UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 30, 2019 (October 24, 2019)

 

GREENLAND TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

British Virgin Islands   001-38605   N/A
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
  (Commission File Number)   (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

 

11-F, Building #12, Sunking Plaza, Gaojiao Road

Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

  311122
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number including area code: (86) 010-53607082

 

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 10006

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§ 230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b–2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b–2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company ☒

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary shares, no par value   GTEC   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
         
Warrants to purchase one-half of one ordinary share   GTECW   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page No.
     
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 1
     
INTRODUCTORY NOTE 2
     
Item 2.01. Completion of Acquisition of Disposition of Assets. 2
     
THE SHARE EXCHANGE AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS 2
     
DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS 2
     
RISK FACTORS 3
     
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS 3
     
BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP OF SECURITIES 3
     
MANAGEMENT AFTER THE BUSINESS COMBINATION 3
   
DIRECTOR COMPENSATION 3
     
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION 3
     
CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS 3
     
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES 4
     
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS 4
     
INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS 4
     
Item 3.02. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities. 4
     
Item 5.01. Changes in Control of Registrant. 5
     
Item 5.02. Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers. 5
     
Item 5.03. Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year. 5
     
Item 5.06. Change in Shell Company Status. 5
     
Item 5.07. Submission of Matters to A Vote of Security Holders. 6
     
Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits. 7

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Current Report (the “Report”) contains forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, in the sections captioned “Description of Business,” “Risk Factors,” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Plan of Operations,” and elsewhere. Any and all statements contained in the Report that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed forward-looking statements. Terms such as “may,” “might,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “project,” “estimate,” “pro-forma,” “predict,” “potential,” “strategy,” “anticipate,” “attempt,” “develop,” “plan,” “help,” “believe,” “continue,” “intend,” “expect,” “future,” and terms of similar import (including the negative of any of the foregoing) may be intended to identify forward-looking statements. However, not all forward-looking statements may contain one or more of these identifying terms. Forward-looking statements in the Report may include, without limitation, statements regarding (i) the plans and objectives of management for future operations, (ii) a projection of income (including income/loss), earnings (including earnings/loss) per share, capital expenditures, dividends, capital structure or other financial items, (iii) our future financial performance, including any such statement contained in a discussion and analysis of financial condition by management or in the results of operations included pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and (iv) the assumptions underlying or relating to any statement described in points (i), (ii) or (iii) above.

 

The forward-looking statements are not meant to predict or guarantee actual results, performance, events or circumstances and may not be realized because they are based upon our current projections, plans, objectives, beliefs, expectations, estimates and assumptions and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and other influences, many of which we have no control over. Actual results and the timing of certain events and circumstances may differ materially from those described by the forward-looking statements as a result of these risks and uncertainties. Factors that may influence or contribute to the accuracy of the forward-looking statements or cause actual results to differ materially from expected or desired results may include, without limitation:

 

  Market acceptance of our products and services;

 

  Competition from existing products or new products that may emerge;

 

  The implementation of our business model and strategic plans for our business and our products;

 

  Estimates of our future revenue, expenses, capital requirements and our need for financing;

 

  Our financial performance;

 

  Current and future government regulations;

 

  Developments relating to our competitors; and

 

  Other risks and uncertainties, including those listed under the section title “Risk Factors.”

 

Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements because of the risks and uncertainties related to them and to the risk factors. We disclaim any obligation to update the forward-looking statements contained in the Report to reflect any new information or future events or circumstances or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

Readers should read the Report in conjunction with the discussion under the caption “Risk Factors,” our financial statements and the related notes thereto in the Report, and other documents which we may file from time to time with the SEC.

 

1

 

 

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

 

On October 24, 2019 (the “Closing Date”), the registrant consummated the previously announced business combination (the “Business Combination”) following a special meeting of stockholders (the “Special Meeting”) where the stockholders of Greenland Acquisition Corporation ( “Greenland”, the “Company”, “we” or “us” ) considered and approved, among other matters, a proposal to adopt an share exchange agreement (the “Share Exchange Agreement”), dated as of July 12, 2019, entered into by and among (i) Greenland, (ii) Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited, a Hong Kong company (“Zhongchai Holding”), (iii) Greenland Asset Management Corporation, a British Virgin Islands company with limited liability, in the capacity as the purchaser representative (the “Purchaser Representative”), and (iv) Cenntro Holding Limited, the sole member of Zhongchai Holding (the “Zhongchai Equity Holder” or the “Seller”).

 

Pursuant to the Share Exchange Agreement, Greenland acquired from the Seller all of the issued and outstanding equity interests of Zhongchai Holding in exchange for 7,500,000 newly issued ordinary shares, no par value of the Company, to the Seller (the “Exchange Shares”). As a result, the Seller became the controlling shareholder of the Company, and Zhongchai Holding became a directly and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (such transaction is referred as Business Combination herein below). The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse merger effected by a share exchange, wherein Zhongchai Holding is considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes.

 

Prior to the Business Combination, we were a “shell company” (as such term is defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). As a result of the Business Combination, we have ceased to be a “shell company” and continued the existing business operations of Zhongchai Holding as a publicly traded company under the name “Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation.”

 

As used in the Report henceforward, unless otherwise stated or the context clearly indicates otherwise, the terms the “Registrant,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to the consolidated Company and its subsidiaries at and after the Closing, giving effect to the Business Combination.

 

Item 2.01. Completion of Acquisition of Disposition of Assets.

 

THE SHARE EXCHANGE AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS 

 

The disclosure set forth under “Introductory Note” above is incorporated in this Item 2.01 by reference. The material terms and conditions of the Share Exchange Agreement and its related agreements are described on pages 59 to 69 of the Company (formerly known as “Greenland Acquisition Corporation”)’s definitive proxy statement dated September 26, 2019 (the “Definitive Proxy Statement”) in the section entitled “Proposal 1: The Business Combination Proposal—The Share Exchange Agreement,” which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

The business of the Company after the Business Combination is described in Definitive Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Information about Zhongchai Holding” beginning on page 136 and that information is incorporated herein by reference.

 

Specifically, subsections “Overview” begins on page 136, “Strategic Growth Opportunity in the Robotic Carrier Market” begins on page 136, “Corporate Structure and History” begins on page 138, “Products” begins on page 138, “Competitive Strengths” begins on page 139, “Business Strategies” begins on page 141, “Customers” begins on page 142, “Suppliers” begins on page 142, “Production” begins on page 143, “Inventory and Warehousing” begins on page 143, “Research and Development” begins on page 143, “Properties” begins on page 143, “Trademarks and Other Intellectual Property” begins on page 144, “Sales and Marketing” begins on page 144, “Competition” begins on page 144, “Employees” begins on page 145, “PRC Law and Regulation” begins on page 145, and “Legal Proceedings” begins on page 149.

 

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RISK FACTORS

 

The risks associated with the Company’s business are described in the Definitive Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 25 and are incorporated herein by reference. Specifically, subsections “Risk Related to the Business Combination” begins on page 25, “Risks Related to Zhongchai Holding’s Business” begins on page 32, “Risks Related to Doing Business in China” begins on page 38, and “Risk Related to Greenland” begins on page 49.

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition And Results of Operations of Greenland” beginning on page 117 is incorporated herein by reference. Specifically, subsections “Results of Operations” begins on page 118, “Liquidity and Capital Resources” begins on page 118, “Off-balance Sheet Financing Arrangements” begins on page 119, “Contractual Obligations” begins on page 119, and “Critical Accounting Policies” begins on page 119.

 

BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP OF SECURITIES

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Beneficial Ownership of Securities” beginning on page 131 is incorporated herein by reference.

 

MANAGEMENT AFTER THE BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Management of the Company Following the Business Combination” beginning on page 165 is incorporated herein by reference. Specifically, subsections “Officers, Directors and Key Employees” begins on page 165, “Corporate Governance Guidelines and Code of Business Conduct” begins on page 166, “Directors Independence” begins on page 166, “Board Leadership Structure” begins on page 167, “Committees of the Board of Directors” begins on page 167, “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” begins on page 168, and “Related Person Policy of the Company” begins on page 169.

 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Director Compensation” beginning on page 164 is incorporated herein by reference.

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Executive Compensation of Zhongchai Holding” beginning on page 164 is incorporated herein by reference.

 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS

 

The certain relationships and related party transactions of Greenland and Zhongchai Holding are described in the Definitive Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Certain Relationship and Related Party Transactions” beginning on page 133 and are incorporated herein by reference. Specifically, subsections “Greenland Related Person Transactions” begins on page 133, “Zhongchai Holding Related Person Transactions” begins on page 134, “Post-Business Combination Arrangements” begins on page 135, and “Statement of Policy Regarding Transactions with Related Persons” begins on page 135.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES 

 

The disclosure contained in the Definitive Proxy Statement with section entitled “Description of Greenland’s Securities” beginning on page 121 is incorporated herein by reference. Specifically, subsections “General” begins on page 121, “Units” begins on page 121, “Founder Shares” begins on page 123, “Preferred Shares” begins on page 123, “Rights” begins on page 124, “Redeemable Warrants” begins on page 125, “Purchase Option” begins on page 126, “Dividends” begins on page 127, “Private Placement Units” begins on page 127, “Our Transfer Agent, Rights Agent and Warrant Agent” begins on page 127, “Memorandum and Articles of Association” begins on page 127, “Changes in Authorized Shares” begins on page 128, “Pre-emption Rights” begins on page 128, “Variation of Rights of Shares” begins on page 129, and “Registration Rights” begins on page 129.

 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, the Company may be involved in various claims and legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business.

 

Neither Zhongchai Holding nor Greenland is currently a party to any such claims or proceedings which, if decided adversely to the Company, would either, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

INDEMNIFICATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS

 

Our Memorandum and Articles of Association (the “Memorandum and Articles of Association”), as amended, the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004, the Insolvency Act, 2003 of the British Virgin Islands, each of which as amended, and the common law of British Virgin Islands allow us to indemnify our officers and directors from certain liabilities. Our Articles provides that the Company may indemnify, hold harmless and exonerate against all direct and indirect costs, fees and expenses of any type or nature whatsoever, any person who (a) is or was a party or is threatened to be made a party to any proceeding by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director, officer, key employee, adviser of the Company or who at the request of the Company; or (b) is or was, at the request of the Company, serving as a director of, or in any other capacity is or was acting for, another company.

 

The Company will only indemnify the individual in question if the relevant indemnitee acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Company and, in the case of criminal proceedings, the indemnitee had no reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful. The decision of the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”) as to whether an indemnitee acted honestly and in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the Company and as to whether such indemnitee had no reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful is, in the absence of fraud, sufficient for the purposes of our Articles, unless a question of law is involved.

 

The termination of any proceedings by any judgment, order, settlement, conviction or the entering of a nolle prosequi does not, by itself, create a presumption that the relevant indemnitee did not act honestly and in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the Company or that such indemnitee had reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful.

 

The Company may purchase and maintain insurance, purchase or furnish similar protection or make other arrangements including, but not limited to, providing a trust fund, letter of credit, or surety bond in relation to any indemnitee or who at the request of the Company is or was serving as a director, officer or liquidator of, or in any other capacity is or was acting for, another company, against any liability asserted against the person and incurred by him in that capacity, whether or not the Company has or would have had the power to indemnify him against the liability as provided in the Memorandum and Articles of Association.

 

Item 3.02. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities.

 

The disclosure set forth under Item 2.01 above is incorporated in this Item 3.02 by reference. The 7,500,000 newly issued ordinary shares that were paid as consideration to the Seller upon the closing of the Business Combination were issued by the Company in reliance upon an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act, pursuant to the Section 4(a) (2) of the Securities Act and Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act. The Seller receiving the shares represented its intention to acquire the shares for investment only and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution, and appropriate restrictive legends were affixed to the certificates representing the shares. The party also had adequate access, through business or other relationships, to information about the Company and Zhongchai Holding.

 

4

 

 

Item 5.01. Changes in Control of Registrant.

 

The description of the Share Exchange Agreement and its related agreements in the Definitive Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Proposal 1: The Business Combination Proposal” beginning on page 59 and “The Related Agreements” beginning on page 67 are incorporated herein by reference. The information contained in Item 2.01 to the Report is also incorporated herein by reference.

 

As a result of the issuance of the shares pursuant to the Business Combination and related transactions, a change in control of the Company occurred as of October 24, 2019. Except as described in the Report, no arrangements or understandings exist among present or former controlling shareholders with respect to the election of members of our Board and, to our knowledge, no other arrangements exist that might result in a change of control of the Company.

 

Item 5.02. Departure of Directors or Certain Officers; Election of Directors; Appointment of Certain Officers; Compensatory Arrangements of Certain Officers.

 

Three directors of Greenland, Jiang Pu, Shan Cui, and Yu Chen resigned from the Board upon the closing of the Business Combination. The Board following the Business Combination is comprised of the following five directors: Peter Zuguang Wang, who also serves as the Chairman of the Company, Yanming Liu, Min Zhang, Everett Xiaolin Wang, and Hong Liang Lu. For a detailed description, please see the section entitled “The Director Election Proposal” beginning on Page 94 in the Definitive Proxy Statement, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Upon the closing of the Business Combination, River Chi resigned the position as the Chief Financial Officer of the Company, and Yanming Liu resigned the position as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company. The current management team consists of the following officers:

 

Name   Age   Position
Raymond Z. Wang   35   Chief Executive Officer and President
Jing Jin   35   Chief Financial Officer
Lei Chen   59   Chief Scientist

 

For a detailed description, please see the section entitled “Management of the Company Following the Business Combination” beginning on Page 165 in the Definitive Proxy Statement, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Item 5.03 Amendments to Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws; Change in Fiscal Year. 

 

Upon the closing of the Business Combination, the amendment to the Memorandum and Articles of Association of Greenland to replace Article 23 thereof (the “Articles Amendment”) went effective. For a detailed description of the Articles Amendment, please see the section entitled “Proposal 4: The Articles Amendment Proposal” beginning on page 97 in the Definitive Proxy Statement, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

Before the consummation of the Business Combination, the Company’s fiscal year ended on November 30. The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse merger effected by a share exchange, wherein Zhongchai Holding is considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes. As such, the Company has changed its fiscal year to December 31 to match that of Zhongchai Holding.

 

Item 5.06. Change in Shell Company Status.

 

On October 24, 2019, as a result of the consummation of the Business Combination, which fulfilled the “initial Business Combination” requirement as set forth in the Memorandum and Articles of Association, the Company ceased to be a shell company upon the closing of the Business Combination. The material terms of the Business Combination are described in the Definitive Proxy Statement in the section entitled “Proposal 1: The Business Combination Proposal” beginning on page 59, which is incorporated by reference herein.

 

5

 

 

Item 5.07. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

 

On October 24, 2019, the Company held the Special Meeting. At the Special Meeting, the Company’s shareholders approved the Company’s proposed Business Combination with Zhongchai Holding and related matters.

 

Set forth below are the final voting results for each of the proposals:

 

PROPOSAL 1: to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the Business Combination under the terms of the Share Exchange Agreement. Pursuant to the terms set forth in the Share Exchange Agreement, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions to the closing, Greenland will acquire all of the outstanding capital stock of Zhongchai Holding, which primarily conducts its business through its direct and indirectly owned subsidiaries, from the Zhongchai Equity Holder. In connection with the completion of the Business Combination, the Zhongchai Equity Holder will receive 7,500,000 ordinary shares of the Company as consideration for its existing equity interests of Zhongchai Holding.

 

For     Against     Abstain  
  3,886,156       537,011       100  

 

PROPOSAL 2: to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the 2019 Equity Incentive Plan which will become effective upon the closing of the Business Combination and will be used by Greenland on a going-forward basis following such closing. For a detailed description, please see the section entitled “Proposal 2: The 2019 Equity Incentive Plan Proposal” beginning on page 88 in the Definitive Proxy Statement.

 

For     Against     Abstain  
  4,323,167       100,000       100  

 

PROPOSAL 3: to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the election of five directors to serve staggered terms on the Board until the 2020 and 2021 annual meeting of shareholders, respectively, and until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified. For a detailed description, please see the section entitled “Proposal 3: The Director Election Proposal” beginning on page 94 in the Definitive Proxy Statement.

 

    For   Withhold   Broker Non-Vote
Min Zhang   4,422,856   411   425,366
             
Everett Xiaolin Wang   4,422,856   411   425,366
             
Hong Liang Lu   4,422,856   411   425,366
             
Peter Zuguang Wang   4,422,856   411   425,366
             
Yanming Liu   4,423,267   0   425,366

 

PROPOSAL 4: to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the following material amendments to the Memorandum and Articles of Association:

 

to reflect the change of the name of the Company to “Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation” from “Greenland Acquisition Corporation”; and
   
to make our corporate existence perpetual as opposed to our current corporate existence terminating 12 months (or up to 21 months, if we extend the period of time to consummate a business combination) following the consummation of the IPO and removing various provisions applicable only to special purpose acquisition companies.

 

6

 

 

For a detailed description, please see the section entitled “Proposal 4: The Articles Amendment Proposal” beginning on page 97 in the Definitive Proxy Statement.

 

For     Against     Abstain  
  4,311,622       537,011       0  

 

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(a) Financial Statements of Business Acquired.

 

In accordance with Item 9.01(a), Zhongchai Holding’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and unaudited financial statements for the six months ended June 30, 2019 are attached to the Report as Exhibit 99.1 hereto.

 

(b) Pro Forma Financial Information.

 

In accordance with Item 9.01(b), unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements for the nine months ended August 31, 2019 and year ended November 30, 2018 are attached to the Report as Exhibit 99.2 hereto.

 

(d) Exhibits

 

Exhibit   Description
     
2.1   Share Exchange Agreement dated as of July 12, 2019 (Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K filed by the registrant on July 12, 2019)
     
3.1   Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association, effective on October 24, 2019*
     
10.1   Employment Agreement, dated October 24, 2019 by and between the Company and Raymond Z. Wang*
     
10.2   Employment Agreement, dated October 24, 2019 by and between the Company and Lei Chen*
     
10.3   Employment Agreement, dated October 24, 2019 by and between the Company and Jing Jin*
     
14.1   Form of Code of Business Conduct and Ethics*
     
17.1   Resignation of Jiang Pu*
     
17.2   Resignation of Yu Chen*
     
17.3   Resignation of Shan Cui*
     
17.4   Resignation of Yanming Liu*
     
17.5   Resignation of River Chi*
     
21.1   Subsidiaries of Registrant*
     
99.1   Financial Statements of Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited*
     
99.2   Pro Forma Financial Statements*

 

* Filed herewith.

 

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SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

  Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation
     
October 30, 2019 By: /s/ Raymond Z. Wang
    Raymond Z. Wang
    Chief Executive Officer and President

 

 

8

 

Exhibit 3.1

 

 

BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

BVI Business Companies Act 2004

 

Amended and Restated Memorandum of Association
and Articles of Association of

 

Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation

 

A COMPANY LIMITED BY SHARES
Incorporated on 28th day of December, 2017

 

Approved by Director Resolution dated 24th day of October, 2019 and
filed on 24th day of October, 2019

 

 

 

HARNEYS CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED

Craigmuir Chambers, Road Town, VG1110 Tortola, British Virgin Islands

+1 284 494 2233

+1 284 494 3547

harneysfiduciary.com

 

 

 

 

TERRITORY OF THE BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

THE BVI BUSINESS COMPANIES ACT 2004

 

AMENDED AND RESTATED MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION
OF
GREENLAND TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING CORPORATION

 

A Company Limited By Shares

 

1 NAME

 

The name of the Company is Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation.

 

2 STATUS

 

The Company shall be a company limited by shares.

 

3 REGISTERED OFFICE AND REGISTERED AGENT

 

3.1 The first registered office of the Company is at Craigmuir Chambers, Road Town, Tortola, VG 1110 British Virgin Islands, the office of the first registered agent.

 

3.2 The first registered agent of the Company is Harneys Corporate Services Limited of Craigmuir Chambers, P.O. Box 71, Road Town, Tortola, VG 1110, British Virgin Islands.

 

3.3 The Company may change its registered office or registered agent by a Resolution of Directors or a Resolution of Members. The change shall take effect upon the Registrar registering a notice of change filed under section 92 of the Act.

 

4 CAPACITY AND POWER

 

4.1 The Company has, subject to the Act and any other British Virgin Islands legislation for the time being in force, irrespective of corporate benefit:

 

(a) full capacity to carry on or undertake any business or activity, do any act or enter into any transaction; and

 

(b) for the purposes of paragraph (a), full rights, powers and privileges.

 

4.2 There are, subject to Clause 4.1, no limitations on the business that the Company may carry on.

 

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5 NUMBER AND CLASSES OF SHARES

 

5.1 The Company is authorised to issue an unlimited number of shares of no par value divided into six classes of shares as follows:

 

(a) Ordinary shares of no par value (Ordinary Shares);

 

(b) Class A preferred shares of no par value (Class A Preferred Shares);

 

(c) Class B preferred shares of no par value (Class B Preferred Shares);

 

(d) Class C preferred shares of no par value (Class C Preferred Shares);

 

(e) Class D preferred shares of no par value (Class D Preferred Shares); and

 

(f) Class E preferred shares of no par value (Class E Preferred Shares and together with the Class A Preferred Shares, the Class B Preferred Shares, Class C Preferred Shares and the Class D Preferred Shares being referred to as the Preferred Shares).

 

5.2 The Company may at the discretion of the Board of Directors, but shall not otherwise be obliged to, issue fractional Shares or round up or down fractional holdings of Shares to its nearest whole number and a fractional Share (if authorised by the Board of Directors) may have the corresponding fractional rights, obligations and liabilities of a whole share of the same class or series of shares.

 

6 DESIGNATIONS POWERS PREFERENCES OF SHARES

 

6.1 Each Ordinary Share in the Company confers upon the Member (unless waived by such Member):

 

(a) Subject to Clause 11, the right to one vote at a meeting of the Members of the Company or on any Resolution of Members;

 

(b) the right to an equal share with each other Ordinary Share in any dividend paid by the Company; and

 

(c) the right to an equal share with each other Ordinary Share in the distribution of the surplus assets of the Company on its liquidation.

