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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to ________________

Commission File Number 001-38066

SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

81-4561945

(State of incorporation)

(IRS Employer

Identification Number)

1233 W. Loop South, Suite 1400

Houston, TX

77027

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(713) 235-9500

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share

WTTR

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company.   Yes      No  

As of May 2, 2022, the registrant had 98,111,119 shares of Class A common stock and 16,221,101 shares of Class B common stock outstanding.

Table of Contents

SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

6

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

38

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

51

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

52

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

53

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

53

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

53

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

53

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

53

Item 5.

Other Information

53

Item 6.

Exhibits

53

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the “Quarterly Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included in this Quarterly Report regarding our strategy, future operations, financial position, estimated revenues and losses, projected costs, prospects, plans and objectives of management are forward-looking statements. When used in this Quarterly Report, the words “could,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “expect,” “project,” “preliminary,” “forecast,” and similar expressions or variations are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain such identifying words. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and assumptions about future events and are based on currently available information as to the outcome and timing of future events. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the risk factors and other cautionary statements described under the heading “Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, under the heading “Part II―Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report and those set forth from time to time in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). These forward-looking statements are based on management’s current belief, based on currently available information, as to the outcome and timing of future events.

Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those summarized below:

the severity and duration of world health events, including the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic and its variants, which caused a sharp decline in economic activity in the United States (“U.S.”) and around the world, resulting in lower demand for oil and gas, to which our exploration and production (“E&P”) customers responded by cutting capital spending, leading to fewer oil and gas well completions and thus reduced demand for our services, all of which had a negative impact on our financial results;
global economic distress resulting from sustained Russia-Ukraine war and related economic sanctions, which may decrease demand for oil and demand for our services or contribute to volatility in the prices for oil and natural gas;
actions taken by the members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (“OPEC”) and Russia (together with OPEC and other allied producing countries, “OPEC+”) with respect to oil production levels and announcements of potential changes in such levels, including the ability of the OPEC+ countries to agree on and comply with announced supply limitations;
actions taken by the Biden Administration, such as executive orders or new regulations, that may negatively impact the future production of oil and natural gas in the U.S. and may adversely affect our future operations;
the potential deterioration of our customers’ financial condition, including defaults resulting from actual or potential insolvencies;
the level of capital spending and access to capital markets by oil and gas companies in response to changes in commodity prices or reduced demand;
operational challenges relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to mitigate the spread of the virus, including logistical challenges, measures taken to protect the health and well-being of our employees, remote work arrangements, performance of contracts and supply chain disruptions;
any new or additional measures required by national, state or local governments to combat COVID-19, such as a COVID-19 vaccine mandate, which if enacted, could reduce labor availability or add additional

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operational costs as we may experience constraints on our workforce and the workforce of our supply chain, which could have a negative impact on our operations;
the degree to which consolidation among our customers may affect spending on U.S. drilling and completions;
trends and volatility in oil and gas prices, and our ability to manage through such volatility;
the impact of current and future laws, rulings and governmental regulations, including those related to hydraulic fracturing, accessing water, disposing of wastewater, transferring produced water, interstate freshwater transfer, chemicals, carbon pricing, pipeline construction, taxation or emissions, leasing, permitting or drilling on federal lands and various other environmental matters;
regional impacts to our business, including our key infrastructure assets within the Bakken and the Northern Delaware portion of the Permian Basin;
capacity constraints on regional oil, natural gas and water gathering, processing and pipeline systems that result in a slowdown or delay in drilling and completion activity, and thus a decrease in the demand for our services in our core markets;
regulatory and related policy actions intended by federal, state and/or local governments to reduce fossil fuel use and associated carbon emissions, or to drive the substitution of renewable forms of energy for oil and gas, may over time reduce demand for oil and gas and therefore the demand for our services;
new or expanded regulations that materially limit our customers’ access to federal and state lands for oil and gas development, thereby reducing demand for our services in the affected areas;
growing demand for electric vehicles that result in reduced demand for gasoline and therefore the demand for our services;
our ability to hire and retain key management and employees, including skilled labor;
our access to capital to fund expansions, acquisitions and our working capital needs and our ability to obtain debt or equity financing on satisfactory terms;
our health, safety and environmental performance;
the impact of competition on our operations;
the degree to which our E&P customers may elect to operate their water-management services in-house rather than source these services from companies like us;
our level of indebtedness and our ability to comply with covenants contained in our Sustainability-Linked Credit Facility (as defined herein) or future debt instruments;
delays or restrictions in obtaining permits by us or our customers;
constraints in supply or availability of equipment used in our business;
the impact of advances or changes in well-completion technologies or practices that result in reduced demand for our services, either on a volumetric or time basis;

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changes in global political or economic conditions, generally, and in the markets we serve;
acts of terrorism, war or political or civil unrest in the U.S. or elsewhere;
the ability to source certain raw materials globally on a timely basis from economically advantaged sources;
accidents, weather, natural disasters or other events affecting our business; and
the other risks identified in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and under the headings “Part I—Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Part II—Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report.

These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could have material adverse effects on our future results. Our future results will depend upon various other risks and uncertainties, including those described under the heading “Part I―Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and under the heading “Part II―Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are qualified in their entirety by this cautionary note.

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PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

March 31, 2022

December 31, 2021

    

(unaudited)

    

Assets

Current assets

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

24,797

$

85,801

Restricted cash

2,602

Accounts receivable trade, net of allowance for credit losses of $4,972 and $4,401, respectively

 

293,595

 

232,824

Accounts receivable, related parties

 

157

 

219

Inventories

 

43,074

 

44,456

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

33,979

 

31,486

Total current assets

 

398,204

 

394,786

Property and equipment

 

997,229

 

943,515

Accumulated depreciation

 

(556,764)

 

(551,727)

Total property and equipment, net

 

440,465

 

391,788

Right-of-use assets, net

54,933

47,732

Other intangible assets, net

 

105,881

 

108,472

Other long-term assets, net

 

12,437

 

7,414

Total assets

$

1,011,920

$

950,192

Liabilities and Equity

 

 

  

Current liabilities

 

 

  

Accounts payable

$

57,311

$

36,049

Accrued accounts payable

49,935

52,051

Accounts payable and accrued expenses, related parties

 

2,375

 

1,939

Accrued salaries and benefits

 

16,517

 

22,233

Accrued insurance

 

18,664

 

13,408

Sales tax payable

2,609

2,706

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

20,100

 

19,544

Current operating lease liabilities

18,101

13,997

Current portion of finance lease obligations

 

57

 

113

Total current liabilities

 

185,669

 

162,040

Long-term operating lease liabilities

 

55,464

 

53,198

Other long-term liabilities

 

47,395

 

39,780

Total liabilities

 

288,528

 

255,018

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 

  

Class A common stock, $0.01 par value; 350,000,000 shares authorized and 98,111,119 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022; 350,000,000 shares authorized and 94,172,920 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021

 

981

 

942

Class A-2 common stock, $0.01 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

 

 

Class B common stock, $0.01 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized and 16,221,101 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

 

162

 

162

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

971,282

 

950,464

Accumulated deficit

 

(352,670)

 

(359,472)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

619,755

 

592,096

Noncontrolling interests

 

103,637

 

103,078

Total equity

 

723,392

 

695,174

Total liabilities and equity

$

1,011,920

$

950,192

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

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SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Revenue

 

  

 

  

Water Services

$

163,606

$

64,223

Water Infrastructure

58,554

37,803

Oilfield Chemicals

 

72,609

 

41,716

Total revenue

 

294,769

 

143,742

Costs of revenue

 

  

 

  

Water Services

137,046

62,324

Water Infrastructure

44,378

26,399

Oilfield Chemicals

 

62,163

37,766

Depreciation and amortization

 

26,500

21,650

Total costs of revenue

 

270,087

 

148,139

Gross profit (loss)

 

24,682

 

(4,397)

Operating expenses

 

  

 

  

Selling, general and administrative

 

28,315

19,894

Depreciation and amortization

 

567

649

Lease abandonment costs

 

91

104

Total operating expenses

 

28,973

 

20,647

Loss from operations

 

(4,291)

 

(25,044)

Other income (expense)

 

  

 

  

Gain (loss) on sales of property and equipment and divestitures, net

1,653

(579)

Interest expense, net

 

(720)

(435)

Foreign currency gain, net

3

3

Bargain purchase gain

11,434

Other

 

249

(1,629)

Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit

 

8,328

 

(27,684)

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

(214)

263

Equity in losses of unconsolidated entities

(129)

Net income (loss)

 

7,985

 

(27,421)

Less: net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(1,183)

4,314

Net income (loss) attributable to Select Energy Services, Inc.

$

6,802

$

(23,107)

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders (Note 15):

 

Class A—Basic

$

0.07

$

(0.27)

Class B—Basic

$

$

Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders (Note 15):

 

Class A—Diluted

$

0.07

$

(0.27)

Class B—Diluted

$

$

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

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SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited)

(in thousands)

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

Net income (loss)

$

7,985

$

(27,421)

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

7,985

 

(27,421)

Less: comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(1,183)

 

4,314

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Select Energy Services, Inc.

$

6,802

$

(23,107)

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

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SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

(unaudited)

(in thousands, except share data)

Class A

Class B

Stockholders

Stockholders

Class A

Class B

Additional

Total

Common

Common

Paid-In

Accumulated

Stockholders’

Noncontrolling

   

Shares

   

Stock

   

Shares

   

Stock

   

Capital

   

Deficit

   

Equity

   

Interests

   

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2021

 

94,172,920

$

942

 

16,221,101

$

162

 

$

950,464

$

(359,472)

$

592,096

$

103,078

$

695,174

ESPP shares issued

1,549

11

11

1

12

Equity-based compensation

2,805

2,805

470

3,275

Issuance of restricted shares

 

2,337,795

 

23

 

 

 

 

2,049

 

 

2,072

 

(2,072)

 

 

Stock options exercised

 

70,000

 

1

 

 

 

 

583

 

 

584

 

24

 

 

608

Issuance of shares for acquisitions

4,203,323

42

34,456

34,498

1,356

35,854

Repurchase of common stock

(2,660,328)

(27)

(19,080)

(19,107)

(409)

(19,516)

Restricted shares forfeited

(14,140)

(13)

(13)

13

NCI income tax adjustment

7

7

(7)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,802

 

6,802

 

1,183

 

 

7,985

Balance as of March 31, 2022

 

98,111,119

$

981

 

16,221,101

$

162

 

$

971,282

$

(352,670)

$

619,755

$

103,637

$

723,392

Class A

Class B

Stockholders

Stockholders

Class A

Class B

Additional

Total

Common

Common

Paid-In

Accumulated

Stockholders’

Noncontrolling

   

Shares

   

Stock

   

Shares

   

Stock

   

Capital

   

Deficit

   

Equity

   

Interests

   

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2020

 

86,812,647

$

868

 

16,221,101

$

162

 

$

909,278

$

(317,247)

$

593,061

$

112,821

$

705,882

ESPP shares issued

2,145

14

14

14

Equity-based compensation

1,202

1,202

220

1,422

Issuance of restricted shares

1,487,448

15

1,529

1,544

(1,544)

Repurchase of common stock

(144,078)

(1)

(888)

(889)

15

(874)

Restricted shares forfeited

(301,395)

(3)

(315)

(318)

318

Noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

(140)

(140)

(934)

(1,074)

NCI income tax adjustment

8

8

(8)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(23,107)

 

(23,107)

 

(4,314)

 

 

(27,421)

Balance as of March 31, 2021

 

87,856,767

$

879

 

16,221,101

$

162

 

$

910,688

$

(340,354)

$

571,375

$

106,574

$

677,949

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements

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SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

(in thousands)

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Cash flows from operating activities

 

Net income (loss)

$

7,985

$

(27,421)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

27,067

 

22,299

(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment and divestitures

 

(1,653)

 

579

Equity in losses of unconsolidated entities

129

Bad debt expense

 

571

 

300

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 

294

 

172

Inventory write-downs

54

Equity-based compensation

 

3,275

 

1,422

Bargain purchase gain

 

(11,434)

 

Unrealized loss on short-term investment

40

1,831

Other operating items, net

 

99

 

(129)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

(46,622)

 

(11,187)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

4,554

 

(2,696)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

(2,855)

 

10,903

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(18,550)

 

(3,873)

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(15,463)

 

(4,534)

Purchase of equity method investments

(3,467)

 

(2,000)

Collection of note receivable

184

 

Distribution from cost method investment

20

Acquisitions, net of cash and restricted cash received

 

6,941

 

Proceeds received from sales of property and equipment

 

12,123

 

2,316

Other

(429)

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(91)

 

(4,218)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

Borrowings from revolving line of credit

20,000

Payments on revolving line of credit

 

(20,000)

 

Payments on long-term debt

 

(18,780)

 

Payments of finance lease obligations

(61)

(75)

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

(2,031)

 

Proceeds from share issuance

12

14

Repurchase of common stock

 

(18,908)

 

(874)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(39,768)

 

(935)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

7

 

8

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

(58,402)

 

(9,018)

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash beginning of period

 

85,801

 

169,039

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash end of period

$

27,399

$

160,021

Supplemental cash flow disclosure:

 

 

Cash paid for interest

$

402

$

367

Cash refunds received for income taxes, net

$

(721)

$

(650)

Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing activities:

 

 

Issuance of shares for acquisitions

$

35,854

$

Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

14,922

$

6,490

The accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these financial statements.

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SELECT ENERGY SERVICES, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1—BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Description of the business: Select Energy Services, Inc. (“we,” “Select Inc.” or the “Company”) was incorporated as a Delaware corporation on November 21, 2016. The Company is a holding company whose sole material asset consists of common units (“SES Holdings LLC Units”) in SES Holdings, LLC (“SES Holdings”).

We are a leading provider of comprehensive water-management and chemical solutions to the oil and gas industry in the U.S. We also develop, manufacture and deliver a full suite of chemical solutions for use in oil and gas well completion and production operations. As a leader in the water solutions industry, we place the utmost importance on safe, environmentally responsible management of oilfield water throughout the lifecycle of a well. Additionally, we believe that responsibly managing water resources through our operations to help conserve and protect the environment in the communities in which we operate is paramount to our continued success.

Class A and Class B Common Stock:  As of March 31, 2022, the Company had both Class A and Class B common shares issued and outstanding. Holders of shares of our Class A common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class A Common Stock”) and Class B common stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class B Common Stock”) are entitled to one vote per share and vote together as a single class on all matters presented to our stockholders for their vote or approval.

Exchange rights: Under the Eighth Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement of SES Holdings (the “SES Holdings LLC Agreement”), SES Legacy Holdings LLC (“Legacy Owner Holdco”) and its permitted transferees have the right (an “Exchange Right”) to cause SES Holdings to acquire all or a portion of its SES Holdings LLC Units for, at SES Holdings’ election, (i) shares of Class A Common Stock at an exchange ratio of one share of Class A Common Stock for each SES Holdings LLC Unit exchanged, subject to conversion rate adjustments for stock splits, stock dividends, reclassification and other similar transactions or (ii) cash in an amount equal to the Cash Election Value (as defined within the SES Holdings LLC Agreement) of such Class A Common Stock. Alternatively, upon the exercise of any Exchange Right, Select Inc. has the right (the “Call Right”) to acquire the tendered SES Holdings LLC Units from the exchanging unitholder for, at its election, (i) the number of shares of Class A Common Stock the exchanging unitholder would have received under the Exchange Right or (ii) cash in an amount equal to the Cash Election Value of such Class A Common Stock. In connection with any exchange of SES Holdings LLC Units pursuant to an Exchange Right or Call Right, the corresponding number of shares of Class B Common Stock will be cancelled.

Basis of presentation: The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and, therefore, do not include all disclosures required for financial statements prepared in conformity with GAAP.

This Quarterly Report relates to the three months ended March 31, 2022 (the “Current Quarter”) and the three months ended March 31, 2021 (the “Prior Quarter”). The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Form 10-K”) filed with the SEC on February 23, 2022, includes certain definitions and a summary of significant accounting policies and should be read in conjunction with this Quarterly Report. All material adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods have been reflected. The results for the Current Quarter may not be indicative of the results to be expected for the full year, in part due to the initiation of war between Russia and Ukraine, the continuing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and large variations in oil and natural gas prices during the Current Quarter.

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The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and all of its majority-owned or controlled subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

For investments in subsidiaries that are not wholly owned, but where the Company exercises control, the equity held by the minority owners and their portion of net income or loss are reflected as noncontrolling interests. Investments in entities in which the Company exercises significant influence over operating and financial policies are accounted for using the equity method, and investments in entities for which the Company does not have significant control or influence are accounted for using the cost method or other appropriate basis as applicable. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had three equity-method investments, one cost-method investment and one investment in publicly traded securities accounted for using the fair value option. The Company’s investments are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. When circumstances indicate that the fair value of its investment is less than its carrying value and the reduction in value is other than temporary, the reduction in value is recognized in earnings. Our investments in unconsolidated entities are summarized below and are included in the assets of our Water Services segment:

Year

As of March 31,

As of December 31,

Type of Investment

attained

Accounting method

Balance Sheet Location

2022

 

2021

(in thousands)

20% minority interest

2011

Cost-method

Other long-term assets, net

$

100

$

120

Notes receivable (1)

2020

Amortized cost basis

Other long-term assets, net

4,446

21% minority interest (1)

2021

Equity-method

Other long-term assets, net

4,442

33% minority interest

2021

Equity-method

Other long-term assets, net

3,316

1,779

45% minority interest

2021

Equity-method

Other long-term assets, net

1,942

142

Publicly traded securities

2020

Fair value option

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

35

75

(1)Investment in notes receivable converted to equity-method investment during the Current Quarter.

Segment reporting: The Company has three reportable segments. Reportable segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s current reportable segments are Water Services, Water Infrastructure, and Oilfield Chemicals. See “Note 16—Segment Information” for additional information.

The Water Services segment consists of the Company’s services businesses, including water transfer, flowback and well testing, fluids hauling, water containment and water network automation, primarily serving E&P companies. Additionally, this segment includes the operations of our accommodations and rentals business. 

The Water Infrastructure segment consists of the Company’s infrastructure assets, including operations associated with our water sourcing and pipeline infrastructure, our water recycling solutions, and our produced water gathering systems and saltwater disposal wells, primarily serving E&P companies.

The Oilfield Chemicals segment provides technical solutions and expertise related to chemical applications in the oil and gas industry. We develop, manufacture and provide a full suite of chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, stimulation, cementing, production, pipelines and well completions. We also have significant capabilities in supplying logistics for chemical applications. Given the breadth of chemicals and application expertise we provide, our customers range from pressure pumpers to major integrated and independent oil and gas producers. This segment also utilizes its chemical experience and lab testing capabilities to customize tailored water treatment solutions designed to optimize the fracturing fluid system in conjunction with the quality of water used in well completions.

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NOTE 2—SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Significant accounting policies: The Company’s significant accounting policies are disclosed in Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021, included in the 2021 Form 10-K.

Use of estimates: The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to the recoverability of long-lived assets and intangibles, useful lives used in depreciation and amortization, uncollectible accounts receivable, inventory reserve, income taxes, self-insurance liabilities, share-based compensation, contingent liabilities, lease-related reasonably certain option exercise assessments, and the incremental borrowing rate for leases. The Company bases its estimates on historical and other pertinent information that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The accounting estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements may change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired, as additional information is obtained and as the Company’s operating environment changes.

Restricted cash: Restricted cash consists primarily of cash that serves as collateral for letters of credit assumed as part of the acquisition of Nuverra Environmental Solutions, Inc. (“Nuverra”). Any cash that is legally restricted from use is classified as restricted cash.

Allowance for credit losses: The Company’s allowance for credit losses relates to trade accounts receivable. The Company treats trade accounts receivable as one portfolio and records an initial allowance calculated as a percentage of revenue recognized based on a combination of historical information and future expectations. Additionally, the Company adjusts this allowance based on specific information in connection with aged receivables. Historically, most bad debt has been incurred when a customer’s financial condition significantly deteriorates, which in some cases leads to bankruptcy. Market volatility is highly uncertain and, as such, the impact on expected losses is subject to significant judgment and may cause variability in the Company’s allowance for credit losses in future periods.

The change in the allowance for credit losses is as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 2022

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2021

$

4,401

Increase to allowance based on a percentage of revenue

 

571

Balance at March 31, 2022

$

4,972

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Asset retirement obligations:  The Company’s asset retirement obligations (“ARO”) relate to disposal facilities with obligations for plugging wells, removing surface equipment, and returning land to its pre-drilling condition. The following table describes the changes to the Company’s ARO liability for the Current Quarter:

    

Three months ended March 31, 2022

 

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2021

 

$

29,551

Accretion expense, included in depreciation and amortization expense

 

329

Acquired ARO's

 

8,104

Payments

(335)

Balance at March 31, 2022

 

$

37,649

Short-term ARO liability

4,753

Long-term ARO liability

32,896

Balance at March 31, 2022

$

37,649

We review the adequacy of our ARO liabilities whenever indicators suggest that the estimated cash flows underlying the liabilities have changed. The Company’s ARO liabilities are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and other long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

Lessor Income: The Company is a lessor for a nominal number of owned facilities and also recognizes income related to multiple facility subleases that are accounted for as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

(in thousands)

Category

Classification

Lessor income

Costs of revenue

$

116

$

66

Sublease income

Lease abandonment costs and Costs of revenue

346

243

The Company also generates short-term equipment rental revenue. See “Note 4—Revenue” for a discussion of revenue recognition for the accommodations and rentals business.

Defined Contribution Plan: During 2020, due to worsening economic conditions, the Company suspended the match of its defined contribution 401(k) plan and the suspension continued into the first half of 2021. Effective July 1, 2021, the Company reinstated matching contributions of 50% of employee contributions, up to 4% of eligible earnings. The Company incurred $0.5 million and no match expense in the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively.

Payroll Tax Deferral: In 2020, the Company took advantage of the employer payroll tax deferral provision in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act and deferred the payment of $6.0 million of payroll taxes. Half of the deferral was paid during the fourth quarter of 2021 and the remaining balance of $3.0 million must be repaid by December 31, 2022. The remaining deferral is reported under accrued salaries and benefits on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2022.

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Severance: During the Prior Quarter, the Company incurred $3.2 million of severance in connection with the termination of its former chief executive officer, which was paid in full during the first quarter of 2021. A summary of severance costs for the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter are as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

2022

    

2021

(in thousands)

Severance

Selling, general and administrative

3,225

Total severance expense

$

$

3,225

NOTE 3—ACQUISITIONS

Business combinations

The following table presents key information connected with our 2022 and 2021 acquisitions (dollars in thousands, except share amounts):

Assets and Operations Acquired

Acquisition Date

Shares Issued

Cash Consideration

Contingent Consideration

Value of Shares Issued

Total Consideration

Segments

Nuverra

February 23, 2022

4,203,323

$

$

$

35,854

$

35,854

Water Services & Water Infrastructure

HB Rentals

December 3, 2021

1,211,375

2,610

7,135

9,745

Water Services

Agua Libre and Basic

October 1, 2021

902,593

16,394

4,684

21,078

Water Services & Water Infrastructure

UltRecovery

August 2, 2021

2,500

1,058

3,558

Oilfield Chemicals

Complete

July 9, 2021

3,600,000

14,356

20,304

34,660

Water Services & Water Infrastructure

Total

9,917,291

$

35,860

$

1,058

$

67,977

$

104,895

Nuverra Acquisition

On February 23, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Nuverra for total consideration of $35.9 million based on the closing price of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock on February 23, 2022 (the “Nuverra Acquisition”). Consideration transferred consisted of 4,203,323 shares of Class A Common Stock. The acquisition strengthens Select’s geographic footprint with a unique set of water logistics and infrastructure assets, particularly in the Bakken, Haynesville and Northeast, while continuing to expand Select’s production-related revenues. Select also acquired a 60-mile underground twin pipeline network in the Haynesville Shale in Texas and Louisiana. This pipeline network is used for the collection of produced water for transport to interconnected disposal wells and the delivery or re-delivery of water from water sources to operator locations for use in well completion activities. Additionally, Nuverra operates a landfill facility in North Dakota located on a 50-acre site. The facility provides a unique opportunity for Select to expand its logistics capabilities into a new service offering. The acquisition is expected to result in a bargain purchase gain based on our preliminary evaluation, as Nuverra was experiencing financial distress and actively evaluating strategic alternatives leading up to the transaction.

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The Nuverra Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management made estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company has engaged third-party valuation experts to assist in the purchase price allocation. These estimates, judgments and assumptions and valuation of the property and equipment acquired, current assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities have not been finalized as of March 31, 2022. The Nuverra debt, including accrued interest, totaled $18.8 million, and was repaid during the Current Quarter after the acquisition was completed. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed are included in the Company’s Water Services and Water Infrastructure segments. For the Current Quarter, the Company incurred $2.7 million of transaction-related costs related to this acquisition, which are included in selling, general and administrative within the consolidated statement of operations.

The Company assumed $1.6 million of severance liabilities in connection with the Nuverra acquisition and $0.4 million is included in accrued salaries and benefits as of March 31, 2022.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the estimated fair value of identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:

Preliminary purchase price allocation

Amount

Consideration transferred

(in thousands)

Class A Common Stock (4,203,323 shares)

$

35,854

Total consideration transferred

 

35,854

Less: identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed

 

Working capital

 

8,093

Property and equipment

 

65,138

Right-of-use assets

 

2,931

Other long-term assets

229

Long-term debt

(18,780)

Long-term ARO

(8,104)

Long-term lease liabilities

(1,189)

Deferred tax liabilities

(120)

Other long-term liabilities

(500)

Total identifiable net assets acquired

47,698

Bargain Purchase Gain

 

(11,844)

Fair value allocated to net assets acquired, net of bargain purchase gain

 

$

35,854

HB Rentals Acquisition

On December 3, 2021, the Company, through its subsidiary Peak Oilfield Services, LLC, completed the acquisition of certain assets of H.B. Rentals, L.C. (“HB Rentals”), an operating subsidiary of Superior Energy Services, Inc. (“Superior”), for total initial consideration of $8.7 million based on the closing price of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock on December 2, 2021 (the “HB Rentals Acquisition”). Consideration transferred consisted of 1,211,375 shares of Class A Common Stock and $1.5 million in cash. The Company paid $1.1 million on April 1, 2022, representing the final working capital settlement. The Company acquired the U.S. onshore assets of HB Rentals, including working capital, and the final purchase price is subject to standard post-closing adjustments. This acquisition strengthens the Company’s accommodations and rentals footprint in the Permian, Haynesville, MidCon, Northeast and Rockies regions and adds revenue-producing fixed assets including a significant number of skid houses and trailer houses. The acquisition is expected to result in a bargain purchase gain in part due to the seller recently emerging from bankruptcy and deciding to divest domestic assets and operations and focus on international operations.

The HB Rentals Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management made estimates, judgments and assumptions. These estimates, judgments and assumptions and valuation of the property and equipment acquired, current assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities have not been finalized as of March 31, 2022. The

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business combination accounting is preliminary due to the continuing efforts to validate the existence and condition of the property and equipment acquired. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed are included in the Company’s Water Services segment. For the Current Quarter, the Company incurred $0.1 million of transaction-related costs related to this acquisition, which are included in selling, general and administrative within the consolidated statement of operations.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the estimated fair value of identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:

Preliminary purchase price allocation

As Reported as of December 31, 2021

Current Quarter Adjustment

Amount

Consideration transferred

(in thousands)

Class A Common Stock (1,211,375 shares)

$

7,135

$

$

7,135

Cash paid

1,526

 

1,526

Final working capital settlement paid April 1, 2022 and included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities as of March 31, 2022

1,084

1,084

Total consideration transferred

8,661

1,084

 

9,745

Less: identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed

  

  

 

  

Working capital

29

880

 

909

Property and equipment

14,091

 

14,091

Right-of-use assets

1,316

 

1,316

Long-term lease liabilities

(835)

(835)

Total identifiable net assets acquired

14,601

880

 

15,481

Bargain Purchase Gain

(5,940)

204

 

(5,736)

Fair value allocated to net assets acquired, net of bargain purchase gain

$

8,661

$

1,084

 

$

9,745

Agua Libre Midstream and water-related assets from Basic Energy Services Acquisition

On October 1, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets of Agua Libre Midstream, LLC (“Agua Libre”) and other water-related assets, operations and assumed liabilities from Basic Energy Services, Inc. (“Basic”) for total initial consideration of $21.1 million based on the closing price of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock on September 30, 2021 (the “Agua Libre and Basic Acquisition”). Consideration transferred consisted of 902,593 shares of Class A Common Stock and $16.4 million in cash. The Company acquired substantially all of the water-related assets and ongoing operations of Agua Libre and Basic, including working capital, and is subject to standard post-closing adjustments. With this acquisition, the Company has acquired a solid production services footprint in Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma and North Dakota, as well as more than 550,000 barrels per day of permitted disposal capacity. The acquisition is expected to result in a bargain purchase gain as the seller was distressed and decided to divest its assets and operations to multiple buyers as operations were wound down and the business was shuttered.

The Agua Libre and Basic Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management made estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company also engaged third-party valuation experts to assist in the purchase price allocation. These estimates, judgments and assumptions and valuation of the property and equipment acquired, current assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities have not been finalized as of March 31, 2022. The business combination accounting is preliminary due to the continuing efforts to validate the existence and condition of the property and equipment acquired. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed are included in the Company’s Water Services and Water Infrastructure segments. For the Current Quarter, the Company incurred $0.5 million of transaction-related costs related to this acquisition, which are included in selling, general and administrative within the consolidated statement of operations.

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The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the estimated fair value of identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:

Preliminary purchase price allocation

As Reported as of December 31, 2021

Current Quarter Adjustment

Amount

Consideration transferred

(in thousands)

Class A Common Stock (902,593 shares)

$

4,684

$

$

4,684

Cash paid

16,394

16,394

Total consideration transferred

21,078

 

21,078

Less: identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed

 

Working capital

(506)

(216)

 

(722)

Property and equipment

41,000

 

41,000

Right-of-use assets

309

 

309

Long-term ARO

(15,810)

(15,810)

Long-term lease liabilities

(281)

10

(271)

Total identifiable net assets acquired

24,712

(206)

24,506

Bargain Purchase Gain

(3,634)

206

 

(3,428)

Fair value allocated to net assets acquired, net of bargain purchase gain

$

21,078

$

 

$

21,078

UltRecovery Acquisition

On August 2, 2021, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of UltRecovery Corporation (“UltRecovery”), a provider of sustainable production enhancement applications focused on existing conventional and unconventional oil and gas wells (the “UltRecovery Acquisition”). The Company paid consideration of $2.5 million at closing, and the selling shareholders may earn contingent consideration in the form of an earn-out. The estimated liability of the earn-out is $1.1 million and the maximum earn-out is $1.6 million, dependent on revenue generated in the first and second 12-month periods following the acquisition, beginning on October 1, 2021. The acquisition expands our chemical solution offerings through a patented platform of sustainable novel biotechnologies designed to uplift production decline curves and increase recoverable reserves.

The UltRecovery Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. When determining the fair values of assets acquired management made estimates, judgments and assumptions. These estimates, judgments and assumptions and valuation of the inventory, property and equipment and intellectual property acquired were finalized as of December 31, 2021. The assets acquired are included in the Company’s Oilfield Chemicals segment. The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the estimated fair value of identified assets acquired at the date of acquisition:

Purchase price allocation

    

Amount

Consideration transferred and estimated earn-out liability

 

(in thousands)

Cash paid

$

2,500

Estimated earn-out liability assumed

1,058

Total purchase price

 

3,558

Less: identifiable assets acquired

 

  

Inventory

 

13

Property and equipment

 

514

Patents and other intellectual property

 

3,031

Total identifiable net assets acquired

 

3,558

Fair value allocated to net assets acquired

$

3,558

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Complete Energy Services Acquisition

On July 9, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition (the “Complete Acquisition”) of Complete Energy Services, Inc. (“Complete”), an operating subsidiary of Superior Energy Services, Inc. (“Superior”) for initial consideration of $34.5 million based on the closing price of the Company’s shares of Class A Common Stock on July 9, 2021. Consideration transferred consisted of 3.6 million shares of Class A Common Stock and $14.2 million in cash. In October 2021, the Company paid $0.2 million related to the settlement of the working capital which resulted in a final purchase price of $34.7 million. The Company acquired substantially all of the water-related assets, liabilities and ongoing operations of Complete as well as Superior’s well testing operations, including working capital. Superior retained certain non-core and non-water-related assets that were part of Complete as part of the transaction. This acquisition expands the Company’s water-related services and infrastructure footprint and strengthens the geographic footprint, particularly in the Mid-Continent, Permian and Rockies. The acquisition is expected to result in a bargain purchase gain in part due to the seller recently emerging from bankruptcy and deciding to divest domestic assets and operations and focus on international operations.

The Complete Acquisition was accounted for as a business combination under the acquisition method of accounting. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management made estimates, judgments and assumptions. The Company also engaged third-party valuation experts to assist in the purchase price allocation. These estimates, judgments and assumptions and valuation of the property and equipment acquired, current assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities have not been finalized as of March 31, 2022. The business combination accounting is preliminary due to the continuing efforts to validate the existence and condition of the property and equipment acquired. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed are included in the Company’s Water Services and Water Infrastructure segments. For the Current Quarter, the Company incurred $0.4 million of transaction-related costs related to this acquisition, which are included in selling, general and administrative within the consolidated statement of operations.

The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the estimated fair value of identified assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition:

Preliminary purchase price allocation

Amount

Consideration transferred

(in thousands)

Class A Common Stock (3,600,000 shares)

$

20,304

Cash paid

14,356

Total consideration transferred

 

34,660

Less: identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed

 

Working capital

 

15,783

Property and equipment

 

36,761

Right-of-use assets

 

3,331

Other long-term assets

24

Long-term ARO

(9,800)

Long-term lease liabilities

(2,028)

Total identifiable net assets acquired

44,071

Bargain Purchase Gain

 

(9,411)

Fair value allocated to net assets acquired, net of bargain purchase gain

 

$

34,660

NOTE 4—REVENUE

The Company follows ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), for most revenue recognition, which provides a five-step model for determining revenue recognition for arrangements that are within the scope of the standard: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the

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contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company applies the five-step model only to contracts when it is probable that we will collect the consideration the Company is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services the Company transfers to the customer. The accommodations and rentals revenue continues to be guided by ASC 842 – Leases, which is discussed further below.

The following factors are applicable to all three of the Company’s segments for the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively:

The vast majority of customer agreements are short-term, lasting less than one year.
Contracts are seldom combined together as virtually all of our customer agreements constitute separate performance obligations. Each job is typically distinct, thereby not interdependent or interrelated with other customer agreements.
Most contracts allow either party to terminate at any time without substantive penalties. If the customer terminates the contract, the Company is unconditionally entitled to the payments for the services rendered and products delivered to date.
Contract terminations before the end of the agreement are rare.
Sales returns are rare and no sales return assets have been recognized on the balance sheet.
There are minimal volume discounts.
There are no service-type warranties.
There is no long-term customer financing.

In the Water Services and Water Infrastructure segments, performance obligations arise in connection with services provided to customers in accordance with contractual terms, in an amount the Company expects to collect. Services are generally sold based upon customer orders or contracts with customers that include fixed or determinable prices. Revenues are generated by services rendered and measured based on output generated, which is usually simultaneously received and consumed by customers at their job sites. As a multi-job site organization, contract terms, including pricing for the Company’s services, are negotiated on a job site level on a per-job basis. Most jobs are completed in a short period of time, usually between one day and one month. Revenue is recognized as performance obligations are completed on a daily, hourly or per unit basis with unconditional rights to consideration for services rendered reflected as accounts receivable trade, net of allowance for credit losses. In cases where a prepayment is received before the Company satisfies its performance obligations, a contract liability is recorded in accrued expenses and other current liabilities. Final billings generally occur once all of the proper approvals are obtained. Mobilization and demobilization are factored into the pricing for services. Billings and costs related to mobilization and demobilization are not material for customer agreements that start in one period and end in another. As of March 31, 2022, the Company had six contracts in place for these segments lasting over one year. The Company has recorded an $8.2 million contract liability associated with one of the six long-term contracts as of March 31, 2022, recognized in other long-term liabilities in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. The Company expects this contract liability to be converted to revenue under the terms of the contract as it is earned.

Accommodations and rentals revenue is included in the Water Services segment and the Company accounts for accommodations and rentals agreements as an operating lease. The Company recognizes revenue from renting equipment on a straight-line basis. Accommodations and rental contract periods are generally daily, weekly or monthly. The average lease term is less than three months and as of March 31, 2022, there were no material rental agreements in effect lasting more than one year. During the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, approximately $15.6 million and $6.2

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million of accommodations and rentals revenue was accounted for under ASC 842 lease guidance, with the remainder accounted for under ASC 606 revenue guidance.

In the Oilfield Chemicals segment, the typical performance obligation is to provide a specific quantity of chemicals to customers in accordance with the customer agreement in an amount the Company expects to collect. Products and services are generally sold based upon customer orders or contracts with customers that include fixed or determinable prices. Revenue is recognized as the customer takes title to chemical products in accordance with the agreement. Products may be provided to customers in packaging or delivered to the customers’ containers through a hose. In some cases, the customer takes title to the chemicals upon consumption from storage containers on their property, where the chemicals are considered inventory until customer usage. In cases where the Company delivers products and recognizes revenue before collecting payment, the Company usually has an unconditional right to payment reflected in accounts receivable trade, net of allowance for credit losses. Customer returns are rare and immaterial and there were no material in-process customer agreements for this segment as of March 31, 2022, lasting greater than one year.

The following table sets forth certain financial information with respect to the Company’s disaggregation of revenues by geographic location:

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

(in thousands)

Geographic Region

Permian Basin

$

136,484

$

71,204

Rockies

33,478

10,022

Eagle Ford

32,854

20,785

Mid-Continent

29,264

8,476

Haynesville/E. Texas

26,475

17,265

Marcellus/Utica

23,829

11,667

Bakken

13,451

6,903

Eliminations and other regions

(1,066)

(2,580)

Total

$

294,769

$

143,742

In the Water Services segment, the top four revenue-producing regions are the Permian Basin, Eagle Ford, Marcellus/Utica and Rockies, which collectively comprised 82% and 87%, of segment revenue for the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively. In the Water Infrastructure segment, the top three revenue-producing regions are the Permian Basin, Eagle Ford and Bakken, which collectively comprised 94% and 97%, of segment revenue for the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively. In the Oilfield Chemicals segment, the top three revenue-producing regions are the Permian Basin, Haynesville/E. Texas and Mid-Continent, which collectively comprised 80% and 88% of segment revenue for the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively.

NOTE 5—INVENTORIES

Inventories, which are comprised of chemicals and raw materials available for resale and parts and consumables used in operations, are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value, with cost determined under the weighted-average method. The significant components of inventory are as follows:

    

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

(in thousands)

Raw materials

$

20,676

$

20,396

Finished goods

 

22,398

 

24,060

Total

$

43,074

$

44,456

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During the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, the Company recorded charges to the reserve for excess and obsolete inventory of zero and $0.1 million, respectively, which were recognized within costs of revenue on the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s inventory reserve was $4.1 million and $3.9 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The reserve for excess and obsolete inventories is determined based on the Company’s historical usage of inventory on hand, as well as future expectations and the amount necessary to reduce the cost of the inventory to its estimated net realizable value.

NOTE 6—PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation (and amortization of finance lease assets) is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of each asset. Property and equipment consists of the following as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:

    

    

March 31, 2022

    

December 31, 2021

(in thousands)

Machinery and equipment

$

644,948

$

626,633

Buildings and leasehold improvements

 

116,344

 

108,177

Pipelines

72,829

72,829

Gathering and disposal infrastructure

 

78,153

 

63,228

Vehicles and equipment

 

29,173

 

28,502

Land

20,896

16,873

Computer equipment and software

4,947

5,395

Office furniture and equipment

 

758

 

764

Machinery and equipment - finance lease

 

544

 

544

Vehicles and equipment - finance lease

 

242

 

324

Computer equipment and software - finance lease

 

56

 

412

Construction in progress

 

28,339

 

19,834

 

997,229

 

943,515

Less accumulated depreciation(1)

 

(556,764)

 

(551,727)

Total property and equipment, net

$

440,465

$

391,788

(1)Includes $0.8 million and $1.1 million of accumulated depreciation related to finance leases as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Total depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment and finance leases presented in the table above, as well as amortization of intangible assets presented in “Note 7— Other Intangible Assets” is as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

(in thousands)

Category

Depreciation expense from property and equipment

$

23,953

$

19,587

Amortization expense from finance leases

60

82

Amortization expense from intangible assets

2,725

2,617

Accretion expense from asset retirement obligations

329

13

Total depreciation and amortization

$

27,067

$

22,299

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NOTE 7—OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The components of other intangible assets, net as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 are as follows:

As of March 31, 2022

As of December 31, 2021

    

Gross

    

Accumulated

    

Net

    

Gross

Accumulated

    

Net

Value

Amortization

Value

Value

Amortization

Value

(in thousands)

(in thousands)

Definite-lived

Customer relationships

$

116,554

$

(40,637)

$

75,917

$

116,554

$

(38,371)

$

78,183

Patents and other intellectual property

12,772

(4,660)

8,112

12,772

(4,313)

8,459

Other

7,367

(6,906)

461

 

7,234

 

(6,795)

 

439

Total definite-lived

136,693

(52,203)

84,490

136,560

(49,479)

87,081

Indefinite-lived

Water rights

7,031

7,031

7,031

7,031

Trademarks

14,360

14,360

14,360

14,360

Total indefinite-lived

21,391

21,391

21,391

21,391

Total other intangible assets, net

$

158,084

$

(52,203)

$

105,881

$

157,951

$

(49,479)

$

108,472

The weighted-average amortization period for customer relationships, patents and other intellectual property, and other definite-lived assets was 8.5 years, 6.2 years, and 2.9 years, respectively, as of March 31, 2022. See “Note 6—Property and Equipment” for the amortization expense during the Current Quarter and Prior Quarter, respectively. The indefinite-lived water rights and trademarks are generally subject to renewal every five to ten years at immaterial renewal costs. Annual amortization of intangible assets for the next five years and beyond is as follows:

    

Amount

(in thousands)

Remainder of 2022

$

7,980

Year ending December 31, 2023

 

10,627

Year ending December 31, 2024

 

10,547

Year ending December 31, 2025

 

10,382

Year ending December 31, 2026

 

10,285

Thereafter