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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark one)

           REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

          ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

OR

          TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

          SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

for the transition period from ____________to ____________

Commission file number 001-34944

Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited

(Exact name of the Registrant as specified in its charter)

British Virgin Islands

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

c/o Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd.

Junbing Industrial Zone,

Anhai, Jinjiang City,

Fujian Province, PRC

Telephone: +86 (595) 8576 5053

(Address of principal executive offices)

Huang Meishuang

c/o Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd.

Junbing Industrial Zone

Anhai, Jinjiang City

Fujian Province, PRC

Telephone: +86 (595) 8576 5053

Facsimile: +86 (595) 8576 5059

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile Number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Name of each exchange on which registered

SHARES, PAR VALUE $0.024

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None.

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:

None.

On April 25, 2020, the issuer had 6,031,604 shares outstanding.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes              No

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes              No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes              No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes              No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 Large Accelerated filer

 Accelerated filer

 Non-accelerated filer

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

US GAAP

    

  International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International    Accounting Standards Board

    

 Other

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.

        Item 17             Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes              No 

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

PART I

5

 

 

 

ITEM 1.

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

5

 

 

 

ITEM 2.

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

5

 

 

 

ITEM 3.

KEY INFORMATION

5

 

 

 

ITEM 4.

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

23

 

 

 

 

ITEM 4A. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

50

 

 

 

ITEM 5.

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

51

 

 

 

ITEM 6.

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

76

 

 

 

ITEM 7.

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

87

 

 

 

ITEM 8.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

88

 

 

 

ITEM 9.

THE OFFER AND LISTING

90

 

 

 

ITEM 10.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

91

 

 

 

ITEM 11.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

103

 

 

 

ITEM 12.

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

104

 

 

 

 

PART II

105

 

 

 

ITEM 13.

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

105

 

 

 

ITEM 14.

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

105

 

 

 

ITEM 15.

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

105

 

 

 

ITEM 16.

RESERVED

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16A. AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16B. CODE OF ETHICS

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16C. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16D. EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES.

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16E. PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

106

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16F. CHANGES IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

107

 

 

 

 

ITEM 16G. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

107

ITEM 16H. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

107

ITEM 16I. DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTION

107

 

 

 

 

PART III

108

 

 

 

ITEM 17.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

108

 

 

 

ITEM 18.

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

108

 

 

 

ITEM 19.

EXHIBITS

108

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CERTAIN INFORMATION

In this Annual Report on Form 20-F (the “Annual Report”), unless otherwise indicated, “we,” “us,” “our,” and “Antelope Enterprises” refers to Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited (formerly China Ceramics Co., Ltd.), a British Virgin Islands company, and its subsidiaries, including Success Winner Limited (“Success Winner”), a British Virgin Islands company and wholly owned subsidiary of Antelope Enterprises, Stand Best Creation Limited (“Stand Best”), a Hong Kong company and wholly owned subsidiary of Success Winner and the entity that wholly owns Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd. (“Hengda”), a PRC operating company that in turn wholly owns Jiangxi Hengdali Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd. (“Hengdali”), a PRC operating company, Vast Elite Limited (“Vast Elite”), a Hong Kong company and wholly owned Subsidiary of Success Winner and the entity that wholly owns Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co., Ltd, (“Chengdu Future”) a PRC operating company, Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited (“Antelope HK”), a Hong Kong company and wholly owned subsidiary of Success Winner and the entity that wholly owns Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Chengdu”), a PRC operating company, and the entity that wholly owns Antelope Future (Yangpu) Investment Co., Ltd (“Antelope Yangpu”), a PRC operating company that in turn wholly owns Antelope Ruicheng Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Ruicheng”) that in turn owns 51% of Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd (“Hainan Kylin”), and the entity that wholly owns Hainan Antelope Holdings Co., Ltd (“Hainan Antelope”), a PRC operating company that in turn wholly owns Antelope Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Investment”).

On November 20, 2009, China Holdings Acquisition Corp. (“CHAC”), our predecessor, merged with and into Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited, its wholly owned British Virgin Islands subsidiary, resulting in the redomestication of CHAC to the British Virgin Islands as “Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited” Immediately following the merger and redomestication (the “Redomestication”), and as part of the same integrated transaction, Antelope Enterprises acquired all of the outstanding securities of Success Winner (the “Business Combination”). Unless the context indicates otherwise, the “Company” refers to CHAC prior to the Business Combination and Antelope Enterprises following the Business Combination.

Unless the context indicates otherwise, all references to “China” or “PRC” refer to the People’s Republic of China. All references to “provincial-level regions” or “regions” include provinces as well as autonomous regions and directly controlled municipalities in China, which have an administrative status equal to provinces, including Beijing.

All references to “Renminbi,” “RMB” or “yuan” are to the legal currency of the People’s Republic of China, and all references to “U.S. dollars,” “dollars,” “$” are to the legal currency of the United States. This Report contains translations of Renminbi amounts into U.S. dollars at specified rates solely for the convenience of the reader. We make no representation that the Renminbi or U.S. dollar amounts referred to in this Report could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all. On April 20, 2022, the buying rate announced by the Federal Reserve Statistical Release was RMB 6.3705 to $1.00.

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Report contains “forward-looking statements” that represent our beliefs, projections and predictions about future events. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” including any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items, any statements of the plans, strategies and objectives of management for future operations, any statements concerning proposed new projects or other developments, any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance, any statements of management’s beliefs, goals, strategies, intentions and objectives, and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing. Words such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, “would”, “predicts”, “potential”, “continue”, “expects”, “anticipates”, “future”, “intends”, “plans”, “believes”, “estimates” and similar expressions, as well as statements in the future tense, identify forward-looking statements.

These statements are necessarily subjective and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements described in or implied by such statements. Actual results may differ materially from expected results described in our forward-looking statements, including with respect to correct measurement and identification of factors affecting our business or the extent of their likely impact, the accuracy and completeness of the publicly available information with respect to the factors upon which our business strategy is based on the success of our business.

Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of whether, or the times by which, our performance or results may be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made and management’s belief as of that time with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to, those factors discussed under the headings “Risk Factors”, “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects,” “Information on the Company” and elsewhere in this Annual Report.

This Annual Report should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and the accompanying notes thereto, which are included in Item 18 of this Annual Report.

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Table of Contents

PART I

ITEM 1.IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not required.

ITEM 2.OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not required.

ITEM 3.KEY INFORMATION

A.Selected financial data

The following selected consolidated financial data as of and for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018 and 2017, have been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of Antelope Enterprises included in this Annual Report. This information is only a summary and should be read together with the consolidated financial statements, the related notes, the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations of Antelope Enterprises” and other financial information included in this Annual Report.

The consolidated financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”). The results of operations of Antelope Enterprises in any period may not necessarily be indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period. See “Risk Factors” included elsewhere in this Annual Report.

ANTELOPE ENTERPRISE HOLDINGS LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

Selected Consolidated Financial Data

(RMB in Thousands except per Share and Operating Data)

As of December 31,

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position Data

Cash and cash equivalents

27,880

12,344

8,212

9,016

2,328

Total current assets

 

132,329

 

166,860

 

362,248

 

366,895

 

728,535

Total assets

 

177,867

 

225,386

 

362,283

 

366,941

 

825,418

Total current liabilities

 

94,986

 

81,309

 

89,390

 

90,923

 

130,682

Long-term obligations

 

33,325

 

46,728

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

128,311

 

128,037

 

89,390

 

90,923

 

130,682

Total equity

 

49,556

 

97,349

 

272,893

 

276,018

 

694,736

Outstanding shares *

 

5,976,098

 

3,674,370

 

2,435,662

 

1,892,901

 

1,283,828

·

Reflects 3:1 reverse stock split effected on September 3, 2020

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For the years ended December 31,

    

2021

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income Data

Revenues

   

216,270

182,989

327,581

498,189

821,792

Gross profit (loss)

 

67,341

 

(26,002)

 

81,326

 

(1,166)

 

50,354

Operating income (loss)

 

(99,137)

 

(214,993)

 

(24,081)

 

(346,620)

 

(50,635)

Loss before taxation

 

(89,841)

 

(193,062)

 

(9,445)

 

(418,465)

 

(78,285)

Loss attributable to shareholders

 

(88,752)

 

(193,095)

 

(9,501)

 

(418,674)

 

(88,026)

Earnings per share – *

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

(17.24)

 

(65.67)

 

(4.68)

 

(279.54)

 

(79.08)

Diluted

 

(17.24)

 

(65.67)

 

(4.68)

 

(279.54)

 

(79.08)

Weighted average shares outstanding – *

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

5,147,737

 

2,940,265

 

2,025,222

 

1,497,679

 

1,113,162

Diluted

 

5,147,737

 

2,940,265

 

2,025,222

 

1,497,679

 

1,113,162

Cash dividends declared per share (RMB)

 

 

 

 

 

·

Reflects 3:1 reverse stock split effected on September 3, 2020

The following table sets forth information concerning exchange rates between the RMB and the U.S. dollar for the periods indicated. On April 20, 2022, the buying rate announced by the Federal Reserve Statistical Release was RMB 6.3705 to $1.00.

Spot Exchange Rate

Period

Average

Period

Ended

(1)

Low

High

    

(RMB per US$1.00)

2016

   

  

6.9421

6.6424

6.4498

   

6.9570

2017

 

  

 

6.5063

 

6.7568

 

6.4773

 

6.9575

2018

 

  

 

6.8755

 

6.6896

 

6.2649

 

6.9737

2019

 

  

 

6.9618

 

6.9081

 

6.6822

 

7.1786

2020

 

  

 

6.5250

 

6.9042

 

6.5208

 

7.1681

2021

6.3726

6.3726

6.4508

6.3435

 

January

 

6.3610

 

6.3556

 

6.3206

 

6.3822

 

February

 

6.3084

 

6.3436

 

6.3084

 

6.3660

 

March

 

6.3393

 

6.3446

 

6.3116

 

6.3720

Source: Federal Reserve Statistical Release.

(1)

Annual averages, lows, and highs are calculated from month-end rates. Monthly averages, lows, and highs are calculated using the average of the daily rates during the relevant period.

B.Capitalization and Indebtedness

Not required.

C.Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds

Not required.

D.Risk factors

You should carefully consider the following risk factors, together with all of the other information included in this Annual Report.

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Risk Factors Relating to Our Ceramic Tile Business

We generate a large percentage of our revenues from a limited number of ceramic customers and our business will suffer if sales to such customers decline.

Our five largest customers accounted for an aggregate of 43.3%, 76.0% and 47.0% of our total revenue in fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. We are particularly exposed to the credit risks of these customers as defaults in payment by our major customers would have a significant impact on our cash flows and financial results. Our agreements with our major customers do not specify minimum sales volume. There is no assurance that we will continue to retain these customers or that they will continue to purchase our products at their current levels in the future. If there is any reduction or cancellation of purchase orders by these customers for any reason, including a fall in demand from our customers’ downstream developer clients, or a termination of a relationship with these customers, our revenues will be negatively impacted.

Payment defaults by the customers to whom we extend credit would harm our cash flows and results.

Our financial position and profitability are dependent on the creditworthiness of our customers. We are exposed to the credit risks of our customers and this risk increases the larger the orders are. We usually offer our customers credit terms of approximately 120 to 150 days. During the past two years our trade receivable turnover has increased substantially. As of fiscal year end 2021, it was 168 days for tile products sales. We may experience increased credit risk from our customers resulting in an increased level of doubtful or bad debts in the future. Should we experience any unexpected delay or difficulty in collecting receivables from our customers, our cash flows and financial results may be adversely affected.

If our suppliers are unable to fulfill our orders for raw materials, we may lose business.

Our suppliers are all located in the PRC. Our purchases of raw materials is based on expected production levels, after taking into consideration, amongst other factors, sales forecasts and actual orders from our customers. To ensure that we are able to deliver quality products at competitive prices, we need to secure sufficient quantities of raw materials at acceptable prices and quality on a timely basis. Typically, we do not enter into any long-term supply agreements with our suppliers. There is no assurance that these suppliers will continue to supply us in the future or that they will do so at acceptable prices. In the event our suppliers are unable to fulfill our orders or meet our requirements, we may not be able to find timely replacements at acceptable prices and quality, and this will delay the fulfillment of our customers’ orders. Consequently, our reputation may be negatively affected, leading to a loss of business and affecting our ability to attract new business.

Increases in the price of raw materials will negatively impact our profitability.

In fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021 our cost of raw materials and energy source, which consist of clay (comprising mainly of kaolin, flint and feldspar), coal and natural gas (used to heat our kilns), coloring materials and glazing materials, accounted for approximately 56.7%, 25.1% and 16.0% of our total cost of sales in fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. The price of clay, coal, natural gas, coloring materials and glazing materials may fluctuate due to factors such as global supply and demand for such raw materials and changes in global economic conditions. Coal and natural gas in aggregate accounted for approximately 12.1%, 5.2% and 3.7% of our total costs of raw materials as an energy source in fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. Any shortages or interruptions in the supply of clay, coal and natural gas, coloring materials or glazing materials will result in an increase in the cost of production, thus increasing our cost of sales. If we are not able to pass on such an increase to our customers or are unable to find alternative sources of clay, coal, coloring materials, or glazing materials or appropriate substitute raw materials at comparable prices, our gross margins and overall financial performance will be adversely affected.

The Company may incur significant delays and/or expenses relating to the COVID-19 (coronavirus) outbreak in China and beyond

Beginning in late 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported and the World Health Organization has declared the outbreak to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” This has prompted government-imposed quarantines, closures of certain travel and businesses. Following this outbreak, in March 2022, the Company temporarily shut down its operations in Jinjiang City, Fujian Province, as mandated by the local authorities. In April 2022, the Company gradually resumed its operations in these cities and continues to operate such production facilities. It is presently unknown whether and to what extent the Company’s supply chains may be affected if the pandemic persists for an extended period of time. The Company may incur significant delays or expenses relating to such events outside of its control, which could have a material adverse impact on its business, operating results and financial condition.

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If China’s inflation increases or the prices of energy or raw materials increase, we may not be able to pass the resulting increased costs to our customers and this may adversely affect our profitability or cause us to suffer operating losses.

Economic growth in China has, in the past, been accompanied by periods of high inflation. In the past, the Chinese government has implemented various policies from time to time to control inflation. For example, the Chinese government has periodically introduced measures in certain sectors to avoid overheating of the economy, including tighter bank lending policies, increases in bank interest rates, and measures to curb inflation, which has resulted in a decrease in the rate of inflation. An increase in inflation could cause our costs for energy, labor costs, raw materials and other operating costs to increase, which would adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We are dependent on our management team and any loss of our key management personnel without timely and suitable replacements may reduce our revenues and profits.

Our business is also dependent on our executive officers who are responsible for implementing our business plans and driving growth. Please refer to “Directors, Senior Management and Employees” herein for more information about our directors and officers. The demand for such experienced personnel is intense and the search for personnel with the relevant skills set can be time consuming. The loss of our key management personnel without timely and suitable replacements may reduce our revenues and profits.

Failure to compete successfully with our competitors and new entrants to the ceramics industry in the PRC may result in Antelope Enterprises losing market share.

We operate in a competitive and fragmented industry. There is no assurance that we will not face competition from our existing competitors and new entrants. We compete with a variety of companies, some of which have advantages that include: longer operating history, larger clientele base, superior products, better access to capital, personnel and technology, or are better entrenched. Our competitors may be able to respond more quickly to new and emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements or succeed in developing products that are more effective or less costly than our products. Any increase in competition could have a negative impact on our pricing (thus eroding our profit margins) and reduce our market share. If we are unable to compete effectively with our existing and future competitors and do not adapt quickly to changing market conditions, we may lose market share.

We have not purchased product liability insurance and any loss resulting from product liability claims must be paid by us.

Accidents may arise as a result of defects in our products. If there are any defects in the products designed and/or manufactured by us, we may face claims from our customers or third parties for the personal injury or property damage suffered as a result of such defects. We have not purchased insurance coverage for product liability or third party liability and are therefore not covered or compensated by insurance in respect of losses, damages, claims and liabilities arising from or in connection with product liability or third party liability.

Our production facilities may be affected by power shortages which could result in a loss of business.

Our production facilities consume substantial amounts of electrical power, which is the principal source of energy for our manufacturing operations. Although we have a back-up generator at both our production facilities, we may experience occasional temporary power shortages disrupting production due to power rationing activities conducted by the authorities, thunderstorms or other natural events beyond our control. Accordingly, these production disruptions could result in a loss of business.

Our research and development efforts may not result in marketable products.

Our research and development team develops products which we have identified as having good potential in the market. There is no assurance that we will not experience delays in future product developments. There is also no assurance that the products which we are currently developing or may develop in the future will be successful or that we will be able to market these new products to our customers successfully. If our new products are unable to gain the acceptance of our customers or potential customers, we will not be able to generate future sales from our investment in research and development.

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We may not be able to ensure the successful implementation of our future plans and strategies, resulting in reduced financial performance.

We intend to expand our market presence and explore opportunities in strategic investments or alliances and acquisitions. These initiatives involve various risks including, but not limited to, the investment costs in setting up new offices and sales offices and working capital requirements. There is no assurance that any future plan can be successfully implemented as the successful execution could depend on several factors, some of which are not within our control. Failure to successfully implement our future plans or to effectively manage costs may lead to a material adverse change in our operating environment or affect our ability to respond to market or industry changes, resulting in reduced financial performance. Decelerating economic growth in China has caused challenging market conditions in the real estate and construction sectors resulting in a contraction in investment and new housing projects by property developers. The challenging market conditions has resulted in an expected contraction in demand for our products. Due to the reduced demand for our products, we recently recorded an impairment of assets. As we are currently operating our facilities at significantly less than our maximum capacity, this could reduce our profitability.

The Company’s total annual production capacity is 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility. Effective November 1, 2021, we entered into a new lease agreement with the same lessee who had been leasing one of the production lines with the capacity to produce approximately 10 million square meters of ceramic tiles annually at the Hengdali facility. The new lease agreement replaces the eight-year contract entered into on March 1, 2016, and is for the Hengdali facility in its entirety, which includes building, plant and facilities, and which contains all of its machinery, equipment and production lines. The new lease has a term of five years, from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026, for an annual rent of RMB 18.0 million. The leased Hengdali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles, a reduction from its annual production capacity of 27.7 million square meters of ceramic tiles, resulting from the Company having retired two old furnaces at Hengdali in fiscal 2021. Due to a reduction in demand, as of fiscal year end 2021, we are utilizing production facilities capable of producing only 2.38 million square meters of ceramic tiles from our Hengda facility and of our 10 production lines at the plant, only one was utilized as of fiscal year end 2021 due to challenging macroeconomic conditions that began in the fourth quarter of 2012 and which was recently exacerbated by the COVID 19 pandemic. The fact that a significant portion of our facilities are not being used means that our net income will be significantly less than it would otherwise be because we need to maintain those unused facilities even though they are not currently being productive. Because certain of our facilities have remained idle for an extended period of time, the Company recorded an impairment charge of RMB 85.0 million (US$ 12.9 million) in the second half of 2018 related to property, plant and equipment, and land use rights at its Hengda and Hengdali production facilities. The impairment of the non-current assets is attributable to challenging market conditions in China which resulted in a contraction in demand for the Company’s products in 2018. If our Hengda facility continue to remain idle, we may be required to take an additional impairment charge on our financial statements.

For the full fiscal year 2021, ceramic tile revenue decreased by 20.9% as compared to fiscal 2020 mainly due to the 14.0% decrease in sales volume and a decrease in our average selling price of 8.0% resulting from a contraction in business from our customers which was primarily caused by the COVID 19 pandemic. In order to maintain our market share and move inventory, in October 2019, we decreased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 15%. This resulted in a 26% increase in our sales volume for the second half of 2019 as compared to the same period of 2018. For the full fiscal year 2020, revenue decreased by 44.1% as compared to fiscal 2019 mainly due to the 35.4% decrease in sales volume and a decrease in our average selling price of 13.6% resulting from the continued slowdown of China’s economy, especially in the manufacturing sector and the real estate industry. However, in July 2021, Hengda increased the pricing of its ceramic tile products by an average of 15% and Hengdali decreased the pricing of its ceramic tile products by an average of 5%, but the price change did not offset the fall in our sales volume due to COVID-19 pandemic. In July of 2018, we decreased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 10%, but this decrease did not offset the fall in our sales volume due to deteriorating market conditions that persisted through the second half of 2018, and we do not believe that further price decreases would have had a beneficial effect upon sales volume for this period. In past periods, we also decreased the pricing of our products in order to increase sales. On July 1, 2016, we reduced the selling price of certain of our slow-moving products beginning on July 1, 2016 with the goal to turn some of this inventory into cash. Beginning on October 1, 2016, in order to generate sales and move inventory, we instituted a 20% reduction of our slow-moving products. This price reduction led to a 35% increase in our sales volume in the fourth quarter of 2016 compared to the same period of 2015. The fourth quarter of 2016 growth in sales volume was the first positive comparison to the previous comparable period after four straight fiscal quarters of period over period decline in this key metric. Our strategy of decreasing the pricing of our products may or may not result in an increase in our sales volume during differing periods. In addition, if customers grow accustomed to such significant reductions, we may need to offer significant discounts in the future, which could reduce our net income and revenues long term.

