputs not observed in the market and thus represented a level 3 measurement.

 

F- 19

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 9 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

April 2016 Offering  

 

On April 11, 2016, the Company closed a registered offering (the “April 2016 Offering”) of shares of its Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”). The Company sold 2,500,000 shares of Series A Pref erred Stock at a price of $1.00 per share , and received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, of $2,500,000. The Company incurred approximately $230,225 of costs associated with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock. Holders of the Series A Preferred stock shall be entitled to receive from the first date of issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock cumulative dividends at a rate of 25% Per annum on a compounded basis, which dividend amount shall be guaranteed. Accrued and unpaid dividends shall be at the Company’s option, in cash, shares of common stock, or additional share of Series A Preferred Stock. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded Series A Preferred Stock dividends of $590,116. During the year ended December 31, 2016, holders of 2,189,732 shares Series A Preferred Stock converted $2,662,794 of Preferred Stock and dividends into 834,718 shares of common stock. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded Series A Preferred Stock dividends of $34,884. During the year ended December 31, 2017, holders of 211,424 shares of Series A Preferred Stock converted $338,749 of Series A Preferred Stock and dividends into 159,219 shares of common stock. As of December 31, 2017, there was no remaining outstanding principal balance on the Series A Preferred Stock.

 

July 2016 Offering  

 

On July 25, 2016, the Company closed a private placement (the “July 2016 Offering”) of shares of its Series B Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) and warrants (the “July 2016 Warrants”) to purchase 562,500 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Company sold 4,500,000 shares of Series B Pref erred Stock at a price of $1.00 per share , and received gross proceeds from the offering, before deducting placement agent fees and other estimated offering expenses payable by the Company, of $4,500,000. The Company incurred approximately $410,000 of costs associated with the issuance of the Series B Preferred Stock. The conversion price of the Series B Preferred Stock is $4.00. The July 2016 Warrants will be exercisable beginning on January 25, 2017, and will be exercisable for a period of five (5) years. The exercise price with respect to the July 2016 Warrants is $7.50 per share. Holders of the Series B Preferred stock shall be entitled to receive from the first date of issuance of the Series B Preferred Stock cumulative dividends at a rate of 25% Per annum on a compounded basis, which dividend amount shall be guaranteed. Accrued and unpaid dividends shall be at the Company’s option, in cash, shares of common stock, or additional share of Series B Preferred Stock. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded Series B Preferred Stock dividends of $490,625. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded Series B Preferred Stock dividends of $634,375. During the year ended December 31, 2017, holders of 4,500,000 shares of Series B Preferred Stock converted $6,075,000 of Series B Preferred Stock, dividends and liquidated damages into 3,106,802 shares of common stock. As of December 31, 2017, there was no remaining outstanding principal balance on the Series B Preferred Stock.

 

July 2017 Offerings

 

On July 13, 2017, the Company closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 2,170,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, and pre-funded warrants to purchase 230,000 shares of common stock. The Company sold the shares at a price of $1.43 per share and received $1.42 per pre-funded warrant. The Company received net proceeds from the offering, after deducting placement agent fees and other offering related expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $3,017,932. The pre-funded warrants were converted into shares of common stock on September 23, 2017 and as a result were included in the common stock outstanding balance for purposes of computing earnings per share.

 

On July 13, 2017, the Company also closed on a concurrent private placement with the same investors for no additional consideration, of warrants to purchase 1,800,000 shares of common stock. The warrants will be exercisable beginning on the six (6) month anniversary of the date of issuance, at an exercise price of $2.00 per share and will expire on the fifth anniversary of the initial exercise date.

 

November 2017 Offerings

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 2,941,177 shares (the “November Shares”) of Common Stock. The Company sold the November Shares at a price of $1.36 per share. The Company received net proceeds from the offering, after deducting placement agent fees and other offering related expenses of approximately $3,620,115.

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company also closed a previously announced concurrent private placement for no additional consideration, of the November Investor Warrants to purchase 2,500,000 shares of Common Stock.

 

On December 19, 2017, and effective as of November 29, 2017, we entered into an agreement (the “Amendment Agreement”) with the holders of the convertible notes and common stock purchase warrants issued pursuant to that certain Exchange Agreement, dated November 29, 2016, by and among the Company and such holders. Pursuant to the Amendment Agreement, the parties agreed to (i) amend the maturity dates of the convertible notes by one (1) year, or November 29, 2018, and (ii) that the holders would forbear the exercise of any remedies due to the passing of the original maturity date. In consideration thereof, the Company issued to the holders an aggregate of 370,000 shares of restricted Common Stock with a fair value of $673,400. This amount was expensed and is included in interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

F- 20

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 9 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (CONTINUED)

 

December 2017 Offering

 

On December 26, 2017, we closed a registered direct offering of an aggregate of 1,750,000 shares (the “December Shares”) of Common Stock. We sold the December Shares at a price of $4.00 per share. We received net proceeds from the offering, after deducting placement agent fees and other offering related expenses of $6,392,341.

 

Series C Preferred Stock

 

In May 2017, the Company authorized a new Series C Preferred Stock. The terms of the Series C Preferred Stock are as follows:

 

Dividends on Series C Preferred Stock

 

Holders of Series C Preferred Stock are entitled to receive from and after the first date of issuance of the Series C Preferred Stock, cumulative dividends at a rate of 5% per annum on a compounded basis, which dividend amount shall be guaranteed. Accrued and unpaid dividends are payable in cash. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded Series C Preferred Stock dividends of $60,556.

 

Redemption of Series C Preferred Stock

 

The Series C Preferred Stock may be redeemed by the Company solely at the Company’s option in cash at any time, in whole or in part, upon payment of the stated value of the Series C Preferred Stock, and all related accrued but unpaid dividends.

 

Fundamental Change

 

If a “fundamental change” occurs at any time while the Series C Preferred Stock is outstanding, the holders of shares of Series C Preferred Stock then outstanding shall be immediately paid, out of the assets of the Company or the proceeds of such fundamental change, as applicable, and legally available for distribution to its stockholders, an amount in cash equal to the stated value of the Series C Preferred Stock, and all related accrued but unpaid dividends.

 

If the legally available assets of the Company and the proceeds of such “fundamental change” are insufficient to pay the all of the Holders of the Series C Preferred Stock, then the Holders of the Series C Preferred Stock shall share ratably in any such distribution in proportion to the amount that they would have been entitled to. A fundamental change includes but is not limited to any change in the ownership of at least fifty percent (50%) of the voting stock; liquidation or dissolution; or the Common Stock ceases to be listed on the market upon which it currently trades.

 

Voting Rights

 

The holders of the Series C Preferred Stock are entitled to vote on any matter submitted to the stockholders of the Company for a vote. One (1) share of Series C Preferred Stock shall carry the same voting rights as one (1) share of Common Stock.

 

Classification

 

The Series C Preferred Stock was accounted for under Section 480-10-S99 - Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (FASB Accounting Standards Codification 480) as amended by ASU 2009-04 - for Redeemable Equity Instruments (“ASU 2009-04”). Under ASU 2009-04, a redeemable equity security is to be classified as temporary equity if it is conditionally redeemable upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the control of the issuer. The Company’s financing is redeemable at the option of the holder under the specified terms and conditions of such preferred stock however, the instrument was not redeemable as of December 31, 2017. Therefore, the Company classified the Series C Preferred Stock as temporary equity in the consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2017.

 

Warrants  

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s warrants outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2016 and 2017: 

 

                Weighted        
          Weighted     Average        
          Average     Remaining       Aggregate  
    Number of     Exercise     Life     Intrinsic  
    Warrants     Price     In Years     Value  
Outstanding at January 1, 2016     761,549     $ 22.60       3.83     $ -  
Issued     1,224,980       4.69       4.13       -  
Exercised     (157,480 )     -       -       -  
Cancelled     -       -       -       -  
Outstanding and Exercisable at December 31, 2016     1,829,049     $ 12.00       3.92     $ -  
Issued     4,827,202       2.00       4.76       -  
Exercised (1)     (878,601 )     2.00       -       -  
Cancelled     -       -       -       -  
Outstanding and Exercisable at December 31, 2017     5,777,650     $ 5.08       4.26     $ 6,672,902  

 

(1) During the year ended December 31, 2017, 648,601 warrants were exercised on a cashless basis and were converted into 429,656 shares of common stock.

