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arr:defendant
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
 

FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 
For the transition period from                      to                     
 
ARMOUR RESIDENTIAL REIT, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Maryland
001-34766
26-1908763
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(Commission File Number)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3001 Ocean Drive, Suite 201, Vero Beach, FL  32963
(Address of principal executive offices)(zip code)
(772) 617-4340
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading symbols
 
Name of Exchange on which registered
Preferred Stock, 7.00% Series C Cumulative Redeemable
 
ARR-PRC
 
New York Stock Exchange
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
 
ARR
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company  
If an emerging growth company, indicate by a check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No
The number of outstanding shares of the Registrant’s common stock as of July 21, 2020 was 64,689,664.
 





ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS



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62




1
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements


ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)

 
 
June 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Assets
 

 

Cash
 
$
153,258

 
$
181,395

Cash collateral posted to counterparties
 
27,460

 
91,771

Investments in securities, at fair value
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities (including pledged securities of $4,421,226 at June 30, 2020 and $11,188,502 at December 31, 2019)
 
5,186,224

 
11,941,766

Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities (including pledged securities of $0 at June 30, 2020 and $810,549 at December 31, 2019)
 
65,970

 
883,601

Derivatives, at fair value
 
10,620

 
24,751

Accrued interest receivable
 
13,007

 
35,085

Prepaid and other
 
2,448

 
9,051

Subordinated loan to BUCKLER
 
105,000

 
105,000

Total Assets
 
$
5,563,987

 
$
13,272,420

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Repurchase agreements
 
$
4,237,603

 
$
11,354,547

Cash collateral posted by counterparties
 
8,189

 
14,958

Payable for unsettled purchases
 
443,523

 
358,712

Derivatives, at fair value
 
18,198

 
71,974

Accrued interest payable- repurchase agreements
 
676

 
31,932

Accounts payable and other accrued expenses
 
4,567

 
3,590

Total Liabilities
 
$
4,712,756

 
$
11,835,713

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000 shares authorized;
 
 
 
 
7.875% Series B Cumulative Preferred Stock; 8,383 shares issued and outstanding ($209,583 aggregate liquidation preference) at December 31, 2019
 

 
8

7.00% Series C Cumulative Preferred Stock; 5,303 shares issued and outstanding ($132,588 aggregate liquidation preference) at June 30, 2020
 
5

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 125,000 shares authorized, 64,689 and 58,877 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
 
65

 
59

Additional paid-in capital
 
3,024,246

 
3,054,604

Accumulated deficit
 
(2,369,748
)
 
(1,973,437
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
196,663

 
355,473

Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
851,231

 
$
1,436,707

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
$
5,563,987

 
$
13,272,420

See financial statement notes (unaudited).

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


2
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



 
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Interest Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities, net of amortization of premium and fees
 
$
23,648

 
$
113,438

 
$
103,424

 
$
193,270

Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities, including discount accretion
 
4,873

 
13,383

 
17,228

 
26,975

Interest-Only Securities
 

 
251

 

 
596

U.S. Treasury Securities
 

 
744

 
469

 
1,226

BUCKLER Subordinated loan
 
29

 
544

 
287

 
1,083

Total Interest Income
 
$
28,550

 
$
128,360

 
$
121,408

 
$
223,150

Interest expense- repurchase agreements
 
(5,389
)
 
(87,504
)
 
(56,909
)
 
(148,482
)
Interest expense- U.S. Treasury Securities sold short
 
(32
)
 

 
(32
)
 

Net Interest Income
 
$
23,129


$
40,856


$
64,467


$
74,668

Other Income (Loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized gain (loss) on sale available for sale Agency Securities (reclassified from Other comprehensive income (loss))
 
36,008

 
(44
)
 
129,333

 
(2,953
)
Credit loss expense
 

 

 
(1,012
)
 

Gain on Agency Securities, trading
 
7,911

 

 
7,911

 

Gain (loss) on Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
190

 
(17,699
)
 
(182,922
)
 
(17,203
)
Gain on Interest-Only Securities
 

 
490

 

 
123

Gain on U.S. Treasury Securities
 

 
3,453

 
21,771

 
2,760

Loss on short sale of U.S. Treasury Securities
 
(414
)
 

 
(414
)
 

Subtotal
 
$
43,695


$
(13,800
)

$
(25,333
)

$
(17,273
)
Realized loss on derivatives (1)
 
(180,567
)
 
(92,990
)
 
(415,716
)
 
(115,122
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives
 
173,325

 
(107,304
)
 
39,438

 
(220,371
)
Subtotal
 
$
(7,242
)

$
(200,294
)

$
(376,278
)
 
$
(335,493
)
Total Other Income (Loss)
 
$
36,453


$
(214,094
)

$
(401,611
)
 
$
(352,766
)
Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management fees
 
7,382

 
7,485

 
14,840

 
14,743

Professional fees
 
1,654

 
912

 
2,499

 
1,947

Insurance
 
183

 
183

 
366

 
348

Compensation
 
1,357

 
995

 
2,822

 
1,782

Other
 
205

 
437

 
187

 
713

Total Expenses
 
$
10,781


$
10,012


$
20,714


$
19,533

Less management fees waived
 
(2,947
)



(2,947
)


Total Expenses after fees waived
 
$
7,834

 
$
10,012


$
17,767

 
$
19,533

Net Income (Loss)
 
$
51,748


$
(183,250
)

$
(354,911
)
 