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We may lose revenue if our intellectual property rights are not protected and counterfeit HD, Hengda, brand products are sold in the market.

We believe our intellectual property rights are important to our success and competitive position. A portion of our products are manufactured and marketed under our “HD” or “Hengda,” labels. We have filed our labels as trademarks in the PRC. We cannot assure you that there will not be any unauthorized usage or misuse of our trademarks or that our intellectual property rights will be adequately protected as it may be difficult and costly to monitor any infringements of our intellectual property rights in the PRC. If we cannot adequately protect our intellectual property, we may lose revenue. In addition, we believe the branding of our products and the brand equity in our “HD” or “Hengda” trademarks is critical to our expansion effort and the continued success of our business. Our efforts to build our brand may be undermined by the sale of counterfeit goods. The counterfeiting of our products may increase if our products become more popular. In order to preserve and enforce our intellectual property rights, we may have to resort to litigation against the infringing or counterfeiting parties. Such litigation could result in substantial costs and diversion of management resources which may have an effect on our financial performance.

We may inadvertently infringe third-party intellectual property rights, which could negatively impact our business and financial results.

We are not aware of, nor have we received any claims from third parties for, any violations or infringements of intellectual property rights of third parties by us as of the date of this Annual Report. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that as we develop new product designs and production methods, we would not inadvertently infringe the intellectual property rights of others or others would not assert infringement claims against us or claim that we have infringed their intellectual property rights. Claims against us, even if untrue or baseless, could result in significant costs, legal or otherwise, cause product shipment delays, require us to develop non-infringing products, enter into licensing agreements or may be a distraction to our management. Licensing agreements, if required, may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all. In the event of a successful claim of intellectual property rights infringement against us and our failure or inability to develop non-infringing products or to license the infringed intellectual property rights in a timely or cost-effective basis, our business and/or financial results will be negatively impacted.

The PRC government has historically introduced certain policy and regulatory measures to control the rapid increase in housing prices and cool down the real estate construction market and has more recently adopted policies to stimulate the real estate sector, and the government in the future may refrain from supporting the sector or adopt measures in the future that may further adversely affect our business.

Our business depends on the level of business activity in the property development and construction industries that use our products in their operations in the PRC. Our products are sold to customers in the property development and construction industries. If the property and construction industries fall into a recession in the future, the demand for construction materials, such as ceramic tiles, may consequently decrease and have a significant adverse effect on our business. The PRC government has committed to taking steps to regulate real estate development, promote the healthy development of the real estate industry in China, and strengthen the supervision over land for real estate development purposes. The PRC government has also enacted measures to cool down the real estate construction market and imposed lending curbs, higher mortgage rates, higher down payments, a price cap on new developments and restrictions on the number of homes each family can buy. This offered less incentive for property developers to develop new residential housing due to continued uncertainty, resulting in the recent slowing construction sector. In 2021, China's central government reined in real estate developers with stricter financial rules for property development resulting in a cooling of its property market. Consequently, investment in China's property sector resulted in 4.4% annual growth in 2021 down from the 7.0% growth rate recorded in 2020. In addition, the number of new construction projects was reasonably sound in the first half of 2021, but decreased 11.4% year-over-year by the end of the year due to constraints attributable to regulatory measures that affected property developers. However, the PRC government has also adopted an array of policies to stimulate the real estate sector from time to time which includes cutting benchmark interest rates, a lowering of the reserve requirement ratio for banks, lower first home down payment ratios and a cut in the minimum capital ratio for fixed asset investments which would help property developers. Although the PRC government’s measures have helped to sustain the real estate sector from time to time, there has been a substantial slowdown in construction activity, and it is not clear if supportive monetary and regulatory policies will continue in the future. We also cannot be certain that the PRC government will not issue additional and more stringent regulations or measures or that agencies and banks will not adopt restrictive measures or practices in response to PRC governmental policies and regulations, which could negatively affect the industries we serve in the PRC, and thereby harm our sales.

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Our manufacturing activities are dependent upon availability of skilled and unskilled labor, a deficiency of which could result in a reduction in profits.

Our manufacturing activities are labor intensive and dependent on the availability of skilled and unskilled labor in large numbers. Large labor intensive operations call for good monitoring and maintenance of cordial relations. Non-availability of labor, poor labor management and/or any disputes between the labor and management may result in a reduction in profits. Further, we rely on contractors who engage on-site laborers for performance of many of our unskilled operations. The scarcity or unavailability of contract laborers may affect our operations and financial performance.

We face increasing labor costs and other costs of production in the PRC, which could limit our profitability.

The ceramic tile manufacturing industry is labor intensive. Labor costs in China have been increasing in recent years and our labor costs in the PRC could continue to increase in the future. If labor costs in the PRC continue to increase, our production costs will likely increase which may in turn affect the selling prices of our products. We may not be able to pass on these increased costs to consumers by increasing the selling prices of our products in light of competitive pressure in the markets where we operate. In such circumstances, our profit margin may decrease.

Risk Factors Relating to Our Technology Sector Businesses

We have a limited operating history in highly competitive technology segments.

We have a limited operating history in technology segments which are competitive and subject to transformation. We may have limited information into trends that could affect the demand for our business services. Our financial results and growth to date may not be indicative of our future performance. We may not be able to effectively manage our growth and experience operational, financial and human resource constraints. Our current procedures and controls may not be adequate to support our future operations, and if we are not able to manage our growth effectively, our business may be materially and adversely affected.

If certain technology market segments in China do not develop as anticipated, our operating results will be adversely affected

Our future financial performance is dependent on certain economic and social trends and we may have overestimated factors such as the market size of certain technology market segments as well as our successful positioning in such markets. We are subject to both business and consumer activities in our targeted technology segments as well as trends in specific demographics which are often difficult to ascertain and which can change quickly.

We are entering highly competitive technology market segments

The technology market segments in which we plan to participate have highly seasoned and well capitalized competitors which could inhibit our success. We will need to promote and develop brand awareness as a competitive advantage and there can be no assurance that such branding will be successful or sustainable. We expect to continue to expend financial resources on the expansion of our businesses including our business consulting, software development and on-line streaming platforms, and there can be assurance that we will be able to compete with larger, better capitalized firms. This may also affect our ability to scale our operations and successful execute potential partnerships.

We are subject to rapid technology change and certain of our technology business segments could have significant barriers to entry

Some of our businesses will depend on the growth and evolution of the Internet and we cannot be certain how Internet access or trends for our services will evolve over time. Also, certain technology sectors that have significant barriers to entry based on strong competitors, entry costs, competitive pricing, geographical constraints, and various affiliations and partnerships.

We rely on existing technology systems, networks and platforms that we do not control

Our technology businesses rely on existing technology systems, networks and platforms that we do not control and changes to any of these technology formats could cause us our change our business model and operations. We may not be successful in developing relationships with industry participants that advance our business efforts or to engage customers to buy or use our services. Further, changes in technology can occur quickly and unpredictably and our ability to adapt to such changes could be constrained by our limited experience in certain segments.

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Risk Factors Relating to Operations in China

Violation of Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or China anti-corruption law could subject us to penalties and other adverse consequences.

We are subject to the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which generally prohibits United States public companies from bribing or making prohibited payments to foreign officials to obtain or retain business. PRC law also strictly prohibits bribery of government officials. While we take precautions to educate our employees about the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and Chinese anti-corruption law, there can be no assurance that we or the employees or agents of our subsidiaries will not engage in such conduct, for which we may be held responsible. If that were to occur, we could suffer penalties that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our independent registered public accounting firm’s audit documentation related to their audit reports included in this annual report may be located in the People’s Republic of China. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board currently cannot inspect audit documentation located in China and, as such, you may be deprived of the benefits of such inspection.

Auditors of companies whose shares are registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and traded publicly in the United States, including our independent registered public accounting firm, must be registered with the U.S. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”) and are required by the laws of the United States to undergo regular inspections by the PCAOB to assess their compliance with the laws of the United States and professional standards applicable to auditors. Our financial statements contained in this annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021 have been audited by Centurion ZD CPA & Co., an independent registered public accounting firm that is headquartered in Hong Kong. Centurion ZD CPA & Co., is a firm registered with the PCAOB, and is required by the laws of the U.S. to undergo regular inspections by the PCAOB to assess its compliance with the laws of the U.S. and professional standards. However, because our auditor is based in Hong Kong, a jurisdiction where the PCAOB is currently unable to conduct inspections without the approval, our auditor and its audit work are not currently able to be inspected independently and fully by the PCAOB.   The PCAOB announced on December 16, 2021 that it had determined that it was unable to inspect Centurion ZD CPA & Co., which audited the Company’s financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 20-F.  This lack of PCAOB inspections in China prevents the PCAOB from regularly evaluating audits and quality control procedures of any auditors operating in China, including our auditor. As a result, investors may be deprived of the benefits of PCAOB inspections. The inability of the PCAOB to conduct inspections of auditors in China makes it more difficult to evaluate the effectiveness of our auditor’s audit procedures or quality control procedures as compared to auditors outside of China that are subject to PCAOB inspections. Investors may lose confidence in our reported financial information and procedures and the quality of our financial statements.

Proceedings instituted by the SEC against certain PRC-based accounting firms could result in financial statements being determined to not be in compliance with the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act.

On December 3, 2012, the SEC issued an order instituting administrative proceedings against five of the largest global public accounting firms relating to work performed in the PRC and such firms’ failure to provide audit work papers to the SEC in this regard. Our independent registered public accounting firm is not one of the accounting firms referenced in the order. On January 22, 2014, an initial administrative law decision was issued, censuring the five accounting firms and suspending four of the five firms from practicing before the SEC for a period of six months. On February 12, 2014, four of these PRC-based accounting firms appealed to the SEC against this decision. In February 2015, each of the four PRC-based accounting firms agreed to a censure and to pay a fine to the SEC to settle the dispute and avoid suspension of their ability to practice before the SEC. The settlement requires the firms to follow detailed procedures to seek to provide the SEC with access to Chinese firms’ audit documents via the CSRC. If the firms do not follow these procedures, the SEC could impose penalties such as suspensions, or it could restart the administrative proceedings. In the event that the SEC restarts the administrative proceedings, depending upon the final outcome, listed companies in the United States with major PRC operations may find it difficult or impossible to retain auditors in respect of their operations in the PRC, which could result in financial statements being determined to not be in compliance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, including possible delisting. Moreover, any negative news about the proceedings against these audit firms may cause investor uncertainty regarding China-based, United States-listed companies and the market price of our shares may be adversely affected. If our independent registered public accounting firm was denied, temporarily, the ability to practice before the SEC and we were unable to timely find another registered public accounting firm to audit and issue an opinion on our financial statements, our financial statements could be determined to not be in compliance with the requirements of the Exchange Act.

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Our shares may be delisted under the HFCA Act as the PCAOB is unable to inspect our auditor with presence in Hong Kong, and the delisting of our shares, or the threat of their being delisted, may materially and adversely affect the value of your investment.

The Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act was enacted on December 18, 2020. The HFCA Act states if the SEC determines that we have filed audit reports issued by a registered public accounting firm that has not been subject to inspection by the PCAOB for three consecutive years beginning in 2021, the SEC shall prohibit our shares from being traded on a national securities exchange or in the over the counter trading market in the United States. Our financial statements contained in this annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2021 have been audited by Centurion ZD CPA & Co., an independent registered public accounting firm that is headquartered in Hong Kong. Centurion ZD CPA & Co., is a firm registered with the PCAOB, and is required by the laws of the U.S. to undergo regular inspections by the PCAOB to assess its compliance with the laws of the U.S. and professional standards. However, because our auditor is based in Hong Kong, a jurisdiction where the PCAOB is currently unable to conduct inspections without the approval, our auditor and its audit work are not currently able to be inspected independently and fully by the PCAOB.  The PCAOB announced on December 16, 2021 that it had determined that it was unable to inspect Centurion ZD CPA & Co., which audited the Company’s financial statements included in the 2021 Form 20-F. We expect that following the filing of this annual report on Form 20-F, the SEC likely will provisionally identified the Company as a Commission-Identified Issuer on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov/HFCAA.

The Company understands that if the SEC makes such a determination in each of 2022 2023 and 2024 due to the PCAOB’s continued inability to inspect or investigate completely the Company’s independent auditor, the SEC could prohibit trading of the shares of common stock of the company on the NASDAQ Capital Market, any other U.S. securities exchange, and in the over-the-counter market as early as 2024. Such a trading prohibition would substantially impair, if not preclude your ability to sell or purchase our securities, and the risks and uncertainties associated with a potential trading prohibition could have a negative impact on the price of our shares of Common Stock in the near term. Further, new laws and regulations or changes in laws and regulations could affect our ability to continue to have our securities listed on Nasdaq, which could materially impair the market for, and market price of, our securities.  In addition, if certain legislation pending in the U.S. Congress, as previously disclosed in the Company’s 2021 Form 10-K, becomes law, such a prohibition could take effect as early as 2023. The Company and the Audit Committee will continue to monitor developments of these legislations and evaluate all options.

The Company has determined to engage Centurion ZD CPA & Co. to audit its financial statements for the year ending December 31, 2022; however as a result of the the restrictions and uncertainties presented by the HFCAA, at the present time the Company does not intend to engage Centurion ZD CPA & Co. thereafter, unless circumstances change such that the PCAOB is able to conduct a full inspection of Centurion ZD CPA & Co. during the required timeframe.  

We are dependent on political, economic, regulatory and social conditions in the PRC.

Approximately 100%, 100% and 99.7% of our revenue in each of the last three fiscal years was derived from the PRC market and we anticipate that the PRC market will continue to be the major source of revenue for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, any significant slowdown in the PRC economy or decline in demand for our products from our customers in the PRC will have an adverse effect on our business and financial performance. Furthermore, as our operations and production facilities are located in the PRC, any unfavorable changes in the social and/or political conditions may also adversely affect our business and operations. While the current policy of the PRC government seems to be one of economic reform to encourage foreign investments and greater economic decentralization, there is no assurance that such a policy will continue to prevail in the future. There is no assurance that our operations will not be adversely affected should there be any policy changes.

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We are subject to risks related to the laws and regulations of the PRC and the interpretation and implementation thereof.

Our business and operations, as well as those of our customers and suppliers in the PRC, are subject to the laws and regulations promulgated by relevant PRC governmental authorities. The PRC government is still in the process of developing a comprehensive set of laws and regulations in the course of the PRC’s transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market-oriented economy. As the legal system in the PRC is still in flux, laws and regulations or their interpretation may be subject to change. Furthermore, any change in the political and economic policy of the PRC government may also result in similar changes in the laws and regulations or the interpretation thereof. Such changes may adversely affect our operations and business in the PRC. The PRC legal system is a codified legal system comprising written laws, regulations, circulars, administrative directives, and internal guidelines as well as judicial interpretations. Decided cases do not form part of the legal structure of the PRC and thus have no binding effect. As such, the administration of PRC laws and regulations may be subject to a certain degree of discretion by the authorities. This has resulted in the outcome of dispute resolutions not having the level of consistency or predictability as in other countries with more developed legal systems. Due to such inconsistency and unpredictability, if we should be involved in any legal dispute in the PRC, we may experience difficulties in obtaining legal redress or in enforcing our legal rights. From time to time, changes in law, registration requirements, and regulations or the implementation thereof may also require us to obtain additional approvals and licenses from the PRC authorities for carrying out our operations in the PRC which would require us to incur additional expenses in order to comply with such requirements and in turn affect our financial performance with the increase in our business costs. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that approvals, registrations, or licenses will be granted to us promptly or at all. If we experience delays in obtaining or are unable to obtain such required approvals, registrations, or licenses, our operations and business in the PRC, and hence our overall financial performance will be adversely affected.

Our business activities are subject to certain PRC laws and regulations.

As our production and operations are carried out in the PRC, we are subject to certain PRC laws and regulations. In addition, being wholly foreign-owned enterprises, we are required to comply with certain additional laws and regulations. Pursuant to PRC laws and regulations, the breach or non-compliance with such laws and regulations may result in the PRC authorities suspending, withdrawing or terminating our business license, causing us to cease production of all or certain of our products, and this would materially and adversely affect our business and financial performance. Our corporate affairs in the PRC are governed by our articles of association and the corporate and foreign investment laws and regulations of the PRC. The principles of the PRC laws relating to matters such as the fiduciary duties of directors and other corporate governance matters and foreign investment laws in the PRC are relatively new. Hence, the enforcement of investors or shareholders’ rights under the articles of association of a PRC company and the interpretation of the relevant laws relating to corporate governance matters remain largely untested in the PRC.

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PRC foreign exchange control may limit our ability to utilize our profits effectively and affect our ability to receive dividends and other payments from our PRC subsidiaries.

Hengda, Chengdu Future, Antelope Yangpu, Hainan Antelope, Antelope Chengdu are foreign investment enterprise, or “FIE,” and are subject to the rules and regulations in the PRC on currency conversion. In the PRC, State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, regulates the conversion of the RMB into foreign currencies. Currently, FIEs are required to apply to SAFE for “Foreign Exchange Registration Certificates for Foreign Investment Enterprise”. With such registration certifications (which need to be renewed annually), FIEs are allowed to open foreign currency accounts including the “current account” and “capital account”. Currently, conversion of currency within the scope of the “current account” (e.g. remittance of foreign currencies for payment of dividends, etc.) can be effected without requiring the approval of SAFE. However, conversion of currency in the “capital account” (e.g. for capital items such as direct investments, loans, securities, etc.) still requires the approval of SAFE. On October 21, 2005, SAFE promulgated the “Notice on Issues concerning Foreign Exchange Management in Financing by PRC Residents by Overseas Special Purpose Vehicle and Return Investments” (the “No. 75 Notice”). The No. 75 Notice came into effect on November 1, 2005 and requires the following matters, among others, to be complied with: every PRC domestic resident who establishes or controls an overseas special purpose vehicle, or “SPV,” must apply to the local bureau of SAFE for an “overseas investment foreign exchange registration.” Every PRC domestic resident of an SPV who has completed the “overseas investment foreign exchange registration”, or “Registrant,” must make an application to the local bureau of SAFE to amend their registration particulars upon (i) the injection of any PRC domestic assets or the equity interests of any PRC domestic company owned by the PRC domestic resident into the SPV, and (ii) the implementation of any overseas equity fund-raising by the SPV following an injection of PRC domestic assets or the equity interests of a PRC domestic company; every Registrant must apply to the local bureau of SAFE for change of registration particulars or recordation within 30 days after the occurrence of any capital increase or reduction, changes in shareholdings or share swap, merger, long-term investment in equities or debentures, guarantee of foreign indebtedness and other major capital changes not involving “return investment”, undertaken by an SPV; and every Registrant must repatriate, within 180 days, dividends or profits which he receives from an SPV and/or income derived from changes in the shareholding of an SPV. On July 14, 2014, China’s State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE), the foreign exchange control authority, released the Notice of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange on Relevant Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Administration for Overseas Investment, Financing and Round Trip Investment Undertaken by Domestic Residents via Special Purpose Vehicles (Notice 37). The new regulation took effect July 4, 2014. At that time, the old regulation, “Notice on Issues concerning Foreign Exchange Management in Financing by PRC Residents by Overseas Special Purpose Vehicle and Return Investments” (the “No. 75 Notice”), which was issued in 2005, was repealed. Compared with Circular 75, Circular 37 reflects the trend of SAFE’s policy to gradually loosen the restrictions and simplify the procedures for overseas financing and investment by Chinese residents, so as to fully utilize the financial resources in domestic and overseas markets. However, as Circular 37 has only recently been issued, the actual interpretation and enforcement of the above changes by SAFE in practice remain to be seen. There can be no assurance that SAFE will not continue to issue new rules and regulations and/or further interpretations of the No. 37 Notice that will strengthen the foreign exchange control. As we are located in the PRC and all of our sales are denominated in RMB, our ability to pay dividends or make other distributions may be restricted by PRC foreign exchange control restrictions. There can be no assurance that the relevant regulations will not be amended to our detriment and that our ability to distribute dividends will not be adversely affected.

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Introduction of new laws or changes to existing laws by the PRC government may adversely affect our business.