 

6.2 The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to the Preferred Shares shall be stated in this Memorandum, which shall be amended accordingly prior to the issue of such Preferred Shares. Such rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions may include:

 

(a) the number of shares and series constituting that class and the distinctive designation of that class;

 

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(b) the dividend rate of the Preferred Shares of that class, if any, whether dividends shall be cumulative, and, if so, from which date or dates, and whether they shall be payable in preference to, or in relation to, the dividends payable on any other class or classes of Shares;

 

(c) whether that class shall have voting rights, and, if so, the terms of such voting rights;

 

(d) whether that class shall have conversion or exchange privileges, and, if so, the terms and conditions of such conversion or exchange, including provision for adjustment of the conversion or exchange rate in such events as the Board of Directors shall determine;

 

(e) whether or not the Preferred Shares of that class shall be redeemable, and, if so, the terms and conditions of such redemption, including the manner of selecting such Shares for redemption if less than all Preferred Shares are to be redeemed, the date or dates upon or after which they shall be redeemable, and the amount per share payable in case of redemption, which amount maybe less than fair value and which may vary under different conditions and at different dates;

 

(f) whether that class shall be entitled to the benefit of a sinking fund to be applied to the purchase or redemption of Preferred Shares of that class, and, if so, the terms and amounts of such sinking fund;

 

(g) the right of the Preferred Shares of that class to the benefit of conditions and restrictions upon the creation of indebtedness of the Company or any subsidiary, upon the issue of any additional Preferred Shares (including additional Preferred Shares of such class of any other class) and upon the payment of dividends or the making of other distributions on, and the purchase, redemption or other acquisition or any subsidiary of any outstanding Preferred Shares of the Company;

 

(h) the right of the Preferred Shares of that class in the event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company and whether such rights be in preference to, or in relation to, the comparable rights or any other class or classes of Shares; and

 

(i) any other relative, participating, optional or other special rights, qualifications, limitations or restrictions of that class.

 

6.3 The Directors may at their discretion by Resolution of Directors redeem, purchase or otherwise acquire all or any of the Shares in the Company subject to Regulation 6 of the Articles.

 

6.4 The Directors have the authority and the power by Resolution of Directors:

 

(a) to authorise and create additional classes of shares; and

 

(b) to fix the designations, powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions, if any, appertaining to any and all classes of shares that may be authorised to be issued under this Memorandum.

 

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7 VARIATION OF RIGHTS

 

7.1 The rights attached to the Ordinary Shares as specified in Clause 6.1 may only, whether or not the Company is being wound up, be varied by a resolution passed at a meeting by the holders of more than fifty percent (50%) of the Ordinary Shares present at a duly convened and constituted meeting of the Members of the Company holding Ordinary Shares which were present at the meeting and voted unless otherwise provided by the terms of issue of such class.

 

7.2 The rights attached to any Preferred Shares in issue as specified in Clause 6.2 may only, whether or not the Company is being wound up, be varied by a resolution passed at a meeting by the holders of more than fifty percent (50%) of the Preferred Shares of the same class present at a duly convened and constituted meeting of the Members of the Company holding Preferred Shares in such class which were present at the meeting and voted unless otherwise provided by the terms of issue of such class.

 

8 RIGHTS NOT VARIED BY THE ISSUE OF SHARES PARI PASSU

 

The rights conferred upon the holders of the Shares of any class issued with preferred or other rights shall not, unless otherwise expressly provided by the terms of issue of the Shares of that class, be deemed to be varied by the creation or issue of further Shares ranking pari passu therewith.

 

9 REGISTERED SHARES

 

9.1 The Company shall issue registered shares only.

 

9.2 The Company is not authorised to issue bearer shares, convert registered shares to bearer shares or exchange registered shares for bearer shares.

 

10 TRANSFER OF SHARES

 

A Share may be transferred in accordance with Regulation 4 of the Articles.

 

11 AMENDMENT OF MEMORANDUM AND ARTICLES

 

11.1 The Company may amend its Memorandum or Articles by a Resolution of Members or by a Resolution of Directors, save that no amendment may be made by a Resolution of Directors:

 

(a) to restrict the rights or powers of the Members to amend the Memorandum or Articles;

 

(b) to change the percentage of Members required to pass a Resolution of Members to amend the Memorandum or Articles;

 

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(c) in circumstances where the Memorandum or Articles cannot be amended by the Members; or

 

(d) to change Clauses 7 or 8, or this Clause 11 (or any of the defined terms used in any such Clause or Regulation).

 

12 DEFINITIONS AND INTERPRETATION

 

12.1 In this Memorandum of Association and the attached Articles of Association, if not inconsistent with the subject or context:

 

(a) Act means the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004 and includes the regulations made under the Act;

 

(b) AGM means an annual general meeting of the Members;

 

(c) Articles means the attached Articles of Association of the Company;

 

(d) Board of Directors means the board of directors of the Company;

 

(e) Business Days means a day other than a Saturday or Sunday or any other day on which commercial banks in New York are required or are authorised to be closed for business;

 

(f) Chairman means a person who is appointed as chairman to preside at a meeting of the Company and Chairman of the Board means a person who is appointed as chairman to preside at a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Company, in each case, in accordance with the Articles;

 

(g) Class A Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(h) Class B Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(i) Class C Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(j) Class D Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(k) Class E Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(l) Class I Directors has the meaning ascribed to it in Regulation 9.2;

 

(m) Class II Directors has the meaning ascribed to it in Regulation 9.2;

 

(n) Designated Stock Exchange means the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board, the Global Select Market, Global Market or the Capital Market of the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC, the NYSE American or the New York Stock Exchange, as applicable; provided,

 

however, that until the Shares are listed on any such Designated Stock Exchange, the rules of such Designated Stock Exchange shall be inapplicable to the Company and this Memorandum or the Articles;

 

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(o) Director means any director of the Company, from time to time;

 

(p) Distribution in relation to a distribution by the Company means the direct or indirect transfer of an asset, other than Shares, to or for the benefit of a Member in relation to Shares held by a Member, and whether by means of a purchase of an asset, the redemption or other acquisition of Shares, a distribution of indebtedness or otherwise, and includes a dividend;

 

(q) Eligible Person means individuals, corporations, trusts, the estates of deceased individuals, partnerships and unincorporated associations of persons;

 

(r) Enterprise means the Company and any other corporation, constituent corporation (including any constituent of a constituent) absorbed in a consolidation or merger to which the Company (or any of its wholly owned subsidiaries) is a party, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise of which an Indemnitee is or was serving at the request of the Company as a Director, Officer, trustee, general partner, managing member, fiduciary, employee or agent;

 

(s) Expenses shall include all direct and indirect costs, fees and expenses of any type or nature whatsoever, including, without limitation, all legal fees and costs, retainers, court costs, transcript costs, fees of experts, witness fees, travel expenses, fees of private investigators and professional advisors, duplicating costs, printing and binding costs, telephone charges, postage, delivery service fees, fax transmission charges, secretarial services and all other disbursements, obligations or expenses, in each case reasonably incurred in connection with prosecuting, defending, preparing to prosecute or defend, investigating, being or preparing to be a witness in, settlement or appeal of, or otherwise participating in, a Proceeding, including reasonable compensation for time spent by the Indemnitee for which he or she is not otherwise compensated by the Company or any third party. Expenses shall also include any or all of the foregoing expenses incurred in connection with all judgments, liabilities, fines, penalties and amounts paid in settlement (including all interest, assessments and other charges paid or payable in connection with or in respect of such Expenses, judgments, fines, penalties and amounts paid in settlement) actually and reasonably incurred (whether by an Indemnitee, or on his behalf) in connection with such Proceeding or any claim, issue or matter therein, or any appeal resulting from any Proceeding, including without limitation the principal, premium, security for, and other costs relating to any cost bond, supersedeas bond, or other appeal bond or its equivalent, but shall not include amounts paid in settlement by an Indemnitee or the amount of judgments or fines against an Indemnitee;

 

(t) Indemnitee means any person detailed in sub regulations (a) and (b) of Regulation 15;

 

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(u) Member means an Eligible Person whose name is entered in the share register of the Company as the holder of one or more Shares or fractional Shares;

 

(v) Memorandum means this Memorandum of Association of the Company;

 

(w) Officer means any officer of the Company, from time to time;

 

(x) Ordinary Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(y) Proceeding means any threatened, pending or completed action, suit, arbitration, mediation, alternate dispute resolution mechanism, investigation, inquiry, administrative hearing or any other actual, threatened or completed proceeding, whether brought in the name of the Company or otherwise and whether of a civil (including intentional or unintentional tort claims), criminal, administrative or investigative nature, in which an Indemnitee was, is, will or might be involved as a party or otherwise by reason of the fact that such Indemnitee is or was a Director or Officer of the Company, by reason of any action (or failure to act) taken by him or of any action (or failure to act) on his part while acting as a Director, Officer, employee or adviser of the Company, or by reason of the fact that he is or was serving at the request of the Company as a Director, Officer, trustee, general partner, managing member, fiduciary, employee, adviser or agent of any other Enterprise, in each case whether or not serving in such capacity at the time any liability or expense is incurred for which indemnification, reimbursement, or advancement of expenses can be provided under these Articles;

 

(z) Preferred Shares has the meaning ascribed to it in Clause 5.1;

 

(aa) relevant system means a relevant system for the holding and transfer of shares in uncertificated form;

 

(bb) Resolution of Directors means either:

 

(i) Subject to sub-paragraph (ii) below, a resolution approved at a duly convened and constituted meeting of Directors of the Company or of a committee of Directors of the Company by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Directors present at the meeting who voted except that where a Director is given more than one vote, he shall be counted by the number of votes he casts for the purpose of establishing a majority; or

 

(ii) a resolution consented to in writing by all Directors or by all members of a committee of Directors of the Company, as the case may be;

 

(cc) Resolution of Members means a resolution approved at a duly convened and constituted meeting of the Members of the Company by the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes of the Shares entitled to vote thereon which were present at the meeting and were voted;

 

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(dd) Seal means any seal which has been duly adopted as the common seal of the Company;

 

(ee) SEC means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission;

 

(ff) Securities means Shares, other securities and debt obligations of every kind of the Company, and including without limitation options, warrants, rights to receive Shares or other securities or debt obligations;

 

(gg) Share means a share issued or to be issued by the Company and Shares shall be construed accordingly;

 

(hh) Treasury Share means a Share that was previously issued but was repurchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired by the Company and not cancelled;

 

(ii) written or any term of like import includes information generated, sent, received or stored by electronic, electrical, digital, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, biometric or photonic means, including electronic data interchange, electronic mail, telegram, telex or telecopy, and “in writing” shall be construed accordingly.

 

12.2 In the Memorandum and the Articles, unless the context otherwise requires a reference to:

 

(a) a Regulation is a reference to a regulation of the Articles;

 

(b) a Clause is a reference to a clause of the Memorandum;

 

(c) voting by Member is a reference to the casting of the votes attached to the Shares held by the Member voting;

 

(d) the Act, the Memorandum or the Articles is a reference to the Act or those documents as amended; and

 

(e) the singular includes the plural and vice versa.

 

12.3 Any words or expressions defined in the Act unless the context otherwise requires bear the same meaning in the Memorandum and Articles unless otherwise defined herein.

 

12.4 Headings are inserted for convenience only and shall be disregarded in interpreting the Memorandum and Articles.

 

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Signed for HARNEYS CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED of Craigmuir Chambers, Road Town, Tortola, VG1110, British Virgin Islands for the purpose of incorporating a BVI Business Company under the laws of the British Virgin Islands on 28 December 2017:

 

Incorporator  
   
Sgd. Indira Ward-Lewis  
Indira Ward-Lewis  
Authorised Signatory  
HARNEYS CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED  

 

 

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TERRITORY OF THE BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

THE BVI BUSINESS COMPANIES ACT 2004

 

AMENDED AND RESTATED ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION
OF
GREENLAND TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING CORPORATION

 

A Company Limited By Shares

 

1 REGISTERED SHARES

 

1.1 Every Member is entitled to a certificate signed by a Director of the Company or under the Seal specifying the number of Shares held by him and the signature of the Director and the Seal may be facsimiles.

 

1.2 Any Member receiving a certificate shall indemnify and hold the Company and its Directors and officers harmless from any loss or liability which it or they may incur by reason of any wrongful or fraudulent use or representation made by any person by virtue of the possession thereof. If a certificate for Shares is worn out or lost it may be renewed on production of the worn out certificate or on satisfactory proof of its loss together with such indemnity as may be required by a Resolution of Directors.

 

1.3 If several Eligible Persons are registered as joint holders of any Shares, any one of such Eligible Persons may give an effectual receipt for any Distribution.

 

1.4 Nothing in these Articles shall require title to any Shares or other Securities to be evidenced by a certificate if the Act and the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange permit otherwise.

 

1.5 Subject to the Act and the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, the Board of Directors without further consultation with the holders of any Shares or Securities may resolve that any class or series of Shares or other Securities in issue or to be issued from time to time may be issued, registered or converted to uncertificated form and the practices instituted by the operator of the relevant system. No provision of these Articles will apply to any uncertificated shares or Securities to the extent that they are inconsistent with the holding of such shares or securities in uncertificated form or the transfer of title to any such shares or securities by means of a relevant system.

 

1.6 Conversion of Shares held in certificated form into Shares held in uncertificated form, and vice versa, may be made in such manner as the Board of Directors, in its absolute discretion, may think fit (subject always to the requirements of the relevant system concerned). The Company or any duly authorised transfer agent shall enter on the register of members how many Shares are held by each member in uncertificated form and certificated form and shall maintain the register of members in each case as is required by the relevant system concerned. Notwithstanding any provision of these Articles, a class or series of Shares shall not be treated as two classes by virtue only of that class or series comprising both certificated shares and uncertificated shares or as a result of any provision of these Articles which applies only in respect of certificated shares or uncertificated shares.

 

1.7 Nothing contained in Regulation 1.5 and 1.6 is meant to prohibit the Shares from being able to trade electronically.

 

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2       SHARES

 

2.1 Subject to the provisions of these Articles and, where applicable, the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, the unissued Shares of the Company shall be at the disposal of the Directors and Shares and other Securities may be issued and option to acquire Shares or other Securities may be granted at such times, to such Eligible Persons, for such consideration and on such terms as the Directors may by Resolution of Directors determine.

 

2.2 Without prejudice to any special rights previously conferred on the holders of any existing Preferred Shares or class of Preferred Shares, any class of Preferred Shares may be issued with such preferred, deferred or other special rights or such restrictions, whether in regard to dividend, voting or otherwise as the Directors may from time to time determine.

 

2.3 Section 46 of the Act does not apply to the Company.

 

2.4 A Share may be issued for consideration in any form, including money, a promissory note, real property, personal property (including goodwill and know-how) or a contract for future services.

 

2.5 No Shares may be issued for a consideration other than money, unless a Resolution of Directors has been passed stating:

 

(a) the amount to be credited for the issue of the Shares; and

 

(b) that, in their opinion, the present cash value of the non-money consideration for the issue is not less than the amount to be credited for the issue of the Shares.

 

2.6 The Company shall keep a register (the share register) containing:

 

(a) the names and addresses of the persons who hold Shares;

 

(b) the number of each class and series of Shares held by each Member;

 

(c) the date on which the name of each Member was entered in the share register; and

 

(d) the date on which any Eligible Person ceased to be a Member.

 

2.7 The share register may be in any such form as the Directors may approve, but if it is in magnetic, electronic or other data storage form, the Company must be able to produce legible evidence of its contents. Until the Directors otherwise determine, the magnetic, electronic or other data storage form shall be the original share register.

 

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2.8 A Share is deemed to be issued when the name of the Member is entered in the share register.

 

2.9 Subject to the provisions of the Act, Shares may be issued on the terms that they are redeemable, or at the option of the Company be liable to be redeemed on such terms and in such manner as the Directors before or at the time of the issue of such Shares may determine. The Directors may issue options, warrants, rights or convertible securities or securities or a similar nature conferring the right upon the holders thereof to subscribe for, purchase or receive any class of Shares or Securities on such terms as the Directors may from time to time determine.

 

3 FORFEITURE

 

3.1 Shares that are not fully paid on issue are subject to the forfeiture provisions set forth in this Regulation and for this purpose Shares issued for a promissory note or a contract for future services are deemed to be not fully paid.

 

3.2 A written notice of call specifying the date for payment to be made shall be served on the Member who defaults in making payment in respect of the Shares.

 

3.3 The written notice of call referred to in Regulation 3.2 shall name a further date not earlier than the expiration of 14 days from the date of service of the notice on or before which the payment required by the notice is to be made and shall contain a statement that in the event of non-payment at or before the time named in the notice the Shares, or any of them, in respect of which payment is not made will be liable to be forfeited.

 

3.4 Where a written notice of call has been issued pursuant to Regulation 3.2 and the requirements of the notice have not been complied with, the Directors may, at any time before tender of payment, forfeit and cancel the Shares to which the notice relates.

 

3.5 The Company is under no obligation to refund any moneys to the Member whose Shares have been cancelled pursuant to Regulation 3.4 and that Member shall be discharged from any further obligation to the Company.

 

4 TRANSFER OF SHARES

 

4.1 Subject to the Memorandum, certificated shares may be transferred by a written instrument of transfer signed by the transferor and containing the name and address of the transferee, which shall be sent to the Company for registration. A member shall be entitled to transfer uncertificated shares by means of a relevant system and the operator of the relevant system shall act as agent of the Members for the purposes of the transfer of such uncertificated shares.

 

4.2 The transfer of a Share is effective when the name of the transferee is entered on the share register.

 

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4.3 If the Directors of the Company are satisfied that an instrument of transfer relating to Shares has been signed but that the instrument has been lost or destroyed, they may resolve by Resolution of Directors:

 

(a) to accept such evidence of the transfer of Shares as they consider appropriate; and

 

(b) that the transferee’s name should be entered in the share register notwithstanding the absence of the instrument of transfer.

 

4.4 Subject to the Memorandum, the personal representative of a deceased Member may transfer a Share even though the personal representative is not a Member at the time of the transfer.

 

5 DISTRIBUTIONS

 

5.1 The Directors of the Company may, by Resolution of Directors, authorise a distribution at a time and of an amount they think fit if they are satisfied, on reasonable grounds, that, immediately after the distribution, the value of the Company’s assets will exceed its liabilities and the Company will be able to pay its debts as and when they fall due.

 

5.2 Dividends may be paid in money, shares, or other property.

 

5.3 The Company may, by Resolution of Directors, from time to time pay to the Members such interim dividends as appear to the Directors to be justified by the profits of the Company, provided always that they are satisfied, on reasonable grounds, that, immediately after the distribution, the value of the Company’s assets will exceed its liabilities and the Company will be able to pay its debts as and when they fall due.

 

5.4 Notice in writing of any dividend that may have been declared shall be given to each Member in accordance with Regulation 21 and all dividends unclaimed for three years after such notice has been given to a Member may be forfeited by Resolution of Directors for the benefit of the Company.

 

5.5 No dividend shall bear interest as against the Company.

 

6 REDEMPTION OF SHARES AND TREASURY SHARES

 

6.1 The Company may purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire and hold its own Shares save that the Company may not purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire its own Shares without the consent of the Member whose Shares are to be purchased, redeemed or otherwise acquired unless the Company is permitted or required by the Act or any other provision in the Memorandum or Articles to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire the Shares without such consent.

 

6.2 The purchase, redemption or other acquisition by the Company of its own Shares is deemed not to be a distribution where:

 

(a) the Company purchases, redeems or otherwise acquires the Shares pursuant to a right of a Member to have his Shares redeemed or to have his shares exchanged for money or other property of the Company, or

 

(b) the Company purchases, redeems or otherwise acquires the Shares by virtue of the provisions of section 179 of the Act.

 

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6.3 Sections 60, 61 and 62 of the Act shall not apply to the Company.

 

6.4 Shares that the Company purchases, redeems or otherwise acquires pursuant to this Regulation may be cancelled or held as Treasury Shares except to the extent that such Shares are in excess of 50 percent of the issued Shares in which case they shall be cancelled but they shall be available for reissue.

 

6.5 All rights and obligations attaching to a Treasury Share are suspended and shall not be exercised by the Company while it holds the Share as a Treasury Share.

 

6.6 Treasury Shares may be disposed of by the Company on such terms and conditions (not otherwise inconsistent with the Memorandum and Articles) as the Company may by Resolution of Directors determine.

 

6.7 Where Shares are held by another body corporate of which the Company holds, directly or indirectly, shares having more than 50 per cent of the votes in the election of Directors of the other body corporate, all rights and obligations attaching to the Shares held by the other body corporate are suspended and shall not be exercised by the other body corporate.

 

7 MORTGAGES AND CHARGES OF SHARES

 

7.1 Unless a Member agrees otherwise, a Member may by an instrument in writing mortgage or charge his Shares.

 

7.2 There shall be entered in the share register at the written request of the Member:

 

(a) a statement that the Shares held by him are mortgaged or charged;

 

(b) the name of the mortgagee or chargee; and

 

(c) the date on which the particulars specified in subparagraphs (a) and (b) are entered in the share register.

 

7.3 Where particulars of a mortgage or charge are entered in the share register, such particulars may be cancelled:

 

(a) with the written consent of the named mortgagee or chargee or anyone authorised to act on his behalf; or

 

(b) upon evidence satisfactory to the Directors of the discharge of the liability secured by the mortgage or charge and the issue of such indemnities as the Directors shall consider necessary or desirable.

 

7.4 Whilst particulars of a mortgage or charge over Shares are entered in the share register pursuant to this Regulation:

 

(a) no transfer of any Share the subject of those particulars shall be effected;

 

(b) the Company may not purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire any such Share; and

  

(c) no replacement certificate shall be issued in respect of such Shares,

 

without the written consent of the named mortgagee or chargee.

 

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8 MEETINGS AND CONSENTS OF MEMBERS

 

8.1 Any Director of the Company may convene meetings of the Members at such times and in such manner and places within or outside the British Virgin Islands as the Director considers necessary or desirable. An AGM shall be held annually at such date and time as may be determined by the Directors.

 

8.2 Upon the written request of the Members entitled to exercise 30 percent or more of the voting rights in respect of the matter for which the meeting is requested the Directors shall convene a meeting of Members.

 

8.3 The Director convening a meeting of Members shall give not less than 10 nor more than 60 days’ written notice of such meeting to:

 

(a) those Members whose names on the date the notice is given appear as Members in the share register of the Company and are entitled to vote at the meeting; and

 

(b) the other Directors.

 

8.4 The Director convening a meeting of Members shall fix in the notice of the meeting the record date for determining those Members that are entitled to vote at the meeting.

 

8.5 A meeting of Members held in contravention of the requirement to give notice is valid if Members holding at least 90 per cent of the total voting rights on all the matters to be considered at the meeting have waived notice of the meeting and, for this purpose, the presence of a Member at the meeting shall constitute waiver in relation to all the Shares which that Member holds.