F- 21

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 9 - STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (CONTINUED)

 

Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan  

 

On January 4, 2013, a majority of the Company’s stockholders approved by written consent the Company’s 2013 Long-Term Stock Incentive Plan (“LTIP”). The maximum aggregate number of shares of common stock that may be issued under the LTIP, including stock awards, stock issued to directors for serving on the Company’s board, and stock appreciation rights, is limited to 10% of the shares of common stock outstanding on the first business or trading day of any fiscal year, which is 737,992 at December 31, 2016.

 

2017 Stock Incentive Plan

 

On August 24, 2017, a majority of the Company’s stockholders approved at the 2017 Annual Shareholders’ Meeting the 2017 Stock Incentive Plan (“2017 SIP”). The aggregate maximum number of shares of Common Stock (including shares underlying options) that may be issued under the 2017 SIP pursuant to awards of restricted shares or options will be limited to 10% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, which calculation shall be made on the first (1 st ) business day of each new fiscal year; provided that for fiscal year 2017, 1,500,000 shares of Common Stock may be delivered to participants under the 2017 SIP. Thereafter, the 10% evergreen provision shall govern the 2017 SIP. The number of shares of Common Stock that are the subject of awards under the 2017 SIP which are forfeited or terminated, are settled in cash in lieu of shares of Common Stock or in a manner such that all or some of the shares covered by an award are not issued to a participant or are exchanged for awards that do not involve shares will again immediately become available to be issued pursuant to awards granted under the 2017 SIP. If shares of Common Stock are withheld from payment of an award to satisfy tax obligations with respect to the award, those shares of Common Stock will be treated as shares that have been issued under the 2017 SIP and will not again be available for issuance under the 2017 SIP.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 159,933 shares of common stock under both the LTIP and the 2017 SIP to five (5) non-executive directors for serving on the Company’s board. The aggregate fair value of the shares issued to the directors was $360,000. Also during the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 232,559 shares of common stock with an aggregate fair value of $400,000 to executive and certain non-executive employees related to the Company’s 2016 management incentive plan. The Company also granted 1,095,895 restricted shares of common stock with an aggregate value of $1,864,253 to certain executive and non-executive employees. The vesting period for these restricted shares of common stock is twelve months and the Company expensed $1,629,049 related to these restricted stock awards. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued 51,705 shares under the plan to three non-executive directors for serving on the Company’s board. The aggregate fair value of the shares issued to the directors was $180,000. Also during the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued 60,000 shares with an aggregate fair value of $372,000 to executive and certain non-executive employees related to the Company’s 2015 management incentive plan, which was previously accrued.

    

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company accrued $925,000 of discretionary management and employee bonus expense.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 448,258 fully-vested shares of common stock with a fair value of $816,955 to non-employees for services rendered.

 

NOTE 10 - INCOME TAXES

 

On December 22, 2017, the President signed into law new legislation, known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”), that resulted in significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. These changes include a federal statutory rate reduction from 34% to 21%, limitation of the deduction for net operating losses to 80% of taxable income while providing that the net operating loss carryovers for years after 2017 will not expire, limitation on the amount of research and development expenses deductible per year beginning in years after 2021, increased limitations on certain executive compensation, elimination of the Corporate Alternative Minimum Tax, and modifying or repealing other business deductions and credits.

 

The Company has incorporated the impact of the Tax Act in the results from operations for the tax effects of the Tax Act than can be reasonably estimated, but not completed, for the year ended December 31, 2017. As a result of the Tax Act being signed into law, the Company recognized a provisional charge of $4,295,052, equal to (43.48%) of Operating Income Before Income Tax, in the fourth quarter of 2017 related to the re-measurement of its U.S. deferred tax assets at the lower enacted corporate tax rate. Due to the history of net operating losses, the Company is in a full valuation allowance position. As a result, the additional tax expense due to the Tax Act was offset by an equal reduction to the valuation allowance, resulting in no net tax impact from the Tax Act to the overall financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

F- 22

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 10 - INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had US federal and state net operating loss (“NOLs”) carryovers of $35,030,083 and $29,699,580, respectively, available to offset future taxable income, which expire beginning in 2033. In addition, the Company had tax credit carryforwards of $315,492 at December 31, 2017 that will be available to reduce future tax liabilities. The tax credit carryforwards will begin to expire beginning in 2033.

 

In accordance with Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, deductibility of the Company’s NOLs may be subject to an annual limitation in the event of a change of control. The Company has not determined whether a change of control has occurred as of December 31, 2017 with respect to the Nxt-ID NOLs and therefore no limitation under Section 382 has been computed related to the Nxt-ID NOLs. Management will review for such limitations before any of the Nxt-ID NOLs against future taxable income. Management has determined the acquisition of Fit Pay during the 2017 year is a change of control event under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to the Fit Pay pre-acquisition NOLs. Management determined that the sum of Section 382 annual limitations on the Fit Pay pre-acquisition NOLs during the corresponding carryforward period is in excess of the total amount of Fit Pay NOL carryforward available at the time of change of control. Consequently, no adjustment has been made to the amount of Fit Pay NOL available following the change in control.

 

Section 384 of the Internal Revenue Code Section further limits Nxt-ID’s ability to off-set pre-acquisition NOLs of Nxt-ID against future taxable income which may be created by the realization of Fit Pay built in gains during the five-year recognition period following the Fit Pay acquisition. However, tax losses of the consolidated group generated from operations occurring after the Fit Pay acquisition are eligible to offset any taxable income resulting from realization of Fit Pay built in gain following the transaction.

 

The Company has no material uncertain tax positions for any of the reporting periods presented. The Company has filed all of its tax returns for all prior periods through December 31, 2016 and intends to timely the income tax returns for the period ending December 31, 2017. As a result, the Company’s net operating loss carryovers will now be available to offset any future taxable income.

 

The Company is subject to taxation in the United States and various states. As of December 31, 2017 the Company’s tax years post 2012 are subject to examination by the tax authorities. With few exceptions, as of December 31, 2017 the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal or state examinations by tax authorities for years before December 31, 2013. The Company has not been examined or received notice of pending examination by the federal or any state and local tax authority. To the extent a tax authority examines an open tax year and makes an assessment, the results from operations could be affected through additional tax liabilities or adjustments to the amount of NOL carryforward or tax basis of other components of deferred tax.

 

The income tax (benefit) provision consists of the following:

 

    December 31,  
    2017     2016  
Current            
Federal   $ -     $ -  
State     16,089       5,749  
      16,089       5,749  
Deferred                
Federal     1,321,607       (2,843,866 )
State     (483,260 )     (281,625 )
      838,347       (3,125,491 )
Change in valuation allowance     (2,467,771 )     3,315,776  
Total income tax (benefit) provision   $ (1,613,335 )   $ 196,035  

 

A reconciliation of the effective income tax rate and the statutory federal income tax rate is as follows:

  

    December 31,  
    2017     2016  
U.S. federal statutory rate     34.00 %     34.00 %
State income tax rate, net of federal benefit     3.12       1.45  
Other permanent differences     (2.29 )     (10.60 )
Effect of rate change under Tax Act     (43.48 )     -  
Less: valuation allowance     24.98       (26.41 )
Provision for income taxes     16.33 %     (1.56 )%

 

F- 23

 

 

Nxt-ID, Inc. and Subsidiaries

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 10 - INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)

 

In assessing the realization of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which temporary differences representing net future deductible amounts became deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. After consideration of all of the information available, Management believes that significant uncertainties exists with respect to future realization of the deferred tax assets and has therefore established a valuation allowance. Nxt-ID considered the deferred tax liabilities related to indefinite lived intangibles not allowable as a source of future taxable income in determining the amount of valuation allowance at December 31, 2017 and 2016, resulting in net deferred tax liabilities in each period after applying valuation allowance. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the net change in valuation allowance of $841,402 was comprised of an increase of $1,626,369 related to the Fit Pay purchase accounting offset by a reduction of $2,467,771 related to a change in valuation allowance included in the income tax provision. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the increase in valuation allowance of $3,315,776 related to the change in valuation allowance included in the income tax provision.

 

The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to deferred tax assets and liabilities are presented below:

 

    December 31,  
    2017     2016  
Deferred tax assets:            
Net operating loss carryforward   $ 8,829,607     $ 8,887,756  
Tax credits     315,492       187,856  
Accruals and reserves     856,675       546,286  
Restricted stock     -       42,140  
Tangible and intangible assets     225,711       252,638  
Charitable donations     2,903       3,738  
Total deferred tax assets before valuation allowance:     10,230,388       9,920,414  
Valuation allowance     (9,079,012 )     (9,920,414 )
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance     1,151,376