The PRC legal system is based on the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China and is made up of written laws, regulations, circulars and directives. With the PRC’s entry into the WTO, the PRC government is in the process of developing its legal system so as to encourage foreign investments and to meet the needs of investors. As the PRC economy is developing at a generally faster rate than its legal system, some degree of uncertainty exists in connection with whether and how existing laws and regulations will apply to certain events or circumstances. Some of the laws and regulations, and the interpretation, implementation and enforcement thereof, are still at the experimental stage and therefore subject to policy changes. There is no assurance that the introduction of new laws or regulations, changes to existing laws and regulations and the interpretation or application thereof or the delays in obtaining approvals from the relevant PRC authorities will not have an adverse impact on our business or prospects. In particular, on August 8, 2006, the Ministry of Commerce, the China Securities Regulatory Commission, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, the State Administration of Taxation, the State Administration of Industry and Commerce and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange promulgated the “Rules on the Mergers and Acquisition of Domestic Enterprises by Foreign Investors” which came into effect on September 8, 2006, or “the M&A Rules.” Foreign investors should comply with the rules when they purchase shareholding equities of a PRC domestic non-foreign-funded enterprise, or Domestic Company, or subscribe to the increased capital of a Domestic Company, and thus changing the nature of the Domestic Company into a foreign investment enterprise. The rules stipulate, inter alia, (i) that the acquisition of a Domestic Company by an affiliated foreign enterprise established or controlled by PRC entities or individuals must be approved by the Ministry of Commerce; (ii) that the incorporation of a special purpose vehicle, which is directly or indirectly controlled by PRC entities for the purpose of an overseas listing of the equity interest of a Domestic Company, must be subject to the approval of the Ministry of Commerce; (iii) that the acquisition of a Domestic Company by a special purpose vehicle shall be subject to approval of the Ministry of Commerce and (iv) the offshore listing of a special purpose vehicle shall be subject to the prior approval from China Securities Regulatory Commission. As Hengda was incorporated as a FIE and Antelope Enterprises does not fall within the scope of being classified as a special purpose vehicle directly or indirectly established or controlled by PRC entities or individuals, the M&A Rules did not apply to the Business Combination, and we were not required to obtain the approval from the Ministry of Commerce, the approval from the China Securities Regulatory Commission and/or any other approvals from PRC government authorities as stipulated by the M&A Rules. There is however no assurance that the PRC authorities will not issue further directives, regulations, clarifications or implementation rules, which may require us or other relevant parties to obtain further approvals with respect to the Business Combination. If new laws are promulgated or the existing laws are reinterpreted, our structure could be determined to be in violation of such laws and subject to sanction by applicable government authorities.

Environmental, health and safety laws have in the past and may in the future impose material liabilities on us and require us to incur material capital and operational costs.

We are subject to environmental, health and safety laws and regulations in the PRC that impose controls on our air, water and waste discharges, on our storage, handling, use, discharge and disposal of chemicals, and on exposure of our employees to hazardous substances. These laws and regulations could require us to incur costs to maintain compliance and could impose liability to remedy the effects of hazardous substance contamination. Although we do not believe that we have violated any of such laws and regulations and therefore have not incurred any significant liabilities under these laws and regulations in the past, the environmental laws and regulations are constantly evolving and becoming stricter in the PRC. The adoption of new laws or regulations or our failure to comply with these laws or regulations in the future could cause us to incur material liabilities and could require us to incur additional expenses, curtail operations and/or restrict our ability to expand.

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Our business will suffer if we lose our land use rights.

There is no private ownership of land in China and all land ownership is held by the government of China, its agencies, and collectives. In the case of land used for business purposes, land use rights can be obtained from the government for a period up to 50 years, and are typically renewable. Land use rights can be granted upon approval by the land administrative authorities of China (State Land Administration Bureau) upon payment of the required land granting fee, the entry into a land use agreement with a competent governmental authority and certain other ministerial procedures. We have received land use certificates for certain parcels of land on which our operations reside, but we may not have followed all procedures required to obtain such certificates or paid all required fees. If the Chinese administrative authorities determine that we have not fully complied with all procedures and requirements needed to hold a land use certificate, we may be forced by the Chinese administrative authorities to retroactively comply with such procedures and requirements, which may be burdensome and require us to make payments, or such Chinese administrative authorities may invalidate or revoke our land use certificate entirely. If the land use right certificates needed for our operations are determined by the government of China to be invalid or if they are not renewed, we may lose production facilities or employee accommodations that would be difficult or even impossible to replace. Should we have to relocate, our workforce may be unable or unwilling to work in the new location and our business operations will be disrupted during the relocation. The relocation or loss of facilities could cause us to lose sales and/or increase our costs of production, which would negatively impact our financial results.

We own certain buildings collectively, which may limit our right to use, renovate or dispose of such buildings.

Together with three other companies, we collectively own several buildings located at the Junbing Industrial Zone in Jinjiang City with a total construction area of 29,120.83 square meters. As a result, our right to use, renovate and dispose of such buildings may be limited.

Our business will suffer if we fail to comply with environmental protection regulations

Companies which cause severe pollution to the environment are required to restore the environment or remedy the effects of the pollution within a prescribed time limit. If a company fails to report and/or register the environmental pollution it caused, it will receive a warning or be penalized. Companies that fail to restore the environment or remedy the effects of the pollution within the prescribed time will be penalized or have their business licenses terminated. Companies that have polluted and endangered the environment must bear the responsibility for remedying the danger and effects of the pollution, as well as to compensate any losses or damages suffered as a result of such environmental pollution.

Our corporate structure together with applicable law impede shareholders from asserting claims against us and our principals.

All of our operations and records, and all of our senior management are located in the People’s Republic of China. Shareholders of companies such as ours have limited ability to assert and collect on claims in litigation against such companies and their principals. In addition, China has very restrictive secrecy laws that prohibit the delivery of many of the financial records maintained by a business located in China to third parties absent Chinese government approval. Since discovery is an important part of proving a claim in litigation, and since most if not all of our records are in China, Chinese secrecy laws could frustrate efforts to prove a claim against us or our management. In order to commence litigation in the United States against an individual such as an officer or director, that individual must be served. Generally, service requires the cooperation of the country in which a defendant resides. China has a history of failing to cooperate in efforts to affect such service upon Chinese citizens in China.

If we become directly subject to the recent scrutiny involving U.S.-listed Chinese companies, we may have to expend significant resources to investigate and/or defend the matter, which could harm our business operations, stock price and reputation and could result in a complete loss of your investment in us.

In recent years, U.S. public companies that have substantially all of their operations in China have been the subject of intense scrutiny by investors, financial commentators and regulatory agencies. Although a portion of this scrutiny seems to have abated, this scrutiny has centered around financial and accounting irregularities and mistakes, a lack of effective internal controls over financial reporting and, in many cases, allegations of fraud. As a result of the scrutiny, the publicly traded stock of many U.S. listed China-based companies that have been the subject of such scrutiny has sharply decreased in value. Many of these companies are now subject to shareholder lawsuits and/or SEC enforcement actions that are conducting internal and/or external investigations into the allegations. If we become the subject of any such scrutiny, whether any allegations are true or not, we may have to expend significant resources to investigate such allegations and/or defend our company. Such investigations or allegations will be costly and time-consuming and distract our management from our business plan and could result in our reputation being harmed and our stock price could decline as a result of such allegations, regardless of the truthfulness of the allegations.

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Risks to Antelope Enterprises’ Shareholders

The price of our shares could be volatile and could decline at a time when you want to sell your holdings.

The price of our shares has been and may continue to be volatile, and that volatility may continue for an extended period of time.

There is a risk that Antelope Enterprises could be treated as a U.S. domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes after the Redomestication and the Business Combination, which, among other things, could result in significantly greater U.S. federal income tax liability to Antelope Enterprises.

Section 7874(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) generally provides that a corporation organized outside the United States that acquires, directly or indirectly, pursuant to a plan or series of related transactions substantially all of the assets of a corporation organized in the United States will be treated as a domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes if shareholders of the acquired corporation, by reason of owning shares of the acquired corporation, own at least 80% (of either the voting power or the value) of the stock of the acquiring corporation after the acquisition. Under regulations promulgated under Section 7874, a warrant holder of either the acquired corporation or the acquiring corporation generally is treated for this purpose as owning stock of the acquired corporation or the acquiring corporation, as the case may be, with a value equal to the excess of the value of the shares underlying the warrant over the exercise price of the warrant. If Section 7874(b) were to have applied to the Redomestication, then, among other things, Antelope Enterprises, as the surviving entity, would have been subject to U.S. federal income tax on its worldwide taxable income following the Redomestication and the Business Combination as if Antelope Enterprises were a domestic corporation. Although Section 7874(b) should not have applied to treat Antelope Enterprises as a domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes, due to the absence of full guidance on how the rules of Section 7874(b) applied to the transactions completed pursuant to the Redomestication and Business Combination, this result is not entirely free from doubt. Shareholders are urged to consult their own tax advisors on this issue. See the discussion in the section entitled “Taxation — United States Federal Income Taxation — Tax Treatment of Antelope Enterprises After the Redomestication and the Business Combination.” The balance of this discussion assumes that Antelope Enterprises has been and will be treated as a foreign corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

There is a risk that Antelope Enterprises will be classified as a passive foreign investment company, or “PFIC,” which could result in adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences to U.S. holders of its securities.

In general, Antelope Enterprises will be treated as a PFIC for any taxable year in which either (1) at least 75% of its gross income (including its pro rata share of the gross income of its 25% or more-owned corporate subsidiaries) is passive income or (2) at least 50% of the average value of its assets (including its pro rata share of the assets of its 25% or more-owned corporate subsidiaries) produce, or are held for the production of, passive income. Passive income generally includes dividends, interest, rents, royalties, and gains from the disposition of passive assets. If Antelope Enterprises is determined to be a PFIC for any taxable year (or portion thereof) that is included in the holding period of a U.S. Holder (as defined in the section entitled “Taxation—United States Federal Income Taxation—General”) of its shares, the U.S. Holder may be subject to increased U.S. federal income tax liability upon a sale or other disposition of the shares of Antelope Enterprises or the receipt of certain excess distributions from Antelope Enterprises and may be subject to additional reporting requirements. Based on the composition (and estimated values) of the assets and the nature of the income of Antelope Enterprises and its subsidiaries during its 2015 taxable year, Antelope Enterprises does not believe that it would be treated as a PFIC for such year. However, because Antelope Enterprises has not performed a definitive analysis as to its PFIC status for its 2015 taxable year, there can be no assurance in respect to its PFIC status for such year. There also can be no assurance with respect to Antelope Enterprises’ status as a PFIC for its current (2016) taxable year or any future taxable year. U.S. Holders of the shares of Antelope Enterprises are urged to consult their own tax advisors regarding the possible application of the PFIC rules. See the discussion in the section entitled “Taxation—United States Federal Income Taxation—U.S. Holders—Passive Foreign Investment Company Rules.”

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Under the EIT Law, Antelope Enterprises, Success Winner and/or Stand Best, Vast Elite and Antelope HK may be classified as a “resident enterprise” of the PRC. Such classification could result in PRC tax consequences to Antelope Enterprises, our non-PRC resident shareholders, Success Winner and/or Stand Best, Vast Elite and Antelope HK.

On March 16, 2007, the National People’s Congress approved and promulgated a new tax law, the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law, or “EIT Law,” which took effect on January 1, 2008. Under the EIT Law, enterprises are classified as “resident enterprises” and non-resident enterprises. An enterprise established outside of China with “de facto management bodies” within China is considered a “resident enterprise,” meaning that it can be treated in a manner similar to a Chinese enterprise for enterprise income tax purposes. The implementing rules of the EIT Law define “de facto management bodies” as a managing body that in practice exercises “substantial and overall management and control over the production and operations, personnel, accounting, and properties” of the enterprise; however, it remains unclear whether the PRC tax authorities would deem our managing body as being located within China. Due to the short history of the EIT Law and lack of applicable legal precedents, the PRC tax authorities determine the PRC tax resident treatment of a foreign (non-PRC) company on a case-by-case basis. If the PRC tax authorities determine that Antelope Enterprises, Success Winner and/or Stand Best, Vast Elite, Antelope HK are a “resident enterprise” for PRC enterprise income tax purposes, a number of PRC tax consequences could follow. First, Antelope Enterprises, Success Winner and/or Stand Best may be subject to the enterprise income tax at a rate of 25% on Antelope Enterprises’, Success Winner’s and/or Stand Best’s worldwide taxable income, as well as PRC enterprise income tax reporting obligations. Second, under the EIT Law and its implementing rules, dividends paid between “qualified resident enterprises” are exempt from enterprise income tax. As a result, if Antelope Enterprises, Success Winner and Stand Best are each treated as “qualified resident enterprises,” all dividends from Hengda to Antelope Enterprises (through Success Winner and Stand Best) should be exempt from the PRC enterprise income tax.

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If Stand Best, Antelope HK and Vast Elite were treated as a PRC “non-resident enterprise” under the EIT Law, then dividends that Stand Best receives from Hengda, Vast Elite receives from Chengdu Future, Antelope HK receives from Antelope Yangpu, Hainan Antelope and Antelope Chengdu (assuming such dividends were considered sourced within the PRC) (i) may be subject to a 5% PRC withholding tax, provided that Stand Best owns more than 25% of the registered capital of Hengda, continuously within 12 months immediately prior to obtaining such dividend from Hengda, Vast Elite owns more than 25% of the registered capital of Chengdu Future, continuously within 12 months immediately prior to obtaining such dividend from Chengdu Future, and Antelope HK owns more than 25% of the registered capital of Antelope Yangpu, Hainan Antelope and Antelope Chengdu, continuously within 12 months immediately prior to obtaining such dividend from Antelope Yangpu, Hainan Antelope and Antelope Chengdu and the Arrangement between the Mainland of China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income, or the “PRC-Hong Kong Tax Treaty,” were otherwise applicable, or (ii) if such treaty does not apply (i.e., because the PRC tax authorities may deem Stand Best to be a conduit not entitled to treaty benefits), may be subject to a 10% PRC withholding tax. Similarly, if Success Winner were treated as a “non-resident enterprise” under the EIT Law and Stand Best were treated as a “resident enterprise” under the EIT Law, then dividends Success Winner receives from Stand Best (assuming such dividends were considered sourced within the PRC) may be subject to a 10% PRC withholding tax. A similar situation may arise if Antelope Enterprises were treated as a “non-resident enterprise” under the EIT Law, and Success Winner were treated as a “resident enterprise” under the EIT Law. Any such taxes on dividends could materially reduce the amount of dividends, if any, we could pay to our shareholders. Finally, if Antelope Enterprises is determined to be a “resident enterprise” under the EIT Law, this could result in a situation in which a 10% PRC tax is imposed on dividends Antelope Enterprises pays to its shareholders that are not tax residents of the PRC, or “non-resident investors,” and that are enterprises but not individuals, and gains derived by them from transferring Antelope Enterprises’ shares, if such income is considered PRC-sourced income by the relevant PRC tax authorities. In such event, Antelope Enterprises may be required to withhold a 10% PRC tax on any dividends paid to such non-resident investors. Such non-resident investors also may be responsible for paying PRC tax at a rate of 10% on any gain derived by such investors from the sale or transfer of Antelope Enterprises’ shares in certain circumstances. Antelope Enterprises would not, however, have an obligation to withhold PRC tax with respect to such gain under the PRC tax laws. Also, if Antelope Enterprises is determined to be a “resident enterprise,” its nonresident investors who are individuals may also be subject to potential PRC individual income tax at a rate of 20% with respect to dividends received from Antelope Enterprises and/or gains derived by them from the sale or transfer of Antelope Enterprises’ shares. Moreover, the State Administration of Taxation, or “SAT,” released Circular Guoshuihan No. 698, or Circular 698, on December 10, 2009 that reinforces the taxation of certain equity transfers by non-resident investors through overseas holding vehicles. Circular 698 addresses indirect equity transfers as well as other issues. Circular 698 is retroactively effective from January 1, 2008. According to Circular 698, where a nonresident investor who indirectly holds an equity interest in a PRC resident enterprise through a non-PRC offshore holding company indirectly transfers an equity interest in the PRC resident enterprise by selling an equity interest in the offshore holding company, and the latter is located in a country or jurisdiction where the actual tax burden is less than 12.5% or where the offshore income of its residents is not taxable, the non-resident investor is required to provide the PRC tax authority in charge of that PRC resident enterprise with certain relevant information within 30 days of the execution of the equity transfer agreement. The tax authorities in charge will evaluate the offshore transaction for tax purposes. In the event that the tax authorities determine that such transfer is abusing forms of business organization and a reasonable commercial purpose for the offshore holding company other than the avoidance of PRC income tax liability is lacking, the PRC tax authorities will have the power to re-assess the nature of the equity transfer under the doctrine of substance over form. A reasonable commercial purpose may be established when the overall international (including U.S.) offshore structure is set up to comply with the requirements of supervising authorities of international (including U.S.) capital markets. If the SAT’s challenge of a transfer is successful, it may deny the existence of the offshore holding company that is used for tax planning purposes and subject the non-resident investor to PRC tax on the capital gain from such transfer. Since Circular 698 has a short history, there is uncertainty as to its application. We (or a nonresident investor) may become at risk of being taxed under Circular 698 and may be required to expend valuable resources to comply with Circular 698 or to establish that we (or such non-resident investor) should not be taxed under Circular 698, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations (or such non-resident investor’s investment in us). In additional, the PRC resident enterprise may be required to provide necessary assistance to support the enforcement of Circular 698. On February 3, 2015, the State Administration of Tax issued a Public Notice Regarding Certain Corporate Income Tax Matters on Indirect Transfer of Properties by Non-tax Resident Enterprise, or Public Notice 7. Public Notice 7 has introduced a new tax regime that is significantly different from that under Circular 698. Public Notice 7 extends its tax jurisdiction to not only indirect transfers set forth under Circular 698 but also transactions involving transfer of other taxable assets, through the offshore transfer of a foreign intermediate holding company. In addition, Public Notice 7 provides clearer criteria the Circular 698 on how to assess reasonable commercial purposes and has introduced safe harbors for internal group restructurings and the purchase and sale of equity through a public securities market. Public Notice 7 also brings challenges to both the foreign transferor and transferee (or other person who is obligated to pay for the transfer) of the taxable assets. Where a non-resident enterprise conducts an “indirect transfer” by transferring the taxable assets indirectly by disposing of the equity interests of an overseas holding company, the non-resident enterprise being the transferor, or the transferee, or the PRC entity which directly owned the taxable assets may report to the relevant tax authority such indirect transfer. Using a “substance over form” principle, the PRC tax authority may re-characterize such indirect transfer as a direct transfer of the equity interests in the PRC tax resident enterprise and other properties in China, As a result, gains derived from such indirect transfer may be subject on PRC enterprise income tax, and the transferee or other person who is obligated to pay for the transfer is obligated to withhold the applicable taxes, currently at a rate of up to 10% for the transfer of equity interests in a PRC resident enterprise. Both the transferor and the transferee may be subject to penalties under PRC tax laws if transferee fails to withhold the taxes and the transferor fails to pay the taxes.

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We face uncertainties with respect to the reporting and consequences of private equity financing transactions, share exchange or other transactions involving the transfer of shares in our company by investors that are non-PRC resident enterprises, or sale or purchase of shares in other non-PRC resident companies or other taxable assets by us. Our company and other non-resident enterprises in our group may be subject to filing obligations or being taxed if our company and other non-resident enterprises in our group are transferors in such transactions, and may be subject to withholding obligations if our company and other non-resident enterprises in our group are transferees in such transactions, under Circular 698 and Public Notice 7. For the transfer to shares in our company by investors that are non-PRC resident enterprises, our PRC subsidiaries may be requested to assist in the filing under Circular 698 and Public Notice 7. As a result, we may be required to expend valuable resources to comply with Circular 698 and Public Notice 7 to request the relevant transferors from whom we purchase taxable assets to comply with these circulars, or to establish that our company and other non-resident enterprises in our group should not be taxed under these circulars, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. The PRC tax authorities have the discretion under Circular 698 and Public Notice 7 to make adjustments to the taxable capital gains based on the difference between the fair value of the taxable assets transferred and the cost of investment. If the PRC tax authorities make adjustments to the taxable income of the transactions under Circular 698 and Public Notice 7, our income tax costs associated with such potential acquisitions will be increased, which may have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. If any PRC tax applies to a non-resident investor, the non-resident investor may be entitled to a reduced rate of PRC tax under an applicable income tax treaty and/or a deduction for such PRC tax against such investor’s domestic taxable income or a foreign tax credit in respect of such PRC tax against such investor’s domestic income tax liability (subject to applicable conditions and limitations). Shareholders should consult with their own tax advisors regarding the applicability of any such taxes, the effects of any applicable income tax treaties, and any available deductions or foreign tax credits. For a further discussion of these issues, see the section herein captioned “Taxation—PRC Taxation.”

Fluctuations in exchange rates could adversely affect our business and the value of our shares.