 

8.6 The inadvertent failure of a Director who convenes a meeting to give notice of a meeting to a Member or another Director, or the fact that a Member or another Director has not received notice, does not invalidate the meeting.

 

8.7 A Member may be represented at a meeting of Members by a proxy who may speak and vote on behalf of the Member.

 

8.8 The instrument appointing a proxy shall be produced at the place designated for the meeting before the time for holding the meeting at which the person named in such instrument proposes to vote.

 

8.9 The instrument appointing a proxy shall be in substantially the following form or such other form as the chairman of the meeting shall accept as properly evidencing the wishes of the Member appointing the proxy.

 

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Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation

 

I/We being a Member of the above Company HEREBY APPOINT __________________________________of ______________or ______________ failing him _______________ of ___________________to be my/our proxy to vote for me/us at the meeting of Members to be held on the ________ day of ___________, 20       and at any adjournment thereof.

 

(Any restrictions on voting to be inserted here.)

 

Signed this ________ day of ____, 20

 

 
 

 

Member

 

8.10 The following applies where Shares are jointly owned:

 

(a) if two or more persons hold Shares jointly each of them may be present in person or by proxy at a meeting of Members and may speak as a Member;

 

(b) if only one of the joint owners is present in person or by proxy he may vote on behalf of all joint owners; and

 

(c) if two or more of the joint owners are present in person or by proxy they must vote as one and in the event of disagreement between any of the joint owners of Shares then the vote of the joint owner whose name appears first (or earliest) in the share register in respect of the relevant Shares shall be recorded as the vote attributable to the Shares.

 

8.11 A Member shall be deemed to be present at a meeting of Members if he participates by telephone or other electronic means and all Members participating in the meeting are able to hear each other.

 

8.12 A meeting of Members is duly constituted if, at the commencement of the meeting, there are present in person or by proxy not less than 50 per cent of the votes of the Shares entitled to vote on Resolutions of Members to be considered at the meeting. If the Company has two or more classes of shares, a meeting may be quorate for some purposes and not for others. A quorum may comprise a single Member or proxy and then such person may pass a Resolution of Members and a certificate signed by such person accompanied where such person holds a proxy by a copy of the proxy instrument shall constitute a valid Resolution of Members.

 

8.13 If within two hours from the time appointed for the meeting of Members, a quorum is not present, the meeting, at the discretion of the Chairman of the Board of Directors shall either be dissolved or stand adjourned to a business day in the jurisdiction in which the meeting was to have been held at the same time and place, and if at the adjourned meeting there are present within one hour from the time appointed for the meeting in person or by proxy not less than one third of the votes of the Shares entitled to vote or each class or series of Shares entitled to vote, as applicable, on the matters to be considered by the meeting, those present shall constitute a quorum but otherwise the meeting shall either be dissolved or stand further adjourned at the discretion of the Chairman of the Board of Directors.

 

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8.14 At every meeting of Members, the Chairman of the Board shall preside as chairman of the meeting. If there is no Chairman of the Board or if the Chairman of the Board is not present at the meeting, the Members present shall choose one of their number to be the chairman. If the Members are unable to choose a chairman for any reason, then the person representing the greatest number of voting Shares present in person or by proxy at the meeting shall preside as chairman failing which the oldest individual Member or representative of a Member present shall take the chair.

 

8.15 The person appointed as chairman of the meeting pursuant to Regulation 8.14 may adjourn any meeting from time to time, and from place to place. For the avoidance of doubt, a meeting can be adjourned for as many times as may be determined to be necessary by the chairman and a meeting may remain open indefinitely for as long a period as may be determined by the chairman.

 

8.16 At any meeting of the Members the chairman of the meeting is responsible for deciding in such manner as he considers appropriate whether any resolution proposed has been carried or not and the result of his decision shall be announced to the meeting and recorded in the minutes of the meeting. If the chairman has any doubt as to the outcome of the vote on a proposed resolution, he shall cause a poll to be taken of all votes cast upon such resolution. If the chairman fails to take a poll then any Member present in person or by proxy who disputes the announcement by the chairman of the result of any vote may immediately following such announcement demand that a poll be taken and the chairman shall cause a poll to be taken. If a poll is taken at any meeting, the result shall be announced to the meeting and recorded in the minutes of the meeting.

 

8.17 Subject to the specific provisions contained in this Regulation for the appointment of representatives of Members other than individuals the right of any individual to speak for or represent a Member shall be determined by the law of the jurisdiction where, and by the documents by which, the Member is constituted or derives its existence. In case of doubt, the Directors may in good faith seek legal advice and unless and until a court of competent jurisdiction shall otherwise rule, the Directors may rely and act upon such advice without incurring any liability to any Member or the Company.

 

8.18 Any Member other than an individual may by resolution of its Directors or other governing body authorise such individual as it thinks fit to act as its representative at any meeting of Members or of any class of Members, and the individual so authorised shall be entitled to exercise the same rights on behalf of the Member which he represents as that Member could exercise if it were an individual.

 

8.19 The chairman of any meeting at which a vote is cast by proxy or on behalf of any Member other than an individual may at the meeting but not thereafter call for a notarially certified copy of such proxy or authority which shall be produced within 7 days of being so requested or the votes cast by such proxy or on behalf of such Member shall be disregarded.

 

8.20 Directors of the Company may attend and speak at any meeting of Members and at any separate meeting of the holders of any class or series of Shares.

 

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9 DIRECTORS

 

9.1 The first Directors of the Company shall be appointed by the first registered agent within 30 days of the incorporation of the Company; and thereafter, the Directors shall be elected, by Resolution of Members or by Resolution of Directors for such term as the Members or Directors determine.

 

9.2 The Directors shall be divided into two classes, being the class I directors (the Class I Directors) and the class II directors (the Class II Directors). The number of Directors in each class shall be as nearly equal as possible. The Class I Directors shall stand elected for a term expiring at the Company’s first AGM and the Class II Directors shall stand elected for a term expiring at the Company’s second AGM. Commencing at the Company’s first AGM, and at each following AGM, Directors elected to succeed those Directors whose terms expire shall be elected for a term of office to expire at the second AGM following their election. Except as the Act or any applicable law may otherwise require, in the interim between an AGM or general meeting called for the election of Directors and/or the removal of one or more Directors any vacancy on the Board of Directors, may be filled by the majority vote of the remaining Directors.

 

9.3 No person shall be appointed as a Director of the Company unless he has consented in writing to act as a Director.

 

9.4 The minimum number of Directors shall be one and there shall be no maximum number of Directors.

 

9.5 Each Director holds office for the term, if any, fixed by the Resolution of Members or Resolution of Directors appointing him or pursuant to Regulation 9.1 or 9.8, or until his earlier death, resignation or removal. If no term is fixed on the appointment of a Director, the Director serves indefinitely until his earlier death, resignation or removal.

 

9.6 A Director may be removed from office with or without cause by:

 

(a) a Resolution of Members passed at a meeting of Members called for the purposes of removing the Director or for purposes including the removal of the Director; or

 

(b) subject to Regulation 9.2, a Resolution of Directors passed at a meeting of Directors.

 

9.7 A Director may resign his office by giving written notice of his resignation to the Company and the resignation has effect from the date the notice is received by the Company at the office of its registered agent or from such later date as may be specified in the notice. A Director shall resign forthwith as a Director if he is, or becomes, disqualified from acting as a Director under the Act.

 

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9.8 Subject to Regulation 9.2, the Directors may at any time appoint any person to be a Director either to fill a vacancy or as an addition to the existing Directors. Where the Directors appoint a person as Director to fill a vacancy, the term shall not exceed the term that remained when the person who has ceased to be a Director ceased to hold office.

 

9.9 A vacancy in relation to Directors occurs if a Director dies or otherwise ceases to hold office prior to the expiration of his term of office.

 

9.10 The Company shall keep a register of Directors containing:

 

(a) the names and addresses of the persons who are Directors of the Company;

 

(b) the date on which each person whose name is entered in the register was appointed as a Director of the Company;

 

(c) the date on which each person named as a Director ceased to be a Director of the Company; and

 

(d) such other information as may be prescribed by the Act.

 

9.11 The register of Directors may be kept in any such form as the Directors may approve, but if it is in magnetic, electronic or other data storage form, the Company must be able to produce legible evidence of its contents. Until a Resolution of Directors determining otherwise is passed, the magnetic, electronic or other data storage shall be the original register of Directors.

 

9.12 The Directors, or if the Shares (or depository receipts therefore) are listed or quoted on a Designated Stock Exchange, and if required by the Designated Stock Exchange, any committee thereof, may, by a Resolution of Directors, fix the emoluments of Directors with respect to services to be rendered in any capacity to the Company.

 

9.13 A Director is not required to hold a Share as a qualification to office.

 

9.14 Prior to the consummation of any transaction with:

 

(a) any affiliate of the Company;

 

(b) any Member owning an interest in the voting power of the Company that gives such Member a significant influence over the Company;

 

(c) any Director or executive officer of the Company and any relative of such Director or executive officer; and

 

(d) any person in which a substantial interest in the voting power of the Company is owned, directly or indirectly, by a person referred to in Regulations 9.14(b) and (c) or over which such a person is able to exercise significant influence,

 

such transaction must be approved by a majority of the members of the Board of Directors who do not have an interest in the transaction, such directors having been provided with access (at the Company’s expense) to the Company’s attorney or independent legal counsel, unless the disinterested directors determine that the terms of such transaction are no less favourable to the Company than those that would be available to the Company with respect to such a transaction from unaffiliated third parties.

 

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10 POWERS OF DIRECTORS

 

10.1 The business and affairs of the Company shall be managed by, or under the direction or supervision of, the Directors of the Company. The Directors of the Company have all the powers necessary for managing, and for directing and supervising, the business and affairs of the Company. The Directors may pay all expenses incurred preliminary to and in connection with the incorporation of the Company and may exercise all such powers of the Company as are not by the Act or by the Memorandum or the Articles required to be exercised by the Members.

 

10.2 If the Company is the wholly owned subsidiary of a holding company, a Director of the Company may, when exercising powers or performing duties as a Director, act in a manner which he believes is in the best interests of the holding company even though it may not be in the best interests of the Company.

 

10.3 Each Director shall exercise his powers for a proper purpose and shall not act or agree to the Company acting in a manner that contravenes the Memorandum, the Articles or the Act. Each Director, in exercising his powers or performing his duties, shall act honestly and in good faith in what the Director believes to be the best interests of the Company.

 

10.4 Any Director which is a body corporate may appoint any individual as its duly authorised representative for the purpose of representing it at meetings of the Directors, with respect to the signing of consents or otherwise.

 

10.5 The continuing Directors may act notwithstanding any vacancy in their body.

 

10.6 The Directors may by Resolution of Directors exercise all the powers of the Company to incur indebtedness, liabilities or obligations and to secure indebtedness, liabilities or obligations whether of the Company or of any third party.

 

10.7 All cheques, promissory notes, drafts, bills of exchange and other negotiable instruments and all receipts for moneys paid to the Company shall be signed, drawn, accepted, endorsed or otherwise executed, as the case may be, in such manner as shall from time to time be determined by Resolution of Directors.

 

10.8 Section 175 of the Act shall not apply to the Company.

 

11 PROCEEDINGS OF DIRECTORS

 

11.1 Any one Director of the Company may call a meeting of the Directors by sending a written notice to each other Director.

 

11.2 The Directors of the Company or any committee thereof may meet at such times and in such manner and places within or outside the British Virgin Islands as the notice calling the meeting provides.

 

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11.3 A Director is deemed to be present at a meeting of Directors if he participates by telephone or other electronic means and all Directors participating in the meeting are able to hear each other.

 

11.4 A Director may by a written instrument appoint an alternate who need not be a Director, any such alternate shall be entitled to attend meetings in the absence of the Director who appointed him and to vote or consent in place of the Director until the appointment lapses or is terminated.

 

11.5 A Director shall be given not less than three days’ notice of meetings of Directors, but a meeting of Directors held without three days’ notice having been given to all Directors shall be valid if all the Directors entitled to vote at the meeting who do not attend waive notice of the meeting, and for this purpose the presence of a Director at a meeting shall constitute waiver by that Director. The inadvertent failure to give notice of a meeting to a Director, or the fact that a Director has not received the notice, does not invalidate the meeting.

 

11.6 A meeting of Directors is duly constituted for all purposes if at the commencement of the meeting there are present in person or by alternate not less than one-half of the total number of Directors, unless there are only two Directors in which case the quorum is two.

 

11.7 If the Company has only one Director the provisions herein contained for meetings of Directors do not apply and such sole Director has full power to represent and act for the Company in all matters as are not by the Act, the Memorandum or the Articles required to be exercised by the Members. In lieu of minutes of a meeting the sole Director shall record in writing and sign a note or memorandum of all matters requiring a Resolution of Directors. Such a note or memorandum constitutes sufficient evidence of such resolution for all purposes.

 

11.8 At meetings of Directors at which the Chairman of the Board is present, he shall preside as chairman of the meeting. If there is no Chairman of the Board or if the Chairman of the Board is not present, the Directors present shall choose one of their number to be chairman of the meeting. If the Directors are unable to choose a chairman for any reason, then the oldest individual Director present (and for this purpose an alternate Director shall be deemed to be the same age as the Director that he represents) shall take the chair.

 

11.9 An action that may be taken by the Directors or a committee of Directors at a meeting may also be taken by a Resolution of Directors or a resolution of a committee of Directors consented to in writing by all Directors or by all members of the committee, as the case may be, without the need for any notice. The consent may be in the form of counterparts each counterpart being signed by one or more Directors. If the consent is in one or more counterparts, and the counterparts bear different dates, then the resolution shall take effect on the date upon which the last Director has consented to the resolution by signed counterparts.

 

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12 COMMITTEES

 

12.1 The Directors may, by Resolution of Directors, designate one or more committees, each consisting of one or more Directors, and delegate one or more of their powers, including the power to affix the Seal, to the committee.

 

12.2 The Directors have no power to delegate to a committee of Directors any of the following powers:

 

(a) to amend the Memorandum or the Articles;

 

(b) to designate committees of Directors;

 

(c) to delegate powers to a committee of Directors;

 

(d) to appoint Directors;

 

(e) to appoint an agent;

 

(f) to approve a plan of merger, consolidation or arrangement; or

 

(g) to make a declaration of solvency or to approve a liquidation plan.

 

12.3 Regulations 12.2(b) and (c) do not prevent a committee of Directors, where authorised by the Resolution of Directors appointing such committee or by a subsequent Resolution of Directors, from appointing a sub-committee and delegating powers exercisable by the committee to the sub-committee.

 

12.4 The meetings and proceedings of each committee of Directors consisting of 2 or more Directors shall be governed mutatis mutandis by the provisions of the Articles regulating the proceedings of Directors so far as the same are not superseded by any provisions in the Resolution of Directors establishing the committee.

 

13 OFFICERS AND AGENTS

 

13.1 The Company may by Resolution of Directors appoint officers of the Company at such times as may be considered necessary or expedient. Such officers may consist of a Chairman of the Board of Directors, a Chief Executive Officer, a President, a Chief Financial Officer (in each case there may be more than one of such officers), one or more vice-presidents, secretaries and treasurers and such other officers as may from time to time be considered necessary or expedient. Any number of offices may be held by the same person.

 

13.2 The officers shall perform such duties as are prescribed at the time of their appointment subject to any modification in such duties as may be prescribed thereafter by Resolution of Directors. In the absence of any specific prescription of duties it shall be the responsibility of the Chairman of the Board (or Co-Chairman, as the case may be) to preside at meetings of Directors and Members, the Chief Executive Officer (or Co-Chief Executive Officer, as the case may be) to manage the day to day affairs of the Company, the vice-presidents to act in order of seniority in the absence of the Chief Executive Officer (or Co-Chief Executive Officer, as the case may be) but otherwise to perform such duties as may be delegated to them by the Chief Executive Officer (or Co-Chief Executive Officer, as the case may be), the secretaries to maintain the share register, minute books and records (other than financial records) of the Company and to ensure compliance with all procedural requirements imposed on the Company by applicable law, and the treasurer to be responsible for the financial affairs of the Company.

 

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13.3 The emoluments of all officers shall be fixed by Resolution of Directors.

 

13.4 The officers of the Company shall hold office until their death, resignation or removal. Any officer elected or appointed by the Directors may be removed at any time, with or without cause, by Resolution of Directors. Any vacancy occurring in any office of the Company may be filled by Resolution of Directors.

 

13.5 The Directors may, by a Resolution of Directors, appoint any person, including a person who is a Director, to be an agent of the Company. An agent of the Company shall have such powers and authority of the Directors, including the power and authority to affix the Seal, as are set forth in the Articles or in the Resolution of Directors appointing the agent, except that no agent has any power or authority with respect to the matters specified in Regulation 12.1. The Resolution of Directors appointing an agent may authorise the agent to appoint one or more substitutes or delegates to exercise some or all of the powers conferred on the agent by the Company. The Directors may remove an agent appointed by the Company and may revoke or vary a power conferred on him.

 

14 CONFLICT OF INTERESTS

 

14.1 A Director of the Company shall, forthwith after becoming aware of the fact that he is interested in a transaction entered into or to be entered into by the Company, disclose the interest to all other Directors of the Company.

 

14.2 For the purposes of Regulation 14.1, a disclosure to all other Directors to the effect that a Director is a member, Director or officer of another named entity or has a fiduciary relationship with respect to the entity or a named individual and is to be regarded as interested in any transaction which may, after the date of the entry or disclosure, be entered into with that entity or individual, is a sufficient disclosure of interest in relation to that transaction.

 

14.3 Provided that the requirements of Regulation 9.14 have first been satisfied, a Director of the Company who is interested in a transaction entered into or to be entered into by the Company may:

 

(a) vote on a matter relating to the transaction;

 

(b) attend a meeting of Directors at which a matter relating to the transaction arises and be included among the Directors present at the meeting for the purposes of a quorum; and

 

(c) sign a document on behalf of the Company, or do any other thing in his capacity as a Director, that relates to the transaction,

 

and, subject to compliance with the Act and these Articles shall not, by reason of his office be accountable to the Company for any benefit which he derives from such transaction and no such transaction shall be liable to be avoided on the grounds of any such interest or benefit.

 

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15 INDEMNIFICATION

 

15.1 Subject to the limitations hereinafter provided the Company shall indemnify, hold harmless and exonerate against all direct and indirect costs, fees and Expenses of any type or nature whatsoever, any person who:

 

(a) is or was a party or is threatened to be made a party to any Proceeding by reason of the fact that such person is or was a Director, officer, key employee, adviser of the Company or who at the request of the Company; or

 

(b) is or was, at the request of the Company, serving as a Director of, or in any other capacity is or was acting for, another Enterprise.

 

15.2 The indemnity in Regulation 15.1 only applies if the relevant Indemnitee acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Company and, in the case of criminal proceedings, the Indemnitee had no reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful.

 

15.3 The decision of the Directors as to whether an Indemnitee acted honestly and in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the Company and as to whether such Indemnitee had no reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful is, in the absence of fraud, sufficient for the purposes of the Articles, unless a question of law is involved.

 

15.4 The termination of any Proceedings by any judgment, order, settlement, conviction or the entering of a nolle prosequi does not, by itself, create a presumption that the relevant Indemnitee did not act honestly and in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the Company or that such Indemnitee had reasonable cause to believe that his conduct was unlawful.

 

15.5 The Company may purchase and maintain insurance, purchase or furnish similar protection or make other arrangements including, but not limited to, providing a trust fund, letter of credit, or surety bond in relation to any Indemnitee or who at the request of the Company is or was serving as a Director, officer or liquidator of, or in any other capacity is or was acting for, another Enterprise, against any liability asserted against the person and incurred by him in that capacity, whether or not the Company has or would have had the power to indemnify him against the liability as provided in these Articles.

 

16 RECORDS

 

16.1 The Company shall keep the following documents at the office of its registered agent:

 

(a) the Memorandum and the Articles;

 

(b) the share register, or a copy of the share register;

 

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(c) the register of Directors, or a copy of the register of Directors; and

 

(d) copies of all notices and other documents filed by the Company with the Registrar of Corporate Affairs in the previous 10 years.

 

16.2 If the Company maintains only a copy of the share register or a copy of the register of Directors at the office of its registered agent, it shall:

 

(a) within 15 days of any change in either register, notify the registered agent in writing of the change; and

 

(b) provide the registered agent with a written record of the physical address of the place or places at which the original share register or the original register of Directors is kept.

 

16.3 The Company shall keep the following records at the office of its registered agent or at such other place or places, within or outside the British Virgin Islands, as the Directors may determine:

 

(a) minutes of meetings and Resolutions of Members and classes of Members;

 

(b) minutes of meetings and Resolutions of Directors and committees of Directors; and

 

(c) an impression of the Seal, if any.

 

16.4 Where any original records referred to in this Regulation are maintained other than at the office of the registered agent of the Company, and the place at which the original records is changed, the Company shall provide the registered agent with the physical address of the new location of the records of the Company within 14 days of the change of location.

 

16.5 The records kept by the Company under this Regulation shall be in written form or either wholly or partly as electronic records complying with the requirements of the Electronic Transactions Act.

 

17 REGISTERS OF CHARGES

 

17.1 The Company shall maintain at the office of its registered agent a register of charges in which there shall be entered the following particulars regarding each mortgage, charge and other encumbrance created by the Company:

 

(a) the date of creation of the charge;

 

(b) a short description of the liability secured by the charge;

 

(c) a short description of the property charged;

 

(d) the name and address of the trustee for the security or, if there is no such trustee, the name and address of the chargee;

 

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(e) unless the charge is a security to bearer, the name and address of the holder of the charge; and

 

(f) details of any prohibition or restriction contained in the instrument creating the charge on the power of the Company to create any future charge ranking in priority to or equally with the charge.

 

18 CONTINUATION

 

The Company may by Resolution of Members or by a Resolution of Directors continue as a company incorporated under the laws of a jurisdiction outside the British Virgin Islands in the manner provided under those laws.

 

19 SEAL

 

The Company may have more than one Seal and references herein to the Seal shall be references to every Seal which shall have been duly adopted by Resolution of Directors. The Directors shall provide for the safe custody of the Seal and for an imprint thereof to be kept at the registered office. Except as otherwise expressly provided herein the Seal when affixed to any written instrument shall be witnessed and attested to by the signature of any one Director or other person so authorised from time to time by Resolution of Directors. Such authorisation may be before or after the Seal is affixed, may be general or specific and may refer to any number of sealings. The Directors may provide for a facsimile of the Seal and of the signature of any Director or authorised person which may be reproduced by printing or other means on any instrument and it shall have the same force and validity as if the Seal had been affixed to such instrument and the same had been attested to as hereinbefore described.