$
(297,631
)
Dividends on preferred stock
 
(2,320
)
 
(4,274
)
 
(5,147
)
 
(8,533
)
Net Income (Loss) available (related) to common stockholders
 
$
49,428


$
(187,524
)

$
(360,058
)
 
$
(306,164
)
(Continued)

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


3
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



 
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Net Income (Loss) per share available (related) to common stockholders (Note 12):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.78

 
$
(3.14
)
 
$
(5.87
)
 
$
(5.40
)
Diluted
 
$
0.77

 
$
(3.14
)
 
$
(5.87
)
 
$
(5.40
)
Dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.09

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.60

 
$
1.14

Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
63,741

 
59,654

 
61,312

 
56,658

Diluted
 
64,340

 
59,654

 
61,312

 
56,658


(1) Interest expense related to our interest rate swap contracts is recorded in realized loss on derivatives on the consolidated statements of operations. For additional information, see financial statement Note 8.

See financial statement notes (unaudited).

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


4
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)


 
 
For the Three Months Ended June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Net Income (Loss)
 
$
51,748

 
$
(183,250
)
 
$
(354,911
)
 
$
(297,631
)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification adjustment for realized (gain) loss on sale of available for sale Agency Securities
 
(36,008
)
 
44

 
(129,333
)
 
2,953

Reclassification adjustment for credit loss expense on available for sale Agency Securities
 

 

 
1,012

 

Net unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale Agency Securities
 
7,654

 
173,015

 
(30,489
)
 
357,264

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(28,354
)
 
$
173,059

 
$
(158,810
)
 
$
360,217

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
$
23,394

 
$
(10,191
)
 
$
(513,721
)
 
$
62,586

 
See financial statement notes (unaudited).


ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


5
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)

 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7.875% Series B
 
7.00% Series C
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Par
 
Shares
 
Par
 
Shares
 
Par
 
Total
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2019
8,383

 
$
8

 

 
$

 
58,877

 
$
59

 
$
3,054,604

 
$
(1,973,437
)
 
$
355,473

 
$
1,436,707

Series B Preferred dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,375
)
 

 
(1,375
)
Series C Preferred dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(3,772
)
 

 
(3,772
)
Common stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(36,253
)
 

 
(36,253
)
Series B Preferred stock, called for redemption
(8,383
)
 
(8
)
 

 

 

 

 
(209,575
)
 

 

 
(209,583
)
Issuance of Series C Preferred stock, net of expenses

 

 
5,303

 
5

 

 

 
129,091

 

 

 
129,096

Issuance of common stock, net

 

 

 

 
5,767

 
6

 
48,880

 

 

 
48,886

Stock based compensation, net of withholding requirements

 

 

 

 
85

 

 
2,023

 


 

 
2,023

Common stock repurchased, net

 

 

 

 
(40
)
 

 
(777
)
 

 

 
(777
)
Net Loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(354,911
)
 

 
(354,911
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(158,810
)
 
(158,810
)
Balance, June 30, 2020

 
$

 
5,303

 
$
5

 
64,689

 
$
65

 
$
3,024,246

 
$
(2,369,748
)
 
$
196,663

 
$
851,231


See financial statement notes (unaudited).

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


6
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)


 
 
For the Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
2020
 
2019
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
Net Loss
 
$
(354,911
)
 
$
(297,631
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties used in operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net amortization of premium on Agency Securities
 
23,364

 
17,470

Accretion of net discount on Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
(2,529
)
 
(1,505
)
Net amortization of Interest-Only Securities
 

 
1,923

Net amortization of U.S. Treasury Securities
 
84

 
(379
)
Realized (gain) loss on sale of Agency Securities, available for sale
 
(129,333
)
 
2,953

Credit loss expense
 
1,012

 

Gain on Agency Securities, trading
 
(7,911
)
 

Loss on Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
182,922

 
17,203

Gain on Interest-Only Securities
 

 
(123
)
Gain on U.S. Treasury Securities
 
(21,771
)
 
(2,760
)
Loss on short sale of U.S. Treasury Securities
 
414

 

Stock based compensation
 
2,023

 
1,302

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in accrued interest receivable
 
22,030

 
(20,024
)
Increase (decrease) in prepaid and other assets
 
6,603

 
(337
)
Change in derivatives, at fair value
 
(39,645
)
 
202,829

Increase (decrease) in accrued interest payable- repurchase agreements
 
(31,256
)
 
33,081

Increase in accounts payable and other accrued expenses
 
977

 
2,452

Net cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties used in operating activities
 
$
(347,927
)
 
$
(43,546
)
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchases of Agency Securities
 
(4,727,162
)
 
(7,971,429
)
Purchases of Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
(237,928
)
 

Purchases of U.S. Treasury Securities
 
(4,621,776
)
 
(1,427,320
)
Principal repayments of Agency Securities
 
666,156

 
459,784

Principal repayments of Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
43,768

 
15,646

Proceeds from sales of Agency Securities
 
10,855,465

 
1,114,121

Proceeds from sales of Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
831,398

 

Proceeds from sales of Interest-only Securities
 

 
18,822

Proceeds from sales of U.S. Treasury Securities
 
4,643,049

 
1,529,105

Disbursements on reverse repurchase agreements
 
(858,156
)
 

Receipts from reverse repurchase agreements
 
858,156

 

Decrease in cash collateral posted by counterparties
 
(6,769
)
 
(78,512
)
Net cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties provided by (used in) investing activities
 