The value of our shares will be indirectly affected by the foreign exchange rate between U.S. dollars and the Renminbi and between those currencies and other currencies in which our revenue may be denominated. Because all of our earnings and cash assets are denominated in Renminbi, fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Renminbi will affect the relative purchasing power of these proceeds, as well as our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business, financial condition or results of operations. Fluctuations in the exchange rate will also affect the relative value of any dividend we issue after this offering that will be exchanged into U.S. dollars and earnings from, and the value of, any U.S. dollar-denominated investments we make in the future. Since July 2005, the Renminbi has not been pegged to the U.S. dollar. Although the People’s Bank of China regularly intervenes in the foreign exchange market to prevent significant short-term fluctuations in the exchange rate, the Renminbi may appreciate or depreciate significantly in value against the U.S. dollar in the medium to long term. Moreover, it is possible that in the future the Chinese authorities may lift restrictions on fluctuations in the Renminbi exchange rate and lessen intervention in the foreign exchange market. On March 17, 2014, the People’s Bank of China, China’s central bank, announced that the RMB exchange rate flexibility increased to 2% in order to proceed further with reform of the RMB exchange rate regime. On August 11, 2015, the People’s Bank of China, announced it was revamping the official central parity of the RMB of the U.S. dollar to better reflect market developments in the exchange rate. Therefore, the RMB exchange rate has become more flexible and the exchange rate regime more transparent and in line with changes in market supply and demand. However, significant fluctuations in the RMB’s value against the U.S. dollar could occur. Very limited hedging transactions are available in China to reduce our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions in an effort to reduce our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. While we may enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these transactions may be limited, and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all. In addition, our foreign currency exchange losses may be magnified by Chinese exchange control regulations that restrict our ability to convert Renminbi into foreign currencies.

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As the rights of shareholders under British Virgin Islands law differ from those under U.S. law, you may have fewer protections as a shareholder.

Our corporate affairs will be governed by our memorandum and articles of association, the BVI Business Companies Act, 2004 (as amended) (the “BVI Act”), and the common law of the British Virgin Islands. The rights of shareholders to take legal action against our directors, actions by minority shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors under British Virgin Islands law are governed by the common law of the British Virgin Islands and by the BVI Act. The common law of the British Virgin Islands is derived in part from comparatively limited judicial precedent in the British Virgin Islands as well as from English common law, which is applied in the British Virgin Islands by virtue of the Common Law (Declaration of Application) Act. The rights of our shareholders and the fiduciary responsibilities of our directors under British Virgin Islands law are not as clearly established as they would be under statutes or judicial precedents in some jurisdictions in the United States. In particular, the British Virgin Islands has a less developed body of securities laws as compared to the United States, and some states (such as Delaware) have more fully developed and judicially interpreted bodies of corporate law. As a result of all of the above, holders of our shares may have more difficulty in protecting their interests through actions against our management, directors or major shareholders than they would as shareholders of a U.S. company.

British Virgin Islands companies may not be able to initiate shareholder derivative actions, thereby depriving shareholders of the ability to protect their interests.

British Virgin Islands companies may not have standing to initiate a shareholder derivative action in a federal court of the United States. The circumstances in which any such action may be brought, and the procedures and defenses that may be available in respect to any such action, may result in the rights of shareholders of a British Virgin Islands company being more limited than those of shareholders of a company organized in the United States. Accordingly, shareholders may have fewer alternatives available to them if they believe that corporate wrongdoing has occurred. The British Virgin Islands courts are also unlikely to recognize or enforce against us judgments of courts in the United States based on certain liability provisions of U.S. securities law; and to impose liabilities against us, in original actions brought in the British Virgin Islands, based on certain liability provisions of U.S. securities laws that are penal in nature. There is no statutory recognition in the British Virgin Islands of judgments obtained in the United States, although the courts of the British Virgin Islands will generally recognize and enforce the non-penal judgment of a foreign court of competent jurisdiction without retrial on the merits. This means that even if shareholders were to sue us successfully, they may not be able to recover anything to make up for the losses suffered.

The laws of the British Virgin Islands may provide comparatively limited protection for minority shareholders, so minority shareholders will have limited recourse if the shareholders are dissatisfied with the conduct of our affairs.

Under the laws of the British Virgin Islands, there is limited statutory law for the protection of minority shareholders in the form of the provisions of the BVI Act dealing with shareholder remedies. The principal protection under statutory law is that shareholders may bring an action to enforce the constitutional documents of the company, i.e. the memorandum and articles of association as shareholders are entitled to have the affairs of the company conducted in accordance with the BVI Act and the memorandum and articles of association of the company. A shareholder may also bring an action under statute if he feels that the affairs of the company have been or will be carried out in a manner that is unfairly prejudicial or discriminating or oppressive to him. There are also common law rights for the protection of shareholders that may be invoked, largely dependent on English common law, since the common law of the British Virgin Islands for business companies is limited.

The market price for our shares has been and may continue to be volatile.

The market price for our shares has been and is likely to continue to be highly volatile and subject to wide fluctuations in response to factors including the following:

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our quarterly operating results and changes or revisions of our expected results;
changes in financial estimates by securities research analysts;
changes in the economic performance or market valuations of companies specializing in the ceramics business in China;
announcements by us and our affiliates or our competitors of new products, acquisitions, strategic relationships, joint ventures or capital commitments;
addition or departure of our senior management and key personnel; and

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fluctuations of exchange rates between the RMB and the U.S. dollar.

Volatility in the price of our shares may result in shareholder litigation that could in turn result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources.

The financial markets in the United States and other countries have experienced significant price and volume fluctuations, and market prices have been and continue to be extremely volatile. Volatility in the price of our shares may be caused by factors outside of our control and may be unrelated or disproportionate to our results of operations. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a public company’s securities, shareholders have frequently instituted securities class action litigation against that company. Litigation of this kind could result in substantial costs and a diversion of our management’s attention and resources.

Although we paid semi-annual dividends in July 2013, January 2014, July 2014 and January 2015, we did not pay a dividend after January 2015 and do not currently plan to pay a dividend in the near future. Therefore, shareholders will benefit from an investment in our shares only if those shares appreciate in value

We paid dividends in July 2013, January 2014, July 2014 and January 2015. The declaration and payment of cash dividends is at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on factors our board of directors deems relevant, including among others, our results of operations, financial condition and cash requirements, business prospects, and the terms of our credit facilities, if any, and any other financing arrangements. We currently do not plan to pay a dividend in the near future. Therefore, the realization of a gain on shareholders’ investments will depend on the appreciation of the price of our shares, and there is no guarantee that our shares will appreciate in value.

We may not be able to pay any dividends on our shares in the future due to British Virgin Islands law.

Under British Virgin Islands law, we may only pay dividends to our shareholders if the value of our assets exceeds our liabilities and we are able to pay our debts as they become due. We cannot give any assurance that we will declare dividends of any amounts, at any rate or at all in the future. Future dividends, if any, will be at the discretion of our board of directors, and will depend upon our results of operations, cash flows, financial condition, payment to us of cash dividends by our subsidiaries, capital needs, future prospects and other factors that our directors may deem appropriate.

We may need additional capital, and the sale of additional shares or equity or debt securities could result in additional dilution to our shareholders.

We believe that our current cash and cash equivalents and anticipated cash flow from operations will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for the foreseeable future. We may, however, require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions or other future developments, including any investments or acquisitions we may decide to pursue. If these resources are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain one or more additional credit facilities. The sale of additional equity securities could result in additional dilution to our shareholders. The incurrence of indebtedness would result in increased debt service obligations and could result in operating and financing covenants that would restrict our operations. It is uncertain whether financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.

ITEM 4.INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

A.History and Development of the Company

Our principal PRC-based operating subsidiary, Hengda, was established on September 30, 1993 under the laws of PRC. All of the equity interests in Hengda are 100% owned by Stand Best. Hengda is a wholly foreign-owned enterprise in China.

Hengdali was established on May 4, 2008 under the laws of PRC. All of the equity interests in Hengdali are 100% owned by Hengda.

Stand Best was established on January 17, 2008 under the laws of Hong Kong. Stand Best acquired the entire shareholdings of Hengda on April 1, 2008 for consideration of RMB 58,980,000. As a result of this acquisition, Hengda became the wholly owned subsidiary of Stand Best.

Success Winner was established on May 29, 2009 under the laws of British Virgin Islands with Mr. Wong Kung Tok as its sole shareholder and sole director.

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On June 30, 2009, pursuant to the capitalization agreement dated June 30, 2009, Success Winner was issued the 9,999 shares allotted by Stand Best as per the capitalization exercise of a shareholder’s loan of HK$67.9 million (RMB 58.9 million). On the same date, the shareholder of Stand Best, Mr. Wong Kung Tok transferred all his shareholdings in Stand Best to Success Winner. Therefore, Mr. Wong Kung Tok, from June 30, 2009 to November 20, 2009, indirectly owned 100% of Stand Best and in turn, 100% of Hengda.

CHAC was incorporated in Delaware on June 22, 2007 and was organized as a blank check company for the purpose of acquiring, through a stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination, or controlling, through contractual arrangements, an operating business that had its principal operations in Asia, with a focus on potential acquisition target in China.

Pursuant to the terms of a merger and stock purchase agreement dated August 19, 2009, on November 20, 2009, CHAC merged with and into Antelope Enterprises, its wholly owned British Virgin Islands subsidiary, and immediately thereafter, as part of the same integrated transaction, Antelope Enterprises acquired all of the outstanding securities of Success Winner.

Prior to Antelope Enterprises’ acquisition of Success Winner, neither CHAC nor Antelope Enterprises had any operations.

On November 19, 2009, Hengda entered into a definitive acquisition agreement to acquire a new production facility in Gaoan, Jiangxi Province, PRC by purchasing 100% of the equity interests in Hengdali. The closing of the acquisition was subject to the Gaoan City Administration for Industry and Commerce transferring the registration and business license of Hengdali from Hengdali’s former shareholders to Hengda. The transfer occurred on January 8, 2010. Hengda appointed an executive officer to take control over Hengdali’s operating and financing activities on the same day. In total, Hengda assumed loans of RMB 60.0 million and paid cash consideration of RMB 185.5 million for the acquisition, of which RMB 145.4 million was advanced to Hengdali’s former shareholders by December 31, 2009.

On September 22, 2017, Success Winner incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Vast Elite Limited (“Vast Elite”) in Hong Kong with initial registered capital of HKD1. Vast Elite is engaged in the trading of building materials but during the year ended December 31, 2020, Vast Elite had no operations.

On November 20, 2019, Vast Elite incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co, Ltd (“Chengdu Future”) in China. Chengdu Future is engaged in the business management and consulting services.

On December 3, 2019, Success Winner incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited (“Antelope Holdings”) in Hong Kong. Antelope Holdings only serves the purpose as a holding company.

On May 9, 2020, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd in China, Antelope Chengdu is engaged in computer consulting and software development.

On August 10, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Hainan Antelope Holdings Co., Ltd ("Antelope Hainan") in China. Antelope Hainan is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Hainan does not have any operations as of this report date.

On August 11, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Future (Yangpu) Investment Co., Ltd ("Antelope Yangpu") in China.  Antelope Yangpu is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Yangpu does not have any operations as of this report date.

On August 23, 2021, Antelope Hainan incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd ("Antelope Investment") in China.

Antelope Investment is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Investment does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 9, 2021, Antelope Future incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Ruicheng Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd ("Antelope Ruicheng") in China. Antelope Ruicheng is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Ruicheng does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 18, 2021, Antelope Ruicheng incorporated a 51% owned subsidiary Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd ("Hainan Kylin") in China. Hainan Kylin is engaged in the business management and consulting services for online social commerce and live streaming industry.

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Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited and its subsidiaries’ (the “Company”) corporate structure as of December 31, 2021 is as follows:

Graphic

Antelope Enterprises’ History

Antelope Enterprises is a British Virgin Islands limited liability company whose predecessor, CHAC, incorporated in Delaware on June 22, 2007, was organized as a blank check company for the purpose of acquiring, through a stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination, or controlling, through contractual arrangements, an operating business, that has its principal operations in Asia.

The Initial Public Offering

On November 21, 2007, CHAC consummated its initial public offering of 12,000,000 units. On December 14, 2007, the underwriters of CHAC’s initial public offering exercised their over-allotment option for an offering of 800,000 units. Each unit in the offering consisted of one share and one share purchase warrant. Each warrant entitled the holder to purchase from Antelope Enterprises one share in Antelope Enterprises at an exercise price of $7.50. CHAC’s shares and warrants started trading separately as of December 17, 2007.

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The Business Combination

Pursuant to the terms of a merger and stock purchase agreement dated August 19, 2009, on November 20, 2009, CHAC merged with and into Antelope Enterprises, its wholly owned British Virgin Islands subsidiary, and, immediately thereafter, and as part of the same integrated transaction, Antelope Enterprises acquired all of the issued and outstanding shares of Success Winner held by its former shareholder in exchange for $10.00 and 5,743,320 shares of Antelope Enterprises shares. In addition, 8,185,763 shares of the Antelope Enterprises shares were placed in escrow (the “Contingent Shares”) to be released to the seller in the event certain earnings and stock price thresholds were achieved. Of the Contingent Shares, 5,185,763 Contingent Shares were released based on our achieving growth in either net earnings before tax or net earnings after tax. 3,000,000 Contingent Shares that were eligible to be released if Antelope Enterprises shares closed at or above certain share price targets for any twenty trading days within a thirty trading day period prior to April 30, 2012 were canceled because we did not meet applicable price targets. Concurrent with the Business Combination, we redeemed and purchased an aggregate of 11,193,149 of our shares from our public stockholders for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $109.6 million (in transactions intended to assure the successful completion of the Business Combination). Such shares were voted in favor of the Business Combination and the other related proposals. On November 16, 2012 all of our share purchase warrants expired and ceased to trade. Antelope Enterprises’ registered office is c/o Harneys Corporate Services Limited of Craigmuir Chambers, P.O. Box 71, Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands.

January 2020 Private Placement

On January 8, 2020, the Company executed subscription agreements (each, a “Subscription Agreement”) in connection with a $500,000 private placement of its ordinary shares with three accredited investors (the “Offering”) at the price of $0.75 per share. The Company agreed to register the shares sold in the Offering for resale no later than 270 days after the closing of the Offering. All respective purchasers in the Offering were “accredited investors” (as such term is defined under rules and regulations promulgated under the Securities Act), and the Company sold the securities in the Offering in reliance upon an exemption from registration contained in Section 4(2) and Rule 506 under the Securities Act. There were no discounts or brokerage fees associated with this Offering. The net proceeds of the Offering will be used for working capital and general corporate purposes.

May 2020 Registered Direct Offering

On May 22, 2020, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional investors (the “Investors”) for the sale by the Company of 1,102,950 common shares (the “Common Shares”), at a purchase price of $0.68 per share. Concurrently with the sale of the Common Shares, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement the Company also sold warrants to purchase 1,102,950 common shares (the “Warrants”). The Company sold the Common Shares and Warrants for aggregate gross proceeds of $750,006 (the “Offering”). Subject to certain beneficial ownership limitations, the five-year Warrants will be initially exercisable on the six-month anniversary of the issuance date at an exercise price equal to $0.79 per share, subject to adjustments as provided under the terms of the Warrants, and will terminate on the five-year anniversary of the initial exercise date of the Warrants. The closing of the sales of these securities under the Purchase Agreement will take place on May 27, 2020. The net proceeds from the transactions will be approximately $595,000, after deducting certain fees due to the placement agent and the Company’s estimated transaction expenses, and will be used for working capital and general corporate purposes. The Warrants and the shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants were sold without registration under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”) in reliance on the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act as transactions not involving a public offering and Rule 506 promulgated under the Securities Act as sales to accredited investors, and in reliance on similar exemptions under applicable state laws. Dawson James Securities, Inc. acted as the Company’s exclusive placement agent (the “Placement Agent”), on a best-efforts basis, in connection with the Offering. Pursuant to the terms and provisions of the engagement letter between the Company and the Placement Agent, the Company agreed to pay the Placement Agent a cash placement fee equal to 8% of the gross proceeds of the Offering, or $60,000, plus other expenses of the Placement Agent not to exceed $45,000. The Placement Agent also received five-year warrants (the “Compensation Warrants”) to purchase up to a number of common shares equal to 5% of the aggregate number of shares sold in the Offering, including the warrant shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, which such Compensation Warrants have substantially the same terms as the Warrants sold in the Offering, except that such Compensation Warrants have an exercise price of $0.85 per share and will terminate on the five year anniversary of the effective date of this offering.

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December 2020 Private Offering

On December 7, 2020, the Company executed subscription agreements with three individual accredited investors to offer and sell in a private placement 566,379 of the Company’s common shares at the per share price of $2.32 (which was the closing price for the Company’s common shares on December 4, 2020) for the gross proceeds of approximately $1.3 million. The shares were sold without registration under the Securities Act of 1933 in reliance on the exemptions provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act as transactions not involving a public offering and Rule 506 promulgated under the Securities Act as sales to accredited investors. The proceeds of the transaction will be used for working capital and general working purposes. There were no discounts or brokerage fees associated with this offering.

February 2021 Registered Direct Offering

On February 12, 2021, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain institutional investors for the sale of 588,235 common shares, at a purchase price of $3.57 per share. Concurrently with the sale of the Common Shares, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement the Company also sold warrants to purchase 588,235 common shares. The Company sold the Common Shares and Warrants for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately US$2.1 million, before commissions and expenses. The five-year Warrants will be immediately exercisable at an exercise price equal to $3.57 per share, and will terminate on the five-year anniversary of the initial exercise date of the Warrants. The net proceeds from the transactions will be approximately US$1.86 million, after deducting certain fees due to the placement agent and the Company’s estimated transaction expenses, and will be used for working capital and general corporate purposes.

In addition, the Placement Agent of this offering also received five-year warrants (the “Compensation Warrants”) to purchase up to a number of common shares equal to 5% of the aggregate number of shares sold in the Offering, including the warrant shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, which such Compensation Warrants have substantially the same terms as the Warrants sold in the Offering, except that such Compensation Warrants have an exercise price of $4.46 per share and will be exercisable six months from the effective date of this offering and will terminate on the five year anniversary of the effective date of this offering.

June 2021 Registered Direct Offering

On June 10, 2021, the Company commenced a registered direct offering of securities, and executed a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) with three institutional accredited investors pursuant to which it sold 913,875 of the Company’s common shares at the per share price of $3.48 (which was priced in excess of the average of the five-day closing price for the Company’s common shares preceding execution of the SPA, which was $3.42). In a concurrent private placement, the Company sold to such investors warrants to purchase 913,875 common shares (the “Investor Warrants”). The Investor Warrants have an exercise price per share of $3.42, subject to adjustment, and have a term of five years. The transactions yielded gross proceeds to the Company of $3,180,285, before the payment of commissions and expenses.

In addition, the Company issued warrants (the “Placement Agent Warrants”) to the Placement Agent to purchase a number of common shares equal to 5.0% of the aggregate number of shares sold to the investors in this offering, as well as the warrant shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants issued in the concurrent private placement, as additional placement agency compensation. The Placement Agent Warrants have substantially the same terms as the Investor Warrants, except that the Placement Agent Warrants will have an exercise price of $4.35.

CASH TRANSFERS WITHIN OUR ORGANIZATION

During each of the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, the only transfer of assets among Antelope Enterprises and its subsidiaries have consisted of cash. During that same period, there have been no distributions, dividends or loans extended by any of our direct or indirectly held subsidiaries to Antelope Enterprises. During that same period Antelope Enterprises has not declared any dividends or made any distributions to its shareholders.

Antelope Enterprises routinely provides cash to its subsidiaries either by way of capital contribution or by way of loan.

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Antelope Enterprises is a holding company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands, and we do not have any substantive operations other than indirectly holding the equity interest in our operating subsidiaries in China. Antelope Enterprises relies on dividends paid by our Hong Kong and Chinese subsidiaries and capital raised from the sale of our securities to satisfy our cash needs. The payment of dividends to Antelope Enterprises by our Chinese subsidiaries is affected by means of dividends by those entities to their Hong Kong direct parent and a redividend by that Hong Kong entity to Antelope Enterprises. Such dividends are effected by resolution of the board of directors of each such entity (after provision for applicable tax obligations).

China is a foreign exchange administration country. Capital injections, cross-border trade and services transactions settled in foreign exchange, overseas financing and profit repatriations are subject to the foreign exchange administration regulations. A Chinese subsidiary owned by foreign company must apply for registration of foreign exchange with the SAFE after the issuance of a business license and obtain a foreign exchange registration certificate. When the Chinese subsidiaries apply for repatriating dividends to foreign shareholders, it must submit the application form to SAFE with the proof that such dividends have been subjected to all applicable tax withholding. A Chinese subsidiary can only distribute dividends out of its accumulated profits, which means that any accumulated losses must be more than offset by its profits in other years, including the current year.