 

20 ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT

 

20.1 The Company shall keep records that are sufficient to show and explain the Company’s transactions and that will, at any time, enable the financial position of the Company to be determined with reasonable accuracy.

 

20.2 The Company may by Resolution of Members call for the Directors to prepare periodically and make available a profit and loss account and a balance sheet. The profit and loss account and balance sheet shall be drawn up so as to give respectively a true and fair view of the profit and loss of the Company for a financial period and a true and fair view of the assets and liabilities of the Company as at the end of a financial period.

 

20.3 The Company may by Resolution of Members call for the accounts to be examined by auditors.

 

20.4 If the Shares are listed or quoted on a Designated Stock Exchange that requires the Company to have an audit committee, the Directors shall adopt a formal written audit committee charter and review and assess the adequacy of the formal written charter on an annual basis.

 

20.5 If the Shares are listed or quoted on the Designated Stock Exchange, the Company shall conduct an appropriate review of all related party transactions on an ongoing basis and, if required, shall utilise the audit committee for the review and approval of potential conflicts of interest.

 

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20.6 If applicable, and subject to applicable law and the rules of the SEC and the Designated Stock Exchange:

 

(a) at the AGM or at a subsequent extraordinary general meeting in each year, the Members shall appoint an auditor who shall hold office until the Members appoint another auditor. Such auditor may be a Member but no Director or officer or employee of the Company shall during, his continuance in office, be eligible to act as auditor;

 

(b) a person, other than a retiring auditor, shall not be capable of being appointed auditor at an AGM unless notice in writing of an intention to nominate that person to the office of auditor has been given not less than ten days before the AGM and furthermore the Company shall send a copy of such notice to the retiring auditor; and

 

(c) the Members may, at any meeting convened and held in accordance with these Articles, by resolution remove the auditor at any time before the expiration of his term of office and shall by resolution at that meeting appoint another auditor in his stead for the remainder of his term.

 

20.7 The remuneration of the auditors shall be fixed by Resolution of Directors in such manner as the Directors may determine or in a manner required by the rules and regulations of the Designated Stock Exchange and the SEC.

 

20.8 The report of the auditors shall be annexed to the accounts and shall be read at the meeting of Members at which the accounts are laid before the Company or shall be otherwise given to the Members.

 

20.9 Every auditor of the Company shall have a right of access at all times to the books of account and vouchers of the Company, and shall be entitled to require from the Directors and officers of the Company such information and explanations as he thinks necessary for the performance of the duties of the auditors.

 

20.10 The auditors of the Company shall be entitled to receive notice of, and to attend any meetings of Members at which the Company’s profit and loss account and balance sheet are to be presented.

 

21 NOTICES

 

21.1 Any notice, information or written statement to be given by the Company to Members may be given by personal service by mail, facsimile or other similar means of electronic communication, addressed to each Member at the address shown in the share register.

 

21.2 Any summons, notice, order, document, process, information or written statement to be served on the Company may be served by leaving it, or by sending it by registered mail addressed to the Company, at its registered office, or by leaving it with, or by sending it by registered mail to, the registered agent of the Company.

 

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21.3 Service of any summons, notice, order, document, process, information or written statement to be served on the Company may be proved by showing that the summons, notice, order, document, process, information or written statement was delivered to the registered office or the registered agent of the Company or that it was mailed in such time as to admit to its being delivered to the registered office or the registered agent of the Company in the normal course of delivery within the period prescribed for service and was correctly addressed and the postage was prepaid.

 

22 VOLUNTARY WINDING UP

 

The Company may by a Resolution of Members or by a Resolution of Directors appoint a voluntary liquidator.

 

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Signed for HARNEYS CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED of Craigmuir Chambers, Road Town, Tortola, VG1110, British Virgin Islands for the purpose of incorporating a BVI Business Company under the laws of the British Virgin Islands on 28 December 2017:

 

Incorporator  
   
Sgd. Indira Ward-Lewis  
Indira Ward-Lewis  
Authorised Signatory  
HARNEYS CORPORATE SERVICES LIMITED  

 

 

 

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Exhibit 10.1

 

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT

 

This EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (the “Agreement”), is entered into as of October 24, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), by and between Greenland Acquisition Corporation, a British Virgin Islands business company with limited liability (the “Company”), and Raymond Z. Wang, an individual (the “Executive”). Except with respect to the direct employment of the Executive by the Company, the term “Company” as used herein with respect to all obligations of the Executive hereunder shall be deemed to include the Company and all of its subsidiaries and affiliated entities (collectively, the “Group”).

 

RECITALS

 

A. The Company desires to employ the Executive as its Chief Executive Officer and President to assure itself of the services of the Executive during the term of Employment (as defined below).

 

B. The Executive desires to be employed by the Company as its Chief Executive Officer and President during the term of Employment and upon the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

 

AGREEMENT

 

The parties hereto agree as follows:

 

1. POSITION

 

The Executive hereby accepts positions of Chief Executive Officer and President (the “Employment”) of the Company.

 

  2. TERM

 

Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the initial term of the Employment shall be three years commencing on the Effective Date, unless terminated earlier pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Employment will be renewed automatically for additional one-year terms if neither the Company nor the Executive provides a notice of termination of the Employment to the other party or otherwise proposes to re-negotiate the terms of the Employment with the other party within three months prior to the expiration of the applicable term.

 

  3. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 

(a) The Executive’s duties at the Company will include all jobs assigned by the Company’s Board of the Directors (the “Board”).

 

  (b) The Executive shall devote all of his/her working time, attention and skills to the performance of his/her duties at the Company and shall faithfully and diligently serve the Company in accordance with this Agreement, the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the Company, as amended and restated from time to time (the “Charter Documents”), and the guidelines, policies and procedures of the Company approved from time to time by the Board.

 

  (c) The Executive shall use his/her best efforts to perform his/her duties hereunder. The Executive shall not, without the prior written consent of the Board, become an employee of any entity other than the Company and any subsidiary or affiliate of the Company, and shall not be concerned or interested in any business or entity that engages in the same business in which the Company engages (any such business or entity, a “Competitor”), provided that nothing in this clause shall preclude the Executive from holding any shares or other securities of any Competitor that is listed on any securities exchange or recognized securities market anywhere if such shares or securities represent less than 5% of the competitors outstanding shares and securities. The Executive shall notify the Company in writing of his/her interest in such shares or securities in a timely manner and with such details and particulars as the Company may reasonably require.

 

 

 

 

  4. NO BREACH OF CONTRACT

 

The Executive hereby represents to the Company that: (i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Executive and the performance by the Executive of the Executive’s duties hereunder shall not constitute a breach of, or otherwise contravene, the terms of any other agreement or policy to which the Executive is a party or otherwise bound, except for agreements entered into by and between the Executive and any member of the Group pursuant to applicable law, if any; (ii) that the Executive has no information (including, without limitation, confidential information and trade secrets) relating to any other person or entity which would prevent, or be violated by, the Executive entering into this Agreement or carrying out his/her duties hereunder; (iii) that the Executive is not bound by any confidentiality, trade secret or similar agreement (other than this) with any other person or entity except for other member(s) of the Group, as the case may be.

 

  5. COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS

 

  (a) Base Salary. The Executive’s initial base salary shall be $145,000 per year, paid in periodic installments in accordance with the Company’s regular payroll practices, and such compensation is subject to annual review and adjustment by the Board.

 

  (b) Bonus. The Executive shall be eligible for Bonuses determined by the Board.

 

  (c) Equity Incentives. To the extent the Company adopts and maintains a share incentive plan, the Executive will be eligible to participate in such plan pursuant to the terms thereof as determined by the Board.

 

  (d) Benefits. The Executive is eligible for participation in any standard employee benefit plan of the Company that currently exists or may be adopted by the Company in the future, including, but not limited to, any retirement plan, life insurance plan, health insurance plan and travel/holiday plan.

 

  (e) Expenses. The Executive shall be entitled to reimbursement by the Company for all reasonable ordinary and necessary travel and other expenses incurred by the Executive in the performance of his/her duties under this Agreement; provided that he or she properly accounts for such expenses in accordance with the Company’s policies and procedures.

 

  6. TERMINATION OF THE AGREEMENT

 

  (a) By the Company.

 

(i) For Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment for cause, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), if:

 

(1) the Executive is convicted or pleads guilty to a felony or to an act of fraud, misappropriation or embezzlement,

 

(2) the Executive has been grossly negligent or acted dishonestly to the detriment of the Company,

 

(3) the Executive has engaged in actions amounting to willful misconduct or failed to perform his/her duties hereunder and such failure continues after the Executive is afforded a reasonable opportunity to cure such failure; or

 

(4) the Executive violates Section 7 or 9 of this Agreement.

 

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Upon termination for cause, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(ii) For death and disability. The Company may also terminate the Employment, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), upon one-month prior written notice, if:

 

(1) the Executive has died, or

 

(2) the Executive has a disability which shall mean a physical or mental impairment which, as reasonably determined by the Board, renders the Executive unable to perform the essential functions of his/her employment with the Company, with or without reasonable accommodation, for a period of two (2) consecutive months or three (3) months in any 12-month period, unless a longer period is required by applicable law, in which case that longer period would apply.

 

This Agreement and Executive’s employment pursuant to this Agreement, may be terminated by him or the Company on not less than thirty (30) days’ written notice in the event of Executive’s Disability.

 

Upon termination for death or disability, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(iii) Without Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment without cause, at any time, upon one-month prior written notice. Upon termination without cause, the Company shall provide the following severance payments and benefits to the Executive: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination, if any; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination, if any; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

Upon termination without, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination.

 

(iv) Change of Control Transaction. If the Company or its successor terminates the Employment upon a merger, consolidation, or transfer or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company with or to any other individual(s) or entity (the “Change of Control Transaction”), the Executive shall be entitled to the following severance payments and benefits upon such termination: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary at a rate equal to the greater of his/her annual salary in effect immediately prior to the termination, or his/her then current annual salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

(b) By the Executive. The Executive may terminate the Employment at any time with a one-month prior written notice to the Company, if (1) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s authority, duties and responsibilities, or (2) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s annual salary. Upon the Executive’s termination of the Employment due to either of the above reasons, the Company shall provide compensation to the Executive equivalent to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary that he or she is entitled to immediately prior to such termination. In addition, the Executive may resign prior to the expiration of the Agreement if such resignation is approved by the Board or an alternative arrangement with respect to the Employment is agreed to by the Board.

 

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  (c) Notice of Termination. Any termination of the Executive’s employment under this Agreement shall be communicated by written notice of termination from the terminating party to the other party. The notice of termination shall indicate the specific provision(s) of this Agreement relied upon in effecting the termination.

 

  7. CONFIDENTIALITY AND NON-DISCLOSURE

 

  (a) Confidentiality and Non-disclosure. The Executive hereby agrees at all times during the term of the Employment and after his/her termination, to hold in the strictest confidence, and not to use, except for the benefit of the Company, or to disclose to any person, corporation or other entity without prior written consent of the Company, any Confidential Information. The Executive understands that “Confidential Information” means any proprietary or confidential information of the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, including, without limitation, technical data, trade secrets, research and development information, product plans, services, customer lists and customers, supplier lists and suppliers, software developments, inventions, processes, formulas, technology, designs, hardware configuration information, personnel information, marketing, finances, information about the suppliers, joint ventures, franchisees, distributors and other persons with whom the Company does business, information regarding the skills and compensation of other employees of the Company or other business information disclosed to the Executive by or obtained by the Executive from the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, either directly or indirectly, in writing, orally or otherwise, if specifically indicated to be confidential or reasonably expected to be confidential. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Confidential Information shall not include information that is generally available and known to the public through no fault of the Executive.

 

  (b) Company Property. The Executive understands that all documents (including computer records, facsimile and e-mail) and materials created, received or transmitted in connection with his/her work or using the facilities of the Company are property of the Company and subject to inspection by the Company at any time. Upon termination of the Executive’s employment with the Company (or at any other time when requested by the Company), the Executive will promptly deliver to the Company all documents and materials of any nature pertaining to his/her work with the Company and will provide written certification of his/her compliance with this Agreement. Under no circumstances will the Executive have, following his/her termination, in his/her possession any property of the Company, or any documents or materials or copies thereof containing any Confidential Information.

 

  (c) Former Employer Information. The Executive agrees that he or she has not and will not, during the term of his/her employment, (i) improperly use or disclose any proprietary information or trade secrets of any former employer or other person or entity with which the Executive has an agreement or duty to keep in confidence information acquired by Executive, if any, or (ii) bring into the premises of the Company any document or confidential or proprietary information belonging to such former employer, person or entity unless consented to in writing by such former employer, person or entity. The Executive will indemnify the Company and hold it harmless from and against all claims, liabilities, damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs of suit, arising out of or in connection with any violation of the foregoing.

 

  (d) Third Party Information. The Executive recognizes that the Company may have received, and in the future may receive, from third parties their confidential or proprietary information subject to a duty on the Company’s part to maintain the confidentiality of such information and to use it only for certain limited purposes. The Executive agrees that the Executive owes the Company and such third parties, during the Executive’s employment by the Company and thereafter, a duty to hold all such confidential or proprietary information in the strictest confidence and not to disclose it to any person or firm and to use it in a manner consistent with, and for the limited purposes permitted by, the Company’s agreement with such third party.

 

This Section 7 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 7, the Company shall have right to seek remedies permissible under applicable law.

 

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8. CONFLICTING EMPLOYMENT.

 

The Executive hereby agrees that, during the term of his/her employment with the Company, he or she will not engage in any other employment, occupation, consulting or other business activity related to the business in which the Company is now involved or becomes involved during the term of the Executive’s employment, nor will the Executive engage in any other activities that conflict with his/her obligations to the Company without the prior written consent of the Company.

 

  9. NON-COMPETITION AND NON-SOLICITATION

 

In consideration of the salary paid to the Executive by the Company and subject to applicable law, the Executive agrees that during the term of the Employment and for a period of two (2) year following the termination of the Employment for whatever reason:

 

(a) The Executive will not approach clients, customers or contacts of the Company or other persons or entities introduced to the Executive in the Executive’s capacity as a representative of the Company for the purposes of doing business with such persons or entities which will harm the business relationship between the Company and such persons and/or entities;

 

  (b) The Executive will not assume employment with or provide services as a director or otherwise for any Competitor, or engage, whether as principal, partner, licensor or otherwise, in any Competitor; and

 

  (c) The Executive will not seek, directly or indirectly, by the offer of alternative employment or other inducement whatsoever, to solicit the services of any employee of the Company employed during the two (2) year period prior to the date of such termination;

 

The provisions contained in Section 9 are considered reasonable by the Executive and the Company. In the event that any such provisions should be found to be void under applicable laws but would be valid if some part thereof was deleted or the period or area of application reduced, such provisions shall apply with such modification as may be necessary to make them valid and effective;

 

This Section 9 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 9, the Executive acknowledges that there will be no adequate remedy at law, and the Company shall be entitled to injunctive relief and/or a decree for specific performance, and such other relief as may be proper (including monetary damages if appropriate). In any event, the Company shall have right to seek all remedies permissible under applicable law;

 

(d) The Executive will not be employed by or otherwise serve (including but not limited to as a director of the board, a founder or co-founder) in any other entities in the industry or business of logistic transmission system or warehouse AGV;

 

(e) The Executive will not solicit for himself or any other person or entity other than the Company the business of any person or entity which is a customer or client of the Company, or was a customer or client of the Company within one (1) year prior to the termination of his employment

 

10. WITHHOLDING TAXES

 

Notwithstanding anything else herein to the contrary, the Company may withhold (or cause there to be withheld, as the case may be) from any amounts otherwise due or payable under or pursuant to this Agreement such national, provincial, local or any other income, employment, or other taxes as may be required to be withheld pursuant to any applicable law or regulation.

 

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  11. ASSIGNMENT

 

This Agreement is personal in its nature and neither of the parties hereto shall, without the consent of the other, assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder; provided, however, that (i) the Company may assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder to any member of the Group without such consent, and (ii) in the event of a Change of Control Transaction, this Agreement shall, subject to the provisions hereof, be binding upon and inure to the benefit of such successor and such successor shall discharge and perform all the promises, covenants, duties, and obligations of the Company hereunder.

 

  12. SEVERABILITY

 

If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Agreement which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications and to this end the provisions of this Agreement are declared to be severable. 

 

  13. ENTIRE AGREEMENT

 

This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement and understanding between the Executive and the Company regarding the terms of the Employment and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous oral or written agreements concerning such subject matter, including any prior agreements between the Executive and a member of the Group. The Executive acknowledges that he or she has not entered into this Agreement in reliance upon any representation, warranty or undertaking which is not set forth in this Agreement. Any amendment to this Agreement must be in writing and signed by the Executive and the Company.

 

  14. GOVERNING LAW; JURISDICTION

 

This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York and each of the parties irrevocably consents to the jurisdiction and venue of the federal and state courts located in New York.

 

  15. AMENDMENT

 

This Agreement may not be amended, modified or changed (in whole or in part), except by a formal, definitive written agreement expressly referring to this Agreement, which agreement is executed by both of the parties hereto.

 

  16. WAIVER

 

Neither the failure nor any delay on the part of a party to exercise any right, remedy, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege preclude any other or further exercise of the same or of any right, remedy, power or privilege, nor shall any waiver of any right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any occurrence be construed as a waiver of such right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any other occurrence. No waiver shall be effective unless it is in writing and is signed by the party asserted to have granted such waiver.

 

  17. NOTICES

 

All notices, requests, demands and other communications required or permitted under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given and made if (i) delivered by hand, (ii) otherwise delivered against receipt therefor, or (iii) sent by a recognized courier with next-day or second-day delivery to the last known address of the other party.

 

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  18. COUNTERPARTS

 

This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original as against any party whose signature appears thereon, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. This Agreement shall become binding when one or more counterparts hereof, individually or taken together, shall bear the signatures of all of the parties reflected hereon as the signatories.

 

Photographic copies of such signed counterparts may be used in lieu of the originals for any purpose.

 

  19. NO INTERPRETATION AGAINST DRAFTER

 

Each party recognizes that this Agreement is a legally binding contract and acknowledges that it, he or she has had the opportunity to consult with legal counsel of choice. In any construction of the terms of this Agreement, the same shall not be construed against either party on the basis of that party being the drafter of such terms.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been executed as of the date first written above.

 

  Greenland Acquisition Corporation
     
  By: /s/ Yanming Liu
  Name:  Yanming Liu
  Title:  Chief Executive Officer
   
  Executive
     
  Signature:  Raymond Z. Wang
  Name: Raymond Z. Wang

 

 

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Exhibit 10.2

 

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT

 

This EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (the “Agreement”), is entered into as of October 24, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), by and between Greenland Acquisition Corporation, a British Virgin Islands business company with limited liability (the “Company”), and Lei Chen, an individual (the “Executive”). Except with respect to the direct employment of the Executive by the Company, the term “Company” as used herein with respect to all obligations of the Executive hereunder shall be deemed to include the Company and all of its subsidiaries and affiliated entities (collectively, the “Group”).

 

RECITALS

 

A. The Company desires to employ the Executive as its Chief Scientist to assure itself of the services of the Executive during the term of Employment (as defined below).

 

B. The Executive desires to be employed by the Company as its Chief Scientist during the term of Employment and upon the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

 

AGREEMENT

 

The parties hereto agree as follows:

 

1. POSITION

 

The Executive hereby accepts a position of Chief Scientist (the “Employment”) of the Company.

 

  2. TERM

 

Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the initial term of the Employment shall be three years commencing on the Effective Date, unless terminated earlier pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Employment will be renewed automatically for additional one-year terms if neither the Company nor the Executive provides a notice of termination of the Employment to the other party or otherwise proposes to re-negotiate the terms of the Employment with the other party within three months prior to the expiration of the applicable term.

 

  3. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 

(a) The Executive’s duties at the Company will include all jobs assigned by the Company’s Board of the Directors (the “Board”).

 

  (b) The Executive shall devote all of his/her working time, attention and skills to the performance of his/her duties at the Company and shall faithfully and diligently serve the Company in accordance with this Agreement, the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the Company, as amended and restated from time to time (the “Charter Documents”), and the guidelines, policies and procedures of the Company approved from time to time by the Board.

 

  (c) The Executive shall use his/her best efforts to perform his/her duties hereunder. The Executive shall not, without the prior written consent of the Board, become an employee of any entity other than the Company and any subsidiary or affiliate of the Company, and shall not be concerned or interested in any business or entity that engages in the same business in which the Company engages (any such business or entity, a “Competitor”), provided that nothing in this clause shall preclude the Executive from holding any shares or other securities of any Competitor that is listed on any securities exchange or recognized securities market anywhere if such shares or securities represent less than 5% of the competitors outstanding shares and securities. The Executive shall notify the Company in writing of his/her interest in such shares or securities in a timely manner and with such details and particulars as the Company may reasonably require.

 

 

 

 

  4. NO BREACH OF CONTRACT

 

The Executive hereby represents to the Company that: (i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Executive and the performance by the Executive of the Executive’s duties hereunder shall not constitute a breach of, or otherwise contravene, the terms of any other agreement or policy to which the Executive is a party or otherwise bound, except for agreements entered into by and between the Executive and any member of the Group pursuant to applicable law, if any; (ii) that the Executive has no information (including, without limitation, confidential information and trade secrets) relating to any other person or entity which would prevent, or be violated by, the Executive entering into this Agreement or carrying out his/her duties hereunder; (iii) that the Executive is not bound by any confidentiality, trade secret or similar agreement (other than this) with any other person or entity except for other member(s) of the Group, as the case may be.

 

  5. COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS

 

  (a) Base Salary. The Executive’s initial base salary shall be $45,000 per year, paid in periodic installments in accordance with the Company’s regular payroll practices, and such compensation is subject to annual review and adjustment by the Board.

 

  (b) Bonus. The Executive shall be eligible for Bonuses determined by the Board.

 

  (c) Equity Incentives. To the extent the Company adopts and maintains a share incentive plan, the Executive will be eligible to participate in such plan pursuant to the terms thereof as determined by the Board.

 

  (d) Benefits. The Executive is eligible for participation in any standard employee benefit plan of the Company that currently exists or may be adopted by the Company in the future, including, but not limited to, any retirement plan, life insurance plan, health insurance plan and travel/holiday plan.

