UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2018
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                     to      
     KDPLOGO.JPG
KEURIG DR PEPPER INC.
Commission file number 001-33829
Delaware
 
98-0517725
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. employer
incorporation or organization)
 
identification number)
 
 
 
53 South Avenue, Burlington, Massachusetts
 
01803
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
( 877) 208-9991  
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    x No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   x   No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Large Accelerated Filer x
 
Accelerated Filer o
 
Non-Accelerated Filer   o
 
Smaller Reporting Company o
 
Emerging Growth Company o
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Yes     o    No     x

As of August 6, 2018 , there were 1,388,733,463 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.
 


INTRODUCTORY NOTE

On January 29, 2018, Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. ("DPS" or the "Company") entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") by and among DPS, Maple Parent Holdings Corp. (“Maple”) and Salt Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of DPS (“Merger Sub”), whereby Merger Sub would merge with and into Maple, with Maple surviving the merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Maple Merger”).
Upon consummation of the Maple Merger, which occurred on July 9, 2018, DPS was renamed Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. ("KDP"). KDP continues to operate as a public company traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol "KDP". KDP now conducts the combined business operations of DPS and Maple, including Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. ("Keurig").
In consideration for the Maple Merger, each share of common stock of Maple issued and outstanding immediately prior to the closing of the Maple Merger (the “Effective Time”) was converted into the right to receive 96.4 shares of common stock of DPS pursuant to an exchange ratio set forth in the Merger Agreement (the “Acquisition Shares”).
The Merger Agreement provided for DPS to declare a special cash dividend equal to $103.75 per share, subject to any withholding of taxes required by law, payable to holders of its common stock as of the record date for the special dividend, which was July 6, 2018 (such special dividend, together with the Maple Merger, the "Maple Transaction").
As a result of the Maple Transaction, the equity holders of Maple as of immediately prior to the Effective Time own approximately 87% of KDP common stock following the closing and the equityholders of DPS as of immediately prior to the Effective Time own approximately 13% of KDP common stock on a fully diluted basis.

While DPS is the surviving entity in the Maple Merger, because the transaction is treated as a “reverse acquisition”, Maple is deemed to be the acquirer for accounting purposes. Accordingly, KDP will apply purchase accounting to the assets and liabilities of DPS as of July 9, 2018. Also, for all future filings under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the historical financial statements of KDP for periods prior to the consummation of the Maple Merger will be those of Maple. DPS’ businesses will be included in KDP’s financial statements for all periods subsequent to the consummation of the Maple Merger only.

All information included in this report reflects only DPS’ results on a stand alone basis for the relevant periods and does not reflect any impact of the Maple Merger.




DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)

DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
( Unaudited )
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
(in millions, except per share data)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
$
1,886

 
$
1,797

 
$
3,480

 
$
3,307

Cost of sales
790

 
718

 
1,471

 
1,325

Gross profit
1,096

 
1,079

 
2,009

 
1,982

Selling, general and administrative expenses
721

 
681

 
1,347

 
1,301

Depreciation and amortization
28

 
25

 
55

 
50

Other operating income, net
(15
)
 
(2
)
 
(14
)
 
(30
)
Income from operations
362

 
375

 
621

 
661

Interest expense
43

 
44

 
84

 
84

Interest income

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
49

 

 
49

Other income, net
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 
(1
)
Income before provision for income taxes and equity in loss of unconsolidated subsidiaries
321

 
283

 
540

 
531

Provision for income taxes
83

 
94

 
137

 
165

Income before equity in loss of unconsolidated subsidiaries
238

 
189

 
403

 
366

Equity in loss of unconsolidated subsidiaries, net of tax
(3
)
 
(1
)
 
(9
)
 
(1
)
Net income
$
235

 
$
188

 
$
394

 
$
365

Earnings per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.30

 
$
1.02

 
$
2.19

 
$
1.99

Diluted
1.30

 
1.02

 
2.17

 
1.98

Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
180.2

 
183.2

 
180.1

 
183.3

Diluted
181.1

 
183.7

 
181.0

 
184.1

Cash dividends declared per common share
$

 
$
0.58

 
$
0.58

 
$
1.16

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
( Unaudited )

 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Comprehensive income
$
218

 
$
201

 
$
396

 
$
401

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017
( Unaudited )
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(in millions, except share and per share data)
2018
 
2017
Assets
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
64

 
$
61

Restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents
25

 
18

Accounts receivable:
 
 
 
Trade, net
814

 
668

Other
52

 
42

Inventories
265

 
229

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
196

 
99

Total current assets
1,416

 
1,117

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,183

 
1,198

Investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries
34

 
24

Goodwill
3,562

 
3,561

Other intangible assets, net
3,777

 
3,781

Other non-current assets
214

 
279

Deferred tax assets
60

 
62

Total assets
$
10,246

 
$
10,022

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
484

 
$
365

Deferred revenue
64

 
64

Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term obligations
264

 
79

Income taxes payable
39

 
11

Other current liabilities
675

 
719

Total current liabilities
1,526

 
1,238

Long-term obligations
4,126

 
4,400

Deferred tax liabilities
645

 
614

Non-current deferred revenue
1,021

 
1,055

Other non-current liabilities
206

 
264

Total liabilities
7,524

 
7,571

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 800,000,000 shares authorized, 180,288,812 and 179,743,028 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
2