The cash transfers within the organization during the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021 were as follows:

For the year 2019

    

    

Equivalent 

    

    

Amount 

to amount 

Asset 

Company (Wire transfer from)

    

Company (Wire transfer to)

    

(RMB)

(USD)

    

Purpose

    

type

Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited

 

Stand Best Creation Limited

 

7,919,743

 

1,146,443

 

Working capital loan to subsidiary

 

Cash

Stand Best Creation Limited

 

Success Winner Limited

 

3,476,371

 

503,231

 

Working capital loan to direct holding company

 

Cash

Success Winner Limited

 

Vast Elite Limited

 

2,764,622

 

400,200

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

For the year 2020

Equivalent to 

Amount 

 amount

Asset

Company (Wire transfer from)

    

Company (Wire transfer to)

    

(RMB)

    

(USD)

    

Purpose

    

type

Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited

    

Success Winner Limited

    

7,028,476

    

1,018,000

    

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

    

Cash

 

Vast Elite Limited

 

10,013,161

 

1,450,300

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Success Winner Limited

 

Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited

 

3,455,552

 

500,500

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

 

Stand Best Creation Limited

 

3,935,394

 

570,000

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited

 

Success Winner Limited

 

3,452,100

 

500,000

 

Return excessed working capital to direct holding company

 

Cash

Vast Elite Limited

 

Chengdu Future Talented Management and consulting Co., Ltd

 

696,752

 

100,917

 

Capital contribution to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

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For the year 2021

Equivalent to

Amount 

 amount

Asset 

Company (Wire transfer from)

    

Company (Wire transfer to)

    

(RMB)

    

 (USD)

    

Purpose

    

Type

Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited

    

Success Winner Limited

    

48,304,308

    

7,580,000

    

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

    

Cash

 

Vast Elite Limited

 

12,244,951

 

1,921,500

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Success Winner Limited

 

Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited

 

6,691,230

 

1,050,000

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

 

Stand Best Creation Limited

 

12,936,378

 

2,030,000

 

Working capital loan to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited

 

Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd

 

4,779,450

 

750,000

 

Capital injection to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Vast Elite Limited

 

Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co., Ltd

 

3,186,300

 

500,000

 

Capital contribution to direct subsidiary

 

Cash

Jiangxi Hengdali Ceramics Materials Co., Ltd

 

Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co, Ltd

 

7,000,000

 

1,098,453

 

Loan repayment to direct holding company

 

Cash

Corporate Name Change

In October 2020, the Company announced its corporate name change to “Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited”. Commencing on October 15, 2020, the Company’s shares continued to trade on the Nasdaq Stock Market but under a new ticker symbol “AEHL”; the new CUSIP number associated with the name change is G041JN106. The Company’s shareholders approved the name change proposal at its February 2020 Annual Meeting.

Reverse Stock Split

Following the September 3, 2020 record date, the Company’s ordinary shares began trading on the NASDAQ Stock Market on a split-adjusted basis. The new CUSIP number for the Company’s common stock following the reverse split is G2113X159. The Board approved a reverse stock split so as to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement of $1.00 per share for continued listing on the NASDAQ Stock Market. As a result of the reverse stock split, every three issued and outstanding ordinary shares as of the effective date were combined into one issued and outstanding share. The reverse stock split reduced the number of outstanding ordinary shares of the Company from approximately 9.2 million shares to approximately 3.1 million shares, and the par value per share increased from $0.008 to $0.024. In lieu of issuing fractional shares, the Company issued one full share of the post-reverse stock split common share to any stockholder who would have been entitled to receive a fractional share. All outstanding stock options, warrants and other rights to purchase the Company’s ordinary shares were adjusted proportionately as a result of the reverse stock split. Following the split, the Company regained its compliance with NASDAQ’s minimum bid requirements for continued listing requirements on the NASDAQ Stock Market on September 18, 2020.

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Operational Updates

The Company primarily conducts its mainland China business operations in two cities: Jinjiang City, Fujian Province, and Gao’An City, Jiangxi Province. This business is conducted through the Company’s two subsidiaries: Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd. and Jiangxi Hengdali Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd. Following the new wave of COVID-19 outbreak in China, Hengda were required by the local authorities to cease their operations in March 2022; the respective operations gradually resumed beginning on April 20, 2022.

·Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd. (Jinjiang City, Fujian Province) – there is a total of 223 employees at this location; no employee has been affected by the novel coronavirus. The local government maintains daily control and monitoring of traffic to Fujian province from more severely affected provinces. In general, business entities in Jinjiang province resumed their operations, with some restrictions on operations of commercial banks and municipal entities.

·Jiangxi Hengdali Ceramic Materials Co. Ltd. (Gao’An City, Jiangxi Province) – there is a total of zero employees at this location attributable to our having entered into a new lease for the Hengdali facility in its entirety.

In addition to the foregoing:

·Most of the branches of Fujian and Jianxi commercial banks where the Company maintains bank accounts have not fully resumed their operation or otherwise have refused to perform bank confirmations for fear of contacting contaminated items.

·Cities and municipalities where the Company’s key customers and suppliers operate maintain monitoring and compulsory quarantine policies adopted during the COVID-19 outbreak; a number of the Company’s key customers and suppliers are unable to provide confirmations on time.

·The express delivery companies have not fully resumed their operations in most cities. The delivery periods have significantly extended as compared with those prior to the COVID-19 outbreak due to shortage of active staff. Additional disinfection and sterilization requirements are in place to prevent the potential virus transmission through courier packages.

Effective November 1, 2021, we entered into a new lease agreement with the same lessee who had been leasing one of the production lines with the capacity to produce approximately 10 million square meters of ceramic tiles annually at the Hengdali facility. The new lease agreement replaces the eight-year contract entered into on March 1, 2016 and is for the Hengdali facility in its entirety which includes building, plant and facilities, and which contains all of its machinery, equipment and production lines. The new lease has a term of five years, from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026, for an annual rent of RMB 18.0 million. The leased Hengdali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles. Due to the lease agreement, the Company’s total annual production capacity of ceramic tiles is 22.8 million square meters which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility.

·We have also begun to implement a diversification strategy into certain trending technology businesses in China to broaden our business operations and to fuel our growth. These include business management and consulting including human resource restructuring and optimization, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and an online social media platform including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting. Two of our newly incorporated subsidiaries, Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co, Ltd (“Chengdu Future”) and Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Chengdu”), who engage in computer consulting and software development, respectively, contributed 3.9% of the Company’s total revenue in fiscal 2020. In fiscal 2021, Chengdu Future, Antelope Chengdu and Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd (“Hainan Kylin”), which engages in business management and consulting services for the online social commerce and live streaming industry, accounted for 33.1% of the Company’s total revenue. We are intent upon growing our technology businesses over time.

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The principal office of the Company’s auditors is located in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of PRC (“HKSAR”). In order to prevent the COVID-19 disease outbreak in HKSAR, the government of HKSAR announced that (i) beginning on February 4, 2020, individuals, including Hong Kong residents, travelling between Hong Kong and the Mainland or between Hong Kong and other places will have to use control points at the Hong Kong International Airport, Shenzhen Bay and the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, and closed other land and water ports between mainland and HKSAR, and (ii) beginning on February 8, 2020, the Department of Health of the HKSAR issued quarantine orders to all people entering Hong Kong from the Mainland, including Hong Kong residents, Mainland residents and visitors from other places. People involved are required to stay at home or are required to find other accommodations to complete a fourteen-day compulsory quarantine. The Chief Executive of the government of the HKSAR under section 8 of the Prevention and Control of Disease Ordinance (Cap. 599) enacted the Compulsory Quarantine of Certain Persons Arriving at Hong Kong Regulation (“the Regulation”) to enforce the quarantine measure described in item (ii) above. The updated expiry date of the Regulation is midnight June 7, 2020.

The Company files this Annual Report in compliance with and reliance upon the SEC Order under Section 36 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, granting Exemptions from Specified Provisions of the Exchange Act and Certain Rules thereunder (SEC Release No. 34-88318/March 4, 2020). As a standard audit procedure, the auditors are required to control the confirmation procedures to ensure the effectiveness of this audit procedure, i.e. to issue confirmations to bank, customers and suppliers directly, and required the counterparties to mail back the confirmations directly to the auditors’ office. However, in light of the limited operation of the commercial banks and other business entities (especially small and medium sized entities), and the extended processing period of the express delivery service during the outbreak and subsequent recovery periods, the issuing time and related response period of audit confirmations was delayed. The recovery rate of the audit confirmations distributed (especially for those to customers and suppliers) is also expected to be lower than in previous years, as a result, additional alternative procedures would be required, such measures would also in return delay the overall audit process. The above-referenced measures had or will have adverse impacts on the timeliness to the Company’s annual audit, i.e., adversely affect the auditors’ overall on-site audit schedules as well as the timeliness of express delivery service of documents (such as audit confirmations) between mainland and HKSAR, and the filing of this Annual Report.

B.Business Overview

Overview

We are a leading Chinese manufacturer of ceramic tiles used for exterior siding and for interior flooring and design in residential and commercial buildings. The ceramic tiles, sold under the “HD” or “Hengda,” brands are available in over two thousand styles, colors and size combinations. Currently, we have five principal product categories: (i) porcelain tiles, (ii) glazed tiles, (iii) glazed porcelain tiles, (iv) rustic tiles, and (v) polished glazed tiles. Porcelain tiles are our best-selling products, accounting for over 83.9% of our total revenue in 2021.

Ceramic tiles are widely used in the PRC as a construction material for residential and commercial buildings. Ceramic tiles are used for flooring, interior walls for decorative purposes and on exterior siding due to their resistance to temperature, extreme environments, erosion, abrasion and discoloration for extended periods of time. In addition, the government recently released a statement stating that the greatest potential for expanding domestic demand and sustaining economic growth lies in urbanization. Since urbanization leads to new property development and construction, this could positively impact the Company’s business.

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Our Hengda manufacturing facilities are operated by Jinjiang Hengda Ceramics Co., Ltd., and are located in Jinjiang, Fujian Province, and our Hengdali manufacturing facilities have historically been operated by Jiangxi Hengdali Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd., and are located in Gaoan, Jiangxi Province. The Company’s total annual production capacity is currently 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility. Effective November 1, 2021, we entered into a new lease agreement with the same lessee who had been leasing one of the production lines with the capacity to produce approximately 10 million square meters of ceramic tiles annually at the Hengdali facility. The new lease agreement replaces the eight-year contract entered into on March 1, 2016 and is for the Hengdali facility in its entirety which includes building, plant and facilities, and which contains all of its machinery, equipment and production lines. The new lease has a term of five years, from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026, for an annual rent of RMB 18.0 million. The leased Hengdali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles, a reduction from its annual production capacity of 27.7 million square meters of ceramic tiles, resulting from the Company having retired two old furnaces at Hengdali in fiscal 2021. The Company believes that it is prudent to generate income from its unused production capacity from a third party rather than let it remain idle. In 2017, the Company retired two old furnaces at the Hengda facility and in July of 2018, it retired two more old furnaces. This resulted in the annual production capacity at Hengda being reduced to 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which, due to the new third-party lease agreement for Hengdali, represents the Company’s total current production capacity. The Company’s strategy is to implement a diversification strategy into certain trending technology businesses in China to broaden its business operations and to fuel its growth. Therefore, it may not be likely that it will utilize the manufacturing capabilities at the leased Hengdali facility in the future for its own production purposes.

Due to currently challenging economic conditions, for the year ended December 31, 2021, we utilized production facilities capable of producing 2.38 million square meters ceramic tiles, as compared with the year ended December 31, 2020, when we utilized production facilities capable of producing 4.19 million square meters. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we had 10 production lines available for production and utilized two production lines during the peak season. As of December 31, 2021, we had seven production lines available for production (all were from Hengda), one of which was in use as of December 31, 2021. When in operation, each production line is optimized to manufacture specific size ranges to maximize efficiency and output.

We primarily sell our ceramic tile products through an exclusive distributor network. We have long-term relationships with our customers; most of our top ten customers in 2021 have been purchasing from us for over ten years. We have been in discussions with some large property developers in China to be their exclusive or primary provider of ceramic tiles and, although no arrangements or agreements have been entered into, we expect to enter into arrangements of that type in the foreseeable future.

We focus our research and development efforts on developing innovative and environmentally friendly products. We own eighteen utility model patents. Our stringent tile management and marketing efforts have created a strong business reputation and high brand awareness as demonstrated by us receiving the “Chinese Well-Known Trademark” award from the Intermediate People’s Court of Xiangtan City and “Asia’s 500 Most Influential Brands 2014” award from the World Brand Laboratory.

To mitigate the challenging conditions in the real estate market in China and associated industries like our existing tile manufacturing business, we have incorporated new subsidiaries which are mainly engaged in trending technology businesses in China such as business management and consulting including human resource restructuring and optimization, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and an online social media platform including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting.

China’s Ceramic Tile Industry

We operate in the Chinese ceramic tile industry which is fragmented, highly competitive and closely tied to the PRC economy. Although there is little industry data available, management believes from its knowledge of other manufactures that it is one of the largest PRC-based manufacturers of ceramic tiles.

In 2021, China’s gross domestic product (GDP) totaled approximately $17.7 trillion and was the world’s second largest economy after the United States. China’s annual 2021 GDP grew by 8.1% compared to 2.3% annual GDP growth in 2020, with the year-to-year increase attributable to an economic rebound from the outbreak of the COVID 19 pandemic in December 2019. We believe that construction and real estate development will continue to be a key driver behind China’s GDP growth with property investment and related industries constituting a significant percentage of its GDP. Demand for ceramic tile product depends upon and directly correlates to activity in the construction and real estate development industries. The ceramic tile industry’s two primary markets in the PRC are residential construction applications and commercial construction applications.

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We believe that China’s real estate sector is likely to be relatively stable as speculative activities have prompted government policies to restrict construction with the intent to rein in rising prices. Further, tighter policy in the sector has occurred as some banks have increased their mortgage lending rates and down payment requirements. However, the government has issued statements stating that the greatest potential for expanding domestic demand and sustaining economic growth lies in urbanization. Since urbanization leads to new property development and construction, this could positively impact our business.

We believe that the real estate and the construction and building materials sectors continue to be vital to sustaining China’s economy growth. The Chinese Government is intent upon curbing real estate speculation and stabilizing prices by pronouncing that real estate is for habitation versus speculation and by promoting affordable housing and inexpensive rental housing. However, from time to time the Chinese government has also taken various actions to stimulate real estate development and home purchases which include interest rate cuts, lowering the reserve requirement ratio for banks, lowering first home down payment ratios and cutting the minimum capital ratio for fixed asset investments to aid property developers.

Although the Chinese Government’s measures have helped to sustain the real estate sector, there is an oversupply of building materials companies which, in combination with occasional slowdowns in construction and real estate activities, has hindered our operating results.

Commencing in the fourth quarter of 2012, we began experiencing challenging market conditions in China’s real estate and construction markets which resulted in a marked decrease in the sales volume of our ceramic tile products. Therefore, from that period forward, we have from time to time implemented a strategy of reducing the selling price of our ceramic tile products to be competitive in the market and to maintain market share. Further, over the last three fiscal years, challenging market conditions have become relatively more challenging due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In October 2019 we decreased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 15%. This resulted in a 26% increase in our sales volume for the second half of 2019 as compared to the same period of 2018. For the full fiscal year 2019, revenue decreased by 34.2% as compared to fiscal 2018 mainly due to the 27.0% decrease in sales volume resulting from the continued slowdown of China’s economy, especially in the manufacturing sector and the real estate industry. For the full fiscal year 2020, revenue decreased by 44.1% as compared to fiscal 2019 mainly due to the 35.4% decrease in sales volume resulting from a contraction in business from our customers which was primarily caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. For the full fiscal year 2021, ceramic tile revenue decreased by 20.9% as compared to fiscal 2020 mainly due to the 14.0% decrease in sales volume and 7.3% decrease in average sales price resulting from a contraction in business from our customers which was primarily caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Key Factors Affecting the Chinese Ceramic Tile Industry

The overall performance of the ceramic tile industry is influenced by consumer confidence, spending for durable goods, interest rates, turnover in housing, the condition of the residential and commercial construction industries and the overall strength of the economy and the recent restriction policy on the purchase of property. Demand for our ceramic tile products in the PRC heavily depends on the following economic factors and government policies designed to drive growth in the construction and real estate development sectors of the PRC economy.

Urbanization

Over the last twenty years, China has experienced rapid urbanization due to the increasingly limited capacity of rural areas to provide adequate economic support for a large agrarian population, the increasing disparity in disposable incomes between rural and urban dwellers and the easing of restrictions which historically limited rural to urban migration from rural areas to towns and cities. The development of an industrial base and service sector in urban areas has also driven large labor pools with a broad range of skills to urban areas. It is estimated that China’s urban population will expand from 572 million in 2005 to 926 million in 2025 and hit the one billion mark by 2030. In 20 years, China’s cities will have added 350 million people to its urban population — more than the entire population of the United States today. As a result of the urbanization trend and the associated need to expand an underdeveloped infrastructure to accommodate and house such growth, we believe that commercial and residential construction will expand measurably in future years, thereby creating additional demand for our products.

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Potential of Tier II and III cities

Much of the growth in China’s GDP is being driven by economic activity in Tier II and Tier III cities, such as Chengdu, Chongqing, and Tianjin, which commonly have populations that exceed 10 million individuals who often live in dwellings that do not meet modern standards. According to Jones Lang LaSalle, Tier I cities will account for only 10% of China’s commercial real estate activities by 2021, which highlights the attractive commercial development opportunities in Tier II and III cities. The economic impact of this trend is being felt across China’s Tier II and Tier III cities as the upswing in new residential and commercial construction projects and renovations is generating new demand for construction materials.

Importance of distributors

The majority of exterior ceramic tile manufacturers do not have sufficient resources to provide their own sales coverage nationwide and rely heavily on local distributors. As competition has intensified, many manufacturers have started to bid directly to real-estate developers for large construction projects. We have continued to rely on local distributors as our direct sales did not record any sales for the last three fiscal years. However, competitive forces could induce an increase in direct sales over time, placing a premium on a manufacturer’s internal sales force while requiring product lines with greater flexibility to meet customer demands.

Ceramic Tile Industry Products

There are two product segments within the ceramic tile industry: exterior and interior.

Exterior ceramic tiles

Exterior ceramic tile is mainly used as a decorative and protective component on building exteriors. Unlike other types of tiles, exterior ceramic tile must endure harsh environmental conditions and typically is manufactured to be water/dirt-resistant, non-corrosive and energy efficient. In addition, exterior ceramic tiles have other demands that interior ceramic tiles do not always have, including mandatory expansion joints, moisture considerations and thermal demands. Depending on the ultimate use of the ceramic tile and customer preferences, exterior ceramic tiles are often manufactured with customized glazing, coloring and other design and aesthetic features.

Interior ceramic tiles

Interior ceramic tiles are mainly used for decorative purposes on walls and floors in kitchens and bathrooms. Interior ceramic tiles are differentiated by design, style and perceived quality. Within China, interior ceramic tiles are typically purchased by residential owners or renovation contractors rather than property developers.

The manufacturing process is similar for both segments, however the distribution channels are different. Interior ceramic tiles are sold through retail stores and directly to contractors or residential owners. Exterior ceramic tiles are sold through distributors or directly to large property developers. Due to the higher cost distribution chain and typically smaller order sizes, profit margins are generally less within the interior ceramic tile industry.

Future Product Trends

As the ceramic tile industry in the PRC matures, builders are demanding construction materials that reduce building weight, making it possible to use light building structures and accelerate the speed of construction. Government policies meant to address energy efficiency are promoting the use of innovative wall materials, particularly those performing well in heat preservation and insulation and that are light in weight, and manufactured utilizing waste materials, less energy and fewer raw materials. In an effort to differentiate their products and meet government policies, ceramic tile manufacturers are increasingly focusing on research and development efforts.

Antelope Enterprises’ Ceramic Tile Products

Currently, all of our products are exterior wall ceramic tiles. We produce five types of ceramic tiles:

Porcelain tiles:  Porcelain tiles are fired at extreme temperatures and are therefore stronger and harder than other types of ceramic tiles. The material and the color are the same throughout and porcelain tiles are extremely durable. Although porcelain tiles have a matte surface, they absorb less water than other ceramic tiles, and as such, they are a superior solution for exterior tiling where there is frequent exposure to moisture.

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Glazed tiles:  Glazed tiles have a glossy finish and color patterns may be added to the exterior surface of the tile. The glaze does not go beyond the exterior surface of the tile and the interior color will show if the tile is chipped. Although glazed tiles are less water-resistant than matte porcelain tiles, they are easier to clean due to their glossy surface.

Glazed porcelain tiles:  Glazed porcelain tiles combine the advantages of porcelain tiles and glazed tiles, thus enabling the tiles to have a porcelain body with a stain-proof and glossy finish.

Rustic tiles:  Rustic tiles have greater versatility in their design as textures and colors can be added to their exterior surfaces and therefore can be used in more decorative situations. In addition to being used on exterior walls, rustic tiles are also used for interior walls and flooring.

Polished glazed tiles: Ceramic tiles can be manufactured in differing sizes according to customer specifications, with the largest sized tiles measuring 800 mm by 800 mm.

We can produce over 2,000 different combinations of products, colors, textures and sizes to meet the various demands of our customers.