 

  (e) Expenses. The Executive shall be entitled to reimbursement by the Company for all reasonable ordinary and necessary travel and other expenses incurred by the Executive in the performance of his/her duties under this Agreement; provided that he or she properly accounts for such expenses in accordance with the Company’s policies and procedures.

 

  6. TERMINATION OF THE AGREEMENT

 

  (a) By the Company.

 

(i) For Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment for cause, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), if:

 

(1) the Executive is convicted or pleads guilty to a felony or to an act of fraud, misappropriation or embezzlement,

 

(2) the Executive has been grossly negligent or acted dishonestly to the detriment of the Company,

 

(3) the Executive has engaged in actions amounting to willful misconduct or failed to perform his/her duties hereunder and such failure continues after the Executive is afforded a reasonable opportunity to cure such failure; or

 

(4) the Executive violates Section 7 or 9 of this Agreement.

 

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Upon termination for cause, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(ii) For death and disability. The Company may also terminate the Employment, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), upon one-month prior written notice, if:

 

(1) the Executive has died, or

 

(2) the Executive has a disability which shall mean a physical or mental impairment which, as reasonably determined by the Board, renders the Executive unable to perform the essential functions of his/her employment with the Company, with or without reasonable accommodation, for a period of two (2) consecutive months or three (3) months in any 12-month period, unless a longer period is required by applicable law, in which case that longer period would apply.

 

This Agreement and Executive’s employment pursuant to this Agreement, may be terminated by him or the Company on not less than thirty (30) days’ written notice in the event of Executive’s Disability.

 

Upon termination for death or disability, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(iii) Without Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment without cause, at any time, upon one-month prior written notice. Upon termination without cause, the Company shall provide the following severance payments and benefits to the Executive: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination, if any; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination, if any; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

Upon termination without, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination.

 

(iv) Change of Control Transaction. If the Company or its successor terminates the Employment upon a merger, consolidation, or transfer or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company with or to any other individual(s) or entity (the “Change of Control Transaction”), the Executive shall be entitled to the following severance payments and benefits upon such termination: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary at a rate equal to the greater of his/her annual salary in effect immediately prior to the termination, or his/her then current annual salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

  (b) By the Executive. The Executive may terminate the Employment at any time with a one-month prior written notice to the Company, if (1) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s authority, duties and responsibilities, or (2) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s annual salary. Upon the Executive’s termination of the Employment due to either of the above reasons, the Company shall provide compensation to the Executive equivalent to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary that he or she is entitled to immediately prior to such termination. In addition, the Executive may resign prior to the expiration of the Agreement if such resignation is approved by the Board or an alternative arrangement with respect to the Employment is agreed to by the Board.

 

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  (c) Notice of Termination. Any termination of the Executive’s employment under this Agreement shall be communicated by written notice of termination from the terminating party to the other party. The notice of termination shall indicate the specific provision(s) of this Agreement relied upon in effecting the termination.

 

7. CONFIDENTIALITY AND NON-DISCLOSURE

 

  (a) Confidentiality and Non-disclosure. The Executive hereby agrees at all times during the term of the Employment and after his/her termination, to hold in the strictest confidence, and not to use, except for the benefit of the Company, or to disclose to any person, corporation or other entity without prior written consent of the Company, any Confidential Information. The Executive understands that “Confidential Information” means any proprietary or confidential information of the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, including, without limitation, technical data, trade secrets, research and development information, product plans, services, customer lists and customers, supplier lists and suppliers, software developments, inventions, processes, formulas, technology, designs, hardware configuration information, personnel information, marketing, finances, information about the suppliers, joint ventures, franchisees, distributors and other persons with whom the Company does business, information regarding the skills and compensation of other employees of the Company or other business information disclosed to the Executive by or obtained by the Executive from the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, either directly or indirectly, in writing, orally or otherwise, if specifically indicated to be confidential or reasonably expected to be confidential. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Confidential Information shall not include information that is generally available and known to the public through no fault of the Executive.

 

  (b) Company Property. The Executive understands that all documents (including computer records, facsimile and e-mail) and materials created, received or transmitted in connection with his/her work or using the facilities of the Company are property of the Company and subject to inspection by the Company at any time. Upon termination of the Executive’s employment with the Company (or at any other time when requested by the Company), the Executive will promptly deliver to the Company all documents and materials of any nature pertaining to his/her work with the Company and will provide written certification of his/her compliance with this Agreement. Under no circumstances will the Executive have, following his/her termination, in his/her possession any property of the Company, or any documents or materials or copies thereof containing any Confidential Information.

 

  (c) Former Employer Information. The Executive agrees that he or she has not and will not, during the term of his/her employment, (i) improperly use or disclose any proprietary information or trade secrets of any former employer or other person or entity with which the Executive has an agreement or duty to keep in confidence information acquired by Executive, if any, or (ii) bring into the premises of the Company any document or confidential or proprietary information belonging to such former employer, person or entity unless consented to in writing by such former employer, person or entity. The Executive will indemnify the Company and hold it harmless from and against all claims, liabilities, damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs of suit, arising out of or in connection with any violation of the foregoing.

 

  (d) Third Party Information. The Executive recognizes that the Company may have received, and in the future may receive, from third parties their confidential or proprietary information subject to a duty on the Company’s part to maintain the confidentiality of such information and to use it only for certain limited purposes. The Executive agrees that the Executive owes the Company and such third parties, during the Executive’s employment by the Company and thereafter, a duty to hold all such confidential or proprietary information in the strictest confidence and not to disclose it to any person or firm and to use it in a manner consistent with, and for the limited purposes permitted by, the Company’s agreement with such third party.

 

This Section 7 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 7, the Company shall have right to seek remedies permissible under applicable law.

 

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8. CONFLICTING EMPLOYMENT.

 

The Executive hereby agrees that, during the term of his/her employment with the Company, he or she will not engage in any other employment, occupation, consulting or other business activity related to the business in which the Company is now involved or becomes involved during the term of the Executive’s employment, nor will the Executive engage in any other activities that conflict with his/her obligations to the Company without the prior written consent of the Company.

 

  9. NON-COMPETITION AND NON-SOLICITATION

 

In consideration of the salary paid to the Executive by the Company and subject to applicable law, the Executive agrees that during the term of the Employment and for a period of two (2) year following the termination of the Employment for whatever reason:

 

(a) The Executive will not approach clients, customers or contacts of the Company or other persons or entities introduced to the Executive in the Executive’s capacity as a representative of the Company for the purposes of doing business with such persons or entities which will harm the business relationship between the Company and such persons and/or entities;

 

  (b) The Executive will not assume employment with or provide services as a director or otherwise for any Competitor, or engage, whether as principal, partner, licensor or otherwise, in any Competitor; and

 

  (c) The Executive will not seek, directly or indirectly, by the offer of alternative employment or other inducement whatsoever, to solicit the services of any employee of the Company employed during the two (2) year period prior to the date of such termination;

 

The provisions contained in Section 9 are considered reasonable by the Executive and the Company. In the event that any such provisions should be found to be void under applicable laws but would be valid if some part thereof was deleted or the period or area of application reduced, such provisions shall apply with such modification as may be necessary to make them valid and effective;

 

This Section 9 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 9, the Executive acknowledges that there will be no adequate remedy at law, and the Company shall be entitled to injunctive relief and/or a decree for specific performance, and such other relief as may be proper (including monetary damages if appropriate). In any event, the Company shall have right to seek all remedies permissible under applicable law;

 

(d) The Executive will not be employed by or otherwise serve (including but not limited to as a director of the board, a founder or co-founder) in any other entities in the industry or business of logistic transmission system or warehouse AGV;

 

(e) The Executive will not solicit for himself or any other person or entity other than the Company the business of any person or entity which is a customer or client of the Company, or was a customer or client of the Company within one (1) year prior to the termination of his employment

 

  10. WITHHOLDING TAXES

 

Notwithstanding anything else herein to the contrary, the Company may withhold (or cause there to be withheld, as the case may be) from any amounts otherwise due or payable under or pursuant to this Agreement such national, provincial, local or any other income, employment, or other taxes as may be required to be withheld pursuant to any applicable law or regulation.

 

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  11. ASSIGNMENT

 

This Agreement is personal in its nature and neither of the parties hereto shall, without the consent of the other, assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder; provided, however, that (i) the Company may assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder to any member of the Group without such consent, and (ii) in the event of a Change of Control Transaction, this Agreement shall, subject to the provisions hereof, be binding upon and inure to the benefit of such successor and such successor shall discharge and perform all the promises, covenants, duties, and obligations of the Company hereunder.

 

  12. SEVERABILITY

 

If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Agreement which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications and to this end the provisions of this Agreement are declared to be severable. 

 

  13. ENTIRE AGREEMENT

 

This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement and understanding between the Executive and the Company regarding the terms of the Employment and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous oral or written agreements concerning such subject matter, including any prior agreements between the Executive and a member of the Group. The Executive acknowledges that he or she has not entered into this Agreement in reliance upon any representation, warranty or undertaking which is not set forth in this Agreement. Any amendment to this Agreement must be in writing and signed by the Executive and the Company.

 

  14. GOVERNING LAW; JURISDICTION

 

This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York and each of the parties irrevocably consents to the jurisdiction and venue of the federal and state courts located in New York.

 

  15. AMENDMENT

 

This Agreement may not be amended, modified or changed (in whole or in part), except by a formal, definitive written agreement expressly referring to this Agreement, which agreement is executed by both of the parties hereto.

 

  16. WAIVER

 

Neither the failure nor any delay on the part of a party to exercise any right, remedy, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege preclude any other or further exercise of the same or of any right, remedy, power or privilege, nor shall any waiver of any right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any occurrence be construed as a waiver of such right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any other occurrence. No waiver shall be effective unless it is in writing and is signed by the party asserted to have granted such waiver.

 

  17. NOTICES

 

All notices, requests, demands and other communications required or permitted under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given and made if (i) delivered by hand, (ii) otherwise delivered against receipt therefor, or (iii) sent by a recognized courier with next-day or second-day delivery to the last known address of the other party.

 

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  18. COUNTERPARTS

 

This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original as against any party whose signature appears thereon, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. This Agreement shall become binding when one or more counterparts hereof, individually or taken together, shall bear the signatures of all of the parties reflected hereon as the signatories.

 

Photographic copies of such signed counterparts may be used in lieu of the originals for any purpose.

 

  19. NO INTERPRETATION AGAINST DRAFTER

 

Each party recognizes that this Agreement is a legally binding contract and acknowledges that it, he or she has had the opportunity to consult with legal counsel of choice. In any construction of the terms of this Agreement, the same shall not be construed against either party on the basis of that party being the drafter of such terms.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been executed as of the date first written above.

 

  Greenland Acquisition Corporation
     
  By: /s/ Yanming Liu
  Name: Yanming Liu
  Title: Chief Executive Officer
     
  Executive
   
  Signature:  /s/ Lei Chen
  Name: Lei Chen

 

 

 

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Exhibit 10.3

 

EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT

 

This EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENT (the “Agreement”), is entered into as of October 24, 2019 (the “Effective Date”), by and between Greenland Acquisition Corporation, a British Virgin Islands business company with limited liability (the “Company”), and Jing Jin, an individual (the “Executive”). Except with respect to the direct employment of the Executive by the Company, the term “Company” as used herein with respect to all obligations of the Executive hereunder shall be deemed to include the Company and all of its subsidiaries and affiliated entities (collectively, the “Group”).

 

RECITALS

 

A. The Company desires to employ the Executive as its Chief Financial Officer to assure itself of the services of the Executive during the term of Employment (as defined below).

 

B. The Executive desires to be employed by the Company as its Chief Financial Officer during the term of Employment and upon the terms and conditions of this Agreement.

 

AGREEMENT

 

The parties hereto agree as follows:

 

1. POSITION

 

The Executive hereby accepts a position of Chief Financial Officer (the “Employment”) of the Company.

 

  2. TERM

 

Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the initial term of the Employment shall be three years commencing on the Effective Date, unless terminated earlier pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Employment will be renewed automatically for additional one-year terms if neither the Company nor the Executive provides a notice of termination of the Employment to the other party or otherwise proposes to re-negotiate the terms of the Employment with the other party within three months prior to the expiration of the applicable term.

 

  3. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

 

(a) The Executive’s duties at the Company will include all jobs assigned by the Company’s Board of the Directors (the “Board”).

 

  (b) The Executive shall devote all of his/her working time, attention and skills to the performance of his/her duties at the Company and shall faithfully and diligently serve the Company in accordance with this Agreement, the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the Company, as amended and restated from time to time (the “Charter Documents”), and the guidelines, policies and procedures of the Company approved from time to time by the Board.

 

  (c) The Executive shall use his/her best efforts to perform his/her duties hereunder. The Executive shall not, without the prior written consent of the Board, become an employee of any entity other than the Company and any subsidiary or affiliate of the Company, and shall not be concerned or interested in any business or entity that engages in the same business in which the Company engages (any such business or entity, a “Competitor”), provided that nothing in this clause shall preclude the Executive from holding any shares or other securities of any Competitor that is listed on any securities exchange or recognized securities market anywhere if such shares or securities represent less than 5% of the competitors outstanding shares and securities. The Executive shall notify the Company in writing of his/her interest in such shares or securities in a timely manner and with such details and particulars as the Company may reasonably require.

 

 

 

 

  4. NO BREACH OF CONTRACT

 

The Executive hereby represents to the Company that: (i) the execution and delivery of this Agreement by the Executive and the performance by the Executive of the Executive’s duties hereunder shall not constitute a breach of, or otherwise contravene, the terms of any other agreement or policy to which the Executive is a party or otherwise bound, except for agreements entered into by and between the Executive and any member of the Group pursuant to applicable law, if any; (ii) that the Executive has no information (including, without limitation, confidential information and trade secrets) relating to any other person or entity which would prevent, or be violated by, the Executive entering into this Agreement or carrying out his/her duties hereunder; (iii) that the Executive is not bound by any confidentiality, trade secret or similar agreement (other than this) with any other person or entity except for other member(s) of the Group, as the case may be.

 

  5. COMPENSATION AND BENEFITS

 

  (a) Base Salary. The Executive’s initial base salary shall be $50,000 per year, paid in periodic installments in accordance with the Company’s regular payroll practices, and such compensation is subject to annual review and adjustment by the Board.

 

  (b) Bonus. The Executive shall be eligible for Bonuses determined by the Board.

 

  (c) Equity Incentives. To the extent the Company adopts and maintains a share incentive plan, the Executive will be eligible to participate in such plan pursuant to the terms thereof as determined by the Board.

 

  (d) Benefits. The Executive is eligible for participation in any standard employee benefit plan of the Company that currently exists or may be adopted by the Company in the future, including, but not limited to, any retirement plan, life insurance plan, health insurance plan and travel/holiday plan.

 

  (e) Expenses. The Executive shall be entitled to reimbursement by the Company for all reasonable ordinary and necessary travel and other expenses incurred by the Executive in the performance of his/her duties under this Agreement; provided that he or she properly accounts for such expenses in accordance with the Company’s policies and procedures.

 

  6. TERMINATION OF THE AGREEMENT

 

(a) By the Company.

 

(i) For Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment for cause, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), if:

 

(1) the Executive is convicted or pleads guilty to a felony or to an act of fraud, misappropriation or embezzlement,

 

(2) the Executive has been grossly negligent or acted dishonestly to the detriment of the Company,

 

(3) the Executive has engaged in actions amounting to willful misconduct or failed to perform his/her duties hereunder and such failure continues after the Executive is afforded a reasonable opportunity to cure such failure; or

 

(4) the Executive violates Section 7 or 9 of this Agreement.

 

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Upon termination for cause, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(ii) For death and disability. The Company may also terminate the Employment, at any time, without notice or remuneration (unless notice or remuneration is specifically required by applicable law, in which case notice or remuneration will be provided in accordance with applicable law), upon one-month prior written notice, if:

 

(1) the Executive has died, or

 

(2) the Executive has a disability which shall mean a physical or mental impairment which, as reasonably determined by the Board, renders the Executive unable to perform the essential functions of his/her employment with the Company, with or without reasonable accommodation, for a period of two (2) consecutive months or three (3) months in any 12-month period, unless a longer period is required by applicable law, in which case that longer period would apply.

 

This Agreement and Executive’s employment pursuant to this Agreement, may be terminated by him or the Company on not less than thirty (30) days’ written notice in the event of Executive’s Disability.

 

Upon termination for death or disability, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination. However, the Executive will not be entitled to receive payment of any severance benefits or other amounts by reason of the termination, and the Executive’s right to all other benefits will terminate, except as required by any applicable law.

 

(iii) Without Cause. The Company may terminate the Employment without cause, at any time, upon one-month prior written notice. Upon termination without cause, the Company shall provide the following severance payments and benefits to the Executive: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination, if any; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination, if any; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

Upon termination without, the Executive shall be entitled to the amount of base salary earned and not paid prior to termination.

 

(iv) Change of Control Transaction. If the Company or its successor terminates the Employment upon a merger, consolidation, or transfer or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company with or to any other individual(s) or entity (the “Change of Control Transaction”), the Executive shall be entitled to the following severance payments and benefits upon such termination: (1) a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary at a rate equal to the greater of his/her annual salary in effect immediately prior to the termination, or his/her then current annual salary as of the date of such termination; (2) a lump sum cash payment equal to a pro-rated amount of his/her target annual bonus for the year immediately preceding the termination; (3) payment of premiums for continued health benefits under the Company’s health plans for 12 months following the termination; and (4) immediate vesting of 100% of the then-unvested portion of any outstanding equity awards held by the Executive.

 

  (b) By the Executive. The Executive may terminate the Employment at any time with a one-month prior written notice to the Company, if (1) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s authority, duties and responsibilities, or (2) there is a material reduction in the Executive’s annual salary. Upon the Executive’s termination of the Employment due to either of the above reasons, the Company shall provide compensation to the Executive equivalent to 12 months of the Executive’s base salary that he or she is entitled to immediately prior to such termination. In addition, the Executive may resign prior to the expiration of the Agreement if such resignation is approved by the Board or an alternative arrangement with respect to the Employment is agreed to by the Board.

 

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  (c) Notice of Termination. Any termination of the Executive’s employment under this Agreement shall be communicated by written notice of termination from the terminating party to the other party. The notice of termination shall indicate the specific provision(s) of this Agreement relied upon in effecting the termination.

 

7. CONFIDENTIALITY AND NON-DISCLOSURE

 

  (a) Confidentiality and Non-disclosure. The Executive hereby agrees at all times during the term of the Employment and after his/her termination, to hold in the strictest confidence, and not to use, except for the benefit of the Company, or to disclose to any person, corporation or other entity without prior written consent of the Company, any Confidential Information. The Executive understands that “Confidential Information” means any proprietary or confidential information of the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, including, without limitation, technical data, trade secrets, research and development information, product plans, services, customer lists and customers, supplier lists and suppliers, software developments, inventions, processes, formulas, technology, designs, hardware configuration information, personnel information, marketing, finances, information about the suppliers, joint ventures, franchisees, distributors and other persons with whom the Company does business, information regarding the skills and compensation of other employees of the Company or other business information disclosed to the Executive by or obtained by the Executive from the Company, its affiliates, or their respective clients, customers or partners, either directly or indirectly, in writing, orally or otherwise, if specifically indicated to be confidential or reasonably expected to be confidential. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Confidential Information shall not include information that is generally available and known to the public through no fault of the Executive.

 

  (b) Company Property. The Executive understands that all documents (including computer records, facsimile and e-mail) and materials created, received or transmitted in connection with his/her work or using the facilities of the Company are property of the Company and subject to inspection by the Company at any time. Upon termination of the Executive’s employment with the Company (or at any other time when requested by the Company), the Executive will promptly deliver to the Company all documents and materials of any nature pertaining to his/her work with the Company and will provide written certification of his/her compliance with this Agreement. Under no circumstances will the Executive have, following his/her termination, in his/her possession any property of the Company, or any documents or materials or copies thereof containing any Confidential Information.

 

  (c) Former Employer Information. The Executive agrees that he or she has not and will not, during the term of his/her employment, (i) improperly use or disclose any proprietary information or trade secrets of any former employer or other person or entity with which the Executive has an agreement or duty to keep in confidence information acquired by Executive, if any, or (ii) bring into the premises of the Company any document or confidential or proprietary information belonging to such former employer, person or entity unless consented to in writing by such former employer, person or entity. The Executive will indemnify the Company and hold it harmless from and against all claims, liabilities, damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs of suit, arising out of or in connection with any violation of the foregoing.

 

  (d) Third Party Information. The Executive recognizes that the Company may have received, and in the future may receive, from third parties their confidential or proprietary information subject to a duty on the Company’s part to maintain the confidentiality of such information and to use it only for certain limited purposes. The Executive agrees that the Executive owes the Company and such third parties, during the Executive’s employment by the Company and thereafter, a duty to hold all such confidential or proprietary information in the strictest confidence and not to disclose it to any person or firm and to use it in a manner consistent with, and for the limited purposes permitted by, the Company’s agreement with such third party.

 

This Section 7 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 7, the Company shall have right to seek remedies permissible under applicable law.

 

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8. CONFLICTING EMPLOYMENT.

 

The Executive hereby agrees that, during the term of his/her employment with the Company, he or she will not engage in any other employment, occupation, consulting or other business activity related to the business in which the Company is now involved or becomes involved during the term of the Executive’s employment, nor will the Executive engage in any other activities that conflict with his/her obligations to the Company without the prior written consent of the Company.

 

  9. NON-COMPETITION AND NON-SOLICITATION

 

In consideration of the salary paid to the Executive by the Company and subject to applicable law, the Executive agrees that during the term of the Employment and for a period of two (2) year following the termination of the Employment for whatever reason:

 

(a) The Executive will not approach clients, customers or contacts of the Company or other persons or entities introduced to the Executive in the Executive’s capacity as a representative of the Company for the purposes of doing business with such persons or entities which will harm the business relationship between the Company and such persons and/or entities;

 

  (b) The Executive will not assume employment with or provide services as a director or otherwise for any Competitor, or engage, whether as principal, partner, licensor or otherwise, in any Competitor; and

 

  (c) The Executive will not seek, directly or indirectly, by the offer of alternative employment or other inducement whatsoever, to solicit the services of any employee of the Company employed during the two (2) year period prior to the date of such termination;

 

The provisions contained in Section 9 are considered reasonable by the Executive and the Company. In the event that any such provisions should be found to be void under applicable laws but would be valid if some part thereof was deleted or the period or area of application reduced, such provisions shall apply with such modification as may be necessary to make them valid and effective;

 

This Section 9 shall survive the termination of this Agreement for any reason. In the event the Executive breaches this Section 9, the Executive acknowledges that there will be no adequate remedy at law, and the Company shall be entitled to injunctive relief and/or a decree for specific performance, and such other relief as may be proper (including monetary damages if appropriate). In any event, the Company shall have right to seek all remedies permissible under applicable law;

 

(d) The Executive will not be employed by or otherwise serve (including but not limited to as a director of the board, a founder or co-founder) in any other entities in the industry or business of logistic transmission system or warehouse AGV;

 

(e) The Executive will not solicit for himself or any other person or entity other than the Company the business of any person or entity which is a customer or client of the Company, or was a customer or client of the Company within one (1) year prior to the termination of his employment

 

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  10. WITHHOLDING TAXES

 

Notwithstanding anything else herein to the contrary, the Company may withhold (or cause there to be withheld, as the case may be) from any amounts otherwise due or payable under or pursuant to this Agreement such national, provincial, local or any other income, employment, or other taxes as may be required to be withheld pursuant to any applicable law or regulation.

 

  11. ASSIGNMENT

 

This Agreement is personal in its nature and neither of the parties hereto shall, without the consent of the other, assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder; provided, however, that (i) the Company may assign or transfer this Agreement or any rights or obligations hereunder to any member of the Group without such consent, and (ii) in the event of a Change of Control Transaction, this Agreement shall, subject to the provisions hereof, be binding upon and inure to the benefit of such successor and such successor shall discharge and perform all the promises, covenants, duties, and obligations of the Company hereunder.

 

  12. SEVERABILITY

 

If any provision of this Agreement or the application thereof is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this Agreement which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or applications and to this end the provisions of this Agreement are declared to be severable. 

 

  13. ENTIRE AGREEMENT

 

This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement and understanding between the Executive and the Company regarding the terms of the Employment and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous oral or written agreements concerning such subject matter, including any prior agreements between the Executive and a member of the Group. The Executive acknowledges that he or she has not entered into this Agreement in reliance upon any representation, warranty or undertaking which is not set forth in this Agreement. Any amendment to this Agreement must be in writing and signed by the Executive and the Company.

 

  14. GOVERNING LAW; JURISDICTION

 

This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York and each of the parties irrevocably consents to the jurisdiction and venue of the federal and state courts located in New York.

 

  15. AMENDMENT

 

This Agreement may not be amended, modified or changed (in whole or in part), except by a formal, definitive written agreement expressly referring to this Agreement, which agreement is executed by both of the parties hereto.

 

  16. WAIVER

 

Neither the failure nor any delay on the part of a party to exercise any right, remedy, power or privilege under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege preclude any other or further exercise of the same or of any right, remedy, power or privilege, nor shall any waiver of any right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any occurrence be construed as a waiver of such right, remedy, power or privilege with respect to any other occurrence. No waiver shall be effective unless it is in writing and is signed by the party asserted to have granted such waiver.

 

  17. NOTICES

 

All notices, requests, demands and other communications required or permitted under this Agreement shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given and made if (i) delivered by hand, (ii) otherwise delivered against receipt therefor, or (iii) sent by a recognized courier with next-day or second-day delivery to the last known address of the other party.

 

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  18. COUNTERPARTS

 

This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original as against any party whose signature appears thereon, and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument. This Agreement shall become binding when one or more counterparts hereof, individually or taken together, shall bear the signatures of all of the parties reflected hereon as the signatories.

 

Photographic copies of such signed counterparts may be used in lieu of the originals for any purpose.

 

  19. NO INTERPRETATION AGAINST DRAFTER

 

Each party recognizes that this Agreement is a legally binding contract and acknowledges that it, he or she has had the opportunity to consult with legal counsel of choice. In any construction of the terms of this Agreement, the same shall not be construed against either party on the basis of that party being the drafter of such terms.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been executed as of the date first written above.

 

  Greenland Acquisition Corporation
     
  By: /s/ Yanming Liu
  Name:  Yanming Liu
  Title:  Chief Executive Officer
     
  Executive
     
  Signature:   Jing Jin
  Name: Jing Jin

 

 

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Exhibit 14.1

 

CODE OF BUSINESS CONDUCT AND ETHICS OF

GREENLAND TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING CORPORATION

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Purpose

 

This Code of Business Conduct and Ethics contains general guidelines for conducting the business of Greenland Technologies Holding Corporation, a British Virgin Islands company (the “Company”), consistent with the highest standards of business ethics. To the extent this Code requires a higher standard than required by commercial practice or applicable laws, rules or regulations, we adhere to these higher standards.

 

This Code applies to all of the directors, officers, and employees of the Company and its subsidiaries (which, unless the context otherwise requires, are collectively referred to as the “Company” in this Code). We refer to all persons covered by this Code as “Company employees” or simply “employees.” We also refer to our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer as our “principal financial officers.”

 

Seeking Help and Information

 

This Code is not intended to be a comprehensive rulebook and cannot address every situation that you may face. If you feel uncomfortable about a situation or have any doubts about whether it is consistent with the Company’s ethical standards, seek help. We encourage you to contact your supervisor for help first. If your supervisor cannot answer your question or if you do not feel comfortable contacting your supervisor, contact the Compliance Officer of the Company, who shall be a person appointed by the Board of Directors of the Company. The [ ] of the Company, who is currently [ ], has been appointed by the Board of Directors of the Company as the Compliance Officer for the Company. [ ] can be reached at [ ] and [ ]. The Company will notify you if the Board of Directors appoints a different Compliance Officer. You may remain anonymous and will not be required to reveal your identity in your communication to the Company.

 

Reporting Violations of the Code

 

All employees have a duty to report any known or suspected violation of this Code, including any violation of the laws, rules, regulations or policies that apply to the Company. If you know of or suspect a violation of this Code, immediately report the conduct to your supervisor. Your supervisor will contact the Compliance Officer, who will work with you and your supervisor to investigate the matter. If you do not feel comfortable reporting the matter to your supervisor or you do not get a satisfactory response, you may contact the Compliance Officer directly. Employees making a report need not leave their name or other personal information and reasonable efforts will be used to conduct the investigation that follows from the report in a manner that protects the confidentiality and anonymity of the employee submitting the report. All reports of known or suspected violations of the law or this Code will be handled sensitively and with discretion. Your supervisor, the Compliance Officer and the Company will protect your confidentiality to the extent possible, consistent with law and the Company’s need to investigate your report.

 

 

 

It is the Company policy that any employee who violates this Code will be subject to appropriate discipline, which may include termination of employment. This determination will be based upon the facts and circumstances of each particular situation. An employee accused of violating this Code will be given an opportunity to present his or her version of the events at issue prior to any determination of appropriate discipline. Employees who violate the law or this Code may expose themselves to substantial civil damages, criminal fines and prison terms. The Company may also face substantial fines and penalties and many incur damage to its reputation and standing in the community. Your conduct as a representative of the Company, if it does not comply with the law or with this Code, can result in serious consequences for both you and the Company.

 

Policy Against Retaliation

 

The Company prohibits retaliation against an employee who, in good faith, seeks help or reports known or suspected violations. Any reprisal or retaliation against an employee because the employee, in good faith, sought help or filed a report will be subject to disciplinary action, including potential termination of employment.

 

Waivers of the Code

 

Waivers of this Code for employees may be made only by an executive officer of the Company. Any waiver of this Code for our directors, executive officers or other principal financial officers may be made only by our Board of Directors or the appropriate committee of our Board of Directors and will be disclosed to the public as required by law or the rules of the NYSE American.

 

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

 

Identifying Potential Conflicts of Interest

 

A conflict of interest can occur when an employee’s private interest interferes, or appears to interfere, with the interests of the Company as a whole. You should avoid any private interest that influences your ability to act in the interests of the Company or that makes it difficult to perform your work objectively and effectively.

 

Identifying potential conflicts of interest may not always be clear-cut. The following situations are examples of conflicts of interest:

 

    Outside Employment. No employee should be employed by, serve as a director of, or provide any services not in his or her capacity as a Company employee to a company that is a material customer, supplier, or competitor of the Company.

 

    Improper Personal Benefits. No employee should obtain any material (as to him or her) personal benefits or favors because of his or her position with the Company. Please see “Gifts and Entertainment” below for additional guidelines in this area.

 

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    Financial Interests. No employee should have a significant financial interest (ownership or otherwise) in any company that is a material customer, supplier or competitor of the Company. A “significant financial interest” means (i) ownership of greater than 1% of the equity of a material customer, supplier or competitor or (ii) an investment in a material customer, supplier or competitor that represents more than 5% of the total assets of the employee.

 

    Loans or Other Financial Transactions. No employee should obtain loans or guarantees of personal obligations from, or enter into any other personal financial transaction with, any company that is a material customer, supplier or competitor of the Company. This guideline does not prohibit arms-length transactions with banks, brokerage firms or other financial institutions.

 

    Service on Boards and Committees. No employee should serve on a board of directors or trustees or on a committee of any entity (whether profit or not-for-profit) whose interests reasonably would be expected to conflict with those of the Company.

 

    Actions of Family Members. The actions of family members outside the workplace may also give rise to the conflicts of interest described above because they may influence an employee’s objectivity in making decisions on behalf of the Company. For purposes of this Code, “family members” include your spouse or life-partner, brothers, sisters and parents, in-laws and children whether such relationships are by blood or adoption.

 

For purposes of this Code, a company is a “material” customer if that company has made payments to the Company in the past year in excess of US$100,000 or 10% of the customer’s gross revenues, whichever is greater. A company is a “material” supplier if that company has received payments from the Company in the past year in excess of US$100,000 or 10% of the supplier’s gross revenues, whichever is greater. A company is a “material” competitor if that company competes in the Company’s line of business and has annual gross revenues from such line of business in excess of US$500,000. If you are uncertain whether a particular company is a material customer, supplier or competitor, please contact the Compliance Officer for assistance.

 

Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest

 

The Company requires that employees disclose any situations that reasonably would be expected to give rise to a conflict of interest. If you suspect that you have a conflict of interest, or something that others could reasonably perceive as a conflict of interest, you must report it to your supervisor or the Compliance Officer. Your supervisor and the Compliance Officer will work with you to determine whether you have a conflict of interest and, if so, how best to address it. Although conflicts of interest are not automatically prohibited, they are not desirable and may only be waived as described in “Waivers of the Code” above.

 

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CORPORATE OPPORTUNITIES

 

As an employee of the Company, you have an obligation to advance the Company’s interests when the opportunity to do so arises. If you discover or are presented with a business opportunity through the use of corporate property, information, or because of your position with the Company, you should first present the business opportunity to the Company before pursuing the opportunity in your individual capacity. No employee may use corporate property, information, or his or her position with the Company for personal gain or should compete with the Company.

 

You should disclose to your supervisor the terms and conditions of each business opportunity covered by this Code that you wish to pursue. Your supervisor will contact the Compliance Officer and the appropriate management personnel to determine whether the Company wishes to pursue the business opportunity. If the Company waives its right to pursue the business opportunity, you may pursue the business opportunity on the same terms and conditions as originally proposed and consistent with the other ethical guidelines set forth in this Code.

 

Confidential Information and Company Property

 

Employees have access to a variety of confidential information while employed at the Company. Confidential information includes all non-public information that might be of use to competitors, or, if disclosed, harmful to the Company or its customers. Every employee has a duty to respect and safeguard the confidentiality of the Company’s information and the information of our suppliers and customers, except when disclosure is authorized or legally mandated. In addition, you must refrain from using any confidential information from any previous employment if, in doing so, you could reasonably be expected to breach your duty of confidentiality to your former employers. An employee’s obligation to protect confidential information continues after he or she leaves the Company. Unauthorized disclosure of confidential information could cause competitive harm to the Company or its customers and could result in legal liability to you and the Company.

 

Employees also have a duty to protect the Company’s intellectual property and other business assets. The intellectual property, business systems and the security of the Company property are critical to the Company.

 

Any questions or concerns regarding whether disclosure of Company information is legally mandated should be promptly referred to the Compliance Officer.

 

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Safeguarding Confidential Information and Company Property

 

Care must be taken to safeguard and protect confidential information and Company property. Accordingly, the following measures should be adhered to:

 

    The Company’s employees should conduct their business and social activities so as not to risk inadvertent disclosure of confidential information. For example, when not in use, confidential information should be secretly stored. Also, review of confidential documents or discussion of confidential subjects in public places (e.g., airplanes, trains, taxis, buses, etc.) should be conducted so as to prevent overhearing or other access by unauthorized persons.

 

    Within the Company’s offices, confidential matters should not be discussed within hearing range of visitors or others not working on such matters.

 

    Confidential matters should not be discussed with other employees not working on such matters or with friends or relatives including those living in the same household as a Company employee.

 

    The Company’s employees are only to access, use, and disclose confidential information that is necessary for them to have in the course of performing their duties. They are not to disclose confidential information to other employees or contractors at the Company unless it is necessary for those employees or contractors to have such confidential information in the course of their duties.

 

    The Company’s files, personal computers, networks, software, internet access, internet browser programs, emails, voice mails, and other business equipment (e.g. desks and cabinets) and resources are provided for business use and they are the exclusive property of the Company. Misuse of such Company property is not tolerated.

 

COMPETITION AND FAIR DEALING

 

All employees are obligated to deal fairly with fellow employees and with the Company’s customers, suppliers and competitors. Employees should not take unfair advantage of anyone through manipulation, concealment, abuse of privileged information, misrepresentation of material facts, or any other unfair-dealing practice.

 

Relationships with Customers

 

Our business success depends upon our ability to foster lasting customer relationships. The Company is committed to dealing with customers fairly, honestly, and with integrity. Specifically, you should keep the following guidelines in mind when dealing with customers:

 

    Information we supply to customers should be accurate and complete to the best of our knowledge. Employees should not deliberately misrepresent information to customers.

 

    Employees should not refuse to sell, service, or maintain products the Company has produced simply because a customer is buying products from another supplier.

 

    Customer entertainment should not exceed reasonable and customary business practice. Employees should not provide entertainment or other benefits that could be viewed as an inducement to or a reward for customer purchase decisions. Please see “Gifts and Entertainment” below for additional guidelines in this area.

 

5

 

  

Relationships with Suppliers

 

The Company deals fairly and honestly with its suppliers. This means that our relationships with suppliers are based on price, quality, service, and reputation, among other factors. Employees dealing with suppliers should carefully guard their objectivity. Specifically, no employee should accept or solicit any personal benefit from a supplier or potential supplier that might compromise, or appear to compromise, their objective assessment of the supplier’s products and prices. Employees can give or accept promotional items of nominal value or moderately scaled entertainment within the limits of responsible and customary business practice. Please see “Gifts and Entertainment” below for additional guidelines in this area.

 

Relationships with Competitors

 

The Company is committed to free and open competition in the marketplace. Employees should avoid actions that would be contrary to laws governing competitive practices in the marketplace, including antitrust laws. Such actions include misappropriation and/or misuse of a competitor’s confidential information or making false statements about the competitor’s business and business practices.

 

PROTECTION AND USE OF COMPANY ASSETS

 

Employees should protect the Company’s assets and ensure their efficient use for legitimate business purposes only. Theft, carelessness and waste have a direct impact on the Company’s profitability. The use of Company funds or assets, whether or not for personal gain, for any unlawful or improper purpose is prohibited.

 

To ensure the protection and proper use of the Company’s assets, each employee should:

 

    exercise reasonable care to prevent theft, damage or misuse of Company property;

 

    report the actual or suspected theft, damage or misuse of Company property to a supervisor;

 

    use the Company’s telephone system, other electronic communication services, written materials and other property primarily for business-related purposes;

 

    safeguard all electronic programs, data, communications and written materials from inadvertent access by others; and

 

    use Company property only for legitimate business purposes, as authorized in connection with your job responsibilities.

 

6

 

 

Employees should be aware that Company property includes all data and communications transmitted or received to or by, or contained in, the Company’s electronic or telephonic systems. Company property also includes all written communications. Employees and other users of Company property should have no expectation of privacy with respect to these communications and data. To the extent permitted by law, the Company has the ability, and reserves the right, to monitor all electronic and telephonic communication. These communications may also be subject to disclosure to law enforcement or government officials.

 

GIFTS AND ENTERTAINMENT

 

The giving and receiving of gifts is a common business practice. Appropriate business gifts and entertainment are welcome courtesies designed to build relationships and understanding among business partners. However, gifts and entertainment should not compromise, or appear to compromise, your ability to make objective and fair business decisions.

 

It is your responsibility to use good judgment in this area. As a general rule, you may give or receive gifts or entertainment to or from customers or suppliers only if the gift or entertainment would not be viewed as an inducement to or reward for any particular business decision. All gifts and entertainment expenses should be properly accounted for on expense reports. The following specific examples may be helpful:

 

    Meals and Entertainment. You may occasionally accept or give meals, refreshments or other entertainment if:

 

    The items are of reasonable value;

 

    The purpose of the meeting or attendance at the event is business related; and

 

    The expenses would be paid by the Company as a reasonable business expense if not paid for by another party.

 

Entertainment of reasonable value may include food and tickets for sporting and cultural events if they are generally offered to other customers, suppliers or vendors.

 

    Advertising and Promotional Materials. You may occasionally accept or give advertising or promotional materials of nominal value.

 

    Personal Gifts. You may accept or give personal gifts of reasonable value that are related to recognized special occasions such as a graduation, promotion, new job, wedding, retirement or a holiday. A gift is also acceptable if it is based on a family or personal relationship and unrelated to the business involved between the individuals.

 

    Gifts Rewarding Service or Accomplishment. You may accept a gift from a civic, charitable or religious organization specifically related to your service or accomplishment.

 

7

 

 

You must be particularly careful that gifts and entertainment are not construed as bribes, kickbacks, or other improper payments. See “The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act” below for a more detailed discussion of our policies regarding giving or receiving gifts related to business transactions.

 

You should make every effort to refuse or return a gift that is beyond these permissible guidelines. If it would be inappropriate to refuse a gift or you are unable to return a gift, you should promptly report the gift to your supervisor. Your supervisor will bring the gift to the attention of the Compliance Officer, who may require you to donate the gift to an appropriate community organization. If you have any questions about whether it is permissible to accept a gift or something else of value, contact your supervisor or the Compliance Officer for additional guidance.

 

COMPANY RECORDS

 

Accurate and reliable records are crucial to our business. Our records are the basis of our earnings statements, financial reports and other disclosures to the public and guide our business decision-making and strategic planning. Company records include booking information, payroll, timecards, travel and expense reports, e-mails, accounting and financial data, measurement and performance records, electronic data files and all other records maintained in the ordinary course of our business.

 

All Company records must be complete, accurate and reliable in all material respects. Undisclosed or unrecorded funds, payments or receipts are inconsistent with our business practices and are prohibited. You are responsible for understanding and complying with our record keeping policy. Ask your supervisor if you have any questions.

 

ACCURACY OF FINANCIAL REPORTS AND OTHER PUBLIC COMMUNICATIONS

 

As a public company we are subject to various securities laws, regulations and reporting obligations. These laws, regulations and obligations and our policies require the disclosure of accurate and complete information regarding the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations. Inaccurate, incomplete or untimely reporting will not be tolerated and can severely damage the Company and result in legal liability.

 

It is essential that the Company’s financial records, including all filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) be accurate and timely. Accordingly, in addition to adhering to the conflict of interest policy and other policies and guidelines in this Code, the principal financial officers and other senior financial officers must take special care to exhibit integrity at all times and to instill this value within their organizations. In particular, these senior officers must ensure their conduct is honest and ethical that they abide by all public disclosure requirements by providing full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosures, and that they comply with all other applicable laws and regulations. These financial officers must also understand and strictly comply with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. and all standards, laws and regulations for accounting and financial reporting of transactions, estimates and forecasts.

 

8

 

 

In addition, U.S. federal securities law requires the Company to maintain proper internal books and records and to devise and maintain an adequate system of internal accounting controls. The SEC has supplemented the statutory requirements by adopting rules that prohibit (1) any person from falsifying records or accounts subject to the above requirements and (2) officers or directors from making any materially false, misleading, or incomplete statement to an accountant in connection with an audit or any filing with the SEC. These provisions reflect the SEC’s intent to discourage officers, directors, and other persons with access to the Company’s books and records from taking action that might result in the communication of materially misleading financial information to the investing public.

 

COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS AND REGULATIONS

 

Each employee has an obligation to comply with all laws, rules and regulations applicable to the Company’s operations. These include, without limitation, laws covering bribery and kickbacks, copyrights, trademarks and trade secrets, information privacy, insider trading, illegal political contributions, antitrust prohibitions, foreign corrupt practices, offering or receiving gratuities, environmental hazards, employment discrimination or harassment, occupational health and safety, false or misleading financial information or misuse of corporate assets. You are expected to understand and comply with all laws, rules and regulations that apply to your job position. If any doubt exists about whether a course of action is lawful, you should seek advice from your supervisor or the Compliance Officer.

 

COMPLIANCE WITH INSIDER TRADING LAWS

 

The Company has an insider trading policy, which may be obtained from the Compliance Officer. The following is a summary of some of the general principles relevant to insider trading, and should be read in conjunction with the aforementioned specific policy.

 

Company employees are prohibited from trading in shares or other securities of the Company while in possession of material, nonpublic information about the Company. In addition, Company employees are prohibited from recommending, “tipping” or suggesting that anyone else buy or sell shares or other securities of the Company on the basis of material, nonpublic information. Company employees who obtain material nonpublic information about another company in the course of their employment are prohibited from trading in shares or securities of the other company while in possession of such information or “tipping” others to trade on the basis of such information. Violation of insider trading laws can result in severe fines and criminal penalties, as well as disciplinary action by the Company, up to and including termination of employment.

 

Information is “non-public” if it has not been made generally available to the public by means of a press release or other means of widespread distribution. Information is “material” if a reasonable investor would consider it important in a decision to buy, hold or sell stock or other securities. As a rule of thumb, any information that would affect the value of stock or other securities should be considered material. Examples of information that is generally considered “material” include:

 

    Financial results or forecasts, or any information that indicates the Company’s financial results may exceed or fall short of forecasts or expectations;

 

9

 

 

    Important new products or services;

 

    Pending or contemplated acquisitions or dispositions, including mergers, tender offers or joint venture proposals;

 

    Possible management changes or changes of control;

 

    Pending or contemplated public or private sales of debt or equity securities;

 

    Acquisition or loss of a significant customer or contract;

 

    Significant write-offs;

 

    Initiation or settlement of significant litigation; and

 

    Changes in the Company’s auditors or a notification from its auditors that the Company may no longer rely on the auditor’s report.

 

The laws against insider trading are specific and complex. Any questions about information you may possess or about any dealings you have had in the Company’s securities should be promptly brought to the attention of the Compliance Officer.

 

PUBLIC COMMUNICATIONS AND PREVENTION OF SELECTIVE DISCLOSURE

 

Public Communications Generally

 

The Company places a high value on its credibility and reputation in the community. What is written or said about the Company in the news media and investment community directly impacts our reputation, positively or negatively. Our policy is to provide timely, accurate and complete information in response to public requests (media, analysts, etc.), consistent with our obligations to maintain the confidentiality of competitive and proprietary information and to prevent selective disclosure of market-sensitive financial data. To ensure compliance with this policy, all news media or other public requests for information regarding the Company should be directed to the Company’s Investor Relations Department. The Investor Relations Department will work with you and the appropriate personnel to evaluate and coordinate a response to the request.

 

Prevention of Selective Disclosure

 

Preventing selective disclosure is necessary to comply with United States securities laws and to preserve the reputation and integrity of the Company as well as that of all persons affiliated with it. “Selective disclosure” occurs when any person provides potentially market-moving information to selected persons before the news is available to the investing public generally. Selective disclosure is a crime under United States law and the penalties for violating the law are severe.

 

10

 

 

The following guidelines have been established to avoid improper selective disclosure. Every employee is required to follow these procedures:

 

    All contact by the Company with investment analysts, the press and/or members of the media shall be made through the chief executive officer, chief financial officer or persons designated by them (collectively, the “Media Contacts”).

 

    Other than the Media Contacts, no officer, director or employee shall provide any information regarding the Company or its business to any investment analyst or member of the press or media.

 

    All inquiries from third parties, such as industry analysts or members of the media, about the Company or its business should be directed to a Media Contact. All presentations to the investment community regarding the Company will be made by us under the direction of a Media Contact.

 

    Other than the Media Contacts, any employee who is asked a question regarding the Company or its business by a member of the press or media shall respond with “No comment” and forward the inquiry to a Media Contact.

 

These procedures do not apply to the routine process of making previously released information regarding the Company available upon inquiries made by investors, investment analysts and members of the media.

 

Please contact the Compliance Officer if you have any questions about the scope or application of the Company’s policies regarding selective disclosure.

 

THE FOREIGN CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT

 

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

 

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) prohibits the Company and its employees and agents from offering or giving money or any other item of value to win or retain business or to influence any act or decision of any governmental official, political party, candidate for political office or official of a public international organization. Stated more concisely, the FCPA prohibits the payment of bribes, kickbacks or other inducements to foreign officials. This prohibition also extends to payments to a sales representative or agent if there is reason to believe that the payment will be used indirectly for a prohibited payment to foreign officials. Violation of the FCPA is a crime that can result in severe fines and criminal penalties, as well as disciplinary action by the Company, up to and including termination of employment.

 

Certain small facilitation payments to foreign officials may be permissible under the FCPA if customary in the country or locality and intended to secure routine governmental action. Governmental action is “routine” if it is ordinarily and commonly performed by a foreign official and does not involve the exercise of discretion. For instance, “routine” functions would include setting up a telephone line or expediting a shipment through customs. To ensure legal compliance, all facilitation payments must receive prior written approval from the Compliance Officer and must be clearly and accurately reported as a business expense.

 

11

 

 

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SAFETY

 

The Company is committed to providing a safe and healthy working environment for its employees and to avoiding adverse impact and injury to the environment and the communities in which we do business. Company employees must comply with all applicable environmental, health and safety laws, regulations and Company standards. It is your responsibility to understand and comply with the laws, regulations and policies that are relevant to your job. Failure to comply with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations can result in civil and criminal liability against you and the Company, as well as disciplinary action by the Company, up to and including termination of employment. You should contact the Compliance Officer if you have any questions about the laws, regulations and policies that apply to you.

 

Environment

 

All Company employees should strive to conserve resources and reduce waste and emissions through recycling and other energy conservation measures. You have a responsibility to promptly report any known or suspected violations of environmental laws or any events that may result in a discharge or emission of hazardous materials. Employees whose jobs involve manufacturing have a special responsibility to safeguard the environment. Such employees should be particularly alert to the storage, disposal and transportation of waste, and handling of toxic materials and emissions into the land, water or air.

 

Health and Safety

 

The Company is committed not only to complying with all relevant health and safety laws, but also to conducting business in a manner that protects the safety of its employees. All employees are required to comply with all applicable health and safety laws, regulations and policies relevant to their jobs. If you have a concern about unsafe conditions or tasks that present a risk of injury to you, please report these concerns immediately to your supervisor or the Human Resources Department.

 

EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES

 

The Company pursues fair employment practices in every aspect of its business. The following is intended to be a summary of our employment policies and procedures. Copies of our detailed policies are available from the Human Resources Department. Company employees must comply with all applicable labor and employment laws, including anti-discrimination laws and laws related to freedom of association, privacy and collective bargaining. It is your responsibility to understand and comply with the laws, regulations and policies that are relevant to your job. Failure to comply with labor and employment laws can result in civil and criminal liability against you and the Company, as well as disciplinary action by the Company, up to and including termination of employment. You should contact the Compliance Officer or the Human Resources Department if you have any questions about the laws, regulations and policies that apply to you.

 

12

 

 

Harassment and Discrimination

 

The Company is committed to providing equal opportunity and fair treatment to all individuals on the basis of merit, without discrimination because of race, color, religion, national origin, gender (including pregnancy), sexual orientation, age, disability, veteran status or other characteristic protected by law. The Company prohibits harassment in any form, whether physical or verbal and whether committed by supervisors, non-supervisory personnel or non-employees. Harassment may include, but is not limited to, offensive sexual flirtations, unwanted sexual advances or propositions, verbal abuse, sexually or racially degrading words, or the display in the workplace of sexually suggestive objects or pictures.

 

If you have any complaints about discrimination or harassment, report such conduct to your supervisor or the Human Resources Department. All complaints will be treated with sensitivity and discretion. Your supervisor, the Human Resources Department and the Company will protect your confidentiality to the extent possible, consistent with law and the Company’s need to investigate your concern. Where our investigation uncovers harassment or discrimination, we will take prompt corrective action, which may include disciplinary action by the Company, up to and including, termination of employment. The Company strictly prohibits retaliation against an employee who, in good faith, files a compliant.

 

Any member of management who has reason to believe that an employee has been the victim of harassment or discrimination or who receives a report of alleged harassment or discrimination is required to report it to the Human Resources Department immediately.

 

CONCLUSION

 

This Code of Business Conduct and Ethics contains general guidelines for conducting the business of the Company consistent with the highest standards of business ethics. If you have any questions about these guidelines, please contact your supervisor or the Compliance Officer. We expect all Company employees to adhere to these standards.

 

This Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, as applied to the Company’s principal financial officers, shall be the Company’s “code of ethics” within the meaning of Section 406 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules promulgated thereunder.

 

This Code and the matters contained herein are neither a contract of employment nor a guarantee of continuing Company policy. We reserve the right to amend, supplement or discontinue this Code and the matters addressed herein, without prior notice, at any time.

 

 

13

 

 

Exhibit 17.1

 

RESIGNATION LETTER

 

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 100006

  

Re: Resignation

 

Dear Board of Directors:

 

I hereby resign as the Director of Greenland Acquisition Corporation (the “Company”) effective immediately. My resignation is for personal reasons and not the result of any disagreement with the Company.

 

I confirm that no money are owing to me by way of fees, salaries and other expenses and I have no claim for compensation or otherwise against the Company.

  

  Sincerely,
   
October 24, 2019 By:   /s/ Jiang Pu
  Name: Jiang Pu

Exhibit 17.2

 

RESIGNATION LETTER

  

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 100006

  

Re: Resignation

 

Dear Board of Directors:

 

I hereby resign as the Director of Greenland Acquisition Corporation (the “Company”) effective immediately. My resignation is for personal reasons and not the result of any disagreement with the Company.

 

I confirm that no money are owing to me by way of fees, salaries and other expenses and I have no claim for compensation or otherwise against the Company.

 

  Sincerely,
   
October 24, 2019 By:   /s/ Yu Chen
  Name: Yu Chen

 

Exhibit 17.3

 

RESIGNATION LETTER

 

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 100006

  

Re: Resignation

 

Dear Board of Directors:

 

I hereby resign as the Director of Greenland Acquisition Corporation (the “Company”) effective immediately. My resignation is for personal reasons and not the result of any disagreement with the Company.

 

I confirm that no money are owing to me by way of fees, salaries and other expenses and I have no claim for compensation or otherwise against the Company.

  

  Sincerely,
   
October 24, 2019 By:   /s/ Shan Cui
  Name: Shan Cui

Exhibit 17.4

 

RESIGNATION LETTER

 

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 100006

  

Re: Resignation

 

Dear Board of Directors:

 

I hereby resign as the Chief Executive Officer of Greenland Acquisition Corporation (the “Company”) effective immediately. My resignation is for personal reasons and not the result of any disagreement with the Company.

 

I confirm that no money are owing to me by way of fees, salaries and other expenses and I have no claim for compensation or otherwise against the Company.

  

  Sincerely,
   
October 24, 2019 By:   /s/ Yanming Liu
  Name: Yanming Liu

Exhibit 17.5

 

RESIGNATION LETTER

 

Greenland Acquisition Corporation

Suite 906, Tower W1, Oriental Plaza

No. 1 East Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District

Beijing, People’s Republic of China 100006

  

Re: Resignation

 

Dear Board of Directors:

 

I hereby resign as the Chief Financial Officer of Greenland Acquisition Corporation (the “Company”) effective immediately. My resignation is for personal reasons and not the result of any disagreement with the Company.

 

I confirm that no money are owing to me by way of fees, salaries and other expenses and I have no claim for compensation or otherwise against the Company.

  

  Sincerely,
   
October 24, 2019 By:   /s/ River Chi
  Name: River Chi

Exhibit 21.1

 

GREENLAND TECHNOLOGIES HOLDING CORPORATION

SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT

 

Name of Subsidiary   Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization
     
Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited   Hong Kong
     
Hangzhou Greenland Robotics Technologies Co., Ltd.   People’s Republic of China
     
Zhejiang Zhongchai Machinery Co., Ltd.   People’s Republic of China
     
Zhejiang Shengte Transmission Co., Ltd.   People’s Republic of China
     
Shanghai Hengyu Enterprise Management Consulting Co., Ltd.   People’s Republic of China

 

Exhibit 99.1

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED
AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

CONTENTS

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

PAGE   F-2 – F-3   CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF JUNE 30, 2019 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2018
PAGE   F-4   CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018 (UNAUDITED)
PAGE   F-5   CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018 (UNAUDITED)
PAGE   F-6 – F-7   CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018 (UNAUDITED)
PAGE   F-8 – F-25   NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (AUDITED)

 

PAGE   F-26   REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
PAGE   F-27 – F-28   CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
PAGE   F-29   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
PAGE   F-30   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
PAGE   F-31 – F-32   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017
PAGE   F-33 – F-55   NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

F-1

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
AS OF JUNE 30, 2019 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2018
(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

    June 30
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
ASSETS   (Unaudited)        
Current assets            
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 4,714,552     $ 3,377,564  
Restricted cash     562,945       3,405,044  
Notes receivables     14,972,902       16,342,689  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,018,588 and $906,138, respectively     12,856,480       10,176,069  
Inventories (net of provision for slow moving inventory of $193,906 and $178,107, respectively)     12,419,855       12,400,474  
Advance to suppliers     49,345       32,878  
Prepayments and Other current assets     236,090       2,511,124  
Total Current Assets   $ 45,812,169     $ 48,245,842  
                 
Non-current asset                
Property, plant and equipment, net     21,046,378       20,451,129  
Construction in progress     280,667       1,607,324  
Land use rights, net     3,964,270       3,888,756  
Due from related parties     34,030,261       32,861,718  
Deferred tax assets     533,908       578,652  
Goodwill     3,947       3,954  
Other non-current assets     801,836       2,913  
Total non-current assets   $ 60,661,267     $ 59,394,446  
TOTAL ASSETS   $ 106,473,436     $ 107,640,288  

 

F-2

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
AS OF JUNE 30, 2019 (UNAUDITED) AND DECEMBER 31, 2018
(IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

    June 30
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
    (Unaudited)        
Current Liabilities            
Notes payable-bank acceptance notes   $ 12,433,153     $ 17,120,504  
Short-term bank loans     19,059,464       19,620,585  
Accounts payable     16,710,619       14,971,444  
Taxes payables     97,675       155,346  
Customer deposits     62,941       68,588  
Due to related parties     3,617,753       3,309,998  
Other current liabilities     2,706,477       4,203,881  
Long-term payables – current portion     2,556,449        
Total current liabilities   $ 57,244,531     $ 59,450,346  
                 
Long-term liabilities                
Long-term bank loans     1,818,235       6,556,708  
Long-term payables     2,670,621        
Other long-term liabilities     2,206,984       1,994,366  
Total long-term liabilities   $ 6,695,840     $ 8,551,074  
TOTAL LIABILITIES   $ 63,940,371     $ 68,001,420  
                 
EQUITY                
Ordinary shares, $0.00129 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized     1,290       1,290  
Additional paid-in capital     12,300,015       12,300,015  
Retained earnings     21,863,375       19,191,427  
Accumulated other comprehensive income     447,218       525,483  
Total shareholders’ equity   $ 34,611,898     $ 32,018,215  
Non-controlling interest     7,921,167       7,620,653  
TOTAL EQUITY   $ 42,533,065     $ 39,638,868  
                 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY   $ 106,473,436     $ 107,640,288  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

F-3

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018
(UNAUDITED, IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
    2019     2018  
REVENUES   $ 28,550,770     $ 36,005,561  
COST OF GOODS SOLD     21,925,996       26,756,080  
GROSS PROFIT     6,624,774       9,249,481  
Selling expenses     598,096       595,928  
General and administrative expenses     890,293       1,270,563  
Research and development expenses     1,150,779       1,190,476  
Total operating expenses   $ 2,639,168     $ 3,056,967  
                 
INCOME FROM OPERATIONS   $ 3,985,606     $ 6,192,514  
Interest income     13,093       15,214  
Interest expense     (877,543 )     (831,074 )
Other income     462,047       292,749  
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX   $ 3,583,203     $ 5,669,403  
INCOME TAX     576,951       984,051  
NET INCOME   $ 3,006,252     $ 4,685,352  
                 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS                
Foreign currency translation loss     (112,055 )     (599,437 )
TOTAL OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS     (112,055 )     (599,437 )
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME     2,894,197       4,085,915  
                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES   $ 2,671,948     $ 4,182,074  
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NONCONTROLLING INTEREST     334,304       503,278  
NET INCOME   $ 3,006,252     $ 4,685,352  
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO:     2,894,197       4,085,915  
OWNERS OF ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES     2,593,683       3,815,838  
NONCONTROLLING INTEREST   $ 300,514     $ 270,077  
                 
EARNINGS PER ORDINARY SHARE                
Basic and diluted     2.67       4.18  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

F-4

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018
(UNAUDITED, IN U.S. DOLLARS, EXCEPT FOR SHARE DATA)

 

    Total Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited Shareholders’ Equity  
    Ordinary Shares                       Accumulated                          
    $0.00129
Par Value
    Additional
Paid-in
    Treasury
stock
    Other
Comprehensive
    Statutory     Retained     Non-controlling        
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Shares     Amount     Income/(loss)     Reserve     Earnings     Interest     Total  
Balance at December 31, 2017 (Audited)     1,000,000       1,290       12,300,015                   1,573,232             13,308,953       7,895,112       35,078,602  
Net income                                                   4,182,074       503,278       4,685,352  
Foreign currency translation adjustment                                     (366,236 )                 (233,201 )     (599,437 )
Balance at June 30, 2018 (Unaudited)     1,000,000       1,290       12,300,015                   1,206,996             17,491,027       8,165,189       39,164,517  
                                                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2018 (Audited)     1,000,000       1,290       12,300,015                   525,483             19,191,427       7,620,653       39,638,868  
                                                                                 
Net income                                               2,671,948       334,304       3,006,252  
Foreign currency translation adjustment                                   (78,265 )                 (33,790 )     (112,055 )
Balance at
June 30, 2019 (Unaudited)
    1,000,000     $ 1,290     $ 12,300,015                 $ 447,218           $ 21,863,375     $ 7,921,167     $ 42,533,065  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

F-5

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018
(UNAUDITED, IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
    2019     2018  
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:            
Net income   $ 3,006,252     $ 4,685,352  
                 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Depreciation and amortization     1,141,549       570,479  
Loss on disposal of property and equipment     99       9,048  
Allowance for doubtful accounts     31,490       629,753  
Investment (loss)     (82,447 )     (142,241 )
                 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Increase (Decrease) In:                
Accounts receivable     (2,854,451 )     (10,401,860 )
Notes receivable     1,395,085       5,461,101  
Inventories     (171,162 )     (3,036,170 )
Advance to suppliers     (16,775 )     35,277  
Other current and noncurrent assets     313,325       (198,495 )
Deferred tax assets     44,434       (110,153 )
Due from related parties     397       (579,075 )
                 
Increase (Decrease) In:                
Accounts payable     2,193,016       5,474,291  
Notes payable     (1,849,907 )     (1,743,245 )
Customer deposits     (5,616 )     (286,270 )
Other current liabilities     (36,589 )     (253,042 )
Income tax payable     (58,285 )     (589,735 )
Due to related parties     (39,258 )     323,753  
Other long-term liabilities     219,278       326,552  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITES   $ 3,230,435     $ 175,320  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

F-6

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2019 AND 2018
(UNAUDITED, IN U.S. DOLLARS)

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
    2019     2018  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:            
Purchases of plant and equipment   $ (826,008 )   $ (3,769,920 )
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment           2,273  
Purchases of land use rights and other intangible assets     (128,335 )      
Short term investment in cash management products     2,215,167       6,184,437  
Collection of Investment income     82,447       142,241  
NET CASH PROVIDED BY INVESTING ACTIVITES   $ 1,343,271     $ 2,559,031  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Proceeds from short-term bank loans   $ 17,674,075     $ 3,131,361  
Repayments of short-term bank loans     (18,210,145 )     (391,420 )
Repayments of long-term bank loans     (4,799,527 )      
Bank acceptance deposit     (2,879,623 )     (363,514 )
Loans from related parties     1,993,650        
Repayment of loans from related parties     (1,476,778 )      
Repayment of loans from third parties     (1,476,778 )     (2,677,313 )
Dividend paid     (1,407,172 )      
Proceeds from long-term payables     6,172,931        
Deposits for the long-term payables     (819,612 )      
Repayment of long-term payables     (678,182 )      
Financing expense for the long-term payables     (187,939 )      
NET CASH USED IN FINANCING ACTIVITES   $ (6,095,100 )   $ (300,886 )
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH   $ (1,521,394 )   $ 2,433,465  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash     16,283       (77,642 )
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH AT BEGINNING OF YEAR     6,782,608       5,194,071  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD   $ 5,277,497     $ 7,549,894  
Bank balances and cash     4,714,552       4,066,861  
Bank balances and cash included in assets classified as restricted cash     562,945       3,483,033  
                 
SUPPLEMENTARY CASH FLOW INFORMATION                
Income taxes paid     431,798       1,683,939  
Interest paid     678,732       957,660  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

F-7

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

 

Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited, (“Zhongchai Holding” or the “Company”) was established on April 23, 2009 in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

 

The Company’s Shareholders

 

Currently, Cenntro Holding Limited owns 100% of Zhongchai Holding’s outstanding ordinary shares. Cenntro Holding Limited is controlled and beneficially owned by Mr. Peter Zuguang Wang, chairman of the Company.

 

The Company’s Subsidiaries

 

Zhejiang Zhongchai Machinery Co., Ltd. (“Zhejiang Zhongchai”), the subsidiary of the Company, is the sole shareholder of Zhejiang Shengte Transmission Co., Ltd. (“Shengte”). Zhejiang Zhongchai also owns 62.5% of Shanghai Hengyu Enterprise Management Consulting Co., Ltd. (“Hengyu”). Hangzhou Greenland Robotics Technologies Co., Ltd. (“Hangzhou Greenland”) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.

 

Zhejiang Zhongchai

 

Zhejiang Zhongchai, a limited liability company registered on November 21, 2005, is the direct operating subsidiary of Zhongchai Holding in China. On April 5, 2007, Usunco Automotive Limited (“Usunco”), a British Virgin Islands limited liability company incorporated on April 24, 2006, invested $8,000,000 USD into Zhejiang Zhongchai for its approximately 75.47% interest. On December 16, 2009, Usunco agreed to transfer its 75.47% interest in Zhejiang Zhongchai to Zhongchai Holding. On April 26, 2010, Xinchang County Keyi Machinery Co., Ltd. transferred all its 24.528% interest in Zhejiang Zhongchai to Zhongchai Holding for a consideration of US$2.6 million. On November 1, 2017, Xinchang County Jiuxin Investment Management Partnership (LP) (“Jiuxin”), an entity controlled and beneficially owned by Mr. Mengxing He, president of Zhejiang Zhongchai, closed its investment of approximately RMB31,590,000 in Zhejiang Zhongchai for 10.53% of its interest. As of June 30, 2019, Zhongchai Holding owns approximately 89.47% of Zhejiang Zhongchai and Jiuxin owns approximately 10.53% of Zhejiang Zhongchai.

 

Through Zhejiang Zhongchai, the Company has been engaged in the manufacture and sale of transmission systems mainly for forklift trucks since 2006. These forklift trucks are used in manufacturing and logistics applications, such as factory, workshop, warehouse, fulfillment centers, shipyards and seaports. The transmission systems are the key components for the forklift trucks. The Company supplies transmission systems to forklift truck manufacturers. Its transmission systems fit for forklift trucks ranging from 1 to 15 tons, with either mechanical shift or automatic shift. All the products are currently manufactured at the Company’s facility in Xinchang, Zhejiang Province, China and are sold to both domestic and oversea markets. The Company plans to move to its new factory in Zhejiang Province, China, by the end of 2019.

 

Shengte

 

Shengte is a limited liability company registered on February 24, 2006 in Xinchang High-Tech Industrial Park, Zhejiang, China.

 

Shengte manufactures parts of transmission boxes for Zhejiang Zhongchai. All the parts are manufactured in the Company’s Xinchang facility and are sold internally to Zhejiang Zhongchai.