 
2

Additional paid-in capital

 

Retained earnings
2,920

 
2,651

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(200
)
 
(202
)
Total stockholders' equity
2,722

 
2,451

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
10,246

 
$
10,022

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC .
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
( Unaudited )
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
(in millions)
2018
 
2017
Operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
394

 
$
365

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation expense
99

 
98

Amortization expense
20

 
17

Amortization of deferred revenue
(32
)
 
(32
)
Employee stock-based compensation expense
21

 
16

Deferred income taxes
44

 
48

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
49

Gain on step acquisition of unconsolidated subsidiaries

 
(28
)
Unrealized losses on economic hedges
3

 
7

Other, net
1

 
6

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisition:
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
(148
)
 
(72
)
Other accounts receivable
(10
)
 
10

Inventories
(37
)
 
(35
)
Other current and non-current assets
(103
)
 
(95
)
Other current and non-current liabilities
18

 
(5
)
Trade accounts payable
121

 
24

Income taxes payable
27

 
37

Net cash provided by operating activities
418

 
410

Investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition of business
(73
)
 
(1,550
)
Cash acquired in step acquisition of unconsolidated subsidiaries

 
3

Purchase of property, plant and equipment
(79
)
 
(41
)
Purchase of intangible assets
(5
)
 
(5
)
Investment in unconsolidated subsidiaries
(19
)
 
(1
)
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment
1

 
1

Other, net
(4
)
 
(2
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(179
)
 
(1,595
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes

 
400

Repayment of senior unsecured notes

 
(248
)
Net repayment of commercial paper
(66
)
 

Repurchase of shares of common stock

 
(177
)
Dividends paid
(209
)
 
(204
)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of certain stock awards
(21
)
 
(30
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised
7

 
19

Premium on issuance of senior unsecured notes

 
16

Proceeds from termination of interest rate swap

 
13

Deferred financing charges paid

 
(5
)
Capital lease payments
(7
)
 
(5
)
Other, net

 
1

Net cash used in financing activities
(296
)
 
(220
)
Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents — net change from:
 
 
 
Operating, investing and financing activities
(57
)
 
(1,405
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents

 
5

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at beginning of period
158

 
1,787

Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents at end of period
$
101

 
$
387

See Note 13 for supplemental cash flow information.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
( Unaudited )
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
Issued
 
Paid-In
 
Retained
 
Comprehensive
 
Total
(in millions, except per share data)
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Loss
 
Equity
Balance as of January 1, 2018
179.7

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
2,651

 
$
(202
)
 
$
2,451

Adoption of new accounting standards

 

 

 
(31
)
 

 
(31
)
Shares issued under employee stock-based compensation plans and other
0.6

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 
394

 

 
394

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 
2

 
2

Dividends declared, $0.58 per share

 

 
1

 
(106
)
 

 
(105
)
Deemed capital contribution from former shareholders of Bai Brands LLC

 

 
4

 

 

 
4

Stock options exercised and stock-based compensation

 

 
(5
)
 
12

 

 
7

Balance as of June 30, 2018
180.3

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
2,920

 
$
(200
)
 
$
2,722

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 

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Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


1 .
General
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to " DPS " or "the Company " refer to Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. and all entities included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements .
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q refers to some of DPS ' owned or licensed trademarks, trade names and service marks, which are referred to as the Company 's brands. All of the product names included herein are either DPS ' registered trademarks or those of the Company 's licensors.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (" U.S. GAAP ") for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements . In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting principally of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company 's audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in the Company 's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 ("Annual Report").
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
DPS consolidates all wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company uses the equity method to account for investments in companies if the investment provides the Company with the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies of the investee. Consolidated net income includes DPS' proportionate share of the net income or loss of these companies. Judgment regarding the level of influence over each equity method investment includes considering key factors such as ownership interest, representation on the board of directors or similar governing body, participation in policy-making decisions and material intercompany transactions.
The Company is also required to consolidate entities that are variable interest entities (“ VIE s”) of which DPS is the primary beneficiary. Judgments are made in assessing whether the Company is the primary beneficiary, including determination of the activities that most significantly impact the VIE ’s economic performance.
The Company eliminates from its financial results all intercompany transactions between entities included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the intercompany transactions with its equity method investees.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The process of preparing DPS ' unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. These estimates and judgments are based on historical experience, future expectations and other factors and assumptions the Company believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates and judgments are reviewed on an ongoing basis and are revised when necessary. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period of change. Actual amounts may differ from these estimates.
FAIR VALUE
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability, a three-level hierarchy has been established for fair value measurements. The three-level hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements is as follows:
Level 1 - Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Observable inputs such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.
Level 3 - Valuations with one or more unobservable significant inputs that reflect the reporting entity's own assumptions.
The fair value of senior unsecured notes and marketable securities as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are based on quoted market prices for publicly traded securities.

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Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


The Company estimates fair values of financial instruments measured at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis to ensure they are calculated based on market rates to settle the instruments. These values represent the estimated amounts the Company would pay or receive to terminate agreements, taking into consideration current market rates and creditworthiness.
As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 , the Company did not have any assets or liabilities measured on a recurring basis without observable market values that would require a high level of judgment to determine fair value (Level 3).
Transfers between levels are recognized at the end of each reporting period. There were no transfers of financial instruments between the three levels of fair value hierarchy during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 .
Refer to Notes 6 , 7 , 12 and 13 for additional information.
RECLASSIFICATIONS
Pension and other post-retirement benefit plan expenses of $2 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively, were reclassified from selling, general & administrative ("SG&A") expenses to other income, net, as a result of the retrospective adoption of Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost ("ASU 2017-07"). Refer to Recently Adopted Provisions of U.S. GAAP below.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

Effective in 2019
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (" FASB ") issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) ("ASU 2016-02"). The ASU replaces the prior lease accounting guidance in its entirety. The underlying principle of the new standard is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for substantially all leases, with an exception for leases with terms of less than twelve months. The standard also requires additional quantitative and qualitative disclosures.
Topic 842 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. Topic 842 requires a modified retrospective approach, which includes several optional practical expedients. The Company intends to adopt the standard during the quarter ending March 31, 2019. The Company has assembled a cross functional project management team, selected a software provider and has begun the implementation of the software. The Company anticipates the impact of Topic 842 will be significant to its Consolidated Balance Sheet due to the amount of the Company's lease commitments.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities ("ASU 2017-12"). The objective of the ASU is to improve the financial reporting of hedging relationships in order to better portray the economic results of an entity’s risk management activities in its financial statements and to make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance. ASU 2017-12 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2017-12 on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) ("ASU 2018-02"). The objective of the ASU is to allow a reclassification from accumulated comprehensive income (loss) to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA") and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. ASU 2018-02 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2018-02 on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
RECENTLY ADOPTED PROVISIONS OF U.S. GAAP
As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) ("ASC 606") . The new guidance sets forth a new five-step revenue recognition model which replaces the prior revenue recognition guidance in its entirety and is intended to eliminate numerous industry-specific pieces of revenue recognition guidance that have historically existed in U.S. GAAP . The underlying principle of the new standard is that a business or other organization will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects what it expects to receive in exchange for the goods or services. The standard also requires more detailed disclosures and provides additional guidance for transactions that were not addressed completely in the prior accounting guidance. The Company adopted the standard using the modified retrospective method and recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard, which was primarily driven by the acceleration of certain customer incentives, as a $35 million reduction to the opening balance of retained earnings. The Company expects that the impact to net income of the new standard will be immaterial on an ongoing annual basis; however, the Company does anticipate that the new standard will have an impact on its net sales in interim periods due to timing. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. Refer to Note 3 for additional information regarding the Company's adoption of ASC 606.

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Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other than Inventory ("ASU 2016-16"). ASU 2016-16 requires entities to recognize the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventories when such transfers occur. The ASU was adopted on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment, which resulted in an increase to the opening balance of retained earnings of approximately $4 million as of January 1, 2018.
As a result of the adoption of ASC 606 and ASU 2016-16, retained earnings decreased approximately $31 million as of January 1, 2018.
As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-07, which requires employers who offer defined benefit pension plans or other post-retirement benefit plans to report the service cost component within the same income statement caption as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by employees during the period. The ASU also requires the other components of net periodic benefit cost to be presented separately from the service cost component, in a caption outside of a subtotal of income from operations. Additionally, the ASU provides that only the service cost component is eligible for capitalization. As a result of the adoption, the Company reclassified $2 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively, from SG&A expenses to other income, net.
As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities ("ASU 2016-01"), which makes several targeted improvements to U.S. GAAP . Among other things, ASU 2016-01 eliminates the cost method of accounting and investments in equity securities which were previously accounted for under the cost method must now be measured at fair value, with changes in fair value recognized in net income, under guidance in the newly added Topic 321, Investments - Equity Securities , to the Accounting Standards Codification. Equity instruments that do not have readily determinable fair values may be measured at cost less impairment, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer. The Company also adopted ASU 2018-03, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities , which provides clarification on certain guidance issued under ASU 2016-01. The Company holds two investments in equity securities which were accounted for under the cost method of accounting prior to January 1, 2018, which do not have readily determinable fair values. The adoption of these standards did not have a material impact on such investments or the Company's consolidated financial statements.
2 . Acquisitions and Investments in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries
ANNOUNCEMENT OF MERGER WITH MAPLE PARENT HOLDINGS CORP.
On January 29, 2018, DPS entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") by and among DPS, Maple Parent Holdings Corp. (“Maple”) and Salt Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of DPS (“Merger Sub”), whereby Merger Sub would merge with and into Maple, with Maple surviving the merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Maple Merger”).
On July 9, 2018, the Maple Merger was completed. Refer to Note 17 for additional information .
BAI BRANDS MERGER UPDATE
On January 31, 2018, the purchase price allocation for the merger with Bai Brands LLC ("Bai Brands") ("Bai Brands Merger") was finalized. There were no changes from the preliminary purchase price allocation as of December 31, 2017, as disclosed in our Annual Report.
In February 2018, the arbitration between the Company and the former shareholders of Bai Brands was completed and the working capital adjustment, which was agreed upon during the year ended December 31, 2017, was released from restricted cash. In June 2018, the Company released an additional $69 million from escrow upon resolution of certain indemnification obligations. The remaining non-current restricted cash and corresponding non-current holdback liability, net of any claims, are anticipated to be released approximately four years after the acquisition date, subject to certain administrative conditions.
The following table provides a rollforward of the holdback placed in escrow from December 31, 2017 to June 30, 2018 :
(in millions)
 
Indemnification Escrow
 
Unrecognized Compensation Costs
 
Total Holdback Liability
Balance as of December 31, 2017
 
$
79

 
$
7

 
$
86

Release from escrow to former Bai Brands shareholders
 
(69
)
 

 
(69
)
Recognized compensation costs
 

 
(4
)
 
(4
)
Balance as of June 30, 2018
 
$
10

 
$
3

 
$
13


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DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


TRANSACTION AND INTEGRATION EXPENSES
The following table provides information about the Company 's transaction and integration expenses incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 :
 
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Maple Merger
 
11

 

 
$
23

 
$

Bai Brands Merger
 

 
1

 
1

 
20

Total transaction and integration expenses incurred
 
$
11

 
$
1

 
$
24

 
$
20

INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED SUBSIDIARIES
On January 5, 2018, the Company acquired a 5.1% interest in Core Nutrition, LLC ("Core") for $18 million . The investment is accounted for as an equity method investment as the Company is deemed to have the ability to exercise significant influence through a more than minor interest in the investee in accordance with U.S. GAAP .
3 . Revenues
The Company recognizes revenue when obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied. Branded product sales, which include carbonated soft drinks ("CSDs"), non-carbonated beverages ("NCBs") and allied brand sales, occur once control is transferred upon delivery to the customer's facility. Contract manufacturing sales occur once control is transferred, either upon shipment or at the time the finished goods are ready for shipment and billed to the customer, based upon the terms of the contract with the customer . Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring goods. The amount of consideration the Company receives and revenue the Company recognizes varies with changes in customer incentives the Company offers to its customers and their customers. S ales taxes and other similar taxes are excluded from revenue. Costs associated with shipping and handling activities, such as merchandising, are included in SG&A expenses as revenue is recognized.
The Company entered into arrangements during 2010 to license the manufacturing and distribution of certain brands to PepsiCo, Inc. (" PepsiCo ") and The Coca-Cola Company (" Coca-Cola ") and to sell and deliver all concentrates used in the manufacture of licensed beverages under these arrangements as PepsiCo and Coca-Cola place orders for these concentrates. In these cases, the Company first determined whether the arrangements represented separate performance obligations. The primary requirements to meet the separate performance obligation criteria is whether the performance obligation is capable of being distinct and distinct in the context of the contract. As the sale of the manufacturing and distribution rights and the ongoing sales of concentrate would not have economic benefit to the customer on its own or together with other resources that are available to the customer and the promises are not capable of being distinct, only one performance obligation was identified for these arrangements. The one-time nonrefundable cash receipts from PepsiCo and Coca-Cola were therefore recorded as deferred revenue and are recognized as net sales ratably over time during the estimated 25 -year life of the customer relationship.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , the Company recognized $16 million and $32 million , respectively, of net sales that were included in deferred revenue at the beginning of the respective periods, which relates to the PepsiCo and Coca-Cola arrangements primarily within the Beverage Concentrates operating segment.
The adoption of ASC 606 resulted in an immaterial impact to the individual financial statement line items of the Company's unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income during the  three and six months ended June 30, 2018 .


9

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


Information about the Company 's net sales by reporting segment and portfolio for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:
(in millions)
Beverage Concentrates
 
Packaged Beverages
 
Latin America Beverages
 
Total
For the three months ended June 30, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CSDs (1)
$
348

 
$
528

 
$
96

 
$
972

NCBs (2)
3

 
567

 
40

 
610

Contract manufacturing (3)
1

 
78

 

 
79

Allied brand sales (4)


 
196

 

 
196

Other (5)
20

 
9

 

 
29

Net sales
$
372

 
$
1,378

 
$
136

 
$
1,886

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CSDs (1)
$
628

 
$
1,005

 
$
172

 
$
1,805

NCBs (2)
6

 
1,044

 
76

 
1,126

Contract manufacturing (3)
1

 
147

 
1

 
149

Allied brand sales (4)


 
343

 

 
343

Other (5)
40

 
17

 

 
57

Net sales
$
675

 
$
2,556

 
$
249

 
$
3,480

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2017: (6)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CSDs (1)
$
332

 
$
521

 
$
98

 
$
951

NCBs (2)
3

 
546

 
40

 
589

Contract manufacturing (3)
1

 
67

 
1

 
69

Allied brand sales (4)


 
159

 

 
159

Other (5)
20

 
9

 

 
29

Net sales
$
356

 
$
1,302

 
$
139

 
$
1,797

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2017: (6)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CSDs (1)
$
603

 
$
983

 
$
164

 
$
1,750

NCBs (2)
6

 
995

 
72

 
1,073

Contract manufacturing (3)
1

 
127

 
1

 
129

Allied brand sales (4)


 
298

 

 
298

Other (5)
40

 
17

 

 
57

Net sales
$
650

 
$
2,420

 
$
237

 
$
3,307

__________________
(1)
Represents product sales of owned CSD brands within our portfolio and the net sales recognized ratably under the PepsiCo and Coca-Cola arrangements. Product sales include the sale of beverage concentrates, syrup and packaged beverages.
(2)
Represents product sales of owned NCB brands within our portfolio. Product sales primarily include packaged beverages.
(3)
Net sales from contract manufacturing, b ottling beverages and other products for private label owners or others.
(4)
Allied brand sales represent product distribution of third party brands.
(5)
Other sales include miscellaneous revenues, such as royalties.
(6)
Prior period amounts were not adjusted for the adoption of the new revenue recognition guidance under ASC 606.

10

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


Information about the Company 's net sales by reporting segment and geography for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:
(in millions)
 
Beverage Concentrates
 
Packaged Beverages
 
Latin America Beverages
 
Total
For the three months ended June 30, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States ("U.S.")
 
$
350

 
$
1,331

 
$

 
$
1,681

Canada
 
22

 
47

 

 
69

Latin America and other (1)
 

 

 
136

 
136

Net sales
 
$
372

 
$
1,378

 
$
136

 
$
1,886

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
634

 
$
2,477

 
$

 
$
3,111

Canada
 
41

 
79

 

 
120

Latin America and other (1)
 

 

 
249

 
249

Net sales
 
$
675

 
$
2,556

 
$
249

 
$
3,480

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the three months ended June 30, 2017: (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
336

 
$
1,260

 
$

 
$
1,596

Canada
 
20

 
42

 

 
62

Latin America and other (1)
 

 

 
139

 
139

Net sales
 
$
356

 
$
1,302

 
$
139

 
$
1,797

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the six months ended June 30, 2017: (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S.
 
$
613

 
$
2,349

 
$

 
$
2,962

Canada
 
37

 
71

 

 
108

Latin America and other (1)
 

 

 
237

 
237

Net sales
 
$
650

 
$
2,420

 
$
237

 
$
3,307

__________________
(1)
Other includes immaterial net sales in geographical locations outside of U.S., Latin America and Canada.
(2)
Prior period amounts were not adjusted for the adoption of the new revenue recognition guidance under ASC 606.
4 .
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
CHANGE IN THE COMPANY'S OPERATING SEGMENTS AND REPORTING UNITS
As of January 1, 2018, due to changes to the information reviewed by the chief operating decision maker and limited availability of discrete financial information, the Company has determined that Bai no longer meets the criteria to be considered an operating segment. Therefore, as of January 1, 2018, the Company has three operating segments: Beverage Concentrates, Packaged Beverages, and Latin America Beverages. There is no change to the Company's reportable segments, as previously Bai and Packaged Beverages Excluding Bai were aggregated into the Packaged Beverages reportable segment.
The Company has additionally concluded that Bai meets the criteria to be considered a component of the Packaged Beverages segment. However, as the economic characteristics of Bai and Warehouse Direct ("WD") are similar, the Company has aggregated Bai and WD into a single reporting unit as of January 1, 2018.

11

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


GOODWILL
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting unit are as follows:
(in millions)
Beverage Concentrates
 
WD Reporting Unit (1)
 
DSD Reporting Unit (1)
 
Bai (1)
 
Latin America Beverages
 
Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
$
1,733

 
$
1,222

 
$
189

 
$
568

 
$
29

 
$
3,741

Accumulated impairment losses

 

 
(180
)
 

 

 
(180
)
 
1,733

 
1,222

 
9

 
568

 
29

 
3,561

Foreign currency impact

 

 

 

 
1

 
1

Reclassifications (2)

 
568

 

 
(568
)
 

 

Balance as of June 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
1,733

 
1,790

 
189

 

 
30

 
3,742

Accumulated impairment losses

 

 
(180
)
 

 

 
(180
)
 
$
1,733

 
$
1,790

 
$
9

 
$

 
$
30

 
$
3,562

____________________________
(1)
As of January 1, 2018, the Packaged Beverages operating segment is comprised of three reporting units, the Direct Store Delivery (" DSD ") system, WD and Bai.
(2)
As of January 1, 2018, due to changes in the Company's operating segments and reporting units, the goodwill associated with the Bai operating segment was reclassified to the WD reporting unit. Refer to Change in the Company's Operating Segments and Reporting Units above.
INTANGIBLE ASSETS OTHER THAN GOODWILL
The net carrying amounts of intangible assets other than goodwill are as follows:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Gross
 
Accumulated
 
Net
 
Gross
 
Accumulated
 
Net
(in millions)
Amount
 
Amortization
 
Amount
 
Amount
 
Amortization
 
Amount
Intangible assets with indefinite lives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brands
$
3,694

 
 
 
$
3,694

 
$
3,694

 
 
 
$
3,694

Distribution rights
33

 
 
 
33

 
32

 
 
 
32

Intangible assets with definite lives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
106

 
$
(82
)
 
24

 
106

 
$
(79
)
 
27

Non-compete agreements
22

 
(6
)
 
16

 
22

 
(2
)
 
20

Distribution rights
21

 
(11
)
 
10

 
18

 
(10
)
 
8

Brands
29

 
(29
)
 

 
29

 
(29
)
 

Bottler agreements
19

 
(19
)
 

 
19

 
(19
)
 

Total
$
3,924

 
$
(147
)
 
$
3,777

 
$
3,920

 
$
(139
)
 
$
3,781

Amortization expense for intangible assets with definite lives was $5 million and $8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets with definite lives was $1 million and $3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 , respectively.
Amortization expense of these intangible assets over the remainder of 2018 and the next four years is expected to be as follows:
 
Remainder of 2018
 
For the Years Ending December 31,
(in millions)
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
Projected amortization expense for intangible assets with definite lives
$
8

 
$
14

 
$
10

 
$
6

 
$
6



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Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


IMPAIRMENT TESTING
The Company conducts impairment tests on goodwill and all indefinite lived intangible assets annually or more frequently if circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. DPS did not identify any circumstances that indicated that the carrying amount of any goodwill or any indefinite lived intangible asset may not be recoverable as of June 30, 2018 .
5 . Income Taxes
The legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "TCJA") was enacted on December 22, 2017. The TCJA reduced the U.S. federal statutory tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, repealed the domestic manufacturing deduction effective January 1, 2018 and made changes to the international tax rules.
The effective tax rates for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 were 25.9% and 33.2% , respectively. The effective tax rates for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 were 25.4% and 31.1% , respectively.
The following is a reconciliation of the provision for income taxes computed at the U.S. federal statutory tax rate to the provision for income taxes reported in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income:
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
(in millions)
Dollar
 
Percent
 
Dollar
 
Percent
 
Dollar
 
Percent
 
Dollar
 
Percent
 Statutory federal income tax (1)
$
67

 
21.0
 %
 
$
99

 
35.0
 %
 
$
113

 
21.0
 %
 
$
186

 
35.0
 %
 State income taxes, net (2)
16

 
4.9
 %
 
4

 
1.4
 %
 
26

 
4.7
 %
 
12

 
2.3
 %
 US federal domestic manufacturing benefit (3)

 
 %
 
(7
)
 
(2.5
)%
 

 
 %
 
(13
)
 
(2.4
)%
 Impact of non-US operations (4)
1

 
0.3
 %
 
(3
)
 
(1.1
)%
 
2

 
0.4
 %
 
(4
)
 
(0.8
)%
 Stock-based compensation benefit (5)
(1
)
 
(0.3
)%
 
(1
)
 
(0.4
)%
 
(6
)
 
(1.1
)%
 
(19
)
 
(3.6
)%
 Other

 
 %
 
2

 
0.8
 %
 
2

 
0.4
 %
 
3

 
0.6
 %
 Total income tax provision
$
83

 
25.9
 %
 
$
94

 
33.2
 %
 
$
137

 
25.4
 %
 
$
165

 
31.1
 %
____________________________
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 , the TCJA
(1)
reduced the U.S. federal statutory tax rate from 35% to 21% .
(2)
decreased the federal income tax benefit from the deduction of state income taxes from 35% to 21% ; additionally, for the prior year period, state income taxes included a benefit of $6 million due primarily to an agreement for an improved filing group with a state taxing authority, which was not related to the TCJA.
(3)
repealed the U.S. federal domestic manufacturing deduction.
(4)
caused the impact of non-U.S. operations to switch from an income tax benefit to an income tax detriment due to the lower U.S. federal statutory tax rate.
(5)
reduced the tax benefit from stock-based compensation for the six months ended June 30, 2018 due to the lower U.S. federal statutory tax rate; additionally, the pre-tax windfall in the current period was less than the prior period.
On December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which provides guidance on accounting for the impact of the TCJA, in effect allowing an entity to use a methodology similar to the measurement period in a business combination for tax impacts effective in the fourth quarter of 2017. Pursuant to the provisions of SAB 118, as of June 30, 2018 , the Company has not completed its accounting for the tax effects of the TCJA. The Company recorded a reasonable estimate of the impact from the TCJA, but is still analyzing the TCJA and refining our calculations. Additionally, future guidance from the Internal Revenue Service, SEC, or the FASB could result in changes to our accounting for the tax effects of the TCJA.
The Company had been pursuing U.S. Competent Authority relief through the IRS related to an adjustment proposed by the Canada Revenue Authority (“CRA”). The Company will accept the terms of the mutual agreement between the CRA and IRS.

13

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


6 .
Long-term Obligations and Borrowing Arrangements
The following table summarizes the Company 's long-term obligations:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
(in millions)
2018
 
2017
Senior unsecured notes
$
4,205

 
$
4,230

Capital lease obligations
185

 
183

Subtotal
4,390

 
4,413

Less - current portion
(264
)
 
(13
)
Long-term obligations
$
4,126

 
$
4,400

The following table summarizes the Company 's short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term obligations:
 
Fair Value Hierarchy Level
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
(in millions)
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
Commercial paper
1
 
$

 
$

 
$
66

 
$
66

Current portion of long-term obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior unsecured notes
2
 
249

 
249

 

 

Capital lease obligations (1)
N/A
 
15

 
 
 
13

 
 
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term obligations
 
 
$
264

 
$
249

 
$
79

 
$
66

____________________________
(1)
Capital lease obligations are specifically excluded from the calculation of fair value under U.S. GAAP.
SENIOR UNSECURED NOTES  
The Company 's senior unsecured notes (collectively, the "Notes") consisted of the following carrying values and estimated fair values that are not required to be measured at fair value in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows:
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Hierarchy Level
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Issuance
 
Maturity Date
 
Rate
 
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
2019 Notes
 
January 15, 2019
 
2.60%
 
2
 
$
250

 
$
249

 
$
250

 
$
251

2020 Notes
 
January 15, 2020
 
2.00%
 
2
 
250

 
246

 
250

 
248

2021-A Notes
 
November 15, 2021
 
3.20%
 
2
 
250

 
246

 
250

 
255

2021-B Notes
 
November 15, 2021
 
2.53%
 
2
 
250

 
242

 
250

 
249

2022 Notes
 
November 15, 2022
 
2.70%
 
2
 
250

 
242

 
250

 
248

2023 Notes
 
December 15, 2023
 
3.13%
 
2
 
500

 
489

 
500

 
504

2025 Notes
 
November 15, 2025
 
3.40%
 
2
 
500

 
473

 
500

 
508

2026 Notes
 
September 15, 2026
 
2.55%
 
2
 
400

 
353

 
400

 
378

2027 Notes
 
June 15, 2027
 
3.43%
 
2
 
500

 
468

 
500

 
501

2038 Notes
 
May 1, 2038
 
7.45%
 
2
 
125

 
163

 
125

 
179

2045 Notes
 
November 15, 2045
 
4.50%
 
2
 
550

 
503

 
550

 
588

2046 Notes
 
December 15, 2046
 
4.42%
 
2
 
400

 
375

 
400

 
424

Principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,225

 
$
4,049

 
$
4,225

 
$
4,333

Unamortized premiums, discounts, and debt issuance costs
 
 
 
(12
)
 
 
 
(13
)
 
 
Adjustments to carrying value for interest rate swaps (1)
 
 
 
(8
)
 
 
 
18

 
 
Carrying amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,205

 
 
 
$
4,230

 
 
____________________________
(1)
Refer to Note 7 for additional information on the Company 's interest rate swaps.


14

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


The indentures governing the Notes, among other things, limit the Company 's ability to incur indebtedness secured by principal properties, to enter into certain sale and leaseback transactions and to enter into certain mergers or transfers of substantially all of DPS' assets. The Notes are guaranteed by all of the Company 's existing and future direct and indirect subsidiaries that guarantee any of the Company 's other indebtedness.
The fair value amounts of long term debt were based on current market rates available to the Company . The difference between the fair value and the carrying value represents the theoretical net premium or discount that would be paid or received to retire all debt and related unamortized costs to be incurred at such date. The carrying amount includes the unamortized discounts and issuance costs on the issuance of debt and impact of interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges and other hedge related adjustments. Refer to Note 7 for additional information regarding the notes subject to fair value hedges. 
On May 17, 2018 , the Company commenced an offer to exchange up to $100 million of its outstanding 3.43% Senior Notes due 2027, which were privately placed on June 15, 2017 , for a like principal amount of 3.43% Senior Notes due 2027 that have been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and up to $300 million of its outstanding 4.50% Senior Notes due 2045, which were privately placed on June 15, 2017 , for a like principal amount of 4.50% Senior Notes due 2045 that have been registered under the Securities Act (the "Exchange Offer"). On June 14, 2018 , the Company completed the Exchange Offer.
BORROWING ARRANGEMENTS
Commercial Paper Program
The following table provides information about the Company 's weighted average borrowings under its commercial paper program for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 :
 
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
(in millions, except percentages)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Weighted average commercial paper borrowings (1)
 
$
73

 
$
28

 
$
94

 
$
17

Weighted average borrowing rates
 
2.29
%
 
1.20
%
 
2.09
%
 
1.14
%
____________________________
(1)
Borrowings during the period had maturities of 90 days or less.
Upon execution of the Merger Agreement on January 29, 2018, the Company became limited to a maximum aggregate amount of commercial paper outstanding of $200 million until the merger close date, unless it obtained Maple's approval. Refer to Notes  2 and 17 for additional information about the Merger Agreement.
Unsecured Credit Agreement
The following table provides amounts utilized and available under the revolving line of credit (the " Revolver ") as of June 30, 2018 :
(in millions)
Amount Utilized
 
Balances Available
Revolver
$

 
$
500

Letters of credit

 
75

The Company terminated the unsecured credit agreement (the " Credit Agreement ") effective on July 9, 2018 in connection with the Maple Merger. Refer to Note 17 for additional information .
Shelf Registration Statement
The Company filed a "well-known seasoned issuer" shelf registration statement with the SEC, effective September 2, 2016, which registered an indeterminate amount of securities for future sales. The Company 's Board of Directors (the "Board") authorizes the amount of securities that the Company may issue. As of June 30, 2018 , $50 million remained authorized to be issued under the Board's authorization.
Letters of Credit Facilities
In addition to the portion of the Revolver reserved for issuance of letters of credit, the Company has incremental letters of credit facilities. Under these facilities, $120 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit, $60 million of which was utilized as of June 30, 2018 and $60 million of which remains available for use.

15

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


7 . Derivatives
DPS is exposed to market risks arising from adverse changes in interest rates, foreign exchange ("FX") rates, and commodity prices affecting the cost of raw materials and fuels. The Company manages these risks through a variety of strategies, including the use of interest rate contracts, FX forward contracts, commodity forward and future contracts and supplier pricing agreements. DPS does not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
The Company formally designates and accounts for certain interest rate contracts and foreign exchange forward contracts that meet established accounting criteria under U.S. GAAP as either fair value or cash flow hedges. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instruments is recorded, net of applicable taxes, in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (" AOCL "), a component of Stockholders' Equity in the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. When net income is affected by the variability of the underlying transaction, the applicable offsetting amount of the gain or loss from the derivative instrument deferred in AOCL is reclassified to net income and is reported as a component of the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as fair value hedges, the effective change in the fair value of the instrument, as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk, are recognized immediately in current-period earnings. For derivatives that are not designated or are de-designated as a hedging instrument, the gain or loss on the instrument is recognized in earnings in the period of change. C ash flows from derivative instruments designated in a qualifying hedging relationship are classified in the same category as the cash flows from the hedged items.
Certain interest rate contracts qualify for the "shortcut" method of accounting for hedges under U.S. GAAP . Under the shortcut method, the hedges are assumed to be perfectly effective and no ineffectiveness is recorded in earnings. For all other designated hedges, t he Company assesses whether the derivative instrument is effective in offsetting the changes in fair value or variability of cash flows at the inception of the derivative contract. DPS measures hedge ineffectiveness on a quarterly basis throughout the designated period. Changes in the fair value of the derivative instrument that do not effectively offset changes in the fair value of the underlying hedged item throughout the designated hedge period are recorded in earnings each period.
If a fair value or cash flow hedge were to cease to qualify for hedge accounting, or were terminated, the derivatives would continue to be carried on the balance sheet at fair value until settled and hedge accounting would be discontinued prospectively. If the underlying hedged transaction ceases to exist, any associated amounts reported in AOCL would be reclassified to earnings at that time.
INTEREST RATES  
Fair Value Hedges
The Company is exposed to the risk of changes in the fair value of certain fixed-rate debt attributable to changes in interest rates and manages these risks through the use of receive-fixed, pay-variable interest rate swaps. Any ineffectiveness is recorded as interest during the period incurred. The following table presents information regarding these interest rate swaps and the associated hedging relationships:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impact to the carrying value
($ in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Method of
 
 
 
of long-term debt
 
 
Hedging
 
Number of
 
measuring
 
Notional
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
Period entered
 
relationship
 
instruments
 
effectiveness
 
value
 
2018
 
2017
November 2011
 
2019 Notes
 
2
 
Short cut method
 
$
100

 
$
(1
)
 
$

November 2011
 
2021-A Notes
 
2
 
Short cut method
 
150

 
(4
)
 
(1
)
November 2012
 
2020 Notes
 
5
 
Short cut method
 
120

 
(3
)
 
(2
)
December 2016
 
2021-B Notes
 
2
 
Short cut method
 
250

 
(8
)
 
(4
)
December 2016
 
2023 Notes
 
2
 
Short cut method
 
150

 
(7
)
 
(3
)
January 2017
 
2022 Notes
 
4
 
Regression
 
250

 
6

 
17

June 2017
 
2038 Notes
 
1
 
Regression
 
50

 
9

 
11

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,070

 
$
(8
)
 
$
18


16

Table of Contents
DR PEPPER SNAPPLE GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited, Continued)


FOREIGN EXCHANGE
Cash Flow Hedges
The Company 's Canadian and Mexican businesses purchase certain inventory through transactions denominated and settled in United States (" U.S. ") dollars, a currency different from the functional currency of those businesses. These inventory purchases are subject to exposure from movements in exchange rates. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 , the Company utilized FX forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges to manage the exposures resulting from changes in these foreign currency exchange rates. The intent of these FX contracts is to provide predictability in the Company 's overall cost structure. These FX contracts, carried at fair value, have maturities between one and six months  as of June 30, 2018 . The Company had outstanding FX forward contracts with notional amounts of $24 million and $48 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 , respectively.
COMMODITIES
Economic Hedges
DPS centrally manages the exposure to volatility in the prices of certain commodities used in its production process and transportation through forward and future contracts. The intent of these contracts is to provide a certain level of predictability in the Company 's overall cost structure. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 , the Company held forward and future contracts that economically hedged certain of its risks. In these cases, a natural hedging relationship exists in which changes in the fair value of the instruments act as an economic offset to changes in the fair value of the underlying items. Changes in the fair value of these instruments are recorded in earnings throughout the term of the derivative instrument and are reported in the same line item of the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as the hedged transaction. Unrealized gains and losses are recognized as a component of unallocated corporate costs until the Company 's operating segments are affected by the completion of the underlying transaction, at which time the gain or loss is reflected as a component of the respective segment's operating profit (" SOP "). The total notional values of derivatives related to economic hedges of this type were $157 million and $199 million as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 , respectively.
FAIR VALUE OF DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The following table summarizes the fair value hierarchy and the location of the fair value of the Company 's derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments within the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 :
(in millions)
Fair Value Hierarchy Level
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
June 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
2
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
1

 
$
3

FX forward contracts
2
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
1

 
2

Interest rate contracts
2
 
Other non-current assets
 
7

 
16

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
2
 
Other current liabilities
 
7

 
3

FX forward contracts
2
 
Other current liabilities
 

 

Interest rate contracts
2
 
Other non-current liabilities
 
16

 
8

The following table summarizes the fair value hierarchy and the location of the fair value of the Company 's derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments within the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 :
(in millions)
Fair Value Hierarchy Level