Our Competitive Strengths

We believe the following competitive strengths will enable us to take advantage of the rapid growth of the ceramic tile industry in China:

Brand Recognition

We believe that the “Hengda” “HD” brands are well recognized and highly regarded in markets where our products are sold. In 2005, the brands “Hengda” and “HD” were each certified as a Fujian Well-Known Trademark by the Fujian Well-Known Trademark Award Commission and recognized as a “Chinese Well-known Trademark” in 2005 by the Intermediate People’s Court of Xiangtan City. Since 2012, we have been recognized with the “Asia’s 500 Most Influential Brands” award from the World Brand Laboratory. Our products are selected for inclusion in strategic and high-profile projects such as the 16th Asian Games, the 11th National Chinese Games Village and the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Focus on Tier II and Tier III Cities

Because of recent efforts by the PRC government to tighten monetary policy and constrain real estate prices in the “Tier-I” cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Guangzhou, we believe the outlook for our business has improved somewhat, given our concentration in Tier-II and Tier-III cities. We expect continued demand growth in the Tier-II and Tier-III cities, driven by urbanization trends as well as by the PRC government’s commitment to low-income housing.

Long-Term Sales Relationships

We have established an extensive distributor network and long-term customer relationships, where most of Hengda’s top ten customers in 2021 have been purchasing from us for over 10 years each.

Experienced Management Team

Our experienced, professional and dedicated management team brings a wealth of knowledge to our day-to-day operations and provides us with strategic direction and many years of experience in the ceramic industry.

Modern, environmentally friendly, and efficient manufacturing capabilities

We operate a modern manufacturing facility. Our Hengda facility received an ISO 9001:2000 accreditation, an international standard that acknowledged our quality control process. Our employees are required to undergo internal training regarding quality control policies, targets and procedures, as well as production and processing techniques.

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We upgraded our Hengda production lines to recover and/or reuse wastewater, waste dust, exhaust and kiln after-heat in 2007, which reduced our energy usage and energy costs. Our leased Hengdali production lines were also built using new equipment that incorporates recovery methods for recycling waste water, waste dust, exhaust and kiln after-heat that operate at a higher efficiency rate. We received an Energy Conservation Advance Enterprise Award in 2008 from the Jinjiang City Government.

Focus on Research and Development

We have devoted substantial resources to establishing research and development capabilities in an effort to improve our products and diversify our product mix. Our R&D team has developed over 2,000 types of different product combinations. As of the date of this Annual Report, we own eighteen utility model patents. “Utility model patents” means any new technical solution relating to the shape, the structure, or their combination, of a product, which is fit for practical use. In addition, we were awarded a “High-tech Enterprise Certificate” in 2007 from Fujian Provincial Department of Science and Technology, affirming our innovations in the industry. As of December 31, 2020, our research and development team includes 7 employees and focuses on new products as well as developing energy and resource efficient production methods.

Strategic Location within the PRC

We are located in Jinjiang and Gaoan. The Jinjiang region is an established ceramic and construction material hub in the PRC, and the Gaoan region is a developing ceramic production area supported by the local government. Both of these areas are located near the raw materials required to produce ceramic tiles. As distributors and direct customers come to these areas to procure construction materials for sale, construction projects or export, these locations provide us a regular flow of customers and demand. These centralized industry locations allow us to respond quickly to customer demands and react rapidly to emerging market trends. The proximity and ease of access to major ports and transportation infrastructure in both of these regions enables us to decrease transportation and logistics costs.

Our Ceramic Tile Growth Strategy

We intend to further strengthen our position as a leading manufacturer of ceramic tiles in China by implementing the following strategies:

Broadening Our Distribution Network

We sell our products mainly to distributors located in major Tier-II cities such as Tianjin, Wuhan, Chengdu and Shenyang. We plan to establish and/or increase our presence in Tier-II and Tier-III cities in provinces such as Zhejiang, Anhui, Heilongjiang, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Yunnan.

We believe that our new Hengdali production facility in Gaoan will better position us to expand into new markets and reach additional end customers as transportation and logistical costs of delivering products to these areas will be reduced.

Evaluating Opportunities to Increase Exports

We intend to increase the exported volume of our products with additional PRC trading companies and by promoting our products in regional and international trade shows with a focus on direct selling efforts to property developers in the PRC. While we are in its early stages, we also plan upon increasing our currently modest levels of exports to the Southeast Asia market due to a potential rise in construction in the region and its climate conditions which make it an ideal fit for certain of our ceramic tile products.

Pursuing Selective Acquisition Opportunities

We will explore business combinations that broaden our product line, expand our customer base and allow us to penetrate new geographic regions. Our management believes that it has sufficient expertise to find and acquire suitable ceramic production facilities and/or companies to increase our scale and geographic diversification within the PRC. Our management intends to only pursue acquisitions where it believes that we will be able to continue to provide cost competitive, high quality ceramic tiles to our customers.

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Further Enhancing Our Brand Awareness

We plan to enhance awareness of the “Hengda” or “HD” brands in the PRC exterior ceramic tile industry. Hengda produces our “Hengda” or “HD” brands, which are marketed toward the high-end market. Our branding strategy is to reach a larger customer base with a wide spectrum of product offerings. We plan on strengthening our brands by marketing our products to property developers and the construction industry, partnering with local distributors, attending national fairs and promoting our products through inclusion in strategic high-profile projects.

Developing Advanced Products That Meet Evolving Building Construction Requirements

We strive to develop new products that address market demand for advanced building materials that meet or exceed evolving government policies for energy efficiency. Further, we will continue to invest in research and development to maintain our competitive position in the industry. Our research and development efforts are focused on developing tiles which:

Reduce raw materials and energy consumption in the production process;
Have a density less than half of other tiles;
Reduce load bearing stress on exterior walls of buildings and tile shedding;
Recycle our by-products and limit waste output in our production process;
Utilize a honeycomb structure which optimizes insulation performance for new products, such as our light-weight product lines;
Have higher standards for water resistance; and
Are easier to attach to exterior walls.
Are designed to cool indoor temperatures of buildings and are sustainable energy efficient solution for both high rise apartment buildings and general housing.

Diversification into Trending Business Management and Consulting Technology Sectors in China

To mitigate the challenging conditions in the real estate market in China and associated industries like our ceramic tile manufacturing business, we incorporated new subsidiaries which are mainly engaged in trending technology businesses in China such as business management and consulting including human resource restructuring and optimization, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and an online social media platform including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting.

Ceramic Tile Production Processes

A typical production line for ceramic tiles is comprised of preparation equipment (which typically includes a miller and a spray dryer), a press (which is used for shaping raw ceramic material), a glazing line (used to supply glazed materials to the pressed tiles), a kiln (used to harden the soft mixture of clay and minerals into a hard ceramic body by subjecting the mixture to high temperature) and packaging.

The procedures involved in the production of ceramic tiles are summarized below:

(i)Inspecting

Raw materials for ceramic products consist mainly of clay (comprised of inorganic materials such as kaolin, flint and feldspar) obtained mostly from areas adjacent to our facilities, such as Dehua county of Quanzhou city and the Fujian province. Raw materials are inspected by quality control staff upon receipt. Batch calculations that take into consideration both physical properties and chemical compositions of the raw materials are performed to ensure that the right amounts are mixed.

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(ii)Mixing and Grinding

After stringent checks on the quality of the clay and weighing, the raw material department mixes the clay as determined during inspection. The mixture is then sent to a ball mill where water is added to form a slurry for finer grinding. This process takes approximately 12 hours to complete. The slurry is then filtered and metallic particles are removed magnetically. The slurry is inspected at this stage for density, flow speed and water ratio. Compared with many competitors who use stone ball millers, we use aluminum ball millers to grind materials. Aluminum ball millers have a higher initial cost, but have higher grinding speed and can better process stone chips existing in the slurry. The slurry is then moved to a large slurry pool. Based on the production schedule, portions of the slurry may be moved to smaller slurry pools where coloring materials can be added. The mixture in smaller slurry pools are churned for approximately 24 hours to keep quality and color consistent in the end product.

(iii)Spray Drying

A spray dryer is then used to remove most of the water content in the slurry to obtain granules with the required moisture level for processing. The slurry is pumped into an atomizer, consisting of a rapidly rotating disk or nozzle where droplets are formed. The droplets of the slurry spray are then dried by a rising hot air column, forming small free-flowing granules of a standard size and specific moisture content which is used in the next stage. The stream of gases used to dry the slurry can be at temperatures as high as 1,100°C. The granules are then moved to and held in steel containers called hoppers for over 24 hours to ensure consistency and uniformity of granule size and color.

(iv)Molding

The granules flow from a hopper into the mold die where they are compressed by steel plungers and then ejected by the bottom plunger in varying sizes based on specifications. The automated presses used operate at pressures as high as 1,600 tons per square meter. The ceramic bisque, a shaped non-fired ceramic tile, is then passed through to the dryer to remove most of the remaining water content present in preparation for the firing and/or glazing stages. The ceramic tiles are fed into the dryer and conveyed horizontally on rollers, at temperatures of 250°C for approximately 15 to 25 minutes based on tile type.

(v)Glazing

Glazing involves applying one or more coats of glaze, comprised mainly of silica and other coloring agents such as iron, chromium, cobalt or manganese, onto the ceramic tile surface. The dried ceramic bisque is then sent to the glazing station where a design and/or color is added. The glaze concentration and glazing quantity is controlled by computers to avoid chromatic aberration and lack of uniformity. Not all products, such as porcelain tiles, require glazing.

(vi)Firing

After molding and/or glazing, the ceramic bisque is fired in a kiln. Typically, the temperature in a kiln is about 1,200°C and the firing process takes less than one hour. The entire firing process is monitored and controlled by computers. We currently have twelve firing lines, nine located in the Hengda facility and three located at the leased Hengdali facility.

(vii)Packaging

After the firing process, tiles are inspected for quality. Ceramic tiles which pass inspection are packaged and moved to the storage facility.

Quality Control & Assurance

The quality of our products is critical to our continued growth and success. In July 2002, our Hengda facility received ISO 9001:2000 accreditation, an international certification certificate, acknowledging our quality control process. Quality control procedures begin at the receipt of raw materials and continue throughout the manufacturing process ending with a final quality check prior to packaging. Our employees are required to undergo internal training regarding our quality control policies, targets and procedures, as well as production and processing techniques. As of December 31, 2021, our quality assurance team consisted of 3 members.

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Notable Awards & Certificates

We have received numerous awards and certificates for our branding, product quality and R&D achievements. Select awards include:

Year Initially

    

    

Received

Award & Certificate Name

Issuer

2002

ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System Certificate

China Certification Center for Quality Mark

2005

 

ISO 14001:2004 Environmental Management Standards Certificate

 

Fujian Branch of Beijing World Standards Certification Centre

2005

 

Fujian Well-known Trademark

 

Fujian Well-known Trademark Award Commission

2005

 

Chinese Well-known Trademark

 

Intermediate People’s Court of Xiangtan City

2006

 

Inspection Exempted Products Certificate

 

National Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

2007

 

High-tech Enterprise Certificate

 

Fujian Provincial Department of Science and Technology

2008

 

Energy Conservation Advanced Enterprise

 

Jinjiang City Government

2009

 

Fujian 100 Important Industrial Enterprise

 

Fujian Economic and Trading Commission

2010

 

Asia’s 500 Most Influential Brands 2010

 

World Brand Laboratory

2010

 

Fujian’s Top 300 Enterprises

 

Fujian Enterprise Evaluation Center and Fujian Enterprise Evaluation Association

2011

 

China’s 500 Most Valuable Brands

 

World Brand Laboratory

2011

 

Top 100 Fastest Growing Enterprises for China Building Material

 

China Building Materials Enterprise Management Association

2011

 

Top 500 Enterprise in China Building Material

 

China Building Materials Enterprise Management Association

2011

 

Customer Preferred Top 10 Brand

 

China International Nameplate Development Association

2012

 

Asia’s 500 Most Influential Brands 2012

 

World Brand Laboratory

2013

 

China’s 500 Most Valuable Brands

 

World Brand Laboratory

2013

 

Asia’s 500 Most Influential Brands 2013

 

World Brand Laboratory

2014

 

China’s 500 Most Valuable Brands

 

World Brand Laboratory

Customers, Sales & Marketing

We primarily sell our products through an exclusive distributor network or directly to property developers. Distributors are located in major cities such as Shanghai, Beijing, and Shenyang and second and third tier cities such as Chengdu, Haikou, Hefei, Tianjin, Wuhan and other rural areas in the PRC. We have long-term relationships with many of our customers; most of our top ten customers in 2021 have been purchasing from us for several years.

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The following table sets forth ceramic tile revenue by geographic market and the related percentage for the years ended 2019, 2020 and 2021:

Geographic

2019

2020

2021

 

Market

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

RMB’000

    

Percentage

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

PRC

326,561

   

99.7

%  

182,989

   

100

%  

144,743

100

%

Japan

 

1,020

 

0.3

%  

 

%  

 

%

Burma

 

2,840

 

0.6

%  

 

%  

 

%

India

 

2,393

 

0.5

%  

 

%  

 

%

Korea

 

2,673

 

0.5

%  

 

%  

 

%

Thailand

 

2,122

 

0.4

%  

 

%  

 

%

Hong Kong

 

1,661

 

0.3

%  

 

%  

 

%

Spain

 

1,013

 

0.2

%  

 

%  

 

%

Turkey

 

1,358

 

0.3

%  

 

%  

 

%

South Africa

 

1,495

 

0.3

%  

 

%  

 

%

Sierra Leone

 

935

 

0.2

%  

 

%  

 

%

Ghana

 

866

 

0.2

%  

 

%  

 

%

Russia

 

709

 

0.1

%  

 

%  

 

%

Morocco

 

773

 

0.2

%  

 

%  

 

%

Great Britain

 

825

 

0.2

%  

 

%  

 

%

Total

 

327,581

 

100

%  

182,989

 

100

%  

144,743

 

100

%

The following table sets forth ceramic tile revenue for our major customers and the related percentage of our net revenue for the years 2019, 2020 and 2021:

2019

 

Customer Name

    

RMB’000

Percentage

 

Foshan City Jundian Ceramics Co., Ltd.

56,128

    

17.1

%

Xiamen Xinrui Materials Co., Ltd.

 

40,189

 

12.3

%

Chengdu City Dehui Construction Materials Co., Ltd.

 

36,056

 

11.0

%

Gaoan Hechang Trading Co., Ltd

 

25,383

 

7.7

%

Gaoan Jinfa Trading Co. Ltd.

 

23,781

 

7.3

%

Wuhan Dashunkai Materials Co., Ltd.

 

18,123

 

5.5

%

Liuzhou City Shengquanda Trading Co., Ltd

 

17,837

 

5.4

%

Zhengzhou Qiyang Trading Co.,Ltd

 

17,190

 

5.2

%

Kunming Wuye Trading Co., Ltd.

 

14,586

 

4.5

%

Xieli (Fujian) Co., Ltd.

 

11,312

 

3.5

%

2020

 

Customer Name

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

Foshan City Jundian Ceramics Co., Ltd.

49,702

27.2

%

Xiamen Xinrui Materials Co., Ltd.

 

34,938

 

19.1

%

Chengdu City Dehui Construction Materials Co., Ltd.

 

29,868

 

16.3

%

Liuzhou City Shengquanda Trading Co., Ltd

 

14,930

 

8.2

%

Zhengzhou Qiyang Trading Co., Ltd

 

9,542

 

5.2

%

Sichuan Heli Construction Materials Co., Ltd

 

8,837

 

4.8

%

Nanning Guchen Trading Co. Ltd.

 

8,078

 

4.4

%

Wuhan Dashunka Construction Materials Co., Ltd.

 

8,019

 

4.4

%

Xieli Fujian Trading Co., Ltd

 

7,135

 

3.9

%

Hubei Wanshi Trading Co., Ltd.

 

6,001

 

3.3

%

Fushan Yirui Materials Co., Ltd.

 

5,939

 

3.3

%

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2021

 

Customer Name

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

Foshan City Jundian Ceramics Co., Ltd.

12,790

8.8

%

Xiamen Xinrui Materials Co., Ltd.

 

9,109

 

6.3

%

Chengdu City Dehui Construction Materials Co., Ltd.

 

7,970

 

5.5

%

Liuzhou City Shengquanda Trading Co., Ltd

 

3,608

 

2.5

%

Wuhan Dashunkai Construction Materials Co.,Ltd

 

2,848

 

2.0

%

Zhengzhou Qiyang Trading Co., Ltd

2,324

1.6

%

Hubei Wanshi Trading Co., Ltd.

2,165

1.5

%

Sichuan Heli Construction Materials Co., Ltd

1,742

1.2

%

Xieli Fujian Trading Co., Ltd

1,599

1.1

%

Nanning Guchen Trading Co. Ltd

1,367

0.9

%

Our business and profitability of our ceramic tile business segment is not materially dependent on any industrial, commercial or financial contract with any of our customers. None of our directors or executive officers or their respective affiliates has any interest, direct or indirect, in any of our customers.

Sales and Marketing

The sales and marketing department is responsible for formulating sales policies and pricing based on market analysis, surveys and forecasts, developing and implementing our sales and marketing campaigns, and promoting our products and brand. Additionally, our sales department is responsible for cultivating new customers and business relationships, as well as servicing existing accounts.

We participate in a variety of sales and marketing activities including trade shows, in-house sales and marketing seminars, factory tours, outdoor advertising, B2B catalogs and customer calls. We believe that these techniques allow us to gather and better understand customers’ needs and requirements and to obtain feedback on our products and services and intend to continue utilizing these techniques.

In the future, we intend to participate in international trade fairs and seminars from time to time to promote our brand and products, and to establish a network with industry professionals outside the PRC. To augment our plan to expand our markets internationally, our products will also be advertised on and available to purchase on the Internet. As of December 31, 2021, our sales and marketing department had 15 employees.

Backlog

We typically receive orders from customers two months in advance of production on a rolling basis. We enter into a dealership agreement with customers, and a sales or purchase contract each time a customer places an order. If a customer makes any changes to an order after we have used any raw materials in fulfilling the order, the customer bears the losses. Once we have delivered the products to the customer and the customer has examined and accepted the products, we provide no quality guarantees. We confirm amounts payable with each customer on a monthly basis. The products typically must be delivered to customers within 90 days of receipt of the sales order, and the customers typically must pay for the products within 120 to 150 days of delivery.

As of December 31, 2021, our backlog was nil attributable to the novel coronavirus pandemic and the disruption of normal business activities.

Major Suppliers & Raw Materials

Our suppliers are selected by our purchasing department and are assessed on criteria such as the quality of materials supplied, duration of their business relationship with us, pricing, delivery reliability and response time to orders placed by us. We have sufficient raw materials on hand to support, on average, three weeks of production at any point in time to minimize any potential production delays that could arise due to a delay in raw material delivery.

We have not experienced significant production disruptions due to a supply shortage from our suppliers, nor have we had a major dispute with a supplier.

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Our major suppliers for the last three years are set forth in the table below, and except for Jinjiang Xinao Gas Company Limited and Foshan City Sanshui Baoligao Inorganic Materials Co., Ltd., no suppliers accounted for more than 15% of our total purchases of raw materials and energy sources for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021. Our business or profitability is not materially dependent on any industrial, commercial or financial contract with any of our suppliers.

The following chart lists our major suppliers and the related percentage of our total purchases of raw materials and energy sources in fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021:

2019

 

Supplier Name

    

Type

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

Jinjiang Xinao Gas Company Limited

Gas

21,970

   

10.5

%

Quanzhou Like Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

9,920

 

4.7

%

Foshan City Nanhai Huaxiong Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

24,443

 

11.7

%

Fengxin Huafeng Ceramic Co., Ltd.

 

Clay

 

28,419

 

13.6

%

Yongchun Junjie Mining Co., Ltd.

 

Coal

 

26,551

 

10.3

%

Foshan City Nanhai Zhongtai Glaze Production Plant

 

Color

 

 

%

Foshan City Sanshui Golden Eagle Inorganic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

29,088

 

13.9

%

Fujian Nanping Minning Mining Exploitation Co., Ltd.

 

Clay

 

10,524

 

5.0

%

2020

 

Supplier Name

    

Type

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

Jinjiang Xinao Gas Company Limited

 

Gas

 

7,846

 

12.2

%

Quanzhou Like Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

8,324

 

13.0

%

Foshan City Nanhai Huaxiong Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

8,676

 

13.5

%

Quanzhou City Like Ceramic Co., Ltd.

 

Clay

 

8,710

 

13.6

%

Foshan City Sanshui Golden Eagle Inorganic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

9,451

 

14.8

%

Yongchun Junjie Mining Co., Ltd

 

Coal

 

6,870

 

10.7

%

2021

 

Supplier Name

    

Type

    

RMB’000

    

Percentage

 

Jinjiang Xinao Gas Company Ltd.

Gas

   

8,488

15.3

%

Quanzhou Like Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

6,827

 

12.4

%

Foshan City Nanhai Huaxiong Ceramic Materials Co., Ltd.

 

Color

 

7,473

 

13.5

%

None of our officers or directors or their respective affiliates has any interest, direct or indirect, in any of the above major suppliers. There are no arrangements or understanding with any suppliers pursuant to which any of our directors and executive officers were appointed.