 

F-8

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES (cont.)

 

Hengyu

 

Hengyu is a limited liability company registered on September 10, 2015 in Shanghai Free Trade Zone, Shanghai, China. Hengyu holds no assets other than an account receivable owed by Cenntro Holding Limited. Main business of Hengyu are investment management and consulting services.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the subsidiaries of the Company were as follows:

 

 

Name

  Domicile and Date of
Incorporation
  Paid-in Capital   Percentage
of Effective
Ownership
    Principal Activities
Zhejiang Zhongchai Machinery Co., Ltd.   PRC
November 21, 2005
  USD     28,612,943       89.47 %   Manufacture, sale of various transmission boxes
Zhejiang Shengte Transmission Co., Ltd.   PRC
February 24, 2006
  RMB     5,000,000       89.47 %   Manufacture and sale of parts of transmission box
Shanghai Hengyu Enterprise Management Consulting Co., Ltd.   PRC
September 10, 2015
  RMB     251,500,000       55.92 %   Investment management and consulting services.

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Zhongchai Holding (Hong Kong) Limited and its subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated and combined financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Management makes these estimates using the best information available at the time the estimates are made. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Non-controlling Interest

 

Non-controlling interests in the Company’s subsidiaries are recorded in accordance with the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification 810 Consolidation (“ASC 810”) and are reported as a component of equity, separate from the parent’s equity. Purchase or sale of equity interests that do not result in a change of control are accounted for as equity transactions. Results of operations attributable to the non-controlling interest are included in our consolidated results of operations and, upon loss of control, the interest sold, as well as interest retained, if any, will be reported at fair value with any gain or loss recognized in earnings.

 

Foreign Currency Translation

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements are presented in United States dollars (“US$” or “$”). The functional currency of the Company is Renminbi (“RMB”). The consolidated financial statements are translated into United States dollars from RMB at year-end exchange rates as to assets and liabilities and average exchange rates as to revenues and expenses. Capital accounts are translated at their historical exchange rates when the capital transactions occurred. The resulting transaction adjustments are recorded as a component of shareholders’ equity. Gains and losses from foreign currency transactions are included in net income.

 

F-9

 

  

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Period end RMB: US$ exchange rate     6.8748       6.6166  
Period average RMB: US$ exchange rate     6.7715       6.3870  

 

The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into US$ at the rates used in translation.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In accordance with the ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”, the Company recognizes revenues when goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In determining when and how revenues are recognized from contracts with customers, the Company performs the following five-step analysis: (i) identification of contract with customer; (ii) determination of performance obligations; (iii) measurement of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations; and (v) recognition of revenues when (or as) the Company satisfies each performance obligation. The Company derives revenues from the processing, distribution and sale of own products. The Company recognizes its revenues net of value-added taxes (“VAT”). The Company is subject to VAT which had been levied at the rate of 17% on the invoiced value of sales until April 30, 2018, after which date the rate was reduced to 16%. VAT rate was further reduced to 13% starting from April 1, 2019. Output VAT is borne by customers in addition to the invoiced value of sales and input VAT is borne by the Company in addition to the invoiced value of purchases to the extent not refunded for export sales.

 

Revenues are recognized at a point in time once the Company has determined that the customer has obtained control over the product. Control is typically deemed to have been transferred to the customer when the performance obligation is fulfilled, usually at the time of delivery, at the net sales price (transaction price) and each of the criteria under ASC 606 have been met. Contract terms may require the Company to deliver the finished goods to the customers’ location or the customer may pick up the finished goods at the Company’s factory. International sales are recognized when shipment clears customs and leaves the port.

 

The Company started adoption of ASC 606 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, using the transition method of Modified-Retrospective Method (“MRM”). The adoption of ASC 606 had no impact on the Company’s beginning balance of retained earnings.

 

The Company’s contracts are predominantly short-term in nature with a contract term of one year or less. For those contracts, the Company has utilized the practical expedient in ASC Topic 606 exempting the Company from disclosure of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations if the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less. Receivables are recorded when the Company has an unconditional right to consideration.

 

Contracts do not offer any chargeback or price protection. The Company experienced no product returns and recorded no reserve for sales returns for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

The following table sets forth disaggregation of revenue:

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
Major Product   2019     2018  
Transmission boxes for Forklift     25,778,879       31,131,229  
Transmission boxes for Non-Forklift (EV, etc.)     2,771,891       4,874,332  
Total     28,550,770       36,005,561  

 

F-10

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

Cost of Goods Sold

 

Cost of goods sold consists primarily of material costs, freight charges, purchasing and receiving costs, inspection costs, warehousing costs, internal transfer costs, wages, employee compensation, amortization, depreciation and related costs, which are directly attributable to the production of products. Write-down of inventory to lower of cost or market is also recorded in cost of goods sold.

 

Selling Expenses

 

Selling expenses include operating expenses such as payroll and traveling and transportation expenses.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

 

General and administrative expenses include management and office salaries and employee benefits, deprecation for office facility and office equipment, travel and entertainment, legal and accounting, consulting fees and other office expenses.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and totaled approximately $1,150,779 and $1,190,476 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Research and development costs are incurred on a project specific basis.

 

Retirement Benefits

 

Retirement benefits in the form of contributions under defined contribution retirement plans to the relevant authorities are charged to operations as incurred. Retirement benefits of $98,563 and $120,306 were charged to operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes following the liability method pursuant to FASB ASC 740 “Income Taxes”. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the period in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance to offset deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

The Company also follows FASB ASC 740, which addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. The Company may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. ASC 740 also provides guidance on recognition, classification, interest and penalties on income taxes, accounting in interim periods and requires increased disclosures. As of June 30, 2019, the Company did not have a liability for unrecognized tax benefits. It is unlikely that the amount of liability for unrecognized tax benefits will significantly change over the next 12 months. It is the Company’s policy to include penalties and interest expense related to income taxes as a component of other expense and interest expense, respectively, as necessary. The Company’s historical tax years will always remain open for examination by the local authorities.

 

F-11

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

Value-Added Tax

 

Enterprises or individuals, who sell commodities, engage in repair and maintenance or import or export goods in the PRC are subject to a value added tax in accordance with Chinese Laws. The VAT standard rate had been 17% of the gross sale price until April 30, 2018, after which date the rate was reduced to 16%. VAT rate was further reduced to 13% starting from April 1, 2019. A credit is available whereby VAT paid on the purchases of semi-finished products or raw materials used in the production of the Company’s finished products can be used to offset the VAT due on the sales of the finished products.

 

Statutory Reserve

 

In accordance with the PRC Regulations on Enterprises with Foreign Investment, an enterprise established in the PRC with foreign investment is required to provide for certain statutory reserves, namely (i) General Reserve Fund, (ii) Enterprise Expansion Fund and (iii) Staff Welfare and Bonus Fund, which are appropriated from net profit as reported in the enterprise’s PRC statutory accounts. A wholly-owned foreign enterprise is required to allocate at least 10% of its annual after-tax profit to the General Reserve Fund until the balance of such fund has reached 50% of its respective registered capital. A non-wholly-owned foreign invested enterprise is permitted to provide for the above allocation at the discretion of its board of directors. Appropriations to the Enterprise Expansion Fund and Staff Welfare and Bonus Fund are at the discretion of the board of directors for all foreign invested enterprises. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends.

 

Comprehensive Income (loss)

 

Comprehensive income (loss) is defined as the change in equity during the year from transactions and other events, excluding the changes resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners, and is not included in the computation of income tax expense or benefit. Accumulated comprehensive income (loss) consists of foreign currency translation. The Company presents comprehensive income (loss) in accordance with ASC Topic 220, “Comprehensive Income”. ASC Topic 220 states that all items that are required to be recognized under accounting standards as components of comprehensive income (loss) be reported in the consolidated financial statements.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For financial reporting purposes, the Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains no bank account in the United States of America. The Company maintains its bank accounts in China. Balances at financial institutions or state-owned banks within China are not covered by insurance. However, the Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant risks on its cash in bank accounts.

 

Restricted Cash

 

Restricted cash represents amounts held by a bank as security for bank acceptance notes and therefore is not available for the Company’s use until such time as the bank acceptance notes have been fulfilled or expired, normally within a twelve-month period.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company applies the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, to the financial instruments that are required to be carried at fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy based upon observable and non-observable inputs that prioritizes the information used to develop our assumptions regarding fair value. Fair value measurements are separately disclosed by level within the fair value hierarchy.

 

F-12

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

  

Level 1 — defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

Level 2 — defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets, that are either directly or indirectly observable; and

 

Level 3 — defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The company’s financial instruments primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accounts payable, other payables and accrued liabilities, short-term bank loans, and bond payable.

 

The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and other current assets and liabilities approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these items. The estimated fair values of short-term bank loans were not materially different from their carrying value as presented due to the short maturities and that the interest rates on the borrowing approximate those that would have been available for loans of similar remaining maturity and risk profile. As the carrying amounts are reasonable estimates of the fair value, these financial instruments are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

Earnings per share

 

The Company calculates earnings per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, “Earnings per Share.” Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential ordinary shares equivalents had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Accounts receivable are carried at net realizable value. The Company reviews its accounts receivable on a periodic basis and makes general and specific allowances when there is doubt as to the collectability of individual balances. In evaluating the collectability of individual receivable balances, the Company considers many factors, including the age of the balance, customer’s historical payment history, its current creditworthiness and current economic trends. Accounts are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. If accounts receivable are to be provided for, or written off, they would be recognized in the consolidated statement of operations within operating expenses. Balance of allowance of doubtful accounts was $1,018,588 and $906,138 as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, which is based on estimated selling prices less any further costs expected to be incurred for completion and disposal. Cost of raw materials is calculated using the weighted average method and is based on purchase cost. Work-in-progress and finished goods costs are determined using the weighted average method and comprise direct materials, direct labor and an appropriate proportion of overhead. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had reserves for inventories of $193,906 and $178,107, respectively.

 

Advance to Suppliers

 

Advance to suppliers represents interest-free cash paid in advance to suppliers for purchases of parts and/or raw materials. The balance of advance to suppliers was $49,345 as of June 30, 2019, of which $47,085 aged within one year and $1,616 between one and two years. The balance of advance to suppliers was $32,878 as of December 31, 2018, of which $31,655 aged within one year and $578 between one and two years.

 

F-13

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

Property, Plant, and Equipment

 

Property, plant, and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation, and include expenditure that substantially increases the useful lives of existing assets.

 

Depreciation is provided over their estimated useful lives, using the straight-line method. Estimated useful lives are as follows:

 

Plant, buildings and improvements   20 years
Machinery and equipment   2 ~ 10 years
Motor vehicles   4 years
Office Equipment   3 ~ 5 years
Fixed Assets decoration   5 years

 

When assets are sold or retired, their costs and accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the consolidated financial statements and any gain or loss resulting from their disposal is recognized in the period of disposition as an element of other income. The cost of maintenance and repairs is charged to income as incurred, whereas significant renewals and betterments are capitalized.

 

Land Use Rights

 

According to the PRC laws, the government owns all the land in the PRC. Companies or individuals are authorized to possess and use the land only through land use rights granted by the Chinese government. The land use rights granted to the Company are being amortized using the straight-line method over the lease term of fifty years.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets are evaluated for impairment periodically whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their related carrying amounts may not be recoverable in accordance with FASB ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”.

 

In evaluating long-lived assets for recoverability, the Company uses its best estimate of future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset and eventual disposition in accordance with FASB ASC 360-10-15. To the extent that estimated future, undiscounted cash inflows attributable to the asset, less estimated future, undiscounted cash outflows, are less than the carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the difference between the carrying value of such asset and its fair value. Assets to be disposed of and for which there is a committed plan of disposal, whether through sale or abandonment, are reported at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell.

 

No impairment loss is subsequently reversed even if facts and circumstances indicate recovery. There was no impairment loss recognized for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

 

Segments and Related Information

 

ASC 280-10-50, “Operating Segments”, define the characteristics of an operating segment as a) being engaged in business activity from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, b) being reviewed by the Company’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) for decisions about resources to be allocated and assess its performance and c) having discrete financial information. Although the Company indeed looks at its products to analyze the nature of its revenues, other financial information, such as certain costs and expenses and net income are not captured or analyzed by these categories. Therefore, discrete financial information is not available by product line and the Company has no CODM to make resource allocation decisions or assess the performance of the business based on these categories, but rather in the aggregate. Based on this, management believes that the Company operates in one business segment.

  

F-14

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

In the analysis of product lines as potential operating segments, management also considered ASC 280-10-50-11, “Aggregation Criteria”, which allows for the aggregation of operating segments if the segments have similar economic characteristics and if the segments are similar in each of the following areas:

 

the nature of the products and services;
   
the nature of the production processes;

 

the type or class of customer for their products and services;

 

the methods used to distribute their products or provide their services; and

 

the nature of the regulatory environment, if applicable.

 

The Company is engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling various transmission boxes. The Company’s manufacturing process is essentially the same for the entire Company and is performed in-house at the Company’s facilities in China. The Company’s customers primarily consist of entities in the automotive, construction machinery or warehousing equipment industries. The distribution of the Company’s products is consistent across the entire Company. In addition, the economic characteristics of each customer arrangement are similar in that the Company maintains policies at the corporate level.

 

Related Party

 

In general, related parties exist when there is a relationship that offers the potential for transactions at less than arm’s-length, favorable treatment, or the ability to influence the outcome of events different from that which might result in the absence of that relationship. A related party may be any of the following: a) an affiliate, which is a party that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another party; b) a principle owner, owner of record or known beneficial owner of more than 10% of the voting interest of an entity; c) management, which are persons having responsibility for achieving objectives of the entity and requisite authority to make decision; d) immediate family of management or principal owners; e) a parent company and its subsidiaries; and f) other parties that have ability to significant influence the management or operating policies of the entity.

 

Economic and Political Risks

 

The Company’s operations are conducted in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC economy.

 

The Company’s operations in the PRC are subject to special considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America and Western Europe. These include risks associated with, among others, the political, economic and legal environment and foreign currency exchange. The Company’s results may be adversely affected by changes in the political and social conditions in the PRC, and by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion, remittances abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things.

 

Exchange Risk

 

The Company cannot guarantee that the current exchange rate will remain steady. Therefore, there is a possibility that the Company could post the same amount of profit for two comparable periods and yet, because of a fluctuating exchange rates, record higher or lower profit depending on exchange rate of PRC Renminbi (RMB) converted to U.S. dollars on the relevant dates. The exchange rate could fluctuate depending on changes in the political and economic environment without notice.

 

F-15

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recent accounting pronouncements that the Company has adopted or may be required to adopt in the future are summarized below:

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”, to require financial assets carried at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected based on historical experience, current conditions and forecasts. Subsequently, the FASB issued ASU 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments — Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments, in April 2019, to clarify that receivables arising from operating leases are within the scope of lease accounting standards. The ASUs are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. Adoption of the ASUs is modified Caretrospective. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers Other than Inventory, which requires companies to recognize the income-tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs, rather than when the asset has been sold to an outside party. The Company started adoption of ASU 2016-16 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.The impact of adoption on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for any period presented is not material.

 

In February 2016, the FASB established Topic 842, Leases, by issuing Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, which requires lessees to recognize leases on-balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842; ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases; and ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements. The new standard establishes a right-of-use model (“ROU”) that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement. Operating leases result in straight-line expense (similar to operating leases under the prior accounting standard) while finance leases result in a front-loaded expense pattern (similar to capital leases under the prior accounting standard). The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years for a public business entity. Early application of the amendments in this Update is permitted for all entities. As of December 31, 2018, the Company concluded its nominal “sale-leaseback” transaction does not qualify for sale-leaseback accounting in accordance with ASC 840-40-25-11 and shall record under the lease financing method. Under the lease financing method, the assets remain on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet and the proceeds from the transactions are recorded as a financing liability. The Company started adoption of ASU 2016-02 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Under ASC 842, the Company concluded the transactions do not qualify for the sale-leaseback accounting in accordance with ASC 842-40-25-5 and shall not derecognize the transferred asset and shall account for any amounts received as a financial liability. Thus, the impact of adoption on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for any period presented is not material.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04 (Topic 350) Intangibles — Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which removes Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Under the amended guidance, a goodwill impairment charge will now be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. This ASU will be applied on a prospective basis and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for any impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. The Company does not expect the adoption will have a material impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

F-16

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 2 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (cont.)

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13 Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which eliminates, adds, and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements under ASC 820. This ASU is to be applied on a prospective basis for certain modified or new disclosure requirements, and all other amendments in the standard are to be applied on a retrospective basis. The new standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adoption on the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

NOTE 3 — CONCENTRATION ON REVENUES AND COST OF GOODS SOLD

 

Concentration of major customers and suppliers:

 

    For the six months ended June 30,  
    2019     2018  
Major customers representing more than 10% of the Company’s revenues                        
Company A   $ 4,024,316       14.10 %   $ 5,459,380       15.16 %
Total Revenues   $ 4,024,316       14.10 %   $ 5,459,380       15.16 %

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Major customers representing more than 10% of the Company’s accounts receivable                        
Company A     811,000       5.85 %     892,651       8.05 %
Company B     215,637       1.55 %     1,276,086       11.51 %
Company C     1,210,669       8.73 %     1,147,108       10.35 %
Company D     1,336,657       9.63 %           %
Total   $ 3,573,963       25.76 %   $ 3,315,845       29.91 %

 

Accounts receivable from the Company’s major customers accounted for 25.76% and 29.91% of total accounts receivable balances as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

There were no suppliers representing more than 10% of the Company’s total purchases for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

NOTE 4 — ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

Accounts receivable is net of allowance for doubtful accounts.

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31, 2018  
Accounts receivable   $ 13,875,068     $ 11,082,207  
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts     (1,018,588 )     (906,138 )
Accounts receivable, net   $ 12,856,480     $ 10,176,069  

 

Changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts are as follows:

 

    For the six months ended
June 30,
 
    2019     2018  
Beginning balance   $ 906,138     $ 651,248  
Provision for doubtful accounts     112,450       683,601  
Ending balance   $ 1,018,588     $ 1,334,849  

 

F-17

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 5 — INVENTORIES

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Raw materials   $ 4,268,422     $ 5,055,940  
Revolving material     675,251       573,907  
Consigned processing material     45,044       33,470  
Work-in-progress     1,880,707       2,020,295  
Finished goods     3,568,587       3,752,899  
Goods in transit     2,175,750       1,142,070  
Less: reserve for inventories     (193,906 )     (178,107 )
Inventories, net   $ 12,419,855     $ 12,400,474  

 

NOTE 6 — NOTES RECEIVABLE

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Bank notes receivable:   $ 13,920,069     $ 14,048,004  
Commercial notes receivable     980,104       1,021,226  
Endorsed but undue notes     72,729       1,273,459  
Total   $ 14,972,902     $ 16,342,689  

 

Bank notes and commercial notes are means of payment from customers for the purchase of the Company’s products and are issued by financial institutions or business entities, respectively, that entitle the Company to receive the full face amount from the issuer at maturity, which bears no interest and generally ranges from three to six months from the date of issuance.  As of June 30, 2019, the Company pledged notes receivable for an aggregate amount of $11,510,814 to Bank of Communications as a means of security for issuance of bank acceptance notes for an aggregate amount of $10,556,734. As of December 31, 2018, the Company pledged notes receivable for an aggregate amount of $9,190,808 to Bank of Communications as a means of security for issuance of bank acceptance notes for an aggregate amount of $7,713,085.

 

NOTE 7 — PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

Property, plant and equipment consist of the following:

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Buildings   $ 10,694,834     $ 10,330,265  
Machinery     20,049,225       18,753,984  
Motor vehicles     258,209       258,646  
Electronic equipment     106,424       106,542  
Fixed assets decoration     197,752       198,085  
Total property plant and equipment, at cost     31,306,444       29,647,522  
                 
Less: accumulated depreciation                
Buildings     (439,670 )     (172,171 )
Machinery     (9,455,470 )     (8,671,117 )
Motor vehicles     (209,074 )     (205,339 )
Electronic equipment     (79,996 )     (75,666 )
Fixed assets decoration     (75,856 )     (72,100 )
      (10,260,066 )     (9,196,393 )
Property, plant and equipment, net   $ 21,046,378     $ 20,451,129  

 

F-18

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 8 — LAND USE RIGHTS

 

Land use rights consisted of the following:

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Land use rights, cost   $ 4,478,472     $ 4,356,216  
Less: Accumulated amortization     (514,202 )     (467,460 )
Land use rights, net   $ 3,964,270     $ 3,888,756  

 

As of June 30, 2019, there was land use rights with net book value of $3,964,270, out of which approximately $2,239,709 were used as collateral for the Company’s short-term bank loans. As of December 31, 2018, there was land use rights with net book value of $3,888,756, out of which approximately $3,744,139 were used as collateral for the Company’s short-term bank loans.

 

NOTE 9 — NOTES PAYABLE

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Bank acceptance notes   $ 12,433,153     $ 17,120,504  
Total   $ 12,433,153     $ 17,120,504  

 

The interest-free notes payable, ranging from six months to one year from the date of issuance, were secured by $562,945 and $3,405,044 restricted cash, as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

All the notes payable are subject to bank charges of 0.05% of the principal amount as commission, included in the financial expenses in the statement of operations, on each loan transaction.

 

NOTE 10 — SHORT TERM BANK LOANS

 

Short-term loans are summarized as follow:

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Collateralized bank loans   $ 10,057,020     $ 7,766,057  
Guaranteed bank loans     9,002,444       11,854,528  
Total   $ 19,059,464     $ 19,620,585  

 

All short term bank loans are obtained from local banks in China and are repayable within one year. Normally banks will renew the loan facilities but will require full repayment on maturity under existing loan facility and then drawdown under the new facility.

 

The average annual interest rate of the short-term bank loans was 4.900% and 5.119% for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company was in compliance with their financial covenants at June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

F-19

 

 

ZHONGCHAI HOLDING (HONG KONG) LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NOTE 11 — LONG-TERM BANK LOANS

 

Long-term loans are summarized as follow:

 

    As of  
    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Guaranteed bank loans – Bank of Hangzhou   $ 1,818,235     $ 6,556,708  
Total   $ 1,818,235     $ 6,556,708  

 

Long-term loans as of June 30, 2019 are as follow:

 

 

Maturity Date

  Type   Bank Name   Interest Rate per Annum (%)     June 30,
2019
 
Dec.20, 2020   Project Loans   Bank of Hangzhou     5.70