$
7,446,201

 
$
(6,339,783
)
(Continued)

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


7
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Redemption of Series B Preferred stock, net of expenses
 
(209,583
)
 

Issuance of Series B Preferred stock, net of expenses
 

 
2,750

Issuance of Series C Preferred stock, net of expenses
 
129,096

 

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses
 
48,886

 
321,892

Proceeds from repurchase agreements
 
53,582,910

 
96,704,891

Principal repayments on repurchase agreements
 
(60,699,854
)
 
(90,445,696
)
Series A Preferred stock dividends paid
 

 
(2,249
)
Series B Preferred stock dividends paid
 
(1,375
)
 
(6,284
)
Series C Preferred stock dividends paid
 
(3,772
)
 

Common stock dividends paid
 
(36,253
)
 
(64,012
)
Common stock repurchased, net
 
(777
)
 
(11,340
)
Net cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties provided by (used in) financing activities
 
$
(7,190,722
)
 
$
6,499,952

Net Increase (decrease) in cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties
 
(92,448
)
 
116,623

Cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties - beginning of period
 
273,166

 
232,199

Cash and cash collateral posted to counterparties - end of period
 
$
180,718

 
$
348,822

Supplemental Disclosure:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for interest
 
$
166,358

 
187,005

Non-Cash Investing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Payable for unsettled purchases
 
$
(443,523
)
 

Net unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale Agency Securities
 
$
(30,489
)
 
357,264

Non-Cash Financing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Amounts payable for Series A Preferred stock, called for redemption
 
$

 
(54,514
)
Amounts receivable for issuance of Preferred B stock
 
$

 
604


See financial statement notes (unaudited).

ARRSHIELDA18.JPG


8
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



Note 1 - Organization and Nature of Business Operations

References to "we," "us," "our," or the "Company" are to ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc. ("ARMOUR") and its subsidiaries. References to "ACM" are to ARMOUR Capital Management LP, a Delaware limited partnership. ARMOUR owns a 10% equity interest in BUCKLER Securities, LLC ("BUCKLER"). BUCKLER is a Delaware limited liability company and a FINRA-regulated broker-dealer, controlled by ACM and certain executive officers of ARMOUR. Refer to the Glossary of Terms for definitions of capitalized terms and abbreviations used in this report.
 
ARMOUR is an externally managed Maryland corporation incorporated in 2008. The Company is managed by ACM, an investment advisor registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), (see Note 9 - Commitments and Contingencies and Note 15 - Related Party Transactions for additional discussion). We have elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code"). Our qualification as a REIT depends on our ability to meet, on a continuing basis, various complex requirements under the Code relating to, among other things, the sources of our gross income, the composition and values of our assets, our distribution levels and the concentration of ownership of our capital stock. We believe that we are organized in conformity with the requirements for qualification as a REIT under the Code and our manner of operations enables us to meet the requirements for taxation as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. As a REIT, we will generally not be subject to federal income tax on the REIT taxable income that we currently distribute to our stockholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year and do not qualify for certain statutory relief provisions, we will be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates. Even if we qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, we may still be subject to some federal, state and local taxes on our income.

We invest primarily in mortgage backed securities ("MBS"), issued or guaranteed by a United States ("U.S.") Government-sponsored entity ("GSE"), such as the Federal National Mortgage Association ("Fannie Mae"), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Freddie Mac"), or a government agency such as Government National Mortgage Administration ("Ginnie Mae") (collectively, "Agency Securities"). Our Agency Securities consist primarily of fixed rate loans. The remaining are either backed by hybrid adjustable rate or adjustable rate loans. Other MBS in which we invest, for which the payment of principal and interest is not guaranteed by a GSE or government agency, may benefit from credit enhancement derived from structural elements such as subordination, over collateralization or insurance (collectively, "Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities"). From time to time we may also invest in Interest-Only Securities, U.S. Treasury Securities and money market instruments.

Note 2 - Basis of Presentation and Consolidation
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X promulgated by the SEC. Accordingly, the condensed financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the calendar year ending December 31, 2020. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates affecting the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the valuation of MBS, including an assessment of the allowance for credit losses, and derivative instruments.


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9
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Cash
 
Cash includes cash on deposit with financial institutions. We may maintain deposits in federally insured financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. However, management believes we are not exposed to significant credit risk due to the financial position and creditworthiness of the depository institutions in which those deposits are held.
 
Cash Collateral Posted To/By Counterparties

Cash collateral posted to/by counterparties represents cash posted by us to counterparties or posted by counterparties to us as collateral. Cash collateral posted to/by counterparties may include collateral for interest rate swap contracts (including swaptions and basis swap contracts), and repurchase agreements on our MBS and our Agency Securities purchased or sold on a to-be-announced basis ("TBA Agency Securities").
Investments in Securities, at Fair Value

Our investments in securities are generally classified as either available for sale or trading securities. Management determines the appropriate classifications of the securities at the time they are acquired and evaluates the appropriateness of such classifications at each balance sheet date.

Available for Sale Securities represent investments that we intend to hold for extended periods of time and are reported at their estimated fair values with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings and reported as part of the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

Trading Securities are reported at their estimated fair values with gains and losses included in Other Income (Loss) as a component of the consolidated statements of operations.

Receivables and Payables for Unsettled Sales and Purchases

We account for purchases and sales of securities on the trade date, including purchases and sales for forward settlement. Receivables and payables for unsettled trades represent the agreed trade price multiplied by the outstanding balance of the securities at the balance sheet date.

Accrued Interest Receivable and Payable
 
Accrued interest receivable includes interest accrued between payment dates on securities and interest on unsettled sales of securities. Accrued interest payable includes interest on unsettled purchases of securities, interest on repurchase agreements and may, at certain times, contain interest payable on U.S. Treasury Securities sold short.
 
Repurchase Agreements
 
We finance the acquisition of the majority of our MBS through the use of repurchase agreements. Our repurchase agreements are secured by our MBS and bear interest rates that have historically moved in close relationship to the Federal Funds Rate and short-term London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). Under these repurchase agreements, we sell MBS to a lender and agree to repurchase the same MBS in the future for a price that is higher than the original sales price. The difference between the sales price that we receive and the repurchase price that we pay represents interest paid to the lender, which accrues over the life of the repurchase agreement. A repurchase agreement operates as a financing arrangement under which we pledge our MBS as collateral to secure a loan which is equal in value to a specified percentage of the estimated fair value of the pledged collateral. We retain beneficial ownership of the pledged collateral. At the maturity of a repurchase agreement, we are required to repay the loan and concurrently receive back our pledged collateral from the lender or, with the consent of the lender, we may renew such agreement at the then prevailing interest rate. The repurchase agreements may require us to pledge additional assets to the lender in the event the estimated fair value of the existing pledged collateral declines.

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10
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



In addition to the repurchase agreement financing discussed above, at certain times we have entered into reverse repurchase agreements with certain of our repurchase agreement counterparties. Under a typical reverse repurchase agreement, we purchase U.S. Treasury Securities from a borrower in exchange for cash and agree to sell the same securities in the future in exchange for a price that is higher than the original purchase price. The difference between the purchase price originally paid and the sale price represents interest received from the borrower. Reverse repurchase agreement receivables and repurchase agreement liabilities are presented net when they meet certain criteria, including being with the same counterparty, being governed by the same master repurchase agreement ("MRA"), settlement through the same brokerage or clearing account and maturing on the same day. We did not have any reverse repurchase agreements outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
 
Derivatives, at Fair Value
 
We recognize all derivatives individually as either assets or liabilities at fair value on our consolidated balance sheets. All changes in the fair values of our derivatives are reflected in our consolidated statements of operations. We designate derivatives as hedges for tax purposes and any unrealized derivative gains or losses would not affect our distributable net taxable income. These transactions include interest rate swap contracts, interest rate swaptions and basis swap contracts.

We also may utilize forward contracts for the purchase or sale of TBA Agency Securities. We account for TBA Agency Securities as derivative instruments if it is reasonably possible that we will not take or make physical delivery of the Agency Security upon settlement of the contract. We account for TBA dollar roll transactions as a series of derivative transactions. We may also purchase and sell TBA Agency Securities as a means of investing in and financing Agency Securities (thereby increasing our “at risk” leverage) or as a means of disposing of or reducing our exposure to Agency Securities (thereby reducing our “at risk” leverage). We agree to purchase or sell, for future delivery, Agency Securities with certain principal and interest terms and certain types of collateral, but the particular Agency Securities to be delivered are not identified until shortly before the TBA settlement date. We may also choose, prior to settlement, to move the settlement of these securities out to a later date by entering into an offsetting short or long position (referred to as a “pair off”), net settling the paired off positions for cash, and simultaneously purchasing or selling a similar TBA Agency Security for a later settlement date. This transaction is commonly referred to as a “dollar roll.” When it is reasonably possible that we will pair off a TBA Agency Security, we account for that contract as a derivative.
Impairment of Assets
We assess impairment of available for sale securities at least on a quarterly basis and more frequently when economic or market concerns warrant such evaluation. We consider an impairment if we (1) intend to sell the available for sale securities, or (2) believe it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the securities before recovery (for example, because of liquidity requirements or contractual obligations) and a credit impairment exists where fair value is greater than amortized cost. Impairment losses recognized establish a new cost basis for the related available for sale securities.

Revenue Recognition

Interest income is earned and recognized on Agency Securities based on their unpaid principal amounts and their contractual terms. Recognition of interest income commences on the settlement date of the purchase transaction and continues through the settlement date of the sale transaction. Premiums and discounts associated with the purchase of Multi-Family MBS, which are generally not subject to prepayment, are amortized or accreted into interest income over the contractual lives of the securities using a level yield method. Premiums and discounts associated with the purchase of other Agency Securities are amortized or accreted into interest income over the actual lives of the securities, reflecting actual prepayments as they occur. Purchase and sale transactions (including TBA Agency Securities) are recorded on the trade date to the extent it is probable that we will take or make timely physical delivery of the related securities. Gains or losses realized from sales of available for sale securities are reclassified into income from other comprehensive income and are determined using the specific identification method.


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11
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


Interest income on Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities and Interest-Only Securities is recognized using the effective yield method over the life of the securities based on the future cash flows expected to be received. Future cash flow projections and related effective yields are determined for each security and updated quarterly. Impairment losses establish a new cost basis in the security for purposes of calculating effective yields, recognized when the fair value of a security is less than its cost basis and there has been an adverse change in the future cash flows expected to be received. Other changes in future cash flows expected to be received are recognized prospectively over the remaining life of the security. Interest income on U.S. Treasury Securities is recognized based on their unpaid principal amounts and their contractual terms. Recognition of interest income commences on the settlement date of the purchase transaction and continues through the settlement date of the sale transaction.

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Comprehensive income (loss) refers to changes in equity during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. It includes all changes in equity during a period, except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners.

Note 4 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

We consider the applicability and impact of all Accounting Standards Updates ("ASU") issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Those not listed below were deemed to be either not applicable, are not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements when adopted, or did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements upon adoption.

Accounting Standard
 
Description
 
 
 
ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments–Credit Losses (Topic 326)
 
The standard introduces a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected credit losses. The standard applies to (1) loans, accounts receivable, trade receivables, and other financial assets measured at amortized cost, (2) loan commitments and certain other off–balance sheet credit exposures, (3) debt securities and other financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, and (4) beneficial interests in securitized financial assets. The standard was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The adoption of the standard on January 1, 2020 did not have a significant impact on the Company, since at that time we did not intend to sell our investments in available for sale Agency Securities. The Company determined that it was not more likely than not that we would be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases as the contractual cash flows of these federal agency mortgage backed securities are guaranteed by an agency of the U.S. government and we expected that all securities would not be settled at a price less than their amortized cost.


Note 5 - Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
Our valuation techniques for financial instruments use observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect readily obtainable data from third party sources, while unobservable inputs reflect management’s market assumptions. The Accounting Standards Codification Topic No. 820, "Fair Value Measurement," classifies these inputs into the following hierarchy:
 
Level 1 Inputs - Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.

Level 2 Inputs - Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.
 
Level 3 Inputs - Prices determined using significant unobservable inputs. Unobservable inputs may be used in situations where quoted prices or observable inputs are unavailable (for example, when there is little or no market activity for an

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12
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


investment at the end of the period). Unobservable inputs reflect management’s assumptions about the factors that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, and would be based on the best information available.

At the beginning of each quarter, we assess the assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis to determine if any transfers between levels in the fair value hierarchy are needed.

The following describes the valuation methodologies used for our assets and liabilities measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy. Any transfers between levels are assumed to occur at the beginning of the reporting period.
    
Investments in Securities:

Fair value for our investments in securities are based on obtaining a valuation for each security from third party pricing services and/or dealer quotes. The third party pricing services use common market pricing methods that may include pricing models that may incorporate such factors as coupons, prepayment speeds, spread to the Treasury curves and interest rate swap curves, duration, periodic and life caps and credit enhancement. If the fair value of a security is not available from the third party pricing services or such data appears unreliable, we obtain pricing indications from up to three dealers who make markets in similar securities. Management reviews pricing used to ensure that current market conditions are properly reflected. This review includes, but is not limited to, comparisons of similar market transactions or alternative third party pricing services, dealer pricing indications and comparisons to a third party pricing model. Fair values obtained from the third party pricing services for similar instruments are classified as Level 2 securities if the inputs to the pricing models used are consistent with the Level 2 definition. If quoted prices for a security are not reasonably available from the third party pricing service, but dealer pricing indications are, the security will be classified as a Level 2 security. If neither is available, management will determine the fair value based on characteristics of the security that we receive from the issuer and based on available market information and classify it as a Level 3 security. U.S. Treasury Securities are classified as Level 1, as quoted unadjusted prices are available in active markets for identical assets.

Derivatives:

The fair values of our interest rate swap contracts, interest rate swaptions and basis swaps are valued using information provided by third party pricing services that incorporate common market pricing methods that may include current interest rate curves, forward interest rate curves and market spreads to interest rate curves. We estimate the fair value of TBA Agency Securities based on similar methods used to value our Agency Securities. Management compares the pricing information received to dealer quotes to ensure that the current market conditions are properly reflected. The fair values of our derivatives are classified as Level 2.

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13
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


The following tables provide a summary of our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

June 30, 2020
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Balance
Assets at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities
 
$

 
$
5,186,224

 
$

 
$
5,186,224

Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
$

 
$
65,970

 
$

 
$
65,970

Derivatives
 
$

 
$
10,620

 
$

 
$
10,620

Liabilities at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives
 
$

 
$
18,198

 
$

 
$
18,198

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Balance
Assets at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities
 
$

 
$
11,941,766

 
$

 
$
11,941,766

Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
$

 
$
883,601

 
$

 
$
883,601

Derivatives
 
$

 
$
24,751

 
$

 
$
24,751

Liabilities at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Derivatives
 
$

 
$
71,974

 
$

 
$
71,974



There were no transfers of assets or liabilities between the levels of the fair value hierarchy during the six months ended June 30, 2020 or for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Excluded from the tables above are financial instruments, including cash, cash collateral posted to/by counterparties, receivables, the Subordinated loan to BUCKLER, payables and borrowings under repurchase agreements, which are presented in our consolidated financial statements at cost which approximates fair value. The estimated fair value of these instruments is measured using "Level 1" or "Level 2" inputs at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Note 6 - Investments in Securities
 
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, our securities portfolio consisted of $5,252,194 and $12,825,367 of investment securities, at fair value, respectively, and $1,978,196 and $1,006,280 of TBA Agency Securities, at fair value, respectively. Our TBA Agency Securities are reported at net carrying value of $10,298 and $(592), at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and are reported in Derivatives, at fair value on our consolidated balance sheets (see Note 8 - Derivatives for additional information). The net carrying value of our TBA Agency Securities represents the difference between the fair value of the underlying Agency Security in the TBA contract and the cost basis or the forward price to be paid or received for the underlying Agency Security.

The following table summarizes our investments in securities as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, excluding TBA Agency Securities (see Note 8 - Derivatives for additional information). We designated Agency MBS purchased in the three months ended June 30, 2020, as “trading securities” for financial reporting purposes, and consequently, fair value changes for these investments are reported in net income. We anticipate continuing this designation for newly acquired Agency MBS positions because it is more representative of our results of operations insofar as the fair value changes for these securities are presented in a manner consistent with the presentation and timing of the fair value changes of our hedging instruments. Fair value changes for the legacy Agency Securities designated as available for sale will continue to be reported in other comprehensive income as required by GAAP.

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14
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



 
 
Available
for Sale
Securities
 
Trading Securities
 
 
 
 
Agency
 
Agency
 
Credit Risk and Non-Agency
 
Interest-Only
 
U.S. Treasuries
 
Totals
June 30, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2019
 
$
11,941,766

 
$

 
$
883,601

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,825,367

Purchases (1)
 
1,768,688

 
3,043,333

 
237,928

 

 
4,621,776

 
9,671,725

Proceeds from sales 
 
(10,701,096
)
 
(154,369
)
 
(831,398
)
 

 
(4,643,049
)
 
(16,329,912
)
Principal repayments
 
(616,654
)
 
(49,502
)
 
(43,768
)
 

 

 
(709,924
)
Gains (losses)
 
(29,477
)
 
7,911

 
(182,922
)
 

 
21,357

 
(183,131
)
Credit loss expense
 
(1,012
)
 

 

 

 

 
(1,012
)
Amortization/accretion
 
(20,268
)
 
(3,096
)
 
2,529

 

 
(84
)
 
(20,919
)
Balance, June 30, 2020
 
$
2,341,947

 
$
2,844,277

 
$
65,970

 
$

 
$

 
$
5,252,194

Percentage of Portfolio
 
44.59
%
 
54.15
%
 
1.26
%
 
%
 
%
 
100.00
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
 
$
7,051,954

 
$

 
$
819,915

 
$
20,623

 
$
98,646

 
$
7,991,138

Purchases (1)
 
9,130,512

 

 
138,767

 

 
1,685,058

 
10,954,337

Sales
 
(2,894,339
)
 

 

 
(18,822
)
 
(1,786,090
)
 
(4,699,251
)
Principal Repayments
 
(1,701,406
)
 

 
(53,641
)
 

 

 
(1,755,047
)
Gains (losses)
 
408,954

 

 
(24,396
)
 
123

 
2,024

 
386,705

Amortization/accretion
 
(53,909
)
 

 
2,956

 
(1,924
)
 
362

 
(52,515
)
Balance, December 31, 2019
 
$
11,941,766

 
$

 
$
883,601

 
$

 
$

 
$
12,825,367

Percentage of Portfolio
 
93.11
%
 
 
 
6.89
%
 
%
 
%
 
100.00
%
(1)
Purchases include cash paid during the period, plus payable for investment securities purchased during the period as of period end. At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had investment related payables with respect to unsettled purchases of Agency Securities, trading of $443,523 and Agency Securities, available for sale of $358,712, respectively.

Available for Sale Securities:

During three and six months ended June 30, 2020, we evaluated our available for sale securities to determine if the available sale securities in an unrealized loss position were impaired. It was determined in the first quarter that, as we may have been required to sell certain securities in the near future, we recognized an impairment of $1,012 in our consolidated statements of operations. No credit loss expense was required for the second quarter of 2020. We do not have an allowance for credit losses as all of our available for sale securities consist of Agency MBS.
At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2019, we evaluated our available for sale securities with unrealized losses to determine whether there was an other than temporary impairment ("OTTI"). At those dates, we also considered whether we intended to sell available for sale securities and whether it was more likely than not that we could meet our liquidity requirements and contractual obligations without selling available for sale securities. No OTTI was recognized for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 or for the year ended December 31, 2019.

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15
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



The table below presents the components of the carrying value and the unrealized gain or loss position of our available for sale securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Our available for sale securities had a weighted average coupon of 3.4% and 3.8% at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Agency Securities
 
Principal Amount
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Loss
 
Gross Unrealized Gain
 
Fair Value
June 30, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Fannie Mae
 
$
1,579,419

 
$
1,624,933

 
$
(11
)
 
$
174,315

 
$
1,799,237

Total Freddie Mac
 
470,725

 
489,693

 

 
22,080

 
511,773

Total Ginnie Mae
 
29,969

 
30,658

 
(29
)
 
308

 
30,937

Total
 
$
2,080,113

 
$
2,145,284

 
$
(40
)
 
$
196,703

 
$
2,341,947

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Fannie Mae
 
$
8,779,331

 
$
8,975,140

 
$
(291
)
 
$
294,937

 
$
9,269,786

Total Freddie Mac
 
2,522,870

 
2,587,512

 
(40
)
 
61,323

 
2,648,795

Total Ginnie Mae
 
22,504

 
23,641

 
(461
)
 
5

 
23,185

Total
 
$
11,324,705

 
$
11,586,293

 
$
(792
)
 
$
356,265

 
$
11,941,766



The following table presents the unrealized losses and estimated fair value of our available for sale securities by length of time that such securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. All of our available for sale securities are issued and guaranteed by GSEs or Ginnie Mae. The GSEs have a long term credit rating of AA+.

 
 
Unrealized Loss Position For:
 
 
< 12 Months
 
≥ 12 Months
 
Total
Agency Securities
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized
Losses 
June 30, 2020
 
$
25,164

 
$
(40
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
25,164

 
$
(40
)
December 31, 2019
 
$
2,136

 
$
(10
)
 
$
43,939

 
$
(782
)
 
$
46,075

 
$
(792
)


Actual maturities of available for sale securities are generally shorter than stated contractual maturities because actual maturities of available for sale securities are affected by the contractual lives of the underlying mortgages, periodic payments of principal and prepayments of principal. The following table summarizes the weighted average lives of our available for sale securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 
 
June 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Weighted Average Life of Available for Sale Securities
 
Fair Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
 
Fair Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
< 1 year
 
$
53

 
$
53

 
$

 
$

≥ 1 year and < 3 years
 
175,073

 
168,758

 
22,237

 
22,254

≥ 3 years and < 5 years
 
925,178

 
883,968

 
6,542,389

 
6,365,623

≥ 5 years
 
1,241,643

 
1,092,505

 
5,377,140

 
5,198,416

Total Available for Sale Securities
 
$
2,341,947

 
$
2,145,284

 
$
11,941,766

 
$
11,586,293



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16
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



We use a third party model to calculate the weighted average lives of our available for sale securities. Weighted average life is calculated based on expectations for estimated prepayments for the underlying mortgage loans of our available for sale securities. These estimated prepayments are based on assumptions such as interest rates, current and future home prices, housing policy and borrower incentives. The weighted average lives of our available for sale securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 in the table above are based upon market factors, assumptions, models and estimates from the third party model and also incorporate management’s judgment and experience. The actual weighted average lives of our available for sale securities could be longer or shorter than estimated.

Trading Securities:

The components of the carrying value of our trading securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are presented in the table below. We did not have any U.S. Treasury Securities or Interest-Only Securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 
 
Principal Amount
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Loss
 
Gross Unrealized Gain
 
Fair Value
June 30, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Fannie Mae
 
$
2,151,752

 
$
2,296,252

 
$
(2,345
)
 
$
8,648

 
$
2,302,555

Total Freddie Mac
 
510,398

 
538,979

 
(145
)
 
2,888

 
541,722

Total Agency Securities
 
$
2,662,150

 
$
2,835,231

 
$
(2,490
)
 
$
11,536

 
$
2,844,277

Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit Risk Transfer
 
$
75,395

 
$
70,289

 
$
(4,319
)
 
$

 
$
65,970

Total Trading Securities
 
$
2,737,545

 
$
2,905,520

 
$
(6,809
)
 
$
11,536

 
$
2,910,247

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit Risk Transfer
 
$
754,729

 
$
751,940

 
$

 
$
52,024

 
$
803,964

Non-Agency Securities
 
93,723

 
72,904

 
(3
)
 
6,736

 
79,637

Total Trading Securities
 
$
848,452

 
$
824,844

 
$
(3
)
 
$
58,760

 
$
883,601



Our Credit Risk Transfer securities are collateralized by residential mortgage loans meeting agency criteria. However, our securities principal and interest are not guaranteed by the agencies. Credit Risk Transfer securities include tranches issued since 2014. Our Non-Agency Securities are collateralized by residential mortgage loans not guaranteed by any agency and include legacy securities issued between 2005 and 2007.

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17
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)



The following table presents the unrealized losses and estimated fair value of our trading securities by length of time that such securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Our Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities are subject to risk of loss with regard to principal and interest payments. We evaluate each investment based on the characteristics of the underlying collateral and securitization structure, rather than relying on the ratings assigned by rating agencies.

 
 
Unrealized Loss Position For:
 
 
< 12 Months
 
≥ 12 Months
 
Total
 
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
June 30, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities
 
$
817,358

 
$
(2,490
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
817,358

 
$
(2,490
)
Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
$
65,970

 
$
(4,319
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
65,970

 
$
(4,319
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
$
362

 
$
(3
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
362

 
$
(3
)


The following table summarizes the weighted average lives of our trading securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 
 
June 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Estimated Weighted Average Life of Trading Securities
 
Fair Value
 
Amortized Cost
 
Fair Value
 
Amortized Cost
< 1 year
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

≥ 1 year and < 3 years
 
567,943

 
571,872

 
389,883

 
369,600

≥ 3 years and < 5 years
 
1,306,206

 
1,298,630

 
407,656

 
375,030

≥ 5 years
 
1,036,098

 
1,035,018

 
86,062

 
80,214

Total
 
$
2,910,247

 
$
2,905,520

 
$
883,601

 
$
824,844


    
We use a third party model to calculate the weighted average lives of our trading securities. Weighted average life is calculated based on expectations for estimated prepayments for the underlying mortgage loans of our trading securities. These estimated prepayments are based on assumptions such as interest rates, current and future home prices, housing policy and borrower incentives. The weighted average lives of our trading securities at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 in the tables above are based upon market factors, assumptions, models and estimates from the third party model and also incorporate management’s judgment and experience. The actual weighted average lives of our trading securities could be longer or shorter than estimated.

 Note 7 - Repurchase Agreements

At June 30, 2020, we had active MRAs with 32 counterparties and had $4,237,603 in outstanding borrowings with 13 of those counterparties. At December 31, 2019, we had $11,354,547 in outstanding borrowings with 25 counterparties.


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ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


The following table represents the contractual repricing regarding our repurchase agreements to finance MBS purchases at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. No amounts below are subject to offsetting.

 
 
Balance
 
Weighted Average Contractual Rate
 
Weighted Average Maturity in days
 
Haircut (1)
June 30, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
≤ 30 days
 
$
3,990,312

 
0.25
%
 
10
 
3.37
%
> 30 days to ≤ 60 days
 
247,291

 
0.26
%
 
50
 
3.55
%
Total or Weighted Average
 
$
4,237,603

 
0.25
%
 
13
 
3.38
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency Securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
≤ 30 days
 
$
10,241,137

 
2.56
%
 
8
 
4.35
%
> 30 days to ≤ 60 days
 
426,147

 
1.99
%
 
34
 
4.61
%
Total or Weighted Average
 
$
10,667,284

 
2.54
%
 
9
 
4.36
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit Risk and Non-Agency Securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
≤ 30 days
 
687,263

 
2.45
%
 
15
 
16.25
%
Total or Weighted Average
 
$
11,354,547

 
2.54
%
 
9
 
5.16
%
(1)
The Haircut represents the weighted average margin requirement, or the percentage amount by which the collateral value must exceed the loan amount.

Our repurchase agreements require that we maintain adequate pledged collateral. A decline in the value of the MBS pledged as collateral for borrowings under repurchase agreements could result in the counterparties demanding additional collateral pledges or liquidation of some of the existing collateral to reduce borrowing levels. We manage this risk by maintaining an adequate balance of available cash and unpledged securities. An event of default or termination event under the standard MRA would give our counterparty the option to terminate all repurchase transactions existing with us and require any amount due to be payable immediately. In addition, certain of our MRAs contain a restriction that prohibits our leverage from exceeding twelve times our stockholders’ equity as well as termination events in the case of significant reductions in equity capital. We also may receive cash or securities as collateral from our derivative counterparties which we may use as additional collateral for repurchase agreements. Certain interest rate swap contracts provide for cross collateralization and cross default with repurchase agreements and other contracts with the same counterparty.

At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, BUCKLER accounted for 68.6% and 45.0%, respectively, of our aggregate borrowings and had an amount at risk of 10.6% and 14.8%, respectively, of our total stockholders' equity with a weighted average maturity of 9 days and 7 days, respectively, on repurchase agreements (see Note 15 - Related Party Transactions for additional information).

In addition, at June 30, 2020, we had 1 repurchase agreement counterparty that individually accounted for over 5% of our aggregate borrowings. In total, this counterparty accounted for approximately 9.6% of our repurchase agreement borrowings outstanding at June 30, 2020. At December 31, 2019, we had 2 repurchase agreement counterparties that individually accounted for between 5% and 10% of our aggregate borrowings. In total, these counterparties accounted for 12.7% of our repurchase agreement borrowings at December 31, 2019.
    

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ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)


Note 8 - Derivatives

We enter into derivative transactions to manage our interest rate risk and agency mortgage rate exposures. We have agreements with our derivative counterparties that provide for the posting of collateral based on the fair values of our derivatives. Through this margin process, either we or our counterparties may be required to pledge cash or securities as collateral. Collateral requirements vary by counterparty and change over time based on the fair value, notional amount and remaining term of the contracts. Certain contracts provide for cross collateralization and cross default with repurchase agreements and other contracts with the same counterparty.

Interest rate swap contracts are designed to lock in funding costs for repurchase agreements associated with our assets in such a way to help assure the realization of net interest margins. Such transactions are based on assumptions about prepayments which, if not realized, will cause transaction results to differ from expectations. Interest rate swaptions generally provide us the option to enter into an interest rate swap agreement at a certain point of time in the future with a predetermined notional amount, stated term and stated rate of interest in the fixed leg and interest rate index on the floating leg. Basis swap contracts allow us to exchange one floating interest rate basis for another, thereby allowing us to diversify our floating rate basis exposures.
 
TBA Agency Securities are forward contracts for the purchase (“long position”) or sale (“short position”) of Agency Securities at a predetermined price, face amount, issuer, coupon and stated maturity on an agreed-upon future date. The specific Agency Securities delivered into the contract upon the settlement date, published each month by the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association, are not known at the time of the transaction. We may enter into TBA Agency Securities as a means of hedging against short-term changes in interest rates. We may also enter into TBA Agency Securities as a means of acquiring or disposing of Agency Securities and we may from time to time utilize TBA dollar roll transactions to finance Agency Security purchases. We estimate the fair value of TBA Agency Securities based on similar methods used to value our Agency Securities.

We have netting arrangements in place with all derivative counterparties pursuant to standard documentation developed by the International Swap and Derivatives Association. We are also required to post or hold cash collateral based upon the net underlying market value of our open positions with the counterparty. A decline in the value of the open positions with the counterparty could result in the counterparties demanding additional collateral pledges or liquidation of some of the existing collateral to reduce borrowing levels. We manage this risk by maintaining an adequate balance of available cash and unpledged securities. An event of default or termination event under the standard ISDA would give our counterparty the option to terminate all repurchase transactions existing with us and require any amount due to be payable immediately. In addition, certain of our ISDAs contain a restriction that prohibits our leverage from exceeding twelve times our stockholders’ equity as well as termination events in the case of significant reductions in equity capital. During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we received waivers from certain ISDA counterparties related to significant reductions in equity capital that would have otherwise caused a default or termination event.


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20
ARMOUR Residential REIT, Inc.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT NOTES (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share)