Research and Development

We have devoted substantial resources to establishing research and development capabilities in an effort to improve our products and diversify our product mix. Our research and development team focuses on new products as well as developing energy and resource efficient production methods.

We focus our research and development efforts on the following:

Expanding and improving production capacity;
Improving and developing new production and processing techniques;
Improving the use and selection of raw materials to lower costs; and
Developing new products and designs to address changing market demands.

Our research and development costs were approximately RMB 6.38 million, RMB 1.21 million, and RMB 0.14 million for fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. From time to time, we may enter into collaboration agreements with research institutes to develop new products or improve our production process. As of December 31, 2021, our R&D department had 7 employees.

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Competition

We face intense competition from our existing competitors and new market entrants. Our primary competitors are usually privately owned companies that are located mainly in the PRC. Our principal competitors are Guangdong White Rabbit Ceramics, Foshan Shiwan Yulong Ceramics Co., Ltd, Jinjiang Haoyuan Ceramics, Co., Ltd, Jinjiang Wanli Ceramics Co., Ltd, Jinjiang Tengda Ceramics Co., Ltd and Jinjiang Haoshan Construction Materials Co., Ltd. We compete primarily based on product quality, brand recognition, and an extensive distributor network.

Intellectual Property

We protect our intellectual property primarily through a mix of patent and trademark registrations.

Registered Trademarks

Our brand name distinguishes our products and promotes consumer awareness of our products.

We have registered the following trademarks in the PRC:

Trademark

    

Class/Products

    

Validity Term

    

Registration No.

A close-up of a logo

Description automatically generated with low confidence

19/ Tile, ceramic tile and wave pattern tile

From April 27, 2019 to April 27, 2029

4971249

Except as disclosed above, as of December 31, 2021, our business or profitability is not materially dependent on any other trademarks, copyrights, registered designs, patents, grant of licenses from third parties, new manufacturing processes or other intellectual property rights.

Legal Proceedings

We are currently not involved in any legal proceedings; nor are we aware of any claims that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Seasonality

The second and third calendar quarters have been the peak season of the property developing industry, and, therefore, our quarterly sales are usually highest from May to September compared to the rest of the year. We have lower sales between the months of January and March due to the effects of cold weather and the PRC Spring Festival. The seasonality information above is based on our turnover trend in the last three years and may vary slightly from year to year depending on the demand by our customers and end customers for our products. However, management believes that the seasonality information for the last three years is representative of the seasonality trend going forward.

Our Business Management and Consulting Segment

We have begun to execute on a corporate diversification strategy by incorporating new subsidiaries which are mainly engaged in trending technology businesses in China. These include business management and consulting including human resource restructuring and optimization, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and an online social media platform including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting. Two of our new subsidiaries, Chengdu Future and Antelope Chengdu, made a modest contribution to our financial performance for the year ended December 31, 2020, and Hainan Kylin Cloud Services, Antelope Chengdu and Chengdu Future jointly made a significant contribution to our financial performance for the year ended December 31, 2021.

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Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co., Ltd

Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co., Ltd (“Chengdu Future”), located in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, engages in a wide range of business consultancy services. Its main focus is to provide comprehensive consulting services in the areas of enterprise management, information systems, human resource management and operations engineering. It helps enterprises to develop and implement innovative solutions to enable their growth, improve their performance and efficiency and to resolve technical pain points to ensure their financial and operational stability. Chengdu Future plans to continue to expand the scope of its services and penetrate new markets across China.

Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd.

Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd., (“Antelope Chengdu”), located in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, engages in management consulting services including system process consulting, project analysis, financial analysis, and software products and services. It diagnoses difficulties in infrastructure and enterprise systems and addresses business challenges that enterprises confront by developing strategies to surmount such hurdles to ensure the healthy growth and development of its client companies. Its consulting teams have advanced technological knowledge and capabilities to implement workflow solutions via proprietary software products and services to help its enterprise clients with customized solutions to solve complex problems. Antelope Chengdu plans to continue to expand the scope of its services and penetrate new markets across China.

Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd.

Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd (“Hainan Kylin”), headquartered in Hainan Province, is an SAAS service platform that engages in online social media platforms including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting. Its online presence includes a human resources platform that matches enterprises with a wide range of freelance workers and entrepreneurs. It is a leader in online employment, includes technical, professional and the industrial supply chain job candidates, and replaces the traditional human resource structure. Its online platform also provides entrepreneurial business consulting, skills training, resources for self-employment, counseling, compensation payment system services and other financial services. The Hainan Kylin online employment platform is designed to save enterprises significant costs in recruiting and hiring and covers 32 provinces nationwide.

Hainan Kylin also operates social e-commerce platforms such as Yunji E-Commerce, Leke Unicorn, Douyin Live, KK Live, and others. It currently operates as a multi-channel network, or influencer network, that works with live streaming video platforms to make their programming, partnerships digital rights, revenue and monetization effective. It plans to expand its live streaming online platforms by developing an array of professional anchor broadcasters, as well as discover and provide amateur anchors with training services, who would provide value-added content and services. Hainin Kylin integrates hundreds of Internet, blockchain and financial institutions on to its online platforms. Its growth plans include entry into digital entertainment such as video games, computer hardware digital products and e-sports.

The following table sets forth business management and consulting revenue for our major customers and the related percentage of our net revenue for fiscal year 2021:

2021

 

Customer Name

    

RMB'000

    

Percentage

 

Hangzhou Yajie Electronic Commerce Co., Ltd.

    

16,894

    

23.6

%

Shanghai Pufei Investment Management Co., Ltd

 

9,233

 

12.9

%

Wuhan Tianguzhiji Network Technology Co.,Ltd

 

8,058

 

11.3

%

Ningbo Qinzhouyanzhi Network Technology Co.,Ltd

 

6,573

 

9.2

%

Hangzhou Jitang Technology Co.,Ltd

 

3,891

 

5.4

%

Shanghai Zhihuizhiyun Information Technology Co., Ltd

 

3,724

 

5.2

%

Zhejiang Jilian Technology Co., Ltd

 

3,250

 

4.5

%

Ningbo Ximu Network Technology Co., Ltd

 

3,117

 

4.4

%

Hangzhou Daoxian Technology Co.,Ltd

 

3,011

 

4.2

%

Hangzhou Jiayu Technology Co.,Ltd

 

2,140

 

3.0

%

Our business and profitability of our business management and consulting segment is not materially dependent on any industrial, commercial or financial contract with any of our customers. None of our directors or executive officers or their respective affiliates has any interest, direct or indirect, in any of our customers.

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Governmental Regulations

Environmental Protection Regulations

In accordance with the PRC Environmental Protection Law adopted on December 26, 1989, the Administration Supervisory Department of Environmental Protection of the State Council sets the national guidelines for the discharge of pollutants. The People’s Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities may also set their own guidelines for the discharge of pollutants within their own provinces or districts in the event that the national guidelines are inadequate. A company which causes environmental pollution and discharges other polluting materials which endanger the public should implement environmental protection methods and procedures into their business operations. This may be achieved by setting up a system of accountability within the company’s business structure for environmental protection, adopting effective procedures to prevent environmental hazards such as waste gases, water and residues, dust powder, radioactive materials and noise arising from production, construction and other activities from polluting and endangering the environment. The environmental protection system and procedures should be implemented simultaneously with the commencement of and during the operation of construction, production and other activities undertaken by the company. Any company which discharges environmental pollutants should report and register such discharge with the Administration Supervisory Department of Environmental Protection and pay any fines imposed for the discharge. A fee may also be imposed on the company for the cost of any work required to restore the environment to its original state. Companies which have caused severe pollution to the environment are required to restore the environment or remedy the effects of the pollution within a prescribed time limit. If a company fails to report and/or register the environmental pollution it caused, it will receive a warning or be penalized. Companies that fail to restore the environment or remedy the effects of the pollution within the prescribed time will be penalized or have their business licenses terminated. Companies that have polluted and endangered the environment must bear the responsibility for remedying the danger and effects of the pollution, as well as to compensate any losses or damages suffered as a result of such environmental pollution. Our Hengda facility obtained a Temporary Pollutant Discharge Permit (No.350582-2014-000260) granted by Jinjiang City Environmental Protection Bureau that will expire on May 1, 2016, and we are currently in the process of applying for the renewal of the permit.

Government Regulations Relating to Foreign Exchange Controls

The principal regulation governing foreign exchange in the PRC is the Foreign Currency Administration Rules and a series of implementing rules and regulations, as amended. Under these rules, the Renminbi, the PRC’s currency, is freely convertible for trade and service related foreign exchange transactions (such as normal purchases and sales of goods and services from providers in foreign countries), but not for direct investment, loan or investment in securities outside of China unless the prior approval of the State Administration for Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, of the PRC is obtained. Foreign investment enterprises, or FIEs, are required to apply to the SAFE for Foreign Exchange Registration Certificates for FIEs. With such registration certificates, which need to be renewed annually, FIEs are allowed to open foreign currency accounts including a basic account and capital account. Currency translation within the scope of the basic account, such as remittance of foreign currencies for payment of dividends, can be effected without requiring the approval of the SAFE. Such transactions are subject to the consent of PRC banks which are authorized by the SAFE to review basic account currency transactions. However, conversion of currency in the capital account, including capital items such as direct investment, loans and securities, still require approval of the SAFE. On November 21, 2005, the SAFE issued Circular No. 75 on Relevant Issues Concerning Foreign Exchange Control on Domestic Residents Corporate Financing and Roundtrip Investment Through Offshore Special Purpose Vehicles. Circular No. 75 confirms that the use of offshore special purpose vehicles as holding companies for PRC investments are permitted, but proper foreign exchange registration applications are required to be reviewed and accepted by the SAFE.

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Regulation of Foreign Currency Exchange

Foreign currency exchange in the PRC is governed by a series of regulations, including, without limitation, the Foreign Currency Administrative Rules (1996), as amended, and the Administrative Regulations Regarding Settlement, Sale and Payment of Foreign Exchange (1996), as amended. Under these regulations, the Renminbi is freely convertible for trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, but not for direct investment, loans or investments in securities outside China without the prior approval of the SAFE. Pursuant to the Administrative Regulations Regarding Settlement, Sale and Payment of Foreign Exchange, foreign-invested enterprises in China may purchase foreign exchange without the approval of the SAFE for trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions by providing commercial documents evidencing these transactions. They may also retain foreign exchange, subject to a cap approved by SAFE, to satisfy foreign exchange liabilities or to pay dividends. However, the relevant Chinese government authorities may limit or eliminate the ability of foreign-invested enterprises to purchase and retain foreign currencies in the future. In addition, foreign exchange transactions for direct investment, loan and investment in securities outside China are still subject to limitations and require approvals from the SAFE. On August 29, 2008, SAFE issued Circular No. 142 on Relevant Business Operations Issues Concerning Improving the Administration of the Payment and Settlement of Foreign Exchange Capital of Foreign-Invested Enterprises, with respect to the administration of conversion of foreign exchange capital contributions of FIEs into Renminbi, unless otherwise permitted by PRC laws or regulations, Renminbi converted from foreign exchange capital contributions can only be applied to activities within the approved business scope of FIEs and cannot be used for domestic equity investment or acquisitions.

Regulation of Dividend Distribution

The principal laws and regulations in China governing distribution of dividends by foreign-invested companies include:

The Sino-foreign Equity Joint Venture Law (1979), as amended;
The Regulations for the Implementation of the Sino-foreign Equity Joint Venture Law (1983), as amended;
The Sino-foreign Cooperative Enterprise Law (1988), as amended;
The Detailed Rules for the Implementation of the Sino-foreign Cooperative Enterprise Law (1995), as amended;
The Foreign Investment Enterprise Law (1986), as amended; and
The Regulations of Implementation of the Foreign Investment Enterprise Law (1990), as amended.

Under these regulations, foreign-invested enterprises in China may pay dividends only out of their accumulated profits, if any, determined in accordance with Chinese accounting standards and regulations. In addition, wholly foreign-owned enterprises in China are required to set aside at least 10% of their respective accumulated profits each year, if any, to fund certain reserve funds unless such reserve funds have reached 50% of their respective registered capital. These reserves are not distributable as cash dividends.

Insurance

We have not purchased insurance coverage for product liability or third party liability and are therefore not covered or compensated by insurance in respect of losses, damages, claims and liabilities arising from or in connection with product liability or third party liability. In addition, we currently do not maintain business interruption insurance. As a result, our business and prospects could be adversely affected in the event of such problems in our operations and may suffer losses that could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

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C.Organizational Structure

The following chart illustrates Antelope Enterprises’ organizational structure as of December 31, 2021:

Graphic

Corporate Structure and Background

Our principal PRC-based operating subsidiary, Hengda, was established on September 30, 1993 under the laws of PRC. All of the equity interests in Hengda are 100% owned by Stand Best. Hengda is a wholly foreign-owned enterprise in China.

Hengdali was established on May 4, 2008 under the laws of PRC. All of the equity interests in Hengdali are 100% owned by Hengda.

Stand Best was established on January 17, 2008 under the laws of Hong Kong. Stand Best acquired the entire shareholdings of Hengda on April 1, 2008 for consideration of RMB 58,980,000. As a result of this acquisition, Hengda became the wholly owned subsidiary of Stand Best.

Success Winner was established on May 29, 2009 under the laws of British Virgin Islands with Mr. Wong Kung Tok as its sole shareholder and sole director.

On June 30, 2009, pursuant to the capitalization agreement dated June 30, 2009, Success Winner was issued the 9,999 shares allotted by Stand Best as per the capitalization exercise of a shareholder’s loan of HK$67.9 million (RMB 58.9 million). On the same date, the shareholder of Stand Best, Mr. Wong Kung Tok transferred all his shareholdings in Stand Best to Success Winner. Therefore, Mr. Wong Kung Tok, from June 30, 2009 to November 20, 2009, indirectly owned 100% of Stand Best and in turn, 100% of Hengda.

CHAC was incorporated in Delaware on June 22, 2007 and was organized as a blank check company for the purpose of acquiring, through a stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination, or controlling, through contractual arrangements, an operating business that had its principal operations in Asia, with a focus on potential acquisition target in China.

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Pursuant to the terms of a merger and stock purchase agreement dated August 19, 2009, on November 20, 2009, CHAC merged with and into Antelope Enterprises, its wholly owned British Virgin Islands subsidiary, and immediately thereafter, as part of the same integrated transaction, Antelope Enterprises acquired all of the outstanding securities of Success Winner.

Prior to Antelope Enterprises’ acquisition of Success Winner, neither CHAC nor Antelope Enterprises had any operations.

On November 19, 2009, Hengda entered into a definitive acquisition agreement to acquire a new production facility in Gaoan, Jiangxi Province, PRC by purchasing 100% of the equity interests in Hengdali. The closing of the acquisition was subject to the Gaoan City Administration for Industry and Commerce transferring the registration and business license of Hengdali from Hengdali’s former shareholders to Hengda. The transfer occurred on January 8, 2010. Hengda appointed an executive officer to take control over Hengdali’s operating and financing activities on the same day. In total, Hengda assumed loans of RMB 60.0 million and paid cash consideration of RMB 185.5 million for the acquisition, of which RMB 145.4 million was advanced to Hengdali’s former shareholders by December 31, 2009.

On September 22, 2017, Success Winner incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Vast Elite Limited (“Vast Elite”) in Hong Kong with initial registered capital of HKD1. Vast Elite is engaged in the trading of building materials but during the year ended December 31, 2020, Vast Elite had no operations.

On November 20, 2019, Vast Elite incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co, Ltd (“Chengdu Future”) in China. Chengdu Future is engaged in the business management and consulting services.

On December 3, 2019, Success Winner incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited (“Antelope Holdings”) in Hong Kong. Antelope Holdings only serves the purpose as a holding company.

On May 9, 2020, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd in China, Antelope Chengdu is engaged in computer consulting and software development.

On August 10, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Hainan Antelope Holdings Co., Ltd ("Antelope Hainan") in China. Antelope Hainan is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Hainan does not have any operations as of this report date.

On August 11, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Future (Yangpu) Investment Co., Ltd ("Antelope Yangpu") in China.  Antelope Yangpu is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Yangpu does not have any operations as of this report date.

On August 23, 2021, Antelope Hainan incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd ("Antelope Investment") in China.

Antelope Investment is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Investment does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 9, 2021, Antelope Future incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Ruicheng Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd ("Antelope Ruicheng") in China. Antelope Ruicheng is engaged in the business management and consulting services. Antelope Ruicheng does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 18, 2021, Antelope Ruicheng incorporated a 51% owned subsidiary Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd (("Hainan Kylin") in China. Hainan Kylin is engaged in the business management and consulting services for online social commerce and live streaming industry.

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At the February 21, 2020 Annual Meeting, the Company’s shareholders approved, among others, a proposal to amend the Company’s Memorandum of Association to effect a reverse stock split of the outstanding the Company’s common shares, at one of several split ratios, to be determined by the Board of Directors in its sole discretion, prior to the one-year anniversary of this Annual Meeting, for the purposes of regaining compliance with the NASDAQ continued listing requirements. On September 3, 2020, the Company effected a reverse stock split, where every three issued and outstanding ordinary shares as of the effective date were automatically be combined into one issued and outstanding share. Consequently, the reverse stock split reduced the number of outstanding ordinary shares of the Company from approximately 9.2 million shares to approximately 3.1 million shares, and the par value per share increased from $0.008 to $0.024. All outstanding stock options, warrants and other rights to purchase the Company’s ordinary shares were adjusted proportionately as a result of the reverse stock split. Following the split, the Company regained its compliance with NASDAQ’s minimum bid requirements for continued listing requirements on the NASDAQ Stock Market on September 18, 2020.

D.Property, plant and equipment

We jointly own six buildings comprised of one office building and five workshops in Jinjiang, Fujian Province. We recorded the related fixed assets in proportion to the amount we paid for our part of the buildings, which represents our interests in the buildings. As co-owners of these six buildings under the relevant Building Ownership Certificate, all co-owners have collective rights and obligations to the jointly-owned property under PRC law, and typically the disposal of such jointly owned property by one owner without the consent of all other owners is prohibited.

The land-use rights of this workshop and the co-owned six buildings expire in 2055 and cover approximately 10,023 square meters. We also own land-use rights at two locations and seven buildings in Gaoan for office buildings, workshops, warehouses, and raw material yards and staff quarters. The land-use rights for these two facilities expire in 2058 and cover an aggregate of approximately 244,324 square meters.

We currently lease 17 properties in Jinjiang, Fujian Province in the PRC for various uses including warehouses, office space, workshops, staff quarters and stock yards. The lease terms range from three to five years. As of December 31, 2016 our Hengda production facility in Jinjiang City, Fujian Province in the PRC, had a total gross floor area of approximately 140,000 square meters and employed 728 production personnel and our Hengdali production facility in Gaoan, Jiangxi Province in the PRC, has a total gross floor area of approximately 244,324 square meters and employed 393 production personnel. The Hengda facility consists of nine production lines with an annual production capacity of 42 million square meters. The Hengdali facility consists of five production lines with an annual production capacity of 30 million square meters of ceramic tiles. Historically, we have not experienced any form of disruption in our production facility. However, our annual production capacity has been effectively reduced from 72 million square meters of ceramic tiles to 66 million square meters of ceramic tiles due to an eight-year contract to lease out one of the production lines from our Hengdali facility that we entered into in March 2016. Our annual production capacity was further reduced to 56.5 million square meters of ceramic tiles due to our having retired two old furnaces at the Hengda facility in July of 2018. Our annual production capacity was further reduced to 45.2 million square meters of ceramic tiles due to our having retired two old furnaces at the Hengdali facility in 2021. Due to current economic conditions, we are currently utilizing production facilities capable of producing 2.38 million square meters. We currently have 10 production lines (two of which were utilized at the end of 2021), with each production line optimized to manufacture specific size ranges to maximize efficiency and output. In addition, effective November 1, 2021, Hengdali cancelled the eight-year lease with lessee, and entered a new lease agreement with the same lessee to lease out the building, plant and facilities, and all the machinery and equipment, instead of just the production lines, for a term of five years from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026 for an annual rent of RMB 18 million. The leased Hengdali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles. Therefore, the Company’s total annual production capacity is currently 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility.

During 2014, our Hengda facility was required by the local governmental entity to begin using natural gas to operate the facility, as opposed to coal. This mandated change in fuel source is part of a province-wide (and country-wide) effort to reduce pollution. This change resulted in our incurring a one-time charge of approximately RMB 5.6 million (US$ 0.9 million) in December 2013, and will increase our cost of goods produced at that facility because natural gas is a more expensive energy source than coal. Fuel source (comprising coal and natural gas) accounted for 5.2% and 3.7% of the total cost of sales in 2020 and 2021, respectively. There is no assurance that in the future our other production facilities will not be required to make similar modifications which could have similar adverse effects on our operations.

