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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission File Number 1-12928

AGREE REALTY CORPORATION

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

    

38-3148187

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

70 E. Long Lake Road, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 48304

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (248) 737-4190

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange
On Which Registered

Common Stock, $.0001 par value

ADC

New York Stock Exchange

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes
No 

The aggregate market value of the Registrant’s shares of common stock held by non-affiliates was $2,688,004,412 as of June 30, 2019, based on the closing price of $64.05 on the New York Stock Exchange on that date.

At February 19, 2020, there were 45,569,487 shares of common stock, $.0001 par value per share, outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for the annual shareholder meeting to be held in 2020 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K as noted herein.

Table of Contents

AGREE REALTY CORPORATION

Index to Form 10-K

Page

PART I

 

Item 1:

Business

1

 

Item 1A:

Risk Factors

6

 

Item 1B:

Unresolved Staff Comments

18

 

Item 2:

Properties

18

 

Item 3:

Legal Proceedings

22

 

Item 4:

Mine Safety Disclosures

22

 

PART II

 

Item 5:

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

22

 

Item 6:

Selected Financial Data

24

 

Item 7:

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

25

 

Item 7A:

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

35

 

Item 8:

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

37

 

Item 9:

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

37

 

Item 9A:

Controls and Procedures

37

 

Item 9B:

Other Information

38

 

PART III

 

 

Item 10:

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

39

 

Item 11:

Executive Compensation

39

 

Item 12:

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

39

 

Item 13:

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

39

 

Item 14:

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

39

 

PART IV

 

Item 15:

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

40

 

Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes

F-1

SIGNATURES

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PART I

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Agree Realty Corporation intends such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and includes this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements, which are based on certain assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words “anticipate,” “estimate,” “should,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “may,” “will,” “seek,” “could,” “project,” or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements in this report include information about possible or assumed future events, including, among other things, discussion and analysis of our future financial condition, results of operations, our strategic plans and objectives, occupancy and leasing rates and trends, liquidity and ability to refinance our indebtedness as it matures, anticipated expenditures of capital, and other matters. You should not rely on forward-looking statements since they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which are, in some cases, beyond our control and which could materially affect actual results, performances or achievements. Factors which may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations, include, but are not limited to: the global and national economic conditions and changes in general economic, financial and real estate market conditions; changes in our business strategy; the potential need to fund improvements or other capital expenditures out of operating cash flow; financing risks, such as the inability to obtain debt or equity financing on favorable terms or at all; the level and volatility of interest rates; our ability to re-lease space as leases expire; loss or bankruptcy of one or more of our major tenants; our ability to maintain our qualification as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for federal income tax purposes and the limitations imposed on our business by our status as a REIT; and legislative or regulatory changes, including changes to laws governing REITs. The factors included in this report, including the documents incorporated by reference, and documents the Company subsequently files or furnishes with the SEC are not exhaustive and additional factors could cause actual results to differ materially from that described in the forward-looking statements. For a discussion of additional risk factors, see the factors included under the caption “Risk Factors” within this report. All forward-looking statements are based on information that was available, and speak only, as of the date on which they were made. Except as required by law, the Company disclaims any obligation to review or update these forward–looking statements to reflect events or circumstances as they occur.

Unless the context otherwise requires, references in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the terms “registrant,” the “Company,” “Agree Realty,” “we,” “our” or “us” refer to Agree Realty Corporation and all of its consolidated subsidiaries, including its majority owned operating partnership, Agree Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership”). Agree Realty has elected to treat certain subsidiaries as taxable real estate investment trust subsidiaries which are collectively referred to herein as the “TRS.”

Item 1:       Business

General

The Company is a fully integrated REIT primarily focused on the ownership, acquisition, development and management of retail properties net leased to industry leading tenants. The Company was founded in 1971 by its current Executive Chairman, Richard Agree, and its common stock was listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) in 1994. The Company’s assets are held by, and all of its operations are conducted through, directly or indirectly, the Operating Partnership of which the Company is the sole general partner and in which it held a 99.2% interest as of December 31, 2019. Under the partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership, we, as the sole general partner, have exclusive responsibility and discretion in the management and control of the Operating Partnership.  As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio consisted of 821 properties located in 46 states and totaling approximately 14.6 million square feet of gross leasable area (“GLA”).

As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio was approximately 99.6% leased and had a weighted average remaining lease term of approximately 10.0 years. A significant majority of our properties are leased to national tenants and approximately 58.2% of our annualized base rent was derived from tenants, or parent entities thereof, with an investment grade credit

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rating from S&P Global Ratings, Moody’s Investors Service, Fitch Ratings or the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. Substantially all of our tenants are subject to net lease agreements. A net lease typically requires the tenant to be responsible for minimum monthly rent and property operating expenses including property taxes, insurance and maintenance.

As of December 31, 2019, we had 41 full-time employees, including executive, investment, due diligence, construction, accounting, asset management and administrative personnel.

Our principal executive offices are located at 70 E. Long Lake Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48304 and our telephone number is (248) 737-4190. We maintain a website at www.agreerealty.com. Our reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act and can be accessed through this site, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such reports. These filings are also available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Our website also contains copies of our corporate governance guidelines and code of business conduct and ethics, as well as the charters of our audit, compensation and nominating and governance committees. The information on our website is not part of this report.

Recent Developments

For a discussion of business developments that occurred in 2019, see Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations later in this report.  Certain summarized highlights are contained below.

Investments and Disposition Activity

During 2019, we completed approximately $724.7 million of investments in net leased retail real estate, including acquisition and closing costs. Total investment volume includes the acquisition of 186 properties for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $702.9 million and the completed development of eight properties for an aggregate cost of approximately $21.8 million. These 194 properties are net leased to 57 different tenants operating in 22 sectors and are located in 40 states. These assets are 100% leased for a weighted average lease term of approximately 11.7 years.

During 2019, we sold 16 properties for net proceeds of $65.5 million.

Leasing

During 2019, excluding properties that were sold, we executed new leases, extensions or options on more than 370,000 square feet of GLA throughout our portfolio. The annualized base contractual rent associated with these new leases, extensions or options is approximately $6.6 million.  Notable new leases, extensions or options included a 40,000 square foot Dave & Buster’s in Austin, Texas and an approximately 30,800 square foot Best Buy in Sanford, Florida.

Dividends

We increased our quarterly dividend per share from $0.555 in March 2019 to $0.570 in June 2019 and further increased our quarterly dividend per share to $0.585 in December 2019.

The fourth quarter 2019 dividend per share of $0.585 represents an annualized dividend of $2.34 per share and an annualized dividend yield of approximately 3.3% based on the last reported sales price of our common stock listed on the NYSE of $70.17 on December 31, 2019.  

We have paid a quarterly cash dividend for 103 consecutive quarters and, although we expect to continue our policy of paying quarterly dividends, we cannot guarantee that we will maintain our current level of dividends, that we will continue our recent pattern of increasing dividends per share or what our actual dividend yield will be in any future period.

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Financing

Equity

During 2019, the Company completed follow-on public offerings of common stock under our existing shelf registration statement, issuing a total of 6,662,500 shares.  These offerings generated total net proceeds of $381.8 million.  Upon settlement of the September 2018 Forward (defined below) in May 2019, the Company issued 3,500,000 shares of common stock.

In July 2019, we entered into a $400.0 million at-the-market equity program (the “2019 ATM Program”) through which we may, from time to time, sell shares of common stock. In addition to selling shares of common stock, we may enter into forward sale agreements through our 2019 ATM Program. During 2019, the Company issued 444,228 shares under the 2019 ATM Program, at an average price of $74.30, realizing gross proceeds of $33.0 million.

During 2019, the Company issued 886,768 shares of common stock, under a previously authorized $250.0 million ATM program (the “2018 ATM Program), at an average price of $66.83, realizing gross proceeds of $59.3 million.  No future issuances will occur under the 2018 ATM Program.

During 2019, the Company entered into forward sale agreements in connection with our 2019 ATM Program to sell an aggregate of 2,003,118 shares of common stock (the “ATM Forward Offerings”). To date, no shares from the ATM Forward Offerings have been settled.  The ATM Forward Offerings are required to be settled by various dates in December 2020.

After considering shares already sold under the 2019 ATM Program including the outstanding ATM Forward Offerings, the Company had $220.1 million of availability remaining under the 2019 ATM Program as of December 31, 2019.  

Debt

In June 2019, we completed a private placement of $125.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.47% senior unsecured notes due October 2031 (the “2031 Senior Unsecured Notes”). Considering the effect of the hedging activities, the blended all-in rate for the 2031 Senior Unsecured Notes is 4.42%.

In December 2019, we entered into a Second Amended and Restated Revolving Credit and Term Loan Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), replacing the Company’s previous credit agreement from 2016.   The Credit Agreement provides $600.0 million in unsecured borrowing capacity, composed of a $500.0 million revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”), and $100.0 million in term loan facilities, which mature in January 2024. Subject to certain terms and conditions, the Company may request additional lender commitments of up to an additional aggregate of $500.0 million and may elect to extend the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility up to a maximum maturity of January 2025.

All borrowings under the $500.0 million unsecured Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at variable rates plus margins based on the Company’s credit rating.  As of December 31, 2019, the all-in rate on the Revolving Credit Facility was 2.69%.

Business Strategies

Our primary business objective is to generate consistent shareholder returns by primarily investing in and actively managing a diversified portfolio of retail properties net leased to industry leading tenants. The following is a discussion of our investment, financing and asset management strategies.

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Investment

We are primarily focused on the long-term, fee simple ownership of properties net leased to national or large, regional retailers operating in sectors we believe to be more e-commerce and recession resistant. Our leases are typically long-term net leases that require the tenant to pay all property operating expenses, including real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance. We believe that a diversified portfolio of such properties provides for stable and predictable cash flow.

We seek to expand and enhance our portfolio by identifying the best risk-adjusted investment opportunities across our development, Partner Capital Solutions (“PCS”) and acquisitions platforms.

Development: We have been developing retail properties since the formation of our predecessor company in 1971 and our development platform seeks to employ our capabilities to direct all aspects of the development process, including site selection, land acquisition, lease negotiation, due diligence, design and construction. Our developments are typically build-to-suit projects that result in fee simple ownership of the property upon completion.

Partner Capital Solutions: We launched our PCS program in April 2012. Our PCS program allows us to acquire properties or development opportunities by partnering with private developers or retailers on their in-process developments. We offer construction expertise, relationships, access to capital and forward commitments to purchase the properties to facilitate the successful completion of their projects. We typically take fee simple ownership of PCS projects upon their completion.

Acquisitions: Our acquisitions platform was launched in April 2010 in order to expand our investment capabilities by pursuing opportunities that do not fall within our development platform, but that do meet both our real estate and return on investment criteria.

We believe that development and PCS projects have the potential to generate superior risk-adjusted returns on investment in properties that are substantially similar to those we acquire.

We focus on four core principles that underlie our investment criteria:

e-commerce resistance, focusing on leading operators in e-commerce resistant sectors or those that have matured in omni-channel structure
recession resistance, emphasizing a balanced portfolio with exposure to counter-cyclical sectors and retailers with strong credit profiles
avoidance of private equity sponsorship, minimizing exposure to the possibility of such sponsorship overleveraging their acquisitions and reducing retailers’ abilities to invest in their businesses
adherence to strong real estate fundamentals and fungible buildings, protecting against unforeseen changes to our investment philosophies

Each platform leverages the Company’s real estate acumen to pursue investments in net lease retail real estate. Factors that we consider when evaluating an investment include but are not limited to:

overall market-specific characteristics, such as demographics, market rents, competition and retail synergy;
asset-specific characteristics, such as the age, size, location, zoning, use and environmental history, accessibility, physical condition, signage and visibility of the property;
tenant-specific characteristics, including but not limited to the financial profile, operating history, business plan, size, market positioning, geographic footprint, management team, industry and/or sector-specific trends and other characteristics specific to the tenant and parent thereof;
unit-level operating characteristics, including store sales performance and profitability, if available;
lease-specific terms, including term of the lease, rent to be paid by the tenant and other tenancy considerations; and
transaction considerations, such as purchase price, seller profile and other non-financial terms.

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Financing

We seek to maintain a capital structure that provides us with the flexibility to manage our business and pursue our growth strategies, while allowing us to service our debt requirements and generate appropriate risk-adjusted returns for our shareholders. We believe these objectives are best achieved by a capital structure that consists primarily of common equity and prudent amounts of debt financing. However, we may raise capital in any form and under terms that we deem acceptable and in the best interest of our shareholders.

We have previously utilized common stock equity offerings, secured mortgage borrowings, unsecured bank borrowings, private placements of senior unsecured notes and the sale of properties to meet our capital requirements. We continually evaluate our financing policies on an on-going basis in light of current economic conditions, access to various capital markets, relative costs of equity and debt securities, the market value of our properties and other factors.

We occasionally sell common stock through forward sale agreements, enabling the Company to set the price of shares upon pricing the offering while delaying the issuance of shares and the receipt of the net proceeds by the Company.

As of December 31, 2019, our ratio of total debt to enterprise value, assuming the conversion of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership (“OP Units”) into shares of common stock, was approximately 21.6%, and our ratio of total debt to total gross assets (before accumulated depreciation) was approximately 29.9%.

As of December 31, 2019, our total debt outstanding before deferred financing costs was $876.1 million, including $37.1 million of secured mortgage debt that had a weighted average fixed interest rate of 4.40% (including the effects of interest rate swap agreements) and a weighted average maturity of 3.4 years, $750.0 million of unsecured borrowings that had a weighted average fixed interest rate of 4.04% (including the effects of interest rate swap agreements) and a weighted average maturity of 8.1 years, and $89.0 million of floating rate borrowings under our revolving credit facility at a weighted average interest rate of approximately 2.69%.

Certain financial agreements to which we are a party contain covenants that limit our ability to incur debt under certain circumstances; however, our organizational documents do not limit the absolute amount or percentage of indebtedness that we may incur. As such, we may modify our borrowing policies at any time without shareholder approval.

Asset Management

We maintain a proactive leasing and capital improvement program that, combined with the quality and locations of our properties, has made our properties attractive to tenants. We intend to continue to hold our properties for long-term investment and, accordingly, place a strong emphasis on the quality of construction and an on-going program of regular and preventative maintenance. Our properties are designed and built to require minimal capital improvements other than renovations or alterations, typically paid for by tenants. Personnel from our corporate headquarters conduct regular inspections of each property and maintain regular contact with major tenants.

We have a management information system designed to provide our management with the operating data necessary to make informed business decisions on a timely basis. This system provides us rapid access to lease data, tenants’ sales history, cash flow budgets and forecasts. Such a system helps us to maximize cash flow from operations and closely monitor corporate expenses.

Competition

The U.S. commercial real estate investment market is a highly competitive industry. We actively compete with many entities engaged in the acquisition, development and operation of commercial properties. As such, we compete with other investors for a limited supply of properties and financing for these properties. Investors include traded and non-traded public REITs, private equity firms, institutional investment funds, insurance companies and private individuals, many of which have greater financial resources than we do and the ability to accept more risk than we believe we can prudently manage. There can be no assurance that we will be able to compete successfully with such entities in our acquisition, development and leasing activities in the future.

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Significant Tenants

No tenant accounted for more than 5.0% of our annualized base rent as of December 31, 2019. See “Item 2 – Properties” for additional information on our top tenants and the composition of our tenant base.

Regulation

Environmental

Investments in real property create the potential for environmental liability on the part of the owner or operator of such real property. If hazardous substances are discovered on or emanating from a property, the owner or operator of the property may be held strictly liable for all costs and liabilities relating to such hazardous substances. We have obtained a Phase I environmental study (which involves inspection without soil sampling or ground water analysis) conducted by independent environmental consultants on each of our properties and, in certain instances, have conducted additional investigation, including a Phase II environmental assessment.

We have no knowledge of any hazardous substances existing on our properties in violation of any applicable laws; however, no assurance can be given that such substances are not currently located on any of our properties.

We believe that we are in compliance, in all material respects, with all federal, state and local ordinances and regulations regarding hazardous or toxic substances. Furthermore, we have not been notified by any governmental authority of any noncompliance, liability or other claim in connection with any of our properties.

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Our properties, as commercial facilities, are required to comply with Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and similar state and local laws and regulations (collectively, the “ADA”). Investigation of a property may reveal non-compliance with the ADA. Our tenants will typically have primary responsibility for complying with the ADA, but we may incur costs if the tenant does not comply. As of December 31, 2019, we have not been notified by any governmental authority, nor are we otherwise aware, of any non-compliance with the ADA that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.

Available Information

We make available free of charge through our website at www.agreerealty.com all reports we electronically file with, or furnish to, the SEC, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, as well as any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after those documents are filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. These filings are also accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Item 1A:        Risk Factors

The following factors and other factors discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements made in this report or presented elsewhere in future SEC reports. You should carefully consider each of the risks, assumptions, uncertainties and other factors described below and elsewhere in this report, as well as any reports, amendments or updates reflected in subsequent filings or furnishings with the SEC. We believe these risks, assumptions, uncertainties and other factors, individually or in the aggregate, could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results and could materially and adversely affect our business operations, results of operations, financial condition and liquidity.

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Risks Related to Our Business and Operations

Economic and financial conditions may have a negative effect on our business and operations.

Changes in global or national economic conditions, such as a market downturn or a disruption in the capital markets, may cause, among other things, a significant tightening in the credit markets, lower levels of liquidity, increases in the rate of default and bankruptcy and lower consumer spending and business spending, which could adversely affect our business and operations. Potential consequences of changes in economic and financial conditions include:

changes in the performance of our tenants, which may result in lower rent and lower recoverable expenses that the tenant can afford to pay and tenant defaults under the leases;
current or potential tenants may delay or postpone entering into long-term net leases with us;
the ability to borrow on terms and conditions that we find acceptable may be limited or unavailable, which could reduce our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt, reduce our returns from acquisition and development activities, reduce our ability to make cash distributions to our shareholders and increase our future interest expense;
our ability to access the capital markets may be restricted at a time when we would like, or need, to access those markets, which could have an impact on our flexibility to react to changing economic and business conditions;
the recognition of impairment charges on or reduced values of our properties, which may adversely affect our results of operations or limit our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices and may reduce the availability of buyer financing; and
one or more lenders under our revolving credit facility could fail and we may not be able to replace the financing commitment of any such lenders on favorable terms, or at all.

We are also limited in our ability to reduce costs to offset the results of a prolonged or severe economic downturn given certain fixed costs and commitments associated with our operations, which could materially impact our results of operations and/or financial condition.

Our business is significantly dependent on single tenant properties.

We focus our development and investment activities on ownership of real properties that are primarily net leased to a single tenant. Therefore, the financial failure of, or other default in payment by, a single tenant under its lease and the potential resulting vacancy is likely to cause a significant reduction in our operating cash flows from that property and a significant reduction in the value of the property and could cause a significant impairment loss. In addition, we would be responsible for all of the operating costs of a property following a vacancy at a single tenant building. Because our properties have generally been built to suit a particular tenant’s specific needs and desires, we may also incur significant losses to make the leased premises ready for another tenant and experience difficulty or a significant delay in releasing such property.

Bankruptcy laws will limit our remedies if a tenant becomes bankrupt and rejects its leases.

If a tenant becomes bankrupt or insolvent, that could diminish the income we receive from that tenant’s leases. We may not be able to evict a tenant solely because of its bankruptcy. On the other hand, a bankruptcy court might authorize the tenant to terminate its leasehold with us. If that happens, our claim against the bankrupt tenant for unpaid future rent would be an unsecured pre-petition claim subject to statutory limitations, and therefore any amounts received in bankruptcy are likely to be substantially less valuable than the remaining rent we otherwise were owed under the leases. In addition, any payment on a claim we have for unpaid past rent could be substantially less than the amount owed.

Our portfolio is concentrated in certain states, which makes us more susceptible to adverse events in these areas.

Our properties are located in 46 states throughout the United States and in particular, the state of Michigan (where 61 properties out of 821 properties are located, or 8.5% of our annualized base rent was derived as of December 31, 2019), Texas (54 properties, or 7.0% of our annualized base rent) and Florida (58 properties, or 6.2% of our annualized base rent).

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An economic downturn or other adverse events or conditions such as natural disasters in any of these areas, or any other area where we may have significant concentration in the future, could result in a material reduction of our cash flows or material losses to our company.

Our tenants are concentrated in certain retail sectors, which makes us susceptible to adverse conditions impacting these sectors.

As of December 31, 2019, 10.8%, 7.7%, and 6.9% of our annualized contractual base rent and interest was derived from tenants operating in, the home improvement, tire and auto service, and grocery store sectors, respectively.  Similarly, we have concentrations in other sectors such as off-price retail and convenience stores.  Any decrease in consumer demand for the products and services offered by our tenants operating in any industries for which we have concentrations could have an adverse effect on our tenants’ revenues, costs and results of operations, thereby adversely affecting their ability to meet their lease obligations to us.  As we continue to invest in properties, our portfolio may become more or less concentrated by industry sector.  

There are risks associated with our development and acquisition activities.

We intend to continue the development of new properties and to consider possible acquisitions of existing properties. We anticipate that our new developments will be financed under the revolving credit facility or other forms of financing that will result in a risk that permanent fixed rate financing on newly developed projects might not be available or would be available only on disadvantageous terms. In addition, new project development is subject to a number of risks, including risks of construction delays or cost overruns that may increase anticipated project costs. Furthermore, new project commencement risks also include receipt of zoning, occupancy, other required governmental permits and authorizations and the incurrence of development costs in connection with projects that are not pursued to completion. If permanent debt or equity financing is not available on acceptable terms to finance new development or acquisitions undertaken without permanent financing, further development activities or acquisitions might be curtailed, or cash available for distribution might be adversely affected. Acquisitions entail risks that investments will fail to perform in accordance with expectations, as well as general investment risks associated with any new real estate investment.

We own certain of our properties subject to ground leases that expose us to the loss of such properties upon breach or termination of the ground leases and may limit our ability to sell these properties.

We own a limited number of properties through leasehold interests in the land underlying the buildings and we may acquire additional buildings in the future that are subject to similar ground leases. As lessee under a ground lease, we are exposed to the possibility of losing our interest in the property upon termination, or an earlier breach by us, of the ground lease, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, our ability to make distributions to our shareholders and the trading price of our common stock. Our ground leases contain certain provisions that may limit our ability to sell certain of our properties. In order to assign or transfer our rights and obligations under certain of our ground leases, we generally must obtain the consent of the landlord which, in turn, could adversely impact the price realized from any such sale.

Loss of revenues from tenants would reduce the Company’s cash flow.

Our tenants encounter significant macroeconomic, governmental and competitive forces. Adverse changes in consumer spending or consumer preferences for particular goods, services or store-based retailing could severely impact their ability to pay rent. Shifts from in-store to online shopping could increase due to changing consumer shopping patterns as well as the increase in consumer adoption and use of mobile electronic devices. This expansion of e-commerce could have an adverse impact on our tenant’s ongoing viability. The default, financial distress, bankruptcy or liquidation of one or more of our tenants could cause substantial vacancies in our property portfolio or impact our tenants’ ability to pay rent. Vacancies reduce our revenues, increase property expenses and could decrease the value of each vacant property. Upon the expiration of a lease, the tenant may choose not to renew the lease, renegotiate the economics of any option period(s) as a condition of exercising one or more of them, and/or we may not be able to release the vacant property at a comparable lease rate or without incurring additional expenditures in connection with such renewal or re-leasing.  These risks could be exacerbated by a deterioration in the financial condition of any major tenant with leases in multiple locations.

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The availability and timing of cash dividends is uncertain.

We expect to continue to pay quarterly dividends to our shareholders. However, we bear all expenses incurred by our operations, and our funds generated by operations, after deducting these expenses, may not be sufficient to cover desired levels of dividends to our shareholders. We cannot assure our shareholders that sufficient funds will be available to pay dividends.

The decision to declare and pay dividends on our common stock in the future, as well as the timing, amount, and composition of any such future dividends, will be at the sole discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our earnings, funds from operations, liquidity, financial condition, capital requirements, contractual prohibitions, or other limitations under our indebtedness, annual dividend requirements or the REIT provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), state law and such other factors as our board of directors deems relevant. Further, we may issue new shares of common stock as compensation to our employees or in connection with public offerings or acquisitions. Any future issuances may substantially increase the cash required to pay dividends at current or higher levels.

Any preferred shares we may offer may have a fixed dividend rate that would not increase with any increases in the dividend rate of our common stock. Conversely, payment of dividends on our common stock may be subject to payment in full of the dividends on any preferred shares and payment of interest on any debt securities we may offer.

If we do not maintain or increase the dividend on our common stock, it could have an adverse effect on the market price of our shares.

We face risks relating to information technology and cybersecurity attacks, loss of confidential information and other business disruptions.

We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit and store electronic information and to manage or support a variety of our business processes and we rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide infrastructure and security for processing, transmitting and storing information. Any failure, inadequacy or interruption could materially harm our business. Furthermore, our business is subject to risks from and may be impacted by cybersecurity attacks, including attempts to gain unauthorized access to our confidential data and other electronic security breaches. Such cyber-attacks can range from individual attempts to gain unauthorized access to our information technology systems to more sophisticated security threats. While we employ a number of measures to prevent, detect and mitigate these threats, there is no guarantee such efforts will be successful in preventing a cyber-attack. Cybersecurity incidents could cause operational interruption, damage to our business relationships, private data exposure (including personally identifiable information, or proprietary and confidential information, of ours and our employees, as well as third parties) and affect the efficiency of our business operations. Any such incidents could result in legal claims or proceedings, liability or regulatory penalties under laws protecting the privacy of personal information and reduce the benefits of our technologies.

A loss of key management personnel could adversely affect our performance.

As an internally managed company, we are dependent on the efforts and performance of our key management. We cannot guarantee we retain any of our senior leadership team and they could be difficult to replace. The loss of their services until suitable replacements are found could adversely affect our business, diminish our investment opportunities and weaken our relationships with lenders, business partners, existing and prospective tenants and industry personnel, all of which could materially and adversely affect us.

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General Real Estate Risk

Our performance and value are subject to general economic conditions and risks associated with our real estate assets.

There are risks associated with owning and leasing real estate. Although many of our leases contain terms that obligate the tenants to bear substantially all of the costs of operating our properties, investing in real estate involves a number of risks. Income from and the value of our properties may be adversely affected by:

changes in general or local economic conditions;
the attractiveness of our properties to potential tenants;
changes in supply of or demand for similar or competing properties in an area;
bankruptcies, financial difficulties or lease defaults by our tenants;
changes in operating costs and expense and our ability to control rents;
our ability to lease properties at favorable rental rates;
our ability to sell a property when we desire to do so at a favorable price;
unanticipated changes in costs associated with known adverse environmental conditions or retained liabilities for such conditions; and
changes in or increased costs of compliance with governmental rules, regulations and fiscal policies, including changes in the ADA and similar regulations and tax, real estate, environmental and zoning laws, and our potential liability thereunder.

Economic and financial market conditions have and may continue to exacerbate many of the foregoing risks. If a tenant fails to perform on its lease covenants, that would not excuse us from meeting any mortgage debt obligation secured by the property and could require us to fund reserves in favor of our mortgage lenders, thereby reducing funds available for payment of cash dividends on our shares of common stock.

The fact that real estate investments are relatively illiquid may reduce economic returns to investors.

We may desire to sell a property in the future because of changes in market conditions or poor tenant performance or to avail ourselves of other opportunities. We may also be required to sell a property in the future to meet secured debt obligations or to avoid a secured debt loan default. Real estate properties cannot generally be sold quickly, and we cannot assure you that we could always obtain a favorable price. We may be required to invest in the restoration or modification of a property before we can sell it. This lack of liquidity may limit our ability to vary our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions and, as a result, could adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and our ability to pay dividends on our common stock.

Our ability to renew leases or re-lease space on favorable terms as leases expire significantly affects our business.

We are subject to the risks that, upon expiration of leases for space located in our properties, the premises may not be re-let or the terms of re-letting (including the cost of concessions to tenants) may be less favorable than current lease terms. If a tenant does not renew its lease or if a tenant defaults on its lease obligations, there is no assurance we could obtain a substitute tenant on acceptable terms. If we cannot obtain another tenant with comparable building structural space and configuration needs, we may be required to modify the property for a different use, which may involve a significant capital expenditure and a delay in re-leasing the property. Further, if we are unable to re-let promptly all or a substantial portion of our retail space or if the rental rates upon such re-letting were significantly lower than expected rates, our net income and ability to make expected distributions to shareholders would be adversely affected. There can be no assurance that we will be able to retain tenants in any of our properties upon the expiration of their leases.

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Our leases contain certain limitations on tenants’ real estate tax, insurance and operating cost reimbursement obligations.

Our tenants under net leases generally are responsible for paying the real estate taxes, insurance costs and operating costs associated with the leased property. However, certain leases contain limitations on the tenant’s cost reimbursement obligations and, therefore, there are costs which may be incurred and which will not be reimbursed in full by tenants. This could reduce our operating cash flows from those properties and could reduce the value of those properties.

Potential liability for environmental contamination could result in substantial costs.

Under federal, state and local environmental laws, we may be required to investigate and clean up any release of hazardous or toxic substances or petroleum products at our properties, regardless of our knowledge or actual responsibility, simply because of our current or past ownership or operation of the real estate. If unidentified environmental problems arise, we may have to make substantial payments, which could adversely affect our cash flow and our ability to make distributions to our shareholders. This potential liability results from the following:

as owner, we may have to pay for property damage and for investigation and clean-up costs incurred in connection with the contamination;
the law may impose clean-up responsibility and liability regardless of whether the owner or operator knew of or caused the contamination;
even if more than one person is responsible for the contamination, each person who shares legal liability under environmental laws may be held responsible for all of the clean-up costs; and
governmental entities and third parties may sue the owner or operator of a contaminated site for damages and costs.

These costs could be substantial and in extreme cases could exceed the value of the contaminated property. The presence of hazardous substances or petroleum products or the failure to properly remediate contamination may adversely affect our ability to borrow against, sell or lease an affected property. In addition, some environmental laws create liens on contaminated sites in favor of the government for damages and costs it incurs in connection with a contamination.

We own and may in the future acquire properties that will be operated as convenience stores with gas station facilities. The operation of convenience stores with gas station facilities at our properties will create additional environmental concerns. Similarly, we may lease properties to users or producers of other hazardous materials.  We require that the tenants who operate these facilities do so in material compliance with current laws and regulations.

A majority of our leases require our tenants to comply with environmental laws and to indemnify us against environmental liability arising from the operation of the properties. However, we could be subject to strict liability under environmental laws because we own the properties. There are certain losses, including losses from environmental liabilities, that are not generally insured against or that are not generally fully insured against because it is not deemed economically feasible or prudent to do so.  There is also a risk that tenants may not satisfy their environmental compliance and indemnification obligations under the leases. Any of these events could substantially increase our cost of operations, require us to fund environmental indemnities in favor of our secured lenders and reduce our ability to service our secured debt and pay dividends to shareholders and any debt security interest payments. Environmental problems at any properties could also put us in default under loans secured by those properties, as well as loans secured by unaffected properties.

Uninsured losses relating to real property may adversely affect our returns.

Our leases generally require tenants to carry comprehensive liability and extended coverage insurance on our properties. However, there are certain losses, including losses from environmental liabilities, terrorist acts or catastrophic acts of nature, that are not generally insured against or that are not generally fully insured against because it is not deemed economically feasible or prudent to do so. If there is an uninsured loss or a loss in excess of insurance limits, we could lose both the revenues generated by the affected property and the capital we have invested in the property. In the event of a substantial unreimbursed loss, we would remain obligated to repay any mortgage indebtedness or other obligations related to the property.

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Risks Related to Our Debt Financings

Our level of indebtedness could materially and adversely affect our financial position, including reducing funds available for other business purposes and reducing our operational flexibility, and we may have future capital needs and may not be able to obtain additional financing on acceptable terms.

At December 31, 2019, our ratio of total debt to enterprise value (assuming conversion of OP Units into shares of common stock) was approximately 21.6%. Incurring substantial debt may adversely affect our business and operating results by:

requiring us to use a substantial portion of our cash flow to pay interest and principal, which reduces the amount available for distributions, acquisitions and capital expenditures;
making us more vulnerable to economic and industry downturns and reducing our flexibility to respond to changing business and economic conditions;
requiring us to agree to less favorable terms, including higher interest rates, in order to incur additional debt, and otherwise limiting our ability to borrow for operations, working capital or to finance acquisitions in the future; or
limiting our flexibility in conducting our business, including our ability to finance or refinance our assets, contribute assets to joint ventures or sell assets as needed, which may place us at a disadvantage compared to competitors with less debt or debt with less restrictive terms.

In addition, the use of leverage presents an additional element of risk in the event that (1) the cash flow from lease payments on our properties is insufficient to meet debt obligations, (2) we are unable to refinance our debt obligations as necessary or on as favorable terms, (3) there is an increase in interest rates, (4) we default on our financial obligations and (5) debt service requirements increase. If a property is mortgaged to secure payment of indebtedness and we are unable to meet mortgage payments, the property could be foreclosed upon with a consequential loss of income and asset value to us.

We generally intend to maintain a ratio of total indebtedness (including construction or acquisition financing) to total market capitalization of 65% or less. Nevertheless, we may operate with debt levels which are in excess of 65% of total market capitalization for extended periods of time. If our debt capitalization policy were changed, we could become more highly leveraged, resulting in an increase in debt service that could adversely affect our operating cash flow and our ability to make expected distributions to shareholders, and could result in an increased risk of default on our obligations.

Covenants in our credit agreements and note purchase agreements could limit our flexibility and adversely affect our financial condition.

The terms of the financing agreements and other indebtedness require us to comply with a number of customary financial and other covenants. These covenants may limit our flexibility in our operations, and breaches of these covenants could result in defaults under the instruments governing the applicable indebtedness even if we have satisfied our payment obligations. Our financing agreements contain certain cross-default provisions which could be triggered in the event that we default on our other indebtedness. These cross-default provisions may require us to repay or restructure the revolving credit facility in addition to any mortgage or other debt that is in default. If our properties were foreclosed upon, or if we are unable to refinance our indebtedness at maturity or meet our payment obligations, the amount of our distributable cash flows and our financial condition would be adversely affected.

Our unsecured revolving credit facility, certain term loan agreements and certain note purchase agreements contain various restrictive corporate covenants, including a maximum total leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio and a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio. In addition, our unsecured revolving credit facility, certain term loan agreements and certain note purchase agreements have unencumbered pool covenants, which include a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio and a minimum unencumbered interest coverage ratio. These covenants may restrict our ability to pursue certain business initiatives or certain transactions that might otherwise be advantageous. Furthermore, failure to meet certain of these financial covenants could cause an event of default under and/or accelerate some or all of such indebtedness which could have a material adverse effect on us.

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Credit market developments may reduce availability under our revolving credit facility.

There is risk that lenders, even those with strong balance sheets and sound lending practices, could fail or refuse to honor their legal commitments and obligations under our existing revolving credit facility, including but not limited to: extending credit up to the maximum amount permitted by such credit facility, allowing access to additional credit features and/or honoring loan commitments. If our lender(s) fail to honor their legal commitments under our revolving credit facility, it could be difficult to replace our revolving credit facility on similar terms. Any such failure by any of the lenders under the revolving credit facility may impact our ability to finance our operating or investing activities.

An increase in market interest rates could raise our interest costs on existing and future debt or adversely affect our stock price, and a decrease in interest rates may lead to additional competition for the acquisition of real estate or adversely affect our results of operations.

Our interest costs for any new debt and our current debt obligations may rise if interest rates increase. This increased cost could make the financing of any new acquisition more expensive as well as lower our current period earnings. Rising interest rates could limit our ability to refinance existing debt when it matures or cause us to pay higher interest rates upon refinancing. In addition, an increase in interest rates could decrease the access third parties have to credit, thereby decreasing the amount they are willing to pay to lease our assets and limit our ability to reposition our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions. An increase in market interest rates may lead prospective purchasers of our common stock to expect a higher dividend yield, which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Decreases in interest rates may lead to additional competition for the acquisition of real estate due to a reduction in desirable alternative income-producing investments. Increased competition for the acquisition of real estate may lead to a decrease in the yields on real estate targeted for acquisition. In such circumstances, if we are not able to offset the decrease in yields by obtaining lower interest costs on our borrowings, our results of operations may be adversely affected.

Our hedging strategies may not be successful in mitigating our risks associated with interest rates and could reduce the overall returns on your investment.

We use various derivative financial instruments to provide a level of protection against interest rate risks, but no hedging strategy can protect us completely. These instruments involve risks, such as the risk that the counterparties may fail to honor their obligations under these arrangements, that these arrangements may not be effective in reducing our exposure to interest rate changes, that a court could rule that such agreements are not legally enforceable, and that we may have to post collateral to enter into hedging transactions, which we may lose if we are unable to honor our obligations. These instruments may also generate income that may not be treated as qualifying REIT income for purposes of the REIT income tests. In addition, the nature and timing of hedging transactions may influence the effectiveness of our hedging strategies. Poorly designed strategies or improperly executed transactions could actually increase our risk and losses. Moreover, hedging strategies involve transaction and other costs. We cannot assure you that our hedging strategy and the derivatives that we use will adequately offset the risk of interest rate volatility or that our hedging transactions will not result in losses that may reduce the overall return on your investment.

LIBOR is being phased-out as a reference rate for debt and hedging agreements and may require us to transition LIBOR-based contracts to an alternative reference rate.

In July 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), the authority that regulates LIBOR, announced it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. As a result, the Federal Reserve Board organized the Alternative Reference Rates Committee (“ARRC”), which recommended the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), as its preferred alternative to USD-LIBOR in derivatives and other financial contracts.  However, at this time, no consensus exists as to what rate or rates may become acceptable alternatives to LIBOR.  The Company is not able to predict when LIBOR will cease to be available or supported, or whether additional reforms to LIBOR may be enacted.  Any changes adopted by FCA or other governing bodies in the method used for determining LIBOR or the transition from LIBOR to a successor benchmark may result in a sudden or prolonged increase or decrease in reported LIBOR, a delay in the publication of LIBOR and changes in the rules or methodologies in LIBOR.  If these events were to occur, our interest

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payments could change.  In addition, uncertainty about the extent and manner of future changes may result in interest rates and/or payments that are higher or lower than if LIBOR were to remain available it its current form.

As of  December 31, 2019 and the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company has contracts that are indexed to LIBOR, including its unsecured revolving credit facility and interest rate swap agreements, and continues to monitor this activity and evaluate the related risks, including the risks of interest on loans and amounts paid or received on swaps fluctuating. These risks may arise in connection with transitioning contracts to a new alternative rate, including any resulting value transfer that may occur. The value of loans or swaps tied to LIBOR could also be impacted if LIBOR is limited or discontinued.

Risks Related to Our Corporate Structure

Our charter, bylaws and Maryland law contain provisions that may delay, defer or prevent a change of control transaction.

Our charter contains 9.8% ownership limits. Our charter, subject to certain exceptions, authorizes our directors to take such actions as are necessary and desirable to preserve our qualification as a REIT and contains provisions that limit any person to actual or constructive ownership of no more than 9.8% (in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the outstanding shares of our common stock and no more than 9.8% (in value) of the aggregate of the outstanding shares of all classes and series of our stock. Our board of directors, in its sole discretion, may exempt, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, any person from the ownership limits. These restrictions on transferability and ownership will not apply if our board of directors determines that it is no longer in our best interests to attempt to qualify, or to continue to qualify, as a REIT. The ownership limits may delay or impede, and we may use the ownership limits deliberately to delay or impede, a transaction or a change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or otherwise be in the best interest of our shareholders.

We have a staggered board. Our directors are divided into three classes serving three-year staggered terms. The staggering of our board of directors may discourage offers for the Company or make an acquisition more difficult, even when an acquisition may be viewed to be in the best interest of our shareholders.

We could issue stock without shareholder approval. Our board of directors could, without shareholder approval, issue authorized but unissued shares of our common stock or preferred stock. In addition, our board of directors could, without shareholder approval, classify or reclassify any unissued shares of our common stock or preferred stock and set the preferences, rights and other terms of such classified or reclassified shares. Our board of directors could establish a series of stock that could, depending on the terms of such series, delay, defer or prevent a transaction or change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or otherwise be viewed to be in the best interest of our shareholders.

Provisions of Maryland law may limit the ability of a third party to acquire control of our company. Certain provisions of Maryland law may have the effect of inhibiting a third party from making a proposal to acquire us or of impeding a change of control under certain circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of shares of our common stock with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then prevailing market price of such shares, including:

“Business combination” provisions that, subject to limitations, prohibit certain business combinations between us and an “interested shareholder” (defined generally as any person who beneficially owns 10% or more of the voting power of our shares or an affiliate thereof) for five years after the most recent date on which the shareholder becomes an interested shareholder and thereafter would require the recommendation of our board of directors and impose special appraisal rights and special shareholder voting requirements on these combinations; and
“Control share” provisions that provide that “control shares” of our company (defined as shares which, when aggregated with other shares controlled by the shareholder, entitle the shareholder to exercise one of three increasing ranges of voting power in electing directors) acquired in a “control share acquisition” (defined as the direct or indirect acquisition of ownership or control of “control shares”) have no voting rights except to the extent approved by our shareholders by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter, excluding all interested shares.

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The business combination statute permits various exemptions from its provisions, including business combinations that are approved or exempted by the board of directors before the time that the interested shareholder becomes an interested shareholder. Our board of directors has exempted from the business combination provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law, or MGCL, any business combination with Mr. Richard Agree or any other person acting in concert or as a group with Mr. Richard Agree.

In addition, our bylaws contain a provision exempting from the control share acquisition statute Richard Agree, Edward Rosenberg, any spouses or the foregoing, any brothers or sisters of the foregoing, any ancestors of the foregoing, any other lineal descendants of any of the foregoing, any estates of any of the foregoing, any trusts established for the benefit of any of the foregoing and any other entity controlled by any of the foregoing, our other officers, our employees, any of the associates or affiliates of the foregoing and any other person acting in concert of as a group with any of the foregoing.

Additionally, Title 3, Subtitle 8 of the MGCL, permits our board of directors, without shareholder approval and regardless of what is currently provided in our charter or our bylaws, to implement certain takeover defenses. These provisions may have the effect of inhibiting a third party from making an acquisition proposal for our company or of delaying, deferring or preventing a change in control of our company under circumstances that otherwise could provide the holders of our common stock with the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-current market price.

Our charter, our bylaws, the limited partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership and Maryland law also contain other provisions that may delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or otherwise be viewed to be in the best interest of our shareholders.

Future offerings of debt and equity may not be available to us or may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

We expect to continue to increase our capital resources by making additional offerings of equity and debt securities in the future, which could include classes or series of preferred stock, common stock and senior or subordinated notes. Our ability to raise additional capital may be restricted at a time when we would like or need, including as a result of market conditions. Future market dislocations could cause us to seek sources of potentially less attractive capital and impact our flexibility to react to changing economic and business conditions. All debt securities and other borrowings, as well as all classes or series of preferred stock, will be senior to our common stock in a liquidation of our company. Additional equity offerings could dilute our shareholders’ equity and reduce the market price of shares of our common stock. In addition, depending on the terms and pricing of an additional offering of our common stock and the value of our properties, our shareholders may experience dilution in both the book value and fair value of their shares. The market price of our common stock could decline as a result of sales of a large number of shares of our common stock in the market after an offering or the perception that such sales could occur, and this could materially and adversely affect our ability to raise capital through future offerings of equity or equity-related securities. In addition, we may issue preferred stock or other securities convertible into equity securities with a distribution preference or a liquidation preference that may limit our ability to make distributions on our common stock. Our ability to estimate the amount, timing or nature of additional offerings is limited as these factors will depend upon market conditions and other factors.

An officer and director may have interests that conflict with the interests of shareholders.

An officer and member of our board of directors owns OP Units. This individual may have personal interests that conflict with the interests of our shareholders with respect to business decisions affecting us and the Operating Partnership, such as interests in the timing and pricing of property sales or refinancing in order to obtain favorable tax treatment.

Federal Income Tax Risks

Complying with REIT requirements may cause us to forego otherwise attractive opportunities.

To qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes we must continually satisfy numerous income, asset and other tests, thus having to forego investments we might otherwise make and hindering our investment performance.

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Failure to qualify as a REIT could adversely affect our operations and our ability to make distributions.

We will be subject to increased taxation if we fail to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. Although we believe that we are organized and operate in such a manner so as to qualify as a REIT under the Code, no assurance can be given that we will remain so qualified. Qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex Code provisions for which there are only limited judicial or administrative interpretations. The complexity of these provisions and applicable treasury regulations is also increased in the context of a REIT that holds its assets in partnership form. The determination of various factual matters and circumstances not entirely within our control may affect our ability to qualify as a REIT. Additionally, our charter provides our board of directors with the power, under certain circumstances, to revoke or otherwise terminate our REIT election and cause us to be taxed as a regular corporation, without the approval of our shareholders. A REIT that annually distributes at least 90% of its taxable income to its shareholders generally is not taxed at the corporate level on such distributed income. We have not requested and do not plan to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service that we qualify as a REIT.

If we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will face tax consequences that will substantially reduce the funds available for payment of cash dividends:

We would not be allowed a deduction for dividends paid to shareholders in computing our taxable income and would be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates.
We may be subject to increased state and local taxes.
Unless we are entitled to relief under statutory provisions, we could not elect to be treated as a REIT for four taxable years following the year in which we failed to qualify.

In addition, if we fail to qualify as a REIT, we will no longer be required to pay dividends (other than any mandatory dividends on any preferred shares we may offer). As a result of these factors, our failure to qualify as a REIT could adversely affect the market price for our common stock.

U.S. federal tax reform legislation could affect REITs generally, the geographic markets in which we operate, our stock and our results of operations, both positively and negatively in ways that are difficult to anticipate.

Changes to the federal income tax laws are proposed regularly. Additionally, the REIT rules are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process and by the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of the Treasury, which may result in revisions to regulations and interpretations in addition to statutory changes. If enacted, certain such changes could have an adverse impact on our business and financial results. In particular, H.R. 1, which took effect for taxable years that began on or after January 1, 2018 (subject to certain exceptions), made many significant changes to the federal income tax laws that profoundly impacted the taxation of individuals, corporations (both regular C corporations as well as corporations that have elected to be taxed as REITs), and the taxation of taxpayers with overseas assets and operations. A number of changes that affect non-corporate taxpayers will expire at the end of 2025 unless Congress acts to extend them. These changes will impact us and our shareholders in various ways, some of which are adverse or potentially adverse compared to prior law. While the IRS has issued some guidance with respect to certain of the new provisions, there are numerous interpretive issues that will require further guidance. It is highly likely that technical corrections legislation will be needed to clarify certain aspects of the new law and give proper effect to Congressional intent. There can be no assurance, however, that technical clarifications or further changes needed to prevent unintended or unforeseen tax consequences will be enacted by Congress in the near future. In addition, while certain elements of tax reform legislation do not impact us directly as a REIT, they could impact the geographic markets in which we operate, the tenants that populate our properties and the customers who frequent our properties in ways, both positive and negative, that are difficult to anticipate. Other legislative proposals could be enacted in the future that could affect REITs and their shareholders. Prospective investors are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the effect of H.R. 1 and any other potential tax law changes on an investment in our common stock.

Changes in tax laws may prevent us from maintaining our qualification as a REIT.

As we have previously described, we intend to maintain our qualification as a REIT for federal income tax purposes. However, this intended qualification is based on the tax laws that are currently in effect. We are unable to predict any

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future changes in the tax laws that would adversely affect our status as a REIT. If there is a change in the tax law that prevents us from qualifying as a REIT or that requires REITs generally to pay corporate level income taxes, we may not be able to make the same level of distributions to our shareholders.

Complying with REIT requirements may force us to liquidate or restructure otherwise attractive investments.

In order to qualify as a REIT, at least 75% of the value of our assets must consist of cash, cash items, government securities and qualified real estate assets. The remainder of our investments in securities (other than government securities, securities of TRSs and qualified real estate assets) cannot include more than 10% of the voting securities or 10% of the value of all securities, of any one issuer. In addition, in general, no more than 5% of the total value of our assets (other than government securities, securities of TRSs and qualified real estate assets) can consist of securities of any one issuer, and no more than 20% of the total value of our assets can be represented by one or more TRSs. If we fail to comply with these requirements at the end of any calendar quarter, we must correct the failure within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter or qualify for certain statutory relief provisions to avoid losing our REIT qualification and suffering adverse tax consequences. As a result, we may be required to liquidate otherwise attractive investments.

We may have to borrow funds or sell assets to meet our distribution requirements.

Subject to some adjustments that are unique to REITs, a REIT generally must distribute 90% of its taxable income. For the purpose of determining taxable income, we may be required to accrue interest, rent and other items treated as earned for tax purposes but that we have not yet received. In addition, we may be required not to accrue as expenses for tax purposes some expenses that actually have been paid, including, for example, payments of principal on our debt, or some of our deductions might be disallowed by the Internal Revenue Service. As a result, we could have taxable income in excess of cash available for distribution. If this occurs, we may have to borrow funds or liquidate some of our assets in order to meet the distribution requirement applicable to a REIT.

Our ownership of and relationship with our TRSs will be limited, and a failure to comply with the limits would jeopardize our REIT status and may result in the application of a 100% excise tax.

A REIT may own up to 100% of the stock of one or more TRSs. A TRS may earn income that would not be qualifying income if earned directly by the parent REIT. Overall, no more than 20% of the value of a REIT’s assets may consist of stock or securities of one or more TRSs. A TRS will typically pay federal, state and local income tax at regular corporate rates on any income that it earns. In addition, the TRS rules impose a 100% excise tax on certain transactions between a TRS and its parent REIT that are not conducted on an arm’s-length basis. Our TRSs will pay federal, state and local income tax on their taxable income, and their after-tax net income will be available for distribution to us but will not be required to be distributed to us. There can be no assurance that we will be able to comply with the 20% limitation discussed above or to avoid application of the 100% excise tax discussed above.

Liquidation of our assets may jeopardize our REIT qualification.

To qualify as a REIT, we must comply with requirements regarding our assets and our sources of income. If we are compelled to liquidate our investments to repay obligations to our lenders, we may be unable to comply with these requirements, ultimately jeopardizing our qualification as a REIT, or we may be subject to a 100% tax on any gain if we sell assets in transactions that are considered to be “prohibited transactions,” which are explained in the risk factor below.

We may be subject to other tax liabilities even if we qualify as a REIT.

Even if we remain qualified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, we will be required to pay certain federal, state and local taxes on our income and property. For example, we will be subject to federal income tax on any of our REIT taxable income (including capital gains) that we do not distribute annually to our shareholders. Additionally, we will be subject to a 4% nondeductible excise tax on the amount, if any, by which dividends paid by us in any calendar year are less than the sum of 85% of our ordinary income, 95% of our capital gain net income and 100% of our undistributed income from prior years. Moreover, if we have net income from “prohibited transactions,” that income will be subject to a 100% tax. In general, prohibited transactions are sales or other dispositions of property held primarily for sale to

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customers in the ordinary course of business. The determination as to whether a particular sale is a prohibited transaction depends on the facts and circumstances related to that sale. While we will undertake sales of assets if those assets become inconsistent with our long-term strategic or return objectives, we do not believe that those sales should be considered prohibited transactions, but there can be no assurance that the Internal Revenue Service would not contend otherwise. The need to avoid prohibited transactions could cause us to forego or defer sales of properties that might otherwise be in our best interest to sell.

In addition, any net taxable income earned directly by our TRSs, or through entities that are disregarded for federal income tax purposes as entities separate from our TRSs, will be subject to federal and possibly state corporate income tax. To the extent that we and our affiliates are required to pay federal, state and local taxes, we will have less cash available for distributions to our shareholders.

Dividends payable by REITs do not qualify for the reduced tax rates on dividend income from regular corporations.

The maximum federal income tax rate applicable to “qualified dividend income” payable by non-REIT corporations to certain non-corporate U.S. shareholders is generally 20% and a 3.8% Medicare tax may also apply. Dividends paid by REITs, however, generally are not eligible for the reduced rates applicable to qualified dividend income. Commencing with taxable years that began on or after January 1, 2018 and continuing through 2025, H.R. 1 temporarily reduced the effective tax rate on ordinary REIT dividends (i.e., dividends other than capital gain dividends and dividends attributable to certain qualified dividend income received by us) for U.S. holders of our common stock that are individuals, estates or trusts by permitting such holders to claim a deduction in determining their taxable income equal to 20% of any such dividends they receive. Taking into account H.R. 1’s reduction in the maximum individual federal income tax rate from 39.6% to 37%, this results in a maximum effective rate of regular income tax on ordinary REIT dividends of 29.6% through 2025 (as compared to the 20% maximum federal income tax rate applicable to qualified dividend income received from a non-REIT corporation). The more favorable rates applicable to regular corporate distributions could cause investors who are individuals to perceive investments in REITs to be relatively less attractive than investments in the stocks of non-REIT corporations that pay distributions. This could materially and adversely affect the value of the stock of REITs, including our common stock.

Complying with REIT requirements may limit our ability to hedge effectively and may cause us to incur tax liabilities.

The REIT provisions of the Code substantially limit our ability to hedge our liabilities. Any income from a hedging transaction we enter into to manage risk of interest rate changes, price changes or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings made or to be made to acquire or carry real estate assets does not constitute qualifying income for purposes of income tests that apply to us as a REIT. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of the income tests. As a result of these rules, we may need to limit our use of advantageous hedging techniques or implement those hedges through a TRS. This could increase the cost of our hedging activities because our TRS would be subject to tax on gains or expose us to greater risks associated with changes in interest rates than we would otherwise want to bear. In addition, losses in our TRSs will generally not provide any tax benefit, except for being carried forward against future taxable income in the TRSs.

Item 1B:       Unresolved Staff Comments

There are no unresolved staff comments.

Item 2:          Properties

As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio consisted of 821 properties located in 46 states and totaling approximately 14.6 million square feet of GLA.

As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio was approximately 99.6% leased and had a weighted average remaining lease term of approximately 10.0 years. A significant majority of our properties are leased to national tenants and approximately 58.2% of our annualized base rent was derived from tenants, or parents thereof, with an investment grade credit rating.

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Substantially all of our tenants are subject to net lease agreements. A net lease typically requires the tenant to be responsible for minimum monthly rent and property operating expenses including property taxes, insurance and maintenance. In addition, our tenants are typically subject to future rent increases based on fixed amounts or increases in the consumer price index and certain leases provide for additional rent calculated as a percentage of the tenants’ gross sales above a specified level.

Tenant Diversification

The following table presents annualized base rents for all tenants that generated 1.5% or greater of our total annualized base rent as of December 31, 2019:

($ in thousands)

    

    

    

 

Annualized

% of Ann.

 

Tenant / Concept

    

Base Rent (1)

    

Base Rent

 

Sherwin-Williams

$

10,001

 

4.9

%

Walmart

 

8,530

 

4.2

%

TJX Companies

 

7,661

 

3.8

%

Walgreens

 

6,957

 

3.4

%

Best Buy

 

6,220

 

3.0

%

Dollar General

 

6,130

 

3.0

%

Tractor Supply

 

5,919

 

2.9

%

O'Reilly Auto Parts

 

5,800

 

2.8

%

CVS

 

5,530

 

2.7

%

LA Fitness

 

5,091

 

2.5

%

Home Depot

 

4,549

 

2.2

%

Lowe's

 

4,215

 

2.1

%

Dollar Tree

 

4,201

 

2.1

%

Sunbelt Rentals

 

4,151

 

2.0

%

AutoZone

 

3,853

 

1.9

%

TBC Corporation

 

3,837

 

1.9

%

Wawa

 

3,793

 

1.9

%

Hobby Lobby

 

3,733

 

1.8

%

Mister Car Wash

 

3,510

 

1.7

%

Dave & Buster's

3,117

1.5

%

Burlington

3,097

1.5

%

Other(2)

 

94,251

 

46.2

%

Total

$

204,146

 

100.0

%

(1) Represents annualized contractual base rent on a straight-line basis as of December 31, 2019.
(2) Includes tenants generating less than 1.5% of annualized contractual base rent.

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Table of Contents

Tenant Sector Diversification

The following table presents annualized base rents for all sectors that generated 2.5% or greater of our total annualized base rents as of December 31, 2019:

($ in thousands)

    

    

    

 

Annualized

% of Ann.

 

Tenant Sector

    

Base Rent (1)

    

Base Rent

 

Home Improvement

$

21,991

10.8

%

Tire and Auto Service

 

15,639

7.7

%

Grocery

 

14,028

6.9

%

Pharmacy

 

13,308

6.5

%

Off-Price Retail

 

12,969

6.4

%

Convenience Stores

 

12,817

6.3

%

Auto Parts

 

11,242

5.5

%

Dollar Stores

 

9,122

4.5

%

General Merchandise

 

7,791

3.8

%

Consumer Electronics

 

7,576

3.7

%

Health and Fitness

 

7,499

3.7

%

Farm and Rural Supply

 

6,996

3.4

%

Restaurants - Quick Service

 

6,525

3.2

%

Crafts and Novelties

 

6,186

3.0

%

Home Furnishings

 

5,154

2.5

%

Other(2)

 

45,303

22.1

%

Total

$

204,146

 

100.0

%

(1) Represents annualized contractual base rent on a straight-line basis as of December 31, 2019.
(2) Includes sectors generating less than 2.5% of annualized contractual base rent.

Geographic Diversification

The following table presents annualized base rents, by state, for our portfolio as of December 31, 2019:

($ in thousands)

    

    

 

Annualized

% of Ann.

 

Tenant Sector

    

Base Rent (1)

    

Base Rent

 

Michigan

$

17,373

 

8.5

%

Texas

 

14,243

 

7.0

%

Florida

 

12,692

 

6.2

%

Illinois

 

12,076

 

5.9

%

Pennsylvania

 

10,654

 

5.2

%

Ohio

 

10,057

 

4.9

%

New Jersey

 

8,739

 

4.3

%

Virginia

 

8,216

 

4.0

%

Georgia

 

7,333

 

3.6

%

Wisconsin

 

6,857

 

3.4

%

Missouri

 

6,270

 

3.1

%

North Carolina

 

5,795

 

2.8

%

Louisiana

 

5,774

 

2.8

%

Other(2)

 

78,067

 

38.3

%

Total

$

204,146

 

100.0

%

(1) Represents annualized contractual base rent on a straight-line basis as of December 31, 2019.
(2) Includes states generating less than 2.5% of annualized contractual base rent.

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Table of Contents

Lease Expirations

The following table presents contractual lease expirations within the Company’s portfolio as of December 31, 2019, assuming that no tenants exercise renewal options:

($ and GLA in thousands)

 

Annualized Base Rent (1)

Gross Leasable Area

 

Number of

% of

% of

 

Year

    

Leases

    

Dollars

    

Total

    

Square Feet

    

Total

 

2020

 

8

$

1,045

 

0.5

%  

113

 

0.8

%

2021

 

27

 

5,262

 

2.6

%  

318

 

2.2

%

2022

 

22

 

4,064

 

2.0

%  

367

 

2.5

%

2023

 

40

 

7,283

 

3.6

%  

726

 

5.0

%

2024

 

38

 

11,725

 

5.7

%  

1,307

 

9.0

%

2025

 

49

 

11,925

 

5.8

%  

1,015

 

7.0

%

2026

 

63

 

10,992

 

5.4

%  

1,069

 

7.3

%

2027

 

63

 

15,534

 

7.6

%  

1,171

 

8.1

%

2028

 

64

 

16,283

 

8.0

%  

1,233

 

8.5

%

2029

 

81

 

24,098

 

11.8

%  

1,839

 

12.6

%

Thereafter

 

448

 

95,935

 

47.0

%  

5,382

 

37.0

%

Total

 

903

$

204,146

 

100

%  

14,541

 

100.0

%

(1) Represents annualized contractual base rent on a straight-line basis as of December 31, 2019.

Developments

During the fourth quarter of 2019, construction continued on two development and Partner Capital Solutions (“PCS”) projects with anticipated total project costs of approximately $10.6 million. The projects consist of the Company’s (1) redevelopment of the former Kmart space in Frankfort, Kentucky for ALDI, Big Lots and Harbor Freight Tools and (2) development in Hart, Michigan for Tractor Supply.  

During the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company completed landlord’s work for the spaces leased to ALDI and Harbor Freight Tools and delivered those spaces to the tenants. Tenants’ work was ongoing as of December 31, 2019 for both spaces, and rent is anticipated to commence in full in the first quarter of 2020. Landlord’s work was ongoing for the space leased to Big Lots as of December 31, 2019.

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During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company had 10 development or PCS projects completed or under construction. Anticipated total costs for those projects are approximately $32.4 million and include the following completed or commenced projects:

    

    

    

    

Actual or

    

Lease

Anticipated Rent

 

Tenant

Location

Lease Structure

Term

Commencement

Status

Mister Car Wash

Orlando, FL

Build-to-Suit

20 years

Q1 2019

Complete

Mister Car Wash

Tavares, FL

Build-to-Suit

20 years

Q1 2019

Complete

Sunbelt Rentals

Maumee, OH

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q1 2019

Complete

Sunbelt Rentals

Batavia, OH

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q2 2019

Complete

Sunbelt Rentals

Georgetown, KY

Build-to-Suit

15 years

Q3 2019

Complete

Gerber Collision

Round Lake, IL

Build-to-Suit

15 years

Q3 2019

Complete

Sunbelt Rentals

Carrizo Springs, TX

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q3 2019

Complete

Hobby Lobby

Mt. Pleasant, MI

Build-to-Suit

15 years

Q3 2019

Complete

ALDI

Frankfort, KY

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q4 2019

Complete

Harbor Freight Tools

Frankfort, KY

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q4 2019

Complete

Big Lots

Frankfort, KY

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q1 2020

Under Construction

Tractor Supply

Hart, MI

Build-to-Suit

10 years

Q1 2020

Under Construction

Item 3:        Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are involved in legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. We are not presently involved in any litigation nor, to our knowledge, is any other litigation threatened against us, other than routine litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, which is expected to be covered by our liability insurance and all of which collectively is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our liquidity, results of operations or business or financial condition.

Item 4:        Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5:        Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “ADC.” At February 19, 2020, there were 45,569,487 shares of our common stock issued and outstanding which were held by approximately 132 shareholders of record. The number of shareholders of record does not reflect persons or entities that held their shares in nominee or “street” name. In addition, at February 19, 2020 there were 347,619 outstanding OP Units held by a limited partner other than our Company. The OP Units are exchangeable into shares of common stock on a one-for-one basis.

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Table of Contents

Common stock repurchases during the three months ended December 31, 2019 were:

    

    

    

Total Number of

Maximum Number

    

    

    

Shares Purchased

    

of Shares that May

as Part of Publicly

Yet Be Purchased

Total Number of

Average Price Paid Per

Announced Plans

Under the Plans

Period

Shares Purchased

Per Share

or Programs

or Programs

October 1, 2019 - October 31, 2019

$

November 1, 2019 - November 30, 2019

December 1, 2019 - December 31, 2019

61

72.67

61

$

72.67

During the three months ended December 31, 2019, the Company withheld 61 shares from employees to satisfy estimated statutory income tax obligations related to vesting of restricted stock awards. The value of the common stock withheld was based on the closing price of our common stock on the applicable vesting date.

There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

We intend to continue to declare quarterly dividends. However, our distributions are determined by our board of directors and will depend upon cash generated by operating activities, our financial condition, capital requirements, annual distribution requirements under the REIT provisions of the Code and such other factors as the board of directors deems relevant. We have historically paid cash dividends, although we may choose to pay a portion in stock dividends in the future. To qualify as a REIT, we must distribute at least 90% of our REIT taxable income prior to net capital gains to our shareholders, as well as meet certain other requirements. We must pay these distributions in the taxable year the income is recognized; or in the following taxable year if they are declared during the last three months of the taxable year, payable to shareholders of record on a specified date during such period and paid during January of the following year. Such distributions are treated for REIT tax purposes as paid by us and received by our shareholders on December 31 of the year in which they are declared. In addition, at our election, a distribution for a taxable year may be declared in the following taxable year if it is declared before we timely file our tax return for such year and if paid on or before the first regular dividend payment after such declaration. These distributions qualify as dividends paid for the 90% REIT distribution test for the previous year and are taxable to holders of our capital stock in the year in which paid.

For information about our equity compensation plan, please see “Item 12 – Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

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Table of Contents

Item 6:        Selected Financial Data

The following table sets forth our selected financial information on a historical basis and should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The balance sheet for the periods ending December 31, 2015 through 2019 and operating data for each of the periods presented were derived from our audited financial statements.

(in thousands, except per share information and number of properties)

Year Ended December 31, 

 

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

    

2016

    

2015

 

Operating Data

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Total Revenues

$

187,478

$

137,122

$

111,517

$

88,357

$

68,454

Expenses

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Property costs (1)

 

23,511

 

17,011

 

12,467

 

8,596

 

6,379

General and administrative

 

15,566

 

11,756

 

9,428

 

7,862

 

6,836

Interest

 

33,094

 

24,872

 

18,137

 

15,343

 

12,305

Depreciation and amortization

 

45,703

 

33,030

 

26,661

 

20,237

 

14,974

Impairments

 

1,609

 

2,319

 

 

 

Total Expenses

 

119,483

 

88,988

 

66,693

 

52,038

 

40,494

Income from Operations

 

67,995

 

48,134

 

44,824

 

36,319

 

27,960

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

(333)

 

(181)

Gain (loss) on sale of assets

 

13,306

 

11,180

 

14,193

 

9,964

 

12,135

Income tax expense

(538)

(516)

(227)

(153)

(152)

Net Income

 

80,763

 

58,798

 

58,790

 

45,797

 

39,762

Less Net Income Attributable to Non-Controlling Interest

 

682

 

626

 

678

 

679

 

744

Net Income Attributable to Agree Realty Corporation

$

80,081

$

58,172

$

58,112

$

45,118

$

39,018

Share Data

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding- Diluted

 

41,224

 

32,401

 

27,700

 

22,960

 

18,065

Net Income Per Share Attributable to Agee Realty Corporation - Diluted

$

1.93

$

1.78

$

2.08

$

1.97

$

2.15

Cash Dividends Per Share

$

2.28

$

2.16

$

2.03

$

1.92

$

1.85

Balance Sheet Data

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real Estate (before accumulated depreciation)

$

2,346,340

$

1,761,646

$

1,299,255

$

1,019,956

$

755,849

Total Assets

$

2,664,530

$

2,028,189

$

1,494,634

$

1,141,972

$

807,042

Total Debt (including accrued interest)

$

882,010

$

728,841

$

525,811

$

406,261

$

320,547

Other Data

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Number of Properties

 

821

 

645

 

436

 

366

 

278

Gross Leasable Area (Sq. Ft.)

 

14,605

 

11,237

 

8,663

 

7,033

 

5,207

Percentage Leased

 

99.6

%  

 

99.8

%  

 

99.7

%  

 

99.6

%  

 

99.5

%

(1) Property costs include real estate taxes, insurance, maintenance and land lease expense.

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Table of Contents

Item 7:        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, and related notes thereto, included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the “-Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in “Item 1A – Risk Factors” above. Also refer to the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Company’s previously filed Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for additional discussion of our financial condition and results of operations.

Overview

We are a fully integrated REIT primarily focused on the ownership, acquisition, development and management of retail properties net leased to industry leading tenants. We were founded in 1971 by our current Executive Chairman, Richard Agree, and our common stock was listed on the NYSE in 1994. Our assets are held by, and all of our operations are conducted through, directly or indirectly, the Operating Partnership, of which we are the sole general partner and in which we held a 99.2% interest as of December 31, 2019.

As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio consisted of 821 properties located in 46 states and totaling approximately 14.6 million square feet of GLA. As of December 31, 2019, our portfolio was approximately 99.6% leased and had a weighted average remaining lease term of approximately 10.0 years. Substantially all of our tenants are subject to net lease agreements. A net lease typically requires the tenant to be responsible for minimum monthly rent and property operating expenses including property taxes, insurance and maintenance.

We elected to be taxed as a REIT for federal income tax purposes commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 1994. We believe that we have been organized and have operated in a manner that has allowed us to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes and we intend to continue operating in such a manner.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to “Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary and anticipated impact of each accounting pronouncement on the Company’s financial statements.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) requires us to make estimates and assumptions that are subjective in nature and, as a result, our actual results could differ materially from our estimates. Some of these estimates and assumptions require application of difficult, subjective, and/or complex judgment, often about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain and that may change in subsequent periods, including those relating to the policies below.  This summary should be read in conjunction with the more complete discussion of our accounting policies and procedures included in Note 2 to our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Accounting for Acquisitions of Real Estate

The acquisition of property for investment purposes is typically accounted for as an asset acquisition. We allocate the purchase price to land, building and identified intangible assets and liabilities, based in each case on their relative estimated fair values and without giving rise to goodwill. Intangible assets and liabilities represent the value of in-place leases and above- or below-market leases. Above- and below-market lease intangibles are recorded based on the present value of the difference between the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the leases at the time of acquisition and the Company’s estimate of current market lease rates for the property.  In making estimates of fair values, we may use a number of sources, including data provided by independent third parties, as well as information obtained by the Company as a result of our due diligence, including expected future cash flows of the property and various characteristics of the markets where the property is located. The use of different assumptions in the allocation of the purchase price of the acquired properties could affect the timing of recognition of the related revenue and expenses.

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Table of Contents

Impairments

We review our real estate investments for possible impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable through operations plus estimated disposition proceeds. Events or circumstances that may occur include, but are not limited to, significant changes in real estate market conditions, estimated residual values, or our ability or expectation to re-lease or sell properties that are vacant or become vacant. Management determines whether an impairment in value has occurred by comparing the estimated future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges), including the residual value of the real estate, with the carrying cost of the individual asset. An asset is considered impaired if its carrying value exceeds its estimated undiscounted cash flows and an impairment charge is recorded in the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its estimated fair value.  

The valuation of impaired assets is determined using valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis, analysis of recent comparable sales transactions, and purchase offers received from third parties. The Company may consider a single valuation technique or multiple valuation techniques, as appropriate, when estimating the fair value of its real estate.

The expected cash flows of a property are dependent on estimates and other factors subject to change, including (1) changes in the national, regional, and/or local economic climates and/or market conditions, (2) competition from other retail, (3) increases in operating costs, (4) bankruptcy and/or other changes in a tenant’s condition, and (5) expected holding period. These factors could cause our expected future cash flows from a property to change, and, as a result, an impairment could be considered to have occurred. Determination of the fair value of a property for purposes of measuring impairment involves significant judgment.

Results of Operations

Overall

The Company’s real estate investment portfolio grew from approximately $1.7 billion in gross investment amount representing 645 properties with 11.2 million square feet of gross leasable space as of December 31, 2018 to approximately $2.2 billion in gross investment amount representing 821 properties with 14.6 million square feet of gross leasable space at December 31, 2019. The Company’s real estate investments were made throughout the periods presented and were not all outstanding for the entire period; accordingly, a portion of the increase in rental income between periods is related to recognizing revenue in 2019 on acquisitions that were made during 2018. Similarly, the full rental income impact of acquisitions made during 2019 will not be seen until 2020.

Acquisitions

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company acquired 186 retail net lease assets for approximately $702.9 million, which includes acquisition and closing costs. These properties are located in 40 states and are leased to 56 different tenants operating in 22 diverse retail sectors for a weighted average lease term of approximately 11.7 years. The underwritten weighted average capitalization rate on the Company’s 2019 acquisitions was approximately 6.9%.1

Dispositions

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company sold 16 properties for net proceeds of $65.5 million and recorded a net gain of $13.3 million.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company sold 21 properties for net proceeds of $65.8 million and recorded a net gain of $11.2 million.  The weighted average capitalization rate on the Company’s 2019 dispositions was approximately 7.2%.1

1 When used within this discussion, “weighted-average capitalization rate” for acquisitions and dispositions is defined by the Company as the sum of contractual fixed annual rents computed on a straight-line basis over the primary lease terms and anticipated annual net tenant recoveries, divided by the purchase and sale prices.

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Table of Contents

Development and Partner Capital Solutions

During the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company completed eight developments or Partner Capital Solutions projects.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company completed eight developments or Partner Capital Solutions projects.  At December 31, 2019 the Company had two such projects under construction.

Comparison of Year Ended December 31, 2019 to Year Ended December 31, 2018

Year Ended

Variance

    

December 31, 2019

    

December 31, 2018

    

(in dollars)

    

(percentage)

Rental Income

$

187,279

$

136,884

$

50,395

37

%

Real Estate Tax Expense

$

15,520

$

10,721

$

4,799

45

%

Property Operating Expense

$

6,749

$

5,645

$

1,104

20

%

Land Lease Expense

$

1,242

$

645

$

597

93

%

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

$

45,703

$

33,030

$

12,673

38

%

The variances in rental income, real estate tax expense, property operating expense, land lease expense and depreciation and amortization expense shown above were due to the acquisition and the ownership of additional properties during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, as further described under Results of Operations - Overall above.

General and administrative expenses increased $3.8 million, or 32%, to $15.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $12.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.  The increase was primarily the result of increased employee headcount, which resulted in increased compensation costs, and increased professional costs.  General and administrative expenses as a percentage of total revenue decreased to 8.3% in 2019 from 8.6% in 2018.

Provision for impairment decreased to $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Provisions for impairment reflect the amount by which current book value exceeds estimated fair value and are not necessarily comparable period-to-period.

Interest expense increased $8.2 million, or 33%, to $33.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $24.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.  The increase in interest expense was primarily a result of higher levels of borrowings in 2019 in comparison to 2018. Borrowings increased in order to finance the acquisition and development of additional properties.  Acquisition and development activity increased in 2019 in comparison to the prior period.

Gain on sale of assets increased $2.1 million, or 19%, to $13.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $11.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.  Gains on sales of assets are dependent on the levels of disposition activity and the assets’ bases relative to their sales prices.  As a result, such gains are not necessarily comparable period-to-period.

Income tax expense remained consistent at $0.5 million in 2019 and 2018. An increase in income tax expense due to the acquisition and the ownership of additional properties during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018 was offset by a one-time credit of $0.5 million in 2019 to reflect a reduction in the Company’s deferred tax liability of one of its taxable REIT subsidiaries.

Net income increased $22.0 million, or 37%, to $80.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $58.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.  The change was the result of the items discussed above.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our principal demands for funds include payment of operating expenses, payment of principal and interest on our outstanding indebtedness, dividends and distributions to our shareholders and OP Unit holders, and future property acquisitions and development.

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We expect to meet our short-term liquidity requirements through cash provided from operations and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. As of December 31, 2019, available cash and cash equivalents was $42.2 million. As of December 31, 2019, we had $89.0 million outstanding on our revolving credit facility and $411.0 million was available for future borrowings, subject to our compliance with covenants.  We anticipate funding our long-term capital needs through cash provided from operations, borrowings under our revolving credit facility, the issuance of debt and common or preferred equity or other instruments convertible into or exchangeable for common or preferred equity.  In December 2019, we amended and restated our revolving credit agreement, increasing our current and potential future borrowing capacity – see Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility below.

We continually evaluate alternative financing and believe that we can obtain financing on reasonable terms. However, there can be no assurance that additional financing or capital will be available, or that the terms will be acceptable or advantageous to us.

Capitalization

As of December 31, 2019, our total market capitalization was approximately $4.1 billion.  Total market capitalization consisted of $3.2 billion of common equity (based on the December 31, 2019 closing price of our common stock on the NYSE of $70.17 per share and assuming the conversion of OP Units) and $876.1 million of total debt including (i) $89.0 million of borrowings under our revolving credit facility; (ii) $240.0 million of unsecured term loans; (iii) $510.0 million of senior unsecured notes; (iv) $37.1 million of mortgage notes payable; less (v) cash, cash equivalents, and cash held in escrow of $42.2 million. Our ratio of total debt to total market capitalization was 21.6% at December 31, 2019.

At December 31, 2019, the non-controlling interest in our Operating Partnership consisted of a 0.8% ownership interest in the Operating Partnership. The OP Units may, under certain circumstances, be exchanged for our shares of common stock on a one-for-one basis. The Company, as sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, has the option to settle exchanged OP Units held by others for cash based on the current trading price of our shares. Assuming the exchange of all OP Units, there would have been 45,921,242 shares of common stock outstanding at December 31, 2019.

Equity

Shelf Registration

In June 2017, the Company filed an automatic shelf registration statement on Form S-3, registering an unspecified amount of common stock, preferred stock, depositary shares and warrants at an indeterminant aggregate initial offering price. We may periodically offer one or more of these securities in amounts, prices and on terms to be announced when and if these securities are offered.  The specifics of any future offerings, along with the use of proceeds of any securities offered, will be described in detail in a prospectus supplement, or other offering materials, at the time of any offering.

In June 2017, the Company completed a follow-on underwritten offering of 2,415,000 shares of common stock. The offering, which included the full exercise of the overallotment option by the underwriters, raised net proceeds of approximately $108.0 million, after deducting the underwriting discount. The proceeds from the offering were used to repay borrowings under our revolving credit facility to fund property acquisitions and for general corporate purposes.

In March 2018, the Company completed a follow-on public offering of 3,450,000 shares of common stock, which included the underwriters’ option to purchase an additional 450,000 shares of common stock, in connection with a forward sale agreement.  The offering, which included the full exercise of the underwriters’ option to purchase additional shares, was settled in its entirety in September 2018.  Upon settlement we issued 3,450,000 shares and received net proceeds of $160.2 million after deducting fees and expenses.

In September 2018, the Company entered into a follow-on public offering of 3,500,000 shares of common stock in connection with a forward sale agreement (the “September 2018 Forward”).  The September 2018 Forward was settled in its entirety in April 2019.   Upon settlement we issued 3,500,000 shares and received net proceeds of $186.0 million, after deducting fees and expenses.  

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In April 2019, the Company entered into a follow-on public offering to sell an aggregate of 3,162,500 shares of common stock (the “April 2019 Forward”). We settled the entirety of the April 2019 Forward on December 30, 2019 and received net proceeds of approximately $195.8 million, after deducting fees and expenses.

ATM Programs

In July 2019, the Company entered into the 2019 ATM Program.  In addition to selling shares of common stock, we may enter into forward sale agreements through the 2019 ATM Program. During 2019, we issued 444,228 shares under this program, at an average price of $74.30 per share, realizing gross proceeds of $33.0 million.

During 2018 and the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company issued 3,057,263 and 886,768 shares of common stock, respectively, under the 2018 ATM Program, at average prices of $59.28 and $66.83, respectively, realizing gross proceeds of approximately $181.2 million and $59.3 million, respectively.  No future issuances will occur under the 2018 ATM Program.

During the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company entered into forward sale agreements in connection with our 2019 ATM Program to sell an aggregate of 2,003,118 shares of common stock. To date, no shares from the ATM Forward Offerings have been settled.  The ATM Forward Offerings are required to be settled by certain dates in December 2020.  

After considering shares already sold under the 2019 ATM Program including the outstanding ATM Forward Offerings, the Company had $220.1 million of availability remaining under the 2019 ATM Program as of December 31, 2019.  

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Debt

The below table summarizes the Company’s outstanding debt as of December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (in thousands):

Interest

Principal Amount Outstanding

Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility

    

Rate

    

Maturity

    

December 31, 2019

    

December 31, 2018

Credit Facility (1)

 

2.69

%

January 2021

$

89,000

$

19,000

Total Credit Facility

$

89,000

$

19,000

Unsecured Term Loans (2)

2019 Term Loan

 

3.62

%

May 2019

$

$

18,543

2023 Term Loan

 

2.40

%

July 2023

 

40,000

 

40,000

2024 Term Loan Facility

 

3.09

%

January 2024

 

65,000

 

65,000

2024 Term Loan Facility

 

3.20

%

January 2024

 

35,000

 

35,000

2026 Term Loan

 

4.26

%

January 2026

 

100,000

 

100,000

Total Unsecured Term Loans

$

240,000

$

258,543

Senior Unsecured Notes (2)

2025 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.16

%

May 2025

$

50,000

$

50,000

2027 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.26

%

May 2027

 

50,000

 

50,000

2028 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.42

%

July 2028

 

60,000

 

60,000

2029 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.19

%

September 2029

 

100,000

 

100,000

2030 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.32

%

September 2030

 

125,000

 

125,000

2031 Senior Unsecured Notes

 

4.42

%

October 2031

 

125,000

 

Total Senior Unsecured Notes

$

510,000

$

385,000

Mortgage Notes Payable (2)

Single Asset Mortgage Loan

 

3.32

%

October 2019

 

 

21,500

Portfolio Mortgage Loan (3)

 

6.90

%

January 2020

 

 

1,922

Single Asset Mortgage Loan

 

6.24

%

February 2020

 

2,775

 

2,872

CMBS Portfolio Loan

 

3.60

%

January 2023

 

23,640

 

23,640

Single Asset Mortgage Loan

 

5.01

%

September 2023

 

4,779

 

4,959

Portfolio Credit Tenant Lease

 

6.27

%

July 2026

 

5,921

 

6,626

Total Mortgage Notes Payable

$

37,115

$

61,519

Total Principal Amount Outstanding

$

876,115

$

724,062

(1) The annual interest rate of the Credit Facility assumes one-month LIBOR as of December 31, 2019 of 1.86%.
(2) Interest rate includes the effects of variable interest rates that have been swapped to fixed interest rates.
(3) Mortgage paid off early in September 2019. Original maturity date of January 2020.

Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility

In December 2019, the Company entered into the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for a $500.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility, a $65.0 million unsecured term loan facility (the “$65 Million Term Loan”) and a $35.0 million unsecured term loan facility (the “$35 Million Term Loan”, and together with the $65 Million Term Loan, the “2024 Term Loan Facilities”). The Credit Agreement amended and restated in its entirety the Company’s previous amended and restated credit agreement dated December 15, 2016.  

The Credit Agreement provides $600.0 million unsecured borrowing capacity, composed of the Revolving Credit Facility, which matures on January 15, 2024, as well as the 2024 Term Loan Facilities, which mature on January 15, 2024. Subject to certain terms and conditions set forth in the Agreement, the Company (i) may request additional lender commitments

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under any or all facilities of up to an additional aggregate of $500.0 million and (ii) may elect, for an additional fee, to extend the maturity date of the Revolving Credit Facility by six months up to two times, for a maximum maturity date of January 15, 2025. No amortization payments are required under the Credit Agreement, and interest is payable in arrears no less frequently than quarterly.

All borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility (except swing line loans) bear interest at a rate per annum equal to, at the option of the Company, (i) LIBOR plus a margin that is based upon the Company’s credit rating, or (ii) the Base Rate (which is defined as the greater of the rate of interest as publicly announced from time to time by PNC Bank, National Association, as its prime rate, the Federal Funds Open Rate plus 0.50%, or the Daily Eurodollar Rate plus 1.0%) plus a margin that is based upon the Company’s credit rating. The margins for the Revolving Credit Facility range in amount from 0.775% to 1.450% for LIBOR-based loans and 0.00% to 0.45% for Base Rate loans, depending on the Company’s credit rating. The margins for the Revolving Credit Facility are subject to improvement based on the Company’s leverage ratio, provided its credit rating meets a certain threshold.

The Company and Richard Agree, the Executive Chairman of the Company, are parties to a Reimbursement Agreement dated November 18, 2014.   Pursuant to the Reimbursement Agreement, Mr. Agree has agreed to reimburse the Company for any loss incurred under the Revolving Credit Facility in an amount not to exceed $14.0 million to the extent that the value of the Operating Partnership’s assets available to satisfy the Operating Partnership’s obligations under the revolving credit facility is less than $14.0 million.

Unsecured Term Loan Facilities

In July 2016, the Company completed a $40.0 million unsecured term loan facility that matures July 2023 (the “2023 Term Loan”). Borrowings under the 2023 Term Loan are priced at LIBOR plus 85 to 165 basis points, depending on the Company’s credit rating. The Company entered into an interest rate swap agreement to fix LIBOR at 140 basis points until maturity.

Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Company has outstanding the 2024 Term Loan Facilities.   Borrowings under the 2024 Term Loan Facilities bear interest at a rate per annum equal to, at the option of the Company, (i) LIBOR plus a margin that is based upon the Company's credit rating or (ii) the Base Rate (which is defined as the greater of the rate of interest as publicly announced from time to time by PNC Bank, National Association, as its prime rate, the Federal Funds Open Rate plus 0.50%, or the Daily Eurodollar Rate plus 1.0%) plus a margin that is based upon the Company’s credit rating. The margins for the 2024 Term Loan Facilities range in amount from 0.85% to 1.65% for LIBOR-based loans and 0.00% to 0.65% for Base Rate loans, depending on the Company’s credit rating. The Company has utilized existing interest rate swaps to fix LIBOR at 2.0904% for the $65.0 million term loan and at 2.1970% for the $35.0 million term loan.  In October 2019, the Company entered into new interest rate swap agreements to fix LIBOR at 143 basis points for both the $65.0 million and $35.0 million term loans, through their 2024 maturity dates.

In December 2018, the Company entered into a $100.0 million unsecured term loan facility that matures January 2026 (the “2026 Term Loan”). Borrowings under the 2026 Term Loan are priced at LIBOR plus 145 to 240 basis points, depending on the Company’s credit rating. The Company entered into interest rate swap agreements to fix LIBOR at 266 basis points until maturity.

Senior Unsecured Notes

In May 2015, the Company and the Operating Partnership completed a private placement of $100.0 million principal amount of senior unsecured notes. The senior unsecured notes were sold in two series; $50.0 million of 4.16% notes due May 2025 (the “2025 Senior Unsecured Notes”) and $50.0 million of 4.26% notes due May 2027 (the “2027 Senior Unsecured Notes”).

In July 2016, the Company and the Operating Partnership entered into a note purchase agreement with institutional purchasers. Pursuant to the note purchase agreement, the Operating Partnership completed a private placement of $60.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.42% senior unsecured notes due July 2028 (the “2028 Senior Unsecured Notes”).

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In September 2017, the Company and the Operating Partnership completed a private placement of $100.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.19% senior unsecured notes due September 2029 (the “2029 Senior Unsecured Notes”).

In September 2018, the Company and the Operating Partnership entered into two supplements to uncommitted master note facilities with institutional purchasers. Pursuant to the supplements, the Operating Partnership completed a private placement of $125.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.32% senior unsecured notes due September 2030 (the “2030 Senior Unsecured Notes”).

In October 2019, the Company and the Operating Partnership closed on a private placement of $125.0 million of 4.47% senior unsecured notes due October 2031.  In March 2019, the Company entered into forward-starting interest rate swap agreements to fix the interest for $100.0 million of long-term debt until maturity. The Company terminated the swap agreements at the time of pricing the 2031 Senior Unsecured Notes, which resulted in an effective annual fixed rate of 4.41% for $100.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2031 Senior Unsecured Notes. Considering the effect of the terminated swap agreements, the blended all-in rate to the Company for the $125.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2031 Senior Unsecured Notes is 4.42%.

Mortgage Notes Payable

As of December 31, 2019, the Company had total gross mortgage indebtedness of $37.1 million which was collateralized by related real estate and tenants’ leases with an aggregate net book value of $48.4 million. Including mortgages that have been swapped to a fixed interest rate, the weighted average interest rate on the Company’s mortgage notes payable was 4.40% as of December 31, 2019 and 4.13% as of December 31, 2018.

We have entered into mortgage loans which are secured by multiple properties and contain cross-default and cross-collateralization provisions. Cross-collateralization provisions allow a lender to foreclose on multiple properties in the event that we default under the loan. Cross-default provisions allow a lender to foreclose on the related property in the event a default is declared under another loan.

Loan Covenants

Certain loan agreements contain various restrictive covenants, including the following financial covenants: maximum leverage ratio, maximum secured leverage ratios, consolidated net worth requirements, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, a minimum unsecured interest expense ratio, a minimum interest coverage ratio, a minimum unsecured debt yield and a minimum unencumbered interest expense ratio. As of December 31, 2019, the most restrictive covenant was the minimum unencumbered interest expense ratio. The Company was in compliance with all of its loan covenants and obligations as of December 31, 2019.

Cash Flows

Operating -- Substantially all of the Company’s cash from operations is generated by rental income from its investment portfolio.  Net cash provided by operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2019 increased by $33.5 million over 2018, primarily due to the increase in the size of the Company’s real estate investment portfolio.  

Investing -- Net cash used in investing activities was $99.4 million higher during the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to 2018.  Acquisitions of properties during 2019 were $97.0 million higher than 2018, due to overall increases in the level of acquisition activity.  Development costs during the year ended December 31, 2019 were $2.9 million higher than 2018, due to the timing of costs incurred related to the Company’s development activity.   Proceeds from asset sales remained consistent during year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 2018.

Financing -- Net cash provided by financing activities was $58.9 million higher during the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to 2018.  Net proceeds from the issuance of common stock and borrowings increased by $133.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 2018, primarily to fund the increased level of acquisitions occurring in 2019.  In addition, borrowings on the revolving credit facility increased by $65.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 2018, to fund increased acquisition investment activity.  Finally, net cash provided by the financing

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related to unsecured term loans decreased by $100.0 million due to the Company’s use of alternate financing sources to fund investment activity, such as the revolving credit facility and equity.  The Company increased its total dividends and distributions paid to its shareholders and non-controlling owners by $22.6 million during 2019 compared to 2018.  The Company increased its quarterly dividend in the fourth quarter of 2019 to an annualized $2.34 per common share, a 5.4% increase over the annualized $2.22 per common share declared in the fourth quarter of 2018.  

Contractual Obligations

In conducting our business, the Company enters into contractual obligations, including those for debt and operating leases for land. Detail of these obligations as of December 31, 2019, including expected settlement periods, is contained below in thousands):

2020

    

2021

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

Thereafter

    

Total

Mortgage Notes Payable

$

3,714

$

998

$

1,060

$

28,726

$

963

$

1,654

$

37,115

Revolving Credit Facility

 

 

 

 

 

89,000

 

 

89,000

Unsecured Term Loans

 

 

 

 

40,000

 

100,000

 

100,000

 

240,000

Senior Unsecured Notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

510,000

 

510,000

Land Lease Obligations

 

1,069

 

1,015

 

789

 

789

 

789

 

30,584

 

35,035

Estimated Interest Payments on Outstanding Debt (1)

 

34,360

 

34,269

 

34,207

 

32,821

 

28,922

 

108,826

 

273,405

Total

$

39,143

$

36,282

$

36,056

$

102,336

$

219,674

$

751,064

$

1,184,555

(1) Estimated interest payments are based on (i) the stated rates for mortgage notes payable, including the effect of interest rate swap agreements and (ii) the stated rates for unsecured term loans, including the effect of interest rate swap agreements and assuming the interest rate in effect for the most recent quarter remains in effect through the respective maturity dates.

Inflation

Our leases typically contain provisions to mitigate the adverse impact of inflation on our results of operations. Tenant leases generally provide for limited increases in rent as a result of fixed increases or increases in the consumer price index. Certain of our leases contain clauses enabling us to receive percentage rents based on tenants’ gross sales, which generally increase as prices rise. During times when inflation is greater than increases in rent, rent increases will not keep up with the rate of inflation.

Substantially all of our properties are leased to tenants under long-term, net leases which require the tenant to pay certain operating expenses for a property, thereby reducing our exposure to operating cost increases resulting from inflation. Inflation may have an adverse impact on our tenants.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds from Operations (“FFO” or “Nareit FFO”)

FFO is defined by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (“Nareit”) to mean net income computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains (or losses) from sales of real estate assets and/or changes in control, plus real estate related depreciation and amortization and any impairment charges on depreciable real estate assets, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with GAAP implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, most real estate industry investors consider FFO to be helpful in evaluating a real estate company’s operations.

FFO should not be considered an alternative to net income as the primary indicator of the Company’s operating performance, or as an alternative to cash flow as a measure of liquidity. Further, while the Company adheres to the Nareit

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definition of FFO, its presentation of FFO is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other REITs due to the fact that all REITs may not use the same definition.

Core Funds from Operations (“Core FFO”)

The Company defines Core FFO as Nareit FFO with the addback of noncash amortization of above- and below- market lease intangibles. Under Nareit’s definition of FFO, lease intangibles created upon acquisition of a net lease must be amortized over the remaining term of the lease. The Company believes that by recognizing amortization charges for above- and below-market lease intangibles, the utility of FFO as a financial performance measure can be diminished.  Management believes that its measure of Core FFO facilitates useful comparison of performance to its peers who predominantly transact in sale-leaseback transactions and are thereby not required by GAAP to allocate purchase price to lease intangibles.  Unlike many of its peers, the Company has acquired the substantial majority of its net leased properties through acquisitions of properties from third parties or in connection with the acquisitions of ground leases from third parties.

Core FFO should not be considered an alternative to net income as the primary indicator of the Company’s operating performance, or as an alternative to cash flow as a measure of liquidity. Further, the Company’s presentation of Core FFO is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other REITs due to the fact that all REITs may not use the same definition.

Adjusted Funds from Operations (“AFFO”)

AFFO is a non-GAAP financial measure of operating performance used by many companies in the REIT industry. AFFO further adjusts FFO and Core FFO for certain non-cash and/or infrequently recurring items that reduce or increase net income computed in accordance with GAAP. Management considers AFFO a useful supplemental measure of the Company’s performance, however, AFFO should not be considered an alternative to net income as an indication of its performance, or to cash flow as a measure of liquidity or ability to make distributions. The Company’s computation of AFFO may differ from the methodology for calculating AFFO used by other equity REITs, and therefore may not be comparable to such other REITs.

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The following table provides a reconciliation of net income to FFO, Core FFO, and AFFO for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017:

Year Ended

December 31, 2019

    

December 31, 2018

    

December 31, 2017

Reconciliation from Net Income to Funds from Operations

Net income

$

80,763

$

58,798

$

58,790

Depreciation of rental real estate assets

 

34,349

 

24,553

 

19,507

Amortization of lease intangibles - in-place leases and leasing costs

 

11,071

 

8,271

 

7,076

Provision for impairment

 

1,609

 

2,319

 

-

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

 

(13,306)

 

(11,180)

 

(14,193)

Funds from Operations

$

114,486

$

82,761

$

71,180

Amortization of above (below) market lease intangibles, net

13,501

10,668

5,091

Core Funds from Operations

$

127,987

$

93,429

$

76,271

Straight-line accrued rent

 

(7,093)

 

(4,648)

 

(3,548)

Deferred tax expense (benefit)

(475)

(230)

Stock based compensation expense

 

4,106

 

3,227

 

2,589

Amortization of financing costs

 

706

 

578

 

574

Non-real estate depreciation

 

283

 

146

 

78

Adjusted Funds from Operations

$

125,514

$

92,732

$

75,734

Funds from Operations Per Share - Diluted

$

2.75

$

2.53

$

2.54

Core Funds from Operations Per Share - Diluted

$

3.08

$

2.85

$

2.72

Adjusted Funds from Operations Per Share - Diluted

$

3.02

$

2.83

$

2.70

Weighted average shares and OP units outstanding

Basic

 

40,924,965

 

32,417,874

 

27,972,721

Diluted

 

41,571,233

 

32,748,741

 

28,047,966

Additional supplemental disclosure

Scheduled principal repayments

$

2,401

$

3,337

$

3,151

Capitalized interest

$

410

$

448

$

570

Capitalized building improvements

$

2,451

$

1,635

$

1,230

Item 7A:        Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The Company is exposed to interest rate risk primarily through borrowing activities. There is inherent roll-over risk for borrowings as they mature and are renewed at current market rates. The extent of this risk is not quantifiable or predictable because of the variability of future interest rates and our future financing requirements.

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Our interest rate risk is monitored using a variety of techniques. The table below presents the principal payments (in thousands) and the weighted average interest rates on outstanding debt, by year of expected maturity, to evaluate the expected cash flows and sensitivity to interest rate changes.  Average interest rates shown reflect the impact of the swap agreements described later in this section.

    

2020

    

2021

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

Thereafter

    

Total

Mortgage Notes Payable

 

$

3,714

 

$

998

 

$

1,060

 

$

28,726

 

$

963

 

$

1,654

$

37,115

Average Interest Rate

 

6.18

%

6.02

%

6.02

%

3.89

%

6.27

%

6.27

%

Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility (1)

$

$

$

 

$

$

89,000