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In 2015, we began renovating the showroom in our Hengda facility (the Hengda Exhibition Hall) that is a valuable resource for the marketing and promotion of our extensive line of building material products. We believe that upgrading this showroom will enable us to continue to secure significant new contracts for our products, especially from larger property developers. Capital expenditures for the new renovations to the Hengda Exhibition Hall were RMB 3.9 million (US$ 0.6 million) in the third quarter of 2015 and RMB 6.6 million (US$ 1.0 million) in the fourth quarter of 2015, with no unpaid balances as of December 31, 2015. The total cost of the renovations, which were completed in the fourth quarter, was RMB 10.5 million (US$ 1.6 million). We also constructed a new production line to manufacture glazed brick ceramic tiles in our Hengdali facility. Capital expenditures for the new line were RMB 18.6 million (US$ 2.9 million) in the third quarter of 2015 and RMB 130.1 million (US$ 20.1 million) in the fourth quarter of 2015, with no unpaid balances as of December 31, 2015. The total cost of the new production line was RMB 148.7 million (US$ 23.0 million). In March 2016, we entered into an eight-year contract to lease out one of the production lines from our Hengdali facility. The production line has the capacity to produce approximately 10 million square meters of ceramic tiles annually. The term of the contract is from March 1, 2016 to February 29, 2024, and the contract stipulates for the receipt of rental income of RMB 15.0 million (US$ 0.5 million) per year, including 6% value added tax. The purpose of this arrangement was to generate income from the unused production capacity. In 2021, Hengdali retired two old furnaces. Therefore, for the term of the eight-year lease, and as a result of two old furnaces having been put out of use at the facility, we may only produce up to 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles from our Hengdali facility. In 2017, Hengda retired two old furnaces; in July of 2018, Hengda retired two more old furnaces, which caused Hengda’s annual maximum production capacity to be reduced to approximately 22.8 million. Therefore, the Company’s annual production capacity has been effectively reduced from 72 million square meters of ceramic tiles, to 45.2 million ceramic tiles as of fiscal year end 2021. In addition, effective November 1, 2021, Hengdali cancelled the eight-year lease with lessee, and entered a new lease agreement with the same lessee to lease out the building, plant and facilities, and all the machinery and equipment, instead of just the production lines, for a term of five years from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026 for an annual rent of RMB 18 million. The leased Hengdali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles. Due to the lease agreement, the Company’s total annual production capacity of ceramic tiles is 22.8 million square meters which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility.

ITEM 4A.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable.

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ITEM 5.OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

We are a British Virgin Islands limited liability company whose predecessor, CHAC, was incorporated in Delaware on June 22, 2007 and was organized as a “blank check” company for the purpose of acquiring, through a stock exchange, asset acquisition or other similar business combination, or controlling, through contractual arrangements, an operating business that had its principal operations in Asia, with a focus on potential acquisition target in China.

Pursuant to the terms of a merger and stock purchase agreement dated August 19, 2009, on November 20, 2009, CHAC merged with and into Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited (“Antelope Enterprises”), formerly known as China Ceramics Co., Ltd.), its wholly owned British Virgin Islands subsidiary, and, immediately thereafter, as part of the same integrated transaction, Antelope Enterprises acquired all of the outstanding securities of Success Winner.

Antelope Enterprises, through its operating subsidiaries, is a leading PRC-based manufacturer of ceramic tiles used for exterior siding and for interior flooring and design in residential and commercial buildings. The ceramic tiles sold under the “HD” or “Hengda” brands, are available in over two thousand styles, colors and size combinations. Currently, we have five principal product categories: (i) porcelain tiles, (ii) glazed tiles, (iii) glazed porcelain tiles, (iv) rustic tiles, and (v) polished glazed tiles. Porcelain tiles are our best-selling products, accounting for 83.9% and 77.7% of our total tiles products sales revenue for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Antelope Enterprises also engages in business management and consulting which consists of computer consulting services, software development, and operations in the online commerce and live streaming industry which are relatively new sectors for the Company, and these sectors accounted for 33.1% of total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2021.

The Company’s total annual production capacity is 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which is solely attributable to its Hengda facility. Effective November 1, 2021, as a result of the Company’s intention not to use the Hengdali facility for its own production purposes, we entered into a new lease agreement with the same lessee who had been leasing one of the production lines with the capacity to produce approximately 10 million square meters of ceramic tiles annually at the Hengdali facility. The new lease agreement replaces the eight-year contract entered into on March 1, 2016 and is for the Hengdali facility in its entirety which includes building, plant and facilities, and which contains all of its machinery, equipment and production lines. The new lease has a term of five years, from November 1, 2021 through October 31, 2026, for an annual rent of RMB 18.0 million. The leased Hendali facility has an annual production capacity of 22.4 million square meters of ceramic tiles, a reduction from its annual production capacity of 27.7 million square meters of ceramic tiles, resulting from the Company having retired two old furnaces at Hengdali in fiscal 2021. The Company believes that it is prudent to generate income from its unused production capacity from a third party rather than let it remain idle. In 2017, the Company retired two old furnaces at the Hengda facility and in July of 2018, it retired two more old furnaces. This resulted in the annual production capacity at Hengda being reduced to 22.8 million square meters of ceramic tiles which, due to the new third-party lease agreement for Hengdali, represents the Company’s total current production capacity.

Due to currently challenging economic conditions, for the year ended December 31, 2021, we utilized production facilities capable of producing 2.38 million square meters ceramic tiles, as compared with the year ended December 31, 2020, when we utilized production facilities capable of producing 4.19 million square meters. During the year ended December 31, 2021, we had 10 production lines available for production and utilized two production lines during the peak season. As of December 31, 2021, we had seven production lines available for production (all were from Hengda), one of which was in use as of December 31, 2021. When in operation, each production line is optimized to manufacture specific size ranges to maximize efficiency and output.  

On November 20, 2019, we incorporated a 100% owned operating subsidiary Chengdu Future Talented Management and Consulting Co, Ltd (“Chengdu Future”) in China. Chengdu Future is engaged in business management and consulting services.

On May 5, 2020, Antelope Enterprise (HK) Holdings Limited incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Holdings (Chengdu) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Chengdu”) in China. Antelope Chengdu is engaged in computer consulting and software development.

On August 10, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Hainan Antelope Holdings Co., Ltd (“Antelope Hainan”) in China. Antelope Hainan is engaged in business management and consulting services. Antelope Hainan does not have any operations as of this report date.

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On August 11, 2021, Antelope HK incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Future (Yangpu) Investment Co., Ltd (“Antelope Yangpu”) in China. Antelope Yangpu is engaged in business management and consulting services. Antelope Yangpu does not have any operations as of this report date.

On August 23, 2021, Antelope Hainan incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Investment”) in China. Antelope Investment is engaged in business management and consulting services. Antelope Investment does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 9, 2021, Antelope Future incorporated a 100% owned subsidiary Antelope Ruicheng Investment (Hainan) Co., Ltd (“Antelope Ruicheng”) in China. Antelope Ruicheng is engaged in business management and consulting services. Antelope Ruicheng does not have any operations as of this report date.

On September 18, 2021, Antelope Ruicheng incorporated a 51% owned subsidiary Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology Co., Ltd (“Hainan Kylin”) in China. Hainan Kylin is engaged in business management and consulting services for the online social commerce and live streaming industry.

To mitigate the challenging conditions in the real estate market in China and associated industries like our existing tile manufacture business, we incorporated new subsidiaries which are mainly engaged in trending technology business in China such as business management and consulting including human resource restructuring and optimization, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and an online social media platform including live streaming and e-commence platform development and consulting.

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported and the World Health Organization has declared the outbreak to constitute a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern” and a global pandemic. We experienced (and continue to experience) significant adverse impacts resulting from COVID-19 pandemic and the related public health orders. The COVID-19 pandemic is disrupting supply chains and affecting production and sales across a range of industries as a result of quarantines, facility closures, and travel and logistics restrictions in connection with the outbreak. We are experiencing reduced demand for our products both internationally and domestically and an increased level of purchase order cancellations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also continue facing increasing uncertainties around our estimates of revenue collectability and accounts receivable credit losses. The impact of the COVID-19 outbreak had a material adverse impact on our operations and financial results.

On September 3, 2020, the Company effected a reverse stock split, where every three issued and outstanding ordinary shares as of the effective date were automatically be combined into one issued and outstanding share. Consequently, the reverse stock split reduced the number of outstanding ordinary shares of the Company from approximately 9.2 million shares to approximately 3.1 million shares, and the par value per share increased from $0.008 to $0.024. All outstanding stock options, warrants and other rights to purchase the Company’s ordinary shares were adjusted proportionately as a result of the reverse stock split.

Basis of Presentation

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on the selected financial information as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 and has been prepared based on the consolidated financial statements of Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited and its subsidiaries. The consolidated financial statements of Antelope Enterprise Holdings Limited and its subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with IFRS as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, or “IASB.” The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis, except for derivative financial instruments that have been measured at fair value.

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The business combination on November 20, 2009 has been accounted for as a reverse recapitalization. The acquisition agreement resulted in the former owner of Success Winner obtaining effective operating and financial control of the combined entity. Prior to the acquisition, we had no operating business. Accordingly, the acquisition does not constitute a business combination for accounting purposes and is accounted for as a capital transaction. That is, the transaction is in substance a reverse recapitalization, equivalent to the issuance of equity interests by Success Winner for the net monetary assets of Antelope Enterprise accompanied by a recapitalization. The consolidated financial statements are a continuation of the financial statements of Success Winner. The assets and liabilities of Antelope Enterprises are recognized at their carrying amounts at the date of acquisition with a corresponding credit to the consolidated equity and no goodwill or other intangible assets are recognized. The equity of the combined entity recognized at the date of acquisition represents the equity balances of Success Winner together with the deemed proceeds from the reverse recapitalization determined as described above. However, the equity structure presented in the consolidated financial statements (number and values of equity instruments issued) reflects the equity structure of the legal parent, Antelope Enterprises. Costs directly attributable to the transaction have been debited to equity to the extent of net monetary assets received.

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth our financial results for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively:

RMB(‘000)

    

2019

    

2020

    

2021

Revenues

 

327,581

 

182,989

 

216,270

Cost of revenues

 

(246,255)

 

(208,991)

 

(148,929)

Gross profit (loss)

 

81,326

 

(26,002)

 

67,341

Other income

 

14,636

 

21,931

 

9,420

Other expenses

 

 

(124)

Selling and distribution expenses

 

(11,321)

 

(9,356)

 

(6,322)

Administrative expenses

 

(25,111)

 

(26,619)

 

(32,436)

Bad debt expense

 

(68,660)

 

(150,268)

 

(125,554)

Finance costs

 

(315)

 

(2,748)

 

(2,166)

Loss before taxation

 

(9,445)

 

(193,062)

 

(89,841)

Income tax expenses

 

(56)

 

(33)

 

(217)

Net loss

 

(9,501)

 

(193,095)

 

(90,058)

Net loss attributable to:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Equity holders of the Company

 

(9,501)

 

(193,095)

 

(88,752)

Non-controlling interest

 

 

 

(1,306)

Net loss

 

(9,501)

 

(193,095)

 

(90,058)

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The following table shows the Company’s operations by business segment for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively:

    

For the years Ended December 31,

    

2019

    

2020

    

2021

RMB'000

RMB'000

RMB'000

Revenues

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

327,581

 

182,989

 

144,743

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

71,527

Total revenues

 

327,581

 

182,989

 

216,270

Cost of revenues

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

246,255

 

208,991

 

83,436

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

65,493

Total cost of revenues

 

246,255

 

208,991

 

148,929

Operating costs and expenses

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

36,747

 

38,723

 

20,292

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

9,955

Other

 

 

 

10,677

Total operating costs and expenses

 

36,747

 

38,723

 

40,924

Bad debt expense

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

68,660

 

150,268

 

115,407

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

10,147

Total bad debt expense

 

68,660

 

150,268

 

125,554

Other expenses

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

 

 

90

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

34

Total other expenses

 

 

 

124

Other income

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

7,436

 

14,682

 

9,389

Business management and consulting

 

7,200

 

7,249

 

29

Other

 

 

 

2

Total other income

 

14,636

 

21,931

 

9,420

Loss from operations

 

  

 

  

 

  

Sales of tile products

 

(9,445)

 

(193,062)

 

(65,093)

Business management and consulting

 

 

 

(14,073)

Other

 

 

 

(10,675)

Loss from operations

 

(9,445)

 

(193,062)

 

(89,841)

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Description of Selected Income Statement Items

Revenue from sales of ceramic tile products.  We generate revenue from the sales of ceramic tiles, including porcelain tiles, glazed porcelain tiles, glazed tiles, rustic tiles and polished glazed tiles, net of rebates and discounts. For the past three fiscal years, the second and third calendar quarters have been the peak season of the property developing industry, and, therefore, our quarterly sales are usually highest from May to September compared to the rest of the year. Conversely, our sales were lower between the months of January to March. This is because property developing activities tend to be low due to the effects of cold weather and the PRC Spring Festival. Beginning on July 1, 2016, we reduced the selling price of certain of our slow-moving products by 10% with the goal of turning some of this inventory into cash. Beginning on October 1, 2016, in order to generate sales and move inventory, we instituted a 20% reduction in price of our slow-moving products. However, in 2017, we increased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 20%. Although we increased our average selling price twice with 10% product raises in 2017, we were not able to return to the price levels achieved prior to 2016. In April of 2018, we increased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 5%, but the sales did not improve as we expected, but decreased sharply due to a slowdown of the real estate industry. Therefore, we decreased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 10% in July 2018 to respond to the difficult market conditions. In October 2019, we further decreased the pricing of our ceramic tile products by an average of 15%. However, while the 15% price decrease in October 2019 helped boost sales volume in the latter half of the fiscal year, it did not offset the fall in our sales volume due to deteriorating market conditions that persisted through the entire year 2019. In 2020, we did not have any price adjustments of our ceramic tile products. In July 2021, Hengda increased the pricing of its ceramic tile products by an average of 15% and Hengdali decreased the pricing of its ceramic tile products by an average of 5%, and our total sales of ceramic tiles was significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Revenue from the sale of ceramic tile products decreased by 20.9% for the year ended December 31, 2021 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020, mainly due to the 14.0% decrease in sales volume and a decrease in average selling price of 7.0% resulting from a contraction in business from our customers primarily caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

We also generated revenue from business management consulting, information system technology consulting services including the sales of software use rights for digital data deposit platforms and asset management systems, and social media platform development and consulting. For the year ended December 31, 2021, we generated RMB 71.5 million from Antelope Chengdu, Chengdu Future and Hainan Kylin Cloud Services who are engaged in these sectors.

Cost of revenues. Cost of revenues for tile products consists of costs directly attributable to production, including the cost of clay, color materials, glaze materials, coal, salaries for staff engaged in production activity, electricity, depreciation, packing materials, and related expenses.

The most significant factors that directly or indirectly affect our cost of sales are as follows:

Availability and price of clay;
Availability and price of coal; and
Availability and price of dyes; and
Price of energy.

Clay is a key material for making ceramic tiles, and accounted for approximately 5.7% and 8.8% of our cost of sales for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Fujian and Jiangxi Provinces, where our production facilities are located, are the largest clay resources areas in China and clay supply is stable and sufficient for our production and planned production.

Dyes are another key material for making ceramic tiles, and accounted for approximately 6.6% and 10.5% of our cost of sales for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. A number of dyes are used in ceramic tiles, and the prices of different dyes have experienced fluctuations over the past few years.

Coal is another key material for making ceramic tiles during the firing stage. Coal accounted for approximately 0.1% and 2.4% of our cost of sales for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. We have long-term relationships with our coal suppliers. The price of coal has experienced fluctuations over the past few years. The Company’s Hengda facility used natural gas instead of coal for manufacturing ceramic tiles, and natural gas accounted for approximately 3.6% and 2.8% of our cost of sales for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

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For the year ended December 31, 2021, we had cost of revenues related to business management and consulting income of RMB 65.5 million, mainly consisted of professional costs for outsourcing technology services.

Other income and other expenses.  Other income consists of interest income, foreign exchange gain/loss, gain on disposal of equipment and rental income by leasing out one of its production lines. Other expenses primarily consist of the loss on disposal of equipment and the depreciation by leasing out one of our production lines. In addition, we had RMB 7.2 million in technology consulting income from our newly incorporated subsidiaries Chengdu Future and Antelope Chengdu during the year ended December 31, 2020.

Selling and distribution expenses.  Selling and distribution expenses consist of payroll, traveling expenses, transportation and advertising expenses incurred by our selling and distribution team.

Administrative expenses.  Administrative expenses consist primarily of R&D expense, employee remuneration, payroll taxes and benefits, general office expenses and depreciation. We expect administrative expenses to remain constant as compared to the prior year.

Income taxes. Our subsidiaries in the PRC are subject to the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law, and the applicable income tax rate pursuant to such law for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 is 25% for Hengda, Hengdali and Hainan Kylin Cloud Services Technology, 5% for Chengdu Future and Antelope Chengdu.

Results of Operations

Fiscal Year Ended 2021 Compared to the Fiscal Year Ended 2020

Revenue from sales of tile products.  The following table sets forth the breakdown of revenue, by product categories, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Revenue RMB (000)

    

2020

    

Percentage

    

2021

    

Percentage

 

Porcelain

 

142,230

 

77.7

%  

121,502

 

83.9

%

Glazed Porcelain

 

1,624

 

0.9

%  

387

 

0.3

%

Glazed

 

2,736

 

1.5

%  

202

 

0.1

%

Rustic

 

24,461

 

13.4

%  

22,449

 

15.6

%

Polished Glazed

 

11,938

 

6.5

%  

203

 

0.1

%

Total

 

182,989

 

100.0

%  

144,743

 

100.0

%

Revenue from sales of tile products was RMB 144.7 million (US$ 22.4 million) for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to RMB 183.0 million (US$ 26.5 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020, representing a decrease of RMB 38.3 million, or 20.9%. The decrease in revenue was primarily due to the decrease in sales volume of 14.0% and a decrease in average selling price of 7.3%. The decrease in sales resulted from the continued slowdown of China’s economy, and both the manufacturing sector and the real estate industry were affected by the weaker economy and the adverse impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Porcelain tiles. Revenue from the sales of porcelain tiles decreased 14.6%, from RMB 142.2 million (US$ 20.6 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020 to RMB 121.5 million (US$ 18.8 million) for the year ended December 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in our sales volume for the year of 2021 as compared to the same period of 2020. Porcelain tiles for exterior walls are still our most popular product and have the largest market potential of all of our tiles. We expect porcelain tiles to continue to be our key tile product for the foreseeable future.

Glazed porcelain tiles. Revenue from glazed porcelain tiles decreased 76.2%, from approximately RMB 1.6 million (US$ 0.2 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020 to RMB 0.4 million (US$ 59,960) for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Glazed tiles. Revenue from glazed tiles decreased 92.6%, from RMB 2.7 million (US$ 0.4 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020 to RMB 0.2 million (US$ 31,370) for the year ended December 31, 2021.  

Rustic tiles. Revenue from rustic tiles decreased 8.2%, from RMB 24.5 million (US$ 3.5 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020 to RMB 22.4 million (US$ 3.5 million) for the year ended December 31, 2021.

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Polished glazed tiles. Revenue from polished glazed tiles decreased 98.3%, from RMB 11.9 million (US$ 1.7 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020 to RMB 0.2 million (US$ 31,460) for the year ended December 31, 2021. We believe that this product represents both a functional and cost-effective replacement for actual marble or stone materials used in a decorative fashion inside homes. However, the demand for this type of tile decreased significantly due to the impact of the continued effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Revenue from business management and consulting.

For the year ended December 31, revenue from our new sector of business management and consulting income was RMB 71.5 million (US$ 11.1 million).

Cost of sales for sales of tile products. The following table sets forth the breakdown of cost of sales, by product segment, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020:

Cost of sales RMB (‘000)

    

2020

    

Percentage

    

2021

    

Percentage

 

Porcelain

 

164,247

 

78.6

%  

71,002

 

85.1

%

Glazed Porcelain

 

2,334

 

1.1

%  

237

 

0.3

%

Glazed

 

3,132

 

1.5

%  

111

 

0.1

%

Rustic

 

25,538

 

12.2

%  

11,983

 

14.4

%

Polished Glazed

 

13,740

 

6.6

%  

103

 

0.1

%

Total

 

208,991

 

100.00

%  

83,436

 

100.00

%

Cost of sales for sales of tile products was RMB 83.4 million (US$ 12.9 million) for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to RMB 209.0 million (US$ 30.3 million) for the year ended December 31, 2020, representing a decrease of RMB 125.6 million, or 60.0%. The decrease in cost of sales was primarily due to decreased sales and production, and the substantial increase in the reversal of an inventory impairment provision.

Cost of sales for business management and consulting.

Cost of sales for business management and consulting services was RMB 65.5 million (US$ 10.2million) for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Gross profit for sales of tile products. The following table sets forth the breakdown of our gross profit (loss) and gross profit (loss) margin by product segment for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020: